Dictionary U

U: used as an abbreviation of Utara (North) esp. in a map.

ua, uak1: n /inf/ 1 |term of address for men and women of sb’s parent’s age| 2 /Snd/ term of address for sb’s parents’ elder siblings (uncle or aunt).

uak2: variant of kuak2:

uak3: n /spo/ sound of buffalo

uang: n /frm/lu/ 1 money Berapa uang yang kamu miliki? How much money do you have? Apa ini uang kamu? Is this your money?  2 cost Berapa uang pemeliharaan gedung itu? What was the maintenance cost of the building? uang administrasi administrative costs 3 expenses Uang pengeluaran kita selama liburan adalah  $ 3000. The total of our expenses during the vacation was $3000 3 payment, fee.  Berapa uang sekolah kamu? How much is your school fee (payment)?  Apa kamu perlu uang muka? Do you need advanced payment? uang pendaftaran register fee  4 fund Kami tidak punya uang untuk kegiatan tersebut. We don’t have fund for such activity. 5 donation Ini uang sebagai tanda keprihatinan kami. This is a donation to express our sympathy.
-keuangan1: n finance Menteri Keuangan Finance Minister
-keuangan2: adj financial Dia adalah penasehat keuangan She is a financial adviser.
-uangkan; menguangkan: v 1 cash Saya mau menguangkan cek ini. I want to cash this check 2 sell out Kenapa tidak kita uangkan saja perabotan ini? Why don’t we just sell out sell out this furniture?
-uang antaran: n bridegroom’s share in wedding expenses. -uang bandar: n stake (in gambling)
-uang duka/ kematian: n donation to the relatives of deceased person.
-uang jajan/ saku: n pocket money.
-uang jasa: honorarium.
-uang jerih payah: n tip.
-uang kas: n funds of an organization. ­
-uang kecil: n change (money with small value).
-uang kembalian: n change |the money that you get back when you pay for something with more money than it costs|
-uang kontan: n cash.
-uang kopi/ rokok: n 1 tip. 2 bribe.
-uang lauk-pauk: n /mil./ allowance
-uang makan: n stipend, allowance.
-uang panas: n hot money |money earned through gambling, corruption etc.|
-uang pangkal: n entrance fee in schools.
-uang panjar: n down payment.
-uang pecahan: n change.
-uang pelicin/ sogok: n bribe.
-setali tiga uang: /idiom/ jus the same.

uap1: n /frm/lu/ 1 steam, vapor. 2 fume.
-beruap: v 1 steam 2 car­bonated (drinks).
-menguap: v /intr/ 1 steam, evaporate, vaporize. 2 become steam.
-menguapi: v treat sth with steam Menguapi adalah salah satu cara perawatan muka Treat sb’s face with steam is a way to ensure freshness of the skin.
-menguapkan: v /tr/ steam, evaporate, vaporize.
-penguapan: n 1 evaporation 2 dehydration  Buah-buahan itu dike­ringkan dengan cara penguapan. They dried the fruits by means of dehydration.

uap2: variant of kuap:

uar: n /ld/ announcement, proclamation, shout.
-beruar: v /intr/ 1 cry out 2 shout
-menguarkan: v /tr/  proclaim, announce .

ub. {untuk beliau}: prep. /wrt/frm/ on behalf of sb (used when signing on behalf of a higher authority).
Governor of Jakarta:
for (u.b)
Mayor of North Jakarta.

uba: n /ld/ vessel for sago meal.

ubah: adj /frm/lu/ different |usually used in a negative form| Tidak ubahnya dari apa yang kita lihat semula. It’s not different from what we saw before –syn: /lu/ beda
-berubah: v /intr/ change |to become different, or to make someone or something become different| Pada musim gugur daun-daunnya berubah dari hijau menjadi kekuning-kuningan.   In the fall, its leaves change from green to gold. Jakarta banyak berubah dalam dua puluh tahun terakhir Jakarta changed a lot in the last twenty years.
-perubahan1: n change  Banyak perubahan di kota ini A lot of change in this city
-perubahan: adj transitional Ini adalah masa perubahan This is a transitional period
-mengubah; also merubah: v /tr/ 1 change  Nova mengubah rambutnya dari abu-abu menjadi kemerah-merahan. Nova changed her hair from grey to reddish Ada rencana merubah cara pemilihan. There is plan to change the voting system. Beri tahu saya kalau kamu mengubah pikiran kamu Let me know if you change your mind. 2 modify Saya ingin mengubah penampakan depan rumah ini. We want to modify the front looking of this house

ubal: variant of ubel:

uban: n /frm/lu/ gray hair (caused by natural change)
-beruban: v have grey hair.
-menguban: v become grey (of hair)
-mengubani: v 1 pull out gray hairs. Dia mengubani ayah­nya She pulled out her father’s gray hairs. 2 cause gray hair (through worry, etc.).
-ubanan: adj grey­headed. Kalau sudah ubanan  jangan melirik gadis lagi? If you have been grey-headed what for looking at young girls?

ubar1: n /ld/1 tree, the bark of which is used for dye or paint. 2 dye or paint derived from such a tree.
-mengubar: v paint or dye sth with such material.

ubar2; mengubar: v /lu/ 1 unroll sth and spread it out 2 do sth excessively Dia mengubar janji saat kampanye He promised a lot at the campaign.

ubat: variant of obat:

ubek; mengubek-ubek: v /inf/lu/ stir vigorously by hand.
-ubekan: n sth stirred or mixed up with the hands.

ubel; ubel-ubell: n /inf/ 1 anything wrapped around part of the body. 2 head-wrap, turban.

uber; menguber-uber: v /inf/lu/ go after, pursue, chase
-uber-uberan: v chase each other.
-penguberan: n pursuit.

ubi: n /frm/lu/ edible tuber.
-ubi jalar/ rambat: n sweet potato. ­
-ubi kayu/ singkong: n cassava. potato.
-ubi talas: n taro.
-ubi-ubian: n various kind tubers.
-/idiom/ ada ubi ada talas: tit for tat (lit.. if there are sweet potatoes there is taro)

ubin: n /frm/lu/ floortile.
-mengubini: v tile sth.

ublak-ublek; mengublak-ublek: v /inf/lu/ turn upside sth down (to find sth)

ubleg-ubleg; ngublek-ubleg: v /inf/lu/ pester sb

ubrak-abrik: variant pf obrak-abrik:

ubub; ububan: n /ld/ pair of bellows.

ubudiah: n /Isl/ matters pertaining to prayer ritual.

ubun; berubun: v /int/frm/ loom. Sebuah gedung besar itu berubun di muka kami A large building loomed before our eyes.

ubun-ubun1: n /frm/lu/ 1 fontanel 2 crown of head.
-mataha­ri diubun-ubun: n midday .

ubun-ubun2: n /ltr/ nun.

ubur-ubur: n /frm/lu/ a fish like a plate with transparent flesh – Scyphozoa

ucap; ucapan: n /frm/lu/ saying, word. Ucap siapa? Who said that?
-ber­ucap: v /frm/lu/ talk, say.  Dia sedang berucap He is talking
-mengucap: v pray
-menngucapkan: v /tr/ 1 say Dia mengucapkan sesuatu tetapi tidak jelas He said sth but it’s not clear 2 deliver, made Presiden mengucapkan pidato tanpa teks The president delivered a speech without a text 3 pronounce  Tolong mengucapkannya dengan jelas Please pronounce it clearly 4 recite Setiap orang harus mengucapkan puisi di sekolah hari ini Everyone had to recite a poem today at school. 5 mengucapkan selamat congratulate
-pengucapan; ucapan: n 1 pronunciation 2 enouncement 3 recitation 4 utterance 5 ucapan selamat: congratulation
-terucapkan1: v 1 be pronounced.
-terucapkan2: adj 1 mentionable. 2 pronounceable
-ucapan: intrj. greeting  1 ucapan selamat tinggal/ jalan: good bye 2 ucapan selamat ulang tahun: happy birthday 3 ucapan selamat pagi: good morning 4 ucapan selamat siang: good afternoon 5 ucapan selamat sore: good evening 6 ucapan selamat malam/ tidur: good night 7 ucapan selamat hari Natal: marry Christmas happy 8 ucapan selamat Tahun Baru: happy New Year 9 ucapan selamat Hari Raya: happy Idul Fitri.

ucek; mengucek-ucek: v /inf/lu/ rub with sb’s hands. Baju itu tidak terlalu kotor, cukup ucek-ucek saja mencucinya. The shirt isn’t too dirty, just rub it with your hands to wash  Jangan mengucek-ucek mata kamu. Don’t rub your eyes.

ucok: n /ld/ familiar name for a male baby in North Sumatera

ucus: variant of usus.

uda1: n /Mn/ 1 older brother or male cousin 2 /Btk/ uncle (younger brother of sb’s father)

uda2; udah: /Jkt/ variant of sudah:

udak; mengudak: v /inf/lu/ chase after, pursue Wartawan sedang mengudak pernyataan dari gubernur itu. The journalist is chasing a statement from the governor.

udak-udak; mengudak-udak: v /inf/ stir. Diudak-udaknya tumpukan kertas itu mencari selembar kertas penting. She stirred the old pile of the old papers to find a piece of important paper.

udal-adul; mengudal-udal: v /inf/ rumple |to make hair, clothes etc. messy or wrinkled| Jangan udak-udak rambut kamu. Don’t rumple your hair.

udan: n /ld/ batik pattern.

udang: n /frm/lu/ 1 shrimp 2 lobster
-udang batu: n rock shrimp.
-udang galah: n large prawn.
-udang gerangau: n tuny shrimp (used for shrimp paste)
-/prov./ Ada udang dibalik batu: There must be sth behind it (sth secret)
-/idiom/ otak udang: adj stupid
-/idiom/ seperti udang dalam tangguk: very worried, uneasy (lit. like  shrimp in a scoop)

udap-udapan: n /frm/lu/ salad made of various kind of vegeta­bles, often bought as a snack on the street.

udar; mengudar: v /Jv/ 1 reel, wind 2 disentangle.

udara: n /frm/lu/1 air Udara ruangan ini tidak segar The air in this room isn’t fresh. 2 atmosphcre |the mixture of gases that surrounds the Earth| Udara diluar pesawat sedang bergejolak The atmosphere outside the craft is turbulent 3 sky, air space Seekor elang sedang terbang tinggi ke udara. An eagle is flying high into sky  4 weather. Mari kedalam udara disini tidak bersahabat. Let’s go inside the weather here isn’t friendly.
-berudara: v have a certain weather. Kota ini berudara sejuk This town has a cool weather
-keudaraan: n matter pertaining to air.
-mengudara: v /intr/ 1 fly  Pesawat itu sudah mengudara tadi pagi. The plane has flown this morning 2 be broadcasted Berita tentang gempa itu telah mengudara tadi malam. The news about the earthquake was broadcasted last night.
-mengudarakan: v /tr/ 1 air, broadcast 2 fly 3 put sth in the air 4 let sth fly 5 release into the air.
-pengudaraan: n 1 airing 2 releasing sth into the air. pengudaraan pesa­wat layang releasing of a balloon ship into the air.

udeh: /Jkt/ variant of sudah:

udek: mengudek: v /Chn/Jkt/ stir.

udel: n /ld/ navel
-/idiom/ Dia bicara seenak udelnya sendiri He talked as he likes without regarding the feeling of others (ltr./ He talk just whatever comfortable to his navel)

udeng: n /Jv/Jkt/ head-cloth (for men).

udet: n /Jkt/ belt.

udi: adj /Mn/ unfortunate.

udik: n /frm/lu/ 1 upper course of a river 2 interior, inland country 3 rural area  Dia udik sekali Masak malam-malam pakai kaca hitam He is so silly How can he wear sunglasses in the middle of the night.
-mengudik: v 1 go upstream. 2 rc­turn to sb’s home village.
-udikan: adj raised in a rural area.

udu: variant of wudu:

uduh: variant of odoh:

uduk: see nasi:

udur: variant of uzur:

udut; mengudut: v /ld/ smoke sth
-udukan: n pipe to smoke.
-penguduk: n sb who smokes.

udzur: variant of uzur:

uek: variant of uak3:

ufuk: n horizon.

ugahari: adj /ltr./ moderate, frugal, temperate.

ugal; ugal-ugalan: adj naughtiness, mischief, reckless, inconsiderate, mischievous, naughty.
-keugal-ugalan: n 1 recklessness 2 inconsiderateness.

ugama: variant of agama:

ugem: n /Jv/ propeny.
-mengugem: v claim as sb’s own. Dia sedang mengugem sebidang tanah sebagai miliknya. He is claiming a piece of land as his.

ugeran: n /Jv/ rule, norm.

UGM {Universitas Gajah Mada}: n a public University in Yogvakarta.

ugut: n intimidation, threat.
-mengugut: v intimidate, threaten.

uhu: n /ld/1 sound of an owl 2 owl.

uhuk: n /spo/ sound of sb cry or sobbing.
-menguhuk: v sob.

UI {Universitas Indonesia}: n University of Indonesia in Jakarta

uih: see wih:

uik; menguik: v /spo/ squeal (of pigs).

uir-uir: n /ld/ locust.

uja: variant of oja:

ujan: variant of hujan:

ujang: n /ld/ (in some regions only) familiar term of ad­dress for boys.

ujar: n /frm/lu/ 1 statement. Ujarnya mereka akan datang nanti They said they would come later. 2 /Ling./ utterance.
-berujar: v speak.
-mengujarkan: v 1 say 2 advise 3 state 4 suggest
-ujaran: n statement, announcement, suggestion, advice.

ujat: variant of hujat:

uji; menguji: v /frm/lu/ 1 test Mari saya uji apakah cukup kuat mengikat kotak ini. Let me test if its strong enough to tie the box Guru akan menguji kamu sebelum menentukan di kelas berapa kamu diterima. The teacher is going to test you before deciding in which grade you will be registered 2 examine Ada sebuah tim yang akan menguji sejauh mana ketahanan produk kita. There is a team to examine the endurance of our product 3 menguji-coba: a)  experiment Banyak remaja pada awalnya hanya ingin menuji coba narkoba itu. Many teenagers that at first just want to experiment with the drugs. b) try-out. Kami berencana menguji coba mobil itu sebelum peluncuran. We plan to try out the car before launching
-penguji: examiner.
-pengujian: n 1 testing 2 examining 3 experimenting 4 trying, trying out.
-teruji: adj tested.
-ujian: n 1 test 2 examination 3 experiment 4 trial, trial out.
-ujian lisan: n oral examination.
-ujian masuk: n entrance examina­tion.
-ujian tertulis: n written examination.

ujud: variant of wujud:

ujung: n /frm/lu/ 1 tip ujung jari the tip of a finger 2 top ujung sebatang pohon the top of a tree 3 end ujung sebuah perundingan the end of a conference ujung sebuah perjalanan the end of a journey 4 pointed part (of sth) Ujung tombak itu sangat tajam The pointed part of the spear is very sharp.
-berujung: v 1 end  Salah pengertian diantara dua negara itu berujung pada pemutusan hubungan diplomatik.  Misunderstanding between the two countries ended in cutting  diplomatic relation 2 culminate serangkaian pertengkaran yang berujung pada satu perceraian. a series of quarrels that culminated in a divorce.
-berujung pangkal: adj coherent Jawabannya tidak berjujung pangkal His answer wasn’t coherent  /ltrl./ (His answer wan’t begun and ended clearly)
-di ujung langit: prep. at the horizon.
-di ujung lidah: prep. on the tip of your tongue |if a word, name etc. is on the tip of your tongue, you know it but cannot remember it immediately|
-di ujung tanduk: prep. 1 at a critical point 2 in danger
-mengujung: v approach the destination (the end of a tour)
-mengujungi: v finish, accomplish, conclude
-pengujung: n the last part (of sth) pengujung cerita the last part of the story.
-seujung: n a little (part of sth): seujung rambut a little part of a hair Saya tidak peduli seujung rambutpun I don’t care even a little.
-ujung-ujungnya: adv finally Ujung-ujungnya dia minta bercerai. Finally she proposed to be separated.
-ujung kata: n 1 the last word 2 the closing speech.
-ujung pangkal: n 1 the source and the result 2 the beginning and the end Saya tidak tahu ujung pangkal persolan itu I don’t know the source and the result of the problem (I don’t know anything about the problem)

ujur: variant of uzur:

ujut: variant of wujud:

ukhrowi: n /Isl/ eschatological matters.

ukhuwah: n /Isl/ 1 fraternity (of believers) 2 asso­ciation, organization.

ukir; mengukir: v /frm/lu/ carve 2 engrave 3 make Dia mengukir sejarah sebagai seorang penakluk mengesankan. He made a history as a phenomenal conqueror.
-berukir: adj 1 curved 2 engraved 3 embellished with all manner of carving. 4 pockmarked.
-mengukirkan: v carve into or on sth Dia mengukirkan namanya pada cincin itu He engraved her name on the ring.
-pengukir: n engraver, carver.
-pengukiran: n act of carving.
-seni ukir: n curving arts. -terukir: v be carved
-ukiran kayu: n wood carving.
-ukiran timbul: n bas-relief.
-ukiran-ukiran: n carved object.

ukon: n /of/ coin worth a half rupiah.

ukup; ukupan: n /ld/ 1 incense, perfume 2 scent.
-berukup: v be per­fumed or incensed.
-mengukupi: v perfume sth., incense sth. Dia sedang mengukupi pengantin wanita itu. She is perfuming the bride.

ukur1; mengukur: v /frm/lu/ 1 measure |to find the size, length, or amount of something| Biar saya mengukur kedalaman airnya. Let me measure the deep of the water Ukur panjangnya tali itu Measure the length of the string. 2 judge, value |to find out the quality of sth| Sulit mengukur kemajuan satu program kesehatan. It’s difficult to measure the progress of the health program. 3 see Kita dapat mengukur kemampuan seorang menejer dari pencapaian target yang direncanakan We can see the capability of a manager from the achievement of the planned target. 4 evaluate Mari kita mengukur apa-apa saja yang sudah diselesaikan dalam proyek ini. Let’s evaluate whatever that has been accomplished with this project
-berukuran: v have a certain size Tolong berikan saya baju berukuran sedang Please give me a medium-size shirt.
-pengukuran: n 1 measurement 2 judgement 3 valuation 4 evaluation.

ukur2; ukuran: n /frm/lu/ 1 size 2 measuring unit 2 standard 4 criterion.
-pengukur: n 1 meter |a piece of equipment that measures the amount of gas, electricity, time etc. you have used: 2 gauge |an instrument that measures the amount or size of something| ukuran bensin a car’s gas gauge pengukur kedalaman a depth gauge. 3 odometer
-terukur1: adj 1 standardized 2 measurable
-ukuran berat/bobot: n weight unit (gram, kilogram, ton, etc)
-ukuran luas: n space unit (cm2, m2, hectare, etc.)
-ukuran panjang: n length unit (cm, dm, m, km, mile, etc)
-ukuran suhu: n temperature unit (…0C, …0F)
-ukuran volume: n volume unit (cc, dm3, m3, barrel, etc)

ulah: n /frm/lu/ manner, way, act.
-mengulah: v act (a bad thing) Mobil ini mengulah lagi This car give me a problem again.

ulai: variant of kulai:

ulak: variant of uleg:

ulak-ulak: n /ld/ 1 ulak-ulak pinggang: pelvis 2 hollow above the hips.
-berulak-ulak: v whirl. bubble (water, etc.)

ulam: n /frm/ raw vegetable used as side dish with rice.
-berulak: v have a raw vegetable side dish.
-/idiom/ ulam mencari sambal: women looking for a husband (lit., raw vegetable looking for dressing). 2 concubine.

ulama; ulamak: n /Isl./ 1 scholar of Islam 2 Muslim religious teacher or leader.

ulang1; ulangi: v /frm/lu/ 1 do again Ulangi lagi dari awal Do it again from the beginning Jangan ulangi lagi seperti ini Don’t ever do again like this. 2 cetak ulang reprint
-berulang-kali: adv frequently. Berulangkali dia menelepon saya tentang hal ini She frequently called me about this matter.
-berulang-ulang:
adv 1 repeatedly. Berulang-ulang saya katakan jangan sentuh komputer saya I told you repeatedly don’t ever touch my computer. 2 again and again Berulang-ulang kamu bohong pada saya.Again and again you lie to me
-berulang-ulang: adj repetitious Ini perilaku buruk dia yang sudah berulang-ulang This is his repetitious bad behaviour.
-mengulang: v /intr/ do or repeat again. Dia mengulang di kelas dua SMA He attend again the second grade of Higher Second School
-mengulangi: v /tr/ 1 repeat 2 do (sth) again.
-pengulangan: n 1 repetition 2 recurrence 3 duplication.
-ulang-alik: v 1 go back and forth.
-ulang-alik: adj shuttle pesawat ulang alik luar angkasa shuttle outer space craft bus ulang-alik shuttle bus
-ulangan: n 1 test 2 examination 3 rehearsal 3 refrain (of a song) 4 Kitab Ulangan: /Bib./ Deuteronomy.

ulap-ulap: n /Jv/ hand gesture in traditional dances.
-mengulapkan: v perform such a gesture with (the hand).

ular: n /frm/lu/ 1 snake. 2 cheat.
-ular ari: n venomous snake.
-ular beludak/kepah: n viper.
-ular danau: n water snake.
-ular jatola: n /Amb/ python.
-ular mengiang: n rainbow.
-uar sanca: n big, long python.
-ular sendok: n cobra.
-ular-ularan: n toy snake.
-ular welang/berbisa: n poi­sonous snake.

ulas1; ulasan: n /ld/ 1 wrapper 2 covering 3 envelope.
-berulas: v 1 be wrapped 2 be covered 3 have/ has a cover, case, envelope Bantalnya tidak berulas. The pillow has no pillowcase 4 be coloured with. Bi­birnya berulas merah Her lips were coloured red.
-mengulas: v 1 wrap 2 cover  3 daub (in painting).
-mengulasi: v 1 put a cover on sth 2 cover sth with paint Dia mengulasi buku itu She put a cover on the book. 2 daub over and over.
-mengulaskan: v use sth to cover. mengulaskan kuas move the brush (in paint­ing).
-pengulasan: n 1 wrapping 2 covering 3 daubing -ulas bantal: n pillowcase.
-ulas kasur: n bed sheet.
-ulas meja: n tablecloth.

ulas2: n /ld/ 1 section of citrus (fruit). 2 clove (of garlic, shallot, etc.). seulas one section (of fruit).
-mengulaskan: v divide into sections.
-seulas senyum: n a smile.

ulas3; mengulas: n /frm/lu/ 1 review, comment on. 2 explain, analyze.
-pengulas: n reviewer.
-ulasan: n 1 review, commentary. ulasan buku a book review.

ulat: n /frm/lu/ 1 caterpillar.
-berulat: adj worm-eaten.
-ulat sutera: n 1 silkworm 2 maggot, larva.

ulayah: variant of wilayah:

uleg; ulek: v /inf/lu/ pestle.
-mengulek-ulek: v pulverize, grind. Dia sedang mengulek sambal. She is pulverizing the condi­ments.
-ulasan: n 1 pestle. 2 sth crushed with a pestle.

ulem: n /Jv/ invitation.
-mengulem: v invite.
ulekan: n invitation.

uler: n /Jv/ worm.
-uler kambang: n l leech. 2 sth that move very slow.
-nguler: v act like worm nguler kambang go or work slowly.

ulet1: adj /frm/lu/ tough, persevering Jeff ulet dalam upayanya belajar ski. Jeff was persevering in his efforts to learn how to ski.
-keuletan: n 1 toughness 2 tenacity 3 perseverance.
-mengulet: v stretch (after sleeping).
-memperulet: v 1 toughen 2 per­severe.

ulet2: variant of ulat:

uli1; menguli: v /ld/ knead (dough).

uli2: n /ld/1 glutinous rice. 2 sweetmeat made with cooked glutinous rice, sugar and coconut.

ulia: variant of aulia:

ulik1; mengulik: v /lu/ investigate.
-pengulikan: n investigation.

ulik2: variant of ulit:

ulin: n very hard wood.

ulir: n /frm/lu/ thread of a screw.
-mengulir: v put in a screw.
-uliran: n sth with a thread (screw, lightbulb, etc.)

ulit; mengulit: v /ld/ sleep with lullabies.
-mengulitkan: v put sb to sleep by singing lullabies. Dia sedang mengulitkan anaknya She is singing her child to sleep.
-pengulit: n lullaby singer.

ulos: n /ld/ weave cloth |traditional Batak cloth which especially worn during a traditional festive or party|

ultah. {ulang tahun}: n /wrt/frm/lu/ anniversary, birthday.

ultimatum: n /frm/ ultimatum.

ultra: pref. /frm/lu/ ultra-, extremely.
-ultra-moderen: adj ultramodern.

ulu: variant of hulu:             ‘

ulubalang: variant of hulubalang:

ulu; ulu hati: n /frm/lu/ pit of the stomach, solar plexus.

uluk: n /Jv/ uluk salam extended greetings.
-menguluk ­salam: v extend greetings.
-menguluk layang-layang: v fly a kite.

ulung: adj /frm/lu/ 1 prominent, advanced, excel­lent, superior Dia seorang musisi yang ulung He was a prominent musician  2 skilled, experienced Dia ulung dalam main tennis He is skilled in playing tennis.
-keulungan: n 1 superiority, excellence 2 expertise, skill.

ulur1; mengulur: v /frm/lu/ prolong |intentionally make something such as time continue longer, or a threat of a kite go farther, etc|  Dia harus mengulur waktu pembukaan pertunjukan itu sambil menanti seorang artis yang datang terlambat. He had to prolong the beginning of the opening of the show waiting for an artist who came late. Kalau angin bertiup cepat, ulur saja tali layangannya. If the wind blow fast, just prolong the string of the kite.
-mengulur-ulur: v repeatedly prolong Mereka mengulur-ulur waktu keberangkatan pesawat. They repeatedly prolonged the departure  of the flight. Kenapa kamu mengulur-ulur pembayaran hutang kamu? Why did you continuously prolonged to pay your debt?
-mengulurkan: v 1 extend Bersama ini saya mengulurkan ucapan terima kasih saya Here with I extend my thank. Dengan tulus kami ingin mengulurkan tangan untuk membantu. Honestly, we want to extend our readiness to help. 2 hand, pass Dia mengulurkan kertas itu kepada saya He handed the paper to me.
-terulur: v 1 be stretched 2 be prolonged 3 be extended.
-uluran: n 1 extension 2 uluran tangan: offer (to help)

ulur2: n /ltr/ bondsman.

ulu-ulu: n /Jv/ official responsible for irrigation.

um: see ummi2:

uma: variant of huma:

umak-umik; mengumak-umik: v /ld/ silently mouth words.

umang-umang: n /ld/1 hermit crab. 2 sb who likes to dress in fine, but borrowed, clothes.

umaro: n /Isl./ government.

umat: n /frm/lu/ the members or the followers of a particular religion. ­
-umat manusia: n human, mankind

umbai: n /frm/ tassle, fringe.
-umbai cacing: n appendix
-berumbai: adj 1 fringed. 2 swing, dangle. Layangan putus berumbai di kawat telepon A broken kite was dangling from the telephone wire.
-mengumbai-umbaikan: v swing, dangle
-terumbai-umbai: v be dangling, swinging.

umban: n /frm/ sling.
-mengumban: v 1 sling. 2 throwaway.
-pengumbai: n ­missile, sling.

umbang; mengumbang: v /frm/ float. Kayu mengumbang di air Wood floats on water.

umbang-ambing: variant of ombang-ambing:

umbar; mengumbar: v /frm/lu/1 free sth 2 let loose. Kambingnya diumbar di halaman The goat was let loose (free) in the yard. mengumbar hawa nafsu give sb’s passion free rein. mengumbar tubuh let sb’s body grow fat. mengumbar nafsu waste breath

umbi: n /frm/lu/ tuber, root.
-berumbi: v 1 be rooted 2 have tubers
-umbi-umbian: n 1 all kind of tubers. 2 belonging to the tuber group.

umbuk: n /frm/lu/ 1 swindle 2 persuasion
-mengumbuk: v 1 swindle 2 persuade 3 appease 3 talk in a friendly way to sb
-pengumbuk: n 1 swindler 2 persuader

umbul1; mengumbul: v /frm/lu/ 1 bubble up 2 rise rapidly.

umbul2: n /Jv/ children’s game played with picture cards which are tossed in the air.

umbul-umbul: n /frm/lu/Bali/ 1 banner. 2 pennants or palm fronds decorating doorways on feast days. 3 tassle (of hat etc.).

umbun: variant of ubun:

umbut: n /ld/ edible topmost and innermost frond of a palm, palm-cabbage.
-mengumbut: v extract sth difficult to remove. mengumbut nyawa. take sb’s life.

ummat: variant of umat:

ummi1: adj /ld/ illiterate.

ummi2: n /ld/ term of address for mother in families of Arab descent.

umpak: n /ld/ 1 foot, step. 2 pedestal, fundament, base.
-mengumpak-umpak: v 1 extol a person to the skies.
-umpak-umpakan: n praise, flattery.

umpama1: n /frm/lu/ example, for example |someone or something that you mention to show what you mean, show that something is true, or show what something is like| Segala sesuatu semakin mahal. Harga daging sebagai umpama, telah dua kali lipat sejak April Everything is more expensive. The price of meat, for example, has doubled since April.

umpama2; mengumpamakan: v /frm/lu/ 1 take (sth) as an example Jangan mengumpamakan keberhasilan  kamu kepada setiap orang. Kamu beruntung saat itu. Don’t take your success as an example for everyone. You were lucky at that time. 2 assume. Bila kita umpamakan saja kapal itu tiba lebih awal, kita belum siap kan? If we just assume the ship is arrive earlier, we aren’t ready yet, are we?

umpama3: prep /frm/lu/ like |similar in some way to something else| Umpama katak besar di kubangan kecil Like a big frog in a small fond Lampu itu bulat umpama sebuah bola The lamp is  round like a ball. Seumpama apa rumah itu? What’s the new house like?

umpama4; seumpama; umpamanya: conj /frm/lu/1 suppose |used in order to ask what might happen| Seumpama kita pergi nanti sore, apa kita tidak terlambat sampai disana? Suppose we’ll be leaving this evening, isn’t it too late for us to arrive there?  Jangan lakukan itu. Umpamanya ibu tahu kamu akan dihukum. Don’t do it. Suppose Mom found out she will punish you.

umpama5: berumpama: v /frm/lu/ talk hypothetical­ly. Mereka berumpama menang undian They talked about what would happen if they win the lot­tery.
-prumpamaan: n poetical proverb

umpan: n /frm/lu/ 1 bait |food used for attracting fish, animals, or birds so that you can catch them| 2 lure |something you use  in order to try to make someone do something or buy something|  Mereka memberi discount sebagai umpan menarik perhatian pembeli They give discount for some goods as a lure to attract buyers. 3 a passing ball to a striker in front of the goal gate. Tiba-tiba Ronald mengirim umpan dan Mark menedang goal pertama. Suddenly Ronald gave a passing and Mark kicked the first goal.
-berumpan: v have bait (in it)
-mengumpan: v 1 entice, lure  |to persuade people to do something by offering them something nice| Penjual mengumpan pembeli dengan menyediakan permen kepada para pengunjung. The seller entice buyers by preparing candy to the visitors. 2 passing a ball to a striker.
-mengumpankan: v use sth as a bait, lure, attraction.
-pengumpan: n sb who pass the ball to a striker.

umpat: v /frm/lu/ curse, swearword.
-pengumpat: n sb who curses.
-mengumpat1: v swear, curse (in reproach).
-mengumpati: v swear at sb.
-umpatan: n curse, verbal abuse.

umpel-umpelan: adj /Jv/ crowded.

umpet: v /ld/ hide Perampok itu mengumpet dibalik pagar ketika polisi datang. The robber hided behind the fence when the police came.
-umpet-umpetan: n 1 secret, sth on the sly. 2 hide-and-seek.

umpil; mengumpil: v /ld/ 1 lift, raise. 2 row, scull.
-pengumpil: n lever, crowbar.

umpul: n /frm/lu/ 1 heap 2 pile 3 stack. seumpul batu a pile of stones.
-berumpul: adj piled, heaped
-mengumpul(kan): v heap, pile, stack

umrah; umroh: v /Isl./ perform a pilgrimage to Mecca (beyond the regular hajj season in which some of the ritual such as the visit to the fields of Arafah is omitted|
-berumroh: v make such a pilgrimage.

umuk: n /Jv/ brag, boast.

umum1: adj /frm/lu/ 1general Apa kamu mengikuti sidang umum itu? Did you attent the general assembly? 2 common. Tidak umum disini berpelukan sesama pria It’s not common here to hug each other between men. 3 public Rumah Sakit umum adalah satu-satunya rumah sakit di kota kecil ini. Public Hospital is the only hospital in this small town.

umum2; umumnya: adv /frm/lu/ usually, commonly Umumnya petani di daerah ini tidak mau menggunakan pestisida. Usually farmers around here don’t apply pesticide.

umum3: mengumumkan: v /frm/lu/ 1 publicize 2 announce 3 declare 4 notify

umum4: n /frm/lu/ 1 the public |all the ordinary people in a country or a city| Istana presiden dibuka untuk umum sekali seminggu. The president palace is open to the public once week. | This product is not for sale to the general public. 2 in public |in a place where anyone can know, see, or hear| Ada peraturan melarang merokok di tempat umum. The is a rule to disallow smoking in public places. Dia selalu bersikap manis kepada saya hanya di umum. She always nice to me only in public.
-pengumuman: n 1 publication 2 declaration 3 notification 4 announcement
-perumuman: n generalization.

umur: n /frm/lu/ age. Pada umur 17 tahun dia sudah kawin At the age of 17 she was married. Berapa umur dia? How old is s/he? (What is her/his age?)
-berumur1: v be (at a certain age) Dia berumur 26 tahun ketika pindah ke Amerika She was at the age of 26 when she moved to America.
-berumur2: adj old   Dia sudah terlalu berumur untuk main tennis. He’s been too old to play tennis.
-(di) bawah umur: adj under aged.
-cukup umur1: v come of aged.
-cukup umur: adj adult.
-terlalu berumur: adj too old.
-setengah umur: adj middle-aged.
-seumur: prep. 1 at the same age 2 all of sb’s life Saya akan tinggal seumur hidup di desa ini I’ll live at this village for all of my life.
-seumur (hidup)1: adj lifelong Uli adalah pasangan saya seumur hidup. Uli is my lifelong pair.
-seumur hidup2: n 1 life Dia dihukum seumur hidup. He was sentenced for life 2 seumur jagung: n 1 a three-to-four months period (as the same period with usually corn to harvest) 3  a very young baby. Dia baru seumur jagung She still wet behind the ears!

unam: n /ld/ sea mollusc.

uncang: n /ld/ bag (for traveling, etc.).
-uncang uang: n money bag.

uncang-uncit: adj /ld/ restless, unsettled.

unclik; mengunclik: v /Jv/Jkt/ walk without looking left or right.

uncue; uncui: variant of huncue:

undak; undakan: n /ld/ 1 step. 2 terrace 3 stairs 4 floor (of a storied building)
-berundak-undak: v 1 have stairs. Rumah itu tidak berundak The house has no stairs. 2 have stories. Gedung itu berundak delapan The building has teight floors

undanl: n /ld/ level.
-berundal: v 1 protracted, drawn out in stages. 2 in different levels (as the roof of certain houses).
-berundal-undal: adj curly (hair).

undan2: n /ld/ pelican.

undang1: mengudang: v /frm/lu/ 1 invite, summon. Apa mereka mengudang kamu? Did they invite you? 2 provoke, entice Gurauannya mengundang tawa His jokes really provoke laughter. Sikap buruknya mengundang kebencian His bad behaviour invites hesitation
-undangan: n 1 invitation (the card) 2 invited guest.
-pengundang: n inviter Dia mengundang kami makan malam He invited us for din­ner. mengundang tawa provoke laughter.
-undangan: n I invitation. 2 invited guest.

undang-undang: n /frm/lu/ 1 law, ordinance, act. 2 UUD {Undang-Umdang Dasar}: constitution
-mengundangkan: v 1 legislate. 2 proclaim
-perundang-undagan: n legislation, enactment.
-pembuat undang-undang: n legislator, legislature

undat; mengundat: v /Jv/ dig up old grievances.

unda-unda; berunda-unda: v being in tow one after the other.
-mengunda: v tow one after the other.

undi; undian: n /frm/lu/ lottery
-mengundi: v select one out of two or more in a raffle

unduh; mengunduh: v pick (fruit from tree).

unduk-unduk: n /ld/ sea horse.

undung-undung: n /frm/lu/ 1 veil over the head 2 shelter
-berundung-undung: v wear a veil over the head.
-mengundungkan: v use (sth) as a head covering. Dia mengundungkan sebuah handuh di kepalanya. She use a towel to cover her head.

undur; mundur: v /int/frm/lu/ 1 go/move back 2 resign, retire 3 be out of circulation Apa majalah ini akan mundur dari peredaran? Will the magazine be going out of circulation?
-mengundurkan: v /tr/ 1 move back Kita perlu mengundurkan mobil itu We need to move the car back  2 resign Dia berencana mengundurkan diri dari kantornya. She planned to resign from his office 4 take out of circulation Kita akan mengundurkan majalah itu dari peredaran We are going to take out the magazine from circulation. 5 postpone Panitia penyelenggara mengundurkan upacara pembukaan itu selama 30 menit. The organizing committee postponed the opening ceremony for 30 minutes.
-pengunduran: n 1 resignation 2 postponement 3 putting back

undur-undur: n /ld/ ant-lion |any insect of the family Myrmeleontidae|

uneg-uneg; unek-unek: n /inf/lu/ grudges.

ungap; mengungap: v /frm/ gasp for breath.

unggah-ungguh: n /ld/ etiquette.

unggang-unggit: v /ld/ go up and down (seesaw. rock­ing chair, etc.)

unggas: n /lu/ bird; fowl, esp. as scientific term,
-perunggasan: n poultry husbandry.

unggat-unggit: variant of unggang-unggit:

unggis; mengunggis: v nibble, gnaw at.

ungguk: variant of onggok:

unggul: adj /frm/lu/ 1 superior, excellent. kualitas unggul supe­rior quality 2 hybrid bibit unggul hybrid seed 3 lebih unggul: better Isterinya lebih unggul dari dia mencari uang His wife is better than him to make money.
-mengungguli: v 1 surpass 2 exceed 3 outdo 4 defeat Persija mengungguli Persebaya 2 – 1 The Persija surpass Persebaya 2  to 1
-keunggulan: n 1 superiority 2 excellence
-mengunggulkan: v put sb as the favorite to win.
-terunggul: adj the best

unggun: n /frm/lu/ 1 heap 2 pile. 3 api unggun: campfire. Mereka membuat api unggun ditepi sungai They made a campfire near the river.
-berungun-unggun: adv in heaps Kami punya kayu bakar berunggun-unggun. We have firewood in heaps.
-mengunggun: v 1 heap 2 pile.

unggut; mengunggut: v /ld/ ­pull at, tug.
-berunggut-unggutan: v 1 tug a rope 2 play tug war.

ungka: n gibbon – Hylobates lar (agilis)

ungkah; mengungkah: v /frm/ 1 dismantle, take apart 2 force open 3 dig up 4 overhaul

ungkai; mengungkai: v /ld/ 1 untie 2 separate 3 loosen (a knot of a rope, a tie)  4 take off (clothe) 5 disclose (a secret) Ungkai ikatan itu Untie the knot Siapa yang mengungkai ikatan itu? Who untied the rope. Dia mengungkai jasnya sebelum duduk He took off his jacket before sitting. –syn: /lu/ mengungkap, membuka.
-ungkaian: n 1 separation 2 disclosure

ungkak: n /ld/ post for fastening the hawser.

ungkang-ungkang: variant of ongkang-ongkang:

ungkang-ungkit: variant of unggang-unggit:

ungkap; mengungkap: v /int/frm/lu/ 1 express (with words, face or gestures) 2 state 3 reveal 4 disclose Police has disclose the motive of the murder. Polisi telah mengungkap motive pembunuhan itu.
-mengungkapkan: v /tr/ 1 discover 2 disclose 3 state 4 declare 5 depict 6 dig up
Lukisan itu mengungkapkan runtuhnya rezim komunis The painting depicts the fall of Communist regime.
-pengungkapan: n 1 discovering 2 disclosing 3 declaring 4 exposure
-ungkapan: n 1 expression 2 statement 3 declaration 4 disclosure 5 statement 5 description

ungkat-ungkit; mengungkat-ungkit: v /frm/lu/ bring up old sore points.

ungkil; mengungkil: v /ld/ pry up. –syn: /lu/ mengungkit
-pengungkil: n lever. –syn: /lu/ pengungkit
-pengungkilan: n lever­age. –syn: /lu/ pengungkitan

ungkir: variant of mungkir:

ungkit; mengungkit: v /frm/lu/1 bob up and down. 2 dig up, pry (into other people’s business). Buat apa mengungkit-ungkit urusan oranng What for to pry into sb’s business
-pengungkit: n lever.
-pengungkitan: n leverage.
-terungkit: v be get pried up, opened up (of secrets, problems, etc.).

ungku: variant of engku:

ungkur; berungkur-ungkuran: v 1 /Jv/ lean or stand back to back  Rurnah saya dan rumah dia berungkur-ungkuran My house and her house sit back to back  2 be somewhat poorly timed so that people fail to meet. Keberangkatan Norman berungkur-ungkuran dengan tibanya Rachel. Norman no sooner left then Rachel arrived.

ungsi; mengungsi: v /frm/lu/ flee.
-mengungsikan: v evacuate
-pengungsi: n ­refugee, evacuee.
-pengungsian: n 1 evacuation (the process) 2 asy­lum (the action)  3 refuge (the place)

ungu: n, adj /frm/lu/ purple.
ungu muda: n, adj violet
-meng’ungu: v become pur­ple.
-keungu-unguan: adj purplish.

uni1: n /ld/ older sister.

uni2: n /frm/lu/ union, esp. in names of political entities. Uni Africa Selatan. South Africa Union Uni Soviet Soviet Union.

uni3: variant of huni:

unifikasi: n /frm/lu/ unification.

uniform1: adj /frm/lu/ uniformed, standardized. pakaian yang uniform standardized clothes

uniform2: n /frm/lu/ uniform. Dimana uniform saya? Where is my uniform?
-beruniform: v wear a uniform.
-menguniformkan: v 1 standardize 2 be in uniform.
-penguniforman: n standardization.

uniformisasi: n /frm/ uniformization.

uniformitas: n /frm/ uniformity.

unik: adj /frm/lu/ 1 unique 2 distinctive .
-keunikan: n 1 uniqueness 2 distinctiveness

unit: n unit /frm/lu/ |a person or thing that is one whole part of something larger| Apartemen ini terdri dari 200 unit This apartment consists of 200 units Tim penyelamat itu dibagi kedalam dua uni. The rescue team was devided into two units.

universal; universil: adj /frm/lu/ universal.
-menguniversilkan: v make sth universal.
-keuniversalan: n universality.

universitas: n /frm/lu/ university
-keuniversitasan: n mat­ters pertaining to the university.

universiter: adj /frm/lu/ concerning universities. urusan universiter university affairs.

universitet: variant of universitas:

unjam: variant of hunjam:

unjuan: variant of unjukan:

unjuk; tunjuk: v /intr/tr/frm/lu 1 show 2 point 3 indicate
-mengunjukkan; tunjukkan: v /tr/ 1 show 2 demonstrate 3 indicate, point out 4 exhibit 5 raise (a hand) Siapa tahu jawabannya supaya tunjuk tangan. Who knows the answer raise your hand.
-pengunjuk: n sb who show sth  pengunjuk rasa demonstrators.
-pengunjukan: n 1 show 2 demonstration 3 presentation 4 indication.
-unjuk gigi: v show of force.
-unjuk kebolehan: v demonstrate ability
-unjuk periksa: v /Jv/ inform sb of high status.
-unjuk rasa: v show or demonstrate aspiration (usually by a rally)

unjukan: n /Jv/ drinks offered to a re­spected person.

unjung: variant of kunjung:

unjur; mengunjurkan: v /frm/lu/ extend (legs)
-berunjur: adj extended, stretched out (of legs).
-bersitujur: v be with sb’s legs stretched out. Apa kamu mengenal orang yang lengannya bersitunjur itu? Do you know that person with legs stretched?
-tunjuran: n foot of the bed.

unjut: n /ld/ small bag or bundle tied at the end with knots.
-mengunjut: v wrap up in a bundle, make into a bundle.

unsur: n /frm/lu/ element, substance.
-berunsur: v has as an element.
-mengunsuri: v be an element of. Rakyat kecil mengunsuri partai kami Low status people be the elements of our party.
-unsur kimia: n chemical ele­ment.
-unsur pembangun: n constituent element.

unsur; unsuriah: adj /frm/lu/ 1 elementary 2 ele­mental.

unta: n camel.
-burung unta: n ostrich.

untai: n /frm/lu/ 1 string, lace. 2 numerical classifier for stringlike objects (garlands, rosaries, etc.) lima ­untai kalung mutiara five pearl necklaces.
-beruntai-untai: v 1 hang loosely.
-menguntai: v 1 dangle, hang down. 2 string sth Dia menguntai biji-biji permata itu dengan rantai perak He strung the beads with a silver chain
-untaian: n 1 series. 2 string, chain, garland. 3 strophe.

untal1: n /ld/ 1 pellet. 2 pill, tablet.
-menguntal: v roll sth into pellet shape.
-mengutal-untal: v wad up.

untal2; menguntal: v /ld/ 1 swallow a large quantity. 2 /vul./ eat.
-menguntali: v swallow sth repeatedly.

untang-anting: v /ld/ swing to and fro.

until1; menguntil: v /ld/ dangle, hang down.

until2: variant of untal:

unting: n /ld/1 strand, skein. unting rambut strand of hair. unting benang skein of thread. 2 unting-unting: n a string with a heavy thing tied at one point |a tool to check the verticality of sth –syn: /ld/ lot
-untingan: n bunch of things tied together at one end.

untir; menguntir: v /kd/ twist.
-terpuntir: v be sprained. Lututnya terpuntir Her knee was sprained.

untuk: prep. conj. /frm/lu/ 1 for, on behalf of. Buku ini untuk kamu This book is for you 2 to, in order to. Dia pergi untuk menemui ayahnya He went to meet his father. Untuk  mudahnya, kita kelompokkan sesuai qualitasnya. To make it simple (easy), let’s group it based on its  quality.
-diperuntukkan: v be allocate (fo), be assign (for). Dana ini akan diperuntukkan bagi penduduk pedesaan This fund will be allocated for people in rural areas.
-peruntukan: n 1 allocation, allotment  Untuk apa peruntukan bantuan ini? What the allocation of this aids for?
-teruntuk: v be intended for, destined for.

untung1; beruntung: adj /frm/lu/ 1 lucky Saya beruntung mendapat bantuan kamu I was lucky to have your assistant 2 fortunate Beruntung ambulance segera dating. It was fortunate that the ambulance arrived immediately.
-menguntungkan1: adj 1 advantageous Itu satu kesempatan menguntungkan untuk memperkaya pengalaman kamu. It is an advantageous chance to you to enrich your experience. 2 profitable Apakah bisnis itu menguntungkan? Was the business profitable? -keberuntungan: n 1 luck 2 fate 3 fortune 4 chance.
-keuntungan: n 1 profit 2 advantage 3 gain 4 return.

untung2: menguntungkan: v /frm/lu/ 1 give profit 2 make benefit.

untung3; untunglah: adv /frm/lu/ fortunately, luckily Untunglah, tidak ada hujan selama perjalanan kami di hutan. Fortunately, there was no rain during our tour in the jungle.
-untung-untungan: n a fifty-fifty chance Itu hanya bisnis untung-untungan It’s only a fifty-fifty chance business.

untut: n /ld/ elephantiasis, swollen .

unyai; berunyai: adv /Min/ 1 softly, gently 2 gradually.
-mengunyai: v do sth slowly.

up. {untuk perhatian}: prep. /frm/wrt/for the attention of (used in letter).

upacara: n /lu/1 ceremony, ritual. upacara pelantikan inaugural ceremony. 2 regalia.
-mengupacarakan: v hold a ceremony for.

upah: n /frm/lu/ 1 pay, wages. upah bulanan monthly wage. 2 cost upah jahit cost for sewing sth 3 result  Itulah upahnya kalau mengabaikan nasehat baik That is the result of ignoring good advice.
-berupah: v be paid pekerjaan berupah bagus a well paid job.
-mengupah: v employ |to pay someone to work for you| Pabrik itu mengupah lebih dari 2000 orang The factory employs over 2000 people.
-upah pokok: n base pay.
-upah pokok terendah: n minimum wage.
-upahan: n paid or hired worker.

upam;  mengupam: v /ld/ polish, burnish. Dia mengupam mas dan perak She polished the gold and silver.
-upaman: n sth pol­ished, burnished.

upama: variant umpama:

upas1: n /ld/ toxin derived from the sap of certain plants.

upas2: n /of/ 1 messenger, attendant. upas pos postman. 2 policeman.

upat: variant of umpat:

upaya: n /frm/lu/ 1 efforts (to attain a certain aim). 2 means.
-berupaya: v /intr/tr/ 1 endeavour |make an effort to achieve sth| Seseorang harus berupaya melakukan yang terbaik One must always endeavour to do one’s best. 2 strive |to try very hard to get or do something| Ross selalu berupaya melakukan yang terbaik. Ross is constantly striving for perfection.
-mengupayakan: v /tr/  1 endeavour sth 2 strive for sth.
-upaya hukum: n legal action.

upet: n /Jv/ wick, fuse.

upeti: n /frm/lu/ 1 tribute paid by sth 2 bribe to higher-ranking official.

upih1: n /ld/ leaf-sheath.

upih2: upih-upih: n a big bird – Ibis-leucocephalus

upik: n /ld/ term of address for a little girl.
-siupik jalan: n tomboy.
-siupik-sibuyung: n a baby whether it is a male child or a female child. Siupik sibuyung buat kami sama saja. Whether it’s a boy or girl just the same for us.

upil: n /frm/lu/ 1 dried snot. 2 scab on a wound.
-(me)ngupil: v 1 pick sb’s nose. 2 form scab on a wound.

upleg: adj /Jv/Jkt/ be extremely busy.
-upleg-uplegan: v rush about

urah; mengurah: v /ld/ 1 demolish, tear down. Mereka mengurah gedung lama. They demolished the old building. 2 empty out 2 deliberately tell sth

urai; menguraikan: v /frm/lu/1 break (sth) down  |to make something such as a report, plan, etc. into detail or into parts| Boleh tolong anda uraikan rencana itu? Could you please break the plan down?  Kamu dapat menguraikan soal itu kedalam tiga bagian untuk lebih mudah. You can break the exam question down into three parts to make it easier. 2 disentangle |to separate different ideas or pieces of information that have become confused together|  Para penyidik harus menguraikan kasus keuangan Jody yang rumit itu Investigators had to disentangle Jody’s complicated financial affairs.
-berurai: v 1 fall down in strands |if the hair of sb fall loosely| 2 berurai air mata: drop (the tear)
-penguraian: n 1 breaking down 2 disentanglement.
-terurai: v 1 be scattered 2 dispersed 3 be divided apart  4 be disentangled
-uraian: n 1 break down 2 dispersion 3 description 4 strands 5 pieces.

urakan: adj /frm/lu/ 1 rowdy 2 unconventional.
-kaum uraikan: n literary group of the 1970s.

urang-aring: n /frm/lu/ herb used for the hair.

uranium: n /lu/ uranium.

urap1; urapan: n /frm/lu/ 1 ointment, salve. 2 /rel./ ordination, consecration. urapan imamat suci ordination to the priesthood.
-berurap-urapan: v rub ointment on each other.
-mengurapi: v rub sb with ointment. Dia mengurapi anaknya sewaktu tidur She rubbed her baby with ointment while sleeping.
-mengurapkan: v apply sth to sb as an ointment.

urap2: n /frm/lu/ grated coconut with spices, salad of mixed vegetables (cabbage, beansprouts, string­beans) with coconut.
-urapan2: n vegetables to make this salad.

urat: n /frm/lu/ 1 tendon |a thick strong string-like part of your body that connects a muscle to a bone|  2 urat saraf: nerve |one of the thin parts like threads inside your body that help control your movements, and along which your brain sends and receives feelings of heat, cold, pain etc.| 3 urat pembuluh darah: vein |one of the tubes through which blood flows to your heart from other parts of your body| 4 root a) |the part of a plant or tree that grows under the ground| Hati-hati dengan uratnya kalau menanam anggrek itu. Be careful of the roots when you plant the orchid  b) |the basic or main part of a problem or idea| Apa kamu tahu apa urat permasalahan ini? Do you know what was the root of this problem? c) |the part of a tooth, hair etc. that is fixed to the rest of the body| d) the basic part of a word that shows its main meaning| Urat kata “tidaksetuju” adalah “setuju”The root of “disagree” is “agree”
-berurat1: adj muscular. sinewy
-berurat2: v take root a) |if an idea takes root, people begin to accept or believe it| Demokrasi mulai berurat di negeri ini.The democrary start to take root in this country. b) |if a plant takes root, it grows into the ground| Berapa lama tanaman ini baru mengurat? How long this plant to grow into the soil?

urban: n /frm/lu/ urban area

urbanisasi: n /frm/lu/ urbanisation 1 |migration from the rural area to urban area|  2 |the change where an rural area become a rural area 3 the change in proportion of urban area compare to rural area where the urban area portion become larger

urea: n /frm/lu/ nitrogen-based fertilizer.

uret: n /ld/ lana, white grub.

urgen: adj /frm/lu/ urgent.

urgensi: n /frm/lu/ urgency.

uri1: n /frm/ placenta |a body organ like thick flesh inside the uterus that feeds an unborn baby| -syn: /frm/lu/ ari-ari

uri2; menguri: v /ld/ revolve rapidly

urik; mengurik: v /Jv/ pick, pluck.

urine: n /frm/lu/ urine.

uring: n /anat./frm/ groove between nose and upper lip.

uring-uringan: v /frm/lu/ grumble |to complain in a quiet but slightly angry way|  Apa yang membuat dia uring-uringan. What make him to grumble?

uris: n /frm/ dash |a mark (-) used in writing to separate thoughts in a sentence|
-uris miring: n slant dash

urolog: n /frm/lu/ urologist.

urologi: n /frm/lu/ urology.

uro-uro: n /ld/ chant |a Javanese poetry|.

uruk; menguruk: v /frm/lu/ 1 bury. 2 fill (with soil, sand, etc.). Kita perlu menguruk bagian ladang yang rendah. We need to fill in the lower part of the field.
-urukan: n mound.

urun: v /frm/lu/ share, participate.
-urun rembuk1: n brain storming |sharing or participation in decision making or discussion|
-urun rembuk: v share or participate in a decision making or discussion.
-urunan: n 1 contribution  2 share.
-urunan: v share each other.

urung: adj /frm/lu/ 1 failed, unsuccessful. Dia urung menjadi menteri He failed to be a minister. 2 not take place. Pesta itu urung dilakukan The party failed to be conducted (was cancelled).
-mengurungkan: v 1 cancel  Guru mengurungkan ujian tengah semester itu The teacher cancelled the mid-term test. 2 abandon.

urup; mengurup: v /ld/ 1 barter Mereka mengurup rotan dari hutan dengan makanan dan pakaian They barter rattan to get food and clothes 2 exchange |to give something to someone who gives you something else: Dia mengurup lap topnya dengan sebuah gitar listrik He exchange his lap top with an electronic guitar
-urupan: n the thing exchanged.
-pengurupan: n 1 the process of exchange 2 a place where you can barter or exchange sth to other else.

urus; mengurus: v /frm/lu/1 care for, take care for a) |to help someone when s/he is sick or not able to do things for himself/herself|  Angie mengurus ibunya setelah dia mengalami struk Angie cares for her mother after her stroke. b) |to do things to keep something in good condition or working correctly| Mereka mengupah seorang pengasuh anak untuk mengurus bayi itu. They hire a baby sitter to take care the baby. 2 handle |to deal with someone or something| Anthony akan mengurus barang-barang kita selama perjalanan. Anthony is going to handle our luggage during the trip 3 manage |to succeed in doing something difficult, such as dealing with a problem, living in a difficult situation| Apa kamu yakin dia akan mengurus itu dengan baik? Are sure that she is going to manage it well?
-berurusan: v /tr/ 1 |have a business or sth to do (with)| Dia sedang berurusan dengan polisi She has sth to do with the police. 2 get in touch (with) Jangan pernah berurusan dengan preman itu. Don’t ever get in touch with that gang 3 have a deal Apa kamu punya urusan denga dia? Do you have a deal with him?
-kepengurusan: n 1 management affair 2 arrangement affair Apa mereka melakukan kepengurusan itu dengan baik? Do they conduct the management affair well?
-pengurus: n manager, managing board Badan Pengurus Organisasi Managing Board of the Organisation
-pengurusan: n 1 management 2 arrangement.
-terurus: v 1 be managed 2 be cared 3 be handled Apa rumah itu terurus dengan baik? Is the house handled well?
-urusan: n 1 business Ini bukan urusan kamu This is not your business 2 concern Apa kamu punya urusan dengan kasus itu? Do you have any concern with the case? 3 responsibility Jangan menyingkir dari masalah ini, itu adalah urusan kamu Don’t get rid of this problem, it’s your responsibility.

urus-urus: n /ld/ purgative, laxative |a medicine or something that you eat that makes your bowels empty easily|

urut1; berurut: v /intr/frm/lu/ get (be) massaged.
-mengurut: v /tr/ massage Boleh urut kaki saya? Could you massage my leg?
-mengurut-urut: v rub sb  with care
-pengurut: n massager
-/idiom/ mengurut dada: be annoyed but can’t do nothing for whatever reason.

urut2; mengurut2: v /frm/lu/ 1 line serially Mereka mengurut panggilan sesuai abjad nama depan They line the call serially based on the alphabet of the fist name. 2 trace, review  Mari kita mengurut kembali apa yang sudah kita bahas. Let’s trace back what we’ve discussed.
-berurutan: adj 1 serial 2 chronological 3 in a queue.
-urutan: n 1 series 2 order 3 sequence 4 queue
-urutan kata: n word order
-urutan cerita/peristiwa: n chronology of the events
-urutan proses: n sequence of the process.

usah: adj /frm/lu/ necessary, need to, have to (usually used in negative form) Kita tidak usah pergi kesana It’s not necessary for us to go there. Tidak usah pakai mobil, mari kita jalan kaki saja. We don’t need to use a car, let’s just walk  Sebaiknya kita tidak usah makan siang dirumah, di restoran saja It’s better if we don’t eat lunch at home, let’s take it in a restaurant.

usaha: n /frm/lu/ 1 effort |the physical or mental energy needed to do something| Ayah saya menginginkan saya melakukan usaha yang lebih banyak lagi dalam belajar. My Daddy wants me  make more effort into my study  Saya sudah melakukan berbagai usaha menasehati dia I’ve taken many efforts to give him advice Ini satu usaha membantu para tunawisma. This is an effort to help the homeless. Itu semua usaha dia yang membuat pesta itu berlangsung dengan baik. It’s all her effort to make the party done well 2 endeavour |an attempt or effort to do something new or different|  Artis itu gagal dalam usahanya menciptakan gaya baru The artist fails in his endeavor to create a new style. 3 try |an attempt to do something|  Saya tahu itu sulit, tetapi kita perlu usaha. I kow it’s difficult, but we need a try  4 attempt |an act of trying to do something|  Apa kamu tidak bisa melakukan satu usaha berbuat baik kepada saudari kamu? Can’t you make an attempt to be nice to your sister? 5 business Keluarga itu punya usaha transportasi. The family has a business of transportation 6 venture |a new business activity that involves taking risks| satu usaha patungan baru a new joint venture (an agreement between two or more companies to do something together)
-berusaha: v 1 endeavour Dia selalu berusaha yang terbaik She always endeavour to do her best. 2 try Tolong berusaha datang lebih awal. Please try to come early. 3 attempt, try  Saya belum pernah berusaha memanjat gunung itu. I never try to climb that mountain!
-pengusaha: n 1 entrepreneur 2 company’s owner 3 industrialist.
-perusahaan: n 1 company Kamu bekerja untuk perusahaan apa? What company do you work for? 2 enterprise |a company, organization, or business, especially a new one| Toko itu adalah perusahaan keluarga. The store is a family enterprise. (owned by one family)

usahawan: n /frm/lu/ 1 entrepreneur 2 industrialist.

usai1: adj /frm/lu/ finished, accomplished Apa pekerjaan kamu sudah usai? Has your work been finished?

usai2: prep /frm/lu/ after  Usai sekolah dia menjajakan suratkabar. After school he peddles newspapers.

usak: adj /ld/ decrease. lessen.

usali; usalli: n /Isl./ 1 firm intention to pray. 2  word uttered upon beginning a prayer. 3 inten­tion.

usam1: n /ld/ 1 dregs. 2 waste remaining after the oil has been pressed from coconut meat.

usam2: adj /ld/ vague, dull (of color). –syn: /lu/ kusam

usang: adj /frm/lu/ 1 worn out, decrepit. kaus kaki usang worn-out stockings. 2 obsolete. pendirian usang an obsolete view. 3 dry, barren, withered.
-keusangan: n 1 decrepitude, obsolescence. 2 dryness.
-mengusang: v dry up. wither.

usap; mengusap: v /frm/lu/ 1 wipe sth off. Dia mengusap keringatnya dengan kertas tissue He wiped off his sweat with tissue  2 rub with care, stroke. Dia mengusap rambut anaknya dengan lembut He rub his child’s hair gently mengusap dada stroke sb’s chest (to express disappointment or sorrow).
-mengusapi: v 1 wipe sth  2 caress, stroke. 3 rub in.
-mengusapkan: v wipe with sth Diusapkannya saputangan ke dahinya She wiped her forehead with a handkerchief.
-usapan: n stroke, caress

usar: n /ld/ grass used to make fragrant oil.

ushuludin: variant of usuludin:

usia: n /frm/lu/ age. Usia kamu berapa tahun? How old are you? –syn: /lu/ umur
-berusia: v have been at a certain age Dia sudah berusia 5 tahun He has been 5 years old.
-usia sekolah: n school age.
-seusia: adv of the age of.

usik; mengusik: v /frm/lu/1 tease 2 touch on. Dia mengusik persoalan lama. He touched on an old problem 3 disturb
-pengusik: n 1 disturber 2 meddler

usil: adj /frm/lu/ 1 disturbing Dia seorang anak usil She is a disturbing child  2 naughty |a naughty child is a child that behaves badly and rudely or likes to bother other child| 3 mulut usil: bigmouthed
-keusilan: n 1 naughtiness 2 annoyance 3 bothering.
-mengusili: v 1 disturb 2 bother.

usir; mengusir: v /tr/frm/lu/ chase away |to make someone or something leave| Ada seekor kucing di halaman, tetapi anjing mengusirnya. There was a cat in the yard, but the dog chased it away. 2 repatriate Pemerintah mengusir dua orang asing karena bekerja secara tidak resmi. The government repatriated two foreigners for illegally working. 3 expel |to officially make someone leave a school, organization, or country| Guru mengusir dia dari kelas karena mengganggu temannya. The teacher expelled him from the class bothering his friends. 4 drive off |to force someone or something to go away from you| Polisi menggunakan gas airmata untuk mengusir para pengacau. The police used tear gas to drive off the rioting crowds. 5 evict |to legally force someone to leave the house s/he is renting from you| Carl diusir karena tidak membayar sewa. Carl was evicted when he didn’t pay the rent.
-pengusiran: n 1 chasing away 2 expatriation 3 expulsion 4 driving off 5 eviction

uskup: n /frm/lu/ bishop,
-keuskupan: n 1 diocese, bishopric. 2 of­fice or residence of a bishop.
-uskup agung: n archbishop.

usolli: variant of usali:

ustad; ustadz: n /frm/lu/ ustaz 1 term of address for Islam teacher. 2 lord, master,

ustadah; ustadzah: n /frm/lu/ term of address for a female Islam teacher.

Ustrali: variant of Australia.

Ustria: n Austria.

usuk: n /ld/ rafter

usul1: n /frm/lu/ 1 proposal, suggestion Apa proposal kamu di terima? Is your proposal accepted?  2 motion |a proposal that is made formally at a meeting and then decided on by voting|  Usul untuk menambah yuran keanggotaan club telah lolos dengan pemungutan suara 15 banding 10 The motion to increase the club’s membership charges was passed/carried by 15 votes to 10.
-DIP (daftar isian proyek): n project proposal list.
-mengusulkan: v propose, suggest /tr/ Pemerintah mengusulkan pembangunan terminal bus baru The government proposed the development of a new bus station
-usul perubahan: n amendment.

usul2: usul: n /frm/lu/1 origin 2 bases 3 beginning 4 original character
-asal-usul: n 1 the bases of originality 2 the root 3 the very beginning

usuludin: n /Isl./  one of the branches of theology per­taining to law and philosophy.

usung; mengusung: v /frm/lu/ 1 carry (together with others) on the shoulders 2 support Ada sejumlah partai politik mengusung pencalonanya untuk presiden
There are a number of political parties support her presidential candidacy.
-pengusungan: n act of carrying sth on the shoulders.
-usungan: n stretcher, lifter.

usur: variant of uzur:

usus: n /frm/lu/ intestines. appendix.
-usus dua: n small intestine.

usut; mengusut: v /frm/lu/ 1 investigate 2 examine Polisi sedang mengusut kasus itu The police is investigating the case
-pengusutan: n 1 investigation 2 examination
-pengusut: n 1 investigator 2 examiner

utak-atik; mengutak-utik: v /frm/lu/ tinker with sth
-pengutak-atik: n sb who tinker.

utama: adj /frm/lu/1 prominent, eminent. pemain pemain utama top player. 2 principal, prime. Alasan utama dia mengambil pekerjaan itu adalah untuk berjalan-jalan. Her principal reason for taking the job is to travel. Dia adalah Menteri Utama. He is the Prime Minister. 3 key Dia adalah saksi utama di persidangan itu. He was the key witness in the court
-keutamaan: n 1 priority 2 preference 3 particularity.
-mengutamakan: v 1 prioritize 2 prefer.
-paling utama: adj 1 the most important 2 the most priority 3 the most particular
-pengutamaan: n 1 prioritization 2 preference.
-terutama: adv 1 especially Berhati-hati mengemudi, terutama di jalan ramai. Drive carefully, especially on a crowded road. 2 particularly Saya tidak minum terutama kalau saya akan mengemudi. I don’t drink, particularly when I’m going to drive.

utan: variant of hutan:

utang: variant of hutang:

utara1: n /frm/lu/ the north.

utara2; mengutarakan: v /frm/lu/ present, state in public, petition Saya tidak punya waktu untuk mengutarakan pendapat saya tentang kasus itu I didn’t have time to state my opinion  on the case.
-pengutaraan: n 1 expla­nation 2 presentation 3 statement

Utarid: n /astr./ Mercury.

utar-utar: n /ld/ small round shield.

utas1: adj /ld/ skilled, capable.

utas2: n /frm/lu/1 cord, string, strand. 2 seutas: a piece |numeral classifier for long, thin, and supple things (such as ropes, string. etc.| Saya perlu seutas tali I need a piece of string

utik-utik; mengutik-ngutik: v /frm/lu/ touch with a finger, poke into sth to examine it. Dia sedang mengutik-ngutik komputer He is tinkering a computer. mengutak-ngutik persoalan look for the solution of a problem.

utilitas: n /frm/lu/ utility, usefulness.

utk.{untuk}: conj. /frm/wrt/ 1 for 2 in order to.

utopi; utopia: n /frm/lu/ utopia.

utopis: n /frm/lu/ utopian.

utuh: adj /frm/lu/ 1 complete Pastikan bahwa komputer dan kelengkapannya utuh. Make sure that the computer and its accessories are complete 2 whole Makan itu utuh masih disana The whole food is still there  3 intact Paket itu tiba dengan utuh The package arrived intact.
-keutuhan: n 1 totality 2 wholeness 3 integrity

utus; mengutus: v /frm/lu/ delegate sb
-utusan: n 1 delegation 2 messenger 3 envoy 4 mission
-Utusan Allah: n God’s messenger.

UU {Undang-undang}: n /frm/wrt/ law, decree.

UUD {Undang-Undang Dasar}: n the Constitution.

UUDS :Undang-undang Dasar Sementara}: n provisional constitution.

uwar: variant of uar:

uyel-uyel; (ber)uyel-uyelan: v jostle each other
-menguyelkan: v cause to jostle.

uyuh: n /ld/ urine

uzlah: n /ld/ meditation

uzur: adj /frm/lu/ vulnerable from illness or old ages
-keuzuran: n 1 vulnerability 2 weakness and illness. Dia tidak dapat datang karena keuzurannya He couldn’t come because his weakness 2 oldness

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Dictionary T

T; t: n |the 20th letter of the alphabet used in Indonesian and English – approximately sounds like t in tentative; pretty; ornament; tradition; tantamount; compact.|

taat: adj /frm/lu/ obedient. Mereka orang-orang taat perintah They are obedient people.
-mentaati: v 1 obey Dia selalu mentaati nasehat ayahnya He always obey his father advice 2 adhere Semua pihak harus mentaati perjanjian ini. All sides should adhere to this agreement
-ketaatan: n obedience, adherence, fidelity.

tabah1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 persistent, determined, resolute. 2 able to endure (hardship, etc.). Dia  tabah sekali sekali menghadapi kemala­ngan itu He was very persistent in facing the sorrow.
-menabahkan: v make persistent, make determined Semoga khotbah itu dapat menabahkan dia. Hopefully the sermon will make her resistant.
-mem­pertabah: v make sb more rresistent, make sb firmer in facing difficulties
-ketabahan: n firmness, determina­tion, persistence.

tabah2: variant of tebah:

tabak: n /frm/lu/large tray.

tabal: n /frm/lu/ 1 drum used at royal installations. 2 for­mal installation ceremony.
-mentabalkan: v crown or de­clare sb a high official, king, etc.
-pentabalan: n installation or investiture (of a king).

Tabanas {Tabungan Pembangunan Nasional}: n sav­ings for national development, a government insured savings account program.
-mentabanaskan: v deposit money into such an account.

tabas1: variant of tebas:

tabas2: n /ld/ magic formula, syn; mantera, teluh

tabe: variant of tabik:

tabeat: variant of tabiat:

tabek: variant of tabik:

tabel: n /lu/ table, list.

tabiat: n /frm/lu/ character, nature 2 be­havior.
-bertabiat: v be of a certain character or behav­ior. anak bertabiat buruk a child with bad behavior.

tabib: n /frm/lu/ 1 traditional healer. 2 /ltr/ physician.
-ketabiban: n matters pertaining to such healing.

tabik: intrj. /of/ 1 greeting, salute given in greeting. 2 hello, good morning (afternoon, etc.).
-bertabik: v say hallo to greet.
-bertabikan: v greet ach other
-mentabiki: v /tr/ greet sb Dia mentabiki tamu-tamunya. He greeted his guests.

tabir: n /frm/lu/ 1 screen 2 partition.
-tabir asap: n smoke screen.
-tabir besi: n iron curtain.
-tabir mabir: n all sorts of partitions.
-bertabir: v 1 be separated by a partition 2 be in disguise.
-menabiri: v screen off  Asap menabiri gunung itu Smoke screened the mountain.

tablet: n /frm/lu/ tablet, pill.
-tablet hisap: n lozenge. |a small candy that has medicine in it|

tablig; tabligh: n /frm/lu/ 1 sermon 2 a religious meeting.
-bertablig: v preach at such meetings.
-mentabligkan: v /tr/ preach sth

tablo: n /frm/lu/ pantomime.

tabok; menabok: v /inf/lu/ slap, esp. at the head.
-menaboki: v repeatedly slap sb
-tabokan: n slap

tabrak: v /frm/lu/ 1 hit 2 collide
-tabrak lari: v hit and run.
-bertabrakan: v collide each other. Kedua mobil itu bertabrakan Both of the cars collided. Sebuah truck bertabrakan dengan dengan sebuah sedan. A truck collided with a sedan
-menabrak: v ­/tr/ strike sth Jeep itu menabrak pagar. The jeep struck the fench. Pemain bola itu menabrak pen]aga gawang The soc­cer player slammed into the goal keeper
-menabrakkan: v /tr/ make sth run against sth.
-ditabrakkan: v be made run against sth Mereka sengaja menabrakkan kapal itu ke karang. They purposely ran the ship against the reef.
-tertabrak: v be accidentally crashed by sth Pohon itu jatuh tertabrak mobil. The tree felt from being crashed by a car.
-tabrakan: n collision.
-tabrakan beruntun: n chain collision.
-penabrak: n sth or sb who collided.

tabu: adj /frm/lu/ 1 taboo. 2 be consider taboo Orang disekitar ini menganggap hal seperti itu tabu People around here consider sth like that is taboo.
-menabukan: v avoid doing sth Susan menabulan mandi terlalu malam Susan avoid taking a bath late at night.

tabuh1: n /frm/lu/ sth used to strike percussion instruments, esp. a gong.
-menabuh: v 1 strike a gong, etc. 2 play game­lan Dia menabuh gamelan He plays the gamelan.
-tabuhan: n percussion instrument.
-tabuh-tabuhan: n 1 music to accompany a dance. 2 various kind of percussion instruments.

tabuh2: n /frm/lu/ large mosque drum used to remind people of prayer time.
-menabuh: v 1 strike such a drum. 2 drum on sth with sb’s fingers.
-penabuh: n sb who strikes such a drum.

tabuhan: n /ltr./ wasp.
-/prov./ tabuhan meminang anak lebah out of proportion (litr – the hornet courts the baby bee).

tabulasi: n /frm/lu/ tabulation.
-mentabulasi: v tabulate.
-pentabulasian: n process of tabulation.

tabung: n /frm/lu/ tube used to storage sth.
-menabung: v 1 deposit (money) 2 save (money)
-menabungkan: v /tr/ deposit sth
-rekening tabungan: n saving bank account.
-tabung gambar: n TV picture tube.
-tabung kimia: n chemical test tube, retort.
-tabung madat: n opium pipe.
-tabung pemilihan: n bal­lot box.
-tabung surat: n 1 mailbox.
-tabungan: n 1 money deposit box. 2 deposit 3 savings

tabur; menabur: v /frm/lu/ 1 spread 2 scatter 3 sow
-bertaburan: v be scattered, spread. Bintang-bin­tang bertaburan di langit Stars were scattered across the sky.
-bertaburkan: v be covered with scattered things  Mahkota itu bertaburkan batu permata. The crown is covered by scattered precious stones.
-bertaburkan sari: v be strewn with flowers.
-menaburi: v /tr/ 1 sow sth  (a field, etc.). Dia menaburi tanah itu dengan benih padi He sowed his land with rice seed. 2 spread over sth, scatter all over sth.
-menaburkan: v /tr/ 1 sow sth 2 scatter, spread sth
-penabur: n sower, spreader.
-tabur bunga: n ceremony of placing flowers on a grave.
-taburan: n sowing.
-/prov./ siapa menabur angin akan menuai badai who sow the wind will harvest the storm

tabut: n 1 /Bib/ ark 2 /Isl/ effigy representing Muhammad’s steed, carried in procession on the 3rd day of Muharam. 3 /Isl./ procession on the 3rd day of Muharam.

tada: variant of tiada:

tadah; menadah: v /frm/lu/ 1 store, amass, accumulate  |to gather, collect, and keep sth in a large amount that we can  use it later| 2 illegally buy (esp. stolen things)
-bertadah: v have reservoir, use receptacle.
-menadah amin: v say amen (with hands extended and the palms upwards).
-menadahkan: v /tr/ |to use sth in order to collect or receive sth|. Dia berlutut dan menadahkan tangan keatas berdoa kepada Tuhan She knelt down and held out her hands upwards praying to God. Pengemis itu menadahkan tangan meminta ssu. The beggar open up his/her hands asking for something.
-penadah: n 1 sth that we use to gather sth 2 buyer of stolen goods.
-penadahan: n 1 the process of gathering or collecting sth using a container. 2 buying stolen goods
-(sawah) tadah hujan: n wet rice field the water of it depends on the rain.
-tadah air: n cistern, water reservoir, receptacle.

tadi: prep /frm/lu/ 1 a while ago, some time ago. Tadi dia datang kesini A while ago she came here 2 this (morn­ing, evening, etc.) Saya bertemu dengan dia tadi pagi I met him this morning Dia sudah pergi tadi pukul 10:00 pagi. He has gone at 10:00 a.m. this morning. 3 just past, this past (two, three, etc. hours) Baru tadi dia datang She came just now.  4 last (night) Saya kesana tadi malam I went there last night 5 that (refer to sth that both speaker and the listener understand what is it) Mobil tadi sangat bagus ya? That car is very nice, isn’t it? “Mobil mana maksud kamu?”  “What car do you mean?”  “Tadi  yang parkir dekat mobil kita” “The one that was parking next to our car”.
-tadinya: adv previously, formerly, initially. Tadinya saya tidak mau ikut. Previously, I didn’t want to go.

taduh: variant of teduh:

tafakur; tafakkur; tafkur: n /frm/lu/ silence or calm for a moment |a time to reminisce and respect the good deed by the nation hero|
-bertafakur: v be silent (for such objective)

tafsir: n /frm/lu/ exegesis |interpretation of passages written in holy book such as Koran or Bible based on critical explanation or analyses|
-menafsirkan: v interpret
-penafsir: n interpreter, commentator, exegete

tagih1; ketagihan: adj /frm/lu/ 1 addicted to sth ketagihan rokok addicted to smok­ing. 2 habitually accustomed to sth Dia ketagihan bekerja He has an addiction to work. 3 obsessed ketagihan  membaca koran obsessed with reading the newspaper.
-ketagihan: n addiction. 2 craving

tagih2; menagih: v /frm/lu/ 1 collect sb’s debts. 2 de­mand fulfilment of (a promise, etc.) Saya datang menagih janji kamu. I’m coming to demand the fulfilment of your promise.
-penagih (hutang): n debt collector.
-tagihan: n claim.
-tertagih1: v be collected.
-tertagih2:
n debtor.

tahadi: variant of tadi:

tahajud; tahajut: see sembahyang:

tahalil: variant of tahlil:

tahan1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 durable |staying in good condition for a long time| pakaian yang tahan durable clothing 2 invulnerable Dia kelihatan kuat dan tahan He looked so strong and invulnerable. 3 lasting 4 enduring 5 sturdy tahan di diserang sturdy to be attacked 6 strong tahan ditekan strong to be pressed, strong to have a burden 7 restrained Dia tahan mengendalikan emosi He is restrained to be emotional (restrained to control emotion)
-bertahan1: adj 1 defensive Kita perlu mengembangkan strategy bertahan We need to develop a defensive strategy 2 steady harga bertahan steady price
-bertahan2: v 1 stay defensive Saya berharap pasukan kita dapat bertahan di perbatasan I hope that our troop can stay defensive at the border. 2 can stand Berapa lama kamu akan bisa bertahan terhadap situasi buruk ini. How long would you can stand with this bad situation 3 be bearable Saya tidak tahu bagaimana dia bisa bertahan dengan kesepian itu. I don’t know how she was bearable with the loneliness.
-bertahan hidup: v survive
-ketahanan: n 1 tenacity 2 en­durance 3 resistance 4 stamina.
-menahan: v 1 restrain menahan nafsu restrain desire 2 hold on, hold back, withhold  Kawat berduri menahan penerobos The barbed wire holds on the intruder 3 detain, arrest Polisi menahan pencuri itu. The police detained the thief
-mempertahankan: v 1 defend Kamu harus belajar mempertahankan diri sendiri You should learn to defend yourself  2 maintain Kita harus mempertahankan kemajuan We have to maintain the progress.
-penahanan: n detention
-pertahanan: n 1 defense Menteri Pertahanan Minister of Defense Vitamin C adalah pertahanan saya terhadap demam. Vitamin C is my defense against colds. 2 stronghold 3 fortress.
-tahan air: adj water proof.
-tahan di cuci: adj washable.
-tahan lama: adj 1durable 2 imperishable 3 lasting.
-tahanan: n 1 detainee 2 prisoner.

tahap: n /frm/lu/ stage, phase. pada tahap awal at a preliminary stage.
-bertahap: adv 1 gradually 2 in stages,  phases. Rencana ini perlu dilaksanakan secara bertahap. This plan must be implemented gradually.
-pentahapan: n 1 staging 2 arranging in phases.

tahayul: variant of takhyul:

tahbis; men(t)ahbiskan: v /frm/lu/ consecrate, ordain. Uskup mentahbiskan sebelas pastor baru. The bishop ordained eleven new pastors. –syn: mentabalkan
-tahbisan: n ordination, consecration.
-pentahbisan: n consecration or ordination ceremony. pentahbisan uskup consecration ceremony of a bishop.

tahi: n /frm/lu/ 1 excrement, feces. Tahi kucing! Bullshit! 2 filth, dregs.
-tahi air: n scum (of water)
-tahi angin: n light drift­ing clouds.
-tahi besi: n iron rust.
-tahi bintang: n meteorite.
-tahi gergaji: n sawdust.
-tahi gigi: n tartar on teeth.
-tahi kikir: n iron filings.
-tahi kotok: n chicken droppings.
-tahi kuku: n dirt under the nails.
-tahi kuping/telinga: n ear wax.
-tahi lalat: n small moles, freckles.
-tahi mata: n mucus in the eye.
-tahi minyak: n dregs that remain after making (coconut) oil.

tahta: variant of takhta:

tahu1; tau: v /intr/tr/frm/lu/ 1 know Apa kamu tahu bahwa dia ada disini? Do you know that she is here? Siapa tahu tiba-tiba datang hujan. Who knows that it suddenly rains. 2 understand Saya tidak tahu apa maksud kamu I don’t understand what do you mean. 3 realize Apa kamu tidak tahu bahwa itu berisiko? Don’t you realize that it will be risky? 4 recognize Saya tahu dia dari suaranya. I recognize him from his voice. 4 notice Dia tidak tahu bahwa kita sedang mengikuti dia. She doesn’t notice that we are following her.
-berpengetahuan: adj 1 knowledgeable 2 well informed
-diketahui: v be understood Perseteruan itu sudah diketahui oleh umum The disagreement  has been understood by the public.
-ketahuan: v be disclosed  Rahasia itu sudah ketahuan The secret has been disclosed
-mengetahui1: v /tr/ 1 know, understand Saya sama sekali tidak mengetahui hal itu I don’t know (understand) the matter at all 2 find out
-pengetahuan: n 1 knowledge 2 understanding 3 apprehension 4 information.
-setahu: conj. 1 as far as (sb know) 2 as to sb’s knowledge Setahu saya dia sudah pergi As to my knowledge. he’s gone.
-pengetahuan: n 1 knowledge 2 ilmu pengetahuan: science 2 skill pengetahuan dagang business skill.
-tahu-tahu: adv unexpectedly, suddenly  Saya kaget, tahu-tahu semua sudah tersedia apa yang kita butuhkan. I was surprised, unexpectedly everything we need had been available.
-tahu adat: adj well-mannered.
-tahu diri: adj humble.
-tahu-menahu: v know and want to know (all)  |mostly used with a negative statement| Saya tidak tahu-menahu soal itu.  I don’t know and don’t want to know that matter.
-tahu sama tahu: v have common secret Mereka sudah tahu sama tahu soal skandal itu. They already have common secret about the scandal.

tahu2: aux.v, adv /frm/1 can Saya tahu main catur I can play chess 2 able to do or to be sth Dia tidak tahu marah. She never gets angry.

tahu3: n /frm/lu/ tofu, soybean curd.
-tahu goreng: n fried tofu.
-tahu kuning: n firm yellow tofu.
-tahu pang: n deep-fried puffy tofu.

tahual; tawa: n /Chn/ by-product of tofu, similar to yoghurt in consistency.

tahun: n /frm/lu/ year.
-bertahun-tahun: adv for years
-menahun: adj 1 chronic. Itu penyakit menahun It’s a chronic disease 2 lasting (for years)
-setahunan: n the entire year.
-tahunan: adj 1 annual Ini laporan tahunan saya. This is my annual report 2 pe­rennial
-tahun ajaran: n academic year/
-tahun anggaran: n fiscal year/
-tahun baru: n new year.
-tahun jagung: n approximately three years.
-tahun kabisat: n leap year.
-tahun hijriah: n Moslem calendar.
-tahun Masehi: n Gregorian calendar.
-tahun takwin: n calendar year.

tai: variant of tahi:

taifun: see topan:

taik1: varaiant of tahi:

taik2: varaiant of naik:

taipak: n /Chn/ 1 gambling. 2 financier in gambling.

taipun: see topan:

tais: adj /ld/ dirty.

taisen: n /Chn/ 1 the other number in a fixed pair of numbers in a numbers game or lottery. 2 the beloved.

taiso: n /Jpn/of/  group calisthenics.

tajam: adj /frm/lu/ 1 sharp  Mata pisau ini sangat tajam This blade is very sharp 2 smart  Pikiran dia sangat tajam His thought is very smart  3 incisive Senator itu melancarkan satu kritik tajam The senator launched an incisive critique  4 acute, angular satu sudut tajam an acute (angular) angle.
-menajamkan: v 1 sharpen, grind, hone (a knife, sword, blade, etc) 2 exacerbate (critical situation, disagreement)
-ketajaman: n 1 sharpness 2 smartness 3 acuteness
-penajaman: n 1 sharpening 2 exacerbation.

taji: n /frm/lu/ 1 cock’s spur. 2 metal spur attached to fight­ing cock’s leg.
-bertaji: v have a spur on.

tajin: n /frm/lu/ 1 thick water from cooked rice often fed the infants as milk substitute. 2 water with starch for ironing.
-mentajin: v /intr/tr/ 1 feed rice water (to an infant) 2 starch sb’s clothes.
-mentajini: v /tr/ starch sth
-mentajinkan: v make starch out of rice water

tajuk: n /frm/lu/ 1 crown |the top part of a hat, head, or hill| 2 tajuk rencana: editorial (of a newspaper) 3 shoot |a new part of a plant| 4 outward projection on small craft
-mentajuk1: v 1 protrude 2 become an editorial 3 become prominent, famous, well-known

tak: adv, adj /inf/lu/  short form of ‘tidak’: no, not. Saya tak punya apa-apa I don’t have   anything Saya tak peduli. I don’t care Dia acuh tak acuh belajar He doesn’t serious to study.
-ke-tak-acuhan: n apathy, inattentiveness, passiveness, indifference, inattention, unconcern
-tak akan: adv. will never, wouldn’t be, not likely to
-tak dapat tidak: v no way to say no (must, have to) Jangan ragu, dia tak dapat tidak datang Don’t be curious, there is no way that he wouldn’t come (he has to come)
-tak sengaja: adv un­intentionally

takabur: adj /frm/lu/ arrogant, haughty.
-ketakaburan: n arrogance.

takar: n /frm/lu/ 1 pottery container 2 a unit for measuring liquid, equal to 1/3 liters
-mentakar: v measure
-penakaran: n measuring.
-setakar: n one ‘takar’
-setakar: adj 1 of the same capacity 2 equal to Kerajinannya tidak setakar dengan gajinya His industriousness isn’t equal to his salary.
-takar coba: n test tube.
-takaran: n 1 measurement 2 dosage 4 measurng container.

takbir: n /Isl/ recitation of laudation, “God is great” (Allahu akbar) – at the opening of prayers. -takbir di pangkal lidah: v be on the verge of a death.
-bertakbiran: v en­gage in such recitation.
-takbiran: n 1 laudations in the form of such recitations. 2 night of last day of fasting month.

takdir: n /frm/lu/ 1 fate 2 divine decree.
-mentakdirkan: v predestine, preordain. Tuhan telah mentakdirkan kalian sebagai suami isteri God has predestined you to be wife and husband.

takhayul: variant of takhyul:

takhta: n /frm/lu/ throne.
-bertahta: v reign Dia bertahta selama sepuluh tahun. He reign for ten years.
-mentahtahkan: v 1 crown Ayahnya mentahtahkan dia pada usia enam tahun His father crowned him at the age of six 2 enthrone Raja mentahtahkan mahkota kepada pangeran. The king enthroned the crown to the prince.
-tahta suci: n pontifical authority |authority that is related to the Pope or a bishop|
-tongkat tahta: n royal scepter.

takhyul: adj /frm/lu/ supernatural |events, powers, abilities, or creatures that are impossible to explain by science or empirical fact|

takjub: v /frm/lu/ 1 be astonished 2 be surprised 3 be amazed.
-ketakjuban: n 1 astonishment 2 surprise 3 amazement.
-men(t)akjubi: v be as­tonished at. Saya menakjubi kepandaiannya I was surprised at his smartness
-menakjubkan1: v 1 astonish 2 surprise 3 amaze
-menakjubkan2: adj 1 astonishing 2 surprising 3 amazing.

takkan: variant of tak akan:

takluk: v /frm/lu/ 1 subject to Semua warganegara takluk pada hukum ini. Every citizen subject to this law 2 be obliged to Kalau kamu mau kerja disini kamu harus takluk pada persyaratan perusahaan. If you want ot work here you have to be obliged with the company’s conditions
3 surrender, give up Pasukan musuh sudah takluk pada pasukan kita The enemy’s troop has surrendered to our troop.
-menaklukkan: v 1 over power Pasukan musuh telah menaklukkan penjaga perbatasa kita. The enemy’s troop has overpowered our border guard 2 overwhelm Jangan biarkan kemarahan menaklukkan pikiran kamu. Don’t let anger overwhelm your mind 3 defeat Manchester United akhirnya menaklukkan Arsenal Manchester United finally defeated Arsenal 4 subjugate, subdue. Jepang menaklukkan sekutu pada 1942 Japan troop subjugated the alliance in 1942 5 control Kamu harus belajar menaklukkan hawa nafsu You have to learn how to control your sexual desire.
-penakluk: n conqueror, subjugator
-penaklukan: n sub­jection, submission.

takrau; takraw: n /frm/lu/ 1 rattan plaited into a rough ball (used in traditional games) 2 the game usig such ball.

taksi: n /frm/lu/ taxi.
-bertaksi: v ride a taxi.
-mentaksi: v drive a cab.
-mentaksikan: v use sth as a cab. Mereka mentaksikan mobilnya untuk mencari pendapatan tambahan He used his car as a cab to obtain additional income.
-pertaksian: n taxi matters.

taksir; menaksir: v /frm/lu/ 1 estimate, value, appraise. Saya menkasir umurnya sekitar tiga puluh tahun. I estimate that his age is about 30 years. Sebuah tim telah ditunjuk untuk menaksir nilai perusahaan itu. A team has been assigned to appraise the value of the company 2 be attracted (to) sb Dia sedang menaksir gadis cantik itu He is attracted to that beautiful girl.
-penafsir: n appraiser.
-penafsiran: n appraising, estimation Penafsiran akan dilakukan minggu depan Estimation will be conducted next week.
-penafsir: n appraiser.
-taksiran: n estimation, appraisal. taksiran kasar rough ap­praisal.
-penafsiran: n appraising, estimation Penafsiran akan dilakukan minggu depan Estimation will be conducted next week.

taksiun: variant of stasiun.

taksonomi: n taxonomy.

takt: n /tech/ stroke. motor dua takt two-stroke engine.

tak-tak: n sound of cracking, bullet shots, toy machine gun, etc.

taktik: n tactics.

taktis: adj tactical.
-dana taksis: n operating funds.

tak-umpet: variant of petak-umpet:

takut: adj /frm/lu/ 1 afraid. Jangan takut, saya ada disini. Don’t be afraid, I’m right here  2 scared Kami takut sesuatu yang mengerikan akan terjadi We were scared (that) something terrible might happen. Saya takut terbang I’’m scared of flying.
-menakutkan1: v frighten, scare
-menakutkan2: adj frightening, scaring Ada ancaman yang menakutkan There was frightening intimidation.
-ketakutan1: v be frightened, be scared Setiap orang ketakutan mendengar tembakan itu. Everybody was frightened to hear that shoot.
-ketakutan2: n fright Ketakutan berlebihan membuat dia pingsan Excessive fright made him unconscious Orang-orang menjerit dan lari ketakutan. People screamed and ran away in fright.

takut: v /frm/lu/ 1 fear |to feel afraid or worried that something bad will happen| Takut akan hujan lebat mereka tinggal dirumah sepanjang hari Fearing heavy rain, they stayed home all day long. 2 fear the worst |to think that the worst possible thing has happened or will happen|  Ketika mereka mendengar tentang gempa itu, mereka takut terjadi yang terburuk kepada keluarga mereka di desa. When they heard about the earthquake, they feared the worst happen to their relatives in the village.
-penakut: n coward

takwa1: n piety. |respect for God and religion, shown in the way you behave| Takwa kepada Tuhan membuat dia selalu bertindak hati-hati The piety for the God makes him always act carefully.

takwa2: adj obedient, pious |respectful (to God) or having strong religious beliefs, and showing this in the way sb behave and act| Sepengetahuan saya dia adalah orang yang takwa. As far as I know. she is a pious person

takwa3: variant of takua:

tala: adj /frm/lu/ in tune, harmonious.
-garpu tala: n tuning fork.
-­suam tala: n voice modulation.
-setala: adv in the same tune.
-menyetalakan: v set to the same scale.
-mentala: v tune an instrument.
-pentala: n 1 tuner (sb who tune a music instrument) pentala piano piano tuner. 2 tuning fork.
-pentalaan: n tuning.

talaah: variant of telaah:

talak1: n /Isl/ 1 divorce  2 divorce formula used by Muslim husband.
-talak tiga: n the 3rd divorce statement (after two reconciliations) and after that a remarriage is prohibited, except through tahlil (see tahlil).
-men(t)atalak: v divorce sb  Ali akan mentalak isterinya Ali want to divorce his wife

talak2: variant of talk:

talam: n /frm/lu/ tray. talam dua muka: two-faced tray.

talang: n /ld/ middleman.
-talang kuda: n horse trading commissioner
-mentalang: v lend money as a profession.
-mentalangi: v pay sth in ad­vance
-penalang: n moneylender.

talang2: n /frm/lu/ eaves through, gutter.

talas: n /frm/lu/ taro.

talen; talenan: n /of/ a 25 cents bill or coin (a quarter of a rupiah).

talenan: n /ld/ chopping block, cutting board.

tales: variant of talas:

tali: n /frm/lu/ 1 1 string, cord, rope. 2 /math. geom./ chord 3 connection
-bertalian1: adj connected
-bertalian2: v refer to Bertalian dengan perjanjian kita sebelumnya… Refer to our previous agreement….
-mempertalikan: v connect, link
-menali: v tie with rope
-pertalian: n connection, relationship  Apa pertalian kamu dengan kasus itu? What is your connection to the case?
-tali air: n man made irrigation.
-tali busur: n bowstring.
-tali gitar: n guitar string.
-tali jemuran: n clothesline.
-tali kail: n fishing line.
-tali kekang: n reins.
-tali layer: n mast rope .
-tali penduga: n sounding line.
-tali persahabatan: n friendship.
-tali persaudaraan: n brotherhood Tali persahabatan mereka sangat kuat Their friendship is very strong.
-tali pinggang: n waistband.
-tali pusar: n umbilical cord.
-tali sepatu: n shoestring.
-tali-temali: n all kind of ropes.
-tali tunda: n towrope.
-tali umban: n sling cord.

taligram: variant of telegram:

taligrap: variant of telegrap:

talk: n /frm/lu/ talcum powder.

-bertalu: v play this opening melody or gong.

talu2; bertalu-talu: adv /frm/lu/ continuously, incessantly. Beduk itu dipukul bertalu-talu The drum was beaten incessantly.

tama: n /inf/ sort form of pertama |the first|

tamah: ramah tamah: sdj /frm/lu/ courteous

tamak: adj /ld/ greedy Janganlah tamak, itu tidak baik Don’t be greedy, it’s not good
-ketamakan: n greed

taman: n /frm/lu/ garden, park.
-taman bacaan: n 1 reading room 2 library
-taman bunga: n flower garden.
-taman indria/kanak-kanak: n kindergarten.
-taman marga­satwa: n 1 wild reservation 2 zoo.
-taman makam pahlawan: n hero cemetery.
-taman pustaka: n library.
-taman sari: n pleasure park, gar­den.
-pertamanan: n 1 gardens. 2 horticulture, garden affairs.

tamasya: n /frm/lu/ 1 the activity of visiting famous or interesting places, especially as a tourist| Akan ada tamasya setelah konferensi selesai There will be sightseeing after the conference over.
-bertamasya: v 1 go on an excursion 2 go for sight-seeing. Mereka pergi bertamasya ke gunung. They went on a trip to the mountains.

tamasyawan: n /frm/lu/ tourist.

tamat: v /frm/lu/ 1 end  Ceritanya sudah tamat The story has ended 2 graduate |to obtain a degree from a college or university, or to complete your education at high school| Roy baru saja tamat dari Sekolah Menengah Atas. Roy has just graduated from Higher Intermediate School 3 die Hidupnya sudah tamat beberapa tahun lalu He died several years ago
-tamatan: n graduate. Suaminya tamatan Universitas Gajah Mada Her husband is a graduate of University of Gajah Mada.

tambah1: prep /frm/lu/ plus |used when one number or amount is added to another|  Dua tambah delapan sama dengan sepuluh. (2+8=10) Two plus eight equals ten Tagihannya Rp50.000,- tambah 10% pajak. The bill is Rp50.000,- plus 10% tax

tambah2: adj /frm/lu/ 1 additional Untuk mendapat nilai tambah, pemerintah melatih para petani dalam hal perlakuan pasca produksi hasil panen mereka. To get additional value, the government trained the farmers on post-production treatment of their harvest. 2 tambahan: additional Parkir gratis adalah servis tambahan yang di tawarkan oleh restoran itu. Free parking is another additional services the restaurant offers 3 plus Dia selalu mendapat angka plus dalam matematika. He always gets plus point in math.

tambah3: conj /frm/lu/ plus |and also| Saya harus mengantar anak-anak ke sekolah, tambah saya harus ke bank sebelum belanja. I have to take the children to school, plus I have to go to a bank before shopping.

tambah4: v /frm/lu/ 1 add  Saya tambah sedikit daun pewangi ke sop itu. I added a little aromatic leaves to the soup. 2 be, become (+ comparative form) Ekonomi negara itu sekarang sudah tambah baik The country’s economic is now better Dia sudah tambah pintar sekarang. He becomes smarter now; tambah besar become bigger; tambah luas become larger; tambah tinggi become higher.
-bertambah: v increase, expand, augment, enhance (in value, quality, quantity, size, etc.) Jumlah pencari kerja akan terus bertambah dalam beberapa tahun ke depan The total of job-seekers will continuously increase in the next few years.
-ditambah: v /intr. pass. v/ be supplemented Gaji kamu akan ditambah kalau kamu bekerja dengan memuaskan. Your salary will be supplemented if you work satisfactorily.
-menambahkan: v /tr/ add  Jangan lupa menambahkan sedikit garam ke sayur itu. Don’t forget to add a little salt to the vegetable soup.
-penambahan: n addition |the act or the process of adding sth to sth else|

tambah5: adv /frm/lu/ 1 more  Apa mau tambah kopi? Do you want more coffee? 2 tambahan (lagi): Satu disain baru mungkin tidak dapat diterima, tambahan lagi, akan menunda proyek lebih lama. A new design may not be acceptable, and, moreover, would delay the project even further.

tambah6; tambahan: n /frm/lu/ 1 addition, supplement, extra Saya perlu dua tambah I need two addition (I need two more – esp. if you talk to a waiter in a ‘Padang Resttaurant’, a specific restaurant that origin of West Sumatera) 2 more Seratus ribu tidak cukup, saya perlu tambahan One hundred thousand is not enough, I need more

tambak: n /frm/lu/ 1 dam, embankment. 2 fishpond (made by damming).
-menambak: v 1 to build a dam across a river  2 dam sth up |to stop the flow of a stream, river etc.| Pohon tumbang telah menambak anak sunagi Falling tree have dammed up the creek.
-penambak: n 1 people who plant fish in a fishpond to make money 2 material such as wood, soil that is used to dam or to stop the flow of water.
-penambakan: n the activity to make a dam.
-tambak pesisir: n coastal pond.

tambal; tambalan: n /frm/lu/ patch |a small piece of material used for covering a hole in something, especially clothes, or a hole that has been closed with such material| Celananya penuh tambalan His pants were covered with patches.
-bertambal: adj patched
-bertambal-tambal: adj patched all over.
-bertambalkan: v have (sth) as a patch.
-menambal: v to close a leak or a hole with patch.
-penambal: n 1 who patches 2 sth to patch with.
-penambalan: n act of patch­ing.
-tambal gigi: n tooth filling.
-tambal ban: n tire repair.
-tambal sulam: v repair by patching.

tambang1; pertambangan: n /frm/lu/ mine.
-menambang1: v mine, dig.
-penambangan: n 1 mining (the activity) penambangan timah tin mining 2 mining site (the place) Ini adalah lokasi penambangan timah This is a tin mining site.
-pertambangan: n mining, mine workings |mining related matter| Menteri Pertambangan Mining Minister.

tambang2: n /frm/lu/ 1 |a boat that carries people, often with their cars, across a narrow area of water such as a river|  2 fare |of this kind of transportation| Berapa tambangnya menyeberang sungai? What is the fare to cross the river?
-menambang2: v 1 ferry |to carry people or goods a short distance from one place to another especially across a narrow area of water|  2 go by a ferry Setiap hari saya menambang ke sekolah Every day I have to go to school by ferry 2 to ferry passenger. Dia menambang sebagai mata pencaharian He ferries to make money.
-menambangkan: v 1 trans­port across (of narrow water). 2 operate a vehicle. Dia menambangkan sebuah pickup mengangkut buah-buahan dari desa ke pasar. He operate a pickup to take fruits from the village to the market.
-penambang­1: n 1 ferryman. 2 ferry vehicle 3 sb engaging in trans­porting a small number of passengers (taxi drivers, pedicab drivers, etc.).
-penambangan: n ferrying, short distnace transportation.

tambang3: n /Jkt, only/ thick rope.
-lomba tarik tambang: n tug-­of-war.
-menambang3: v fasten (sth) with a thick rope. Dia menambang pera­hunya pada sebuah tiang He fastened his boat to a pole.

tambang4; menambang: v /frm/lu/ live separately but refuse to divorce sb’s wife.

tambat; tambatan: n /frm/lu/ 1 tether |a rope or chain to which something is tied| Apa ada tambatan perahu di pantai itu? Is there a tether for a boat on the beach? 2 mooring 3 post 4 tambatan (hati): sweetheart, lover
-bertambatan: v 1 have a tether 2 be connected (with).
-menambatkan: v tie (sth) on a tether.
-penambat: n sth that is used to tie sth.
-pertambatan: n relation, connection.
-tertambat: v 1 be tied on a tether 2 tied up. 3 fall in love Hatinya tertambat kepada seorang gadis His heart is tied up (He fall in love) with a girl.

tambul1: n /frm/ snacks that accompany bev­erages Restoran itu menyediakan tambul kerupuk udang The restaurant serves snack of shrimp crackers.
-bertambul: v 1 be accompanied with snacks  2 served with a light snack. 2 enjoy refreshments. Mari kita bertambul sebelum rapat dilanjutkan. Let’s have some refreshment before continuing the meeting

tamhul2; menambul: v /frm/ do theatrical stunt; (magic shows, farces, etc.).
-penambul: n theatrical per­former. artiste.

tambun: adj /frm/lu/ chubby, well fed. Mukanya kelihatan tambun Her face seems chubby.

tambung: adj /ld/ rude, impertinent.

tambur: n /frm/lu/ 1 drum, esp. of European origin. 2 mosque drum.
-menambur: v beat a drum.
-menamburi: v beat a drum repeatedly Anak-anak itu menamburi kaleng dan tong Those children were beating out a rhythm on cans and casks.

tamburin: n /frm/lu/ tambourine.

tambus: variant of timbus:

tameng: n /frm/lu/ a shield for combat.
-bertameng: v 1 use shield to shelter or protect sb 2 use sth as a pre­text.

tammat: variant of tamat:

tampa1; menampa: v /frm/ 1 understand. 2 think, suppose.

tampa2: variant of tanpa:

tampah: n /frm/lu/ winnowing tray.

tampak1: v /frm/lu/ l  be visible. Gunung itu tampak dari lantai 7 The mountain is visible from the 7th floor 2 seems, look Kamu tampaknya lelah You seems tired Apa saya kelihatan kurus? Do I look thin? 3 appear Dia tiba-tiba tampak di pesta itu. He suddenly appeared in the party.
-menampakkan: v /tr/ show up. Dia datang hanya untuk menampakkan diri He came only to show up himself.
-penampakan: n appearance Ini ada enam cara meningkatkan penampakan pribadi kamu di depan umum Here are six ways to improve your personal appearance in public. Lampu natal memberi penampakan suasana pesta di rumah The Christmas lights gave the house a festive appearance.
-tampaknya: adv seemly, apparently Tampaknya akan hujan hari ini. Apparently it’s going to rain today.

tampak2: n /frm/lu/ measles.

tampal: n l variant of tambal; see  patch 2 appendix (of a book)
-menampal: v affix |to fasten or stick something to something else|

tampan: adj /frm/lu/ 1 good looking Pacarnya adalah seorang pemuda tampan Her boyfriend is a good looking young man 2 handsome Anak kecil ini akan menjadi seorang pria tampan This boy is going to be a handsome man
-ketampanan: n handsomeness Apa kamu jatuh cinta pada dia karena ketampanannya? Do you fall in love with him because of his handsomeness?
-penampang: n sb who likes to show off.

tampang1: n /Mdn/ 1 seed, cutting for plant­ing 2 source Perdebatan itu menjadi tampang kebencian diantara mereka The debate become the seed of hate between them.
-penampang: n /tech./ profile of the level surface at a particular position of a construction.

tampang2: n /Jkt/ wad, roll. |a thick soft mass of material that has been pressed together| setampang kapas a wad of cotton.

tampang3: n /frm/lu/ 1 appearance |the appearance of someone or something| Dari tampangnya bisa kita tahu bahwa dia orang baik. From his appearance we know that he is a nice person.
-jual tampang: v show off Dia datang ke pesta itu hanya untuk jual tampang He came to the party just to show off.

tampar; menampar: v /frm/lu/ slap (to hit someone quickly with the flat part of your hand| Dia tiba-tiba menampar muka pacarnya She suddenly slapped her boyfriend’s face.
-tamparan: n slap Her slap was very hurtful

tampek: variant of tampak:

tampi: n /frm/lu/ winnow
-menampi: v winnow sth Jangan tum­pah padinya kalau kamu menampi Do not let the rice spread away while winnowing.
-penampi: n winnow basket.
-tampian: n sth winnowed. beras tampian winnowed rice.

tampik1: menampik; v /frm/lu/ reject, refuse. Mereka menampik tawaran saya They refused my offer.
-pen­ampikan: n act of refusing or rejecting.
-tampikan: n rejection.

tampik2: variant of tempik:

tampil: v /frm/lu/ l appear Dia tampil anggun She appear elegantly 2 step forward. Dia tampil kedepan menerima piala itu. She stepped forward to receive the trophy
-menampilkan: v present  Panitia penyelenggara akan menampilkan seorang penyanyi terkenal untuk menghibur khalayak. The organizing committee will present a very popular singer to entertain the audience. 2 exhibit, show |to put something in a public place so people can see it|  Pagelaran seni itu akan menampilkan beberapa lukisan Basuki. The art gallery will exhibit some of Basuki’s paintings.
-penampilan: n 1 presentation, 2 appearance, exhibition

tampin: n /frm/lu/ rough container made of plaited palm leaves, esp. for sago.

tampuk: n /frm/lu/ 1 stalk, stem |a long thin part of a plant, from which leaves or flowers grow| 2 the central point of sth Tampuk pimpinan perusahaan ini berkedudukan di Jakarta The central board of management of this company situates in Jakarta. 3 supreme authority Dia mencapai tampuk kekuasan partai saat dia baru berumur 40 tahun He gained the supreme authority of the party when he was 40 years old.
-bertampuk: v have its central, main.

tampung1;  menampung: v /frm/lu/ 1 accommodate |to give someone a place to stay, live, or work| Sebuah asrama baru telah dibangun untuk menampung mahasiswa pasca sarjana. A new dorm was built to accommodate graduate students 2 seat, hold |if a room, vehicle, theatre etc. seats a particular number of people, it has enough seats for that number| Stadion baru itu dapat menampung 50, 000 orang penonton. The new stadium seats over 50,000 spectators 3 note, record. Kami tampung usul-usul anda untuk dibahas lebih lanjut We record your petition to be discussed later on. 4 collect, intercept and retain (falling rain wa­ter, waterfall, spigot, etc.).  Pakai bejana ini menampung air hujan itu Use this container to collect the rain water. 5 absorb Sektor industri menampung 30% tenaga kerja. Industrial sector absorbs 30% of manpower.
-ditampung: v be accommodated.
-penampungan: n 1 accommodation 2 container  3 shelter  4 reservoir 5 accomodating (the process or activity)
-tertampung: v be accommodated

tampung2: n /ld/ patch |a small piece of material used for covering a hole in something, especially clothes|

tampus: adj /ld/ brownish orange to light brown

tamsil: n /frm/lu/ l parable |a short simple story that teaches a moral or religious lesson| 2 example
-men(t)amsilkan: v 1 com­pare. Kalau kita mentamsilkan dengan rumah lama, jelas ini lebih luas. If we compared with our old house, of course this one’s a lot bigger. 2 re­late in a parable or analogous manner. Cerita itu mentamsilkan berbagai cara berbuat kebaikan The story presented a number of way to do good deed
-penamsilan: n compari­son.

tamtama: n /frm/lu/ 1 lower-ranking non-commissioned officer, corporal. 2 lower.ranking commissioned officer (below Colonel).

tamu: n /frm/lu/ 1 guest 2 visitor
-bertamu: v visit sb |if you visit sb or a place and there you are considered a guest|
-menamu: v receive a visit of a guest
-tamu tidak diundang: n thief  |un-invited visitor|

tanah: n /frm/lu/ 1 land |the ground, especially when owned by someone and used for buildings or farming| Tanah ini akan digunakan untuk membangun sebuah pusat perbelanjaan. This land will be used to build a new shopping center 2 soil Apa tanah di wilayah ini subur? Is the soil in this area fertile?
-pertanahan: n land affairs.
-tanah air: n home country.
-tanah garapan: n illegally cultivated land.
-tanah lapang: n a sport field (esp. for football).
-tanah milik: n privately own land.
-tanah tumpah darah: n the country where sb born.

tanahulayat: n /frm/lu/ community or clan land.

tanak; menanak: v /tr/frm/lu/ cook (of rice).  Jangan pergi sebelum menanak nasi Don’t go before cooking the rice
-bertanak: v /tr/intr/ boil, cook (rice) Ibu sedang bertanak Mother is cooking. Apa kamu tahu bagaimana bertanak nasi? Do you know how to cook rice?

tanam; menanam: v /frm/lu/ 1 plant, grow (a plant) 2 internalize |to make sth (cultural value, moral, ethic,  norm, etc become an integral part of sb’s personality| Dari masa kecil orangtua dia  sudah menanamkan sikap saling menghargai sesama mereka. Since their childhood their parents have internalized the principle of mutual respect between them. 3 invest (share, capital) Keluarga bermaksud menjual sebahagian harta kekayaan dan menanamkan uangnya dalam saham perusahaan The family want to sell some of the property and then invest the money by buying shares. 4 bury Mereka sudah menanam mayat itu They’ve buried the corpse 5 cover with soil Mari kita tanam saja sampah itu Let’s just cover the garbage with soil.
-bercocok-tanam: v cultivate a land
-menanamkan: v /tr/ 1 plant 2 implant
-musim tanam: n planting season.
-penanaman: n planting. Penanaman akan mulai besok Planting will start tomorrow
-tanamam-tanaman: n plants
-tanaman muda: n seasonal plants.
-tertanam: v be covered (with soil) Rumah mereka tertanam setelah ada longsor Their house was covered by soil when there was a landslide.

tanbiat: n prophecy.

tancap; menancap; tertancap: v /intr/frm/lu/ 1 be embedded, be stabbed |be firmly and deeply implanted into something else| Sepotong pecahan kaca menancap (tertancap) di telapak kakinya.  A piece of glass particle was embedded on the arch of her foot 2 press deeply (drive fast) |drive fast by pressing the accelerator deeply| Dia selalu tancap gas kalau bawa mobil He always drive fast. 3 be internalized |if your ideas, feelings, or attitudes are internalized, you believe them strongly and it influence your way of life and attitudes| Kesetaraan dan kesatuan dalam keberagaman telah tertancap dalam sikap pada umumnya orang Indonesia. The equality and the unity in the diversity have been internalized to most Indonesian people.
-menancapkan: v /tr/ 1 stab, embed, implant (sth) 2 internalize.

tanda: n /frm/lu/ sign, token, mark, symbol, alarm, stigma, symptom.
-bertanda1: v /intr/ 1 have mark, sign, etc 2 be signed, be marked bertanda tangan have signature (be signed)
-bertanda2: adj 1 marked 2 labelled
-menandai: v /tr/ 1 mark 2 indicate Inflasi yang meningkat menandai stagnasi ekonomi. The increasing inflation indicates economic stagnation.
-penanda: n 1 marker 2 penanda tangan: signatory.
-pertanda: n 1 signal Ini satu pertanda masa depan yang lebih baik This is a sign of the better future. 2 indication 3 omen 4 landmark
-tanda akar: n /math/ root mark
-tanda baca: n punctuation mark.
-tanda bahaya: n alarm, omen
-tanda bakti/setia: n testimonial
-tanda bunyi: n /ling./ phonetic sign
-tanda cinta: n a token
-tanda hormat: n 1 expression of respect 2 salute
-tanda jasa: n 1 decoration 2 reward
-tanda kali: n multiplication sign
-tanda kutip/ petik: n quotation mark
-tanda kurang: n minus sign
-tanda kurung: n 1 { } bracket (-buka opening bracket; -tutup closing bracket) 2 parentheses
-tanda masuk: n admission stub.
-tanda mata: n memento, souvenir.
-tanda merek: n trade mark, label.
-tanda noda: n stigma.
-tanda pangkat: n insigna.
-tanda peringatan: n warning.
-tanda pengenal; n identification card/ tag.
-tanda penghubung: n hyphen.
-tanda pisah: n dash.
-tanda sah: n letter of validation/ verification.
-tanda seru: n exclamation mark (!)
-tanda tangan: n signature
-tanda tanya: n question mark (?)
-tanda terima: n receipt
-tanda sakit: n symptom

tandan: n /frm/lu/ the stem of the banana (coconut, ete.) from which bunches grow.
-tandan ekor: n the solid part of an animal tail from which the hair grows.

tandang; bertandang: v /frm/lu/1 visit 2 make a social call. Apa kamu akan bertandang ke rumah nenek sore ini? Are you going to make a social call to your grandma this evening?
-pe(r)tandang: n visitor.

tandas1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 absolutely wiped out, demolished. Har­tanya tandas bayar hutang His property has  been wiped out to pay debt. 2 com­pletely accomplished 3 completely finished off. Makanannya sudah tandas The food has been completely finished off.
-men­andaskan1: n 1 spend everything 2 completely finish sth off 3 completely accomplish sth

tandas2: adj /frm/lu/ firm. sikap tandas a firm attitude.
-menandaskan2: v 1 state sth firmly 2 emphasize Presiden terpilih dengan tandas menyatakan bahwa korupsi harus di tumpas habis The elected president firmly stated the corruption has to be repressed.
-penandasan: n emphasizing.

tandas3: n /ld/ latrine over a stream.

tandatangan: n /frm/lu/ signature.
-menandatangani: v 1 sign 2 put signature
-penandatangan: n the signer, signatory.
-penandatanganan: n signing (process).

tanding1; bertanding: v /frm/lu/ match, fight, compete
-ditandingi: v be competed.
-menandingi: v /tr/ compete (sb/sth)
-mempertandingkan: v 1 compare sth with 2 put into competition/ match
-pertandingan: n 1 match 2 fight 3 competition 4 contest.
-setanding: adj 1 equal 2 be equal to, be comparable to.
-tandingan: n 1 counterpart 2 competitor 3 challenger.
-tertandingi: v can be defeated (in a competition).

tanding2: n /ld/ pile, heap. setanding kacang a pile of peanuts.
-men(t)anding: v pile, heap up.

tandon: n /frm/ 1 security for a loan, collateral. 2  stock, provision, goods provided. 3 reservoir.

tandu: n /frm/lu/ litter |a portable chair or a light narrow bed having poles in the front and rear carried by two or four persons used to carry a special person in the old time, a corpse, or a sick person|
-bertandu: v ride in such litter.
-menandu: v to carry in a litter.

tanduk1: n /frm/lu/ animal horns.
-menanduk: v 1 butt 2 attack with horns 3 shoot (at billiards)
-tandukan: n headshot.
-tanduk tegak: n vertical horns with points near each other­.
-tanduk telepon: n /of/ telephone receiver.
/idiom/ tandu kuda: impossibility (ltr. horns of a horse)
-/prov./ seperti telur di ujung tanduk precarious, risky (ltr. like an egg on the top of a horn)

tanduk2: variant of tindak:

tandus: adj /lu/ 1 dry and infertile (of land), not arable 2 wiped out.
-ketandusan: n barrenness.

tang1: n /frm/lu/ 1 pliers. 2 tongs, pincers.

tang2: n /mil/frm/ tank.

tang3: n /spo/ clanging sound of falling metal.

tangan: n /frm/lu/ 1 hand, arm. Mereka berjabat tangan They shook hands. dari tangan ke tangan passed from one hand to another.
-bertangan: v have hands
-bertangan besi; tangan besi: adj authoritarian, authoritative |forcing people to obey rules and laws that are often wrong or unfair| pemerintahan tangan besi authoritarian government 2 ruthless |cruel and without pity| centeng bertangan besi a ruthless foreman.
-bertangan dingin: adj successful in planting, healing, etc.
-bertangan lebar: adj open-handed, generous.
-bertangan panas: adj unlucky |most of the time fail to do sth|
-bertangan panjang: v steal Jangan pernah bertangan panjang Don’t ever steal anything.
-menangani: v handle, manage Apa kamu dapat menangani masalah itu? Can you handle the matter? Dia menangani pekerjaan itu dengan baik She handles the works well.
-penanganan: n handling.
-tangan baju: n sleeves
-tangan manis: n right hand
-tangan kanan: n /idiom/ the second person you trust to do sth.
-tangan panjang: adj long sleeves kemeja tangan panjang a long sleeves shirt
-tangan pertama: n first owner
-tangan terbuka: adj warmly welcome Kami menerima kedatangan mereka dengan tangan terbuka. We welcome their coming warmly
-tangan hampa/kosong1: n failure Mereka pulang dengan tangan hampa They came back with  failure.
-tangan hampa/ kosong2; (dengan tangan hampa): adv unsuccessfully Mereka kembali dengan tangan hampa. They came back unsuccessfully.
-tangan tangga: n stair rail, hand­rail.
-tertangani: v be handled of, be taken care of.

tangen: n /math/frm/ tangent line or plane.

tangensial: adj /math/frm/ tangential.

tangga: n /frm/lu/ 1 ladder. 2 stair­case, stairs 3 step
-bertangga-tangga: adj gradual, terraced, step by step Sawah itu bertangga-tangga The rice field is terraced.
-tangga darurat: emergency exit
-tangga lipat: n foldable ladder
-tangga nada: n musical scale
-tangga putar/ pilin: n winding stairs
-tangga sigai: n (portable) ladder
-tetangga: n neighbour
-/prov./ Sudah jatuh tertimpa tangga pula: Get misfortune after the other (ltr. after sb fell  down, she/he had a ladder fell on her/him)

tanggal1: v /intr/frm/lu/  fall out, come loose. Kunci-kunci itu tanggal dari pegangannya The keys come loose from its holder. Giginya sudah tanggal satu He has a tooth fell out.
-menanggalkan1: v /tr/ strip off, take off  Tanggalkan bajunya, sudah basah. Take off your shirt, it’s wet.

tanggal2: n /frm/lu/ date. Tanggal berapa kamu berangkat? What date are you going to leave?
-bertanggal: v be dated Surat itu bertanggal 10 January 20010 The letter’s dated January 10, 2009.
-menanggalkan2: v schedule |to plan that something will happen at a particular time|
-tanggalan: n calendar, almanac.

tanggap1: adj /frm/lu/ perceptive |good at noticing and understanding what is happening or what someone is thinking or feeling| Seorang guru yang tanggap dapat membantu siswa pemalu.  A perceptive teacher can really help a shy child.
-menanggapi: v 1 give a response 2 attentively pay attention to Menanggapi surat saudara sebelumnya bersama ini kami menyatakan pendirian kami dalam kasus tersebut sbb; Responding your previous letter, here with we are stating our standpoint on the case as follows;
-tanggapan: n response, reaction, perception, argument, comment.

tanggap2: v /Jv/ 1 summon a dalang. 2 perform wayang (puppet show)
-menanggap: v hire a performer.
-tanggapan2: n perfor­mance of a wayang.

tangguh1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 strong, hard to defeat, tough, determined Dia seorang petarung yang tangguh He is a tough fighter   2 firm, sturdy
-ketangguhan: n 1 strength 2 toughness 3 determinateness

tangguh2; penangguhan: n /frm/lu/ postponement, delay.
-menangguhkan: v 1 postpone 2 put off  Saya harus menangguhkan perjalanan saya untuk beberapa hari. I have to postpone my trip for a view days.
-tangguhkan: v postpone Tolong tangguhkan rapat itu Please postpone the meeting.

tangguk: n /ld/ small fish scoop or scoop-net.
-menangguk: v to catch fish with such a net or scoop.
-penangguk: v 1 fisherman who uses such a device. 2 sb who takes unfair advan­tage.
-/idiom/ menangguk di air keruh: take advantages from sb’s loss (ltr. catch fish from muddy water)

tanggul: n /frm/lu/ dike, embankment.
-menanggul: v build a dike, embankment.

tanggulang: n /frm/lu/ sluice-gate (water gate)
-menanggulangi: v 1 cope with 2 ward off 3 settle with  Walikota tidak berhasil menanggulangi masalah sampah. The mayor wasn’t successful to cope with the garbage problem.
-penanggulangan: n tackiling |effort to tackle or to cope with a problem|

tanggung1; menanggung: v /frm/lu/ 1 bear |to be responsible for or accept something| Dalam hal ini, kamu harus menanggung sebagian kerugian In this matter, you must bear some of the loss. 2 guarantee |to promise that something will happen or be done| Saya taggung bahwa semua produksi kami akan tahan lama. I guarantee that all of our product will be durable. 3 endure |to suffer or deal with a very difficult situation or a bad result of sth| Rakyat menanggung kelaparan berat selama perang itu. People endured a severe hunger during the war. Semua kita harus menanggung malu akibat skandal ini. All of us have to endured a deep shame as the result of this scandal. 4 account, afford  Saya tidak dapat menanggung semua biaya ini. I couldn’t afford all this cost.
-bertanggung-jawab: v 1 be responsible Kamu bertanggung-jawab atas kerusakan itu. You are responsible for the damage. 2 tidak bertanggung-jawab: irresponsible
-ditanggung2: adj 1 be warranted Jangan ragu, semua ditanggung bagus. Do’t worry, everything is warranted good. 2 be paid Semua pengeluaran akan ditanggung perusahaan. All the expenses will be paid by the company.
-menanggung-jawabi: v /tr/ take responsibility Saya akan menanggung-jawabi kesalahan anak saya. I’ll take the responsibility for my son’s fault.
-pertanggung-jawaban: n responsibility.
-penanggung-jawab: n guarantor, backer, responsible person, underwriter
-pertanggungan: n guarantee, bail, security, bond, insurance.

tanggung2: adv /frm/1 barely (sufficient, adequate, enough, etc) 2 halfway 3 almost adequate but not really inadequate |i.e. sb need 5 meters rope, but it’s available only 4,8 meters| Kalau bekerja jangan tanggung. If you are going to do sth, do it completely .

tangis; tangisan: n /frm/lu/ 1 weeping Dia tidak dapat menahan tangisnya ketika dia menggambarkan pria yang memperkosanya. She couldn’t hold her weeping as she described the man who had raped her  2 wail. Saya mendengar tangisan dari dalam rumah yang terbakar itu. I heard a wail came from the burning house.
-menangis: v 1 weep  2 wail 3 cry Jangan menangis sayang, saya akan segera kembali. Don’t cry honey, I’ll back soon.
-menangiskan; menangisi: v weep for Dia sedang menangiskan kucingnya yang hilang. She is weeping for the loss of her cat.

tangkai: n /frm/lu/1 stalk, stem. tangkai bunga flower stalk. tangkai hati sweetheart, belmed. tangkai kering a miser. 2 shaft, handle, knob, hilt
-tangkai pena: n penholder

tangkal; penangkal: n /frm/lu/ talisman, amulet |an object that some people think can protect them|
-menangkal: v prevent, avoid, ward off , immunize.
-penangkal petir: n lighting rod.
-penangkal penyakit: n immunization.
-cekal (cegat & tangkal): n refusal to go abroad and to come in from foreign country.

tangkap; menangkap: v /frm/lu/ 1 catch. menangkap bola. catch a ball. 2 seize, arrest. Polisi menangkap dua orang pengedar narkoba Police arrested two drug traffickers 3 comprehend, understand, grasp. Dia mudah menangkap ceramah professor itu. He easily understand the lecture of the professor.
-penangkapan: n 1 capture, arrest. Orang mengharapkan penangkapan pembunuh itu secepat mungkin People expect the capture of the murderer as soon as possible
-penangkap: n 1 capturer 2 catcher
-penangkap ikan: n 1 fisherman 2 tool to catch fish.
-tangkapan: n 1 haul 2 prisoner 3 catch
-tertangkap: v be captured , be caught up

tangkar1; menangkar: v /frm/lu/ breed |to keep animals or plants in order to produce babies, or to develop new animals or plants|  Dia menangkar buaya. He breeds crocodile.
-penangkaran: n breeding (plant)

tangkar2: variant of tengkar:

tangkas: adj /frm/lu/ deft, adroit, agile.
-ketangkasan: n adroitness, skill, dexterity,wit
-ketangkasan fisik: n physical agility.

tangki: n /frm/lu/ liquid reservoir .

tangkis; menangkis: v /frm/lu/ 1 ward off, parry. menangkis pukulan ward off the blows. 2 repulse, repel. menangkis serangan re­pulse an attack. menangkis tuduhan reply (by denying) an accusation.
-menangkisi: v /tr/ parry or repulse several things.
-tertangkis: v be repulsed, parried.
-tangkisan: n defense, re­sistance.
-penangkis: n sth which wards off.
-penangkis serangan udara: n antiaircraft defense.
-penangkis  petir: n lightning rod.
-penangkisan: n 1 repelling. 2 fending off (blows, attack, etc.).

tangsi: n /frm/lu/ barracks.
-mengtangsikan: v confine to quarters. Komandan mentangsikan pasukannya The commandant confined the troop to quarters.

tani; petani: n /frm/lu/ farmer.
-bertani: v farm Mereka bertani sayuran They grow vegetables.
-pertanian: n agriculture pertanian rakyat small-scale farming.
-tanah pertanian: n farmland.

tanjak; menanjak: v /int/frm/lu/ 1 slant upward. Jalan itu menanjak tajam. The road sharply slaps upward
-bertanjak: v /tr/ 1 rise sth (in a sloping manner) bertanjak kaki rise up on sb’s tiptoes. Dia berjalan bertanjak. She walk on her tiptoes. 2 ascend, climb. Mereka sedang bertanjak gunung. They are climbing the mountain. 2 become Dia sudah bertanjak dewasa She has  entered adulthood, undergone puberty
-menanjakkan: v /tr/ 1 cause sth to slope upward. Dia sedang menanjakkan layar He is hoisting  the sail. Dia menanjakkan kakinya He stood on his toes. 2 bring sth upward. Dia menanjakkan bahan ke atas gunung He brings supplies up the mountain.
-penanjakan: n ascending, climb­ing.
-tanjakan: n 1 slope 2 ascent

tanji: n see tukang:

tanjung1: n /frm/lu/ cape, promontory.
-menanjung: v 1 extend to the sea like a cape. Apa nama tanah yang menanjung itu? What is the name of the area that ex­tends into the sea? 2 sail along the cape. Mereka sudah pergi berlayar menanjung They have gone sailing along the cape.
-Tanjung Harapan: n Cape of Hope.
-Tanjung Hijau: n Cape Verde.
-Tanjung Perak: n the port of Surabaya.
-Tanjung Priok: n the port of Jakarta.

tanjung2: see bunga:

tank: n army tank.

tanker: n tanker (ship).

tanki: variant of tangki:

tanpa: adv, prep /frm/lu/  without. tanpa prasangka without prejudice.
-tanpa ke­prasangkaan: adj nondiscriminatory.
-tanpa (ber)syarat: adv unconditionally.
-tanpa bobot: adj weightless

tanpanama: adj /frm/lu/ anonymous .

tanpanegara: n /frm/ stateless.

tanta: variant of tante:

tantama: variant of tamtama:

tantang; menantang: v /frm/lu/ challenge. Dia menantang saya main billiard He challenged me to paly billiard.
-penantang: n ­challenger.
-tantanagan: n challenge.

tante: n /frm/lu/ 1 aunt |form of reference and address for married European, Chn, or Westernized women|
-tante girang: n 1 middle aged, Westernized woman partial to gigolos

tantra: n the tantric sect of Buddhism.

tanya; pertanyaan: n /frm/lu/1 question. Numpang tanya bung! May I ask you a question, friend? Boleh ulang pertanyaannya? Can you repeat the question? Pertanyaannya adalah…. The question is… 2 inquiry Tolong di jawab pertanyaan berikut: Please answer the following inquiries; Kami mendapat banyak pertanyaan tentang produk baru kami. We’re getting a lot of inquiries about our new production 3 questionnaire Apa menurut kamu pertanyaan jajag pendapat ini sudah cukup jelas? Do you think that the questionnaire of this poll is clear enough? 4 query
-bertanya: v /tr/  ask question Apa ada diantara kalian yang ingin bertanya? Is there any of you want to ask a question?
-bertanya-tanya: v 1 ponder Dia bertanya-tanya sejenak ingin tahu siapa saya. She pondered for a moment wanting to know who am I 2 be quizzical 3 be curious
-menyanyai: v /tr/ 1 question Polisi sedang menyanyai tiga orang saksi mata kejadian itu. The police is questioning three eye-witness of the accident. 2 interrogate
-mempertanyakan: v 1 question Apa kamu mempertanyakan kejujuran saya Are questioning my honesty? 2 wonder Saya mempertanyakan apakah semua ceritanya itu benar. I wonder if all his story was true
-penanya: n 1 questioner 2 interviewer 3 interrogator
-tanya-jawab: n interview Tanya jawab itu berlangsung sekitar satu jam. The interview took time about an hour.
-tertanya-tanya: v wonder, be curious

taoge: variant of tauge:

taokeh: variant of tauke:

taola: variant of taula:

taosi: variant of tauci:

tapa: n /frm/lu/ asceticism |living a simple strict life, usually for religious reasons, esp, in order to acquire magical power|
-bertapa: v 1 live as an asce­tic 2 isolate sb (to meditate, to acquire magical power, etc) 3  imprison Dia sudah 5 tahun bertapa di penjara It has been five years since he imprisoned
-petapa: n hermit, ascetic
-pertapaan: n 1 hermit’s abode, retreat 2 asceticism
-tapa brata: n highest form of asceticism.

tapai: n /frm/lu/ 1 sweet cake made of slightly fer­mented rice or tubers 2 alcoholic beverage made by fer­menting rice or tubers.
-air tapai: n alcoholic bev­erage made of tapai
-mentapai: v 1 be fermented. Ketela itu ­telah mentapai The cassava has been fermented. 2 ferment sth Dia mentapai ketela He let some cassava fermented
-pentapaian: n fermentation.
-pertapaian: n matters pertaining to fer­mentation.
-tapai keladi: n 1 such a cake made of taro

tapak: n /frm/lu/ 1 palm of hand, sole of foot  2 tapak kaki: footprint, track 3 a rough lineal measurement equal to a hand wide  Lebarnya dua tapak The width is two hands wide 4 site Tapak pabrik itu kurang lebih dua mil dari sini. The factory site is about two miles away. 5 plate, tray, board. square tapak catur chess square tapak mangkok cup plate
-bertapak: v 1 tread, step (on) Hati-hati kalau bertapak di rumput itu Be careful if you tread on the grass 2 have under layer or base 3 have a foot holder.
-bertapakkan: v 1 be based on 2 be supported by
-jalan setapak: n 1 path 2 narrow trail
-menapak: v 1 tread 2 step on Kami menapak tilas perjalanan pasukan itu semasa perang We step on the road that was passed by our troop during the war 3 measure with the palm of the hand or sole of the foot Biar saya ukur lebar lantai itu dengan tapak kaki saya Let me measure the width of the floor with my foot sole
-menapakkan: v set (foot) down.
-setapak demi setapak: adv step by step, gradually
-tapakan: n layer, foundation.

tapak-tapak: n /Sum./ wooden clog.

tapal: n /frm/ paste, poultice, plaster.
-mentapal: v apply a poultice or plaster.
-tapal gigi: n toothpaste.

tapal batas: n /frm/lu/ 1 frontier 2 border.

tapal kuda: n /frm/lu/ horseshoe.
-menapal kuda: v make horseshoes.

tape: variant of tapai:

tapekong: variant of tepekong:

tapelak: variant of taplak:

tapi: short form of tetapi:

tapian: n /Mdn/ water edge.

tapioca: n /frm/lu/ tapioca.

tapis; menapis: v /frm/lu/ 1 filter sth  Dia menapis air She is filtering the water. 2 sort through sth 3 censor sth  Apa berita itu sudah ditapis? Has the news been censored?
-tapisan: n 1 filter 2 screen 3 sieve.
-penapisan: n filtering.

taplak: n /frm/lu/ a sheet for a cover taplak meja tablecloth.
-bertaplak: v be covered with a sheet.
-menaplaki: v /tr/ cover sth with a sheet.

tapol {tahanan politik}: n /frm/lu/ political prisoners.

tapsir: variant of tafsir:

taptu1: n /frm/lu/ taps, retreat

tapuk3: see tepuk

tara1; setara: adj /frm/lu/ 1 matching Apa dasi ini setara dengan kemeja ini? Is this tie matching with this shirt? 2 equal Satu kilogram setara dengan 1000 gram One kilogram is equal to 1000 grams 3 equivalent |equal in value, level, standard, etc| Bom atom ini mempunyai kekuatan setara dengan 10,000 ton dinamit. This atomic bomb has power equivalent to 10,000 tons of dynamite. 3 on a par suami-isteri yang setara husband and wife on a par.
-kesetaraan: n equality, equivalence bagusnya tiada tara the beauty that has no ­equality 2 counterpart.

tara2: n /frm/1 imagination 2 dream 3 the difference between gross weight and the net weight |the weight of the container that should be deducted|

taraf: n /frm/lu/ 1 standard. taraf hidup standard of living. 2 de­gree, level. taraf pengetahuan level of knowledge. 3 status Taraf kehidupan sosial dia sudah jauh lebih tinggi dari kita The level of his social life is very much higher than ours 3 rank
-kesetarafan: n equality, sameness
-penyetarafan: n equalization.
-setaraf:
adj 1 equal, at the same level, status, position, age, etc  2 at the same age.

tarate: variant of teratai:

taraweh; tarawih: n /Isl./ non-obligatory evening prayers during fasting month.

tarbiah: n /Isl./ education.

tarekat: n /Isl./ 1 path for mystics to follow. esp. Sufism. 2 /ltr./ an order of mystics.

target: n /frm/lu/ target.
-mentargetkan: v target |plan sth and estimate the target to aim| Pemerintah mentargetkan pembangunan jalan bebas hambatan itu akan selesai dua tahun lag.i The government targeted that the new highway will be accomplish in the next two years.

tari; tarian: n /frm/lu/ dance |esp. non-western dance – western dance is called “dansa”|
-menari: v dance.
-penari: n dancer.
-tari daerah: n locally folk dance
-tari gambus: n dance to Arabian mu­sic.
-tari gebyar: n Balinese dance.
-tari kejang: n break dance.
-tari lenso: n handkerchief dance, a nationally popular folk dance of East Indonesia.

tariff: variant of tarip:

tarih: variant of tarikh:

tarik1; me(n)arik1: v /frm/lu/ 1 pull, drag |to use your hands to move something toward you|  Jangan tarik rambutku, itu sakit! No, don’t pull my hair, it hurt! 2 remove |to remove something from its place, especially by using force| Tolong tarik tutup meja itu supaya dicuci Please remove the table cloth for washing. 3 draw Saya perlu menarik uang tunai dari bank. I need to draw some cash from the bank Kami pakai dua kuda menarik kereta itu. We use two horses to draw the cart 4 make, have  Saya menarik satu kesimpulan bahwa masih ada  diantara kita yang belum paham tujuan ideal organisasi ini. I make a conclusion that there are some of us doesn’t yet really perceive the ideal objective of our organization. 5 attract Penampilannya selalu menarik perhatian umum. Her appearance always attract public attention. 6 withdraw, resign Apa benar kamu akan segera menarik diri dari club? Is that true that you are going to resign from the club? 7 reverse Hakim menarik kembali hukuman dia dan menyatakan bahwa dia tidak bersalah The judge reversed the previous punishment and stated that she was innocent. 8 operate (a car) Dia menarik bus untuk mencari nafkah. He operates a bus to make money. 9 collect (payment, taxes, debt) Saya datang untuk menarik cicilan kamu I’m coming to collect your instalment 10 take, draw, charge Bank itu menarik bunga pinjaman pada tingkat 6 % pertahun The bank charge the interest rate at  6 % a year. 11 earn  Dia menarik banyak untung dari bisnisnya He earn much profit from his business. 12 involve Dia menarik teman baiknya kedalam kasus itu He involved his best friend into the case 13 stretch Tarik lengan tinggi-tinggi Stretch you hands highly.
-bertarik-tarikan: v mutually tug
-ketertarikan: n attractiveness
-menarik2: adj attractive
-penarikan: n drawing, pulling
-penarik beca: n pedicab driver
-tarik garis: v draw a line.
-tarik lotre/ undian: v gamble by buying lottery
-tarik nafas: v heave a sight
-tarik otot: /idiom/ work hard |ltr. pull the muscle|
-tarik suara: v sing
-tarik tambang: n tug-of-war
-tarik ulur: v uncertainly delay or prolong sth
-tertarik: v be interested.

tarik2: variant of tarikh:

tarikah; tarikat: variant of tarekat:

tarikh: n /frm/ 1 era. 2 in the year. 3 date. 4 /ltr/ chronicle, annals |a written record of historical events, arranged in the order in which they happened|
-mentarikhan: n arrange a date for an event
-tarikh hijriah: n the era of Muhammad’s flight to Medina
-tarikh Masehi: n the era of after the coming of Jesus

taring: n /frm/lu/ 1 tusk, fang. taring babi boar’s tusk. 2 canine tooth.

tarip: n /frm/lu/ fare, rate.
-tarif ­bea pos: n postal rates.
-tarif bis: n bus fare.
-tarif pesawat: n flight fare.

tarjemah: variant of terjemah:

taro: variant of taruh:

tarompet: variant of trompet:

tarpentin: variant of terpenten:

tart: n /lu/ European-style cake.
-tart kelapa: n coconut cake (usually frosted).

tar-tar: n /spo/ sound of repeated pistol fire.

tar·tor: n .spo/ sound of repeated gunfire .

tarub: variant of tarup:

taruh; menaruh: v /frm/lu/ 1 place sth, put sth |to move someone or something into a particular place or position|  Dimana kamu taruh suratkabar itu? Where did you put the newspaper? Taruh semuanya di bak cuci, O.K? Put everything in the dishwasher, okay? 2 keep, deposit Saya menaruh uang saya di bank I deposit my money in a bank. 3 pay (attention) Pemerintah tidak menaruh perhatian yang cukup kepada para gelandangan The government didn’t pay much attention to the homeless people. 4 taruh muka: face, meet. Dimana dia akan taruh muka setelah skandal memalukan ini? How should she face people after this disgusting scandal? 5 be interested, be fallen in love Dia sudah menaruh hati kepada gadis itu. He has been fallen in love to that girl. 6 give Kita harus menaruh hormat kepada dia. We have to give him a respect. Apa kamu menaruh kepercayaan kepada dia? Do you give him trust?
-bertaruh: v bet |to risk money on the result of a race, game, etc.|  Dia bertaruh $50 untuk kemenagan Persija. He bet $ 50 on the Persija  to win.
-menaruh sakwasangka: v suspect
-menaruh harapan: v expect (put an expectation on) sth
-mempertaruhkan: v /tr/ risk sth Dia mempertaruhkan nyawa untuk menyelamatkan anak itu dari kebakaran. He risked his life to save the child from the fire.
-taruhan: n bet, wager, ante  |the money or sth that you risk|

taruk1: n /frm/lu/ sprout, bud.
-bertaruk: v sprout.

taruk2: variant of taruh:

taruna: variant of teruna:

tarung1; bertarung: v /frm/lu/ compete |to try to win or gain something, or try to be better or more successful than someone else|  Anak-anak mulai bertarung memperebutkan tempat di di perguruan tinggi ternama. Kids start competing for reputable college.  Berapa pelari akan bertarung dalam lomba itu. How many runner will compete in the race?
-pertarungan: n 1 fight Itu akan menjadi satu pertarungan ketat. It’s going to be a tough fight 2 dispute, fight.3 competition, match, race
-petarung: n 1 fighter 2 competitor.

tarung2; tertarung: v /frm/lu/ stumble. |to almost fall down while you are walking| Dia tertarung saat keluar dari rumah. She stumbled when shecoming out of the house.

taruni: n /frm/lu/ female cadet.

tas1: n /frm/lu/ bag, handbag, briefcase.
-tas kresek: n plastic bag.

tas2: n /spo/ sound of whizzing (bullets or stones hitting a wall, a small explosion, etc.).
-tas-tus: n /spo/ sound of repeated whizzing or a small explosion.

tas3: see kayu:

tasik: n /ld/ lake.

tasiun: short form of stasiun:

tata: n /frm/lu/ order, arrangement, system.
-menata: v put in order, organize, arrange, manage
-penataan: n arrangement, planning.
-tata acara: n agenda.
-tata ­adab: n good manners, politeness, social norm.
-tata bahasa: n gram­mar.
-tata bentuk: n /bio./ morphology.
-tata boga: n food science.
-tata buku: n bookkeeping, accounting. ­
-tata bumi: n land use or utilization.
-tata bunyi: n phonetics.
-tata ­busana: n dressmaking.
-tata cara: n procedure,  customs and man­ners.
-tata graham: n homemak­ing.
-tata ibadah: n ritual |a ceremony or set of actions that is always done in the same way|
-tata istilah: n ter­minology.
-tata krama: n etiquette.
-tata laksana: n managing procedure.
-ketata-laksanaan: n management.
-tata nama: n nomenclature
-tata Negara: n civics
-tata niaga: n business administration.
-tata praja: n public administration.
-tata puspa: n flower arrangement.
-tata rambut: n hair dressing.
-tata rias: n art of cosmetics.
-tata ruang: n lay­out.
-tata surya: n solar system.
-tata susila: n 1good manners, good conduct. 2 ethics.
-tata terlib: n proceeding (of a meeting, conference, etc,)
-tata warna: n techni­color.

tatabahasa: see tata:

tataganing: n /ld/ a set of Batak’s traditional music instruments consists of a number of gong shape like tambourine.

tatakan: n /frm/lu/ 1 tray, a plate that is used as a base of sth  2 sth underneath, under-layer.
-tatakan gelas: n coaster for glasses.

tatanan: n /Jv/ arrangement, order.
-tatanan sosial masyara­kat: n the social order of society.

tatap; menatap: v /frm/lu/ 1 stare |to look at someone or something for a long time without moving your eyes|  Berhenti menatap saya seperti itu. Stop staring at me like that! 2 see, look (at) |seriously see and observe sth| Tatap mata saya! Look at my eyes! Kita dapat menatap pantai dari puncak menara itu. We can see the beach from the top of that tower. Mari kita tatap jauh ke depan, lupakan saja apa yang sudah terjadi. Let’s see far away to the future, just forget what happened in the past.
-tatapan: n sight |the act of seeing something| Tatapan matanya memperlihatkan bahwa dia sangat marah. The sight of his eyes indicated that she was so angry.
-bertatap muka: v meet face to face Presiden dan penduduk desa akan bertatap muka. The president and the villagers will meet face to face.
-tatap muka: n face to face meeting Mereka akan melakukan tatap muka They are going to have face to face meeting.

tatar; menatar: v /frm/lu/ enhance (to improve the skill, knowledge, expertise through a training, workshop, seminars, etc.| Perusahaan akan menyewa konsultan professional untuk menatar para staff dalam satu lakakarya. The company will hire a professional consultant to enhance the ability of the staff in a workshop.
-penataran: n 1 enhancing training/ workshop. 2 refresher course
-penatar: n 1 trainer, facilitator (of a training)

tatawarna: see tata:

tatih; bertatih-tatih: v /frm/lu/ 1 toddle |to walk with short unsteady steps, like a very young child|  2 limp |to walk with difficulty because one leg is hurt| Dia tertatih-tatih kesakitan menuju kursi lalu duduk He limped to the chair in pain and sat down.
-menatih: v 1 teach sb to walk by holding his/her hands. 2 give support with the hand to a walk­ing person. Saya menatih seorang wanita tua menjalani jalan terjal itu. I helped and old lady to walk the steep road.
-tertatih-tatih: adv (walk) wobbly Dia jalan tertatih-tatih ketika dia mabuk. He walk wobbly when he was drunk.

tatkala: adv, conj /frm/lu/ when, at the time. Tatkala kami tiba dirumahnya, dia sudah pergi kerja. When we arrived at his house, he has gone to work.

tato: n tattoo |a picture, word etc. that is put permanently onto your skin using a needle and ink|
-bertato: adj tattooed
-mentattoo: v tattoo

tau: short form of tahu2:

taubat: variant of tobat:

tauci; tauco; taucyo: n /Chn/ fermented bean paste used as condiment.

taufan: variant of topan:

taufik: n /Isl/ God’s guidance. Taufik dan hidayahnya. His (God) divine and guidance

tauge: n /Chn/ bean sprouts:

tauke: n /Chn/ 1 shop proprietor 2 employer, boss.

tauladan: variant of teladan:

taun: variant of tahun:

taurat: n /frm/lu/ 1 the scripture revealed to prophet Moses. 2 Old Testament 3 Hukum Taurat: Ten Commandments which directly given by God.

Taurus: n Taurus 1 |the second sign of the zodiac, represented by a bull|  2 |someone born between April 20 and May 20|

taut; bertaut: v /frm/lu/ 1 fit together. Luka itu sudah bertaut The wound has been closed. 2 be connected, related Pembunuhan itu bertaut dengan persaingan bisnis gelap. The murder was related to an illegal business competition 3 be concentrated Matanya bertaut terus ke gadis itu His eyes were continuously concentrated at the girl 4 fuse |to join together and become one thing, or to join two things together|
-mentautkan: v 1 fuse Novelnya mentautkan sejarah dan satu kisah cinta. His novel fuses historical information with a romantic story. 2 connect Jangan mentautkan masalah pribadi dengan masalah pekerjaan Don’t connect a personal matter to a business matter. 3 sew up Dokter telah mentautkan luka itu. The doctor has sewn up the wound
-tautan; pertautan: n connection, relation.

tawa: n /frm/lu/ 1 laugh |the sound you make when you laugh|  satu tawa riang a hearty laugh. 2 laughter |the action of laughing, or the sound of people laughing| tawa gemuruh dari khalayak ramai. a roar of laughter from the audience.
-bahan tertawaan: n laughingstock, mockery.
-tertawa: v /intr/ laugh |to make a sound with your voice, usually while smiling, because you think something is funny| Semua orang tertawa, apa yang lucu? Everybody laugh, what is funny? Kemudian celana John melorot dan semua kami tertawa terbahak-bahak. Then John’s pants fell down and we all burst out laughing.
-mentertawakan: v laugh at Saya minta supaya dia ikut kami tetapi dia hanya mentertawakan saya. I asked him to go with us but he just laughed at me. Bu, semua anak-anak di sekolah mentertawakan saya. Mommy, all the kids at school were laughing at me!
-tertawa terpingkal-pingkal: v laugh uproariously
-tertawaan: n the object of ridicule.

tawakal; tawakkal: adj /frm/lu/ trustful (in God who orders everything)
-bertawakal: v place sb’s trust in God.
-ketawakalan: n attitude of resignation.

tawan; menawan1: v /frm/lu/ 1 capture, subdue (in war) Mereka menawan dua orang musuhnya They captured two of their enemies 2 subdue 3 imprison
-menawan2: adj 1 attractive Gadis itu berwajah menawan The girl has an attractive face 2 captivating senyum menawan captivating smile
-penawanan: n 1 captivation 2 detention
-tawanan: n 1 prisoner 2 captive.

tawar1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 fresh, plain Tolong beri saya semangkok air tawar Please give me a cup of fresh water Apa ini ikan airtawar? Is this freshwater fish?  2 tasteless Saya suka sop tawar. I like tasteless soup  3 pure |clean, without anything harmful or unhealthy| air minum tawar pure drinking water 4 unsweetened Belikan saya roti tawar Buy me unsweetened bread 5 ineffective (of poison, magic spells, incanta­tions, etc.) Jangan takut, racun itu sudah tawar Don’t worry, the poison has been ineffective
-penawar1: n 1 fresher 2 neutralizer Ini adalah penawar racun This is a poison neutralizer 3 antidote |a substance that stops the effects of a poison|  Tidak ada penawar untuk bahan kimia berbahaya ini. There’s no antidote to these poisonous chemical substance.

tawar2; menawar: v /frm/lu/ 1 bargain |to ask the price that sb has to pay for sth|  Pembeli sedang menawar harga barang yang akan dia beli. The buyer is bargaining the price of the goods that she/he want to buy. 2 bid
-menawarkan: v offer Sales itu menawarkan produk mereka yang baru kepada saya. The salesman offered me their new product.
-penawar2: n bargainer, bidder
-penawaran; n offer Terima kasih atas tawarannya untuk membantu. Thanks for your offer of help.
-tawar menawar: v |to discuss the conditions of a sale, agreement etc.| Pemain dan pemilik club sedang tawar menawar nilai kontrak. The players and the owners of the club were bargaining for the price of the contract.
-tawaran: n bargain |the proposed price| Tawaran kamu terakhir berapa? What is your last bargain?

tawarikh: n /lu/ history.
-ahli tawarikh: n historian.

tawas: n /frm/lu/ alum.

tawes: n /frm/lu/ a kind of freshwater fish.

tawon: n /frm/lu/ bee.

tawur1; tawuran: v /lu/ engage in a gang fight.
-menawuri: v attack in a group.

tawur2: variant of tabur:

tayang; men(t)ayangkan: v /frm/lu/ 1 broadcast |to send out a radio or television program|  Metro TV  akan menayangkan pertandingan itu pada pukul 7:00  nalam. Metro TV will broadcast the game at 7:00 p.m. 2 spread out |to tell something to a lot of people| Kalau saya katakan hal itu kepada kamu, jangan tayang(kan) kepada orang-orang dikantor. If I tell you, don’t spread it out to the people in the office. 3 |bring sth on the palm of sb’s hand| 3 project |to use light to make an image appear on a screen or a surface| Kita tidak perlu layar khusus, tayangkan saja slide itu ke dinding. We don’t need a special screen, just project the slide on the wall.
-ditayangkan: v be broadcasted. Temu wicara itu akan di tayangkan di saluran 5. The talk show will be broadcasted on channel 5.
-pen((t)ayangan: n broadcasting.
-tayangan: n 1 broadcasting program Tayangan apa di TVRI saat ini? What program on TVRI at this time? Tayangan RRI lebih banyak mengenai informasi pembangunan. Most of TVRI programs are about development information. 2 sth that you carry on the palm of your hand

tbc {tebese}: n tuberculosis.

TC {tese}: n Training Center

team: n team.

teater: n /frm/lu/ drama theatre.

teaterawan: n /frm/lu/ dramatist |someone who writes or plays a drama, especially as a profession|

tebak1; menebak: v /frm/lu/ 1 guess |to try to answer a question or make a judgment without knowing all the facts|  Bisa kamu tebak berapa umurnya? Can you guess how old is she?  2 conjecture |to guess about things when you do not have enough information| Mereka tidak punya cukup data, sehingga mereka menebak saja proyeksinya. They don’t have enough data, so they just conjecture the projection.
-tebakan: n 1 guessing 2 conjecture
-teabak-tebakan: n guessing play |sb give a clue and the other guess the answer|
-tebak manggis: v 1 gamble by guessing the number of segments of a particular mangosteen. 2 riddle.

tebak2; menebak: v /ld/ chop off, cut off. tebak tanah turn over the soil with a hoe.

tebal: adj /frm/lu/ 1 thick |measuring a large distance, or a larger distance than usual, between two opposite sides or surfaces| Kamus itu terlalu tebal untuk dibawa kemana-mana. The dictionary is too thick to bring everywhere 2 dense Kabut semakin tebal mari kita masuk The fog is getting denser, let’s go inside. 3 tebal muka: shameless Dia adalah orang yang tebal muka. He is a kind of shameless person 4 strong Mereka punya keyakin tebal tentang kehidupan abadi. They have strong belief in eternal life 5 heavy sebuah selimut tebal a heavy blanket 6 boldface Dicetak dengan huruf tebal Printed in boldface letter.
-ketebalan1: adj too thick Bantal ini ketebalan untuk anak kecil This pillow is too thick for a small child.
-ketebalan2: n 1 thickness Ketebalan awan membuat pesawat sulit mendarat. The thickness of the cloud made the craft was difficult to land. 2 density
-menebal: v become thicker.
-menebalkan: v thicken
-penebalan: n thickening |the act or process of thicken|

tebang; menebang: v /frm/lu/ cut or chop down.
-penebangan: n cutting down Penebangan liar hutan tropis harus segera dihentikan The illegal cutting down of rainforest must be soon terminated.

tebar; bertebaran; menyebar: v /intr/frm/lu/ 1 spread out /intr/ |if a group of people spread out, they move apart from each other in order to cover a wide area| Kalau kita menyebar akan lebih mudah menemukannya. If we spread out, it should be easier to find her. 2 scatter |to move or be made to move in many different directions| Dia mengeluarkan senjata dan kerumunan itu betebaran kemana-mana. He pulled out a gun and the crowd scattered across.
-menyebarkan: v /tr/ 1 spread sth out |to open something so that it covers a big area, or to arrange a number of things over a big area| Tracy sedang menebarkan benih itu ke tempat pembibitan Tracy is spreading out the seeds on the seedling bed. Dia telah menebarkan berita itu kemana-mana. He has spread the news out. 2 scatter. |to throw or drop a lot of things over a wide area| Dia menebarkan pakaian dimana-mana. He scattered clothes everywhere. 3 circulate, distribute Siapa yang akan menyebarkan brosur itu? Who is going to circulate the pamphlets?
-penyebaran: n 1 spread Pemerintah harus mencegah penyebaran flu burung itu dengan serius. The government has to protect the spread of the bird flu seriously. 2 circulation 3 dispersion
-tebaran: n 1 distribution 2 circular 3 dispersal Penyebaran virus itu terutama melalui kontak langsung.

tebar2; tebar layar: n /frm/lu/ attic wall |usually shapes triangle|

tebas1; menebas: v /frm/lu/ cut down (shrubs, vegetation, etc.. but not large trees). Mereka menebas  semak-semak itu membuat jalan setapak They cleared the bush to make a path

tebas2; menebas: v /ld/ buy whole crop on the spot |if sb wholly buy the newly harvested crop or before harvest time|
-menebaskan: v sell un-harvested or  newly harvested crop o the spot.
-penebas: n 1 mid­dleman who buys crops still standing in the field and who employs his own labor to harvest. 2 wholesale buyer of a product.

tebat: n /frm/lu/ 1 dam 2 fishpond
-menebat: v dam a creek for fish pond
-pentebatan: n the process of making a fish fond

tebece; tebese: n tuberculosis.

tebeng1: n /ld/ protective temporary screen (e.g. a mat to provide shade, etc.).
-tebeng jendela: n window hang­ings.
-tebeng topi: n wide brim of sun hat.
-menebeng: v 1 put up temporary screen (mat, sail, etc.). 2 spread out cloth, mats, etc. for display.
-menebeng babut: v spread out carpets.
-menebengi: v shade or screen sth

tebeng2; menebeng: v /frm/lu/ 1 sponge |to get money, food etc. from someone without working for it| 2 ride, live with sb for free
-men­ebengkan: v 1 allow or arrange for sth to live, drive, lift for free 2 mooch, etc. Dia menebengkan anaknya ke sekolah kepada tetangga. He had his daughter get a ride with his neighbour (to school).

tebese: variant of tebece:

tebing: n /frm/lu/ steeply sloping riverbank or mountain side.

tebu: n /frm/lu/ sugar cane.
-/prov./ mendapat tebu rebah unexpected luck (litr., get sugar cane that has been cut down).
-tebu keprasan: n 1 sucker rising from the roots of a sugar cane plant which has already been cut down..
-tebu-tebuan: n 1 name for various kind of reeds 2 encircling design on hilt, bangle, etc., similar to sugar cane joints.

tebus; menebus: v /frm/lu/ 1 redeem |to exchange a piece of paper representing an amount of money for the money that it is worth| Tebus kupon ini Redeem this coupon for 20% off a jar of coffee. 2 |pay debt to a pawnbroker or pawnshop and take the valuable thing you put as a guarantee| 3 compensate for some fault or mistake 4 pay ransom Penculik melepaskan sandera itu setelah kami menebus. Kidnaper released the hostage after we paid ransom
-menebus dosa: v atone the sin
-menebus malu: v wipe out a disgrace.
-penebusan: n redemption
-Sang penebus: n redeemer
-tebusan: n 1 ransom 2 compensation

tedeng: n /ld/ protective screen (i.e. to shield from heat).
-bertedeng-aling-aling: v covered up, hide sth.
-tedeng aling-aling: n sth used to cover up a crimi­nal or secret act.

teduh: adj /frm/lu/ 1 calm (following sth noisy or violent). Suasana teduh setelah perang The calm situation after the war.  2 friendly Cuaca telah teduh kembali. The weather has been friendly  again 2 shaded Disana teduh dibawah pohon It is shaded over there under the big tree
-berteduh: v take shelter Mari berteduh dibawah pahon itu Let’s take as shelter under that  tree.
-berteduhkan: v be shaded of sth Kami berteduhkan payung yang kami bawa dari rumah We were shaded using the umbrella we took with us.
-keteduhan: n shade, calmness, quietness
-meneduhkan: v /tr/ 1 shade Pohon mangga meneduhkan teras itu The mango tree shades the veranda 2 calm Perjanjian memelihara perdamaian antara kedua Negara itu telah meneduhkan suasana di seluruh wilayah. The agreement to keep peace between the two countries has calmed the atmosphere in the whole region.
-meneduhi: v /tr/ provide shelter, shade.

tefakur: variant of tafakur:

tega: v /frm/lu/ 1 dare |to be brave enough to do something, used especially in negative sentences|  Ronald tidak akan tega memberitahukan kepada boss bahwa kita salah. Ronald wouldn’t dare to tell the boss that we are wrong. 2 do sth without worrying about the consequences Teganya kamu meninggalkan anakmu sendirian dirumah How dare  you to leave your child alone at home.

tegak1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 upright |standing straight up| buat sebuah garis tegak draw an upright line 2 erect Apa kamu melihat tonggak tegak itu? Do you see that erect pole? 3 always behaving in an honest way Dia seorang hakim yang tegak He is an honest judge

tegak2: adv /frm/lu/ 1 upright Mundur kebelakang dan berdiri tegak disana Move back and stand upright there  2 erect Sekarang ada sebuah patung berdiri tegak ditengah taman. Now there is a statue stand erect in the middle of the park..
-menegakkan: v 1 uphold |to defend or support a law, system, or principle so that it is not made weaker| Mereka ingin menegakkan hukum They want to uphold the law. 2 make sth stand upright
-penegakan: n upholding |the law, discipline, social valure, etc,| penegakan hukum law enforcement .
-setegak: adv as to the most upright Setegak apapun kamu berdiri tinggi kamu tidak lebih dari satu 1, 6 meter No matter as to the most upright you would stand, your height is not going to be more than 1, 6 meter.
-/prov/ Tegak sama tinggi duduk sama rendah Everyone has equal humanright.

tegal1: conj. /ld/ because, due to Ada beberapa orang meninggal tegal penyebab yang sama. There are a number of people die due to the same reasons.

tegal2; tegalan: n /frm/lu/ dry (not irrigated) field near the rice fields but used for vegetables and other sec­ondary crops.
-penegalan: n cultivation without irriga­tion.
-persawahan dan tegalan: n wet and dry land cultiva­tion.

tegang: n /frm/lu/ 1 taut |stretched tightly| satu tali yang tegang a taut rope 2 tense |nervous and anxious| Kamu kelihatan tegang, apa yang terjadi? You look really tense, what’s happened? suasana tegang a tense situation 3 tight |unable to relax because your muscles feel stretched and stiff|
-ber(si)tegang: v 1 be in tense condition 2 persevere |to continue trying to do something difficult in a determined way|  Jenny bersitegang dengan niatnya kawin dengan Brad Jenny persevered in her intention to marry Brad 2 insist sth uncompromisingly.
-ketegangan: n tension, worry, stress
-menegangkan: v 1 tighten 2 make sth tight  3 worrying (make sb worry) 4 tense

tegap: adj /frm/lu/ 1 well-built, sturdy  2 steady and unshakable. Seorang komandan biasanya harus tegap A commandant is usually well-built.
-ketegapan: n sturdiness Ketegapan tubuh merupakan modal dasar menjadi seorang bodyguard Physical sturdiness is a basic prerequisite to be a bodyguard.

tegar1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 invulnerable |tough in facing severe melancholy| 2 obstinate |determined not easily to change your opinions, ideas, feeling, behavior etc|
-ketegaran: n 1 invulnerableness 2 ob­stinacy.
-menegarkan: v make sb invulnerable.

tegar2: variant of tagar:

tegas: adj /frm/lu/1 strident |showing determination and a strong opinion that may be unpleasant to other people| penolakan tegas terhadap tuntutan a strident denial of the charges 2 strict Ayah memberi perintah tegas untuk tidak keluar sampai larut malam. Daddy gave a strict instructions not to let you stay up late. 3 explicit Perusahaan punya peraturan tegas The company has an explicit rule.
-ketegasan: n 1 affirmativeness 2 assertiveness 3 explicitness.
-menegaskan: v 1 affirm |to state publicly that something is true| Presiden menegaskan niatnya untuk menurunkan pajak The President affirmed his intention to reduce taxes. 2 assert |to state an opinion or belief firmly|  Prof. Ahmad menegaskan bahwa biaya masuk perguruan tinggi masih tetap tinggi. Professor Ahmad asserts that the cost of going to college is still high. 3 clarify Menejer itu menegaskan bahwa niatnya untuk mengundurkan diri benar. The manager clarify that his intention to resign is true 4 confirm Kepala polisi sudah menegaskan bahwa pembunuh itu sudah ditahan The chief of the policy confirmed that the murderer has been detained.
-penegasan: n 1 affirmation 2 assertion 3 confirmation.

tegel1: adj /Jv/ capable (of doing sth despicable) Tentara harus tegel makan ular Soldiers must be able to eat snakes.

tegel2: n /frm/lu/ floor tile.
-mentegel: v put tile |cover with floor tiles|.

tegor: variant of tegur:

teguh: adj /frm/lu/1 tenacious |very determined to do something, and unwilling to stop trying| 2 persistent |continuing to do something even though it is difficult or other people oppose it|  Mungkin anda tidak akan dapat menemui mereka tetapi teguhlah. You may not be able to find them easily, but be persistent. 3 consistent |always happening in the same way or having the same attitudes, quality etc.|  Saya sudah coba teguh melakukan ajaran agama itu. I’ve tried to be consistent in applying the teaching of the religion.
-keteguhan: n 1 consistency 2 tenaciousness 3 persistence.
-meneguhkan: v make sth tenacious, persistent, consistent.

teguk; meneguk: v /frm/lu/ gulp, swallow |also gulp down to swallow something quickly| Dia meneguk tehnya lalu lari mengejar bus.  She gulped her tea and ran to catch the bus.
-meneguki: v repeatedly gulp, swallow
-seteguk: n a gulp seteguk air a gulp of water.
-tegukan: n gulp, swallow.

tegun; tertegun: v /frm/lu/ be startled |be suddenly surprised| Langkahnya tertegun sesaat His step was startled fo a moment. 2 stupefied |so surprised or bored that you cannot think clearly|
-ketertegunan: n 1 startled amazement 2 stupefied anxiety 3 astonishment
-menegunkan: v 1 startle 2 stupefy.

tegur; menegur: v /frm/lu/ 1 greet |say hallo to sb when you meet him/her| Dia tidak membalas teguran saya tadi siang. He didn’t response to my greeting this afternoon. 2 admonish |to warn someone, or to tell him/her that s/he has done something wrong|
-berteguran: n reversely greet each other Kedua mereka berteguran tadi pagi Both of them greeted each other this morning.
-teguran1; tegur-sapa: n greeting
-teguran1: n 1 warning 2 admonition, admonishment.

teh: n /frm/lu/ tea (both beverage and leaves).
-teh botol: n bottled or packaged tea.
-teh es: n iced tea.
-teh kotak: n tea to drink in cartons.
-teh pahit: n unsweetened tea.
-teh susu: n tea with milk.
-teh tawar: n unsweetened tea.

tehnik; tehnis: variant of teknik:

tehnikus: variant of teknikus:

tehnisi: variant of teknisi:

tehnologi: variant of teknologi:

Tekab {Team Khusus Anti Bandit}: n special anti­-bandit police team.

tekad: n /frm/lu/ 1 determination 2 strong will,  resolve.
-bertekad: v 1 be determined 2 have strong will 3 be bent on

tekak: n /frm/ 1 palate |the top inside part of the mouth| 2 throat.
-mentekak: v stick to the palate. Manisnya mentekak Its      sweetness sticks to the throat.

tekan1; menekan: v /frm/lu/ 1 press 2 push down 3 give pressure 4 suppress 5 repress 6 oppress 7 compress.
-bertekan: v lean on Dia bertekan pada meja He leaned on the table bertekan pada pinggang with arms akimbo
-bertekanan: v exert pressure. bertekanan tinggi exerting high pressure or voltage.
-menekankan: v 1 emphasize 2 stress
-penekanan: n 1 pressing 2 stressing 3 compressing 4 emphasizing
-tekanan: n 1 pressure 2 tension 3tekanan darah tinggi: hypertension
-tertekan: v 1 be suppressed 2 be repressed 3 be compressed

tekan2: variant of teken:

tekat: variant of tekad:

teka-teki: n /frm/lu/ 1 riddle 2 puzzle.
-berteka-teki: v l play riddles. 2 ask a riddle.
-teka-teki jenaka: n conundrum.
-teka-teki ­silang: n crossword puzzle..

tekel; mentekel: v /inf/ 1 manage 2 handle 3 resolve Apa kamu sanggup menekel masalah itu? Can you handle the problem?

teken1: n /Jkt/ variant of tekan:

teken1; meneken: v /frm/lu/ 1 sign  2 put signature  Apa kamu sudah meneken laporan itu? Have you signed the report? 3 enlist /of/ Dia sudah teken tentara. He has enlisted an army.
-tekenan1: n signature ..

teken2; tekenan2: n /frm/lu/ 1 drawing , sketch, picture 2 signature

tekhnik; tekhnis: variant of teknik:

tekhnokrat: variant of teknokrat:

tekhnologi: variant of teknologi: .

teknik: n /frm/lu/ 1 technique. 2 engineering. ­
-teknik litrik: n electrical engineering
-teknik kelautan: n marine engineering.
-teknik perkapalan: n marine engineering

teknikus: n /frm/lu/ technician.

teknis: adj /frm/lu/ technical.

teknisi: n /frm/lu/ technician.

teknokrasi: n /frm/lu/ technocracy.

teknokrat: n /frm/lu/ technocrat.

teknokratis: n /frm/lu/ technocratic.

teknologi: n /frm/lu/ technology, engineering.

teknologis: n /frm/lu/ technological.

teko; tekoh: n /frm/lu/ teapot.

tekong: variant of teking:

tekor: v /inf/lu/ lose the capital (show a deficit)  Dia tekor $500 dari bisnisnya itu He lost $500 in his business  -syn: rugi

tekosi: n /inf/ a cozy tea pot

teks: n /frm/lu/ text.
-buku teks: n textbook (compare to writing book or blank paper book)

tekstil: n /frm/lu/ textile.
-peryekstilan: n matters pertaining to tex­tiles or textile industry.

tekstur: n /frm/lu/ texture

tek-tek: n /spo/ sound of tapping.
-bakmi tek-tek: n noodle dish sold by street vendors who tap on their woks to attract customers.

tektonis: adj /frm/lu/ 1 tectonic. |pertaining to construction or building| 2 architectural

tekuk: adj /Jkt/ crumpled, folded, bent.
-bertekuk: v be crumpled, be folded, be bent.
-bertekuk lutut: v /intr/tr/ 1 squat 2 knee 3 /idiom/ surrender, give up Akhirnya Belanda bertekuk lutut kepada Jepang Finally the Dutch surrendered to the Japanese.
-menekuk: v /intr/tr/ fold menekuk kertas fold the paper
-menekukkan: v /tr/ fold (sth)
-menekuk lututkan: v /tr/overpower, subdue.
-tekukan: n bend
-tekukan pinggang: n deep bend.

tekukur: n /frm/lu/ large turtledove |any kind of bird – Streptopelia turtur|

tekun: adj /frm/lu/ 1 diligent |someone who is diligent, always works hard, and carefully| seorang siswa yang tekun a diligent student 2 determined |having a strong desire to continue to do something even when it is difficult|  Dia seorang wanita tekun She’’s a very determined woman.
-bertekun: v be diligent Bertekunlah belajar kalau ingin dapat beasiswa. Be diligent in studying if you wish to get scholarship.
-dengan tekun: adv diligently Kamu harus belajar dengan tekun You heve to study diligently
-ditekuni: v be adhere to Pelajaran bahasa Inggris adalah seuatu yang harus ditekuni oleh seseorang. English study is one that sb need to be adhered to
-ketekunan: n diligence.
-menekuni: v /tr/ do sth diligently Dia menekuni pekerjaan itu dan akhirnya dia berhasil He did the work diligently and finally he got success.

tekur: v /frm/ bend over (of head).
-bertekur: adv with head bowed. Dia duduk bertekur He sat with bowed head.
-mentekurkan: v /tr/ 1 bend, bow. Dia mentekurkan kepala kebawah meja. He bowed his head under the table 2 meditate.
-mentekuri: v 1 stare at. Kamu mentekuri apa? What are you staring at? 2 bend, bow to  Kembali dia mentekuri catatan itu She again bent her head staring the note.
-tekuran: n soup with fish balls.

Tel. {Teluk}: n /lu/writ/  bay, gulf.

tel. {telfon}: n /lu/writ/ telephone.

telaah: n /frm/lu/ 1 study 2 research 3 evaluation 4 observation .
-men(t)elaah: v 1 analyze 2 study carefully 3 obser 4 evaluate Dia menelaah buku pela]aran itu dengan tuntas.. She carefully go over the books.
-penelaah: n 1 re­searcher 2 evaluator 3 observer .
-penelaahan: n 1 research 2 evaluation 3 observation.
-telaahan: n 1 research paper. 2 evaluation result.

teladan1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 model |a person or thing that is a perfect example of its type| Dia adalah seorang mahasiswa teladan She is a model student 2 perfect example Ibu saya adalah seorang ibu rumah tangga teladan My Mom is a perfect example of a house wife
-meneladani: v /tr/ take sb or sth as a good example Kamu harus meneladani cara belajar saudara kamu. You have to take the way of your brother to study as a good example. Dia  meneladani Sukarno sebagai pemimpin bangsa He takes Sukarno as a good example as a nation leader.
-keteladanan: n |the fact of sth as a good example| Saya menghargai perbuatan kamu sebagai satu keteladanan I admire your deed as a good example.

teladan2: n /frm/lu/ model, good example Henry adalah seorang teladan di sekolahnya Henry is a model in his school. Sikap kamu adalah satu teladan yang baik Your attitude is a good example

telaga: n /frm/lu/ 1 lake, pond. 2 stagnant pit, well.
-telaga tahi: n cesspool.

telah1: adv /frm/lu/ 1 already (marker indicating a completed action ). Dia telah pindah dari rumah ini He already moved from this house. Mereka telah pergi. 2  have/has been. |used to indicate past participle tense| Dia telah pergi tadi pagi She has gone this moning. Apa kamu telah membersihkan kamar mandi? Have you cleaned the bathroom? Mereka telah pergi jauh. They have gone away.
-setelah1: prep. after  Setelah serapan pagi kamu langsung pergi kesekolah. After breakfast, go to school immediately.
-setelah2: adv after |to describe that sth happen after another| Ayah tiba pukul 5.00: dan Ibu satu jam setelah itu. Daddy arrived at 5.00 o’clock and Mom an hour after.

telah2: mentelah: v /frm/ 1 predict. Kita belum dapat mentelah hasil pemilihan itu.We cannot predict the result of the election.
-pentelah: n prophesier, forecaster.
-pen­telahan: n prophecy, prediction.

telak: adv /frm/lu/ 1 completely, remarkably, right on target , unequivocally. Pemain tennis kita menang telak dalam pertandingan final Our tennis player completely win  the final game.

telan; menelan: v /frm/lu/ 1 swallow 2  defeat  menelan mentah-mentah utterly defeat.
-ditelan: v 1 be swallowed Empat orang melompat ke laut lalu ditelan ombak. Four people jumped into the sea and were swallowed by the waves. 2  be defeated 3  be utterly defeated ditelan mentah-mentah 3  be disappeared hilang ditelan malam disappeared in the night 4  endure Dia harus menelan pil pahit dari peristiwa itu He had to endure a bitter experience from that case. 5 take, consume, spend, cost Konperensi itu menelan biaya sampai $500,000. The conference spent the cost up to $100, 000.
-tertelan1: v 1 be swallowed (accidentally) Sebuah kelereng tertelan oleh anak kecil itu A marble was swallowed by the child 2 be hidden, disappeared (by) Pesawat itu sudah tertelan oleh awan tebal The craft has been disappeared by the thick cloud 3 /be utterly defeated  Tim kami tertelan mentah-mentah Our team was utterly be defeated.
-tertelan2: adj swallow-able (can be swallowed)

telanjang: adj /frm/lu/ bare, naked, nude |not covered by anything| Dia berjalan tadi pagi dengan kaki telanjang. He walked this morning with barefoot Jangan telanjang di pantai ini. Don’t be nude in this beach Apa telanjang dada diperkenankan? Is bear breasted allowed? Jangan melihat gerhana dengan mata telanjang. Don’t watch the eclipse with bare eyes
-ketelanjangan: n nakedness. nudeness, bareness.
-menelanjangi: v 1 make sb naked or nude 2 disclose, uncover (a secret) 3 strip (sth)

telanjur: see lanjur:

telantar: adj /frm/lu/ abandoned |not being used or taken care of any longer|  sebuah gedung yang telantar an abandoned building seorang anak telantar an abandoned child.
-menelantarkan: v abandon
-penelantaran: n abandonment.
-ketelantaran: n the state of being abandoned.

telapak; n /frm/lu/ bottom part of sth
-telapak ban: n tread of a tire.
-telapak kaki: n sole of foot.
-telapak kaki ­kuda: n hoof.
-telapak kembar: adj 1 dual tread (tire). 2 two-ply (tire)
-telapak tangan: n palm of hand.

telat1: adv /frm/lu/ late Mereka datang telat They came late

lelat2: adj /frm/lu/ late Itu adalah kedatangan yang telat It’s a late arrival.

telaten1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 scrupulous |done very carefully so that every detail is correct| Ini satu karya telaten This is a scrupulous work. Dia adalah pengetik telaten She is a scrupulous typewriter.

telaten2: adv /frm/lu/ scrupulously Dia selalu bekerja telaten. She always work scrupulously.

tele; bertele-tele1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 indirect 2  long-winded 3 excessively long and triv­ial 4 redundant  Jawaban dia itu bertele-tele His answer was long-winded
-bertele-tele2: adv 1 indirectly 2 redundantly Jangan bicara betele-tele, langsung ke permasalahan. Don’t talk excessively long, just to the point.

teledor: adj /frm/lu/ 1 negligent 2 careless.
-keteledoran: n 1 negligence  2 carelessness 3 default (of payment)
-menteledorkan: v neglect.

telefon: variant of telephone:

telephonist: n /frm/lu/ female telephone operator.

telegraf: variant of telegrap:

telegrafis: n /lu/ 1 telegraph operator. 2 telegraphic.

telegram: n /frm/lu/ telegraph
-mentelegram: v send a telegram.

telegrap; n /frm/lu/ telegraph.

telegrapis: variant of telegrafis:

telek1: /Jkt/ variant of telak:

telek2: n /ld/ bird droppings.

telekomunikasi: n /frm/lu/ telecommunications.

teleks: n telex.

telenan: variant of talenan:

teleng1: n /frm/lu/ pupil (of eye).

teleng2: adj /frm/lu/ at an angle
-mata teleng: n cross-eyed.
-mentelengi: v cause sth to slope at an angle. Kepalanya tertoleh sedikit mentelengi bahunya Her head was slightly turned causing her shoulder to slope.
-mentelengkan: v cause sth to be at an angle. mentelengkan kepala cock sb’s head at an angle. mentelengkan topi tip sb’s hat.

telengkup: v /frm/lu/ lie on sb’s stomach (with back upward).

telentang: see lentang:

telepati: n telepathy.

telepisi: variant of televisi:

telepon; telpon: n /frm/lu/ telephone.
-bertelepon: v call phone, use the phone.
-(ber)telepon-teleponan: v call each other by telephone
-meneleponkan: v call on behalf somebody else. Dia minta saya meneloponkan suaminya. She asked me  to call her husband.
-penelepon: n caller.
-perteleponan: n matter pertaining to tele­phone

telepun: variant of telepon:

teler1: n /ld/ foul discharge from an infected ear.

teler2: adj /inf/lu/ 1 over exhausted Wah, saya naik gunung sampai teller Hey, I climbed the mountain until I  was really exhausted! 2 intoxicated, drunk
-teler-teleran: v get plastered, get completely drunk.

teler3: see es:

teleskop: n telescope.

televisi: n television.
-mentelevisikan: v show sth on TV.
-pertelevisian: n matters pertaining to television.

telegram: variant of telegram:

telinga: n /frm/lu/ 1 ear | the part of your body that you hear with|  2 ear­-shaped handle
-telinga paci: n handle of a pan.

teliti: adj /frm/lu/ 1 careful |paying a lot of attention to detail| Dokter melakukan pemeriksaan yang teliti The doctor consucted a careful examination. 2 scrupulous |done very carefully so that every detail is correct| pekerjaannya yang teliti his scrupulous work.
-(dengan) teliti: adv carefully Lakukanlah dengan teliti Do it carefully.
-meneliti: v 1 scrutinize 2 search carefully  3 examine carefully.
-penelitian: n 1 research 2 study 3 careful examination.
-peneliti: n 1 researcher 2 scrutinizer 3 examiner.

Telkom {Telekomunikasi}: n Telecommunications.

telor: variant of telur:

telor: adj /inf/ having a speech defect.

telp. {telpon}: n telephone.

telpon: variant of telepon:

teluh: n magical formula.

teluk: n /frm/lu/ bay, cove, gulf. Teluk Benggala Bay or Bengal. Teluk Iran Persian Gulf. perang teluk gulf war 2 river bend.
-meneluk: v curve around, be curved.

teluk belanga: n /Mdn/ traditional tunic for men.

telungkup: v /frm/lu/ face downward on the bed weeping.
-menelungkupi: v lie face downward on sth.
-menelungkupkan: v place sth face downward. Dia menelungkupkan boneka itu di sofa She pu the toy face downward on a sofa.
-tertelungkup: v be lie on sb’s face downward.

telunjuk: n /frm/lu/ index finger.
-/idiom/ telunjuk berkait two-faced, hypocritical (lit., the index finger point sb/sth else  but the little finger is hooked toward yourself).

telur: n /frm/lu/ 1 egg, roe, etc. 2 /bio/ ovum. 3 a grade or score of zero
-ayam petelur: n layer hen
-bertelur: n lay egg.
-menelurkan (ssu): v create or produce (sth)
-menetas telur: v hatch out.
-mengeram telur: v incubates (egg)
-telur asin: n salted egg.
-telur ceplok: n fried egg.
-telur dadar: n omelette.
-telur kocok: n scrambled eggs. ­
-telur kol: n cauliflower.
-telur lo: n hard-boiled egg with soy sauce.
-telur mata sapi: n sunny-side up fried egg.
-telur pindang: n spiced egg soup (mix with chilli, tamarind, and other spices}
-telur setengah matang: n soft-boiled egg.
-/idiom/ telur di ujung tanduk critical, precarious.

telusur; menelusuri: v /frm/lu/ 1 explore, investigate, search  a) |to travel through an unfamiliar area in order to find out what it is like or to find sth|  Kami habiskan satu minggu menelusuri pantai utara. We spent a week exploring the north coastline. b) |to discuss, examine, or think about something carefully|  Kami mencoba menelusuri masalah rumit itu dalam rapat We tried to explore the complicated the problem in the meeting. 2 unravel |to discuss, examine, or think about something carefully| Kami menelusuri berbagai kemungkinan yang akan terjadi akibat perselisihan itu. We’re unravelling everything that may happen as the result of the dispute. 3 trace |to walk along a path or road to find sth lost| Kami menelusuri jalan yang kami lewati sebelumnya mencari kunci yang hilang itu We trace the path we walked on before to find the lost key.
-penelesuran: n exploration, investigation.
-penelusur: n explorer, investigator.

tem; ngetem: v /inf/ stop to wait for sufficient numbers (of pas­sengers). Bus itu sedang ngetem di halte The bus is waiting more passengers at the bus shelter.

tema: n /frm/lu/ theme, topic.
-bertema(kan): v have (sth) as a theme.

temali: see tali:

teman: n /frm/lu/ friend, companion, colleague, -mate
-berteman: v be friend to.
-menemani: v accompany.
-pertemanan: n friendship, companionship
-teman sekelas: n classmate.
-teman setanah air: country fellowship, fellow countryman.
-teman pria: n boyfriend.
teman wanita: n girlfriend.

temanten: n /Jv/ bride, bridegroom.
-pemanten baru: n newly­weds.

tembaga: n /frm/lu/ copper.
-mentembaga: v become copper-colored.
-tembaga kuning: n brass.
-tembaga ­perunggu: n bronze.
-tembaga putih: n pewter.

tembak; menembak: v /frm/lu/ 1 shoot (with gun) Polisi menembak tahanan yang lari tersebut. The police shot the escaping terrorist 2 aim at, intend. Jabatan apa yang sedang kamu tembak? What position that you are aiming at? 3 /sport/ shoot (a basket) Dia menembak kearah gawang He shot toward the goal.
-ditembak: v be shot, be fired
-ditembaki: v be repeatedly fired Satu pos polisi ditembaki pemberontak. A police station was repeatedly fired by the rebel.
-menembakkan: v fire (a gun) Pemburu itu menembakkan senapannya dua kali. The hunter fire the gun twice.
-menembaki: v repeatedly fire (sth)
-penembak: n shooter.
-penembak jitu: n sniper.
-penembakan: n shooting, firing (the action) Penembakan dilakukan dari jarak dekat The firing was made from a close distance.
-tembakan: n shooting Bagus, itu satu tembakan jitu. Good, it’s an accurate shooting.
-tertembak: v be shot. Dia tertembak di bahu. He was shot at his shoulder.

tembakau; tembako: n /frm/lu/ tobacco.
-tembako seg: n /lu/ shag tobacco.

tembam: adj /frm/lu/ puffed-up (of face).

tembang: n /frm/lu/ poetic song
-bertembang: v sing poetic song.
-menembangkan: v sing a song poetically.
-penembang: n singer of poetic song.

tembesi: n /ld/ tree yielding a very hard timber.

tembikar: n /frm/lu/ 1 glazed porcelain 2 earthenware, ceramics 3 shreds.

tembilang: n /ld/ spade (for digging).

tembilu: variant of sembilu:

tembok1: n /frm/lu/ masonry wall.
-tembok beton: n concrete wall.
-menembok: v build a concrete wall  Kami akan menembok batas perkarangan dibelakang rumah We are going to build concrete wall in the backyard border.

tembok2: menembok: v /Jv/ cover batik with wax to resist dye.

tembus1: adv /frm/lu/ through |if a hole goes through form one side to another side| Terowongan ini tembus dari sisi ini ke sisi lain gunung ini This channel goes through this side to another side of the mountain

tembus2: adj /frm/lu/ perforated  Kami menutup dinding yang tembus itu dengan adukan cement We closed the perforated wall with concrete mixture.

tembus3: v /frm/lu/ become reality Cita-citanya telah tembus His dream has become a reality.
-menembus: v 1 penetrate Sebuah peluru menembus perutnya. A bullet penetrated his stomach. 2 perforate Kamu bisa memakai jarum tajam menembus ikat pinggan kulit itu. You can use a sharp needle to perforate your leather belt. 3 break through Sinar matahari tidak dapat menembus awan tebal itu The sun shines can not break through the thick clouds. 4 reach Jalan baru itu akan tembus ke pantai selatan pulau ini. The new road will reach the south coast of this island 5 pass Angka dia telah menembus rekor nasional His point has passed the national record.
-penembusan: n 1 perforation 2 penetration.
-tembusan: n cc |“carbon copy” used at the end of a business letter to show that you are sending a copy to someone else|

temen: variant of teman:

temenan: adv /Jv/ really, truly Dia seorang ibu ayu temenan She is a really beautiful mother.

temenggung: n /ltr/Jv/ 1 title of high-ranking royal official. 2 title of regent (in colonial period).

tempa1; menempa: v /frm/lu/ forge |to make something from a piece of metal by heating and shaping it|
-menempa diri: v build yourself to a particular quality, skill, expertise, etc.
-penempa: n smith.
-penempaan: n forging penempaan mental mentality forging or character building
-tempaan: v be forged by Gong ini tempaan seorang pandai perunggu di Bali This gong is forged by a bronze smith in Bali.
-tertempa1: v be forged.
-tertempa2: adj malleable.

tempah1: adj. /frm/ advanced (sth that happened previously) uang tempah prepayment. pembayaran tempah advanced payment.

tempah2; menempahkan: v /frm/lu/ tailor |to make something be exactly what someone wants or needs| Apa kamu mau beli jas jadi atau mau menempahkan? Are you going to buy a ready made jacket or you want to tailor it?
-tempahan: adj tailor made, custom made.

tempat: n /frm/lu/ 1 place |any area, point, or position in space| Taruh paspor kamu di tempat aman 2 location |a particular place or position| Tunjukkan pada saya tempat terjadinya kecelakaan itu. Show me the location of the accident. 3 the source of sth Dimana tempat beli perangko? Where I can buy stamp? 4 a space to do sth Ini tempat kerja saya This is a place where I work Tempat tidur kamu dimana? Where is your bed? 5 position Di perusahaan itu dia mendapat tempat yang bagus He get a good position in the company. 6 country Saya sudah mengunjungi beberapa tempat di dunia ini. I’ve visited a number of countries in this world 7 memory Dia sudah mendapat tempat di hati masyarakat ini. She has been well known in this community. 8 condition, situation, occasion. Tidak pada tempatnya kita membahas hal itu sekarang. It’s not in a favourable condition to discuss that matter now. 9 seat Tidak ada tempat lagi di bus ini. There is no more seat in this bus. 10 level Saya akan berjuang untuk mendapat tempat teratas I’ll fight for the first level.
-ditempatkan: v be placed Dimana meja ini ditempatkan? Where this table be placed on?
-menempatkan: v place a) |to put something carefully in an exact place| Chris John menempatkan pialanya di rak atas. Chris John placed his trophy on the top shelf. b) |to put someone or something in a particular situation| Presiden akan menempatkan kamu menjadi konsul di Jepang. The president will place you as a consul in Japan.
-penempatan: n placement Penempatan orang yang tepat di tempat yang tepat The placement of the right people on the right place
-ketempatan: v be a host. Indonesia ketempatan penyelenggaraan konperensi ADB Indonesian will be a host of Asian Development Bank conference.
-setempat: adj local pemerintah setempat local government.
-tempat singgah: n shelter.
-tempat bertanya: n information desk.
-tempat tinggal: n 1 home 2 residence.
-tempat tampungan: n conmtainer.
-tempat tujuan: n destination.
-tempat persembunyian: n hideaway.
-tempat abu: n ashtray.
-tempat bertaut: n point of contact.
-tempat hiburan: n amusement park.
-tempat kelahiran: n birth place.
-tempat pengasingan: n 1 internment camp 2 isolation ward.

tempahan: adj /frm/lu/ forged, taylor made. .

tempe: n /frm/lu/ 1 fermented soybean cake  2 sth trivial and unimportant or low grade, in­-quality.
-menempekan: v 1 make sth into this foodstuff. 2 consider sth trivial or low grade. Dalam jaman penjajahan orang lndonesia pribumi dianggap tidak lebih baik dari tempe. During the colo­nial times the Eurasians considered the native to be no better than tempe.

tempel; menempel: v /intr/tr/frm/lu/ l adhere |to stick firmly to something| Ada poster menempel di pintu gerbang. There is a poster adhere on the gate door. Anak itu terus menempel pada ibunya. The child is always adhered to his mother. 2 stick |to attach something to something else using a sticky substance, or to become attached to a surface| Mari kita tempel dinding bernoda itu dengan kertas tembok. Let’s stick the stained wall with wall paper. Cat itu tidak menempel kuat pada dinding. The paint doesn’t stick well on the wall. (The paint wasn’t stuck well on the wall. 3 patch |to put a small piece of material over a hole, especially in a piece of clothing| Kamu bisa pakai sticker logam ini menempel lobang kecil pada panci aluminium kamu. You can use this metal sticker to patch the small hole on your aluminium pan. Biar saya temepel lobang pada celana kamu. Let me patch the hole on your pants.
-menempelkan: v /tr/ 1 adhere Kalau saya sudah dewasa saya tidak akan menempelkan karir saya kepada karir ayah When I grow up, I’ll never adhere my career to my father’s Jangan tempelkan hidup kamu kepada orang lain? Don’t adhere your life to somebody else? 2 stick  Jangan lupa menempelkan perangko di amplop itu. Don’t forget to stick a stamp on the envelope. Boleh saya menempelkan sticker ini di kaca depan mobil kamu? May I stick this sticker on your car’s windshield? 3 patch Tempelkan perekat ini menutup kebocoran itu. Patch this adhesive to block the leak. 4 add Kami mau menempelkan sebuah ruangan lagi disamping bangunan utama ini. We want to add one more room beside this main building.5 patch menempel ban patch inner tube.
-tempelan1: adj 1 patched Saya tidak mau pakai baju tempelan ini. I don’t want to wear this patched shirt. 2 additional Ada satu ruangan tempelan dibelakang rumah ini. There is an additional room behind this house.
-tempelan2: n 1 attachment 2 addition Anda boleh temukan informasi lebih lanjut pada lampiran buku ini. You may find more information in the attachment of this book.
-tempel ban: n inner tube patch­ing service.

tempelak: n /frm/ blame, reproach.
-mentempelak: v /lu/ 1 blame 2 reproach.

tempeleng; menempeleng: v /frm/lu/ slap |to hit someone quickly with the flat part of your hand|  Dia berputar lalu menempeleng putrinya.She spun around and slapped her daughter.

temperamen: n /frm/lu/ temperament.

tempias; tempiasan: n /frm/lu/ a splash, a spray (of dropping rain water) Tempias air hujan membasahi semua lantai teras. The splash of rain water wet all the veranda floor
-menempiaskan: v /tr/ splash Angin kuat telah menempiaskan air hujan membasahi semua jendela dan pintu luar. A strong wind has splashed the rain wetting all windows and doors.

tempik1: n /frm/lu/ a shout. tempik sorak all kind of  yells and cheers.
-bertempik-sorak: v yell, shout.
-penempik-sorak: n cheer leader.
-tempik-sorakan: n cry, yell, shout.

tempik2: n /Jv/ vagina.

tempo; tempoh: n /frm/lu/ 1 time |a certain period of time| Kalau ada tempo, saya akan datang. If I have time, I’ll come. Saya beri kamu tempo dua minggu memikirkan tawaran ini. I give you two weeks to think this offer. 2 particular time Tempo dulu/ hari, daerah ini adalah rawa-rawa. In the previous time (formerly) this area was a swamp area. 3 occasion, situation Ada temponya kita untung,  ada tempo harus rugi. Some time (in some occasion) we gain profit, but sometime we have to suffer loss  4 when Tempo saya datang, dia pergi When I came, he has gone. tempo:

temporer: adj /frm/lu/ temporary.

tempuh; bertempuh: v /intr/tr/frm/lu/ attack each other
-men(t)empuh: v /tr/ 1 attack, as­sail. 2 go through, endure by passing through. Mereka menempuh hutan lebat itu tanpa bawa kompas. They went through the thick jungle without bringing a compass with them. 3 join, takeon, get involve Dia akan menempuh ujian terakhir bulan depan. She is going to take the final test last month 4 face Bagaimanapun kita harus menempuh persoasalan ini, tidak peduli betapapun sulitnya. However, we have to face this problem no matter how difficult it is.  4 apply, use, try  Kami telah menempuh berbagai pendekatan untuk menyelesaikan masalah itu tetapi belum juga berhasil. We tried different kinds of approaches to deal with this problem but we still don’t get it solved yet. 5 drive, walk, travel (a certain distance)  Kami mendapat tempat persinggahan setelah kami menempuh jarak 50 mil We found a shelter to take a rest only after we drove for 50 miles

tempur; bertempur: v /frm/lu/ 1 combat   Kita harus bertempur melawan terroris. We have to combat  against terrorist. 2 fight Angkatan laut kita sedang bertempur di laut lepas Our Navy is fighting in an open ocean. Dia punya semangat tempur yang kuat. He has a strong fighting spirit
-kapal tempur: n battlesip.
-pasukan tempur: n combatants troop.
-pertempuran: n 1 war Pertempuran itu menyisakan kesan menyakitkan pada kami. The war rests a painful memory to us 2 battle Dalam satu pertempuran hanya ada dua pilihan; membunuh atau dibunuh On a battle there were only two choices; to kill or be killed.  3 combat Suaminya meninggal dalam satu pertempuran sengit Her husband died in a severe combat. 4 fight Itu adalah satu pertempuran yang menentukan. It was a decisive fight.
-pesawat tempur: n jet-fighter.
-wiayah tempur: n combat field.

tempurung: n /frm/lu/ coconut shell.
-tempurung biola: n body of a violin.
-tempurung kepala: n cranium, skull.
-tempurung lutut: n kneecap.
-/idiom/ seperti katak di bawah tempurung: narrow-­minded.

temu1: n /ltr/ wild ginger, generic term for many Cur­cuma species and similar plants.
-temu giring: n me­dicinal root.
-temu kunci: n root used for spice and medicine.
-temu kuning/ kunyit: n tumeric.
-temu lawak: n wild ginger.

temu2; bertemu: v /intr/tr/frm/lu/  1 meet. Saya bertemu dia tadi I met him just now. 2 contact Mata kami bertemu sejenak. Our eyes contacted each other for a moment. 3 see Saya ingin bertemu dokter nanti sore I want to see the doctor later this evening. 4 match, agree Pendapat kamu  dan pendapat dia tidak pernah bertemu, kenapa? Your idea never meet his idea, why? 5 talk Mereka bedua perlu bertemu muka. Both of them need to talk face to face.
-mempertemukan: v 1 confront Hakim mempertemukan saksi dengan terdakwa. The judge confronted the witness and the defendant  2 synchronize Mari kita duduk bersama dan mempertemukan pendapat kita. Let’s sit together and try to synchronize our opinion.
-menemukan: v /tr/ 1 find Apa kamu sudah menemukan kartu kredit kamu yang hilang itu? Did you find your lost credit card? 2  know Saya sudah menemukan jawaban teka-teki itu sekarang. I know the answer to that puzzle now. 3 discover Sejumlah dokter sedang bekerja untuk menemukan immunisasi terhadap HIV/Aids. A number of doctors are working to discover the vaccine against HIV/Aids.
-penemuan: n 1 finding 2 discovery.
-pertemuan: n 1 meeting 2 gathering  3 contact

temurun: see turun:

tenaga: n /frm/lu/ 1 strength |the physical power of something that can be used to handle a physical load| Saya tidak punya cukup tenaga mengangkat kotak itu. I have no enough strength to lift the box. 2 power |physical ability that can be produced by an animal, a machine, electricity, heat, etc.| Ini adalah pembangkit listrik dengn tenaga besar This is an electricity plant with great power. Mesin ini setara dengan 20 p.k This machine has a power equal to 20 H.P.  (hores power) Apa kita punya cukup tenaga listrik untuk pabrik penyulingan ini? Do we have enough electricity power for this  refinery plant? 3 resources Indonesia memiliki sumber daya tenaga alam yang melimpah Indonesia has abundant kinds of natural resources 4 energy a) |the ability to be active and do a lot of work or activities without being tired| Akhirnya saya mendapat kembali tenaga saya setelah selesai operasi. I’m finally getting my energy back after the surgery. b) |power from burning oil, coal etc. that produces heat and makes machines work| Indonesia belum benar-benar butuh tenaga nuklir untuk pembangkit tenaga listrik. Indonesia doesn’t really need yet nuclear energy to generate electricity. 5 force Apa tidak mungkin mengolah tenaga ombak untuk membangkitkan tenaga listrik? Isn’t it possible to explore the waves force to generate electricity?
-bertenaga: v 1 have strength Dia sudah cukup sehat dan bertenaga jalan sendiri? He has been well enough and have the strength to walk by himself. 2 be generated by Pemerintah berencana membangun beberapa pembangkit listrik bertenaga panas bumi.The government plan to develop a number of electricity generator plant which will be generated by natural resources.
-tenaga ahli: n experts.
-tenaga manusia: n man power.
-tenaga kasar: n labor force.
-tenaga surya: n solar power

tenang: adj /frm/lu/ 1 calm a) |relaxed and not angry or upset| Ibunya bicara kepada anak-anaknya dengan suara tenang dan sabar. Her mother talked to her children in a calm and patient voice. Tolong semua tetap tenang. Please everyone try to stay calm! b) |completely still, or not moving very much| Permukaan danau itu sangat tennang. The surface of the lake is very calm 2 composed |calm, rather than upset or angry| 3 quiet, still, silent  Malam sangat tenang ketika tiba-tiba ada sebuah ledakan The night was very silent when suddenly there was a blast.
-dengan tanang: adv 1 calmly 2 quietly 3 silently
-ketenangan: n 1 calmness 2 silence 3 quietness 4 composure
-penenang: n sedative
-tenangkan: menenangkan: v 1 soothes 2 calm Tolong tenangkan anak-anak itu. Please calm that child.

tenar: adj /frm/lu/ 1 popular 2 well known. Dia adalah seorang penulis tenar He is a popular writer.
-mentenarkan: v make sb well-­known.
-ketenaran: n popularity.

tendang; menendang: v /frm/lu/ kick (with the heel or side of the foot)  2 expel |to officially make someone leave a school, organization, or country| Wasit menendang dia keluar dari lapangan. The judge expelled him out of the field. Leon ditendang keluar kelas karena merokok. Leon was expelled from school for smoking. 3 throw |to force air, water, or gas out of something|  Pompa ini dapat menendang air sampai ketinggian 10 meter. The pump can throe water up to 10 meter height.
-ditendang: v be kicked
-tendangan: n 1 hit tendangan keras a strong hit 2 kick tendangan tiba-tiba a sudden kick tendangan pertama kick off (the first kick) tendangan sudut corner kick tendangan bebas free kick.

tendas: n /ld/ head
-menendas: v to cut the head

tendensi: n /frm/lu/ tendency.
-bertendensi: v tend (to)

tendensius: adj /frm/lu/ tendentious.

tender: n /frm/lu/ bid, offer.

tener: n /ld/ paint thinner.

teng: n /frm/lu/ tank (container). teng bensin gasoline tank.

tengadah: n /frm/lu/ a position of your head that facing upward.
-menengadah: v ;intr/ face upward Dia sedang menengadah keatas memakai kaca mata hitam untuk melihat gerhana itu.  She is facing upward using sun glass to watch the eclipse
-menengadahkan: v /tr/ position sb’s face upward.

tengah: n /frm/lu/ 1 middle, center a) |the center part of a thing, place, or position| Jangan parkir mobil kamu di tengah jalan. Don’t park your car in the middle of the road.  b) |the part that is between the beginning and the end of a story, event, period etc| Dia berjalan keluar di tengah rapat. He walked out in the middle of the meeting 2 center Taruh mejanya peris di tengah ruangan Put the table directly in the center of the room. Berapa panjangnya dari titik tengah ke sudut ini. What is the length from the center point to this corner?
-ditengah1: adj neutral Dalam persoalan ini, saya ada ditengah. In this dispute, I’m neutral.
-ditengah: adv midway, between Ada pompa bensin ditengah perjalanan. There is a gas station midway. Kami makan di tengah perjalanan Bogor-Jakarta. We have a lunch between Bogor and Jakarta.
-menengah: adj 1 average orang menengah average people 2 middle hotel kelas menengah middle class hotel
-menengahi: v 1 mediate |to try to help two groups, countries etc. to stop arguing and make an agreement| Amerika Serikat mencoba menengahi Israel dan Palestina dalam pembicaraan perdamaian itu. USA tried to mediate Israel and Palestine in the peace talk. 2 arbitrate.
-mengetengahkan: v 1 set forth Pengacara itu mengetengahkan bukti-bukti tambahan. The lawyer set forth additional evidence. 2 make sth into the fore (make sth become an important thing) Dalam konferensi itu kami mengetengahkan isu lingkungan. Dalam konferensi itu kami mencoba mengetengahkan masalah lingkugan. In the conference we try to put the issue of environment into the fore 3 summon.
-penengah: n 1 mediator 2 arbitrator, arbiter.
-pertengahan: n 1 the middle 2 center point 3 average.
-setengah: n 1 a half  setengah tiga (time) half past two (2:30).
-setengah gila: adj somewhat crazy.
-setengah hati: adj 1 doubtful (not-serious) 2 half-hearted.
-setengah matang: adj half-done (egg, steak).
-setengah-setengah: adv vaguely, slightly Saya setengah-setengah kenal dia I vaguely know her.
-setengah umur: adj middle-aged.-tengah hari: n noon Pada tengah hari yang cerah At a bright noon.
-tengah: conj. while |during the time that something is happening| Saya senang mengamati orang yang tengah bekerja I like to watch people while they are working.
-tengah: adv semi tengah bulanan semi monthly tengah tahunan semi yearly.
-tengah: adj central, inner Jawa Tengah Central Java ruang tengah inner room.
-tengah malam: n midnight Pada tengah malam yang tenang. At a silent midnight.tengak

tenggang; tenggang rasa: n /frm/lu/ consideration |the quality of thinking and caring about other people’s feelings, wants, or needs etc.|  Apa kamu tidak punya sedikit tenggang rasa kepada perasaan wanita itu? Don’t you have a little consideration for the lady’s feelings?
-bertenggang-rasa: adj considerate, thoughtful. Dia adalah pria yang bertenggang rasa He is a considerate gentlemen.  ­
-bertenggang-tenggangan: v be respectful each other
-ketenggangan: n consideration.
-menenggang: v be mutually consid­erate.
-menenggang: v restrain. Saya berusaha menenggang rasa marah saya. I tried to restrain my anger.
-mempertenggangkan: v 1 get along on, be economical. 2 consider.

tenggara: n South East.

tenggelam: v /frm/lu/ 1 sink /intr/tr/ |to go down or make something go down below the surface of water| Para penyelam mencoba mencari kapal yang tenggelam kemarin. The divers tried to find the ship which sunk yesterday 2 set Mari kita pulang sebelum matahari tenggelam Let’s go home before the sun set 3 disappear Dimana dia? Apa dia tenggelam di kerumunan orang banyak? Where is she? Is she disappeared into the crowed?
-meneggelamkan: v /tr/ 1 sink Kapal selam itu menenggelam 4 kapal musuh The submarine sank four of the enemy’s ships  2 be unremarkable Warna kuning muda akan tenggelam di tengah lapangan yang hijau Light blue will be unremarkable in the middle of green field.

tengger; bertengger: v /frm/lu/ perch 1 |sit on top of or on the edge of something | Biasanya ada seekor ayam kantan bertengger di atas pagar ini Usually there is a cock perches on the top of this fence  2 |position or to be in a top level of a ranking system| Klub kita masih tetap bertengger diantara sepuluh klub nasional terbaik. Our club still among the best ten of national club 3 settle down, stay. Mobil itu sudah bertengger disana berjam-jam. That car has settled there for hours.

tenggiling: n /frm/lu/ scaly anteater.

tenggiri: n /frm/lu/ mackerel.

tenggorok;  tenggorokan: n /ld/ throat, larynx.

tengguli: n /ld/ molasses.

tengik: adj /frm/lu/ 1 rancid, pungent 2 spiteful.
-ketengikan: n 1 rancidity 2 spitefulness.

tengkar; bertengkar: v /frm/lu/ 1 dispute 1 quarrel 3 squabble 4 harshly argue.
-pertengkaran: n 1 dispute Siapa yang memulai pertengkaran? Who started the dispute? 2 quarrel Pertengkaran mereka tidak akan pernah berhenti Their quarrel will never end 3 harsh argument 4 fracas Dia diusir setelah pertengkaran di tempat bowling She was excelled out after the fracas at the bowling alley.

tengki: n variant of tank:

tengkorak: n /frm/lu/ skull, cranium.

tengku: n /frm/ term of address and reference for certain Malay nobility.

tengkuk: n /frm/lu/ 1 nape of neck 2 bunch (of bananas).3 stalk of rice.

tengkulak: n /frm/lu/ broker, middleman.

tengkuluk: n /frm/  head cloth, turban, cap

tengkurap1: n /frm/lu/ the position of laying flat with stomach downward.

tengkurap2: menengkurap: /frm/lu/ v ­lie flat, face down on the ground.

tengok: menengok: v /frm/lu/ 1 look  Tengok ke papan tulis Look at to the blackboard. 2 see. meet  Saya mau pergi menengok paman I want to see my uncle 3 watch Tengok dulu anak itu, jangan pergi keluar. Watch the child, don’t let him go out 4 view Banyak orang datang menengok kembang api itu. Many people came to view the fireworks.
-penengok: n 1 visitor 2 observer.

tengteng1: n /inf/lu/ chewy sweet confection.
-tengteng gepuk: n sweet made with peanuts and sugar.
teg-teng jahe: n confection with ginger.
-teng-teng kacang: n peanut brit­tle.

tengteng2: variant of tenteng:

tennis;  tennis: n /frm/lu/ tennis.
-tennis meja: n ping-pong, table tennis.
-tennis lapangan: n tennis (played in a tennis court)
-petennis: n tennis player.

tenor: n /lu/ tenor.

tensi: n /frm/lu/ 1 tension 2 blood pressure.

tensimeter: n /frm/lu/ device to measure blood pressure.

tentamen: n /of/ preliminary examination.

tentamina: n /of/ preliminary examinations.

tentang1; menentang; also menantang: v /frm/lu/ 1 oppose |to disagree strongly with an idea or action| Sejumlah LSM {Lembagsa Swadaya Masayarakat} menentang rencana pemerintah membangun pembangkit listrik tenaga nuklir A number of NGO {Non-Governmental Organization} oppose the government plan to develop a nuclear-powered electricity generator. 2 compete, challenge |to invite someone to compete or fight against you| Dia menentang saya main catur. He challenged me to play chess Juara WBA akan menantang juara WBO mempereebutkan juara dunia sejati. The WBA champion will challenge the WBO champion to compete the real World championship
-bertentangan: v 1 disagree Masih ada beberapa peraturan pemerintah daerah bertentangan dengan konstitusi There are still some local government regulation that disagree with the constitution. 2 be paradoxical Banyaknya orang miskin di negeri ini bertentangan dengan kenyataan bahwa negeri ini negeri kaya. That there are so many poor people in this country is paradoxical with the fact that this is a rich country. 3 contrast Pandangan dia tentang agama bertentangan tajam dengan pandangan saya. His views on religion contrast sharply with my own.
-mempertentangkan: v /tr/ make two or more persons or things  disagree with each other
-pertentangan: n disagreement Pertentangan kedua Negara mengenai garis perbatasan akan di bahas dalam pertemuan dua menteri luar negeri kedua Negara. The disagreement between the two countries on the border line will be discussed in a meeting between the foreign ministers of the two governments.

tentang2: prep. /frm/lu/ 1 about Saya tidak ingin membicarakan tentang itu sekarang I don’t want to talk about it know. Tentang apa itu? What is that about. 2 on Akan ada seminar tentang dampak permainan komputer kepada anak-anak. There will be a seminar on the effect of computer game to the children.

tentara: n /frm/lu/ army, soldier |the part of a country’s military force that is trained to fight on land, air, and on the sea| TNI – Tentara Nasional Indonesia Indonesian Indonesian Army
-TNI-AD {Angkatan Darat}: n Indonesian Land Forces
-TNI-AU {Angkatan Udara}: n Indonesian Air Forces
-TNI-AL {Angkatan Laut}: n Indonesian Navy

tenteng1; menenteng: v /frm/lu/ carry in sb’s hand, while walking.
-tentengan: n things carried in the hand, carry-on luggage.
-barang tentengan: n hand-carried goods.

tenteng2: see petentang-petenteng:

tentera: see tentara:

tenteram: adj /frm/lu/ quiet, peaceful.
-hidup tenteram: n a peaceful life.
-menenteramkan: v 1 pacify, appease  2 reassure, calm. Dia menenteramkan anaknya dengan mendongeng She appeases  her children with telling fairy tale.
-ketenteraman: n calm, tran­quillity.
-penenteraman: n reassurance.

tentir: n /frm/lu/ 1 tutorial 2 preliminary exam.
-mententir: v give sb a tutorial or preliminary exam.

tentram; tentrem: variant of tenteram:

tentu1: adv /frm/lu/ 1 of course “Boleh saya pakai mobil kamu?” “Tentu, boleh” “Can I use your car?” “Of course you can.” 2 certainly “Apa kamu ikut bersama kami?” “Tentu” “Are you coming with us?” “Sure” 3 sure “Boleh saya tambah kopi?” “Tentu” “May I have more coffee?” “Sure”

tentu2: tertentu: adj /frm/lu/ 1 certain Hanya orang-orang tertentu yang akan diundang Only certain persons will be invited 2 definite Pada satu saat tertentu saya akan memanggil anda rapat. At a definite time I’ll summon you for a meeting.
-ketentuan: n 1 rule, arrangement Sesuai dengan ketentuan resmi, setiap pekerja harus memiliki polis asuransi. Based on the official arrangement, all workers has to obtain an insurance policy. 2 conditions Ada ketentuan-ketentuan tertulis yang perlu kamu pelajari di dalam kontrak itu. There are written conditions you need to learn in the contract 3 stipulation Apa kamu setuju dengan ketentuan bahwa kamu harus membayar uang sekolah? Do you agree with the stipulation that you have to pay tuition?
-menentukan1: v 1 determine Jumlah semua siswa baru yang masuk akan menentukan besarnya jumlah siswa dalam satu kelas. The number of incoming new students will determine the size of the classes. 2 decide Kita harus menentukan siapa pimpinan kelompok. We have to decide who is the leader of the group.
-menentukan2: adj decisive satu saat menentukan dalam karir dia a decisive moment in his career. Apa kamu pikir bahwa itu satu syarat menentukan? Do you think that it’s a decisive condition?
-penentu: n decision maker Dia adalah seorang penentu di kantor ini. He is a decision maker in this office.
-penentuan1: adj momentous Ini adalah saat penentuan untuk masa depan kamu This is a momentous time for your future.
-penentuan2: n 1 decision 2 determination Penentuan ada ditangan kamu. Determination is on your hand.
-(tidak) menentu: adj 1 uncertain satu sikap tidak menentu an uncertain attitude 2 vague satu kondisi tidak menentu a vague condition 3 swaying pemilih tidak menentu swaying voters 4 undetermined satu tujuan tidak menentu an undetermined purpose.

tenun; menenun: v /frm/lu/ weave |to make threads into cloth by crossing them under and over each other on a special machine| Mereka menenun kain yang indah di Sumatera yang dinamakan ‘ulos’ They weave beautiful cloths in North Sumatera which is called ‘ulos’
-kain tenun: n woven cloth.
-penenun: n weaver.
-pertenunan: n weaving mill.
-tenunan: n woven product.

tenung: n /frm/lu/ 1 fortune-telling. 2 horoscope. 3 en­chantment, wizardry or witchcraft.
-bertenung: v /intr/ involve in such activity (fortunes-telling, horoscope, etc)
-mentenungkan: v /tr/ tell sb’s fortunes. 2 bewitch sb
-penenung: n fortune-teller

teokrasi: n /frm/lu/ theocracy.

teolog: n /frm/lu/ theologian.

teologi; teologia: n /frm/lu/ theology.

teologis: adj /frm/lu/ theological.

teorem: n /math/ theorem.

teoretikus: n /frm/lu/ theoretician.

teoretis: adj /frm/lu/ theoretical.

teoretisi: n /frm/lu/ theoretician.

teori: n /frm/lu/ theory.
-teori himpunan: n /math/ setting theory.
-berteori: v ­theorize.
-menteorikan: n theorize sth

teoris: n /frm/lu/ theorist.

teorisasi: n /frm/lu/ theorizing.

teoritikus: variant of teoretikus:

teoritisi: variant of teoretisi:

tepak1: n /frm/lu/ a light slap.
-menepak: v 1 slap slightly 2 hit sth in order to make sound.
-tepakan: n slap.

tepak2: n /ld/ betel box.
-tepak rokok: n cigarette case.
-tepak tembakau: n tobacco pouch.

tepas: n /frm/lu/ 1 bamboo wickerwork (used as railing, wall, etc.). 2  /lu/ direction, pointer.
-bertepas: v 1 use bamboo wickerwork (as wall)  Pondok pemberhentian itu berdinding tepas The shelter uses bamboo wickerwork as its wall 2 covered by bamboo wickerwork
-empat tepas dunia: n the four points of the com­pass.
-menepasi: v screen sth with such a screen.

tepaslira: n /Jv/ understanding |a principle that we need to predict how will sb feel if we do sth, so we won’t hurt her/his feeling by what we’re doing|
-bertepaselira: v be considerable in doing sth to somebody else

tepat1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 true Tepat bahwa kita harus pergi besok, It’s true that we have to go tomorrow 2 exact Jangan terlambat, waktu keberangkatan akan tepat. Don’t be late, the departure time will be exact. 3 coincidental Pesta pernikahan mereka tepat saat saya tugas dinas keluar negeri. Their marriage party was coincidental to my business travelling abroad 4 wise Saya yakin itu adalah satu keputusan yang tepat. I‘m sure that it is a wise decision. 5 accurate Berikan saya perhitungan pengeluaran yang tepat. Give me an accurate account of the expenses. 6 precise Apa kamu yakin ini adalah ukuran yang tepat? Are you sure that this is a prices size? 7 appropriate Ini bukan buku yang tepat untuk dibaca oleh anak-anak. This book is not appropriate for a children to read 8 harmonious Kelihatannya kalian adalah pasangan yang tepat. It seems that you are harmonious couple. 9 matching Apa biru adalah warana tepat menghias dinding ini? Is blue matching color to decorate this wall?

tepat2: adv /frm/lu/ 1 exactly “Harganya $ 22.50 setelah dipotong 10%, kan?” “Tepat” “The price will be $22.50 after 10% discount, isn’t it?” “Exactly” 2 precisely 3 accurately
-ketepatan: n 1 exactness  2 preciseness, precision 3 accurateness, accuracy.

tepaut: adv /frm/lu/ be total, amount to  |the quantity or quality of difference  between two things| Beda harga di pasar tradisional dan di super market bisa terpaut 10% The price deviation between in a traditional market to a supermarket could be amount to 10%.

tepek: n /inf/lu/ numeral classifier for thin, sticky objects.
-dua tepek  tembakau: n two chunk of tobacco.
-bertepek-tepek: v be soiled with sticky smears (of mud, sap, etc.).
-mentepek: v stick, stick on.

tepekong: n /Chn/ idol.

tepekur: variant of tafakur:

tepi: n /frm/lu/ side, edge, periphery.
-bertepi: v be bordered (by sth)
-bertepikan: v have sth along the edge. Jalan itu bertepikan air irigasi The road lined with irrigation running water.
-ketepi: adv to a side (toward an edge of a space) Tolong geser meja itu ketepi kearah dindding. Please move the table toward the wall (edge of the room)
-menepi: v land |sail toward the beach|
-menepikan: v 1 put sth on the edge of sth 2 ignore, neglect (sth)
-tepi ­baju: n hem of jacket.
-tepi jalan: n sidewalk
-tepi langit: n horizon.
-tepi laut: n seashore.
-tepi sungai: n river­bank.

tepis1; menepis: v /frm/lu/ 1 flick |to make something move by hitting or pushing it quickly, especially with your hand| Benny menepis abu dari lengan jaketnya. Benny flicked the dust from his coat’s sleeve. 2 skim Burung menepis dipermukaan di laut The birds skimmed the surface of the sea. 3 deny Dia menepis semua tuduhan yang diarahkan kepadanya. He denied all accusation addressed to him.

tepok: adj /inf/ worn-out, run-down.

tepos: adj /inf/lu/ flat-bottomed.

teposliro: variant of tepaslira:

tepuk: bertepuk: v /frm/lu/ 1 clap |to hit your hands together loudly and continuously to show that you approve of something or to attract sb’s attention| Penonton bertepuk riuh begitu dia selesai bernyanyi The audience was clapping wildly as she end the song. 2 tap |gently hit or touch  sb on the back/shoulder|
-menepuk dada: v beat sb’s breast
-tepuk persahabatan: n friendly tap.
-tepuk sorak: n noisy ap­plause.
-tari tepuk: n dance accompanied by hand clap­ping.
-tepukan: n 1 clapping, ap­plause  2 tap
-/prov/ Tidak mungkin tangan bertepuk sebelah: There is no way to cooperate without partner (It’s impossible to make a clap only with a hand)

tepung: n /frm/lu/ 1 flour, esp. rice flour 2 powder
-menepung: v become flour.
-menepung tawari: v ritually purify sb/sth with a flour mixture.
-menepung(kan): v 1 pound into flour.
-tepung beras: n rice flour.
-tepung darah: n dry pulverized blood (used to feed animal)
-tepung kanji: n cornstarch.
-tepung ragi: n baking powder.
-tepung sari: n dry essence of sth.
-tepung tawar: n rice flour mixed with water and the leaves of the ‘setawar’ plant, used in ritual pu­rifications.
-tepung terigu: n wheat flour.
-tepung tulang: n bone meal.         .

ter-: see also entries with tr-.

ter1: n /frm/lu/ tar.
-menter: v tar (a street, etc.).

ter2: variant of tir:

tera: n /frm/lu/ official seal.
-mentera: v 1 seal 2 calibrate.
-mentera pipet: v 1 calibrate a pipette 2 print sth
-menterakan: v /tr/ 1 calibrate 2 stamp, seal, imprint sth
-pentera: n inspector of weights and measures.
-penteraann calibration.
-perteraan: n print office.
-teraan: n 1 seal. 2 imprint.
-terterakan: v 1 be of­ficially stamped. 2 be printed. Sesuatu yang tidak terterakan Something that indescribable. Kegembiraannya tidak terterakan. His joy was indescribable.

terali: also teralis: n /frm/lu/ latticework, bars (of window), trellis.
-teralis kapal: n ship’s railing.

terampil: variant of trampil:

terang: adj /frm/lu/ 1 clear |easy to understand, hear, read, or see| Apa penjelasana saya cukup terang? Is my explanation clear enough? Persoalannya sekarang sudah terang The problem is now clear. 2 pikiran terang: clear head |able to think quickly and well| David selalu berpikiran terang saat semuanya serba rumit. David always has a clear head when things are complex 3 bright |shining strongly or with plenty of light| cuaca terang dan cerah a bright sunny day cahaya terang bright lights.
-berterus-terang: adj straight to the point  Dia berterus-terang bahwa dialah yang mengambil buku it. He was straight to the point saying that he took the book.
-keterangan: n 1 explanation Polisi butuh tambahan keterangan dari saksi. The police need more explanation from the witness 2 reference Bawa (surat) keterangan dokter mengenai kesehatan anada. Bring with you a reference from a doctor on your health 3 statement Pemberitaan ini didasarkan pada keterangan pemerintah. This release is based on a government statement.
-menerangi: v light |to give light to something| Kita masih butuh dua lagi bola lampu menerangi aula. We need two more bulb to light the hall.
-menerangkan: v 1 explain Saya akan menerangkan hal itu lain kali. I’ll explain about it later. 2 clarify, verify Kami perlu agar kamu menerangkan apa yang terjadi. We need you to clarify what was happened. 3 acknowledge  Bersama ini kami menerangkan bahwa pernyataan diatas benar. Herewith we acknowledge that the above statement is true 4 declare Bea Cukai menerangkan bahwa barang ini adalah barang bebas pajak The customs declare that this goods is free tax article.
-penerangan: n 1 lighting Penerangan dirumah ini perlu penyempurnaan Lighting in this house need improvement. 2 information Departemen Penerangan Department of Information Biro Penerangan dan Motivasi Bureau of Information and Motivation 3 publication Papan Penerangan Publication Board.
-terang-terangan: adv openly, transparently, evidently Terang-terangan dia tidak mau bergabung dengan kita. Evidently, he refused to join us.
-terus-terang: adv clearly, fairly Terus terang, saya tidak mencintai dia lagi Fairly, I don’t love her anymore.

terap: n /frm/lu/ arranging, applying.
-menerapkan: v 1 implement, practice 2 apply 3 arrange, adjust
-penerapan: v implementation 2 application Penerapan percobaan ini tidak boleh kepada manusia The application of this experiment is not allowed to human being.
-terapan1: adj applied. ilmu bahasa terapan applied linguistics. ilmu terapan applied science.

terapeutik; terapeutis: adj /frm/lu/ therapeutic.

terapi : n /frm/lu/ therapy.

terapis: n /frm/lu/ therapist.

teras: n /tech/ 1 hard core of certain trees, xylem. 2 essence, nucleus. teras penampang reaktor atom the nucleus of the cross-section of a nuclear pile. 3 principal element, elite pejabat teras key officials, senior officials
-menteras: v take the essence only.

teras: n /frm/lu/ porch, terrace.
-berteras: v have a porch or terrace.

terasi: n /frm/lu/ condiment made from pounded and fermented shrimp or small fish.

teratai: n /frm/ lotus.

teratak: n /frm/lu/ shed, temporary hut.

terawang1: berterawang: adj /frm/lu/ 1 full of holes 2 transparent (caused by perforation).
-bahan tipis terawang: n thin fleecy material.
-menterawang: v 1 make holes (in sth) 2 observe sth through a transparent thing.
-terawangan: n sth that is full of holes. -

terawang2; menerawang: v /frm/lu/ 1 muse 2 be lost in thought. Mata­nya menerawang memandangi lembah. Lost in thought, he gazed at the valley.
-menerawang langit/udara: v daydream, build castles in the air.
-menerawangi: v cause sb to be lost in thought, trouble sb.

teraweh;  terawih: variant of taraweh:

terbang1: v /intr/frm/lu/ 1 fly a) |to move through the air, or to make something do this| Kami menyaksikan burung-burung terbang diatas kepala. We watched the birds flying overhead. Pesawat itu terbang persis diatas rumah kami The plane fly right over our house. b) |to travel by plane, or to make a person or thing go somewhere by plane|  Saya terbang ke Singapore minggu lalu I flew to Singapore last week. 2 fall down |to move very quickly and often unexpectedly|  Dia tiba-tiba tergelincir dan terbang jatuh ke lantai bawah He suddenly slid and flew down the stairs 3 gone away, finished  Tidak ada lagi makanan, semuanya sudah terbang. No more food. everything has gone. 4 muse, day dream Pikirannya terbang kemana-mana. His is musing (his imagination going fly everywhere)
-diterbangkan: v /pass. v/ 1 pilot Pesawat itu diterbangkan oleh seorang pilot berpengaaman. The plane piloted by an experienced pilot.
-menerbangkan: v /tr/ fly 1 |transport sb/sth by air| Palang Merah akan menerbangkan makanan dan obat-obatan akan ke daerah itu The Red Cross will fly food and medicine  into the area. 2 pilot |to make a plane fly|  Berapa lama kamu belajar menerbangkan pesawat? How long did you learn to pilot a plane?
-menerbangi: v /tr/ fly |travel over an area by air| Itulah pertama kali saya menerbangi Atlantic It’s the first time I flew Atlantic.
-penerbang: n 1 pilot 2 flyer 3 navigator
-penerbangan: n flight Saya akan berangkat dengan penerbangan pertama. I’ll fly with the first flight.

terbang2: n /Jv/ tambourine.

terbit: v /intr/frm/lu/ 1 rise Matahari terbit di Timur The sun rises in the East 2 come out, appear Majalah ini terbit setiap minggu This magazine comes out every week. 3 be published Buku ini terbit sejak 2009 This book has been published since 2009.
-menerbitkan: v /tr/ 1 publish Penerbit akan menerbitkan novel saya bulan depan. The publisher will publish my novel next month 2 issue Pemerintah akan menerbitkan satu peraturan baru tentang sekolah-sekolah negeri. The government soon will issue a new regulation on public school.
-penerbit: n 1 publisher 2 publishing house.
-terbitan: n edition. Kamus ini  adalah terbitan ketiga This dictionary is the third edition    issue.

tereak: variant of teriak:

teri: n /frm/lu/ 1 tiny sea fish. 2 of small importance. kriminal kelas teri a small-fry hoodlums.

teriak; berteriak: v /intr/lu/ howl, scream, cry out, yell Apa kamu mendengar seseorang berteriak? Do you hear sb’s howling?
-berteriak-teriak: v keep shouting.
-meneriaki: v /tr/ howl, scream, yell, cry out at (sb/sth).
-meneriakkan: v /tr/ yell sth.
-teriakan: n yell, loud shout, cry out.

terigu: n /frm/lu/ wheat.

terik1: adj /frm/ extreme, intense. ikatan terik a tight tie matahari terik extreme hot sun

terik2: adv /frm/lu/ extremely, intensely Matahari bersinar terik The sun shines intensely

terik3: n /frm/lu/ extremeness, intenseness, severity teriknya panas matahari intenseness of sun shine’s heat
-keterikan: n intensity, severity.
-menerikkan; memperterik: v intensify menerikkan ikatan tighten a tie
-panas terik: n suffocating heat.

terik3: n /ld/ fried spiced beef.

terima;  menerima: v /frm/lu/ 1 accept |to take something that someone offers you|  Rudy tidak akan menerima syarat yang kita ajukan. Rudy wouldn’t accept any condition that we proposed Perusahaan menawarkan dia jabatan baru tetapi dia tidak menerima. The company offered him a new position, but he didn’t accept. 2 agree |allow to do something or to allow a plan to happen|  Seharusnya kamu tidak menerima perubahan peraturan itu. You shouldn’t agree with  the changes in the rules? 3 admit Saya terima bahwa saya salah, tetapi saya sudah minta maaf. I admitted that I was wrong, but I had apologized for it. 4 allow Universitas Indonesia akhirnya menerima saya kuliah disana. The University of Indonesia finally allow me to study there. 5  receive a) |approve sth that is valid| Penjaga toko tidak menerima kartu kredit untuk membayar. The shop keeper didn’t receive credit card to pay. b) |to be given of sth| Dia menerima penghargaan dari perguruan tinggi. He received an award from the college c) |be reached by sth| Apa kamu sudah menerima surat saya Have you received my letter? d) |be an object of sth| Selama di penjara mereka menerima perlakuan tidak manusiawi During in the prison they were suffered inhuman treatment e) |be treated| Kunjungan Obama diterima dengan hangat. Obama’s visit was warmly welcomed
-berterima: v 1 be welcomed 2 be accepted
-berterima kasih: v be thankful.
-menerimakan: v hand over.
-penerimaan: n 1 welcoming  2 revenue  3 reception 4 acceptance.
-tanda terima: n receipt.

teripang: n /lu/ sea cucumber, sea slug.

teritip: n /lu/ barnacle.

teritis; teritisan: n /lu/ covered passageway (under eaves of house, within covered bridge, etc.).

teritor: n /frm/lu/ territory.

territorial: adj /frm/lu/ territorial.

teritorium: n /frm/lu/ territory.

terjal: adj /frm/lu/ steep, sheer. Lereng gunung itu terjal The moun­tain slope is steep.
-keterjalan: n steepness.

terjang: v /frm/lu/ thrust, lung |to push something somewhere with a sudden or violent movement especially with the bottom of your foot|
-terjangan: n lunge

terjemah; terjemahan: n /frm/lu/ translation
-menterjemahkan: v /tr/ 1 translate. Dia terjemahkan novel Pramudya kedalam beberapa bahasa asing. He translated Pramudya novel into a number of foreign language 2 interpret
-penterjemah: n 1 translator 2 interpreter.

terjun: v /frm/lu/ 1 jump |to let yourself drop from a place that is above the ground| Begitu kami sampai di danau dia langsung terju ke air. As we arrive at the lake he jumped to the water. 2 join |work or being involved in a specific field and make it as a hobby or a profession| Dia terjun ke dunia bisnis hiburan sejak tamat dari perguruan tinggi. She joined entertainment business after graduating college.
-menerjunkan: v drop sb/sth Sebuah helicopter polisi menerjunkan makanan dan obat-obatan ke korban bencana itu A police helicopter drop food and medicine to the catastrophe victims.
-penerjun payung: n parachute jumper, parachutist.
-terjun payung1: v parachute.
-terjun payung2: n para­chute jumping.

terka; menerka: v /frm/lu/ guess. conjecture, surmise. supposition Kalau kamu tidak tahu jawabannya, terka saja. If you don’t know the answer, just guess.
-terkaan: n guess Saya tidak tahu persis. hanya terkaan I don’t know exactly, just a guess
-terka-terkaan: n guessing game.

terkadang: variant of kadang:

terkam; menerkam: v /frm/lu/ pounce h |to suddenly jump on a person or animal after waiting to catch him, her, or it| Tiba-tiba seekor singa keluar dari semak-semak dan menerkam seekor kambing. Suddenly a lion jumped from the bushes and pounced a goat.
-terkaman: n pounce  Tikus itu tidak punya waktu untuk lepas dari terkaman kucing itu The mouse didn’t have time to get rid of the cat’s pounce.

terminal: n /frm/lu/ terminal, bus stop

terminologi: n /frm/lu/ terminology

termodinamika: n /frm/lu/ thermodynamics.

thermometer: n /frm/lu/ thermometer. ‘

termonuklir: n .frm/lu/ thermonuclear.

termos: n /frm/lu/ thermos bottle.

ternak: n /frm/lu/ livestock.
-beternak: v /intr/tr/ breed and/or raise livestock (i.e. chicken, cattle, pig, goat, fish, etc)
-menternakkan: v /tr/ breed and/or raise livestock.
-peternakan: n farm, poultry.
-peternak: n breeder, farmer.
-ternak unggas: n poultry.

terobos; menerobos: v /frm/lu/ 1 break through. Seorang pencuri menerobos lewat pagar. A thief broke through the fence 2 penetrate, cut in a line. Udara dingin menerobos dari celah dinding The cold air penetrated the cracks in the wall.
-terobosan: n 1 breakthrough 2 penetration.

terompah: n /frm/lu/ rough wooden or leather clog.
-terompah kuda: n horseshoe.

terompet: n /frm/lu/ 1 trumpet, saxophone, clarinet, etc. |all kind of musical instrument that you play by blowing into it| 2 bugle |a musical instrument like a trumpet, which is used in the army to call soldiers| 3 /infr/ speaker, communication channel. Suratkabar ini adalah terompet Partai Demokrat. This newspaper is the communication channel of the democrat party.
-bertrompet: v 1 play such instrument 2 be equipped with such instrument.
-menerompet: v play such instrument.

terong: variant of terung:

teropong: n /frm/lu/ 1 telescope, binoculars. 2 tube.
-meneropong: v 1 look through a telescope. Nahhoda itu meneropong sebuah pulau The captain looked at an island with his telescope 2 forecast, predict. Pengamat itu meneropong kondisi ekonomi dimasa datang The observer forecasted the economic condition in the long run.
-meneropong: v examine carefully.
-peneropongan: n 1 telescopic re­search 2 forecasting study 3 close observation.

terror; men(t)eror: v /frm/lu/ terrorize.
-penteror: n terrorist.
-pen(t)eroran: n terrorizing.

teroris: n /frm/lu/ terrorist.

terorisme: n /frm/lu/ terrorism.

terowongan: n /frm/lu/ tunnel.

terpa; menerpa: v /intr/tr/frm/lu/ 1 hit, attack |if a liquid or wind strongly hit sth| Ombak menerpa kapal itu terbalik The wave strongly hit the boat and it turned upside down. 2 blow Angin puyuh itu menerpa peternakan dan segala sesuatu roboh ketanah The tornado blew the farm and everything collapsed down 3 smash Satu kerugian besar telah menerpa perusahaan A big loss has smashed the company.
-terpaan: n attack, blow, smash

terpal: n /frm/lu/ tarpaulin, canvas.

terpaut: variant of tepaut:

torpedo: variant of torpedo:

terpekur: variant of tafakur:

terpelajar: see ajar:

terpenten: n /frm/turpentine,

tersier: n /frm/lu/ tertiary

tertawa: see tawa:

tertib1: adj /frm/lu/ orderly 1 |arranged or organized in a neat way| antrian yang tertib an orderly line 2  |peaceful or behaving well| satu pertemuan yang tertib an orderly meeting

tertib2: n /frm/lu/ arrangement |the things that you must organize for something to happen|
-ketertiban: n order |a situation in which people obey rules and respect authority| Polisi sedang bekerja keras memelihara ketertiban dan keamanan Police are working hard to maintain order and security.
-menertibkan: v order |to arrange something in a particular way| Polisi bertanggung jawab menertibkan lalu lintas The police is responsible to order the traffic line.
-penertiban: n arrangement (an effort to make thing orderly)
-tertib lalu lintas: n traffic order.
-tertib perjalanan: n itinerary

teruna: n /frm/lu/ 1youth, adolescent 2  cadet.

terung; terung: n /frm/lu/ eggplant.

terus1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 continuous |continuing to happen or exist without stopping or pausing| Tanaman ini memerlukan penyiraman terus These plants need a continuous watering. 2 terus-terusan continual |repeated often over a long period of time| Perdebatan mereka yang terus-terusan membuat saya sedih. Their continual arguing really upset me. 3 straight Ini jalan terus menuju kota. This is a straight road to the city.

terus2: adv /frm/lu/ 1 continually Pertengkaran terus terjadi diantara kedua Negara itu. Dispute continually happen between the two countries  2 terus-menerus: continuously Dia terus-menerus menelepon kamu hari ini. He continuously called you to day 3 directly Dia terus pergi keluar sehabis mandi She directly went out after taking a bath. 4 berterus-terang: openly Dia berterus terang mengatakan bahwa dia tidak ingin bergabung dengan kita. He openly told me that he didn’t want to join us. 5 seterusnya: henceforth (from now on) Seterusnya dalam buku ini, orang ini disebut “pribumi” Henceforth in this book, these people will be called “indigenous” 6 keterusan: inadvertently continue Dia keterusan bicara diluar waktu yang ditentukan. She inadvertently continue to speak beyond the time schedule.

terus3; meneruskan: v /frm/lu/ continue Mari kita meneruskan diskusi ini. Let’s continue the discussion.
-penerus: n successor |someone who takes a job or position that was held before by someone else| Siapa dulu penerus kepemimpinan Suharto sebagai presiden Indonesia? Who was the successor of  Suharto leadership as the president of Indonesia?
-generasi penerus: n the next generation (which will con­tinue s.t.).

terusi: n /frm/lu/ copper sulfate.

tes1: n /frm/lu/ 1 test |a set of questions or exercises to measure someone’s skill,ability, or knowledge| Kapan tes biologi diadakan? When will the biology test be conducted? Saya ada tes sejarah besok. I have a history test tomorrow. 2 test |examining something carefully in order to see what it is like or to find out something|  Tindakan medis termasuk beberapa tes darah. The medical treatment includes some tests on my blood.
-tes penempatan: n placement test
-tes kesehatan: n medical test.
-tes kelayakan: n competence..

tes2; mentest: n /frm/lu/ test Boleh saya tes mobilnya sebelum tawar menawar harga? Can I drive the car to test before discuss the price?

thesaurus: n /frm/ thesaurus.

tesis: n /frm/lu/ thesis. tesis sarjana master’s thesis.

testament: n /frm/lu/ testament,  will. testamen politik po­litical testament (will) .

tetabuhan: n /frm/lu/ music with percussion to accompany dancing.

tetak: v /frm/lu/ 1 chop, hack. 2 circumcise Adikku baru saja di tetak My little brother has just been circumcised.
-mentetak: v /intr/tr/ hack.
-mentetakkan: v /tr/ 1 use sth to hack Dia mentetakkan parangnya ke pohon He hack the machete onto a tree.
-tetakan: n 1 a chopping, blow 2 a notch from hacking. 3 /Jv/ circumcision
-pentetak: n sb who chops or hacks.
-pentetakan: n hacking.
-luka tetak: n wound caused by a chop (of machete, etc.).

tetamu: n /ltr/ guest.

tetanaman: n /ltr/ crops.

tetangga: n /frm/lu/ neighbor.
-bertetangga: v be neighbors. Saya se­nang sekali bertetangga dengan lbu 1 am delighted to be your neighbour, Madam.
-bertetanggakan: v have sb as a neighbor. Saya senang bertetanggakan seorang dokter anak. I’m glad to have a pediatrician as a neighbor.

tetanus: n /frm/lu/ tetanus.

tetap1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 permanent Apa kamu seorang pekerja tetap disini? Are you a permanent worker here? 2 constant Jaga supaya temperaturnya tetap Keep the temperature constant. 3 consistent Kelihatannya mereka tidak tetap dengan dukungan mereka (tidak tetap mendukung) They seem to be not consistent with their support 4 persistent |continuing to exist or happen, especially for longer than is usual|  Parlemen perlu memberi perhatikan terhadap angka pengangguran yang tetap tinggi Parliament needs to address the problem of persistently high unemployment rate. 5 remain Jaga kesehatan kamu tetap baik. Keep your health remain good 6 steadfast, firm, resolute Carlos masih tetap pada pendapatnya. Carlos still steadfast in his opinion. 7 stable Apa suhunya sudah tetap? Has the temperature stable? 8 fix Maaf, tidak ada tawar menawar, ini harga tetap. Sorry, no bargaining, this is a fix price 9 stay Tetap tenang sewaktu saya memotong rambut kamu. Stay still while I’m cutting your hair.

tetap2; menetapkan: v /frm/lu/ 1 decide Kami akan menetapkan. We will decide it tomorrow 2 issue a decree Pemerintah akan menetapkan satu keputusan mengenai hal ini dalam waktu segera. The government will issue a decree on this case soon 3 determine |to find out the facts about something| Dengan menggunakan gelombang suara mereka dapat menetapkan dimana posisi kapal tenggelam itu. Using sonar, they determined exactly where the ship had sunk. 4 stay Dia tetap dengan gagasannya yang controversial itu She stays with her controversial idea.
-ditetapkan: v be decided Ditetapkan di Jakarta 17 – Augustus – 1945 Be made to be a decree (was decided) in Jakarta – August – 1945
-menetap: v be settled Mereka menetap disini sejak tahu lalu. They are settled here since last year.
-ketetapan: n 1 decision 2 decree Kita memerlukan ketetapan presiden dalam hal ini. We need a presidential decree for this matter 3 firmness, determination, constancy, consistency, steadiness.

tetap3;  menetap: v /frm/ blot up a liquid (ink, water, et, .).
-pentetap: n absorber (blotter, dishrag).

tetapi: conj /frm/lu/ but |used before you say something that doesn’t agree with or is the opposite of what you have just said|  Saya tidak ingin pergi tetapi ibu membujuk saya.  I didn’t want to go but Mom persuaded me  Belajar bahasa Inggris membosankan, tetapi akan sangat berguna. Learning English  was boring, but it will very useful.

tetas; menetas: v /frm/lu/ 1 hatch |if an egg hatches or is hatched, it breaks and a baby bird, fish, or insect is born| 2 crack Saya menghilangkan kunci sehingga saya harus menetas pintu untuk masuk I lost the key so I crack the door to get in.
-penetasan: n 1 hatching. 2 hatchery.

tetek: n /inf/lu/ teat.
-menetek: v suckle Bayi itu sedang menetek pada susu ibunya The infant is suckling at his mother’s breast.
-meneteki: v 1 give suck to 2 breast-feed.

tetek-bengek: n /inf/lu/ every detail (of sth). Saya tidak sempat memperhatikan segala tetek bengek masalah itu. I didn’t have time to learn every details of the reports.

tetel: n /ld/ glutinous rice steamed in coconut milk.

tetelan: n /ld/ bones with a bit of adhering meat.

tetelo: n /frm/lu/ a poultry disease, Newcastle disease.

teter; menteter: v .inf/ hit repeatedly.
-keteteran: adj chaotic,  dispersed, disordered, disorganized.

tetes1; menetes: v /frm/lu/ drip |to fall in the shape of a small drop, or have something falling in small drops| Keringat menetes dari lengannya. Sweat was dripping off his arms. Jarinya meneteskan darah. Her finger was dripping blood.
-meneteskan (air mata): v burst (into tear) Begitu dia mulai menjelaskan peristiwa itu , dia meneteskan airmata. As she started to describe the accident, she burst into tear.

tetes2; tetesan: n /frm/lu/ 1 drop |a very small amount of liquid that falls in a round shape: Big drops of rain splashed on the sidewalk| setetes airmata a drop of tear 2 drop |a small amount of a liquid| Tambahkan beberapa tetes air jeruk asam ke teh itu. Add a couple drops of lemon juice into the tea. 2 drip |one of the small drops of liquid that falls from something| Tetes keran bocor itu kedengaran seperti suara jam dinding. The drip of the leaking faucet sounds like a wall watch 3 |the action or sound of a liquid falling in small drops| Apa kamu mendengar tetes air itu? Do you hear the drip of the water?
-tetesan darah: n descendant |someone who is related to a person who lived a long time ago| Dia adalah tetesan darah Sukarno. She is a descendant of Sukarno.

tetirah: n /frm/ effort to find a healer.
-bertetirah: n go for a vacation in a health resort area.
-petetirahan: n vacation resort for health.
-Panti Tetirah Anak: n Institution for Children’s Health Resorts.

tetoron: n /frm/lu/ synthetic material.

tetua1: n /Jkt/ moles, age spots.

tetua2: n /frm/lu/ elder, head, senior.

tetumbuhan: n /ltr/ flora.

Teuku; Teungku: n title of leader in Aceh.

teve: n /frm/lu/ television.

tewas: v, adj /frm/lu/ 1 die, death  Suaminya tewas dalam pertempuran. Her husband died in a battle 2  perished Ratusan tewas ketika Tampomas tenggelam Hundred perished when Tampomas sunk 3 be killed, be slain.
-menewaskan1: v /tr/lu/ 1 slay 2 kill 3 murder.
-menewaskan2: adj deadly Itu satu pertarungan menewaskan It’s a deadly fight

Tg. {Tanjung}: n /frm/lu/ cape.

Tgk. {Tengku}: n /ld/ title of certain nobility.

tgl. {tanggal}: n /lu/wrt/  calendar date.

th. {tahun}: n /lu/wrt/ calendar year.

thd., thdp. {terhadap}: prep. /lu/wrt/ toward, with regard to.

thema: variant of tema:

theology; theologia: n /frm/lu/ teologi:

theologis: adj /frm/lu/ teologis:

therapy: variant of terapi:

therapis: variant of terapis:

thn. {tahun}: n /lu/wrt/ calendar year

thp. {terhadap}: prep. /lu/wrt/ toward, to.

THR1: {Tunjangan Hari Raya}: n /lu/ bonus received near holidays.

THR2 {Taman Hiburan Rakyat|: n /lu/ public recreation and entertainment park.

THT {Telinga, Hidung, Tenggorokan}: n /lu/ ear, nose, and throat |three human organs that is grouped into one section in a medical treatment|

tiada: aux.v, adv /frm/lu/ 1 there is no |used in order to make a word, statement, or question negative| Tiada hari tanpa kerja keras There isn’t a day without working hard Tiadapun uang saya tetap akan pergi Though there isn’t money I still want to go. 2 without Dia seorang petarung tiada banding. He is an artist without a competitor 3 have no Saya tiada maksud melukai hati kamu I have no intention to hurt your feeling. 4 doesn’t Mereka tiada maksud menggangu kita They don’t mean to disturb us.
-ketiadaan: n 1 the absence of sth Ketiadaan dokter didesa membuat mereka pindah ke kota. The absence of a doctor in the village urge them to move to a city 2 nothingness 3 the lack of
-ditiadakan: v be abolished, be wiped out, be erased, be nullified.
-men(t)iadakan: v 1 abolish Pengadilan tinggi men(t)iadakan hukuman dari pengadilan sebelumnya. The higher court abolished the punishment by the previous court. 2 nullify
-pen(t)iadaan: n 1 abolition 2 abolishment 3 nullification

tiang: n 1 /frm/lu/ pole. post, mast. 2 pillar, backbone Mereka adalah tiang organisasi They the pillars of the organization.
-tiang bendera: n flagpole.
-tiang gantungan: n gallows.
-tiang pagar: n fence post.
-tiang kapal: n ship’s mast.

tiap1; setiap: pron /frm/lu/ 1 every |each one of a group of people or things| Setiap siswa akan mendapat dua buku. Every student will get two books  Tiap hari dia mengunjungi kakeknya. Everyday they visit their grandpa 2 each. |every single one of two or more things, considered separately| Setiap kali saya datang kesini saya tidak pernah melihat dia. Each time I came here I never saw her.  Saya memberi sepotong coklat kepada setiap anak. I gave a piece of chocolate to each of the children.

tiap2: n /Chn/ 1 dosage. 2 save money (the only money sb has).
-mentiap: v spent the save money.

tiarap; bertiarap: v /frm/lu/ lie face downward. prone lie Begitu mereka mendengar tembakan prajurit-prajurit itu tiarap di tanah As they heard shooting the soldiers lay face downward on the ground.

tiba: v /frm/lu/ arrive
-ketibaan: n arrival
-setiba: adv upon arrival Setiba di Jakarta dia langsung mengikuti sebuah seminar Upon the arrival in Jakarta he directly went to a seminar.

tidak1: adv /frm/lu/ 1 not. Dia tidak ada dirumah She isn’t at home. Saya tidak tahu tentang itu I do not know about it. Saya tidak bermaksud seperti itu I don’t mean like that. Tidak banyak orang mengenal kita disini. Not many people know us here. Tidak semua orang suka durian. Not everybody like durian. 2 tidak satupun Tidak satupun dari kami mengenal dia. Not any of us know her. 3 tidak sama sekali: not at all. “Apa kamu tahu tentang dimana Donny sekarang?” “Tidak sama sekali” “Do you know where Donny is?” “Not at all”

tidak2: adv /frm/lu/ no |said in order to give a negative reply to a question, offer, or request| “Apa kamu seorang siswa disini?” “Tidak, saya pengunjung” “Are you a student here”  “No, I’m a visitor” “Apa kamu mau tambah kopi?” “Tidak, terima kasih” “Do you want some more coffee?” “No, thanks.”

tidak3: adj /frm/lu/ no |not any, or not at all| Maaf, tidak ada lagi tiket. I’m sorry, there are no more tickets Kami tidak punya waktu menemui mereka. We had no time to meet them.
-ketidak-adaan: n the absence of
-ketidak-adilan: n injustice
-ketidak cocokan: n incompatibility
-ketidak cukupan: n the lack of
-ketidak jelasan: n vagueness
-ketidak jujuran: n dishonesty
-ketidak-patutan: n inappropriateness
-ketidak harmonisan: n disharmony
-ketidak pastian: n uncertainty
-menidakkan: v deny, negate
-setidak-tidaknya: adv at least

tidur1: v /frm/lu/ 1 sleep Apa kamu tidur nyenyak tadi malam? Did you sleep well last night? 2 pergi tidur: go to bed Ayo kita tidur, sudah larut malam. Let’s go to bed, it’s late light. 3 be inactive, or unused Lahan tidur ini milik siapa? Whom does this unused land belong to? 4 tidur-tiduran: lay on leisurely Dia sedang tidur-tiduran di sofa He is laying on leisurely on the sofa 5 men(t)iduri: to have a sex with Dia di tuduh meniduri sekretarisnya. He was accused to have a sex with his secretary.
-ditidurkan: v be made sleep
-ketiduran: v 1 oversleep 2 unintentionally sleep 3 doze off
-menidurkan: v 1 lay sb/sth on Kamu boleh menidurkan anakmu di tempat tidur saya.You may lay on your baby on my bed. Jangan sandarkan papan itu di dinding, lebih baik kalau kamu menidurkannya di lantai. Don’t lean the board on the wall, it’ll be better if you lay it on the floor. 2 put (sb) into sleep.
-kamar tidur: n bed room
-tempat tidur: n bed
-tidur nyenyak: v 1 sleep soundly 2 sleep well 3 sleep deeply
-tidur siang: v 1 have a nap 2 doze
-tidur sejenak: v have a nap 2 doze

tidur2: adj /frm/lu/ asleep Harap tenang, bayi itu tidur. Be quiet, the baby is asleep.

tiga: num /frm/lu/ three. tiga belas thirteen. tiga puluh thirty
-bertiga: n be three in a group, in a group of three
-pertigaan: n junction (two branches (T or V intersection)
-ketiga: num. the third.
-ketigaan: n trinity
-segi tiga: n three angle
-sepertiga: num. a third
-tiga-tiganya: adv all of the three.

tik: variant of ketik:

tikai; bertikai: v /frm/lu/ dispute, quarrel, differ in opinion.
-dipertikaikan: v be disputed by
-mempertikaian: v contradict
-pertikaian: n conflict, controversy, dis­agreement.
-pertikaian: n conflict, controversy, disagreement, dispute, quarrel, difference, contradiction.    difference.

tikam; menikam: v /frm/lu/ 1 stab |forcefully push a sharp object into someone or something| Perampok itu menikam penjaga pada perutnya. The robber stabbed the guard on the stomach| 2 stab in the back |betray or secretly do something bad to someone|  Seorang teman dia menikam dia dari belakang. A friend of him stabbed him in the back.
-ditikam: v be stabbed
-tikam-tikaman: v 1 stab each other 2 fight with sharp weapon.
-tikaman: n 1 a stab, thrust, jab. 2 stake in gambling.
-penikam: n 1 stabber (sb who stab)   2 sth that sb stabs with.
-penikaman: n n stabbing.

tikar: n /frm/lu/ plaited mat.
-bertikarkan: v use (sth) as a mat. Dia tidur hanya bertikarkan koran He sleeps using newspaper as a mat.
-tikar sembahyang: n prayer mat.
-tikar tidur: n sleeping mat. tikar koran using only a newspaper for mat.

tiket: n /frm/lu/ ticket (i.e. for transportation, show, etc.).

tikung; menikung: v /frm/lu/ 1 curve or bend. 2 make a turn. Ban radial menikung lebih cermat Radial tires takes turn better.
-tikungan: n a bend in the road.

tikus: n /frm/lu/ mouse, rat. tikus percobaan experimental mouse.
-tikus belanda: n guinea pig.
-tikus kesturi: n musk shrew.
-tikus mondok: n mole.
-tikus Negara: n corruptor
-tikus-tikusan: n toy mouse.

tilam: n /frm/lu/ mattres |sth soft to sleep on such as mat, blanket, but esp. mattress|
-bertilam: v sleep on mattres
-bertilam pasir: v have no home to sleep

tilang {bukti pelanggaran}: n /frm/lu/ traffic ticket.
-mentilang: v issue a traffic ticket.

tilas; mentilas: v /frm/lu/ trace.
-petilasan: n remains of the past. Petilasan Diponegoro sedang di pugar. The ruins of Diponegoro’s is being renovated.

tilawat: n /frm/ recitation of the Koran.

tilawatil; tilawatul: n /frm/lu/ competition on recitation of the Koran.
-mentilawatilkan: v compete the recitation of the Koran.

tilem-timbul: adv /frm/ up and down.

tilep; mentilep: v /inf/ take sth on the sly. Hati-hati, dia suka mentilep Be careful, she like to take sth on the sly.

tilgram: variant of telegram:

tilik: menilik: v /frm/lu/ 1 see |to visit, meet, or have a meeting with someone| Dia sedang pergi menilik orang sakit She is going to see a sick person 2 look Seseorang menilik kedalam dari jendela. Somebody looked at inside from the window. 3 watch Tolong tilik sekali-sekali kalau-kalau anak saya bangun Please watch once in a while if my baby wake up. 4 inspect, supervise |to be responsible for a group of workers or students and make sure that they do their work correctly| Dia terus keliling menilik sekolah-sekolah di wilayah kerja dia. She continuously go around to supervise the schools in her domain. 4 look to Menilik masa depan yang lebih baik, saya harus belajar lebih keras. Looking to the better future, I have to learn harder.
-penilik: n 1 watcher 2 observer 3 supervisor 4 inspector  Siapa penilik sekolah di wilayah ini? Who is the supervisor of the schools in this area?
-penilikan: n 1 observation 2 inspection 3 supervision

tilp. {tilpon}: n /frm/lu/ telephone.

tilpon: variant of telepon:

TIM {Taman Ismail Marzuki}: n Marzuki Cul­tural Center in Jkt.

tim1; men(ge)tim: v /frm/lu/ 1 boil (meat until it tender eough). 2 steam (rice in a certain way).
-petiman: n utensil for cooking rice in this way.

tim2: n /frm/lu/ team.

timah: n /frm/lu/ tin, lead.
-timah daun: n tin foil.
-timah hitam: n lead.
-timah putih: n tin.
-timah wurung: n bismuth.

timang1; menimang: v /frm/lu/ rock (a child) in sb’s arms or a cra­dle. Dia sedang menimang anaknya supaya tidur . She is lulling her child to sleep.
-timangan: n sb’s favorite child.
-nama timangan: n nickname, nursery name.
-tertimang-timang: adj swaying Perahu itu tertimang-timang di laut. The boat was swaying on the sea.

timang2; menimang-nimang: v /frm/lu/ 1 roughly weigh |guessing the weight of sth by shifting it with sb hand| 3 consider Saya akan menimang-nimang dulu apa saya pergi atau tidak. I’ll consider first if I would be going or not.

timba1: n /frm/lu/ 1 ail, bucket, dipper.
-timba ruang: n 1 container used to bail a boat. 2 the center (and deepest) part of a boat’s hull.
-bertimba: v use a dipper, etc. ­
-bertimba karang: v start a row (ltr. scoop up coral).
-bertimba uang: v live in luxury.

timba2; menimba: v ./lu/ take sth out (particularly water) from a well or container using a scoop or smaller container
-menimba: v1 bailout (a boat) 2 draw (water) from a well.
-penimba: n 1 a container for scooping liquids. 2 sb who scoops out water, etc.
-/idiom/: menimba ilmu: learn sth for better future.

timbal1; setimbal: adj /frm/lu/ 1 balance 2 proportional 3 equivalent
-bertimbalan: v be in balance.
-timbal balik1: prep. on both sides. Kertas itu bertulis timbal-balik. The paper is written on both sides.
-timbal balik2: adj 1 two ways (communication) 2 mutual (respect) 3 reciprocal (visiting, agreement, diplomatic act)
-timbalan: n counterpart.

timbal2: variant of timbel:

timbang1; menimbang: v /frm/lu/ 1 weigh  2 consider.
-dipertimbangkan: v be considerable
-kese(t)imbangan: n equality, proportionality
-mempertimbangkan: v considerate.
-mempertimbangkan kembali: v reconsider.
-menyeimbangkan: v balance, harmonize
-menimbang terimakan: v hand over (responsibility)
-pertimbangan: n consideration, judgment, opinion
-se(t)imbang: adj balance, proportional.
-timbangan: n scale

timbang2: see ketimbang:

timbul: v l /intr/frm/lu/ rise |to appear after being hidden| Matahari timbul dari balik bukit The sun rise from behind the mountain 2 /intr/ tprotrude |to stick out from somewhere| sebuah batu timbul dari air a rock protruding from the water 3 /intr/ appear Persoalan lama timbul kembali The old problem is appearing again 4 arise, happen Pertengkaran timbul kembali diantara Negara-negara itu. A dispute happen again between those countries. 5 /intr/ emerge Bukti baru timbul di persidangan New evidence emerged during the trial. Tunas-tunas baru akan timbul dalam beberapa hari mendatang. New shoots will emerge in the next few days
-menimbulkan: v /tr/ 1 raise  Jangan coba menimbulkan masalah baru. Don’t try to raise new problem. Sikap kamu seperti itu bisa menimbulkan kesan buruk. Your attitude like that may raise a bad impression.
-huruf timbul: n engrave letter.
-timbul tenggelam: v bob up and down.

timbun1; timbunan: n /frm/lu/ 1 heap, pile |a large group of similar things collected together like papers, clothes, boxes | Mari kita cari di timbunan surat-surat dan tagihan-tagihan yang diatas meja. Let’s look it at the pile of bills and letters on the desk. 2 accumulation 3 stock

timbun2; menimbun: v /frm/lu/ 1 heap, pile |also pile up, to make a pile by collecting things together that cover a space or a hole|  Mereka menimbun pakaian bekas itu di dalam kotak besar They heap the old clothes into a big box. 2 accumulate 3 stock 4 to fill up a hole
-bertimbun-timbun: v be collected in a number of pile or in a large amount.
-penimbunan: n 1 piling 2 accumulation 3 stocking.

Timor: n the island of Timor.

timpa: v /Jkt/ punch sb
-bertimpa: v pile one on the top of another.
-menimpa: v 1 fall to strike sth Sebuah pohon tumbang menimpa sebuah mobil A tree fell on striking a car  2 happen to |use only if it is a bad thing|  Sebuah kecelakaan menimpa saudaranya. An accident happened to her brother.
-menimpakan: v to let sb be responsible for sth Polisi menimpakan kesalahan itu kepada dia. Police put the blame to him.

timpal; menimpali: v /frm/lu/ 1 equalize Kita perlu melakukan latihan serius untuk menimpali keunggulan lawan. We need to have a serious exercise to equalize the counterpart’s supremacy 2 response “Baik kalau begitu!” katanya menimpali “That’s OK!” he response my challenge. –syn: timbang; menimbangi
timpalan: n counterpart.  

timpang1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 unbalanced Pertumbuhan ekonomi di daerah perkotaan timpang dibanding dengan di pedesaan. The growth of economic in urban area is remarkably unbalanced to the growth in rural area. 2 unequal Proporsi wanita di legislative timpang dibanding proporsi penduduk wanita. The proportion of the female in legislative is unequal to the proportion of the female population  3 lopsided |having one side that is heavier, larger, or lower than the other side|  Meja ini timpang, satu kakinya lebih rendah dari yang lain-lainnya. The table is lopsided, one leg is shorter than the others. 4 unstable itu gerakan yang timpang its unstable movement

timpang2: adv /frm/lu/ unstably Dia berjalan timpang setelah kecelakaan itu She walk unstably after the accident.
-ketimpangan: n 1 unstableness 2 lopsidedness 3 imbalance 4 difference

timpe; menimpe: v /Jkt/ 1 swipe |to steal something| Seseorang menimpe dompet saya. Somebody swiped my wallet. 2 variant of timpa:

timpuk; menimpuk: v /Jkt/ throw at.
-menimpukkan: v throw sth.
-timpukan: n throw. Timpukan anak itu tepat mengenai mata temannya. Her throw made by the kid hit directly in the eyes of his friend

timpus; menimpus: v /frm/lu/ taper.

Timteng {Timur Tengah}: n Middle East.

Timtim {Timor Timur}: n East Timor.

timun: see mentimun:

timung: n /ld/ traditional herbal bath of Kalimantan.

timur: n /frm/lu/ east |the direction from which the sun rises| Mana arah timur? Which way is east?
-men(t)imur: v 1 go to the east. 2 eastward.
-ketimuran: adj eastern 1 |in or from the east part of an area, country, state etc.| Indonesia timur eastern Indonesia 2 the way thing is done in Asia gaya Timur eastern style makanan Timur eastern food
-timur dekat: n near east
-timur jauh: n far east
-timur laut: n north-east
-timur tenggara: n south east
-timur tengah: n middle east

tindak; tindakan: n /frm/lu/ act, action, execution.
-bertindak: v /intr/ 1 act 2 do sth Dia selalu bertindak semena-mena He always do sth as he wish Jangan bertindak kasar kepada wanita Don’t act cruelly with a woman Jangan bertindak sebelum memikirkan risikonya. Don’t act before thingking the risk
-menindak: v /tr/ combat, execute, stop, terminate, forbid, etc Polisi menindak para penjaja di lampu lalu lintas The police forbid  the traffic light vendors Tata kota menindak kios-kios liar disepanjang jalan-jalan utama The town swept the illegal stands along the main roads KPK (Komite Pemberantasan Korupsi) telah menindak sejumlah koruptor The Corruption Combat Committee has punished a number of corruptors.
-penindakan: n execution
-tindak balas: n reaction.
-tindal lanjut: n follow up.
-tindak pidana: n criminal act.
-tindak kekerasan: n harmful action.
-tindak tanduk: n behavior, conduct, attitude.

tindas; menindas: v /frm/lu/ 1 crush with snapping (i.e. to kill an insect). Dia menindas kala jengking itu dengan sebuah tongkat. He crush the scorpion with a stick. 2, op­press. Di Negara ini pemerinthan militer menindas kaum minoritas. In this country the military government oppress the minority 3 sup­press Selama kepresidenannya dia tidak pernah menindas lawan-lawan politiknya. During his presidency he never suppress his political opponent
-penindasan: n suppressing 2 oppressing.
-penindas: n 1 suppressor 2 oppressor, tyrant.
-tertindas: v be oppressed 2 be suppressed 3 downtrodden.
-tindasan: n 1 oppres­sion compression 3 carbon copy.

tindih; menindih: v /tr/frm/lu/ overlap
-bertindihan: v be overlapping  2 be double exposing
-bertindih-tindihan: v 1 overlap each other  2 lie on each other 3 be strewn 4 be entwined 5 be piled densely  6 be redundant 7 be overcrowded  Para pembeli bertindih-tindihan di pasar. The buyers were overcrowded in the market.
-menindih: v 1 be placed on the top of sth 2 press sth with sth heavy (place a weight on sth) 3 oppress Peraturan pajak baru itu akan menindih rakyat. The new tax regulation will oppress the people.
-menindihkan: v place sth on the top of sth. Dia menindihkan satu buku tebal diatas kertas kusut. He placed a thick book on an crumpled paper.
-penindih: n 1 oppressor 2 suppressor
-ketindihan: v 1 be crushed under sth 2 be oppressed Kaki saya ketindihan kakinya sewaktu kami tidur My  leg was oppressed by her leg when we were sleeping. Mobilnya ketindihan sebuah pohon tumbang. Her car was oppressed by a falling tree.
-tindihan: n 1 pressure 2 oppression 3 suppression.

tindik; menindik: v /frm/lu/ pierce. upacara menindik telinga ear­ piercing ceremony.

tinggal1: v /frm/lu/ 1 live, stay. Kamu tinggal di mana? Where do you live? Dia tinggal bersama ibunya di Bandung. She lives with her mother in Bandung. 2 remain, keep, stay. Jangan tinggal diam, lakukan sesuatu. Don’t stay silent, do something. 3 be left Aduh! Kunci mobilnya tinggal di meja saya! Oh my God, the car’s key is left on my table. 4 remain |to continue to exist after others have gone or been destroyed| Dari duapuluh lima patung sekarang hanya tinggal sepuluh. From the twenty five statues, it’s only ten remains. Tinggal berapa lagi uang kamu? How much of your money still remains?
-ketertinggalan: n backwardness
-ketinggalan: v be left behind Dompet saya ketinggalan My purse is left behind.
-meninggal: v die, pass away
-meninggalkan: v leave Saya akan meninggalkan kamu selama seminggu untuk urusan dinas. I’ll leave you a week for a business Kalau kamu butuh sesuatu, saya meninggalkan kartu kredit saya di laci If you need sth, I leave the credit card on my drawer.
-tertinggal1: v be left behind. Negara kami jauh tertinggal di belakang dalam hal program pendidikan. Our country is far left behind in terms of education program.
-peninggalan: n 1 inheritance Dia menerima banyak peninggalan kakeknya He received a lot of inheritance of her grandpa  2 remains (archaeological)  Apakah Borobudur salah satu peninggalan Majapahit? Is the Borobudur a remains of the Majapahit?  3 bequest
-tertinggal2: adj 1 backward 2 underdeveloped. Kami masih termasuk kelompok Negara tertinggal. We are still belongs to underdeveloped country.

tinggal2: adv, prep /frm/lu/ 1 just |all sb has to do| Kamu tinggal bernangkat, semua sudah disiapkan. All you have to do just leave, everything has been prepared. Kamu tinggal tanya dia dimana kunci saya. You just ask him where my key is. 2 except Everyone has gone, tinggal Bambang. Semua sudah berangkat, except Bambang
-ketinggalan jaman: adj out of date.
-sepeninggal: prep. 1 upon or after the departure (of) 2 after the death (of)
-tinggal kulit dan tulang: adj broke, penniless (be skin and bones)
-tinggal nadi: very ill
-tinggal tulang: adj very thin
-tinggal pakai: adj ready to use
-tinggal landas: v take off (a plane, a program, a growth of sth)

tinggi: adj /frm/lu/ 1 high, tall. menara tinggi a high tower. 2 advanced peradaban tinggi advanced civilization
-berbadan tinggi: v 1 be tall 2 have tall body
-bercakap tinggi: v brag
-berhati tinggi:
adj 1 proud, boastful 2 conceited.
-harga tinggi: adj expensive
-ketinggian1: adj too high.
-ketinggian2: n height, altitude.
-meninggi: v /intr/ raise, increase, enhance, go higher.
-meninggikan: v /tr/ raise, heighten, elevate |make sth higher|
-pegawai tinggi: n high-rank official
-petinggi: n sb who has high position Dia adalah petinggi sebuah partai  politik. He belongs to a high board of a political party.
-perguruan tinggi: n 1 college 2 university 3 academy
-tinggi rasi: adj lucky
-umur tinggi: n long life
-setinggi-tingginya: prep. as high as possible Setinggi-tinggi burung terbang, once it has to land No matter how high sb’s carrier, once he/sh has to show his/her original personality. (ltr. No matter how high a bird fly, once it has to perch on sth.

tinggung; bertinggung: v /frm/ squat.

tingkah1: n /frm/lu/ behavior |the way that a person or animal does or says things, or a particular example of this|  Tingkah kamu seperti itu tidak diterima disini Your behavior like that is not acceptable her.

tingkah2; bertingkah: v /frm/lu/ be capricious |likely to suddenly change decisions, emotions, conditions etc. without warning|  Helen selalu brtingkah seperti ibunya dulu. Helen always be capricious just as her mother was. 2 have a problem |to behave badly or not work correctly| Mobilnya bertingkah lagi. The car has aproblem again.

tingkah3: n /ld/ 1 drum 2 the sound of drum that accompany other instruments.
-bertingkah-tingkah: v alternate in a musical presentation. Mereka bertingkah-tingkah  memperdengarkan Piano dan gitar They played the piano and guitar by turns.
-meningkahi: v 1 spontaneously respond “Ya, ya!, Bu Sulastri”  dia meningkah “Yes, yes! Mrs Sulastri” she spontaneously responded. 2 strike a musical instrument to accompany other instru­ments.
-tingkahan: n musical accompaniment.

tingkat1; tingkatan: n /frm/lu/ 1 floor, story. rumah tiga tingkat a three-story house. tingkat kapal ship’s deck. 2 rung, step. tangga sepuluh tingkat a ten-rung ladder. 3 level tingkat kehidupan sosial tinggi high level social life kebudayaan yang tinggi tingkatanya a high level of civilization. 4 degree siswa dengan tingkat kemampuan berbeda students with different degrees of ability 5 phase, stage Proyek itu sekarang sudah pada tingkat penyelesaian terakhir The project now is on the last phase of accomplishment. 6 rate tingkat pertumbuhan penduduk population growth rate
-bertingkat-tingkat: adj 1 multi-storied gedung bertingkat-tingkat multi-storied building 2 multi-stratified masyarakat bertingkat-tingkat stratified society 3 multi-terraced sawah bertingkat-tingkat terraced rice field 4 with consecutive levels  Mereka mengatur penyaluran dengan cara bertingkat-tingkat. They organized distribution flow with consecutive levels.
-setingkat: prep. at the same level.

tingkat2; meningkat: v /intr/frm/lu/ 1 increase 2 up 3 step up 4 incline 5 go higher 6 rise 7 amount 8 escalate.
-ditingkatkan: v /pass.v./ be increased 2 be upped 3 be inclined 4 be gone higher.
-meningkatkan: v /tr/ 1 raise 2 amount 3 increase 4 up 5 step up 6 incline 7 upgrade 8 promote 9 escalate 10 add up.
-peningkatan: n 1 increase 2 growth 3 progress 4 promotion 5 incline 6 improvement 7 escalation.

tinja: n /frm/lu/ 1 feces, excrement. 2 sewage.
-bak tinja: n cesspool.

tinjak: v /frm/lu/ stride, step.
-bersitinjak: v /ltr/ step by step.

tinjau; meninjau: v /frm/lu/ 1 observe 2 inspect, survey 3 watch, view  (from a distance)
-ditinjau: v be be observed Ditinjau dari sudut ekonomi, kita mencapai satu kemajuan pesat. Looking for it from the economic growth we have achieved a significant progress.
-peninjauan: n 1 observation 2 inspection Peninjauan pelaksanaan proyek dari dekat adalah satu keharusan A close observation of the project implementation is a must.
-peninjau: n 1 observer 2 inspector 3 surveyor.
-peninjauan ulang: n review peninjauan ulang keputusan hukum judicial review

tinju: n /frm/lu/ 1 fist. 2 /sport/ boxing. Nanti malam ada ­tinju di TV There is a boxing match tonight onTV
-bertinju: v /intr/ be engaged in boxing match.
-meninju: v /tr/ 1 box 2 punch |hit (sb/sth) with sb’s fist|
-petinju: n 1 boxer 2 fighter
-pertinjuan: n 1 fist fight 2 matters per­taining to fist fighting. sejarah pertinjuan the history of boxing. 2 fist fight.

tinta: n /frm/lu/ ink.
-menintai: v apply ink to sth.

Tionghoa: n Chinese. Peranakan Tionghoa Chinese of mixed Indonesian descent. Tionghoa  totok Chinese with no In­donesian ancestral background.
-ketionghoaan: n 1 Chinese characteristic. 2 act characteristically Chinese

Tiongkok: n China.

tip1: n /frm/ monetary remuneration.

tip2: n /inf/ tape recorder.

tip3: n /frm/lu/ a bit of information.

tip4: n /inf/lu/ adhesive tape.

tip5: see ketik:

tipe: n /frm/lu/ type, kind.

tipes: n /frm/lu/ typhus.

tipi: see teve:

tipikal: adj /frm/lu/ typical.

tipis: adj /frm/lu/ 1 thin. secarik kertas tipis a piece of thin paper. 2 insignificant  satu kekalahan tipis an insignificant loss 3 light Pemandangan itu ditutupi awan tipis The scene is covered with a light cloud 4 sheer, light kain tipis a sheer cloth 5 slight perbedaan tipis a slight difference harapan tipis a light hope.
-menipis: v become thin
-menipiskan: v 1 thin |to make sth thinner| 2 delude |to reduce optimism, belief on sth, etc.| Cerita kamu mengenai apa yang kamu alami telah menipiskan harapan saya untuk mengikuti sarannya. Your story about what you experienced has deluded my hope to follow his advice.
-penipis: n thinner  Pakai penipis ini untuk menipiskan cat itu Use this thinner to thin the paint.

tipografi: n /frm/ typography.

tipografis: adj /frm/ typographical.

tipologi: n /lu/ /frm/ typology.

tipologis: adj /frm/ typological.

tipp-ex: n /frm/lu/ white-out substance, white correction fluid.
-mentipp-ex: v apply white-out to sth
-tipp-exan: n sth which has been corrected with white-out.

tipu; tipu muslihat: n /frm/lu/ trick, deceit, fraud, trickery, ruse, swindle.
-menipu: v trick, deceive, swindle
-penipu: n 1 deceiver 2 impostor 3 swindler
-penipuan: n 1 deception 2 tricking 3 swindling .
-tertipu: v 1 be deceived 2 be tricked  3 be swindled.

tirai: n /frm/lu/ 1 curtain, blinds.
-bertirai: v have screen or partition
-tirai bantal: n pillow fringe.
-tirai besi: n 1 iron Ccurtain. 2 prison
-tirai kelambu: n mosquito net.
-tirai mirai: n 1 blinds of all sorts. 2 partition, screen.

tiram: n /frm/lu/ oyster.
-pertiraman: n oyster field or bed.

tirani: n /frm/lu/ tyranny.

tiri: n /frm/lu/ step- |related by the remarriage of a parent and not by blood|
-ibu tiri: n stepmother.
-anak tiri: n step­child.

tiris: adj /frm/lu/ leak through. Atapnya tiris The roof is leaking.
-meniriskan: v /tr/ 1 cause to leak through. 2 drain. Tiriskan beras itu setelah dicuci Drain the rice after washing before cooking.
-ketirisan: v 1 get wet from a leak. Kamarnya basah ketirisan hujan: The room got wet from a leak of rain. 2 be leaked
-penirisan: n place for drain­ing
-tirisan:
n leak.

tirta: n /ltr/frm/lu/ water.
-tirta amerta: n elixir of life.
-tirta kencana: n golden water.

tiru; meniru: v /frm/lu/ 1 imitate, do as sb’s does 2 copy, duplicate  Dia meniru gaya Eropah He imitate Eurpean style. 2 copy Saat ujian itu beberapa siswa mencoba meniru jawaban orang lain. At the exam some students tried to copy other answers.
-peniruan: n imitating, duplicating, copying.
-peniru: n im­itator, simulator.
-tiruan: n 1 imitation, copy, duplication  2 simulation

tisik; menisik: v /frm/lu/ darn, mend. menisik sepasang kaus kaki mend a pair of shock
-menisikkan: v give sth to sb to mend. Saya menisikkan kaos oblong saya kepada Bibi. Itu gave my T-shirt to be mended by my Aunt.
-tisikan: n mend.

titah: n /ltr/frm/lu/ royal word or command.
-bertitah: v /int/tr/ speak, utter (of kings, etc.).
-menitahkan: v /tr/ command, declare Raja itu meithakan perang The king declared a war.

titel: n /frm/lu/ 1 title 2 headline 3 degree (university title)
-bertitel: n 1 have a de­gree 2 be titled. Dia bertitel dokter He has a medical degree.

titi; titian: n /frm/lu/ 1 footbridge |single wooden or bamboo foot bridge|  2 narrow path or pas­sageway
-meniti: v 1 walk on sth Kita harus meniti sebatang pohon kalau menyeberang sungai We have to walk on a single wood to across the river  2 start (working on sth) Dia meniti karir sebagai consultan bisnis sejak lama. He started work as a business consultant since long time ago.

titik: n /frm/lu/ 1 period, point 2 drop.
-bertitik: v 1 drip 2 have a period.
-bertitik-titik: v continuously drip
-bertitik tolak (pada): v based (on)
-menitikberatkan: v
-menitik: v /intr/ drip.
-menitik beratkan: v 1 focus on 2 count heavily on 3 emphasize on Kita perlu menitik beratkan pembangunan pada pertumbuhan ekonomi. We need to emphasize the development on economic growth.
-menitikkan: v /tr/ drip Saya melihat matanya menitikkan air mata. I saw her eyes dripping tears.
-menitisi: v /tr/ dip on. Bocor pada atap menitisi meja. The leak on the roof dripped on the table.
-penitik beratan: n 1 focusing, stressing Penitikberatan akan diletakkan pada ketepatan data Focussing will be put on the accurateness of the data. 2 priority Penitik beratan program seharusnya harus ditentukan secara hati-hati. Priority of the program should be carefully defined.
-titik airmata: n teardrop.
-titik api: n focus of a lens.
-titik balik: n turning point.
-titik beku: n freezing point.
-titik berat: n 1 the centre of gravity 2 heart, central point, focus, essence, core.
-titik cair: n melting point
-titik didih: n boil­ing point.
-titik dua: n colon.
-titik impas: n break-even point.
-titik jenuh: n saturation point.
-titik koma: n semicolon.
-titik pandang: n point of view.
-titik pangkal: n basic of satand. .
-titik potong: n point of in­tersection.
-titik pusat: n centre point.
-titik tengah: n centre point.
-titik tolak: n 1 point of departure 2 reason to start (sth)

titip; menitipkan: v /frm/lu/ entrust |to give someone something to be responsible for| Saya titipkan anak-anak kepasa saudari saya untuk dijaga. I entrusted the children to my sister to take care of.  2 ask |expecting sb to do sth| Boleh saya menitipkan beli beberapa kue kalau kamu pergi ke pasar? Can I ask you to buy me some cake when you go shopping? 3 deposit Titip barang-barang berharga kamu sebelum pergi. Deposit your valuable thing before leaving.
-kotak penitipan: n deposit box.
-penitip: n depositor.
-penitipan barang: n deposit counter.
-ruang penitipan: n clockroom.
-titipan: n deposit

titis1; (me)nitis: v /frm/lu/ 1 incarnate 2 descend into sb’s offspring (of traits, etc.). Sifat kebajikannya  menitis kepada anak cucunya His good char­acteristics descended into his children and grand children.
-penitisan: n reincarnation.
-titsan pena: n essay. composit­ion.

titulatur: n /ld/ system of titles.

titular: adj /frm/lu/ titular |existing as such in name only| kapten titular titular captain.

tiup; bertiup: v /intr/frm/lu/ blow |if the wind or a current of air blows, it moves| Pada musism seperti ini angin dingin bertiup dari timur In such season a cold wind blows from the east.
-ditiup: v be blown Pintu itu terbuka ditiup angin. The door was blown open by the wind.
-meniup: v /intr/tr/ blow |to send air out through your mouth| Dia meniup tehnya supaya dingin sedikit. She blew on her tea to cool it a little. Komandan itu memerintahkan seorang tentara meniup sangsakala. The commandant ordered a soldier to blow the bugle. |a musical instrument like a trumpet, which is used in the army to call soldiers|
-meniupkan: v /tr/lu/ 1 blow |to move something, or to be moved, by the force of the wind or a current of air| Angin telah meniupkan daun-daun kering itu The wind has blown the dry leaves  2 spread, disperse  Mereka pasti telah meniupkan rumor itu They must have spread that rumor
-peniup: n blower.
-peniup seruling: n flute player
-peniup terompet: n trumpet player.
-(musik tiup: n musical instrument that is blown to produce sound.
-tiupan: n 1 blow 2 balst (of wind)

tivi: variat of teve:

tiwas: variant of tewas:

tiwul: n /frm/lu/ snack made from dried cassava.

tk. {tingkat}: n 1 level. 2 floor, story.

TK {Taman Kanak-Kanak}: n kindergarten.

TKI {Tenaga Kerja Indonesia}: n Indonesian blue-collar workers and craftsmen employed overseas.

TKS {Tenaga Kerja Sukarela}: n volunteer worker.

tkt. {tingkat}: n 1 level. 2 floor 3 degree

TKW1: n trade mark of locally produced liquor.

TKW2: {Tenaga Kerja Wanita}: n female workers

tlh. {telah}: adv /wrt/frm/lu/ 1 already 2 |used to show that a verb is in form of past participle| Dia telah pergi. She has gone.

Tn. {Tuan}: n Mr. |an address to a non-Indonesian male|

TNI {Tentara Nasional Indonesia}: n Indonesian Na­tional Armed Forces.

tot: intrj. /inf/ Right? (panicle eliciting agreement). Kan maunya ke sana, to? You want to go there, . don’t you?

toilet: n /frm/lu/ toilet

toapekong: variant of tepekong:

tobat; bertobat: v /frm/lu/ 1 repent  2 be sorry 3 forswear |to stop doing something, or to promise that you will stop doing something|  4 learn sb’s lesson. |to suffer so much after doing something wrong that you will not do it again| Saya tidak menghukum dia karena saya kira dia sudah tobat. I didn’t punish him because I thought he had learned his lesson.
-mempertobatkan: v cause sb to repent Pasttor itu mengaku telah mempertobatkan sejumlah penjahat. The pastor claimed that he has repent a number of criminal.
-pertobatan: n repentance

todong; menodong: v /frm/lu/ 1 threaten sb by pointing a gun or to aim a gum at a particular direction in order to force the victim to do sth| Dia menodong seorang turis untuk menyerahkan uangnya He threatened a tourist to surrender his/her money. 2 hold up, stick up using a gun to threteaned the victim.
-di todong: v be threatened with a gun.
-menodongkan: v /tr/ pointed (a gun) Dia menodongkan sebuah pisau ke perut seorang pria tua. He pointed a knife at the belly of an old man.
-penodong: n a robber who use a gun.
-penodongan: n robbery using gun.

tofan: variant of topan:

toga: n /frm/lu/ 1 academic gown 2 judge’s robe, pastor’s robe, etc.
-bertoga: v wear an academic gown or judge’s robe.

toge: variant of tauge:

togel: {toto gelap}: n /frm/lu/ an illegal predicting numbers gambling

toh: adv /inf/lu/ 1 however Sekalipun dia tidak resmi di undang, toh dia hadiri juga rapat itu. Although he wasn’t formally invited, however, he attended the meeting 2 nevertheless, after all. |in spite of what has just been mentioned| Dia bersumpah telah mengatakan yang benar,  toh bos tidak percaya juga pada dia. He swore that he told the truth, nevertheless, the boss didn’t trust him.

tohok1: n /ld/ 1 harpoon or javelin with rope attached. 2 a downward stab.
-mentohok: v /frm/lu/ stab downward. Jangan pernah mentohok kawan seiring Don’t ever betray sb’s associates.
-mentohokkan: v use sth in a downward piercing motion. Dia metohokkan tombak­nya ke arah musuh. He cast his spear down at his enemy.

tohok2: see bintang, pari:

toilet1: n /ld/ grooming |taking care of your appearance by keeping your hair and clothes clean and neat|

toilet2: n /frm/lu/ toilet

tok1: adv, adj /inf/lu/ just, only. Berdoa tok tanpa kerja keras itu tidak masuk akal. Just prayer without hard work is a nonsense Dia hanya bisa bicara, tidak pernah berbuat apa-apa. All he can do just talk, never do something.

tokeer; tokcer: adj /inf/lu/ 1 easy to start )a car) 2 easy to light (a matches)

toke1; tokeh: variant of tauke:

toke2: tokek: n /frm/lu/ 1 house lizard with distinctive call. 2 call of such a lizard. 3 term of abuse. Tokek lu! You jerk!

tokh: variant of toh:

Tokio: n Tokyo.

toko: n /frm/lu/ shop: store.
-bertoko: v have or manage a store
-pertokoan: n 1 shop matters 2 shop­ping complex.
-toko buku: n bookstore, bookshop. ­
-toko mas: n jewelry store.
-toko kelontong: n drug store. (store selling different kinds of daily needs)
-toko loak: n thrift shop.
-toserba (toko serba ada): n department store.
-toko swalayan: n self-service supermarket..

tokoh1: n /frm/lu/ 1 prominent fig­ure Dia adalah seorang tokoh politis He is a prominent politician 2 star player Siapa tokoh pemain film itu? Who is the star player of that movie?  3 character in a story Dia memainkan tokoh antagonis She played an antagonistic character  4 /ltr./ shape, form. tokoh tubuh bodily shape
-menokohkan: v 1 idolize 2 promote sb to be a prominent figure 3 feature.
-menokohi: v run or lead (a group, a play, etc.)
-ketokohan: n prominence Banyak orang mengakui ketokohan dia dalam pembangunan karakter bangsa. A lot of people admit his prominence in nation character building.

tokoh2;  menokohi: v /frm/lu/ cheat, deceive.
-penokoh: v cheater, de­ceiver.

tokok1: n /ld/ extra, addition, supplement
-bertokok: adv 1 with an addition. 2 bertokok pula: furthermore.
-mentokok: v give or say sth as an addition or extra.

tokok2; menokok: v /frm/lu/ 1 hammer. 2 strike (sb) 3 blame (sb) 4 tap, pound at 5 knock (a door)
-menokok batu: v crush stones into gravel.
-menokok kawat: v send a tele­gram.

toksik: adj /lu/ toxic.

toksikologi: n /frm/lu/ toxicology.

toksin: n /frm/lu/ toxin.

tol: n /frm/lu/ toll, esp. on highways.
-jalan tol: n toll-road

tolak: v /frm/lu/ 1 push away, push aside Biar saya tolak kotak itu kesamping. Let me push the box aside 2 reject, refuse |don’t accept, believe in, or agree with something| Saya menolak tawaran perusahaan itu. I rejected the company’s offer. 3 repel |if two things repel each other, they push each other away with a magnetic force| 4 deny Dia menolak semua kesalahan yang dialamatkan kepada dia. He denied all blame that addressed to him
-bertolak: v 1 take off 2 leave
-bertolak-belakang: adj opposite.
-bertolak pinggang: v stand akimbo |with hands on the hips and the elbows bowed outward|
-penolak: n 1 repellent 2 rejecter.
-penolakan: n refusal.
-tolak angsur: v give and take (esp. in bargaining).
-tolak bala: v ward of misfortune.
-tolak peluru: n /sport/ shot-put (event).

toleh; menoleh: v /frm/lu/ 1 turn sb’s head to see sth or  Toleh ke kanan! Look to the right. 2 glance Dia meloleh seorang wanita muda dari dalam mobil He glanced a young lady from the car. 3 gaze Dia duduk berjam-jam menoleh keluar dari jendela. He sat for hours just gazing out the window. 4 muse Sebelum kita teruskan, marilah sejenak kita menoleh kebelakang apa yang telah kita perbuat dimasa lampau. Before we continue, let’s take a moment to muse backward what we’ve done in the past.
-menolehkan: v /tr/ see sth Mari kita menolehkan nenek sejenak. Let’s to see grandma for a moment

toleran: adj /frm/lu/ tolerable, tolerant.

toleransi; toleransi: n /frm/lu/ 1 tolerance 2 consider­ation, understanding. Saya minta toleransi anda dalam persoalan ini I beg your tolerance/ understanding in this matter.
-mentolerir: v tolerate. Saya bisa mentolerir keterlambatan hanya selama dua hari. I can tolerate the delay only for two days.

tolok: n /frm/lu/ 1 specification 2 standard 3 criteria
-tolok banding: n criteria to compare two or mor things.
-tolok ukur: n 1 indicator, measur­ing tool |tool or system used to measure, or to evaluate sth| Tolok ukur apa yang harus digunakan mengukur pencapaian pembangunan itu?. What indicator should be used to see the achievement of the development?
-setolok: adv on the same standard.
-menolok: v 1 compare 2 measure, value

tolol: adj /frm/lu/ stupid 2 simple-minded. Kamu benar-benar tolol You are really stupid.
-ketololan: n stupidity, foolishness
-men(t)ololkan: v make sb stupid.

tolong1; menolong: v /frm/lu/ 1 help Tolong dia memakai bajunya. Help him to put on her shirt. Saya akan menolong kamu melakukan itu. I’ll help you to do it. 2 save
-bertolong-tolongan; tolong-menolong: v mutually help (each other)
-penolong: n 1 helper 2 saviour 3 rescuer regu penolong rescue team
-pertolongan: n 1 help Kalau anda perlu pertolongan telepon saja saya. If you need help just call me 2 rescue Mereka dilatih untuk pertolongan di udara. They were trained for air rescues. 3 aid Mereka belajar bagaimana pertolongan pertama untuk yang luka. They learned how to conduct first aid to an injury.
-sangat menolong: adj helpful Bantuan kamu itu sangat menolong kami Your aid was very helpful for us.
-tertolong: v be saved Apa korban sempat tertolong? Is the victims can be saved?

tolong2: intrj /frm/lu/ please Tolong berikan saya segelas kopi Please give me a cup of coffee Tolong saya tuan. Please help me sir. Apa kamu mendengar seseorang minta tolong? Do you

tomat: n /frm/lu/ tomato.
-saus tomat: n ketchup.

tombak: n /frm/lu/ 1 spear, lance. tombak bercanggah forked lance. 2 a linear measure of around 3.6 meters.
-bertombak: v equip with a lance.
-menombak: v stab with a spear.
-tertombak: v be ­speared.

tombol: n /frm/lu/ 1 knob. tombol pintu door knob. 2 button for mechanical devices, push button switch.
-tombol pen­yetel: n dial knob (of TV, radio, etc.).
-tombol tekan: n push button.

tompang: variant of tumpang:

ton1: n /frm/lu/ ton.
-berton-ton: adv by tons.

ton2 {Peleton}: n platoon.

tonase: n /frm/lu/ tonnage.
-bertonase: v have a certain tonnage.

toner: n /of/ millionaire (in colonial era).

tong: n /frm/lu/ barrel, vat, cask.
-setong air: n a barrel of water.
-setong paku: n a keg of nails.
-/prov./ Tong kosong nyaring bunyinya An empty barrel resounds loudly. (a less-educated person speaks more)
-tong sampah: n trash bin, garbage can.
-tongan: adv by the barrel.
-/prov./ Tong kosong nyaring bunyinya An empty barrel resounds loudly. (a less-educated person speaks more).

tonggak1: n /frm/lu/ 1 post, pole 2 tree stump 3 pillar 4 milestone
-tonggak gantungan: n gallows .
-tonggak rumah: n house pillar.
-tonggak sejarah: n historical milestone. Peristiwa itu merupakan tonggak sejarah bangsa ini That event was a mile­stone in our nation history.
-menonggak1: v build a pillar, erect a pole.

tonggak2: menonggak2: v /inf/ drink from a container by pour­ing its contents down into sb’s throat.

tongkang: n /frm/lu/ barge |a boat with a flat bottom, used for carrying goods|

tongkat: n /frm/lu/ 1 cane 2 stick.
-bertongkat: v use a cane Pria tua itu bertongkat rotan The old man had an rattan walking stick
-bertongkat senduk: /idiom./ be far along years.
-bertongkatkan: v be rest on Rumah itu berdiri bertongkatkan batu The house stands resting on stones.
-menongkat: v raise high.
-menongkatkan: v hold up with sth Dia menongkatkan jasnya pada bantal He use his jacket to raise the pillow.
-penongkat: n assistant
-tonggak ampai: n divining rod.
-tongkat jalan: n walking stick.
-tonggak ketiak: n crutches.
-tongakt komando: n baton.
-tongkat militer: n swagger stick.

tongkol1: n /frm/lu/ tuna fish.

tongkol2: n /ld/ 1 knob (of wood). 2 stem of an ear of corn.
-setongkol mas: n a piece of gold nugget.

tongkrong; nongkrong: v /frm/lu/ 1 squat. 2 sit around doing nothing, hang out. 3 idle, not in use. Sebuah bus nongkrong di halte menunggu penumpang A bus is sitting on the bus stop waiting for passengers. Mereka nongkrong di warung membaca komik They hang around a stand, reading comic books.
-menongkrongi: v 1 wait for sth  2 stay on a certain place.
-tongkrongan: n a place where sb sits around idly. Lapangan parkir itu adalah tongkrongan preman The parking lot was where the gang hung out.

tongol: variant of nongol:

tongseng: n /ld/ dish prepared with cabbage and meat of lamb.

tonikum: n /frm/lu/ tonic (tonic).

tonil: n /frm/lu/1 theater, the stage 2 show.
-men(t)onilkan: v 1 act, perform. 2 dramatize, put into a play. Mereka mentonilkan dongeng itu They dramatized that tale.

tonjok: v /Jkt/ 1 hit with fist. 2 punch  Oke! Kalan kamu tidak mau bayar, akan saya tonjok kamu. OK! If you don’t want to pay, I will hit you with my fists.

tonjol; menonjol1: v /intr/frm/lu/ 1 protrude 2 stick out 3 bulge out 4 appear remarkably
-menonjolkan: v /tr/ 1 protrude 2 stick out 3 accentuate 4 feature 5 highlight

tonjol2; menonjol2: adj /frm/lu/ 1 remarkable 2 outstanding 3 extraordinary 4 phenomenal 5 notable 6 exceptional 7 prominent 8 distinguished 9 conspicuous 10 protruding.
-bertonjol-tonjol: adj bumpy

tonjol3;: tonjolan: n /frm/lu/ 1 protrusion 2 bump (on the skin) 3 bulge 4 prominence  4 exceptionality 5 remarkableness 6 notability 7 conspicuousness

tonton; (me)nonton: v /frm/lu/ 1 watch, see (for entertainment) Mereka sedang pergi menonton pertandingan sepakbola They are going to watch a football match  2 go (to see a movie) Mari kita menonton bioskop. Let’s go to see a movie
-mempertontonkan: v 1 show 2 exhibit 3 play 4 perform 5 demonstrate
-penonton: n 1 spectator 3 audience 3 viewer 4 onlooker
-tontonan: n 1 show 2 performance 3 entertainment 4 spectacle.

top1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 superlative sebuah lagu top a superlative song 2 the most popular bintang film top a most popular film star
-ngetop: v be on top. Dengan mendadak dia ngetop All of a sudden he was at the top.

top2: n /frm/ game of chance.
-petop: n gambling place.

topan: n /frm/lu/ typhoon, hurricane.

topang1; menopang: v /intr/frm/lu/ 1 prop, support  |to support something or keep it in a particular position| Dia menopang pagar itu dengan potongan-potongan bambu He propped the fence with pieces of bamboo. 2 shore up Dana segar dibutuhkan menopang bank yang jatuh itu. Fresh money is needed to shore up the failing bank.
-bertopang: v 1 be supported 2 lean (on) Dia bertopang pada dinding He lean on the wall
-menopangkan: v /tr/ Dia menopangkan sepedanya pada sebatang pohon. He propped his bike against a tree.
-ditopang: v be propped.  Gerbang itu di topang dengan pilar beton. The gate had been propped with concrete bars.

topang2; bertopang1: v /frm/lu/ 1 contradict against (sth) Sarannya bertopang dengan pendapat temannya His suggestion contradicted against his friend’s idea 2 conflict with (sth) Proposal itu bertopang dengan rancangan besar program. The proposal conflicts with the grand design of the program.
-pertopangan: n 1 contradiction. 2 conflict, dispute.

topas: n /frm/ topaz.

topekong: variant of tepekong:

topeng: n /frm/lu/ mask.
-bertopeng: v 1 have or wear a mask 2 pretend to be, cover up. Dengan bertopeng sebagai pengusaha berhasil. dia mengajukan pinjaman ke bank By pretending to be a successful business person, he propose a loan from the bank 3 mask, hide. disguise  Penampilan yang seram hanya bertopeng kosmetik The horrible appearance was barely masked by cosmetics
-mempertopengkan: v 1 use sth as a mask or camouflage 2 use sth as a cover mask

topi: n /frm/lu/ 1 hat 2 helmet
-bertopi: v wear a hat
-topi baja: n steel helmet.
-topi gabus: n pith helmet.
-topi jaksi: n Panama hat.
-topi  keselamatan: n safety helmet.
-topi rumput/tikar: n straw hat..

topic: n /frm/lu/ topic.
-bertopik: v take a topic

toples1: n /frm/lu/ topless, bare-breasted.

toples2: see stoples:

topografi: n topography.

toreh; toreh kayu: n /frm/lu/ woodcut.
-menoreh: v 1 make a shallow cut. 2 slit open. menoreh sampul slit open envelope.
-torehan: n 1 notch, incision. 2 slit.
-penoreh: n 1 scoring or slitting tool. 2 sb who taps rubber.
-penorehan: n process of rubber tapping.

torpedir; mentorpedir: v /frm/lu/ torpedo

torpedo; men(t)orpedo: v /frm/lu/ torpedo

tortor: n /ld/ Batak dance.

tosera; toserba {toko serba ada}: n /frm/lu/ department store.

total1: n /frm/lu/ 1 total. 2 sum amount 3 final amount.
-me(t)otal: v sum up

total2: adv /frm/lu/ 1 completely 2 totally Rumah itu hancur total The house was totally damaged  Makanan sudah habis total The food has completely gone.
-ketotalan: n totality.

totalisator: n /frm/1 sweepstakes. 2 soccer pool.

totalitas: n /frm/ totality.

totaliter: adj /frm/lu/ totalitarian |based on a political system in which people are completely controlled by the government|

totalitarisme: n /frm/lu/ totalitarianism.

toto: n /frm/lu/ lottery.

totok1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 full-blooded. Belanda totok a full-blooded Dutch  2 newcomer. Saya masih totok di sini I am a newcomer here.

totok2: variant of tutuk:

totokromo: n /frm/lu/ proper conduct, etiquette.

totol: adj /Jkt/ freckled
-mentotolkan: v cause sth to splatter Seperti pupur yang ditotolkan Like face powder splattered all over.

tour: variant of tur:

tur of duti: n /frm/lu/ tour of duty
-menturofdutikan: v transfer sb to another post.

towel: v /Jkt/ touch slightly with finger.

toyor; mentoyor: v /Jkt/ hit, punch.

t.p. {tanpa penerbit}: adv /wrt/ no indication of publisher (in bibliographies, etc.).

TPS {Tempat Pemungutan Suara}: n polling place.

tradisi: n /frm/lu/ tradition.

tradisionil; tradisional: adj /frm/lu/ traditional.

trafo: n /frm/lu/ 1 neon-light transformer. 2 voltage regulator.

tragedi: n /frm/lu/ tragedy.

tragik: n /frm/lu/ tragedy.

tragis: adj /frm/lu/ tragic.

traktat: n /frm/lu/ treaty.

traktir; mentraktir: v /frm/lu/ treat sb. Dia mentraktir saya makan siang direstoran He treated me to have lunch at a restaurant!

traktor: n /frm/lu/ tractor. traktor tangan hand-operated tractor
-mentraktor: v do work with a tractor.

traktorisasi: n /frm/lu/program to popularize the use of tractors in agricultural production.

trail; trails: variant of terali:

trampil; adj /frm/lu/ skilled, competent.
-ketrampilan: n 1 skill 2 expertise 3 competence 4 know how.
-mentrampilkan: v train sb to be competent. Perusahaan melatih dia supaya menjadi trampil dalam menangani pemasaran. The company train him to be competent in handling marketing.

transaksi: n /frm/lu/ transaction, deal.

transdisiplin, transdisipliner: n /frm/lu/ cross-disciplinary.

transenden: adj /frm/lu/ transcendent.

transcendental: adj /frm/lu/ transcendental.

transfer: n /frm/lu/ transfer.
-mentransfer: v transfer sth.

transfigurasi: n /frm/lu/ transfiguration.

transformasi: n /frm/lu/ transformation.
-mentransformasikan: v transform.

transformator: n /frm/lu/ transformer.

transfusi: n /frm/lu/ transfusion.

transisi: n /frm/lu/ transition.

transistor: n /frm/lu/ transistor.

transito: n /frm/lu/ transit. pelabuhan transit transit harbor.

transkrip: n /frm/lu/ transcript.

transkripsi: n /frm/lu/ transcription.
-mentranskripsikan: v transcribe.
-pentranskripsian: n the process of transcribing.

transliterasi: n /frm/lu/ transliteration.
-mentransiliterasikan: v trans­literate.

transmigran: n /frm/lu/ who has been resettled in another region.

transmigrasi: n /frm/lu/ a system of resettling inhabitants of overpopulated islands to less populated regions.
-transmigrasi musiman: n seasonal relocation.
-transmigrasi swakarsa: n spontane­ous relocation.
-mentransmigrasikan: v resettle sb
-ketransmigrasian: n mat­ters pertaining to organized resettlement.
-pentransmigrasian: an process of relocating sb.

transmisi: n /frm/lu/ transmission.

transmutasi: n /tech/ transmutation.
-mentransmutasikan: v transmute. |to change from one shape or form to other shape or form|

transparan: adj /frm/lu/ 1 transparent.
-ketransparanan: n transparency.

transparansi: n /frm/lu/ transparency.

transplantasi: n /frm/lu/ transplantation.

transport: n /frm/lu/ transportation.

transportasi: n /frm/lu/ transportation.

trap1: n /frm/lu/ stairs.

trap2: variant of terap:

trapezium: n /math/ trapezoid.

trapo: variant of trafo:

trase: n /frm/ 1 (ground) plan. 2 path.
-mentrase: v trace.
-pentrasean: n tracing.

trasi: variant of terasi:

trasir; mentrasir: v /frm/ trace.

tratak: variant of teratak:

trayek: n /frm/lu/ 1 designated route for public transporta­tion. 2 license to operate a public.  transportation vehicle on that route. 3 section.
-bertrayek: v 1 posses such license 2 operate on a certain route.

treak: variant of teriak:

trek1: n /frm/lu/ 1 passing a ball from a player to another player 2 movement of a group of people from a place to new place 3 race field (of car)
-mengetrek: v pass the ball toward the opponent goal gate

trek2: trek-trekan: v /frm/lu/ 1 drive a vehicle very fast 2 race in public road

treker: n /frm/lu/ trigger

trekpen: n /frm/lu/ technical design pen.

trek sando: n /sport/ arm-stretcher.

trem: n /frm/lu/ streetcar, tram.

trematoda: n /frm/lu/ tapeworm

trembesi: n /frm/lu/ tree |the wood of which is very hard – Pipturus nicanus|

tremer: n /ld/ a ship mechanic

tremor: n /frm/lu/ tremor

tremos: variant of termos:

trend: n /frm/lu/ the last style

trendi: adj /frm/lu/ stylistic

trenggiling: variant of tenggiling:

trengginas: n /frm/ swift, quick-moving.

treningspak: n /frm/lu/ athlete’s sweat-suit, tracksuit.

tri-: pref. /frm/lu/ three-, used in some compounds.

TRI2 {Tentara Rakyat Indonesia}: n Indonesian Peo­ple’s Army (1945-50).

triangulasi: n /tech./ triangulation.

trias politika: n /frm/ Montesquieu’s threefold division of political authority: the legislative, judicial, and executive powers.

tribulan: n /frm/lu/ quarterly (a three-month period)

tribunal: n /frm/lu/ court of justice

tribun; tribune: n /frm/lu/ 1 stand (part of stadium). 2 reviewing stand (for officials).
-tribun ter­buka: n bleachers, open stands.

tribut plonco: see atribut:

trica(k): n three-wheeled pedicab.

tridasawarsa: n 30th anniversary.

Tridharma: n /frm/ 1 religious sect incorporating the three streams of Chinese religion-ethical principals: Taoism, Confucianism, Buddhism. 2 the three responsibilities of institute of higher education: research, teaching, and social service.

trigarta: n /frm/ 1 three points of view 2 three reality.

trigemius: adj /ltr/ triple

trigonometri: n /math/ mathematical method related to angle measurement.

trigu: variant of terigu:

trik: n /lu/ trick.

trikembar: n /lu/ triplet.

Trikora {Tri Komando Rakyat}: n Three People’s Order (a political slogan for mobili­zation of the people in order to wrest West New Guinea from Dutch (pre-1963).

trikotomi: n /frm/ grouping into three segments

trilogi: n /frm/ trilogy.

trilyun: n /lu/ quintillion.

trima: variant of terima:

trimurti: n /lu/ the oneness of the three Hindu gods, Brahma, Vishnu, and Siva.

trinitas: n /lu/ trinity |the oneness of the Creator God, the Saviour Jesus, an the Holy Spirit|

trio: n trio.

trip: n /lu/ trip, journey.

triplek; n /lu/ plywood.

trisila: n /lu/ threefold. sumpah trisila threefold oath.

trisilabis: n /frm/ tri-syllabic.

trisula: n /frm/ trident, a three-pronged spear.

tritugas: n /frm/ three functions.      I

tritunggal: n /frm/lu/ 1 trinity 2 tripartite, triumvirate.

Tritura {Tri Tuntutan Rakyat}: n political slogan of 1960s, the People’s Three Demands: Banning the Indonesian Communist party, Purging communist elements from the cabinet, Lowering prices of basic commodities.

triunsur: n /frm/ three management functions in a single unit of a task (planning, implementation, supervision)

triwarsa: n /frm/ three years.

triwindu: /frm/ 24 years.

triwulan: see tribulan:

trm: {transmigrasi}: n resettlement program.

troll: v /frm/lu/ trawl
-kapal troll: n trawler.

trombon: n /frm/ trombone.

trombosa: n /frm/lu/ thrombosis.

tromel: n /frm/lu/ metal lunch-box.

tromol pos: n /frm/lu/ postal box. (p.o.box)

trompet: n /frm/lu/ 1 trumpet, esp. of European origin 2 automobile horn 3 speaker,  propagator Saluran TV ini adalah trompet sebuah partai politk. This TV channel is a speaker of a political party.
-men(t)rompetkan: v 1 trumpet out sth (a song, etc.) 2 propagate, publicize |to tell as many people as you can about something you think is important or are proud of|

trompetis: n /frm/lu/ trumpet player.

trotoar; trotoir: n /frm/lu/ sidewalk.

truck: n /frm/lu/ truck
-bertruck-truk: adv a number of truckload.

Ts: {teman sejawat}: n /wrt/ colleague (used in professional correspondence by doctors). Kepada: Ts Dr. Febri To: My colleague Dr. Febri

tsb: {tersebut}: adv /wrt/ mentioned-above.

TSP: n /lu/ phosphorous chemical fertilizer.

tst: {tahu sama tahu}: n /lu/ unspoken agreement between two persons participating in a mutually advanta­geous, often illegal deal.

tt1: {tertanda}: v /wrt/ signed by

tt.2: {tertanggal}: v /wrt/ dated.

tt.3: {tanpa tahun}: adj /wrt/ no year of publication (in bibli­ographies, etc.)

TT {Timur Tengah}: n /wrt/ Middle East.

ttd:. {tertanda}: v /wrt signed.

ttg:1: {tentang}: prep. /wrt/ about, concerning

ttg.2: {tertanggal}: adj /wrt/ dated.

tth: {tanpa tahun}: adj /wrt/ no year of publication (in biblio­graphies, etc.).

TTS: {Teka Teki Silang}: n crossword puzzle.

ttt. {tanpa tahun terbitan}: adj no date of publication (in bibliographies, etc.).

TU {Tata Usaha}: n /frm//lu/ administration.

tua: adj /frm/lu/ 1 old |having been used a lot| sepasang sepatu an old pair of shoes b)  |having a particular age| Saya sudah tua sekarang , tidak muda lagi. I’m old now, not young anymore. 2 older Dia saudara tua saya He is my older brother. 3  dilapidated |old, broken, and in very bad condition| rumah yang sudah sangat tua. a dilapidated old house 4 mature |fully grown or developed| Daging hewan tua biasanya keras Meat from mature animals is often tough. Buah apel ini sudah cukup tua untuk dipanen. This apple has been mature enough to be harvested Ramos sudah cukup tua untuk menikah. Ramos has been mature enough to marry. 5 ripe Apa mangga itu sudah tua? Has the mango been ripe? 6 pure Saya tidak senang mas tua untuk cincin, terlalu lembek. I don’t like pure gold for a ring, it’s too flexible. 7 dark merah tua dark red hijau tua dark green
-lebih tua: adj older Dia jauh lebih tua dari saya She is a lot older that I
-menua: v 1 become old 2 ripen 3 mature.
-menuakan: v 1 ripen 2 make sb/sth older 3 admire sb as a senior 4 make (gold) purer  5 let (the color) darker.
-mertua: n parents in law.
-penuaan: n aging
-ketua: n chairman.
-ketuaan1: adj too old.
-ketuaan2: n 1 oldness 2 maturity 3 seniority
-penetua; tetua: n 1 elders 2 seniority
-tertua; paling tua: adj the oldest Nadine adalah anak tertua Nadine is the oldest children in this family.
-setua: adj as old as Dia setua kamu She is as old as you .

tuah: n /frm/lu/ 1 good luck, good fortune 2 magic power. 3 respect, honor, prestige. Tuah seorang pahlawan datang sesudah mati A hero’s prestige increases after his death.
-bertuah: v 1 be lucky 2 be fortunate. Dia bertuah dapat isteri yang setia. He was lucky to have a loyal wife  2 bring good luck. Sebagian orang yakin bahwa pemilikan batu permata tertentu dapat bertuah. Some people believe that the ownership of particular precious stone would bring lucky.
-ketuahan: n 1 supernatural power 2 lucky fortunate.

tuai: n /frm/lu/ crescent-shaped reaping knife that fits in the palm of the hand usually used to cut rice stalk at harvesting time.
-menuai: v 1 harvest rice by cutting each stalk individually close to the ear with such a reaping knife. 2 reap. Yang membeli itu kelak  yang menuai The buyer is the one who reaps later on.
-penuai: n 1 rice harvest knife. 2 sb who reaps or gathers in a harvest. perempuan penuai lada a woman who harvests pepper.
-penuaian: n harvesting of rice.
-/prov./: Siapa menabur angin akan menuai badai Who spread negative propaganda will harvest a chaos (ltr. Who blow wind will harvest tornado)

tuak: n /frm/lu/ fermented palm wine, esp. of sugar or coconut palm.
-tuak keras: n strongly alcoholic palm wine.
-tuak manis: n slightly alcoholic palm wine.

tual: n /frm/lu/ block of wood.
-bertual-tual: v be cut up into blocks.

tuala: n /ld/ towel.

tualang; bertualang: v /int/frm/lu/ fly about (of bees, etc.) 2 keep moving without per­manent residence. 3 wander, roam around |to walk or travel for a long time with no clear purpose| 4 cruise |to move around without going to any particular place| 5 engage in an adventure
-petualang: n 1 wanderer 2 sb who roams a large place 3 adventurer 4 cruiser
-petualangan: n 1 adventure |an exciting experience, in which dangerous or unusual things happen, or the act of having these experiences| 2 wandering around 3 cruise

tuan: n /frm/lu/ 1 Mr. |term of reference and address for western and (occasionally) Westernized adult males| Tuan Ali Mr. Ali. Apa tuan panggil saya? Did you call me sir?  2 employer Tuan dan pekerjanya sedang merundingkan kenaikan upah. The employer is discussing the raise of the wage  3 master, owner Siapa tuan anjing ini? Who is the master of this dog? .4 tuan rumah: host Indonesia akan menjadi tuan rumah Konperensi Kelautan Internasional Indonesia will be the host of the International Ocean Conference 5 boss, leader, important person  Dialah tuan besar disini He is the big boss here. 6 tuan puteri: princes 7 tuan tanah: n land lord.
-bertuan: v 1 have the boss  2 be owned Tanah ini tidak bertuan This land isn’t owned by sb 3 act as a boss Semeninggal ayahnya ia bertuan di rumahnya After he death of his father he acted as boss at home. 4 have the master.
-bertuankan: v have sb as a master. Anjing itu bertuan orang buta. The dog has a blind as a master.
-dipertuan: n noble address similar to His Majesty Yang Dipertuan Agung (the ruling king in Malaysia)
-dipertuankan: 1 be respected. Dia dipertuankan oleh anak buahnya He was respected by his crew.
-pertuanan: n 1 sovereignty, suzerainty
-ketuan-tuanan1: v act like a master, make a pretence at being a tuan. Ah, kamu pelayan saja berlagak ketuan-tuanan. All you are is a waiter, why do you act like a boss.
-ketuan-tuanan2: adj bossy
-tuan ­tanah: n 1 landlord, landowner 2 ruling class, upper class. 3 ruler.

tuang; menuang: v /int/tr/frm/lu/ 1 pour. menuang kopi ke cang­kir pour coffee into a cup. 2 mold |to shape a solid substance by pressing or rolling it or by putting it into a mold| bentuk manusia dituang dari tanah liat a figure of a man molded out of clay.
-menuangkan: v /tr/ 1 pour (sth) 2 cause to pour forth. 3 include (sth in a written document)
-tertuang: v 1 be poured 2 be included or written Jadwal penyerahan telah tertuang dalam kontrak. The delivery schedule was included (written) in the contract.
-tuangan1: n cast, mold |a hollow container that you pour liquid into, so that when the liquid becomes solid, it takes the shape of the container| tuangan lilin berbentuk bintang a candle mold shaped like a star tuangan besi iron cast.
-penuangan: n 1 casting 2 molding
-tuangan2: adj 1 cast Ini patung tuangan This is cast statue (shaped by casting, not by carving.

tuan hamba: n /ltr/ you, very respectful and servile.

tuanku: n /ltr/ n 1 my master or boss 2 title of royalty Tuanku Imam Bonjol Prince Imam Bonjol.

tuas: n /lu/ lever.
-menuas: v lever sth up.

tuba: n /frm/lu/ 1 plants from which a stupefying drug is obtained. 2 stupefying drug used in fish­ing.
-tuba tikus: n arsenic.
-menuba: v spread this poison somewhere to catch fish. menuba kolam spread fish poison in a pond.
-menubai: v poison fish, etc. with such a poison .
-/prov./ Tuba dibalas dengan susu Returning good for evil. (If sb give stupefying substance give milk in return).

tubagus: n /ld/ title of a nobility in Banten, West Java.

tuberculosa: n /frm/ tuberculosis.

tubi; bertubi-tubi: adv /frm/lu/ repeatedly. Tembakan bertubi-tubi The continuous shots. Abu ditanyai secara bertubi-tubi They questioned Abu over and over again.
-mentubi: v 1 keep at sth 2 repeat. Dia mentubi per­tanyaan sama He repeated the same question.
-mempertubi-tubi: v frequent Dia mempertubi-tubi pukulannya He frequented his punches

tubruk1; tubrukan: n /frm/lu/ 1 lunge 2 slamming action 3 collision.
-bertubrukan: v collide one after the other Mobil itu bertubrukan dengan truk The car collided with a truck.
-menubruk: v /tr/ 1 lunge at sb/sth Seorang pemain penyerang sepakbola itu menubruk penjaga gawang  dengan sangat keras sehingga dia di hukum dengan kartu merah One of the football striker severely lunged a goal keeper and he get a red card 2 collide with, run into. Hati-hati, nanti kita akan menubruk orang Be careful, or we will crash into somebody. 3 run over, hit sb/sth
-penubrukan: n colliding, crashing, striking.
-tubrukan: n 1 collision 2 crash  3 lunge

tubruk2: see kopi:

tubuh: n /frm/lu/ 1 body a) |the physical structure of a person or animal| tubuh yang sehat dan kuat a strong healthy body b) |the main part of a person or animal’s body, not including the head, arms, legs or wings: a short body and long legs| c) batang tubuh: |the main, central, or most important part of something|  batang tubuh laporan the body of the report batang tubuh UUD the main part of the Constitution 2 physical part of a human Tubuh dan roh saya adalah ciptaan Tuhan My physical body and soul are created by God. 3 structure a) |a group of people who work together for a particular purpose| tubuh pengurus organisasi the governing structure of the organisation b) |the main part of a building or other construction| tubuh bangunan yang kokoh a strong structure of a building
-bertubuh: v be (…) build Dia gadis bertubuh langsing dan lincah She is a slender-built girl. Pria bertubuh bagus The man who is well built
-bersetubuh: v 1 make love 2 having intercourse.
-menyetubuhi: v copulate.
-mentubuhkan: n 1 realize 2 materialize 3 bring to physical form
-persetubuhan: n 1 intercourse 2 copulation

tuding1: adj /frm/lu/ sloping at an angle.
-menudingkan: v make sth slant.

tuding2; menuding: v /frm/lu/ 1 point (sth with index finger) 2 accuse
-menudingkan: v use (sth) to point at (sth)
-tudingan: n 1 accusation 2 blame Tudingan kamu tidak ada bukti sama sekali. Your accusation has no proof at all.

tuduh; menuduh: v /frm/lu/ accuse.
-menuduhkan: v /tr/ accuse sth Mereka menuduhkan perselingkuhan pada saya They accused me of sex scandal.
-penuduh: n 1 accuser 2 claimer 3 plaintiff
-penuduhan: n accusation
-saling tuduh: v mutually recriminate
-terduduh: n accused (person)
-tuduhan: n 1 accusation 2 blame 3 charge 4 claim

tudung: n /frm/lu/ 1 veil, cover 2 sun hat.
-bertudung: v 1 be covered. 2 use a veil.
-bertudungkan: v covered with.
-tudung daun pisang: n banana leaf cover
-menudungi: v cover sth up carefully, shade sth Keranda mayat itu ditudungi dengan payung The coffin was shaded by an umbrella.
-menudungkan: v use sth for a cover or shade. menudungkan kain putih pada meja put a white cloth over the table. Dia menudungkan tapak tangannya mena­han silau matahari He used his palms to deflect the sun’s rays.
-penudung: n cover
-penudungan: n covermg.
-tudung lampu: n lampshade.
-tudung lingkup: n veil used by some moslem women.
-tudung muka: n veil.
-tudung saji: n movable cone-shaped cover for food.
-tertudung: v /pass. v/ be covered.

tugal: n /frm/lu/ dibble |a pointed gardening tool used to make a hole or to open a hard skin of fruit|
-menugal: v dibble 1 |to make a hole by stabbing this tool in order to sow seeds| 2 to make a hole on the ground with such tool.
-menugalkan: v use a dibble to sow seeds in this way. Benih-benih ini sudah dapat ditugalkan This seeds has been appropriate to be planted by preparing a place with a dibble.
-tugalan: n a hole made by dibble
-padi tugalan: n rice planted by dibbling.

tugas: n /frm/lu/ 1 duty 2 task 3 function 4 order 5 work, job 6 assignment 7 business
-bertugas: v 1 be on duty Dia sedang tugas sekarang He is on duty right now 2 do the task, business He is going for a business Dia sedang pergi tugas 3 work Saya bertugas mengawasi anak-anak itu I worked to watch the children.
-menugaskan: v 1 assign Guru menugaskan siswa menulis karangan sebanyak sepuluh halaman. The teacher assign the students to write a ten-page essay 2 order Komandan menugaskan dua tentara mempatroli kamp. The commandant ordered two soldiers to patrol the camp
-penugasan: n /lu/ 1 assignment Penugasan apa yang diberi bos kepada kamu? What kind of assignment the boss gave you?
-petugas: n 1 workers Kami adalah petugas kesehatan We are health workers 2 officer Kami adalah petugas jaga We are security officer on duty 3 functionary Siapa petugas perbekalan? Who is the functionary of the provision? 2 attendant Is she the parking attendance Apa dia petugas parkir?

tugu: n /frm/lu/ 1 post, column, pillar 2 monument.
-tugu peringatan: n memorial monument.

Tuhan: n /frm/lu/ God. Tuhan Allah God Almighty
-ber Tuhan1: v 1follow a religion 2 believe in God.
-ber Tuhan2: adj religious Mereka adalah orang-orang ber-Tuhan They are religious people
-ber Tuhankan: v be believed in Mereka ber Tuhankan tahyul They believe in mysticism
-ketuhanan: n 1 believing in God 2 divinity 3 deity

tuil: n /inf/lu/ lever.
-men(t)uil: v lever sth up.

tuju1; tujuan: n /frm/lu/ 1 objective, purpose, goal, aim, target |something that you are working hard to achieve|  Tujuan utama program adalah meningkatkan pengetahuan masyarakat tentang bahaya penyalah gunaan narkoba The program’s main objective is to increase the people’s knowledge on the danger of drug abuse. 2 journey’s end, direction destination Bali adalah salah satu tujuan wisata paling terkenal di Indonesia. Bali is one of the most popular turist destination in Indonesia.
-bertujuan: v 1 aim at |to plan or intend to achieve something|  Program itu bertujuan menciptakan lebih banyak lapangan kerja. The program aimed at creating more jobs | Kami bertujuan lulus seleksi pekerja. We aim to qualify the selection of the workers. 2 head for Pesawat ini bertujuan ke Singapore This airplane is heading for Singapore 3 mean to  Saya tidak bertujuan menyakiti perasaan kamu. I don’t mean to hurt your feeling
-ditujukan: v 1 targeted at 2 pointed at |to try to make something have an effect on a limited group or area|  Program peningkatan kesejahteraan ditujukan pada pengangguran. Welfare programs targeted at the unemployed people. 3 be directed to  Kritik itu ditujukan kepada gubernur. The critique was directed to the governor 4 address Pesan ini ditujukan kepada pemuda. This messages is addressed to the youth
-menuju: v go in direction of Dia pergi keluar negeri menuju ke Paris. They went abroad in direction of Paris
-menujukan: v direct to Saya tahu dia menujukan sindirannya pada saya. I know that she directed her jibs at me
-setujuan: adv of the same purpose

tuju2; setuju: v /frm/lu/ agree (with) Saya setuju dengan usulan kamu itu I agree with your proposal
-menyetujui: v /tr/ 1 agree (with) 2 approve Bos telah menyetujui rencana itu. The boss has approved the plan 3 ratify |to make a written agreement official by signing it| Kedua Negara telah meyetujui perjanjian itu Both nations have ratified the treaty. 3 consent Apa guru telah menyetujui pesta sekolah itu? Has the teacher consented the school party? 4 support Tidak satupun dari kami menyetujui gagasan dia itu. No one of us supported her idea.
-persetujuan: n 1 agreement, treaty 2 ratification, support 3 permission 4 approval, consent |to give your permission for something to happen| Ayah tidak akan pernah memberi persetujuan terhadap perkawinan Jenny dan Tom Father will never give consent to Jenny’s marrying Tom.

tujuh: num. 7 (seven);  tujuh belas seventeen  (17) tujuh puluh seventy (70) ketujuh seventieth (7th) sepertujuh one seventh (1/7)
-bertujuh: v be in a group of seven
-menujuh bulani: v solemnize the 7th month of pregnancy.
-menujuh hari: v commemorate the 7th day of the death of a family’s member.
-/idiom/ tujuh keliling: severe dizzy spills (lit., dizzy seven times over).

tukal: n /of/ a unit of length measurement for thread equivalent to 16 rian.

tukang: n /frm/lu/ 1 skilled worker or craftsman 2 the word that indicate the profession, character, etc of sb.
-bertukang: v work on sth that is need a skill.
-menukangi: v 1 fix |to repair something that is broken or not working| Apa kamu mengenal seseorang yang dapat menukangi mesin cuci? Do you know anyone who can fix the washing machine? 2 make sth Dia punya keahlian menukangi lemari kayu. He has a skill to make a wooden cupboard.
-pertukangan: n 1 workshop 2 craftsmanship 3 trade |a particular job, especially one in which you work with your hands| 3 handwork 4 handcraft 5 matter related to skill-needed work.
-tukang bohong: n liar.
-tukang besi: n blacksmith.
-tukang copet: n pickpocket.
-tukang catut: n ticket scalper.
-tukang gigi: n dentist.
-tukang jahit: tailor.
-tukang kayu: n carpenter.
-tukang kebun: n janitor.
-tukang leding: n plumber.
-tukang loak: n thrift shop.
-tukang mabuk: n drunk.
-tukang potong: n butcher
-tukang sayur: n vegetable vendor.
-tukang sulap: n magician, conjurer.
-tukang sunat: n circumciser.
-tukang tadah: n buyer of stolen things.

tukar; bertukar: v /int/tr/frm/lu/ 1 change |to become different, or to make someone or something become different| Pada musim gugur, daunnya bertukar dari hijau menjadi keemasan. In the fall, its leaves change from green to gold. 2 share Kita perlu bertukar pikiran We need opinion sharing.
-bertukar-tukar: v /intr/tr/ alternate Suhu terus bertukar-tukar dari panas ke dingin The temperature keeps alternate from hot to cold.
-menukar-nukar(kan): v /tr/ alternate |to do or use first one thing and then the other| Dia selalu menukar-nukar warna tasnya. She always alternate the color of her purse.
-menukar: v /tr/ 1 change Ada rencana menukar sistim pemungutan suara. There are plans to change the voting system. 2 replace |to buy something that is newer or better in order to use it instead of something that is old or broken|  VCR kami sudah tidak bagus lagi, sehingga kami ingin menukar dengan yang baru. Our VCR (Video Camera Recording) isn’t working, so we want to replace it with a new one. 3 barter |to exchange goods, work, or services for other goods or services instead of money| Sebagian suku Kubu masih menukarkan barang-barangnya dengan kebutuhannya sehari-hari.Some people of Kubu tribe still barter their goods for their daily needs. 4 substitute |to use something new or different instead of something else| Anda boleh menukar mentega dengan minyak kelapa dalam resep ini. You can substitute butter with coconut oil in this recipe. 5 switch a) |to change from doing or using one thing to doing or using something else| Dia belajar biologi sebelum menukarnya ke hukum He studied biology before switching (over) to law. Ada badai, mari kita menukar haluan There is a bad storm, let’s switch the direction. b) |to replace someone or something with a different person or object|  Kita perlu menukar beberapa staff dari bagian produksi ke bagian pemasaran. We need to switch some staff from production division to marketing division. 6 convert |to change or make something change from one form, system, or purpose to another|  Kita akan menukar garasi menjadi bengkel. We’re going to convert the garage into a workshop.
-menukarkan: v /tr/ 1 exchange |to give something to someone who gives you something else| Sepatu ini terlalu kecil, boleh saya tukarkan dengan yang lebih besar? These shoes are too small. Can I exchange it for a bigger one?
-pertukaran: n 1 substitution 2 replacement 3 alternation 4 barter 5 exchange 6 conversion
-penukaran: n 1 substituting 2 replacing 3 alternating 4 bartering 5 changing. 6 converting
-penukar: n changer penukar uang money changer
-tukar cin-cin: v exchange rings.

tukas; menukas: v /frm/lu/ 1 cast aspersion |to argue that someone is not right or sth is not good| “Dia tidak baik seperti kamu katakan” tukas Sam. “She is not a nice person as you said” Sam cast aspersion. 2 accusingly snap. “Kamu yang memecahkan piala saya, kan?” Dia berkata menukas saya.  “You were who broke my trophy, weren’t you?” He accusingly snapped at me
-tukasan: n 1 false accusation 2 slander.

tukas2; bertukas-tukas: adv /frm/lu/ repeatedly cast aspersion .
-menukas-nukas: v snap repeatedly

tukas3: menukas: v /frm/lu/ 1 interrupt |to stop someone from speaking by suddenly saying or doing something|  Maaf, saya tidak bermaksud menukas kamu, tapi saya ingin anda mengulangi lagi. I’m sorry, I didn’t mean to interrupt you, but I want you to repeat again.   Kami baru mengucapkan beberapa kata ketika Brian menukas. We’d only said a few words when Brian interrupted 2 suddenly counter, say in rejection “’Aku akan  belikan kamu boneka” “Aku tidak mau” tukas Sally “I’ll buy you a toy” “I don’t want it” Selly countered

tukas4: n /ld/ rattan.

tukik1; menukik1: v /frm/dive. Pesawat itu menukik lalu memuntahkan peluru The plane dived, then shot the gun.
-menukiki: v dive at Tiba-tiba elang itu menukiki mangsanya. Suddenly the eagle dived at its prey.

tukik2: n /ld/ 1 notch 2 nick 3 indentation.
-menukik2: v make a notch.

tukik3: n /ld/ woodpecker.

tukul; penukul: n /ld/ hammer.
-tukul kayu: n mallet.
-menukul: v hammer.

tulang: n /frm/lu/ bone |the hard parts that form the frame of a human or animal body| patah tulang pada tangannya a broken bone in his arm.
-bertulang: adj bony.
-menulang: v become bone.
-menulangi: v debone |to take out the bone of meat or fish|
-menusuk tulang: v be chilled/frozen to the bone to be extremely cold.
-tertulang: v feel to the marrow.
-tulang air mata: n lachrymal.
-tulang bahu: n shoulder blade.
-tulang baji: n sphenoid.
-tulang belakang: n spine, backbone.
-tulang beton: n metal frame inside a concrete.
-tulang belulang: n skeleton.
-tulang bercagak: n cheekbone.
-tulang buhu jari: n knuckle bone.
-tulang daun: n veins of a leaf.
-tulang halus: n lachrymal.
-tulang kerangkang: n sacrum.
-tulang kering: n shin­bone.
-tulang ketul: n cartilage.
-tulang punggung: n spinal column.
-tulang selangka: n collarbone.
-tulang senak: n clavicle, collarbone.
-tulang sendi: n joint.
-tulang sumsum: n marrow.
-tulang tungging: n coccyx.
-tulang tunjang: n leg bone of fowls.

tular; menular1: v /frm/lu/ 1 transmit Penyakit itu menular dari hewan ke manusia. That disease transmitted from animal to human 2 spread. Pemogokan itu menular ke seluruh negeri The strike spread over the entire nation. 3 infect Penyakit mata kamu menular ke saya. Your eyes disease has infected me.
-penular: n 1 infector 2 infecting agent.
-penularan: n 1 transmission 2 contagiousness 3 spread 4 infection.

tular2: menular: adj /frm/lu/ contagious Apa penyakitnya itu menular? Is her disease contagious? H1N1 atau flu babi adalah penyakit menular H1N1 or swine flue is a contagious disease

tulen: adj /frm/lu/ pure, genuine. mas tulen pure gold. Dia adalah orang Surabaya tulen He is a real Surabayan.
-ketulenan: n 1 authenticity 2 gen­uineness 3 originality.

tuli: adj /frm/lu/ deaf 1 |unable to hear|  Apa dia tuli? Is she deaf? 2 deaf to sth |unwilling to listen to someone or sth| Penjaga itu pura-pura tidak mendengar ketika saya menanya satu alamat. The guards pretended to be deaf when I asked him an address
-ketulian: n deafness

tulis1; menulis: v /int/tr/frm/lu/ 1 write Dia sedang menulis sebuah novel baru She is writing a new novel. 2 put  |to write or print something in a particular place| Tulis nama anda di atas kertas jawaban anda. Put your name at the top of your answer sheet. 3 put (down) Saya menulis alamat itu di buku catatan. I put down the address on a note book. 4 send (a letter) Saya menulis surat kepada dia sekali sebulan. I send her a letter once a month 5 memorize Saya sudah menulisnya di otak saya. I’ve memorize it. 3 inscribe Nenek moyang kami menuliskan resep itu di atas kulit kayu. Our ancestor inscribed the remedy on a wood skin 3 doodle Anak anak! Jangan menulis di dinding Kids! Don’t doodling on the wall. 4 jot (sth down) |to write something quickly| Biar saya tuliskan nomer telephone kamu Let me just jot down your phone number.
-penulis: n writer.
-penulisan: n writing.
-tertulis: v be written.

tulis2: tulisan: n /frm/lu/ 1 letter, alphabet Apa dulu kamu belajar tulisan Arab? Did you learn Arabic alphabet? 2 inscription Ada tulisan kuno pada batu itu There is ancient inscription on that stone 3 writing Saya tidak bisa membaca tulisan kamu I can’t read your writing
-penulis cepat: n stenographer.
-penulisan ulang: n rewriting
-tulisan tangan: n handwriting

tulus: adj /frm/lu/ 1 honest 2 sincere. tulus ikhlas honest and straight­ forward.
-ketulusan: n honesty, sincerity, integrity.
-setulus-tulusnya: adj as honest as possible.

tumbal: n 1 /jkt/ ) 1 protection |sth used to prevent disease or misfortune that is prepared supernaturally| Sesaji kepala kerbau itu sebagai tumbal bagi roh-roh di sekitarnya The head of the buffalo is an offering as a pacifying gift for the surrounding spirits. 2 protective agent. Rakyat dijadikan tumbal pembangu­nan The people become the protective guaran­tee of the development. Ayahnya gugur sebagai tumbal revolusi Her Daddy died as a protector of the revolution.

tumbang: v /frm/lu/ 1 collapse Dia tumbang di detik ketigapuluh ronde kedua. He collapsed at the thirtieth second of the second round  2 bankrupt Kelihatannya bank itu akan tumbang It seems that the bank is going to be bankrupt  3 fall down with a crash Sebatang pohon tumbang ke jalan A big tree fell down on the road 4 be defeated (be overpowered) Sang juara tumbang melawan seorang pendatang baru. The champion was overpowered by a new comer.
-bertumbangan: v fall down (in numbers).
-menumbangkan: v /tr/ 1 cause to fall down 2 defeat 3 overpower 4 make collapse or bankrupt
-penumbang: n record break­er.

tumben: intrj. /Jkt/ surprise! 1 |used to show that sth happen which it doesn’t usually happen|     Tumben! Tidak biasanya kamu datang kesini dengan isteri. Ada apa? Surprisingly! Such as unusually you came here with your wife. What’s up?  Tumben, kamu datang cepat, tidak seperti biasanya kamu terlambat. Strange, you come early, not as usually you came late.

tumbuh; bertumbuh: v /intr/lu/ 1 grow Tanaman ini tumbuh di mana­-mana This plant grows everywhere. 2 grow up Saya tumbuh dewasa di daerah pedesaan I grew up in a rural area. 3 sprout Kalau benih ini basah, akan tumbuh dalam tiga hari If this seed wet, it’ll sprout in three days 4 emerge Rasa cinta saya tumbuh pada saat pertama kami bertemu di satu pesta. My feeling of love emerged since the first time we met at a party.
-menumbuhkan: v /tr/ 1 grow Kita perlu menumbuhkan hubungan erat sesama anggota. We need to grow a tight relationship between the members 2 sprout Kita butuh hanya tiga hari menumbuhkan bibit jagung. We need only three days to sprout corn seeds.
-pertumbuhan: n 1 growth pertumbuhan ekonomi economic growth 2 sprout pertumbuhan gulma weed sprout 3 development Pertumbuhan kota ini sangat cepat The development of this city is very fast  4 emergence pertumbuhan rasa sayang the emergence of love.
-tumbuh-tumbuhan: n plants

tumbuk; menumbuk: v /tr/frm/lu/ 1 pound |to hit something hard many times, in order to make a loud sound or to damage something| Sebelum munculnya mesin giling, orang menumbuk padi dalam lesung untuk memisahkan kulitnya.  Before the emergence of mill machine, people pound the paddy in a wood mortar in order to crush the hull. 2 punch Dia mulai perkelahian dengan menumbuk perut saya He started the fight by punching my stomach 3 mesmerize (by hitting)
-bertumbuk: v /intr/ fight using fist.
-tertumbuk: v be accidentally hit.

tumenggung: variant of temenggung:

tumis: n /frm/lu/ food which cooked by  a culinary procedure similar to sauté but at a higher temperature.
-men(t)umis: v sauté at higher temperatures.
-ditumis pakai minyak kelapa: v sauté using coconut oil.

tumit: n /frm/lu/ heel. tumit sepatu shoe heel.

tumor: n tumor.

tumpah: v /int/tr/frm/lu/ spill  Kopinya tumpah ke meja The coffee spilled on the table
-tanah tumpah darah: n sb’s place of birth, motherland.
-tumpah ruah: v 1 poured out everywhere 2 filled to the brim.
-menumpahkan: v /tr/ 1 spill sth 2 pour sth Dia menumpahkan air ke lantai She pour water to the floor. Dia menumpahkan anggur ke baju saya She spilled wine on my new dress 3 concentrate Tumpahkan perhatian kamu pada ceramah itu Concentrate your attention to the lecture.
-pertumpahan: n 1 spillage 2 pertumpahan darah: bloodshed
-tertumpah: v 1 be spilled 2 be poured  3 be concentrated Perhatiannya tertumpah pada lagu itu His attention was concentrated to the music.
-tumpahan: n 1 spill 2 sth that was poured.

tumpak: n /frm/lu/ 1 batch 2 contribution 3 collection.
-bertumpak1: adv in groups or batch
-bertumpak2: v contribute |donation to the host of a party as sb’s participation|
-tumpak peragaan: n demonstra­tion batch. setumpak sawah a piece of rice field.

tumpang; menumpang: v /frm/lu/ join with others.
-menumpang: v 1 stay with, share sth Boleh saya menumpang tidur satu malam di rumah kamu? May I share to stay in your house for one night? 2 have a lift |to be taken somewhere in sb’s  vehicle| Apa saya boleh menumpang dari mobil kamu ke kota? May I have a lift on your car to the city?
-bertumpang tindih: v overlap.
-berpenumpang: v have passenger
-menumpang sarikan: v intercrop.
-penumpang: n passenger.
-(rumah) tumpangan: n lodge
-tumpang sari: n intercropping.
-tumpang tindih: adj overlapping.
-menumpang tindihkan: v pile up sth one on the other.
-tumpang (numpang) tanya: v ask a question
-tumpang (numpang) jalan: v excuse to pass.

tumpas; menumpas: v /frm/lu/ destroy, annihilate, exterminate, eradicate, extinguish Pemerintah bertekad menumpas penyelundup. The government insist to eradicate the smuggler.
-penumpasan: n 1 destruction 2 annihilation 3 eradication 4 extermination
-penumpas: n 1 destroyer 2 annihilater 3 exterminator 3 eradicator 4 extinguisher.

tumpeng: n /frm/lu/ ceremonial dish of yellow rice served in a cone shape.
-tumpengan: n ritual in which this dish is served.

tumplek: v /inf/lu/ 1 spilled all over. Semuanya tumplek ke lantai Everything spilled out on the floor  2 pour out, empty all at once.

tumpu; tumpuan: n /frm/lu/1 footing. 2 base, foundation, foothold, support. 3 spring­board
-bertumpu: v /intr/ 1 rest on. Patung itu bertumpu pada sebuah batu besar The statue rests on a large stone 2 based on Tuntutan saya bertumpu pada janji yang kamu ucapkan My claim based on your promise. 3 be supported by Mesin itu bertumpu pada fondasi beton The machine is supported by a concrete foundation 4 be concentrated Harapan bertumpu di tangan kamu The hope is concentrated  on your hand,

tumpuk; bertumpuk: v /int/frm/lu/ 1 be heaped |to put a lot of things on top of each other in a messy way|  majalah bertumpuk diatas meja magazines heaped on the table 2 pile |also pile up, to make a pile by collecting things together|  Banyak peralatan makan telah nertumpuk di bak cuci. A lot of dishes had piled up in the sink. 3 bertumpuk rapi: stack |stack up to form a neat pile, or put things into a neat pile| Tumpuk rapi saja buku-buku kamu di meja Just stack your books on the table| kursi-kursi ini dibuat untuk mudah di tumpuk rapi chairs that are designed to stack easily
-menumpuk: v /intr/tr/ 1 heap 2 pile 3 stack 3 accumulate
-menumpukkan: v /tr/ 1 heap sth 2 pile sth up 3 stack sth up 4 amass sth. Dia selalu menumpuk pekerjaannya She always amass her works
-penumpukan: n accumulation.

tumpuk2; setumpuk: n /frm/lu/ a heap, a pile, a stack Ada setumpuk pakaian kotor dan dua tumpuk pakaian bersih di atas tempat tidur There is a heap of dirty clothes and two heaps of clean clothes on the bed.
-tumpukan: n 1 heap, pile, stack, bunch  Mari kita buang tumpukan kertas bekas yang ada di kamar kamu. Let’s throw away the heap of the old papers on your room.

tumpul: adj /frm/lu/ l dull, stupid |not able to think quickly or understand things easily| seorang siswa berotak tumpul a student with dull brain 2 blunt |not sharp or pointed| gunting yang tumpul  blunt scissors pisau meja yang a blunt table knife
-menumpul: v 1 become blunt 2 become stupid Otaknya menumpul His thoughts became
-menumpulkan: v blunt
-ketumpulan: n 1 bluntness 2 dullness. 3 stupidity

tumpur: adj /frm/lu/1 ruined, destroyed. 2 broke, pen­niless.
-menumpurkan: v 1 destroy 2 bankrupt

tuna1: n /ld/ wound.
-tertuna: v 1 be wounded, be cut  Kakinya tertuna dalam perjalanan di hutan itu He cut his leg on the way to the jungle. 2 be hurt. Hatinya tertuna karena kata-katamu itu His feelings was hurt by your words.

tuna-2: pref /frm/lu/ without |forming literary and compound words|
-tunaaksara: adj illiterate.
-tunabusana: adj naked, without clothing.
-tunadiri: adj without personality.
-tunakarya: adj jobless, unemployed. -ketunakaryaan: n unemployment.
-tunalaras: adj unsociable.
-tunanetra: adj sightless (blind). -ketunanetraan: n blindness.
-tunarungu: adj deaf.
-tunasusila: adj immoral. -wanita tunasusila: n prostitute.
-tunawicara: adj speechless (mutely)
-tunawisma: n homeless

tunai: n /frm/lu/ cash.
-membayar tunai: v pay in cash.
-menunaikan: v 1 fulfil 2 carry out. Kamu harus menunaikan tugas dengan baik You have to carry out your tasks well Saya belum bisa menunaikan janji itu sekarang I can’t fulfil my promise now.

tunai2: adj /frm/lu/ cash. cek tunai cash check pembayaran tunai cash payment.

tunai3: adv /frm/lu/ cash Apa anda akan membayar tunai? Are you going to pay cash?

tunang; tunangan: n /frm/lu/ 1 fiancé 2 fiancée
-bertunangan: v be engaged Sudah lama mereka bertunangan They have been engaged for a long time.
-pertunanganan: n engagement.

tunas: n /frm/lu/ shoot, bud. tunas
-bertunas: v sprout, bud
-masa bertunas: n time of budding
-menunasi: v prune
-tunas melati: n jasmine bud.
-tunas ha­rapan: n ray of hope, the new generation.

tunda1: v /frm/lu/ tow
-kail tunda: n tow line (for fishing).
-menunda1: v tow. Sepanjang hari kami menunda sebuah kapal besar ke pelabuhan. All day long we towed a big ship into the harbour.
-penunda: n sth used for towing.
-kapal tunda: n tugboat.

tunda2; menunda2: v /frm/lu/ 1 postpone, delay. Mereka menunda keberangkatan kapal itu satu jam They delayed the departure of the ship for an hour. 2 adjourn Hakim menunda sidang itu 30 menit The judge adjourned the court for a few minutes 3 defer Wajib militernya ditunda sampai dia tamat dari perguruan tinggi. His military service was deferred until he finished college.
-penundaan: n 1 postponement 2 deferment 3 adjournment.
-tertunda: v 1 be postponed, be delayed 2 be adjourned Pesawatnya tertunda 30 menit The  plane was delayed for 30 minute.

tunda3: v /Mn/ push sth

tunduk: v /frm/lu/ 1 be bent down. Herman tunduk malu-malu Herman was bent over in shame 2 nod sb’s head 3 be bent in submission 3 submit to |to obey someone who has power over you, especially because you have no choice|  Kami menolak tunduk pada tuntutan penculik. We refused to submit to the kidnapper’s demands. 4 subject to |to admit that we bound to a particular regulation or law| Kedua pihak tunduk pada syarat-syarat yang tertulis dalam kontrak Both parties subject to the conditions written in the agreement. 5 surrender Akhirnya musuh tunduk kepada pasukan kita. Finally the enemy surrendered to our troop.
-menundukkan: v 1 overpower 2 defeat 3 conquer 4 overwhelm 5 overthrow.
-ketundukan: n 1 submission 2 loyalty 3 obedience
-penundukan: n 1 submis­sion 2 subjection. 3 subjugation.
-tertunduk: v 1 be bowed 2 be bent

tungau: n /frm/lu/ mite that infests fowls, mite.

tunggak1; menunggak: v /frm/lu/ 1 be in arrears |postpone the payment of the debt| Dia harus menunggak bulan ini He has to be in arrears this month.
-tunggakan: n arrears |money that is owed and should have been paid| tunggakan cicilan KPR (Kerdit Perumaha Rakyat) mortgage arrears.
-tunggakan pajak: n delinquent tax.

tunggak2: variant of tonggak:

tunggal1: adj /frm/lu/ singular |the form of a word that represents only one person or thing|

tunggal2: adj /frm/lu/ male (animal)
-anak tunggal: n the only child
-Batara tunggal: n the supreme deity of Hinduism
-menunggal:
v be alone
-penyanyi tunggal: n 1 soloist 2 solo singer
-pameran tunggal: n one man show
-tunggal panaluan: n /Btk/ Sisingamangaraja’s weapon, a long stick that looks like a spear, in which some people believe has supernatural power.
-tunggal ika: n unity Bhineka Tunggal Ika Diversity in a unity |nation motto of Indonesia which is written in the symbol of the country|

tunggal2: n /frm/lu/ banner.

tunggang1: v /frm/lu/ 1 fall upside down Truk itu tunggang kedalam sebuah jurang yang dalam The truck fell upside down into a deep ravine 2 tunggang-langgang: run helter-skelter steep. Ketika polisi datang para pedagang jalanan lari tunggang langgang. When the police came the streets vendors run helter-skelter.
-menunggangkan: v /tr/ cause sb or sth to fall upside down.
-mempertunggangkan: v /tr/ cause sb to ran helter-skelter.
-tertunggang: v be tumbled headlong |falling with your head going first| Dia tertunggang kebawah jurang He was tumbled headlong down the slope.
-tunggang balik: v roll down the slope.
-tunggang-tunggik: v roll upside down.

tunggang2: menunggang: v /frm/lu/ 1 ride Apa kamu pernah menunggang kuda? Have you ever ride a horse? 2 mount up |to go up something such as a set of stairs| Wartawan berteriak memanggil ketika menteri Haryono menunggang tangga aula Reporters shouted as minister Haryono mounted the steps of the hall.

tunggang3: v /frm/lu/ menunggangi: v /lu/ take an advantage of sb |use a situation or thing to help you do or get something you want|  Kamu seharusnya tidak menunggangi perseteruan diantara mereka yang sekarang ini. You shouldn’t take advantage of the current hesitation between them. 2 |to treat someone unfairly or to control a particular situation in order to get what you want| Kelihatannya beberapa politisi menunggangi demonstrasi mahasiswa itu It seems that some politicians took advantage from the students demonstration.
-penunggang: n rider Dia seorang penunggang kuda yang ahli He is a skilful horse rider
-tunggangan: n sth to ride on/in (horse, bicycle, motorcycle)

tunggang3: adj /ld/ steep Jalan ke bukit itu tunggang sekali The road to the hill is very steep

tunggang4; tunggang gunung: n /ld/ sunset Kamu harus sudah kembali sebelum tunggang gunung You should back home before sunset

tungging1; menungging: v /frm/lu/ 1 move with the rear end higher than the front. 2 sink bow first 3  be upside down. Topless itu menungging di meja The jar stood upside down on the table. 4 dive. Pesawat itu menungging untuk menjatuhkan bom The plane dived to drop a bomb. 5 bulge toward the bottom. Saku­nya menungging penuh berisi His pocket bulged full of sth
-menunggingkan: v /tr/ 1 overthrow (an authority) 2 overpower 3 defeat

tungging2: n /ld/ four days from now.

tunggu; menunggu: v /frm/lu/1 wait |to not do something until something else happened, someone arrived, etc.|  Cepat! Orang-orang sudah menunggu. Hurry up! Everyone’s waiting. Tunggu disini sampai saya pulang. Wait right here until I come back. Kami harus menunggu bus itu 45 menit We had to wait 45 minutes for a bus. Apa kamu sedang menunggu untuk memakai teleponnya? Are you waiting to use the phone? 2 look forward Kami menunggu jawaban anda, We’re looking forward your kind response. 3 wait for Kami menunggu kedatangan anda. We’re waiting for your coming.
-menunggui: v /tr/ 1 wait for (buyers, clients, etc) Dia bekerja menunggui restoran He works to wait restaurants’ guest (She works as a waiter in a restaurant) 2 watch over menunggui sebuah gudang watch over a warehouse 3 look after menunggui pasien look after a patient 4 guard menunggui pos jaga guard a place 5 take care of, nurse 6 inhabit Beberapa orang percaya bahwa ada hantu menunggui rumah tua itu Some people believe that there is a ghost inhabit that old house.
-menunggu-nunggu: v expecting sth Dia sedang menunggu-nunggu telepon kamu. She is expecting your call.
-penunggu: n 1 waiters (of a shop, a restaurant, etc) 2 guard 3 inhabitant Siapa penunggu rumah ini? Who is the inhabitant of this house?  4 attendant.

tungku: n /frm/lu/ fireplace.
-tungku arang: n charcoal stove. ­
-tungku listrik: n electric stove.

tungkup; telungkup: v /frm/lu/ lay face downward.
-telungkup telentang: adv every which way (downward and upward facing).
-menelungkup telentangkan: v consider sth from every an­gle.
-menelungkup: v be in a face-downward position. Dia menelungkup di tanah She lay prostrate on the ground.
-menelungkupkan: v put sb/sth face downward. Perempuan itu menelungkupkan mukanya di dada suaminya The woman put her face on her husband’s chest.
-tertelungkup: v be on a face­down position.

tunjang1; tunjangan: n /frm/lu/ 1 support 2 aid 3 subsidy 4 foundation.
-bertunjangan: v 1 be supported 2 be subsidized
-menunjang: v 1 support 2 subsidize 3 reinforce a) |to do something to make an opinion, statement, feeling etc. stronger to support it| Penurunan suku bunga bank akan menunjang sektor industry The decrease of the bank interest rate will reinforce our industrial sector. b) |to make something such as a part of a building, a piece of clothing etc. stronger| Kolom-kolom beton itu akan menunjang atap bangunan The concrete columns will reinforce the roof of the building.
-penunjang: n 1 supporter 2 foster 3 upholder 4 backer 5 helper.

tunjang2: n /frm/lu/ leg.
-menunjang: v shove with sb’s leg  Lawan tanding menunjang perutnya. His offender shoved his stomach with a leg.

tunjuk; menunjuk: v /frm/lu/ 1 point |to show someone something by holding your finger out toward it|  John menunjuk kearah seorang gadis dan berkata “Apa kamu kenal gadis itu?” John pointed to a girl and said “Do you know that girl?”  Tunujk saja mana yang kamu mau. Just point to what you like. 2 raise sb’s hand Siapa yang tahu jwabannya tunjuk tangan Who know the answer, raise your hand. 3 appoint, designate Presiden menunjuk dia menjadi duta besar Indonesia di AS The president appoint her to be an Indonesia’s ambassador for USA
-menunjukkan: v /tr/ 1 show Biar saya tunjukkan arah ke danau itu kepada kamu. Let me show you the direction to the lake Dia menunjukkan kepada kami lukisan yang dia beli di Bali She showed us a painting she bought in Bali. 2 prove |to show that something is definitely true|  Jaksa punya cukup bukti yang menjunjukkan bahwa dia bersalah. The attorney has enough evidence to prove that she is guilty 3 demonstrate Dia telah menunjukkan kemahirannya sebagai pesulap. He has demonstrated his expertise as a magician. 4 menunjukkan muka: v show up 5 indicate  Jangan takut, gejala demam yang ada pada kamu tidak menunjukkan adanya virus menular. Don’t worry the cold symptoms you have doesn’t indicate any contiguous viruses 6 inform Data ini menunjukkan adanya peningkatan angka kemiskinan The data informs the increase in poverty rate
-mempertunjukkan: v 1 show 2 exhibit 3 demonstrate.
-penunjukan: n 1 appointment 2 assignment.
-petunjuk: n 1 sign 2 clue, hint 3 direction 4 guideline 5 indication 6 instruction 7 advice 8 guidance 9 directory 10 petunjuk silang: cross reference.
-tunjuk; telunjuk: n index finger
-pertunjukan: n 1 show |a performance in a theatre or on radio or television| Akan ada pertunjukan sirkus di balai kota malam ini. There will be a circus show in the town hall this evening  2 performance 3 exhibition.

tuntas1: adj /frm/lu/ complete, total, thorough. satu pekerjaan yang tuntas a complete work.
-menuntaskan: v 1 complete 2 finish 3 solve Kamu harus menuntaskan persoalan itu sesegera mugkin You have to solve the problem as soon as possible.

tuntas2; secara tuntas: adv /frm/lu/ 1 completely 2 totally 3 thoroughly  Pemerintah bertekad akan memberantas korupsi secara tuntas. The government insist to totally wipe out the corruption.
-ketuntasan: n 1 complete­ness, thoroughness  2 exhaustiveness.
-penuntasan: n 1 completion 2 finishing.
-setuntas-tuntasnya: adv as thoroughly as possible.

tuntun1; bertuntun: v /int/frm/lu/ be guided by means of sth Dia berjalan dengan bertuntun pada sebuah tonkat. He walked along, guiding himself by a cane. Dia bertuntun pada saran temannya He was guided by his friend’s advice.
-menuntun: v /tr/lu/ 1 guide Dia menuntun seorang wanita tua menyeberang jalan He guide an old lady to cross the road Polisi menuntun dua ekor anjing menelusuri jejak pencuri itu. The police guided two dogs to trace the thief foot steps  2 lead Orang tua mereka menuntun mereka supaya selalu bersikap baik kepada orang Their parents lead them to be always nice to the people 3  advise Paman selalu menuntun kami supaya selalu belajar dengan serius Uncle always advices us to study seriously.
-penuntun: n 1 guide, advisor, leader, director 2 manual, direction, directory.
-tuntunan: n 1 guidance 2 direction 3 advice

tuntun2: v /Jv/ close sb’s eyes.

tuntut; menuntut: v /frm/lu/ 1 demand Ada demo besar-besaran menuntut kenaikan patokan gaji buruh There was a big rally demanding the raise of labour wage standard. 2 claim Perusahaan menuntut garansi kerusakan pada mesin mereka. The company  claimed the guarantee for the damage to their machine. 3 prosecute, sue Jaksa menuntut tiga tahun penjara untuk penebangan kayu liar yang dia lakukan. The attorney prosecuted him three years in jail for his illegal lodging 4 strive, pursue Mumpung kamu masih muda, gunakan waktu kamu menuntut ilmu dan keahlian. While you’re young, spent your time to strive knowledge and skill.
-penuntut: n 1 prosecutor 2 claimer 3 demander.
-penuntutan: n 1 prosecution 2  claim 3 demand.
-tuntuan: n 1 claim 2 demand 3 sue.

tupai: n /frm/lu/ squirrel.
-tupai belang: n striped squirrel.
-tupai terlih: n small squirrel.
-tupai kerawak: n large squirrel with reddish fur.

tupai-tupai: n /inf/ clamps on a boat.

tur: n /frm/ lu/ 1 tour (of inspection, of duty, etc.) 2 organized travel. Dia ikut tur ke Eropah He joined a tour to Europe.

turba {turun ke bawah}: v /frm/lu/ 1 field visit | a trend among political leaders to maintain channels of communication with the people| 2 en­gage in joint projects with the ordinary citizens (of students helping peasants to harvest, etc.).
-menturbakan: v cause close contacts with the people.

turbin: n /frm/lu/ turbine.

turi: n /lu/ an ornamental shrub or small tree with white or red pea-like flowers – sesbania

turis1: n /frm/lu/ tourist.

turis2: n /ld/ notch, scratch.
-menturis: v make a notch or scratch.

turisme: n /n/ tourism.

Turki: n 1 Turk 2 Turkish 3 Turkey.

turnamen: n /frm/lu/ tournament.

Tursina: n Sinai.

turun; menurun(i): v /frm/lu/ 1 step down menuruni tangga step down the stairs menuruni lembah go down the valley 2 descend |to go down or move from a higher level to a lower one| pesawat turun menuju landasan a plane descending to the airport  3 decrease |to become less in size, number, or amount, or to make something do this|  Harga-harga minyak sedang turun tajam The oil prices is sharply decreasing 4 decline |to decrease in quality, quantity, importance etc.| Begitu kesehatannya turun, dia mengundurkan diri dari pekerjaannya. As his health has declined, he resigned from his job. 5 drop |to decrease to a lower level or amount|  Penerimaan pemerintah turun 10% dibandingkan dengan tahun lalu. The state revenue dropped by 10% compared to the last year’s 6 got off  Saya lihat dia turun dari mobil lalu masuk ke restoran I saw him got off the car and then walked to a restaurant 7 turun hujan: rain  Bawa payung, kelihatannya mau turun hujan Take an umbrella, it seems that it’s going to rain  8 slump |to suddenly go down in price, value, or number|  Penjualan mobil akhir-akhir ini turun drastic. Car sales have sharply slumped recently. 9 turun-naik: fluctuate Tingkat inflasi telah turun naik dalam dua bulan terakhir The inflation rate has been fluctuated in the last two months 10 set (sun, month) Matahari sudah tutun mari kita pulang. The sun has set, let’s go home. 11 turun minum: take (a brake) Sesudah turun minum pemain kita akhirnya memenangkan pertandingan. After taking a brake our team finally won the match.
-menurunkan: v /tr/ 1 decrease |cause sth to go down| Obat ini akan menurunkan tekanan darah kamu This medicine will decrease your blood pressure Pemerintah berjanji akan menurukan PBB (pajak bumi dan bangunan) mulai tahun depan. The government promised  to decrease the property tax by the next year. 2 menurunkan penumpang: let the passenger out of the vehicle (empty out the vehicle) |to remove everything that is inside of transportation vehicle| Bus itu menurunkan penumpang di stasiun The bus was emptied out in the terminal (The bus attendant let the passengers out of the bus) 3 reduce Parlemen meminta pemerintah untuk menurunkan anggaran belanja negara. The parliament asked the government to reduce the state budget 4 lessen |to become less, or to make something become less| Diet makanan lemak rendah dapat menurunkan risiko penyakit jantung. A low-fat diet can lessen the risk of heart disease. 5 haul menurunkan bendera haul down the flag 6 lower menurunkan peti jenazah lower the casket 6 put (into play) Menejer club menurunkan pemain terbaik mereka. The club manager put into play their best players 7 publish Surat kabar itu menurunkan berita tentang skandal itu kemarin The newspaper published the scandal yesterday
-bertketurunan: v have offspring
-menurun1: v slope |if the ground or a surface slopes, it is higher at one end than the other| tanah itu menurun ke jalan fields sloping to the road.
-keturunan: n 1 descendant Dia adalah keturunan Sukarrno. He is a descendant of Sukarno 2 offspring 3 descent 4 of a certain ethnic heritage Dia adalah keturunan Cina He is of a Chinese heritage 5 derivation. Sebagian bahasa Indonesia adalah keturunan bahasa Arab. Some Indonesian words are derivation of Arab language.
-menurun2: adj sloping  Hati-hati di jalan menurun itu Be careful on that sloping road.
-menurunkan muatan: v 1 unload (a truck, ship, etc.) 2 disembark
-penurunan: n 1 decline Penurunan harga minyak seharusnya mempengaruhi ongkos  transpotasi. The decline of the oil price should affect the fare 2 reduction
-turun berok: n hernia.
-turn ke darat: v go ashore.
-turun derajat/ pangkat: v be demoted
-turun ke bumi: n a ceremony for the fist time a baby walk on the earth (ground)
-turun ke kali: v bathe in the river.
-turun ke sawah: v work on the rice field.
-turun melantai: v dance
-turun mesin: n overhaul a machine.
-turun tangan: v 1 interfere 2 lend a hand
-turun-temurun: adj 1 hereditary |if a mental or physical quality, or a disease is hereditary, it is passed to a child from the genes of his/her parents| Penyakit jantung sering turun temurun Heart disease is often hereditary 2 for generations.

turut: v /frm/lu/ 1 join in |to begin to take part in an activity that other people are involved in| Saya akan turut dalam pertandingan itu I’ll join the game 2 to take part |participate an activity or event|  Saya ingin mengucapkan terima kasih kepada siapa yang turut dalam kampanye. I’d like to say thank you to everyone who took part in the campaign. 3 participate Maaf saya tidak bisa turut dalam pengumpulan dana itu. Sorry. I can’t participate the fund raising 4 share Apa boleh saya ikut dalam diskusi ini? Could I share the discussion? Saya tidak keberatan turut dalam pertanggungjawaban ini. I don’t mind to share the responsibility. 5 obey Sebagai seorang prajurit, setiap orang harus turut perintah. As a soldier, everybody has to obey an order 6 follow Kalau kamu mau, kamu boleh turut  saya pergi sekarang. If you want to, you may follow me to go now.
-berurutan: adj 1 consecutive angka berurutan a consecutive number 2 berurutan waktu: chronological satu catatan peristiwa yang berurutan waktu a record on chronological events
-berturut-turut: adv consecutively Saya tidak masuk kelas selama tiga kali berturut-turut. I didn’t attend the class for three times consecutively.
-menurut: v, prep. 1 base on Menurut ketentuan dalam perjanjian kita, pembayaran sudah harus dilakukan sekarang. Based on the conditions on our agreement, payment has to be made today. 2 according to Menurut catatan kami, anda masih berhutang $ 15,000. pada kami. According to our records, you still owe us % 15,000.
-menurut akal: adj reasonable Itu satu gagasan yang menurut akal. It’s a reasonable idea.
-menurut permintaan: adv by request  Penyerahan akan dilakukan menurut permintaan Delivery will be made by request.
-menuruti: v /tr/ 1 obey Apa kamu menuruti apa yang dia bilang? Did you obey what she said? 2 follow Kamu harus menuruti semua peraturan di asrama ini You have to follow all the regulations in this boarding house. Dia menuruti karir pamannya sebagai musisi. He follows his uncle career as a musician 3 comply |to do what you have to do or are asked to do|  Siapa yang tidak menuruti peraturan akan di denda. Those who fail to comply with the law will be fined.
-penurut: adj 1 obedient |always obeying laws, rules, or people in authority| saya punya seekor anjing penurut I have an obedient dog 2 docile hewan penurut a docile animal
-turut campur: v interfere Tolong jangan turut campur dalam perdebatan ini. Please don’t interfere this debate.
-turut pergi: v go along with.
-turut serta: v involve.
-turutan: also urutan: n 1 sequence 2 order.

tuslah: n /frm/lu/ 1 extra allowance, wage supplement, incentive 2 excess fare, extra charge on tickets.

tustel: n /frm/lu/ camera.

tusuk1: n /frm/lu/ 1 pin 2 stick, skewer. dua tusuk sate two skew­ers of barbecued meat. tusuk gigi toothpick. tusuk jarurn acupuncture tusuk konde hairpin

tusuk; menusuk: v /int/frm/lu/ 1 stab |to push a sharp object into someone or something, using a lot of force| Pemburu itu menusuk seekor rusa dengan tombak The hunter stabbed a deer with a spear. 2 betray |to do something bad to someone who likes and trusts you| Seorang teman akrabnya menusuk dia dari belakang A close friend of him betrayed him 3 prick |to make a small hole in the surface of something, using a sharp point| Tusuk daging itu dengan garpu. Prick the meat all with a fork. Dia tusuk kuping putrinya untuk memasang anting She prick her daughter’s ears to stick earrings. 4 hurt Kritiknya sangat menusuk perasaan saya. His critique hurt my feeling severely  5 vote Partai apa yang akan kamu tusuk? Which party are you going to vote? 6 penetrate Sebuah tombak menusuk perut rusa itu A spear penetrated the stomach of the deer. Angin dingin menusuk sampai ketulang sumsumku. Cold air penetrated to my marrow 7 perforate Mesin ini berfungsi menusuk kertas. This machine functions to perforate paper.
-menusukkan: v /tr/ stab |to quickly push something pointed into something else, or toward it| Perawat itu menusukkan jarum ke tangannya. The nurse jabbed a needle into his arm.
-penusukan: n 1 stabbing, jabbing. 2 perforation.

tuter: n /of/ auto horn. –syn: /lu/ klakson
-mentuter: v blow a born.

tutor: n /frm/lu/ tutor.

tutup1; tertutup: adj /frm/lu/ 1 closed  Restoran itu sudah tutup jam sekarang ini. The office has been closed at this time. 2 shut Apa botolnya tertutup rapat Is the bottle shut tight?

tutup2; penutup: n /frm/lu/ 1 cover Dimana tutup tempat tidur ini? Where is the cover of this bed? 2 lid Dimana tutup panci ini? Where is the lid of this pan?
-ketertutupan: n reticence |the sate of unwillingness to talk about what you know or how you feel| Ketertutupan dia tentang kehidupan pribadinya membuat dia tidak banyak teman Her reticence about her personal life made that she doesn’t have may friend.

tutup3: menutup(i): v /frm/lu/ 1 close Boleh tolong tutup pintunya? Would you please close the door? 2 shut Apa kamu mau saya menutup jendelanya? Do you want me to shut the window? 3 conclude Mari kita tutup diskusi ini. Let’s conclude the discussion. 4 conceal |to hide something carefully| Dia mencoba menutupi marahnya. She tried to conceal her anger. 5 seal Apa kamu sudah menutup amplopnya? Have you sealed the envelope? 6 block Pohon tumbang menutupi jalan. A falling tree blocked the road 7 pay Saya akan menutupi sebagian pengeluaran itu. I’ll pay some of the expenses 8 hide Kelihatannya dia sedang menutupi sesuatu dari kita. It seems that she is hiding something from us 9 fill in Mari kita gunakan tanah ini untuk menutupi lobang itu. Let’s use this soil to fill in that hole. 10 lock Jangan lupa menutup lemari kas itu. Don’t forget to lock the save box. 11 hamper, block Kopekan sayur kol itu menutup saluran air Cabbage peelings hamper the drain 12  clog |to block something or become blocked| Mobil yang tabrakan menutup arus lalu lintas The crashed car clogged the traffic.
-penutupan: n closing Maaf, saya tidak dapat menghadiri acara penutupan itu. Sorry, I couldn’t attend the closing ceremony.
-pertuturan: n pronunciation.
-tutup buku: v balance the  books.
-tutup kepala: n /lu/ head gear.
-tutup jendela: n /lu/ window’s shutter.

tutur1; tuturan: n /frm/lu/ speech, words, announcement.
-bertutur kata: v talk, speak. Mereka bertutur kata dalam bahasa Inggis They speak English.
-bertutur-tutur: v chat, converse
-buah tutur: n 1 topic of the talk 2 discourse 3 talk of the town.
-menuturkan: v 1 narrate 2 relate 3 inform 4 explain 5 tell (about sth) Silahkan tuturkan pada kami apa yang anda saksikan dalam peristiwa tersebut. Please tell us what you witnessed at the incident.
-penutur kata: n 1 narrator 2 teller 3 announcer 4 speaker Dia adalah penutur kata bahasa Inggris She is an English speaker  Donny adalah seorang penutur cerita yang bagus Donny  is a good story teller
-penuturan: n 1 story 2 narration 3 information 4 explanation 5 conversation 6 telling
-tutur kata: n language, phrase, sayings.
-tutur kata bayi: n infant language.
-tutur sapa: n 1 form of address. 2 greeting.

tutur2: n /ld/ 1 blood relation 2 relatives

tuyul: n /frm/lu/ spirit that obtains wealth for its human master.

TV {televisi}: n television.
-bertelevisi: v own a TV.
-pertelevisian: n television business.

TVRI {Televisi Republik Indonesia}: n Television Ser­vice of the Republic of Indonesia.

twedehan; twedehans: adj /of/ second hand, used

typis1: adj /frm/lu/ typical

typis2: n /frm/lu/ typist.

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Dictionary S

Abbreviation.

adv adverb parts of speech
adj adjective parts of speech
Amb Ambon an ethnic in Maluku which speak a local dialect
Arb Arabian adopted word from Arabian language
ant anatomy terminology that is usually related to anatomy
Bal Bali local dialect of Balinese
Bib Bible Mostly written in a Bible
bio biology a terminology that largely used in biology
Btk Batak an ethnic in North Sumatera which has its  local dialect
Chn Chinese a word that is adopted from Chenese
chem chemical a word that related to chemical matter
comp comparative comparative adjective (bigger, more beautiful, etc)
conj conjunction parts of speech
dtr determiner parts of speech
excl exclamation parts of speech
frm formal used for official speech, writing, science, law, etc.
impr imperative parts of speech
inf informal largely used but not considerably appropriate for formal use
intr intransitive verb that has direct object
intrj interjection parts of speech
Isl Islam terminology that is related to Moslem praying or teaching
Jv Javanese a largest ethnic in Indonesia, the local dialect of which is largely adopted into Indonesian language.
Jpn Japanese a word that is adopted from Japanese
ld local dialect a word that is used locally
ling. linguistic a terminology used in linguistic
ltr literally a word that mostly used in literature
lu largely used a word that largely understood and used in the whole country.
math mathematic a terminology that is related to mathematic
med. medical a word that is related to medical matter
Mel Melayu the root of today’s Indonesian formal language
Mdn Medan a big city in North Sumatera which a specific local dialect
Min Minang an ethnic in West Sumatera which has local dialect and some of them is largely
Mnd Menado an ethnic in North Sulawesi which has a specific local dialect
n noun parts of speech
of old fashion a largely used word in the past and and now not many people use it anymore
off offensive a word that is considered not polite to be used  and may harm the feeling of sb.
pass.v passive voice
prep. preposition parts of speech
phr phrasal two or more words that are combined to express an idea
pre prefix a group of letters that is added to the beginning of a word in order to make a new word
prn pronoun parts of speech
tr transitive a transitive verb has an object. In the sentence “She makes her own clothes,” “makes” is a transitive verb
sb somebody a person as an object or a subject
Snd Sundanese a large ethnic in West Java that has its own local dialect
spo sport a word that is related to sport activity
sth something something as a subject or and object
supr superlative adjective (the most- the less- adj + est)
syn synonym a word with the same meaning or almost the same meaning as another word
tech technical used as a technical jargon
v verb parts of speech
vern vernacular unofficial language
vul vulgar not polite or taboo for most of the people
wrt written an abbreviation that is only used in writing not in speech

S; s: |the 19th letter of the alphabet used in Indonesian and English – approximately sounds like s in sales; spontaneous; scorpion; bless; pressure; skies|

S.1: abbreviation of; 1 Sungai River (on a map) 2 Solo Soprano (music) 3 Strata (academic degree)
-S-0 {stratum 0}: no-degree
-S-1 {stratum satu}: undergraduate program.
-S-2 {stratum dua}: master’s program.
-S-3 {stratum tiga}: doctorate program.

saat1: n /frm/lu/ 1 a) moment |a particular point in a periode of time| Saat itu pintu terbuka, dan dia melangkah masuk. At that moment, the door opened and he walked in. Saya tahu bahwa itu Danny saat saya mendengar suaranya. I knew that it was Danny the moment I heard his voice. b) sesaat: a very short period of time  Sesaat lagi kita akan tiba We’ll arrive in a moment. Makanan akan siap sesaat lagi The food will be ready in a moment. b) 2 the time Ini saatnya kita makan siang. This is the time we have lunch. 3 pada saatnya: in time Untunglah kamu tiba pada saatnya Fortunately you arrive in time.

saat2; sesaat2: adj /frm/lu/ temporary Ini hanya tindakan sesaat. This is only a temporary treatment. Apa yang kita peroleh dari program ini hanya kebutuhan sesaat. What we get from this program is only a temporary need.

saban1: pron.; adv /frm/lu/ 1 each, every. saban hari every day. 2 whenever, any time  Saban saya telepon dia selalu tidak dirumah Any time I call him, he always not at home 2 saban-saban    some time or another. Saban-saban akan kita bicarakan hal itu. Some time we’ll talk about it  3 frequently Dia saban datang kemari She frequently comes here

saban2: n /ld/ disease involving incontinence or dribbling of urine

Sabang: n A city port on the north­ernmost island of Sumatra. “Dari Sabang  smnpai Memuke from Sabang to Merauke”  from end (Sabang) to end (Merauke) of Indo­nesia |a slogan referring to Indo­nesia’s integrity|

sabar1: adj /frm/lu/ patient, calm. Sabarlah Be patient!
/slogan/ Orang sabar dikasihani Tuhan God would love patient person Sdh habis

sabar2: n /frm/lu/ patience  Dia kehilangan sabar lalu memukul He ran out of patience and hit.
-bersabar: v be pa­tient, be calm.
-menyabari: v be calm down about sth.
-menyabarkan: v make sb calm down or be patient of sth
-kesabaran: n 1 patience. 2 tolerance.
-ketidak sabaran: n impatience.
-sabaran: adj /Jkt/ patient, calm.
-penyabar: n a patient person

Sabat: n 1 Saturday. 2 Sabbath.

sabda: n /ltr/ utterance (of God, Muh., Jesus, or exalted personage). Sabda Baginda Raja. His Majesty King’s words.
-ber­sabda: v speak. Raja itu lalu bersabda. The king then spoke.
-mensabdakan: v say, state sth (of deities, kings).

sabel: n /ltr/ sword

saben: variant of: saban:

sabet; menyabet: v /inf/lu/ 1 whip. Seorang ibu menyabet anaknya dengan lidi A mother whipped her child with palm mid ribs. 2 snatch Dompetnya disabet pencuri di bis. Her purse was snatched by a thief in a bus. 3 grab, gain |win a competition or medal| Dia berhasil menyabet medali emas. He successfully gained a gold medal.
-menyabetkan: v whip sth against (sb/sth elese)
-sabetan: 1 a strike (with a whip), a slash with a whipping motion, action of strik­ing. 2 what is gotten by grabbing. Hasil sabetannya dijual dengan murah. What he gets from stealing he sold it chiefly
-sabet-sabetan: v whip each other
-penyabet: n snatcher, robber.

sabil: n /Isl/ 1 the Way 2 holy mean

sabit1: n /frm/lu/ sickle.
-bulan sabit: n crescent moon (symbol of Islam).
-meny(s)abit: v cut (grass, rice, etc.).
-sabit hati: adj heart­rending.
-menyabitkan: v use a sickle to cut sth
-rumput sabit: n grass cut with a sickle.

sabit2: adj /ld/ certain, definitive.
-menyabitkan: v affirm,  ascertain

sablon: n /frm/lu/ silk-screening.
-men(s)yablon: v silk-screen.
-pen(s)ablon: n 1 copier. 2 plagiarist.
-peny(s)ablonan: n pro­cess of silk-screening.

sabot: sabotase: n /frm/lu/ sabotage.

sabot2: meny(s)abotase: v /frm/lu/ sabotage.
-mensabotase: v sabotage.
-penyabotase:
n saboteur.
-penyabotasean: n sabotaging.

sabotir; menyabotir: v /frm/lu/ sabotage.

Sabtu: n Saturday.
Sabtu malam: n Saturday evening.
-malam Sabtu: n Friday evening.

sabuk: n /frm/lu/ belt, sash
-sabuk pengaman/ penyelamat: n seatbelt, safety belt.
-bersabut: v wear a sash.

sabun1: n /frm/lu/ soap.
-sabun mandi: n bath soap.
-sabun cuci: n laundry soap.
-bersabun: adj soapy.
-menyabun: v 1 lather. 2 /idiomatic/ a) commit to do sth illegal b) masturbate.
-menyabuni: v repeatedly lather sth. Dia menyabunyi anaknya She  lathered his child.
-menyabunkan: v 1 apply soap 2 make sth into soap.
-penyabunan: n act of lathering.

sabun2: adj /ld/ white, pale, albino.

sabung1; bersabung: v /frm/lu/ 1 compete, fight |fight between two an­imals such as cock (for gambling). 2 hash |to discuss something very thoroughly and carefully|  Mari kita kumpul dan bersabung soal ini. Let’s get together and hash this thing out.
-menyabung: v fit, arrange a fight between two animals Mari kita menyabung ayam itu. Let’s make the cock to fight.

sabung2: adj /frm/lu/ fighting Apa kamu punya ayam sabung? Do you have fighting cock? (cock)
-penyabung: n cockfighter.
-penyabungan: n the action of making two cocks, etc. fight.
-persabungan: n 1 cock (kite, etc.) fight. 2 conflict. 3 pit for cockfighting.

sabut: n /frm/lu/ husk, fibrous shell.
-sabut kelapa: n coconut fiber.
-bersabut: adj fibrous.

sadap1; meny(s)adap: v /frm/lu/ 1 make incisions in a tree to obtain sap. 2 sample blood. 3 tap, bug (telephone, in­formation, room, etc.). menyadap pembicaraan tap a con­versation.
-sadapa: n sap tapped.
-penyadap: n tapper.
-peny­adapan: n tapping.

sadap2: variant of sedap:

sadaqah; variant of sedekah:

sadar: adj /frm/lu/ 1 aware | realize that sth is true, exists, or happened| Apa kamu sadar bahaya merokok? Are you aware of the dangers of smoking? Apa kamu tidak sadar bahwa putri kamu telah makan narkoba? Aren’t you aware (that) your daughter has been taking drugs?
2 conscious |awake and able to understand what is happening around you| John masih tetap sadar ketika mereka tiba di rumah sakit. John was still conscious when they arrived at the hospital.
-kesadaran: n 1 awareness 2 consciousness
-menyadari: v /tr/ 1 aware of (sth) 2 realize of (sth)
-menyadarkan: v /tr/ make sb aware or conscious
-tersadar: v 1 be aware 2 come to realize 3 come to, regain con­sciousness.
-penyadaran: n the process of making sb aware or conscious

sadis: adj /frm/lu/ 1 sadistic Dia akan memainkan peran sadis dalam cerita itu He is going to play a sadistic character in the story 2 /paradoxical/ terrific, great. Wah, sadis sekali makanan ini! What a terrific dish!
-kesadisan: n 1 sadism. 2 being terrifically good.

sadisme: n /frm/lu/ sadism.

sadistis: adj /frm/lu/ sadistic.

sado: n /frm/lu/ 1 two-wheeled horse-drawn carriage. 2 /Sumatera/ small motorized jitneys or taxis used for urban transportation.
-bersado: v ride a sado.

sadur; saduran: n /frm/lu/ coat |a layer of something that covers a surface| Cincin perak dengan saduran emas. A silver ring with gold coat.
-menyadur: v 1 coat |to cover a surface with a layer of something| Apa kamu dapat menyadur kalung ini dengan emas? Can you coat this necklace with gold?   2 quote (a story). Penulis naskah menyadur cerita itu dari legenda Sunda. The script writer quoted the story from a Sundanese legend
-penyadur: n 1 sb who quote sth 2 coater
-penyaduran: n 1 act of coating 2 the process of a quotation
-saduran1: n 1 sth that is coated 2 quotation
-saduran2: adj coated Satu gelang saduran emas. A gold-coated bracelet.

saf: n /frm/lu/ 1 line 2 series 3 row. Dalam solat berjamaah safnya harus lurus In group prayers the rows of people should be straight.
-bersaf-safan: v do in rows, lined up.
-saf-safan: n 1 column. 2 in layers, in rows.

safaat: n variant of syafaat:

safari: n /frm/lu/ 1 safari 2 traveling group (of entertainers, etc.)
-baju safari: n style of shirt (with matching pants) that imitates a safari costume.
-bersafari: v 1 go on a safari. 2 wear a safari costume.

safier; safir: n /frm/lu/ sapphire.

sago: variant of sagu:

sagu1: n /frm/lu/ sago palm or its products.
-sago belanda: n palm tree – Maranta arundinacea.
-sagu hati: n souvenir
-menyagu: v extract sago
-sagu-saguan: n plants similar to the sago palm.

sagu2: n /ld/ code name for narcotic powder.

saguer; saguir: n /North Sulawesi/ palm toddy.

sah1: adj /frm/lu/ valid, legal. Itu tidak sah. That is not legal (That is invalid). anak tidak sah illegitimate child.

sah; mensahkan: v /frm/lu/ 1 legalize 2 formalize 3 approve 4 authorize 5 ratify 6 confirm
-kesahan: n 1 legality 2 formality
-pengesahan; pensahan: n 1 ratification, confirmation. 2 legalization, au­thorization.
-secara sah: adv 1 legally 2 officially 3 formally

sah2: variant of syah:

sahabat: n /frm/lu/ friend.
-bersahabat1: v be friend with.
-bersahabat2: adj friendly.
-persahabatan: n friendship.
-sahabat karib/ kental: n 1 pal 2 intimate friend.
-sahabat Nabi: n disciples of Muh.
-sahabat pena: n correspondence mate.

sahadat: variant of syahadat:

sahaja1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 simple 2 natural.
-bersahaja: v be simple 2 be uncompli­cated. Penghidupannya bersahaja: His way of living was simple.
-suku yang bersahaja: v un-acculturated tribe.
-mem­persahajakan: v simplify sth Mereka mempersahajakan gaya hidupnya. They simplify their life-style.
-kesahajaan: n simplicity, simpleness.
-pensahajaan: n simplification.

sahaja2: adv /frm/lu/ 1 intently 2 on purpose. Dia sahaja melakukan itu. He intently to do it.

sahaja3: variant of saja:

saham: n /frm/lu/ 1 share, stock. 2 contribution. 3 part, role (in an affair, etc.).

sahbandar: variant of syahbandar:

sahdu: variant of syahdu:

sahid: variant of syahid:

sahih: adj /frm/lu/ valid, genuine.
-kesahihan: n validity.

sahur1: n /frm/lu/ the meal eaten before daybreak dur­ing the fasting month.
-bersahur: v have this meal.

sahur2: variant of saur:

sahut: n /frm/lu/ answer to sb’s call.
-bersahut-sahutan: v call each other Cengkerik di sana-sini bersahut-sahutan dengan katak The crickets and the frogs called back and forth to each other
-menyahut: v answer back a call or question.
-menyahuti: v 1 answer a call, response to sb’s question
-penyahutan: n replying.

sahwat: variant of syahwat:

Sailan: n Ceylon.

saing1; bersaing1: v /frm/lu/ compete. Mereka bersaing satu sama lain. They compete each other.

saing2: bersaing2: adj /frm/lu/ competitive. Itu adalah harga bersaing It’s a competitive price
-menyaingi: v /tr/ compete (sb/sth)
-persaingan: n competition
-pesaing: n 1 competitor 2 rivalry
-tersaingi: v be competed

saing2: n /ld/ fang, tusk |a long sharp tooth of an animal such as a snake or dog| -syn: taring

sains: n science.

sair; sa’ir: variant of syair:

sais: n /frm/lu/ coachman.

saja1: adv /frm/lu/ 1 only a) |nothing or no one except the person or thing mentioned| Mereka butuh hanya dua orang saja yang akan direkrut. They need only two persons to be recruited. b) bukan saja: not only… but |used in order to say that something is even better, worse, or more surprising than what you have just said| Dia bukan saja cantik tetapi juga cerdas. She is not only pretty but also smart.  2 just a) |say to simplify what should sb do| Taruh saja buku kamu di meja saya. Just put your book on my desk. b) |giving advice what sb should do| Tunggu saja pembalasanku Just wait my revenge Tunggu saja disini, saya akan kembali cepat. Just wait here, I’ll back soon. Telepon saja dia kalau hanya mau minta maaf. Just call her, if only to say you’re sorry. c) |to say that sth almost happen| Saya baru saja mau pergi ketika kamu menelepon. I just want to leave when you called. d) |to say that a certain amount, quantity, or quality is fair or acceptable| Berikan dia Rp: 2000,- saja, itu cukup. Give him just Rp:2000,- it’s enough. 3 else |in addition to| Siapa saja yang akan pergi bersama kamu. Who else will go with you? 4 just (like equal, the same, exact like) Sama saja bunuh diri kalau mengebut secepat ini. Just like to commit suicide if you wildly drive like this. 5 kapan saja: whenever (any time) Kapan saja kamu mau pergi terserah pada kamu. Whenever you want to go it’s up to you. 6 apa saja: whatever. Apa saja yang kamu katakan, saya tidak peduli. Whatever you say, I don’t care. 7 berapa saja: how much ever  Berapa saja kamu mau jual saya tidak keberatan. How much ever you want to sell it, I have no objection. 7 baru saja: only just a) |a very short time ago|  Kami baru saja mulai rapat. We’re only just beginning the meeting. b) tinggal … saja: |almost not; hardly|  Tinggal untuk dua orang saja ruangan disini. There’s only just room here for two people.

saja2: adj /frm/lu/ only 1 |with no others of the same kind| Dia saja orang yang saya tahu tidak senang coklat. She’s the only person I know who doesn’t like chocolate. Jalan santai, itu saja latihan yang saya lakukan. Jogging is the only exercise I get. 2 hanya saja: the only thing is | used before you begin to talk about something that might be a problem|  Saya ingin datang menjumpai kamu, hanya saja mobil saya lagi di perbaiki. I’d like to come see you, the only thing is my car’s being fixed.
Note: learn this words together with ‘hanya’. In some cases ‘hanya’ and ‘saja’ can be used together as a compound words with a single meaning, e.g. ‘hanya saja’ means ‘but’; ‘however’  In some case ‘saja’ is a synonym of ‘hanya’ e.g. “ bukan hanya” has the same meaning with “bukan saja” However in some sentences ‘saja’ means ‘just’, e.g. She just gone. Dia baru saja pergi;  in some sentence it means ‘only’ e.g. I give this just for you. Saya berikan ini hanya untuk kamu.

sajadah: n /frm/lu/ prayer rug.

sajak: n /frm/lu/ 1 poem, verse, lyrics. 2 /Bib/) Book of Lamenta­tions. 3 rhyme. sajak akhir end-rhyme.
-bersajak: v 1 rhyme (of words, phrases, stories) 2 be in rhyming form. cerita bersajak a story in rhyme. 3 write poetry. 4 recite poetry.
-bersajak2: adj poetic
-menyajak: v compose a poetry.
-menyajakkan: v make a poem of, put into rhyme.
-penyajak: n poet

sajarah: variant of sejarah:

sajen: n /ld/ offering of flowers or food (to spirits, ete.).

saji: sajian: n /frm/lu/ dishes laid out on the table.
-menyajikan: v 1 serve, dish out |to serve food to people| Ibu menyajikan daging panggang. Mom dished out the barbecued steaks.. Mereka meyajikan makanan lezat. They served delicious food. 2 provide, supply, present. Ming­guan ini menyajikan berita-berita ekonomi. The weekly magazine presents business report.
-penyajian: n presentation. Saya akan memberi penyajian mengenai laporan perkembangan perusahaan. I’m going to give a presentation on the company’s progress.
-tersaji: adj 1 served 2 laid out (food on a table) 2 see sajen:

saka: also pusaka: n /frm/lu/ 1 heritage. 2 heirloom.
-saka baka: n ancestors.

Saka: n Javnese year in the calendar beginning 78 A.D. tahun saka in the Javanese year  (used to refer to pre-15th century events).

sakaguru: variant of sokoguru:

sakaratulmaut: variant of: sakratulmaut:

sake: n /frm/lu/ alcoholic beverage, sake.

sakelar: n /frm/lu/ electric switch.

sakelek: adj /of/ 1 gentle 2 fair 3 objective 4 businesslike.

saking: conj. /inf/lu/ 1 on account of. Dia tidak dapat melihat apa­-apa saking gelapnya He could not see anything on account of the darkness. 2 due to

sakit: adj /frm/lu/ 1 ill, sick |suffering from a disease or not feeling well|  Dokter bilang Patty sakit serius. Doctor said that Fatty suffers a serious illness 2 sore, painful |painful as a result of a wound, infection, or too much exercise|: Lutut saya sedikit sakit akibat lari kemarin. My knee’s a little sore from running yesterday. tenggorokan sakit. a sore throat 3 hurts |suffering pain or injury|  Jangan lakukan, itu sakit. Don’t do it, it’s hurts. OK, tidak ada yang akan merasa sakit (yang akan disakiti) It’s okay, nobody got hurt. 4 sakit (hati): upset or unhappy Saya sangat sakit hati dengan apa yang dia katakan. I was very hurt by what he said.

sakit: n /frm/lu/ 1 illness |a disease of the body or mind, or the state of having a disease or sickness| Sakit kamu akan segera terobati Your illness will soon be cured. 2 pain |the feeling you have when part of your body hurts| Tentara tergeletak di tanah menahan sakit. Soldiers lay groaning in pain Obat itu tidak banyak menghilangkan sakit dia. The drugs don’t do much to relieve her pain. Ada sakit di punggung saya. (feeling of pain) There is a pain in my back.
-sakit ayan: n epilepsy
-sakit gajah: n elephantiasis
-sakit gondok: n thyroid
-sakit gula/kencing manis: n diabetes.
-sakit hati: adj offended, harboring resentment.
-sakit ingatan: n insane, crazy.
-sakit karang/batu: n kidney stones.
-sakit kelamin: n venereal disease
-sakit kepala:
n headache.
-sakit ­keputihan: n leucorrhea.
-sakit kuku dan mulut: n foot-and-mouth disease.
-sakit ­kuning: n jaundice.
-sakit mangga: n swelling in the groin.
-sakit mental: n mental illness.
-sakit panas: n 1 fever. 2 feverish.
-sakit paru-paru: n TBC ­
-sakit pendarahan: n hemorrhage.
-sakit perempuan: n venereal disease.
-sakit perut: n stom­achache.
-sakit pinggang: n nephritis.
-sakit pitam: n ap­oplexy.
-sakit sabun: n gonorrhea.
-sakit-sakitan: adj 1 ailing 2 sickly
-sakit saraf: n nervous disorder.
-sakit senewen: n 1 nervous disorder.
-sakit serius: n serious illness.
-sisakit: n patient.

sakit: menyakiti: v /tr/frm/lu/ 1 hurt |to injure yourself or someone else, especially not very seriously|  Mereka menyakiti diri sendiri dengan main lempar-lemparan batu. They hurt themselves by  throwing stones to each other. Sam! Jangan melparkan batu, kamu bisa menyakiti seseorang. Sam! Don’t throw the stone, you might hurt somebody! 2 /intr/tr/ to feel pain or cause pain in a part of your body| Kaki saya benar-benar sakit setelah perjalanan itu. My feet really hurt after all that walking! Berlari terlalu cepat menyakiti lutut saya. Too fast running hurts my knees. 3 |to make someone feel very upset or unhappy| Maaf, saya tidak bermaksud menyakiti perasaan kamu.  I’m sorry, I didn’t mean to hurt your feelings.
-kesakitan: v 1 be hurt 2 suffer a hurt Bob sangat kesakitan setelah jatuh dari tangga. Bob was very hurt after falling down from a ladder.
-keterpenyakitan: n morbidity |the quality or level of being morbid|
-menyakitkan: adj 1 hurt |very upset or unhappy| Apa yang kamu katakan sangat menyakitkan. What you said was very hurt. 2 hurting |make sb fell hurt| Itu adalah satu situasi menyakitkan.It was a hurting situation.
-penyakitan: adj morbid |having many unhealthy interest in unpleasant subjects, especially that make sb feel very upset, unhappy, or hurt| Begitu banyak orang penyakitan di masyarakat ini. So many morbid persons in this community.
-penyakit: n 1 disease 2 illness 3 sickness 3 ailment 4 malady 5 morbid condition
-sesakit-sakitnya: adv as hurt as (she was) Sesakit-sakitnya dia, saya kira dia akan sembuh. What so ever hurt herself, I believe she’ll be cured.

saklar: variant of sakelar:

sakral: adj /frm/lu/ sacred, holy. Perkawinan itu sakral. A marriage is sacral.
-meny(s)akralkan: v sanctify, make (sth) holy. Jangan mensakralkan patung itu. Don’t ever sanctify the statue.

sakramen: n /ld/ sacrament |Christian holy ceremony such as communion|
-sacramental: adj pertaining to sacrament

sakratul maut: n /frm/lu/ death agony.

saksama: variant of seksama:

saksi: n /frm/lu/ witness a) | someone who sees an accident or a crime and can describe what happened|  Sayang tidak ada saksi perampokan itu. Unfortunately there were no witnesses to the robbery. b) |someone who describes in a court of law what s/he has seen or what s/he knows about a crime| Hakim menanya saksi sebaik apa dia mengenal tersangka. The judge asked the witness how well she knew the defendant. c) |someone who watches another person sign an official document, and then signs it also to prove| Kita perlu dua saksi untuk menandatangani perjanjian kesepakatan itu. We need two witness to sign the agreement.
-kesaksian: n testimony |something such as a statement that shows or proves something else is true, happened. or exist especially made in front of a court with oath| Saya akan memberi kesaksian bahwa dia tidak bersalah. I’m going to make a testimony in the court that he is innocent.
-saksi ahli: n an expert that give a scientific statement about something that can be used as an evidence in a court.
-saksi mata: n eye-witness

saksi2: menyaksikan: v /frm/lu/ 1 witness |to see something happen, especially an accident or a crime|  Sedikit orang yang benar-benar menyaksikan kejadian itu. Few people actually witnessed the accident. 2 to be a witness |to watch someone sign an official document, and then sign it that it’s valid| 3 watch Apa kamu menyaksikan pertunjukan tadi malam? Did you watch the last night’s show?
-bersaksi: v testify |give a testimony or  formal statement of what is true, especially in a court of law| Dua orang bersaksi bahwa kamu ada disana waktu itu. Two persons testified that they saw you were there at that time. Saya tidak bisa bersaksi memberatkan suami saya. I can’t testify against my husband.
-penyaksian: n the process of witnessing or watching of sth.

saksofon: n /frm/lu/ saxophone.

saksofonis: n /frm/lu/ saxophonist.

sakti: adj /frm/lu/ 1 supernatural, divine power. Dia tidak dapat luka karena sakti. He was invulnerable because of his supernatural power. 2 having magic or divine power. Kabarnya rumah itu tempat sakti. They say that the house has magical powers. 3 sacred. Banyak orang percaya keris itu sakti Many people believe that the dagger is sacred.
-kesaktian: n supernatural powers.
-mensaktikan: v render sth be supernaturally power­ful.

saku: n /frm/lu/ 1 bag, sack. saku kerja workbag, briefcase 2 pocket.

sakura: n /frm/lu/ 1 cherry tree. 2  other trees bearing pink blossoms.
-negeri sakura: n Japan.                ‘

sakwasangka: see syak:

sal1: n /frm/lu/ hospital ward sal bersalin lying-in ward.

sal2: variant of syal:

Sala: variant of Solo:

salada: variant of selada:

salah1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 wrong |not correct, not the one you intended, or not the one you should use|  Kamu salah. Dia bukan pacar saya tetapi saudari saya. You’re wrong. She is not my girl friend but my sister.  Saya membeli ukuran yang salah. I bought the wrong size. Kamu telah memberi jawaban salah terhadap pertanyaan itu. You gave a wrong answer to the question. Maaf salah nomer. Sorry, I get a wrong number. Apa yang salah dengan kata-kata saya? What’s wrong with my words? 2 immoral Dia tidak berbuat sesuatu yang salah! He didn’t do anything immoral! 3 unacceptable Apa yang salah dalam proposal ini? What’s unacceptable with this proposal? 4 not suitable: Ini waktu yang salah pergi main ski. It’s not a suitable time to go skiing. 5 not match Mereka adalah pasangan yang salah They are not a match couple.

salah2: v /frm/lu/ mis- 1 salah-tingkah: misbehave Arthur selalu salah tingkah di kelas. Arthur’s always misbehave in class. 2 salah urus/mengendalikan: mislead; mismanage: Kamu sudah salah mengendalikan perusahaan ini. You’ve mislead the company. 3 salah-tafsir: misinterpret Jangan salah tafsir apa yang saya katakan. Don’t misinterpret what I’m saying. 4 salah-timbang: v misjudge (a law case)  5 salah-paham: misunderstand. 6 salah kaparah: mis-orient |folk-etymology, a deviation from real meaning of word or phrase due to widespread misinterpretation|
-bersalah: adj guilty
-meyalahkan: v blame.

salah3; kesalahan: n /frm/lu/ 1 mistake. Kamu punya banyak kesalahan dalam lembar jawaban kamu. You have so many mistakes on your answer sheet.2 wrongdoing Kesalahan apa lagi yang kamu perbuat? What wrongdoing did you do again? 3 fault Setiap kesalahan akan di ganjar dengan memotong angka. Any fault will be punished by cutting your point. Kesalahan siapa itu tidak penting. Whose fault was it is not important. 4 error Apa kamu bisa betulkan kesalahan pada sistim ini? Can you fix the error in this system?
-kesalahan patal: n blunder
-penyalahgunaan: n 1 misused Kasus itu adalah penyalah gunaan fasilitas negara untuk kampanye politik. The case was a misused of public property for political campaign 2 abuse |the use of something in a way that it should not be used| Satu artikel disebuah Koran menyebut tindakan presiden sebagai pemyalahgunaan kekuasaan. An article on a newspapers are calling the President’s action as an abuse of power.
-penyalahtafsiran: n misinterpretation
-salah langkah: n mis-track

salah4; salah-satu: pron. /frm/lu/ 1 one of, any of (you, them, the thing) Saya mengenal salah-satu diantara guru-guru. I know one of the teachers. 2 any Apa ada salah satu dari kalian yang tahu jwabannya? Is there any of you know the answer?

salai: adj /frm/lu/ 1 smoked. ikan salai smoked fish. 2 dried. pisang salai sun-dried banana chips.
-meny(s)alai: v 1 smoke. 2 dry  (by fire or in sun).
-salaian: n grill, grate.

salak1: n /frm/lu/ the Zalacca palm and its fruit.

salak2: n /frm/lu/ high-pitched bark.
-meny(s)alak: v /intr/ bark.
-meny(s)alaki: v /tr/ bark at

salam1: n /frm/lu/ 1 peace (in greetings). 2 greetings. |something that you say or do when you meet someone| Kedua pria itu saling memberi salam The two men exchanged greetings. (said hello to each other)
-bersalaman: v 1 shake hands 2 greet.
-bersalam-salaman: v shake hands each other
-menyalami: v greet by hand shaking.
-salam hangat: n warm regards.
-salam hormat: n respect regards, cordial greetings
-salam mesra: n intimate greetings
-salam penutup: n complimentary close in a letter.
-salam sejahtera: n may God bless us |large used as a formal greeting|.
-salam takzim: n sincerely yours
-salam temple: n sth given while shaking (could be a bribe, present, etc.)

salam2: see daun:

salam3: see ikan:

salam’alaikum: variant of assalam alaikum:

salap: variant of salep:

salat1: n /frm/lu/ salad.

salat2: variant of solat:

salawat: variant of selawat:

saldo: n /frm/lu/ balance. saldo akhir net balance.

sale: variant of salai:

saleh: adj /frm/lu/ pious, virtuous, godly, steadfast
-kesalehan: n piety.

salempang: see selempang:

salep: n /frm/lu/ ointment, salve.

salesman: n /frm/lu/ salesman.

salib: n /Christ./ 1 the Cross 2 variant of salip:
-menyalibkan: v crucify.
-penyaliban: n crucifixion.

salim: adj /ltr/ healthy

salin; bersalin: v /frm/lu/ 1 change clothes. 2 bear a child, give birth.
-bersalin-salin1: v continuously change
-bersalin-salin2: adj erratic. Kelakuannya bersalin-salin.His behavior was eratic.
-meny(s)alinkan: v 1 change (sth) to substitute sth else. Salinkan baju basahmu dengan kaus ini. Change your wet shirt with this T-shirt.  2 copy (with hand writing) Sebelum kedatangan mesin fotocopy, segala ssu harus kita salin untuk membuat rangkap (salinan) Before the coming of photocopy machine, we have to hand write everything to make copy. Tolong salin surat kesepakatan ini. Please write the copy of this agreement ­3 translate.
-salinan: n 1copy 2 duplicate
-peny(s)alin: n copier.
-persalinan: n 1 baby delivering 2 childbirth Rumah Sakit Bersalin Baby Delivering Hospital.

saling: adv /lu/ mutually |reciprocate each other, or or do sth reciprocal action| Mereka saling membantu satu sama lain. They mutually help each other  Saya berharap semua kita saling mencintai satu sama lain. I hope we reciprocally love each other.
-saling ketergantungan: n mutual dependence.
-saling menghindari: v mutually exclusive.
-saling pengertian: v mutually understand.
-saling tergantung: adj mutually dependent.

salinitas: n /tech/ salinity.

salip; menyalip: v /frm/lu/ 1 pass (car on the road) Dilarang menyalip No passing. 2 overtake |to develop or increase more quickly than someone else| 2 cross Salip Jesus Jesus Cross
-salip-salipan: v mutually overtake each other.

salju: n /frm/lu/ snow.
-bersalju: v be covered by snow.
-salju batu: n hail.

salon: n /frm/lu/ 1 drawing room 2 parlor salon kecantikan beauty parlor 2 console. salon radio radio console.

salto: n /frm/lu/ somersault.
-salto mortal: n sumersault in the air.
-bersalto: v somersault.

salur; saluran: n /frm/lu/ 1 gutter, duct. 2 line, channel  3 out let saluran biru blue stripes. 4 line, channel (telephone, TV, radio) Saluran ini menyiarkan berita setiap jam. This channel broadcast news every hour 6 facility Apa kita perlu mengirim dokumen ini melalui saluran diplomatik? Shall we send the document through diplomatic facility? 7 track saluran pernapasan respiratory tract
-bersalur-salur1: v 1 having lines
-bersalur-salur2: adj striped  mata bersalur merah: n bloodshot eyes.
-menyaluri: v make sth pass or flow through (a channel, gutter, line, etc) Air hujan menyaluri got-got sekeliling rumah. The rain water flowed the gutter around the house.
-menyalurkan: v /tr/ 1 make sth flow Pipa ini akan menyalurkan air ke kota. This pipe will bring the water flow to the city 2 distribute Palang Merah menyalurkan obat-obatan kepada korban bencana alam. The Red Cross distributes medicine to the victims of the catastrophe.
-pnyalur: n distributor.
-penyaluran: n distribution.
-saluran air: n canal, drainage
-saluran hukum: n legal procedure.
-saluran petir: n lighting conductor.
-saluran resmi: n official procedure/ channel.
-saluran udara: n ventilation

salut1: n /ld/ 1 cover, envelope. 2 wrap­per 3 case.
-bersalutkan: v be covered, plated (with sth)
-bersalut emas: v be plated with gold.
-meny(s)aluti: v cover, coad, plate.

salut2: v /frm/ 1 salute. 2 greetings. 3 respect, admire. Saya salut akan keberaniannya I admire her courage.

salvo: n /frm/ salvo |the firing of several guns in a battle or as part of a ceremony|

sama1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 same Kedua mereka berumur sama. Both of them have a same age. Itu sama saja buat saya It’s the same to me. 2 similar. Ini sama dengan yang saya beli kemarin This is similar to what I bought yesterday.

sama2: v /frm/lu/ equal Tiga tambah tiga sama dengan enam. Three plus three equals six
-menyamakan: v 1 equalize Mereka mencoba menyamakan kedudukan tetapi gagal. They tried to equalize the pint, but it was failed. 2 menyamaratakan: generalize. Jangan menyamaratakan semua mereka, itu tidak adil. Don’t generalize all of them, it’s not fair
-bersamaan1: adj concurrent |existing or happening at the same time| Akan ada tiga peristiwa besar yang bersamaan tahun ini. There will be three concurrent big events for this year.
-bersamaan2: adv simultaneously
-bersama; bersama-sama: adv together 2 collectively
-kesamaan: n 1 similarity 2 equality
-mempersamakan: v 1 compare sth with sth 2 treat equally. 3 treat the same as 3 consider two or more things) equal
-menyamai: v equal |to be as good as something or someone else| Dia telah menyamai rekor Olimpiade. He has equalled the Olympic record!
-penyamarataan: n 1 generalization. 2 levelling
-persamaan: n 1 equality 2 /math./ equation
-sama dan sebangun: n /math/ con­gruent.
-sama kaki: adj /math/ isosceles |having two equal size of sides|
-sama kuat: n /sport tie |the result of a game, competition, or election in which two or more people get the same number of points, votes etc.| Pertandingan berakhir dengan sama kuat The game ended in a tie.
-sama rata: adj averagely equal.
-sama sekali: adv absolutely. Saya sama sekali tidak mengenal dia. Absolutely I don’t know him.
-sama sisi: adj /math/ equilateral Sebuah segi tiga sama sisi. An equilateral triangle.
-sesama1: n 1 fellow Sesama putra bangsa The fellow countrymen. Hargailah perjuangan sesama patriot Admire the effort of your fellow countryman 2 peer |someone who is the same age as you, or who has the same type of job, rank etc.|  Budi telah mendapat penghargaan dari sesama. Budi has gained the respect of his peers. Dia teman sesama tahanan. He is a friend of feloow prisoner.
-sesama2: prep. between Ini hanya sesame kita. This is only between us.

sama2; sama-sama; bersama: adv /frm/lu/ together.  Mereka pergi bersama-sama They went together
-kebersamaan: n togetherness
-kerjasama; bekerjasama: v cooperate Dia tidak mau bekerja sama dengan kita. He doesn’t want to cooperate with us.

sama3: prep. /frm/lu/ 1 to Saya telah berikan uang itu sama dia I gave the money to her with 2 with Saya senang (sama) dia I like (with) her 3 for  Saya lakukan itu semua sama kamu I did all of it for you.
-bersama ini: adv herewith
-mau sama mau: /phr/ mutually agree
-tahu sama tahu: adv connive with each other

samar: adj /frm/lu/ indistinct, vague |unclear|
-ketersamaran: n 1 dusk. 2 obscureness, vagueness. 3 camouflage. ketersamaran tem­pat persembunyian camouflage of a hiding place.
-menyamar: v /tr/ 1 be in disguise. Dia menyamar sebagai seorang sipil He was in disguised as a civilian. 2 be incognito |if a famous person does something incognito, s/he is hiding who s/he really is|  Raja itu pergi dalam penyamaran: The king went incognito.
-menyamarkan: v /tr/  conceal, hide sth Dia menyamarkan diri diantara orang ramai She concealed herself into the crowd. Dia menyamarkan maksudnya She concealed her intentions.
-nama samaran: n pseudonym.
-penyamaran: n camouflage, dis­guise. penyamarann sempurna perfect camouflage
-samaran: n object of disguise, camouflage.
-tersamar: v be disguised, be hidden pengangguran tersamar. hidden unmployment.

sama rata: see sama:

sama sekali: see sama:

sambal: n /frm/lu/ condiment that containing chili peppers.
-menyambal: v prepare this sauce.
-sambal bajag/bajak: n fried spices.
-sambal dendeng: n condiment with dried
-sambal goreng: n fried spicy sauce.
-sambal terasi: n sauce made with shrimp paste.
-sambal ulek: n sauce made by crushing spices in a mortar.
-sambal-sambalan: n various spicy side dishes.

sambar; menyambar: v /frm/lu/ 1 strike sth |as of flash of lightning| Petir menyambar sebatang pohon besar. The lightening struck  a big tree. 2 swoop down and seize. Burung elang itu menyambar anak ayam The hawk swooped down and seized the baby chick. 3 suddenly seized Pi­saunya disambar lawannya His knife was seized by his opponent. 4 grab and take away, Sialan, jamku disambar penjambret. What bad luck! My watch was grabbed and taken away by a robber. 5 suddenly burn Lalu lidah api itu menyambar atap rumah The flame then suddenly burnt the roof. of the house.
-sambaran: n strike, stroke.
-tersambar: v 1 be seized. 2 be struck.

sambel: variant of sambal:

sambet; kesambet: v /inf/lu/ 1 be struck by a sharp object. 2 struck with disease.

sambil: conj. /frm/lu/ 1 while, at the same time. Dia menyanyi sambil ber­main piano She sang while playing the piano. Dia tertawa sambil mengangkat tangan keatas. He laughed and raised her hands at the same time. 2 in passing Hal itu sudah disebut tetapi hanya sambil lalu. It was mentioned but only in passing.
-mensambillalukan: v do sth as a sideline job.
-sambil lalu1: adv |if sb do sth at the same time with other activity and it’s doesn’t bother s/he to do the main activity| Apa kamu dapat sambil lalu menurunkan anak-anak di sekolah dalam perjalanan kamu ke kantor tanpa mengganggu? Can you drop the child at the school on your way to the office without bothering?
-sambil lalu2: adj sideline Itu hanya pekerjaan sambil lalu saya. It’s only my sideline job
-sambil-sambilan: adv just as a sideline

sambit; menyambit: v /intr/inf/lu/ throw sth agaist sth
-bersambit-sambitan: v /intr/ throw each other with sth Suami-isteri itu sering sambit-sambitan dengan bantal The couple frequently throw each other with pillows.
-menyambiti: v /tr/ throw at. Anak-anak myambiti baliho itu. The children throw the mural /tr/ throw sth.
-menyambitkan: v /tr/ throw sth against sth Jangan sambitkan batu-batu itu, boleh melukai sso Don’t throw the stones, it may hurt sb. Pisau itu disambitkannya ke pohon. She threw the knife onto a tree.

sambuk: n /frm/lu/ whip.
-menyambuk: v whip.
-sambukan: n whipping. Kegagalan itu merupakan sambukan baginya supaya be­kerja lebih keras His failure was a whip for him to work harder.

sambung; menyambung: v /frm/lu/ 1 join, connect (two or more things together) 2 continue, go on  (action or even)  |to keep happening, existing, or doing something without stopping|  Mari kita tutup rapat ini sekarang dan kita sambung setelah istirahat makan siang. Let’s stop this meeting now and we continue it after lunch break. “Lalu anak gadis itu lari dari rumah” sambungnya. “Then the girl ran away form home” he continued.  Menyambung diskusi kita sebelumnya, saya ingin mengutarakan bahwa ….To continue our previous discussion, I’d like to say that….. 3 dial (phone number) Maaf, salah sambung Sorry, wrong number. (dial a wrong number) 4 knit |to join people, things, or ideas more closely, or to be closely connected| Dokter menyambung tulangnya yang patah dengan rapih. The doctor knitted his broken bones neatly 5 refer Menyambung surat kami terdahulu, …… Refer to our previous letter……
-bersambung1: adj 1 continuous |continuing to happen or exist without stopping or pausing| Tanaman ini memerlukan pasokan air segar yang bersambung. These plants need a continuous supply of fresh water. 2 continued Dia sedang menulis sebuah cerita bersambung She is writing a continued story 3 connected Kita tidak punya kabel utuh 10 meter tetapi yang bersambung We don’t have a single piece of 10 meters cord, but connected cord. 4 prolonged Waktu itu negeri mengalami bencana yang bersambung At that time the country experienced prolonged disaster  5 serial  Saya senang menonton cerita bersambung ini. I like to watch this serial story.
-bersambung2: v 1 be continued Ceritanya akan bersambung The story will be continued  2 be connected Penerbangan kami ke Tokyo bersambung di Singapur. Our flight to Tokyo was connected in Singapore.
-bersambungan: v to have connection.
-bersambung-sambung: adj continuously connected, successively connected.
-berkesinambungan: adj sustainable Negeri ini memerlukan pembangunan berkesinambungan. This country needs a sustainable development.
-disambung: v be connected. Kabel pendek ini perlu disambung This short cord need to be connected.
-kesinambungan: n sustainability.
-penyambung: n 1 connector 2 penyambung lidah: speaker Sukarno selalu menyatakan dirinya sebagai penyambung lidah rakyat. Sukarno always claim himself as the people’s speaker.
-sambungan1; persambungan: n 1 connection |the point where two or more things are connected, especially by electricity, telephone, computer etc.:  Pasti ada sambungan yang longgar, kita tidak dapat arus. There must be a loose connection, we don’t have any power. 2 extension, link (telephone line)
-sambungan2: adj connected Kita tidak punya pipa tunggal yang utuh tetapi sambungan. We don’t have a single pipe but connected one.

sambut; menyambut: v /tr/frm/lu/ 1 greet |to say hello to someone or welcome him/her| Ibu Sally menyambut dia dengan pelukan dan ciuman. Sally’s mother greeted her with hugs and kisses. Pidato presiden telah disambut dengan sorak-sorai dan tawa The president’s speech was greeted with cheers and laughter. 2 welcome |to say hello in a friendly way to someone who has just arrived|  Ayah menyambut tamunya di pintu. Dad is welcoming his guests at the door. 3 accept |gladly agree with an idea, suggestion, etc.|  Mayoritas rakyat menyambut reformasi di bidang politik. Majority of the people welcome the political reformation.  3 receive Siapa yang akan menyambut kedatangan tamu di bandara. Who is going to receive the coming of our guest at the airport.  4 accept (agree with) Tidak satupun yang menyambut gagasan yang saya usulkan. Nobody agree with the idea I proposed.
-bersambut: v 1 be responded to 2 be answered  Apa saran kamu bersambut? Was your suggestion responded?
-bersambut-sambutan: v response to each other (argue to each other)
-penyambutan: n 1 reception 2  welcoming 3 greeting
-sambutan: n speech sambutan selamat datang welcome speech sambutan perpisahan farewell speech .

Samiri: n /Bib./ Samaritan.

samodera: variant of samudera:

sampah: n /frm/lu/ 1 rubbish 2 trash 3 garbage .
-menyampah: v become trash, rot.
-persampahan: n trash heap, trash can.
-sampah masyarakat: n scum of society.

sampai1: prep. conj. /frm/lu/ 1 until |used in order to say that something stops happening or being done at a particular time or when something else happens| Kami ada rapat sampai pukul 12: siang hari ini We have a meeting until 12:00 noon today Saya libur sampai hari Senin I’m on vacation until Monday. 2 |something will not happen before other event happen| Saya tidak akan pergi tidur sampai suami saya pulang ke rumah. I’ll not going to bed until my husband come home. Pindah tanam tidak akan dimulai samapai musim hujan tiba The transplanting won’t be started until rainy season. 3 to Akan saya hitung sampai tiga lalu mulai! I’ll count until 3, and go! 4 till Saya terjaga sampai pkl 1:00 I was up till 1:00 a.m. 5 as far as Dia dapat berjalan sampai sejauh 10 mil. She could walk as far as 10 miles
-penyampaian: n 1 delivery 2 presentation Itu satu penyampaian gagasan yang hebat. It was an excellent presentation of an idea.
-penyampai: n 1 conveyer 2 deliverer 3 presenter
-/phrs/ Sampai jumpa! See you Sampai jumpa besok! See you tomorrow!
-/phrs/ sampai hati: v dare Dia sampai hati meninggalkan bayinya selama satu hari She dares to leave her baby for a day.
-/phrs/ samapai ke up to Mereka mendaki sampai ke puncak gunung They climbed up to the top of the mountain.
-/idiom/ sampai botak; sampai tua: 1  never 3 until hell freezes over  Sampai botak kamu tidak akan dapat mengalahkan dia. You’ll never win over him.

sampai2: v /frm/lu/ 1 arrive Biasanya saya sampai rumah pukul 7:00 sore. Usually I arrive home at 7:00 p.m. 2 reach Dia telah pernah sampai puncak gunung itu He had reached the top of the mountain. 3 sth happened |go as far as to, get to the point of| Kalau kamu sampai kalah, berarti karir kamu akan berakhir If it happen that you loose the game, it means your carrier will be terminated.
-sampaikan; menyampaikan: v 1 extend (say sth to sb) Sampaikan salam saya kepada orang tua kamu. Extend my greetings to your parents. 2 express Saya ingin menyampaikan rasa penghargaan saya kepada anda semua I’d like to express my gratitude to all of you. 3 deliver. Yang terhormat bapak presiden dipersilahkan untuk menyampaikan kata sambutan (pidato) The excellence Mr President will be pleased to deliver a speech.4 convey Tolong sampaikan pesan ini ke saudara kamu. Please convey this message to your brother.

sampai3: adj /frm/lu/1 sufficient Penghasilannya tidak sampai menutupi semua kebutuhan keluarga dia. His earning isn’t sufficient to cover all his family needs 2 enough Kabelnya tidak sampai ke stop kontak. The cable isn’t enough to reach the socket.

sampai4; sesampai: prep. /frm/lu/ at arrival, upon arrival. Sesampai kamu di Surabaya, telepon kami. At your arrival in Surabaya, call us.
-sampai-sampai: prep. so that, to such extend that.  Dia sangat kecanduan pada game komputer sampai-sampai dia lupa makan siang. He was so addictive to computer game so that he always forget to eat his lunch.

sampai5: adv /frm/lu/ even Sampai komputer mainanpun dibawa lari oleh pencuri itu.  Even a toy computer has been taken away by the thief
-kesampaian: v 1 be achieved 2 be accomplished 3 be realized 5 be true  Mimpinya menjadi dokter tidak pernah kesampaian His dream to be a doctor never be achieved

sampai6: menyampai: v /ld/ hang up to dry.
-menyampaikan: v 1 put on (a dress). 2 carry on a pole.
-sampaian: n 1 rack, hat­rack. 2 drying frame, clothesline.

sampan: n /frm/lu/ canoe, rowboat |a long light narrow boat that is pointed at both ends, which you move using a paddle or an oar|.
-bersampan: v ride in a canoe or rowboat.
-bersampan-sampan: v ride in these boats for fun.
-sampan tunda: n tow boat.

sampanye: n /frm/lu/ champagne.

sampean: pron.n /Jv/ you (polite).

sampel: n /frm/lu/ sample.

samper; menyamperi: v /inf/lu/ 1 call on or visit sb. 2 drop by to pick sb. up. Tolong samperi saya kalau anda mau pergi keluar. Please stop by for me when you are going out.
-kesamper: v ­get hit by sth,  afflicted by sth evil.

sampeyan: variant of sampean:

samping1: n /frm/lu/ side a) |the place or area directly next to someone or something|  Ibunya selalu berada disampingnya di rumah sakit. Her mother was always at her side in the hospital. b)  |edge the part of an object or area that is farthest from the middle|.  Dia sedang berdiri waktu itu disamping lapangan. He was standing at that time at the side of the field. c) |a surface of something that is not its front, back, top, or bottom| Ada sebuah baliho besar disamping kiri gedung itu. There is a large mural on the left side of the building.
-disamping1: prep. at the side of, next to  Disamping rumah ada taman bunga Next to the house there is park.
-bersampingan: prep. side by side
-disamping1: prep. on the side (of)
-disamping2: adv besides |in addition to| Disamping kuliah dia bekerja 15 jam seminggu. Besides going to college, she works 15 hours a week.
-menyamping: v prep. 1 on the edge 2 (move) from the edge
-mengesampingkan: v 1 ignore 2 make sth less-important 3 put aside
-sampingan1: n an addition to
-sampingan2: adj 1 side 2 additional Apa kamu punya pekerjaan sampingan? Do you have side job?

samping2: n /ld/ ceremonial sarong (silk with gold threads).

sampo; sampu1: n /lu/ shampoo.

sampul: n /frm/lu/ cover, wrapper.
-bersampul: v be covered, be wrapped, placed in an envelope.
-menyampuli: v wrap, place in an envelope, put a cover on.
-sampul bantal: n pillowcase.
-sampul buku: n book cover.
-sampul surat: n envelope. sampul surat tertutup sealed envelope.
-tersampul: v be wrapped.

samudera; samudra: n /lu/ ocean. Samudra Indonesia Indian Ocean.

samun1: n /ld/ bushes, shrubs.

samun2; menyamun: v /frm/lu/ violently rob
-kesamunan: v be robbed
-penyamunan: n robbery
-penyamun: n robbery.
-samunan: n robbed article

samurai: n /frm/lu/ 1 samurai |Japanese sword|
-menyamurai: v hit with samurai.

sana; disana: prep./frm/lu/ 1 there Saya. menaruhnya disana I put there. Saya melihat banyak sampah disana sini. I saw a lot of trash here and there.
-kesanakan: v move, put, send (it) over there

sanak: n /frm/lu/ relative.
-bersanak saudara: v be a relatives. Mereka bersanak saudara. They are relatives (brothers and sisters)  bersanak saudara seharusnya tidak bertengkar. Orang bersanak saudara seharusnya tidak bertengkar. People who are related should not quarrel
-tan­pa sanak saudara: adv without a relative (alone)

sanatorium: n /frm/lu/ sanatorium, health resort.

sanca: see ular:

sandal: n /frm/lu/ sandal, open-toe slipper
-berandal: v wear sandals.
-san­dal jepit: n sandals with a thong.

sandang1; penyandang: n /frm/lu/ shoulder, strap.
-menyandang: v 1 carry sth with strap over the shoulder. Dia menyandang senapannya He carried his gun over the shoulder. 2 bear |to be responsible for or accept something| Dalam posisi ini kamu harus meyandang tanggung-jawab besar.  In this position, you must bear a heavy responsibility.
-menyandangkan: v /tr/ attribute sth Presiden menyandangkan bintang pahlawan kepada jenderal itu.  The president attributed a medal of heroism to the general.
-penyandang cacad: adj disabled person

sandang2: n clothing.
-sandang pangan: n clothing and staple food Sandang pangan adalah kebutuhan dasar yang harus terpenuhi. Clothing and staple food are the basic necessity that must be fulfilled
-menyandangi: v clothe

sandar; sandaran: n /frm/lu/ sth to which sb lean on
-bersandar: v lean Jangan bersandar ke tembok itu catnya masih basah. Don’t lean on the wall the paint is still wet. 2 moor, tie up (ship). Kapal itu telah bersandar sejak kemarin. The ship has anchored since yesterday. 3 depend on Negeri ini bersandar pada hasil pertanian The country depends on the agricultural production. 4 put against sth Dia menyandarkan sepedanya ke dinding. She put her bicycle against the wall.

sandel1: variant of sandal:

sandel2: see kuda:

sandera: n /frm/lu/ 1 hostage. 2 debt bondsman.
-menyandera: v take as a hostage.
-penyanderaan: n taking of hostages.
-tersandera: v be taken hostage.

sandi: n /frm/lu/ code. kata sandi codeword.
-bersandi: adv in code.
-meny­andikan: v encode.
-penyandian: n encoding.

sanding1: adj /frm/lu/ close, near.
-bersanding: v seat closely together (of bride and groom at marriage ceremony).
-menyandingi: v accompany, go in company with, escort, be next to
-sandingan: n companion, partner, spouse.

sanding2: n /frm/lu/ sharp angle.
-bersanding: adj 1 angular. 2 sharp, biting. Perkataannya bersanding Her words were shrap.

sandiwara: n /frm/lu/ 1 play, drama. 2 theatrical troupe. ­
-bersandiwara: v 1 be on the stage. Dia bersandiwara untuk mencari nafkah. He plays drama to make money 2 pretend, play-act. Dia bisa bersandiwara sangat sedih untuk menarik simpati. She could pretend to be very sad to draw sympathy.
-meny(s)andiwarakan: v dramatize. 2 adapt for the stage.
-penyandiwaraan: n dramatization (of novel, etc.).
-sandiwara keliling: n travelling show.

sandra: variant of sandera:

sandung: n /frm/lu/ pedal of weaving loom.
-menyandung: v 1 make sb stumble, trip up. 2 undermine. menyandung program pemerintah undermine government programs.
-tersandung: v be stumble. Kakinya tersandung pada batu He stumbled over a stone.
-sandungan: n stumbling block.

sanering: n /tech/ currency revaluation.

sang: n /frm/lu/ 1 honorable epithet (also used in sar­castic or derogatory way) 2 definite article “the”
-sang Budha: n the Buddha
-sang Dewi: n the Goddess.
-sang Hyang/Yang: n the God
-sang Saka Merah Putih: n the Indonesian flag. (the red white)
-sang Nata: n His Majesty.
-sang pencuri: n the thief.
-sang Penebus: n /Bib./ the Redeemer, the Savior .
-sang Prabu: n His Majesty.
-sang suami: n the (hon­orable) husband.
-sang Surya: n the sun.

sangat: adv /frm/lu/ 1 very Saya sangat lapar I’m very hyngry sangat sedih very sad Dia sangat me­ngerti She understood very well. 2 extremely  Penampilan sangat menakjubkan An extremely impressive appearance  3 critically Issu yang sangat penting A critically important issue

sangga; menyangga: v /frm/lu/ prop. support.
-sanggaan: n support sanggaan buku book rest.
-sanggaan kejutan: n shock absorber., sock breaker
-sangga mara: n 1 crossbar. 2  gaff (sailing vessel).
-penyangga: n support, prop, buffer

sanggah1: /Bali/ house-shrine.

sanggah2; menyanggah: v /frm/lu/ protest, oppose, contradict. Dia selalu menyanggah kebenaran berita itu He contradicted the truth of the report. 2 deny Simmons menyanggah bahwa dia telah membunuh isterinya. Simmons denied that he had murdered his wife.
-sanggahan: n protest, rejoinder, rebuttal.
-penyanggah: n 1 opponent 2 discussant 3 sb who pro­tests.

sanggama: variant of gama:

sanggar: n /frm/lu/1 small house, temple. 2 studio.
-sanggar kerja: n workshop, atelier.
-sanggar poto: n photo studio.
-sanggar seni: n art shop.

sanggul;  sanggulan: n /frm/lu/ knot of hair, hair bun.
-bersanggul: v wear sb’s hair in a knot.
-disanggul: v be putted into a knot Apa kamu suka rambutnya disanggul Do you like your hair is putted into a knot.
-menyanggul: v put hair up in a knot.
-sanggul duduk: n hair bun worn low.

sanggup: adj /frm/lu/ able, capable. Apa kamu sanggup memimpin perusahaan itu? Are you able to manage the company?
-kesanggupan: n ability, capability Apa kamu yakin tentang kesanggupan dia memimpin negeri ini? Are you sure about his capability to lead the country?:
-menyanggupi: v promise |give a statement that sb will be able to do sth|
-menyanggupkan: v make sb/sth capable

sangka; sangkaan: n /frm/lu/ 1 supposition, guess, hunch Dalam sangka saya itu adalah ssu yang mustahil In my opinion, it’s a nonsense. 2 suspicion. |a feeling or belief that something is probably true| Patrick telah ditahan dengan sangkaan penyalah gunaan obat. Patrick was arrested on suspicion of misusing drug. Saya belum merasa pasti siapa yang menghapus file itu, tetapi ada sangkaan (kepada sso). I’m not sure who erased the file, but I have my suspicion. 3  presupposition, ex­pectation, estimation.
-berprasangka: v to have preliminary suspicion  Tidak baik berprasangka tidak baik terhadap sso. It’s not good to have bad preliminary suspicion toward sb
-menyangka: v 1 suspect 2 thought |something that you think of, think about| Saya sangka kamu tidak akan menghadiri pesta itu. I thought that you are not going to attend the party? 3 suppose |to think that something is probably true|  Saya menyangka itu tidak begitu penting. I suppose it’s not very important.
-prasangka: n preliminary suspicions Kita harus menerapkan prasangka tidak bersalah. We have to adopt preliminary suspicions of innocent.
-tersangka: n suspected Polisi telah menahan tersangka pembunuhan itu The police has arrested the suspected of the murder.

sangkakala1: n /frm/lu/ 1 trumpet used in cere­monies to make taps. 2 /rel/ Last Trumpet.

sangkal1: n /ld/ handle (of hammer, adz, etc.).

sangkal2; menyangkal: v /frm/lu/ 1 deny Dia menyangkal berita itu He denied the report. Tidak tersangkal bahwa kamu yang telah melakukan itu. It was undeniable, that you did it. 2 disavow Mereka sangkal tuduhan itu They disavow the suspicion 3 reject Dia menyangkal permohonan itu. He rejected the request
-bersangkal: v make a reason to reject sth Dia bersangkal menepati janjinya He made a reason not to keep his promise.
-sangkalan: n 1 disavowal. 2 denial. 3 rejection 4 refusal
-penyangkal: n denier

sangkar1; sangkaran: n /frm/lu/ 1 bird cage 2 chicken coop.
-menyangkarkan: v cage sth
-penyangkaran: n caging

sangkar2: n /frm/lu/ diagonal.
-bujur sangkar: adj square

sangking: variant of saking:

sangkur: n /frm/lu/ bayonet.
-bersangkur: v have a bayonet. bedil bersangkur a ­rifle with bayonet attached.
-meny(s)angkur: v stab with bayonet.

sangkut: v /frm/lu/ hook onto.
-bersangkutan: v 1 concern 2 relate 3 connect Saya tujukan referensi ini kepada siapa yang mungkin bersangkutan I address this reference to whom it may concern.
-bersangkut paut: v /intr/ 1 have to do with sth I don’t have anyting to do with the case. Saya tidak bersangkut paut dengan kasus itu 2 be related |to be concerned with or connected to a particular subject|  Argumen Harrison bersangkut paut dengan strategi pemasaran. Harrison’s argument was related to the marketing strategy. 3 be closely joined 4 be relevant 5 be connected.
-ketersangkutan: n involvement.
-menyangkutkan: v 1 hang 2 hook. 3 attach Saya sangkutkan baju panas itu di balik pintu I hung the sweater in the back side of the door.
-menyangkut pautkan: v /tr/ 1 relate 2 connect 3 involve 4 make relevant 5 concern Jaksa penuntut mencoba menyangkutpautkan pembunuhan itu dengan rasa kecemburuan. The prosecutor was trying to relate the murder with jealousy.
-sangkutan: n 1 peg, hook 2  obstacle
-sangkut paut:
n 1 relation 2 connection 3 relevance. Pembunuhan itu tidak ada sangkut pautnya dengan politik. The murder has no relation to (has nothing to do with) politics
-tersangkut: v 1 be hung  up 2 be involved 3 be connected 4 be related 5 be attached Apa dia tersangkut dalam perkara itu? Was he involved in the law case?
-tidak bersangkutpaut: adj irrelevant.

sangsaka {Sang Saka Merah Putih}: n the red and white (the Indo­nesian flag)

sangsakala: n /frm/ bugle |a musical instrument like a trumpet, which is used in the army to call soldiers|

sangsang1; menyangsang: v /ld/ hook onto sth Layang-layangnya menyangsang di pohon His kite got caught in a tree.
-tersangsang: v be caught.

sangsang2: n /Btk/ dish made of pork meat which is cut into small pieces and cooked with the blood
-man(s)angsang: v to cook such dish.

sangsara: vaiant of sengsara

sangsekerta: variant of sanskerta::

sangsi1: v /frm/lu/ doubt. Saya sangsi apakah dia akan datang hari ini. I doubt whether he will come today.
-sangsi-ragu: adj doubtful.
-menyangsikan: v be doubtful (about). Saya menyangsikan kemampuannya memimpin.  I am doubtful about his ability to lead.
-kesangsian: n doubt, skepticism.
-penyangsian: n doubting.

sangsi2: n /frm/lu/ sanction |something, such as a punishment, that makes people obey a rule or law|  Apa sangsi kepada mereka yang datang terlambat? What will be the sanction to whom coming late.

sangu: n /inf/lu/ 1 provisions. 2 traveling funds.
-menyangoni: v /Jv/Jkt/ give sb provisions or money for a trip.

sanitair: variant of saniter:

sanitasi: n /frm/lu/ sanitation.

saniter: n /frm/lu/ sanitary.

sanjak: variant of sajak:

sanjung; mey(s)anjung: v /frm/lu/ 1 honor 2 praise. 3 appease 4 cater to
-menyanjungkan: v /tr/ praise sb or sth to sb
-sanjungan: n 1 flattery 2 sb who deserve to be praised:
-penyanjung: n sb who gives praise.
-penyanjungan: n act of giving praise.

sanksi: variant of sangsi2:

Sanskerta: n Sanskrit.

santa: n (female) saint. Santa Maria Saint Mary.

santai1; bersantai: v /frm/lu/ relax |to become more calm and less worried, or to make someone do this| Dia sedang santai d rumah. She is relaxing at home

santai2; dengan santai: adv /frm/lu/ leisurely Dia menyelesaikan PR nya dengan santai He worked with his home work leisurely.

santai3: adj /frm/lu/ relaxed Jangan paksa mereka melakukan itu, ini waktu santai. Don’t push them to do it, it’s relaxed time.

santan: n /frm/lu/ coconut milk (liquid squeezed from coconut)

Santana: n /Snd/ title of lower nobility.

santap; bersantap: v /frm/lu/ 1 dine (of royalty). 2 have a meal (written or formal speech).
-menyantap: v eat, partake of.
-santap malam: v eat (have) dinner.
-santapan: n food, meal.
-santapan rohani: n spiritual nourish­ment.
-santap siang: v eat, have lunch.

santen: variant of santan:

santer: adj /frm/lu/ 1 strong, heavy (of meteorological phe­nomena). angin santer strong wind. 2 lively (con­versation). berita santer hot news. pembicaraan santer lively discussion. 3 spread Santer berita bahwa dia akan mengundurkan diri. News spread that he want to resign.
-meny(s)anterkan: v spread (news, etc.)

santet: n /lu/ black magic.
-meny(s)antet: v practice black magic.
-penyantet: n practitioner of black magic.
-penyantetan: n practicing of black magic.

santiaji: n /frm/lu/ briefing, indoctrination, or coaching given by sb’s superiors.
-meny(antiaji: v give a briefing.
-penyantiaji: n sb who gives a briefmg.
-penyantiajian: n briefing, indoctrination (esp. in ideology).

santo: n (male) saint. Santo Petrus Saint Peter.

santri: n /frm/lu/ 1 student at traditional Muslim school. 2 strict adherent of Islam.

santrinisasi: n /frm/ process of making conduct (esp. of public affairs) strictly in accordance with princi­ples and ceremonies of Islam.

santun: adj /frm/lu/ 1 well mannered, well behaved. 2 good manners. Dia orang santun He is well mannered person.
-meny(s)antuni: v 1 sympathize (with). Dia selalu menyantuni kesusahan temannya.He always sym­pathizes with his friend’s difficulty. 2 help, assist. Dia senang menyantuni orang  terlantar She like to helps homeless people.
-ke­santunan: n good manners, modesty.
-santunan: n 1 aid, help, sympa­thetic care 2 compensation paid by insurance company.
-penyantun: n sb who is benevolent, inclined to help. Dewan Penyantun Board of Trustees. Organisasi Penyantun Charity
-penyantunan: n 1 action of giving help. 2 compensation payment (in in­surance) .

sanubari: n /frm/lu/ inner personality, sb’s inner self.

saos: variant of saus:

sapa1; menyapa: v /frm/lu/ 1 greet Apa dia menyapa kamu? Did she greet you? 2 say hallo (to sb)
-bersapa-sapaan: v 1 greet each other  2 say hallo to each other .
-tersapa: v be bewitched, ill because of being addressed by spirits.
-sapaan: n greeting.
-penyapaan: n action of extending a greet­.

sapa2: variant of siapa:

saparila: variant of sarsaparilla:

sapi: n /frm/lu/ 1 cow, bull, ox. 2 /zod/ Taurus
-sapi bantai/potong: n beef cattle.
-sapi hutan: n dwarf buffalo.
-sapi pemacak: n stud bull.
-sapi perahan: n dairy cow.

sapih; menyapih: v /frm/lu/wean a child.
-sapihan: n child that has been weaned.
-penyapihan: n weaning.

sapir: variant of safier:

saprodi {sarana produksi}: n /frm/lu/ infrastructure for production.

sapta: num. seven (in slogans or other coined expres­sions). Sapta Usaha Tama Seven Basic Efforts.

Saptamarga: n /frm/ The Seven Articles, of the Armed Forces oath.

saptamargais: n /frm/ sb who has taken the Armed Forces oath (a follower of the seven articles).

Saptu: variant of Sabtu:

sapu: n /frm/lu/ 1 broom. 2 wiper
-menyapu tangan: n 1 wipe off, brush off. 2 sweep. 3 finish sth
-menyapukan: v 1 sweep, wipe, brush  sth away Boleh kamu  menyapukan kotoran di lantai itu? May you wipe off the dirt on floor?  Dia menyapukan minyak ke dadanya. He wiped the oil on his chest.2 smear (medicine) on to. Saya menyapukan minyak itu ke punggungnya . I smeared the medicated oil on his back.
-penyapu: n 1 wiper 2 sweeper
-penyapu jalan: n street sweeper..
-penyapu kaki: n 1 doormat. 2 foot sweeper.
-penyapu ranjau: n mine sweeper.
-sapu bersih: v cleanly sweep, wipe out.
-sapu ijuk: n broom made of sugar palm fiber.
-sapu kaca: n windshield wiper.
-sapu lidi: n broom made of split co­conut midribs.
-sapu rata: v level off, demolish.
-sistem sapu lidi: adv strongly united.
-sapu ta­ngan: n handkerchief.
-tersapu: v be swept away. Banyak rumah tersapu banjir. There are many houses swept away by the flood.

saput: n /frm/lu/ cover, shroud, veil.
-disaputi: v 1 be covered 2 dusted Lapangan disaputi oleh salju. The field was dusted with snow. 2 be painted, be coated   3 white­wash. |an attempt to hide the true facts about a serious accident or illegal action| Ada upaya menyaputi kegagalan pemerintah. There is an attempt to whitewash the government’s failure.
-meny(s)aputi: v /tr/ cover (sth)

saputangan: n /frm/lu/ handkerchief.

SARA {Suku, Agama, Ras}: n /frm/lu/ |matters pertaining to ethnic, religious, and racial rela­tions|  Pidato itu bernada hasutan dan isyu sara. The speech had a provocative tone which spread rumors regarding ethnic, religious, and racial relations.

saraf1: n /frm/lu/ nerve.
-saraf mata: n optical nerve.
-persarafan: n sth that having to do with the nerves.
-sistem saraf manusia: n the human nervous sys­tem.

saraf2: n /ling./ derivation of Arabic words from the same root.

sarakah: variant of serakah:

saran: n /frm/lu/ 1 suggestion 2 advice 3 proposal 4 proposition
-menyarankan: v 1 suggest 2 advise 3 propose

sarana: n /frm/lu/ medium, tool, means, instrument, facility Apa sarana perhubungan memadai? Is the means of transportation appropriate?

sarang1: n /frm/lu/ 1 nest, lair, web. 2 hide-out, hideaway 3 hotbed, breeding place 4 emplacement (for machine , gun, etc.)
-bersarang: v 1 nest, make a nest, nestle. 2 lodged. Sebuah peluru bersarang di pahanya A bullet was lodged in his thigh. 2 harbour Rasa dendam bersarang di pikirannya. The feeling of revenge is harboured in his thought
-menyarangi: v use sth to be nest Bangsat-bangsat kecil telah menyarangi pakaian-pakaian tua itu. Bedbugs used the old clothes to be their nets.
-menyarangkan: v kick the ball in |put the ball into the goal| )
-sarang burung: n bird’s nest.
-sarang laba-laba: n spider web.
-sarang lebah: n beehive.
-sarang madu: n honeycomb.
-sarang penyakit: n breeding place of disease.
-sarang perzinaan: n den of adultery.
-sarang semut: n ant hill.

sarang2: adj /frm/lu/ porous.
-bersarang-sarang: adj full of holes.
-kebersarang-sarangan: n po­rosity.

sarap1; sarapan; bersarapan: v /intr/frm/lu/ have breakfast. Marilah sarapan sebelum pergi. Let’s have breakfast before going.
-(me)nyarapi: v /tr/ 1 feed, stuff, gorge (us. of animals). 2 serve breakfast.
-sarapan (pagi): n breakfast. Apa kita sudah punya sarapan pagi? Do we have breakfast?

sarap2: adj /frm/lu/ crazy. Kamu sudah sarap ya? Are you crazy?

sarasehan: v /Jv/inf/ discussion, meeting.

saraswati: n female singer.

sarat1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 loaded, laden, full. Truk itu sarat berisi pasir The truck was loaded with sand. Hati saya ­sarat dengan kesusahan. My heart was full of sorrow. 2 /nat/ draft (of a ship)
-disarati: v be filled with sth Kapal itu disarati banyak pelancong. The ship  was filled up with travellers
-kesaratan1: adj too loaded, too full.
-kesaratan: n density. kesaratan makna density of meaning.
-meny(s)arati: v load sth with. Para pelancong menyarati kapal itu. The travellers filled up the ship.
-men(y)saratkan: v make sth loaded.

sarat2: variant of syarat:

sarden; sardencis;  sardine: n .lu/ tinned sardines.

Sarekat Islam: n Islam League |an early nationalistic organization of 1911 and 1920’s

sari: n 1 /frm/lu/ concentrate 2 essence 3 nucleus, main point 4 pollen. 5 abstract 6 sum up 7 summary 8 digest
-mensarikan: v 1 reduce to an essence 2 extract the essence 3 make an abstract 4 sum up 5 summarize .
-sari berita: n headline news .
-sari nanas: n essence of pineapple.
-sari pati: n 1 main point, core, gist. Apa sari pati pidatonya? What was the essence of her speech? 2 /Bio./ pollen.
-sari susu: n cream.

sariawan: see seriawan:

saring; meny(s)aring: v /frm/lu/ 1 filter, strain, sift. 2 refine, distill. Menyaring minyak refine petroleum. 3 sift, separate, sort out (information, meaning, etc.). Mereka selalu menyaring berita sebelum disiarkan They always sort out the news before broadcasting it. 4 screen (personel for job).
-penyaring: v filter, strainer. saringan air water filter.
-penyaringan: n 1 sifting. 2 filtering. 3 screening, selection (of personnel).
-saringan: n 1 sieve, strainer, filter.
-saringan minyak: n oil filter.
-saringan udara: n air filter.
-tersaring: v be strained, filtered.

saripati: see sari:

sarjana: n /frm/lu/ 1 scholar, academician, college degree-holder 2 title of degree {Stratum 1 (S 1) – equal to Bachelor;  S2 – equal to Master; S 3 – equal to PhD}

sarjananisasi: n /frm/lu/ the process of requiring employees to get college’s degrees.

sarkasme: n /frm/ sarcasm.

sarkastis: n /frm/ sarcastic.

saroja: variant of seroja:

sarong: variant of sarung:

sarsaparilla: n sarsaparilla (drink) drink.

Sartan: n /jod./ Cancer.

saru1: adj /frm/lu/ dim, vague.
-menyaru: v 1 disguise Penyelidik itu menyaru sebagai seorang pedagang kaki lima. The detective disguised himself as a vendor. 2 pretend
-penyaru: n sb in disguise.
-penyaruan: n disguise.

saru2: n Australian pine.

saru3: adj /Jv/ indecent, obscene.

sarung1: n /frm/lu/ 1 sarong. 2 case, container. 3 sheath 4 wrapper 5 condom
-bersarung: v 1 wear a sarong  2 sheathed.
-disarungi: v be sheathed Apa pedang itu sudah disarungi? Has the sword be sheathed?
-meny(s)arungi: v /tr/1 encase. 2 put sth on. 3 sheathe. Belum ada yang menyarungi bantalnya. No body has encased the pillow.
-menyarungkan: v put into sheath Tolong sarungkan pistolmu itu. Please put your pistol into its sheath.
-sarungan: adj wearing a sarung. orang sarungan people who use sarung
-sarung bantal: pillowcase.
-sarung gigi: n crown of tooth.
-sarung jari: n thimble.
-sarung korsi: n slip cover. ­
-sarung pelekat: n sarong with block pat­terns.
-sarung pelor: n cartridge shell.
-sarung pistol: n holster.
-sarung sepatu: n overshoes.
-sarung tangan: n glove. ­
-sarung tinju: n boxing gloves.
-tersarung: v be kept in a cove, case, sheath, etc.

sarung2; menyarung: v interrupt

sasak: n /frm/lu/ 1 wattle 2 coarse plaitwork of split bamboo. 2 bouffant (women’’s hairdo).
-meny(s)asak: v 1 tease up sb’s hair in a bouffant 2 comb back.
-sasakan: n bouffant.

sasana: n /frm/lu/ 1 auditorium 2 public center.
-sasana krida: n 1 university auditorium 2 student center. 2 gym­nastics training camp.
-sasana tinju: n boxing arena

sasap1; meny(s)asap: v /ld/ pull up weeds.

sasap2: variant of susup:

sasar: adj /frm/ 1 mad, insane. 2 dazed.
-(me)nyasar1: v 1 miss sb’s target. Tembakannya menyasar His shoot missed the target 2 go astray. Seorang laki-laki telah nyasar di hutan lebat itu. A man got strayed in that heavy forest.
-menyasarkan: v 1 cause sth stray 2 cause sth get lost 3 cause a shoot miss the target.
-nyasar2: adj stray Dia disambar sebutir peluru nyasar. He was hit by a stray bullet.
-tersasar also kesasar: adj 1 lost 2 strayed away.

sasaran1: n /frm/lu/ target, aim, objective. sasaran jangka panjang long term objective

sasaran2: n /Jv/ playing field, field for practicing sports, shooting etc.

sasis: n /frm/lu/ chassis.

sasmita: n /frm/ hint, divine signal, omen.

sas-sus: n /inf/lu/ rumor.

sastera: variant of sastra:

sasterakanta: n /frm/ thesis.

sasterawan: variant of sastrawan:

sasterawati: variant of satrawati:

sastra: n /frm/lu/ books, literature, language system  Sastra Jawa Javanese literature. Fa­kultas Satra: School of language system.
-bersatra: v compose litera­ture.
-kesastraan: n |things pertaining to literature| memenuhi syarat-syarat kesastraan meet the criteria of liter­ature.

sastrawan: n /frm/lu/ man of letters.
-kesastrawanan: n matters pertaining to men of letters.

sastrawati: n /frm/lu/ woman of letters.

satai: varaiant of sate:

satan: variant of setan:

sate: n /frm/lu/ small pieces of meat roasted on skewer or brochette
-(me)ny(s)ate: v 1 to prepare such food 2 to eat such food 3 /idiomatic/ to cut meat into small pieces
-pensatean: n dissension (divisions into small pieces like sate).

satelit: n /frm/lu/ satellite.
-kota satelit: n satellite city.
-persatelitan: n matters concerning satel­lites. studi persatelitan the field study of satellite.

saten: variant of satin:

sateru: variant of seteru:

satgas {satuan tugas}: n task force.

satin: n /frm/ satin.

Satpam {satuan pengamanan}: n security unit.

satria: variant of kesatria:

satron; meny(s)atroni: v /inf/ be hostile toward.

satu1: num. /frm/lu/ pron. article 1 one Coba tulis nomer satu sampai lima Try to write down number one to five Mereka datang kesini satu demi satu They come here one by one  2 the first. Nama kamu adalah nomer satu dalam daftar itu. Your name is the first on the list. 3 a, an Saya hanya punya satu mobil. I only have a car. Saya perlu satu telor I need an egg. 4 a few Hanya satu dua orang menjalani jalan setapak ini setiap hari. There is only a few (one or two) people walks this path everyday. 5 satu-satunya: the only Ini satu-satunya harta yang saya miliki. This is the only property I have 6 satuan: unit |the smallest unit of counting sth| Satuan panjang yang dipakai dalam map ini adalah millimeter untuk menggambarkan mil The measurement unit applied to this map is millimetre to represent mile. Di negeri ini orang menggunakan sentigrade (Celsius) sebagai satuan ukuran suhu. In this country people use Centigrade as the unit of temperature measurement.

satu2: v /frm/lu/1 have the same Kami satu rumah We have the same house (We live in the same house) 2 belong to the same Kami berdua satu partai politik. Both of us belong to the same political party. 3 come from the same Semua kami satu daerah. All of us come from the same region (province, district) 4 of the same Kami satu nenek moyang We are of the same great-grandparent.

satu3; bersatu1: v /intr/frm/lu/ 1 unite 2 unify 3 combine 4 join 5 consolidate 6 ally
-bersatu2: adj 1 unified 2 allied 3 unified 4 combined 6 joined 6 consolidated.
-bersatu padu: adj firmly united
-kesatuan1: n 1 unity 2 oneness 3 wholeness 4 totality
-kesatuan2: adj united Negara Kesatuan United States
-meny(s)atukan; also mempersatukan: v /tr/ 1 unite 2 unify 3 combine 4 join 5 consolidate 6 ally 7 put (sth) together.
-persatuan: n 1 union 2 unification 3 organization 4 federation
-pemersatu: n 1 unifier 2 organizer 3 combiner 4 joiner 5 integrator |sb or sth that make things be united|

satu4: adj /frm/lu/ mono satu nada monotone perkawinan satu orang per orang monogamy
-kesatunadaan: n monotony.

satwa: n /frm/lu/ wild animal, fauna.
-satwa lindungan/dilindungi: n protected species.

satwaboga: n carnivore.

satwacarita: n animal fable.

Satyalancana: n /frm/lu/ Indonesian award for merit, Medal of Honor.

saudagar: n /frm/lu/ large-scale merchant.

saudara: n /frm/lu/ 1 brother |a male who has the same parents as you| Berapa saudara dan saudari kamu? How many brother and sister do you have? 2 /spo/ |a word meaning a male friend| Hai saudaraku, mau kemana Hi, brother, where are you going? 3 |man who belongs to the same race, religion, organization etc. as you| Mari berdoa untuk saudara-saudara dan saudari-saudari kita dimana pun mereka berada sekarng. Let’s pray for our brothers and sisters wherever they are now 3 saudara sepupu: n cousin 4 saudara tiri: step brother, half sister, half brother 5 fellowship saudara-saudara sebangsa dan setanah air country fellowship 5 saudara kandung: brother or sister from the same parants 6 perang saudara: civil war 7 ladies and gentlemen Saudara-saudara yang saya hormati …. Honorable ladies and gentlemen,… 8 you |a polite address among educated or civilized people| Apa saudara akan datang besok? Are you coming tomorrow?
-persaudaraan: n 1 brotherhood 2 friendship 3 fraternity.
Note: Initially ‘saudara’ means brother and ‘saudari’ means ‘sister’ But there is a tendency not to differentiate these  words, probably because it sound gender discrimination. So if sb say “saudara”, it’ll be understandable that it means ‘brothers and sisters’ or “ ladies and gentlemen’.

saudari: n /frm/lu/ formal term of address that means sister (see Note: saudara)

sauh1: n /frm/lu/ 1 anchor.
-membongkar sauh: v weigh anchor.
-membuang sauh: v cast anchor.
-bersauh: v be at anchor.

sauh2: variant of sawo:

saung: n /frm/lu/ cave, grotto.

saur1; bersaur: adj /ld/ interlocking, entangled. |connected firmly together|
-meny(s)auri1: v grow over densely.
-tersaur: v get caught on, stumble.

saur2: variant of sahur:

saus: n /frm/lu/ 1 sauce, gravy 2 mixture to give flavor to sth else.
-saus tomat: n 1 tomato catsup.

saw {salla’llahu ‘alaihi wasallama}: May Allah bless him and give him peace (said after uttering Muh.’s name).

sawah: n /frm/lu/ wet rice field.
-bersawah: v 1 own rice fields 2 cultivate the rice fields
-persawahan: n fields for rice cultiva­tion, cluster of rice fields.
-sawah basah: n irrigated rice field.
-sawah bengkok/lungguh: n rice field given to village officials.
-sawah berbandar langit: n dry rice field.
-sawah bera: n fallow rice field.
-sawah kas: n village ­treasury land.
-sawah lebah: n rice field in swampy area.
-sawah ­tadah hujan: n rice field dependent on rain.

Sawal: variant of Syawal:

sawala: n debate.
-bersawala: v debate.

sawan: n /frm/lu/ 1 epilepsy. 2 convulsions. |an occasion when someone cannot control the violent movements of his/her body, because s/he is sick|
-sawan bangkai: n apoplectic stroke.

sawi: n /frm/lu/ mustard greens.
-sawi putih: n Chenese cabbage |light colored mustard greens|
-sawi hijau: n dark colored mustard greens.

sawit: see kelapa:

sawo1: n /frm/lu/ 1 fruit-bearing tree, sapodilla 2 brown
-sawo kecik: n sapodilla with firm flesh.

sawo2: adj /frm/lu/ 1 tan 2 brown |like the skin of sapodilla|.
-sawo matang: adj darkbrown.

saya: pron. /frm/lu/ 1 /subj. pron/ I. Saya akan kembali besok I’ll be back tomorrow 2 /obj. pron/ me. Dia mengatakannya pasa saya kemarin.He told me that yesterday. 3 /poss. pron/. my. Itu mobil saya That is my car. 4 mine Ini punya saya. This is mine

sayambara: variant of sayembara:

sayang1; menyayangi: v /frm/lu/ 1 like, love |to care very much about someone or something that is very special to you|   Saya sayang pada dia I like her. Dia sangat sayang kepada anaknya. He loves his child yery much. 2 be kind of  Dia tidak sayang pada binatang. He isn’t kind of animal. 3 merasa sayang: feel be regretful Saya kira kertas ini masih berguna, saya merasa sayang membuangnya. I think this paper is still useful, I fell be regretful to throw it away?
-disayangi: v be loved Dia anak yang disayangi temannya. He is loved by his friends. (His friends love him)
-kesayangan: n favorite a) |someone or something that you like more than any other one of its kind| Ini adalah makanan kesayangan saya. This is my favourite food. b) |someone who receives more attention and love than others| Dia adalah anak kesayangan di keluarga ini. She is a the favorite child in this family  Seorang guru seharusnya tidak bisa memiliki anak kesayangan A teachers shouldn’t have favorites.
-meny(s)ayangkan: v be regretful Saya menyayangkan tindakan dia yang kurang bersahabat itu. I was regretful of his unfriendly attitude.

sayang2: n /frm/lu/1 darling. Apa kamu di rumah sayang? Are you home darling?  2 dear Suamiku sayang! My dear husband!  Datang kesini sayang! Come over here my dear.
-penyayang: n 1 lovers penyayang binatang animal lovers 2 charitable 3 merciful 4 devotee

sayang3: adv /frm/lu/ unfortunately. Sayang saya tidak bisa datang besok. Unfortunately, I can’t come tomorrow.

sayang43: adj /frm/lu/ too valuable Makanan ini sayang untuk dibuang. This food is too valuable to be thrown away.

sayap: n /frm/lu/ 1 wing. sayap belakang rear wing. 2 mudguard, fender. 3 wing (of a political party} 4 side (football field/area) sayap kiri penyerang the left side attacker.
-bersayap: v be ­winged.

sayat; meny(s)ayat: v /frm/lu/ 1 slice also slice up |to cut meat, bread etc. into thin flat pieces|  Boleh kamu menyayat roti itu? Could you slice the bread? 2 slash |to cut or try to cut something in a violent way with a sharp weapon, making a long deep cut.| Polisi mengatakan bahwa pembunuh itu menyayat kerongkongan korban dengan pisau cukur. Police said that the murderer slashed the victim’s throat with a razor.
-menyayati: v cut sth in multiple slashes. ­
-tersayat: v 1 be sliced into, slashed. 2 deeply wounded.
-sayatan: n slice.

sayembara: n /frm/lu/ prize contest.
-meny(s)embarakan: v 1 make a contest of to get sth. Mereka menyaembarakan ijin kerja di AS They held a contest for working green card in USA  2 hold a contest over a car They held a contest in which the winner got a car.

sayonara: intrj /Jpn/ goodbye.

sayu: adj /frm/lu/ 1 melancholy, downcast |sad, or making you feel sad| satu pandangan yang sayu a melancholy look 2 droopy. Matanya sayu ketika melihat kami Her eyes were droopy at looking us.
-bersayu: v ask for pity.
-kesayuan: n sadness, melan­choly, wistfulness.
-meny(s)ayu: v become melancholy or droopy. Matanya mensayu akibat kurang tidur. His eyes drooped because he sleep less.
-menyaukan: v make sth vague. Asap itu menyaukan pemandangan. The smoke made the sight vague

sayup1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 soft, faint (of sound) 2 blurred, indistinct, faintly (of sight).

sayup2: adv /frm/lu/ 1 scarcely (heard) Musik itu terdengar sayup-sayup The music scarcely be heard 2  hardly (seen) Pantai itu kelihatan sayup-sayup dari sini The beach is hardly seen from here
-menyayup: v become faint or blurred (of sound). Suara musik itu bersayup ditelan gemuruh tepukan tangan. The sound of the music became faint as it was swallowed up by noisy applause.
-kesayupan: n blurredness, indistinct­ness, faintness.

sayur: n /frm/lu/ 1 vegetable 2 vegetable soup.
-sayur-mayur: n all kinds of vegetables.
-sayuran: n vegetable (in general)
-menyayur: v cook or prepare sth as a vegeta­ble dish Saya akan menyayur papaya itu I’ll cook the papaya as vegetable dish.
-sayur asam: n sour vegetable soup.
-sayur asinan: n spiced raw vegetable salad.
-/idiom/ seperti sayur dengan rumput as different as day and night (like vegetables and weeds)

SB {serikat Buruh}: n labor union

S’baya. {Surabaya}: n Surabaya.

sbb. {sebagai berikut}: abr /wrt/ as follows.

sbg. {sebagai}: prep. as.

schors: variant of skors:

schorsing: variant of skorsing:

s/d, s.d. {sampai dgn}: prep. /wrt/1 to 2 up to and including. Dari pukul 10 pagi  s/d pukul 5 sore From 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.

SD {Sekolah Dasar}: n elementary school.

sda. {seperti di atas}: prep. /wrt/ as above, idem

sdg. {sedang}: /wrt/ see sedang:

sdr. {saudara}: /wrt/ see saudara:

sdri. {saudari}: /wrt/ see saudari:

se-l: article, determiner, modifier /frm/lu/ 1 a, one se-bentar a moment; se-hari a day, se-lusin a dozen, etc. 2 once se-kali lagi once again 3 same Kami tinggal serumah We live at the same house   4 as a) se-umur hidup. as long as sb’s live b) semau as sb want or like Dia pergi semaunya tanpa permisi She went as she like without permission. 5 at Telepon saya se-tiba kamu disana Call me at your arrival there. 6 as the same a) Dia seumur saya She is as old as I am b)  mate Dia se-kelas dengan saya She is my classmate

SE {Sarjana Ekonomi}: n sb who holds a Bachelor’s degree in Economics.

seantero: see antero:

seba; berseba: v /ld/ call on |to visit sb in a higher position for a short time| Sersan itu sedang berseba letnan. The sergeant is calling on the lieutenant 2 present before a king.

sebab1: conj. /frm/lu/ because. Dia tidak pergi karena sakit He did not go because he was sick.

sebab2; penyebab: n /frm/lu/ 1 cause Apa penyebab kerusakan ini? What was the cause of the damage? 2 motive Kami yakin bahwa penyebab pembunuhan itu adalah kecemburuan. We believe that the motive for the murder was jealousy 3 reason Apa sebabnya kau katakan itu? What is the reason for you saying that? Sebab apa kamu tidak datang? What was the reason that you didn’t come?
-faktor penyebab: n 1 causal factor. 2 /chem./ agent.
-sebab-musabab: n various reasons
-sebab-akibat: n cause and effect.

sebagai: see bagai:

sebagaimana: see bagaimana:

sebal1: adj /inf/lu/ resentful. Hatinya sebal ketika permintaannya tidak dikabulkan. He was resentful when his wish was not granted.
-kesebalan: n re­sentment.
-menyebalkan1: adj resentful.
-menyebalkan2: v 1 make sb resentful 2 cause resentment.

sebal2; menyebal: v /inf/lu/ deviate (from a principle).

sebaliknya: see balik:

sebanding: see banding:

sebangun: see bangun:

sebar1: adj /ld/ asleep, numb (of arms or legs).

sebar2: menyebar: v /frm/lu/ 1 spread 2 disseminate 3 propagate
-bersebaran: v /intr/ 1 spread out 2 disseminate 3 propagate 4 scatter.
-menyebarkan: v /tr/ 1 spread 2 disseminate 3 propagate 4 scatter 5 strew 6 distribute
-menyebarluaskan: v /tr/ 1 spread out 2 disseminate 3 propagate.
-penyebar: n 1 disseminator 2 distributor 3 propagator.
-penyebaran: n 1 scattering 2 spreading 3 disseminating 4 distributing 5 propagating
-penyebar luasan: n 1 spread 3 dissemination 3 propagation.
-sebaran: n 1 spread 2 dissemination 3 propagation.
-tersebar: v 1 be spread out 2 be scattered 3 be dispersed.

sebarang: see barang:

sebatangkara: see batang:

sebaya: see baya:

sebel: variant of sebal:

sebelah: see belah:

sebelas: num. eleven
-kesebelasan: n soccer team (which consist of 11 players).

sebelum: see belum:

sebentar: n /frm/lu/ 1 a while |a period of time, especially a short one| Apa kamu tidak bisa tunggu sebentar atau kamu harus pergi sekarang? Can you wait a while or do you have to leave right now? 2 a moment Ibu kamu akan kembali sebentar lagi. Your Mom will be back in a little while. 3 in a few minutes Sebentar lagi saya sudah siap untuk pergi. In a few minutes I’ll be ready to go. 3  this (afternoon, evening) Sebentar siang akan ada tamu datang. This afternoon there will be guests coming.

sebentar-sebentar: adv /frm/lu/ once in a while (frequently) Sebentar-sebentar anak ini menangis. Once in a while the baby cries.

seberang1: prep. /frm/lu/ 1 ke seberang: across |toward the opposite side of sth| Andy sedang pergi keseberang sungai. Andy is going across the river. 2 di seberang: across |on the opposite side of sth| Sekolah ada di seberang jalan. The school is across the road 3 diseberang lautan: overseas Mereka sedang pergi keseberang lautan They are going overseas (abroad)
-meny(s)eberang: v /intr/ (go, walk, drive, swim, etc) across. Berhenti disini, ada anak-anak menyeberang. Stop here, there is a child walking across. Bagaimana mereka menyeberang?
How they went across.
-berseberangan: v 1 be opposite (each other) |if one thing or person is opposite another, they are facing each other| Rumah dia dan rumah saya berseberangan. Her house and my house are opposite each other Kedua pihak mempunyai pendapat yang saling berseberangan. Both sides have opposite opinion to each other.
-menyeberangi: v /tr/ (go, walk, swim. etc) across sth. Hati-hati menyeberangi jalan ramai. Be careful to walk across the busy road. Mereka sedang berlayar menyeberangi teluk. They are sailing across the bay.
-menyeberangkan: v /tr/ take or bring sth across. Kita akan menyeberangkan mobil ini dengan ferry We will take this car across by ferry.
-penyeberang: n crosser.
-penyeberangan: n crossing jembatan penyeberangan crossing bridge.
-terseberangi: v be able to go across by Sungai itu tidak terseberangi berjalan, terlalu dalam. The river isn’t able to walk across by, it’s too deep.
-terseberangkan: n be able to be taken across sth. Apa menurut kamu semua mereka akan terseberangkan hanya dengan satu kapal kecil? Do you think that all of them would be able to be taken across only by a small boat?

seberang2: adj /frm/lu/ foreign Mereka adalah orang seberang They are foreign people

sebut; menyebut(kan): v /frm/lu/ 1 mention. Jangan menyebutkan namaku Don’t mention my name. 2 name. Orang menyebutkan Bandung kota kembang. People name Bandung a flower.city 3 tell 4 call Dia menyebut-nyebut nama kamu beberapa kali sebelum dia meninggal. She called your name several time before she died.
-menyebut-nyebut: v 1 bruit about |to spread news about, repeatedly mention Orang menyebut-nyebut dia sebagai calon presiden yang akan datang. People bruit him as the next president candidate. 2 keep mentioning. Dia menyebut-nyebut kamu sebagai pacarnya. She keep mentioning you as her boyfriend.
-penyebut: n 1 /math./ denominator 2 /ling./ predicate Frase ini adalah penyebut kalimat. This phrase is the predicate of the sentence
-penyebutan: n addressing, mentioning
-sebutan1: n 1 name Apa sebutannya? What is the name of it? 2 terminology |the technical words or expressions that are used in a particular subject| Sebutan ilmiahnya adalah hydroponics The scientific terminology is hydroponics 3 designation |the description or title that someone or something is given| Orang asing dengan sebutan ‘bule’ hanya diberlakukan  kepada orang berkulit putih. A foreigner with the designation “bule” is applied only to white-skinned people. 4 nama sebutan: nick name Nama sebutan anda apa? What is your nick name?
-tersebut: v be mentioned Seperti tersebut diatas. As it’s mentioned above.

Secaba {Sekolah Calon Bintara|: n Training School for non-commissioned military officers.

secara: see cara:

sedan: n /frm/lu/ sedan. sedan atap terbuka. a convertible

sedang1: adj. /frm/lu/ 1 average |having qualities that are typical| Dia tidak sangat cantik hanya sedang saja. She is not very pretty, just average. 2 moderate |neither very large nor very small, neither very tall nor very short, etc.| Ini satu perkiraan sedang This is a moderate estimation.  3 medium |of middle quality or quantity|  Berikan saya satu kaos oblong dengan ukuran sedang. Give a T-shirt with medium size.

sedang2: adj /frm/lu/ 1 |a determiner of present continuous tense| Dia sedang pergi ke kota. He is going to the city? Kamu sedang melakukan apa? What are you doing? Saat itu saya sedang tidur ketika dia mengetuk pintu. I was sleeping when he knocked the door. Saya sedang dalam perjalanan ke Surabya besok pukul 8: pagi. I’m going to Surabaya at 8: a.m. tomorrow.

sedang1: conj. /frm/lu/ 1 while |during the time that something is happening| Mereka tiba waktu kami sedang makan. They arrived while we were having dinner. Saya senang mendengar radio ketika sedang mandi. I like to listen to music while I’m taking a bath. 2 sedangkan: |used in order to say that although something is true of one thing, it is not true of another| Bagaimana mungkin saya akan membeli mobil, sedangkan membeli sepeda motor pun saya tidak punya uang. How could I buy a car, even to buy a motorcycle I don’t have enough money.

sedap: adj /frm/lu/ 1 delicious, tasty. Makanan itu sedap The food was delicious. 2 nice, pleasing. Bau bunga itu sedap The flower had a pleasing fragrance. pe­mandangan yang sedap a nice view. 3 fresh Udaranya sedap ya? The weather is fresh, isn’t it? 4 pleased Perasaannya tidak sedap mendengar kata-kata kamu itu. She wasn’t pleased to hear your words.
-menyedapkan: v 1 season 2 cause sth more delicious
-penyedap: n flavouring spice
-sedap-sedapan: n delicacies

sedap: adv /frm/lu/ well Badan saya tidak merasa sedap sekarang. I don’t feel well right now.

sedap malam: n /frm/lu/ tuberose |a plant native to Mexico cultivated for its fragrant white flowers – Polianthes tuberosa|

sedar: variant of sadar:

sedari: see dari:

sedekah: n /frm/lu/ 1 alms |money or foods given to the poor in a charity| 2 offering given to spirits  3 thanksgiving ceremony performed by farmers or fishermen 3 sedekah desa: rural thanksgiving cere­mony after harvest. Kami mau sedekah malam Jumat nanti We are going to have thanksgiving gathering next Friday
-meny(s)edekahi: v 1 give alms to. Dia mensedekahi pengemis itu He gave alms to the beggar. 2 give an offering to the spirit on behalf on sb

sederhana: adj /frm/lu/ 1 simple a) |not difficult or complicated; easy| soal matematika sederhana. a simple math problem b) |without a lot of decoration or things that are not necessary| satu hiasan sedeharna a simple decoration 2 plain pakaian putih sederhana a plain white dress c) makanan sederhana a simple meal 3 casual a) |happening by chance without being planned| sambutan sederhana a casual remark b) |not formal, or not for a formal situation| makanan sederhana a casual meal. 4 modest |unwilling to talk proudly about your abilities and achievements|  Dia berkepribadian sederhana He has a modest personality 5 economical |using time, money, products, etc. without wasting any| biaya hidup sederhana an economical cost of life
-kesederhanaan: n 1 simplicity 2 modesty 3 moderateness
-menyederhanakan: v 1 simplify 2 moderate |to make something less extreme or violent, or to become this| Mengurangi berat badan, sederhanakan makanan yang kamu makan To lose weight, moderate the amount of food you eat 3 economize
-penyederhanaan: n 1 simplification 2 moderation

sedia; bersedia: v /frm/lu/ be ready |someone that is ready is prepared or able to do something| Apa kamu sudah bersedia pergi? Are you ready to go? 2 will be ready Apa kamu bersedia membantu? Will you be ready to help?
-kesediaan; ketersediaan: n 1 availability 2 readiness 3 willingness. Saya hanya ingin tahu kesediaan kamu untuk menolong, I just want to know your willingness to help.
-menyediakan: v 1 provide |to give or supply something to someone| Saya bekerja untuk satu pelayanan yang menyediakan tempat singgah para tunawisma. I work with a service that provides shelter for the homeless. Apa anda boleh menyediakan semua rincian proposalnya untuk kami? Would you provide us with all the details of your proposal. 2 prepare |make available| Siapa yang akan menyediakan makanan kita? Who is going to prepare our meal?
-penyedia: n 1 provider 2 supplier 3 distributor
-penyediaan: n 1 provision |the act of providing something that someone needs now or will be needed in the future| penyediaan pelayanan kepada orang berusia lanjut. the provision of services for the elderly. 2 preparation.
-persediaan: n 1 stock 2 provisions 3 supply
-sedianya: adv 1 initially Sedianya rapat dimulai pukul 8: a.m tetapi diundur menjadi pukul 10: a.m. Initially the meeting starts a t 8: a.m. but it’s postponed to 10 a.m. 2 actually Sedianya saya tidak ingin pergi tetapi dia mendesak saya. Actually I didn’t want to go but she pushed me.
-tersedia: adj available Makan siang akan sudah tersedia pukul 12 tenga hari. Lunch will be available at 12: noon.

sediakala: adv /frm/lu/ 1 formerly, previously  Sediakala Jakarta hanya sebuah desa besar Formerly Jakarta was only a big village  2 as usual Kondisinya telah seperti sedia kala His condition has been as usual. 3 as used to be. Dia kelihatan muda seperti sediakala. His looks young just as it’s used to be.

sedih: adj /frm/lu// sad, distressed |unhappy, especially because something unpleasant has happened to sb| Kenapa kamu kelihatan sedih hari ini? Why you look very sad today?
-menyedihkan: adj melancholy 1 |a sad event, story etc. that makes you feel unhappy|   Apa kamu telah menonton film menyedihkan tentang seorang anak jalanan itu? Have you seen the melancholy movie about a street child? Menyedihkan bahwa dua taman harus ditutup. It’s melancholy that two city parks had to be closed down. 2 very bad or unacceptable. Adalah masalah Negara menyedihkan kalau seseorang tidak lagi merasa aman dirumah. It’s a sad state of affairs (=bad situation) when a person isn’t safe at home anymore.
-menyedihkan2: v sadden |make sb sad| Akan menyedihkan kalau dia mendengar berita itu It will sadden if she hear the news (The news will sadden her)
-penyedih: n sb who easily to be sad

sedikit1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 a little |small in size| seorang anak kecil a little child sebuah rumah kecil a little house 2 a few (more) Waktu kita tinggal sedikit lagi. We have only a few minute more time. Sedikit hari lagi dia akan tiba In a few days he will arrive. 2 small jumlah pengunjung yang sedikit a small number of visitors
-mempersedikit: v 1 lessen 2 reduce 3 make a total of sth smaller

sedikit2: adv /frm/lu/ slightly Kepala saya sedikit pusing. My head is slightly dizzy.
-sedikit banyak: adv more or less |said when the quality, quatity, or density of sth isn’t very important| Sedikit banyak saya tahu tentang kasus itu More or less I know about the case.
-sedikit lagi1: adj a little more Sedikit lagi sudah cukup A little more will be enough.
-sedikit lagi: adv almost |nearly but not quite|  Sedikit lagi dia tertabrak mobil. He was almost hit by a car.
-sedikitnya: adv at least Sedikitnya kamu pernah mendengar isu itu kan? At least you ever heard the issue, didn’t you?
-sedikit sedikit: adv gradually |in a way that happens or develops slowly over time| Sedikit-sedikit perkawinan mereka menjadi baik. Gradually, their marriage got better. 2 frequently |if sth happen many times without a clear reason|  Sedikit-sedikit dia keberatan. Frequently (without strong argument) she complains
-sedikitpun: adv even a little, at the least Sedikitpun dia tidak kelihatan seperti ibunya She doesn’t look like her mother even a little (at the least)

sedimentasi: n /frm/ sedimentation.

sedot; menyedot: v /frm/lu/ 1 suck. Anak itu masih menyedot ibu jarinya. The child still sucks her thumb. 2 inhale, sip from.
-penyedot: n instrument to absorb. pompa penyedot ­sump pump, drainage pump.
-penyedotan: n suction. penyedotan rahim suction curettage.
-tersedot: v be sucked in. Anak itu tersedot ­pusaran air The child was sucked into the whirlpool.
-sedotan: n 1 a straw 2 a puff, inhalation. sedotan hidung inhaler.

seduh1; meny(s)eduh: v /frm/lu/ steep (sth into hot water).
-terseduh: v be steeped.
-penyeduhan: n steeping.

seduh2: variant of sedu:

segala; segala sesuatu1: pron. /frm/lu/ everything Segala sesuatunya tergantung pada kamu. Everything depends on you.
-segalanya: adv entirely |completely| Segalanya berbeda sekarang.  Things are entirely different now. Keputusan segalanya ada pada kamu. The decision is entirely yours. Segalanya sudah kita bahas. We have discussed everything

segan: adj /frm/lu/ 1 respectful Saya sangat segan kepada dia I’m respectful to him. 2 |reluctant to do sth because it may be considered inappropriate by sb in higher status| 3 |unwilling to do sth for a certain reason|  4 |shy, ashamed to do sth|
-disegani: v be respected.   ­
-menyegani: v /tr/ respect (sb)

segar: adj /frm/lu/ 1 fresh. Sayur-sayuran itu masih segar The vege­tables were still fresh. 2 fit, like new.
-menyegarkan: v make sth fresh.
-penyegar: n refresher
-penyegaran: n refreshing.

segel: n /frm/lu/ 1 seal, stamp (notarizing, etc.) 2 ration coupon
-segel temple: n receipt stamp.
-bersegel: v be sealed.
-menyegel: v seal, stamp. Mereka menyegel surat perjanjian itu They sealed the contract. Rumah dia disegel karena tak ada izin bangunan. His house was sealed because it has no construction permit.
-penyegelan: n sealing.

segenap: see genap:

segera: adv /frm/lu/ 1 soon |in a short time from now, or a short time after something has happened| Segera saya akan pergi ke pasar. Soon I’m going to the market 2 immediately |at once and with no delay|  Kalau ada masalah segera telepon saya. If there is a problem call me immediately.
-menyegerakan: v 1 speed up, accelerate. 2 urge sb to work fast.
-sesegera mungkin: /phr/ as soon as possible Saya akan bayar kamu kembali sesegera mungkin. I’ll pay you back as soon as possible.

segi: n /frm/lu/ 1 angle Apa kamu tahu menggambar sebuah segi tiga? Do you know to draw a tri-angle? 2 aspect Kita perlu mempertimbangkan berbagai segi sebelum memutuskan. We need to take into account different kinds of aspects before making a decision. 3 point  Ditinjau dari segi ke­manusiaan Seen from the humane point of view. syn: /lu/ sudut
-segi empat: n quadrangle.
-facet: n |one of the flat sides of a cut jewel|

segini: see gini:

segitu: see gitu:

segmen: n segment.

segmentasi: n segmentation.

sehat: adj /frm/lu/1 well Saya merasa sehat setelah pengobatan itu I feel well after the medication  2 healthy a) |physically strong and not likely to become ill| seorang bayi yang sehat a healthy baby b) |good for your body or your mind|  gaya hidup sehat a healthy lifestyle Kita semua berhak akan tempat kerja yang sehat. We all have the right to a healthy workplace. c) |successful and likely to stay that way| Bank sentral harus memantau setiap bank Central bank has to monitor every banks to know if all of them are healthy hubungan ekonomi yang sehat a healthy business relationship. 3 sound ekonomi yang sehat sound economy
ekonomi -kesehatan: n health
-kesehatan: n health  kesehatan masyarakat public health Pusat Kesehatan Masyarakat (Puskesmas) Public Health Center
-penyehatan: n recovery |the process of returning to a normal condition after a period of trouble or difficulty| penyehatan ekonmi sebuah perusahaan. a company economic recovery
-sehat walafiat: adj 1 hale and healthy 2 safe and sound.

seher: n piston.

sehingga: variant of hingga:

seimbang: variant of imbang:

sein: see see sen2:

seismik: n /lu/ seismic.

seismograf: n /frm/lu/ seismograph.

sejahtera1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 prosperous 2 safe.

sejahtera2: v /frm/lu/ prosper
-kesejahteraan: n 1 prosperity. 2 safety.
-mensejahterakan: v 1 make sb prosperous. Pemerintah mensejahterakan kehidupan buruh The government gave the working class a more prosperous life. 2 make safe.

sejajar: see jajar:

sejak: conj. /frm/lu/ since |at or from a particular time in the past| Saya tidak melihat dia sejak kita bertemu tahun lalu. I didn’t see her since we met last year

sejak2: variant of sajak:

sejaman: see jaman:

sejarawan; sejarahwan: n /frm/lu/ historian.

sejarah: n /frm/lu/ history. Itu sejarah panjang It’s a long story.
-bersejarah: adj 1 historic(al), full of history 2 memorable Hari 17 Agustus adalah hari bersejarah bagi Indonisia August 17th is a historic day for Indonesian. 3 legendary  Juara Bulutangkis Dunia bersejarah Rudy Hartono A legendary World Badminton Champion Rudy Hartono.
-kesejarahan: n things having to do with history.
-Sejarah Kejadian: n /Bib./ Book of Genesis.

sejati: adj /frm/lu/ genuine, pure, true, authentic  Dia adalah pahlawan sejati He is a true hero.
-kesejatian: n authenticity, genuineness.

sejoli: see joli:

sejuk: adj /frm/lu/ 1 cool, chilly. |slightly cold and fresh| Udara sejuk diluar sana. The weather is cool out there. 2 comfortable, calm, relax (emotion) Apa suasana hati kamu sudah sejuk sekarang? Has your emotion ben relax now?
-kesejukan: n 1 cold, coolness 2 calmness, comfortableness
-menyejuk: v /intr/ 1 become cool down (air) 2 become calm down, become cheer up (emotion, feeling)
-menyejukkan1: v /tr/ 1 cool (sth) down 2 calm (sth) down, cheer up (emotion, feeling)  Sikap dia selalu menyejukkan perasaan kita His attitude always cheer up our feeling.
-menyejukkan2: adj 1 cooling udara yang menyejukkan a cooling air nasehat yang menyejukkan a cheering up advice
-penyejuk: n cool­er.

seka; menyeka: v /frm/lu/ 1 rub, wipe. polish. Dia menyeka mukanya dengan tissue. He wiped his face with tissue.
-menyekakan: v /tr/ 1 brush (tears) away  2 use sth to wipe. Dia menyekakan handuk itu ke mukanya. He use the towel to wipe her face.
-penyeka: n wiper |sth used to wipe or sb who wipe sth|

sekadar: see kadar:

sekak: n /frm/lu/1  chess. 2 checkmate.

sekakmat: intrj. /frm/lu/ checkmate.

sekali1: adv /frm/lu/ 1 very. Dia baik sekali She is very nice 2 once |one time in a certain period| Sekali seminggu saya mengunjungi nenek Once a week I visit my grandma. 3 sekaligus: all at once. Saya akan beli sekaligus keperluan kita dalam seminggu I’ll by our needs for a week all at once. Mereka menangis sekaligus. They all cried at once. 4 sekali-sekali: once in a while Sekali-sekali dia merokok Once in a while he smokes Mereka sekali-sekali datang kesini. They come here once in a while

sekali2: conj. /frm/lu/ once |from the time something happens|  Sekali kamu coba ini, kamu tidak akan pernah ingin berhenti. Once you try this, you’ll never want to stop.

sekalipun: conj. /frm/lu/ 1 although; though |in spite of the fact that| Sekalipun mobilnya tua, masih tetap berjalan lancar. Although the car’s old, it still runs well. 2 even though |used in order to emphasize that although one thing happens or is true, something else also happens or is true|  Dia tidak mau pergi berselancar, sekalipun Rom menawarkan bantuan. She wouldn’t go to the ski slope, even though Rom offered to help her.

sekam: n /frm/lu/ husk. chaff, hull of rice.
-meny(s)ekam: v shut in. repress.

sekap; menyekap: v /frm/lu/ 1 ripen fruit by covering it with sth.  2 lock sb up. Polisi telah menyekap pembunuh itu di penjara. The police has locked up the murderer in prison.
-penyekapan: n locking up (of sb).
-sekapan: n 1 ripened fruit 2 prisoner.
-tersekap: v get locked up or trapped in. Mereka tersekap dalam gua. They were trapped in a cave.

sekar: n /Jv/ flower.
-sekar malang: n palm blossom (esp. used in wedding ceremonies).
-sekar suhun: n neck­lace.
-menyekar: v bring flowers to a place for decora­tion etc. (esp. to a tomb or a sacred place)

sekarang: adv /frm/lu/ 1 now Saya harus pergi sekarang I have to go now 2 sekarang ini: a) nowadays Sekarang ini harga-harga sedang meningkat. Nowadays prices are going up. b) this very moment, right now. Saya harus pergi sekarang ini juga. I have to go this very moment.

sekarat: n /frm/lu/ 1 agony 2 dying |very severe pain or suffering, the condition when sb is going to die|
-bersekarat: v be in death’s throes. bersekarat maut risk sb’s life.

sekat1; penyekat: n /frm/lu/1 screen 2  partition 3 insulator .
-ber­sekat: v have screen, have partitioned
-disekat: v be screened, be partitioned  Kedua kamar itu disekat. The two rooms were partitioned off.
-menyekat: v 1 partition off. 2 bar. Divisi kedua menyekat gerakan musuh The 2nd division barred the en­emy’s movements. 3 isolate, insulate. Dia menyekat di­ri selama setahun She went into seclusion for a year.
-penyekatan: n isolation
-sekat rongga badan: n diaphragm, midriff.
-sekat rongga hidung: n internasal septum.
-sekatan buku: n 1 flyleaf (in book). 2 obstruction.
-tersekat: v be obstructed. Kerongkonganku tersekat I throat was obstructed.

sekat2: n /frm/lu/ ice skates.

sekata: see kata:

sekaten: n /ld/ a festival held in Solo and Yogyakarta in honor of Muhammad’s birthday.

sekedar: see kadar:

sekehendak: see hendak:

sekelar: variant of saklar:

sekeliling: see keliling

sekema: variant of skema:

sekerat: variant of sekarat:

sekering: variant of sekring:

sekerja: see kerja:

sekertariat: variant of sekretariat:

sekertaris: variant of sekretaris:

sekerup: variant of sekrup:

seketsel: n screen, partition.

skeet: n /frm/lu/ sketch.
-pen(y)skeet: n sketcher.

sekher: variant of seher:

sekian: see kian:

sekilas: see kilas:

sekiranya: see kira:

sekitar: see kitar:

sekjen {sekretaris~jenderal}: n secretary-general.

sekoci1: n /frm/lu/ boat, sloop.
-sekoci penolong: n /lu/ lifeboat.

sekoci2: n /ld/ bobbin, shuttle.

sekolah1: n /frm/lu/ 1 school a) |a place where children are taught|  Kamu sekolah dimana? (Kemana kamu pergi sekolah) Which school did you go to? Saat sekarang ini anak-anak masih di sekolah At this time the children are still at school. (studying in the school building) b) |the time spent at school| Apa yang kamu lakukan setelah sekolah? What are you doing after school? c) |a place where a particular subject or skill is taught| sekolah seni an art school. 2 college, university. Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Ekonomi. School of Economics (A College for Economics Study) Sekolah Pelayaran Nautical School (A College for Nautical Study) Sekolah Tinggi Theologia A College for Theology.
-sekolahan: n school. (school complex) Tidak ada seorangpun yang bisa merokok disekolahan. Nobody is allowed to smoke at school.
-sekolah aliyah: n Islamic Senior High School.
-sekolah dasar: n elementary school.
-sekolah ibtidayiah: n Islamic Elementary School.
-sekolah kejuruan: n vocational school.
-sekolah lanjutan: n secondary school.
-sekolah lanjutan pertama: n junior secondary school.
-sekolah lanjutan atas: n senior secondary school.
-sekolah tinggi: n 1 college 2 university.

sekolah2; bersekolah: v /frm/lu/ 1 go to school Dia sedang sekolah He is going to school. 2 study (go to school)  Mari kita pergi sekolah Let’s go to school 3 learn Dia bersekolah ilmu hitam He learn black magic.
-disekolahkan: v be sent to school. Saya disekolahkan orangtua hanya ke sekolah dasar. I was sent to school by my parents only to elementary school.
-menyekolahkan: v sent (to school). Orang tua saya tidak punya uang cukup menyekolahkan saya ke perguruan tinggi. My parents didn’t have enough money to send me to college.

sekon: n /frm/lu/ second (of time).

sekonar: n /ld/ schooner |a fast sailing ship with two sails|.

sekoneng: n /frm/lu/ levelling in a piece of wood so that it fits into another.

sekongkel; sekongkol: see kongkol:

sekonyong: see konyong:

sekop: variant of skop:

sekorsing: variant of skorsing:

sekoteng; sekoteng: n /Jv/ ginger-f1avored drink served hot.

sekout: variant of sekaut:

sekr. {Sekretariat}: n secretariat.

sekresi: n /frm/ secretion.
-mensekresikan: v secrete.

sekretariat: n /frm/lu/ secretariat. Sekretariat Negara State Secretariat.
-kesekretariatan: n things pertaining to a secretariat.
-tugas sekretariat: v secretarial tasks.

sekretaris: n secretary.
-sekretariat jenderal: n general secretariat.
-Sekretaris Negara: n State Secretary.

sekring: n /frm/lu/ fuse for electric circuit.

sekrup: n /frm/lu/ screw, bolt.
-meny(s)ekrupkan: v screw sth.

seks; jenis seks: n /frm/lu/ 1 sex |the condition of being male or female – see kelamin:| Saya tidak peduli jenis seks bayi itu, yang penting dia sehat. I don’t care what sex the baby is, the most important is that the baby is healthy. 2 kegiatan seks: n sexual activity, intercourse
-main seks: v have sexual intercourse (see senggama, tubuh; ‘bersetubuh’)
-pendidikan seks: n sex education.

seksama1: adj /frm/lu/1 accurate, precise |exactly correct| satu pemeriksaan yang seksama tentang apa yang terjadi. an accurate observation of what happened 2 comprehensive and complete |including everything that is necessary| Ini laporan seksama tentang penelitian itu. This is a comprehensive report on the study.

seksama2: dengan seksama: adv /frm/lu/1 accurately Mereka melakukan penjajagan kemungkinan itu dengan seksama. They did the possibility study accurately. 2 thoroughly 3 precisely 4
comprehensively
-keseksamaan: n 1 accuracy 2 comprehensiveness 3 thoroughness 4 precision.

seksi1: n /frm/lu/ 1 section. 2  platoon.

seksi2: adj /frm/lu/ sexy.
-keseksian: n sexiness.

seksofon; seksopon: variant of saksofon:

sekstan: n /tech/ sextant |a tool or method that used to measure the position of a ship in the sea|

seksual: adj /frm/lu/ sexual.

seksualitas; seksualitet: n /frm/lu/ sexuality.

seksuil: variant of seksual:

sektaris: n /frm/ sectarian.

sektarisme: n /frm/ sectarianism.

sekte: n /frm/lu/ sect:

sektor: n /frm/lu/ sector.

sektoral: adv /frm/lu/ by sector.

sekuens: n /frm/lu/ sequence (in movie).

sekularis: adj /frm/lu/ secularistic.

sekularisasi: n /frm/lu/ secularization.

sekularisme: n /frm/lu/ secularism.

sekuler; sekulir: adj /frm/lu/ secular.
-mensekularkan: v secularize.

sekunder: adj /frm/lu/ secondary

sekuriti: n /frm/lu/ security, security forces.

sekuteng: variant of sekoteng:

sekuter: variant of skuter:

sekutu: n /frm/lu/ 1 ally |persons or countries that help each other, especially in war|  Belanda dan sekutunya. Dutch with their ally 2 partner a) |someone with whom you do a particular activity, for example dancing, or playing a game against two other people| sekutu main bulutangkis saya my badminton partner b) |one of the owners of a business| Dia sekutu bisnis saya. He is my business partner 3 companion |someone whom you spend a lot of time with, especially someone who is a friend|  Hanya dialah sekutu saya menghadapi satu kesulitan. He was the only my companion in facing a difficulty.
-bersekutu: v ally |to join with other people or countries to help each other| 2 work together.
-mempersekutukan: v 1 ally 2 unite, unify 3 confederate, federate 4 merge
-persekutuan: n 1 alliance 2 companion 3 league 4 union 5 federation 6 partnership

sel; sell: n /frm/lu/ cell 1 |a small room in a police station or prison where prisoners are kept| sell tahanan prisoners cell 2 |the smallest part of an animal or plant that can exist on its own| sell darah merah red blood cells 3 |the small room in a battery| 4 |the smallest unit of a political organization| sistim sel partai komunis cell system of communist party.

sela1: n /frm/lu/ crack, opening, gap. sela gunung mountain pass.

sela2; men(s)ela: v /frm/lu/ interrupt
-bersela: v to have gaps or intervals
-tersela: v be interrupted.
-tidak bersela; tidak tersela: adj uninterrupted 2 unbroken.

sela3: adv /frm/lu/ 1 interruptedly 2 every other (day, plant, season, etc) Mereka menyiram tanaman sela hari. They water the plants every other day. Mereka menanam kopi dengan sela tanaman lamtoro Mereka menanam kopi bersela dengan pohon lamtoro

sela4: n /frm/ mixture.

sela5: n /ld/ saddle.

sela6: n /ld/ stone.
-menyelakan: v throw with stones.

sela7: adj /ld/ squinting.

selada: n /frm/lu/ lettuce. selada air watercress.

seladeri; seladri: variant of selederi:

selagi: see lagi:

selai: n /frm/lu/ jelly, jam. selai kacang peanut butter.

selain: see lain:

selaju: see laju:

selak1: n /frm/ bolt, bar to hold door closed.
-menyelak: v bolt or bar a door.
-selak-menyelak: v urge or push each other (to do sth)

selak2; terselak: v /frm/lu/ be choked.

selak3: menyelakkan: v /frm/lu/ suddenly open (sb’s shirt, etc.). 2 reveal 3 discover

selakangan: n crotch.

selaku: adv, prep. /frm/lu/ 1 as  2 see laku:

selalu: adv /frm/lu/ always

selam1; menyelam: v /frm/lu/ dive. Berapa lama kamu dapat menyelam dalam air? How long can you dive under the water?
-kapal selam: n submarine.
-menyelami: v /idiomatic/1 internalize 2 deeply understand (sth)
-penyelam: n diver
-penyelam indah: v fancy diving
-penyelaman: n 1 diving  2 immersion, submersion.

selama: adv, prep. /frm/lu/ 1 as far as 2 during: 3 see lama:

selamat1: adj /frm/lu/ survived 1 |continued to live after an accident, illness, etc.| Semua penumpang selamat dalam kecelakaan itu. All the passengers were survived at the crash. 2 |continued to exist or be involved in an activity in spite of difficulties| Sedikit usaha kecil selamat dari resesi itu. Few small businesses were survived from the recession. Team yang selamat akan main sesama  mereka hari Minggu. The survived teams will play each other on Sunday. 2 saved |get rid of or protected from harm, danger, destruction, death, loss, etc.| Apa hutan tropis di pulau itu selamat dari penebangan liar? Are the tropical forest in that island is saved from illegal logging?
-menyelamatkan: v 1 save Batas kecepatan diharapkan dapat menyelamatkan lebih banyak nyawa The speed limit is expected to save more lives. 2 salvage 3 rescue 4 redemption
-keselamatan: n 1 safety 2 salvage 3 rescue 4 redeem
-penyelamat: n 1 saviour 2 salvager 3 rescuer 4 re­deemer.
-penyelamatan: n 1 rescue 2 salvation 3 saving

selamat3: intrj. /frm/lu/ 1 good |used to express a speaker willingness of happiness, good luck, etc.| Selamat pagi/siang/sore/malam Good morning/ afternoon/ evening/ night  Selamat datang welcome Selamat tinggal Good bye Selamat ulang tahun Happy birthday Selamat Tahun Baru Happy New Year. Selamat Hari Raya. Happy Idulfitri Selamat Hari Natal Merry Christmas 2 congratulation Selamat atas promosinya. Congratulation for your promotion.

selampai; selampe: n /frm/lu/1 scarf, kerchief. 2 handker­chief.
-meny(s)elampekan: n sling sth over the arm or shoul­der.

Selan: n Sri Lanka.

selancar: see lanca:

Selandia Baru: n New Zealand.

selang1: n /frm/lu/ 1 interval |a period of time between two events, activities etc.| Selang beberapa hari kemudian dia datang kembali. After an interval of few days he came back. Kami tidak lama menunggu, hanya selang beberapa menit. We didn’t have to wait long, it’s only after an interval of few minutes. Selang sehari tanaman harus di siram. Every other day the plants should be watered. 2 an object between other two objects 3 space between two things.
-berselang: adj intermittent |happening at some times but not regularly or continuously| awan yang berselang hujan. cloud with intermittent rain
-diselang-selingi: v be alternated (by sth)
-selang-seling; berselang-seling: adj alternate |happening in a regular way, first one thing and then the other thing| hujan dan panas yang beselang-seling alternate rain and sunshine: Gadis itu menggunakan benang merah dan biru berselang-seling pada jahitannya. The girl used red and blue thread alternately in the sewing: see seling:

selang2; menyelang: v /ld/ lend.
-menyelangkan: v /tr/ lend sth.

selang3: variant of slang:

selangkang; selangkangan: n /frm/lu/ groin.

selaput: n /frm/lu/ 1 membrane, film 2 coating, layer, lamination
-ber­selaput: v to have membrane, layer, or coat.
-diselaputi: v be covered with membrane, coat, or layer. Wajahnya diselaputi asap sampah yang sedang dibakar. His face was covered with a thin layer of smoke from the trash that was being burnt.
-menyelaput: v form a thin layer or coat around sth.
-menyelaputi: v /tr/ 1 put membrane 2 coat 3 layer 4 laminate
-selaput dara: n hymen.
-selaput mata: n retina.
-selaput jantung: n pericar­dium.
-selaput otak: n cerebral membrane.
-selaput pelangi: n iris.
-selaput renang: n web (of ducks, etc.).

selar: n /frm/lu/ a kind of sea fish

selar; menyelar: v /ld/ 1 creep 2 crawl Tanaman menjalar itu menyelar dibatang pohon. The vines creep on the tree trunk.

selaras: see laras:

Selasa: n Tuesday. Selasa Kliwon Tuesday that coincides with Kliwon, first day of Javanese calendar, considered a sacred day.

selasar: n /lu/ open veranda.

selasih: n /ld/ basil |a herb with aromatic leaves having spikes of small white flowers – Ocimum bacillicum|

selat: n /frm/lu/1 straits, narrows, sound. Selat Sunda Sunda Straits. 2 passage.
-menyelat: v sail through a strait.
-menyelatkan: v insert, thrust between.
-diselatkan: v be inserted Diselatkannya sesuatu kedalam kantongnya. He inserted sth into his pocket.

selatan: n /frm/lu/ south.
-arah Sselatan: adv southward
-terselatan: adj southernmost.

selawat: n /frm/lu/ invocation, short prayer consisting of verses from the Koran.

selawe: num. /Jv/ 25.

selayang: see layang:

selebaran: n /frm/lu/ leaflet. selebaran gelap illegal and unsigned leaflet.

selebor: variant of slebor:

selederi: n celery.

selekit; nyelekit: adj /inf/lu/ offensive |tending to hurt sb’s feel­ing| Omongan dia selalu nyelekit. The way she talks is always offensive.

seleksi;  seIeksi: n /frm/lu/ selection.
-meny(s)eleksi: v select.

selektif: adj /lu/ selective.
-keselektifan: n selectiveness.

selempang1: adj /ld/ afraid, frightened.
-menyelempangkan: v worry about.

selempang2; terselempang: v /frm/lu/ fall astraddle.

selempang3: n /frm/lu/ 1 shoulder belt 2 sash worn across the body.
-selempang tanda dokter: n doctor’s hood.
-berselempang: v ­wear a belt or sash over sb’s shoulder or over the shoulders and across the body.
-berselempangkan: v /tr/ wear sth as a shoulder sash.
-meny(s)elempangkan: v /tr/ put sth over a shoulder. Dia menselempangkan sarung. He put  a sarong over his shoulders.
-selempangan: n banner.

selendang: n /frm/lu/ shawl or stole worn over sb’s shoulder or diagonally across body.
-berselendang: v wear a shawl or stole.
-meny(s)elendangkan: v /tr/ wear sth as a shawl or stole over the shoulder. Dia menyelendangkan tas buku He carried a book bag over his shoulder.
-meny(s)elendangi: v /tr/ put a shawl or stole on sb

selender: variant of silinder:

selenggara; menyelenggarakan: v /frm/lu/ 1 run 2 organize 3 implement 4 op­erate 5 conduct. Indonesia akan menyelenggarakan pertemuan tingkat tinggi Negara-negara Asean Indonesia is going to organize a summit meeting of Asean countries
-penyelenggaraan: n 1 implementation 2 operation
-penyelenggara: n 1 organizer 2 implementer 3 executer 4 caretaker 5 operator
-penyelenggaraan: n 1 implementation 2 execution 3 operation Penyelenggaraan pameran itu akan di mulai minggu depan. The implementation of the exhibition will be started next week.
-terselenggara: v 1 be done, be organized 3 be implemented Seminar itu telah terselenggara dengan baik. The seminar has been well organized.

selentingan: n /frm/lu/ rumor
-(secara) selentingan: adv 1 in passing 2 incidentally. Secara selentingan saya dengar kamu akan dipromosikan. Accidentally I heard that you are going to be promoted.

selepa: n /lu/ cigarette case, betel box.

selera1: n /frm/lu/1 appetite. |a strong desire or liking for something, especially food| Sampah itu telah merusak selera saya. The garbage ruined my appetite. Marlon kelihatannya telah kehilangan selera bepergian. Marlon seems to have lost her appetite for travel. 2 taste |the enjoyment of something|  Dia tidak pernah kehilangan selera untuk menari. She never lost her taste for dance.
-berselera: v 1 have desire Dia sangat berselera memenangkan pertarungan itu . He has a strong desire to win the fight. 2 be eager Dia berselera menjadi seorang penyanyi She is eager to be a singer 3 lust |to want something very much because you do not have it yet|  Umumnya politisi berselera terhadap kekuasaan. Most of politicians lusts for power

selera2: n /lit./ body.

selesai: adj /frm/lu/ 1 finished, accomplished, done. Pekerjaannya sudah selesai. His work has been finished. Desertasinya sudah selesai. He had accomplished his dissertation.
-menyelesaikan: v 1 finish Saya akan menyelesaikannya dalam waktu dua hari. I’ll finish it in two days 2 accomplish Kami telah menyelesaikan tujuan kami mengumpulkan $45,000.
We’ve accomplished our goal of raising $45,000.
-penyelesaian: 1 accomplishment 2 finishing 3 completion 4 solution 5 settlement 6 completion. .

selesma; selesma: n /frm/lu/ cold, sniffles.

seleweng; menyeleweng: v /frm/lu/ deviate |to be or become different from what is normal or acceptable| Pelaksanaan peneletian ini menyeleweng dari apa yang di tentukan dalam proposal. The implementation of this study deviated from what was designed in the proposal. 2 digress |to begin talking about something that is not related to the subject you were talking about| Perdebatan telah menyeleweng dari topik seminar. The debate has digressed from the topic of the seminar. 3 en­gage in improper activity. 3 be unfaithful in an amorous relationship.
-menyelewengkan: v /tr/ 1 miss-use Bendahara itu telah menyelewengkan uang organisasi. The treasurer has miss-used the organization money. 2 deviate Presiden telah menyelewengkan haluan negara yang dibuat oleh parlemen. The president has deviated the state guidelines made by the parliament.
-penyelewengan: n 1 deviation 2 digression 3 corruption
-penyeleweng: n crook.

selidik; meny(s)elidiki: v /frm/lu/ 1 investigate 2 search 3 scout, spy
-diselidiki: v be investigated. Korupsi itu sedang diselidiki. The corruption is being investigated.
-penyelidikan: n 1 research 2 investigation 3 observation 4 interrogation 5 inquiry 6 survey
-penyedidik: n 1 researcher 2 investigator 3 observer 4 interrogator 5 spy

selimut: n /frm/lu/ 1 blanket 2 camouflage |the act of hiding something by making it look the same as the things around it, or the things you use to do this|
-menyelimuti: v 1 cover with blanket 2  camouflage |to hide something by making it look like the things around it| Tentara menyelimuti diri untuk menyembunyikan diri mereka sendiri. The soldier used camouflage to hide themselves. 3 cover Awan tebal menutupi semua daerah itu Thick cloud covered all the area. 4 occupy Banyak persoalan sulit menyelimuti pikiran saya. Many difficult problems is occupying my mind.
-penyelimutan: n 1 covering. 2 camouflaging.

selinap; menyelinap: v /frm/lu/ 1 sneak |to go somewhere quietly and secretly| Tiga orang anak mencoba menyelinap melewati penjaga. Three boys tried to sneak past the guard 2 creep |to move very carefully and quietly so that no one will notice you| Dia menyelinap ke aula bawah, mencoba tidak membangunkan ibunya. She crept down the hall, trying not to wake up her Mom 3 intrude |to go into a place or get involved in a situation where you are not wanted| Seorang provokator telah menyelinap kedalam para pemrotes. A provocateur has intruded into the protester.
-penyelinap: n 1 intruder 2 sneaker 3 creeper

selindung; berlindung: v /frm/lu/ 1 be hidden 2 be protected 3 take shelter
-perlindungan: n 1 shelter 2 protection 3 custody.
-pelindung: n 1 shelter 2 protector 3 custodian.

seling; selingan: n /frm/lu/ 1 inter-space |narrow space between two or more things| 2 intermission |a short period of time between the parts of a play, concert etc.| 3 interval, interlude |a period of time between two events, activities etc.|  Bioskop itu dibuka kembali setelah seling lima tahun. Theatre opened again after an interval of five years.; see selang:
-berselingan: v having interval
-diselingi: v be alternated Pertunjukan itu diselingi iklan komersil The shoe was alternated by commercial break.  see selang: diselang-selingi.
-menyelingi: v intervene |to happen between two events, especially in a way that interrupts or prevents something|  Mereka selingi film itu terlalu lama They intervened the picture too long.
-penyeling: n alternative
-selang-seling; menyelang-nyelingi: v alternate |to do or use first one thing and then the other| Selang-selingi lapisan itu dengan adonon kemudian saus daging Alternate the layers of pasta and meat sauce.

selingkuh; berselingkuh: v /frm/lu/ 1 having sex scandal 2 commit dishonesty 3 commit adultery

selip1; menyelip: v /frm/lu/ 1 slid, insert 2 slide in 3 put between Kami menyelip di antara orang ramai We slipped into the crowd.
-menyelipkan: v /tr/ insert sth between Saya menyelipkan leaflet itu di dalam majalah. I  inserted the leaflet into a magazine.
-terselip: v 1 be inserted 2 be slipped in 3 implanted Wajahnya masih terselip dalam ingatan saya. Her face is still inserted into my memory.

selip2: v /frm/lu/ skid |if a vehicle skids, it slides sideways suddenly and you cannot control it| Mobil mereka slip dan masuk ke selokan. Their car skidded on the ice and went in a ditch.
-terselip: v be skided

selip3: menyelip: v /frm/lu/ drag, tow.

seliput; meny(s)eliputi: v /tr/frm/lu/ cover, envelope. Kabut pagi menyeliputi seluruh kota The morning fog covered the whole city.
-terseliputi: v be covered

selir1: n /frm/lu/ mistress, concubine.
-berselirkan: v have sb as a concubine.
-memperselirkan: v take sb as a concubine.
-perseliran: n concubinage.

selir2: n /ld/ sound of breeze.
-berseliran: v murmur (of a breeze).

selira: variant of selera:

selisih: n /frm/lu/ 1 difference 2 distinction 3 dissimilarity 4 contrast 5 variation  2 perselisihan: quarrel, dis­pute.
-berselisih: v 1 quarrel 2 argue 3 disagree 4 differ 5 conflict 6 diverge.
-perselisihan: n 1 conflict 2 disagreement 3 quarrel 4 dispute.

seliwer; (ber)seliweran: v /frm/lu/ mill around |if a lot of people are milling around, they are moving around a place and do not seem to have a particular purpose| Wisatawan berselweren di jalan-jalan. Tourists were milling around the streets.

selokan: n /frm/lu/ 1 gutter, drainage  2 sewer 3 ditch.
-perselokan: n ­drainage system.

seloki: variant of sloki:

selongsong: n /frm/lu/ 1 cover 2 a muzzle (dog) 3 shell of bullet

selonong; meny(s)elonong; nyelonong: v /frm/lu/ 1 go astray, slide into (by accident). 2 go through, in, or out without permission.  Eh, ini anak nyelonong saja tidak permisi. Hey, this child going through (my property) without permission.

selop1: n /frm/lu/ slipper, sandal with closed toes.
-selop jengkek: n high-heeled slippers.

selop2: variant of slof:

seloro; seloroh: adj /frm/lu/ 1 funny, amusing. 2 joke, witty remark.
-berseloroh: v joke, crack jokes.

selotip: n /frm/lu/ cellophane tape.

selsius: n /frm/lu/ Celsius.

selubung: n /frm/lu/ 1 cover, veil. 2 wrapper.
-berselubung: v be covered
-meny(s)elubungi: v 1 cover with a veil or wrapper. 2 make sth secret Mereka menyelubungi kasus itu. They make the case a secret.
-penyelubungan: n act of covering or making sth secret.
-selubung anak: n placenta.
-terselebungi: v be secretly covered.

seluk1: n /frm/lu/ curve, bend, coil.
-berseluk-beluk: adj 1 complicated 2 twiste, winding Persoalan itu sangat berseluk beluk The matter is very complicated.
-seluk beluk: n 1 details 2 com­plications.

seluler: adj /frm/lu/ cellular.

selulosa;  selulose: n /frm/lu/ cellulose.

selundup; meny(s)elundup: v /frm/lu/ 1 duck into, hide. 2 smuggle. 3 infiltrate.
-barang selundupan: n contraband.
-menyelundup: v /intr/ 1 infiltrate 2 smuggle
-menyelundupkan: v /tr/ smug­gle sth in.
-penyelundup: n smuggler.
-penyelundupan: n smug­gling.
-selundupan:
n things that are smuggled.

seluruh: adv /frm/lu/ 1 entire, whole. seluruh negeri the entire country Dia mengabdikan seluruh hidupnya kepada negara. He devoted his entire life to the state. 2 all Seluruh murid akan mendapat buku All of the students will get book
-keseluruhan: n all, the whole Keseluruhan perdebatan itu adalah mengenai kenaikan pajak. The whole debate was about the increase of the tax.
-menyeluruh: adj comprehensive Itu satu pembahsan menyeluruh. It was a comprehensive evaluation
-seluruhnya: adv 1 all of it 2 everything, everybody.

selusur: n /frm/lu/ handrail, banister.
-meny(s)elusur: v slide on handrail. Anak itu menyelusur The boy slid down the banisters.
-meny(s)elusuri: v /tr/ 1 go along, follow Mereka menelusuri sungai itu sampai ke pantai. They went through the river until the beach  2 go through sth carefullv. Ditelusurinya Koran itu mencari iklan kerja. Carefully he went through the newspaper to find an advertisenment of vacant position.

semacam: see macam:

semadi: n /frm/lu/ 1 meditation 2 meditate.
-bersemadi: v meditate.
-meny(s)emadikan: v meditate over sth
-penyemadian: n medita­ting.

semai: n /frm/lu/ seedling.
-menyemai: v seed |to plant seeds in the ground, make seeds germinate.
-penyemaian: n seedling |the process of raising seed|
-semaian; persemaian: n 1 seedbed 2 nursery.

semak1: n /frm/lu/ 1 bushes |a short plant like a small tree with a lot of branches| 2 scrub |low bushes and trees that grow in dry soil|  3 semak-belukar: |unfertile forest where small tress mixed with bushes|
-bersemak: v be covered with bushes.
-menyemakkan: v /tr/ 1 let the weeds and bushes grow wildly (on a garden) 2 confuse |to make someone feel unable to think clearly or understand something|  Petunjuk itu benar-benar menyemakkan saya. The directions really confused me.
-/prov/ dari semak ke belukar: just the same thing

semak2: v /inf/lu/ have the same mother

semak3: variant of simak:

semakin: see makin:

semampai: adj /frm/lu/ slender.

semang: see 1 anak 2 induk:

semangat: n /frm/lu/ 1 zest 2 spirit 3 enthusiasm
-bersemangat: v 1 be spirited 2 full of zest 3 be enthusiastic 4 energetic
-bersemangat kambing: adj coward
-menyemangati: v 1 inspire 2 encourage

semanggi: n /frm/lu/ 1 clover |edible herb with trifoliate leaf. 2 /Jv/ |dish of vegetables steamed with spices|.

semangka: n watermelon.

semangkin: see mangkin; makin:

semantic: n /frm/ semantics.

semantic: adj /frm/ semantic.

semaput: adj /frm/lu/ 1 unconscious, fainted. 2 have a fit.

Semar: n chief of the servants of the Pandawas in Wayang.

semarak: n /frm/lu/ 1 shine, luster. 2 ornament. 3 shining, glittering. prosesi semarak a gala procession.
-bersemarak: adj radi­ant, splendid.
-mempersemarak; menyemarakkan: v 1 embellish, adorn. 2 cheer up, brighten.
-kesemarakan: n 1 splendor 2 luminosity 3 brilliance 4 glitter

semasa: see masa:

semasih: see masih:

semat: n /lu/ pin, peg, hook.
-meny(s)emati: v /tr/ pin on sb with sth Presiden menyemati jenderal itu dengan tanda jasa The president pined the general withan insignia.
-menyematkan: v /tr/ fasten, pin, attach sth to sb.
-penyematan: n 1 pinning (of medals, etc.) 2 embedding.
-sematan: n an appendix to a book.
-tersemat: v be fas­tened on.

semata; semata-mata: see mata:

semau; semaunya: see mau:

semayam; bersemayam: v /frm/lu/ lie down, lie, reside, sit (of royalty)
-meny(s)emayamkan: v bury.
-persemayaman: n 1 throne 2 residence.

sembada: adj /frm/ capable, able to carry through.

sembah1; sembah sujud: n /frm/lu/ 1 respectful greeting  2 obedience

sembah2; menyembah: v /frm/lu/ 1 pay homage |something that you say or do to show respect for an important person| Pengunjung datang menyembah Ratu The visitors paid homage to the Queen. 2 worship |to show respect and love for a god, especially by praying in a church, temple etc.| Jangan menyembah apapun kecuali Tuhan. Don’t worship anything but the God.
-dipersembahkan: v /tr/ be dedicated (to)
-mempersembahkan: v /tr/ 1 dedicate Saya mempersembahkan buku ini kepada ibunda tercinta. I dedicate this book to my beloved mother. 2 offer |to give sth as a part of worshiping God| 3 presented Seniman itu mempersembahkan sebuah patung perunggu ke museum nasional. The artist presented a bronze statue to the national museum.
-persembahan: n /lu/ 1 offering |sth that is given to express sb’s respect to God a s a part of worship| 2 tribute 3 gift 4 dedication.
-penyembahan: n 1 adoration 2 worship.
-penyembah (Tuhan): n worshiper (of God).
-penyembah berhala: n idolater.

sembahyang: n /frm/lu/ prayer service, prayer.
-bersembahyang: v /intr/ 1 pray 2 worship
-menyembahyangkan: v /tr/ pray for (sb/sth)
-persembahyangan: n a place were to pray or to worship.

sembarang; sembarangan: adv /frm/lu/1 of any kind Apa kamu perlu sepatu merek tertentu atau sembarang sepatu? Do you need a particular trade mark of shoes or just any kind of shoes?  2 not particular Jangan taruh buku kamu ditempat sembarangan. Don’t put your book just anywhere? 3 ­haphazardly Mereka selalu sembarangan bicara kepada siapapun. They always speak haphazardly to anyone. 4 at random Ambil saja sembarangan Just take it at random 5 common Dia bukan orang sembarangan, dia seorang pahlawan. He is not a common person, he was a hero.

sembari: conj. /frm/lu/ while. Sembari menunggu mereka datang mari kita siapkan makanan. While we are waiting for them let’s prepare the meal.

sembelih; menyembelih: v /frm/lu/ slaughter.
-sembelihan: n 1 an animal to be slaughtered 2 slaughtered animal.
-ternak sembelihan: n livestock |animals that are kept on a farm|
-penyembelih: n butcher.
-penyembelihan: n slaughter, butchering.

semberani: variant of sembrani:

semberono: variant of sembrono:

semberut: v /frm/lu/ scowl |to look at someone or something in an angry or disapproving way| Tom semberut saja pada saya ketika kami bertemu Tom just scowled at me when we meet.

sembilan: num. nine. sembilan belas nineteen (19) sembilanpuluh ninety (90)
-berbersembilan: adv do sth in a group of nine.

sembilu: n /frm/lu/ blade of split bamboo (traditionally used to cut umbilical chord).
-meny(s)embilu: v 1 cut (with such a blade) 2 sadden |to make sb sad| Kematian isterinya menyembilu hati saya His wife’s death sudden my heart.

sembir1: n /frm/ edge, margin.

sembir2: adj /frm/ marginal
-cata­tan sembir: n marginal note.
-menyembir: v deviate.
-nilai sembir: n marginal value.
-sembiran: n margin, suburb.

sembodo: variant of: sembada:

semboja: variant of kemboja:

semboyan: n /frm/lu/ 1 slogan, motto, catchword. 2 sign, signal.
-bersemboyankan: v have (sth) as a slogan.
-meny(s)emboyankan: v 1 give a prearranged signal. 2 use sth as a slo­gan.

sembrani: see kuda; besi:

sembrono: adv /frm/lu/ haphazardly Dia selalu bicara sembrono He always talk haphazardly
-kesembronoan: n frivolity

sembuh: v /frm/lu/ recover, heal |to get better after an illness, injury, shock etc.| Paman saya telah sembuh dari serangan jantung. My uncle has been recovered from a heart attack.
-kesembuhan: n recovery |the process of getting better after an illness, injury etc.| penyembuhan cepat dari flu a quick recovery from the flu
-menyembuhkan: v cure. Dokter itu telah berhasil menyembuhkan banyak orang sakit. The doctor has been successful to cure many sick people.
-penyembuhan: n healing.
-tersembuhkan1: v be recovered
-tersembuhkan2: adj curable.

sembul; bersembulan: v /frm/lu/ 1 emerge, appear partially 2 swell, bulge, protrude
-meny­(s)embulkan: v make sth appear partially, emerge, swell, bulge, or protrude.
-tersembul: v 1 be emerge, appeared, swelled, bulged, or protruded  2 be outstanding.

sembuni; sembunyi; bersembunyi: v /intr/frm/lu/ hide |to go to or stay in a place where no one can see or find you| Saya akan sembunyi dibalik pohon. I’ll hide behind the tree.
-menyembunyikan: v /tr/ 1 hide 2 conceal.
-persembunyian: n a place to hide.
-secara tersembunyi: adv secretly
-tersembunyi:
adj /lu/ 1 hidden |difficult to see or find| Marcia menyimpan suratnya tersembunyi dalam sebuah kotak Marcia kept her letters hidden in a box. 2 concealed.

sembur; menyembur: v /intr/frm/lu/ 1 spurt |to flow out suddenly with a lot of force| Darah menyembur dari lengannya Blood spurted from his arm. 2 squirt  |if liquid forcedly broke out of a narrow hole in a thin fast stream| 3 spray |to make a liquid come out of a container, hose etc. in a stream of very small drops| Semburkan sedikit parfum pada leher baju kamu. Spray a little perfume on your shirt’s collar. 4 scold |to tell someone in an angry way that s/he has done something wrong|
-menyemburkan: v /tr/ make sth spurt, squirt Anak itu mnyemburkan teh dari mulutnya. The boy forced the tea to spurt from his mouth.
-penyembur: n sprayer |an instrument to make liquid spurt or squirt|
-penyemburan: n |the act of spurting, squirting, or spraying|
-semburan: n 1 outpouring 2 spraying out.
-tersembur: v be sprinkled, sprayed, squirted.

semedi;  semedi: variant of semadi:

semen: n /frm/lu/ cement.
-menyemen: v cement.
-semen bata/merah: n pulverized bricks.
-semen beton: n concrete.

semenanjung: n /frm/lu/ peninsula.

semenjak: conj. /frm/lu/ since.

sementara1: conj /frm/lu/ while Sementara menunggu hujan berhenti kami main catur While we’re waiting for the rain to stop, we played chess. 2 at the same time Kami sedah mau berangkat, sementara itu dia datang. We were about going out, at the same time he came.

sementara2: adj /frm/lu/ 1 provisional undang-undang sementara provisional constitution 2 temporary tindakan sementara temporary treatment 3 ad interim. pejabat menteri luar negeri sementara ad interim foreign minister.

sementara3: n /frm/lu/ 1 a while, a moment Saya pergi hanya sementara I’m going just for a moment. 2 the time being Itu sudah cukup untuk sementara waktu. It’s enough for the time being..
-kesementaraan: n temporariness.

sementara4: pron /frm/lu/ 1 some, a certain Ada sementara orang yang tidak senang makan makanan mentah There are some people doesn’t like to eat row food.

semerbak: adj /frm/lu/ 1 fragrant. Bunga-bunga itu semerbak haunya The flowers were fragrant. 2 pervade (fra­grance).

semesta; semesta: adj /frm/lu/ whole, entire, total.
-semesta alam: n uni­verse. atlas semesta dunia world atlas. rencana pemhangunan semesta overall development plan.
-kesemestaan: n 1 totality 2 entireness 3 wholeness 4 universalism.

semi: n /frm/ young shoot.
-bersemi; meny(s)emi: v sprout. Di hatinya bersemi harapan masa depan. Hope for the future sprouted in her heart.

semi1: adj /inf/lu/ loose, improperly fixed, unbalanced, out of gear. Stirnya sudah semi Its steering wheel is out of balance.

semi2: adv /frm/lu/ half |not fully| semi-otomatis semi-automatic semi-permanen semi-permanent

seminar: n /frm/lu/ seminar.
-meny(s)eminarkan: v /tr/ hold a seminar(on sth)
-diseminarkan: v be taken to a seminar Tatahahasa Indonesia akan diseminarkan tahun depan Indonesian grammar will be taken to a seminar next year.

seminari: n /frm/ seminary .

seminaris: n /frm/ seminarian.

semingkin: variant of mangkin:

semir: n /frm/lu/ polish.
-meny(s)emir: v polish. 2 spread sth oily or greasy on, lubricate. 3 bribe, grease sb’s palm Pegawai itu harus  disemir supaya ijin kita cepat ke luar That official has to have his palms greased in order to have our permit issued fast.
-menyemirkan: v polish, smear sth on sth.
-penyemir: n 1 who polishes shoes. 2 sth to polish with.
-semir oli: n lubricating oil.
-semir sepatu: n shoe polish.
-tersemir: v be polished.

semisal: see missal:

semoga: see moga:

semokel: n /frm/lu/ smuggling.
-bersemokel: v smuggle.
-mensemokelkan: v /tr/ smuggle (sth)
-persmokel: n smuggler.

sempadan: n /frm/ 1 border, demarcation. 2 /sport/ finishing line.
-bersempadan: v border on.
-meny(s)empadani: v delimit.

sempal1: meny(s)empal: v /frm/lu/ 1 block |to prevent anything from moving through a narrow space by filling it| Pakai perekat ini menyempal kebocoran itu. Use this adhesive to block the leak.
-tersempal: v be blocked Hidung saya tersempal. My nose is blocked up. Kelihatannya bak air itu tersempal. It looks like the sink is blocked. 2 gag |to tie someone’s mouth with a piece of cloth so that s/he cannot make any noise|  Perampok itu menyempal mulut penjaga keamanan dengan sehelai kain. The robber gagged the guard with a piece of clothe.

sempal2: adj /Jv/ 1 broken 2 chipped.
-sempalan: n fragment. kelompok sempalan splinter group.

sempat: v /frm/lu/ have time (to do sth) Apa kamu sempat mampir ke kantor pos dalam perjalanan ke tempat kerja? Do you have time to stop by the post office on your way to work?
-berkesempatan: v to have time, chance, or opportunity.
-kesempatan: n 1 chance Saya akan mencoba mencari kesempatan untuk mengunjungi kamu sewaktu-waktu. I’ll try to find a chance to visit you sometime. 2 opportunity Saya belum pernah mendapat kesempatan mendapat beasiswa I never have an opportunity to get scholarship 3 time Mari kita pakai kesempatan ini membahas liburan kita. Let use this time to discuss our vacation.
-meny(s)empatkan: v to make time (to do sth) Ayo kita menyempatkan makan sebelum berangkat. Let’s have time to have a meal before leaving.

semperong: variant of semprong:

semperot: variant of semprot:

sempil; menyempil: v /lu/ stick out so that a small part can be seen. Pada lantai papan itu  kelihatan menyempil sebuah paku. On the wood floor there is a nail stick out.

sempit: adj /frm/lu/ 1 narrow, Jalannya sempit The street was narrow. pandangan sempit a narrow-minded view­point. 2 small ruangan sempit small room 3 tight (fitting of dress, etc.). Jadwal saya sempit sekali My schedule was very tight 3 limited Kesempatan saya sangat sempit My opportunity was very limited.
-bersempit-sempit: adj packed like sardines.
-menyempitkan; mempersempit: v tighten, narrow, constrict.
-kesempitan1: adj too narrow, tight, small Baju ini kesempitan untuk saya This shirt is too tight for me.
-kesempitan2: n 1 narrowness The narrowness of the room makes the air here isn’t fresh. 2 narrow-mindedness.
-penyempitan: n constriction, contraction
-penyempitan pembuluh darah: n arteriosclerosis. |a chronic deseas in which thickening and hardening of arterial walls interferes with blood circulation|.

sempoa: n /Chn/ abacus.

sempoyongan: v /frm/lu/ totter, stagger from drunkenness.

semprit1; sempritan: n /lu/ 1 a whistle 3 the sound of a whistle.
-meny(s)emprit: v blow (a whistle).
-menyempriti: v blow a whistle at. Polisi menyempriti saya The policeman blew a whistle at me.

semprit2: n /lu/ S-shaped cookie made of sago or tap­ioca flour.

semprong: n /frm/lu/ 1 lamp chimney 2 chimney, smoke­stack, ship’s funnel 3 tube, telescope.

semprot1: n /frm/lu/ syringe, squirt gun.
-meny(s)emprot: v 1 spray 2 scold. Guru itu menyemprot muridnya dengan kata-kata kasar The teacher scolded the children with harsh words.
-meny(s)emproti: v spray sth. Petani itu menyemproti tanaman dengan pestisida. The farmer sprayed the plant with pesticide.
-menyemprotkan: v spray, squirt sth out. Polisi menyemprotkan air untuk menghalau para demonstran. The police squirted water to chase the protestors.
-penyemprot: n sprayer.
-penyemprotan: n spraying. -semprotan: n 1 squirt 2 spurt Semprotan meriam air itu sangat kuat. The spurt of the water canon was very strong.
-tersemprot: v be sprayed.

semprot2: n /lu/ S-shaped cookie made of sago or tapioca flour. –syn: semprit

sempurna: adj /frm/lu/ 1 perfect |of the best possible type or standard| ini adalah pekerjaan yang sempurna This is a perfect work 2 complete. |having all the parts, details, facts etc. that are necessary or usual| Kalimat ini belum sempurna This sentence isn’t perfect yet. 2 finished
-disempurnakan: v 1 be perfected 2 be completed, be finished
-kesempurnaan: n 1 perfection 2 completion
-menyempurnakan: v /tr/ 1 perfect |to make something perfect or as good as you are able to| 2 complete |to finish doing or making something| Saya perlu beberapa hari menyempurnakan makalah itu.
-penyempurnaan: n 1 completing 2 perfecting 3 finishing |the process of making sth perfect finish, or complete|

semrawut: adj /frm/lu/1 messy |dirty, or not arranged in an organized way| satu meja yang semrawut a messy desk satu tulisan yang semrawut a messy writing 2 disorderly, disorganized. Pameran itu sangat semrawut. The exhibition was very disorganized  Lalulintas di Jakarta  sungguh sangat semrawut The traffic in Jakarta is totally dis­organized.
-kesemrawutan: n 1 mess 2 disor­ganization.

semu: adj /frm/lu/ 1 abstract |existing as a general idea, or based on general ideas rather than a specific example or real event| Kecantikan adalah satu nilai yang semu Beauty is an abstract value. 2 obscure |unclear or difficult to understand| Jarret tidak suka rencana itu dengan alasan yang semu. Jarrett didn’t like the plan for some obscure reason 3 hidden Krisis ekonomi global telah meningkatkan kemiskinan semu di negeri ini The global economic crises has increased hidden poverty in this country. 4 pseudo Penulis menggunakan nama semu dalam buku itu The writer used a pseudo name in  the book. Itu satu kemenangan semu It’s a pseudo victory

semua: pron /frm/lu/ 1 all Semua kalian harus ikut saya All of you have to follow me. 2 everybody Saya mengenal setiap orang (semua) di ruangan ini. I know everybody (all) people in this room. 3 everything Setiap (semua) yang kamu butuhkan selama perkemahan akan tersedia. Everything (all) you need during the camp will be available.
-kesemuaan: n totality
-kesemuaannya: n the total Kesemuaannya biaya akan melebihi anggaran The total of the expenditures will exceed the budget
-kesemuaan: n totality. kesemuaan penyelenggaraan the to­tality of implementation.

semuhun: variant of sumuhun:

semula: see mula:

semur: n /frm/lu/ dish of meat and sometimes bean curd, empeh, etc. stewed with spices.
-meny(s)emur: v stew.

semut: n /frm/lu/ ant.
-menyemut: v swarm |to move in a large uncontrolled crowd| Turis menyemut disekitar museum. Tourists swarmed around the museum
-kesemutan: n numb (as of arm or leg) |to make someone unable to feel anything| Udara dingin membuat muka saya kesemutan. The cold wind numbed my face. 2 go to sleep Kaki saya kesemutan. My foot has gone to sleep.
-/prov./ semut jauh kelihatan tetapi gajah di depan mata tidak tampak (lit., an ant that is faraway could be seen but not the elephant in front of sb’s eyes). It easy to see sb’s fault but not our own fault.

sen1: n /lu/ cent.

sen2: n /frm/lu/ turn signal lamp (of  a vehicle)

senam1: n /frm/lu/ gymnastics |a sport involving physical exercises and movements that need skill and control, and that are often performed in competitions|

senam2: v /frm/lu/ 1 exercises |to do physical activities regularly so that you stay strong and healthy| Hartono senam setip pagi hari. Hartono exercises everyday in the morning.
-pesenam: n gymnast

senandung: n /frm/lu/ a hum.
-bersenandung: v hum
-mensenandungkan: v /tr/ hum (sth) Dia mensenandungkan lagu-lagu cinta He hums love songs

senang1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 happy |having feelings of pleasure, often because something good has happened to you| Kamu kelihatan lebih senang hari ini daripada kemarin. You look happier today than yesterday. Saya senang bertemu anda. I am very happy to meet you. 2 glad |happy or satisfied about something good that has happened| Ibu akan benar-benar senang kalau kamu segera datang Mom’s will be glad if you could come soon.

senang2: v /frm/lu/ like |want sth| Saya senang apple I like apple.
-bersenang-senang: v have a pleasure
-menyenyangkan1: v 1 please 2 amuse 3 entertain 4 satisfy
-menyenyangkan2: adj 1 pleasing 2 amusing 3 satisfying.
-kesenangan: n 1 amusement 2 favorite 3 fun 4 pleasure 5 happiness.

senantiasa: adv /frm/lu/ always.

senapan; senapang: n /frm/lu/ rifle, gun.
-bersenapang: v have a rifle.
-senapang angin: n air rifle. ­
-senapang bambu: n bamboo toy gun.
-senapang mesin: n machine gun.

senapati: n /Jv/ commander in chief.

senar: n /frm/lu/ string (of musical instrument, racquet, for fishing, etc.).
-senar hati: n heartstrings.

senat: n /frm/lu/ 1 faculty senate. 2  senate.

senda-gurau: n /frm/lu/ joke, banter.
-bersenda-gurau: v joke, banter back and forth.
-mempersendaguraukan: v make fun of sth

sendal: variant of sandal:

sendang: n /Jv/ spring, source.

sendat: adj /frm/lu/ stagnant |not flowing freely, changing, or improving (water, sound, progress of sth)  Pertumbuhan ekonomi sendat The economic growth is stagnat Suaranya sendat Her voice is choked.
-kesendatan: n stagnation
-meny(s)endatkan: v 1 stagnate 2 choke
-tersendat1: adj 1 be stagnant 2 be choked
-tersendat2; tersendat-sendat: adv stagnantly Dia bernafas tersendat-sendat. He breathe stagnantly.

sendawa1: n /frm/lu/ 1 salt powder |potassium nitrate| 2 gunpowder

sendawa2: n /frm/lu/ a burp.
-bersendawa: v belch |to let air from your stomach come out in a noisy way through your mouth|.

sendi; persendian: n /frm/lu/ 1 hinge, joint 2 socket 3 pivot 4 principle, base.
-bersendi: v have hinge
-bersendikan: v have sth as a principle Partai itu besendikan ajaran agama. The party has the religion teaching as a principles.
-sandi engsel: n hinge (joint).
-sendi peluru: n ball-and-socket joint.
-sendi rangka: n spinal col­umn.
-sendi tulang: n joint of bone

sendiri1: on /frm/lu/ 1 self  |the essential qualities distinguishing one individual from another| Dia sendiri yang mengatakan itu pada saya. He himself told me that. Apa kamu melukis sendiri gambar ini? Did you paint this picture by yourself? Dia mulai merasa seperti diri sendiri sebelumnya He’s starting to feel like his old self again. (feel normal again, after feeling bad or sick)

sendiri2: pron /frm/lu/ 1 self- a) myself  Itu akan saya lakukan sendiri I’ll do it myself  b) dia sendiri; himself/ herself Dia beli sendiri mobil itu He bought the car himself Dia pergi sendiri She went by herself c) themselves Mereka masak hanya untuk mereka sendiri They cook only for themselves d) yourself  Apa kamu masak sendiri makanan kamu. Do you cook your food by yourself? 2 own Dia putri saya sendiri She is my own daughter Saya lihat dengan mata saya sendiri. I saw it with my own eyes.

sendiri3; sendirian: adj /frm/lu/ alone 1 |away from other people| Dia tinggal sendirian She lives alone. 2 only: Sendirian dia akan dapat melakukan itu He alone can do it  3 to stop annoying someone| Pergilah biarkan saya sendirian Go away and leave me alone. 4 do sth without help Apa kamu akan pergi ke sana sendirian?Are you going there alone?
-berdiri sendiri: adj self-reliant.
-jalan sendiri: adv automatically run.
-menyendiri1: v be alone.
-tersendiri2: adj apart, separated, individual.

sendok: n /frm/lu/ 1 spoon. 2 ladle. 3 spoonlike tool (e.g. trowel, etc.)
-bersendok: adv by spoon.
-menyendok: v 1 spoon 2 ladle up, ladle out.
-menyendoki: v /tr/ take sth out by spoon.
-menyendokkan: v /tr/ use sth to spoon.
-sendok teh: n teaspoon.
-sendok makan: n table spoon.
-sndok sop: n ladle
-sendok sepatu: n shoe horn.

sendratari {seni, drama, dan tari}: n /frm/lu/ dance­-drama, ballet.
-meny(s)endratarikan: v perform sth as a dance-drama.

sendu: adj /frm/lu/ sad.
-kesenduan: n sadness.

senduduk: n /ld/ flowering shrub.

senduk: variant of sendok:

Senen: n Monday.

senentiasa: variant of senantiasa:

senewen: adj /frm/lu/ 1 nervous 2 mad, insane.

seng: n /frm/lu/ 1 zinc 2 iron sheet
-atap seng gelombang: n corrugated iron sheets (used for roofing).

sengaja: adv /frm/lu/ intentionally, deliberately, expressly. Saya sengaja merobek kertas itu. I intentionally tore the paper.
-kesegajaan: n 1 intentionality 2  deliberateness.
-tidak sengaja: adv unintentionally.

sengal-sengal; tersengal-sengal: v /frm/lu/ being difficult (of breathing). Dia bernafas tersengal-sengal. She breathed with difficulty.

sengat: n /frm/lu/ stinger of an insects.
-bersengat: v ­have a stinger.
-disengat: v be stung (by a bee)
-meny(s)engat: v sting sth Panas matahari menyengat kulit saya The heat of the sun stung my skin.
-penyengat: n stinger  bangsat-bangsat penyengat 1 stinging bedbugs 2 wasp.
-tersengat: v be stung.
-sengatan: n pain or wound resulting from a sting.

sengau: v /frm/lu/ talk nasaly
-meny(s)engaukan: v nasalize |make a sound come through the nose|
-peny­angauan: n nasalization
-sengauan: n nasalized sound.
-tersenagukan: v be nasalized.

senggak: v /frm/lu/ 1 snarl. |to speak or say something in an angry way|  “Diam kamu!” dia meny(s)enggak “Shut up!” he snarled. 2 applaud, cheer (in dancing and singing).
-menyenggak-nyenggak: v speak harshly, growl. Jangan menyenggak-nyenggak kalau bicara kepada orang lebih tua. Don’t snarl if you talk to an elder.

senggama: n /frm/lu/ coitus |a sexual intercourse|
-bersenggama: v have coitus (sexual intercourse)
-persenggamaan: n coital act.
-senggama terputus: n coitus interruptus |interrupted sexual intercourse|

senggang: adj /frm/lu/ 1 free |unoccupied (of time)| 2 leisurely waktu senggang ­free time.
-bersenggang-senggang: adj relax |pass sb’s free time|
-meny(s)enggangkan: v make a time (free ) for sth
-kesenggangan: n leisureli­ness, leisure.

senggol; menyenggol: v /tr/frm/lu/ nudge |touch or push someone or something gently, especially with your elbow|  Seseorang menyenggol saya dan berkata, “maaf” Somebody nudged me and said, “I’m sorry”
-bersenggol-senggolan: v touch against each other.
-senggolan: n nudge

sengit: adj /frm/lu/ 1 stinging (an insect) 2 sharp (odor, words, etc.). Kata-katanya sangat sengit Her words were stinging. 3 violent, poignant, bitter. pertempuran sengit a bitter fight.
-bersengit: v feel bitter.
-bersengit-sengitan: v feel angry at each other Sudah lama kedua tetangga itu bersengit-sengitan It’s been long since the two neighbors had bitter feelings toward each other
-kesengitan: n acrimony, fierceness.

sengit: variant of senget:

sengkalan: n /frm/lu/  chronogram.
-sengkalan memet: n puzzle of pictures suggesting a date.
-sengkalan sastra: n puzzle of letters suggesting a date.

sengketa: n /frm/lu/1 lawsuit, legal action. 2 quarrel, dispute.
-bersengketa: v dispute |to argue or disagree with someone, especially about who is right or who is wrong, or whether something is true| 2 have a legal dispute.
-meny(s)engketakan; mempersengketakan: v dispute, quarrel over sth  Keluarga itu mau mempersengketakan tanah itu ke pengadilan. The family wanted to dispute the (ownership of the) land in the court.
-persengketaan: n contention, dispute, conflict. persengketaan perburuhan labor dispute.

sengsara1: adj /frm/lu/ miserable, suffering. kehidupan yang sengsara miserable life

sengsara2: adv /frm/lu/ miserably Mereka hidup sengsara They live miserably
-kesengsaraan: n misery Kesengsaraan telah membuat dia sangat tangguh. Misery had made him very though.
-menyengsarakan: v /tr/ 1 torment 2 make sb suffer misery.

seni1: n /frm/lu/ art 1 |the ability to represent things or express ideas with drawing, song, etc.| Apakah seni itu hasil bakat atau hasil keahlian? Is the art as a product of talent or a product of skill? Sebagian orang berkata bahwa menejemen adalah perpaduan seni dan keahlian. Some people said that management is a combination of art and skill  Steve sedang belajar seni di perguruan tinggi. Steve’s studying art at college. 2 |things that are produced by art, such as drawings, paintings etc.| seni lukis modern modern painting art  satu pameran seni rupa painting and curving art exhibition Seni suara termasuk menyanyi, mengarang lagu, main musik, dsb. Musical art includes to sing,  to write music, play music instruments, etc. 3 |the skill involved in making or doing something| seni menulis the art of writing seni berpidato the art of speech.
-berseni: adj 1 artful 2 artistic.
-gedung kesenian: n art hall.
-kesenian: n 1 art matter 2 things that related to art
-pameran kesenian: n art exhibition
-pelajaran kesenian: n art study.

seni2: see air:

seni3: see zeni:

seniman: n /frm/lu/ artist Banyak artis papan atas menjadi selebriti Many top rank artist become celebrities

Senin: see Senen:

senior1: n /frm/lu/ senior |sb who has more authority, more experience, etc.|

senior2: adj /frm/lu/ higher in ranking, older in age, more experienced.

seniorita: n /frm/ female university seniors.

senirupa: n /frm/lu/ fine arts |art that related to beauty such as painting, drawing, curving, etc|

senirupawan: n /frm/lu/ artist.

seniwati: n /frm/lu/ female artist.

senja: n /frm/lu/ twilight, dusk.
-buta senja: adj late twilight.
-senjakala: n twilight time.

senjang1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 asymmetrical, imbalanced 2 differ­ing, unlike.
-kesenjangan: n asymmetry, discrepancy |a difference between two amounts, details, etc. that should be the same|  Apa latar belakang kesenjangan sosial dinegeri ini? What was the background of the social discrepancies in this country? kesenjangan generasi generation gap.

senjang2: variant of senja:

senjata1: n /frm/lu/ 1 weapon a) |something that you use to fight with, especially a knife or gun| b) |an argument, a reason, etc. that you can use to win in a debate, quarrel, etc|  2 rifte, gun
-bersenjata: v to have gun in hand
-dipersenjatai: v /pass. v/ be armed |be facilitated with weapons, gun, ammunition|
-mempersenjatai: v /tr/ to equip with weapons, guns, ammunition, etc.
-persenjataan: n 1 weaponry 2 armament 3 matter pertaining to weapon.
-senjata tajam: n knife and the like that is used as a weapon.
-/prov./ sejata makan tuan sb’s own gun hurt him/herself (sb suffer from the result of his/her mistake)

senjata2: n /frm/lu/ a vowel sign in Arabic script.

senopati: variant of senapati:

sensasi: n /frm/lu/ sensation

sensasional; sensasionil: adj /frm/lu/ sensational

sensitive; sensitive: adj /frm/lu/ sensitive.

sensitivitas: n /frm/lu/sensitivity.

sensor; sensur: v /frm/lu/ censor.
-meny(s)ensor: v censor sth
-penyensor: n ­censor.
-penyensoran: n censoring.

sensus: n /frm/lu/ census.
-meny(s)ensus: v take a census.

sentak1; meny(s)entak: v /frm/lu/ 1 snap at sb 2 verbally abuse sb 3 tongue-lash.

sentak2; menyentak: v /frm/lu/ pull, pull out violently.
-menyentakkan: v /tr/ pull at, jerk at sth .
-menyentak-nyentak: v repeatedly jerk at sb Dia menyentak-nyentak tali kekang kuda itu He repeatedly jerk the horse’s rein.
-tersentak: v be startled |be suddenly surprised or slightly shocked| Dia tersentak dan terbangun. He was startled and wake up.
-sentakan: n a jerk, jolt  Sekali sentakan dia sudah jatuh With a jerk he’d fallen down.

sentausa: variant of sentosa:

senter1: n /frm/lu/ flashlight, spotlight.
-menyenter: v /lu/ 1 shine, light sth with a flashlight  2 intend |to have something in your mind as a plan or purpose| Dia sedang menyenter seorang gadis muda di kantornya .He is intending a young girl in his office.

senter2: n /football/ centre player |in football, the player who starts the ball moving in each play|

senterpor: n /football/ centre forward.

senti: n /frm/lu/ centimeter.

sentil1; tersentil: v /frm/lu/ protrude a little.

sentil; menyentil: v /intr/tr/frm/lu/ 1 flick with sb’s finger 2 criticize, reprimand.
-menyentilkan: v /tr/ flick sb fingers at sth.
-sentilan: n scolding, criticism.

sentimen1: n /frm/lu/ 1 bad sentiment 2 grudge 3 bad feeling 4 bias.

sentimen2: v /frm/lu/ 1 have or hold a grudge 2 have ill feelings.Jangan sentimen kepada saya, ya! Don’t hold a grudge toward me, okay?
-bersentimen: v bear grudges, have ill feelings.
-menyentimeni: v have bad feelings toward or on account of.

sentimentil: adj /frm/lu/ sentimental.
-kesentimentalan: n sentimentality

sentimentalitas; sentimentalitet: n /frm/lu/ sentimentality.

sentimental: variant of sentimental:

sentimeter: n /frm/lu/ centimeter.

sentiong: n /Jkt/ Chese’s graveyard.

sentosa: adj /frm/lu/ 1 quiet, tranquil 2 safe, peaceful.
-kesentosaan: n 1 peace, tranquillity, rest. 2 safety.
-meny(s)eontosakan: v /tr/ 1 protect 2 provide rest and safety 3 make sb peaceful

sentral: adj /frm/lu/ central. pasar sentral the central market.

sentral: n /frm/lu/ centre sentral industri industrial centre sentral listrik cen­tral power station.

sentralisasi: n /frm/lu/ centralization.
-meny(s)entralkan: v centralize.

sentraliser; mensentralisir: v /frm/lu/ centralize.

sentralisme: n /frm/lu/ centralism.

sentralistis: adj /frm/lu/ centralistic.

sentrap-sentrup: adj /Jv/ nasal, esp. of sb’s voice while weeping or suffering from a cold.

sentrifugal: adj /tech/ centrifugal.

sentrifuse: n /tech/ centrifuge.
-mensentrifusekan: v centrifuge sth mensentrifuse lateks put latex through a centrifuge.

sentris: adj /frm/lu/ centrally (located). daerah sentris centrally lo­cated area.

sentrum: n /frm/lu/ 1 center. sentrum pengolahan berita news pro­cessing center. 2 centrum.

sentuh; menyentuh: v /frm/lu/ touch, be in physical contact. Saya tidak pernah menyentuh makanan kamu. I never touch your food
-bersentuhan: v 1 have contact with sth 2 touching each other/
-bersentuh-sentuhan: v repeat­edly come in contact with each other.
-sentuhan: n contact, touch sentuhan lembut gentle touch  sentuhan akhir finishing touch.
-tersentuh: v be touched.

sentul: n /frm/lu/ a tall tree bearing yellow fruit similar to the mangosteen but sour.

senyap1: adj /frm/lu/1 very quiet, deserted. 2 silent, quiet. 3 sound asleep.
-kesenyapan: n silence. kesenyapan alam silence of nature.

senyap2: variant of lenyap:

senyawa: see nyawa:

senyum: n /frm/lu/ a smile
-senyum hambar: n 1 expressionless smile. 2 forced smile.
-senyum manis: n sweet smile.
-senyum sumbang/ sinis: n cynical smile.
-senyum simpul: n smile out of embarrass­ment.
-tersenym: v smile

seok-seok; terseok-seok: adv /frm/lu/ clumsily Dia berjalan terseok-seok setelah mabuk He walked clumsily after he’s drunk.

sepadan: adj /frm/lu/ equal, matching  Perabot ini tidak sepadan dengan luasnya ruangan. The furniture isn’t matching the space of the room.

sepah1: n /frm/lu/ remains, residue, dregs, leavings, scraps of sth |indigestible fibres of sth after milling, chewing, pressing, etc.| Apa kita dapat menggunakan sepah tebu untuk makanan sapi? Can we use sugarcane dregs to feed cow?
-meny(s)epah: v chew on sth to extract its juices.
-sepah raja: n bird of paradise.

sepah2; tersepah: v /frm/lu/ scattered around disorderly.

sepak; menyepak: v /frm/lu/ kick (a ball, etc.)
-sepakan: n 1 kick |an act of hitting something with your foot|  Kalau gerbangnya tidak terbuka, buka saja dengan sepakan kuat. If the gate won’t open, just give it a good kick. (kick it hard) 2 sepak terjang: action Kamu harus mampu mengendalikan sepak terjangnya yang liar itu You have to be able to control his wild actions.
-sepakbola: n football (soccer)

sepakat: see pakat:

sepakbor: variant of spatbor:

sepala-pala: see pala2:

sepanduk: variant of spanduk:

sepantun: see pantun:

Sepanyol: n Spain, Spanish.

separasi: n /frm/lu/ separation.

separatis: n /frm/lu/ separatist.

separatisme: n /frm/lu/ separatism.

separo; separoh; separuh: see paro:

sepasar: see pasar:

sepasi: variant of spasi:

sepat1: adj /frm/lu/ astringent to the taste.

sepat2: n /ld/ fresh water fish found in flooded rice fields.

sepatbor: variant of spatbor:

sepatu: n /frm/lu/ 1 shoes 2 footwear.
-bersepatu: v 1 put on shoes 2 shod
-persepatuan: n matters pertain­ing to shoes and shoe making.
-sepatu air: n water ski:
-sepatu jengki: n short boots.
-sepatu jinjit: n high-heeled shoes.
-sepatu karet/ kits: n canvas shoes.
-sepatu ­katak: n scuba flippers.
-sepatu kuda: n horseshoes
-sepatu rem: n brake lining.
-sepatu roda: n roller skates.

sepeda: n /frm/lu/ bicycle.
-balap sepeda: n bicycle racing
-bersepeda: v ­bike.
-sepeda balap: n racing bicycle.
-sepeda aerobic: n ex­ercise bicycle.
sepeda jengki: n old-fashioned bicycle with a V-shaped bar connecting the seat and rear wheel with the handle-bars and front wheel.
-sepeda ­kumbang: n motorcycle.

sepele: adj /frm/lu/ 1 unimportant, trivial. 2 valueless 3 ignorant.
-kesepelean: n ignorance, triviality.
-meny(s)epelekan: v ignore

sepemeluk: see peluk:

sepeninggal: see tinggal:

seperai; seperei: variant of seprai:

seperti: prep./frm/lu/ like, as.
-seperti biasa: /phrs./ as usual.
-sepertinya: /phrs./1 as it should be 2 it is as if  3 it seems (that) Sepertinya hari akan hujan. It seems that is going to be raining.

sepesan: n /ld/ centipede.

sepesial: variant of spesial:

sepi: adj /frm/lu/ 1 quiet, still. 2 desolate, lonely. 3 slack (busi­ness market).
-kesepian1: adj 1 lonely 2 (too) quiet
-kesepian2: n loneliness
-menyepi; nyepi:
v 1 grow still, become desolate. 2 retire into seclusion. Dia suka menyepi ke puncak gunung Lawu He often goes in seclusion to the peak of mount Lawu. 2 |a Hinduism religious event in Bali, a day every year when there is no economic and social activity|
-mempersepi: v make quieter or more lonely 2 be quiet for a day.
-menyepikan: v 1 cause to be lonely. Kehidupan ini menyepikan dan memen­cilkannya This life made her lonely and isolated. 2 cause to be quiet. Pasar mulai menyepi setelah pukul 10: malam. The shopping area starts to be quiet after 10: p.m.

sepidol: variant of spidol:  see spidol:

sepintas: see pintas:

sepion: variant of spion:

sepoa: variant of sempoa:

sepoi1; sepoy: n /of/ Indian mercenary soldier of colonial period.

sepoi2; sepoi-sepoi (basah): adj /frm/lu/ gentle (of wind).
-bersepoi-sepoi: adv softly (of breeze ) Angin berhembus bersepoi-sepoi basah. The wind is blowing softly.

seporos: see poros:

seprai; sepre; seprei: n /frm/lu/ 1 bedsheet. 2 coverlet.

seprit: see kue:

Sept. {September}: n September

September: n September.

sepuh1: n /frm/lu/ plating material.
-bersepuh: adj 1 tempered 2 plated 3 gilded.
-menyepuh: v /tr/ 1 temper 2 plate 3 gild
-penyepuhan: n 1 gilding 2 plating. (electrolytic process of plating)
-sepuh perak: n silver plating
-sepuh emas: n gilt.
-sepuhan: n gilded thing Ini cincin sepuhan This is a tempered ring

sepuh2; sesepuhan: adj /frm/lu/ old.  Dia sudah sepuh She has been old.

sepuh2; sesepuh: n /frm/lu/ elder para sesepuh desa the elders of the village.

sepuluh: see puluh:

sepur: n /frm/lu/ 1 rail 2 railway. 3 train.
-stasiun sepur: n 1 train station. 2 railway platform.
-nyepur: v go by train.
-sepuran: n railway fare.

serabai; serabi: n /frm/lu/ 1 rice f1our 2 pancake.

serabut1: n /lu/ fibre

serabut2; serabutan1: adj /frm/lu/ 1fibrous, coarse 2 chaotic, mixed up
-serabutan2: adv helter-skelter Dia lari serabutan. He run helter-skelter.

seragam: see ragam:

serah: v /frm/lu/ |a basic word that is mostly modified by prefix or suffix or used in a phrasal verb that means to give, surrender, bestow, transfer, ect.|
-diserahi: v 1 be entrusted to do sth Panitia itu disrehi tugas menilai pelaksanaan progam itu.The committee was entrusted to evaluate the implementation of the program  2 assigned President diserahi tugas melaksanakan pemilihan umum The president was assigned to conduct a general election.
-menyerah: v /intr/ 1 surrender 2 give up 3 lay down arms, show white flag.
-menyerahkan: v /tr/ 1 hand over 2 transfer 3 give 4 deliver.
-menyerah-terimakan: v /tr/frm/ officially transfer or hand over (sb’s official positition, function, public property, etc)
-penyerahan: n |the process of transferring or handing over of sth| Penyerahan kekuasaan itu dilakukan tanpa paksaan atau tekanan The handing over of the authority was done without any pressure or force.
-terserah: v be up to sb, be on sb decision, as sb will Apapun yang kamu lakukan itu semua terserah pada kamu Whatever you do is up to you.

serak1: adj /frm/lu/ hoarse, husky (of voice).
-keserakan: n rasp (in voice).

serak2; berserak-serak: v /frm/lu/ scatter around, disperse around.
-berserakan: v be scattered around. Puntung rokok berserakan dimana-mana Cigarette butts were scattered around.
-diseraki: v be scattered by sth Halaman penuh diseraki oleh daun-daun kering The ground was fully scattered by dry leaves.
-menyeraki: v scatter sth Daun-daun kering menyeraki halaman belakang. Dry leaves scattered the back yard.

serakah: adj /frm/lu/ greedy.
-keserakahan: n greed.
-mensarakahi: v covet.

serakahisme: n /frm/lu/ greedy mentality.

seram1: n /frm/lu/ hair-raising.
-seram kulit: n goose flesh.
-meny(s)eramkan: v 1 cause sb’s hair to stand on end. 2 terrify.
-keseraman: n frightfulness.

seram2: adj /frm/lu/ 1 horrible 2 frightening

Seram: n the South Maluku island of Ceram.

serambi: n /frm/lu/ 1 front porch, veranda. 2 platform (of a station)
-serambi jantung: n auricle of the heart.

serampang1: n /frm/lu/ 1 trident. 2 harpoon
-meny(s)erampang: v attack with a trident or harpoon.

serampangan1: adj /frm/lu/ random contoh serampangan random sample

serampangan2: adv /frm/ ran­domly menyerang serampangan randomly attack
keserampangan: n randomness.

serampang dua belas: n /frm/lu/ traditional Indonesian social dance.

serampangisme: n /frm/ mentality marked by doing whatever sb likes to do without regard to societal norms.

serang; menyerang: v /frm/lu/ attack
-diserang: also terserang: v 1 be attacked Surabaya diserang sekutu waktu itu. Surabaya was attacked by the Allied Forces at that day. 2 suffer Ibu diserang penyakit paru-paru. Mother suffered from lung disease.
-penyerang: n 1 attacker 2 agressor.
-penyerangan: n attack, aggression.
-serangan balasan: n counter attack.
-serangan jantung: n jantung heart attack.
-serang-menyerang: v attack each other  Pada hari itu Sekutu menyerang Surabaya. At that day the Allied Forces attacked Surabaya.

serangga: n /frm/lu/ insect.

Serani; also Nasrani: n /ltr/ Christian. Dia masuk Serani He became a Christian.
-meny(s)eranikan: v 1 con­vert sb to Christianity. 2 legally marry an Indo­nesian wife (in the colonial period).

serap1; meyerap: v /tr/frm/lu/ 1 absorb (liquid substance) 2 pervade /intr/ 3 internalize Dia menyerap semua moral baik yang diajarkan oleh orangtuanya. He internalized  good morals taught by her parents
-(bersifat) penyerap: adj absorbent
-keterserapan: n absorbability
-penyerap: n absorber
-penyerapan: n absorption
-serapan: n 1 ab­sorbency.
-terserap1: adj absorbable
-terserap2: v be absorbed.

serap2: n /frm/lu/ reserve. spare. Berikan pada saya serap ban itu. Give me the spare of the tire

serap3: adj /frm/lu/ 1 reserve 2 spare Apa kamu punya ban serap? Do you have a spare tire?
-meny(s)erapkan: v hold in reserve, lay aside.

serapah: n /frm/lu/ curse.
-meny(s)erapah: v /intr/ curse.
-meny(s)erapahi: v curse sb or sth
-sumpah serapah: n serious curse

serasi: see rasi:

serat1: n /frm/lu/1 fibrous parts of fruit, etc. 2 fibre
-berserat: adj fibrous. Ini mangga berserat This is fibrous mango

serat2: adj /frm/lu/ tight. jammed.
-meny(s)erat: v make tight.
-terserat: v stuck fast.

seratus: see ratus:

Serawak: n Sarawak (a state in Malaysia)

serba: adv, adj /frm/lu/ completely, very much so.
-keserba-anekaan: n diversity.
-keserba-anekaan: n multi purposeness
-keserba-bedaan: n heterogeneity.
-keserba-samaan: n homo­geneity.
-serba ada: adj complete toko serba ada general store.
-serba aku: adj egotistic.
-serba aneka: adj all different varieties. Barang-barang serba aneka di­pamerkan di situ. All sorts of goods are displayed there.
-serba beda: adj hetero­geneous.
-serba bisa: adj all-round, versatile.
-serba dua: n dualism.
-serba mewah: adj everything completely deluxe.
-serba salah: adj all wrong.
-serba sama: adj homogeneous.
-serba sedikit: adj very little.
-serba-serbi: all sorts of (things), miscellaneous.

serbak; semerbak: adj /frm/lu/ smelly, smelling good Bunga-bunga itu semerbak The flowers is smelly
-menyerbak: v /intr./ smell good Ada sesuatu menyerbak diskitar ini. There is sth smell good around here.
-menyerbakkan: v spread (fragrant smell) Tanaman ini menyerbakkan bau harum This plant spread fragrant smell (aroma).

serbaneka; serba-aneka: adj /frm/lu/ varied
-keserba-anekaan: n diver­sity.

serbet: n /frm/lu/ napkin.
-meny(s)erbeti: n wipe off with a napkin.

serbu; meny(s)erbu: v /frm/lu/ attack or invade in a throng. Anak-anak sudah mulai menyerbu santapan itu The children already started to attack the refreshments.
-penyerbu: n attacker.
-penyerbuan: n attacking, invasion.
-serbuan: n attack  Serbuan ke per­kubuan musuh Attack on fortifications of the enemy.

serbuk: n /frm/lu/ 1 dust. 2 pollen 3 powder.
-agen penyerbuk: n pollinating agent.
-menyerbuk: v become pulverized, become powder.
-menyerbuki: v pollinate.
-menyerbukkan: v 1 make sth to be­come powder, pulverize 2 pollinate
-penyerbuk: n ­pollinator.
-penyerbukan: v pollination.
-serbuk besi: n iron filings.
-serbuk gergaji: n sawdust.
-serbuk heroin: n heroin powder.
-serbuk kelantang: n bleaching powder.
-serbuk sari: n pollen.

serda {sersan dua}: n sergeant.

serdadu: n /frm/lu/ 1 soldier 2 mercenary
-keserdaduan: n soldiery.

serempak: see rempak:

serempet; (ber)serempetan: v /intr/frm/lu/ graze, brush against each other |to touch something lightly while passing it, sometimes damaging it|  Satu truk serempetan de­ngan satu bus A truck and a bus brushed against each other.
-menyerempet; nyerempet: v /tr/lu/ 1 graze, brush against Sebuah peluru menyerempet bagunya. A bullet grazed his shoulder. 2 menyempet-nyerempet (bahaya) risk a danger.
-menyerempetkan: v graze sth against sth. Sopir itu menyerempetkan mobilnya ke sebatang pohon. The driver grazed the car against a tree.
-serempetan: v stumble over each other.
-terserempet: v be, get grazed, be sideswiped Anak bermain sepatu selancar itu terserempet sebuah taxi. The boy who were playing a skateboard was sideswiped by a taxi

serenta: adv /frm/ as soon as, immediately Serenta mendengar teriakan itu kami berhamburan keluar. As soon as we heard the shout we all rushed outside..

serentak1: adv /frm/lu/ simultaneously |if a number of persons do the same thing at the same time, or a number of events happen simultaneously| Kedua mereka menjawab serentak. Both of them answered “yes” simultaneously.

serentak2: adj /frm/lu/ simultaneous Setiap orang membuat gerakan serentak Every body make a simultaneous movement jawaban serentak simultaneous answer
-keserentakan: n simultaneousness, simultaneity.

seret1: adj /frm/lu/ stagnant |not flowing freely| 2 dry (of throat) so that sb has difficulty to swallow. 3  sluggish (of traffic, the movement of goods, business, etc). Bulan ini bisnisnya seret This month the business was sluggish.
-keseretan: n sluggishness. keseretan penyalu­ran sluggishness of distribution. -menyeretkan: v make sth sluggish menyeretkan penjualan make sales slow.

seret2; menyeret: v /tr/frm/lu/ 1 drag, trailing behind. Saya menyeret karung beras itu ke gudang I dragged the rice sack into the storage house
-diseret: v be drugged
-terseret: v be involved (in an activity) Dia terseret masuk jaringan perdagangan narkoba He was involved with drug trafficking.

seret3: n /ld/ the unadorned  edge of a batik cloth.

sergah: v /frm/lu/ snarl |to speak or say something in an angry way| “Tutup mulut kamu” sergahnya “Shut up!” he snarled.
-sergahan: n snarl.

sergap;  meny(s)ergap: v /frm/lu/ 1 attack, ambush |to attack someone from a place where you have been hiding|  2 catch (in a raid, etc.) Polisi menyergap pencuri itu saat beraksi. The police catch the thief while was in action.
-penyergapan: n 1 attack 2 ambush.

seri1: n /ltr/1 |honorific royal title|. Seri Paduka His Majesty. Seri Paus the Excellency Pope. 2 cahrm, splendor, gleam, Sinar matahari menambah seri dan cantiknya The sun shine in­creased her charm and beauty. seri panggung star of the stage, prima donna. seri walah the gleam of a face.
-berseri-seri: v shine, beam, gleam Mukanya berseri melihat kedatangan ibunya. Her face shone at seeing the coming of her mother/

seri2: adj /frm/lu/ equal |the result of a game, competition, or election in which two or more people get the same number of points, votes etc – a tie result| Permainan itu seri The points of the contending parties are equal (The game ended in a tie)

seri3: variant of sari:

seri4: see hilang:

seri5: n /frm/lu/ series.
-berseri: v be in a series. Cerita itu berseri This story is in a series.

seriawan: n /frm/lu/ 1 ulcer in the mouth.

seribu: num a thousand; see ribu:

serigala: n /frm/lu/ jackal, wolf.

serikat; perserikatan: n /frm/lu/ 1 union 2 alliance 4 organization 5 association
-Amerika Serikat: n United State of America
-berserikat: v 1 be in union 2 be unified
-Perserikatan Bangsa Bangsa: n United Nations
-Serikat Buruh: n Labor Union.
-Serikat Buruh International: n International Labor Organization

serikaya: n /frm/lu/ 1 sweetsop fruit. 2 jam made of eggs, sugar, and coconut milk cream.

sering1: adv /frm/lu/ often Dia sering menyanyikan lagu itu He often sing the song.
-keseringan1: adj too often
-keseringan2: n frequency.
-sesering: adv as often as Apa dia datang sesering itu kemari? Is she comes here as often as that?

sering2: adj /Mn/ slender.

sering3: adj /ld/ firm and tight (of plaited or braided ma­terials).
-meny(s)ering: v plait or twine sth.

seriosa: n /frm/lu/ semi-classical and classical music.

serius: adj /frm/lu/1 serious Apa kamu serius dalam hal ini? Are you serious on that matter? 2 solemn |humourless person, occasion, action| satu upacara serius a solemn ceremony satu janji yang serius a solemn promise  (one that you will definitely keep) 3 real Itu satu kejahatan serius It’s a real crime
-keseriusan: n 1 seriousness 2 solemnity

seroja: n /frm/lu/ lotus |an aquatic plant native to Southern Asia – Nelumbo nucifera|

serok1: n /frm/ bay, inlet.
-serokan: n drain, ditch.

serok2: n /frm/lu/ scoop, round spatula.
-menyerok: v scoop up (food, etc.).

serong: adj /frm/lu/1 askew, slanting. garis serong a slanting line. 2 unfaithful, unfair Permainan ini serong This play is unfair
-menyerong: v /intr/ go askew.
-meny(s)erongkan: v /tr/ 1 crisscross 2 tilt sth 3 slant sth.
-keserongan: n 1 in­sincerity, disloyalty 2 adultery.
-penyerongan: n act of making sth go at an angle.

seronok: n /ltr/hum/ pleasant, agreeable.

serpih; serpihan: n /frm/lu/1 splinter, flake, shard. 2 fragment 3 chip, shard.
-meny(s)erpih: v 1 splinter Awan-awan ­menyerpih The clouds broke into small clouds.
-serpihan kayu: n wood shavings.
-serpihan kaca: n fragment of broken glass.

serpis: variant of service

sersan: n /frm/lu/ sergeant or naval petty officer, in address.
-sersan dua: n lower-ranking ser­geant.
-sersan kadet: n sergeant in military training. ­
-sersan kepala: n first class sergeant.
-sersan mayor: n 1 major sergeant, highest ranking noncommissioned officer. 2 chief petty officer.
-sersan satu: n higher-ranking ser­geant.
-sersan udara: n master sergeant (air force).

serta1; berserta: conj /frm/lu/ 1  with, along with. Gubernur beserta rombongan akan tiba sebentar lagi The governor with the party will be arrived soon. 2 and Kecantikan serta kekayaan membuat dia lupa latar belakangnya. The beauty and richness made her forget with her background.
-kesertaan: n participation 3 as |at the time| Dia tiba-tiba pingsan serta mendengar berita buruk itu. She was suddenly unconscious at the time hearing that bad news.
-menyertai: v /tr/ 1 accompany |to go somewhere with someone, especially in order to help or take care of him/her| Orang tua harus menyertai anak dibawah 12 tahun Parents have to accompany children under 12 Dia pergi menyertai rombongan presiden He is going to accompany the president party. 2 participate Berapa orang ahli akan menyertai seminar itu? How many experts will participate the seminars?
-mempesertakan: v /tr/ invite sb to be participant.
-menyertakan: v /tr/ 1 make sb be a company Kita akan menyertakan beberapa orang dalam perjalanan ini. We will have a number of people in this tour 2 attach, enclose Bersama ini kami meny(s)ertakan profil perusahaan kami. Here with we enclose the profile of our company.
-menyertai: v participate.
-penyertaan: n invitation of participation. Penyertaan masyarakat dalam rogram itu membuat pekerjaan berjalan lancar. Inviting participation of the people in this program has made the work run smoothly.
-peserta: n participants/

serta2; serta-merta: adv /frm/lu/ spontaneously Serta merta polisi datang setelah mendengar letusan itu. Spontaneously the police came after hearing the shot.
-keserta-mertaan: n spontaneity.

sertifikat; sertipikat: n /frm/lu/ certificate.
-meny(s)sertifikatkan: n formalize (ownership of land, etc.) with a certifi­cate. Tanahnya sudah disertifikatkan His land was officially registered.
-sertifikasi: n the process of rendering a certificate.

sertu1: n /ld/ ablution |a washing or cleansing of the body as a part of religion rite especially after touching sth im­pure (e.g. pig, etc.)|
-meny(s)ertu: v undergo such ablu­tion.

sertu2 {sersan satu}: n first sergeant.

seru; berseru: v /intr/frm/lu/ 1 utter a shout, yell “Masuklah” srunya “Come in!” he called. 2 sharp, violent. pertem­puran yang seru. a violent clash.
-menyerukan: v /tr/ 1 call Presiden menyerukan perang terhadap narkoba The president called war against drug. 2 hail (a cab, etc.) Dia mencoba berseru pada sebuah taksi tetapi taksi itu terus berjalan. He tried hailing a taxi/cab, but it drove by 3 yell. Mereka menyerukan ka­ta-kata cabul. They yell out obscenities.  2 proclaim, declare menyerukan azan proclaim the call to prayer. menyerukan perdamaian declare peace.
-penyeru: n announcer.
-penyeruan: n 1 calling, crying 2 appeal.
-seruan: n 1 call, cry, yell. 2 exclama­tion 3 appeal, declaration, proclamation.

seruak; meny(s)eruak: v /frm/lu/ 1 make sb’s way through a narrow passage or dense foliage or a crowd. Amin me­lompat menyeruak mencari jalan lari dari kepungan. Amin leapt up, pushing his way through (the under­brush), trying to find a way out of the ambush. 2 waft out through narrow spaces. Asap menyeruak dari corong. Smoke wafted up from the chimney. Suara radio itu menyeruak sampai jauh. The sound of a radio wafted out faraway.

seru alam: n /frm/lu/ the universe.
-Tuhan seru alam: n The lord of the uni­verse.

serudi; berserudi: adj /ld/ grounded, polished (precious stones).
-meny(s)erudi: v polish by grinding.

seruduk; meny(s)eruduk: v /frm/lu/ 1 go with the head lowered. 2 /Jkt/ ram into. Sebuah mobil menyeruduk sebuah rumah. A car run into a house 3 go into a place obtrusively.
-menyeruduki: v ram into sb/sth again and again.
-terseruduk: keseruduk: v be rammed into. mati keseruduk sapi jantan died after being gored by a bull.
-serudukan: n attack, ramming.

seruling: n /frm/lu/ flute.

serum: n serum.
-meny(s)erum: v treat with serum.

serumah: see rumah:

serupa: adj /frm/lu/ similar: see rupa:

serut: n /Jkt/ carpentry tool, a plane.
-es serut: n refreshment of shaved ice.
-meny(s)erut: v plane sth.
-serutan: n shavings |very thin pieces of something such as wood that are cut from a surface|

serutu: variant of cerutu:

servis1: n /frm/lu/ 1 service (in a hotel, etc.) 2 repair or maintenance.
-menservis: v prepare repair and maintenance (of car, computer, etc.) Dia menservis mobilku dengan baik. He serviced my car well.

servis2: n /ld/ set of crockery (for tea, dessert, dinner, etc.).

sesajen; sesaji; sesajian: n /frm/lu/ ritual offerings.

sesak: adj /lu/ 1 narrow, close. 2 crowded, compressed 3 oppressed
-bersesak-sesak: adj crowded.
-sesak dada/napas: adj short-winded.
-tersesak: v be oppressed Kami adalah minoritas tersesak We are oppressed minority.
-udara sesak: n compressed air.

sesal; menyesal: v /intr/frm/lu/ 1 regret |to feel sorry about something you have done and wish you had not done it| Dia menyesal tidak pernah sekolah di perguruan tinggi He regrets that he never went to college. 2 be remorseful |feel of being sorry for doing something very bad| Kevin menunjukkan bahwa dia sangat menyesal akan kejahatannya. Kevin  showed that he was remorseful for his crime. 3 repent |be sorry for something that you have done, used especially by religious people| 4 be sorry Saya selalu menyesal telah menjual mobil tua itu. I always be sorry for selling the old car.
-menyesali: v /tr/ 1 regret 2 repent
-penyesalan: n 1 regret 2 remorse 3 repentance

sesama: see sama:

sesar1: menyesar;mensesar: v /frm/lu/ move or push sth aside. Tolong sesar tirai itu kesamping Please move the curtain aside.

sesar2: n /frm/ fault.
-persesaran: n faulting, faulting sys­tem.

sesar3: n /frm/lu/ caesarean |an operation in which a woman’s body is cut open to take a baby out|
-operasi sesar: n caesarean medical operation.

sesat1: v /frm/lu/ 1 lose sb’s way, be on a wrong track. Dia sesat di hutan sejak kemarin He lost his way in the jungle since yesterday 2 go astray, deviate. Kelihatannya ajaran agama mereka itu sesat It seems that the teaching of their religion is going astray.
-ajaran sesat: n heresy.

sesat2: adj /frm/lu/1 wayward Dia seorang wanita sesat. She is a wayward women 2 deviating Dia sedang mengajarkan agama yang sesat He is teaching a deviating religion
-kesesatan: n 1 deviation 2 waywardness 3 lose 4 error.
-menyesatkan1: adj deviating Itu peta yang menyesatkan. It’s a deviating map.
-menyesatkan2: v 1 lead astray, lead sb wayward  2 make sb lose the way or deviate 3 mislead.
-tersesat: v 1 be lost 2 have gone astray 3 be wayward.

sesawi: n /frm/lu/ green vegetable.

Sesdalopbang: variant of sekdalopbang:

sese: n /frm/lu/ cc (centimetre cubic)

sesekali: see kali2:

sesenggukan: v /frm/lu/ gasps, choke  Dia menangis sesenggukan She is weeping with choking sobs.

seseorang: n /frm/lu/ somebody, someone

sesepuh: n /frm/lu/ elders.

Sesko {Sekolah Staf Komando}: n Staff College of the Armed Forces.

Seskogab {Sesko Gabungan}: n Joint Staff College of the Armed Forces.

sesuai1: prep /frm/lu/ 1 according to |in a way that is suitable to a particular situation| Kau akan di hukum sesuai kejahatan yang kamu lakukan. You will be punished according to the crime you did. 2 in accordance Sesuai dengan permintaan anda, kami kirimkan disini contoh produk kami yang terbaru In accordance to your request, here we deliver the example of our newest product.

sesuai2: adj /frm/lu/ 1 suitable |right or acceptable for a particular purpose or situation| Film ini sesuai dengan kebutuhan anak-anak. This movie is  suitable to the need of young children. 2 fitted (the size) |fitted clothes are designed so that they fit closely to someone’s body| jas yang sesuai a fitted jacket 3 matching Ini warna yang sesuai dengan kulitmu This is a matching color with your skin.

sesuai3: v /frm/lu/ 1 fit Apa sepatu ini sesuai ukuran kaki kamu? Does this shoes fit your feet size. 2 agree Apa pengaturan ini sudah sesuai dengan hokum yang berlaku? Does this arrangement agree with the law?
-kesesuaian: n 1 suitableness 2 fitness 3 agreement 4 concurrence 5 compatibility
-menyesuaikan: v 1 adjust |to make small changes to the way you do things in order to feel more comfortable in a new situation or condition| Kita perlu beberapa hari untuk menyesuaikan diri pada tempat tinggal baru ini. We need a few days to adjust ourselves to this new home. 2 fit  Kamu harus menyesuaikan ukuran perabotan dengan luas ruangan. You should fit the size of the furniture to the space of the room 3 accustom |to make yourself or another person become used to something|  Mereka harus menyesuaikan diri pada cuaca dingin. They’ll have to accustom themselves to cold weather. 4 acclimate |to become used to the weather, way of living etc. in a new place, or to make someone do this|  Butuh beberapa hari untuk menyesuaikan tumbuhan baru itu dari ruangan tertutup di laboratorium ke udara terbuka. It takes few days to acclimate new plantlets from closed container in laboratory to open air. 5 adapt  |to change your behavior or ideas to fit a new situation|  Siswa menghadapi masalah dalam upaya menyesuaikan diri di sekolah baru. The students are having trouble adapting to their new school.
-penyesuaian: n 1 adjustment 2 fitting 3 acclamation 4 adaptation

sesuatu: n /frm/lu/ something:

sesudah: prep. /frm/lu/ after

sesumbar: see sumbar:

sesungguhnya: see sungguh:

set1: n /frm/lu/ set satu set perabotan a set of furniture

set2; (me)ngeset: v /tr/frm/lu/ 1 arrange sth 2 typeset 3 trick sb.

setabil: variant of stabil:

setadion: variant of stadion:

setagen: vriant of stagen:

setahu: see tahu:

setala: see tala:

setalen: see talen:

setali: see tali:

setambuk: variant of stambuk:

setambul1: n /Jkt/ fez.

setambul2: variant of stambul:

setan: n /frm/lu/1 satan, devil. kemasukan setan possessed by the devil. 2 evil perang antara kebajikan dan setan a battle between good and evil.
-kesetanan: adj possessed (by the devil)
-meny(s)etan: v behave like a devil, become evil or reckless.
-mempersetankan: v tell sb to go to hell.
-setan alas: n an evil spirit of the forest. ­
-setan liwat: n spontaneous halt in conversation. Kau benar-benar setan alas You are a crazy devil!

setandar: variant of standard:

setangan: n /frm/ kerchief. –syn: /frm/lu/ saputangan

setangga: see tangga:

setara: see tara:

setaraf: see taraf:

setarter: variant of starter:

setasion; setasiun: n /frm/lu/ 1 railway station, depot. 2 pub­lic transportation terminal.
-station bis: n bus terminal.
-stasiun pengamatan: n control tower.

setater: variant of starter:

seteger: n /frm/lu/ 1 step-ladder. 2 scaffolding.

setek: n /frm/lu/ cutting, slip of a plant.
-meny(s)etek: v cut a slip.
-peny(s)etekan: n grafting, cutting.

seteker: variant of steker:

setel1; menyetel: v /frm/lu/ 1 set, suit (of clothes, cards, etc.). 2 tune up 3 adust 4 match, make (sth) compatible.
-penyetelan: n 1 setting 2 adjustment 4 tuning up.
-satu setel: n a set satu setal pakaian a set of clothes  pakaian a suit of clothes. ­
-setel kartu: n deck of cards.
-stelan: n set, suit of clothes.

seteleng: n /frm/lu/ exhibition box or cupboard
-meny(s)etelengkan: v exhibit.

setem1; men(s)etem: v /frm/lu/ 1 vote for sb 2 tune up (a music instrument)
-seteman: n 1voting 2 the result of tuning up

setempat: see tampat:

setempel: n /frm/lu/ official stamp, seal.
-meny(s)etempel: v stamp sth officially.

setengah: num /frm/lu/ a half:  see tengah:

setensil: variant of stensil:

seter: variant of ster:

seterap: variant of setrap:

seterika: n /frm/lu/ iron, flatiron.
-seterika listrik: n electric iron.
-meny(s)eterika: v iron sth.
-seterikaan: n 1 iron. 2 clothes for ironing.

seterom: variant of setrum:

seteru: variant of setru:

seterum: variant of setrum:

setia: adj /frm/lu/ 1 loyal |never changing your feelings and support for a particular person, organization, country, etc| Dia adalah anggota partai yang setia He is a loyal party member 2 faithful |never changing beliefs| Dia adalah seorang pengikut Budha yang setia She is a faithful Buddhist follower
-kesetiaan: n 1 loyalty 2 faithfulness 3 allegiance
-kesetia-kawanan: n solidarity (of friendship)

setiap: /frm/lu/ every;  see tiap:
-setiap hari: adj everyday
-setiap orang: pron everybody
-setiap tempat: adj everywhere
-setiap kesempatan: adv every chance

setiar: see ikhtiar:

setiawan: n /frm/lu/ 1 a loyal person. 2 faithful person.

setik: n /frm/lu/ stitch |one of the small lines of thread where a piece of cloth has been sewn| setik halus pada lengan baju. tiny stitches in the sleeves
-setik silang: n cross-stitch.
-setik balik: n seam.

setimbal; setimpal: see timbal:

setinggil: n /ld/ audience hall.

setip1: n /ld/ convulsive child disease.

setip2: n /frm/lu/ eraser.
-meny(s)etip: v erase (with rubber eraser).

setir: n /frm/lu/ steering wheel (of a motor-vehicle).
-meny(s)etir: v 1 drive, steer. Siapa yang akan menyetir mobil? Who is going to drive the car? 2  control. Dia selalu menyetir suaminya. She always controls her husband.
-meny(s)etiri: v /tr/ drive (a car)
-menyetirkan: v drive a vehicle on behalf of sb.
-peny(s)etir: n driver.
-setir kiri: n left-side steer.

setop; meny(s)etop: v /frm/lu/ stop sth
-kesetop: v 1 be stopped 2 be obstructed. Arus lalu lintas kesetop pawai The traffic was blocked by a parade.
-setopan: n 1 a stop (bus, streetcar). 2 halt |a place where sb waiting or stopping public transportation|

setopeles; setoples: variant of stoples:

setor; menyetor; mensetor: v /frm/lu/1 deposit, make a deposit. 2 pay a rental Dia menyetor uang di bank He deposited the money in a bank . 2 pay a rental fee. 3 put in storage. menyetor 100 ekor sapi store one hundred cattles. 3 /inf./ v defecate
-setoran: n 1 de­posit. 2 rental fee (for taxi drivers, etc., who rent their vehicles). 3 stored (commodity) 4 regular payment .
-peny(s)etor: n 1 pur­veyor, supplier. 2 depositor.
-peny(s)etoran: n 1 deposit­ing 2 process of payment.

setrap: n /frm/lu/ punishment.
-meny(s)etrap: v punish. Gurunya sering menstrap dia His teacher frequently punish him. -

setrat: variant of strat:

setru: n /frm/lu/ enemy, foe.
-bersetru: v 1 be hostile. Mereka bersetru dengan te­tangganya They are hostile to their neighbors. 2 be a foe Dia bersetru dengan adikya He is a foe to his younger brother
-meny(s)etrui: v Jangan mensetrui sso disini. Don’t be hostile toward sb here
-persetruan: n enmity, hostility, animosity .

setrum: n /frm/lu/ electric current.
-meny(s)etrum: v 1 induce 2 electrify, charge Dia sedang mensetrum aki He is charging the bat­tery.
-kesetrum: v get a shock (from electricity).

setubuh: see tubuh:

setuden: variant of student:

setuju: v /frm/lu/ agree: see tuju:

setyakawan: see setia:

sewa1; menyewa: v /frm/lu/ rent, hire Kami menyewa mobil ini sejak bulan lalu. We rent this car since last month

sewa2: n /frm/lu/ rent |the amount of money you pay for the use of a house, room, car etc. that belongs to someone else|  Sewa kantor sangat mahal disini. Office rents are very high here.
-menyewakan: v rent out
-penyewa: n tenant.
-penyewaan: n 1 rental |an arrangement by which you rent something| Ini perjanjian penyewaan. This is the rental agreement. 2 the place where sb can rent sth.
-sewaan: adj rental Ini bukan mobil saya tetapi mobil sewaan This not my car but rental car.

sewot: adj /Jkt/Jv/ furious.

seyot: variant of seok-seok:

SH {Sarjana Hukum}: n Master of Law.

shalat: variant of solat:

sampo: n shampoo:

SE (Sarjana Ekonomi}: n Master of Economics.

sholat: variant of solat:

si1: n /inf/lu/ 1 |definite article used before the names of those with whom the speaker is intimate| Mana si Mat? Where is Mat? 2 |definite article used before a noun referring to a particu­lar person or subject.| si anu or sipolan such-and-such a person. si pengirim sender. 3 definite article used before an adjective refer­ring to the object of the adjective| hikayat si misk in the story of the poor man. Dimana si gendut? Where is Mr. fat?

si2: num /Chn/ four. si ban 40,000. si ban go 45,000.

si3: variant of sih:

siaga1: adj /frm/lu/ ready, alert, well prepared.
-bersiaga: v be on the alert.
-kesiagaan: n alertness, readiness, preparedness.
-meny(si)agakan: v make sb ready or well prepared

siaga2: n /frm/lu/ Boy or Girl Scout (9-13 years old).

sial1: adj /frm/lu/ unlucky, unfortunate  Hari ini hari sial buat kita. Today is unlucky day for us 2 unfortunate Itu satu pertanda sial untuk dia. That is an unfortunate sign for him.

sial2; kesialan: n /frm/lu/ bad luck Apa kamu yakin angka 13 membawa sial? Do you believe that number 13 may bring bad luck?
-sialnya: adv unfortunately Sialnya kami sampai setelah pertandingan selesai Unfortunately when we arrived the game has finished.

sial3: intrj /inf/lu/  damn |exclamation of dissatisfaction| Sial! saya ketinggalan bus. Damn it! I miss the bus.

siamang1: n /frm/lu/ gibbon.

siamang2: n /ld/ wolfram, tungsten.

siang1: n /frm/lu/ 1 daylight period, siang hari |6:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m.| Ini masih siang. This time is still early (in the evening) 2 p.m. Rapat mulai pukul 1:00 siang. The meeting start at 1:00 p.m.
-kesiangan: adv late in the morning Saya bangun kesiangan I woke up late in the morning.
-makan siang: v take lunch
-makanan siang: n lunch.
-siang ­malam: n day and night.
-sekolah siang: n afternoon class
-siang hari bolong: n noon, midday |12 o’clock in the middle of the day|
-siangan: adv. later before noon Mari kita bertemu siangan supaya kita makan siang bersama. Let’s meet later before noon so we’ll have lunch together.
-waktu makan siang: n lunch time.

siang2: meny(s)iang: v /intr/tr/frm/lu/ 1 weed  (of a garden). 2 clean (of fish).
-bersiang: adj clean.
-meny(s)iangi: v /tr/ 1 clear away (weeds, under: growth, etc.). Dia sedang menyiangi rumput di kebun He is weeding in the garden.

sianu: see si:

siap1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 ready Apa kamu siap untuk pergi? Are you ready to go? 2 prepared Segala sesuatunya sudah siap. Everything has been prepared  3 alert Saya tidak merasa cukup siap untuk mengerjakan sesuatu lagi. I didn’t feel alert enough to do any more work. 4 finished Apa pekerjaan rumah kamu sudah siap? Is your home work finished?
-siap-siaga: adj alert, well prepared, ready (to do sth) Kita harus siap siaga mengantisipasi bahaya. We have to be ready to anticipate the danger.
-siap pakai: adj ready to use, tailor made

siap2; kesiapan; kesiap-siagaan: n /frm/lu/ readiness, well preparedness, alertness.
-persiapan: n preparation, precaution, provision, pre arrangement.

siap3: siapkan; menyiapkan: v /frm/lu/ prepare, make ready, make alert, be stand by |usually by a troop| Siapkan pasukan! Gerak! Be stand by.! Move!
-bersiap-siap: v be well prepared 2 be alert. be ready
-mempersiapkan: variant of menyiapkan: v prepare.

siapa1: subj. pron. /frm/lu/ 1 who. Siapa yang datang? Who is coming? Kamu sedang menunggu siapa? Who are you waiting for?

siapa2: obj. pron. //frm/lu/ whom Kamu bicara dengan siapa? Whom are you talking to? Kepada siapa kamu berikan buku itu? Whom did you give the book to?
-siapa saja: pron. whoever

siapa3: poss. pron. /frm/lu/ whose Dompet siapa ini? Whose wallet is this?

siapa: n /frm/lu/ what Siapa nama kamu? What is your name?
Note: Culturally, many Indonesian personify “a name”. This is a reason why in Indnesia someone doesn’t say “what” is your name, but “who” is your name. So, don’t say “Apa nama kamu?” because you may hurt his/her feeling. You must say “Siapa nama kamu” (who = siapa; what = apa).

siar1: siaran1: v /intr/frm/lu/ broadcast Stasiun TV ini siaran dari pukul 5:00 pagi sampai pukul 1100 malam. This TV station broadcasts from 5:00 a.m. to 11:00 p.m. Mereka sedang siaran sekarang They are broadcasting now
-disiarkan: v be broadcasted Berita itu disiarkan pada berita pagi di saluran 10. The news was broadcasted at the morning news channel 10.
-meny(s)iarkan: v /tr/ 1 broadcast 2 spread (news)
-penyiar: n 1 broadcaster 2 news reporter 3 announcer 4 publisher
-penyiaran: n broadcasting, publication.
-siaran: n 1 broadcast |a program on the radio or television| siaran berita a news broadcast 2 publication 3 announcement 4 release, conference siaran pers press release or perss conference.
-tersiar: v be spread out Berita tentang pengunduran diri menteri telah tersiar luas.
The news about the minister resignation has been spread out.

siar2; bersiar-siar: v /frm/ stroll about.

siasat1: n /lu/frm/ 1 secret agent, investigator, intelligence Dia dulu seorang siasat Belanda He was a secret agent of the Dutch 2 /lu/ tactics, strategy Sebelum menyerang kita perlu merancang siasat kita. Before attacking we need to design our strategy. siasat perang war strategy 3 method Dia punya siasat mengajar yang ampuh. She has an effective teaching method
-bersiasat: v use a tactics, method Kamu harus bersiasat melakukan tugas kamu itu You have to use a method in doing your task.
-pensiasatan: n investigation, observation.
-siasati; mensiasati: v investigate, search, monitor, observe. Tolong siasati dulu siapa yang mengambil uang  itu. Please investigate who took the money. Polisi sedang mensiasati siapa dalang dibalik kerusuhan itu. The police is investigating who is the actor behind the chaos.

siasat2: /of/ punishment.
-meny(s)iasatkan: v punish.

sia-sia: adj /frm/lu/ vain, useless, fail |without result| Upaya dia mendirikan sebuah perusahaa dagang berakhir dengan sia-sia. His effert to establish a commercial business has been vain Sia-sia kamu membeli buku ini kalau tidakdibaca. It’s useless that you bought the book if you don’t read it.
-disia-siakan: v be abandoned Ada banyak rumah yang disiasiakan di sekitar ini. There are many abandoned houses around here.
-meny(s)ia-siakan: v waste Jangan (men)si-siakan waktu kamu hanya untuk menghayal. Don’t waste your time just for dreaming.

sibak: v /frm/lu/ part |to pull the two sides of something apart, making a space in the middle| Dia sibak gordin itu dan melihat ke jalan. He parted the curtains and looked out into the street.
-bersibak1: v /intr/ to be separated |separate from someone, or end a relationship with him/her| Waktu mereka  tiba untuk bersibak. The time came for them to be separated.
-bersibak2: v be parted (the hair) Rambutnya besibak Her hair is parted.
-menyibak: v disclose, widely open
-menyibakkan: v move sth aside.Dia menyibakkan buku-buku diatas meja. She pushed aside the books on the table.

sibernetik; sibernetika: n /tech/ cybernetics |the theoretical study of control process in electronics, mechanical, and biological system, especially the mathematical analyses of the flow of information in such system|

sibuk: adj /frm/lu/ 1 busy Dia sedang sibuk bekerja. She is being busy working 3 active Dia selalu sibuk She is always busy.
-kesibukan: n 1 activity 2 bustle.
-meny(s)ibukkan: v keep (sb) busy Kekacauan itu telah menyibukkan polisi The chaos has kept the police busy.

SIC {Surat Ijin Cetak}: n government printing permit.

sidak {inspeksi mendadak}: n /frm/lu/ sudden inspection (of government offices).

sidang; persidangan: n /frm/lu/ 1 session, meeting Sidang akan berlangsung minggu depan. The meeting will take place next Monday. sidang paripurna/pleno ple­nary session. sidang gabungan joint session. sidang raya synod. sidang jemaat congregation. 2 council, group. hakim ­sidang members of the courts. sidang pembaca the reading public |the reader of a certain maga­zine, etc.| sidang pengarang editorial council
-bersidang: v convene, sit in session, conduct a meeting, conduct a court.
-meny(s)idangkan: v 1 take (a case) into a court 3 convene on a matter 4 summon sb to a trial.

sidekap; bersidekap: v /frm/lu/ fold sb’s arms over sb’s chest.

sidi: n /frm/ 1 confirmation (Protestant).
-disidi: v be confirmed.
-sidi besar: n confirma­tion.
-sidi kecil: n 1infant baptism 2 sb who has been confirmed.

sidik1: v /frm/lu/ investigate, examine
-meny(s)idik: v investigate.
-peny(s)idik: n investigator.
-peny(s)idikan: n investiga­tion.
-sidik midik: n scrutiny, close examination.
-sidik selidik: n inves­tigation, inquiry.

sidik2: see fajar:

sidik jari: n /frm/lu/ 1 finger print 2 dactylography |the study of finger prints|

sidomukti: n /Jv/ batik design of dark sym­metrical patterns.

sifat: n /frm/lu/ 1 character |all of the qualities that make one person, place, or thing that makes it different from another| Ada satu sisi yang sangat khusus dalam sifatnya. There’s a very special side to her character. Semua bangunan baru itu sungguh telah merobah sifat kota ini. All the new buildings have really changed the character of this town 2 characteristic |a special quality or feature that someone or something has| . Segala sesuatu mempunyai sifat-sifat khusus Each creature has particular characteristics Apa sifat kusus yang dia miliki? What is his special characteristic. 3 feature. Apa anda dapat menguraikan sifat kusus anjing yang hilang itu? Can you describe the feature of the lost dog? 4 nature, disposition. Itu salah satu sifat kemanusiaan It’s a human na­ture. Saya paham sifat mereka sebagai satu suku. I understand  their nature as an ethnic ­Dia punya sifat pendiam He has quiet disposition. 5 attribute (of God).
-bersifat: v have the quality, character(istic) of. Apa dia besifat bundar? Does it have a round shape? Dia pada dasarnya bersifat penakut. He is cowardly by nature.
-bersifat menyerang: adj aggressive in nature.
-bersifat tetap: adj perma­nent.
-bersifat sementara: adj temporary.
-bersifat gado-gado: adj het­erogeneous.
-mensifati: v 1 characterize, be charac­teristic of. Ringan dan mudah panas mensifati logam aluminium Light weight and heat conductivity characterizes aluminum. 2 characterize sb or sth.
-pensifatan: n characteriza­tion.
-tersifatkan: adj describable.

sigap: adv /frm/lu/ apace, fast, efficiently. Dia selalu sigap berkerja He always work apace (fast)
-kesigapan: n 1 efficiency 2 apace.

sigar: n /ld/ a slice (of fruit that is split open).
-meny(s)igar: v ­part (hair).

sige: variant of sigai:

sih: intrj /frm/lu/ |a particle used to soften questions| Siapa sih yang mengambil buku saya? Who (it could be) took my book?  Berapa sih ini? How much is this, any way? Ada apa sih? Hmm, what is wrong? 2 particle used to mark a topic. Tidak mahal sih! Actually it’s not really expensive! Murah sih murah. Tapi barangnya bagaimana? I know it’s cheap, but of what quality is it? Saya sih tidak menduga akan seperti jadinya. Well I did not expect it to turn out like this.

sihir: n /frm/lu/ black magic, witchcraft.
-meny(s)ihr: v prac­tice black magic on sb. Katanya dia suka menyihir. It’s said that he practice black magic.
-sihiran: n sorcery.
-tersihir: v be suffered from black magic. Kami seperti tersihir waktu itu. We were as if bewitched at that time!

sijundai: n /frm/lu/ magic charm that drives sb mad.
bersijundai: v ­sing as though out of sb’s mind.

sikap: n /frm/lu/ 1 attitude |the opinions and feelings that you usually have about a particular thing, idea, or person|  Peter mempunyai sikap negative terhadap politik. Peter has a negative attitude toward politic. 2 demeanor |the way someone behaves, dresses, speaks etc. that shows what his or her character is like| 3 stand, response |an opinion that you state publicly| Pemerintah daerah belum menentukan sikap dalam hal tersebut. The local government doesn’t take a stand yet on the matter. Grant tidak ingin menentukan sikap dalam kasus ini Grant was unwilling to take a stand (say what his opinion was) on this case.
-bersikap: v /intr/1 behave 2 response 3 take a stand 4 have a certain attitude 5 /Mil./ stand at attention
-menyikapi: v /tr/ show stand point (on sth)
-sikap budi: n kind attitude
-sikap mental:
n mental outlook.
-sikap laku: n1 gesture. 2 way of behaving. 3 posture. Sikapnya tegap He has an erect posture. 4 position. Perbaiki sikap duduk kamu Adjust your sitting position

sikat1: n /frm/lu/ 1 brush 2 (in some regions) comb 3 rake, harrow 4 bunch (of bananas).

sikat2; menyikat: v /intr/tr/frm/lu/ 1 brush sth  Dia sedang sikat gigi She is brushing her teeth Jangan lupa menyikat gigi sebelum tidur Don’t forget to brush your teeth before going to bed.  2 comb Pergi kesana sikat rambut kamu Go there and comb your hair. 3 rake, harrow Saya akan menyikat rumput di kebon itu sore ini I’m going to harrow the weeds on the garden this evening 4 wipe out, clean out  Sunami menyikat habis wilayah ini lima tahun lalu. The tsunami wiped out this beach five years ago. 5 take away Pencuri itu menyikat apa saja yang dapat mereka bawa. The thief took away what ever they could bring. 6 devour Anak-anak menyikat habis makanan di meja. The children devoted the food on the table. 7 /sport/ take away (absolutely win) Team kami menyikat semua medali emas pada kompetisi itu. Our team absolutely won all the gold medal from the competition.
-peny(s)ikatan: n 1 brushing, combing, etc. 2 stealing. 3 abrupt removal.
-sikatan1: n stolen goods.
-sikat gigi: n toothbrush.

siklus: n /frm/lu/ cycle.

sikon {situasi dan kondisi}: n /frm/lu/ situation and conditions, circumstances. Itu tergantung pada sikoni. It’s de­pending on the circumstances.

siksa: v /frm/lu/ torture.
-meny(s)iksa: v 1 torture  2  annoy, irri­tate: Itulah hal yang sangat menyiksa. That was the most trou­blesome part of it.
-penyiksa: n ­tormentor, torturer.
-penyiksaan: n torturing, mis­treating. Itu penyiksaan terhadap diri sendiri It’s a torturing for me.
-penyiksa: n ­tormentor, torturer.
-penyiksaan: n torturing, mis­treating. Itu penyiksaan terhadap diri sendiri It’s a torturing for me.
-siksaan:
n torture, mistreatment.
-tersiksa: v be tortured.

siku1: n /frm/lu/ 1 elbow 2 /math/ right angle |an angle that is formed by perpendicular lines or an angle of 900| 3 |a tool used to make a right angles (carpenter’s or draftman’s square; curve in road, etc.)|
-bersiku: v have an angle.
-bersiku-siku: v have many bends and turns.Jalannya itu bersiku-siku. The road has a lot of curves.
-meny(s)iku: v 1 nudge 2 elbow sb’s way. 2 form a rectangle 3 curve or bend at a right angle. Jalan ini menyiku This road makes a right­angle curve.
-meny(s)ikukan: v make sth into a right angle, square sth off.
-penyiku: n sth to square off  2 complementary sudut penyiku complementary angle
-siku bedil: n rifle butt.
-siku biku: n zigzag.
-siku ­jalan: n a bend in the road.
-siku kain pembalut: n sling (for the arm).
-siku-sikuan: v nudge each other.

siku2: adj /frm/lu/ right sudut siku right angle

sikut: n /frm/lu/ elbow. sikut jalan intersection, crossroad
-meny(s)ikut: v 1 nudge with elbow. Dia menyikut temannya. She elbowed her friend. 2 deceive, cheat.

sila1: n /frm/lu/ 1 cross-legged. 2 a sitting position with the legs folded and crossed.
-bersila: v sit with the legs crossed.

sila2: n /frm/lu/ principle Pancasila. Five Principles (the way of life of Indonesia as a nation)

silabus: n /frm/lu/ syllabus

silah; silahkan: intrj. /frm/lu/ please Silahkan duduk. Please sit down. Silahkan masuk Please come in.
-mempersisalhkan: v 1 to please 2 invite, ask. Apa kamu sudah mempersilahkan tamu itu untuk makan malam? Have you invited the guests to have dinner?
-dipersilahkan: v be pleased Anda dipersilahkan tinggal disini kalau anda senang. You are pleased to stay here if you want.

silam1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 past (of the time). Itu terjadi pada masa silam It happened in the past time Hari telah silam The day has been past. 2 ago, of the past. Saya pernah kesini sekitar tiga tahun silam I was here about three years ago.
-kesilaman: n 1 darkness 2 the past.  Mereka berbicara tentang kesilaman. They talk about the past.
-meny(s)ilam: v disappear
-meny(s)ilamkan: v darken (sb’s vision).
-tersilam: v be caught by the dark. Mereka tersilam di tengah laut They were caught by the dark  in the ocean.

silam2: variant of selam:

silang: n /frm/lu/ crosswise. intersecting. tanda silang sign of crossing.
-bersilang siur: v /intr/ cross back and forth. crisscross. Berbagai keraguan bersilang siur di  kepalanya. Doubts crisscrossed in her mind.
-bersilang2: adj 1 intersecting sebuah jalan bersilang an intersecting roads
-bersilangan: v /intr/ cross each other, pass each other Dalam perjalanan pulang kerumah saya bersilangan dengan seorang teman lama. On the way back home I passed an old friend
-bersilang1: v 1 be crossed. Dia bersilang kaki He had his legs crossed. 2 look each other Mereka bersilang mata They look each other in the eyes.
-menyilangkan: v /tr/ make sth cross another thing
-persilangan: n 1 intersection  2 junction persilangan rel kereta api railway junction 3 persilangan pendapat disagreement
-silang empat: n crossroads.
-silang melintang: v lie about dis­orderly.
-silang pendapat: v to have different opinion
-silang selimpat: adj 1 complicated. 2 crumpled. rumpled.
-silang selisih/sengketa: n conflict, dispute.
-silang siur: adj crisscrossing.

silap1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 wrong. Saya silap menyebut namanya. I was wrong to spell her name. 2 mistaken Saya sadar bahwa saya sudah melakukan tindakan yang silap I know that I did a mistaken action. 3 silap mata: absent look /prov./ silap mata silap uang absent look, lose the money (if you are absent to pay attention to what you have, what you have will be lost)
-kesilapan: n mistake, error, slip

silap2: adv /frm/lu/ 1 wrongly Saya silap memutar nomernya. I dialled the number wrongly 2 be in error. Kalau silap nanti bisa dipukulin orang ramai-ramai If you slip up, everyone will gang up on you and beat you.
-kesilapan: n mistake, slip, error.
-tersilap: v done by mistake.

silat: n /frm/lu/ a martial art native to Indonesia.
-bersilat: v perform this martial art. |a sport such as karate in which you fight using your hands and feet|
-bersilat lidah/ kata: v /idiom/ argue, debate
-dunia persilatan: n the field or the matter of this martial art.

silaturahim; silaturahmi: n /frm/lu/ friendship, good relationship.
-tali silaturahmi: n friendly relationship.

silau: adj /frm/lu/ dazzled, temporarily blinded by the glare. Saya silau karena sinar matahari I was blinded by the sun.
-menyi(s)laukan1: adj dazzling Lampu depan mobil itu menyilaukan mata saya. The head lamp of that car dazzled my eyes.
-meny(s)ilau: v dazzle

silet: n /frm/lu/ razor blade.
-meny(s)ilet: v slice or cut with a razor blade. Dia memotong kertas itu dengan pisau silet He cut the paper using razor.

silhuet: n /frm/lu/ silhouette |a dark shape or shadow, seen against a light background|

silih-(ber)ganti: adv /frm/lu/ alternately, in turns. Seluruh ba­danku terasa dingin panas silih berganti My whole body felt cold and hot in turns.
-bersilih-ganti: v alternate by turns, keep changing alternately. Telepon berdering silih berganti Phones were ringing alternately.
-bersilih: v turn, change into. Malam bersilih siang Night turns into day.
-meny(s)ilih: v 1 change. Dia mensilih baju She changed her dress. 2 shed skin, molt.
-peny(s)ilihan: n alternating, alter­nation.
-silih ganti rugi: n indem­nify.
-silih semilih: adv by turns.

silicon: n /frm/lu/ silicon.

silinder: n /frm/lu/ cylinder.

silinderkop: n /frm/lu/ cylinder head (of a car machine).

silsilah: n /frm/lu/ genealogy, family tree.

silu1: n /frm/lu/ twinge |a sudden pain, or a sudden feeling of a bad emotion felt on hearing a grating sound e.g. chalk drawn across a blackboard|

silu2: adj /frm/lu/ touched, affected Hati saya pilu mendengar jeritan itu My heart was touched to hear that scream.
-meny(s)ilukan1: v 1 cause such a twinge 2 move, affect.
-meny(s)ilukan2: adj touching, affecting.

siluman1: n /frm/lu/ a human who has taken the appear­ance of an animal for farious purposes.

siluman2: adj /frm/lu/ invisible.

silungkang: n /ld/ woven cloth made in Silungkang, West Sumatra.

SIM {Surat Ijin Mengemudi}: n driver’s license.

simaharajalela: see maharajalela:

simak1; meny(s)imak: v /frm/lu/ scrutinize, observe attentively. menyimak masalah scrutinize a problem.
-peny(s)imakan: n listening attentively, monitoring.

simak2; bersimak: v /ld/ gather, group. Mereka – di kamar depan.They gathered in the front room.
-meny(s)imak: v ­gather, collect.
-simakan: n gathering.

simbah; bersimbah: v /frm/lu/ be drenched, be spattered. Dia bersimbah da­rah He was spattered with blood.
-meny(s)imbah: v 1 splash, spatter. Ombak mensimbah pesisir Waves splashed on the beach. 2 break out, appear. Ke­ringat bersimbah di wajahnya. Sweat broke out on his face.
-tersimbah: v be drenched, spattered.

simbar: n /ld/ plant.

simbol: n /frm/lu/ symbol.
-bersimbolkan: v have sth as a symbol. Partai itu bersimbolkan kepala banteng The party  has a bull head as a symbol.
-meny(s)imbolkan: v symbolize.

simbolik; simholis: adj /frm/lu/ symbolic. tanda simbolis a symbolic sign.

simbolisasi: n /frm/lu/ symbolization.

simhul: variant of symbol:

simbur; bersimbur: v /intr/lu/ 1 splash up on. Ombak bersimbur kepantai. The wave splashed up on the beach. 2 be partially enveloped by sth.  pemandangan bersimbur kabut the view was obscured be covering by cloud
-bersimburan: v splash on each other Gadis-gadis itu mandi bersimburan. Those girls bathed while splashing each other.
-meny(s)imburi: v /tr/ splash on sth,  sprinkle (sth) with water. Dia mensimburi daun tembakau subaya basah He sprinkled the tobacco leaves to dampen them.
-meny(s)imburkan: v /tr/ 1 splash sth out. Nani mensimburkan air pada anak itu Nani splashed  water to the child 2 cast a spell on (sb)
-tersimbur; kesimburan: v be splashed.

simetris: adj /frm/lu/ symmetrical.

simfoni: n /frm/lu/ symphony.

simpai1: n /ld/ ring made of rattan or metal string used to fasten sth
-meny(s)impaikan: v put a band around sth  Dia meny(s)impaikan rotan itu pada gendang He put a rattan band around a drum.
-meny(s)impai: v fasten with such ring.
-simpai beduk: n hoop on a big drum.
-simpai besi: n iron band.
-simpai tong: n barrel hoop.

simpan; meny(s)impan: v /frm/lu/ 1 store |to put things away and keep them there until you need them|  Kami menyimpan semua pakaian bekas kami di ruang lantai dasar. We store all our old clothes in the basement. 2 put away. Simpan buku kamu sebelum tidur. Put away your books before going to bed. 3 keep Saya simpan perhiasan saya di laci meja. I keep my accessories in the table drawer Kita harus menyimpan rahasia ini dengan rapat. We have to keep this secret tightly 4 deposit  Ayah menyimpan uangnya di bank. Daddy deposit his money in a bank.
-penyimpanan: n storage Ada sebuah ruang penyimpanan di garasi There’s a storage space in the garage. Perabotan itu dalam penyimpanan sampai kita mendapat rumah baru. The furniture is in storage until we find a new house.
-penyimpan; juru simpan: n archivist, keeper.
-simpanan: n 1 deposit 2 savings 3 stock 4 mistress Dia punya isteri simpanan. He has a mistress.

simpang: n /frm/lu/ branch (of road, etc.)
-kesimpangsiuran: n perplexity.
-menyimpang: v 1 take a side route |go to other direction| 2 deviate
-penyimpangan: n deviation, divergence
-persimpangan (jalan): n (road) intersection, crossroads.
-persimpangan sungai: n river’s branch.
-simpang siur: adj perplexed (news) |not clear or confirm that is sth is true so it make you confuse|  Ada berita simpang siur tentang kasus itu There was a perplexed news about that case.

simpanse: n /frm/lu/ chimpanzee.

simpati: n /frm/lu/ sympathy.
-bersimpati: v sympathize  Ada pihak yang menuduh bahwa mereka bersimpati kepada  gerombolan There are some people accuse them of being sympathize the gang.

simpatik: adj /frm/lu/ 1synphatetic 2 congenial 3 likeable. Dia memang gadis yang simpatik. She is really a sympathetic girl.

simpatisan: n /frm/lu/ sympathizer (of a party, cause, etc.).

simple: adj /frm/lu/ simple, modest,  small in amount.

simplifikasi: n /frm/lu/ simplification.

simpoa: variant of sempoa:

simponi: variant of simfoni:

simposion; symposium: n /frm/lu/ symposium.

simpuh; bersimpuh: v /frm/lu/ sit with the knees bent and folded back to one side.
-tersimpuh: v fall down on sb’s knees. Sesampai di perbatasan dia bersimpuh pada tanah airnya. As he reached the border, he fell down on his knees on his homeland.

simpul1: n /frm/lu/ 1 knot, node 2 kesimpulan: a) conclusion b) summary.
-berkesimpulan: v arrive at a conclusion Kami berkesimpulan bahwa laporan anda dapat diterima. We arrive at a conclusion (we conclude) that your report is acceptable.
-meny(s)impulkan: v 1 button |to fasten something with buttons, or to be fastened with buttons| 2 put on sth and tie it with a knot. Parjo duduk dan menyimpulkan sarung di lehernya. Parjo sat down and tied a sarong around his neck. 3 conclude, summarize. Mereka sedang menyimpulkan hasil pertemuan itu They are concluding the result of the meeting.
-penyimpulan: n concluding |the process of taking a con­clusion|
-simpul hidup/ pulih: n slip-knot |a knot that you can make tighter or looser by pulling one of its ends|
-simpul mati: n permanent knot.
-tersimpul: v 1 be knotted Tali itu tersimpul mati. The string is knotted permanently 2 be concluded Hasil rapat telah tersimpulkan dalam laporan akhir. The result of the meeting has been concluded in the final report. 3 be expressed Kebahagiaan tersimpul dalam senyumannya. Happiness was expressed in her smile.

simpul2: see senyum: senyum simpul |embar­rassed smile|

­sim-sala-bim; simsalabim: n /inf/lu/ magical formula, abra­cadabra.

simultan: adj /frm/lu/ simultaneous.

sinagoga: n /ld/ synagogue |a building where Jewish people go to have religious services|

sinambung; bersinambung: adj /frm/lu/ continuous tahap bersinambung continuous stage, serial.
-berkesinambungan: v be kept in continuity  Saya yakin kerja sama ini akan berkesinambungan di kemudian hari I believe that this cooperation will be kept in  continuity in the future.
-bersambung: v be continued (without an interruption) Kami berharap program ini bersambung. We hope this program will be continued.
-kesinambungan: n continuity Kesinambungan proyek ini sangat tergantung tersedianya dana. The continuity of this project very much depends on the availability of the fund.

sinar: n /frm/lu/ 1 ray, beam 2 gleam
-bersinar1: v /intr/ ­shine Lampu itu bersinar terang The lamp shines brightly
-bersinar2: adj shining Dia punya mata bersinar She has shining eyes.
-meny(s)inari: v /tr/ 1 glitter 2 gleam 3 illuminate 3 irradiate (light)
-peny(s)inaran: n 1 illumination. 2 radiation.
-sinar kosmik: n cosmic ray.
-sunar laser: n laser beam.
-sinar matahari: n sunray.
-sinar seminar: n glittering, radiating (of light).

sindikat: n /frm/lu/ syndicate.

sindir; meny(s)indir: v /frm/lu/ 1 say sarcasm |a way of speaking or writing in which you say the opposite of what you mean in order to make an unkind joke or to show that you are annoyed| “Saya senang kamu datang cepat: kata Jim, menyindir, ketika dia datang terlambat. . “I’m glad you came early,”  said Jim, with heavy sarcasm, when he came late. 2 taunt |to try to make someone upset or angry by indirectly saying something unkind| Anak-anak lain menyindir dia tentang kegemukannya. The other kids taunted him about his weight. 3 say allusion |the act of speaking or writing in an indirect way about something|  Dia menyindir penulis-penulis lain dalam bukunya. He write allusion to other writers in his book.
-penyindir: n 1 sb who taunt 2 sb who write or tell allusion.
-sindiran: n sarcasm, allusion.

sindroma: n /frm/lu/ syndrome.

sinematek: n /frm/ film library.

sinematografi: n /frm/ cinematography.

sinematografis: n /frm/lu/ cinematographic.

sinergi: n /frm/lu/ synergy |the action of two or more substances, organs, organisms, persons, etc. to achieve an effect of which each individually incapable|

singa: n /frm/lu/ 1 lion. 2 /zod./ Leo.
-singa laut: n walrus.

Singapura: n Singapore.

singular: n /frm/lu/ single player.

singgah: v /frm/lu/ stop by, stop in. Saya mau singgah sebentar di kcantor pos. I want to stop by  for a moment at the post office.
-persinggahan: n 1 lodge |a building or a construction in the country where people can stay for a short time, especially in order to do a particular activity| persinggahan pemburu hunting cottage 2 rumah singgah: shelter |a place to live, considered as one of the basic needs of life| Ini rumah singgah untuk tuna wisma This is  a shelter for the homeless

singgang: n /ld/ culinary method for cooking meats in coconut milk.
-ayam singgang: n chicken prepared in this way.

singgasana: n /frm/lu/ throne.
-bersinggasana: v be on the throne.
-meny(s)inggasana: v enthrone.

singgung; menyinggung: v /frm/lu/ touch, nudge.
-bersinggungan: v touch, con­tact each other.
-menyinggung: v 1 touch, contact. 2 of­fend, insult, hurt (sb’s feelings). Apa kata-kata saya menyinggung perasaan kamu? Did my words hurt your feeling? 3 mention (sth) at a glance Dalam rapa titu,  ketua menyinggung soal kenaikan gaji tetapi tidak dibahas secara serius. At the meeting, the chairman at a glance mentioned the raise of the payment but it wasn’t seriously discussed.
-ketersinggungan: n 1 touchiness. 2 state of having been offended.
-persinggungan: n point of contact.
-tersinggung: adj annoyed

singkap; meny(s)ingkap: v /frm/lu/1 reveal |to make something known that was previously secret|  Polisi berhasil menyingkap gerakan dibawah tanah itu. The police successfully revealed the underground movement 2 open Tolong singkapkan gordin itu Please open up the curtains. 3 disclose |to make something known publicly| Menejer Utama tidak menyingkap rincian perjanjian itu. GM did not disclose details of the agreement.
-peny(s)ingkapan: n uncovering, dis­closure.
-tersingkap: v be uncovered, be disclosed

singkat: adj /frm/lu/ 1 brief |using only a few words and not describing things in detail| Saya akan mencoba supaya singkat I’ll try to be brief. sebuah surat singkat a brief letter Inilah berita singkatnya Here is the news in brief  2 singkat padat: concise |short and clear, without using too many words| satu penjelasan yang singkat padat a concise answer 3 short (length, time, story, etc.) Dalam waktu singkat semua masalah itu dapat diselesaikan In a short time all the problems could be solved.
-kesingkatan; singkatan: n 1 shortness 2 briefness 3 abbreviation 4 abstract, resume
-meny(s)ingkat: v 1 abbreviate 2 shorten 3 make (sth) short.
-singkat akal/paham: adj 1 dumb, men­tally limited 2 narrow-minded.
-singkat umur: adj short life.
-singkatnya: /phrs/ in short, in brief.

singkir; meny(s)ingkir: v /frm/lu/ 1 /intr/ step aside Dia menyingkir ketika sebuah mobil lewat. He stepped aside when a car passed 2 get rid (sb/sth) of  Banyak orang menyigkir dari sekitar gunung berapi aktif itu. Many people get rid of the active volcano 3 run/ move away of Mereka menyingkir dari tempat sedang banjir. They moved away from the flooding area.
-menyingkirkan: v /tr/ 1 remove sth away 2 rid sb/sth of 3 put sb/sth away 4 evacuate   5 evade  6 lay aside 7 exclude.
-peny(s)ingkiran: n 1 evacuation. 2 elimination, purge. 3 exclusion.
-tersingkirkan: v 1 be removed aside 2 be shoved aside 3 be evaded Banyak kendala yang tidak tersingkirkan Many problems that couldn’t be avoided.

singkong: n /frm/lu/ cassava.
-singkong gendruwo: n a very big cas­sava.
-singkong mukibat: n large cassava first bred by a man named Mukibat.

singkron: variant of sinkron:

singlet: n /lu/ sleeveless undershirt.

singsing; meny(s)ingsing: v /frm/lu/ rise, lift, roll up, break clear. Awan telah menyingsing tinggi The cloud has lifted high.   Fajar sedang menyingsing. The dawn is breaking (It is daybreak).
-menyingsingkan: v 1 roll 2 tuck up. /prov./ Mari kita menyingsingkan lengan baju ­Let’s role up our shirt’s sleeves.  Means; Let’s ready to work hard.
-singsingso: v, row the boat together (become a title of a very popular folk song in 19th century)
-tersingsing: v be rolled up. Dengan lengan baju tersingsing dia mulai kerja. With rolled up sleeves, he started to work.

sini; disini: adv /frm/lu/ 1 here |in or to this place| Sudah berapa lama kamu tinggal di sini? How long have you been stayed here? Berapa jauh Bogor dari sini. How far is Bogor from here? Kami datang ke sini pada hari Senin lalu We came here on Monday last week. Saya di sebelah sini. I’m over here. 2 there, where the recipient is (in letters or long distance call only) Bagaimana cuaca disini? How is the weather there? 3 I, we |on my. our, this side in a meeting, conference, or formal conversation| Disini tidak keberatan soal itu. Our side don’t have any objection on this matter.

sini2: intrj /inf/ Sini, pakai telepon saya. Here, use my phone.

sinis: adj /frm/lu/ 1 cynical. Suaminya menyambut kami dengan senyum sinis. Her husband welcomed us with a cynical smile 2 scornful |express with an unkind way that you think a person, idea, or suggestion is stupid or not worth accepting| Dia penuh rasa sinis terhadap apa saja pendapat orang yang tidak setuju dengan dia. He scorned the opinions of anyone who disagreed with him.
-kesinisan: n 1 sarcasm, scorn. 2 cynicism.

sinisme: n /frm/lu/ 1 sarcasm, scorn. 2 cynicism.

sinkretisme: n /frm/lu/ syncretism.

sinkron: adj /frm/lu/ synchronous.
-mensinkronkan: v synchronize.
-sinkronisasi: n synchronization.

sinode: n /frm/ synod |used by Christian churches|

sinonim: n /frm/lu/ synonym.
-kesinoniman: n synonymy.

sinopsis: n /frm/lu/ synopsis.

sinoptik: adj /frm/lu/ synoptics.

sinterklas: n /frm/lu/ Santa Claus.

sintese: n /frm/lu/ synthesis.
-mensintesikan: v synthe­size.

sintetis: adj /frm/lu/ synthetic.

sinting: adj /frm/lu/ crazy. Banyak orang mengatakan bahwa dia itu sinting. Many people say that he is crazy.
-kesintingan: n craziness, oddness.

sinus: n /frm/lu/ sine.

sinyal: n /frm/lu/ 1 signal  2 railway crossing light.
-meny(s)inalkan: v give a signal.

sinyalemen: n /frm/lu/ indication 2 assumption, suspi­cion. Ada sinyalemen bahwa dia terlibat dalam perdagangan anak itu. There is an indication that he was involved in that child trafficking.

sinyalir; mensinyalir: v /frm/lu/ 1 call attention to, point out 2 predict, wonder about  Menteri perdagangan mensinyalir akan terjadinya deflasi dalam waktu dekat. Minister of trade predict that there will be a deflation in the near future.

siomai: n /lu/ steamed ravioli filled with meat and open on the top.

sip: intrj. OK!, fine!, great!  “Boleh saya bergabung?” “Sip” “Can I joint you?” “OK!”

Sipenmaru {Seleksi penerimaan mahasiswa baru}: n en­trance test to the state university system.

sipil1: n /frm/lu/ civilian |anyone who is not a member of the military or the police| Banyak sipil yang tidak bersalah terbunuh dalam serangan itu. Many innocent civilians were killed in the attack

sipil2: adj /frm/lu/ 1 civil |relating to the people or things in a country that are not part of military or religious organizations| Kami kawin di kantor pencatatan sipil. We were married in a civil marriage recording office. (not in a religious marriage institution)  Dia pergi dengan pakaian sipil He went wearing civil clothe. 2 teknik sipil: civil engineering.

sipilis: n /frm/lu/ syphilis.

sipir: n /frm/lu/ jailer.

sipit1: adj /frm/lu/ squinted (of the eyes) |if the opening of sb’s eyes is a little narrow not very wide and doesn’t shape round – usually addressed to a Chinese|
-meny(s)ipitkan: v squint or narrow (sb’s eyes).

sipit2: variant of sempit:

sipolan: see polan:

sipulut: see pulut:

siput: n /frm/lu/ snail.

siram; bersiram: v /frm/lu/ 1 be drenched (with water, liquid). Dia bersiram air hujan He was drenched by the rain  2 take a shower (He bathed, pour­ing water over himself) 3 bathe (of roy­alty).
-menyiram: v /intr/tr/ 1 water |to pour water on a plant or seeds in the ground to help them grow| Kita harus meny(s)iram rumput ini setiap hari selama musim kering. I have to water the lawn every day during the dry season. 2 pour |to flow quickly and in large amounts| Kami berharap hujan akan meny(s)iram tanah kering ini dalam waktu dekat. We expect the rain will pour this dry land soon. 3 sprinkle |to scatter small drops of liquid or small pieces of something onto something else| Petani itu sedang menyiram sawahnya dengan urea. The farmer is sprinkling the rice field with urea 4 flush |if you flush a toilet or it flushes, you make water go through it to clean it. Apa kamu sudah menyiram kakus itu? Have you flushed the toilet?
-meny(s)irami: v 1 water (sth) 2 cascade (sth)
-penyiraman: n 1 watering 2 pouring  3 flushing
-siraman: n 1 pour 2 cascade 3 flush 4 sprinkle
-siraman rohani: n spiritual cascading |prayer, sermon, hymn, etc. that is given to sb fulfilling his/her spiritual need – this words mostly used by Christian followers|

sirap1: v /frm/lu/ slightly raised sth.
-meny(s)irapkan: v 1 raise slightly Angin menyirapkan atap itu The wind lifted the roof slightly. 2  scare sb |make sb’s hair on nape of neck raised|
-tersirap darah: v be scared to death |suddenly startled and ter­rified|  Setiap kali telepon berdering darahnya tersirap. Each time the phone rang he was scared to death.

sirap2: n /frm/lu/ shingle |one of many thin pieces of wood or other material used for covering a roof or a wall|
-bersirap: v be shingled. Atapnya bersirap The roof is shingled.
-atap sirap: n shingle roof.

sirap3: variant of sirep:

sirat: n /frm/lu/ mesh, network.
-meny(s)irat: v make a knot.
-meny(s)irat­kan: v imply
-siratan: n a knot, knit (of string) 2 im­plication (of an idea, speech, sentences, etc.)
-tersirat1: adj 1 implied Apa yang tersirat dalam pernyataannya? What was implied by his statement? 2 knotted. tali yang tersirat knotted string.
-tersirat2: v be implied, implicit. Apa yang kamu tanyakan itu telah tersirat dalam makalah saya. What you are asking for has been implied (implicit) in my paper.

sirene: n /frm/lu/ siren.
-sirena kebakaran: n fire alarm.

Siria: n Suriah

sirih: n /frm/lu/ betel vine.
-makan sirih: v chew betel.
-meny(s)irih: v chew betel.
-meny(s)irihi: v offer betel to sb 2 offer sth to  guests as a symbol of welcoming
-makan sirih: v chew betel.
-meny(s)irih: v chew betel.
-meny(s)irihi: v offer betel to sb 2 offer sth to  guests as a symbol of welcoming
-/idom/ 1 sirih kuning: a pretty girl. 2 sirih pulang ke gagang: proper, fitting.

sirik1: adj /frm/lu/ envious. Dia selalu sirik pada keberhasilan temannya.He was always envious of his friend success

sirik2: variant of syirik:

sirip: n /frm/lu/ fish fin.
-sirip dada: n pectoral fin.
-sirip sayap: n flap (on plane).
-sop sirip ikan hiu: n shark fin soup.

sirkaya: variant of serikaya:

sirkel: adj /frm/lu/ circle.

sirkit; sirkuit: n /frm/lu/ circuit

sirkulasi: n /frm/lu/ circulation.

sirkuler: adj /frm/lu/ circular.

sirkus: n /frm/lu/ circus.

sirlak: n /frm/lu/ varnish.

sirna: v /intr/frm/lu/ 1 disappear 2 vanish from sight
-meny(s)irnakan: v /tr/ 1 abolish 2 extinguish 3 obscure

sirsak: n /frm/lu/ soursop (fruit)

sirup: n /frm/lu/ syrup |fruit concentrate for drinks|

sisa: n /frm/lu/ 1 residue, remainder, the rest of sth  2 remnant |a small part of something that remains after the rest has been used or destroyed| sisa kuil dari abad ke-14 the remnants of a 14th century castle
-bersisa: v to have sth left,  be left over. Kalau diambil dua,  sisa tiga If you take two, you will have three left.
-meny(s)isakan: v 1 leave some be­hind. Jangan ambil semua uangnya, kamu perlu menyisakan sebagian. Don’t take all the money, let some left behind 2 set aside (for later).
-sisa makanan: n leftovers from a meal.
-sisa rasa: n aftertaste.
-tersisa: v be left(over).

sisi1: n /frm/lu/ side. flank Disisi lain kita ingin pertumbuhan ekonomi meningkat. On the other side. we want the economic growth to increase.
-sisi kanan dan kiri: n right and left side.
-sisi miring segi tiga siku: n hypote­nuse
-sisi rumah: n side of the house.

sisi2: prep. /frm/lu/ 1 beside Dia duduk disisi ibunya. She sat beside her mother 2 kesisi: to the side
-bersisian: prep. adv side by side. Mereka selalu duduk bersisian, They always sit side by side
-mengesisikan: v 1 left behind 2 ignore
-menyisi: v 1 move to the side. 2 go along the side of sth Perahu itu menyisi sepanjang sungai. The boat went along the riyer’s edge.
-menyisikan: v move sth to the side.

sisih; meny(s)isih: v /intr/frm/lu/ 1 move to give way, get out of the way. Tolong menyisih ada kereta mau lewat Please get of the way, there is a cart going through 2 locate sepa­rately Mereka bangun rumahnya menyisish dari lokasi perumahan. They build their house separately from the housing area 3 go aloof Dia selalu pergi menyisih dari kelompok kami She always go aloof from our group.
-meny(s)isihkan: v /tr/ 1 set sth aside, put sth to the side. Dia mensisihkan rambutnya terurai di atas pundaknya She pushed away her hair that hung over her shoulder. 2 reject, ignore. Pada awalnya saya menyisihkan soal-soal yang sulit At the beginning I ignore the complicated problem (question) 3 /sport/ eliminate. Kami yakin akan dapat menyisihkan team itu pada tahap seleksi. We believe that we’ll eliminate that team at the selection stage   -penyisihan: n 1 elimination 2 selection Dia gagal pada tahap penyisihan. She failed at the selection stage.
-tersisih: v be eliminated, be isolated, be set apart, be ignored.

sisik: n /frm/lu/ 1 scale |the small flat pieces of hard skin which cover the bodies of animal such as reptiles , fish, etc| 2 turtle shell, esp. as article of commerce. 3 outer dry skin of a tree 4 the upper layer of the soil.
-besisik: adj scaly.
-meny­(s)isik: v become (like) scales. Permukaan air susu itu mulai menyisik. The surface of the milk starts to become like scales.
-menyisiki: v scale |to remove the scales from a fish|
-/idiom/ Dia minta sisik lele. She want sth that is impossible (catfish is a freshwater fish that has no scale)

sisip; menyisip: v /intr/tr/frm/lu/ 1 insert 2 penetrate (between two objects or two fulfil a narrow space)
-bersisipkan: v to have sth inserted in it.
-menyisipkan: v /tr/ 1 insert (sth) Dia menyisipkan kartu kreditnya ke dompet. She inserted her credit card into a wallet 2 slip (sth) into a narrow space Dia menyisipkan sebuah pistol di antara pinggang dan sabuknya He slipped a pistol between his waist and belt.
-menyisipi: v /tr/ insert into (sth)
-penyisipan: n 1 insertion 2 completion |the act or state of meeting a discrepancy| Tiap kotak perlu 20 potong, karena kita baru punya 18 poton g jadi kita perlu penyisipan 2 potong lagi.Each box needs 20 pieces. Since we have only 18 pieces so we need a completion of two more pieces.
-kesisipan: v get sth inserted into sth by accident.

sisir1: n /frm/lu/ 1 comb. 2 rake 3 bunch (of bananas) Ada sesisir pisang di keranjang. There is a bunch of banana on the basket.
-bersisir: adj combed Rambut saya belum bersisir. My hair isn’t combed yet.
-menyisir: v /tr/ 1 comb Bu, boleh sisir rambut saya? Mom, could you comb my hair? 2 rake Petani menggunakan kerbau menyisir sawahnya. The farmer use a caribou to rake their rice field 3 trace |to search a place in order to find sth| Polisi menyisir pinggir sungai mencari anak hilang itu. The police traced the river bank to find the lost child.

sisir2: variant of susur:

Siskamling {Sistem Keamanan Lingkungan}: n 1 neighbourhood security system. 2 participate in this system.

sistem: n /frm/lu/ 1 system 2 procedure.
-bersistem: v be systematic |have a system|
-mensistemkan: v systematize.
-sistematisasi: n systematization.
-sistematik: adj systematic.
-sistematis: adj systematic.
-sistem kerja: n working procedure  .

sister: variant of suster:

sistim: variant of system:

sisurut: see surut:

siswa: n /frm/lu/1 male students (at secondary school, vocational schools, training institutes the participants of  which are considered adolescent).

siswi: n /frm/lu/ female students (at the mentioned level)

SIT {Surat Izin Terbit}: n written authorization to publish sth.

sita; meny(s)ita: v seizure, confiscate  Polisi menyita mobil curian itu sebagai bukti di pengadilan. Police confiscated the stolen car as a proof in the court.  2 consume, take (sb’s time or attention). Polemik ini telah banyak menyita perhatian politisi. The polemic has consume the politician attention. Permainan computer telah menyita banyak waktu kamu. Computer game took much of your time.
-penyitaan: n confiscation, seizure.
-sitaan: n confiscated (goods)
-tersita: v be confiscated.

sitegang: see tegang:

siti: n /lu/ 1 title for a woman of noble lineage.
-Siti Mariam: n /Isl./ 1 Mary, the mother of Jesus 2 a common woman’s name.

sitir1; meny(s)itir: v /frm/lu/ 1 cite, quote  Dia menyetir ucapan Sukarno He cited Sukarno’s words. 2 drive (a car) 3 influence, direct (sb’s opinion or action).
-stiran: n citation, quotation.

sitir2: n /frm/lu/ steering wheel.

sitokar: variant of stoker:

situ1: prep /frm/lu/ there 1 di situ: over there (somewhere you point but not very far away). Taruh saja di situ. Put it over there. 2 ke situ: over (toward) there Saya mau pergi ke situ I’m going over there 3 from there Saya mengambilnya dari situ. I took it from there.

situ2: pron. /inf/ you Kan situ yang bilang pada saya. You told me that, didn’t you.

situ2: n /Snd/ 1 lake 2 dam

situasi: n /frm/lu/ 1 situation, circumstances 2 location, the way sth is located.
-mensituasikan: v situate sth (on a site, etc.).

situs: n /frm/lu/ archaeological site.

siuk; meny(s)iuk: v /frm/lu/ groan, moan. Orang  itu sedang menyiut kesakitan. That person is groaning from pain.

siul: n /spo/ sound of whistling.
-bersiul: v whistle a) |to make a high or musical sound by blowing air out through your lips|  Adam bersiul pada kita dari seberang jalan. Adam whistled at us from the other side of  the street.
-siulan: n 1 whistle (of a person) 2 whistle (of a train) 3 twitter (of a bird)
-peny(s)iul: n whistler.

siuman: v /frm/lu/ become conscious Dia sudah siuman beberapa menit yang lalu He has been conscious since a few minutes ago.

siung1: n /frm/lu/1 canine tooth. 2 fang, tusk. 3 clove (of garlic).
-siung bawang putih: n clove of garlic.

siung2: n /spo/ sound of buzzing.
-bersiung: v whiz Sebuah peluru bersiung dekat telinganya A bullet whizzed by his ears.

siur1: n 1 /spo/ sound of leaves rustling
-bersiur: v make a rus­tling sound.
-bersiuran: v rustle, whistle (of many things). Angin bersiungan sepanjang malam The wind rustled all night long.

siur2: see silang:
-simpang-siur: adj 1 perplexed (news) |not clear or confirm if sth is true so it make you confuse|  Ada berita simpang siur tentang kasus itu There was a perplexed news about that case. 2 criss-cross: see simpang; see siur:

SIVA {Surat Impor Valuta Asing}: n foreign exchange import permit.

sivil: variant of sipil:

sivilisasi: n /frm/lu/ civilization.

siwar {psychological war}: n /frm/lu/ psychological warfare.

sk. {surat kabar}: n newspaper.

SK {Surat Keputusan}: n decree.
-meng-SK-kan: v issue a decree for sth
-peng-SK-an: n issuing of a decree.

skak: variant of sekak:

skala: n /frm/lu/ scale (of map, etc.).

skandal: n /frm/lu/ scandal.

skat: n /frm/lu/ 1 ice skates. 2 skating. skat indah figure-skating.

skema: n /lu/ 1 scheme, sketch. 2 chart, diagram.
-skematis: adj schematic.

skenario: n /frm/lu/ scenario. skenario politik political scenario.

skeptikus: n /frm/lu/ a skeptical person.

skeptis: adj /lu/ skeptical.

skeptisi: n /frm/lu/ skeptic person.

sket, skets, sketsa: n /frm/lu/ sketch.
-mensketkan: v sketch.

sketsel: n /frm/lu/ partition.

skop: n /frm/lu/ 1 shovel 2 spade.

skor: n /frm/lu/  score, point (of game)
-penskoran: n scoring.

skors; menskor: v /frm/lu/ 1 suspend sb Rapat akan diskor selama satu jam The meeting will be suspended for an hour  2 ad­journ Proyek akan di skors karena cuaca buruk. The project will be adjourned due to bad weather
-penskorsan: n suspension.

skorsing: n /frm/lu/ suspension (of student, sportsman, etc.).

skrining: n /frm/lu/ scrcening (of applicants, us. for security reasons).
-menskrining: v screen.

skripsi: n /frm/lu/ a paper as a pre-requisite to obtain S1 degree.

skuadron; skwadron: n /frm/lu/ squadron.

skuter: n /lu/ motor-scooter.

slada: variant of selada:

slagorde: n /frm/lu/ battle-array.

slang1: n /frm/lu/ tube, hose.
-slang kebakaran: n fire hose.

slang2: variant of selang:

slebor1: adj /Jkt/ mudguard, fender.
-slebor baru: n 1 new haircut. 2 new mudguard.

slebor2: adj /lu/inf/ unconventional.

slentik; meny(s)elentik: v /frm/lu/ 1 snap sb or sth with index finger. 2 reprimand sb

SLJJ {Sambangan Langsung Jarak Jauh}: n Long Distance Call (of telephone)

slogan: n /frm/lu/ slogan.
-menslogankan: v utter sth as a slogan, make sth into a slogan.

sloganisasi: n /frm/lu/ sloganizing.

sloganisme: n /frm/lu/ mentality characterized by excessive use of slogans.

sloki: n /frm/lu/ 1 shot glass. 2 a shot (of liquor).
-bersloki-sloki: adv by the shot.

Slt. {selatan}: n South.

sM. {sebelurn Masehi}: n B.C. (before Christ}

SM {Sarjana Muda}: n academic degree similar to the baccalaureate.

SMA {Sekolah Menengah Atas}: n Upper Secondary School |a 3-years schooling program, after 9th grade, or  before academic program|

smir: variant of semir:

smokel: variant of semokel:

SMP {Sekolah Menengah Pertarna}: n Lower Secondary School. |a 3-years schooling programs after 6th grade, and before SMA|

so: adv /East Ind/ 1 already 2 have, has |as a past participle of the following verb|  see sudah:  Dia so pergi kerja She has gone to work.

soal: n /frm/lu/ 1 problem, question (of a test or examination) Soal-soal ujian itu akan dibagi dalam tiga  kategori. The problems of the test will be divided into three categories 2 persolanan: difficulties |matter or difficult situation or condition that has to be dealt with or has to be solved| Saya sedang menghadapi banyak persoalan dalam proyek ini. I’m facing a lot of difficulties in this project 3 matter |a subject or situation that you have to think about or deal with, often one that causes problems| Sejumlah soal penting telah didiskusikan dalam rapat itu. Several important matters were discussed at the meeting. Apa dia bersalah adalah soal yang akan diputuskan oleh pengadilan Whether he is guilty is a matter for the court to decide. Hanya akan membuat persoalan menjadi lebih rumit kalau kamu mengajukan keberatan. It will only make the matters worse if you complain. 4  soal apa: what about  Soal apa ini semua? What is this all about? 5 soalnya: the thing Soalnya, kita tidak punya cukup dana untuk itu. The thing is, that we don’t have enough fund for it.
-bersoal; bersoal-jawab: v argue each other Mereka sedang bersoal-jawab di dalam They are arguing each other inside.
-mempersoalkan: v /tr/ to question |take sth to discuss with or to have an objection with| Saya tidak bermaksud mempersoalkan rencana kamu, tetapi saya perlu penjelasan lebih lanjut. I don’t want to question your plan, but I need more explanation.
-meny(s)oal: v argue, debate
-soal-jawab: n argument Soal jawab dalam perdebatan itu menunjukkan bahwa banyak orang sudah peduli dengan lingkungan. The arguments that happened in the debate showed that many people has concerned with the environment. Wilson yakin bahwa tidak ada soal narkoba di sekolah Wilson believe that there isn’t a drug problem in the school. Kapan pertama soal ini muncul? When did the problem first arise/occur?

sobat: n /frm/lu/1 friend 2 comrade (among communists).
-bersobat: v be friends.
-meny(s)obati: v make friends with sb Dia pandai menyobati orang kaya. He is good at making friends with rich people.
-persobatan: n friendship.
-sobat kental: n close friends.

sobek: adj /frm/lu/ torn, ripped.
-meny(s)obek: v tear, rip /tr/
-meny(s)obek-nyobek: v re­peatedly tear.
-meny(s)obekkan: v /tr/ 1 cause sth to be torn. Waktu mencuci, tidak sengaja dia menyobekkan baju anaknya While washing, she accidently tore her son’s shirt. 2 tear sth on for sb. Biar saya sobekkan untuk kamu Let me tear it for you.
-tersobek: v be torn up. Rok saya tersobek ketika saya melompat. My skirt was torn up when I jumped.
-sobekan: n torn piece. sobekan kain a torn piece of cloth.
-penyobek: n sb  who takes (and tears) tickets, ticket-taker.

soda: n /frm/lu/ soda (of various substances containing sodium).
-soda api: n caustic soda.
-soda kue: n baking soda .
-soda gembira: n drink of sodium water with red syropi.

sodok; sodok-sodokan: v /inf/lu/ poke each other
-meny(s)odok: v thrust; poke. Dia menyodok perut saya dengan sikunya. He poked my belly with his elbow.
-meny(s)odoki: v poke (several times in several places).
-meny(s)odokkan: v /tr/ use sth to poke or to thrust Dia menyodokkan tongkat itu ke perut saya He use the stick to poke my belly.
-sodokan: n 1 poke 2  shot (in billiards). 3 instrument to poke or thrust.

sodomi: n /frm/lu/ sodomy.

sodor; meny(s)odorkan: v /frm/lu/ 1 hand |to pass something to someone else| Dia menyodorkan makanan kecil diatas baki kepada tamu She hand the refreshment on the try to the guests. 2 suggest  Mereka menyodorkan dua pilihan tentang cara pembayaran. They offered two option of the payment procedure. 3 offer Penjaja dijalanan menyodorkan miuman kepada turis yang lewat. The vendors offer soft drink to the passing tourist.
-penyodror: n sb who offer, hand sth
-penyodoran: n of­fering.

sofa: n /frm/lu/ sofa .

sofball: n /frm/lu/ softball.

sofistikait: adj /frm/lu/ sophisticate

sogok: n /frm/lu/ bribery.
-menyogok: v bribe Jangan coba menyogok dia, karena dia seorang yang jujur. Don’t try to bribe him, he is an honest person.
-penyogokan: n bribery

sohor; tersohor: adj /frm/lu/ 1 famous 2 popular.
-meny(s)ohorkan: v make sb or sth fa­mous or popular .
-kesohoran: n fame, popularity

sok: v /frm/lu/1 as if, pretend 2 act like Dia sok pintar He act as if he is smart. Dia sok paling tahu diantara kita. She pretends to be the most knowledgeable between us. 3 show Dia hanya sok saja. That man just show off  4 put on airs.

sok2: n /frm/lu/ 1 stocking, sock 2 socket |pipe connector|

sok3: variant of syok:

sokbreker: n /inf/lu/ shock absorber, sock breaker

sokoguru: n /frm/lu/ central or main pillar (of a construction, house, building, etc.) 2 principle factor or component of sth

sokong; penyokong: n /frm/lu/ 1 prop 2 support.
-meny(s)okong: v 1 prop up, sup­port. Ada delapan tiang yang menyokong atap itu. There are eight posts to prop/ support the roof  2 support Orangtuanya sepenuhnya menyokong dia untuk masuk perguruan tinggi. His parents fully support him to go to college
-sokongan: n 1 support 2 aid 3 contribution
-penyokong: v 1 supporter 2 sponsor 3 backer 4 upholder  5 contributor

sol1: n /inf/lu/ sole |the bottom part of a shoe, not including the heel|
-mensol: v sole |to put or repair shoes’ sole|

sol2: n /frm/lu/ sol |the 5th musical major note|.

solar: n /frm/lu/ diesel fuel.

solat: n /Isl./ 1 ritual prayers and actions performed five times daily 2 solat Ied: ritual prayer celebrating end of fasting month. 2 perform such prayers.
-ber­solat: v perform such ritual prayers.

soldadu: variant of serdadu:

solder; mensolder: v /frm/lu/ |to join metal surfaces together or to repair them using melted metal|
-solderan: n 1 soldering tool 2 soldered spot or connection
-pensolderan: n soldering.

soleh: variant of saleh:

solek: adj /frm/lu/ well-dressed, stylish.
-bersolek: v 1 apply sb’s make­up. 2 dress up (of women).
-meny(s)oleki: v apply make-up to sb
-pesolek: n 1 sb who uses makeup. 2 a woman who likes to dress up.

solidaritas; solidaritet: n /frm/lu/ solidarity.

solider: adj /frm/lu/ being in solidarity with Dia salalu solider terhadap temannya He always  be in solidarity with his friend.
-kesolideran: n solidarity.

solis: n /frm/lu/ soloist.

solo: adj /frm/lu/ single, solo.

Solo: n a famous city in central Java, Surakarta.

solok: n /ld/ gift, contribution in kind.
-meny(s)olok: v kindly contribution.

solokan: variant of selokan:

sombong: adj /frm/lu/ arrogant, conceited.
-bersombong: v act in an ar rogant or conceited way.
-kesombongan: n 1 arro­gance, boast 2 vanity, conceit.
-menyombong: v be arrogant, be self-assertive, boast.
-menyombongi: v be arrogant to sb Dia menymbongi teman-temannya. He is arrogant with his friends.
-menyombongkan: v boast, brag, have vanity about sth Dia sering menyombongkan kekayaan orangtuanya. He frequently boasts about his parents’ wealth. Jangan menyombongkan diri, itu tidak baik. Don’t have vanity about yourself, it’s not good.

sompret2: variant of slompret:

sondang1; meny(s)ondang: v /ld/ 1 lift, raise on sb’s head or shoul­ders.

sondang2: n /Btk/ bright light

sonata: n /frm/lu/ sonnet.

songkok: n /ld/ rimless fez-like cap made of velvet.

songpia: n /Chn/ small fried spring-roll filled with finely shredded meat.

songsong1: n /Jkt/ ceremonial umbrella of roy­alty.
-bersongsong: v carry or use the royal umbrella.
-menyongsong: v welcome. Rakyat menyongsong kedatangan presiden The people welcomed the arrival of the president. 2 commemorate. Pidato menyongsong Hari Kemerdekaan speech commemorating Independence Day. 3 carry out (sb’s wishes, etc.). Dia pergi ke makam ayahnya menyongsong permintaan ibunya He went to his fa­ther’s grave to carry out his mother’s wish.
-peny(s)ongsong: n 1 greeter 2 receptionist |sb who is appointed to welcome or receive the coming guests|
-penyonsongan: n greet­ing, welcoming
-songsongan: n welcome.

songsong2: prep. /frm/lu/ against.
-bersongsong: prep. go out against sth
-menyongsong: v ­oppose Pelayaran akan menyongsong angin kencang. The sailing will oppose strong wind (He sailed against a strong wind) Dia menyongsong kebijaksanaan  pemerintah He opposed the government policy

sono1: n /Jv/ place, centre, sono budoyo culture centre

sono2: /Jkt/ variant of sana:

sontak1: adj /frm/lu/ torn, damaged, broken off.
-meny(s)ontak: v mutilate, disfigure.

sontak2; menyontak: v /frm/lu/ tug at, give a (sudden) jerk at. Dia tiba-tiba menyontak kudanya He gave his horse a sudden jerk.
-mendadak sontak: adv suddenly
-tersontak: v 1 be astonished 2 suddenly surprised. Saya tersontak mendengar berita itu I was astonished hearing that news. 3 shocked.

sontek; meny(s)ontek: v /frm/lu/ 1 push away 2  copy, cheat in class, crib.

sontoloyo: intrj. /inf/  exclamation of disapproval or dislike, damn you!

sop: n /frm/lu/ soup.
-(me)ngesop: v make soup for dinner.
-meny(s)opkan: v make soup of (sth) or make sth soup. Sopkanlah tulang ini Make soup of this bone!
-sop ayam: n chicken soup.
-sop buntut: n oxtail soup.
-sop tito: n pork-tripe soup.

sopan: adj /frm/lu/ 1 polite Tidak sopan bicara saat ada makanan dimulut anda. It’s not polite to talk with food in your mouth. 2 well mannered Dia seorang pemuda sopan. He is a well-mannered young man 3 civilized Itu bukan cara sopan bicara kepada seorang wanita tua. That’s not the civilized way to talk to an old woman. 4 full of etiquette Dia adalah seorang pria sopan (penuh sikap sopan) He is a man with full of etiquette
-bersopan santun: v behave politely
-kesopanan: n 1 politeness 2 good manner 3 polite behaviour
-sopan-santun: n 1 etiquette 2 good manner

sopir: n /frm/lu/1 driver 2 chauffeur
-menyopiri: v drive a motor vehicle
-disopiri: v be driven by Mobil yang disopiri saudara saya itu adalah mobil ayah. The car that was driven by my brother is my Daddy’s car

sopran: n /frm/lu/ soprano.

sorak: n /frm/lu/ applause, cheering.
-bersorak sorai; bersorak-sorak: v cheer, yell (loudly).Mereka bersorak-sorai menonton sepakbola itu They cheer loudly watching the football
-pemandu sorak: n 1 cheer leaders 2 vocal sup­porter.
-sorakan: n cheers, yells.
-sorak-sorai: n loud cheering.

sorang: adj /ld/ alone. Nyonya itu datang sorang diri The lady came alone.
-sorangan: adj alone, by sb’s self
-sorangan wai: adj all alone, single.

sorban: variant of serban:

sore: n /frm/lu/ afternoon, early evening (between three and six p.m.).
-sore hari: prep. in the afternoon.
-nanti sore: n this afternoon or evening .
-sorenya: n 1 the following afternoon 2 at the afternoon Waktu pagi ia bekerja ­sorenya kuliah. He works in the mornings and goes to college in the afternoons.
-kesorean: adj too late (in the afternoon). Mereka datang kesorean They arrived too late in the afternoon.

sorga: variant of surga: heaven.

sori: conj. Sorry, Excuse me!

sorong1: adj /frm/lu/ sliding, pushing.
-pintu sorong: n sliding door.
-kereta sorong: n pushcart.

sorong2: n /ld/ bribe. Dia menerima sorong He accepted a bribe.

sorong3: meny(s)orong: v /intr/tr/frm/lu/ 1 push, slide. Dia sedang menyorong sebuah gerobak. He is pushing a cart. Dia menyorong pintu itu setiap hari. He slides the door everyday. 2 menyorong-nyorong: urge, suggest, propose, encourage  Kami menyorong-nyorong dia mencari kerja We urged him to find a job. 3 bribe
-menyorongkan: v /tr/ 1 slide sth forward. Dia menyorongkan daun jendela itu keluar She pushed the window’s shutter forward.
-sorongan: n 1 cart to bring sth 2 push 3 bribe. 3 push

sorot: n /frm/lu/ 1 ray, beam (of light, lamp, sun, etc.). 2 look, gaze (of eyes) 3 flash
-menyorot: v 1 shine Lampu sorot menyorot para pemain di panggung dengan sinar warna warni The spotlight shine the performers on the stage with colourful light. 2 radiate Kembang api itu menyorotkan sinar-sinar menakjubkan dilangit yang sedang gelap. The fireworks radiate wonderful light on the black sky 3 flash |to suddenly shine brightly for a short time, or to make something do this| Pemburu menggunakan lampu dikepala menyorot hewan buruan di malam hari The hunter use a headlight to flash the prey at night.
-menyoroti: v high light |to make a problem, subject etc. easy to notice so people will pay attention to it| Laporan itu menyoroti masalah terjadinya kerusakan lingkungan alam The report highlights the problem of environment destruction
-menyorotkan: v /tr/ Proyektor adalah satu alat elektronik yang dapat digunakan menyorotkan satu citra (gambar sstu) dari film slide atau dari file computer ke layar atau dinding. Projector is an electronic equipment that can be used to project an image from a slide or from a computer file to the surface of a screen or a wall.
-penyorot: n 1 spotlight, flashlight, stage footlight, projector, headlight 2 highlighter, commentator, reporter, reviewer
-sorotan: n 1 highlight  Resesi ekonomi menjadi sorotan masmedia hari ini. The economic recession becomes the highlight of media today 2 subject of spotlight Aktor yang sedang berperan harus selalu menjadi sorotan lampu sorot. An actor in action should be always the object of the spotlight.

sortasi: n /frm/lu/ sorting, grading.

sortir; mensortir: v /frm/lu/ 1 sort 2 grade.
-peny(s)ortiran: n 1 sorting (of mail, etc.) 2 grading |selection based on quality|

sosbud {sosial budaya}: n /frm/lu/ sociocultural.

sosial: adj /frm/lu/ social |relating to human society and its organization, or the quality of people’s lives|  Kita harus berhadapan dengan masalah sosial yang nyata seperti pengangguran. We ought to be dealing with the real social issues such as unemploymesocial.
-fungsi sosial: n 1 societal function. 2 charita­ble.
-kesosialan: n 1 friendliness 2 sociality 3 socialism
-mensosialisasikan: v socialize
-pensosialan: n socialization.

sosialis: n /frm/lu/ socialist
-sosialistis: adj socialistic.
-meny(s)osialistiskan: v make sb/sth socialistic (the economy, etc.).

sosialisasi: n /frm/lu/ socialization.

sosialisme: n /frm/lu/ socialism.

sosialitas: n /frm/lu/ charitableness, charity.

sosiatri: n //frm/ measurement of social behavior, esp. as a field of study.

sosiawan: n /frm/lu/ a social-minded or altruistic man.

sosiawati: n /frm/lu/ a social-minded or altruistic woman .

sosio-budaya: n /frm/lu/ sociocultural.

sosiografi: n /frm/lu/ social ethnography.

sosiolinguistik: n /frm/lu/ sociolinguistics.

sosiolog: n /frm/lu/ sociologist.

sosiologi: n /frm/lu/ sociology.

sosiologis: adj /frm/lu/ sociological.

sosio-nasionalisme: n /frm/lu/ socialist nationalism.

sosio-psikologi: n /frm/lu/ social psychology.

soska {sosialis kanan}: n /frm/lu/ right-wing socialist.

soski {socialis kiri}: n /frm/lu/ left-wing socialist.

sosoh1; meny(s)osoh: v /ld/ whiten or clean rice.
-penyosoh: n sth for hulling rice.
-mesin penyosoh: n huller.
-penyosohan: n the process of rice hulling.

sosok1: n /ld/ 1 buttonhole 2 noose |a circle of a rope that becomes tighter as it is pulled, used for hanging people as a punishment| 3 pesosok: loop

sosok2: n /frm/lu/ 1 form, shape, frame. sosok tubuh shape of the body, figure. 2 numeral classifier for body. Tiga­ sosok badan bergelimpangan di jalan. Three bodies were sprawled on the street.
-bersosok: v have the shape of. Dia bersosok tinggi besar He is tall and large.
-menyosok: v set up the framework (of house), lay the keel (of ship).

Sospol {Sosial dan Politik}: n /lu/ 1 social and political science 2 fakultas sospol social and politi­cal sciences department (of a university).

soto: n /frm/lu/ clear soup.
-menyoto: v make soto of sth Dia menyoto ayamnya He made his chicken into solo.
-soto ayam: n chicken soup.
-soto babat: n tripe soup.
-soto daging: n beef soup.
-soto mi/mie: n noodle soup.
-soto madura: n Madurese-style soup (with potato croquettes).

sotong: n /frm/lu/ cuttlefish, squid.

Sovyet-Uni: n Soviet Union.

sowan: v /Jv/ pay courtesy  (sb of higher status). Ny. Suwarni sowan pada Ny. Kartini Mrs. Suwarni paid courtesy call on Mrs. Kartini.

sp-: see also entries with sep-.

SP {Sri Paduka}: n His Excellency, title for kings and at one time the president of Indonesia.

spada: n /ld/ a call to announce sb’s arrival at a house such as “anybody home?”

span: variant of sepan:

spanduk: n /frm/lu/ street banner affixed on both ends.

Spanyol: variant of Sepanyol:

sparepart; sperpar: n /frm/lu/ spare parts.

spasi: n /frm/lu/ space (in typing, etc.).

spatbor; spatbord: n /frm/lu/ fender, mudguard. (of a car)

speedometer; spidometer: n /frm/lu/ speedometer.

spektakuler: adj /frm/lu/ spectacular.

spektograf: n /tech/ spectograph.

spektogram: n /tech/ spectogram.

spectrum: n /frm/lu/ spectrum.

spekuk: n /ld/ multilayered butter cake.

spekulan: n /frm/lu/ speculator.

spekulasi: n /frm/lu/1 speculation, conjecture 2 risky com­mercial venture 3 undertake a risky venture.
-berspekulasi: v 1 speculate, conjecture. 2 undertke a risky venture.

spekulatif: adj /frm/lu/ speculative.

spekulator: n /frm/lu/ speculator.

sperma: n /frm/lu/ sperm.

spesi: variant of spesies:

special: adj /frm/lu/ special.

spesialis: n /frm/lu/ specialist.

spesialisasi: n /frm/lu/ specialization.

spesialitas: n /frm/lu/ specialty.

spesies: n /frm/lu/ species.

spesifik: adj /frm/lu/ 1 specific. 2 characteristic (of certain place or ethnic group). makanan spesifik Sunda charac­teristically Sundanese cuisine.

spesifikasi: n /frm/lu/ specification.
-menspesifikasi: v specify.

spidol: n /frm/lu/ felt-tip marker.

spion: n /frm/lu/ 1 spy 2 rear view mirror.

spionase: n /frm/lu/ espionage.

spiral: n /frm/lu/ l spiral. 2 intrauterine birth control device.

spiralisasi: n /frm/lu/ program for getting the population to accept intrauterine birth control devices.

spirit: n /frm/lu/ enthusiasm, vigor.

spiritual; spiritual: adj /frm/lu/ spiritual.

spiritus; spirtus: n /frm/lu/ methyl spirit, rubbing alcohol.

spon; spons: n /frm/lu/ foam rubber sponge.

sponsor: n /frm/lu/ sponsor (of contest, etc.).
-mensponsori: v sponsor

spontan: adj /frm/lu/ spontaneous.
-kespontanan: n spontaneity.

spontanitas: n /frm/lu/ spontaneity.

spor; sport: n 1 sports. 2 exercise.

spora: n /lu/ spore.

sporadic: adj /lu/ sporadic.

sportif : adj /frm/lu/1 sportsmanlike, fair. 2 casual (of clothing).
-kesportifan: n sportsmanship.

sportifitas; sportivitas: n /frm/lu/ sportsmanship.

sportip: variant of sportif:

sprei: see seprai:

S.Psi. {Sarjana Psikologi}: n bachelor’s degree in psy­chology.

spt. {seperti}: prep. /lu/ as, like.

spura: variant of spora:

S’pura {Singapura}: n Singapore.

spy. {supaya}: conj. /wrt/frm/lu/ 1 for Kita perlu mendaki lebih tinggi supaya kita bisa menatap danau itu. We need to climb higher for we can see the lake 2 so that Putar balik supaya kamu bisa melihat siapa yang sedang datang. Turn back so that you can see who is coming.

sr-: see also entries with ser-.

srempeng; srempengan: adv /Jv/ enthusiastically. Kami masih srempengan mengikuti kuliah Prof. Winarto. We still enthusiastically attended Prof. Winarto’s lecture.

srempet: variant of serempet:

sri: variant of seri:

srikandi: n /frm/lu/ 1 heroine 2 |Arjuna’s wife, in some old romances and puppet show|

srikaya: variant of serikaya:

srt.{surat}: n /frm/lu/ letter (correspondence).

srudug; meny(s)ruduk: v /frm/lu/ ram or butt with sb’s head.
-ke­sruduk: v sufler a head on blow or head on collision. Dia meninggal seketika akibat kesruduk bis She died imme­diately after being hit head-on by a bus.

SS {Sarjana Sastra}: n bachelor’s degree in literature.

ssk. {surat-surat kabar}: n newspapers.

sssst, st Hush!: intrj. |sound made to silence s.o.|

st-: see also entries with set-:

St. {Sutan}: /Mel/ title of nobility.

stabil: adj /lu/ stable.
-meny(s)tabil: v /intr/ become stable. Eko­nomi sedang menstabil The economy is becoming stable now.
-kestabilan: n stability.
-meny(s)tabilkan: v /tr/ stabilize.
-penstabil: n stabilizer
-penstabilan: v stabilization

stabilisasi: n /frm/lu/ stabilization.

stabilisator: n /frm/lu/ stabilizer, stabilizing factor.

stabilitas: n /frm/lu/ stability.

stabilo: n /frm/lu/ 1 light color marking pen to highlight text. 2 neon-colored.
-menstabilo: v mark a text with a highlighting pen.
-stabiloan: n traces of marking with such a pen.

stadia: n /frm/lu/ stages of a disease. Kankernya sudah pada stadia lanjut. Her cancer was in an advanced stage.

stadion: variant of stage:

stadium: n /frm/lu/ stage of a disease.

staf: n staff.

stagen: n /frm/lu/ women’s waist sash or cummerbund ..

stagnasi: n /frm/lu/ stagnation.

staking: n /inf/ a strike (work stoppage).

stalles: n /of/ center seats in a theater.

stambuk: n ledger.

stambul: n /frm/lu/ stage show often featuring indigenous versions of western drama .

Stambul: n Istanbul.

stamina: n /frm/lu/ stamina.

stan1; standi: n /frm/lu/ (sport) score. Standnya berapa? What is the score?

stan2: n /frm/lu/ stand |small shop in recreation places, exhibition, or shopping centers|.

standar1: n /frm/lu/ standard.
-menstandardkan: v standardize.
-penstandaran: n standardization.

standar2: n /frm/lu/ bicycle or motorcycle kickstand.

standar3: n /frm/lu/ standards, emblems of an army, etc.

standardisasi: n /lu/ standardization.

stang: n /frm/lu/ 1 bar (of vehicle, engine, etc.) 2 handlebar of a bicycle.
-meny(s)tang stir: v control sb or sth
-stang stir:
n 1 steering wheel 2 bicycle handlebar.

stanplas; stanplat: n /ld/of/  bus stop. -syn: /lu/ stasiun

stanza: n stanza.

star: n /ld/ cataract.

start1: v /frm/lu/ 1 begin 2 start.

start2: n /frm/lu/ 1 the beginning of an event (esp athletic competition)

starter: n /frm/lu/ ignition. 2 /electricity/ ftourescent ligh ignition
-menstarter: v start an engine with ignition.

stasi: n Catholic Church’ region.

stasioner: adj /frm/lu/ stationary.

stasiun: variant of stasion:

stater: variant of starter:

statis: adj /frm/lu/ static, stationary.
-kestatisan: n stationary.

statistik: n /frm/lu/ statistics.
-bersifat statistik: adj statistical
-secara statistik: adv statistically
-statistisian; statistikus: n statisticians.

statistisi: n /frm/lu/ statisticians.

status: n /frm/lu/  status.

statur; statuten: n /frm/ stature |the degree to which someone is admired or regarded as important| musisi dengan statur besar a musician of great stature

stek: variant of setek:

steker: n /frm/lu/ 1 electrical plug, light switch. 2 cigaretee lighter.

stel: variant of stil:

steling: n /of/ 1 installation, camps. 2 position 3 taking a position.
-mensteling: v 1 set up barricade­ around sth 2   take up a position.

stelsel: n /of/ system.

stembat: variant of  see stimbat:

stempel: variant of setempel:

sten; sten gun: n /frm/lu/ machine gun.

steno; stenografi: n /frm/lu/ shorthand.

stensil: n /frm/lu/ 1 mimeograph |a duplicator machine that makes copies of written, drawn, or typed material from a plastic sheet that is fitted around an inked drum|
-menstensil: v mimeograph
-perstensilan: n mirneography.
-stensilan: n copies that is made in this machine.

ster: n /chess/lu/ queen.

sterek: adj /frm/lu/ 1 strong. full-flavored (of beverages). 2 strong and healthy.

stereometri: n /frm/lu/ geometry.

stereoskopis: adj /tech/ stereoscopic.

stereotip1: n /frm/lu/ stereotype. itu adalah stereotip that is a stereotype

stereotip2: adj /frm/lu/ stereotypi­cal.

steril: adj /frm/lu/ sterile.
-kesterilan: n sterility.
-mensterilkan: v sterilize.

sterilisasi: n /frm/lu/ sterilization.

stetoskop: n /frm/lu/ stethoscope.

S.Th. {Sarjana Theologi}: n Master of Theology.

stiker: n /frm/lu/ sticker, decal.

stimbat: n /frm/lu/ steam bath.

stimulans: n /frm/lu/ stimulant, stimulus.

stimulasi: n /frm/lu/ stimulation.
-menstimulasi: v stimulate.

stimulir; menstimulir: v /frm/lu/ stimulate.

STKI {Surat Tanda Kewarganegaraan Indonesia}: n Indonesian citizenship card.

stl. {setelah}: prep. after.

STM {Sekolah Tehmk Menengah}: n Technique (Vocational) High School.

STNK {Surat Tanda Nomor Kendaraan}: n vechicle license.

stock; stok stock: n /frm/lu/ supply.
-stock opname: n inventory check.

stoking: n /frm/lu/ women’s stockings.

stop: variant of setop:

stopkontak: n /frm/lu/ electric socket, plug.

stoples: n /frm/lu/ glass jar for storing dry food.

stopmap: n /frm/lu/ folio-sized folder.

stor: variant of setor:

storing: n /frm/lu/ radio static, disturbance.

strap: variant of setrap:

strat: n /frm/lu/ street.

strata: n /frm/lu/ level (in society, education).
-strata 1: n also S1 |first degree given by an university before master program|
-strata 2: n also S2 |master degree|
-strata 3: n also S3 |Ph D|

strategi: n /frm/lu/ strategy.

strategis: adj /frm/lu/ strategic.

stratifikasi: n /frm/lu/ stratification.

stratigrafi: n /tech/ stratigraphy.

stratosfer: variant of stratosfir:

stratosfir: n /frm/ stratosphere.

stratum: n stratum (of soil, society, etc.).

streples: n /frm/lu/ strapless (bra, gown, etc.).

strip: variant of setrip:

striptis: n /frm/lu/ strip-tease.

stromking; strongking: n /frm/lu/ high-pressure kerosene lantern.

stroom; strom: variant of setrum:

struktur: n /frm/lu/ structure.
-struktur organisasi: n orga­nizational chart.
-menstrukturkan: v structure
-penstrukturan: n structuring.

struktural: adj /frm/lu/ structural.

strukturalisme: n /frm/lu/ structuralism.

strukturil: variant of structural:

STTB {Surat Tanda Tamat Belajar}: n diploma for primary or secondary school.

studen: n /frm/lu/ student.

studi: n /frm/lu/ 1 study 2 research.
-studi lapangan: n field study.

studio: n /frm/lu/ studio.

stupa: n /frm/lu/ dome enclosing an effigy of Buddha.

sua; bersua: v /frm/lu/ 1 run into Saya bersua dengan dia di jalan. I ran into her on the road. 2 meet, find Akhirnya dia bersua dengan apa yang diinginkannya. Finally he meet what he wanted

suai: see sesuai: adj, adv /frm/lu/ in accordance with, appropriate, according to.

suaka1: n /frm/lu/ 1 asylum. 2 sanctuary, reservation, protection
-suaka politik: n political asylum.
-suaka alam: n wildlife reservation

suaka2: variant of sewaka:

suam: adj /frm/lu/ a little warm.
-suan kuku: adj lukewarm.
-kesuaman: n 1 warmth. 2 fe­verishness.

suami: n /frm/lu/ husband.
-suami-isteri: n married couple |husband and wife|
-bersuami: adj married (a woman)
-bersuamikan: v to have sb as a husband (the wife of sb) Apa ada diantara kamu yang bersuamikan polisi? Is there any of you whose husband is a police?
-mempersuamikan: v marry sb (a man). Dia tidak keberatan mempersuamikan pria lebih muda dari dia. She doesn’t have any objection to marry a man who is younger that her.

suap: n /frm/lu/ 1 mouthful  sesuap nasi a mouthful of rice Dia harus bekerja keras untuk sesuap nasi He has to work hard just for daily food (a mouthful rice). 2 bribe Apa merurut kamu dia menerima suap? Do you think he receives bribe?
-menyuap: v bribe /tr/ Menyuap seorang pejabat itu adalah kejahatan To bribe an official is a crime.
-menyuapi: v /tr/ feed sb with your hand or a spoon Dia sangat sakit tidak bisa makan sendiri sehingga seseorang harus menyuapi dia. She was very sick, she couldn’t take her food by herself, so sb has to feed her.
-bersuap-suapan: v feed each other |a custom in some marriage rituals|
-penyuapan: n bribery .

suar: n /frm/lu/ signal light, flare.
-bersuar: v 1 light a signal flare 2 signal.
-meny(s)uar: v light, illuminate.
-mercu suar: n light house |a signal lamp for sailing activity at night|

suara: n /frm/lu/ 1 voice Arnold benar-benar memiliki suara bagus Arnold has a really beautiful voice 2 sound Tidak ada suara yang keluar dari TV itu. There’s no sound coming from the TV 3 vote Partai kami tidak meraih banyak suara pada pemilihan umum yang lalu .  Our party didn’t collect much vote at the last general election. 4 audio Yang mana colokan suara? Which is the audio jack?
-alih suara: n dubbing |replacing the original sound recording of a film, television show etc. with another sound recording|
-bersuara: v 1 sound |to produce a voice, or to make something do this| Kenapa radio ini tidak bersuara? Why this radio doesn’t sound? 2 speak Di dalam rapat dia tidak bersuara sama sekali, tetapi setelah itu banyak komentarnya. At the meeting he didn’t speak at all, after that he comments a lot. 3 have voice Dia bersuara merdu She has melodious voice.
-bilik suara: n voting booth.
-kotak suara: n ballot box.
-memberi suara: v vote (in an election) Hanya 60% dari pemilih yang memberi suara. There was only 60% of the voters voted. 4 make noise Diam, jangan bersuara. Keep silent, don’t make noise.
-menyuarakan: v utter, sound out  Pilihlah saya dan saya akan menyuarakan aspirasi rakyat. Vote for me, and I’ll sound out the people’s aspiration.
-pemungutan suara: v voting.
-penyuaraan: n 1 declamation 2 dubbing. 3 voicing.
-surat suara: n ballot.

suasa: n /frm/lu/ 14 karat or less of gold or |alloy that contains about 58% or less of gold|

suasana: n /lu/ 1 atmosphere |the feeling that an event, situation, or place gave you|  Suasana di rumah benar-benar memberi perasaan tertekan sejak kamu pergi The atmosphere at home has been really depressing since you left Pernyataan politik presiden itu sungguh menciptakan suasana kondusif The president political statement really created a conducive atmosphere.

suatu: n /frm/lu/ 1 a, an |indefinite article|  Suatu saat dimasa datang kamu akan menyadari kesalahan ini. At a time in the future you’ll realize this mistake. 2 sesuatu: a) something Saya ingin memberi sesuatu pada kamu. I want to give you something b) thing Itulah adalah sesuatu yang saya harapkan. That is the thing what I wanted. 3 anything  Mereka tidak pernah mengatakan sesuatu. They never said anything.

subahat: variant of syuhabat:

subang: n /ld/ earring
-bersubang: v wear earring

subhanahu wa taala: n /Isl/ 1 Praise be unto the Almighty, a laudation uttered upon comple­tion of sb’s ritual prayers or upon mentioning one of God’s names. 2  exclama­tion of surprise.

subjek: variant of subyek:

subjektif: adj /frm/lu/ subjective.

subjektifisme: n /frm/ subjectivism.

subjektifitas; subjektifitet: n /lu/ subjectivity.

subkomisi: n /frm/lu/ subcommission.

sublime: adj /frm/ sublime. |excellent in a way that makes you feel very happy|

sublimasi: n /frm/ sublimation.

subordinasi1: n /frm/lu/ subordinate. Berapa subordinasi yang ada dalam organisasi ini?How many subordinate do you have in this organisation?

subordinasi2: adj /frm/lu/ subordinasi Saya bekerja di unit subordinasi I work in a subordinate unit.
-mensubordinasi: v subordi­nate Menejer itu mensubordinasi tiga bagian. The manager subordinates three divisions.

subsider: adv /frm/lu/ 1 /law/ with the option of. Di dihukum denda Rp300.000 subsider empat bulan kurungan She was sentenced to a fine of 300,000 rupiah or four months imprisonment. 2 subsidiary, secondary

subsidi: n /frm/lu/ subsidy
-bersubsidi: adj subsidized
-disubsidi: v be subsidized. sekolah bersibsidi subsidized school.
-meny(s)ubsidi: v subsidize

substantif: adj /frm/lu/ substantive.

substitusi: n /frm/lu/ substitution.
-mensubsitusi: v substitute.

substratum: n /frm/lu/ substratum.

subtel: adj /frm/lu/ subtle |not easily noticed unless you pay careful attention|  Dia memperhatikan beberapa perobahan subtle dalam kepribadiannya. She noticed some subtle changes in his personality.

subtropics: adj /frm/lu/ subtropical.

subuh: n /lu/ 1 dawn, daybreak. 2 the early morning Islam prayer. 2 very early in the morning

subur1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 fertile a) (land) Tanah ini kelihatannya sangat subur This land seems very fertile b) (female) Dia sedang pada umur suburnya She is in her fertile age. 2 prosperous, healthy Mereka kelihatannya subur They look prosperous and healthy.
-kesuburan: n fertility.
-menyuburkan: v fertilize.
-penyubur: n fertilizer.

subur2: adv /frm/lu/ fast Pohon itu bertumbuh subur. The tree grows fast.

suburban: n /frm/lu/ automobile formerly used for inte-rurban passenger transportation

subversi: n /frm/lu/ subversion.

subversive: n /frm/lu/ subversive.

subyek: n /frm/lu/ 1 subject, topic of discussion. 2 /ling./ subject.
-subyek gabungan: n compound subject.

subyektif; subyektip: variant of subjektif:

subyektivisme: variant of subjektifisme:

suci: adj /frm/lu/ 1 pure, purified. 2 holy.
-bersuci: adj ­1 live a pure life. 2 cleanse sb’s impurities. 3 /Isl./ cleanse the body after defilement (defecation, giving birth, sexual intercourse, etc.).
-kesucian: n 1 purity, chastity.
-kesucian jiwa: n 1 purity of the soul. 2 holiness.
-mensuci ­hamakan: v sterilize, make germ-free.
-meny(s)ucikan: v 1 clean with water. 2 sanctify.
-mempersucikan: v bless.
-peny(s)ucian: n purification.
-peny(s)uci: n sth or an effort that is used to purify
-suci hama: adj sterile, aseptic.
-tersuci1: adj the most pure or holy
-tersuci2: v be intentionally wiped.

sudah1: adv /frm/lu/ already |to describe what happened before a particular time| Saat kami tiba disana ruangan sudah penuh sesak. By the time he arrived, the room was already crowded  as of a certain point in time.

sudah2: v /aux.v /frm/lu/ 1 have, has a) |used to describe that the following verb is in the form of present tense or present participle| Saya sudah lapar I’m hungry.Dia sudah sedang dalam rapat. She has being in a meeting. Saya  sudah sedang dalam perjalanan ke airport. I have being on the way to the airport. b) |used to describe that the following verb is in the form of past participle| Apa kamu sudah pernah ke tempat ini? Have you ever been here? Saya sudah punya seorang sekretaris. I have had a secretary. Apa kamu sudah menonton film baru Disney? Have you seen the new Disney movie? 2 |to indicate that sth has been at a certain condition, level, or quality| Apa ini sudah cukup? Is this enough? Apa kamu sudah tahu hal itu Have you known that? Sudah pasti itu akan terjadi. It’s definite, that it’ll be happen (Definitely, it’ll be happened)  Sudah barang tentu! Of course!   3 how |implicitly refer to the common understanding of sth| Sudah bagaimana? How is it? Sudah berapa? How is the total?
-kesudahan: n 1 final end Kesudahan pertemuan itu sangat mengecewakan The final end of the meeting was disappointed. 2 conclusion, finishing, accomplishment.
-menyudahi: v conclude, finish, accomplish -sesudah1: adv after, later. |later than someone or something else|  Saya tiba pukul 4:00. dan dia satu jam sesudah itu.I arrived at 4:00 p.m, and he did an hour after
-sesudah2: prep. Sesudah nama saya baru nama kamu dalam daftar itu. After my name than your name on the list.

sudara; sudare: variant of saudara:

sudi1: adj /frm/lu/ (would be) pleased Apakah anda sudi mendukung program ini? Would you be pleased to support this program?
-kesudian: n willingness

sudi2; sudi siasat: n /frm/lu/ interrogation.
-meny(s)udisiasati: v /tr/ interro­gate, examine.

sudra: n /frm/lu/ the lowest Hindu caste.

sudut: n /frm/lu/1 corner Taruhlah disudut ruangan Put it on the corner of the room  2 /math/ angle Gambar sebuah sudut lancip 300 di kertas kamu Draw a 300 acute angle on your paper 3 direction Mereka datang dari segala sudut. The came from every direction. 4 point Dari sudut pandang komunikasi, apa yang dia lakukan itu hanyalah sebuah propaganda. From the view point of communication, what he is doing is just a propaganda.
-berhadapan sudut: adv kitty-corner Kantor dia berhadapan sudut dengan kantor saya. His office locate kitty corner from mine.
-bersudut: v have an angle, corner.
-menyudutkan: v 1 bring sth to the corner 2 make or put sb on a difficult position
-sudut mata: n eyes corner.
-sudut siku: n right angle.
-sudut tumpul: n obtuse angle.

sufiks: n suffix.

sugesti: n /frm/lu/ power (hypnotic, etc.) to direct another’s actions.
-mensugesti: v | persuade others to be of the same opinion or to make someone think that a particular thing is true|  Artikel itu mensugesti bahwa Mega mungkin akan mencalonkan diri jadi presiden. The article suggested that Mega might run for president.

sugestif: adj /frm/lu/ 1 having the power to direct another’s actions. 2 suggestive |making you think of sex| satu tarian yang sugestif a suggestive dance

sugi1; penyugih: n /frm/ toothpick.
-bersugi1: v use a toothpick.
-meny(s)ugi1: v pick sb’s teeth with a toothpick.

sugi2: n /frm/lu/ tobacco quid, esp. chewed with betel.
-bersugi2: v have a tobacco quid in the mouth.
-menyugi2: v ­wipe betel juice from sb’s mouth.

suguh; suguhan: n /frm/lu/1 presentation 2 performance 3 offering |sth that you serve, present, or offer|
-menyuguhkan: v 1 serve Mereka menyuguhkan makanan tradisi They served traditional food. 2 Kami akan menyuguhkan gubahan kami yang terakhir. We are going to present our latest composition Stasiun TV ini biasanya menyuguhkan drama TV bersambung. The TV station usually perform serial TV drama
-penyuguhan: n 1 serving 2 performing 3 presenting 4 offering
-suguh sumbangsih: n contribution in honor of sb

suhanura {suara hati nurani}: n the voice of sb’s inner heart.

suhu1: n temperature.

suhu2: n /frm/lu/ 1 instructor of martial art 2 magical healer.        .

suit: n /spo/ sound of whistling.
-bersuit: v whistle, esp. with sb’s fingers between the lips
-bersuit-suit: v whistle repeatedly. Pemuda itu bersuit-suit memancing perhatian gadis itu. That young man repeatedly whistles to attract the attention of the girl.
-meny(s)uit: v whistle at sb
-suitan: n a whistle, whistling.
-suitan kereta api: n whistling of a locomotive.

sujadah: variant of sajadah:

suji; bersuji: v /frm/lu/ have delicate embroidery on it.
-meny(s)uji: v delicately embroider
-sujian: n delicate embroidery.

sujud: n /frm/lu/ 1 bow from kneeling position so that your forehead touches floor, a part of prayer ritual of certain religion
-bersujud: v 1 perform this bow. 2 admit sb’s humble position. Dia mengharapkan saya mau bersujud pada kakinya. He expected me to grovel at his feet.
-meny(s)ujud-­tawakalkan: v resign sth (to God).
-sujud ­tawakal: n bow in resignation (to God’s will).

suka1: n /frm/lu/ happiness, joy, pleasure, delight. Suka dan duka datang silih berganti. Happiness and sorrow usually happen by turn.
-kesukaan: n 1 favourite, choice, preference Ini adalah buah kesukaan saya. This is my favourite fruit. 2 joy, pleasure Kunjungan anda benar-benar satu kesukaan bagi semua kami. Your visiting is really a joy for all of us.

suka2: v /frm/lu/ 1 like, be fond of  Dia suka sekali es krim She like ice cream very much. Dia suka hewan peliharaan. He likes pet. 2 tend to Dia suka marah pada saya He tends to be angry at me.
-bersukaria: v glory in (sth) |to enjoy or be proud of the praise, attention, and success that you get|  Partai baru itu bersukaria atas kemenangannya. The new party gloried in his victory.
-bersukacita: v be happy
-bersuka-sukaan: v fall in love each other.
-menyukai: v /tr/ like, fond of, love

suka3: adv /frm/lu/ 1 frequently Dia suka berbohong pada saya. She frequently lie to me. 2 apt to Kalau kamu suka membuang sisa makanan sembarangan, itu berarti kamu mengundang lalat. If you apt to throwing leftover of the food every where, it means you invite flies.
-sesuka hati: adv as sb want to Kamu tidak boleh berbuat sesuka hati. You can’t just do what ever you want to.
-suka tak suka: /phr./ like or dislike. Suka tidak suka kamu harus pergi. Like or dislike, you have to go.
-sesukanya: phr as sb wish Dia selalu bertindak sesukanya. He always act as she wish.

Sukabumi: n one of a big city of West Java.

sukacita: n /frm/lu/ 1 happiness , glory, rejoice, joy  2 state of being glad,
-bersukacita: v be happy, be glorified, be joyful.

sukamandi: n /ld/ dark cotton cloth.

sukar: adj /frm/lu/ hard, difficult, though
-meny(s)ukarkan; mempersukar: v cause sth more difficult.
-kesukaran: n difficulty, hardship. Dia banyak menderita kesukaran dalam hidup He suffered  a lot of hardships in her life.

sukarela1: adj /frm/lu/ voluntary Ini adalah bantuan sukarela. This is a voluntary aids.
-bersukarela: v volunteer Saya bersukarela mencuci paralatan makan itu. I volunteered to wash the dishes.

sukarela2; secara sukarela: adv /frm/lu/ voluntarily Saya melakukan itu semua secara sukarela. I did it all voluntarily.

sukarelawan: n /frm/lu/ volunteer. Kami bukan pekerja bayaran disini, tetapi sukarelawan. We are not paid workers here but volunteer.

sukarelawati: n /frm/lu/ woman volunteer.

sukaria: n /frm/lu/ 1 happiness 2 delight 3 pleasure 4 joy

sukma: n /lu/ life spirit, soul.

sukses1: n /frm/lu/ success. Mudah-mudahan kamu mendapat sukses May you gain a success!

sukses2: v /frm/lu/ be successful. Saya berharap kamu sukses I hope that you’ll be successful
-meny(s)ukseskan: v make sth successful.
-kesuksesan: n suc­cess Kesuksesan kamu adalah satu impian buat saya. Your success is a dream for me.

suksesi: n /frm/lu/ replacement (of a person in authority)

suku1: n /frm/lu/1 a quarter, one-fourth. 2 a part. 3 extended family, clan, ethnic, tribe 4 a half rupiah (50 cents) 6 /biol./ family |of animal, plant|
-bersuku: v be grouped in tribe, clan, ethnic, etc.
-(bilangan) suku dua: n /lu/ number consisting of two digits, group of two digits. 4 (biol) family. 5 (Lit.) 50 cents.
-kesukuan: n nepotism.
-suku cadang: n /lu/ spare parts.
-sesuku: n 1 a half of rupiah. 2 of the same ethnic group.

suku2: n /Jv/ leg (of animal)

suku3; suku kata: n /ling./ syllable.

sukuisme: n /frm/lu/ nepotism

sukun: n /frm/lu/ breadfruit.

sukur: variant of syukur:

sukwan {sukarelawan}: n volunteer.

sukwati {sukarelawati}: n female volunteer.

Sulaiman: n /Bib./Koran/ Solomon.

sulam1; sulaman: n /frm/lu/ embroidery.
-bersulam: v be embroidered. kain bersulam embroidered cloth.
-bersulamkan: v 1 be embroidered with sth 2 be added to with sth, sprinkled with sth., laden with (additions). Suratku bersulamkan dorongan se­mangat kepada dia agar belajar lebih tekun My letter was sprinkled with encouragements to her to study harder.
-menyulamkan: v embroider. Saya mau menyulamkan selogan ini dengan benang merah I want to embroider this slogan with read thread.
-tersulam: v be embroidered.
-suaman: n embroidery, em­broidered goods.

sulam2; menyulam: v /frm/lu/ replace dead seedlings with new ones.

sulang1: n /frm/lu/ l soot.| black powder that is produced when something burns| sulang lampu black dirt of kerosene lamp
-ber­sulang: v be dirty with soot.

sulang2; menyulang: v /frm/lu/ |feed sb with your hand or a spoon| Dia sangat sakit, dia tidak bisa makan sendiri jadi seseorang harus menyulang dia. She was very sick, she couldn’t take her food by herself, so sb has to feed her.
-bersulang-sulangan: v give food or drink each other. ­ (custom for bride and groom in some areas).
-menyulang: v feed sb directly to the mouth
-menyulangkan: v /tr/ feed sb sth with sth Dia menyulangkan jagung muda kepada anaknya She feed young corn to her baby

sulap1: n /frm/lu/ magic, conjuring, sleight of hand.
-bersulap: v 1 perform a magical show 2 engage in a conjury.
-menys(s)ulap: v 1 conjure up sth Dia bisa menyulap sepotong saputangan menjadi seekor merpati. He can conjure a piece of handkerchief  to be a dove  2 cause sth to disappear |to steal money from the place where you work (esp. in embezzlements, etc.)|
-peny(s)ulap: n conjurer, conjuror
-penyulapan: n conjuring, methods of sleight of hand.
-sulapan: n conjuring.

sulap2; bersulap: v /ld/ have a defect in the weaving.

Sulawesi; n Celebes, Sulawesi.

sulfat: n /ltech/ medicinal powder containing a sulfanilamide drug.

sulphur: n sulphur.

suling: n /lu/ flute
-bersuling: v play a flute

suling2; menyuling: v /frm/lu/ 1 distil |to heat a liquid so that it becomes a gas and then let it cool so that it becomes liquid again, in order to make it more pure or in order to make a strong alcoholic drink| 2 refine
-penyulingan: n 1 distillery, refinery 2 distillation, refining

suling3: adj /frm/lu/ distilled Gunakan air suling untuk mencampur bahan-bahan itu. Use distilled water to mix the substances

suling4; bersuling: v /ld/ be tumbled upside down.
-meny(s)ulingkan: v turn sth upside down.

sulit: adj /frm/lu/ 1 difficult, hard, complicated  Soal pada lembaran ujian itu sangat sulit. The problem on the test sheet was very difficult. 2 critical Kita sedang menghadapi situasi ekonomi sulit We are facing a critical economic situation.
-menyulitkan: v /tr/ 1 harden 2 toughen |make sth more difficult|
-kesulitan: n difficulty, handicap, complication, hardship

Sulsel {Sulawesi Selatan}: n South Sulawesi.

sultan: n /frm/lu/ sultan.
-kesultanan: n sultanate.

suluh; penyuluh: n /frm/lu/ 1 torch. 2 scout, spy 3 motivator.
-bersuluh: v light with a torch.
-meny(s)uluhi: v 1 light sth with a torch, cast a light upon sth 2 inform, counsel
-penyuluhan: n counselling Di pedesaan mereka melakukan penyuluhan tentang kesehatan In the rural areas they conduct counselling on health. penyuluhan pertanian agriculture counseling peyluhan keluarga berencana family planning motivation and counselling
-penyuluh: n motivator, development agent. counsellor

sulung: n /frm/lu/ oldest, first-born. anak sulung first-born child.
-gigi sulung: n milk teeth.
-suluh tahun: n first day of the year.

sulut; menyulut: v /frm/lu/ 1 kindle, ignite, lit 2 provoke, set, incite
-menyulut api: v 1 ignite (fire) 2 provoke (a chaos, fight, anger) 3 light (cigarette)
-penyulut: n instrument or person that ignites a fire, chaos, hatred, etc.

Sulut {Sulawesi Utara}: n North Sulawesi.

Sultteng {Sulawesi Tengah}: n Central Sulawesi.

Sum. {Sumatera}: n Sumatra.

sumangat: variant of semangat:

sumba: n see kesumba:

sumbang1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 incestuous |related to illegal sex between people who are closely part of the same family| 2 illicit |not allowed by the law, or not approved of by society: an illicit love affair (esp. in sexual matters)| 3 out of tune, discordant (of music)
-mensumbangkan langkah: v 1 commit illicit act.
-mensumbangkan lagu: v make a song discordant.
-kesumbangan: n 1 impropriety, indecency. 2 falseness, discordance. 3 cynicism.

sumbang2; sumbangan: n /frm/lu/ 1 contribution 2 donation 3 grant 4 aids
-menyumbang: v /intr/ 1 contribute 2 donate 3 help 4 assist
-menyumbangkan: v /tr/ contribute, donate, bestow, grant confer, present.
-penyumbang: n contributor, donator, granter
-sumbang saran: n brainstorming.
-sumbangsih: n contribution.

sumbar: adj /frm/lu/ boast, brag.
-bersesumbar: v boast, show off. Dia sesumbar pasti menang She boasts that she will certainly win.
-bersesumbar: v boast, brag about (sth), challenge. Dia bersesumbar akan bisa mengalahkan lawannya She boasted that she could defeat her adversary.
-mensesumbarkan: v /tr/ boast, brag sth

Sumbar {Sumatem Barat}: n West Sumatra.

sumbat: n /frm/lu/ stopper, plug, lid.
-menyumbat: v stop, close up, plug up, lid menyumbat botol cork a bottle
-menyumbatkan: v use sth to block, stop, obstruct, or close sth
-penyumbat: n plug, lid, stopper, plug.
-penyumbatan: n clogging, obstruction, blockage.
-sumbat botol: n bottle lid.
-sumbat mulut botol: n cork of a bottle.
-tersumbat: v be stopped up, be gagged, be clogged up. Pipanya tersumbat The pipe is is clogged up.

sumber: n /frm/lu/ 1 source 2 resources
-bersumber: v 1 have (sth) as a source 2 originate (from)
-sumber alam: n natural resources.
-sumber penghasilan: n source of income.
-sumber terpercaya: n reliable source.

sumbing: adj /frm/lu/ jagged, dented, chipped. pisau sumbing a knife with a jagged edge.
-bibir sumbing: n harelip.

sumbu1: n /frm/lu/1 wick |the string on a candle or in an oil lamp that is burned| 2 fuse |a thing such as a string that is connected to a bomb and used for making it explode| 2 touchhole of a cannon.

sumbu2: n /frm/lu/ 1 wagon axle. 2 pivot, axis.
-sumbu bumi: n the earth’s axis.
-sumbu datar: n /math/ axis
-sumbu tegak: n /math/  coordinates .

sumbu3: n /frm/lu/ horn of a rhinoceros.

sumbul: n /Jv/ basket with a lid.

sumir: adj /frm/lu/ short, brief, succinct.
-perkara sumir: n clear-­cut cases (e.g. stealing, etc.).
-meny(s)umirkan: v 1shorten a matter 2 simplify

sumirat: n /Snd./ beam, glowing.

sumpah: n /frm/lu/ 1 oath. 2 curse 3 swear
-bersumpah: v swear Saya bersumpah tidak akan melakukannya lagi. I swear that I wouldn’t do it again.
-sumpah dokter: n hippocratic oath.
-sumpah setia: n oath of allegiance.
-sumpah jabatan: n official oath.
-sumpah palsu: n perjury.
-sumpah ­pocong: n oath taken while dressed in a shroud (the strongest form of oath).
-menyumpahi: v curse |to swear because you are very angry| Kami dengar dia menyumpahi mesin potong rumput itu karena tidak bergerak.  We heard him cursing at the lawn mower because it wouldn’t start.

sumpah-sumpah: n /ld/ flying lizard.

sumpal: n /frm/lu/ stopper.
-meny(s)umpal: v 1 plug sth, fill a gap 2  feed. Saya harus menyumpal empat mulut I have to feed four mouths.
-menyumpalkan: v plug up with sth Dia menyumpalkan sepotong kain ke tempat bocor itu. He plugged in a piece a cloth on the leak.

sumpek: adj /frm/lu/ 1 crowded. 2 feel stifled. have sb’s head in a whirl because of problems
-kesumpekan: n confusion of thought, feeling of being troubled.

sumpel: variant of sumpal:

sumpit1: n /frm/lu/ 1 chopsticks. 2 blow pipe (a traditional weapon)

sumpit2; meny(s)umpit: v /frm/lu/ shoot with a blowpipe.
-meny(s)umpitkan: v /tr/ use as a blowpipe.
-sumpitan: n blowpipe.

sumpit3; sumpit-sumpit: n /ld/ coarse, plaited stor­age bag, esp. for rice or salt.

Sumsel {Sumatera Selatan}: n South Sumatra.

sumsum: n /anat/frm/lu/ marrow.
-sumsum tulang belakang: n spine cord

Sumteng {Sumatera Tengah}: n Central Sumatra.

sumur: n /frm/lu/ well.
-sumur mati: n dry well.
-sumur pantek: n drilled well.

sumut{Sumatera Utara}: n North Sumatra.

sun1: n /frm/lu/ kiss on the cheek.

sun2: v /inf/lu/ men(g)sun; ngesun: v kiss lightly, peck sb’s cheek.

sunah: variat of sunat2:

Sunah: n /Isl./ orthodox law based on teachings and practices of Muh. as reported by tradition, sup­plement to Koran.
-ahli Sunah: n expert of this law.

sunan1: n /frm/ title for the holy men who first brought Islam to Java.

sunan2: n /Jv/ ruler of Surakarta.
-kesunanan: n dominion of the Sunan, i.e. Surakarta.

sunat1: n circumcision.
-bersunat: v be circumcised.
-menyunat: v 1 circumcise 2 skim |take money off the top of a budget so that the grantee gets only a portion|
-menyunati: v circumcise (several people).
-menyunatkan: v have sb circumcised.
-pesta sunatan: n celebration of a circumcision.
-sunatan: n circumcision.

­sunat2: n /Isl./ sunatrasul: adj optional, but meritorious if performed (of pious deeds, prayers, etc.).
-menyunatrasulkan: v 1 consider a deed meritorious. 2 pre­scribe for sb as a meritorious deed. Kaum Islam disunatrasulkan untuk berkhitan. Muslims prescribe circumci­sion, but it is not obligatory.

Sunda: n Sundanese, the Sunda area (West Java) |the second largest ethnic after Javanese|

sundal; sundel: n /ld/ prostitute.
-bersundal; menyundal: v practice prostitution.
-persundalan: n 1 prostitu­tion 2 fornication.
-sundal bolong: n evil fe­male spirit (with a hole in her back).
-sundal malam: n 1 tuberose that gives off a pleasant scent in the evening. 2 lewd, immoral. 3 /vulg./ Whore!, Bastard! |a strong exclamation of disapproval| . Anak sundal! Bas­tard!

sundul: see sondol:

sundut1: /Mdn/ generation, descent.
-bersundut: adj hereditary.

sungai: n /frm/lu/ river, stream.
-sungai mati: n 1 dry river. 2 road full of holes and stones.

sungguh1: adj /frm/lu/ very Dia sungguh berani menentang maut. He was very brave to face a danger. Buku itu sungguh mahal. The book was very expensive

sungguh2; sungguh-sungguh: adv /frm/lu/ 1 really Apa kamu sungguh-sungguh mau pergi? Do you really want to go? 2 seriously Dalam beberapa bulan terakhir dia belajar sungguh-sungguh. In the last few months he studies seriously. Dia kelihatannya sungguh-sungguh sakit. He truely seems to be sick. 3 sesungguhnya: actually. Sesungguhnya kamu tidak perlu harus  keluar negeri mencari barang itu. Actually we don’t need to go abroad just to find that thing.
-bersungguh-sungguh: adv seriously
-bersungguh-sungguh2: v 1 be serious 1 make a lot of efforts

sungguh3; kesungguhan: n /frm/lu/ 1 seriousness  2 soberness 3 pensiveness

sungguh4; sungguhpun: conj. although, even though Sungguhpun tidak begitu mahal saya tidak berminat membeli rumah itu. Although it is not very expensive, I‘m not interested to buy that house Sungguhpun panas, saya pergi juga. Even though it was hot, I went anyway.

sungguhpun: see sungguh4:

sungkan: adj /inf/lu/ 1 reluctant to approach or take action toward sb of higher status. Dia sungkan bicara kepada gurunya. He was reluctant to talk to her teacher 2 embarrassed before sb’s Ayo ambil, jangan sungkan. Come on take it, don’t be embarrassed
-menyungkani: v feel reluctant toward sb.

sungkur1: n /ld/ spade, shovel.

sungkur2; menyungkur: v /frm/lu/ 1 root up, grub up (earth). Babi hutan menyungkur tanah mencari umbi atau cacing. A wild boar roots up the soil to find tubers or worms. 2 lower the head (as if to root up). Kerbau menyungkur rnenyerang lawannya. The water buffalo lowered its head to attack its opponent.
-menyungkurkan: v put down, lower. Dia menyungkurkan kepalanya ke pangkuan saya. He laid his head on my lap.
-tersungkur: v fall headfirst. Aku tersungkur di lapangan sepakbola. I fell headfirst ­on the football field.
-tersungkur-sungkur: adv helter-skelter and head first Dia lari tersungkur-sungkur He run helter-skelter and head first.

sunglap: variant of sulap:

sungsang: adv /frm/lu/ 1 upside down. 2 against the grain.
-menyungsang: v 1 be upside down. 2 go against the grain.
-menyungsangkan: v place sth up­side down.

sungut1: n /frm/lu/ 1 a specialized organ of touch in an animal or insect (e.g. tentacle, antenna, feeler, etc.). 2 moustache
-sungut jangkerik: n a cricket’s antennae.
-sungut ­ikan: n fish barbell
-sungut kucing: n cat’s whiskers.

sungut2: n /ld/ nagging, grumbling.
-bersungut-sungut: v grum­ble, complain. Dia bersungut-sungut karena diminta pergi duluan, He grumbled because he was asked to go ahead Dia pergi juga sambil bersungut-sungut. He went anyway albeit with grumble.

suntik; menyuntik: v /lu/ 1 inject. Dokter menyuntik pasien itu sebelum pembedahan. The doctor injected the patient before operation. 2 incite |to deliberately make someone feel so angry or excited that s/he does something bad| Seorang anak muda telah dituduh menyuntik kekacauan. A young man was accused for inciting a riot.
-menyuntikkan: v 1 inject |to put a liquid, especially a drug, into your body by using a special needle| Ternak itu telah disuntik dengan vaksin The cattle has been injected with a vaccine. 2 add resources |to improve something by adding an important thing or quality to it| Bank Sentral akan menyuntikkan dana segar ke perusahaan-perusahaan Negara untuk memperkuat daya saing mereka. The Central Bank will add fresh money to the government-run company to strengthen their competitive ability.
-suntikan: n injection, vactination, incitement

sunting1: n /ld/ ornament or flower worn behind the ear.
-bersunting: v wear sth behind the ear.
-menyuntingkan: v place (sth) behind the ear or in the hair. Dia menyuntingkan bunga di rambut kekasihnya. She stuck a flower on his girlfriend’s hair.
-mempersunting1: v 1 adorn sb or sth 2 place sth. in sb’s possession

sunting2; menyunting: v /frm/lu/ 1 proofread and correct. Makalah ini perlu disunting lagi. This paper needs  to be proofread again. 2 edit  Tolong kata pendahuluan di sunting. Please edit the preface.
-penyuntingan: n editing.
-penyunting: n editor.

sunting3; mempersunting: v /frm/lu/ marry sb. (of men). Dia akhirnya mempersunting Sri Lesatari Finally he married Sri Lestari Dia sangat beruntung mempersunting seorang wanita cantik. He is very lucky to have such a pretty wife.
-menyuntingkan: v have sb marry sb else. Mereka telah menyuntingkan putrinya dengan seorang guru. They have their daughter to be married to a teacher.

suntuk1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 too late. Waktunya sudah suntuk The time is too late 2 narrow Dia seorang yang berpikiran suntuk She is a narrow minded person 3 occupied Otak saya sudah suntuk tidak bisa berpikir lagi. My brain has been occupied, I can’t think anything anymore.

suntuk2: adv /frm/lu/ whole day Semalam suntuk dia tidak tidur sama sekali. The whole night he didn’t sleep at all Kami gunakan sehari suntuk jalan-jalan dipantai We spent the whole day walking on the beach.

sunyi: adj /frm/lu/ 1 lonely |far from where people live| jalan luar kota yang sunyi a lonely country road 2 quiet, silent malam yang sunyi quiet night 3 deserted, desolate, remote. perkampungan yang sunyi a deserted village.
-kesunyian1: n loneliness, quietness, remoteness, silence.
-kesunyian2: adv, adj lonely Dia merasa kesunyian She feel lonely (She is lonely)
-sunyi senyap: adj deeply quiet

supaya: conj. /lu/ 1 so that. Cepatlah pergi supaya kamu tidak telambat Go hurriedly, so that you won’t be late.  2 please |particle introducing a polite command| Hadirin yang terhormat diminta supaya duduk. Ladies and gentlemen please be seated 3 for Tolong geser sedikit supaya saya boleh lewat. Please move a little for I can go through.

supel: adj /frm/lu/ 1 flexible. syarat yang supel a flexible condition 2 socia­ble.
-kesupelan: n 1 flexibility. 2 sociability.

super: adj /frm/lu/ 1 high-octane (of gasoline). 2 superior.

superioritas: n /frm/lu/ superiority

supermi: n TM (trade mark) instant noodles.

supersemar {Surat Perintah Sebelas Maret|: n docu­ment handing over the power from Sukar­no to Suharro.

supervise: n supervision.

supir: variant of sopir:

supit: variant of sumpit:

suplai: n /frm/lu/ supply.
-mensuplai: v supply
-pensuplai: n supplier.

suplemen: n /frm/lu/ supplement.

supporter: n /frm/lu/ supporter, fan.

supra-alami: adj /frm/lu/ supernatural.

supremasi: n /frm/lu/ supremacy |a position in which a group or idea is more powerful or advanced than anything else| Supremasi militer masih nyata dalam konstelasi politik. The supremacy of the army is still remarkable in the political constellation.

Surakarta: n a city in central Java.

suralaya: n/ltr/ dwelling of the gods.

suram: adj /frm/lu/ 1vague, hazy. Ingatannya telah suram His memory has become hazy. cahaya suram a dim light. 2 gloomy, dark, dull. cuaca suram gloomy weather. 2 rather dark or gloomy. suram gelap a) quite dark. b) dusk.
-menyuram: v become dim, become blurred.
-menyuramkan: v 1 darken 2 make sth gloomy Berita duka itu menyuramkan suasana pertemuan itu The bad news spread a pall over the meeting.
-kesuraman: n 1 vagueness, indistinctness. 2 dullness.

surat: n /frm/lu/ 1 letter |a written message that you put into an envelope and send to someone by mail|  Minggu lalu saya mengirim surat kepada saudari saya. Last week I sent a letter to my sister. 2 alphabet |a set of letters in a particular order, used in writing a language| Apa kamu pernah belajar surat Arab? Did you ever learn Arabic letter? 3 document |various kind of written information| Surat perjanjian itu akan segera ditanda tangani The docuent of the agreement will soon be signed
-bersurat: adj inscribed batu bersurat inscribed stone.
-menyurati: v send a letter (to) Saya akan menyurati kamu tentang perkembangan tugas saya I’ll send you a letter on the progress of my task.
-menyuratkan: v /tr/ write (sth) down
-surat-menyrat: n correspondence |the activity of writing, sending, receiving, and filing  letters| Saya bertanggung jawab tentang surat-menyurat kantor ini I’m responsible for the  correspondence of this office
-suratan: n 1 writing 2 suratan tangan; fate, destiny |what sb will be or what will happen to sb as it has been describe in sb’s palm of hand|
-surat cerai: n divorce certificate.
-surat gadai: n pawnshop receipt.
-surat ijin: n permit ticket.
-surat ijin mengemudi (SIM): n driving licence.
-surat jaminan: n warranty paper.
-surat keberatan: n petition letter.
-surat kepercayaan: n credential letter.
-surat keterangan kesehatan: n medical record
-surat kabar: n newspaper.
-surat kaleng: n unanimous letter.
-surat kilat: n special delivery postage.
-surat keterangan: n letter of recommendation.
-surat keterangan  berkelakuan baik: n attestation letter (usually issued by police department)
-surat keterangan diri: n identification card.
-surat keterangan lahir: n birth certificate.
-surat keterangan tamat belajar: n educational certificate.
-surat keterangan kawin: n marriage certificate.
-surat kir: n inspection certificate (of vehicle)
-surat kuasa: n power of attorney.
-surat pengantar: n cover letter.
-surat perjanjian: n agreement document.
-surat paksa: n warrant.
-surat panggilan: n 1 summons letter (from a court).
-surat pemberitahuan: n notification letter.
-surat pencegahan (tangkal): n dismissal letter.
-surat pemilihan: n voter card.
-surat penghargaan: n testimonial letter.
-surat pengiriman: n notice of delivery.
-surat pelepasan: n discharge paper.
-surat perintah/ tugas: n mandate, commission.
-surat perwalian: n letter of authorization.
-surat selebaran: n pamphlet.
-surat suara: n ballot.
-surat-suratan: v correspond each other.
-surat tanda terima: n receipt
-tersurat: adj 1 written Kata-kata itu tersurat dalam Bibel The words are written in the Bible 2 destined, fated |written in the palms of sb’s hand| Sudah tersurat bahwa kamu akan menjadi orang kaya. It has been destined that you are going to be a rich person.

surau: n /Isl./ prayer-house, communal building suitable for any devotion except Friday prayer.

surga: n /frm/lu/ heaven.
-surga dunia: n an earthly paradise.

surgawi: adj /frm/lu/ heavenly |pertaining to heaven|

suri1: n /frm/lu/ shuttle comb on a  weaving loom

suri2: see ibu:

Suriah: n Syria,

surian: n /ld/ tree.

suri teladan: n /frm/lu/ good example, model.

surjan: n /frm/lu/ long-sleeved man’s jacket made of woven, striped material.

suruh; menyuruh: v /frm/lu/ 1 tell (to) Kamu suruh mereka diam. Tell them to keep quiet 2 order Apa kamu bisa suruh seseorang mengantar saya ke bandara? Can you order someone to take me to airport? 3 ask Apa kamu keberatan kalau saya suruh kamu membuka pintu? Do you mind if I ask you to open the door?
-suruhan: n order Suruhan siapa kamu mengantar surat ini? Whose order that you deliver this letter?
-pesuruh: n 1 messenger, errand boy 2 helper, office boy

surut: v /frm/lu/ 1 withdraw |to move backward from a place, or to make a person or group do this| Sore hari pasukan secara bertahap surut dari garis depan. At the evening the troops gradually withdrew from the front line. 2 de­crease, lessen |to become less in size, quality, number, or amount, or to make something do this| Kelihatannya semangat tim surut pada pertandingan babak kedua. It seems that the team’s spirit decreased in the second half match.
-menyurutkan: v /tr/ decrease, lessen Kekalahan pada babak pertama tidak menyurutkan semangat bertandingnya. The loss at the first round didn’t lessen his courage to fight.
-pasang-surut: n low tide.

survai; surve: n /frm/lu/ 1 survey 2 research.
-mensurvei: v survey
-pensurvei: surveyor

surya: n /ltr./ sun.

Suryahi: n /ltr./ Syrian.

susah: adj /frm/lu/ 1 difficult a) |not easy to do or understand| Kadang-kadang buat saya matematika itu susah. Sometimes I find math difficult. b) |involving a lot of problems and causing trouble| Pemogokan bus membuat perjalanan pulang-pergi kerja susah.  The bus strike is making life difficult for commuters. 2 hard Kehidupan dikota saat ini menjadi susah Living in a big city now becomes hard. Susah mendapat seorang teman yang setia dalam kegiatan politik. It’s hard to get a loyal friend in political activity.
-kesusahan: n trouble, difficulty, hardness.
-menyusahkan1: adj 1 troublesome |causing you trouble for a long time|  mobil tua yang menyusahkan troublesome old car 2 disturbing, bothersome. Itu bsungguh cuaca yang menyusahkan pekerjaan saya. It was really a disturbing weather for my work.
-menyusahkan: v annoy. disturb Apa anak-anak menyusahkan kamu. Do the kids annoy you?

susastera: variant of sastra: n literature.
-kesusateraan: n literature.
-persusateraan: n matters pertaining to literature.

susi: n /ltr/ sister |term of address to Catholic nun|

susila; kesusilaan: n /frm/lu/ 1 decency, morality, ethics  |the quality of being honest and polite, and respecting other people| Susila itu sangat penting dalam pergaulan sosial Decency is very important in our civilization. Waktu dulu ada pelajaran kesusilaan di sekolah. In the old time there was a class to teach decency.
-asusila: adj indecent, immoral
-bersusila1: adj decent Dia seorang yang bersusila. She is a decent person.
-bersusila2: v have good moral
-nilai-nilai susila: n moral value.
-wanita tuna susila (WTS): n prostitute.

suspensi1: n /law/frm/lu/ suspension, adjournment.

suspensi2: n /phys./tech/frm/lu/  suspension |equipment attached to the wheels of a vehicle to make it bounce  less|
-bersuspensi1: v have suspension
-bersuspensi2: adj flexible

suster: n /frm/lu/ 1 Catholic nun. 2 term of reference and address for a female nurse. Suster Rosa Nurse Rosa
-susteran: n convent. sekolah suster convent school.

susu: n /frm/lu/ 1 milk  2 breast
-susu bubuk: n powdered milk.
-susu kalengan: n canned milk.
-menyusu: v suckle the breast.
-menyusui: v breast feed.
-kanker susu: n breast cancer.
-penyusui: n wet nurse.
-sepenyusuan: adv feed at the same breast.

susuk1: n /frm/lu/ 1 implant a ) small piece of gold or diamond inserted in the face as a magical charm to improve sb’s beauty. b) /med/ implant |a birth control method by inserting a contraceptive-contained small tube under the skin of a women| 2 pin, nail. 3
-bersusuk: v 1 have such implant 1 a) or 1 b)  2 wear a hairpin.
-menyusuk: v 1 implant 2 stab with a pin.
-menyusukkan: v /tr/  stick or implant sth in.

susuk2: n /ld/ surplus change after payment.

susuk3: variant of sosok2:

susul; menyusul: v /frm/lu/ come later on or afterward |if sb move first or arrive first and sb else move  later or arrive later, the second one ‘menyusul” the first one| 2 follow and catch up with. Yang lain akan menyusul. The others will come later. Menyusul surat kami terdahulu disini kami kirimkan penjelasan lebih rinci tentang produk kami. Following our previous letter, herewith we’re sending a more detailed about our product.
-menyusulkan: v add later.
-penyusul: n followers.
-susul-menyusul: v successively follow each other.
-susulan: n 1 addition 2 appendix 3 supplement.
-tersusul: v 1 be passed 2 be caught (by the follower)

susun; menyusun: v /frm/lu/1 stack |also stack up to form a neat pile, or put things into a neat pile| Susun saja buku itu di meja saya. Just stack the books on my table kursi yang didisain supaya mudah disusun chairs that are designed to stack easily 2 orderly pile. Tolong susun surat-surat masuk itu. Please orderly pile all incoming letters. 3 place Mereka sedang menyusun formasi pengurus partai They are placing the formation of the party’s management board. 4 compose |to combine together with other things or people to form something| Dia mulai belajar menyusun kalimat bermakna. She starts to learn how o compose a meaningful sentence
-penyusun: n composer, arranger, compositor, typesetter, compiler
-penyusunan: n 1 arrangement 2 compiling 3 composing
-tersusun: v 1 be orderly filed 2 be arranged Semua perabotannya tersusun dengan rapi. All her furniture is well arranged.
-susunan: n 1 formation 2 arrangement 3 composition 4 compilation. 5 structure.

susup; menyusup: v /frm/lu/ infiltrate, penetrate  |to join an organization or enter a place, especially in order to find out secret information about it or to harm it| Polisi telah melakukan beberapa upaya menyusup kedalam Mafia itu. The police have made several attempts to infiltrate the Mafia. 2 creep under sth 3 secretly enter into sth
-penyusupan: n infiltration.
-penyusup: n infiltrator

susur1; telusur: n /frm/lu/ edge, fringe, margin.
-menyusuri: v 1 trace, follow Pemburu itu sedang menyusuri jejak seekor kijang The hunter is tracing the footprint of an antelope 2 walk along the edge Tadi pagi kami menyusur pantai dari Barat ke Tmur. This morning we walk along the beach from the West to the East.
-penyusur: n tracer.
-penyusuran: n tracing.
-susur atas: n edge of a roof.
-susur bantal: n edge of a pillow.
-susur galur: n pedigree, genealogy..
-susur kota: n city’s edge.
-susur pantai: n shore’s edge.
-susur riwayat: n chronology of a story (event)
-susur tangga: n banister of a staircase.
-tersusuri: v be traced, be followed.

susur2: n /Jv/ quid of tobacco, often mixed with betel ingredients.
-menyusur: v chew tobacco.

susut; menyusut: v /intr/frm/lu/ 1 shrink Tubuhnya menyusut setelah lama sakit His body shrunk after suffering a long illness. 2 subside |to become less strong or loud| Badai menyusut sekitar subuh. The storm subsided around dawn. 3 reduce, decrease Panen tahun ini susut dibanding tahun lalu.
-menyusutkan: v /tr/ 1 shrink 2  decrease 3 reduce 4 contract |to become smaller or tighter|
-penyusutan: n 1 shrinkage 2 contraction 3 reduction 4 decrease.

sutan: n /frm/ 1 title of Minangkabau nobility above the rank of marah. 2 term of address to sb of this rank.
-bersutan-sutan: v act in a high-handed fashion.

sutera: n /frm/lu/ silk.
-persuteraan: n matters pertaining to silk.
-sutera dewangga: n very fine silk.

sutra: variant of sutera:

sutradara: n /frm/lu/ film or play director.
-menyutradarai: v direct a film or play.
-penyutradaraan: n 1 play or film direction. 2 directing.

suun: variant of sohun:

suvenir: n /frm/lu/ souvenir.

sw, {subhanahu wa taala}: n /Isl./ the Almighty and most worthy of praise, written after God’s name.

swa-: pref.: /frm/lu/ self- |a prefix in formal neologisms|

swadaya: n /frm/lu/ self-reliance,  innate strength or effort, self-support­ing.
-berswadaya: v do sth on a self-supporting basis (i.e. without outside funds). Masyarakat setempat ­berswadaya membangun jembatan The local population built a bridge on their own, without outside funds.

swadesi: n /ltr/ Gandhian movement of swadeshi, the confining of consumption to goods of village production.

swakarsa: n /frm/lu/ sb’s own will. atas swakarsanya of her own ac­cord. transmigrasi swakarsa spontaneous transmigration, transmigration not sponsered or funded by the government.

swakarya: n /frm/lu/ self-development (of projects without government fund).

swakelola: n /frm/lu/ self-management (i.e. community construction of public buildings).

swalayan: n /frm/lu/ self-service. pasar swalayan supermarket.

swapraja: n /frm/lu/ autonomous area or region.

swarga: variant of surga:

Swarnadipa: n /ltr./ the Golden Isle, Sumatra.

swasembada: n self-supporting, self-sufficient.

swasiswa: n autodidact.

swasta: adj /frm/lu/ private. pengusaha swasta private entrepreneur.
-menswastakan: v make sth private. menswastakan perusahaan negara convert a state enterprise into a private.
-penswastaan: n conversion to private ownership.

swat. {swatantra}: n /frm/ autonomy.

swatantra1: n /frm/lu/ autonomy.

swatantra2: adj /frm/lu/ autonomous.
-keswatantraan: n autonomy.

Swedia: n Sweden, Swedish.

swembak: n /of/ swimming pool. –syn: /lu/ kolam renang

swempak: n /of/ swimming suit. –syn: /lu/ pakaian renang

swt1: {subhanahu wa taala}: n /Isl./ the Almighty and most worthy of praise, written after God’’s name.

swt2: {swatantra}: n /frm/lu/ autonomy.

swt3: {swasta}: adj /frm/lu/ private (not public, of businesses I etc.).

sy-: see also entries with so
Note: Sy or sy, approximately sounds like sh (∫) in: shine; shrimp; shut; push; pushover; perishable.

syafaat: n /frm/lu/ 1 mediation, intercession (in communication with God). 2 blessing.

syafakat1: n kindness, sympathy.

syafakat2: variant of sepakat:

syah1: n /ltr/ ruler.

syah2: variant of sah: adj legitimate, authentic.

syahadah: variant of syahadat:

syahadan: variant of syahdan:

syahadat: n /frm/1 confession, testimony. 2 the profession (a statement of your belief, opinion, or feeling) of faith:

syahbandar: n /flu/1 harbormaster 2 port officer.
-kesyahbandaran: n 1 matters pertaining to port authorities and har­bormasters. 2 office of harbormaster.

syahdan: conj. /ltr./ so it happened, the next thing in the story. Syahdan sampailah raja itu di tempat tujuan.  So it happened that the king arrived at his destina­tion.

syahdu: adj /frm/lu/1 eminent, excellent. 2 serene, calm.
kesyahduan: n serenity.

syahid: n /frm/lu/ martyr |sb who die while fight­ing for Islam principles|
-kemartiran: n martyrdom.

syahmat: variant of sekakmat:

syahwat: n /frm/lu/ 1 lust, voluptuous feeling. 2 orgasm
-mencapai syahwat: v achieve an orgasm.

syair: n /frm/lu/ 1 story related in verse form using ­rhyme 2 poem. 3 rhyme containing clues to the lottery.
-bersyair: v 1 write poetry 2 poetize. 3 recite poetry.
-mensyairkan: v 1 compose a poem about sth 2 make a story rhythmic.
-penyair: n poet.
-kepenyairan: n poetizing.

syaitan: variant of setan:

syak; sak wasangka: n /frm/lu/ suspicion, doubt, distrust. tiada syak lagi no doubt whatsoever.
-menaruh sak wasangka: v/intr/ doubt about
-mensyak wasangkai: v /tr/ suspect sb

syakti: variant of sakti:

syal: n /frm/lu/ shawl, muffler.

syalat: variant of solat:

syaleh, syalih: variant of saleh:

syalwat: variant of selawat:

syaman: n /frm/lu/ 1 shaman |indigenous traditional healer| 2 traditional midwife

syamanisme: n frm//lu/ shamanism.

syampo: n /frm/lu/ shampoo.

syaraf: variant of saraf:

syarahan: n /ld/ edition.

syarak: n /ld/ canon law.

syarat; persyaratan: n /frm/lu/ condition, requirement, prerequisite, rules, regulation. Dia tidak dapat memenuhi syarat masuk kerja itu. He failed to meet the requirement to get the job. 2 qualifications.
-syarat ­hidup: n necessary requirement for living.
-bersyarat: adj conditional. penyerahan tidak bersyarat ­unconditional surrender.
-bersyaratkan: v have sth as a condition.
-mensyaratkan: v set sth as a condition, require sth Sekolah mensyaratkan murid-murid berseragam The school  requires the pupils to wear uniforms.

syariah; syariat: n Islamic law.
-mensyariatkan: v declare a certain deed to be Islam law.

syarif: n title of a male descendant of Muhammad.

syarifah: n 1 title of a female descendant of Muhammad 2 Arab women.

syarikat: variant of serikat:

syasis: variant of sasis:

syatriya: variant of kesatria:

Syawal; n the 10th month of Arabic calendar.

syekh: n 1 sheikh  2 title of a Islam scholar.

syelawat: variant of selawat:

syeti: n /in some regions only/ money lender of Indian descent.

syiar: n magnificence, greatness (of God and religion). siar Allah God’s greatness.

syiir: variant of syair:

syinkek: variant of singkeh:

syirik: v /frm/lu/ 1 belief in more than one God 2 polytheism. 3 sth to be avoided on religious grounds.
-mensyirikkan: v make sth taboo. Sejak itu dia mensyirikkan datang ke rumah saya Since that time he has avoided coming to my house.

symposion: n symposium

syorga: variant of sorga:

syukur; bersyukur: v /frm/lu/ 1 thank God, thanks be to God. syukur alham­dulillah /Isl/ thank God. 2 happily, fortunately Alhamdulillah dia selamat dari kecelakaan itu Fortunately she survived the accident
-bersukur: adj 1 be thankful to God. 2 be grateful. Saya bersyukur masih dalam keadaan sehat. I am grateful that I’m still well
-mensyukuri: v 1 be felt grateful (to God about sth) perbuatan yang disyukuri orang a deed for which people have thanked God. 2 thank sb
-syukuran: n an expression of gratitude to God. malam sykuran a night event to express thanks to God.

syurga: variant of surga:

syuriah: n 1 advisory 2 legislative.

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Dictionary R

Abbreviation.

adv adverb parts of speech
adj adjective parts of speech
Amb Ambon an ethnic in Maluku which speak a local dialect
Arb Arabian adopted word from Arabian language
ant anatomy terminology that is usually related to anatomy
Bal Bali local dialect of Balinese
Bib Bible Mostly written in a Bible
bio biology a terminology that largely used in biology
Btk Batak an ethnic in North Sumatera which has its  local dialect
Chn Chinese a word that is adopted from Chenese
chem chemical a word that related to chemical matter
comp comparative comparative adjective (bigger, more beautiful, etc)
conj conjunction parts of speech
dtr determiner parts of speech
excl exclamation parts of speech
frm formal used for official speech, writing, science, law, etc.
impr imperative parts of speech
inf informal largely used but not considerably appropriate for formal use
intr intransitive verb that has direct object
intrj interjection parts of speech
Isl Islam terminology that is related to Moslem praying or teaching
Jv Javanese a largest ethnic in Indonesia, the local dialect of which is largely adopted into Indonesian language.
Jpn Japanese a word that is adopted from Japanese
ld local dialect a word that is used locally
ling. linguistic a terminology used in linguistic
ltr literally a word that mostly used in literature
lu largely used a word that largely understood and used in the whole country.
math mathematic a terminology that is related to mathematic
med. medical a word that is related to medical matter
Mel Melayu the root of today’s Indonesian formal language
Mdn Medan a big city in North Sumatera which a specific local dialect
Min Minang an ethnic in West Sumatera which has local dialect and some of them is largely
Mnd Menado an ethnic in North Sulawesi which has a specific local dialect
n noun parts of speech
of old fashion a largely used word in the past and and now not many people use it anymore
off offensive a word that is considered not polite to be used  and may harm the feeling of sb.
pass.v passive voice
prep. preposition parts of speech
phr phrasal two or more words that are combined to express an idea
pre prefix a group of letters that is added to the beginning of a word in order to make a new word
prn pronoun parts of speech
tr transitive a transitive verb has an object. In the sentence “She makes her own clothes,” “makes” is a transitive verb
sb somebody a person as an object or a subject
Snd Sundanese a large ethnic in West Java that has its own local dialect
spo sport a word that is related to sport activity
sth something something as a subject or and object
supr superlative adjective (the most- the less- adj + est)
syn synonym a word with the same meaning or almost the same meaning as another word
tech technical used as a technical jargon
v verb parts of speech
vern vernacular unofficial language
vul vulgar not polite or taboo for most of the people
wrt written an abbreviation that is only used in writing not in speech

R; r: |the 18th letter of the alphabet used in bahasa Indpnesia and English – approximately sounds like r in room; roar; ready; marry; dark; prove; paradigm; pearl.|

R. {Raden}: n /frm/lu/ masculine noble title.

RAB {Rencana Anggaran Belanja}: n 1 budget plan. 2 draft budget.

raba1; meraba: v /frm/lu/ 1 touch |to put your hand on the surface of something so you can feel him if its smooth, rough, wet, warm, etc| 2 search |to insert your hand inside sth such as your pocket to find what is inside it| Raba kantong kamu apakah kuncinya disana. Search in your pocket if the key is there. 3 guess Saya mencoba meraba apa yang sedang dipikirkannya. I tried to guess what she was thingking about. 4  grope |to touch someone’s body often with sexual implications|
-rabaan: n touching

raba2: adj /ld/ angry
-peraba: adj temperamental |tending to get upset, excited, or angry very easily|

rabbi: n /Bibl./ Lord.

rabies: n /frm/lu/ rabies.

Rabu: n Wednesday.

rabuk: n /frm/lu/ 1 fertilizer. 2 tinder-wood 3 gun-powder
-rabuk TSP: n phosphoric fertilizer. ­
-rabuk buatan/garam: n artificial fertilizer.
-rabuk hijau: n compost, green manure.
-rabuk kandang: n manure.
-merabuki: v fertilize, manure.
-perabukan: n fertilization

rabun1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 hazy, dim.
-rabun senja: adj 1 dusk, twilight. 2 near­sighted.
-rabun ayam/dekat: adj nearsighted, myopic.
-rabun jauh: adj farsighted.
-kerabunan: n myopia.

rabun2;  merabun: v /ld/ 1 rise. Matahari telah merabun The sun has risen 2 have a ridge.

rabung; perabungan: n /lu/ ridge of a house.

racik1: n /ld/ bird snare.
-meracik1: v catch birds with such snare.

racik2: meracik2: v /frm/lu/ 1 cut into thin slices. 2 blend variou­s proper ingredients into food, medicine, etc.| 3 prepare Dia sedang meracik makanan kita. She is preparing our meal.
-meracik obat: v formulate medicinal ingredients

racun: n /frm/lu/ poison.
-beracun: adj poisonous.
-meracuni: v poison sb or sth meracuni sumur poison the well.
-meracunkan: v 1 use sth to poison. 2 poison sb on behalf of another.
-keracunan: adj 1 poisoned. 2 displaying symptoms of having been poisoned.
-peracun: n 1 poisoner. 2 poisoning agent.
-peracunan: n poisoning.

rada: adv /frm/lu/ 1 rather |fairly or to some degree| Sebagian foto itu rada keabu-abuan dan samar-samar Some of the photographs are rather grainy and blurred. 2 a little; slightly, somewhat Saya merasa rada sakit di dada I feel a little bit painful on my chest

radang1; meradang: v /frm/lu/ 1 become inflamed Paru-parunya meradang His lung become inflamed  2 fly into rage 3 get excited
-peradangan: n 1 infection 2 inflamation |swelling and soreness on or in a part of your body, which is often red and hot to touch|

radang2: n /frm/lu/ |an illness caused by infection that may cause swelling and soreness on a part of sb’s body|
-radang amandel: n tonsillitis.
-radang ­mata: n conjunctivitis.
-radang paru-paru: n pneumonia, in­flammation of the lungs.
-radang gusi: n gingivitis.

raden: n /frm/lu/ 1 title of Javanese nobility 2 den; noble address to a noble person
-raden ajeng: n title of noble unmarried woman.
-raden ayu: n title of noble married woman.
-raden aria: n title of nobility higher than raden panji.
-raden aria adipati: n title given to regents.
-raden bagus: n title of nobility for men, slightly higher than raden.
-raden mas/panji: n title of nobility higher than raden.
-raden tumenggung: n title given to regents.

radiasi: n /frm/lu/ radiation.
-meradiasi: v radiate.

radiator: n /frm/lu/ radiator.

radikal: adj /frm/lu/ radical.
-keradikalan: n radicalism.

radikalisasi: n /frm/lu/ radicalization.
-meradikalkan: v /tr/ radicalize.

radikalisir; meradikalisir: v /tr/frm/lu/ radicalize.

radikalisme: n /frm/lu/ radicalism.

radio: n /frm/lu/ radio.
-radio salon: n console radio.
-meradiokan: v broadcast through radio.

radioaktif: n /frm/lu/ radioactive.
-meradioaktifkan: v make sth to be radioactive.
-keradioktifan: n radioactivity.

radioaktivitas: n /frm/lu/ radioactivity.

radiogram: n /frm/lu/ radiogram.

radiology: n /frm/lu/ radiology.

radiowan: n /frm/lu/ radioman.

radius: n /lu/ radius. dalam radius satu kilometer within the radius of a kilometer.

radmolen: n /frm/lu/ ferris wheel |a very large wheel with seats on it for people to ride on in an amusement park|

raffia: n /frm/lu/ 1 raffia fibre. 2 twine made of thin strips of plastic similar to raffia fibre.

raflesia: n /frm/lu/ raf­f1esia |a parasitic leafless plant of tropical Asia. genus of Rafflesia |

raga1; beraga: v /frm/lu/ 1 boast, show off. 2 hold an exhibi­tion.
-memperagakan: v 1 boast about, show off, demonstrate 2 exhibit.
-peragaan: n 1 showing up 2 exhibition 3 demonstration 4 display
-alat peraga: n 1 model 2  visual aid  3 visual display 4 ostentation

raga2: n /ltr/ 1 simple rattan basket. 2 ball plaited from rattan.
-beraga: v play rattan ball.
-meraga: v 1 make rattan baskets. 2 play rattan ball.

raga3: n /lu/ body.
-jiwa (dan) raga: n body and soul.
-olahraga: n 1 physical exercise 2 sports

ragam: n /frm/lu/ 1 melody, tune. Itu ragam lagu Sunda. It is a melody of Sundanese music. 2 kind |a type or sort of person or thing| Banyak ragam pakaian disini There are many kind of clothes here. 3 manner, behaviour. Setiap orang mempunyai ragam berbeda. Every person has different behaviour.
-beragam1: v differ |to be different| Para siswa beragam dalam pemahaman mereka tentang bahasa Inggris. The students differ each other in their ability to understand English. Pandangannya beragam dari pandangan saya His views differ from mine.
-beragam2: adj various (kind) |different to each other| Kami punya beragam novel disini We have various kind of novel here
-beragam-ragam: v 1 to be different each other 3 be many kinds Ada beragam-ragam hiburan dikota ini. There are many kinds of amusement in this town.
-berseragam: v be in uniform.
-keragaman: n 1 variety 2 diversity
-keseragaman: n uniformity.
-menyeragamkan: v make a number of persons or things in uniform.
-meragamkan: v vary |to make things not be uniform or heterogeneous| Kamu perlu meragamkan makanan kamu dan melakukan olahraga lebih banyak. You need to vary your diet and get more exercise.
-penyeragaman: n the action of making things uniform.
-seragam1: adj uniform Semua mereka memakai kaos seragam. All of the wear uniform T-shirt
-seragam2: n uniform |a particular type of clothing that the members of an organization wear to work| sebuah seragam hijau tentara a green soldier uniform.

ragawi: adj physical ragawi antropologi physical anthropol­ogy.

ragbol: n 1 dust mop, esp. for ceilings. 2 moplike tool for cleaning toilet bowl.

ragi1: n /frm/lu/ 1 yeast |a fermentation agent, a substance used for making bread rise and for producing alcohol in beer or wine|
-beragi: v ferment.
-tidak beragi: adj yeastless.
-meragikan: v rise brad, cake, etc by adding yeast  |if bread, cakes etc. rise, they become bigger as they baked, or because they contain yeast|
-peragian: n fermentation.

ragi2: n /frm/lu/ 1 design 2 pattern 3 color.
-seragi: v to have the same design, color,  or pattern. Mereka berdua sedang memakai pakaian seragi. Both of them are wearing the same pattern of dress.
-meragi: v 1 design 2 develop pattern

ragu1; meragukan: adj /frm/lu/ 1 uncertain 2 doubtful 3 hesitant 3 reluctant Janjinya yang muluk-muluk itu meragukan. His high-sounding promise was doubtful Meragukan bahwa kita akan berlibur musim panas ini. It’s doubtful that we’ll get to take a vacation this summer

ragu2; meragukan: v /frm/lu/ 1 doubt  Saya ragu apakah yang dia katakan itu benar I doubt if what he said was true. 2 ragu-ragu: hesitate |to pause before doing or saying something because you are uncertain| Saya ragu-ragu apa masih dapat pesawat kalau pergi sekarang. I hesitate if I can catch the flight if I leave now. Mereka tidak akan ragu-ragu menggunakan senjata kimia kalau berperang They will not hesitate to use chemical weapon if they involve in a war.
-keraguan: n 1 doubtfulness 2 hesitation 3 reluctance

rahang: n /frm/lu/ jaw. rahang atas upper jaw. rahang bawah lower jaw.

raharja: n well-being, prosperity.

rahasia1: n /frm/lu/ secret. Dia tidak bisa menyimpan rahasia He cannot keep a secret.

rahasia2: adj secret Itu adalah data rahasia It’s secret data. Dia adalah seorang agen rahasia He is a secret agent.
-secara rahasia: adv confidentially
-kerahasiaan: n 1 confidentiality 2 se­crecy.

rahayu: n /ltr/ 1 well-being. 2 greeting, esp. used by adherents of Javanese folk religion.
-kerahayuan: n state of well­being.

rahib: n /frm/lu/ 1 monk. 2 nun.

rahim1: n /frm/lu/ womb, uterus.

rahim2: adj /frm/lu/ merciful (of God).
-merahimi: v have mercy on.
-kerahiman: n mercy.

rahimi: adj /frm/lu/ merciful

rahman; rahmani: adj /frm/lu/ compassionate (of God).

rahmat; rahmatullah: n /frm/lu/ merecy of God.
-merahmati: v have mercy on.                       ‘

rahsia: variant of rahasia:

Rahu: n /ltr/ monster that causes lunar eclipses by swallowing moon.

raib: see gaib:

raih; meraih: v /frm/lu/ 1 reach out |to move your hand or arm in order to touch, hold, or pick up something|  Dia merentangkan tangan kanannya untuk meraih ssu dari rak. He stretch his right hand to reach sth from the shelf. 2 achieve, gain  |to be successful in doing sth| Dia meraih keuntungan besar dari bisnis itu He gained a big profit from the business Dia telah meraih cita-citaya menjadi seorang penerbang. He has achieved his dream to be a pilot. 3 hold and pull Dia meraih tangan putranya dan mereka pergi keluar. She hold and pull her son’s hand and they went out.
-teraih: adj reachable

rais1; merais: v /ld/ sweep off.

rais2: n /frm/lu/ president or chairman, formerly used by the Moslem party.
-rais am: n general chairman.

rait: n /spo/ screeching sound.
-merait: v screech.

raja: n king.
-beraja: v 1 to have a king 2 beraja (pada): to be the people of a particular king.
-kerajaan: n kingdom, empire
-kerajaan serikat: n united kingdom.
-merajai: v overpower, control, dominate |to defeat someone because you are stronger| Barang impor telah merajai pasar. Imported goods have dominated the market
-merajakan: v 1 make sb as a king 2 treat sb like a king. 3 con­sider highly important
-raja muda: n crown prince.
-raja sehari: n bride­groom.
-raja singa: n 1 syphilis. 2 tycoon.
-raja minyak: n oil baron.
-raja makan: n heavy eater. gourmet.
-raja hutan: n the ruler of the jungle (lion or tiger)
-tanda kerajaan: n royal insigna.

Rajab: n /Isl/ the 7th month of Arabic calendar.

rajah1: n 1 /ltr./ figure or design with mystical prop­erties. 2 tattoo. 3 lines in the palm.
-merajahi: v tattoo
-rajahan: n tattoo.

rajah2: variant of raja:

rajakula: n /ltr/ dynasty.

rajalela; merajalela1: adj /frm/lu/ violent and arbitrary.
-merajalela2: v 1 act violently and arbitrarily. Lurah itu bertindak merajalela di desa itu The head of the village acted violently and arbitrarily. 2 spread or break out violently (of disease). Flu burung merajalela di rnusim hujan. Bird flu spread out wildly in the rainy season.
-kemerajalelaan: n violence and arbitrariness.

rajalele: n /frm/lu/ a variety of rice with high quality.

rajam; merajam: v /of/ stone to death.
-rajaman: n stoning.

rajawali: n /frm/lu/ large black hawk.

rajin: adj /frm/lu/ 1 industrious, diligent. Anak ini rajin sekali di sekolah This child really works hard at school. 2 do (sth) frequently. Dia rajin datang mengunjungi kami. He frequently visited us.
-kerajinan: n handy indus­try kerajinan kayu wood­craft kerajinan tangan handicraft
-merajin: v make handicraft |do sth which need a lot of time and patience| Mereka bermata pencarian merajin They make money from making handicraft.
-pengrajin; perajin: n craftsman, artisan. pengrajin kuningan brass artisan.
-pengrajinan: n craft industry.

rajuk; merajuk: v /intr/frm/lu/ pout, sulk. Apa dia sedang merajuk pada kamu? Is she pouting at you?
-merajuki: v /tr// pout about sth Nadia merajuki bonekanya yang hilang. Nadia is pouting about her lost toy.
-perajuk: n who frequently or easily pouts.

rajut; merajut: v /frm/lu/ knit, crochet 1 |to make clothes out of yarn (thick thread) using special sticks to weave or tie the stitches together| Dia sedang merajut sweater untuk saya. She’s knitting me a sweater. 2 |to join people, things, or ideas more closely, or to be closely connected| Dia punya bakat merajut jaringan bisnis. He has a talent to knit a business network (connection) 2 make a net
-perajut: n sb whose job is to knit, to crochet, or to make net
-perajutan: n knitting, crocheting, net making
-rajutan: n crocheted, knitted material.

rak1: n cracking sound.

rak2: n shelf, rack. rak buku bookshelf. rak pengering(an) drying rack.

raka: n /ltr/ 1 elder brother. 2 senior male univer­sity student.

rakaat: n /Isl./ essential unit of prayer ritual, consist­ing of bows and prostrations performed a pre­scribed number of times. Berapa rakaat kamu perlukan untuk sembahyang subuh? How many prayer units do you need for down praying?

rakam; merakam: v 1 stamp, print  Mereka merakam kain putih untuk batik. They  stamp white cloth for batik. 2 embroider. Dia merakam kain sutera denagn benang mas She embroiders  silk with gold thread. 3 record (for pos­terity), mark down. 4 record on a tape or record.
-perakam: n 1 recorder (the tools) perakam pita tape re­corder. 2 recorder (the technician)
-perakaman: n the process or action of re­cording.
-rakaman: n 1 notes, re­corded materials. 2 recording (of music, etc.)

rakan: variant of rekan:

rakanita: n /ltr/ senior female university student.

rakat: variant of rekat:

rakawati: variant of rakanita:

raker {rapat kerja}: n assembly |a meeting of a group of people for a particular purpose|

rakerda {rapat kerja daerah}: n regional assembly.

rakernas {rapat kerja nasional}: n national assembly.

raket1: n /sport/ racket.

raket2: variant of roket:

rakhman; rakhmani: variant of rahman; rahmani:

rakhmat: variant of rahmat:

rakit: n /frm/lu/ raft. rakit penyelarnat life raft.
-berakit: v 1 travel by raft. 2 attached along­side.
-merakit: v 1 make a raft. 2 connect, join, assem­ble. Mobil ini dirakit di Indonesia dengan lisensi Jepang This car is assemble in Indonesia with Japanese licence
-perakit: n assembler.
-perakitan: n assembling. perakitan motor Honda Honda motor­cycle assembly plant.
-serakit: n a pair, a set,  a couple.

rakna: variant of ratna:

raksa: see air:

raksamala: variant of rasamala:

raksasa1: n /frm/lu/ 1 mythical gigantic demon. 2 giant.

raksasa2: adj enormous, gigantic, big  pro­yek raksasa an enormous project.
-meraksasa: v become gigantic.

rakus: adj /frm/lu/ greedy, voracious. rakus makan uang greedy for money.
-kerakusan: n greed.

rakyat: n /frm/lu/ people,  populace, citizen
-rakyat jelata/murba: n masses, com­mon people, proletariat.
-rakyat jembel: n the poor.
-rakyat pemilih: n electorate.
-merakyat: v be familiar to the common people.
-kerakyatan: n 1 population affair 2 democracy.

ralat: n correction (to an error, mistake, esp. typographical).
-meralat: v cor­rect, rectify.

rally: n rally.
-perallyan: n racing.

ram1: n /spo/ rumbling sound.

ram2: n /frm/lu/ 1 window. 2 picture frame.

Ramadan: n /Isl/ 9th month of the Arabic calendar, fasting month.

Ramadhan: variant of Ramadlan:

Ramadlan: n variant of Ramadan:

ramah: adj /frm/lu/ 1 friendly |easy to talk with| 2 courteous 3 hospitable
-beramah-tamah: v 1 hold a friendly meeting or gathering 2 to talk friendly
-keramah-tamahan: n friendliness, hospitality, courteousness
-peramah: n sb who always be friendly person.
-ramah-tamah2: adj 1 courteous and friendly Mereka adalah orang yang ramah-tamah. They are courteous and friendly people 2 friendly, informal Itu adalah pertemuan ramah-tamah. It was an informal meeting

ramai: adj /frm/lu/ 1 crowded, busy. Ramai sekali di pasar! It was really crowded in the market! 2 bustling, lively, festive. Jakarta adalah kota yang ramai. Jakarta is a bustling city. Pestanya ramai sekali! The party was really lively! 3 boisterous, noisy, loud. Saya tidak dapat mendengar suara di HP saya kalau ada suara-suara ramai. I can’t hear the voice on my cellular phone above the boisterous sound Per­debatan itu sangat ramai. The debate was so noisy.  Percakapan itu ramai sekali The conversation was loud.
-beramai-ramai: adv in a large number of people, in a lively group Kami kesana pergi beramai-ramai We went there in a large number of people.
-keramaian: n festivity, crowdedness, liveliness.
-meramaikan: v enliven, cheer up  Mereka meramaikan pesta itu dengan drumband They enlivened up the celebration with drum band.
-orang ramai: n 1 crowd 2 public

ramal; meramal: v /frm/lu/ 1 tell fortunes 2 forecast 3 predict 4 prophesy 5 portend
-peramal: n 1 forecaster 2 fortune teller 3 prophet
-ramalan: n 1 forecast 2 fortune telling 3 prediction 4 prognosis 5 horoscope 6 prophecy   7 portent.
-peramalan: n 1 forecasting 2 fortune telling 3 prediction 4 prognosis (the process or action)

ramanda: variant of ayahanda:

ramas1; meramas: v /frm/lu/ 1 press, knead |to press a mixture of flour and water many times with your hands| 2 squeeze |to twist or press something in order to get liquid out of it| Tolong ramas bebrapa jeruk asam ke lalapan itu. Please squeeze some lemon juice onto the salad.

ramas2: variant of rames:

Ramayana: n /ltr/ great Hindu epic from which many themes of Indonesian literature and public life are drawn.

rambah; merambah: v /frm/lu/ clear away, cut down. Mereka merambah hutan dimana-mana. They cleared away the forest everywhere.
-perambah (jalan): n pioneer, pathfinder.
-perambah (hutan): n sb who destroy the jungle
-rambahan: n what is cut down or cleared away.

rambang1: adj /ld/ broad, wide, extensive.
-rambang mata: adj sensual.
-merambang: adv at random.
-kerambangan: n randomness.

rambang2: variant of rembang:

rambas; merambas: v /frm/lu/ 1 crush sth 2 cut (the grass)

rambat1; merambat1: v /intr/frm/lu/ 1 spread 2 creep 3 penetrate 3 diffuse |to make ideas, information etc. available to many people| Ideologi itu telah merambat keseantero negeri. The ideology has diffused throughout the country.
-merambati: v /tr/ 1 spread in  2 creep on 4 penetrate into 5 diffuse.
-merambatkan: v /tr/ 1 spread (sth) 2 creep (sth) 4 penetrate (sth) 5 diffuse (sth)
-merambat2: adj 1 spreading 2 creeping 3 contagious  ubi rambat creeping yam or sweet potato
-perambatan: n 1 propagation (of creeping plant) 2 diffusion 3 penetration
-rambatan: n sth where sth else creeping.

rambat2: n /ld/ a space in a house which floor is made higher as a sitting room for guests

rambu1: n /frm/lu/ 1 fringe, tassel |a decoration on a curtain, piece of clothing etc., made of hanging threads| tutup meja dengan rambu a table cloth with fringe  2 buoy |an object that floats on the water, used for showing boats which parts of the water are safe or dangerous|  3 |short pillar on quay for tying up ships|  4 rambu-rambu (jalan): (traffic) sign
-Dinas Rambu: n Buoy Service.
-merambu: v mark out, plot.

rambut: n /frm/lu/ 1 hair (of the head) 2 body hair
-berambut1: v possess hair
-berambut2: adj 1 hairy |having a lot of body hair 2 berambut panjang: long­haired 3 stringy (food that is stringy has thin hard pieces in it that are difficult to chew)
-kawat rambut: n filament.
-merambut: v become like hair, stringy
-rambut kelamin: n pubic hair.
-rambut panjang: n long hair
-rambut kribo: n Afro-style hairdo
-rambut kuda: n mane.
-rambut kusut: n untidy or tousled hair
-rambut jangkit: n bristling hair.
-rambut palsu: n wig.
-rambut ­sasak: n bouffant hairdo.
-sirambut panjang: n a woman.
-si­pendek rambut: n a man.
-perambut: n lower end of fishing rod.

rambutan: n /frm/lu/ rambutan |tree bearing hairy fruit simi­lar to lychee – Nephelium|           ..

rame: variant of ramai:

rames1; merames: v /frm/lu/ 1 mix by kneading 2 provide with a mix­ture. Dia sedang merames nasi She is providing rice with a mixture. (with side dishes)

rames2: adj mixed (rice) Apa kamu suka nasi rames? Do you like rice mixed with dishes?

rami: n /frm/lu/ hemp, jute |a plant used for making strong rope, a rough cloth, and the drug|
-rami halus: n |thin and lax material to make thread made of this plant|

rampai: adj /frm/lu/ various. 2 mixed, jumble.
-merampai: v mix, put various things together.
-rampaian: n a collection of various things.
- rampai musik: n medley
-rampai karangan: n col­lection of essays.

rampas; merampas: v /frm/lu/ seize, carry away Polisi merampas semua senjata gelap itu The police seized all the illegal guns. Sejumlah bajak laut merampas kapal itu minggu lalu. A number of pirates seized the ship last week.
-merampasi: v repeatedly seize, take away (from many sources). Penjahat itu merampasi penum­pang-penumpang. The bandit held up the pas­sengers.
-rampasan: n loot.
-perampas: n robber.
-perampasan: n 1 robbery,  holdup. 2 expropriation.
-perampasan kuasa: n coup d’etat.

ramping1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 slender, slightly built. 2 disfigured, mutilated. 3 pierced (of ears).
meramping: v /intr/ become slender
-merampingkan: v /tr/ slenderize. 2 worn at the edges.

ramping2; beramping: adv side by side, next to. Kedua rumah itu berdiri beramping The two houses stand side by side.

rampok; merampok: v /frm/lu/ rob, plunder.
-merampoki: v repeatedly plun­der, rob from several sources. Mereka merampoki toko-toko untuk mendapat uang. They robbed a lot of stores to make money.
-rampokan: n loot
-perampokan: n robbery, looting .
-perampok: n robber, plunderer.

rampung: adj /frm/lu/ finished, settled, completed.
-merampungkan: v /tr/ finish, complete.
-perampugan: n act of completing
-tahap perampungan: v 1 final stage 2 finishing.

ramsum: variant of rangsum:

ramu; meramu: v gather, collect.
-ramuan: n 1 ingredients 2 con­coction.

rana1: n /frm/lu/ long-sufrering.
-kemeranaan: n condition of long-term suffering, languishment.
-merana1: adj ailing |weak or sick, and not getting stronger or better| ekonomi Negara yang merana. the country’s ailing economy.
-merana2: v suffer (illness) chron­ically. Dia sakit dengan merana He get sick chronically. 2 lan­guish, waste away. Badannya merana. His body is wast­ing away. 3 keep worrying. Fikirannya merana sebelum anaknya datang He kept worrying before his child came back.

rana2: variant of ratna:

ranah: n 1 meadow, low-lying valley. 2 domain.

rancah; perancah: n /frm/lu/ scaffolding.

rancang: n /frm/lu/ stake, post.
-berancang; merancang: v 2 stake out, place post Petani merancang kebon mereka dengan bambu The farmer stake out their garden using bamboo

rancang2; merancang: v /frm/lu/ 1 plan Mereka sedang merancang pembangunan pelabuhan baru They are planning to develop a new harbour 2 design Apa kamu belajar merancang pusat pertokoan modern di sekolah? Do you learn how to design a modern shopping store in the college? 3 schedule |to plan that something will happen at a particular time| Rapat ini sudah dirancang minggu lalu.  The meeting has been scheduled last week. Satu lokakarya lain telah dirancang untuk bulan depan. Another workshop is scheduled to start next month.
-perancang: n 1 designer 2 planner
-rancangan: n 1 design 2 plan 3 schedule

rancu: adj /frm/lu/ confused.
-merancukan: v confuse.
-kerancuan: n 1 confu­sion. 2 contamination.
-peracuan: n contamination.

rancung: adj /ld/ pointed, acute.
-merancung: v be pointed.
-merancungkan: v 1 sharpen 2 make (sth) pointed.

rang1: n /lu/ rank, position. Apa rang dia? What is his position?
-pengrangan: n ranking.

rang2: n /spo/ clanging sound.

rang3: n /frm/ design, plan.
-rang-rangan: n rough draft, outline.

rang4: variant of orang:

rangka; kerangka: n /frm/lu/ 1 frame |the main structure that supports something such as a house, piece of furniture, or vehicle| rangka baja dinding beton the metal frame of concrete wall 2  skeleton |the structure consisting of all the bones in a human or animal body| rangka manusia the human skeleton 3 chassis |the frame on which the body, engine etc. of a vehicle is built|  4 kerangka dasar: mainframe |the main structure that supports a large thing such as a building or vehicle| 5 kerangka kerja: framework |a set of rules, beliefs, knowledge etc. that people use when making a decision or planning something| Kami bekerja dalam kerangka sistim moneter terkendali. We were working within the framework of controlled monetary system. 6 structure |something that is built to be strong enough| satu kerangka baja yang sangat besar a huge steel structure
-rangka bakar: n grate, grill.

rangkai: n /frm/lu/ bunch (of certain fruits).
-berangkai: v be attaché or tied together (in a bunch) Kedua layangan itu terbang berangkai The two kites are flying attached to each other.
-merangkai: v /tr/ 1 frame sth 2 arrange (sth to be a bunch or a frame) 3 combine 4 connect (a number of structure to be a larger structure) Dia sangat berbakat dalam merangkai bunga. She is very talented in floral arrangement.
-merangkaikan: v /tr/ to join several things to be in a frame.
-perangkai: n connec­tor.
-rangkaian: n 1 design of a frame 2 the connection within a framework 3 series 4 connection
-rangkai hati/jiwa: n sweetheart.
-serangkai: adj connected, tied together.
-tiga-rangkai: n board of tree |triumvirate – tree functions in a government political system, legislative, executive, and judicative|

rangkak; merangkak: v /frm/lu/1 crawl on hands and knees. 2 make slow progress. 3 fawn.
-merangkak-rangkak: v 1 cringe. Dia merangkak-rangkak di hadapan majikannnya He cringes in front of his boss.           ..

rangkap1; memerangkap1: v /frm/lu/ 1 |to catch sth in the curved shape of your hand so what you catch such as a fly or ant won’t be harmed| 2 catch sth with trap.
-perangkap: n trap

rangkap; merangkap2: v /frm/lu/ 1 be more than one (double, triple, etc) 2 duplicate 3 |concurrently take or do other position or job in addition to the one you have| Saya merangkap kepala kantor disamping peneliti. I’m the office manager in addition to my function as a researcher.
-rangkap dua: adj double
-rangkap tiga: adj triple
-rangkap empat: adj quartet
-perangkap2: n a person who concurrently holds more than a job .

rangkul; merangkul: v /frm/lu/ 1 embrace 2 hug
-berangkul-rangkulan: v 1 hug each other 2 be closely associated with.
-rangkulan: n embrace.

rangkum; serangkum: n /frm/lu/ an armful.
-menyerangkumkan: v gather to­gether.
-merangkum: v 1 embrace, enclose. 2 include, enc­ompass. 3 gloss |to provide an explanation of sth through but shortly| 4 wrap up (thesis, argument, opinion, etc.)
-rangkuman: n 1 glossary 3 wrap up 3 conclusion

rangsang1; merangsang1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 exciting, stimulating. 2 inspired 3 inciting 4 enticing 5 arousing 6 erotic

rangsang2; merangsang: v /frm/lu/ 1 excite, stimulate 2  inspire 3 incite 4 entice 5 arouse 6 encourage 7 titillate |to make someone feel excited or interested, especially sexually| sebuah cerita untuk merangsang berahi pembaca. a story to titillate the readers
-perangsang: n 1 stimulus, stimulant 2 incitement 3 incentive 4 motive
-perangsangan: n 1 stimulation 2 incitement 3 motivation
-rangsangan: n 1 stimulus  2 eroticism  3 enticement 4 encouragement

rangsek; merangsek: v /Jkt/ attack.

rangsel: variant of ransel:

rangsum: n /frm/lu/ rations.
-merangsum: v 1 deliver rations. 2 ration out. Palang merah merangsum makanan kepada para korban The red-cross rationed food out to the victims.

Rangun: n Rangoon.

rani1: n /ltr/ queen.

rani2: adj /ltr/ rich.

ranjang: n /frm/lu/ 1 bed 2 baby’s crib.
-ranjang pengantin: n nuptial bed.

ranjau: n /frm/lu/ 1 bamboo spiked booby traps (set around village to wound enemy). 2 antiperson­nel weapon, mine.
-ranjau darat: n land mine.
-ranjau laut: n sea mine.

ranjing; keranjingan: adj /frm/lu/ 1 possessed (by bad spirit, etc.) Dia sedang keranjingan oleh roh jahat He was possessed by evil spirit 2 excessively desire sth like a maniac. Dia sedang keranjingan main judi. He was excessively addicted to gambling

ranking: n /frm/lu/ grade, ranking (in schools).
-merangking: v set grades in a rank.
-perankingan: n act of rank­ing or grading.

ransell: n /frm/lu/ 1 knapsack, back pack. 2 duffle bag.

ransom: variant of rangsum:

rantai1: n /frm/lu/ 1 chain rantai besi iron chain  2 se­ries, sequence, connection Coba jelaskan rantai kejadian sebenarnya. Please tell the sequence of the actual incident 3 |measurement unit of width equal to (2 x 20)m = 400 m2Kita perlu sedikitnya 400 m2 untuk gudang itu We need at least 400 m2 space for the warehouse.
-berantai1: v be connected with chain arloji berantai a watch with a chain
-berantai: adj connected Apa pembunuhan itu satu peristiwa berantai? Was the murder a  series of connected occurrences?
-merantai: v tie with chain
-rantai emas: n gold necklace.

rantam; berantam: v /frm/lu/ 1 do sth collectively 2 /inf/ fight

rantang: n /frm/lu/ set of stacked containers for transporting food.
-merantang: v cater by sending meal in such container
-rantangan: n a system of delivering sb’s food on a standing basis.

rantau1: n /ld/ 1 shore 2 reach Mereka berlayar sepanjang rantau They sailed along the shore/ reach

rantau2; merantau: v 1 go abroad  2 migrate  |to go to another area or country for a short time, usually in order to find a place to live or work|
-perantau: n 1 sb who go abroad or migrate 2 migrant 3 settled foreigner
-perantauan: n the place where migrant or traveller to go

rante: variant of rantai:

ranting1: n /frm/lu/ 1 small branch, twig. 2 subsection, sub-branch (of offices, parties, etc.).
-ranting tenggorok: n bronchiole.
-beranting: v 1 have subsection 2 have twigs. Pohon ini beranting banyak. The tree has a lot of twigs.  Pohon ini tidak beranting This tree has no twigs. Pohon itu mulai beranting. The tree is beginning to have twigs.

ranting2: adj /ld/ dried up.
-meranting: v dry up.

ranum: adj /frm/lu/ overripe.
-meranum: v ripen.

raon: variant of rawon:

rapat1: adv /frm/lu/ 1 close |near in space; not far| Taruh meja itu rapat ke dinding Put the table close to the wall. 2 densely Kami menanam bunga itu rapat. We plant the flower closely.   Kami tinggal dekat dengan sekolah. We live close to the school.

rapat2: adj /frm/lu/ 1 close Waktu kosong antara dua kegiatan itu sangat rapat. The vacant time between the two events was very close. 2 intimate  Hubungan mereka sangat rapat. Their relation is very intimate

rapat3: merapat: v /frm/lu/ 1 anchor, moor (in a harbour) Apa kapal itu sudah merapat. Has the ship anchored? 2 become close Hubungan mereka sudah merapat Their relation has become close
-rapatkan: merapatkan1: v 1make things closer to each other 2 move closer 3 tighten Rapatkan kancing mantel kamu itu. Tighten your coat button.

rapat4: n /frm/lu/ meeting Tolong tenang! Ada rapat didalam. Quiet please! There is a meeting inside
-merapatkan2: v discuss sth in a meeting. Mereka akan merapatkan hal itu lusa They are going to discus it in a meeting the day after tomorrow.
-rapat: v hold a meeting. Mari kita rapat membicarakan hal tersebut. Let’s hold a meeting to discuss that matter.
-kerapatan1: n 1 closeness 2 intimacy
-kerapatan2: n /of/ congress

RAPBD {Rencana Anggaran Pendapatan dan Be­lanja Daerah}: n regional budget plan.

RAPBN {Rencana Anggaran Pendapatan dan Be­lanja Negara}: n the sate budget plan.

rapel; rapelan: n /lu/ back pay

rapi: adj /frm/lu/1orderly ruang makan yang rapi an orderly dining room 2 neat, tidy Saya suka kepangan rambutnya yang rapi. I like her tidy braid
-dengan rapi: adv neatly Dia menata meja dengan rapi. She set the table neatly
-merapikan: v 1 put sth more orderly 2 make sth neater
-kerapian: n neatness, tidiness
-perapi: n 1 sb who always dress neatly 2 straighter.

rapiah: see rambutan:

rapih: variant of rapi:

Rapim {Rapat Pimpinan}: n executive meeting

rapkol: n /ld/ cabbage. –syn: /lu/ kol

rapor; raport; rapot: n school report card.

rapsodi: n /ld/ rhapsody.

rapuh: adj /frm/lu/ 1 brittle 2 likely to snap. Tangga itu rapuh. The ladder is likely to snap. 3 weak  Kepribadian dia sangat rapuh Her personality is very weak 4  sensitive, tender 5 fragile
-kerapuhan: n 1 fragility. 2 brittleness, crispness. 3 weakness
-merapuhkan: v 1 cause to be fragile and brittle 2 discourage Kegagalan pertamanya telah merapuhkan semangatnya. Her failure on the first attempts had discouraged her spirit.
-perapuh: n sth that made sth brittle, weak, or fragile.

ras1: n /spo/ sound of rustling (of papers, leaves, etc.).

ras2: n /frm/lu/ reins. Pegang ras-nya. Hold the reins. –syn: /lu/ res

ras3: n /frm/lu/  race. diskriminasi ras race discrimination.

ras4: n /frm/lu/ thoroughbred. anjing ras a thoroughbred dog

rasa1; perasaan: n /frm/lu/ 1 taste Makanan itu rasanya enak That food tastes delicious. 2 feeling, sense, sentiment Umumnya mereka mempunyai rasa kedaerahan yang kuat Generally they have strong ethnical sentiment. 3 sensation rasa pedih stinging or biting sensation.

rasa2: merasa(kan): v 1 feel Bagaimana kamu merasakannya? (Bagamana rasanya?) How do you feel. 2 taste Apa kamu sudah pernah merasakan obat itu? Have you ever taste that drug? 3 experienced, endure.  Saya belum pernah merasakan pahitnya peperangan. I never experienced the bitterness of a war.
-dirasa-rasa: v think of Kalau dirasa-rasa, kita tidak perlu pergi kesana. If we think of it, we don’t need to go there.
-perasa: adj sensitive. Dia seorang yang sangat perasa. She is a very sensitive person.
-rasa kasihan: v pity Apa kamu tidak rasa kasihan kepada mereka? Don’t you pity to see them?
-rasa-rasanya; rasanya: v it seems  Rasa-rasanya saya pernah bertemu anda sebelumya. It seems that I’d met you before.
-terasa:
v 1 be felt Apa sopnya sudah terasa enak? Has the soup been tasted good/delicious? Terasa sangat panas disini. It is felt very hot here. 2 be noticed, be aware of  Tidak terasa bahwa hari sudah larut malam. It wasn’t noticed that it was late at night.

rasaksa: variant of raksasa:

rasamala: n /frm/lu/ tree with fragrant wood.

rasberi: n /frm/lu/ berry |one of several types of small soft fruits with very small seeds – Rubus idaeus|

rase: n civet cat.

rasia1: variant of rahasia:

rasi1: n /frm/lu/ 1 constellation 2 fortune rasi bintang planet constellation
-merasikan: v 1 consult the stars 2 cast a horoscope
-rasian: n 1 astrology. 2 fortune-telling.
-perasian: n 1 horoscope. 2 fate.
-merasikan: v consult the stars, cast a horoscope.

rasi2: serasi1: adj /lu/ 1 harmonious 2 matching, compatible Da­sinya serasi dengan kemejanya His tie is matching with his long sleeve shirt.
-keserasian: n 1 harmony 2 compatibility.
-menserasikan: v 1 match 2 to make sth harmonious with sth else.
-penyerasian: n 1 harmonization |the process of making things harmonious 2 make things compatible|
-serasi2: v match Ini akan serasi dengan jas kamu. This one will match your jacket.

rasia1: variant of rahasia:

rasial: adj racial.

rasialis: adj racialist.

rasialisme: n racialism.

rasio: n /frm/lu/1 rationale |the reasons and principles on which a decision, plan etc. is based|  Apa rasio dibalik rencana kamu ini? What is the rationale behind your plan?

rasional; rasionil: adj /frm/lu/ rational.
-merasionalkan: v rationalize |to give reasons to what sb’s do or plan, or to explain your behavior or attitudes|  Dia merasionalkan, orang tuanya akan memberikan juga uang itu, maka kenapa tidak diambil saja? He rationalized that his parents would have given him the money anyway, so why not just take it?
-rasionalisasi: n rationalization |an action to make sth rational|

rasisme: n racism.

rasuk2; merasuk: v /frm/lu/ posses |if an evil spirit control your action or behaviour, it means that the spirit “merasuk” into your personality| Roh jahat sedang merasuki dia An evil spirit is possessing him. 2 permeate |to enter something or pass through it, especially when this is difficult| Kita perlu merebus sayur itu sehingga garam dan bumbu merasuk kedalamnya. We need to cook the vegetable so the salt and spices can penetrate inside. Air hujan telah merasuk kedalam dinding. Rain water had penetrated into the walls.

rasul: n /frm/lu/ 1 messenger sent by God. 2 prophet. 3 apostle.
-kerasulan1: n 1 at­tribute of a messenger of God. 2 apostolate.
-merasul: v proselytize.

rasuli: adj apostolic. karya kerasulan apostolic work.

rasulullah: n /Isl./ the Messenger of God. Muhammad Rasulullah: Muhammad the Messenger of God

raswah: variant of rasuah:

rata: adj /frm/lu/ 1 flat, level. Apa permukaan tanah itu rata? Is the surface of the land flat? 2 even a) |flat, level, or smooth| Lantai harus rata sebelum kita meletakkan lemari itu. The floor has to be even before we put the boards down. b) stable |an even rate, temperature etc. does not change much| Simpan bahan kimia itu pada suhu yang rata. Store the chemicals at an even temperature. c) |separated by equal spaces| gigi putihnya yang rata his even white teeth d) equal Setiap orang mendapat pembagian rata. Every body get an equal portion.
-meratakan: v 1 level |to knock something down to the ground and destroy it| Gempa itu meratakan beberapa rumah di kota. An earthquake leveled several buildings in the city. 2 smooth Dia meratakan tutup tempat tidur itu dengan tangannya. She smoothed the bed cover with her hands.
-merata: adv averagely, evenly Taburkan benih itu merata. Scatter the seed averagely.  -rata-rata: adj average Berapa rata-rata hujan turun pada bulan Mei? What’s the average rainfall for May?

ratap; ratapan: n /frm/lu/1 lamentation 2 wail.
-meratapi: v lament over sb/sth.
-ratap tangis: n 1 mourning, lament  Saya sangat tergugah mendengar ratap tangis mereka.
I was so touched to hear their mourning.

ratifikasi: n /frm/lu/ ratification.
-meratifikasi: v ratify.

ratifisir; meratifisir: v /frm/lu/ ratify

ratio: variant of rasio:

ratna: n /ltr/ gem, jewel.
-ratna kendi: n precious stone.
-ratna mutu manikam: n gems of all kinds.
-ratna cempaka: n topaz. wilis emerald.

ratu: n /frm/lu/ 1 Queen  |a female ruler of a country who is from a royal family, or the wife of a king| 2 Miss |the woman who wins a beauty competition| ratu dunia miss universe ratu Asia miss Asia 3 |a large female bee, ant etc. that lays the eggs for a whole group|

ratus1: num. 100 (hundred)
-beratus-ratus: num hundreds. Beratus-ratus rumah rusak akibat banjir itu Hundreds of houses were destroyed by flood dua ratus: 200 (two hundred)
-ratusan: n 1 currency note or coin with the value of 100 (rupiah, cents, etc) 2 above certain hundred dua ratusan between 200 to 300 hundred
-seratus: num 100 (one hundred)

ratus2: n /Jv/ perfumed powder used as in­cense.
-meratus: v dry and perfume (sb’s hair or clothes)

raung: n 1 /spo/ sound of a siren 2  a siren.
-meraung: v 1 a roar. Apa kamu mendengar hariamu sedang meraung? Do you hear a tiger is roaring?  2  moan  Dia meraung kesakitan. She is moaning in pain
-meraungkan: v howl sth
-raungan: n 1 roar. raungan serigala the cry of a wolf. raungan mesin jet the roar of jet engines. 2 moan.

raun-raun1: v /inf/ 1 go on a pleasure trip, stroll about, tour. 2 promenade

raun-raun2: n /infr/ promenade Bagaimana raun-raunnya? How was your promenade?

raup; meraup: v /frm/lu/ scoop up sth with the hands. Raup benih itu lalu tebarkan Scoop the seed with your hands and scattered it.
-seraup(an): n a hand­ful.

raut: n /frm/lu/ profile, contour, shape, form
-meraut: v 1 shape, form  2 sharpen Raut pensil kamu sebelum berangkat sekolah. Sharpen your pencil before going to school.
-raut wajah: n face profile.
-raut permukaan: n surface contour
-rautan: n sharpener (of pencil)

rawa; rawa-rawa: n /frm/lu/ swamp, marsh. be­swampy.
-merawa: v become swamps.
-merawakan: v turn into swamps.

rawan1: adj /frm/lu/1 soft (not hard, firm, or stiff, but easy to press| tulang rawan soft bones 2 vulnerable |easily harmed, hurt, or attacked| Orang tua itu rawan terhadap penyakit. The old man is vulnerable towards illness. 3 unsafe Hati-hati, daerah itu rawan terhadap kejahatan. Be careful, that area is unsafe from crime. 4 sensitive, emotional Kalau bicara dengan dia supaya hati-hati, dia sangat rawan If you talk to her, be careful, she is sensitive.
-kerawanan: n 1 un-safeness 2 vulnerability 3 weakness 4 softness 5 sensitiveness

rawan2: n /ld/ classifier for articles of twine. serawan ­jala a net. dua rawan jala two nets

rawat; merawat: v /frm/lu/ 1 take care of, nurse. Kita butuh seseorang untuk merawat nenek dirumah We need someone to nurse grandma at home. 2 maintain |to keep something in good condition| Biayanya besar untuk merawat sebuah rumah besar. It costs a lot of money to maintain a big house.
-perawatan: n 1 nursery 2 maintenance 3 medical treatment 4 caring
-perawat: n nurse
-terawat: v 1 be taken care of  2 be maintained.

rawe: n /ld/ liana |which causing itching|
-/proverb./ rawe-rawe rantas malang-malang putung: strive onward, no matter what the result (a revolutionary slogan).

rawit1: adj /frm/lu/ fine, small.
-cabai rawit: n very small and very hot chili pepper.

rawit2; karawitan: n music, song.
-rawitan: n overture (esp. gamelan music).

rawon: n /ld/ beef stew made with keluak (a spice made of fruit – Pangium edule)
-nasi rawon: n rice served with such a stew and other fixings.

rawuh: v /ld/ come (said of respected person).

raya: n /frm/lu/ great, large
-hari raya: n ­holiday.
-Jakarta Raya: n greater Jakarta.
-merayakan: v celebrate.
-perayaan: n celebration.

rayap1: n /frm/lu/ termite.

rayap2: merayap1: v /frm/lu/ 1 creep, crawl, continue. Waktu merayap cepat Time drags fast.
-merayap2: adj creeping, climbing tanaman merayap creeping plant.
-merayapi: v 1 creep over sth Sorak sorai kemudian merayapi seluruh aula. Wild applause  then crept over the hall 2 prowl Harimau itu merayap malam hari mencari mangsanya. The tiger prowls at night to find its prey.
-rayapan: n creep, trace. rayapan seekor kura-kura the creeping of a turtle

rayon: n /frm/lu/ area, district.

rayonisasi: n /frm/lu/ the process of dividing into administrative districts.
-merayonisasi: v divide into administrative unit

rayu1: adj /ld/ sad, touched, emotional.

rayu2: merayu: v 1 persuade |to make someone decide to do something by giving good reasons|  Dia mencoba merayu penjaga toko memberikan tambahan potngan harga. She tried to persuade the shop keeper for more discount. 2 seduce |to persuade someone to do something, especially to have sex, by making it seem extremely attractive|  Itu adalah cerita seorang gadis belasan tahun yang merayu seorang pria yang lebih tua. It’s the story of a teenage girl who seduces an older man.
-perayu: n flatterer.
-rayuan: n 1 persuasion. 2 flattery, wooing.
-rayuan gombal: n vulgar seduction.

razia; razzia: n /frm/lu/ 1 raid by police (in red-light district, etc.). 2 unannounced examination of licenses, documents, etc. by police (in speed trap, during house-to-house search, etc.).
-merazia: v temporarily and suddenly make such activity.

RDJ {Republik Demokrasi Jerman}: n Democratic Re­public of Germany.

RDRK  {Republik Demokrasi Rakyat Korea}: n Demo­cratic People’s Republic of Korea.

RDV {Republik Demokrasi Vietnam}: n Democratic Republic of Vietnam.

reaksi: n /frm/lu/ reaction. Itu hanyalah reaksi untuk apa yang telah kamu perbuat kepada dia. It’ s only a reaction to what you did to her.
-bereaksi: v react Bagaimana dia bereaksi terhadap lamaran kamu? How did she react to your proposal?
-mereaksikan: v /tr/ to mix two or more things (usually chemical substances in order to have its reaction)
-pereaksi: n agent.

reaksioner: adj /frm/lu/ reactionary.

reaktor: n /lu/ reactor.

real: variant of ril:

realis: n /frm/lu/ realist.

realisasi: n /frm/lu/ realization.
-merealisasikan: v 1 to implement 2 to bring about sth 3 realize |to achieve something you have been hoping for, working for etc.| 4 actualize

realisir; merealisir: v /frm/lu/ bring sth about |to make something happen|
-terealisir: v 1 be realized 2 be actualized

realisme: n /frm/lu/ realism.

realistis: adj /frm/lu/ realistic.
-merealistiskan: v make sth realistic.

realitas: n /frm/lu/ reality.

realokasi: n /frm/lu/ reallocation.
-merealokasikan: v reallocate.

rebah: v /intr/frm/lu/ fall down 2 collapse. |to fall down and perhaps become unconscious| Dia rebah begitu medengar berita itu She collapsed on hearing the news. Dia rebah dan pingsan. She felt into a faint.
-berebahan: v fall down (plural things) Rumah-rumah berebahan akibat gempa bumi itu. The houses felt down by the earthquake.
-merebah: v /intr/ lie |also lie down to put yourself in this position| Saya keatas untuk merebah. I’m going upstairs to lie down.
-merebahkan: v /tr/ 1 lie (sth) down Dia merebahkan diri di sofa. She lay down herself on the sofa. Badai keras itu telah merebahkan banyak pohon. The hurricane has lain down many trees 2 knock down Dia merebahkan lawannya pada ronde ke-3. He knock down his contender at the third round.
-rebah-rebah: v lie down leisurely
-rebah bangun: n shrub |a small grass – Mimosa pudica|
-rebah tertumus: v /intr/ fall face down
-rebah rempah: v /intr/ fall and roll down
-rebahan: n 1 a place to lie down 2 things that are overturned.

rebak; merebak: v /intr/frm/lu/ 1 burst into tears |start to crying| Tiba-tiba Sandra merebak menangis Suddenly Sandra burst into tears 2 burst out/through (news, rumor, etc.| 3 spread out (epidemic illness)

rebana: n /frm/lu/ tambourine.
-berebana: v play tambourine. 2 have tambourine played (at party, et, .).

Rebo: variant of Rabu:

reboasasi; reboisasi: n /frm/lu/ reforestation.
-mereboisasikan: v reforest.

rebung: n /frm/lu/ bamboo shoot.
-merebung: v sprout (of bamboo).

rebus1: merebus: v /frm/lu/ boil Rebus air itu sebelum minum Boil the water before drinking Dia sedang merebus sayur. She is boiling vegetable.

rebus2: adj /frm/lu/ boiled telor rebus boiled eggs.
-perebusan: n boiling ( the process)
-rebusan1: adj boiled (food,  beverage, etc)
-rebusan2: n a container to boil sth

rebut: berebut(an): v /intr/frm/lu/ 1 snatch away |to take something away from someone, especially by force| Penumpang selalu berebutan tempat duduk dekat jendela. Passengers always snatch to have window seat  2 take sth by force. 3 struggle to obtain a goal 4 compete |to try to win or gain something, or try to be better or more successful than someone else| Para siswa mulai berebut tempat di perguruan tinggi pada awal mereka masuk SLTA Kids start competing for college places as early as they enter Senior High School.
-memperebutkan: v /tr/. snatch, compete, struggle, race for sth Mereka sedang memperebutkan pemilikan saham perusahaan itu They are competing for the ownership of the company’s share
-perebutan: n 1 snatching 2 competition 3 struggle 4 fight 5 race Perebutan juara bulutangkis Jakarta terbuka. Competition on Jakarta open badminton championship 3 struggling, fighting.
-merebut: v /tr/ 1 take over |take sth by force) 2 win
-rebut-rebutan: v struggle each other to try gaining sth Sejumlah partai politik sedang rebut-rebutan untuk kursi parlemen. A number of political party are competing to gain parliament seats.

receh: n small value coin/money, see uang:

recok1: adj /inf/lu/ 1 noisy 2 disturbed 3 troubled 4 full of argument 5 bothersome

recok2: merecoki: v /inf/lu/ 1 disturb 2 bother 3 annoy 4 intrude on 5 destroy the quietness (of), 5 stir up trouble  Sejumlah orang merecoki pesta itu A number of people stirred up trouble at the party
-kerecokan: n 1 noise 2 disturbance 3 uproar 4 bother

red1 {redaksi}: see redaksi:

red2: {redaktur}: see redaktur:

reda1; mereda: v /frm/lu/ 1 abate |to become less loud, less-strong, less-painful etc.| Kemarahan publik kelihatannya sudah reda: Public anger seems has been abating. 2 subside |to become less strong or loud| Badai reda menjelang subuh. The storm subsided around dawn.
-meredakan: v 1 calm down 2 subside. Polisi berhasil meredakan huru hara itu. Police successfully calmed down the riot. 2 soothe, calm |to make someone feel less worried, angry, or upset| Untuk meredakan gelombang protes, Perdana Menteri akhirnya mengundurkan diri. In order to soothe the wave of protest, finally the Prime Minister resign.
-peredaan: n quieting down, slowing down (of activity, etc.).

reda2: see rela:

redaksi1: n /frm/lu/ 1 editorial staff. 2 wording (of text), writing syle.
-meredaksikan: v put into words (sentence)
-keredaksian: n 1 matters pertaining to editing 2 editors hip.

redaksionil: adj /frm/lu/ pertaining to editing.

redaktris: n /frm/lu/ female editor.

redaktur: n /frm/lu/ editor.

redam: adj /frm/lu/ 1 vague |unclear because someone does not give enough details| Dia membuat rencana kita untuk musim panas ini redam She made our plans for summer vague.   2  dim, faint |not bright or easy to see well| ruangan redam dengan jendela kecil. a dim room with a tiny window  3 muffled, hushed |cannot be heard clearly| Saya hampir tidak bisa mendengar suara dia yang redam. I could barely hear her muffled voice.
-meredamkan: v 1 deaden 2 muffle 3 dampen (spirit or enthusiasm) |to make someone feel less excited or interested about something|
-peredam: n reducer |device to reduce noise or light|
-peredaman: n dampening (an emotion)

redi: adj /frm/lu/ ready.

redistribusi: n /frm/lu/ redistribution.
-meredistribusikan: v redistribute.

redia; redlo: variant of redha: see rela:

reduksi: n /frm/lu/ 1 reduction. 2 discount.
-mereduksikan: v reduce
-pereduksi: n reducing agent.

reduktor: n /tech/ reductor.

redundansi: n /frm/ redundancy.

redup: adj /frm/lu/ 1 overcast Langit sudah mulai redup The sky is starting to be overcast 2 dull, dreary. a) |not interesting or exciting| Pesta yang redup What a dull party b) |not bright or shin