Dictionary O

O

O; o1: |the 15th letter of the alphabet used in Indonesian and in English – approximately sounds like o in oar; obey; boy; correct; compromise; long; colonial |

O2; oh: intj. 1 used to express a surprise. O!, bagus sekali. Oh that very beautiful. O! begitu ya? Oh! Is that so?  2 |used to express perception or as a remembering| O, ya? Baru saya ingat! Oh, yes! Now I rember it.

O3: n |symbol of oxygen|

obah: see ubah:

obat: n /frm/lu/ 1 medicine |a substance used for treating illness| Apa kamu sudah minum obat? Have you taken medicine?  Ingat minum obat kamu. Remember to take your medicine. Obat harus ditaruh diluar jangkauan anak-anak. Medicines should be kept beyond the reach of children. 2 drug |an illegal substance that people smoke, inject etc. for pleasure| Bill dituduh memperjual-belikan obat terlarang. Bill was accused of trafficking illegal drug.  Ibu saya mengira saya makan obat (narkoba) My mom thinks I’m on drugs. (using drugs regularly) Dave telah mengkonsumsi obat sejak dia berumur tiga belas. Dave’s been doing drugs (using drugs regularly) since he was thirteen. masalah penyalah gunaan obat the problem of drug abuse (the use of illegal drugs) Dia dimasukkan kedalam penjara karena memperjual belikan obat keras He was sent to prison for selling hard drugs. (dangerous illegal drugs such as heroin and cocaine)  3 poison. Obat nyamuk jenis apa yang kamu pakai? What kind of mosquito poison do you use?
-berobat: v have a medical treatment. Dia sedang pergi berobat ke klinik. He is going to have medical treatment in a clinic.
-berobat jalan: v be an outpatient |regularly go to a hospital for a medical treatment without staying there|
-mengobati: v cure |to make an injury or illness better, so that the person who was sick is well| Antibiotik mengobati hampir semua jenis infeksi. Antibiotic will cure most of infections.
-obat ajaib: n magical medicine.
-obat batuk: n cough medicine.
-obat bius: n anesthetic.
-obat dalam: n medicine for internal organ.
-obat gosok: n 1 liniment |an oily liquid you rub on your skin when your muscles are sore or stiff | 2 scouring powder.
-obat gulma: n herbicide.
-obat guna-guna: n charm |the special quality someone or something has that makes people like him, her, or it|
-obat hama: n pesticide.
-obat jamur: n fungicide.
-obat jamu: n herbal medicine.
-obat jarum: n serum |a liquid taken from animal’s blood that is put into someone’s blood in order to fight an infection|
-obat kampung: n traditional medicine.
-obat kelantang/pemutih: n bleaching powder.
-obat kimia: n chemotherapy.
-obat kuat: n tonic.
-obat kumur: n mouthwash, gargle.
-obat lelah: n refreshment.
-obat luar: n external medicine.
-obat mata: n eyes drop.
-obat masuk angin: n medicine for cathing cold.
-obat merah: n iodine, mercurochrome .
-obat nyamuk: n mosquito repellent
-obat pelancar: n lubricant |a substance such as oil that is used on things that rub together, making them move more smoothly and easily|
-obat peluntur: n laxative, purgative
-obat perut: n laxative.
-obat rindu: n token, reminder.
-obat saraf: n neural therapy.
-obat serangga: n insecticide.
-obat suntik: n injection |liquid medicine that is put into sb body by injection|
-pengobatan: n medical treatment, therapy.  Penyakit ini memerlukan pengobatan serius. This illness needs a serious medical treatment.
-pengobati: n healer, therapist
-terobati: v 1 be treated, be cured. 2 be com­forted, be tempered. Kekecewaannya agak terobati dengan kabar baik itu. Her disappointment was somewhat tempered by the good news.

obeng: n /frm/lu/ screwdriver.
-obeng                belimbing/bintang/kembang: n Philips screwdriver.

oberal: see obral:

obituary: n /frm/ obituary |a report of someone’s death in a newspaper|.

objek: see obyek:

obligasi: n /frm/lu/ debenture, bond.
-obligasi berhadiah: n bond paid back by annual drawings.

oblak-oblok: n /inf/ 1 dish consisting of leftovers or veg­etables mixed with spices. 2 offspring of an interethnic marriage.

oblong: see kaos oblong:

obor: n /frm/lu/ 1 torch. 2 guide.
-mengobor: v look for fish with a torch.
-mengobori: v light sth. with a torch.

obrak-abrik; mengobrak abrik: v /frm/lu/ 1 destroy, ruin. 2 upset, tip over, turn upside down.

obral: n /frm/lu/ 1 sale, clearance |a time when stores sell their goods at lower prices than usual| Ada obral besar di Metropolitan Mall sekarang. There’s a great sale at Metropolitan Mall now.
-mengobral: v 1 sell out, sell cheaply 2 do sth. without prior consideration, be quick to do sth. Dia selalu mengobral ketawa. He always laugh excessively 2 spend or dis­pose of sth freely. Dia mengobral uangnya He wasted his money. Megobral janji Make a lot of promise
-obralan: n sale items.
-pengobralan: n clearance sale.

obras; obrasan: n /frm/lu/ hem |the edge of a piece of clothing that is folded and sewn by machine|
-mesin obras: n hemming machine.

obrol; obrolan: n /frm/lu/ chat |a friendly informal conversation|
-menobrol: v /intr/ chat.
-mengobrolkan: v /tr/ to chat on (sth).  Maaf saya tidak punya waktu mengobrolkan itu sekarang, biarlah waktu lain. Sorry, I have no time to chat on it now, let’s do it next time.

observasi; observasi: n /frm/lu/ observation.

observatorium: n /frm/lu/ observatory.

obsesi: n /frm/lu/ obsession.

obsesif: adj /frm/lu/ obsessive.

obstetric: n /frm/lu/ obstetrics |the part of medical science that deals with the birth of children|

obstetrikus: n /frm/lu/ obstetrician.

obyek1: n /frm/lu/ object 1 | a thing that you can see, hold, or touch| Tanaman, binatang, rumah, dll adalah obyek yang boleh digambar oleh siwa. Plants, animals, hause, etc. are the objects that a student can draw. 2 |the destination (of interest) Bali adalah satu obyek wisata terkenal di Indonesia. Bali is a very popular tourists’ destination in Indonesia.3 /tech/. in grammar/ |the person or thing that is affected by the action of the verb in a sentence|  Pada kalimat “salmon memukul meja”, “meja” adalah obyek kalimat.  In the sentence “Salmon hit the table”, “table” is the object of the sentence.

obyek2: n /inf/lu/ temporary and informal business or lucrative side-jobs which not entirely legal.
-mengobyek: v deal with such business
-obyekan: n the object of such business,
-pengobyek: n person who does this business.

obyektif1: adj /frm/lu/ objective, unbiased, not imagined, real. |not influenced by your own feelings, beliefs, or ideas| satu pendapat objektif dari pembicara. an objective opinion from the speaker.
-keobjektifan: n objectivity.
-mengobjektifkan: v /tr/ make sth objective.

obyektivisme: n /frm/lu/ objectivism.

obyektivitas: n /frm/ objectivity.

oc. {organizing committee}: n |a committee who deal with the implementation of a huge and formal activity such as seminar, workshop,  international convention. etc.|

ocak-ocak; mengocak-ocak: v /Jv/ choke.

oceanografi: see /frm/lu/ oseanografi:

oceanologi: see oseanologi:

oceh; mengoceh: v /lu/inf/ babble, jabber, talk nonsense. Dia selalu mengoceh pada kawan-kawannya She always talk nonsense with her friends. 2 twitter (of bird).
-mengocehkan: v /tr/ blab about sth  Dia selalu mengocehkan kemenangannya. He always blabs his victory.
-ocehan: n twaddle, gossip, blabbering
-pengoceh: n 1 blabber 2 talkative person 3 chatter­box.

odiensi: variant of audiensi

oditir: see oditur:

oditur: n /frm/lu/ military prosecuting attorney, judge advocate.
-oditur jenderal: n highest ranking mili­tary prosecutor.
-oditur tinggi: n military prosecutor at the appeals level.
-keodituran: n matters pertaining to military prosecutors or prosecuting attorneys.

oditurat: n /frm/lu/ the office of the military prosecutor.

odoh: adj /ld/ 1 ugly. 2 very stupid.

odok; mengodok: v /intr/tr/Jkt/ to take sth out from inside.

odoklonyo: n /lu/ cologne.

odol: n /lu/ toothpaste.

ofensi: n /mil./ offensive attack.

ofensif; offensive: adj /frm/lu/ 1 offensive (of be havior). 2 /mil./ offensive (action)

oferte: n /of/ offer.

ofisial: n /frm/lu/ official.

ofisiil: adj /frm/lu/ official, formal.

ogah1: v /Jkt/Jv/ be averse (to do sth). Dia ogah bertemu dengan saya. He doesn’t like to see me.
-keogahan: n aversion.
-ogah-ogahan: adv reluctantly. Dia belajar sejarah ogah-ogahan. He studies history reluctantly.

ogah2; mengogah: v /ld/ shake sth to loosen it.

ogak-ogak: n /ltr/ jester |a man employed to entertain people with jokes, stories etc.|
-berogak-ogak: v joke.
-pengogak: n 1 joke­ster. 2 clown.

oh: variant of O,

ohm: n /tech/. ohm |an electric current measurement unit|.

oi: intrj. /spo/ 1 hey there! (to call sb’s attention). Oi! indah sekali gambar itu! Look, how beautiful that picture! 2 |to express astonishment or recognition| Oi! Kamu kan Piter? sahutnya Oh, you’re Peter, aren’t you? she shouted.

ojeg; ojek: n /inf/lu/ motorcycle or bicycle used for public transport.
-mengojek: v earn money by taking people on sb’s bicycle or motorcycle.
-mengojekkan: v use bicycle or motorcycle for such purpose.
-pengojek: n sb who does this.

OK: intrj.  OK!,  all right.
-mengokekan: v /intr/tr/ 1 approve sth 2 agree with sth.

oke: variant of OK.

oker: n ocher.

okey: variant of oke:

oknum: n /frm/lu/ 1 a person in a certain capacity, esp. with negative connotation. Beberapa oknum militer terlibat perkelahian. A number of military persons involved in a fighting. 2 /rel./lit./ person (of God).
-keoknuman: n person­hood (of God).

oksid; oksida: n /frm/lu/ oxide.
-oksida belerang: n sulphuric oxide.
-mengoksidakan: v /tr/ oxidize |to combine with oxygen, especially when this causes rust, or to make something do this|
-pengoksida: n oxidizing agent.
-pengoksidaan: n oxidization.

oksidasi: n /frm/lu/ oxidation.
-mengoksida: v /tr/ oxidize

oksigen: n /frm/lu/ oxygen.

oktaf: n /frm/lu/ octave.

oktan: n /frm/lu/ octane.

Oktober: n October.

okulasi: n /frm/lu/ grafting 1 |a method for putting a piece of skin or bone from one part of someone’s body onto another part that has been damaged| Dokter mengokulasi kulit lengan Mike ke wajahnya yang terbakar. Doctors grafted skin from Mike’s arm onto his face where it was burned. 2 |to join a part of a flower, plant, or tree onto another flower, plant, or tree|
-mengokulasi: v graft

okuler: adj /tech/ |pertaining to microscope or telescope lens|
-okulis: n experton eyes

okultis: n /frm/ |the person who learn the knowledge and study of magic and spirits|

okupasi: n /frm/ occupation  |the act of entering a place and getting control of it, especially by military force|

okupasional: adj /frm/ |relating to job or position|

olah1: n /frm/lu/ 1 manner, way of doing things. 2 see ulah:
-mengolah: v /tr/ process 1 |to treat food or some other substance by adding other substances to it, for example to give it color or keep it fresh: processed cheese| 2 |to deal with data or information in an official way|  Permohonan keanggotaan anda sedang di olah Your membership application is still being processed. 3 manage, control. Pemerintah harus mengolah semua sumber daya alam demi kepentingan masyarakat. The government has to manage/control all the natural resources for sake of th people.
-seolah-olah: adv, prep. as if  Dia bersikap seolah-olah dia seorang pimpinan. She acted as if she is the chief
-pengolah: n processor.
-pengolahan: n processing.

olahgerak: n /frm/  maneuver

olahraga: n /frm/lu/ physical training, exercises.
-berolahraga: v engage in sports or physical exercise.
-mengolahragakan: v 1 urge society to be sport maniac. 2 make people sports-oriented.
-memasyarakatkan olahraga: v promote sport to the commnty.

olahrasa: n /frm/ sensation

olah vocal: n /frm/lu/ vocal training.

olahragawan: n /frm/lu/ sportsman, athlete.

olahragawati: n /frm/lu/ female athlete.

olak: n /lu/ 1 circular movement 2 whirlpool. –syn: /frm/lu/ golak
-berolak: v ­turn, whirl –syn: /frm/lu/ bergolak
-olak-mengolak: v /intr/ stir, turn
-mengolakkan: v /tr/ stir, turn (sth)

olak-alik: v /lu/ go to and fro. –syn: /frm/lu/ bolak-balik

Olanda: n /ltr/ the Netherlands, Dutch

olang-aling: v /lu/ be shaking to and fro |keep moving to the right and back to the left|

oleh1: prep. /frm/lu/ by |used to show who did something or what caused something| Lagu yang ditulis oleh Mozart Music written by Mozart Mobil itu di beli oleh ayahnya. The car was bought by his father. 2 oleh karena: because of. Saya merasa senang oleh karena kamu datang tepat waktu, I’m glad because you are coming on time. 3 of Hotel itu penuh oleh tamu asing. The hotel is full of foreign tourist. 4 for Oleh saya itu satu persoalan serius. For me, it’s a serious matter.

oleh2; oleh-oleh: n /frm/lu/ gift, token, present
-mengoleh-olehi: v bring sb gift.
-perolehan: n result, gain, point, achievement, acquisition

oleng: adj /frm/lu/ 1 shaky. 2 having a strong roll (of ship). ­
-kemolengan: n staggering.
-mengoleng-olengkan: v shake, rock.
-mengoleng-olengkan: v cause sth to rock repeatedly.
mengolengkan kepala: v shake sb’s head.
-keolengan; olengan: n rocking (of boat).

oles;  mengoles: v /frm/lu/ spread sth oily on,  lubricate.
-mengolesi: v smear oily substance on sth mengolesi roti dengan mentega spread the bread with butter.
-mengoleskan: v smear sth with sth else Dia mengoleskan minyak kelapa ke rambutnya He smeared coconut oil on his hair.
-olesan: n a smear.olesan mentega a smear of butter.

oli: n /frm/lu/ oil, esp. lubricating oil.

olie: variant of oli:

oligarki: n /frm/ oligarchy.

oligarkis: adj /frm/ oligarchic.

Olimpiade: n /frm/lu/ Olympic Games

Olimpik: adj /frm/lu/ Olympic.

olok; olok-olok: n /frm/lu/ 1 joke, funny remark. 2 ridicule.
-berolok-olok: v 1 play jest, joke.
-mengolok-olok: v 1 play jest to sb 2 make sb a joke Jangan mengolok-olok teman kamu. Don’t make your friends a joke. 3 play kid Apa kamu mengolok-olok saya? You are kidding me?. 4 mock, deride, make fun of. |to laugh in an unkind way at someone or something and try to make him, her, or it seem stupid or silly, especially by copying his or her actions or speech| Teman-temannya selau memperolok-olokkan logat Selatan Joe. His friends always mock Joe’s southern accent.

Olympiade: variant of Olimpiade:

om1: n /spo/ 1 term of address and reference for western and westernized men, older than the speaker. 2 uncle, term of reference and address in certain regions and community.
-om senang: n sugar-daddy, middle-aged playboy.

om2: n /frm/lu/ ohm. |a electrical measurement unit|

oma: n /spo/ 1 term of address and reference for westernized women of same age as speaker’s grandmother. 2 grandmother |term of reference and address in certain regions| 3 (in some regions only) grandaunt.

ombak: n /frm/lu/ wave.
-berombak1: adj wavy (hair)
-berombak2: v to have waves (ocean, water surface)
-ombak bunga lepang: n whitecaps.
-ombak galur: n waves dashing against the cliffs.
-ombak gemulung: n roll­ing waves.
-ombak pikiran: n instability/inconsistency of thought.
-ombakselaba: n huge/severe wave.

ombang-ambing; terombang-ambing: v /frm/lu/ 1 bob up and down 2 be uncertain.
-mengombang-ambingkan: v /tr/ bob up and down sth 1 Ombak mengombang-ambingkan perahu itu. Waves bobbed up and down the canoe Pelaksanaan proyek itu terombang ambing karena fluktuasi ekonomi. The implementation of the project was bobbed up and down by the economc fluctuation
-terombang-ambingkan: v /pass.v./ be bobbed up and down Kami terombang-ambing di laut berjam-jam. We were bobbed up and down in the sea for hours. Masa depan kita terombang ambing dibuat oleh ketidak stabilan politik Our future is bobbed up and down with the political instability

omel; (me)ngomel: v /inf/lu/ grumble and complain, gripe.
-mengomeli: v complain to or grumble at sb.
-omelan: n gripe, griping .

omong; omongan: n /infr/lu/  chat, talking, gossip.
-omong-omong: adv by the way. Omong-omong, siapa teman kamu kemarin. By the way, who was your yesterday’s companion?
-omongan kasar: n rude language.   .
omong kosong: n 1 nonsense. 2 chatter, gossip.
-omong punya omong: adv 1 by the way, as the conversation proceeded. 2 but finally Mulanya ayah tidak setuju saya pergi, omong punya omong akhirnya dia setuju. At the beginning my father didn’t agree if I go, but finally he agreed.

omong; ngomong: v /inf/ talk Jangan ngomong soal ini kepada siapapun. Don’t talk to anybody about this.

ompol; mengompol: v /inf/ accidentally urinate on sb bed

ompong: adj /frm/lu/ toothless (of mouths, combs, saws, etc.). Sisir itu sudah banyak ompongnya. That comb has a lot of its teeth missing. Apa kamu kenal anak ompong itu? Do you know that toothless boy?

ompreng1: n /inf/lu/ small basket made of bamboo.

ompreng2; (me)ngompreng: v /inf/lu/ 1 operate office or government vehicles for personal profit.
-mengomprengkan: v /tr/ use an official or company car illegally as a taxi. Banyak mobil dinas yang diomprengkan. Many office cars were illegally used as taxis. 2 use a non-public vehicle to bring paying passenger
-omprengan: n unregistered public transportation.
-pekerjaan omprengan: n side-job including  such transportation.
-pengompreng: n sb who uses an official car for public transportation.

ompu: n /ld/ 1 ompu(doli) the grandpa 2  ompu (boru) grandma (of sb) |honorary title to an elder Batak, who already has grand child|  Apa Ompu Nadine doli di rumah? Is the Grandpa of Nadine home?  Apa kamu melihat Ompu Nadine boru? Do you see the grandma of Nadine?

ompung: n /ld/ grandpa or grandma  |an address to our grandpa or grandma or to sb else that seems to be older than sb’s parents| Ompung, mau kemana? Grandpa, where are you going?

omset: n /frm/lu/ turnover (in commercial enterprise).

omslag; omslah: n /of/ cover  (of magazine). –syn: /frm/lu/ omset, oplah

omzet: variant of omset:

on: n /frm/lu/ |a weight measurement unit equal to 100 grams|
-onan1: adv by 100 grams
-onan2: n /Btk/ weekly traditional flee market
-maronan: v going shopping (to a traditional market)

-beronani: v masturbate.
-mengonani: v ­masturbate sb.

onar; keonaran: n /frm/lu/ noisy sensation, stir, chaos. Jangan membuat keonaran disini Don’t make a chaos here!
-mengonarkan: v /tr/ 1 create chaos, agitate, stir |to deliberately try to cause problems or make people argue| Perkelahian itu telah mengonarkan kedamaian masyarakat. The fighting has stir the peacefulness of the community. Kalau kita biarkan dia tinggal disini, dia akan mengonarkan (membuat onar) lagi If we let him stay here , he is going to make a disturbance again
-keonaran: n 1 bad boisterousness. 2 agitation 3 disturbance 4 chaos

oncom: n /lu/ fermented cake made from soybean sedi­ment.

onde-onde; ondeh-ondeh: n /lu/ round fried cake made of rice flour filled with sweetened ground mung beans sprinkled with sesame seeds.

ondel-ondel: n /Jkt/ giant puppets used in parades.

onderdil: n /frm/lu/ spare parts.

onderdistrik: n /of/ sub-district (in colonial area).

onderneming: n /of/ estate (esp. in colonial era).

ondok; berondok: v /ld/ hide. Kami berondok dibelakang rumah We hide in the back of the house.

oneng-oneng: n /ld/ remote descendants.

onggok; beronggok: v /frm/lu/ heaps, stacks, piles.
-mengonggoki: v pile up on sth  Dia mengonggoki piring dengan nasi. She piled up the plate with rice.
-mengonggokan: v /tr/ pile or stack sth up. She pile up rice on the plate.
-teronggoki: v be leaped up (with).
-teronggokkan: v be leaped on (sth) Baju-baju kotornya telah teronggokkan di sebuah ember cuci. His dirty clothes were piled up in a washbasin.
-onggokan: n pile, heap. onggokan kayu api a heap of firewood.

ogkang-ongkang: v /Jv/ 1 sit leisurely with legs dangling. Dia sedang ongkang-ongkang di teras She is sitting and dangling at the veranda 2 doing nothing, doesn’t have to work hard Warisan dari ompungnya membuat mereka ongkang-ongkang. The inheritance from her grandpa make her doesn’t have to work hard.

ongkos: n /frm/lu/ 1 cost |the amount of money you must pay in order to buy, do, or produce something|  Kami habiskan $100 ongkos memperbaiki mobil itu. We spent $100 to cover the cost of the car to be repaired. 2 fare Berapa ongkos pesawat ke Surabaya? What is the flight fare for Surabaya? 3 expenses Ongkos perjalanan itu semua berjumlah Rp: 150.000,- The expenses of the tour amount to the total of Rp: 150.000,- 4 charges Tanya mereka berapa ongkos kirim barang-barang ini. Ask them what will be the shipping charge  for the goods.
-mengongkosi: v finance, pay for
-perongkosan: n expenses, cost

ongol-ongol: n /lu/ cake made of tapioca.

ONH {Ongkos Naik Haji}: n /frm/lu/ expenses for pilgrimage to Mecca.

onomestika: n /frm/ penyelidikan asal-usul, bentuk, dan makna nama orang. tempat, atau benda

ons: variant of on:

onslah: n /of/ fire, lay off, dismissal from a job |the act of stopping a worker’s employment because there is not enough worktodo| onslah di perindustrian baja lay-offs in the steel industry
-mengonslah: v dismiss, fire, put in lay off.

onta: see unta:

ontology: n /frm/ ontology.

ontslag; ontslah: variant of onslah:

oom: variant of om:

opa: n /ld/ 1 term of address and reference for westernized men, the same age as sb’s grandfather. 2 grandfather, term of reference and ad­dress in westernized families and in certain re­gions. 3 (in some regions only) great-uncle.

opah: see upah:

opak: n /ld/ fried crispy chip made from a roll of steamed rice or cassava.

opal: n /frm/lu/ opal |a white stone used in jewelery that has other colors in it that show when light shines on it|

opas: see upas:

opelet: n /frm/lu/ small urban bus or jitney.

open1: adj /Jv/Jkt/ attentive, careful.
-mengopeni: v 1 take care of 2 pay at­tention to. Jangan mengopeni masalah itu. Don’t pay attention to that problem.

open2: see oven:

openkap: n 1 convertible car. 2 con­vertible with the top down. Dia berlalu di depan rumah dengan openkap. He drove by the house with the top down. 3 scant dress, esp. having a low neck­line.

oper; mengoper: v /inf/lu/ 1 shift (gears of a car) Injak dulu koplingnya sebelum kamu mengoper giginya. Press the clutch before shifting the gears  2 take over Apa kamu dapat mengoper tugas saya besok? Can you take over my duty tomorrow? 3 hand over Tolong oper garam itu kesini. Please hand over the salt here. Dia mengoper bola itu ke penyerang She passed the ball over to the striker  4 transfer. Majikannya mengoper dia ke bagian lain. The manager shift him to another department.
-operan: n pass |the act of kicking, throwing, or hitting a ball or other object to another member of the team|  satu operan paling akurat. a very accurate pass. He tried to make a long pass, and the ball went out the filed
-pengoper: n 1 who takes over. 2 who makes a pass.
-pengoperan: n 1 passing 2 transferring 3 taking over

opera: n /frm/lu/ 1 opera. 2 musical drama.

operasi: n /frm/lu/ 1 operation operasi keber­sihan clean up operation opersi gabungan combined action. 2 surgical operation. operasi plastik plas­tic surgery.
-beroperasi: v take action.
-mengoperasi: v 1 cut open (in surgical operation) 2 make sth work (machine, car, ship, etc.)  Dokter mengoperasi kanker di kakinya The doctor operated on the tumor in her leg.
-pengoperasian: n operaton |an act to make sth work|

operasional: adj /frm/lu/ operational.
-mengoperasionalkan: v make sth op­erational.

operasionalisasi: n /frm/lu/ process of making sth opera­tional.
-mengoperasionalisasikan: v operationalize.

operasionil: variant of operasional:

operatif; operatip: adj /frm/lu/ 1 pertaining to the effectiveness of an action 2 operative, come into effect.

operator: n /frm/lu/ operator.

operbelas: adj /inf/ overloaded.

operet: n /frm/lu/ operetta.

opini: n /frm/lu/ opinion.

opisil: variant of ofisiil:

oplag; oplah: n /frm/lu/ 1 circulation (of pe­riodical publication). 2 total printing (of book).

oplet: variant of opelet:

OPM {Organisasi Papua Merdeka}: n Papua Or­ganization for Liberation |a separatist organization in West Papua|

opname1: n /frm/lu/ 1 shoot |an occasion when someone takes photographs or makes a movie| Akan ada opname photo besok. There will be photograph shoot tomorrow 2 appraisal |an official judgment about how valuable, effective, or successful someone or something is| Kapan kami dapat melakukan opname  pekerjaan pembangunan gedung itu? When we can conduct an appraisal of the building construction?
-mengopname: v 1 take a photo or film 2 appraise (value the progress of a physical, particularly construction work, the condition and the amount of a stock) –see: stock:

opname2: v /frm/lu/ be hospitalized. Ayah saya sedang opname sekarang. My father is being hospitalized now.

oponen: n /frm/ opponent.

opor: n /lu/ meat or chicken dish cooked with coconut cream and various spices.

oportunis1: n 1 /frm/lu/ opportunist.

oportunis2: adj /frm/lu/ opportunistic.

oposan: n /frm/lu/ sb who act as an opposition.

oposisi: n /frm/lu/ opposition.

opset1: n /frm/lu/ typesetting.
-mengopset: v typeset.

opset2;  mengopset: v stuff (animals).

opsetter: n /of/ 1 typesetter. 2 supervisor.

opsi: n /frm/lu/ option.

opsinder; opsiner: n /of/ supervisor on plantations, schools, etc. in colonial period.

opsir: n /of/ officer. opsir penghubung liaison officer. opsir rendah. non-commissioned officer. opsir tinggi commissioned officer.

Opspek {Orientasi Program dan Pengenalan Kam­pus}: n University Student’s Orientation.

Opsus {Operasi Khusus}: n special intelligence opera­tion of the military.

optic; optika: n /frm/lu/ optic.

optimal: adj /frm/lu/ optimum |best or most suitable for a particular purpose| diet optimal untuk kesehatan the optimum diet for good health.
-mengoptimalkan: v 1 optimize |make the best of sth|  2 maximize mengoptimalkan potensi yang ada maximize the available potencies

optimis: adj /frm/lu/ optimistic. pandangan yang optimis an optimistic viewpoint.
-mengoptimiskan: v make sb op­timistic.
-keoptimisan: n optimism.

optimisme: n /frm/lu/ optimism.

optimistis: adj /frm/lu/ optimistic.

optimum: variant of optimal:

optimumisasi: n /frm/lu/ optimizing.

opzichter: n /of/ the supervisor of civil work construction

orak; mengorak: v /ld/ 1 uncoil, unfold. Tolong orak seprei itu dan pasang di tempat tidur. Please unfold the bed cover sheet and put it on bed. 2 disclose, elaborate Dapat kamu mengorak jalannya peristiwa itu? Can you elaborate the chronology of the event? 3 shake sth violently. 4 bring sth to disorder. Barang itu sudah disusun baik-baik baik jangan diorak lagi. The things has been arrange orderly, don’t make it disorder again.

orak-arik1: n /inf/ stir-fried cabbage with eggs.

orak-arik: adj /ld/ mixed up

oral: adj /frm/lu/ oral |spoken, not written| laporan oral an oral report

oralit: n /frm/lu/ a soluble mineral powder which is used to substitute mineral whose bowels is empty from suffering diarrhea.

orang1: n /frm/lu/ 1 body Tidak ada orang dirumah itu. There is no body in that house.  Apa ada orang dirumah? Any body home? 2 person Berapa orang mereka? How many persons are they? Nancy itu orangnya baik. Nancy is a kind of nice person. 3 people (of), people in general. Dia adalah orang Indonesia. He is an Indonesian (a people of) Kata orang dia orang baik. People said that he is a good person  4 fellow Apa mereka orang kamu? Are they your fellow? 4 somebody, other person Ini punya orang bukan punya kita. This belongs to sb/other people not to us.
-orang asing: n foreigner, stranger.
-orang am: n common people.
-orang asli: n indigenous (to particular country)
-orang awak: n fellow countryman.
-orang awam: n lay person |not an expert in the field|
-orang bambungan: n tramp, vagrant
-orang banyak: n the masses, public, crowd.
-oang baru: n newcomer, recent arrival.
-orang besar: n 1 dignitary 2 VIP. 3 big body
-orang bunian: n spirit (of a certain place).
-orang dagang: n merchant, tradesman
-orang dalam: n insider.
-orang gajian: n labour |wage earner|
-orang gedean: n big shot.
-orang gedong: n elite person, high class person.
-orang gunung/desa: n 1 vil­lager 2 rustic person
-orang halimun: n spirit of a certain place.
-orang hobat(an): n sorcerer |a person who uses magic and gets help from evil spirits|
-orang hutan: n 1 forest dweller, ab­original peoples of Sumatra |
-orang kaya/mampu: n the have, well-to-do person.
-orang kebanyakan: n common people.
-orang kepercayaan: n confidant.
-orang lasak: n unskilled worker.
-orang laut: n sea nomad |compare to pelaut: seaman|
-orang miskin: n the poor.
-orang nakal(an): n prostitute, wanton person.
-orang-orangan: n 1 dummy, mannequin. 2 puppet, doll. 3 effigy, scarecrow.
-orang pertandang: n travelling sales­man
-orang pesakitan: n prisoner.
-orang rumah: n housewife.
-orang sabun: n albino.
-orang sebelah: n neighbor.
-orang ­sedapur: n the family member.
-orang semodal: n partner in business.
-orang tua: n parents 2 old person.
-orangutan: n orangutan |a large ape  (animal like a monkey) that has long arms and long orange hair which origin is Kalimantan of Indonesia|
-perorangan: adv individually, personally.
-seseorang: n somebody Seseorang mengatakan pada saya. Someone told me.
-seorang diri: adj alone.

orang2: conj. /inf/ 1 because, that is to say |used to support an argument| Kenapa saya harus minta maaf, orang bukan saya yang salah. Why should I apologize, that is to say that (because) I wasn’t the one who has to be blamed. 2 unreasonable Saya tidak setuju dengan anda, orang makanannya seperti ini harus dikatakan harus dikatakan enak. I don’t agree with you, it’s not  reasonable to say that food like this should be said delicious.

oranye-krus: n /lu/ orange soda pop.

orasi: n /frm/lu/ oration. orasi ilmiah scientific oration.

oratoris: adj /frm/lu/ oratorical.

oratorium: n /frm/lu/ reflective gathering with poetry read­ing, prayers, etc. to commemorate or protest sth.

Orba {Orde Baru}: n New Era |political order in Indo­nesia since 1965 as compare to Old Era before this time|

orbit: n /frm/lu/ orbit.
-mengorbit: v orbit. satelit yang mengorbit orbiting satel­lite.
-mengorbitkan: n 1 put sth into an orbit. 2 promote sb to a very high position.
-pengorbit­an: n orbiting.

orde: n /frm/lu/ era |a period of time that is marked by a particular sociopolitical or economic system| orde ekonomi internasional the international economical era

order: n /frm/lu/ order |a request for goods from a company or for food in a restaurant, or the goods or food that you ask for|

ordinat: n /math/ ordinate |the distance from a specified point to the x –  axis, measured parallel to the y – axis|

ordner: n /frm/lu/ ring binder

ordo: n /ld/ Catholic order. Ordo Fransiskan Franciscan order.

ordonans: n /of/ a middle rank military officer who responsible to give report to the higher officer and order to the lower officer.

ordonansi; ordonnansi: n /of/ decree, ordinance.

orek-orek; oret-oret: n /Jv/ 1 doodling, graffiti. 2 doodle.
-meng-oret-oret: v doodle in. Dia mengoret-oret buku itu She doodled in that book.
-oretan: n doodlings, graf­fiti.

org. {orang}: n /frm/lu/ person.

organa; organ: n /frm/lu/ organ (musical instrument).
-organ putar: n manual organ

organik; organis: adj /frm/lu/ organic.

organis2: n /frm/lu/ organist.

organisasi: n /frm/lu/ organization.
-berorganisasi: v be active with an organization
-mengorganisasikan: v /tr/ organize sth
-terorganisasi: v be organized
-pengorganisasian: n organizing.

organisator: n /frm/lu/ organizer.

organisatoris: n /frm/lu/ organizational.
-secara organisasi: adv organizationally.

organisir; mengorganisir: v /frm/lu/ organize.
-pengorganisasi: n /lu/ organizer.

organisma; organisme: n /frm/lu/ organism.

organsa: n /frm/ fabric, organdy.

ori: n /ld/ bamboo.

orientalis: n /frm/lu/ orientalist.

orientasi: n /frm/lu/ orientation.
-berorientasi: v /int/ to have orientation.
-berorientasikan: v /tr/ to have sth as an orientation.
-mengorientasikan: v orient sb/sth Ayahnya mengorientasikan dia menjadi pengusaha. His father oriented him to be an entrepreneur.

orisinal1: adj /frm/lu/ original.

orisinal2: n /frm/lu/ the original (copy) of sth
-keoriginalan: n orig­inality.

orisinil: variant of orisinal

orkes: n /frm/lu/ music group
-orkes gesek: n a music group in which most of the players are strings (who play instruments such as the violin, cello etc)
-orkes tiup: n a music group of brass instruments.

orkestra: n /frm/lu/ orchestra |a large group of musicians who play classical music on different kinds of instruments|

Orla {Orde Lama}: n Old Political Era (see Orba)

orloji: variant of arloji:

orlon: n a synthetic fabric. orlon.

ormas {organisasi massa}: n /frm/lu/ mass organization.
-keormasan: n (matters) pertaining to mass organizations. Undang-Undang Keormasan: Laws on Mass Orga­nizations.

ornamen: n /frm/lu/ 1 ornament. ornamen pohon Natal Christmas tree ornament. 2 jewclry. ornamen telinga earring.

ornamental: adj /frm/lu/ ornamental

ornitologi: n /frm/ ornithology.

orok1: n /Jkt/Snd/ newborn baby.

orok2; mengorok: v /Jkt/ 1 snore |to make a loud noise each time you breathe while you are sleeping| 2 drone |to make a continuous low and hoarse noise| Mesin itu mulai ngorok The machine started droning.

orok2; orok-orok: n sweetmeat made of steamed cassava.

OrpoI {Organisasi Politik}: n /frm/lu/ political organization.

ortodoks: adj /frm/lu/ orthodox.

ortodonsi: n /frm/ orthodontics.

ortodontis: n /frm/ orthodontist |a dentist who makes teeth straight when they have not been growing correctly|

ortografi: n /frm/ orthography.

ortopedi: n /frm/ orthopedics |the area of medicine that deals with bones.

Oseania: n Oceania.

oseanografi: n /frm/lu/ oceanography.

oseanologi: n /frm/lu/ oceanology.

osilator: n /frm/ oscillator |an instrument or method to make oscillation|

osilograf: n /frm/ an instrument to measure electric current

osmosa; osmose: n /frm/ osmosis. |the diffusion of fluid through a permeable membrane until there is an equal concentration of fluid on both sides of the membrane|

otak: n /frm/lu/ brain.
-otak besar: n cerebrum.
-otak encer: adj smart.
-otak kecil: n cerebel­lum.
-otak miring: adj crazy.
-otak udang/dengkul: adj stupid.
-mengotaki: v be the brains behind (an action) Dia telah mengotaki  pembajakan pesawat itu He was the brains behind the plane hijacking.

otak-atik: v /frm/lu/ tinker with sth

otak-otak: n /ld/ snack made of seafood steamed in banana leaves.

otarki: variant of autarki:

otek2: n /ld/ any kind of fish; see ikan:

oteng-oteng: n /Jkt/ insect.

otentik: adj /frm/lu/ authentic.
-keotentikan: n authenticity.

otentikasi: n /frm/lu/ authentication.

otentisitas: n /frm/lu/ authenticity.

oto1: n /of/ car. –syn: /lu/ mobil:
-oto angkutan: n public transportation car.
-oto bis: n bus
oto balap: n racing car.
-oto gerobak: n truck.

oto2: n /of/ cloth binder wrapped around infant’s stom­ach and chest fastened by strings.

otobiografi: variant of autobiografi:

otodidak: n /frm/lu/ autodidact, self-taught person.

otokrasi: n /frm/lu/ autocracy.

otokratis: adj /frm/lu/ autocratic.

otokratisme: n /frm/ autocratism.

otokritik: n /frm/lu/ self-criticism.

otomat; otomatis1: adj /frm/lu/ automatic.  senjata otomatis automatic gun
-mengotomatiskan: v auto­matize.

otomatis2: adv /frm/lu/ automatically  Kalau tombol ini di tekan, mesin otomatis jalan. If you press this button, the machine will automatically work.

otomatisasi: n /frm/lu/ automation.
-mengautomatikkan: v automatize.

otomobil: n /of/ automobile, car

otomotif: n /lu/ automotive (car industry).

otonom: adj /frm/lu/ autonomous.
-keotonoman: n /lu/ autonomy.

otonomi: n /frm/lu/ autonomy.
-keotonomian: n matters pertaining to autonomy.

otopet: n /lu/ toy scooter.

otopsi: variant of autopsy:

otorisasi: n /frm/lu/ authorization.

otorita; otoritas: n /frm/lu/ authority.

otoriter: adj /frm/lu/ authoritative.
-keotoriteran: n authoritarianism  .

otot1: n /frm/lu/ 1 muscle.
-kengototan: n persistency -otot kunyah: n masticatory muscle.
-otot lingkar: n sphincter.
-otot perut: n 1 abdominal muscle. 2 tendon, sinew.
-berotot: n strong. very muscled. Pegulat itu berotot kuat That wrestler has strong muscles.
-otot-ototan; (me)ngotot: v 1 persevere, persist. 2 be obstinate, stubborn.
-ngotot-ototan: v dispute, have an argu­ment. Kedua belah pihak ngotot-ngototan  mempertahankan penda­patnya The two sides persisted with their own argument.
-/idiom/ otot kawat: n very powerful (of a man).

oval: adj oval.
-mengovalkan: v make sth oval-shaped.
-keovalan: n ovalness.

oven: n /lu/ oven.
-mengoven: v bake in an oven.

overlapping: adj /frm/lu/ overlapping

overproduksi: n /frm/lu/ overproduction

overste: n /frm/lu/ lieutenant colonel.

ovulasi: n /frm/lu/ ovulation.

owe: pron/ /Chn/ 1 I, me (used by men only). 2 yes (used by men in affirmative answers).    ,

oyak1; mengoyak-oyak: v 1 shake sth loose 2 tear

oyak2; mengoyak: v /Jv/ chase after.

oyong1: adj /frm/lu/ goyang, goyah

oyong2: n /ld/ squash-like vegetable.

ozon: n ozone.

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Dictionary Z

z

Z1; z: |the 26th letter of the alphabet used in Indonesian language and English – aprproximately sounds like zero; zigzag; zodiac; zone|

Z2: |the third unknown figure in a mathematics problem|.

za: n the 17th letter of Arabic alphabet.

zaal: variant of sal:

zabarjad: n /frm/ topaz |a colorless, blue, yellow, brown, or pink aluminium silicate mineral, often found in association with granite rock that valued as a gemstone|

zabib: n /ltr/ raisins.

Zabur: n /frm/lu/ psalm. Kitab Zabur /Bib./ Book of Psalms.

zadah: variant of jadah:

zadat: adj /frm/ solid.

zadir: n /chem../ salt ammoniac.

zahid: adj, n /frm/ ascetic. |living a simple strict life, usually for religious reasons|

zahir: variant of lahir:

zaim: n /frm/ leader.

zair: adj /frm/ liquid. –syn: /frm/lu/ cair

zait; zaitun: n /frm/lu/ olive tree and its fruit

zak: variant of sak:

zakar: n /frm/ lu/ penis.
-batang zakar: n shaft of the penis, penis.
-buah zakar: n testicles.

zakat: n /frm/lu/ tithe. |a tenth part of sb’s income that has to be donated voluntarily to the needed poor people or to a charitable purpose mission|
-zakat fitrah: n tithe in rice or money paid on last day of fasting month.
-zakat maal: n tithe paid by rich people.
-menzakatkan: v donate sth as a charitable gift

zakelijk: adj /of/ businesslike.

zakiah: adj /frm/ sincere, pure.

zalf: variant of salep:

zalim: variant of lalim:

zalir: adj, n /frm/ fluid.

zaman: variant of jaman:

zamrud: n /frm/lu/ emerald.

zamzam: n /frm/lu/ 1 a sacred well in Mecca’s mosque, Hagar’s well. 2 water from that well
-zamzam ­durja: n facial expression.

zanggi: variant of janggi:

zantara: n /phys./ medium.

zarafah: variant of jerapah:

zarah; zarrah: n /frm/ 1 particle, crumb, matter. 2 atom.
-sezarrah: n a bit.
-menzarrah: v pulverized.

zat: n /frm/lu/ essence, substance.
-zat air: n hydrogen.
-zat belerang: n sulphide.
-zat asam: n oxygen.
-zat cair: n liquid.
-zat hijau: n chlorophyl.
-zat lemas/ pelemas/ sendawa: n nitrogen.
-zat padat: n solid substance
-zat pembakar: n oxy­gen.
-zat putih telur: n albumen |the white of an egg|

zebra: n /frm/lu/ zebra.
-jalur zebra: n (pedestrian) crossing.

zending: n /frm/lu/ missionary or mission conducted by Protestant Chu

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Dictionary Y

Y

Y1; y: |the 25th letter of the alphabet used in Indonesian language and English – approximately sounds like y in yard; yak; year; yell; yes; young|

Y2: |used a a symbol of the second unknown figure in a mathematic problem| Kalau 2 x + y = 30; x = 10, berapa  x? If  2x + y = 30;  x = 10, what is the y?

ya1: adv /frm/lu/  yes. 1 |said in order to give a positive reply to a question, request, offer| “Apa kamu mengenal dia?” “Ya! Saya kenal baik dengan dia” “Do you know her?” “Yes! I know her well” |  2 |said as a response to a call| “Tom! Apa kamu disitu?” “Ya! Saya ada disebelah sini” “ Tom! Are you there?” “Yes! I’m over here”  3 |said in order to confirm a statement| “Ann tidak datang ke pesta, kan”  “Ya! Tidak! Dia tidak datang” “Ann didn’t come to the party, did she?”  “Yes! She didn’t”  4 |said as an expression of happiness| Ya! Itu dia sudah datang. Yes! Here she is coming.

ya2: intrj /frm/spo/ Oh!  Ya! Tuhan. Oh! my God.

yad. {yang akan datang}: prep. /lu/wrt/ 1 next  Saya akan bertemu dia hari Senin yad. I’ll meet him next Monday. 2 coming Tamu yang akan dating (yad) akan menginap disini dua hari The coming guests will stay here for two days. 3 in the future Saya janji tidak akan melakukannya lagi di masa yang akan datang.(yad) I promise that I won’t do it in the future 4 going to come Siapa yang akan dating(yad)  kesini? Who is going to come here?

yah1: intrj. /spo/ well .. (particle of resignation, exaspera tion, etc.). Yah! Begini jadinya kalau kita terlambat. Well! It’s going to be like this if we come late.

yah!2: variant of ayah!:

yahud: adj /inf/lu/  OK, excellent, great. tempat yahud excellent place
-beryahud-yahud: v agree with each other

Yahudah: n Judaism

Yahudi: n Jew, Jewish.

Yahudiah: n Jewish.

yahut: variant of yahud:

Yahya: n 1 male name. 2 /Bib./ the Gospel of John.

yaini: variant of yakni:

yais: n menopause.

yaitu: prep. /frm/lu/ that is, i.e., viz.

yak: intrj. /spo/ 1 yes. 2 /sport/ catch! (i.e. a ball).

yakin: adj /frm/lu/ 1 sure Apa kamu yakin? Are you sure? Saya yakin bahwa dia tidak dirumah sekarang, I’m sure that she isn’t home now  2 certain |completely sure and without any doubts| Saya tidak yakin bahwa dia mengatakan yang sebenarnya kepada kamu. I’m not certain (that) he told you the truth. Tidak ada yang yakin apa yang diharapkan. No one was certain what to expect. 3 convinced Hakim itu sudah yakin bahwa dia bersalah The judge has been convinced that he is guilty.

yakin: v /frm/lu/ believe Anak kecil sering yakin bahwa binatang dapat memahami mereka. Young children often believe (that) animals can understand them. Yakin pada saya! Mereka akan menyambut kita dengan baik. Believe me! They will welcome us.
-berkeyakinan: v 1 have a belief  2 have a conviction.
-(me)yakinkan1: v 1 make sure Yakinkan dirimu bahwa kamu akan lulus ujian itu Make sure yourself that you’ll pass the test. Yakinkan (pastikan) bahwa pintu telah terkunci Make sure that the door has been locked. 3 ensure Pengacara itu mencoba meyakinkan hakim bahwa kliennya tidak bersalah. The lawyer tried to enure that his client was innocent. 3 /tr/ convince |to make someone feel certain that something is true| Jaksa gagal meyakinkan hakim bahwa  terdakwa terbukti bersalah. The prosecutor failed to convince the judge that the accused was guilty
-meyakinkan2: adj convincing Itu satu alibi yang menyakinkan. It’s a convincing alibi.
-keyakinan: n 1 belief |the feeling that someone or something is good and can be trusted| Ayah saya menanamkan keyakinan dalam hati saya akan pentingnya pendidikan My father planted a strong belief in my heart the importance of education. Keyakinan pada Tuhan membuat dia menjadi orang yang jujur. Belief in God makes her an honest person 2 conviction |a very strong belief or opinion| satu keyakinan agama yang sangat kuat a firm religious convictions 3 sureness

yakis: n baboon.

yakni: prep. /frm/lu/ that is, namely, viz.

yalah: variant of ialah:

Yaman: n Yemen.

yang1: conj /frm/lu/ that |used in order to introduce a clause that is the object of a sentence, shows a result, or gives information about a person, thing, time etc. that has already been mentioned| Apa kamu sudah menerima surat yang saya kirim kepada kamu. Have you gotten the letter that I sent you?  Ini buku yang di kirim Nadine kepada saya This is the book that Nadine sent it to me. Itu sesuatu yang pantas kamu lakukan It’s sth that is proper to you to do

yang2: pron /frm/lu/  what.., who, which… (be) 1  |used as a pronoun that refer to pseudo object or subject of a verb in a sentence|  Ya ampun! Apa yang saya lakukan? Oh my God! What I am doing?  Siapa yang datang? Who is coming? (“yang” refer to the subject of come) Siapa yang kamu tunggu? Who are you waiting for. (“yang” refer to sb who is being waited)  Apa yang ditangan kamu itu? What is that in your hand? (“yang” refer to sth that is on sb’s hand) Yang mana rumah kamu Which one is your house? 2 |used as a pronoun that refer to pseudo object of a verb in a sentence the subject of which sometimes is omitted| Apa yang saya maksud bukan ini. What I mean is not this one. Apa yang kamu inginkan? What do you want? (“yang” refer to the object of want)  Yang mana mobil kamu diantara mobil-mobil itu? Which one is your car between that cars? (“yang” refer to the object of your) Yang benar dong. You should do it properly though. (“yang” refer to sth that should be done properly) 3 which, that, who, whom |used as a pronoun of a subject to introduce a clause| Apa kamu masih menyimpan uang yang saya berikan kepada kamu?. Do you still keep the money which I gave it to you? Siapa pria yang bicara dengan kamu tadi pagi? Who was the man that (whom) you talked to this morning?

yang3: determ /frm/lu/ 1 the Saya mau yang biru I want the blue one. Kembalikan kepada saya buku yang saya pinjamkan kepada kamu. Give me back the book I lend you. 2 that Yang itu buku saya. That one is my book. 3 this  Yang ini tidak bagus. This one is not good. 4 that Mari kita lupakan apa saja yang sudah lewat Let’s forget whatever that has been gone. 5 which is (one), that is  Saya menginap di satu hotel yang sangat murah I stay in a hotel which is very cheap.

yang4: variant of sayang:

yapon: n /of/ 1 bathrobe (for women). 2 Westrn style woman’s dress.

yareh; yarig: v /of/ celebrate sb’s birthday.

yasan: n /ld/ rice field that is cultivated individually.

Yasin: n /Isl./ chapter 37 of the Koran often read while sb. is dying.

yasmin: n /frm/lu/ jasmine |any of several vines or shrubs of the genus of Jasminum|

Yassin: variant of Yasin:

yatim: n /frm/lu/ fatherless child.
-yatim piatu: n orphan.

yaumuddin: n /Isl/ doomsday |judgement day|

yaumulkiamah: n /Isl/ Day of Judgment.

yayasan: n /frm/lu/ foundation, institute.

yayi: n /Jv/ younger brother or sister.

yb. {yg berikut}: prep. /frm/wrt/ next, following.

ybl. {yang baru lalu): n /frm/wrt/ the last.

ybs. {yang bersangkautan}: n /frm/wrt/ the person concerned.

yeksi: variant of injeksi:

yel: n /frm/lu/ yell (in demonstrations, etc.).

yellow paper: n /frm/lu/ sensation-oriented newspaper.

Yeremiah: n /Bib./ Jeremiah.

Yesuit: n Jesuit.

yet: variant of jet:

yg. {yang}: see yang:

yi. {yaitu}: prep. /frm/wrt/ that is, namely, viz, i.e.

yl1 {yang lain}: prep. /frm/wrt/ the other.

yl.2 {yang lalu}: prep. /frm/wrt/ the last, previous (time) Saya bertemu dia hari Sabtu yl. I met her on the last Saturday.

YME {Yang Maha Esa}: n the One God.

yodium: n /frm/lu/ iodine.

yodiumisasi: n /frm/lu/ a program for providing iodized salt.

yoga: n /frm/lu/ meditation.

yogia; yogya: adj /frm/ proper, fitting.
-menseyogyakan: v make sth proper.
-seyogyannya: adv | properly 2 expectedly  Seyogyanya kamu pergi menemui dia. You should have gone to meet her.

Yohanes; Yohannes: n 1 male name. 2 /Bib./ the gospel of John.

yojana; n /ltr/ distance, field of vision.
-seyojana: adv as far as. seyojana mata as far as the eye can see.

yok: variant of ayo:

yoker : n /card/ joker.

yon. {Batalyon}: n battalion.

yongenskop: n /of/ short haircut (for women).

yongker: variant of yoker

yong tahu: n /Chn/ tofu filled with meat.

you: pron /frm/lu/ you (distant but informal).

yth. {yang terhormat}: n /frm/wrt/ the honorable (on letter address and salutations).

yts. {yang tenebut}: prep ./frm/wrt/ mentioned.

yu: see mbak:

yu1: variant of hiu:

yu2: pron you

yu3: intrj. ayo!

yubilaris: n /frm/  who celebrates his or her jubilee (wedding, ordination, etc.).

yubileum: n /frmlu/ jubilee.

yuda; yudha: n /ltr/ war.

yudisium: n /frm/lu/ 1 Latinate citation on a diploma (excellent, cum laude, etc.). 2 graduation exercise (at divisional level).

yudo: n /frm/lu/ judo.

Yugo’ Yugoslavia: n Yugoslavia.

yuh; yuk: variant of ayo:

Yuli: variant of Juli:

Yunani: n Greek, Greece.

yuncto: prep. /frm/law/  in connection with, refer to.

yunior: adj, n /frm/lu/ 1 junior, pertaining to or concerning youth sepak bola yunior youth football competi­tion. 2 son of. Donovan yunior son of Donovan, little Donovan.
-keyunoran: n quality of being a junior.

yuniorat: n /frm/ college preparatory school empha­sizing classics (esp. in colonial period and formerly in Jesuit training).

yuran: n /frm/lu/ 1 contribution 2 dues.

yuridiksi: n /frm/lu/ jurisdiction, competency of a certain court.

yuridis: adj /frm/lu/ juridical. /law/ secara juridis formil in a formal sense.

yuris: n /frm/lu/ 1 jurist, lawyer. 2 law student.

yurisprudensi: n /frm/lu/ legal administration, jurisdiction.

yurk: n dress, frock, shirt.

Yusak: n /Bib./ Joshua.

yustisi: n /frm/lu/ judicative, judiciary

yuta: variant of juta:

yuwana: adj, n /frm/ 1 young 2 adolescent

juwaraja: n /frm/ young prince

yuwelir: n /frm/ jewellery .

yuyu: n /ld/ small soft-shelled crab.

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Dictionary X

X

X1; x: 1 |the 24th letter of alphabet used in Indonesian langgguage and English – approximately sounds ike x in xerox; x-ray|

X2: |if written in capital letter, the Roman numeral for ten|

x3: |used as a pronoun of unknown person| Katakanlah Mr. X itu sudah disini, kemana kita akan bawa dia untuk makan? Say that Mr X is here, where should we take him for lunch?  4 used as a symbol of the first unknown figure in a mathematics problem.  Kalau 125 = X + 90, berapa X? If  125  =  X + 90, what is the X

X4; see sinar:

xantena: n /tech/ organic oxide, a substance used to make dye

xenofili: n /frm/ sb who is extremely interested with foreign style, product, etc

xenophobia: n /frm/ |an extreme fear or dislike of people from other countries|

xenograf: n /frm/ an expert in reading and understanding of foreign writing or script

xenokrasi: n /tech/ government system that is leaded by a foreigner

xerofil: n /tech/ organism that can be alive in a dry place.

xerofit: n /tech/ plant that grows in a desert.

xeroftalmia: n /tech/ eyes illness caused by the lack of vitamin A.

xerografi: n /tech/ the process of printing using electricity light.

xerosis: adj /frm/ dry |cause by abnormality on the skin|

xilena: n /tech/ liquid carbon that releases aromatic scent

xiloid: adj /frm/ 1 similar 2 related

xiloidina: n /tech/ explosive which is made of plant tissue and nitrate

xilofon: n /frm/ a music instrument that consists of wooden pieces, the size of with is different to each other, depends on the note each piece produce when it is struck.

xilografi: n /frm/ an art of wooden crafting.

xilologi: n /trch/ a science of wood characteristic

xilosa: n /tech/ glucose that is extracted from wood fibre with chemical structure C5H10O5

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Dictionary W

w

W1; w: 1 |the 23rd letter of the alphabet used in Indonesian language and English – approximately sounds like w in watt; welcome; window; would; word; width

W2; w: |largely used as an abbreviation of “warga” (citizen), “waktu” time zone; wanita (women) as follows|
-WNI (Warga Negara Indonesia): n Indonesian Citizen.
-WIB (Waktu Indonesia Bagian Barat): n West Indonesian Time Zone
-WTS (Wanita Tuna Susila): n prostitute (immoral woman)

waad; waadat: n /ltr/ treaty, contract.

wabah: adj, n /frm/lu/ epidemic.
-mewabah: v become an epidemic.
-mewabahi: v 1 plague sth or sb |to make someone suffer from an epidemic illness|  Tersangka pengidap H1N1 (flu babi) itu telah dikarantina agar tidak mewabahi orang lain The H1N1 (swine flu) suspect was quarantined for not plague other people. 2 |cause sth to spread like an epidemic| Kehawatiran akan sulitnya mendapat pekerjaan setelah tamat telah mewabahi para mahasiswa Anxiety about difficulty to get a job after graduation has plagued our students.

wabakdahu; wabakdu: conj. /ltr./ furthermore, then.

wacana: n /frm/lu/ 1 word, expression, idea. 2 dis­course

wadag: n /ld/ body, reality |as opposed to soul, imagination)

wadah: n /frm/lu/ 1 container. 2 coordi­nating institution, umbrella organization.
-berwadahkan: v have a certain organization as the umbrella.
-mewadahi: v 1 contain, provide a place for 2 facilitate, provide umbrella Organisasi ini bermaksud mewadahi organisasi-organisasi pemuda This orga­nization aims to provide an umbrella for youth organizations.
-pewadahan: n provision of a place or container.

wadal: n /ld/ sacrifice (upon completion of a new build­ing, to obtain magical powers, etc.).

wadam {wanita adam}: n /frm/lu/ transvestite homosexual, transsexual.

wadas: n /frm/lu/ stony ground.

wadat: n /frm/ 1 celibacy. 2 live a celibate life.
-berwadat: v live as a celibate. |not having sex, especially for religious reasons|

wadduh: variant of aduh:

wader: n /ld/ small freshwater fish.

wadi: n /ld/ a stream in desert.

wadon: n /Jv/ female.

waduh: variant of aduh:

waduk: n /frm/lu/ 1 rumen. 2 paunch. 3 basin, reservoir.

wadul: v /Jv/ tell on sb., be a tattletale.

wadung: n /ld/ ax. – syn: kampak

wae: conj. 1 /Snd/ also, even. 2 /Jv/ only.

wafat: v /frm/lu/ pass away.
-mewafatkan: v kill |cause sb’s death|
-kewafatan: n death, demise.

Wage: n /ld/ fourth day of the Javanese five-day week.

wagen: n /frm/lu/ carriage (of typewriter).

wagon: n /frm/lu/ coach, car. wagon restorasi dining car.

wagub {Wakil Gubenur}: n vice-governor.

wah: intrj /frm/lu/ Aha! 1 |said in order to express surprise, satisfaction| Wah! Cerah benar harinya! Aha! What a nice day! 2 |said to express that sth happened beyond expectation| 2 How come! Wah! Panas benar disini! How come! It’s very hot here!

waha; wahah: n /Arb/ oasis |a place with trees and water in a desert|

wahadah; wahadat: n ?Arb/ oneness (of God).

wahai: conj. /frm/lu/ 1 alas! (particle to emphasize distress). Wahai nasibku yang malang! Alas, how unfortu­nate I was 2 Hey! (particle to draw attention). Wahai kaum muslimin yang beriman! Hey! Muslim believers:

waham: n /ld/  suspicion.
-mewahamkan: v suspect.

wahana: n /frm/lu/ 1 way or vehicle to purse sth or to realize sb’s dream| Pendidikan adalah wahana meningkatkan kesejahteraan bangsa Education is a vehicle to increase the nation welfare  2 infrastructure |the basic systems that a country or organization needs in order to work in the right way|

wahid: adj /frm/lu/ 1 the first 2 the best 2 lone, unique (of God). 3 alone, without peer. Dia adalah pemimpin yang wahid He is the best leader Dia selalu mendapat nomer wahid dalam setiap perlombaan He always gain the first rank in any competition

wahon: variant of wagon:

wahyu: n /frm/lu/ divine revelation, vision from God to man.
-mewahyui: v inspire Tuhan mewahyui Musa God made a revelation to Moses.
-mewahyukan: v reveal sth (in a vision). Tuhan mewahyukan sepuluh perintah kepada Musa. God revealed the 10 commandments to Moses.

wai1: n river (only in several provinces).

wai2: variant of wahai:

Waisak; Waisyak: n holiday marking Buddha’s birth, enlight­enment, and death.

waja: variant of baja:

wajah: n /frm/lu/ countenance, face. wajah baru newcomer.
-berwajah: v ­have a face of a certain kind.

wajan: n /frm/lu/ 1 liquid container 2 wok |a large wide pot, used especially to stir­fry meat and vegetables|

wajar1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 natural, proper. 2 genuine, without de­ceit.
-sewajarnya: adv fittingly, properly. Memang sewajarnya dia naik pangkat It is natural that he should be pro­moted. Sudah wajar dia di ganjar. It’s properly if he get punishment
-mewajarkan: v make sth natural or proper. Mereka harus mewajarkan harga They have to bring prices to what they should be.
-kewajaran: n 1 fittingness 2 the state of being proper

wajar2 {Wajib Belajar}: n /frm/wrt/ compulsory education.

wajib: adj, v /frm/lu/ 1 obligatory (of certain pious acts, e.g. praying at the appointed times, etc.). 2 must. Tiap penduduk wajib membayar pajak Every citizen must pay taxes.
-berkewajiban: v 1 to have obligation 2 to have duty.
-kewajiban: n 1 obligation 2 duty 3 compulsion 4 requirement.
-mewjibkan: v 1 oblige 2 obligate 3 require 4 demand

wajik: n /frm/lu/ 1 rhomboid shape. 2 diamond. 3 cake made of sticky rice and palm sugar, cut in rhomboid shapes.

wak: variant of ua:

waka {Wakil Kepala}: n /frm/wrt/ deputy head.

wakaf1: n /frm/lu/ 1 property donated for religious or community use. 2 religious foundation.
-berwakaf: v /intr/ do­nate for religious community use.
-mewakafkan: v /tr/ do­nate sth to be used for religious or community use. Keluarga kaya itu mewakafkan sebidang tanha untuk mesjid The rich family donated a piece of land as a site for a mosque.

wakaf2: n pause in reading the Koran.

wakap: variant of wakaf:

wakhen: variant of wagen:

wakif: n /Arb/1 donator |sb who donates property to the Islam community|

wakil: n /frm/lu/ 1 representative |someone who is chosen to act, speak, vote etc. for someone else| Saya adalah wakil pemerintah Indonesia untuk menghadiri konperensi ini. I’m the representative of the Indonesian government to attend this conference 2 deputy |someone who has the second most powerful position in an organization| wakil gubernur deputy governor. wakil menteri deputy minister.
-diwakili: v be represented Apa semua anggota sudah diwakili dalam rapat ini? Has every member been represented in this meeting?
-keterwakilan: n representation |the state of being represented|
-mewakili: v represent Siapa mewakili organisasi kita dalam rapat itu? Who represented our organization in the meeting?
-mewakilkan: v authorize |give an authority to do sth| Bersama ini saya mewakilkan penandatanganan kontrak kepada wakil saya atas nama perusahaan. Here with I authorize the signing of the contract to my deputy on behalf of the company.
-perwakilan: n 1 the Representative Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat The People Representative Board 2 agent |a person or company that helps another person or company deal with business problems, finding work etc.| Perusahaan kami punya perwakilan di Negara anda. Our company has an agent in your country. 3 delegation Apa kita punya perwakilan dalam Olimpiade itu? Do we have delegation in the Olympic?
wakil presiden: n vice president.
wakil rakyat: n /lu/ senator, the member of legislative body
-terwakili: v be represented

waktu: n, adv /frm/lu/ 1 time |something that is measured in minutes, hours, years etc. using clocks| Berapa waktu yang kita butuhkan untuk sampai disana? How much time do we need to get there? 2 |a particular point in time that is shown on a clock in hours and minutes| Ini sudah waktunya makan siang This is the time to have lunch. 3 |an occasion when something happens or someone does something| Setiap waktu saya tawarkan bantuan dia selalu menolak Any time I offer a help she always refuses Satu waktu kami bertemu di bandara Sukarno Hatta. One time we met in the Sukarno Hatta airport. Setiap waktu merokok  dilarang Smoking is not allowed at any time. 4 |used when talking about how often something happens or how long it continues| Gambar-gambar ini diambil beberapa waktu yang lampau These pictures were taken some time ago Kami akan pergi dalam waktu lama sekali We’ll be going for a very long time. 5 |the particular minute, hour, day etc. when something happens or someone does something|  watu kedatangan/ keberangkatan an arrival/departure time Kami berangkat dari rumah dalam waktu bersamaan We left the house at the same time. 6 condition Ini bukan waktu tepat untuk menaikkan gaji This is not a right time (a good condition) to raise wage 7 It’s about time |said when you feel strongly that something should happen soon or should already have happened|  Sudah waktunya kamu menikah. It’s about time you got married! 8 waktu ini: nowadays  Waktu ini mana ada lagi orang dipaksa kawin There is no more people will be forced to get married nowadays. 9 |time a part of your life when you have experiences that are good, bad etc.| Itu adalah satu waktu paling mengesankan dalam hisup saya. That was the most impressive time of my life. 10 |a particular period in history| Itu terjadi pada waktu penjajahan Belanda. It happened in the time of Dutch colonization.

waktu: conj. /frm/lu/ 1 when Waktu saya masih remaja saya tinggal di desa kecil When I was a youth I lived in a small village 2 while Waktu saya sedang bicara kepada kamu dengar baik-baik Listen carefully while I’m talking to you.
-sewaktu: conj. when Sewaktu kamu pergi kerja siapa menjaga bayi kamu? When you’re going to work who will take care of your baby?
-sewaktu-waktu: prep. at any time Itu bisa terjadi sewaktu-waktu It could be happened at any time

walaah: intrj. /spo/ 1 Come on! (exclamation of belittlement). Walaah begitu saja kok ribut! Come on! How can you make a fuss over sth like that! 2 Oh no! (exclamation ex­pressing disapproval of a situation).Walaah, saya ketinggalan kunci mobil Oh my God! I left the car’s key.

walafiat: see sehat:

walah; kewalahan: adj /frm/lu/ 1 over burdened 2 overwhelmed (by a task, a person), unable to handle sth  Banyak sekali pekerjaan, kami kewalahan. Too much work, we were overburdened.

walaikum salam: intrj. /Isl./ And peace be to you (in reply to the greeting assalam alaikum).

walakhir: adv /Arb/ in the end, finally.

walakin: conj. /Arb/ although.

walang: n /Jv/ grasshopper, locust.
-walang sangit: n insect that releases a pungent smell.
-/idiom/ walang hati: adj anxious, concerned.

walau: conj /frm/lu/ although. Walau diberi uang, dia tidak mau melaku­kannya Although he will get pay for it, he wound do it.

walaupun1: conj /frm/lu/ although, even though . Walaupun dia sakit, dia mau nonton juga Even though he is sick, he still intends to go to the movies.

walaupun2; walaupun demikian: adv /frm/lu/ nevertheless, in spite of, yet  Saya tahu dia mengatakan yang sebenarnya, walaupun demikian saya tidak percaya pada dia. I know he’s telling the truth. Nevertheless, I don’t trust him.

waled: n /Jv/ ooze
-waledan: n arrears (in payment, salary).

walet: n /Jv/ swallow |a common small bird with pointed wings and a tail with two points|

walhasil: adv /frm/lu/ finally (with the result that)

wali: n /frm/lu/ male relative legally responsible for a bride, usually the father of the bride
-kewalian: n status as guardian.
-mewalikan: v appoint sb to be guard­ian
-memperwalikan: v act as guardian for.
-perwalian: n 1 guard­ianship. 2 custody (of child), trusteeship. 3 pro­tectorate.
-wali gereja: n Church Council
-wali hakim: n 1 person who acts on behalf of the father of a bride. 2 guardian, proxy.
-wali kelas: n homeroom teacher.
-wali kota: n mayor.
-wali murid: n 1 person responsible for a pupil (not a parent). 2 high civil servant.
-wali nagari: n /Min/ head of a country.
-wali negara: n head of a state during the period of the United States of Indonesia.
-wali negeri: n 1 provincial head. 2 governor. 3 former gover­nor-general. 4 religious leader.
-wali songo/sanga: n the nine pious leaders who spread in Java.

walimah: n /ld/ wedding party.

waliullah: n /Isl./ holy person.

wallah: variant of walaah:

wallahi: v /spo/ 1 swear (on the name of God!) Wallahi! Saya tidak mengambil uang itu. I swear by the name of God, I did not take the money.

wallahu alam: intj. /frm/lu/ 1 God knows best. 2 Heaven knows! (I do not). Apa dia salah atau tidak, wallahu alam. Whether he is innocent or not, the only God knows.

wals; walsa: n /frm/ waltz

waluh: n /Jv/ squash, gourd, pumpkin.

waIuku: n /Jv/ plow.

wamil {wajib militer}: n /frm/lu/ conscription, draft |a system in which people must fight for their country when it is in a war|
-mewamilkan: v con­script, draft.

wamilda {Wajib Militer Darurat}: n /frm/lu/ emergency conscription
-mewamildakan: v draft in an emer­gency conscription

wan: n /ld/ 1 term of reference or address for males of Arab descent. 2 title for nobility in some areas.

wana: n /Chn/ an indigenous Indonesian.

wang: variant of uang:

wangi: adj /frm/lu/ 1 fragrant 2 perfumed
-kewangian: n fragrance, scent. 2 perfume.
-mewangi: v 1 release fragrant smell. 2 smell good
-mewangikan: v 1 make sth smell good 2 apply perfume
-pewangi: n sth that impart fragrance pewangi ruangan air freshener.
-wangi-wangian: n 1 perfumery 2 all kind of scents.

wangkang: n /ld/ ocean-going sailboat.

wangsa: n /frm/ dynasty.
-kewangsaan: n kinship.

wangsat: intr /inf/ you animal! |expression of reproach|

wangsit: /Jv/ divine inspiration.

wanita: n /frm/lu/ woman, female.
-(bersifat) kewanitaan: adj feminine
-kewanitaan: n 1 femininity 2 woman­hood
-kewanita-wanitaan: adj effeminate.
-wanita adam (wadam): n transvestite. |someone who enjoys dressing like a person of the opposite sex|
-wanita tuna susila (WTS): n prostitute

wanodya: n /frm/ teenage girl

wantah: adj /frm/ original, plain (appearance that is not been made up)

wantek: n /ld/ coloring substance
-mewantek: v color (the white cloth)

wanti-wanti: n /Jv/ warning, notification Sudah ada wanti-wanti jauh sebelumnya There has been a notification long before.
-mewanti-wanti: v notify, warn   Saya sudah mewanti-wanti supaya mereka selalu siap menghadapi setiap kesulitan. I’ve worn them to be always alert for any difficulties
-pewanti-wantian: n warning, notifying

wap: variant of uap:

wapat: variant of wafat:

wapres {wakil presiden}: n /frm/lu/ vice-president.

wara-wara: n /frm/ notification, publication, announcement
-pewara: n announcer

warak: adj /ld/ obedient of religious obligations. esp. regarding abstinence.

warakat: variant of warkah:

warakawuri: n /ltr/ army widow.

warangan: variant of berangan:

waranggana: n /Jv/ singer in gamelan orchestra.

waras: adj /frm/lu/ 1 sane, sober, rational |having full possession of sb’s senses| 2 psychologically healthy
-kewarasan: n 1 state of being sane 2 sobriety health (esp, mentally and psychologically).

warawiri1: n /frm/lu/ hibiscus |any of tropical shrubs family of Hibiscus|

warawiri2: v /frm/lu/ 1 pace up |to walk backward and forward when you are waiting or worried about something| Darwin wara-wiri kesana kemari di ruang tunggu Darwin paced back and forth in the waiting room. 2 go around back and forth |if sb go from one place to another place without a clear objective|

warek: adj /Jv/Jkt/ satiated, full.

warembol: n sweet roll.

warga: n /frm/lu/ 1 resident Berapa orang warga lingkungan ini? How many persons the residents of this neighbourhood? 2 warga Negara: citizen Apa kamu warga Negara Indonesia? Are you a citizen of Indonesia?  3 accredited member of an association.

waria {wanita pria}: n /frm/lu/  transvestite.

waringin: variant of beringin:

waris; pewaris: n /frm/lu/  heir |someone who will legally receive all of the money, property etc. of a person who has died|
-mewarisi: v inherit
-pewarisan: n inheriting .
-perwarisan: n matters pertaining to inheritance.
-waris asli: n lineal heir |son, daughter, wife, or husband of the a person who give the heir|
-waris sah: n heir by law |sb who legally received the last will or testament to inherit sth|
-warisan: n inheritance.

warkah;  warkat: n /frm/lu/ letter. warkat pos mail

warmbol: variant of warembol:

warna: n /frm/lu/ color. 1 red, blue, yellow, etc 2 the quality of having colors dinding ini kurang warna these wall need more color.
-berwarna: v have a particular color Saya membeli satu dasi berwarna merah I bought a red color tie. 2 not white Beri saya selembar kertas berwarna. Give me a color paper.
-mewarnai: v color |to give color to something| Apa kamu mau mewarnai rambut kamu? Do you want to color your hair?
-pewarna: n 1 dye |a substance you use to change the color of your hair, clothes etc| 2 |sth that is used to give color to sth such crayon|
-warna sari: n anthology
-warna suara: n timbre |the characteristic of a sound that distinguish it from other sound|
-warna-warni: adj colourful.

warni: see warna:

warok: n /Jv/ ascetic expert of manial arts, often homosexual person.

warong: variant of warung:

warsa: n /ltr/ year.

warta: n /frm/lu/1 report, communication, newspaper 2 news.
-mewartakan: v report, inform.
-pewarta: n 1 correspondent, reporter.
-pewartaan: n 1 reporting 2 broadcasting (of a news)
-warta berita: n news, report.
-warta harian: n daily newspaper.
-warta ­sepekan: n weekly news.

wartawan: n /frm/lu/ journalist, correspondent.
-kewartawanan: n jour­nalism.

wartawati: n /frm/lu/ woman reporter or journalist.

warteg {warung Tegal}: n /frm/lu/ food stall with cheap food (us. with little or no meat).

waru1: n /card/ spades.

waru2: variant of baru:

Waruna: variant of Baruna:

warung: n /frm/lu/ 1 small shop, stall. 2 food stall
-berwarung: v run a small shop.
-warung keliling: n itinerant food stall.
-warung kopi: n coffee shop.
-warung nasi: n food stall.
-warung remang­-remang: n dimly lit food stall |usually associated to sexual related entertainment| .

wasalam: varaiant of wassalam:

wasana: adj /frm/lu/ final. laporan wasana: final report. wasana kata closing statement

wasangka: n /frm/lu/ suspicion.
-berwasangaka: adj suspicious.

waserai: n /frm/lu/ dry-cleaners and laundry.
-mewaseraikan: v dry­clean.
-waseraian: n dry-cleaned clothes

wasiat: n /frm/lu/ 1 dying exhortation 2 last will and testa­ment (spoken or written – usually about a heritance) Wasiat Baru New Testament. Wasiat Lama Old Testament. 3 magic power (of an ancient heirloom).
-berwasiat: v ­make the last will.
-lampu wasiat: n magic lamp.
-mewasiatkan: v give a last will

wasilah; wasilat: n relation, connection, bond.

wasir: see bawasir:

wasit: n /frm/lu/ 1 referee, umpire. 2 arbiter.
-mewasiti: v be the referee in. Siapa mewasiti pertandingan itu? Who refereed the match?
-perwasitan: n matters pertaining to referees. Dewan Perwasitan Board of Referees.

wasitah: n /frm/ medium, spirit.

waskita1: n /frm/ clairvoyant, psychic.

waskita2: adj /frm/ clairvoyant, psychic.

waskom: variant of baskom:

waslap: n /frm/lu/ washcloth, scrubbing towel.

waspada: adj /frm/lu/ wary |careful and worried about danger or problems| Ajari anak-anak supaya waspada terhadap orang tidak dikenal. Teach children to be wary of strangers. 2 alert |always watching and ready to notice anything strange, unusual, dangerous etc.|  Kita harus selalu waspada pada bahaya di jalan ramai. We must always be alert to the dangers on a busy road.
-kewaspadaan: n 1 vigilance 2 alertness 3 caution.
-mewaspadai: v /tr/ 1 keep alert against (sth) 2 keep wary against (sth).

wassalam: intrj. /frm/lu/ Peace be with you! (used to conclude letters), sincerelv yours.

wassalamualaikum warahma­tullahi wabarakatuh: n /frm/lu/ greeting May peace and God’s blessing be with you (used to close letters and speeches).

wasserij: varaiant of waserai:

wastafel: n /frm/lu/ bathroom sink, wash basin.

waswas: adj /frm/ anxious, uneasy, suspicious.
-kewas-wasan: n anxiety, uneasiness.

wat: n Thai Buddhist temple.

watak: n /frm/lu/ 1 nature, disposition. 2 character (of novel, etc.).
-mewataki: v form the character of. Sifat-sifat ayahnya mewataki kepribadian anak itu His father’s attitudes have formed the child’s personality.
-pewatakan: n characterization.

watas: n /frm/lu/ 1 limit. 2 border –syn: batas:
-mewatasi: v 1 border 2 limit
:pewatas: n sth that indicate the border

watermantel: n /frm/lu/ water-cooled machine gun.

waterpas: n /frm/lu/ carpenter’s levelling tool.

waterpoken: n /frm/ chicken pox.

waterproof; waterprup: adj /frm/lu/ waterproof.

watt: n /frm/lu/ watts.

wattase: n /frm/ wattage.

wau: n the 25th letter of the Arabic alphabet.

wauw: intrj. wow!

wauwau: n gibbon.

wawancara: n /frm/lu/ interview.
-berwawancara: v hold an interview.
-me­wawancarai: v /tr/ interview sb.
-mewawancarakan: v make sth the topic of an interview, interview about. Mereka mewawancarakan pemilu. They held an interview on public election.
-pewawancara: n interviewer.
-pewawancaraan: n interviewing.

wawansantap: n /ltr./ friendly or informal meal or banquet.

wawasan: n /frm/lu/ 1 insight, perception. 2 concept. Wawasan Nu­santara the Archipelago concept (i.e. the mar­itime territory of Indonesia includes all the wa­ter between the islands).
-berwawasan1: v have a conception.
-berwawasan2: adj conceptual Pemuda berwawasan luas diperlukan negara The state needs young people with a wide perspective.

way: variant of wai:

wayang: n /frm/lu/ 1 shadow play with leather puppets often dramatizing theme from Hindu epics 2 leather puppet. 3 traditional drama per­formance of Java and Bali.
-mewayangkan: v 1 put into a wayang format for presentation. Pada waktu itu slogan politik diwayangkan di desa kami At that time they made wayang sto­ries out of political slogans and performed them in our village. 2 act, perform.
-pewayangan: n things pertaining to the wayang.
-wayangan: n 1 wayang performance. 2 attend a wayang performance.
-wayang golek: n wooden puppet show.
-wayang kelitik/kercil: n show with flat wooden puppets.
-wayang kulit: n shadow play with leather pup­pets.
-wayang orang: n Javanese stage show.
-wayang potehi/titi: n Chinese hand-puppet (show).
-wayang purwa: n classical shadow play.
-wayang suluh: n puppet show in Indonesian language.
-wayang toping: n stage show with masked players.
-wayang wahyu: n shadow play with leather puppets performing biblical stories.

wayer: n electric fan.

wayuh; berwayuh: v /Jv/ practice polygamy |have more than sb wife|.

wazir: n /ltr/ 1 prime minister 2  queen.

WC {water closet}: n /frm/lu/ oilet, restroom.

we1: n /Jv/ Gosh!

we2: variant of owe:

wedana: n /of/ 1 district chief.
-kewedanaan: n 1 district. 2 resi­dence of district chief.

wedar: v /Jv/ disclose.
-terwedar: v be disclosed. Rahasia itu teredar.The secret has been disclosed. 2 be let down. Rambut­nya teredar Her hair was let down.

wedel: n /Jv/ dye
-mewedel: v dye |to give something a different color using a dye| Bruce mewedel rambutnya hijau Bruce dyed his hair green.
-wedelan: n sth that has been dyed.

wedung: n /Jv/ cleaver. |a large square knife used for cutting up large pieces of meat|

wegah: variant of ogah:

wejang; wejangan: n /frm/lu/ 1 teaching 2 advice 3 suggestion 4 guidance 5 speech
-mewajangi: v 1 teach 2 advise 3 suggest 4 guide 5 preach 6 encourage Tokoh masyarakat itu sering mewejangi masyarakat agar mematuhi pemerintah. The community leader always advice his fellows to obey the government.
-mewejangkan: v /tr/ 1 teach sth 2 advise sth 3 suggest sth 4 preach sth Sukarno selalu mewejangkan Pancasila sebagai pegangan hidup bangsa Indonesia Sukarno always suggested the Pancasila as the way of life of Indonesia.

weker; wekker: variant of beker:

welang: /Jv/ variant of belang: belang:

welasan: n /Jv/ tradition of giving one for free if sb bought 10 units of the same items

welas asih: n /Jv/ mercy.

weling: n /ld/ last will and testament.

welirang: variant of belerang:

weluku: variant of waluku:

Wenang: n /ltrl Syiwa’s father (in the wayang).

wenang; berwenang1: v /frm/lu/ have authority
-berwenang2: adj authorized.
-kewenangan: n 1 authority 2 competence Jangan salah gunakan kewenangan yang diberikan kepada kamu Don’t misused the authority given to you.
-kesewenang-wenangan: n 1 arbitrariness  2 despotism 3 tyranny Kesewenang-wenangan tidak akan pernah merajalela lagi di negeri ini. Despotism will never be prevailed in this country.
-sewenang-wenang1: adj arbitrary |based on personal opinions rather than having good reasons| Alasan memecat Dr. David kelihatannya sewenang-wenang Their reasons for firing Dr David  seemed arbitrary.
-sewenang-wenang2: adv arbitrarily Sipir penjara memperlakukan para tahan dengan sewenang-wenang The prison’s guard treated the prisoner arbitrarily.

werak: n /ld/ recruiter of laborers.

werda: n /mil/ld/ a guard’s call:

werdha: see wisma:

werek: variant of werak:

werek: n /ld/ 1 kontrak 2 contract labor.

wereng: n /frm/lu/ rice pest.

Wesak: variant of Waisak:

wesel1: n /frm/lu/ money order, draft.
-meweselkan: v send money by means of a money order.

wesel2: n /frm/ railway switch.

weselbor: n /frm/ switchboard.

weselpos: n see poswesel:

wesi: variant of besi:

wesio: n /Chn/ Buddhist monk.

westernisasi: n /frm/lu/ westernization.

wet: n /frm/ law.

wetan: n /Jv/ the east.

wewangian: n /frm/lu/ perfumery.

wewe; wewe gombel: n /Jv/ ugly female ghost with sagging breasts.

wewenang: n /frm/lu/ authority, competence.
-berwewenang: v have au­thority.

wiara: variant of wihara:

WIB {Waktu Indonisia Bagian Barat}: n West Indone­sian Time (zone).

wibawa: n /frm/lu/1 charisma |the natural ability to attract other people and make them admire you|  Sepanjang saya tahu Sukarno dulu memiliki wibawa yang sangat kuat As far as I know Sukarno possessed a very powerful charisma  2 charm |the special quality someone or something has that makes people like him, her, or it|  Dia seorang pemimpin yang penuh wibawa. He is a leader that is full of charm.
-berwibawa: adj 1 charismatic 2 charming.
-kewibawaan: n the quality of being charismatic.

wicara: n /frm/lu/  speech.
-cacat wicara: n speech defect.
-temu wicara1: v interview
-temuwicara2: n interview
-wicara buatan: n artificial speech.

widara: variant of bidara:

widuri: n /Jv/ shrub.

widyakarya: n /frm/ltr/ university-level field-study.

widyawisata: n /frm/ltr/ study tour.

Wiena: variant of Wina:

wih: intrj /spo/ Man!, Boy! |to show surprise or to call attention to sth| Wih! Besarnya ular ini. Boy! What so big snake!

wihara: n /frm/lu/ Buddhist monastery or nunnery.

wijaya; kewijayaan: n /frm/lu/ victory.

wijayakusuma: see bunga:

wijen: variant of bijan:

wiku: variant of biksu:

wiladah: n /frm/ltr/ 1 birth 3 emergence –syn: /lu/ kelahiran, kemunculan

wilayah: n /frm/lu/ 1 region |a fairly large area of a state, country etc., usually without exact limits| Hujan diharapkan datang di wilayah pegunungan Rain is expected in mountain regions. 2  zone Tidak nyaman tinggal dekat dengan wilayah industri It’s not comfortable to live next to an industrial zone 3 area |a particular part of a place, city, country etc.| Saya tumbuh di wilayah perkotaan yang padat. I grew up in a crowded city area 4 field |a particular subject or type of activity|  Dia bicara tentang teori kepustakaan, wilayah studinya. She talked about literary theory, her area of study.

wildop: n /inf/lu/ hubcap. |a metal cover for the center of a wheel on a vehicle|

wilis: see burung:

Wina: n Vienna.

windu: n /frm/lu/ cycle of eight years in Javanese calendar. Indonisia merayakan panca windu kemerdekaan. Indonesia celebrated the 40th anniversary of independence.
-berwindu-windu: prep. decade after decade.

wing: n /mil/frm/lu/ decoration (for those who have flown or parachuted a certain number of times)

wiper: n /frm/lu/ windshield wiper.

wira: n /frm/ltr/ man, hero. wira tamtama a low military rank.
-kewiraan: n 1 manliness 2 heroism

wiracarita; wiracerita: n /frm/ltr/ epic.

wirama: variant of irama:

wiraniaga: n /frm/lu/ salesperson.

wiraswasta: n /frm/lu/1 entrepreneur 2 private en­terprise
-berwiraswasta: v run a private enterprise.
-kewiraswastaan: n entrepreneurship.

wiraswastawan: n /frm/lu/ entrepreneur.

wirausaha: n /frm/lu/ businessman.

wirawan1: n /frm/lu/ hero. Dia seorang wirawan He is a hero

wirawan: adj /frm/lu/ heroic. Dia seorang bekas prajurit wirawan He was a heroic soldier.

wirid: n /Isl/ passage of Koran.
-wiridan: v recite Koranic passages.

wiron: n /Jv/ pleat in a batik wrap around
-berwiron: v be pleated.

wiru; berwiru-wiru: v /ld/ be pleated.
-mewiru: v pleat sth.

wisata: n /frm/lu/ tour.
-berwisata: v make a tour.

wisatawan: n /frm/lu/ tourist.

wisel: variant of wesel:

wisik: n /Jv/ inspiration.

wiski: n /frm/lu/ whisky.

wisma: n /frm/lu/ public building.
-wisma budaya: n art gallery.
-wisma tamu: n guesthouse.
-wisma werdha/wreda: n /ltr/ nursing home.

wisuda: n /frm/lu/ graduation ceremony.
-mewisudakan: v award a degree at graduation ceremony.
-wisuda gelar: n ceremony of conferring a degree.

wisudawan: n /frm/lu/ male graduate at commencement.

wisudawati: n /frm/lu/ female graduate at commencement.

WIT {Waktu Indonesia Bagian Timur}: n East Indonesian Time (zone).

WITA {Waktu Indonesia Bagian Tengah}: n Central Indonesian Time (zone).

wiyaga: n /Jv/ gamelan player.

wiyata: n /ld/ education.
-wiyata bhakti: n teaching practice.

wk. {wakil}: n vice-, deputy, assistant.

wkt. {waktu}: n time.

WN {warga negara}: n citizen.

WNA {Warga Negara Asing}: n foreign citizen.

WNI {Warga Negara Indonesia}: n 1 citizen of Indonesia. 2 naturalized Indonesian citizen, esp. of Chinese descent.

woki-toki: n /frm/lu/ walkie-talkie.

wol: n wool.

Wolanda: variant of Belanda:

wong: n /Jv/ 1 person 2 people. wong cilik ordinary people.

wolfram: n /frm/lu/ tungsten

wora-wiri: n /frm/ a flower family of Hibiscus rosa sincusis.

wortel: n /frm/lu/ carrot.

wreda: adj /frm/ 1 old 2 senior 3 the last level

wredatama: n /frm/ retired person.

WTS {wanita tuna susila}: n /frm/lu/ prostitute.

wudhu; wudu: n /Isl/ ablution ||cleansing or washing your body as a part of religious obligation|
-berwudu: v perform such ablutions.

wuduk: see nasi:

wujud: n /frm/lu/ 1 reality Apa yang saya peroleh saat ini merupakan wujud cita-cita saya sejak muda. What I’ve got now is the reality of my dream since I was young.  2 physical shape Seperti apa wujud patung itu? What is the shape of the statue?
-berwujud: adj 1 physically concrete 2 tangible 3 having a particular shape.
-mewujudkan: v 1 realize (a hope, expectation, dream, etc.) 2 materialize 3 create 4 bring sth into a reality.
-perwujudan: n 1 realization 2 materialization 3 physical shape.

wuku: n /Jv/ one of the 30 seven-day periods which make up the 210 days calendar cycle.

wukuf: n /Isl/ ceremony of gathering on the field of Arafah during the hajj.
-berwukuf: v perform this cere­mony.

wulan: variant of bulan:

wuluh: variant of buluh:

wungkul: adj /ld/ whole. unbroken.

wungu: variant of ugu:

wurung: variant of urung:

wutuh: variant of utuh:

wuwu: variant of bubu:

wuwung: variant of bubung:

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Dictionary V

v

V1; v: |the 22nd letter of the alphabet used in Indonesian language and English – approximately sounds like v in vacation; vegetable; voyage; video.|

V2: |if written in capital letter, the Roman numeral for five| 3 symbol of vanadium |a chemical substance, a bright white soft ductile used in rust resistant|

vagina: n /frm/lu/ vagina |the passage from a woman’s outer sexual organs to her uterus|

vak: n /of/ 1 subject of a study 2 vocational course –syn: /lu/ jurusan

vakansi: n /of/ vacation. –syn: /lu/ liburan

vakasi: n /of/ honorarium for who works to correct examination sheet.

vakatur: n /of/ 1 vacancy |a job that is available for someone to start doing| -syn: /lu/ lowongan

vaksin: n /lu/ vaccine.

vaksinasi: n /frm/lu/ vaccination.
-memvaksinasi: v vaccinate.

vakbon: n /of/ workers union –syn: /lu/ serikat pekerja

vaksinator: n /frm/lu/ who vaccinates.

vakum1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 vacuum |a close space without air| 2 vacant |empty and available for someone to use| ruangan vakum vacant room 3 inactive pejabat vakum inactive official
-kevakuman: n vacancy |the state of being vacant|
-memvakumkan: v put in a vacuum. Presiden masih memvakumkan jabatan kementerian itu The president still keep that ministerial posi­tion vacant.

vakum2: n /frm/lu/ suction device to abort the fetus.

valas {valuta asing}: n /frm/lu/ foreign currency.

valensi: n /frm/lu/ valence.

valid: n /frm/lu/ valid.

validasi: n /frm/lu/ validation.

validitas: n /frm/lu/ validity.

valuta: n /frm/lu/ currency valuta asing foreign currency.

vandalisme: n /frm/lu/ vandalism.

vandal: n /frm/lu/ souvenir, pennant.

varia: n /frm/lu/ variety varia berita variety of news

variabel1: adj /frm/lu/ variable |likely to change often|

variabel2: n /frm/lu/ variable |something that may be different in different situations|

variabilitas: n /frm/lu/ variability.

varian: n variant.

variasi: n /frm/lu/ variation. variasi mobil car accessories.
-bervariasi: v have variation.

varietas: n /frm/lu/ variety, kind (of plants, etc.) varietas unggul high-yielding variety.

varises: n /frm/lu/ varicose veins.

varitas: variant of varietas:

Varuna: variant of baruna:

vas: n /frm/lu/ vase.

vasektomi: n /frm/lu/ vasectomy |a medical operation to cut the small tube through which a man’s sperm passes, so that he is unable to make a woman pregnant|

vaselin: n /frm/lu/ vaseline.

veem: n /of/ company that provide services in managing warehouse and the goods inside.

vegetaris: n /frm/lu/ vegetarian.

vegetarisme: n /frm/lu/ vegetarianism.

vector: n /math./ vector.

velar: n velar.

velbak: variant of pelbak:

veldbed: n variant of felbet:

velg: variant of pelek:

ventilasi: n /frm/lu/ ventilation.

ventilator: n /frm/lu/ ventilator.

ver-: see also entries with per-.

verba: n /frm/lu/ verb.

verbal: adj /frm/lu/ 1 oral. ujian verbal oral examination. 2  verbal.
-memverbalkan: v 1 verbalize 3 put into words.

verdah: n /frm/ suspected of having a disease. verdah tikus suspected of having typhus.
-memperdah: v suspect.

verdieping: variant of perdiping:

vergunning: variant of perkening:

verifikasi: n /frm/lu/ verification.
-memverifikasikan: v verify.

verkeneng; verkening: n /of/ reconnaissance, reconnoitering.

vermaak: variant of permak:

vernis: variant of pernis:

verpleegster: variant of verplehster:

verpleger; verpleher: n /of/ male hospital attendant

verplehster: n /of/ nurse.

verpolitisir; memverpolitisir: v /frm/lu/ politicize.

versi: n /lu/ version.

versneleng; versneling: variant of persneling:

versus: prep /frm/lu/ versus.

vertical: adj /frm/lu/ vertical.

vet: n /of/ grease, esp. engine lubricators.
-mengeveti: v grease (an engine).

veter: n /of/ shoelaces.

veteran: n /frm/lu/ veteran, esp. of the Revolution of 1945.
-memveterankan: v retire sth from the army

veto: n /frm/lu/ veto.
-memveto: v veto.

vetsin: n /frm/lu/ monosodium glutamate.

via: prep. /lu/ via.

viaduk; viaduct: n /of/ 1 viaduct. 2 fly-over, overpass.

vibrasi: n /frm/lu/ vibration.

vide: prep. /of/ refer to, see.

video: n /frm/lu/ 1 video cassette 2 video performance.

Vietsel {Vietnam Selatan}: n South Vietnam.

Vietut {Vietnam Utara}: n North Vietnam.

vihara: variant of wihara:

vikariat: n /ld/ vicariate.

vikaris jenderal: n /ld/ vicar general.

vila; villa: n /frm/lu/ house in the country, us. for weekend use.

vilt: n /ld/ felt |a thick soft material made of wool, hair, or fur that has been pressed flat|

vinyet: n vignette.

violet: n, adj /frm/lu/ violet.

violis: n /frm/lu/ violinist.

VIP {Very Important Person}: n VIP
-mem-VIP-kan: v 1 re­serve sth for VIPs. 2 give sb a VIP status.

Virgo: n /zod./ Virgo.

virulen: adj /frm/ virulent.

virulensi: n /frm/ virulence .

virus: n /frm/lu/ virus.

visa: n /frm/lu/ visa.

visi: n /frm/lu/ point of view, perspective.

visual: adj /frm/lu/ visual.

visualisasi: n /frm/lu/ visualization.
-memvisualisasikan: v visualize.

visuil: variant of visual:

visum: n /frm/lu/ 1 record |any written document from rele­vant authorities stating that a certain matter has been considered and approved of|
-visum dokter: n medi­cal report.
-visum et repertum: n official report of an au­topsy.

vital: adj /frm/lu/ vital.
-kevitalan: n vitality.

vitalitas: n /frm/lu/ vitality.

vitamin: n /frm/lu/ vitamin

vitakultur: n /frm/ grape garden

vitelin: n /tech/ globulin |protein that can be find in an egg or in corn|

vlek: variant of plek:

vodka: n vodka saouce

vokabuler: n /of/ 1 vocabulary, wordlist. 2 sb’s verbal knowledge. –syn: /lu/ kamus

vocal: n /frm/lu/ vowel.

vokalis: n /frmlu/ vocalist.

vol: variant of pol:

vol.{volume}: n /wrt/frm/lu/ volume.

voli: n /frm/lu/ volleyball.

volt: n /frm/lu/ volt.

Volta Hulu: n Upper Volta.

voltase: n /frm/lu/ voltage.

volume: n /frm/lu/ 1 volume, quantitative amount of liquid content  2 volume, loudness.

volunteer: n /frm/lu/ volunteer.

vonis: n /frm/lu/ verdict.
-memvonis: v sentence, condemn  Pengadilan memvonis mati terdakwa itu The court sentenced the accused to death.

votum: n vote.

vs {versus}: prep. /wrt/ versus.

vulgair: adj /frm/lu/ vulgar.

vulgarisasi: n /frm/lu/ vulgarization.
-memvulgarkan: v vulgarize.

vulkan: n /frm/lu/ volcano.

vulkanik; vulkanis: adj /frm/lu/ volcanic.

vulkanisasi: n /frm/lu/ vulcanization.

vulkanisir; memvulkanisir: v /frm/lu/ 1 retread. 2 vulcanize.
-vulkanisasian: n sth retread (tire).

vulkanisme: n /frm/lu/ volcanic activity.

vulkanolog: n /frm/lu/ expert in vulcanology.

vulkanologi: n /frm/lu/ study of volcanic activity.

vulpen: variant of pulpen:

vulva: n /frm/lu/ outer part of female sex organ

vuring: n /frm/lu/ thin and soft cloth for lining.

VUTW {Faritas Unggul Tahan Wereng}: n a high­ yielding pest-proof variety of rice (much used in the 1970s).

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Use suffix “-lah” to make word imperative

biarlah, biarkanlah:: Root word is biar: verb. 1 /let/ 2 adv |so that|  4 prep. |for|

e.g.: 1.Biarlah seperti itu. Just let it like that. 2 Biarlah dia pergi. Just let him/her go

janganlah: Root word is jangan: adv  /(do) not/

e.g: Janganlah seperti itu. Please don’t be like that!  Janganlah berharap terlalu banyak. Don’t expect too much.

pilihlah: Root word is pilih: verb; /vote, choose/

e.g. Pilihlah saya. Vote for me.  Pilihlah yang terbaik. Choose the best one.

gunakanlah. Root word is gunakan: verb /use/

e.g. Gunakanlah sabuk pengaman! Use the safety belt.

demikianlah. Root word is demikian pron /such (as), that/

e.g. Demikianlah kecelakaan itu telah melukai sejumlah orang. That it was the accident that has injured a umber of people.

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