Dictionary N

N; n: |the 14th letter of the alphabet used in Indonesian and English – approximately sounds like n in name; analogy; banner; enrolment; intentional, syndicate.|

N: n 1 symbol for Nitrogen 2 symbol for unlimited number

n.a.: |the written abbreviation of  “numpang alamat” identical to “in care of” in English, used when you are sending a letter for someone to another person who will keep it for him/her| Kirim surat kepada saya n.a. Jln Melati 6, Blok M, Jakarta, Ind. Send me the letter to c/o Anthonio Muller, 8 Melati St, Blok M, South Jakarta, Ind.

naas: adj /frm/lu/ unlucky, ill-omened. saat yang naas unlucky mo­ment.
-menaaskan: v declare sth to be ill-omened.
-ke­naasan: n bad luck.

nabati: adj /frm/lu/ floral 1 |pertaining to plants|
-minyak nabati: n vege­table oil.

nabi: n /frm/lu/ prophet. nabi palsu false prophet.
cerita nabi: n a story con­cerning prophets.
-kenabian: n matters pertaining to prophets.
-logika nabi: n prophetic logic.
-menabikan: v 1 make sb into a prophet. 2 regard sb. as a prophet.
-Nabi Isa: n Jesus
-Nabi Muhammad: n Prophet Muhammad.

nabrak: see tabrak:

naco: n see nako:

nada: n /frm/lu/ 1 intonation 2 tone, note.
-nada mayor: n major key.
-nada minor: n minor key.
-nada rendah: n low-key.
-nada bicara: n busy signal.
-nada dasar: n keynote.
-nada pilih: n dial tone.
-nada sumbang: n off ­key or out-of-tune note.
-senada: adj 1 similar 2 in harmony. Apa yang dia katakana senada dengan apa yang dikatakan bosnya. What she said was in harmony with what her boss said.
-bernada: v 1 have a tone. 2 be in (a particular tone) 3 smack of |to seem to have a particular quality| Pertengkaran itu bernada dendam. That quarrel smacked of revenge.

nadi: n /frm/lu/ 1 pulse Dokter memeriksa nadinya. The doctor felt his pulse.
2 artery |one of the tubes that carries blood from your heart to the rest of your body|

nadir1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 rare 2 unusual

nadir2: n /frm/ 1 supervisor 2 inspector

nadzar: see nazar:

nafas: n /frm/lu/ breath. |the air that comes out of your lungs when you breathe| Saya dapat mencium bau alcohol di nafas kamu. I can smell alcohol on your breath. Ambil nafas panjang. Take a deep breath.
-bernafas: v breathe Tolong bernafas panjang. Please breathe deeply.
-nafas pendek: n short breath.
-senafas: v 1 be similar  2 agree with each other
-mensenafaskan: v 1 make (things) similar or agree with each other.
-menafasi: v /tr/ resusci­tate, revive. Dokter menafasi dia dengan zat asam Doctor revived him with oxygen.
-menafaskan: v /tr/ exhale (sth)
-pernafasan: n breath­ing, respiration. Dia dibantu dengan nafas buatan He was treated with artificial respiration. penya­kit pernafasan respiratory disease.

nafi; menafikan: v /ltr./ deny.

nafkah: n /frm/lu/ 1 basic need of life. Dia mencari nafkah dengan kerja keras. He make money for his basic feed by hard working.
-menafkahi: v /tr/ 1 feed 2 prepare basic need (of sb)
-menafkahkan: v spend sth for basic needs.
-nafkah batin: n 1 psychological needs 2 conjugal rights.
-nafkah hazir: n money given to a divorced wife for household expenses.

nafsu: n /frm/lu/ natural appetite or desire. Dia berhasil mengendalikan nafsunya. He succeeded in controlling his desire.
-bernafsu: adj amatory |pertaining to or expressive of love, especially sexual love|
-nafsu beli: n urge to buy.
-nafsu birahi: n sexual desire
-nafsu ­dukana: n lust.
-nafsu kebendaan: n material desires.
-nafsu makan: n appetite
-menafsukan: v arouse sb’s appetite (esp. sexual desires).

naga: n /frm/lu/ dragon.

naga-naganya: adv /frm/lu/ apparently.

nagari: see negeri:

nagasari: n /lu/ rice-flour cake stuffed with banana bits and steam banana leaves.

nah: intrj. /spo/lu/ 1 Here! Take it (with accompanying gesture of offering, etc.). Nah! Ini uangnya! Here you are! Here is your money!  2 See! |implying acceptance of sb’s advice or opinion, fact, com­mon knowledge, etc.|. Nah! Apa kata ibu! Kau cantik kalau bersih begitu! See! What did I tell you? You looks pretty when you have cleaned yourself up like that!  3 now then |introducing a new topic of conversation|. Nah! pemuda itu kemudian pergi! Then, the young man went away. 4 well! |introducing a sentence that conclude a conver­sation). Nah! sekian dan terima kasih! Well, let me stop here, and thank you!

nahas: variant of naas:

Nahdatul Ulama; Nahdlatul Ulama: n Association of Muslim Scholars; a Muslim political party prior to new era

naif: adj /fr/lu/ naive.
-menaifkan: v 1 consider sb naïve 2 treat sb as naïve 3 patronize Berani benar kau menaifkan aku! How dare you to pa­tronize me!
-kenaifan: n naivete.

naik1: v /intr/tr/frm/lu/ 1 climb, ascend, go up (on). Kawannya pergi naik bukit His friends went to climb the hill. Pesawat itu naik dengan tiba-tiba. The plane ascended suddenly.  Pangeran itu akan segera naik tahta. The prince will soon ascent the throne. 2 increase Harga-harga akan naik 10% tahun depan. The prices will rise 10% next year. 3 be promoted Dia sudah naik jabatan menjadi menejer. He has been promoted to be a manager. 4 be improved Kualitas pelayanan mereka sudah naik. The quality of their service has been improved. 5 rise Matahari sudah naik tinggi ketika kami bangun. The sun has highly risen when we woke up  6 ride Apa kamu bisa naik kuda? Can you ride a horse?  7 get Dia sudah naik ke mobil. He has get into the car.
-kenaikan: n 1 increase 2 promotion 3 ascendancy 4 rise 5 improvement 6 ascension Kenaikan Jesus. The ascension of Jesus
-menaikkan: v /tr/ 1 ascend 2 increase 3 promote 4 raise 5 improve.
-menaik turunkan: v 1 fluctuate. Ketidak stabilan harga minyak menaik turunkan inflasi. Un-stability of the oil prices fluctuated the inflation rate. 2 pick up and drop off. Kernet bus itu sibuk menaik turunkan penumpang. The bus attendant was busy picking up and dropping off the pas­sengers.
-naik banding: v appeal Terdakwa itu akan naik banding ke pengadilan lebih tinggi. The defendant will appeal  to a higher court.
-naik daun: v 1 be lucky 2 be in a better situation.
-naik darat: v go ashore.
-naik hati: v become conceited
-naik haji: v make the pilgrimage to Mec­ca.
-naik kelas: v be promoted to a higher level (school grade, official position, etc.)
-naik marak: v start to glow.
-naik mempelai: v get married.
-naik panggung: v appear in a stage.
-naik pasang: n high tide.
-naik pitam/darah: v be angry.
-naik turun: adv ups and downs.

naik2: adv. /frm/lu/  by Kami pergi kesekolah naik bus. We go to school by bus

najis1: n /frm/lu/ 1 defiling filth |dirt that make something less pure, good, or holy|  2 excrement.
-najis besar: n feces, night soil.
-najis kecil: n urine.

najis2: adj /frm/lu/ 1 dirty. This place will be dirty if a women in her period come inside. 2 prohibited
-kenajisan: n 1 state of being ritually unclean. 2 prohibition
-menajiskan: v consider sth dirty.
-penajisan: n 1 con­tamination 2 desecration.

nak1: n /spo/lu/ 1 son 2 |variant of anak: |used in order to call your son or a young male| Nak! Apa boleh bantu saya melakukan sesuatu? Son! Would you please do me a favor?

nak2: variant of hendak:

nakal: adj /frm/lu/ 1 naughty, mischievous. Anak itu nakal That child is naughty. 2 wanton. perempuan nakal a wan­ton woman.
-kenakalan: n 1 naugh­tiness, mischief. 2 delinquency.
-kenakalan anak/remaja: n juvenile delinquency.
-kenakal-nakalan: adv in a naughty way, mischievously. “Tunanganmu, ya?” kami bertanya dengan kenakal-nakalan. “Is that your fiance?” we asked in a naughty way. 2 do things that tend to be naughty.
-menakali: v 1 abuse sb sexually. Hanan dihukum mati karena menakali beberapa gadis kecil. Hanan was sentenced to dead for raping a number of small girl. 2 naughtily treat sb

Naker {Tenaga Kerja}: n work force, manpower.

nakhoda: n /frm/lu/ ship’s captain. Nakhoda Agung Grand Admiral, admiral of the fleet.
-menakhodai: v captain sth, be the captain of.

nako: n /frm/lu/ jalousie window.

nalar: see talar:

Nalo {Nasional Lotere}: n National Lottery (a legal lottery conducted by the government in order to finance sports and games in 1960’s)

naluri: n /frm/lu/ instinct. naluri kewanitaannya her female instinct.

naluriah: adj frm/lu/ instinctive.

nama1: n /frm/lu/ 1 name. Nama kamu siapa? What is your name? Apa namanya? What is it called? Atas nama keluarga saya… On behalf of my family, … Dengan nama, ….By the name (of) …., With the name (of)…. 2 title, fame  Suharto mendapat nama setelah kekacauan politik itu. Suharto came to fame after the political chaos.
-menamai: v 1 name Kami menamai tumbuhan ini “sirih” We name this plant “betel”  2 Orang menamai dia “juragan” People call him “big boss”
-nama baik: n good reputation.
-nama kecil: n first name, given name.
-nama keluarga: n family name, surename.
-nama dagang: n trade name.
-nama diri: n proper name.
-nama panggilan/sindiran: n nickname, alias.
-nama samaran: n pseudonym.
-nama sandi: n code name. ­
-nama tambalan: n subtitle.
-nama jelas: n complete/true name (as contrasted with sig­nature).
-nama tubuh: n name given at birth or baptism.
-penamaan: n naming, nomenclature.
-ternama: adj well known, famous Ayahnya dulu orang petinju ternama His father was a famous boxer.

nama2: intrj. /inf/lu/ |used to confirm that sth must be like it| “Bagaimana Bob bisa berkecan dengan gadis itu?”Namanya Bob! Dia bukan Bob namanya kalau dia tidak bisa berkencan dengan gadis itu!”   “How could Bob date her?” “He was Bob! He wasn’t be Bob, if he couldn’t date her?”

nampak: adj /frm/lu/ 1 visible Kota itu nampak dari puncak menara itu, The town is visible from the top of that tower. 2 evident |easily noticed or understood|  Nampak bahwa kamu minum-minum lagi. It’s evident that you’ve been drinking again.
-menampakkan: v 1 show 2 make (sth) visible
-penampakan: n 1 appearance |the way someone or something looks or seems to other people| Ini ada enam cara meningkatkan penampakan pribadi anda Here are six ways to improve your personal appearance. Lampu-lampu Natal memberi penampakan suasana pesta pada rumah itu. The Christmas lights gave the house a festive appearance. 2 showing up Ini penampakan pertama dia di tempat umum sejak perkawinannya. This is her first showing up in public since her marriage.

nampan: n /frm/lu/ tray.

namun1: adv /frm/lu/ 1 however. |used in order to add an idea or fact that is surprising or seems like the opposite of what you have just said|  Awan sangat tebal, namun, kami dapat mendaratkan pesawat dengan mulus. The clouds were very thick; however, we managed to land the plane smoothly. Saya suka tomat. Namun saya tidak suka sup tomat. I love tomatoes. I don’t, however, like tomato soup.

namun2: conj./frm/lu/ yet  Cerita itu sulit dipercaya, namun diharapkan semuanya benar. The story’s unbelievable, yet supposedly it’s all true.

nan: pron. /ltr/  that,  which |an article that function as the subject of subordinate clause| Dia selalu menyapa tamu dengan wajah nan ceria. She always welcome the guests with a face that is cheerful.

nanah: n /frm/lu/ suppuration, pus.
-bernanah: v fester. |to have abscess|

nanar: adj /lu/ 1 confused. Saya nanar menghadapi persoalan ini. I was confused to face this problem. 2 angry. Dia memelototi saya dengan pancaran muka yang nanar. He stared me with an angry expression.

nanas: n /frm/lu/ pineapple.
-nanas seberang: n pine­apple that came from other island.

nanda: variant of anakanda:

nangka: n /frm/lu/ jackfruit.
-nangka belanda: n soursop.
-nangka bubur: n soft-fleshed jackfruit.
-nangka salak: n jackfruit with firm flesh.

nangkring: see tangkring:

nang-ning-nong: n /spo/ sound of metallic resonance (e.g. gamelan, bell, etc.).

nanti1: adv /frm/lu/ 1 this (coming)  |after the present time or a time you are talking about| Saya akan menelepon kamu nanti siang. I’ll call you this coming afternoon. 2 later |after this time that is considerable not very long from now| Mari kita pergi sekarang, kita dapat menyelesaikan itu nanti. Let’s go now, we can finish it later on. 3 later |used to remind that sth can be happened as a consequence of what sb do now| Saya khawatir kamu nanti akan kecewa. I’m afraid if you be disappointed later. 4 otherwise Ayo cepet, nanti kita terlambat. Hurry up, otherwise we will be late. Jangan injak lumpur itu nanti sepatumu kotor Don’t step on the mud, otherwise your shoes will be dirty. 5 next time Nanti kamu tidak akan boleh terlambat lagi. Next time you won’t be excused to be late
-bernanti-nanti: v always say later (for sth)

nanti2: v /frm/lu/intr/ wait. “Mari kita makan siang!”  “Nanti sebentar!” “Let’s take a lunch!” “Wait a moment!”
-menanti: v /intr/tr/ wait Kami sedang menanti kedatangan pesawat dari London. We are waiting for the flight arrival from London.
-menantikan: v /tr/ wait (for sb/sth) Sudah lama kami menantikan kedatangan kamu kerumah. It’s been long that we wait your coming back home.
-menanti-nanti: v hope (for the coming of sb/sth or the happening of sth) Kami telah menanti-nanti kedatangan hujan sejak lama. We’ve been hoping for raining for a long time.
-penantian: n 1 waiting room |a place where sb waiting for sb/sth.| Ayo kita ke ruang penantian Let’s go to the waiting room 2 waiting time |a situation or a time where sb’s waiting for sb/sth| Satu penantian yang lama sebelum akhirnya proposal itu disetujui. It’s a long waiting time before finally the proposal accepted.
-penanti: n sb who wait for sb/sth.

nantiasa: see senantiasa:

napalm: n /frm/ any material that can be used as source of energy esp for a bomb.

napas: variant of nafas:

napi {narapidana}: n /frm/lu/ criminal prisoner .

napi2: variant of nafi:

Napoli: n Naples.

napsu: variant of nafsu:

naraka: see neraka:

narapidana: n /frm/lu/ criminal prisoner.

narasumber: n /frm/lu/ 1 resource person 2 informant.

Narayana: n /ltr/ 1 a boyhood name of Kresna. 2 / period of time when sb was young

narkotika: n /frm/lu/ narcotics.

nasabah: n /frm/lu/ 1 customer, client. nasabah bank bank customer 2 relationship.
-pernasabahan: n client affairs.

Nasakom {Nasionalisme, Agama, Komunisme}: Na­tionalism, Religion, Communism |a  political con­cept in Sukarno era|
-menasakomkan: v make sb a sup­porter of Nasakom.

nasal: adj /frm/ nasal |a nasal sound or voice comes mostly through your nose|

nasar1: n /ld/ vulture 1 |a large wild bird that eats dead animals| 2 |someone who uses other people’s troubles for his/her own advantage|

nasar2: see penasaran:

nasarani: see nasrani:

nasehat: see nasihat:

nasi1: n /frm/lu/ 1 cooked rice 2 sesuap nasi: daily food (bread)  Dia harus kerja keras untuk mencari sesuap nasi. He has to work hard just for daily bread.
-nasi dedang: n steamed rice
-nasi goreng: n fried rice.
-nasi gurih: n rice that is boiled with spiced water.
-nasi ketupat: n rice boiled in coconut fronds plaited in rhomboid shape
-nasi liwet: n pure boiled rice
-nasi putih: n boiled rice without side dish
-nasi pulut: n sticky rice
-nasi ramas: n rice and side dishes served together
-nasi uduk: n rice that is steamed with coconut milk and spice.
-nasi tumpeng: n steamed rice which is heaped like a toy mount and decorated which colourful side dish, served in special occasion.
-/idiom/ nasi sudah mejadi bubur no use to cry over spilt milk

nasi2: see natie:

nasib: n /frm/lu/ 1 fate |the things that happen to someone| Tidak ada yang tahu bagaimana nasib pengungsi itu. No one knows what the fate of the refugees will be. Nasib mereka sudah ditentukan. Their fate is sealed. (something unpleasant is certain to happen) 2  destiny |the things that will happen to someone in the future, or the power that controls this fate| Perjuangan bangsa untuk dapat mengendalikan nasibnya. A nation effort to control its destiny 3 luck  a) nasib baik good luck b) nasib buruk/sial bad luck.
-bernasib baik: adj lucky
-bernasip sial: adj unlucky
-nasib-nasiban: adv fifty-fifty between lucky and unlucky
-senasib: v be at the same fate

nasion: n /frm/ nation.

nasional: adj /frm/lu/ national a) |relating to a whole nation rather than to part of it or to other nations| berita nasional the national news isu tentang kepentingan nasional an issue of national importance  b) |typical of a particular nation| pakaian nasional national dress.
-kenasionalan: n 1 nationality. 2 national­ism.
-penasionalan: v nationalization.

nasionalis: adj /frm/lu/ nationdist. nationalistic.

nasionalisasi: n /frm/lu/ nationalization.
-menasionalisasikan: v /tr/ nationalize (sth).
-penasionalisasian: n process of nationalization.

nasionalisir; menasionalisir: v /frm/lu/ nationalize.

nasionalisme: n /frm/lu/ nationalism.

nasip: variant of nasib:

naskah: n /frm/lu/ 1 manuscript. 2 document,  minutes (of meeting)
-naskah asli: n original text
-naskah ceramah: n text of a lecture.

Nasrani: n Christian.

Natal: n /frm/lu/ Christmas. Selamal Hari Natal Merry Christmas.
-Natalan1: v celebrate Christmas.
-Natalan2: n Christmas celebration.

natalitas: n /frm/lu/ birth rate.

natang: n /ld/ 1 small window 2 opening.

natar: n /ld/ basic (background) color on batik
-penataran: n yard, grounds. penataran angkalan laut naval yard.

natura: n /frm/lu/ the real sth (not in form of money)

naturalisasi: n /frm/lu/ naturalization.
-menaturalisasi: v naturalize (of citizenship).

naturalisme: n /frm/lu/ naturalism.

nau: variant of enau:

naung; bernaung: v /intr/frm/lu/ 1 be under a shade 2 be under a protection
naungan: n 1 shelter  2 protection. 3 auspices 4 subordination.
-menaungi: /tr/ 1 shelter Sebuah organisasi social menaungi tunawisma A social organization shelters the homeless people. 2 protect PBB akan menaungi para pengungsi itu UN will protect the refugees 3 shade Kami tanam sejumlah pohon menaungi rumah dari sinar matahari We planted a number of trees to shade the house from sunshine 4 subordinate Bagian ini menaungi empat su-bagian. This division subordinate four sub-divisions

nautik: n /frm/lu/ nautical.

nautika: n /frm/lu/ nautical science.

nautis: adj /frm/lu/ nautical.

navigasi: n /frm/lu/ navigation. navigasi udara aerial navigation.

navigator: n /frm/lu/ navigator.

nazar1: n /Isl/ vow (to do sth if prayer is granted).
-bernazar: v make a promise of sth.  Suami saya bernazar memo­tong kambing kalau dia lulus ujian itu. My husband has promised to slaughter a goat if he passes the test.
-menazamkan: v vow to sacrifice sth

nazar2: n eagle.

nazir: variant of nadir2:

n.b. {nota bene}: n nota bene.

ndak1: adv /spo/  no, not.

ndak2: variant of hendak: .

ndang-ndut: variant of dang-dut:

ndoro: n /Jv/ Sir |term of address for a member of the aristocracy
-ndoro kakung: n master.
-ndoro minyak: n oil baron.
-ndoro putrid: n mistress.
-mendorokan: v call sb ndoro.

ndoroisme: n /frm/lu/ feudal attitude.

ndut-ndutan: v /spo/ pulsate, throb (with pam, etc.). –syn: /frm/ berdenyut-denyut

nebeng: v /Jkt/inf/ 1 hitchhike |to travel by asking for free rides in other people’s cars| 2 sponge off  |to get money, food etc. from someone without working for it|  Dia telah nebeng teman-temannya bertahun-tahun. He’s been sponging off his friends for years. 2 hitchhike.

necis: adj /frm/lu/ neat, well-dressed

Nederlan; Nederland: n the Netherlands.

nefo;, nefos {new emerging forces}: n newly independent countries (Sukarno-era term).

Neg.1 {Negeri}: n country.

Neg.2 {Negara}: n nation, state.

Negara: n state. tamu negara state guest. negara bagian state in a federal system. AS terdiri dari lima puluh satu Negara bagian The US consists of 51 states. Negara berkembang de­veloping country.
-Negara hukum: n constitutional state. ­
-Negara kesatuan: n unitary state.
-Negara kesejahteraan: n welfare state.
-Negara Kangguru: n Australia.
-Negara Sakura: n Japanese.
-Negara terbelakang: n underdevel­oped country
-menegarakan: v 1 create a state. 2 regard as state property.
-kenegaraan: n matters pertaining to the state.

negarawan: n /frm/lu/ statesman.
-kenegarawanan: n statesmanship.

negasi: n /frm/ negation.

negative; negatip: adj /frm/lu/ negative.

neger: n /of/ Negro |black skin people|

negeri1: n /frm/lu/ country, land.
-negeri antah-berantah: n 1 an imaginary country, utopia  2 the country told in a fairytale.
-negeri awak: n native country, homeland.

negeri2: adj /frm/lu/ 1 public Sekolah Dasar Negeri Public Elementary School Universitas Negeri Public University |state-owned university|

negosiasi: n /frm/lu/ negotiation.
-bernegosiasi: v /intr/tr/ negotiate
-menegosiasikan: v /tr/ negotiate (sth)

nek: see nenek:

nekad2: see nekat:

nekat1: adj /frm/lu/ determined |persistent to do sth no matter what the risk| Waktu itu aku nekat melarikan diri dari penjara. At that time I was persistent to run awy from the prison.

nekat2: v /frm/lu/dare |to be brave enough to do something although it is a risk-full  thing| Dia nekat lari dari rumah sekalipun dia baru berumur enambelas tahun. She dared to run away from home although she was only 16 years old.
-kenekatan: n 1 determination to do sth 2 daring

neko-neko: n /Jv/ do all kind of things unnecessarily.

nekrologi: n /frm/ necrology.

nelayan: n /frm/lu/ fisherman.

nemu: see temu2:

nenas: variant of nanas:

nenek: n /frm/lu/ 1 grandmother, great-aunt. 2 (in some regions) grandfather, great-un­cle. 3 respectful term of reference and address (esp. as nek) for elderly persons (esp. women) and, in some areas, to dangerous wild animals, e.g. tigers, etc.
-nenek kebayan: n /Snd/ |a figure of legend who carries messages between lovers|
-nenek loreng: n Stripe Grandpa (in reference to striped tiger).
-nenek mamak: n elders.
-nenek moyang: n forefather, ances­tor.
-kenenek-nenekan: v act like or be similar to a very elderly woman.
-nenek sihir: n old sorceress

nenekanda; nenenda: n /ltr/ grandmother (esp. in let­ters).

neng: n /Jkt/Snd/ polite form of address to younger woman.

neo-: pref. /frm/lu/ new neo-kolonialisme neocolonialism.

neolitis: adj /frm/ neolithic.

neologisme: n /frm/ neologism.

neon: n /frm/lu/ fluorescent or neon light.
-meneonkan: v convert (street lights) to such lighting.

neonisasi: n /frm/lu/ provision of flourescent lamps for street lights.

nepotisme: n /frm/lu/ nepotism.

neraca: n /frm/lu/ 1 pair of scales. 2 balance.
-neraca kekuatan: n bal­ance of power.
-neraca niaga: n trade balance.
-neraca pem­bayaran: n balance of payments.
-neraca hutang piutang: n balance sheet.

neraka: n /frm/lu/ 1 hell. 2 destruction, misfortune.
-menerakakan: v 1 horrify |to attack with horror| 2 terrify |to make someone extremely afraid| Serangan itu benar-benar menerakanan seluruh kota. The raid really terrified the whole town.

nerawang: adj /frm/lu/ translucent, lacy.

nerimo: adj /Jv/ 1 passive 2 give up 3  acquiescent to sb,s fate.

nerocos: see crocos:

nestapa; kenestapaan:  n /frm/lu/ 1 sorrow 2 grief.

net1: adj /frm/lu/ clear, precise.

net2: n /sport/ net.

netral: adj /frm/lu/ 1 neutral. 2 uncommitted, nonaligned.
-menetralkan: v 1 permit to be neutral. 2 neutralize.
-kenetralan: n neutrality.
-penetralan: n neutralization.

netralis: n /frm/lu/ neutralist.

netralisasi: n /frm/lu/ neutralization.
-menetralisasikan: v neutralize.

netralisir; menetralisir: v /frm/lu/ neutralize.

netralisme: n /frm/lu/ neutralism.

netralitas; netralitet: n /frm/lu/ neutrality.

netron: see neutron:

netto: adj /frm/lu/ net. Berapa penghasilan netto kamu? What is your net income?

neurolog: n /frm/lu/ neurologist

neurologi: n /frm/lu/ neurology.

neurologist: adj /frm/lu/ neurological .

neutron: n /frm/lu/neutron.
Note: ng approximately sounds like (ŋ) in: morning; going; young; ringleader; youngster; ringside.|

ngaben: n /Bali/ cremation.
-mengaben: v cremate

ngabuburit: v /Snd/ seek amusement and distractions while waiting for sth.

ngacau: variant of kacau:

ngaceng: v /inf/ erect (penis)

ngaco: v /inf/ talk at random, talk without any link to what sb is talking about.
-ngaco belo: v talk at ran­dom.

ngadat: v /inf/lu/ break down, sulk, go wrong. Mobilku ngadat. My car broke down.

ngak-ngik-ngok; ngak-ngik-nguk: n /spo/ 1 sound of ca­cophonic music. 2 low grade music (esp. pop music).

ngalor-ngidul: adv /Jv/ in all directions, without di­rection. ngobrol ngalor-ngidul chat on all sorts of topics.

ngambek: v /inf/lu/ pout, mope. Dia  ngambek karena pacarnya tidak datang He sulked because his girlfriend did not come.

ngamen: v /inf/lu/ to sing for beg sth

ngana: pron. /Menado/ N. Maluku/  you (singular).

nganga; menganga: v /frm/lu/ 1 agape. 2 widely open Pintu belakang terbuka menganga. The backdoor stood widely open 3 gape, gawk Semua prenonton menganga melihat penampilannya. All spectators gaped to saw his performance.
-senganga-nganganya: adv as wide as possible.
-ternganga: v be gaped   2 be amazed, be flabbergasted. (to see sth)

ngangeni: variant of kangen:

ngantuk: variant of kantuk:

ngapa: variant of mengapa:

ngarai: n /Min./ chasm, gorge.

ngaung: n /spo/ sound of sth resonating (airplane, etc.).
-mengaung: v make a resonating sound (howl, etc.).

ngawur1: adj /frm/lu/ haphazard |happening or done in a way that is not organized or planned well, or without clear purposes| Itu adalah pembicaraan ngawur. It’s unfocused discussion

ngawur2: adv /frm/lu/ haphazardly Dia selalu bicara ngawur She always talk haphazardly.

nge-: pref./frm/lu/  |used to vary some of word that starts with “k” e.g. kebut ®  ngebut;  kekang ® ngekang; kalah ® ngalah|, and sometimes it’s modified with me- e.g; ngebut ® mengebut; ngekang ® mengekang; ngalah ® mengalah This modification doesn’t make any difference in meaning but the words become formal; ngalah (inf) ® mengalah (frm)

ngebet: v /inf/ want or desire sth eagerly Dia lagi ngebet untuk mengecani Siti. He is eagerly desiring to date Siti.

ngebut: see kebut; nge-; mengebut:

ngeceng: v /inf/ show up.

ngelotok: adj /Jkt/ burst open (of fruit).

ngeluyur: variant of ngeloyor:

ngemong: see ngomong:

ngengat: n /frm/lu/ moth.

ngentot: variant of entot:

ngeong: n meow
-mengeong: v meow.

ngepas: see pas:

ngeram: variant of eram:

ngerem: see rem:

ngeri: adj /frm/lu/ 1 horrified. 2 terrified 3 frightened
-mengerikan1: v 1 horrify 2 terrify 3 frighten Berita pemban­taian massal itu mengerikan kami. The news of the mass slaughter terrified us.
-mengerikan2: adj 1 horrified 2 terrified 3 frightened
-kengerian: n 1 the quality of being horrified, terrified, frightened

ngeteng: variant of keteng:

nggak: adv /inf/ no, not

ngiang: n /spo/ sound of whining or steady humming.
-mengiang: v whine, hum, or buzz
-mengiang-ngiang: v repeatedly whine.
-terngiang-ngiang: v be heard sth whining, buzzing Tangisnya sebelum meninggal masih terngiang-ngiang di kuping saya.Her crying before the death still whining to my ear  Suara iru terngiang kembali di kuping saya. The voice is whined again in my ears.
-ngiangan: n whining, buzzing.

ngiau: n meow.
-mengiau: v meow.

ngibrit: v /inf/ 1 get rid (walk out) of a place 2 abandon (an activity) Dia ngibrit kelaur dari rapat. He walked out of the meeting.

ngiler: variant of iler:

ngilu: v /frm/lu/ get pain, smart, hurt. Gigi saya sedang ngilu My teeth is getting pain
-mengilukan: v set sb on edge. Jeruk itu mengilukan gigi. The orange sets the teeth on edge.
-kengiluan: n smarting pain. hurting feeling.

ngincer: variant of incar:

ngl-: pref. |used to vary the spelling of some words e.g. klompok ® nglompok; keluyur  ® ngluyur; kelotok ® nglotok|

nglotok: variant of kelotok:

nglunjak: adj /inf/ insolent, impertinent

ngluyur: variant of keluyur:

ngobrol: variant of obrol:

ngoceh: variant of koceh:

ngomel: variant of omel:

ngomong: variant of omong:

ngompol: variant of ompol:

ngorok: v /lu/ snore.

ngos-ngosan: v /inf/lu/ gasp and pant.

ngot-ngotan: adj /inf/ 1 unpredictable. 2 furious.

ngotot: see otot2:

ngoyo: v /inf/ excessively exert (yourself) Saya tidak ngoyo tetapi dapat menggunakan otak semaksimal mungkin. I do not exert myself. Rather I use my brains as maximum as possible.

ngreh: v /Jv/ look down on.

ni: pron. /Bali/ respectful title for women.

ni2: pron /Chn/ you.

ni3: see nih:

niaga: n /frm/lu/ commerce, trade.
-berniaga: v trade
-meniagakan: v /tr/ trade
-niagawan: n professional trader.
-perniagaan: n trading, commerce.
-peniaga: n trader
-terniagakan1: v have been sold
-terniagakan2: adj saleable

nian: adv /ltr/lu/1 how Rumit nian kasus ini How complicated this case. 2 very, really Bagus nian baju kamu? Your shirt is very beautiful. (How beautiful your dress is.)

niat; niatan: n /frm/lu/ 1 intention, plan, aim Dia punya niat untuk pergi ke luar negeri. She has an intention to go abroad. 2 dream Niatnya menjadi bintang film telah terkabul. His dream to be a film star has been realized.
-meniatkan: v 1 intend  2 plan 3 aim 4 dream
terniat: v 1 to be intended  2 to be planed 3 to be aimed Terniat bagi saya untuk membeli mobil baru. It’s been intended for me to buy a new car.

NICA {Netherlands Indies Civil Administra­tion}: n /of/  post-war administrative system imposed by the Dutch in occupied territories.

nifas: n /frm/lu/ 1 childbirth, parturition. 2 the 40-day period after childbirth during which sexual in­tercourse is forbidden.

nih: intrj. n 1 particle pointing to sth nearby. Nih! Hasil survey itu! ­This! The result of the survey. 2 variant of ini:

nihil: n /frm/lu/ nil, nothing. Hasilnya nihil The result is nil.
-kenihilan: n nothingness.

nihillis: n /frm/ nihilist.

nihilisme: n /frm/ nihilism.

nihistis: adj nihilistic.

nik: see non:

nikah; menikah: v /frm/lu/ marry |to become someone’s husband or wife| Kapan kalian akan menikah? When are you going to get married?| Kapan kalian menikah? When did you marry?  Tony menikah dengan saudari saya Tony is married to my sister
-akad nikah: n 1 marriage vow 2 marriage agreement
menikahi: v /tr/ marry sb Donny akan menikahi saudari saya. Donny is going to marry my sister.
-nikah gantung: v postponed marriage |formally registered and celebrated but without consummation for completion of schooling, reaching legal age, etc|
-pernikahan: n 1 marriage Pernikahan mereka telah berlangsung 30 tahun. Their marriage has lasted for 30 years  2 wedding  Pesta pernikahan itu akan dilaksanakan besok.The wedding ceremony will take place tomorrow.

nikel: n /frm/lu/ nickel (metal).

nikmat: adj /lu/ 1 delicious Banyak makanan nikmat yang disajikan di pesta itu There was a lot of delicious food served in the party. 2 comfortable Apa kalian merasa nikmat tinggal di sini? Do you feel comfortable to stay here? 3 enjoyable Itu satu pertunjukan nikmat. It’s an enjoyable show. 4 pleasant  Senikmat apa sambutan mereka? How pleasant their greeting was?
-(me)nikmati: v /tr/ 1 enjoy Silahkan nikmati sendiri! Please enjoy yourself! 2 feel comfortable. Kami menikmati tinggal di hotel ini. We feel comfortable stay in this hotel. 3 feel pleasant.
-kenikmatan: n 1 delicacy, deliciousness 2 comfort, comfortableness 3 bliss, enjoyment 4 luxury 5 bless, grace |everything that is valuable and needed by human which comes from the God|
-penikmat: n lover, devotee.

nikotin: n /frm/lu/ nicotine.

Nil: n Nile.

nila: n /frm/lu/ blue dye, indigo.

nilai: n /frm/lu/ 1 value a) |the amount of money that something is equal to| Berapa nilai cincin yang hilang itu? What was the value of the lost ring? b) |the importance or usefulness of something| Penelitian itu adalah satu nilai besar buat perkembangan ilmu kesehatan. The research was of great value to the medical science improvement. Patung bersejarah ini punya nila tidak terbatas kepada bangsa. This historical statue gives an unlimited value to the nation  2 price |the equal amount of money for sth| Berapa nilai bangunan ini? What will be the price of this building? 3 school grades/point. Nilai matematika saya turun dari A ke B pada semester ini. My math point (grade) is going down from A to B in this semester.
-bernilai1: v be priced, be valuable |to have a certain value| Batu permata ini bernilai tinggi. This precious stone is highly valuable.
-bernilai2: adj 1 precious 2 valuable Rumah tua ini bernilai buat kami. This old house is valuable for us.
-menilai: v 1 value Bagaimana kamu menilai pertunjukan itu? How do you value the performance? 2 appraise Kita perlu seorang konsultan professional menilai harta kekayaan itu sebelum membelinya. We need a professional to appraise the property before we buy it. 3 grade Guru menilai karangan saya rendah. The teacher graded my essay low.
-penilaian: n 1 appraisal 2 grading 3 rating 4 price taxation 5 value estimation 6 evaluation
-penilai: n 1 appraiser 2 assessor 3 grader
-ternilai: v be appraised 2 be graded 4 be rated.

nilam1: n /lu/ shrub yielding fragrant oil. patchouli.

nilam2: see batu:

nilam3: see burung:

nilem: variant of nilam:

nilon: n nylon.

nimbrung: v /inf/lu/ get involved or interrupt a conversation where he/she is not wanted

ninabobo; ninabobok: n /lu/ lullaby.
-meminabobokan: v lull a) |to make someone feel calm or sleepy| Bernyanyi dengan lembut, dia meminabobo kami tidur. Singing softly, she lulled us to sleep. b) |to make someone feel so safe and confident that you can easily deceive him/her|  Dia telah diminabobo supaya percaya bahwa bisnis itu menguntungkan. She was lulled into believing that the business will be profitable.
-peminaboboan: n abusing confidence.

ningrat: n /frm/lu/ 1 noble,  aristocrat |someone who belongs to the highest social class|
-kaum ningrat: n aristocrat class.
-meningratkan: v 1 treat sb as a noble. 2 raise sb to the rank of noble
-keningratan: n aristocracy.
-keningrat-ningratan: adj aristocratic, feudalistic.
-ningratisme: n feudal way of thinking and behaving.

ninik: n /Chn/ term of address for little girl.

ninik-mamak: n /Min./ village elders.

NIP {Nomor Induk Pegawai}: n 1 official registration number of civil servants. 2 letter of appoint­ment for civil servants.

nipah: n /frm/lu/ thatch palm, nipa palm.

nipis1: see tipis:

nipis2: see jeruk:

Nippon: n Japan.

nir1: n /ld/ kidney. sakit nir kidney ailment.

nir2: pref. /frm/lu/ not, non- sebuah organisasi nir-laba a non-profit organization. sebuah program nir-gelar a non-degree program.

nira: n /frm/lu/ sap obtained by tapping inflorescences of various palms used to make sugar.

nirasa: n /frm/ apathy |the feeling of not being interested in something or not caring about life| nirasa tentang pemilihan akan datang public apathy about the coming election

nirbangun: adj /frm/ amorphous |without a fixed form or shape, or without clear organization|

nirbau: adj /frm/ odorless.

nirbhaya: adj /frm/ safe |without danger|

nirgelar: adj /frm/ nondegree.

nirhawa: adj /frm/ airless |without air|

nirlaras: adj /frm/ disharmonious.

nirleka: adj /frm/ prehistoric.

nirmala: adj /frm/ clean, pure.

nirmana: n /frm/ mode.

niru1: see tiru:

niru2: see nyiru:

nirwana: n /frm/lu/ nirvana.

nirwarna: adj /frm/lu/ colourless.

nisan: n /frm/lu/ gravestone.

nisbah: n /ld/ 1family name, name descriptive of origin or relationship 2 /fin./ ratio.
-nisbah hutang: n the ratio of indebtedness (to the total capitalization).
-bernisbah: v be related to.
-menisbahkan: v relate (sth to sth else)

nisbi; nisbiah: adj /frm/lu/ relative, proportional
-menisbahkan: v make sth relative
-kenisbahan: n relativity.

niscaya: adv /frm/lu/ certainly, surely. Apa yang akan dimintanya ­niscaya akan saya berikan. Surely I’ll give what is he going to ask me.
-keiscayaan: n certainty, sureness

niskala: adj /frm/1 abstract 2 immaterial.
-meniskalakan: v make sth abstract.
keniskalaan: n abstraction.
-peniskalaan: n process of making sth abstract.

nista1: kenistaan: n /frm/lu/ 1 insult, abuse. 2 stigma 3 feeling of indignity.
-menistakan: v 1 insult 2 humiliate 3 stigmatize.

nista2: adj /frm/lu/1 insulted, humili­ated. Dia merasa nista diperlakukan seperti itu She felt it be humiliated  treating like that.
-penistaan: n 1 defamation, (act of) insulting. 2 stigmatiza­tion.

nitrat: n /Chm./ nitrate.

Niugini: see Papua Nugini:

njlimet: variant of jelimet:

Nn. {nona}: n Miss.

no: num. /infr/Chn/Jkt/ two  (in commercial transactions. no cap twenty no ceng two thousand

nobat: n /lu/ royal drum used at installation ceremonies.
-menobatkan: v crown, install.
-penobatan: n coronation, instal­lation.

noda: n /lu/ 1 stain, spot of dirt |a mark that is difficult to remove| Ada noda tinta di baju saya. There is ink stains on my shirt. 2 stigma |shame or difficulty caused by a strong feeling in society that a type of behavior is wrong or bad| Dia punya noda terkait dengan AIDS. He has a stigma attached to AIDS
-bernoda: adj 1 stained 2 stigmatized 3 dirty
-menodai: v 1 stain 2 stigmatize 3 dirty 4 deflower (a virgin woman) 5 spoil
-penodaan: n staining 2 despoiling 3 disgracing 4 stigmatizing.

noktah: n /frm/lu/ 1 dot, point. 2 period (of punctuation).
-menoktai: v put small dots on sth.

nol: n /frm/lu/ nought, zero. Hasil usahanya nol His efforts amounted to nothing. 300 C di atas nol 300 Centigrade above zero.
-nol besar: n 1.the second level of preschool, kin­dergarten. 2 total failure. Hasilnya nol besar All he got out of it was a goose egg.
-nol kecil: n first level of preschool, nursery school.

nomade; nomaden: n /frm/ nomad |a member of a tribe that travels from place to place, usually to find fields for his/her animals|

nomenklatur: n /frm/lu/ nomenclature.

nomer: n /frm/lu/ 1 number 2 issue Apa kamu punya nomer khusus majalah tempo bulan ini? Do you have the special issue of the Tempo magazine of this month? 3 rank Nomer berapa yang telah kamu dapat? What rank did you gain?
-dinomeri: v be given serial number. Apa kotak itu dinomeri? Is the box given a serial number?
-menomerduakan: v give less priority, discriminate.
-menomersatukan: v prioritize Biaya pendidikan harus di nomersatukan Education cost must be prioritized.
-menomeri: v 1 number 2 give serial or register number.
-nomer bukti: n proof (of services ren­dered).
-nomer buntut: n the final two or three digits in illegal lottery.
-nomer dua: n runner up.
-nomer ­induk: n official register number of public offi­cials.
-nomer perdana: n fisrt issue of a publication.
-nomer plat: n vehicle license number.
-nomer regis­trasi pokok: n /Mil/ soldier’s registration number.
-nomer urut: adj successive number.
-nomer wahid/utama/satu: n 1 the first in rank 2 number one in im­portance, priority, etc.
-penomeran: n 1 nomenclature by number 2 giving a number to something that is part of a set or list|   Penomeran jenis barang itu telah selesai dilakukan. Numbering of the items has been done.

nominal: adj /frm/lu/ nominal (in statistics, research, mathematics).

nomor: variant of nomer:

nompang: see tumpang:

nomplok: v /inf/lu/ be heaped up |be filed up in a large quantities| Kenapa semua buku ini nomplok di meja? Why all of these books heaping up on the table?

non1: pref– /frm/lu/ not
-nonaktif: adj inactive
-nongelar: adj non-degree
-nonsens:
adj nonsense
-nonfrofit: adj nonprofitable.
Note: Many compound words that are formed with this prefix, however if the second element begins with a capital letter, it is separated with a hyphen – non-Indonesian.

non2: n nun.

non3: see nona:

nona: n /frm/lu/1 miss, unmarried European, Ch, or west­ernized well-to-do Indonesian girl. 2 term of address for such women. 3 /Amb/ unmarried woman.

nonaktif: adj /frm/lu/ inactive, laid-off.
-menonaktifkan: v deactivate.
-penonaktifan: n deactivating, decommission­ing.

non-aliansi: adj /frm/lu/ nonalliance.

none: n /Jkt/ see nona:

non-eksakta: adj /frm/lu/ social science |pertaining to humanities and social sciences rather than exact sciences such as match, physics, chemist, etc.|

nonformal; nonformil: adj /frm/lu/ 1 informal |outside the applied sys­tem, regulation, official duty, etc|
-pendidikan nonformal: n informal education |outside the regular school system|  2 irregular |not includes in an established, routine, ruled activities|

nongkrong: see tongkrong:

nongol: v /Jkt/ 1 appear Politisi ini sering nongol di televisi This politician frequently appear on television 2 show up Apa Agus nongol di pesta itu? Did Agus show up at the party? 3 protrude Ada sebuah batu besar nongol keatas permukaan sungai itu. There is a big stone protruding on the surface of the river 4 stick out  Hati-hati, banyak paku nongol di balok kayu itu. Be careful, there are many nails stick out on the wood board.
-penongolan: n act of appearing.

nonok: n /Jkt/vulg./ vagina.

nonpri {nonpribumi}: adj /frm/lu/ non-native, non-indigenous |esp. referring to the ethnic of Chinese|

nonsen: adj /frm/lu/ nonsense, ridiculous.

nonton: see tonton:

nonya: see nyonya:

noot; not: see not:

Nopember: n November.

nopek: /numb./Chn/ two hundred

nopol {nomor polisi}: n vehicle registration number.

nora; norak: adj /Jkt/ tacky, in bad taste, vulgar, lower than normal. potongan yang norak garish designs. Caranya berpakaian norak sekali. The way she dresses is very funny.

norit: n /frm/lu/ general term for carbon-based medicine for stomach problems.

norma: n /frm/lu/ norm, standard.

normal: adj /frm/lu/ normal. Orang itu kelihatannya tidak normal. That person seems to be not normal
-menormalkan: v normal­ize. menormalkan kegiatan politik normalize the political ac­tivities.

normalisasi: n /frm/lu/ normalization.
-menormalisasikan: v normalize.

Norwegia: n Norway.

nostalgi; nostalgia: n /frm/lu/ nostalgia |the slightly sad feeling you have when you remember happy events from the past| nostalgia kehidupannya di daerah pertanian. nostalgia for his life on the farm.
-bernostalgia: v to do activities that give you nostalgia.

nostalgis: adj /ltr/ nostalgic.

not: n /frm/lu/ musical note. not angka musical notation system in which notes are assigned numbers (e.g. 1 = do;  2 – re; 3 = mi;  etc.). not balok musical notation in which notes arranged on a note bar.

nota: n /frm/lu/ 1 note. 2 state­ment of account, bill 3 memorandum
-nota kredit: n note of credit, letter of credit
-nota peruba­han: n script of  amendment
-nota penjelasan: n aide­memoire.

nota bene: n /frm/lu/ nota bene.

notariat: n /frm/lu/ office of notary

notariil: adj /frm/lu/ notarial.
-surat notariil: n notary act.

notaris: n /frm/lu/ public notary.
-kenotarisan: n notary affairs.

notasi: n /frm/lu/ notation.
-bernotasi: v annotated bibliografi bernotasi an­notated bibliography.

notes: n /frm/lu/ small notebook, notepad.

notifikasi: n /frm/lu/ notification.

notilen: n /frm/lu/ minutes, notes (of a meeting).

notulen: variant of notilen:

notulis: n /frm/lu/ recorder of the minutes of a meeting.

novel: n /frm/lu/ novel.

novella: n /lu/ novella.

novelis: n /frm/lu/ novelist.

nr. {nomor}: n /frm/lu/ number.

NRI {Negara Republik Indonesia}: n Republic of In­donesia.

NRP {Nomer Registrasi Pokok}: n soldier’s registration number.

ntar: intrj. variant of sebentar!

NTB {Nusa Tenggara Barat}: n Western South East Nusa |a province in Wastern part of Indonesia|

NTR {Nikah, Talak, Rujuk}: v be married, divorced, and reconciled.

NTT {Nusa Tenggara Timur}: n Eastern South East Nusa. |a province in Eastern part of Indonesia|

NU {Nahdlatul Ulama}: n Association of Muslim Scholars, a Muslim political party

nuansa: n /frm/lu/ nuance.

nubuat: n /lu/ prophecy, divine revelation.
-bernubuat: v /intr/ prophesy.
-menubuatkan: v /tr/ prophesy (sth).

nudis: n /frm/ nudist.

nudisme: n /frm/ nudism.

nuduh: see tuduh:

Nugini: see Papua Nugini:

Nuh: n Noah.

nujum: n /frmlu/ fortunetelling, esp. with astrology
-menujum: v tell sb’s fortune, consult the astrology.
-menujumkan: v forecast.
-penujum (ahli nujum): fortune teller.
-pernujuman: n astrology.

nuklir: n /frm/lu/ nuclear.
-pernukliran: n nuclear affairs.

nul: variant of nol:

numpang: see tumpang:

nun: adv /ltr/ yonder. Nun dibalik gunung itu ada desa. Yonder, on the other side of the mountain there is a village.

nunut: v /Jv/ 1 hitchhike 2 ride along with sb.
-menunuti: v /tr/ 1 have a lift, get a ride with sb. 2 go along with sb’s opinion, suc­cess, etc. Boleh saya nunut sampai kota? Can I get a ride with you as far as the city?
-/prov/ swarga nunut neraka katut: the wife shares the husband’s fate (lit., go along to heaven, get taken along to hell).

nur: n /ltr/ light, ray of light.

nuraga: n /ltr/ sympathy.

nurani: n /frm/lu/ 1 lustrous, illuminated. 2 pure. 3 inner. hati nurani sb’s inner self.

nuri: n /frm/lu/ any kind of parrot.

nurmala: variant of nirmala:

nus: n flat-headed squid .

nusa: n /frm/lu/ 1 island, esp. in island names 2 land, country untuk nusa dan bangsa for the country and nation
-Nusa Nipa: n Flores.
-Nusa Tenggara: n the Lesser Java  (Bali to Timor).

Nusakambangan: n a penal island off the South coast of Java.
-menusakambangankan: v imprison sb at this island.

nusantara: n /frm/lu/ 1 archipelago. 2 the Indonesian Archi­pelago.

nutrisi: n /frm/lu/ nutrition.

nutrisionis: n /lu/ nutritionist.

Nuzulul Qur’an: n a day commemorating descent of the Koran .

-nya: suff. /frm/lu/ 1 /possessive adjective pron./ a) his/her/ Apa itu rumahnya Is that his/her/ house? b) their. “Kita kedatangan beberapa orang tamu” “Apa tujuannya?” “We have a number of visitors” “What is their purpose?”  c) your Berapa umurnya sekarang? What is your age now? Berapa orang anaknya? How many children do you have? (How many children are your children?)  d) its Pesawatnya sangat lebar That plane, is very large (That plane has a very large body) 2 object pronoun (him, her) Saya berikan itu kepadanya kemarin. I gave it to him/her yesterday. Itu terserah kepadanya. It’ll depend on her.  3 phrasal subject pronoun Diterimanya proposal kita itu   membuat hati saya gembira. The acceptance (being accepted) of our proposal made me happy. 4 the Bagaimana keadaannya? How is the condition? 5 greeting Apa kabarnya? How are you? 6 all Sebelumnya, saya minta maaf atas keterlambatan ini. Before all, I’m going to express my apology fore this delay. 7 it, that (pseudo subject) Sesudahnya dia tidak pernah datang lagi. After that, he never appear anymore. Sebaiknya kita pergi sekarang. It’s better to go now. Kelihatannya dia jatuh cinta kepada kamu. It seems that she falls in love with you. Saya akan terima apa adanya. I’ll accept whatever it is.
Note: Since in Indonesian grammar there is no difference between the form of a subject and object pronoun, in many cases, the use of –nya is substitutable with subject pronoun or object pronoun; e.g. Apa tujuannya? ® Apa tujuan mereka? What is their purpose; Berapa umurnya? ® Berapa umur kamu/Berapa umur dia? (What is your age?); Berikan itu kepadanya ® Berikan itu kepada dia. (Give it to her/him)

nya: see nyonya:

nyabun: see sabun:

nyah1: variant of enyah:

nyah2: see nyonya:

nyaho: intrj. /Jkt/inf/ |to express that sb has to find the hard or difficulty of sth because he/she never listen to any advice that urge him/her for not doing it.| Nyaho lu, saya sudah bilang jangan pergi kesana. You found it hurt by yourself, didn’t you? I told you not going there.

nyai: n /ld/ 1 term of reference and address for con­cubine of European or Chinese in colonial period. 2 /Jv/ respectful term of address to older woman.

nyak1: n /Jkt/ term of address and reference for an old married women.

nyak2: see nyonya:

nyala: n /frm/lu/ flame. |hot bright burning gas that you see when something is on fire| nyala lilin a candle flame nyala lampu the flame of a lamp. nyala mata­ the glow of the eyes.
-bernyala: v /intr/ flame, to have flame.
-bernyala-nyala: v /intr/ violently flame
-menyala: v /intr/ flame a) be flamed. Hutan kering itu sedang menyala berat. The dried jungle is violently flaming. b) |to become red or bright|  Pipinya menyala kemerah-merahan. Her cheeks were flaming with embarrassment.
-menyalakan: v /tr/ 1 switch on (sth) Boleh tolong menyalakan lampu itu? Would you please switch on the light. 2 light Mari kita menyalakan lilin. Let’s light the candle Siapa yang menyalakan senter itu? Who light that flashlight? 3 set a fire Hati-hati, jangan menyalakan api disekitar semak-semak kering ini. Be careful, don’t set the fire around this dried bushes.
4 ignite |to start a dangerous situation, angry argument etc.| tindakan yang dapat menya-lakan permusuhan. actions that could ignite a civil war. -syn: menyulut. 5 inflame |to start burning, or to make something do this| Jangan menyalakan korek api atau rokok di tempat ini. Please don’t inflame light or cigarette in this area. 6 start. Periksa alat pengukur oli, radiator, dan cadangan minyak rem sebelum menyalakn mesin. Check the dipstick, radiator, and brake servo before starting the engine. 7 flare |also flare up, to suddenly begin to burn very brightly|  Kayu-kayu dan daun-daun menumpuk itu tiba-tiba menyala. The heaped woods and leaves suddenly flaring up. 8 heat (sb’s spirit, emotion, enthusiasm) Pidato presiden itu telah menyalakan semangat para prajurit. The president speech has heat up the soldiers’ spirit. 9 incite, provoke. Seorang politisi menyalakan rasa permusuhan terhadap pemerintah. A politician incited enmity against the government.
-menyala-nyala: v flare up violently.

nyali; n /frm/lu/  1 gall |if you have a gall to do sth, she/he does it without caring that other people think you are being rude or unreasonable, or it can harm you| Dia punya nyali mengatakan saya kelihatan gendut. She had the gall to say that I looked fat! 2 guts |the courage and determination you need to do something difficult or unpleasant| Don tidak punya nyali mengutarakan apa yang dia pikirkan. Don doesn’t have guts to say what he really thought|

nyaman: adj /frm/lu/ pleasant, comfortable.
-menyamankan: v 1 make fit, freshen up 2 make sb feel comfortable. Penjagaan itu menyamankan para pengunjung. The guardian make the visitors feel comfortable.
-kenyamanan: n 1 comfortability. 2 freshness, fit feeling. 3 pleasure.
-penyaman: n sth that makes sb comfortable.

nyambi: see sambi:

nyamuk: n /frm/lu/ mosquito.
-nyamuk pers: n news reporter.

nyana: v /inf/ think, consider, predict, expect  Saya tidak nyana bahwa kamu ada disana waktu itu. I didn’t think that you were there at that time. Kami tidak nyana akan datang hujan hari ini We didn’t expect that threre will be rain today. –syn: menduga, mengira, menyangka.
-ternyana: v be expected, be predicted, be presumed. Hal itu sama sekali tidak ternyana. That matter wasn’t expected at all  syn: terduga

nyandu: variant of candu; mencandu:

nyanya: v /Jv/ fry without using oil.

nyanyi; bernyanyi; menyanyi: v /intr/frm/lu/ sing.
-menyanyi kecil: v hum.
-menyanyikan: v /tr/ sing (a song) Dia senang menyantikan lagu-lagu pujian. She likes to sing hymn.
-nyanyian: n song.
-penyanyi: n. singer

nyap-nyap: adj /inf/ angry.

nyaring: adj /frm/lu/ 1 high-pitched, piercing. suaranya sangat nyaring. she has high-­pitched voice. 2 /ling./ sonorant.
-menyaringkan: v make sb’s voice sharp and piercing.
-kenyaringan: n so­nority.

nyaris: adv /frm/lu/ nearly, close  Dia nyaris meninggal He was close to dying. (He almost die. Dia nyaris jatuh dari tangga She almost fall from the stairs.

nyaru: v /inf/lu/ 1 disguise |to change the usual appearance, sound etc. of someone or something| Dia menyaru dirinya seperti pria. She disguised herself as a man. 2 pretend Dia seorang polisi yang nyaru menjadi seorang agen pedagang narkoba. He was a police that pretended as a drug trafficking agent.

nyasar: see sasar:

nyata: adj /frm/lu/ 1 obvious, evident. Nyata bahwa dia terlibat dalam kasus itu.It’s obvious that he involved in the case. 2 real, tangible. satu perubahan nyata a real change perbuatan baik nyata an actual good deed
-senyatanya: adv as clear/obvious as it is.
-kenyataan: n reality, fact, evidence.
-ternyata: adv in fact, actually
-pernyataan: n statement, declaration.

nyatut: variant of catut:

nyawa: n /frm/lu/ 1 life |the state or quality of being alive| Petugas pemadam kebakaran mempertaruhkan nyawa mereka menyelamatkan anak-anak itu. Firemen risked their life to save the children. Nyawa kamu ada ditangan mereka. Your life is in their hands. Dia punya nyawa ganda He has double life (/lit./ life twice over) 2 person Sejumlah nyawa telah pergi A number of persons have gone (died)
-bernyawa: v 1 have a soul 2 be alive. tak bernyawa  be died. 2 animate.
-bersenyawa: v 1 completely agree 2  become a compound (in a chemical reac­tion).
-/idiom/ Mereka satu nyawa dua badan. They are very close friends.
-mempersenyawakan: v /Chem./ perform a reac­tion to create a compound.
-persenyawaan: n 1 union 2 fusion of chemical compounds.
-senyawa: n /chem./ 1 com­pound 2  complete mixture.
-senyawa sianida: n cyanide compound.

nyekar: see sekar:

nyelang: n /frm/lu/ 1 interval Nyelang tiga hari setelah kejadian tersebut. In an interval of tree days after the accident. 2 break (time) Itu satu pertunjukan 3 jam dengan selang waktu 15 menit. It was 3 hours show with a 15 minute break.

nyeletik: adj /inf/ painful (criticism, words) Ucapannya nyeletik. His words is very painful

nyelonong; menyelonong: v /inf/ 1 edge away into a place  2 edge away from a place

nyengir-nyengir: v /inf/  grin; variant of cengir:

nyentrik: adj /frm/lu/ 1 eccentric |an act in such a way that sb stands out as different|. 2 appear differently, stick out.

nyenyak: adv /frm/lu/ soundly (sleep), (sleep) well. Dia tidur nyenyak He is sleeping soundly.
-menyenyakkan: v /tr/ put sb to sleep soundly. Dongeng kakek menyenyakkan kami. My grandpa’s tale put us to sleep soundly.
-kenyenyakan1: n 1 soundness of sleep. dalam kenyenyakan tidurnya in the soundness of his sleep.
-kenyenyakan2: adj too sleep well.

nyepi1: n /ld/ last day of Balinese calendar when no work is done.

nyepi2: adj /lu/ silent, lonely; see sepi:

nyepret: variant of cepret:

nyeri: adj /frm/lu/ painful, sharp (pain). rasa nyeri painful feeling nyeri saraf neural twinge.

nyerocos: variant of crocos:

nyetek: see setek:

nyi: n /Jv/ respectful title for women.

nyilu: variant of ngilu:

nyiplak: variant of ciplak:

nyiru: n /ld/ flat basket.
-menyiru: v use such a tray to winnow.

nyiur: n /ltr/ coconut. nyiur kelongkong young coconut with soft edible flesh adhering to shell’s interior.

nylentik: see slentik:

nylon: see nilon:

nyok: v /Jkt/ come on, let’s go; variant of ayo!:

nyolok: variant of colok:

nyolong: variant of colong:

nyontek; menyontek: v /frm/lu/ cheat (on exams)  Menyontek itu tidak bagus To cheat sb’s answer on exam is not good.

nyonya: n /frm/lu/ 1 Mrs. (esp. of non-Indonesian, such as Chinese, and other foreigners). Nyonya Suharto Mrs. Suharto 2 lady. nyonya rumah 1 lady of the house. 2 housewife. 3 host lady
-nyonya besar: n 1 Mrs., Madam. 2 old lady. 3 respected woman. 3 term of address (esp. as nya or nyah) for Chinese and Western women).

nyrempet: see derempet:

nyungsang: adj easily to be unconscious

nyunyut: v /Jv/ be soggy (of sth that was crisp).

nyureng: variant of cureng:

nyut: n /spo/ sensation of stabbing pain.
-nyut-nyutan1: v /inf/  sharp, throbbing pain. Tangannya terasa nyut-nyutan  sehabis lati­han bulutangkis. Her hand throbbed with pain after badminton practice
-nyut-nyutan2: n the condition of being throbbing pain.

About binhom

English book writer
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