Dictionary P – Q

 

P;p: |the 16th letter of the alphabet used in Indonesian and English – approximately sounds like p in popcorn; police; map; paradise; report; public; monopoly|

pa: n /spo/ used in order to speak respectfully to your father and for your husband

pabean: n /frm/lu/ customs office.

paberik: variant of  pabrik:

pabian: variant of pabean.

pabila: variant of apabila:

pabrik: n /frm/lu/ factory.
-pabrik kertas: n paper mill.
-pabrik percobaan: n pilot plant.
-pabrikan: adj manufactured.

pabrikasi: n /frm/lu/ manufacturing

P4: {Panitia Penyelesaian Perselisihan Perburuhan|: n Labour Dispute Arbitration.

pacak1: adj /ld/ 1 experienced 2 qualified 3 trained 4 competent

pacak2: n /frm/lu/ 1 stick |a long thin wood or bamboo used to hold a small piece of meat to be barbecued (satay)| 2 a long stick or pole.
-memacak: v prick, stick |to attach something to something else using a sticky substance, or to become attached to a surface|
-memacakkan: v /tr/ stick, prick sth on sth else.
-terpacak: v be stuck on sth. Sebuah jarum tajam terpacak di jarinya. A sharp needle was stick on her finger.

pacak3: n /ld/ drops of water that caused by splattering

pacar1: n /lu/ 1 fiancé  or fiancée 2 boyfriend or girl­friend. –syn: /frm/lu/ tunangan
-berpacaran: v 1 be engaged as fiancé or fiancé Apa kamu pernah berpacaran. Have you ever had a girlfriend/ boyfriend?
-berpacar-pacaran: v go out together with sb of opposite sex
-memacari: v make sb (a  girlfriend or boyfriend) Apa benar kamu memacari Anna? Is it true that you have Anna as your girlfriend?

pacar2: n /ld/ a small plant which leaf has red sap that is used to colour sb finger nails – Lawsonia inermis.|

pacat: n /lu/ leech |a small soft creature that attaches itself to an animal in order to drink its blood|

pacek1: variant of pacak2:

pacek2; berpacek: v /ld/ mate (animal)
-memacek: v |to put animals together so that they will have sex and produce babies|
-pemacek: n male animal of a breeding farm
-pemacekan: n the action to mate animals of different sex.

paceklik: n /frm/lu/ 1 famine |a situation in which a large number of people have little or no food for a long time| 2 a period of scarcity before har­vest. 3 lack of sth important. Kekurangan bahan bacaan mencapai keadaan  paceklik The scarcity of reading material has reached famine stage.

pacet: variant of pacat:

pacomberan: variant of comberan:

pacu; memacu: v /frm/lu/ spur |to make an improvement or change happen faster|  Perumahan murah telah memacu pertumbuhan kota. Cheap housing has spurred the growth of the city. 2 accelerate |to happen at a faster rate than usual, or to make something do this| Kami mencoba memacu prose itu dengan pemanasan bahan kimia. We tried to accelerate the process by heating the chemicals. 3 encourage |to make something become more likely to happen| makanan tanaman yang memacu pertumbuhan.  a plant food that encourages growth.
-berpacu: v race berpacu dengan kuda race on horse.
-dipacu: v be accelerated, be encouraged
-pacuan: n race field, racecourse pacuan kuda horse race field pacuan persenjataan; arms race.
-pemacu: n racer, accelerator.
-pemacu jantung: n heart pacemaker.

pacuk: see patuk:

pacul1: n /frm/lu/ hoe.
-memacul1: v hoe.
-memaculi: v hose sth repeatedly
-memaculkan: v use sth to hoe.

pacu12:  memacul2: v squeeze or press out.
-terpacul: v be extracted.

pada: prep. /frm/lu/ 1 at  Lihat pada saya. Look at me Pada saat itu saya sedang pergi keluar. At that time I was going out. Pada akhirnya mereka menyerah. At last they gave up. 2 (ke)pada: to Saya berikan itu pada dia kemarin I gave it to her yesterday. Pembicaraan yang ter­batas pada masalah keuangan A discussion confined to the problem of finances 3 for Dia bekerja pada seorang pengacara. He works for a lawyer. 4 toward Apa anda punya rasa kasihan pada dia? Do you have a feeling of pity toward her? 5 with Apa yang terjadi pada kamu? What happen with you? 6 from Apa kamu lihat buah bergayutan pada dahan itu? Do you see the fruit hanging from that branch? 7 on Saya dapat melihat itu pada wajahnya. I can see it on her face. Itu tergantung pada mereka. It depends on them. Pernyataan itu tertulis pada halaman terkhir dokumen itu. The statement written on the last page of the document. 8 of  Satu kenangan pada masa lalu. A remembrances of the past times. 9 in Pada kenyataannya, dialah orangnya yang perlu disalahkan. In fact, he was the one to be blamed.

pada2: adj /frm/lu/ enough, sufficient. Hatinya balum pada. He was not satisfied. Sedikit pun padalah A little will be sufficient.
-memadai1: v 1 satisfy, suffice. Gajinya akan memadai untuk membekali keluarganya. His salary will suffice to feed his family.
-memadai2: adj sufficient Uang itu tidak memadai untuk maksud tersebut. The money is not sufficient for this purpose. 2 equalize. Tak ada yang dapat memadai kecantikannya There is nobody can equalize her beauty.
-memada-madaikan: v make sth be just enough.

pada3: n /frm/lu/ |use to introduce that the subject of a verb or descriptive adjec­tives is plural| Mereka sudah pada pergi They have gone.  Bunga-bunga itu sudah pada layu The flowers have fade away.
Note: If the subject of a sentence; e.g. He has gone, you don’t need “pada”. Just say “Dia sudah pargi” or “Bunga itu sudah layu” Another example. Pada kemana sih? Where are they? Pada ngapain? What else are you doing? (if ‘you’ more than a person)

padahal: conj. /frm/lu/ 1 whereas |but the actual fact is|. Kata orang dia kaya, padahal dia tidak mampu beli rumah itu. People said that he is rich, in fact he couldn’t afford to buy  that house.

padam: adj /frm/lu/ 1 extinguished, out. Apinya sudah padam The fire has been extinguished. Biarkan marah kamu padam dulu sebelum bicara dengan mereka Let  your anger out before talking to them. 2 calmed, suppressed, quenched. |to stop people from opposing the government, especially by using force, to stop yourself from a particular feeling| Polisi telah berhasil membuat pemberontakan itu padam. The police has been successfully to make the revolt suppressed.
-memadamkan: v /tr/ 1 extinguish Armada pemadam kebakaran memadamkan api itu dalam waktu satu jam. The squad extinguished the fire only in an hour. 2 calm, suppress Akhirnya pernyataan perdana menteri untuk mundur memadamkan huru-hara itu. Finally the prime minister statement to resign suppressed the chaos. Pastor itu berhotbah memadamkan kebencian sesama masyarakat. The pastor preach to calm down hostility among the community.  3 quench Kamu harus memadamkan rasa kebencian terhadap mereka. You have to quench your hostility toward them.4 put out Padamkan kemarahan kamu sebelum pertemuan dengan dia. Put out your anger before meeting him.
-pemadaman: n extinguishing, suppressing, calming, putting out, blackout (electricity)
-terpadamkan: adj extinguishable, suppressible, quenchable

padan1; sepadan2: adj /frm/lu/ 1 matching |having the same color, style, pattern etc. as something else| Saya mencari sebuah kalung safir biru dengan anting yang sepadan I’m looking for a blue sapphire necklace with matching earrings. 2 equal |having the same rights, chances etc. as everyone else, or giving everyone the same rights, chances etc.|  Sesuai Undang-Undang Dasar, semua orang memiliki hak yang sepadan, Based on Constitution, all people have equal rights. 3 harmonious 4 corresponding
-berpadanan: v 1 match, fit (each other) Do the jacket and the tie match each other?  2 be equal 3 be harmonious
-padanan: n 1 match |something that is the same color or pattern as something else| Sepatu ini adalah padanan sempurna celana kamu. These shoes are a perfect match for your trouser. 2 counterpart. Menteri Luar Negeri akan bertindak sebagai padanan wakil perdana menteri yang sedang berkunjung itu. Foreign Affairs minister will act as the counterpart of the visiting vice prime minister 3 partner Mereka adalah padanan bisnis yang cocok. They are perfect business partner.
-kesepadanan: n 1 equality 2 harmony 3 fitness 4 the quality of being match, fit.
-memadankan; mensepadankan: v 1 match Saya akan memadankan warna gordin dengan warna dinding. I’ll match the colour of the curtain to the colour of the wall. 2 equalize Kamu harus memadankan berat dengan tinggi badan kamu You have to equalize your physical weight to your height 3 harmonize Kita perlu mensepadankan jumlah dan ukuran perabot terhadap ukuran luas ruangan.
-sepadan2: v 1 match Apa topi ini sepadan ke kaca mata saya? Does this hat match my eyeglass? 2 equalize Apa gaji kamu sepadan dengan  kerja keras kamu? Does your payment equalize your hard work? 3 harmonize Ukuran rumah itu tidak sepadan ke ukuran taman. Ukuran rumah itu tidak sepadan dengan ukuran taman The size of the house doesn’t harmonize the size of the park

padan2: n /ld/ border, frontier.
-sepadan: v have a common border.

padan3: n /frm/lu/ 1 promise 2 oath |a formal and serious promise|  Dia mengucapkan padan untuk mendukung Undang-Undang Dasar. He swore an oath (=gave a promise) to support the Constitution.

padang: n /frm/lu/ plain, field.
-padang belantara/gurun: n desert.
-padang golf: n golf course.
-padang lumut: n tundra.
-padang mahsyar: n gathering place on the day of resurrection.
-padang pasir: n desert.
-padang rumput: n meadow
-padang tandus: n dried (infertile) land

padas: n /frm/lu/ rock or a layer of hardened soil.
-padasan: n cistern, vat.

padat: adj /frm/lu/ 1 solid Dalam beberapa menit bahan itu akan menjadi padat. In few minutes the substance will become solid 2 busy Kami punya kegiatan padat kemarin. We had very busy activities yesterday. 3 tight Itu satu acara padat. It was a tight schedule. 4 dense Ini satu negeri dengan penduduk yang padat This is a country with a dense population.  5 pressed Jangan buat koper itu terlalu padat. Don’t make your luggage too pressed. 6 intensive Apa program studi kamu padat? Is your study program intensive? 7 /idiomatic/ full Kantong dia sekarang sudah padat. His pocket now ias full (He has a lot of money now.
-kepadatan: n density, solidness, tightness.
-memadatkan: v 1 solidify 2 press 3 tighten 4 make sth solid, dense
-memadati: v /tr/ 1 crowd Para penonton sedang mulai memadati aula. The spectator is starting to crowd the hall.
-pemadatan: n 1 solidification 2 tightening 3 pressing.
-memperpadat: v make sth more solid, tight, crowded, or intensive

padepokan; padepokan: see depok:

paderi: n /frm/ 1 Catholic priest. 2 /frm/ purists |a Moslem hero from West Sumatra in the early 19th century|
-paderi tentara: n chaplain.

padi: n /frm/lu/ 1 paddy |plant that fruit rice| 2 unhusked rice.
-padi bendang: n rice that is planted on wet soil. .
-padi berat: n slow growing rice
-padi genjah/ringan: n past-growing rice.
-padi gogo: n rice that is planted on dry soil.
-padi ketan/pulut: n sticky paddy.
-padi-padian: n various grains.
-sepady: n a bit.

padma: n /ld/ 1 lotus |Nelumbo nucifera|  2 plant that has no trunk and leaf

padri: variant of paderi:

padu; berpadu1: adj /frm/lu/1 solid, compact, fused. 2 related, united. 3 in harmony 4 integrated.
-berpadu2: v /pass.v/ 1 be matched 2 be combined 3 be mixed 4  be put together 5 be united 6 be unified 7 be integrated.
-keterpaduan: n 1 the quality of being matched 2 combination 3 the quality of being mixed  4 unity, 5 integrity.
-memadu: v 1 /tr/ 1 match 2  combine 3 mix 4 put together 5 unit 6 unify 7 integrate.
-memadu kasih/hati: v be fall in love each other.
-memadu janji: v engage in an agreement.
-memadu modal: v share the capital.
-memadukan: v /tr/ 1 match 2 combine 3 mix 4 put sth together 5 unite 6 unify 7 harmonize.
-menyatupadukan: v /tr/  1 unify 2 combine
-paduan suara: n choir
-perpaduan: n 1 match 2 combination 3 mixture 4 togetherness 5 union 7 unification, 8 fusion, merger.
-pemaduan: n 1 matching 2 combining 3 putting together 4 unifying |the process or the action to match, combine, etc.|
-terpadu: v /pass. v/ (unintentionally) 1be matched 2 be combined 3 be mixed 4 be together 5 be in an union 6 be united 7 be unified, 8 be integrated.
-terpadukan1: adj 1 matched-able 2 combined-able 3 mixed-able 5 united-able 6 unified-able 7 integrated-able.

paduka: n /ltr/ excellency.|a title of honor given to high official such as minister, ambassador, etc. Paduka Yang Mulia His Excellency.

padusi: n /ltr/ woman, female.

paedah: variant of faedah:

pagar: n /frm/lu/ 1 fence 2 hedge.
-berpagar: v be fenced in.
-memagari: v fence in, put a fence around.
-pagar ayu: n a number of pretty girls stand in line as a part of show
-pagar betis: n people that stand in line closely as a guard against attack or escape of criminals, enemy, etc.
-pagar duri: n barbed wire.

pagarisasi: n /frm/lu/ a program to provide fences.

pagelar; pagelaran: n /frm/lu/ 1 exhibition 2 show 3 presentation 4 demonstration. pagelaran budaya cultural show

pager: variant of pagar:

pagi: n /frm/lu/ morning. |the early part of the day, especially from when the sun rises until the middle of the day| Saya mendapat surat dari Wayne tadi pagi I got a letter from Wayne this morning. Jalan bebas hambatan biasaya macet di pagi hari. The freeway is usually jammed in the morning.

pagina: n /ltr/ page (of a publication).

pagu: n /frm/lu/ ceiling. pagu kridit credit ceiling.

pagut: memagut: v /frm/lu/ 1 peck. 2 bite (of snake). 3 embrace.

paguyuban: n /Jv/Snd/ association.

paha: n /frm/lu/ thigh.

pahala: n /frm/lu/ 1 merit |reward for moral conduct
-ber­pahala: v have merit

paham1: v /intr/tr/frm/lu/ understand Apa kamu paham apa artinya itu? Do you understand what does it mean?
-memahami: v /tr/ understand (sth) Cobalah memahami perasaan dia terhadap kamu. Try to understand her feeling toward you.
-pemahaman: n understanding.

paham2: n /frm/lu/ 1 ideology  Paham Marxisme tidak popular lagi disini. Marxism ideology isn’t popular anymore here.
-kesepahaman: n common understanding between two or more parties Nota Kesepahaman Memorandum Of Understanding  (MOU.

pahat: n /frm/lu/ chisel.
-pahat girik: n plain chisel.
-pahat jantan: n a sharp pointed chisel.
-berpahat: adj carved, chiseled.
-memahat: v ­/intr/tr/ chisel, carve, sculpt.
-memahatkan: v /tr/ engrave. Dia memahatkan namanya pada sebatang pohon He engraved his name on the trunk of a tree.
-pahatan: n carving, relief.
-pahatan lino: n linecut.
-pemahat: n sculptor, carver.
-terpahat: v be engraved. Dia sudah terpahatkan di dalam hati saya She has been engraved in my heart.

Pahing: see paing:

pahit: adj /frm/lu/ 1 bitter (in taste) 2 sugarless (of drinks)
-berpahit-pahit: v experienced bitterness of life
-kepahitan: n 1 bitterness 2  exasperation
-kepahit getiran: n 1 gloom 2 bitterness. 3 acri­mony
-memahitkan: v 1 embitter 2 exasper­ate
-pahit ­getir: adj very unpleasant, gloomy.

pahlawan: n /frm/lu/ hero, patriot.
-kepahlawanan: n heroism. -pahlawan kesiangan: n sb who espouses causes that have been long since become dead issues
-mem(p)ahlawankan: v consider sb a hero.
-pahlawan ­setia: n loyal fellow.

pahlawati: n /frm/lu/ heroine (female hero)

pailit: adj /frm/lu/ bankrupt.
-kepailitan: n bank­ruptcy.
-mempailitkan1: v 1 make (sb/ a company) bankrupt) 2 to declare (sb/ company) has been bankrupt.

Paing: n the 2nd day in a week in Javanese calendar.

pair1; n /ld/ patrol boat
-mempar; memair: v patrol

pair2: n /ld/ deviation
-pair jantung: n pulse deviation.

pais: mem(p)ais: v /ld/ cook in banana leaves over coals.

pait: variant of pahit:

paitua: n 1 /Amb/husband. 2  /ld/ old man.

Pajajaran: n name of kingdom in West Java.

pajak: n /frm/lu/ tax.
-pajak kekayaan: n real estate tax.
-pajak pendapatan: n income tax
-Pajak. Bumi & Bangunan: n property tax.
-pemajakan: n 1 taxation. 2 tax system
-perpajakan: n matter related to taxation.

pajang; memajang: v 1 show 2 display 3 windows dress
-demokrasi pajangan: n showcase democracy.
-memajangi: v /tr/ decorated (sth)
-memajangkan: v display (sth)
-pajangan: n 1 window-dressing 2 display 3 decoration.

pajar: variant of fajar:

pak1: n /lu/spo/ short form of ‘bapak’ 1 sir |used in order to speak politely to your father, or a man that you admire, or  a man when you do not know his name| Boleh saya bantu pak! May I help you, sir? Bapak (Pak) cari siapa. Sir, who are you looking for?  2 Mr a) |used in front of the family name of a man to speak to him politely, to write to him, or to talk about him| Pak Sihombing Mr Sihombing Pak Sugeng Mr Sugeng b) |a title used when speaking to a man in an official position|  Pak Ketua Mr. Chairman Pak Presiden Mr. President Pak Gubernur Mr Gubernur. c) |a title used when speaking to a man who has definite profession| Pak Dokter. Doctor. Pak Guru Teacher Pak Supir. Driver.

pak2: n /frm/lu/ l package, parcel 2 pack. Saya mau beli satu pak rokok. I want to buy a pack of cigarette
-mempak: v 1 pack 2 package
-pak-pakan: adv by pack Kami menjual kertas ini pak-pakan tidak lembaran We sell the paper by pack not by piece
-pengepakan: n packag­ing.

pak3; mengepak: v /fr/lu/ lease, rent a right, hold a franchise, buy a concession  |to use or let someone use buildings, property etc. when s/he pays rent or royalty|  Perusahaan kami ingin mengepak sebuah kantor di kota ini. Our company want to lease an office in this city|
-mengepakkan: v rent or lease rights out
-pengepak: n lease, concession, franchise holder
-pengepakan: n leasing.

pakai;  memakai: v /intr/tr/frm/lu/ 1 use  Boleh saya pakai telepon kamu? May I use your phone?  Pakai gergaji memotong kayu ini. Use a saw to cut this wood. 2 put on Tolong bantu anak-anak memakai (pakai) baju mereka. Please help the children to put on their clothes. 3 have Setiap ruangan di hotel ini pakai saluran TV langsung. Every room in this hotel has a direct TV channel. Kenapa mejanya tidak pakai tutup? Why the table doesn’t have a cover? 4 with Makan siang kami pakai sup ayam? We have lunch with chicken soup. Apa kamu suka kopinya pakai cream? Do you like your coffee with cream?  5 need Masuk saja,nonton pertunjukan ini tidak pakai tiket. Come in, to see this show doesn’t need a ticket 6 wear Apa kita harus pakai dasi? Should we wear tie?  7 by Saya pergi kekantor pakai bus. I go to the office by bus. 8 require Pesanan itu pakai pembayaran di muka. The order requires advance payment.
-dipakai: v be used Papan ini akan dipakai untuk apa? What will be this board used for?
-pakaian: n clothes.
-pemakai: n user
-pemakaian: n 1 usage |the way that words are used in a language| sebuah buku dengan pemakaian bahasa Ingrris modern a book on modern English usage 2 (the) use (of) Pemakaian listrik berlebihan membuat belanja bulanan kita meningkat. The excessive use of electricity made our monthly expenses increased
-siap-pakai: adj ready-use Kami mencari sebuah rumah baru siap pakai. We look for a ready-use new house.
-terpakai1: v be used Semua kertas itu sudah terpakai All the paper has been used.
-terpakai2: adj useable, useful Sebagian bahan itu tidak terpakai. Some of the material isn’t useable (useless)

pakam: see pakem:

pakan1: n /ld/ woof.
-mempakankan1: v 1 interweave with sth.

pakan2: n /frm/lu/ |sth you need to feed animal| pakan ayam chicken food
-mempakankan2: v use sth to be the food of animal

pakansi: n /frm/lu/ holiday, vacation.
-berpakansi: v go on vacation.

pakar: n /frm/lu/ expert in a certain field.
-kepakaran: n expertise.

pakat1; kesepakatan: n /frm/lu/ agreement a) |mutual understanding in which there is an arrangement or promise to do something, made by two or more people, countries, organizations etc.| Negara-negara ASEAN akhirnya mencapai kesepakatan dalam perdagangan bebas. The ASEAN countries finally reached an agreement on free trade. b) |a condition in which two or more people have the same idea on sth| Kebanyakan ahli dibidang bersangkutan sepakat dalam hal ini. Most of related experts are in agreement on this point.
-bersepakat: v 1 agree (with each other) 2 to have mutual understanding
-menyepakati: v agree or support (sth)
-sepakat: v ­1 agree |to have the same opinion about something| Maaf, saya tidak sepakat dengan anda dalam hal ini. Sorry, I don’t agree with you on this

pakat2: see pekat:

pakcik: n /ld/ uncle (younger brother or younger cousin of parent).

pakde: n /Jv/ uncle (older brother or older cousin of sb’s parent).

pake(k): variant of pakai:

pakem1: adj /lu/ tight (of brakes) |taking hold well|   Rem mobiinya pakem. His car has good brakes.
-memakemkan: v tighten the brakes.

pakem2: n /ld/ source book for the shadow play sto­nes.

paket: n /frm/lu/ 1 parcel,  package |the box, bag etc. that food or sth is put in for selling or for sending by post, etc.| satu paket yang berisi makanan kering a package consists of dry food. 2 set |of proposals, orders, policies, etc that go together| Pekerjaan membangun pusat pembangkit listrik dan jaringan penyaluran akan dimasukkan dalam satu paket tender.  The works for construction of the electricity power plant and the distribution network will be in a set of bidding.
-memaketkan: v 1 send sth by parcel post or delivery service 2 make two or more things into one set

paking: n 1 gasket. 2 packaging.

pakir: variant of fakir:

pakis: n /frm/lu/ edible fern.

pakking: see paking:

paksa1; memaksa: v /intr/tr/frm/lu/ 1 force, compel  |to make someone do something s/he does not want to do| Tidak seorangpun yang memaksa kamu untuk tetap disini. Nobody’s forcing you to stay here Bad health forced him into early retirement. Kesehatan yang buruk memaksa dia supaya pensiun cepat. 2 oblige |to make someone feel that it is necessary to do something, especially because it is a right, duty etc.|  Peringatan dari dokter memaksa Lyn harus displin memakan obat Warning from the doctors obliged Lyn to be discipline on taking her medicine. 3 compel
-dipaksa: v 1 be obliged 2 be forced 3 be compelled
-keterpaksaan: n necessity |something that you need to have or that must happen| Sebuah mobil adalah satu keterpaksaan untuk pekerjaan ini.  A car is a necessity for this job. Reformasi adalah ketepaksaan mutlak di negeri ini. Reformation is an absolute necessity in this country. –syn: keharusan.
-memaksakan: v /tr/ 1 force 2 compel 3 oblige
-paksaan: n 1 obligation 2 a must 3 compulsion  -syn: keharusan
-pemaksaan: n enforcement.
-terpaksa1: v 1 be obliged 2 must, have to  |used in order to say that something is necessary because of a rule, or because it is the best thing to do|  Mereka terpaksa menginap disini karena badai. They had to stay over night here because of a storm Saya terpaksa melakukan itu. I had to do it.
Note: Pay attention to the difference between “dipaksa” and “terpaksa”  Use “dipaksa” if you or sb is the object of an enforcement. It means that sb or sth act as a subject. Saya dipaksa mengaku terlibat. I was compelled to admit that I was involved. In this case, there is a pseudo subject who forced you. Use “terpaksa” if there is nobody force you but your feeling. Saya terpaksa melakukan itu I had to do it. Means nobody force you but yourself.   .

paksa2: adj 1 good chance 2 favourable opportunity.
-angin paksa: n a favourable wind.

paksa3: n /ld/ 1 side a) |one of the people, groups, teams, or countries opposing each other in a quarrel, war, competition etc| b) |the part of an object or area that is farthest from the middle|  2 wing

paksi1: n /frm/lu/ 1 axis 2 pivot.

paksi2: n /ld/ bird

paksina: n /ltr/ north. –syn: daksina

Pakta: n /frm/lu/ pact.

Pakter: n /ld/ stall selling palm wine.

paktor: see factor:

paktur: see faktur:

paku1: n /frm/lu/ nail 2 spike.
-berpaku: v have nails
-memaku: v nail /intr/tr/
-memakukan: v /tr/ nail (sth) on (sth)
-Paku Alam: n princely title in Yogya­karta.
-Paku Buana: n princely title in Yogyakarta.
-paku payung: n thumbtack.
-paku keling: n rivet.
-terpaku: v 1 be nailed (at) 2 be stick on (sth) by nail,
-memakui: v nail.
-memakukan: v nail (sth) down or up. Dia memakukan ­plakat pada suatu pohon He nailed a placard on a tree.

paku2: n /frm/lu/ edible fern. –syn: pakis

pakum1: adj /frm/lu/ vacuum. ruangan pakum vacuum room

pakum2: n vacuum cleaner.
-mempakum: v 1 to empty air from a closed room 2 to clean with vacuum cleaner.

pal: n /of/ 1 a unit of length equal to 1,5 km 2 milestone 3 pole.
-berpal-pal: n adv 1 several pal. 2 for pal and pal Rumahnya bepal-pal dari laut His house is miles away from the sea.

PAL {Pelataran Angkatan Laut}: n naval base.

pala1: n .lu/ nutmeg.

pala2: sepala: adv /frm/lu/ |if sth has been done so far, don’t give up| Sepala sudah ­mencuri, kenapa tidak ambil semuanya Since you had committed stealing, why didn’t you took everything.

palagan: n /Jv/ battleground.

palai: n /ld/ stew made of small fish
-mempalai: v stew |to cook sth slowly in spiced liquid|.

palaikat: see pelekat:

palak1: adj /ld/ 1 annoyed  Saya palak melihat kelakuannya I wast annoyed with his bad behaviour. 2 passionate, easily excited. 3 hot, feverish. 4 somewhat warm. palak dingin feeling feverish alternating with feeling cold.
-pemalak1: n hothead

palak2: memalak: v /frm/lu/ ask sth with an intimidationon
-pemalak2: n sb who ask sth from sb else with a little bit forcefuly.

palak3: n /ld/ penis.

pala3: variant of falak:

pa1am: n see palem:

palang: n /frm/lu/1 crossbar 2 bolt 3 barrier.
-palang atap: n cross beam on roof.
-Palang Merah: n Red Cross.
-/idiomatic/ Dia mendapat palang pintu He found the doors barricaded (Got severy protest from his wife).
-memalang: v 1 block, obstruct. 2 shut with a crossbar.
-memalangkan: v use sth as a barr  2 lay, position sth. crosswise.

palapa: n /frm/lu/ name of a fruit |Gajah Madah swore not to eat such fruit until the kingdom of Majapahit be united| .

Palapa: n the first Indonesian communications sat­ellite.

palar; memalar: v /ld/ 1 consider sufficient, all right. Biarpun sedikit, saya memalarkannya Although it was not much, I was pleased with it. 2 count on, hope for.

palawija: n /frm/lu/ crops planted as 2nd d crop in dry season.

palem: n palm

paleontologi: n paleontology.

paling1: supr /frm/lu/ the most |determiner of superlative and inferior|
-paling bagus: adj the best
-paling indah: adj the most beautiful
-paling sedikit: adj the least
-paling-paling: adv at the most Jangan khawatir, paling-paling kita terlambat 10 menit. Don’t worry, at the most we’ll be late for 10 minutes.

paling2; berpaling: v /intr/frm/lu/ 1 turn away. Dia berpaling dari agamanya She turned away from her religion. 2 turn around Dia tiba-tiba berpaling kearah kami He suddenly turned around toward us. 3 /tr/  swing round, alter the course of, divert..
-memalingkan: v /tr/ Kalau kamu memalingkan wajah kamu ke kiri akan kamu lihat siapa yang datang. If  you turn your face to the left, you’ll see who is coming

palka: n /frm/lu/ holder of a ship.

palma: n /frm/lu/ palm (tree).

palsu: adj /frm/lu/ false, counterfeit |made to look exactly like something else in order to deceive people| uang palsu counterfeit money.
-memalsukan: v 1 falsify, forge memalsukan diploma falsify diplomas. memalsukan dokumen forge documents 2 adulterate
-kepalsuan: n falseness.
-pemalsu: n forger, counterfeit­er, adulterator.
-pemalsuan: n 1 counterfeiting, forg­ing. 2 adulteration. 3 falsification.

palu: n /frm/lu/1 hammer 2 gavel |a small hammer that someone in charge of a law court, meeting etc. hits on a table to get people’s attention|
-palu arit: n hammer and sickle (Com­munist emblem)..
-palu godam: n large hammer.
-mempalugodamkan: v forge, create by hammering out. mempalugodamkan persatuan bangsa forge a national unity.
-berpalu: v barter.
-berpalu-paluan: v 1 hit each other
-memalu: v 1 strike with a hammer, beat (into submission). 2 play a percussion in­strument.
-paluan: n blow.

paluh: n /frm/ whirlpool

palung: n /frm/ 1 pool. 2 trough. 3 riverbed. palung ikan aquarium
-palungan: n manger.

palut; berpalut: adj /frm/ wrapped.
-memalut: v wrap.
-pemalut: n wrap­per.

PAM {Perusahaan Air Minum}: n Municipal Water Corporation. air PAM piped city water.

paman: n /frm/lu/ uncle (the brother or the cousin of sb’s parent).

pamarta: n /ltr/ savior, redeemer.

pamegat: n /ld/ patron.

pamen {Perwira Menengah}: n an officer of the middle rank.

pameo: n /frm/lu/ 1 slogan 2 saying, proverb.

pamer: v /intr/lu/ show off.
-berpameran: v to do an exhibition
-memamerkan: v /tr/ exhibit sb/sth
-pameran: n exhibition pameran keliling travelling exhibition.

pamflet: n /frm/lu/ pamphlet.

pamili: n /frm/lu/ family 1 |any group of people who are related to each other, especially a mother, father, and their children| Mereka adalah pamili saya. They are my family  -syn: keluarga:
-berpamili: v relate Apa Mona berpamili dengan kamu? Does Mona relates to you?

pamit1; berpamitan1: v /frm/lu/ 1 say good by 2 bid farewell  Sudah waktunya pamit kepada teman-teman. It is time to bid farewell to our friends. (=say goodbye to them)
-pamitan2: n farewell Pada pamitan itu dia menangis She was crying at the farewell.
-jamuan pamitan: n farewell party.
-sepatah kata pamitan: n a farewell speech.

pamong: n /frm/lu/ 1 public administrator, guardian |sb who takes care of public property, security, services etc|  2 tutor.
-pamong desa: n village administrator.
-pamong praja: n civil service, governing bureaucracy.

pamor: n /frm/lu/ 1 pattern inherent in blade of good keris (wavy blade) 2 prestige. Pamornya tiba-tiba lenyap setelah dia terlibat perselingkuhan itu. His prestige suddenly faded after he committed with the scandal.
-verpamor: v 1 have (a partivular) pattern  2 have prestige.

pampang: adj /frm/lu/1 wide, broad. 2 obvious.
-mempampangkan: v 1 extend, widen, spread out. 2 explain
-terpampang: v / be put up, be spread out.

pampas; pampasan: n /frm/lu/ reimbursement, indemnity, compensation |protection in the form of a promise to pay for any damage or loss or money that is paid to someone for any damages, losses, or injury|
-mempaspas: v reim­burse
-pampasan perang: n war reparations /compensation.
-pemampasan: n rep­aration.

pampat; memampat: v /frm/ compress, press, squeeze
-pemampat: n compressor.

pamplet: variant of pamflet:

pamrih: n /frm/lu/ 1 profit, reward |sb gets for doing sth| 2 purpose, expectation
-berpamrih: v do sth with an eye to the reward

pamungkas1: n /frm/lu/1 the final (part) Tindakan pamungkas dari seorang pemimpin. A decisive action from a leader 2 terminator. Undang-undang ini diharapkan menjadi pamungkas untuk perdagangan gelap valuta asing. The law is expected to be the terminator of black market on foreign currency.

pamungkas2: adj /frm/lu/ lethal Ini benar-benar adalah senjata pamungkas. This a real lethal weapon

pamur: variant of pamor:

pan1: n /lu/ oven heater with charcoal.
-mengepan: v bake.

pan2: variant of kan:

pana; terpana: v /frm/lu/ 1 be stupified, be stunned. 2 be stunned, be im­pressed. Saya terpana oleh keramahannya I was stunned by her hospitality.

panah: n /frm/lu/ bow (and arrow).
-memanah: v /intr/tr/ to shoot with arrow.
-memanahkan: v /tr/ shoot sth out like an arrow.
-pemanah: n archer
-panah apai: n rocket firecracker, roman candle.
-panah kelodan: n lightning.
-panah matahari: sun rays
-sepemanah: n the distance of a bowshot
-memanahkan: v shoot sth out like an arrow. kritik yang di­panahkan padanya the criticism which was shot at him.
-panahan: n archery.

panakawan: see punakawan:

panas1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 hot Udara dalam ruangan ini sangat panas. The air in this room is very hot. 2 furious Suasana perdebatan menjadi panas seketika. Suddenly the debate atmosphere become furious 3 illegal Saya tidak mau uang panas seperti itu. I don’t want such kind of illegal money. 4 panas-panas kuku: a) lukewarm Tolong ambilkan saya air panas-panas kuku. Please give a bowl of lukewarm water. b) cold and hot alter­nately c) critical kondisi pasar sedang panas dingin the market condition is critical c) uneasy Saya merasa panas dingin menghadapi kemelut ini. I feel uneasy to face this uncertainty.

panas2: n /frm/lu/ 1 heat |warmth or hotness| Panas udara ini ditimbulkan oleh matahari. The heat of the air is generated by the sun Kami memakai batubara sebagai sumber panas pada musim dingin. We use coal as the source of the heat in winter season. 2 fever, feverish |an illness in which you have a very high temperature| Minum banyak cairan, itu akan membantu menurunkan panas kamu. Drink a lot of fluids, it’ll help your fever go down. 3 panas dingin: cold |a common illness that makes it difficult to breathe through your nose and makes your throat hurt| Kamu kelihatannya menderita panas dingin. You sound like you have a cold.
-kepanasan1: adj too hot Dia merasa kepanasan, itu sebabnya dia menangis. He feel too hot that make he is crying.
-kepanasan2: n hotness |the quality of being hot| Kepanasan udara telah melewati biasanya. The hotness of the air has been beyond normal
-memanas: v /intr/ 1 become hotter (substances) 2 become fiercer (condition)
-memanaskan: v /tr/ 1 heat up (sth) 2 exaggerate (furious situation)
-panas badan/tubuh: n body temperature. 2 uneasy feeling. 3 malaria. 3 critical. 4 fierce.
-panas bara: n glowing heat
-panas pijar: n white heat.
-panas terik: n burning or piercing heat of sun.
-pemanas: n heater
-pemanasan: n 1 warming up 2 heating

panasaran: see penasaran:

panatik: variant of fanatic:

panatisme: variant of fanatisme:

panau: n /frm/lu/ skin fungus causing white blotches.
-(ber)panau­an: v having white blotches from this fungus.

panca: pref. /frn/lu/ 1 penta-  quinti-, 2  five.
-panca tunggal: n the five top officials in a provincial or county 3 hand with the five fingers
-panca usaha: n 1 the five integrated efforts taken to implement the Green Revolu­tion.
-berpanca: v wrestle by pushing oppo­nent with the hands

pancaindera: n /frm/lu/ the five senses.

pancaka: n /ld/ crematorium.

pancai; memancai: v /frm/ press down on with foot, step on (the gas). Kakinya sudah memancai pedal gas His foot has pressed down the accelerator pedal.

pancalogi: n /frm/lu/ five principles.

pancalomba: n /frm/lu/ pentathlon.

pancamuka: adj /frm/lu/ multifaceted.

pancang: n /frm/lu/ 1 pole, stake, pile. 2 boundary pole.
-berpancangan: v­ be rooted, implanted (in numbers).
-memancang; memancangkan: v stick (sth) on |to push a pointed object into something, or to be pushing into something in this way| Mari kita memancangkan pipa itu untuk tonggak bendera. Let’s stick this pipe to be the pole of the flag.
-pemancangan: n sticking on |the process of sticking a  pole|

pancar; memancar: v /intr/frm/lu/ scattered, dispersed.
-berpancaran: v /intr/ spout, spray in quantity.
-memancarkan: v /tr/ 1 spout, spray, gush. 2 broadcast (radio, TV signal) 3 flash, radiate  (light, expression) 4 raid (an attack)
-pemancar: n broadcast station pemancar radio radio broadcasting station pemancar TV TV broadcasting station
-terpancar: v be radiated, be spouted, be sprayed ran:
-pancaran: n radiation (of heat), flash (of light)

pancaragam: adj /frm/lu/ various kind, motley, all kind of.
-berpancaragam: adj het­erogeneous.

pancargas: n /frm/lu/ jet.

pancaroba: adj /frm/lu/ transitional (period, season), esp. between mon­soons, periods of life, ete.

Pancasila: n /frm/lu/ the principles of the Republic of Indonesia as a nation; a) the belief in God Almighty, b) hu­manism  (that all human kind has equal rights to have freedom and to be treated in justice), c) nationalism  (the unity and the existence of Indonesia as a nation); d) democracy |political rights of the people which is channelled by the wisdom of representative deliberation|; e) social justice for all Indonesians.
-kepancasilaan: n value that is based on  the mentioned five principles. -mempanca silakan: v make sb/sth in accordance with the five basic principles.

pancasilais: n /frm/lu/ an enthusiastic follower or supporter of Pancasila.

pancasona: n /frm/ invulnerability to death.

pancawarna: adj /frm/lu/ multicolored.

pancawarsa: n /frm/lu/ five-year period.

pancawindu: n /frm/lu/ a period of 40 years.

panci: n /frm/lu/ pan. panci email enamel ware.

pancing: n /frm/lu/ 1 fishing rod. 2 fish hook.
-memancing: v 1 fish 2 angle |to try to get something without asking for it directly| Saya kira dia memancing untuk mendapat undangan pesta itu I think she angled for an invitation to the party 2 provoke Dia memancing saya untuk memukul dia. He provoked me to hit him.
-pancingan: n provocation
-terpancing: v be provoked
-pemancing1: n 1 fisher using fishing rod 2 provocateur
-pemancingan: n a place where sb can catch fish with fishing rod

panco: n arm wrestling.

pancoleng: variant of pencoleng:

pancong: see kue:

pancung: n /frm/lu/ 1 train of dress, shirt tail. 2 angular cut off sharply
-hukuman pancung: n punishment of decapita­tion.
-mem(p)ancong: v cut off, decapitate, amputate.

pancur; memancur: v /frm/lu/ gush, spout, pour out or down. Air itu memancur dari pipa bocor The water poured out of a broken pipe.
-pancuran: n 1 shower 2 jet spray. 3 tap.
-pancuran air: n fountain, spout of water. Dia mandi di bawah pancur He is taking a bath under the waterspout.

pandai1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 bright, smart. Dia seorang pelajar yang pandai He is a smart student. 2 good (in doing sth) Dia pandai main gitar. He is good in playing guitar.(He plays guitar well 3 know Anak itu pandai menyenangkan hati orang tuanya. The child know how to pleased his parents. 4 fluent Nova pandai berbahasa Inggris Nova is fluent in English. 5 skilful Dia pandai memainkan pedang He is skilful to use sword. 6 knowledgeable Mereka itu orang-orang pandai Negara ini. They are knowledgeable people of this country
-kepandaian: n skill, expertise, ability, fluency, cleverness
-pandai-pandai: adj careful Pandai-pandailah menghadapi dia. Be careful to have a dealing with him.
-sepandai-pandainya: as clever as   Sepandai-pandainya tupai melompat, sekali akan jatuh juga No matter how good a squirrel is at jump­ing, he still is going to miss some time.

pandai2: n /frm/lu/ |sb who has expertise on sth
-pandai  besi: n blacksmith
-pandai ­emas: n goldsmith.

pandak: adj /ld/ short.
-memandakkan: mem(per)pandak: v shorten, abbreviate.

pandan: n /frm/lu/ pandanus.

pandang1; pandangan: n /frm/lu/ 1 look Pada pandangan pertama saya sangat terkesan At the first look I was so impressed  2 pandangan sepintas; at a glance Pandangan sepintas dia sangat cantik. At a glance she looks pretty 3 view, opinion. Bagaimana pandangan kamu dalam hal ini What is your opinion on this case? 4 sight Gunung itu masih dalam batas pandang. The mount is still within the sight diluar batas pandang beyond the sight
-laporan pandangan mata: n life report.
-pandangan hidup: n away of life, philosophy of life
-pandangan umum: n public opinion
-pemandangan: n scene |a view of a place as you see it, or as it appears in a picture| pemandangan luar kota yang penuh damai a peaceful country scene.

pandang; memandang: v /frm/lu/ 1 look Tolong pandang peta ini dengan cernat Please look at this map carefully 2 view Bagaimana kamu memandang kasus itu? How do you view the case? 3 pandang bulu; discriminate Hukum tidak pandanng bulu terhadap siapapun The law doesn’t discriminate against anybody. 4 consider, take into account, regard  Pandanglah kami sebagai teman bukan sebagai musuh Take account on us as friends not as enemy. 5 gaze (at) Dia duduk berjam-jam sambil memandang lewat jendela He sat for hours just gazing out the window.

pandega: n /ld/ 1 employees on a fishing vessel. 2 /lu/ Boy or Girl Scouts of highest rank (aged 15-17 years).

pander: adj /frm/lu/ stupid, naive.
-kepandiran: n stupidity.

pandita: n /frm/ 1 /Bali/ Hindu priest. 2 /lit./ title of a palace rank.

pandu; panduan: n /frm/lu/ 1 guide. kapal pandu ship’s pilot. 2 escort, pilot 3  /of/  acout
-memandu: v guide, pilot, bring a ship into port.
-kepanduan: n scouting, scout movement.
-pemandu: n guide.pemandu wisata tourist guide.
-pemanduan: n scouting.

panel1: n /frm/lu/ panel (discussion).

panel2: n /frm/lu/ panel of wood.

panelis: n /frm/lu/ presenter (of a workshop, seminar, etc)

panen: n /frm/lu/ harvest. 1 |the time when crops are gathered from the fields, or the act of gathering them| Itu satu waktu panen It was a harvest time 2 |the size or quality of the crops| panen yang bagus a good harvest
-memanen: v harvest |to gather crops from the fields|
-panen susulan: n following harvest. (the second harvest)
-panen raya: n the peak of the harvest.

panga;  terpanga: v /frm/ be wide open.

Pangab {Panglima Angkalan Bersenjata}: n Comman­der in Chief of the Armed Forces.

Pangad {Panglima Angkatan Darat}: n Commander in Chief of the Army (Ground Force)

pangah; memangah: v /frm/lu/ open the mouth in astonishment.
-terpangah: be open-mouthed.

pangalungan: n /Snd/ money thrown by spectators to actors or dancers.

pangan: n /lu/ food.
-masalah pangan: n problems to food provision.

Pangdam {Panglima Daerah Militer}: n Territorial Military Commander.

pangeran: n /frm/lu/ 1 prince, lord. 2  jack (of card).

pangestu: n /Jv/ 1 blessing. 2 spiritual movement originating in Central.Java.

panggang1; memanggang: v /frm/lu/ 1 bake, roast. Mari kita panggang daging ini Let’s  roast this meat. 2 toast |to make bread turn brown by heating it| Dia sedang memanggang roti. He is toasting bread.

panggang2: n roast |a piece of roasted meat| Saya suka panggang. I like roast
-panggangan: n 1 a tool you use to roast meat 2 sth roasted
-pemanggangan: n 1 place for roasting 2 toaster 3 roasting spit. pemangan roti bread toaster.
-ter­panggang: v be burned by heat.

panggar: n /frm/ raised framework, for drying fish.

panggil; memanggil: v /frm/lu/1 call Ayah memanggil kamu! Daddy is calling you! 2 summon  Perdana Menteri memanggil semua menteri untuk rapat. The Prime Minister summoned all the minister for a meeting. 3 name  Mereka memanggil dia “Juragan” They name him “Juragan”  Disini orang  tidak memanggil orang tua dengan nama kecil. Here people don’t  name old person by nick name.
-panggilan: n 1 call 2 summons 2 request (for testimony in court)

panggul: n /frm/lu/ hip, pelvis.
-memanggul: v shoulder a) |carry sth on sb’s shoulder| Para pemuda itu siap memanggul senjata demi negara. The youth are ready to shoulder arms for the sake of the country.  b) |to accept a difficult or unpleasant responsibility, duty etc.|  Pasangan orang tua itu memanggul tanggung jawab membesarkan tiga anak yang di adopsi. The couple shouldered the burden of taking care of three adopted children.

panggung: n /frm/lu/ 1 stage, raised platform. 2  grand­stand. 3 scaffolding.
-berpanggung: v have a stage, platform.
-naik panggung: v make a show

pangkal: n /frm/lu/ 1pangkalan: base Pangkalan Angkatan Udara Air Force Base 2 beginning, starting point. Apa pangkal persoalannya? What was the beginning of the problem? 3 lower trunk |the thick lower  wooden trunk of a tree that root grow on it| Pangkal pohon itu berdiameter satu meter. The lower trunk of the tree has one meter diameter 4 source of a river. Pangkal sungai ini ada dibalik gunung itu. The source of this river is at behind of that mountain 5 initial Pangkal usaha ini awanya hanya  $ 10, 000. The initial capital of this business was only $ 10, 000 6 cause Rajin belajar adalah pangkal pandai. Study hard is the cause of being knowledgeable.
-pangkal cerita: n main point of a story
-pangkal kata:
n root of a word.
-pangkal paha: n hip, pelvis.

pangkas; berpangkas: v /frm/lu/ get a haircut.
-memangkas: v 1 cut, trim hair. 2 prune, trim. 3 mow (grass, plant) 4 decrease (cost, budget)
-pangkasan: n hair cut
-pemangkas: n barber
-pemangkasan: n 1 barbering. 2 barber shop.

pangkat: n /frm/lu/ 1 rank, position. Pangkatnya dulu Letnan Satu His rank was Fist Lieutenant  2 /math./ power Empat pangkat tiga (43) Four to the power of three.
-berpangkat: v be in considerably high rank
-gila pangkat: adj overambitious (to rise in rank)
-kepangkatan: n strat­ification according to rank.

Pangkopkamtib {Panglima Komando Pemulihan Keamanan dan Ketertiban}: n Commander for the Restoration of Peace, Security, and Order.

pangku; memangku: v /frm/lu/ 1 sit on sb’s lap. Dia memangku bayi itu She sit her baby on her lap  2 take a post, Dia sekarang memangku jabatan penting di kantor ini. He is now taking an important position in this office.
-pangkuan: n lap
-pemangku: n sb who take a responsibility
-pemangku jabatan: n functionary, official

pangkur: n /frm/lu/ 1 pickax. 2 mattock  3 hoe.
-memangkur: v till |work the soil|

panglima: n /frm/lu/ commander.
-panglima besar: n general for life.
-panglima ter­tinggi: n commander in chief.

pangling: v /Jv/ difficult to identify or recognize sb/sth
-kepanglingan: n failure or difficulty to recognize.

panglong: n /frm/lu/ lumber mill.

pangsa: n /lu/ segment, section (of fruit) China adalah pangsa pasar yang sangat besar. Chinese is a tremendous market segment.

pangsan: see pingsan:

pangsil: n /ld/ 1 reel, drum, shaft. 2 collarless shirt 3 black silk.

pangsit: n /Chn/ wonton or ravioli.

pangsiun: see pension:

pangti {[Panglima Tertinggi}: n the highest commander in chief

panguyuban: variant of paguyuban:

panik: adj /frm/lu/ panic.
-kepanikan: n 1 panic. 2 be in a panic. Mere­ka kepanikan ketika alarm kebakaran berbunyi They were in a panic when the fire alarm went off.

panil: variant of panel:

panili: n /frm/lu/ vanilla.

panitera: n 1 /frm/lu/ clerk of a court. 2 law case registrar.
-panitera pengadilan: n clerk of the court.
-kepaniteraan: n activities related to a court administration.

paniteratama: n /frm/ chief court secretary.

panitia; panitya: n /frm/lu/ committee.
-panitia pelaksana: n organizing committee
-panitia pengarah: n steering committee.
-panitia anggaran: n budgeting committee.

panjang1: adj /frm/lu/ long Itu satu cerita yang sangat panjang. It’s a very long story. Kelihatannya lengan baju kamu terlalu panjang. It seems that the sleeves of your shirt is too long.  Itu satu waktu yang panjang It’s a long time.
-berkepanjangan: v became longer and longer.
-diperpanjang: v be extended, be prolonged
-kepanjangan1: adj too long
-kepanjangan2: n full form, written-out form
-memanjang: v stretch |to go out over a long distance, or continue for a long period| Jalan jalur cepat ini memanjang dari pantai Barat sampai pantai Timur pulau ini. This highway stretches over from the west cost to the east coast of this island.
-memanjangkan: v lengthen, prolong,  extend, crane |to look around or over something by stretching or leaning| Semua anak-anak memanjangkan leher untuk melihat dengan siapa guru mereka sedang bicara. All the kids craned their necks to see who their teacher was talking to.
-memperpanjang: v lengthen, prolong,  extend
-panjang bibir: adj talkative.
-panjang bulat: adj cylindrical
-panjang kili-kili: adj full (of excuses)
-panjang lebar: adj elaborative Tolong berikan pada kami penjelasan panjang lebar tentang konsep anda. Please give us an elaborative explanation about your concept.
-panjang pikiran: adj creative
-panjang umur: v have a long life
-perpanjangan: n extension, continuation, lengthening, prolongation
-sepanjang: adv as far as
-/idiom/ 1 panjang akal: adj witty, clever 2 panjang tangan: adj prone, thievery. 3 panjang lidah: adj like to have backbiting.

panjang2: n /frm/lu/ 1 length. Berapa panjang tali itu? What is the length of the string? Panjang jalan ini kurang lebih 10 mil. The length  of this road is about 10 miles. Berapa panjang gelombangnya? What is the length of the waves? 2 duration |the length of time that something continues| Panjang berlaku makanan kemasan ini sudah lewat. The duration of this canned food has ended.
-berkepanjangan: adj 1 continuous 2 prolonged 3 protracted
-diperperpanjang: v be extended Pertunjukan itu akan diperpanjang The perfor­mance will be extended.
-kepanjangan: adj too long.
-memanjangkan: v 1 extend 2 prolong 3 expand
-pemanjangan: n lengthening, extending.
-perpanjangan2: n 1 extension 2 continuation. 3 prolongation

panjar: n /frm/lu/ 1 advanced payment. 2 down pay­ment.

panjat;  memanjat: v /frm/lu/  climb.
-memanjatkan: v 1 memanjatkan (doa) pray  |to speak to a God or Gods in order to ask for blessing or give thanks| Mari kita memanjatka doa. Let’s pray  2 appeal (a law case) Apa kamu akan emanjatkan perkara itu. Are you going to appeal the case to the higher court?

panji;  panji-panji: n /frm/lu/ standard, banner, pennant.

panorama: n /frm/lu/ panorama.

panser: n /frm/lu/ armored vehicle. panser amfibi landing craft.

pansiun: see pension:

pantai: n /frm/lu/ beach, coast, seashore.
-berpantaikan: v border on. Pulau Sumatera bagian Barat berpantaikan lautan Hindia. The wertern part of Sumatera border on Indian Ocean
-memantai: v go along the coast or beach Rel kereta api baru itu memantai kearah Selatan The new railway goes along the beach toward the South.
-panatai Gading:
n Ivory Coast.

pantaloon: n /of/ long trousers.

pantang1: adj /frm/lu/ prohibitive, forbidden (by taboo) avoidable
-berpantang(an): v abstain (from sth, to do sth)
-memantangkan: v 1 prohibit |to make something impossible or prevent it from happening| Saya memantagkan merokok sejak lama. I prohibited to smoke since long time. 2 make sth taboo
-pantangan: n 1 prohibition 2 taboo 3 forbidden thing 4 avoidance of sth, restriction

pantang2: adv /frm/lu/ never, no  pantang surut never give up ­pantang mundur! no retreat!

pantar1; sepantar: adj /frm/lu/ 1 similar 2 equal 3 being of the same age as. Dia sepantar kamu He is in your age.

pantas1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 proper, suitable. Baju itu tidak pantas untuk dia. That dress isn’t suitable to her. 2 reasonable, fair, proper.  Itu sudah harga yang pantas. It’s a reasonable price. Pantas dia mengundurkan diri. That’s reasonable he resigned.

pantas2: adv /frm/lu/ 1 no wonder Pantas dia harus kerja keras. No wonder if he has to work hard 2 sepantasnya: (should) properly Kamu sepantasnya minta maaf kepada dia. You should properly apologize to her
-kepantasan: n 1 properness 2 suitability..

pantas3: v deserve Dia pantas menjadi pemimpin He deserved to be a leader

pantat1: n /frm/lu/ 1 behind, bottom, buttock. 2 back part of sth pantat truk itu rusak the back part of a truck is broken. 3 base. pantat jarum eye of needle.
-berpantat: v have a bottom.

pantat2; memantat: v /ld/ gather memantat getah gather rubber.

pantau; memantau: v /frm/lu/ 1 monitor sth 2 observe.
-pemantau: n ­observer.
-pemantauan: n monitoring.
-terpantau1: v be ob­served 2 be monitored.
-terpantau2: adj 1 observable 2 can be monitored.

pantek: see pantik:

Pantekosta: n /frm/lu/ 1 Pentecost. 2 Pentecostal sect.

pantes: variant of pantas:

panti: n /frm/lu/ 1 house, residence. 2 institution, home.
-panti asuhan: n orphanage.
-pantiderma: n charitable institution.
-panti pijat: n massage parlor.

pantik1; memantik: v /frm/lu/ 1 strike fire. 2 snap sb’s fingers.
-pemantik: n flintstone. pemantik api cigarette lighter.

pantik2: n /ld/ bamboo nails or dowels.
-memantik: v 1 bleed. 2 drill (a well).
-pantikan: n place that has been drilled
-pemantikan darah: n blood letting.
-sumur pantik: n a drilled well.

panting1; berpantingan: v /ld/ fall away in numbers.
-terpanting: v 1 dart away. 2 fall with thud.

panting2: see pontang-panting:

pantomime: n /frm/lu/ pantomime.

pantul: memantul: v /intr/lu/  reflect, bounce back, bounce off.
-memantulkan: v /tr/ reflect  (sth) |if a surface reflects light, heat, or an image, it throws back the light etc. that hits it|  Cermin itu memantulkan sinar matahari yang membuat sudut ruangan itu terang. The mirror reflects the sun rays which make the corner of the room bright.
-pantulan: n reflection (thing that is reflected), rebound .
-terpantul: v be bounced, be reflected
-pemantulan: n reflection (the process of reflecting)

pantun1: n /frm/lu/ traditional poetry  |each verse of which consists of two couplets; the first suggests the 2nd by sound or spelling other similarity - It is often sung in contests where a boy addresses a quatrain to a girl who must answer with a qua­train of her own|
-berpantun: v recite with two or more persons singing pantuns.
-memantunkan: v ex­press sb by means of pantuns.
-pantunan: n recitation of pantuns.
-pemantun: n composer or reciter of pantuns.

pantun2; sepantun: n /ltr/ a little bit, a single one tidak sepantunpun dia bicara Not even a little bit (a word) he spoke

pantun3: adj /Btk/ polite, civilized

panu: n /Jv/  variant of panau:

panus: n /ld/ holder for candle or lamp.

panutan: n /frm/lu/ 1 model, patron |a person or thing that is a perfect example of something good and is therefore worth copying|  Sultan Hamengkubuwono adalah seorang bangsawan panutan Sultan Hamengkubuwono is a model of traditional aristocrat  2 leader  Dia pantas menjadi panutan masyarakat. He deserve to be the leader of the community.

paohi: see pauhi:

pap: n /spo/ popping sound.

papa1: adj /frm/lu/ poor, destitute.  –syn: sengsara:
-kepapaan: n poverty, destitution. –syn: kesengsaraan
-papa sengsara: adj very poor.

papa2: n /spo/ father, esp. in Westernized families.

papah; berpapah: v /frm/lu/ be supported (by sb/sth).
-memapah: v support (especially in order to help sb to stand or to walk) Saya harus memapah orang luka itu ke dalam ambulance. I had to support the wounded man into an ambulance.

papak1: adj /ld/ flat, level, smooth.
-memapakkan: v smoothen, flatten.

papak2: berpapakan: v /frm/ meet /intr/tr/ Saya berpapak dengan dia di jalan I run into him on the street.
-memapak: v /tr/ 1 meet (sb)  2 receive, wel­come.
-memapaki: v 1 go to meet. 2 get in way to block, stop.
-papakan: n 1 meeting. 2 welcome, reception. 3 running into

papan1: n /frm/lu/ l board, plank. 2 plate
-memapan: v 1 to put the wall with wooden board 2 become thick
-papan asbes: n asbestos plate.
-papan catur: n chessboard.
-papan jepit: n clipboard.
-papan jungkat-jungkit: n see-saw.
-papan lompatan: n springboard.
-papan nama: n name tag
-papan pengumuman: n information board
-papan petunjuk: n sign board
-papan reklame: n billboard.
-papan selancar: n surfboard.
-papa tulis: n black­board.

papan2: n housing, shelter (as basic human need). sandang, pangan, dan papan clothing,  food, and shelter.

papar: adj /frm/lu/ flat, level.
-memaparkan: v 1 roll out, flatten. 2 elaborate or explain comprehensively
-pemaparan: n 1 explanation. 2 presentation

papas2; berpapasan: v 1 run into 2 run across (sb/sth) |to meet or find someone or something by chance| Kami berpapasan dengan dia dalam perjalanan pulang. We run into her on the way home.
-memapas: v run sideway Sebuah truk memapas pagar itu A truck run sideway into the fence

papaya: n /frm/lu/ papaya.

papi: n /spo/ 1 dady 2 darling (from a wife to her husband)

papilyun: see pavilyiun

papyrus: n /frm/ papyrus.

papras; memapras: v /lu/ trim, cut to even out.

Papua-Nugini: n Papua New Guinea.

para1: n /ld/ rubber.

para2: n /frm/lu/ collective plural marker referring to people who comprise a group.
-para ahli se]arah: n historians.
-para ­domba: n flock
-para hadirin: n Ladies and Gentlemen.
-para pelaku: n doers, implementers, players
-para ­pembaca: n the readers.
-para pendengar: n the audience.
-para penumpang: n passengers.

para3: n /frm/lu/ 1 paratrooper. 2 specially trained troops.

parabola: n /frm/lu/ parabola.

parabolis: adj /frm/lu/ parabolic.

parade: n /frm/lu/ parade.

paradigma: n /frm/lu/ paradigm.

paradok: n /frm/lu/ paradox

paradoksal: adj /frm/lu/ paradoxical

paraf: n /frm/lu/ initials.
-memaraf: v initial |to sign sth with initials|
-pemarafan: n initialing.

paraffin: n /frm/lu/ paraffin.

paraprase: n /frm/ paraphrase.

paragraph: n /frm/lu/ paragraph.

parah1: adj /frm/lu/ serious luka parah serious wound sakit parah serious illness kerusakan parah severe damage
-memperparah: v worsen, aggravate
-semakin parah: v become worse, become more serious
-terparah: adj the worst, in the most serious condition

parah2: adv /frm/lu/  seriously
-luka parah: adv seriously wounded, seriously injured.
-sakit serious: adv seriously ill

paraji: n /Snd/ midwife.
-memparajikan: v abort a fetus.

parak1: n /ld/ difference, gap
-berparak: v differ, partition
-memarakkan: v differentiate, divide, distinguish

parak2: n /ld/ 1 field 2 garden

parak3: adj /ld/ 1 almost Ini sudah parak tengah malam It’s almost midnight. 2 close to Saya sudah parak meyerah ketika pertandingan berakhir. I was close to give up when the fight end.

parallel: adj /lu/ parallel.
-memparalelkan: v make sth go parallel to sth. else.

parallelogram: n /math./ parallelogram.

paralon: n /frm/lu/ hard plastic pipa  paralon hard plastic pipe.

param: n /frm/lu/ medicinal powder or ointment, or liquid to rub on body.
-param kocok: n a hot stinging type of liquid for rubbing which must be shaken before using.

parama arta: variant of ambeg-parama-arta:

paramanusia: n /ltr/ human race.

paramasastera: n /ltr/ grammar.

parameter: n /frm/lu/ parameter.

paran: n /lu/ 1 objective. 2 goal, aim.
-(mem)parani: v approach,  go to. Dusun yang kuparani itu sangat terpencil. The village I went to was very remote.

parang1: n /frm/lu/ short machete, chopping knife.
-parang latuk; pelatuk: n a machete with a hooked point.
-mem(p)arang: v ­cut sth with machete.

parang2: n /ld/ fish, the wolf-herring.

parap1; memparap: v /frm/lu/ 1 hammer 2 pound |to hit something hard many times, in order to make a loud sound or to damage something| 3 slap |to hit sb’ face quickly with the flat part of your hand|

parap2: n variant of paraf:

para-para: n /frm/ 1 loft 2 shelf over the hearth.

paraplegia: n /frm/ paraplegia.

paras: n /frm/lu/ 1 face, countenance 2 looks, appearance 3 smooth.
-berparas: v have a certain appearance (especially on sb’s face). Dia berparas cantik She has a beautiful face

parasit1: n /frm/lu/ parasite. Yang tidak bekerja dpandang sebagai parasit saja. Those who don’t work are regarded as mere parasites.

parasit2: see parasut:

parasitisme: n parasitism.

parasitologi: n parasitology.

parasut: n parachute.

parasutis: n parachutist.

parau: adj /frm/lu/ hoarse. (of voice)
-keparauan: n hoarseness.

pare: n /frm/lu/ bitter melon or momordica, a green bitter and watery squash like vegetable which grows on vines.

parem: variant of param:

parfum: n /frm/lu/ perfume.

pari1: n /ld/ skate |a large flat sea fish|

pari2: see bintang:

paria: n /frm/ a pariah.

parik: adv /ld/ in line, in a queue.

parikan: n /Jv/ aphorism.

paripurna: adj /frm/lu/ 1 perfect, pure. 2 complete 3 plenary  rapat paripurna plenary session

Parisadha Hindu Dharma Pusat: n highest administrative council of the Hindu-Bali religion.

parit: n /frm/lu/ 1 moat, ditch, trench.
-parit buang/hilir: n 1 drainage ditch. 2 furrow, slit, groove.
-berparit: adj grooved.
-mem­arit: v dredge.

paritas: n /frm/lu/ parity.

pariwara: n /frm/lu/ advertisement.

pariwisata: n /frm/lu/ 1 tourism. 2 a tour.
-berpariwisata: v make a trip.
-kepariwisataan: n tourism.
-wisatawan: n tourist.

parkir1: v /frm/lu/ 1 park |to put a car in a particular place for a period of time| Apa saya boleh parkir disini? Can I park here?  Parkir mobil kamu di tempat parkir. Park your car in the parking lot. 2 inactivate |if sb/sth is inactivated  for a period of time|  Dia diparkir sementara di kantor pusat. Temporarily he is inactivated in the headquarter  Dewan pimpinan memakir dia untuk sementara. The board of management temporarily inactivated him. 3 deposit Sebelum membeli saham, mereka memarkir uang mereka itu di sebuah bank. Before buying the share, they deposit their money in a bank
-parkiran: n parking lot.

parkir2: adj /frm/lu/ 1 parking taksi parkir parking (standby) taxi ­2 anchoring kapal parkir anchoring ship

parlemen: n /frm/lu/ parliament.

parlementer: adj /frm/lu/ parliamentary,

parlementerisme: n /frm/lu/ parliamentarism,

parlente1: adj /Amb/ liar.

parlente2: see perlente:

parmasi: variant of farmasi:

paro1; paroh; separoh: adv /frm/lu/ half |partly but not completely| Dia berhenti paroh jalan He stopped half-way. Dia seharusnya tidak dibolehkan menyetir, dia separoh buta. He shouldn’t be allowed to drive. He’s half blind! Saya separoh berharap dia akan membentak saya , nyatanya dia senyum. I half-expected her to yell at me, but she smile.

paro2; paroh; separoh: adj /frm/lu/ half  |1/2 of an amount, time, distance, number etc.| Jalan itu separoh mil panjangnya. The road is half a mile long. Paling tidak separoh waktu habis untuk memutuskan apa yang harus dilakukan At least half the time was spent deciding what to do.
-memaroh: v lent sth with the bassis of 50-50 profitable. |if a land lord lent his/her land to sb to work in it and they divide the harvest 50-50 percents|
-pemaroh: n sb who give a land to other people to work with a profit sharing basis of 50 – 50
-paroh (baya): adj middle (age) Dia seorang wanita paroh baya She is a middle age woman.
-parohan: v share Mari kita parohan biayanya. Let’s share the cost.

paro3; paroh; paroh: v /frm/lu/ divide into two equal parts   Paroh saja kue itu kalau kamu mau. Half the cake if you like it.

paroki: n /frm/ parish,

paron: n /frm/lu/ anvil |a heavy iron block on which pieces of metal are shaped using a hammer| .

parpol {Partai Politik}: n political party.

Parpostel {Pariwisata, Pos, dan Telekomunikasi}: n Tourism, Postal, and Telecommunications De­partment.

Parsi: n Persian.

parsial; parsiil: adj /frm/lu/ partial (not complete).

partai1: n /lu/ political party.
-partai gurem: n small, underdog political party.
-berpartai: v be the member of a political party.

partai2: n /sport/ 1 event, match,  2 quantity Kalau kamu memesan partai besar, kami akan berikan 10% potongan. If you order in a large quantity, we’ll give you 10% discount
-partai perorangan: n single match.
-partai ganda: n doubles. |two persons versus two persons|

partikel: n /frm/lu/ particle |a small piece of something|

partikelir: adj /frm/lu/ private or non-public or non-government |owned or run by particular person or group, not by government|  Putranya sekolah di Perguruan Tinggi partikelir. His son go to a non-public college. –syn: swasta

partisipasi: n /frm/lu/ participation,
-berpartisipasi: v participate

partitur: n /frm/lu/ musical score.

partner: n partner.
-berpartner: v be involved in a partnership.

partus: v /frm/lu/ give a birth to a baby.

paruh1: n /frm/lu/ beak,
-mem(p)aruh: v peck at.

paruh2: variant of paro:

parun; mem(p)arun: v /frm/ burn bushes or weeds to clear a land
-pemaruhan: n burning.

paru-paru: peparu: n /lu/ lungs.
-paru-paru basah: n /lu/ pleurisy.

parut1; memarut: v /frm/lu/ grate |to rub food such as cheese against a rough surface in order to break it into small pieces|

parut2: n /frm/lu/ 1 grater |a kitchen tool used for grating (grate) food| 2 bruise |a mark on the skin of a person or piece of fruit where it has been damaged by a hit or a fall|  Ada parut di betisnya There is a bruise on his calf.

parutan: adj /frm/lu/ grated (thing) Apa kamu perlu kelapa parutan? Do you need grated coconut?

pas1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 fit Baju itu tidak pas untuk saya. The shirt isn’t fit for me. 2 suitable Warna dasi itu pas untuk baju kamu. The colour of the tie is suitable to your shirt. 3 compatible Apa busi Honda pas untuk Toyota? Is Honda’s sparkplug compatible to Toyota’s?  3 timely Jangan terlambat, mulaina rapat harus pas. Don’t be late, the meeting opening will be timely 4 exact, exactly “Apa kamu bilang bahwa saya tidak harus pergi?” “Pas” “Did you say that I don’t have to go?” “Exactly”
-mengepas: v 1 fit |to make sth fit sth else, especially in size) 2 adjust |to make small changes to the position of something in order to make it fit to other thing|
-pas-pasan: adj fairly enough. Gaji bersih saya hanya pas-pasan untuk menghidupi keluarga. My take home fee is only fairly enough to feet my family.

pas2: n /frm/lu/ pass. ticket |an official document to prove that you are allowed to enter a particular place| pas masuk pesawat boarding pass pas masuk bus a bus ticket pas masuk kebon binatang a zoo pass

pas3: v /frm/lu/ go (through)

pasak: n /frm/lu/ 1 pin 2 peg  |a short piece of wood or metal that fits into a hole or is fastened to a wall, used for fastening furniture together, for hanging things on etc.|
-mempasak: v pin, peg |to fasten something or join things together with a pin, pins, or peg| -compare to “memasak” to cook
-mempasakkan: v to insert a pin or peg  -compare to “memasakkan” to cook sth
-/idiom/ Besar pasak daripada tiang (peg is bigger than the two bar to be connected) Live beyond sb can afford.

pasal: n /frm/lu/ 1 paragraph, section 2 article 3 cause Apa pasalnya pertengkaran ini? What is the cause/reason of this quarrel?
-pasal tambahan: n adden­dum

pasang1: n /frm/lu/ 1 set |group of things that belong together|  satu pasang perabotan ruang tamu a set of  sitting room satu pasang catur a set of chess 2 pair |something made of two parts that are joined and used together| sepasang sepatu a pair of shoes 3 couple sepasang suami isteri a couple (husband and wife)
–berpasang-pasangan: adv in couple, in pair
-memasangkan: v 1 make sth the pair of sth else  2 pair with
-pasangan: n 1 pair, set 2 partner, counterpart, spouse.
Note: In tata bahasa Indonesia (Indonesian grammar) sth that permanently join together such as scissors, eye glasses, trousers are considered singular. Therefore, don’t say a pair of scissors but a scissor; don’t say a pair of eyeglasses but an eyeglass.

pasang2: pasang aksi: v /frm/lu/ 1 show off, 2 pose, be on sb’s best behavior.
-memasang: v 1 install in or on. Dia sedang memasang ban He is putting on a tire, 2 put on Pasang sepatu kamu sekarang Put on your shoes now 3 turn on Jangan pasang radionya Don’t  turn on the radio 4 fasten, pin, post. Dia pasang bintang jasa didadanya He pins a medal on his chest. 5 post Siapa yang pasang pengumuman ini?  Who posted this announcement? 6 play Pelatih memasang Christ  sebagai penyerang. The coach played Christ as a striker 7 set. Mereka pasang tariff sangat mahal. They set the fare very expensive Tolong pasang alaramnya pada pukul 6:00 pagi Please set the alarm at 6:00 8 hang out Ini hari kemerdekaan, kita harus memasang bendera. To day is our independence day, we have to hang out the flag
-pasang meriam: v fire a gun
-pasang telinga: v listen attentively
-pemasangan: n installation, assembling, installing.

pasang3: n /frm/lu/ tide |the regular rising and falling of the level of the sea|
-pasang naik: n high tide Ini adalah batas pasang naik. This is the level of the high tide.
-pasang surut: n low tide.
-pasang surut: n 1 the rise and the fall (of the tide)  2 up and down Kehidupan ada pasang surutnya The life  has its ups and downs.

pasanggrahan: n /of/ rest-house for travelers.

pasar: n /frm/lu/ 1 market 2 shopping centre.
-memasarkan: v market
-pasar amal: n fund-raising bazaar. ­
-pasar bebas: n free market.
-pasar gelap: n black market.
-pasar tenaga kerja: n labor market.
-pasar malam: n fair.
-pasar modal: n money market.
-pasar pagi: n flee market (only in the morning)
-pasar senggol: n traditional, narrow, and  crowded market.
-pemasaran: n marketing.

pasara: see pusara:

pasasi: n /frm/lu/ 1 fare (on a bus, etc.) 2 passenger.

pasca;  paska: adv /frm/lu/ after
-paska sarjana: n postgraduate study.
-paska panen: n period after harvest time.

paseban: n /Jv/ audience hall.

pasfoto: n /frm/lu/ photo of passport size.

pasibraka: see paskibraka:

pasien: n /frm/lu/ medical patient.

pasif: adj /frm/lu/ passive.
-kepasifan: n passivity, inaction.

Pasifi: n the Pacific.

pasifikasi: n /frm/lu/ pacification.
-mem(p)pasifikasi(kan): v pacify.

pasih: variant of fasih:

pasik: adj /frm/ 1 criminal, bad. 2 crazy.
-kepasikan: n sin.

pasilitas: variant of fasilitas:

pasip: variant of pasif:.

pasir: n 1 sand.
-berpasir: v contain sand
-pasir beton: n sand used in preparing con­crete 2 beach or place covered with sand.
-pasir hidup: n quicksand
-pasiran: adj sandy.

pasisir: see pesisir:

Paska; Paskah: n /frm/lu/ Easter.

paska sarjana: see pasca:

PASKIBRAKA: {Pasukan Pengibar Bendera Pusaka}: n a group of model high school students recruited to raise national flag on Independence Day.

pasok; memasok: v /frm/lu/ supply (a certain commodity).
-pasokan: n supply.
-pemasokan: n supplying.
-pemasok: n supplier.

paspor: n /frm/lu/ passport.

pasrah: v /frm/lu/ completely entrust |to let sth happen without an effort to influence it – let it be what it should be based on fate|  Dia pasrah dan percaya tidak akan tejadi hal buruk She completely entrust and believe that there will nothing bad will happen.

passiva: n /frm/lu/ liabilities.

pasta: n /frm/lu/ paste.
-pasta gigi: n toothpaste.

pastel: n /frm/lu/ meat-filled turnover.

pasti1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 definite. Mereka menunggu jawaban pasti They are waiting  for a definite answer. 2 certain Saya tidak pasti apakah dia berkata yang sebenarnya I’m not certain (that) he’s telling me the truth.
-kepastian: n 1 assurance 2 certainty 3 sureness
-memastikan: v 1 determine, ascertain. 2 confirm 3 make sure

pasti2: adv /frm/lu/ 1 definitely Mereka pasti akan menerimanya. Definitely, they will accept it. Pasti saya akan mendukung kamu.. Definitely I’ll support you. 2 surely Pasti, saya akan segera kembali Surely, I’ll be back soon
-pemastian: n ascertainment.

pastiles: n /lu/ lozenges. |a small candy that has medicine in it|

pastor; pastur: n /frm/ Catholic priest.
-pastur paroki: n parish priest.
-pastur praja: n diocesan priest.
-pasturan: n parish house.

pastoral: n /frm/ pastoral.
-dewan pastoran: n pastoral council.

pastori: n /frm/ parish house.

pasu: n /frm/lu/ bowl, basin.
-pasu-pasu1: n cheekbone.
-pasu-pasu2: n /Mdn/ blessing
-pasu-pasu3: v bless

pasukan: n /frm/lu/  1 troops. 2 group. 3 formation
-pasukan ­berkuda: n cavalry.
-pasukan gerilya: n guerilla troops.
-pasukan inti: n main force.
-pasukan jalan: n infantry.
-pasukan laut: n navy.
-pasukan meriam: n artillery.
-pasukan musik: n band.
-pasukan pemadam api: n fire brigade.
-pasukan pendamai: n peace-keeping force.
-pasukan pengawal: n guard platoon.
-pasukan udara: n air force.
-sepasukan: n a formation. sepasukan kapal terbang a formation of planes.

Pasundan: n Sundanese area .

pasung: n /frm/lu/ prisoner’s stocks.
-memasung: v 1 lock legs be­tween two pieces of wood. 2 repress, muzzle (the press).
-pasungan: n stocks.
-pemasungan: n 1 placing in stocks. 2 repressing (in general).3 ban |an official order that does not allow something to be used or done|  pemasungan jurnalis ban on jurnalism.

pat gulipat: n /spo/ 1 shady deal. 2 (love) affair.
-berpat-gulipat: v 1 engage in shady deals. 2 have an affair with.

patah: adj /frm/lu/ broken.
-kepatahan: n 1 breakdown. 2 dis­couragement.
-kepatahan rohani: n mental breakdown.
-mematahkan: v 1 break. Dia mematahkan tongkat itu He broke the cane. 2 discouraging.
-patah arang: adj completely broken.
-patah hati: adj 1 discouraged. 2 brokenhearted.
-patah lesu: adj 1 desperate. 2 broken­hearted.
-patah lidah: n 1 speech impediment, defect. 2 speaking unclearly. 3 broken speech.
-patah mayang: adj wavy (hair)
-patah selera: v have no appetite.
-patah tulang: n bone fracture.
-patah-patah: adj broken in pieces.
-patahan: n 1 fracture. 2 broken fragment. 3 /Geol./ fault.
-pepatah: n proverb, apho­rism, expression.
-sepatah kata: n foreword.
-/proverb./ patah tumbuh hilang berganti: if sth  breaks it’ll grows back;  if sth disappears it is going to be re­placed; The struggle renews itself.
Notes: In English the word ‘broke’ is usually used as an active transitive verb. In Indonesian, if this word ‘breake’ happen to a part of  sb’s body,  people usually use it as a passive voice (intransitive). Grammatically we can use it as an active and transitive verb by using suffix ‘kan’ ® ‘patahkan’ but it is rarely used if it’s applied to your body.  So, don’t say, “Saya patahkan lengan saya” (I broke my arm)  but say, “My arm was broken” “Lengan saya patah”  -see: keseleo:

pataka: n /frm/lu/ standard, banner.

patal {pabrik pemintalan}: n spinning factory.

patas {cepat lintas}: n /frm/lu/ fast and non-stop |semi-express bus or train|.

paten1: adj /frm/lu/ patent. 1 effective (medicine) 2 admirable, tops (sb’s reputation) 3 qualified (the works of sb) 4 believable (promise)

paten2: n /frm/lu/ patent |a special document that says that you have the right to make or sell a new invention or product and that no one else is allowed to do so|
-mematenkan: v patent |to obtain a patent|

pater: n /frm/ priest.

pateri: see patri:

paternalisme: n /frm/lu/ paternalism.

paternalistis: adj /frm/lu/ paternalistic.

pateroli: see patroli

pati: {Perwira Tinggi}: n high-ranking military or police officer.

patih1: n /of/ 1 governor. 2 vice regent, chief minister to a king.
-kepatian: n residence or office of vice-regent.

patih2: adj /ld/ meek, submissive, docile. –syn: /lu/ patuh
-kepatihan: n submis­siveness, obedience.
-pematih: n 1 obedient 2 tending to be submis­sive or docile.

patihah: variant of alfatihah:

patik: n /ltr/ 1 slave. 2 /ltr./ I, me (very humble).

patok: n /frm/lu/ pole, stake.
-mem(p)atok: v 1 set  standards 2 determine |the level, border of sth|  3 mark (the border of a place by putting pole or stake) mematok ­garis perbatasan kedua negara determine the bor­der between the two countries.
-patokan: n 1 pole. 2 di­rective, standard, criterion.
-patokan harga: n 1 prices standard.
-patokan praduga: n hypothesis.

patologi: n /frm/ pathology.

patologik; patologis: adj /frm/ pathologic.

patri: n /frm/ solder |the metal that is used in order to solder something|
-mematri: v solder sth
-solderan: n soldering. Solderan ember ini rapih The soldering of this buck· is neat.

patriot: n /frm/lu/ patriot.
-kepatriotan: n patriotism.

patriotik; patriotis: adj /frm/lu/ patriotic.

patriotisme: n /frm/lu/ patriotism.

patroli: n /frm/lu/ patrol.

Patru1: n /frm/ cartridge.

patrun2: n /frm/lu/ pattern (of dress).

patuh: adj /frm/lu/ obedient, submissive.
-kepatuhan: n 1 obedience. 2 discipline, adherence (to rules). 3 faithfulness (to an original).
-mematuhi: v obey.
-pematuh: adj obedient.

patuk; mematuk: v /frm/lu/ 1 peck |grab with the beak| Angsa itu mematuk seekor ular. The swan pecked a snake with its beak.2 bite |wound by teeth| Seekor ular mematuk kakinya. A snake bite her leg
-patukan: n bill, beak.

patung1: n /frm/lu/ 1 statue  2 sculpture.
-patung dada: n a bust sculpture
-mematung1: v works to make a statue or sculpture.
-mematung21: adv still like a statue |doesn’t move| Dia berdiri mematung di depan pintu He stood still in fornt of the door.
-pematung: n sculptor

patung2; berpatungan: v /frm/lu/ share Mari kita berpatungan membayar sewa hotel. Let’s share to pay the hotel.
-patungan2: adj sharing, joint venture Ini adalah usaha patungan This is a sharing business.

patus; mem(p)atus: v /frm/ drain.
-pematusan: n drainage.

patut: adj /frm/lu/ 1 proper, fair fitting, decent, in line. lni harga­ yang patut. This is a fair price. 2 be deserved . Dia patut dihukum. He deserved  to be punished
-kepatutan: n appropriateness
-sepatutnya: v should, ought to Mereka a sepatutnya datang ke pesta ini. They should come to this party. Harga itu sepatutnya Rp 3,000. The price should be 3,000 rupiah.

Paus1; Sri Paus: n /frm/ Pope.
-kepausan: n papacy.

paus2: see ikan:

pause: n /frm/lu/ 1 intermission 2 coffee break 3 break time Sewaktu pause penonton dihibur dengan tari perut During the intermission, the audience was entertained with a belly dance.

paut; terpaut: v /frm/lu/ be closely joined.
-berpaut: v cling to.
-berpautan: v 1 connected each other,  2 merge each other 3 adhere, stick to.2 bind.
-keterpautan; pertautan: n 1 connection 2 relation
-memautkan: v connect 2 relate 3 stick to.

pause: variant of pause:

pav. {Pavilyun}: n pavilion

pavilyun: n /frm/lu/ pavilion, annex |an  extension to a building or a house that is set aside as unit for rent.

pawai: n /frm/lu/ parade.

pawang: n /frm/lu/ 1 sb endowed with magic powers. 2 sb with a special skill. 3 animal tamer
-memawangi: v put an animal through its paces.
-pawang gajah: n elephant tamer.
-pawang hujan: n sb who claims that he/she can controls rainfall.
-pawang pukat: n an expert in catching fish with a dragnet.

paya: n /frm/lu/ swamp, marsh.
-berpaya: adj marshy.

payah: adj /frm/lu/ 1 tired. Saya sangat payah sehabis kerja begitu lama. I was tired after working so long. 2 difficult Payah berurusan dengan dia itu. It’s difficult to have a deal with that person. 3 troublesome. Ini satu perusahaan yang payah. This is a trouble some company.
-berpayah-payah: v 1 toil, have a hard time. 2 go to a lot of trouble.
-kepayahan: n 1 weariness, fatigue. 2 difficulty. 3 exhausted.
-kepayahan: v 1 become tired 2 become exhausted

payudara: n /ltr./ (female) breast.

payung: n /frm/lu/ 1 umbrella. 2 parachute.
-berpayung: v use an umbrella.
-memayungkan: v have sth as an umbrella.
-memayungi: v 1 use umbrella to keep sb from rain or the sun shine. 2 protect sb from a bad thing

PB {Pengurus Besar}: n executive board.

PBB1 {Perserikatan Bangsa Bangsa}: n United Nations.

PBB2 {Pajak Bumi dan Banguna}: n property taxes

PBE {Pasaran Bersama Eropah}: n European Common Market.

PBF {Pedagang Besar Farmasi}: n major pharmaceu­tical supplier.

PBH {Pemberantasan Buta Huruf}: n program to literate people.

PD1{Perang Dunia1}: n World War One.

PD2 {Perang Dunia 2}: World War Two

PD3 {Perusahaan Dagang}: n trading company.

PDAM {Perusahaan Daerah Air Minum}: n Municipal Waterworks.

P dan K {Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan}: n Department of Education and Culture.

PDIP {Partai Demokrasi Indonesia Perjuangan}: n Indonesian Democratic Party Strugling.

pdt. {pendeta}: n minister (prist in a church).

peang: adj 1 flat (of head). 2 /Jkt/ worn off.
-terpeang: v be worn off.

pebila: variant of apabila:

Pebruari: n February.

pecah: adj /frm/lu/ 1 broken, smashed 2 pecah belah: fragile 3 divided
-memecah (belah): v 1 break  Apa kamu bisa memecah batu itu? Can you break that stone? 2 smash 3 divide Guru memecah murid itu menjadi tiga kelompok. The teacher divide the students into three groups. 4 fracture Dia memecahkan kaca matanya ketika dia jatuh. He fractured his eyeglasses when he fell. 5 dissect Mahasiswa kedokteran itu memecah-mecah tubuh binatang ketika mereka prakter melakukan operasi. The medical student dissected the body of an animal when they practice medical operation.
-pecahan: n 1 fragment, 2 splinter  3 fraction 4 section
-pemecahan: n 1 solution, answer  Mari kita pikirkan pemecahan masalah itu
Let’s think the solution to the problem.
-perpecahan: n 1 disintegration 2 dissection 3 fragmentation  Orientasi poliik telah menghasilkan perpecahan dikalangan rakyat The political orientation has result fragmentation among the people
-terpecah: v 1 be broken Mangkok itu terpecah karena panas The cup was broken by the heat 2 be spilt Kelompok itu sudah terpecah kedalam dua kelompok lebih kecil The group has been split into two smaller groups. 3 be smashed Kaca jendela itu terpecah berkeping-keping The window glass be smashed into pieces.

peca1: see pecel:

pecat; memecat: v /frm/lu/ fire, dismiss  |to make someone leave his/her job|
-pemecatan: n 1 dismissal 2 discharge 3 suspension.

peceklik: variant of paceklik:

pecel: n /lu/ salad made of blanched vegetables served with peanut sauce.

peci: see pici:

pecik; terpecik: v /frm/lu/ arise. Terpecik rasa kasihan di hatinya A feeling of pity arose in her heart.

pecinan: n Chinatown.

pecomberan: variant of comberan:

pecundang: n /frm/lu/ looser
-mempecundangi: v win over sb

pecut: n /frm/lu/ whip.
-memecut: v 1 whip 2 urge 3 stimulate Itu akan memecut harga dasar ke level lebih tinggi That is going to whip the basic price to a higher level.

pedagang: see dagang:

pedagog: n pedagogue.

pedagogi; pedagogic: n /frm/ pedagogy.

pedagogis: adj /frm/ pedagogical.

pedal: n /frm/lu/ pedal
-memedal: v step on the pedal.
-pedal rem: n brake
-pedal gas: n accelerator.

pedalaman: see dalam:

pedang: n /frm/lu/ sword.
-memedang: v ­strike with a sword.
-pedang jenawi: n long sword with straight blade.
-pedang para: n sword worn by naval cadets.
-pedang-pedangan: n 1 swordplay. 2 toy or imitation sword.

pedas: adj /frm/lu/ hot |biting taste of chilli, curry, or red pepper|  Lauk itu enak tetapi terlalu pedas untuk saya. The dish is delicious but it’s too hot for me   2 severe Kritiknya sangat pedas. His criticism was very severe.­3 be stung mata saya pedas kena asap my eyed were stung by smoke
-kepedasan: v be suffered from the hot (of chilli)
-kepedasan2: adj too hot (of chilli)

pedati: n /frm/lu/ caribou or horse-drawn cart.
-berpedati: v ride such cart.

pedato: see pidato:

pedes: variant of pedas:

pediatri, pediatrik: n pediatrics.

pediatris: n pediatrician.

pedih; mempedihkanadj /frm/lu/ stingingly painful |feeling a sharp pain in your eyes, throat, skin, on in your heart| luka yang pedih a painful injury 2 |making you feel very unhappy| kenangan perang yang pedih painful memories of the war
-kepedihan: n pain

pedit: variant of medit:

pedoman: n /frm/lu/ 1 compass. 2 ori­entation. 3 manual, directive, guidelines 4 catalog,
-berpedoman (pada): v based (on) 2 be guided (by)
-mempedomani: v provide guidance for.
-mempedomankan: v use (sth) as a guide

peduli: v /frm/lu/ care Saya tidak peduli apa kata mereka I don’t care what they say 2 pay attention
-kepedulian: n concern, care
-mempedulikan: v /tr/ pay attention to Mereka tidak mempedulikan anak-anak itu. They don’t pay attention to the children
-/spo./ Siapa peduli? Who care? Peduli amat? Who care?

pedupaan: see dupa:

pe er: see PR2:

peg1 {pegunungan}: n /frm/lu/ mountains.

peg2 {pegawai}: n /frm/lu/ employee.

pegagan: n /ld/ vine with edible leaves, often planted on sides of rice field bunds to prevent erosion.

pegal: adj /frm/lu/ 1 stiff, painful (of muscles after overuse). 2 weary 3 annoyed, vexed, fed up.
-pegal-pegal kejang: adj completely stiff.
-memegalkan: v causing pain­ful feeling in muscles after overuse.
-pegalan: adj tend to be stiff

pegang; memegang: v /frm/lu/ hold 1 |to have something firmly in your hands or arms| Boleh pegang tas saya sebentar? Would you hold my bag for a moment? 2 |keep in hand something in a particular position| Dia pegang secarik kertas keatas sehingga kami bisa melihat. She held the piece of paper up so we could see it. 3 works (as), have a position or degree (as) |to have or works for a particular position, job, or level of achievement| Dr. Brian memegang rector universitas itu sejak tahun lalu. Dr. Brian  holds the president of the university since last year. Dia memegang gelar doctor dibidang economy. She holds a doctoral degree on economics 4 have sth Hati-hati, pencuri itu memegang senjata. Be careful, the thief has a gun. Apa kamu memegang uang tunai? Do you have cash with you? 5 keep Apa kita bisa mempercayai dia memegang rahasia itu? Can we believe her to keep the secret? Kamu harus pengang janji, mengerti? You have to keep your promise, understand? 6 manage, control Apa kamu dapat memegang pekerjaan itu sendirian? Can you manage all of the works by yourself? 7 own Mereka memegang 55% saham They own 55% of the share. 8 drive (a vehicle) Saya tidak berani memegang stir malam hari I don’t have courage to drive at night.
-berpegang (tangan): v holding (hands) satu pasang sejoli berjalan di pantai berpegang tangan. a couple walking on the beach, holding hands.
-pemegang: n holder, owner.
-pegangan: n 1 guarantee, justification 2 handle |sth that you hold to do sth|
-terpegang: v 1 incidentally be touched. Cat basah itu secara tidak sengaja terpegang The wet paint was incidentally touched.
-terpegang: adj manageable, can be held

pegas: n /frm/lu/ 1 spring. 2 carpet beater 3 pedal in a car. pegas ­kopling clutch pedal. 4 brake.
-berpegas: adj supple, elastic.
-mem(p)egas: v 1 be resilient. 2 spring.
-kepegasan: n elas­ticity.
-pemegasan: n springiness.

pegawai: n /frm/lu/ official, employee, white collar workers, personnel.
-pegawai harian: n daily wage earner.
-pegawai negeri: n government officers (civil servant)
-pegawai swasta: n private company workers.
-kepegawaian: n personnel matter/affairs.

pegel: variant of pegal:

pegi: /inf/ variant of pergi:

pegimana: /inf/ variant of bagaimana:

peguyuban: see guyub:

pehong: adj /inf/ 1 nasty. 2 venereal disease.

pejabat: see jabat:

pejajaran1: n /Jkt/ evil spirit.

pejajaran2: intrj. /Jkt/ damn it!

Pejajaran: variant of Pajajaran:

pejal: adj /frm/ 1 solid, firm (esp. of earth). 2 massive
-mempejalkan: v press down.

pejam: adj /frm/lu/ closed (of eyes).
-memejamkan (mata): v 1 close the eyes. 2 go to sleep
-terpejam: v 1 be closed  2 be slept

pejompongan: see jompong:

peka: adj /frm/lu/ 1 sensitive 2 vulnerable
-kepekaan: n 1sensitivity 2 vulnerability .

pekak: adj /frm/lu/ deaf.
-bersipekak: v turn a deaf ear to.-pekak badak batu: adj stone deaf.
-mem(p)ekakkan1: v deafen
-mem(p)ekakkan2: adj deafen­ing. letusan yang memekakkan deafening explosion.
-paka labang/bahasa: adj slightly deaf.
-sepekak: n a moment .

pekakas: infr/ variant of perkakas:

pekam: n /ld/ brake.

pekan: n /frm/lu/ 1 week Pekan mendatang saya akan pergi ke Bandung. Next week I’m going to Bandung. 2 weekly market. Dia sedang belanja ke pekan She is going shopping to a weekly market. 3 period cer­tain events are held or the events themselves. ­Pekan Olahraga Nasional National Games.
-berpekan-pekan: adv for weeks.
-sepekan: n a week

pekarangan: see karang3:

pekat: adj /frm/lu/ 1 thick, concentrated. 2 very dark 3 tough. 4 strong (of cof­fee)
-hitam pekat: adj pitch black.
-malam pekat: n a dark night..
-memekatkan: v make (sth) thick.
-kepekatan1: n 1 thickness, concentration, density. 2 darkness.
-kepekatan: adj too thick, too dense, too dark, too strong.

pekerti: n /frm/lu/ 1 traits |a particular quality in someone’s character; characteristic| Kecemburuannya adalah satu pekertinya paling buruk. His jealousy is one of his worst traits. 2 character |all of the qualities that make one person, place, or thing different from another|  Ada satu hal yang sangat aneh dalam pekertinya There’s a very distinctive thing in her character. 3 behaviour Perangai kamu membuat banyak orang tidak suka pada kamu. Your behaviour makes many people don’t like you.
-budi pekerti: n appropriate behaviour

pekik; memekik: v /intr/frm/lu/ yell, scream. Apa kamu dengar seseorang memekik? Do you hear there’s sb screaming?
-memekikkan: v /tr/ 1 yell (sth) 2 scream (sth) out)
-pekik pekuk: n various screams.
-pekikan: n scream, yell
-terpekik: v suddenly scream.

pel-: pref. /frm/lu/ |used to indicate ‘noun’ which is formed from ‘verb’:  ajar (v) ® pelajar (n); labuh (v) ®  pelabuhan (n) see also another entries with pel|

pel1; (kain) pel: n – mop.
-mempel; mengepel: v mop.
-pelan: n mop

pel3: variant of pil:

pelabuhan: see labuh:

pelajar; pelajaran: see ajar:

pelak1: n /ld/ evil spirit.

pelak2: adj /frm/lu/1 wrong |used with a negation word| tidak pelak it’s not wrong (it’s obvious) Tidak pelak lagi bahwa dialah yang mengambil cincin itu It’s not wrong anymore (it’s obvious) that he who took the ring. Dugaannya itu tidak pelak. His guess was right. Negara itu tidak pelak lagi sudah terpengaruh negara lain That country is clearly not free from the influence of other countries.

pelakat: variant of plakat:

pelaminan: see lamin:

pelan1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 slow (of movement) 2 soft (of voice). Suaranya menjadi pelan dan dalam. His voice became soft and deep.
-pelan-pelan: adv slowly Bacalah pelan-pelan: Read it slowly
-memelankan: v slower down. -see perlahan:

pelan2: see pel1:

pelana: n /frm/lu/ saddle.
-berpelana: v saddled.
-memelanai: v saddle (a horse).

pelanduk: n /frm/lu/ mouse deer.

pelanel: n flannel.

pelangi: n /frm/lu/ rainbow.

pelanting; terpelanting: v /intr/frm/lu/  be rolled
-berpelantingan: v /intr/ be rolled everywhere.
-memelantingkan: v /tr/ 1 throw out (sth) Bis itu memelantingkan penumpangnya ketika tergelincir The bus threw out its passengers when it’s slipped. 2 darted off. 3 shot away. 3 fall with thud.

pelastik: variant of plastik:

pelat1: n /frm/lu/ 1 sheet. |a thin flat piece of something such as paper, metal, or glass|  selembar pelat seng. a sheet of zinc 2 plate |a flat piece of metal, glass, bone etc.| Sebuah plat besi menutup lobang di trotoar jalan itu An iron plate covered the hole in the sidewalk. 3 pelat arloji: face of a watch. 4 phonograph record.
-pelat nomer kenderaan: n vehicle license plate
-pelat hitam: n black (license) plate |privately owned vehicle|
-pelat kuning: n passenger vehicle.
-pelat merah: n government-owned vehicle. ­

pelat2: adv /frm/ 1 speak defectively. 2 speak with an accent.

pelataran (sungai): n /frm/lu/ embankment |a wide wall of earth or stones built to stop water from flooding an area, or to support a road or railroad|

Pelatnas {Pemusatan Latihan Nasional}: n Centralization of National Training (for sports).

pelatuk: n /ld/ 1 woodpecker. 2 trigger.

pelawak: see lawak:

pelbagai: adj /frm/lu/ various, all sorts of.
-pelbagai ragam: n various kinds.
-meragamkan: v diversify.
-keragaman: n diver­sity. see bagai:

pelbak: n /frm/ garbage bin.

pelbed: variant of felbet:

pelbegu: n /frm/lu/ pagan, animist.

Pelda {Pembantu Letnan Dua}: n lower second lieutenant.

peleceh: n /frm/lu/ flatterer.
-mem(p)eleceh: v flatter.

pelek1: variant of plek:

pelek2: n /inf/ rim of a wheel.

pelekat: n /ld/ sarong with plaid pattern.

pelepah: n /frm/lu/ stem and midrib of palm, banana leaves, stem of the banana bunch.

peler: variant of pelir:

pelesat; terpelesat: v /frm/lu/ dart away.

peleset: see leset:

pelesir1; berpelesiran: v /frm/lu/ 1 take a trip. 2 go out for pleasure. 3 picnic.

pelesir2; pelesiran: n /frm/lu/ 1 plea­sure 2 amusement 3 picnic 4 trip for joy .

pelesit: n /ld/ 1 locust 2 a spirit that sucks blood of unborn or newborn children.

pellet: n /frm/lu/ magic power that made a person fall in love.
-mempelet: v 1 lick, stick out tongue. 2 flatter, play up to sb 3 make sb. fall in love with sb by magical means.
-kepelet: v 1 be fell in love by a magical means. 2 be seduced.

peleton: n /frm/lu/ platoon

pelihara; memelihara: v /frm/lu/ 1 take care of, protect. Siapa yang akan memelihara anak piatu itu? Who is going to take care of the orphan?  2 raise, grow, rear Mereka memelihara ayam untuk mendapat uang. They raise chicken to make money 3 keep, maintain Kita butuh seseorang memelihara gedung ini. We need someone to maintain this building. 5 control Pelihara mulut (kata-kata) kamu! Control your mouth (words)
-pemeliharaan: n 1 maintenance (of building, machine, vehicle, etc.)  2 caring, safeguarding (children) 3 growing, raising (animal, plant) 4 cultivation (plant)
pemelihara: n 1 grower 2 caretaker 3 nurseryperson

pelik: adj /frm/lu/ 1 complicated 2 difficult 3 complex
-kepelikan: n 1 peculiarity 2 complexity 3 difficulty.

pelikanl: n /frm/ mineral.

pelikan2: n /frm/ pelican.

pelintat-pelintut: variant of plin-plan:

pelintir; memelintir: v /tr/frm/lu/ twist. Kupelintir tangan kanannya I twisted her right arm.
-memelintirkan: v /tr/ twist (sth), spin (sth), cause sth turn. memelintirkan bola spin the ball.
-pelintiran: n 1 twisted knot. 2 twisting (the action of to twist) 3 cookie shaped into a twist.
-terpelintir: v /intr/ 1 be twisted 2 be spun

pelipir: n /frm/ edge.
-pelipir jalan: n sidewalk.

pelipis; pelipisan: n /frm/lu/ temples |the fairly flat area on the side of your head, between your eye and your ear|

pelir: n /inf/ penis.
-pelir itik: n screw.

pelisir: n /ld/ pleat |a flat fold in a skirt, pair of pants, dress etc|
-berpelesir: adj pleated.
-mempelesir: v pleat

pelit: adj /frm/lu/ stingy.
-pelit-pelitan: adv in a stingy way.

pelita1: n /frm/lu/ 1 oil lamp. 2 light (in metaphorical sense).­
-pelita hati: n the light of sb’s  heart |sth that influence your inner feeling|

Pelita2: {Pembangunan Lima Tahun}: n five-year plan.

pelitur1: n /frm/lu/ |a clear liquid that is painted onto things that are made of wood, to protect them and give them a shiny surface|

pelitur2; mempelitur: v /frm/lu/ varnish, polish furniture. |apply varnish on the surface of sth
pelituran: n varnish.

Pelni {Pelayaran Nasional Indonesia}: n National Shipping Lines.

pelonco: n /of/ who is about to get a new status (e.g. as member of entering class, fraternity, etc.), fresh­man, pledge.
-mem(p)elonco: v haze.
-perpeloncoan: n hazing, ini­tiation.

pelopor: n /frm/lu/ 1 pioneer. 2 vanguard, forerunner. 3 /ml./ shock troops. 4 ranger, scout.
-mem(p)elopori: v 1 initiate 2 crusade, pioneer, fight for. 3 be at the fore­front of.
-kepeloporan: n 1 pioneering. 2 initiative.

pelor: n /inf/lu/ bullet. –syn: /frm/lu/ peluru
-pelor kesasar: n stray bullet.

pelosok: n /frm/lu/ 1 outlying place, remote spot. 2 corner. Datang dari berbagai pelosok Come from every nook and cranny.

pelosot; terpelosot: v /intr/lu/ 1 fall down. 2 go down in price.
-memelosotkan: v /tr/ to make sth fall down.

pelotaris: n /inf/ jai-alai player.

pelotot; memelotot: v /frm/lu/ stare big eyes. Dia memelotot saya dengan pandangan mengancam. He stared at me with a menacing look.
-memelototkan (mata): v open the (eyes) wide.

peluang: n /frm/lu/ 1 opportunity  2 quiet wind.
-berpeluang: v /intr/ ­have an opportunity.
-memperluangi: v /tr/ give sb an op­portunity.

pelud {Pelabuhan Udara}: n airport.

peluh1: adj /ld/ impotent.

peluh2: n /frm/lu/ perspiration, sweat.
-berpeluh: v perspire. berpeluh-peluh: sweat and toil.

peluit: n /frm/ 1 whistle (device). 2 whistle (sound). ­
-peluit bahaya: n a whistle signaling danger.

peluk; memeluk: v /frm/lu/ 1 embrace, hug Dia memeluk bayinya erat-arat. She em­braced her baby tightly. 2 join, adhere  Mereka memeluk agama Hindu They adhere Hinduism 3 measurement of length of approximately one fathom
-ber­ciuman: v hug and kiss each other.
-berpelukan: v em­brace or hug each other
-peluk cium: n a hug and a kiss.
-peluk lutut: v embrace the knees.
-pemeluk: n 1 embracer 2 huger 3 adherent (of particular religion)

peluntur: n /lu/ laxative.

pelupuk: n /frm/lu/ cover, wrapper.
-pelupuk mata: n eyelid.

peluru: n /frm/lu/ 1 bullet. 2 projectile, missile. 3 /sport/ shot-put
-peluru gotri: n slug.

-peluru kendali: n guided missile.
-peluru suar: n signal flare.

peluruh: adj /ld/ emetic, medicinal

pem-: pref. /frm/lu/ see also entries with p-; m-.

pemali: adj /lu/ sacred, forbidden, or taboo.
-pohon ­pemali: n taboo tree.

pematang: n /frm/lu/ bund, dike between rice fields. Sawah­mu itu sepematang dengan sawahku Your rice held shares the same bund as mine.

pemb-: pref. /frm/lu/ see also entries with b-:

pemberhentian; pembrentian: see henti:

pemda {Pemerintah Daerah}: n local government.

pemeo: variant of pameo:

pemeragaan: see peraga:

pemilu {Pemilihan Umum}: n /frm/lu/ general elections.

pemp-: pref. /frm/lu/ see also entries with p-.

pemrasaran: see prasaran:

pemuda: see muda:

pemudi: n /frm/lu/ young woman, girl.

pen-: pref. /frm/lu/ see also entries with t-; n-:

pen1: n /lu/ 1 pin for holding sth. together in surgery. 2 peg or dowel for joining wood or bamboo. 3 grenade pin.

pen2: n /lu/ atom ballpoint pen.

pena: n /frm/lu/ 1 writing pen. 2 quill.

Penad {Penerangan Angkatan Darat}: n Army Infor­mation (Office).

Penal {Penerangan Angkatan Laut}: n Navy Information (Office).

penala: n /frm/lu/ tuning fork.

penalti: n /frm/lu/ penalty.

penampan: n /frm/lu/ a presentation tray .

penampang: n /frm/lu/ cross-section.

penasaran: adj /frm/lu/ anxious |very eager to know sth|

penat: adj /frm/lu/ tired, weary, exhausted.
-penat lelah: adj worn out, exhausted.
-berpenat-penat: v be toil and sweat.
-memenatkan: adj exhausting, wearying.
-kepenatan1: n 1 tiredness. 2 weariness, fatigue.
-kepenatan2: adj 1 too tired 2 too weary.

penatu: n /frm/lu/ 1 laundryman 2 laundry
-penatu kemis/kimia: n dry c1eaner’s.
-mem(p)enatukan: v send (clothes) to the laundryman.

penatua: n /frm/ church elder.

pene-: pref. /frm/lu/ see also entries with e-:

penca {penderita cacat}: n /wrt/ disabled person.

pencak1: v /frm/lu/1 avoid 2 maneuver |to move or turn skill-fully, to avoid sth|.
-pencak silat: n an Indonesian origin martial art.
-berpencak-silat: v play this art.

pencak2; mencak-mencak: v /frm/lu/ jump up and down in a tantrum. Temanku mencak-mencak karena kunci mobilnya hilang. My friend jumped up and down in anger because he lost his car’s key.
-terpencak-pencak: v be spray out, spurt out in small pieces. Percikan api terpencak-pencak di udara Sparks of fire burst forth gaily in the air.

pencar; berpencar: v /frm/lu/ disperse.
-berpencar-pencar: v disperse all over.
-berpencaran: v disperse (of many), be dispersed. Orang-orang berpencar dan bersembynyi The people dispersed and hid
-memencar: v /intr/ be dispersed, be spread out.
-memencarkan: v /tr/ disperse sth
-pencaran: n 1 dispersion  2 distribution made.
-pemencaran: n act of distribution.
-perpencaran: n distribution. perpencaran menurut umur distribution by age.

pencet: mem(p)encet: v /inf/ crush, smash, push, press. Tolong dipencet belnya Please press the bell. –syn: /frm/lu/ tekan
-memenceti: v squeeze (many things repeatedly).
-pencetan: v pressure.

pencoleng: n /frm/lu/ thief

pend-; pref. /frm/lu/ see also entries with d-.

panda; mem(p)anda: v /ld/ correct
-pemandaan: n correction.

pendam; memendam(kan): v /frm/lu/ 1 bury, hide away. Dia memendamkan barang antik itu di belakang rumahnya He buried the antique be­hind his house.
-terpendam: adj 1 hidden, buried. 2 held in the heart. Katakan apa yang terpendam dihati kamu Please tell me what you have hidden in your heart.

Pendam{Penerangan Daerah Militer}: n regional mil­itary information (office).

pendapa: variant of pendopo:

pendega: variant of pandega:

pendek: adj /frm/lu/ short.
-pendeknya: prep. v in short, in brief. ­
-pendek persegi: adj short and·stocky.
-pendek umur: v have a short life.
-memendek: v /intr/ shorten
-memendekkan: v /tr/ 1 abbreviate 2 shorten. 2 make (haircut) short.
-memperpendek: v /tr/ 1 shorten, abbreviate, concise, brief
-kependekan1: n 1 abbreviation. 2 shortness. PBB adalah kependekan Persatuan Bangsa-Bangsa UN is an abbreviation of United Nations
-kependekan2: adj too short. Kakinya kependekan His legs were too short.

pendekar: see dekar:

pendet: n /ld/ welcome dance of Balinese.

pendeta: n /frm/lu/ 1 Protestant Church, Hindu, or Bud­dhist priest. 2 /ltr/ pundit, schol­ar.
-kependetaan: n clergy, ministry.

pending: n ornate belt buckle.

pendirian: n /frm/lu/ 1 sb’s opinion about sth 2 sb’s point of view about sth

pendita: variant of pendeta:

pendopo: n /frm/lu/ large open structure in front of Javanese man­sion, or attached open veranda that serves as an audience hall.

penetrasi: n /frm/lu/ penetration.

peng-: pref. /frm/lu/ see also entries with k, ng-, or beginning with a vowel.

penganan: n /frm/lu/ snacks.

penganten; pengantin: n /frm/lu/ bride (and) bridegroom. ­
-pengantin baru: n newlyweds.
-berpenganten: v 1 get married 2 undergo a wedding ceremony. 2 go to a wedding.

pengap: adj /frm/lu/ stuffy |not having enough fresh air|  a stuffy room ruangan pengap
-mem(p)engapkan: v make (sth) stuffy
-kepengapan: n lack of fresh air

pengaruh: n /frm/lu/ influence.
-pengaruh sampingan: n side-effect.
-ber­pengaruh: adj influential
-mempengaruhi: v influence
-saling mempengaruhi: v inf­luence each other.

pengeboman: see bom:

pengecatan: see cat:

pengecoran: see cor:

pengedokan: see dok:

pengemukaan: see muka:

pengen: v /Jkt/ want (sth)

pengepakan: see pak:

pengestu: variant of pangestu:

pengesyahan: see sah:

pengetrapan: see terap2:

penggal; penggalan: n /frm/lu/ 1 piece 2 lump 3 fragment.
-berpengal-penggal: adv in pieces.
-mem(p)enggal: v cut off, cut to pieces.
-penggal kepala: v behead.
-penggalan: n piece, bit.
-pem(p)enggalan: n cutting off the top or head.
-penggalan kata: n syllable

penghulu: n /frm/lu/ 1 village chief. 2 Muslim leader.
-kepenghuluan: n territory of a penghulu.

pengin: variant of kepingin:

pengki: n /frm/lu/ open basket for carrying dirt, garbage, etc.

pengkol: adj /frm/ bent.
-mem(p)engkol: v turn, branch off.
-pengkolan: n curve.

pengkor: adj /inf/ crippled, having a shriveled leg.

pengulu: variant of penghulu:

pening1: adj /frm/lu/ dizzy.
-pening kepala: v have a headache.
-memeningkan: v make a headache, make (sth) dizzy, dizzying.
-kepeningan: n 1 dizziness 2 feeling of dizzy.

pening2: n /frm/lu/ badge, license (for bicycles, dogs, and pedicabs).

penisilin: n /frm/lu/ penicillin.

penis: n penis |the outer sex organ of males|

peniti: n /frm/lu/ 1 safety pin.
-peniti cantel: n 1 safety pin. 2 brooch to pin a kebaya together.

penj; pref. /frm/lu/ see also entries with j-:

penjalin: n /frm/lu/ rattan that used for basket or furniture.

penjara: n /frm/lu/ jail, prison.
-kepenjaraan: n prison affairs.
-mem(p)ejarakan: v im­prison.
-pemenjaraan: n incarcera­tion
-penjara anjing:
n dog pound..

penjuru: n /frm/lu/ 1 corner, angle. 2 direction from which sth came
-penjuru (mata) angin: n directions, points of the compass.
-delapan penjuru angin: n all corners of the world. |east, south east, south, south west, west, north-west, north, north-east|

Penpres {penetapan presiden}: n presidential decision or directive.

penset1: variant of pinset:

penset2: n /ld/ 1 pencil.
-penset isi: n mechanical pencil.
-penset tinta: n 1 indelible pen. 2 small brush for drawing.

pensil: n /frm/lu/ pencil

pensiun: n /frm/lu/ pension, retired.
-berpensiun: n get pension.
-guru pensiun: n a retired teacher.
-mempensiunkan: v to make sb retired
-pensiunan: n retired person.

penstrep: n /frm/ penicillin tablets.

pental: kepental; terpental: v /frm/lu/ be flung away. Dia jatuh terpental dari sepeda. He fell and was flung off his bicycle.

pentas: n /frm/lu/ raised platform, stage.
-mem(p)entaskan: v stage, present, play. Mereka akan mementaskan sebuah drama klasik besok They are going to present a classic play tomorrow.
-pentasan: n stage performance.
-pementasan: n 1 performance, presentation. 2 showing, staging.

pentil1: n /frm/lu/ 1 teat 2 valve.
-pentil susu: n /frm/lu/ nipple.
-pentil ban: n /frm/lu/ tire valve.

pentil2: mementil: v /frm/lu/ pinch sth
-pentilan: n a pinch.

penting1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 important |having a big effect, influence, power| pertanyaan penting important questions Penting untuk menjelaskan segala sesuatunya dengan hati-hati kepada pasien. It’s important to explain things carefully to the patient. 2 urgent  |very important and needing to be dealt with immediately| pesan penting an urgent message Dia sangat penting mendapat perawatan medis She’s in urgent need of medical treatment.
-berkepentingan: v to have concern, business, importance Siapa berkepentingan tentang informasi ini silahkan menyurati kami untuk penjelasan selanjutnya. Who has any importance with this information, please write us for more explanation.
-kepentingan; pentingnya: n 1 importance. Apa pentingnya rapat itu? What is the importance of the meeting? 2 concern, interest, need Apa kamu punya kepentingan dalam kasus ini? Do you have any concern with this case?  4 business Orang tidak punya kepentingan tidak boleh masuk No body without business is allowed to enter.
-mementingkan: v 1 give em­phasize (to) Dia lebih mementingkan keluarga diatas semuanya. He give emphasize to his family more than anything else. 2 bring to notice, advance. Mari kita pentingkan kebersihan dan kesehatan. Let’s bring to notice sanitation an health  3 consider important. Dia orang yang mementingkan diri-sendiri. He is a selfish person
-terpenting: adj 1 the most important Ini hal terpenting untuk dilakukan This is the most important to do 2 paramount Kepentingan pelanggan harus menjadi yang terpenting. The needs of the customer should be paramount.

penting2; mem(p)enting: v /frm/ pluck strings or make sth give off a sound of  “ting”.

pentol; pentolan: n /frm/lu/ 1 knob, bulb  2 prominent person. big shot, leader of a gang.

pentung; pentungan: n /frm/lu/ club, cudgel.
-mem(p)entung: v to club.
-mem(p)entungi: v club repeatedly.

penuh: adj /frm/lu/ 1 full (of), loaded. Ruangnya penuh The room is full. Botolnya penuh The bottle is full. senyum penuh pergertian a smile full with understanding. hidup penuh kebahagiaan a life full of happiness. 2 complete. Dibayar penuh. It was paid in full.
-memenuhi: v 1 crowd, fill (sth) Turis asing sedang memenuhi lobby. Foreign tourists are crowding the lobby. 2 pay Saya telah memenuhi janji saya kepada dia. I have paid my promise to him. 3 cover Selama kampanye dinding itu penuh dengan berbagai macam poster. During the campaign, the wall was covered by many kinds of poster. 4 meet Pasokan akan penuhi permintaan, percayalah pada saya. The supply will meet the demand, believe me.
-montok penuh: adj shapely.
-penuh ruah: adj bulging out.
-penuh tumpah: v be filled to the brim.
-pemenuhan: n fulfilment, coverage
-se­penuh(nya): adv 1 fully Tolong isi sepenuhnya Please fill it fully Kami setuju sepenuhnya We fully agree. 2 sepenuh hati: seriously, wholeheartedly Apa kamu melakukan itu sepenuh hati? Did you do it seriously?  Dengan sepenuh hati kami ingin membantu Wholeheartedly we want to help.
-terpenuhi: v be fulfilled, be covered Apa menurut kamu kebutuhan kita akan terpenuhi dengan uang ini? Do you think our need will be covered with this money?

peny-: pref. /frm/lu/ see also entries with c:, c:, or ny-.

penyangkulan: see cangkul:

penyek; penyet; penyet: adj /lu/ flattened out, squeezed flat.
-me(p)enyekkan: v flatten sth
-terpenyek: v be flattened.

penyok1; penyok; penyot: adj /lu/ dented.
-mem(p)enyokkan: v dent sth.

penyok2: variant of penyek:

penyu: n /frm/lu/ 1 turtle. 2 tortoise shell.

peok: adj /lu/ 1 lame. 2 flat. hidung peok a flat nose.

peon: n messenger boy.

peot1: varaiant of penyok:

peot2: variant of peok:

pepatah: n /frm/lu/ aphorism.
-berpepatah: v speak with aphorisms.
-mem(p)epatahkan: v make an aphorism out of sth

papaya: varaiant of pepaya:

pepe; mem(p)epe: v /ld/ expose sth to sun, dry in sun.
-pepean: n sth dried in sun.

peped: variant of pepet:

pepek: n /vul/ vagina.

peper; paper: n /frm/lu/ essay.

pepes: n /ld/ meat or fish wrapped in a banana leaf and roasted.
-mem(p)epes: v cook sth in this way.

pepohonan: see pohon:

peptide: n /frm/ peptide.

peptidase: n /frm/ peptidase.

peptidisasi: n /frm/ peptization.

per: prep. adv /frm/lu/ 1 per, by the. per-kapita per-capita. per-lusin by the dozen. 2 as of such and such a date.

per-: pref. see also entries with pr-:

Per. {Perusahaan}: n enterprise, firm, concern.

per1: n /frm/lu/ spring.
-berper1: v have springs.
-berper: adj flexible
-mengeper: v be springy.-per keong: n spiral spring.
-per ­rambut: n very fine watch spring.

per2: ngeper: v /Jkt/ be scared, give up.

perabot; perabotan: n /frm/lu/ 1 utensils 2 tools,  spare parts,  accessories 3 furniture
-memperaboti: v furnish a house with furniture.

Peradin {Persatuan Advokat Indonesia}: n Indonesian Lawyer’s Association.

peraga: n /frm/lu/ visual aid.
-berperaga: v hold an exhibition.
-memperagakan: v exhibit, display.
-peragaan: n show, exhibition, display, presentation, demonstration, modeling.

peragawan: n /frm/lu/ male model or mannequin.

peragawati: n /frm/lu/ female model or mannequin.

perah; mem(p)erah: v /frm/lu/ 1 squeeze 2 milk.
-memerah sapi: v milk a cow.
-memerah keringat: v work hard to sweat and toil.
-sapi perahan: n 1 milk cow 2 /idiom/ as a target to have sth Dia memperlakukan saya seperti sapi perahan. He treats me as a source of what he wants.
-pemerah: n milker.
-pemerahan: n squeezing.

perahu: n /frm/lu/ boat.
-perahu dayung: n row boat.
-perahu lading: n longboat.
-perahu layar: n sailboat.
-perahu mayang: n deep-sea fishing boat. ­
-perahu mancung: n prow shaped canoe.
-perahu motor: n motorboat.
-perahu pendarat: n landing craft.
-perahu pinisi: n Buginese sailing craft.
-perahu rakit: n raft.
-perahu tambang: n ferry boat.

perajurit: variant of prajurit:

perak: n /frmlu/ 1 silver. 2 /Jkt/ rupiah. seratus perak a hundred rupiah.
-memperak: v become white like silver.
-keperak-perakan: adj silvery.
-perakan: n a rupiah coin or bill.
-lima perakan: n a five-rupiah note.

peraktik: variant of praktek:

peram; memeram: v /frm/lu/1 incubate |if a bird incubates its egg or if an egg incubates, it is kept warm under| Induk ayam itu sedang mengeram sepuluh telor. The hen is incubating ten eggs  2 ripen |if you covered a mature fruit to make it ripe faster, you “peram” it|

peran; peranan: n /frm/lu/ 1 role Apa peran utama dalam naskah itu? What is the main role in the script? 2 function Kamu harus menjaga peran kamu sebagai pimpinan dengan baik. You have to keep your function as the leader well. 3 character |a person in a book, play, movie etc.|  Saya tidak suka peran utama dalam cerita itu. I don’t like the main character in the story.
-berperan: v /intr/ 1 play a certain role or a character  2 function Dia berperan sebagai moderator pada seminar itu. He functioned as a moderator at that seminar.
-memerankan: v /tr/ play a certain role or character. Dia akan memerankan peran antagonis dalam film itu. She will play an antagonist character in the movie.
-pemeran: n 1 actor  2 functionary.

peranakan: see anak:

perancah: n /frm/lu/ scaffolding.

Perancis: variant of Prancis:

perang1; peperangan: n /frm/lu/ war, battle.
-berperang: v wage war.
-memerangi: v fight against.
-perang dunia: n world war.
-perang gerilla: n guerrilla war.
-perang paderi: n struggle between strict Muslims and adherents of customary law in the Minangkabau area in the early 19th century.
-perang mulut/lidah: n verbal quarrel
-perang saudara: n civil war.
-perang sabil/suci: n /Isl/ holy war
-perang salib: n crusade war.
-perang tanding: n duel

perang2: adj /frm/lu/ colors ranging from reddish blond to auburn (hair of plants, animals, or humans).

perangah; terperangah: v /frm/lu/ agape with surprise.

perangai: n /frm/lu/ 1 behavior,  disposition |the way someone tends to behave|  2 atti­tude |the way that you behave towards someone or in a situation|  Sejauh saya tahu dia memiliki perangai yang baik terhadap kita. As far as I know she has a good attitude towards us.
-berperangai: v 1 have a (certain) disposition. 2 be­have.

perangkap: see rangkap2:

perangkat: n /frm/ 1 apparatus, instrument. 2 means. 3 remedy.
-perangkat desa: n village apparatus
-seperangkat: n a set of (things) seperangkat hiasan pengantin a set of wedding jewellery

perangko: variant of prangko:

peranjak; terperanjak: v /frm/lu/ fall on sb’s behind.

peranjat; memperanjatkan: v /frm/lu/ startle, surprise.
-terperanjat: adj star­tled, surprised.

peranti: n /frm/ set of tools

peranti lunak: n /frm/lu/ software.

peranti keras: n /frm/lu/ hardware.

perapatan: variant of prapatan:

peras;  memeras: v /frm/lu/ 1 press 2 squeeze. 3 black­mail Seseorang memeras mereka lewat telepon. Someone blackmailed them by phone.
-peras jeruk: v squeeze citrus onto juice
-peras keringat: v toil |to work very hard for a long period of time|
-peras otak: v 1 rack sb’s brains.
-perasan; pemerasan: n 1 pressure, squeezing. 2 extortion. 3 ex­ploitation.

perasman: variant of prasman:

perawan: adj /frm/lu/ virgin 1 |the condition of land/forest etc. that is still in its natural state and has not been used or changed by people|  2  |the state of a girl that is without sexual experience| 3 |the condition of sth that never been used|
-perawan sunti: n a girl entering puberty.
-keperawanan: n virginity.

perawira: variant of perwira:

perbagai: variant of pelbagai:

perbahasa: variant of peribahasa:

perball: n /of/ 1 official report. 2 ticket. 3 police warrant, summons.
-memperbal: v to process a criminal charge.

perban: n /frm/lu/ bandage.
-perban kasa: n gauze bandage.
-memperbani: v dress a wound.

Perbanas {Perhimpunan Bank-bank Nasional Swasta}: n association of national private banks.

perbani: see bulan:

perbegu: n /frm/ heathen, atheist

perbekel: n /Bali/ village staff who take care public properties.

perc. {Percetakan}: n /lu/ printing house.

per kapita: n /frm/lu/ per capita.

percaya; mempercayai: v /frm/lu/1 believe |to be sure that something that has been told is true| Anak-anak sering percaya bahwa hewan dapat mengerti mereka. Children often believe (that) animals can understand them. 2 trust |to believe that someone is honest and will not hurt you, cheat you, disobey you etc.|  Saya selalu percaya dia I always trusted her. 3 Kamu bisa mempercayai dia soal mobil kamu? Can you trust him with your car? (believe he will not damage it?)
-dipercayai: be trusted Apa dia dipercayai memegang rahasia itu? Is she trusted to keep the secret?
-kepercayaan: n 1 faith |a strong belief that someone or something can be trusted to be right or to do the right thing|  Saya menaruh kepercayaan besar terhadap kemampuan dia untuk dapat berhasil. I have great faith in her ability to succeed. 2 belief |the feeling that something is definitely true or definitely exists| Kepercayaan mereka tentang kehidupan akhirat sangat kuat. Their belief in hereafter life is very strong. 3 trust |the belief that you can trust someone| Makan waktu tiga tahun untuk mendapatkan kepercayaan dia. It took three years to earn his trust.
-mempercayakan: v 1 entrust (sth) |to give someone something to be responsible for| Berat untuk mempercayakan tanggung jawab ini kepada seorang pegawai baru It’s difficult to entrust this responsibility to a new staff. 2 relay Kami mempercayakan keberhasilan misi ini kepada mereka. We are relying the success of this mission to them
-terpercaya(i): adj 1 reliable 2 be entrusted 3 trustful 4 believable

percik; memercik: v /intr/frm/lu/ splatter |if a liquid splatters, it hits against a surface|
-memercikkan: v /tr/ splatter
-memerciki: v /tr/ splatter or splash (sth) repeatedly
-percikan: n splash |a small amount of a liquid that has splashed or splattered onto something, or a mark made by this| satu percikan darah a splash of blood  percikan cat di celana saya. splashes of paint on my pants
-sepercik: n a splash

précis: variant of persis:

percit; memercit: v /frm/lu/ spurt forth strongly.
-terpecit: v dart away.

percuma: adj /frm/lu/ 1 useless 2 ineffectual 3 no use –see: cuma:

perdana: n /frm/lu/ 1 prime, principal perdana menteri prime minister waktu perdana prime time 2 premier, inaugural, first introduction to the public. penerbangan perdana inaugural flight.

perdata: adj /frm/lu/ civil Ini bukan bidang hukum pidana tetapi huokum perdata. This is not the concern of criminal law but civil law
-memperdatakan: v bring to a civil law court of justice.
-keperdataan: n matter related to civil law.

perdiping: n /of/ 1 storey |a floor or level of a building|  Ada balkon pada perdiping ke tiga. There’s a balcony on the third storey. gedung perdiping tiga a three-story building (=with three levels) –syn: /lu/ tingkat

perdu: n /frm/lu/ 1 clump (of bamboo, etc.). 2 lowest part of tree trunk.

perduli: variant of peduli;

pere: variant of perai:

pereman: variant of preman:

perempuan: n /frm/lu/ 1 woman, female.
-perempuan piaraan: n mistress.
-bersifat perempuan: adj feminine
-keperempuanan: n femininity.

perenang: n /frm/lu/ swimmer

perenggi: n /ld/ European.

perentang: see centang; perenang:

peretel: variant of pretel:

perfeksionis: n /frm/lu/ perfectionist.

perfeksionisme: n /frm/lu/ perfectionism.

perforasi: n /frm/lu/ perforation.

perforator: n /frm/lu/ hole puncher.

pergajul: variant of begajul:

pergedel: variant of pregedel:

pergi: v /frm/lu/ 1 go. Mari kita pergi sekarang. Let’s go now. 2 travel/move Kita bisa pergi dengan kereta api. We can travel by train. 3 die Ayahnya sudah pergi untuk selamanya. Her father has gone forever (has died)
-bepergian: v trip, travel  Mereka sedang bepergian They are on trip  Bepergian dengan kapal laut sangat menyenangkan Travelling by ship is enjoyable
-kepergian n leave, leaving Itu akan menjadi kepergian yang lama. It’s going to be a long leave.

peri1: prep. /frm/lu/ 1 peri-hal: on |concerning, relating to, about  having to do with| Saya akan memberi ceramah perihal krisis keuangan global. I’m going to lecture on global financial crises 2 means |the way or method to do sth| Katakan pada saya bagaimana peri melakukan itu! Tell me the means to do it! 3 events, circum­stances. Kalau peri seperti itu terjadi lagi, itu tidak akan bisa dimaafkan. If such events happene again it’ll not be tolerable.
-berperi: v /intr/ speak, tell
-berperikemanusiaan: adv humanly Mereka bertindak tanpa berperikemanusiaan. They acted inhumanly
-memeri: v /tr/ describe (sth).
-memerikan: v /tr/ relate
-keterperian: n accountability.
-peri-jam; perijam: adv clockwise Putarlah peri jam itu Turn the clock wise
-peri-laku: perilaku: n behavior |the way that a person or animal does or says things, or a particular example of this – laku = action ® perilaku = about action) Perilaku seperti itu tidak dapat diterima di sekolah ini. Such behavior is not acceptable in this school!
-pemeri: n /ling./ qualifier.
-pemerian: n 1 description 2 explanation 3 elaboration.
-perikeadilan: n the matter of justice
-perikehidupan: n the matter of life.
-perikemanusiaan: n 1 humanism 2 humanity.
-terperikan: adj 1 describable, explainable |most of the time used in a negative form – tak terperikan (indescribable)|  2 accountable.

peri2: n /frm/lu/ female celestial being of exceeding beauty.

peria1: variant of pria:

peria2: see pare:

periai: variant of priyayi:

peribahasa: n /frm/lu/ proverb.

peribumi: variant of pribumi:

perigi: n /frm/lu/ well, spring.
-perigi buta: n 1 dry well. 2 uncovered well.

perih: variant of pedih:

periksa; memeriksa: v /frm/lu/ 1 investigate, inspect, examine. 2 interrogate, scrutinize, check, control, inspect 3 cross-examine
-memeriksakan: v bring sb/sth to be examined.
-pemeriksa: n inspector, examiner, interrogator, controller, checker
-pemeriksaan: n 1 examination, investigation,  inspection 2 interrogation, checking, control, 3 cross-examination
-pemeriksaan air kencing: n urinalysis.
-periksa mayat: n autopsy
-periksa dokter: v see a doctor.
-ruang periksa: n examination room.

perinci: see rinci:

peringkat: n /frm/lu/ 1 rank |the position or level that someone has in an organization| Akan ada turnamen mencari sepuluh peringkat terbaik nasional tim bola basket. There will be a  tournament to find the ten-highest national rank of  basketball team.  Dia baru dipromosikan ke peringkat perwira menengah. He’s just been promoted to the rank of  middle high military officer.
-memeringkat: v to arrange by rank.

perintis: see rintis:

periode: n /frm/lu/ period (of time).

periodik; adj /frm/lu/1 periodic 2 regular pertemuan periodik regular meeting/periodic meeting

periodisasi: n /frm/lu/ division of history into periods.

perisai: n shield.

periskop: n /frm/lu/ periscope.

peristiwa: n /frm/lu/ 1 event, incident, happening, affair. 2 phenomenon.

periuk: n /frm/lu/ 1 caldron 2 cooking pot.
-periuk tanah: n earthenware.

perjaka: n /frm/lu/ 1 bachelor 2 unmarried man.

perjurit: variant of prajurit:

perkakas: n /frm/lu/ tools, implements, accessories, spare parts
-perkakas dapur: n kitchen utensils
-perkakas bedah: n surgical instruments.
-perkakas tenun: n weaving loom.
-berperkakas: adj equipped.
-memperkakasi: v equip

perkara: n /frm/lu/ 1 matter Perkara apa ini? What is the matter?  Itu sih perkara kecil! That is only a small matter! 2 legal case. Dia harus menghadapi perkara di pengadilan He is going to face a legal case with the court Apa itu perkara perdata atau perkara criminal? Is it a civil case or criminal case?

perkasa: adj /frm/lu/ 1 brave 2 vigorous 3 courageous. 2 physically power­ful, strong and robust.
-keperkasaan: n 1 courage. 2 power.
-dengan perkasa: adv courageously

perkedel: n /frm/lu/ croquette of spicy ground meat and boiled potatoes or other starch.

perkosa: mem(p)erkosa: v /frm/lu/ 1 rape  2 abuse sb’s right 3 violate regulation
-pemerkosaan: n 1 rape 2 abuse 3 violation
-pemerkosa: n rapist.

perkusi: n /frm/ percussion.

perkutut: n /frm/lu/ small turtledove.

perlahan: perlahan-lahan: adv /frm/lu/ 1 slowly Kami berjalan perlahan-lahan. We’re walking slowly. 2 softly (of voice) Dia mengucapkan kata itu perlahan-lahan. He pronounced  the words softly

perlak1: n /tech/ varnished, lacquered. |a clear liquid that is painted onto things that are made of wood, to protect them and give them a shiny surface|

perlak2: n /frm/ garden around a house.

perlak3: n /frm/lu/ rubber sheet used under bed sheets.

perlambang: variant of lambang:

perleng:; mem(p)erleng: v /inf/ 1 extend 2 prolong.

perlente: adj /frm/lu/ elegant, swell, dandy.
-keperlentean: n elegance.

perlip: v /inf/ fall in love.
-perlip-perlipan: v flirt each other .

perlop1: n /of/ leave |time that you are allowed to spend away from your work because you are ill, have had a baby etc.| Berapa lama perlop sakit yang kamu dapat? How much sick leave have you taken? –syn: /lu/ libur, cuti, istirahat

perlop2: v /of/ be on leave Dia sedang perlop sekarang. He is being on leave (vacation) now.
-memperlop: v give a leave Boleh tolong anda memerlopkan saya seminggu? Will you please give me a week leave?

perlu: adj /frm/lu/ 1 necessary |needed in order for you to do something or have something essential|  Jangan hubungi saya kecuali benar-benar perlu. Don’t call me unless it’s absolutely necessary. Mungkin perlu untuk menulis ulang makalah kamu. It may be necessary to rewrite your paper 2 be needed Minuman ringan mungkin perlu disiapkan. Soft drink may be needed to be prepared. Apa saja yang kamu perlukan untuk melakukan tugas itu? What else do you need to accomplish this task?
-keperluan: n necessity, need, requirement
-memerlukan: v need, require.

permadani: n /frm/lu/ carpet.

permai: adj /frm/lu/ pretty, beautiful.
-kepermaian: n beauty.

permaisuri: n /frm/lu/ queen

permak: v /frm/lu/ alter, change, modify, restyle
-dipermak: altered, changed, remodelled, restyled, modified. Gudang lama itu telah dipermak menjadi satu gudang penyimpanan berpendingin modern. The old warehouse has been modify into a modern cool storage . 2 be beaten  up. Pencopet itu di­permak orang banyak. The pickpocket was beaten up by the crowd
-permakan: n sth which has been remodeled.

perman: variant of firman:

permana2: adj /ltr/ careful.

permanen; adj /frm/lu/ permanent.

permata: n /frm/lu/ jewel, precious stone.
-permata mata: n the apple of sb’s eye.
-permata nila: n sapphire.

permen: n /frm/lu/ candy. (in general)
-permen batuk: n cough drop.
-permen karet: n chewing gum.

Permen {Peraturan Menteri}: n Ministerial Regula­tion.

Permias {Persatuan Mahasiswa Indonesia di Ame­rika Serikat}: Indonesian Students’ Association in America.

permil: n per thousand. tiga permil three parts in 1,000. (0,003)

permili: variant of family:

permisi1: n /frm/lu/ 1 permission. Tidak satu orangpun diperkenankan masuk tanpa permisi No body allowed to enter without permission. 2 leave  |abcent from work, school, etc.|to have a  time that you are allowed to spend away from your work because you are ill, have had a baby etc.| Berapa lama permisi sakit kamu? How many days were your sick leave  3 excuse Saya akan minta permisi dan akan pulang dari pesta lebih awal I’ll make an excuse and get away from the party early.

permisi2: v /frm/lu/ excuse 2 excuse  Permisi, saya mau ke kamar mandi sebentar. Excuse me, I want to go to a rest room for a moment.

pernah1: adv /frm/lu/ 1 once |on one occasion, or at one time| Pernah (sekali) saya bertemu dia di mall. Once I meet her in a mall. 2 ever Apa kamu pernah ke Tokyo? Have you ever been to Tokyo?  3 tidak pernah: never  Saya tidak akan pernah memaafkan kamu kalau ini terjadi lagi. I’ll never forgive you if this happen again.

pernah2: v /frm/lu/ be related (in a certain way) Pernah apa kamu dengan dia? Have you been related to him?

pernak-pernik: n /frm/lu/ 1 bric-a-brac |small inexpensive objects, used for decoration in a house| 2 needless complications, complexities

pernama: variant of purnama:

pernik: n /frm/lu/ 1 small beads. 2 little things. Penyelesaian  rumah baru banyak perniknya: Finishing touch of a new house needs lots of little things. 3 less-important things. Tanpa banyak pernik lagi dia pergi keluar. Without any further fuss and bother he went out.

pernis: n /frm/lu/ varnish.
-mem(p)ernis: v to varnish.

peroksida: n /tech/ peroxide.

peron: n /frm/lu/ railroad platform.

peronyok; terperonyok: adj /inf/lu/ crushed, crumpled.

perosok; terperosok: v /frm/lu/ 1 sink (into a pool) 2 slip (into a hole) 3 (unintentionally) be involved (in bad activity) Dia sudah terperosok kedalam jaringan pengedar narkoba. He has been involved into drug trafficking network.
-mem(p)erosokkan: v thrust sb/sth down into sth.

perosot: see rosot:

perotes: variant of protes:

perpelancongan: see lancong:

Perpres {Peraturan Presiden}: n presidential decree.

Perpu1 {Peraturan Pemerintah Pengganti Undang­-undang|: n governmental rule to substitute a certain law

Perpu2 {[Peraturan Pemilihan Umum}: n General Elections Rules.

perron: variant of peron:

pers: n /frm/lu/ press.

persada: n /lu/ltr/ homeland, group of nations that have a connection. Persada Indonesia The Indonesian father­land. tersapu dari persada Asia Tenggara ousted from the South East Asia countries.

persegi: see segi:

persekot: n /frm/lu/ 1 advanced payment 2 down payment 3 deposit 4 make pregnant before marriage.

persemakmuran: see makmur:

persen: n /frm/lu/ 1 percent 2 tip. 3 present to a subordi­nate 4 commission 5 discount.
-memerseni: v 1 reward sb with sth. 2 give a tip
-persenan: n percentage or tip given.

persentase: n /frm/lu/ percentage, rate. persentase melek huruf literacy rate.

persepsi: n /frm/lu/ perception.
-mempersepsikan: v perceive.

persero: n /frm/lu/ 1 share 2 shareholder, partner.
-perseroan: n com­pany.
-perseroan terbatas (P.T.): n limited liability company, Ltd., Inc. see sero:
-pesero: n 1 share holder 2 stake holder.

persetan: adv /inf/ to hell with. Persetan dengan uang kamu! Go to hell with your money!
-mempersetankan: v damn, send to the devil.

persik: n /lu/ peach |a round juicy yellow-red fruit that has a large rough seed and skin that feels fuzzy, or the tree on which it grows|.

persil: n /frm/lu/ lot, plot. persil parkir parking lot. persil perumahan housing plot

persil2; terpersil: v /frm/lu/ protrude 2 bulge.

persis: adv /frm/lu/ exactly, precisely. pesis pukul satu exactly at one o’lock. Kau persis seperti ibumu. You look exactly like your mother. Saya tidak tahu persis. I do not know exactly.

Persit {[Persatuan Isteri Tentara}: n army wives’ orga­zation.

persneling: n /lu/ gear, transmission.
-persneling mundur: n /lu/ reverse gear
-persneling otomatis: n automatic transmis­m.

person: n /frm/ person.

persona: n variant of person:

personal: adj /frm/lu/ personal

personalia: n /frm/lu/ personnel.

persona-non-grata: adj /frm/ persona non grata |fully unacceptable or unwelcome foreign country diplomatic staff|
-mempersona-non-gratakan: v consider or make sb a persona non grata.

personifikasi: n /frm/lu/ personification.
-mempersonifikasikan: v personi­fy.

personil: n /frm/lu/ staff, personnel.

perspektif: adj /frm/lu/ perspective.

persuasi: n /frm/lu/ persuasion.

persuasive: adj /frm/lu/ persuasive.

pertama: n /frm/lu/ first, the first. bab pertama the first chapter.
-pertama sekali: n the first time.
-pertama-tama: adv first of all.
-yang pertama: n the former (not the latter).
-yang pertama sekali: n the very first.
-mempertamakan: v prioritize

Pertamina {Perusahaan Pertambangan Minyak dan Gas Bumi Negara}: n state-owned oil company of Indonesia.

pertanda: n /frm/lu/ 1 sign 2 symbol 3 indication, omen

pertiwi: n /frm/lu/ earth.

pertusis’pertussis: n /med./tech/ whooping cough.

Perum1 {Perusahaan Umum}: n public corporation.

Perum2 {Perumahan}: n housing complex.

Perumnas {[Perumahan Nasional}: n National Housing ­Authority.

Perumtel{Perusahaan Umum Telekomunikasi}: n National (public) Telephone and Telegraph Corporation.

Peruri {Percetakan Uang Republik Indonesia}: n The Indonesian National Mint.

perut: n /frm/lu/ 1 stomach, belly |2 womb |the organ in a woman or female mammal where babies develop| 3 internal part of sth.
-memeruti: v remove the entrails.
-perut (usus) buntu: n appendix
-perut besar: n intestine.
-perut bumi: n the core of the earth.
-perut betis: n calf of leg.

Perwari {Persatuan Wanita Republik Indonesia}: n Or­ganization of Indonesian Women, a social and charitable woman’s club.

perwira: n /frm/lu/ 1 military officer. 2 brave, courageous
-perwira jaga: n duty officer
-perwira mene­ngah: n middle officer.
-perwira pertama: n officer of the lower ranks.
-perwira tinggi: n senior officer.
-perwira utama: n high ranking officer

perwira2: adj /frm/lu/ 1 brave 2 courageous. pahlawan yang perwira a courageous hero.
-keperwiraan: n heroism.

pes. {pesawat}: see pesawat:

pesaka: variant of pusaka:

pesalin: see salin:

pesan; pesanan: n /frm/lu/ 1 order 2 message.
-berpesan: v 1 order. 2 instruct, give a mes­sage.
-memesan: v order (goods, etc.), reserve (a place, room, ticket)
-memesankan: v order on behalf of, reserve a room for
-pesanan: n order, reservation
-pemesanan: n ordering, making reservation.

pesanggrahan: variant of pasanggrahan:

pesangon: n extra pay |given to sb who is laid off from his/her job|

pesan-pesan: n /ld/ poisonous centipede.

pesantren: n /frm/lu/ school of Koran studies for children and young people, most of whom are boarders.

pesara: variant of pusara:

pesat: adj /frm/lu/ quick, speedy, rapid. |done very quickly, or happening in a short time|  pertumbuhan ekonomi yang pesat. the economy’s rapid growth | perobahan politik yang pesat rapid political changes
-dengan pesat: adv quickly, rapidly, speedily.
-kepesatan: n quickness, speed, rapidity
-mempercepat: v quicken, speed up, make sth speeder

pesawat: n /frm/lu/ 1 set |a group of things that put together an become a unit of equipment| 2 extension 3 machine.
-pesawat telepon: n 1 telephone set 2 telephone extension.
-pesawat terbang/udara: n air plane.
-pesawat tempur: n war machine.
-pesawat peluncur: n glider.
-pesawat pembom: n bomber.
-pesawat pemburu: n fighter plane.
-television/radio set: n pesawat televisi/radio.

pesegi: variant of persegi; see segi:

pesek: adj /lu/ flat (nose) .

peser: n /frm/lu/ half cent Saya tidak punya uang sepeserpun I have no money at all. (I’m completely broke|.

pesero: variant of persero:

pesiar: n /frm/lu/ trip, journey.
-bepesiar: v take a trip for joy.

pesimis: adj /frm/lu/ pessimist, pessimistic.

pesimisme: n /frm/lu/ pessimism.

pesimistis: adj /frm/lu/ pessimistic.

pesinden: n /Jv/ woman singer with gamelan orchestra.

pesing: n .frm/ stench of urine.

pesirah: n /ld/ village chief in South Sumatra.

pesisir1: n /frm/lu/ beach, coastal area.

pesisir2: variant of pasisir.

pesok: adj /lu/ dented.
-mempesokkan: v cause a dent.

pesona: n /frm/lu/1 allure |a pleasant or exciting quality that attracts people| pesona satu perjalanan the allure of travel 2 appeal |the quality that makes you like or want something| pesona seks sex appeal 3 enchantment 4 impression.
-mempesona1; mempesonakan: v allure,  enchant, enthrall. attract, impress.
-mempesona2: adj enchanting, enthralling, attractive, impressive.
-tepesona: v be allured, be enthralled, be impressed (on)

pesong: adj 1 /lu/ crooked. 2 /inf/ mad, crazy
-terpesong: adj 1 go off course. 2 miss the target.

pesta: n /frm/lu/ 1 party pesta perkawinan wedding party 2  fiesta, festival |a time of public celebration, especially for a religious event| pesta dansa a dance pestival 3 celebration pesta ulang tahun kemerdekaan independence day celebration.
-berpesta: v to have a party, have a celebration.
-memestakan: v celebrate              .

pestipal: n /frm/lu/ festival.

pestisida: n /frm/lu/ pesticide.

pestol: variant of pistol:

pet: n /frm/lu/ cap with a visor.

peta: n /frm/lu/ 1 map. 2 chart. 3 picture
-memetakan: v map, chart.
-pemetaan: n 1 cartography. 2 mapping.
-peta angin: n weather map.
-peta bagan: n outline map.
-peta buta: n map with the names of places omit­ted.
-peta laut: n nautical chart.
-peta timbul: n relief map.
-terpeta: v be outlined, pictured.

Peta {Pembela Tanah Air}: Indonesian auxiliary troops in the Japanese occupation ..

petai: n /frm/lu/ tree that produces beans with pungent odour, widely eaten raw and cooked.
-petai cina: n tree planted to shade coffee or other plants, the leaves of which serve as fodder and green ma­nure and beans of which are edible – belongs to nitrogen fixing plants

petak1: n /frm/lu/ 1 compartment, partition, cabin. 2 garden bed, portion of a rice paddy.
-berpetak-petak: adj compartmentalized, partitioned, sec­tioned.
-petakan: n plot of land.
-pemetakan: n breaking up into parcels.
-sepetak (tanah): n a piece (of land)

petak2: n /ld/ white mark, blaze (on horse).

petak3; petak umpat: n /Jkt/ hide and seek (a paly).

petaka: n /frm/lu/ accident, disaster, misfortune.

petang1: n /frm/lu/ 1 afternoon Mereka akan tiba petang ini.They will arrive this afternoon. 2 sunset |the time of day when the sun disappears and night begins| Sesudah petang kami pulang ke rumah. After the sunset we went back home.
-sepetang: n the whole afternoon (of a day)

petang2: n /ld/ divination.
-kepetangan: n secret agent.
-petangan: n prediction.

petani: see tani:

petasan: n /frm/lu/ firecracker.

pete: variant of petai:

petentang-petenteng, petentengan: adv /inf/ with sb’s arms on the hips in an arrogant way.

peti: n /frm/lu/ case, chest, box
-berpeti-peti: adv by boxes
-mem(p)etieskan: v 1 put on ice box. 2 put on the back burner. Masalah itu dipetieskan The case has been closed
-mem(p)etikemaskan: v send with containers.
-memetikan: v crate, put in chest.
-peti es: n refrigerator
-peti jenazah/mayat: n coffin.
-peti kemas: n container (in shipping).
-peti mesiu: n powder keg.
-peti ­nyanyi: n phonograph.
-peti pendingin: n freezer.
-peti penge­ring: n dehumidifier.

petik: memetik: v /frm/lu/ pick |to pull or break off a flower or fruit from a plant or tree| Kami akan pergi ke kebun hari Sabtu untuk memetik apel. We’re going out to the farm on Saturday to pick apples. 2 enjoy, earn |to get something that you deserve|  Dia memetik kemenangan ini sebagai hasil latihannya yang sungguh-sungguh. She earned this victory as the fruit of his serious practicing 3 strum |to play an instrument such as a guitar by moving your fingers across the strings| Jarinya yang lentur memetik tali gitar dengan lembut. Her flexible fingers strum the guitar strings gently. 4 pull/squeeze  Dia membidik sasaran lalu dia petik pelatuk senjata itu. He aimed the target and pull the trigger of the gun. 5 quote |taking a part of a writing or speech| Saya petik kata-kata Bung Karno “Jadilah bangsa berdiri diatas kaki sendiri” I quote Bung Karno words “Be a self-determined nation” 6 release |to collect or to find news and  to let it be known publicly| Sebuah Koran memetik berita dari sumber terpercaya bahwa… A newspaper release a news from reliable sources that ….
-memetiki: v pick many things.
-petikan: n earning, quotation, trigger, release (of news)

petinggi: see tinggi:

petir: n /frm/lu/ thunderclap, thunderbolt.
-petir tunggal: n heavy crash of thunder

petisi: n /frm/lu/ petition.

petrokimia: n /frm/lu/ petrochemical.

petromax: n /lu/ kerosene pressure lantern.

petruk: n /Jv/ 1 one of the clowns in the wayang sto­ries. 2 funny-looking man.

petrus {penembak misterius}: n /frm/ mysterious gun­man.
-mempetruskan: v execute sb in a mysterious killing.

petsai: see pecai:

petua; petuah: n /frm/lu/ 1 religious advice 2 fatherly advice 3 wise proverb 4 fatherly saying
-berpetuah: v give advice.
-memetuahi: v give advice to.
-memetuahkan: v say sth as an advice, prescribe.

peyek: variant of rempeyek:

peyok; peyot: variant of peok; peot:

PGRI {Persatuan Guru Republik Indonesia}: n Indo­nesian Teacher’s Union.

PH {Piringan Hitam}: n phonograph record.
-memp-PH-kan: v make a record of.

pharmakologik: variant of farmakologi:

pharmasi: variant of farmasi:

Phb.1 {Perhubungan}: n communications.

Phb.2 {Penghubung}: n liaison (officer).

philatelis: variant of filatelis:

phinisi: n Bugis cargo boat.

phobi: n /frm/lu/ phobia |a strong, usually unreasonable, fear of something|  Arnold phobi terhadap ular Arnold has a phobia about snakes.

photo: variant of foto:

PI {Perhimpunan Indonesia}: n Indonesian Student organization in the Netherlands (pre –Independence)

piagam: n /frm/lu/ charter, contract, deed. Piagam Jakarta the Jakarta charter.
-mempiagamkan: v record in a charter.

piala: n /frm/lu/ 1  cup, trophy,  goblet. 2 piala ginjal: /anat./ pelvic region.

pialang: n /frm/lu/ intermediary, broker.
-berpialang: v buy through a broker.

piama: variant of piyama:

pianis: n /frm/lu/ pianist.

piano: n /frm/lu/ piano.
-berpiano: v play piano.

piara: see pelihara:

piatu: n /frm/lu/ motherless child.
-kepiatuan: n orphanage

piawai: adj /frm/lu/ skilled, sophisticated.
-kepiawaian: n skill, expertise.

pici: n /lu/ rimless cap, |usually made of black velvet|
-berpici: v wear this cap.

picik: adj /frm/lu/ narrow (the way of thinking)
-memperpicik (pikiran): v narrow (the way of thinking)

picing; sepincing: n /frm/lu/ 1 a wink 2 a moment. Saya tidak tidur sepicingpun semalam. I did not sleep even a moment last night.
-memincingkan (mata): v squint (sb’s eyes) |to look at something with your eyes partly closed in order to see better or because of bright light| Dia melihat saya memincingkan mata di terik matahari. He looked at me, squinting in the sun.

picis; picisan1: n /frm/lu/ amounts in multiples of 10 cents. tiga picis 30 cents. sepicis a 10-cent piece.
-picisan2: adj less-valuable, cheap, law in quality novel picisan unpopular novel.

picu; memicu: v /frm/lu/ 1 trigger |to make something happen|  Hujan lebat dapat memicu longsor. Heavy rain may trigger mudslides 2 cause Provokasi dia memicu kemarahan saya His provocation has caused my anger.

pidana: n /frm/lu/ 1 criminal  punishment. 3 pidana mati death punishment.
-memidana: v ­judge sb guilty
-mem(p)idanakan: v bring (sb) into a criminal case.
-kepidanaan: n penal law, penal law procedure.
-terpidana: n 1  prisoner 2 punished criminal
-terpidana mati: n punished criminal to death

pidanawan: n /frm/ prisoner. –syn: /frm/lu/ terpidana

pidato: n /frm/lu/ speech, address.
-pidato pembelaan: n plea for the defence.
-pidato pengukuhan: n inaugural speech.
-pidato sambutan: n welcoming speech.
-berpidato: v deliver a speech.
-mem(p)idatoi: v make a speech to.
-mem(p)idatokan: v say (sth) in a speech.

pigi: variant of pergi:

pigimana: variant of bagaimana:

pigmen: n /frm/ pigment.

pigura: n /frm/lu/ 1 picture, painting 2 figure, representation 3 frame of a picture
-mem(p)igurai: v put a frame (of a picture)
-terpigura: v be painted, represented, recorded, engraved  Namanya selalu terpigura di hati saya. His name always be engraved in my heart

pihak: n /frm/lu/ 1 behalf |on behalf of sb/on sb’s behalf if you do something on behalf of someone, you do it for him/her| Saya bicara dari pihak oposisi. I speak on behalf of the opposition, 2 side |one of the two or more person or persons that are involved in certain debate, business, etc.| Saya akan menandatangani perjanjian itu dari pihak pemerintah I’ll sign the agreement for the government side. 3 party Pasti ada pihak ketiga yang mencampuri perseteruan itu. There must be a third party who intervened the dispute.
-dipihak lain: adv on the other side
-keberpihakan: n the stand on behalf of sb/party.
-memihak: v stand on behalf of sb or a party.

pihutang: variant of piutang:

piil: variant of pel:

pijak; memijak: v /frm/lu/ 1 step |to bring your foot down on something| Yuly! Kamu pijak apa? Yuly! What did you step in? 2 set foot on Saya memijak batu-batu besar ketika menyeberang sungai. I set my feet on a big stones when I crossed the river.
-dipijak: v be stepped on
-pijakan: n pedal Taruh kaki kamu diatas pijakan lalu tekan. Put your feet on the pedal and then press it.
-terpijak: v be stepped Awas, lantai basah itu jangan terpijak Watch, the wet floor should not be stepped.
-/prov./ Dimana tanah kamu berpijak disitulah langit di junjung. Where the soil that you stepped on, there should be sky above you. (means: Where do you live, there the norm you should follow)

pijar: n /frm/lu/ 1 blazing, red-hot, glowing.
-berpijar-pijar: v glow |to shine with a gentle steady light|
-memijar: v 1 become glowing

pijar-pijar: n /ld/ borax.

pijat; pijatan: n /frm/lu/ massage |the action of pressing and rubbing someone’s body with your hands to reduce pain or make him/her relax| Larry memberi saya pijatan membantu punggung saya. Larry gave me a massage to help my back
-memijat: v 1 massage |to give someone a massage| 2 squeeze, press. memijat bel press the bell.
-memijati: v massage or press (sth) repeatedly.
-panti pijat: n massage parlor.
-pemijat: n massager.

pijat-pijat: n /ld/ bedbug.

pik2: {pikul}: n /of/ a quantity equal to 137 lbs

pikap: n /frm/lu/ 1 van, pick-up truck. 2 phonograph, hi-fi.

pikat1: n /ld/ horsefly.

pikat2; mem(p)ikat: adj /frm/lu/ attractive, allure, impressive, enticing.
-terpikat: v be enticed, be attracted, be impressed.
-pemikat: n attractiveness, allurement, enticement

pikat3: v /ld/ trap birds with sticky substance.

piket1: n /frm/lu/1 officer (on duty)  |sb or a group of people who is working at a particular time for a particular task| Siapa perawat piket kemarin. Who was the nurse on duty last night? 2 duty hour |a period of time when sb has to work and be responsible for a certain job| Sekarang sedang piket siapa? Whose duty hour is now.

piket2: v /frm/lu/ be on duty |work and responsible for sth during a certain time| Saya sedang piket ketika dia menelepon saya. I was on duty when she called me

pikir1; pikiran: n /frm/lu/1 opinion, idea. 2 thought.

pikir2; berpikir: v /intr/tr/frm/lu/ think Saya pikir dia tidak akan ikut pergi bersama kita. I think she wouldn’t go with us. Tanpa pikir panjang saya terima tawaran itu. Without thinking twice I accepted the offer.
-memikirkan: v /tr/ think (sth) Coba kamu memikirkan bagaimana caranya kita pergi kesana. Try to think how we should go there.
-berpikiran: v have an idea Dia berpikiran bahwa saya tidak suka pada dia. She has an idea that I don’t like her.
-pemikir: n thinker
-pemikiran: n thought, idea, opinion. Kita punya pemikiran sama terhadap dia. We have the same idea about her.
-pikiran pendek: adj thoughtless
-sepikiran: v have the same idea.

pikul: n /frm/lu/ a quantity equal to 137 lbs.
-memikul: v 1 carry on the shoulders. 2 shoulder 3 bear for sth.
-pikul resiko: v take a risk.
-pemikul: n bearer.
-terpikulkan: adj bearable.
-/prov./ Berat sama dipikul ringan sama dijinjing. (share equally in carrying heavy and light bur­dens) Stick together through thick and thin

pikun: adj /frm/lu/ senile |mentally confused or behaving strangely, because of old age|
-kepikunan: n senility.

pil; pill: n tablet.

pilah; memilah: v /frm/lu/ 1 sort 2 classify.
-pemilah: n sorter.
-pemilahan: n process of sorting.

pilar: n /frm/lu/ pillar.

pilek: v /frm/lu/ have a cold.

pilem: variant of film:

pilih; memilih: v /frm/lu/ choose 2 select 3 elect, vote
-berpilih-pilih: adj selective, choosy  |careful about what you choose to do, buy etc.| Dia sangat berpilih-pilih tentang apa yang harus dia pakai. She’s very selective about what kind of clothes she wears.
-pilih kasih: adj discriminative, partial
-pemilih: n selector, chooser, voter
-pemilihan umum: n general election.
-terpilih: adj elected, selected

pilin; berpilin: adj /frm/lu/ spiral, twist.
-berpili-pilin: adj twisting around.
-memilin: v ­1 wind. 2 entwine. twist.
-pilinan: n a twist, cord.
-terpilin: v be twisted  terpilin dalam kegelisahan twisted in anxiety.

Pilipina: variant of Filipin:

pilon: adj /frm/lu/ 1 stupid. 2 innocent, naïve
-berlagak pilon: v pretend to be naïve

pilot: n /frm/lu/ plane pilot.
-memiloti: v /tr/ pilot (a plane).

pilsapat: variant of filsafah:

pilu1; memilukan: adj /frm/lu/ 1 sorry 2 unhappy 3 remorseful 3 melancholy 4 regretful

pilu2; kepiluan: n /frm/lu/ 1 sorrow 2 sadness 3 unhappiness 4 woe

pimpin; memimpin: v /frm/lu/ 1 lead 2 guide 3 manage 4 commandant 5 commander 6 supervise 7 administer
-kepemimpinan: n 1 leadership 2 guidance 3 management 4 commandership 5 administration
-pimpinan: n 1 leader 2 management 3 guide 4 supervisor 5 commander 6 chief 7 administrator 8 chairman 9 moderator
-terpimpin: adj 1 well-leaded 3 well-managed 3 well supervised

pimpong: variant of pingpong:

pinak; anak pinak: n /l/ descendant.
-beranak pinak: v to have descendant.

pinalti: variant of penalty:

pinang: n /frm/lu/ areca nut |any of various tall palm tree of the genus Areca of Southeast Asia having white flower and red or orange egg shaped nut|
-meminang: v propose |ask sb to marry sb else|
-pinang muda: n matchmaker.
-pinang sirih: n mix­ture for chewing betel.
-pinangan: n proposal or application for marrying sb
-peminang: n applicant.
-/prov:/ Seperti pinang dibelah dua Like two peas in a pod.

pinatua: variant of penetua: n /frm/ church elder.

pincang: adj /frm/lu/ 1 lame, crippled. 2 not normal  |hav­ing a defect so that things are not even or smooth|. Mesin mobil ini kedengaran pincang. This en­gine sounds as if it is not normal (not hitting on all cylinders)
-kepincangan: n 1 lameness. 2 defect. 3 imbalance 4 gap 5 disharmony. Kepincangan antara si kaya dan si miskin Disharmony between the rich and the poor
-mem(p)incang: adj imbalanced, weightier on sb side than the other, lean toward. Gaya hidup yang memincang ke pola hidup mewah. The life style that leans towards extravagancy
-mem(p)incangkan: v cripple sth
-pemincangan: n action of crippling
-sepincang: n 1,5 cents.

pencil: n /ld/ bunch, strand.

pindah: v /frm/lu/ 1 move. Dia pindah bulan lalu He moved last month 2 change, transit or make a transit. Mereka sudah pindah alamat. They have changed the address. Kita akan pindah (pesawat) di Sukarno-Hatta. We’ll transit in Sukarno-Hatta. 3 transmit |to send or pass something from one place, person etc. to another| Virus itu pindah melalui darah. The virus is transmitted through the blood. 4 migrate Burung-burung ini akan pindah musim panas yang akan datang. These birds will migrate next summer.
-memindahkan: v /tr/ transfer Saya perlu memindahkan $1000 ke rekening ini. |I need to transfer my $ 1000  to this account.
-berpindah-pindah: v keep moving.
-kepindahan: n moving, transferring, transiting, migrating |the state of being move| Kepindahan mereka membuat lingkungan ini sepi. Their moving made this  community lonely.
-pemindahan: n moving, transmitting, transferring, transiting, changing (the act of to move sth) Saya akan melakukan pemindahan rekening sore ini. I’m going to make an account transferring this afternoon.
-perpindahan: n movement, transit, change, transmission. transformation (the process of moving) Perpindahan itu sudah lama direncanakan. The transformation has been planned since a long time ago.
-pindah bola: n /sport/ service over
-pindah tangan: v ownership transfer.

pindang: n /ld/ preserve large fish or meat with salt without drying.
-memindang: v pre­serve fish or meat.
-pemindang: n materials that are used for making this dish.
-pemindangan: n 1 the process of making such dish 2 the place for making such dish.
-pindang bandeng:
n 1 salted milkfish. daging 2 beef soup with tamarind.

pinding: see kepinding:

pinggan: n /frm/lu/ dish, plate.
-pinggan kerang: n large and shallow plate
-pindang mangkuk: n deep plate

pinggang: n /frm/lu/ 1 waist. 2 loins.
-pinggang gunung: n mountain slope.

pinggir: n /frm/lu/1 edge, seam. 2 border.
-berpinggir: v have an edge, border or seam.
-berpinggiran: v have (sth) as the edges or borders.
-meminggirkan: v /tr/ 1 exclude 2 put (sth) on the outermost edge. 3 sweep (sth) aside
-minggir: v /intr/ go to the outermost edge.
-dipinggirkan: v 1 be putted on the outermost edge 2 be excluded
-pinggiran: n 1 edges 2 coastal area 3 outskirts 4  boundary pinggiran jendela windowsill.

pinggul: n /frm/lu/1 hip. 2 behind, rear.

pingin: see kepingin:

pingit; memingit: v /frm/lu/ exclude (from public) |in the old time some parents exclude their marriageable girl, before they find a favourable young man to be their son in law|
-berpingit: v exclude (himself/herself) at a secluded place|
-pingitan: n sb who has been kept at secluded place.

pingkal; variant of pingkel:

pingkel; terpingkel-pingkel: v /frm/lu/ loosely laugh. –syn: /frm/lu/ terbahak-bahak

pingpong: n /frm/lu/ ping-pong.
-mem(p)ingpong: v treat sb unfairly |if you were asked to meet sb and that the person asked you to meet the other person and finally nobody serve you|

pingsan: adj /frm/lu/ 1 unconscious. 2 fainted.

Pingster: n /ld/ Pentecostal sect.

pinisepuh: n /Jv/ elders (of a village or any organization).

pinisi: variant of phinisi:

pinjak: variant of pijak:

pinjal: n /ld/ flea.

pinjam; meminjam: v /frm/lu/ 1 borrow (from) 2 lend
-meminjamkan: v 1 lend (sth) to sb |to let someone borrow something that you own, which s/he will give back to you later| Apa kamu dapat meminjamkan sepeda kamu kepada saya? Could you lend your bike to me? 2 loan |to lend someone something, especially money| Dapat kamu meminjamkan $20 kepada saya sampai hari Sabtu? Can you loan $20 to me until Saturday?
-meminjami: v lend (sb) sth Apa kamu dapat meminjami saya sepeda kamu? Could you lend me your bike? Can you loan me $ 20 until Saturday?
-pinjaman: n loan.
-peminjam: n borrower.
-peminjaman: n bor­rowing, lending. Peminjaman itu akan berlangsung selama satu bulan. The borrowing will last for a month.

pinset: n /frm/lu/ tweezers, pincers.

pinsil: n see pensil:

pinta1; mem(p)inta: v /frm/lu/ 1 ask 2 request. 3 order
-permintaan: n request, order, demand
-peminta-minta: n beggar.

pintal; berpintal: adj /frm/lu/ tangled.
-memintal: v spin, twine.
-pintalan: n ball of twine.
-pemintal: n 1 sb whose job is to thread or twine. 2 spinning wheel |the tool used to thread or twine|
-pemintalan: n 1 spinning. 2 spinning factory.

pintar: adj /frm/lu/ 1 clever, smart. 2 skilled at, able (to do sth) 3 do sth very well  Dia pintar berbahasa Inggris He speaks English very well
-kepintaran: n cleverness, skill, expertise
-pintar busuk: adj cunning, crafty.
-sepintar: adv as smart as.

pintas; memintas: v /frm/lu/ pass |to move from one place to another, following a particular direction| Kami memintas melalui Puncak dalam perjalanan ke Bandung We passed through Puncak on our way to Bandung. Kamu harus memintas menyeberang sungai lalu belok kiri. You have to pass over the river and then turn to the left.
-jalan pintas: n short cut, by pass |a road that goes around a town or other busy place rather than through it
-sepintas (lalu): adv at a glance  Saya melihat dia sepintas tadi pagi I saw her at a glance this morning.|

pinter: variant of pintar:

pintu: n /frm/lu/ door, gate.
-pintu air: n sluice, floodgate |a passage for water to flow through, with a gate that can stop the water if it’s necessary|
-pintu angin: n porthole, vent.
-pintu darurat: n emergency exit.
-pintu geladak: n hatchway.
-pintu gerbang: n 1 main entrance 2 front gate.
-pintu geser: n sliding door.
-pintu keluar: n exit.
-pintu kupu-kupu: n swing­ing door.
-pintu lipat: n folding door.
-pintu masuk: n entrance
-pintu putar: n revolving door. ­
-sepintu (rumah): n a house.
-pintu sorong: n sliding door.

pinus: n /frm/lu/ pine tree.

pinuisasi: n /frm/lu/ reforestation with pines.

pion: n /frm/lu/ pawn.

pionir: n /frm/lu/ pioneer.

pipa: n /frm/lu/ pipe 1 |a tube through which a liquid or gas flows| pipa air water pipe pipa plastic plastic pipe (hose) 2 a thing used for smoking tobacco, consisting of a small tube with a container shaped like a bowl at one end| Hariman senyum dan menyulut pipanya. Harriman smiled and lit his pipe.
-memipa: v bring sth (water, oil, etc) through a pipe.
-pipa buangan: n exhaust pipe

pipet: n /frm/lu/ pipette.

pipi: n /frm/lu/ cheek.

pipih: adj /frm/lu/ flat, thin.
-memipih: v flatten.

pipil; memipil: v /frm/lu/ loosen beans, grains from shell.
-pipilan: n sth shelled.

pipis1: v /child language/ urinate.

pipis2; memipis: v /frm/lu/ mash, crush up.

pipit1: n /frm/lu/ sparrow.

pipit2: n /chlld language/ penis.

pipit3: n /inf/lu/ mouthpiece of a wind instrument.
-mem(p)ipit: v press.

pyramid; piramida: n /frm/lu/ pyramid.

pyramidal: adj /frm/lu/ pyramidal.

pirang1: variant of perang:

pirang2: adj /frm/lu/ golden |having a bright shiny yellow color|  rambut pirang golden hair

piranti: variant of peranti:

pirasat: variant of firasat:

Piraun: variant of Firaun:

pirdaus: variant of firdaus:

piring: n /frm/lu/ plate (dish plate)
-piring ceper: n shallow dish plate
-piring dalam: n deep dish plate
-piring terbang: n UFO (unidentified flying object)
-piringan hitam: n phono­graph record.
-memiring hitamkan: v record on a pho­nograph record.

pyrometer: n /frm/ pyrometer.

pirsa; pemirsa: n /frm/lu/ audience (TV audience).

pirsawan: n /frm/lu/ audience.

pirus: n /frm/lu/ 1 virus 2 (batu) pirus:  turquoise (gem).

pis1: n bolt of cloth.

pis2: variant of pipis:

pisah; berpisah: v /intr/frm/lu/ separate |no longer living with your husband, wife, or sexual partner| Orang tuanya berpisah tahun lalu. Her parents separated last year. Pada titik ini satelit akan berpisah dari peluncurnya. At this point the satellite will separate from the launcher.
-memisah(kan): v /tr/ 1 separate |to divide or split something into two or more parts, or to make something do this| Tsunami telah memisahkan anak itu dari orang tuanya Tsunami separated the children from their parents Pak John memisahkan siswa kedalam empat kelompok. Mr John separated the class into four groups.
-pisah ranjang: adj not anymore live together but formally or legally still a couple.
-perpisahan; n 1 divorce, separation, division disunion, segregation. |the state or condition of being separated or divorced.| Perpisahan orang tua merupakan pengalaman pahit buat anak-anak. Separation of the parents is a bitter experience for the children. 2 pesta perpisahan: farewell party.
-pemisahan: n divorcing, separating, dividing |the act to divorce, divide, separate, etc.| Pemisahan anjing dan kucing itu adalah satu cara mengurangi suara ribut-ribut. Separating the dog and the cat is one way to reduce noise.
-pemisah: n separator, divider, partition.

pisang: n /frm/lu/ banana.
-goreng pisang: n fried banana.
-pisang ambon: n large green banana.
-pisang batu: n banana with seeds.
-pisang goreng: n ba­nana that is suitable to be fried
-pisang raja: n large, sweet banana.
-pisang sale: n dried banana (as snack).
-pisang susu: n starchy banana with light yellow skin.

pisau: n /frm/lu/ knife.
-berpisau: v have a knife.
-pisau bedah: n scalpel.
-pisau belati: n dagger.
-pisau cukur: n razor.
-pisau lipat: n pocket knife.
-pisau raut: n carving knife.
-pisau silet: n safety razor.

pisik: variant of fisik:

pispot: n /frm/lu/ chamber pot.

pistol: n /frm/lu/ 1 pistol 2 revolver.
-berpistol: v carry a pistol.
-pistol air: n water pistol.
-pistol angin: n air pistol.
-memistol: v ­shoot with a pistol.
-pistol-pistolan: n toy pistol.

pita: n /frm/lu/ 1 ribbon. 2 tape
-pita mesin tutis: n typewriter ribbon.
-pita cukai: n revenue stamps.
-pita isolasi: n scotch tape.
-pita meteran: n measur­ing tape.
-pita perekat: n cellophane tape. ­
-pita suara: n vocal cords.
-pita video: n video tape.

pitam: n /frm/lu/ 1 dizziness |a feeling of not being able to balance yourself, especially after spinning around or because you feel sick|  2 naik pitam: get fit |an uncontrolled anger or emotion| Ibu akan naik pitam kalau melihat apa yang telah kamu perbuat. Mom’s going to have a fit after looking what you’ve done. 3 apoplexy  5 epilepsy. 6 paralytic stroke.

piting1; memiting: v /frm/lu/ clinch, hold tightly with arms
-berpiting-pitingan: v clinch each other
-memitingi: v clinch repeatedly.
-petinju piting: n clinching fighter.
-pitingan: n hold, clinch.

piting2: variant of fitting:

pitrah: variant of fitrah:

piun: variant of pion:

piutang: n /frm/lu/ 1 credit 2 claim, receivable accounts.
-berpiutang: v have a claim to be collected.
-mem(p)iutangi: v lend money to sb else.
-mem(p)iutangkan: v give (sth) as a credit.
-pem(p)iutang: n creditor.
-piutang ­macet: n bad debt.

piyama: n pajamas.

Pj. {Pejabat}: n /wrt/ official.

Pjs. {Pejabat sementara}: n ad interim (temporary official)

pk. {pukul}: adv o’clock. |one of the times when the clock shows the exact hour as a number from 1 to 12| pukul 2:00 two o’clock

PK: {Paardekracht}: n /of/ HP (horsepower).

P3K {Pertolongan Pertama pada Kecelakaan}: n First Aid.

PKI {Partai Komunis Indonesia}: n Indonesian Com­munist Party.

PKK {Pendidikan Kesejahteraan Keluarga}: n program at village level to educate women on various aspects of family welfare.

pl-: pref. /frm/lu/ see also entries with pel-:

PL {Perjanjian Lama}: n Old Testament. (Bible)

plafon; plafond: n /lu/ ceiling.

plagiat: n plagiarism.

plagiator: n plagiarist.

plein: n /frm/lu/ airplane.

plakat: n /frm/lu/ poster.

plaksegel: n /frm/lu/ seal |an official mark or stamp with nominal price that is put on documents, objects etc. in order to prove that they are legal or real Surat perjanjian itu dibubuhi plaksegel berharga Rp 6000. The letter of agreement had a Rp 6000 seal on it.

plamir; plamur: n /frm/lu/ putty |spackle for painting|
-memplamir: v spackle.

plang: n /frm/lu/ 1 sign post 2 gate.
-plang kereta api: n railroad crossing gate.

planit: n /frm/lu/ planet.

plankton: n /frm/lu/ plankton.

planologi: n /frm/lu/ city planning.

plan-plan: variant of pelan-pelan:

plas-plosan: see ceplas-ceplos:

plastik: n /frm/lu/ plastic.

plastis: adj /frm/lu/ plastic.
-keplastisan: n plasticity.

plastisitas: n /frm/lu/ plasticity.

plat: variant of pelat:

platina: n /frm/lu/ 1 platinum. 2 /auto/ distributor contact, points.

plebisit: n /frm/lu/ plebiscite |a system by which everyone in a country votes on an important national decision|

pledooy; pledoy; pleidoi: n /lu/law/ defense.

plek: n /frm/lu/ stain, spot.

pleno: adj /frm/lu/ full, plenary.
-sidang pleno: n plenary session.
-memplenokan: v /tr/ discuss (sth) in a plenary session. Hal ini akan diplenokan Rabu malam. This matter will be discussed  in a plenary session Wednesday night.

plester: n /frm/lu/ 1 adhesive tape 2 plaster |a substance used for covering walls and ceilings to give them a smooth surface|
-plesteran: n sth that has been plastered

pletat pletot: adj /inf/ not neat, not straight, not round.

pletik: n /ld/ poetic word for sth small ejected.
-pletikan: n 1 a small thing ejected. 2 sparks.

pliket: variant of peliket:

plin-plan; plintat-plintut: adj /frm/lu/ tangled  |not consistent – now say yes and then say no – swaying with the wind, following whatever opin­ion is dominant|

plin-planisme: n /frm/lu/ opportunism |tendency to follow whatever idea is dominant|.

plintir: variant of pelintir:

plisir: variant of pelesir:

PLM {Perahu Layar Motor}: n sailboat equipped with auxiliary engines.

PLN {[Perusahaan Listrik Negara}: n State Electricity Enterprise.

ploi: n /frm/lu/ pleat |a flat fold in a skirt, pair of pants, dress etc.|

ploksok: n /ld/ connecting pipe socket with two differ­ent sizes. (combined pipe connector)

plonci;, plonco: variant of plonci; plonco:

PLP {Pendidikan Latihan Pertempuran}: n combat training.

pluit: variant of peluit:

plus: prep. /frm/lu/ 1 /math./ plus. |used when one number or amount is added to another| Tiga plus enam sama dengan sembilan Three plus six equals nine. (3+6=9) | Jas itu berharga $25 plus pajak. The jacket costs $25 plus tax.

PM1 {Perdana Menteri}: n prime minister.

PM2 {Polisi Militer}: n military police.

PMA {Penanaman Modal Asing}: n foreign invest­ment.

PMDN {Penanaman Modal Dalam Negeri}: n domes­tic investment.

PMI {Palang Merah Indonesia}: n Indonesian Red Cross.

PN1 {Perusahaan Negara}: n state enterprise.

PN2 {Pengadilan Negeri}: n District Court of Justice

PNG {Papua-Nugini}: n Papua-New Guinea.

PNI {Partai National Indonrisia}: n Indonesian Nationalist Party.

PO {Perusahaan Otobis}: n bus company.

poci: n /frm/lu/ teapot.

pocok; memocok: v /frm/lu/ 1 cut 2 take sth partly

pocong: n /frm/lu/ an oath of innocence
-mem(p)ocong: v wrap in a shroud.
-pocongan: n shroud.

podium: n /frm/lu/ stage

pohon1: n /frm/lu/ 1 tree. 2 origin, cause, basis
-pepohonan: n trees, timber
-pohon bahasa: n basis of language.
-pohon mata: n inner corner of the eye.
-pohon kejahatan: n the root of all evil.
-pohon telinga: n base of ear.

pohon2: variant of mohon:

pojok: n /frm/lu/ 1 corner  2 newspaper column con­taining pithy comments on the news.
-keterpojokan: n state of being forced into a corner.
-memojok: v go to the corner.
-memojokkan: v force (sb) into a corner. |to move closer to a person or an animal so that he, she, or it cannot escape|  Gaby memojokkan Alvin dalam rapat dan minta dia mengundurkan diri. Gaby cornered Alvin in the meeting and asked him to resign.
-pojokan: n street corner.
-terpojok: v be forced into a corner.

pok: see mpok:

pokok: n /frm/lu/ 1 trunk |the thick central wooden stem of a tree that branches grow on| Pokok pohon itu sangat besar The trunk of the tree is very big. 2 main Apa pokok persoalannya? What is the main problem? 3 be­ginning Apa yang menjadi pokok pertengkaran kalian? What was the beginning of your quarrel? 4 capital, stake Berapa pokok usaha yang kamu butuhkan? How much do you need for the capital of your business. 5 subject Nomina adalah kata yang dapat digunakan sebagai pokok satu kalimat? Noun is a part of speech that can be used for the subject of a sentence. 6 cause Apa yang menjadi pokok perselisihan mereka? What was the cause of their quarrel?
-berpokok: v 1 to have capital 2 berpokok pada: based on
-pada pokoknya: adv basically Pada pokoknya saya tidak setuju rencana itu. Basically I don’t agree with that plan.
-pokoknya: noun phrase the main thing is. Tidak perlu bawa apa-­apa, pokonya kamu harus datang. You don’t need to bring anything, the main thing is that you have to come.
-pokok bahasan: n topic of the discussion.
-pokok pikiran: n view point
-pokok kata: n the root of a word.

pokrol: n /frm/lu/ attorney, lawyer.
-pokrol bambu: n /lu/inf/ 1 unlicensed law­yer 2 debater 3 talker
-pokrol-pokrolan: n petty debate

pol1: adj /inf/lu/ 1 complete, full Saya bekerja pol di situ. I work full-time at that place. Itu belum dibayar pol. It’s not been fully paid yet.  2 to the fullest extent. Putar volume radio itu sampai pol Turn the volume of the radio to the fullest extent. Bisnya sudah pol The bus is full. –syn: /frm/lu/ penuh
-mempolkan: v fulfil |make sth full|  Jadikanlah itu sebuah program yang pol Make it a full-fledged program .

pol2: variant of volt:

pola: n /frm/lu/ 1 pattern, model |a shape that you copy onto cloth, paper etc. when making something, especially clothing|  sebuah pola rok a skirt pattern. 2 design |a drawing or plan that shows how something will be made or what it will look like| 3 sys­tem |the set of  how sth is done| pola pertumbuhan ekonomi the way of economic growth taking place.
-mempolakan: v make sth a pattern

polan;  si polan: pron. /frm/lu/  So-and-so. Sipolan mengatakan hal pada saya Mr so and so told me that

Polandia: n Poland.

polang-paling: v /inf/ whirl.

polantas {polisi lalu lintas}: n /lu/ traffic police.

polarisasi: n /frm/lu/ polarization.
-mempolarisasi: v polarize .

polas-poles: v /inf/ paint, smear sth

polemik: n /frm/lu/ polemic.
-berpolemik: v engage in a polemic.
-mempolemikkan: v /tr/ carry out a debate over sth.

polenter: n volunteer.

poles: v /frm/lu/ polish.
-mem(p)oles: v 1 polish. 2 apply makeup.
-mem(p)oleskan: v /tr/ apply sth to polish sth Dia memoleskan tipis warna biru di tembok. He polished a thin blue colour on the concrete wall
-memolesi: v /tr/ to polish stsh repeatedly.
-polesan: n polish |a result of polishing on a surface| Polesan sekali-sekali akan membuat meja tetap seperti baru. An occasional polish will keep the table looking new. polesan garis tipis a thin line.

polgas: prep. /inf/lu/ at full speed.
-mempolgas: v accelerate to the fullest speed. Truk itu dipolgaskan The truck drove off at full speed.

poli {poliklinik}: n /frm/lu/ polyclinic.

poliandri: n /frm/lu/ polyandry.

poligami: n /frm/lu/ polygamy.

poligamis: adj /frm/lu/ polygamist.

polygon: n /frm/lu/ polygon.

poliklinik: n /frm/lu/ polyclinic.

polis: n /frm/lu/ policy  (of insurance)

polisi: n /frm/lu/ police.
-akademi kepolisian: n police academy.
-kepolisian: n 1 police quarter 2 police-related matter
-polisilalu-lintas: n traffic police.
-polisi  pera­iran: n 1coast guard. 2 harbor police.
-polisi tidur: n traffic bump.
-polisi-polisian: n fake police.

polisionil: adj /frm/lu/ having to do with the police.
-aksi polisionil: n police action.

politeis: n /frm/lu/ polytheist.

politeisme: n /frm/lu/ polytheism.

politeknik: n /frm/lu/ polytechnic.

politik1: n /frm/lu/ 1 politics |ideas and activities that are concerned with gaining and using power in a country, city etc.| Saya tidak ada pengalaman di politik. I have no experience in politics Politik tidak menarik perhatian saya. Politics doesn’t interest me. 2 policy |a way of doing things that has been officially agreed and chosen by a political party or organization|  politik luar negeri pemerintah. the government’s foreign policy 3 trick |something you do in order to deceive someone| Itu hanya politik dia untuk menarik perhatian kita. It’s only his trick to attract our attention.

politik2: adj /frm/ political Kamu masuk partai politik mana? What political party you belong to?
-mem(p)olitiki: v /tr/ manipulate (sb/sth) Dia pandai mempolitiki teman-temannya. He is skilful to manipulate his friends.
-memperpolitisir: v politicize
-politik praktis: n power gaining-oriented politics.
Note: If you mean  “policy” entry 1 (2) |a way of doing things that has been officially agreed and chosen by a political party or organization| in some cases can be substituted with “kebijakan” e.g. kebijakan perpajakan taxes policy; kebijakan fiska. fiscal policy  In most  cases we don’t say “politik perpajakan”; “politik fiskal

politikus: n /frm/lu/ politician.

politis: adj /frm/lu/ political. tujuan politis political goals.

politisasi: n /frm/lu/ politicization.

politisi: n /frm/lu/ politicians.

politur: variant of pelitur:

polo: n /sports/ polo. polo air water polo.

polok; mem(p)olok: v /inf/ swallow, bolt down.

polos: adj /frm/lu/ 1 plain |without anything added or without decoration or variation| sepotong kain biru yang polos a plain blue suit 2 naïve |lacking experience, so most people believe that a naïve people would never intentionally hurt the feeling of others| Saya kira dia tidak akan mampu berbuat hal seburuk itu, saya tahu dia adalah orang polos. I don’t think that he would be able to do such bad thing, I know that he is a naïve person.
-kepolosan: n plainness, straightfor­wardness (on speaking), naivety

polowijo: variant of palawija:

Polri {Polisi Republik Indonesia}: n Indonesian Police.

polsus {polisi khusus}: n /frm/lu/ police with special task.

polsuska {polisi khusus kereta api}: n railway police.

polusi: n /frm/lu/ pollution.

polutan: n /frm/lu/ pollutant.

polwan {polisi wanita}: n /frm/lu/ female police.

Polwil {polisi wilayah}: n /frm/lu/ local police.

Pom {Polisi Militer}: n /frm/lu/ military police.

POM1{Persatuan Orang Tua Murid}: n Student’s Parents Asso­ciation.

POM2 {Pengawasan Obat dan Makanan}: n Food and Drug Control (a governmental body).

pomade: n /frm/ pomade.

pom hensin: n /frm/lu/ gas station.

POMG {Persatuan Orang Tua Murid dan Guru}: n Student’s Par­ent-Teachers Association.

pompa: n /frm/lu/ pump.
-mem(p)ompa: v pump.
-mem(p)ompakan: v /tr/ 1 pump sth 2 push sth Indoktrinasi berarti memompakan satu ide ke otak seseorang. Indoctrination means to pump an idea into sb’s mind.
-pompa air: n water pump.
-pompa bensin: n gas station
-pemompaan: n pumping (up).

pompanisasi: n /frm/lu/ provision of water pumps in an area.

PON {Pekan Olahraga Nasional}: n National Games.

pon1: n /frm/lu/ pound |a unit for measuring weight, equal to 16 ounces or 453.6 grams|

pon2: n 3rd day of Javanese week.

ponakan: see keponakan:

ponco: n /frm/ poncho.

pondamen: variant of fondamen:

pondok: n /frm/lu/ 1 cottage, hut, cabin. 2 Muslim boarding school.
-memondok: v to board.
-memondoki: v room, stay, board at. Mereka memondoki rumah ini sejak tahun lalu They stay at this house since last year.
-memondokkan: v provide lodgings.
-pemondokan; pondokan: n lodgings, rooming house.
-pemondok: n boarder, tenant.

pongah: adj /frm/lu/ conceited, arrogant
-berpongah-pongah: v boast, brag.
-kepongahan: n conceit, arrogance.

ponggawa: variant of punggawa:

ponim: variant of fonem:

ponis: variant of vonis:

pontang-panting: adv /frm/lu/ (run) helter skelter, in any direc­tion. Dia lari pontang-panting. He ran away at top speed (without caring where to go).

ponten1: n /of/ 1 pints, grades |a particular quality that someone or something has| -syn: /lu/ nilai
-memonten: v grades |to give a grade to an examination paper or to a piece of school work| Saya gunakan akhir pekan memonten hasil ujian. I spent the weekend grading tests

ponten2: n /frm/lu/ 1 fountain. 2 public bath and toilet.

pontoon: n /frm/ pontoon.

pop: adj /frm/lu/ popular lagu-lagu pop pop music.

popi: n /frm/ doll.

popok: n /frm/lu/ diaper.
-mem(p)opoki: v put on diaper
-mem(p)opokkan: v /tr/ place on sth such as medicine, plaster, etc.

popokan: n /ld/ ghost: see momok:

popor: n /frm/lu/ rifle butt.
-mem(p)opor: v hit with rifle butt.

popularitas: n /frm/lu/ popularity.

populasi: n /frm/lu/ population (in a study).

populer: adj /frm/lu/ popular.
-mempopulerkan: v popularize.
-kepopuleran: n popularity.

populis: adj /frm/lu/ pertaining to popular culture. sebuah lakon populis a play of a popular culture.

porak-poranda: variant of porak-peranda:
-memporak-porandakan: v bring or make sth disorder.

pordeo: variant of prodeo:

pori; pori-pori: n /frm/lu/ pore.
-berpori-pori: adj porous.
-keporian: n porosity.

porlak: n /Btk/ garden

pormil: variant of formal:

pormulir: see formulir:

porno: adj /frm/lu/ pornographic.

pornografi: n /frm/lu/ pornography.

poros: n /frm/lu/ 1 axis |the line or imaginary around which something turns, for example a globe| 2 pivot |a fixed central point or pin on which something balances or turns|  3 poros halang /football/ centre half player.
-berporos: v have the axis Kedua roda belakang sebuah mobil berporoskan satu batang baja bulat. The two rear wheels of a car have a cylindrical metal pole.
-berporoskan: v /tr/ to have a(sth) as an axis

porot; memoroti: v /frm/lu/ 1 gnaw at, bite into. 2 steal.

porsekot: variant of persekot:

porselen: n //frm/lu/ porcelain.

porsi: n /frm/lu/ portion 1 |an amount of food for one person, especially when served in a restaurant| Saya perlu mie rebus dua porsi orang dewasa dan satu porsi anak-anak. l I need two adult’s  portion and one children’s portion of boiled noodle. 2 |a share of something such as a duty, ransom, etc.| Setiap orang akan mendapat bonus dengan porsi yang sama Everybody have the same portion of the bonus.

portable: adj /frm/lu/ portable

portal: n /frm/lu/ 1 gate 2 blocking post of entrance 3 entrance to a tunnel

porter: n /frm/lu/ 1 ticket collector at gate 2 porter.

porto: n /frm/ cost of sending sth
-porto udara: n air freight costs.
-porto bebas: adj free of postage.

portofolio: n /frm/lu/ portfolio |a large flat case used for carrying drawings, documents etc|.

portret: variant of potret:

Portugis: n Portuguese.

pos: n /frm/lu/ mail.
-benda pos: n stamps, envelope. etc |sth that you need to post|
-kantor pos: n post office.
-memposkan: v send sth in the mail.
-pos kilat: n special delivery.
-pos laut: n sea mail.
-pos udara: n airmail.

pose: n /frm/lu/ pose (in photo).
-berpose: v pose for picture taking.

posisi: n /frm/lu/ position.
-posisi tawar: n bargaining position.
-kalah posisi: v be in an unfavorable position.

positif; positip: adj /frm/lu/ positive. Saya sudah positip akan berangkat. It’s positive that I’ll leave.
-mempositifkan: v 1 ensure 2 make sth positive.

pospaket: n /frm/lu/ 1 parcel 2 post package.

pospor: variant of fosfor:

postel {pos dan telekomunikasi}: n /frm/lu/ postal, telegraph. and telephone service.

poster: n /frm/lu/ poster.

poswesel: n /frm/lu/ money order.
-memposwesselkan: v send money via money order.

pot: n /frm/lu/ 1 pot. pot bunga bunga flowerpot. 2 chamber pot.

potas: n /frm/lu/ potassium.

potensi: n /frm/lu/ 1 potency 2 potential.  potensi ekonomi economic potential.

potensil; potensiil: adj /frm/lu/ potential. Dia seorang sekretaris yang potensil She is a potential secretary

potlot: n /frm/lu/ pencil. –syn: /lu/ pensil

poto: variant of foto:

potokopi: variant of fotokopi:

potong1; potongan: n /frm/lu/ 1 piece Ada tiga potong barang bawaan itu semua. There are three pieces of the luggage all together. 2 lump. a lump of cheese 3 slice satu potong kecil roti a small slice of bread 4 sepotong: a slice Boleh saya minta sepotong kuenya? May I have a slice of the cake?  4 model Potongan celana kamu sangat menarik The model of your trousers is very attractive Apa kamu suka potongan rambut cepak? Do you like crew cut model for your hair? Potongan rambutnya cepak The model of his hair is crew ­cut 5 reduction, discount (of price or cost) Kalau kamu membeli dua potong saya akan memberi kamu potongan (harga). If you by two pieces I’ll give you discount. 6 amputate Dokter harus memotong kakinya. The doctor will amputate his leg. 7 rumah potong: slaughterhouse

potong2; memotong: v /frm/lu/ 1 cut Tolong potong tali itu menjadi dua Please cut the rope into two. 2 cross Jangan memotong jalan sewaktu ramai Don’t cross the road while it’s crowded 3 intervene, interrupt Tolong jangan memotong di tengah ceramah. Please don’t interrupt in the middle of the lecture. 4 reduce Sehubungan dengan krisis keuangan pemerintah telah memotong anggaran. Due to the financial crisis the government has reduced the budget. 5 memotong (jalan): take a short cut. Kita dapat memotong jalan ke bank melalui jalan setapak ini. We can take a short cut through this path to the bank. 6 deduct Sumbangan sosial yang kamu berikan dapat digunakan memotong pajak kamu. The charity you give can be used to deduct your tax. 7 slaughter, butcher |kill animal for food| Mereka perlu memotong sedikitnya 10 sapi setiap hari They need to slaughter at least 10 cows a day.
-berpotongan: v 1 cut each other Dua garis tidak sejajar akan berpotongan pada satu titik tertentu. Tow unparallel line will cut each other at a certain point. 2 look like Apa saya berpotongan orang besar? Do I look like a big shot?
-memotongi: v /tr/ cut (many things)
-pemotongan: n cutting, reduction, slaughtering, butchering, cutting, deduction.
-perpotongan: n 1 the crosscut point Tandai setiap perpotongan garis-garis itu Mark each of the cross-cut point of the lines 2 junction pada perpotongan rel kereta api at the railroad junction.

potret: n /frm/lu/1 photograph, picture, snapshot 2 camera.
-berpotret: v pose to be photographed.
-memotret: v take sb’s photograph.
-memotreti: v take the pictures of several things.
-pemotret; tukang potret: n photographer.
-pemotretan: n photography.
-perpotretan: n matter or business of photography.
-potret diri: n self-portrait.
-potret udara: n aerial photogra­phy.

poya: variant of foya:

pp1 {pulang pergi}: adj /lu/ round trip.

PP2 {Peraturan Pemerintah}: n Governmental Reg­ulations.

PPN {Pajak Pendapatan Nasional}: n National In­come Tax.

PPP {Partai Persatuan Pembangunan}: n United De­velopment Party, a Muslim-based political party.

PPPK {Pertolongan Pertama Pada Kecelakaan}: n First Aid.

pr-: pref. see also entries with per-:

PR1 {Penyapu Ranjau}: n /lu/ minesweeper.

PR2 {Pekerjaan Rumah}: n /lu/ homework.

pra-: pref. /frm/lu/ see also entries with pre-:

pra-ada: adv /frm/lu/ pre-existence.

praanggapan: n /frm/lu/ prejudice, presupposition.

prabakti: n /frm/lu/ probationary. masa prabakti probationary period.

prabawa: variant of perbawa:

prabedah: n /frm/lu/ preoperative.

prabu: n /frm/lu/ the sovereign.

pracerita: n /frm/lu/ opening portion of a story.

pracipta: n /frm/lu/ pre-creation

prada1 {Prajurit Dua}: n Private |someone who has the lowest rank in the Army|

prada2: variant of perada:

pradewasa: adj /frm/lu/ pre-adult |before sb has completely grown|

pradini: adj /frm/lu/ premature (in birth, ripening, or flower­ing). kelahiran pradini premature birth.
-mempradinikan: v make sth happen earlier than (before) early time as usual.

praduga: n /frm/lu/ presumption. praduga tidak bersalah presumption of innocence.

prafabrik: adj /frm/ prefabricated.

pragaan: variant of peragaan; see raga:

pragmatis: adj /frm/lu/ pragmatic.

pragmatisme: n /frm/lu/ pragmatism.

prah: n /frm/lu/ freight, cargo.

Praha: n Prague.

prahara: n /frm/lu/ hurricane, tempest.

prahoto; also otoprah: n /frm/lu/ big truck; see oto:

prailmiah: n /frm/lu/ pre-scientific era.

praja: n /frm/lu/ territory of jurisdiction.

prajurit1: n /frm/lu/1 soldier prajurit udara airman 2 private first class (pfc)

prajurit2: adv /frm/lu/ brave like a soldier Hen­daknya kalian semua bertindak prajurit You all must act brave like a soldier.
-keprajuritan: n 1 military likeness  2 military character

praka {[Prajurit Kepala}: n highest rank of pri­vate below corporal |corporal – the lowest rank after private|

prakarsa: n /frm/lu/ initiative.
-diprakarsai: v /pass.v./ be initiated (by) Kekacauan itu diprakarsai oleh kelompok sayap kiri. The chaos was initiated by left wing group.
-memprakarsai: v /tr/ initiate
-pem(p)rakarsa: n initiator.

prakarya: n /frm/lu/ 1 vocational subjects in school 2 home-making things as a part of a training

prakasa: variant of perkasa:

prakata: n /frm/lu/ foreword.

prakemerdekaan: n /frm/lu/ pre-independence (period).

prakiraan: n /frm/lu/ 1 forecast 2 forecasting.
-memprakirakan: v forecast
-prakiraan cuaca: n weather forecast.

prakondisi: n /frm/u/ prerequisite.

praktek1; praktik: n /frm/lu/ 1 practice |the work of a doctor or lawyer, or the place where s/he works| Dokter itu buka praktek pengobatan pada sore hari The doctor runs a medical practice in the evening. 2  dalam praktek: in practice |used in order to describe what the real situation is rather than what seems to be true formally or in theory| Secara resmi Ann adalah menejer produksi tetapi dalam praktek Joy yang melakukan segala sesuatunya. Formally Ann is the production manager, but in practice Joy runs everything. 3 (dokter) berpraktek: practitioner.

praktek2; berpraktek: v /frm/lu/ practice |to work as a doctor or lawyer| Bone sedang membuka praktek pengacara saat ini Bone is practicing law at this time. Pukul berapa kamu berpraktek (praktek)? What time do you practice?
-mempraktekkan: v apply |to use a method, idea etc. in a particular situation, activity, or process|  Dia sedang mulai mempraktekkan apa yang dia pelajari selama latihan ketrampilan itu He is starting to apply what he learned during the vocational school.

praktek3: adj /frm/lu/ practising Mereka adalah mahasiswa praktek. They are practicing medical students.

praktikum: n /frm/lu/ practical work, lab work.

praktis: adj /frm/lu/ practical 1 |designed to be useful, effective. or to be suitable for a particular purpose| Ini cara praktis melakukan itu. This is a practical way to do it. 2 |simple and easy to use sebuah kenderaan praktis untuk keluarga a practical car for a family
-kepraktisan: n practicality

praktis: adv /frm/lu/ practically |in fact or in reality|  Prakitis tidak ada perkembangan selama setahun ini Practically there is no progress in this year.

prakualifikasi; prakwalifikasi: n /frm/lu/ pre-qualifica­tions |qualifications stipulated for all prospective tenders of a bid|

pralambang: n /frm/lu/ prediction, prophecy.

pralon: variant of paralon.

prama {pramahasiswa}: n /frm/lu/ college students candidate.

pramadara: n /frm/lu/  newly registered university freshman (female).

pramana: adj /ltr/ careful.

pramaria: n /frm/ newly registered university freshman.

pramasehi: prep. /frm/ Before Christ (BC)

prambos: variant of frambos:

prameswari: variant of permaisuri:

prami: n /frm/ newly registered university student (fe­male).

pramubakti; pamubhakti: n /frm/lu/  maid,  ser­vant.

pramugara: n /frm/lu/ male flight attendant.

pramugari: n /frm/lu/ female flight attendant.

Pramuka {Praja Muda Karana}: n Boy Scouts.

Pramuki: n Girls Scouts.
-kepramukaan: n scouting movement.

pramukawati: n /frm/ Girl Scout.

pramuniaga: n /frm/lu/ sales clerk.

pramuria: n /frm/lu/ nightclub hostess.

pramuwisata: n /frm/lu/ tourist guide.

pramuwisma: n /frm/lu/ house keeper.

pranata: n /frm/lu/ 1 institution 2 regulation.
-pranata demokrasi: n regulation for demo­cracy.

Prancis: n France, French. bahasa Perancis French (language).                 _

prangko: n /frm/lu/ postage stamp.
-memperangkoi: v stamp, affix postage (to put a stamp on a postage)

pranikah: n /frm/lu/ pre-marriage bimbingan pranikah a pre-marriage counselling

prapatan: n /frm/lu/ 1 crossroads 2 junction.

prapen: n /frm/ furnace, fireplace, or any place for a fire.

prapendaftaran: n /frm/lu/ pre-registration.

praperadilan: n /frm/lu/ pre-trial.

prapertunjukan: n /frm/lu/ preview.

prarasa: n /frm/ partiality, preference.

prarencana: n /frm/lu/ rough plan, preliminary form.

prasaja: adj /frm/ straightforward, without guile.

prasangka: n /frm/lu/ prejudice.
-berprasangka: v prejudice.

prasantap: n /frm/lu/ appetizer |food served before main course|

prasaran: n /frm/lu/ working paper, introductory paper.
-mem(p)rasaran: v provide an working paper
-pem(p)rasaran: n /lu/ 1 keynote speaker 2 presenter of working paper.

prasarana: n /frm/lu/ 1 infrastructure 2 labor done in prep­aration.

prasarjana: n /frm/lu/ degree awarded after three years of tertiary level study.

prasasti: n /frm/lu/1 ancient inscription, epigraphy. 2 plaque commemorating inauguration of building.

prasejarah: adj /frm/lu/ prehistory, prehistorical.

prasekolah: n /frm/lu/ preschool (kindergarten) .

prasetia; prasetya: n /frm/lu/ firm intent, pledge of loyalty, religious vow.

praskripsi: n /frm/lu/ undergraduate thesis.

Prasman: n Frenchman.
prasmanan: n buffet.

prasyarat: n /frm/lu/ prerequisite.
-memprasyaratkan: v /tr/ make as a prerequisite.

pratanda: n /frm/lu/1 sign, indication. 2 forerunner 3 forecast.

pratekan: n /ling./ pre-stressed.

pratijangkit: n /frm/ antiseptic.

pratiwi: variant of pertiwi:

pratu {perajurit satu}: n private first class.

prausul: n /frm/ working paper.

prawacana: n /frm/ foreword. preface.

prawarsa: n /frm/lu/ initiative, impetus.

prawira: variant of perwira:

prayoga: adj /frm/ decent, suitable.

prayojana: n /frm/ purpose, intention. motive.

pre: see perai:

preambul: n /frm/lu/ preamble.

predikat: adj /frm/lu/ 1 notation, citation, designation.  Dia lulus dengan predikat “sangat memuaskan”. He passed the test with the notation “very satisfactory”  dengan predikat with the citation “magna cum laude”. 2 /grammar/ predicate. 3 title
-berpredicat: v 1 have a certain citation, 2 have a certain title, notation,

prefek: n /frm/ prefect |the supervisor in a religious organization|.

prefektur: n /of/ prefecture |the area of a orefect|

preferensi: n /frm/lu/ preference.

preferensiil: adj /frm/lu/ preferential. tarif preferensi preferential (specially discounted) tariff.

prehistori: n /frm/lu/ prehistory.

prehistoris: adj /frm/lu/ prehistoric.

prei1: variant of perai:

prei2; bawang prei: n /frm/lu/ leek |a vegetable with long straight green leaves, that tastes like onion|

prek: intrj. /off./ld/ |exclamation to silence|
-memprek: v tell sb to shut up.

prekik: variant of prikik:

preliminer: adj //frm/lu/ preliminary

prem: n /frm/ plum.

preman: adj /frm/lu/ 1 private, civilian. 2 street youth, hoodlums.
-mobil preman: n private vehicle (not for public use).
-pakaian preman: n civil clothes (not military or police uniform)
-bahasa preman: n argot used by street youth and hoodlums.

premature: adj /frm/lu/ premature.

premi: n /frm/lu/ 1 premium. premi asuransi insurance premium. 2 bonus

premier1: n /of/ premier |head of government|

premier2: adj /of/ premier |the most important| -syn: utama
-memppemirkan: v make sth premier. –syn: mengutamakan.

premis: n /frm/ proposition 1 |a statement or argument in which you express a judgment, a reason, alogic of an opinion| satu bangsa yang mengabdi pada satu premis bahwa manusia diciptakan sama dimata hukum. a nation dedicated to the proposition that all people are created equal under the law 2 |a proposal, plan, or idea, especially in business or politics| Premis mereka kelihatannya secara ilmiah masuk akal. Their proposition seemed to be scientifically reasonable.

premium1: n /frm/lu/1 discount, bonus, supplement 2 insurance premium.

premium2: adj /frm/lu/ 1 high quality 2 low octane gasoline

premolar: n /frm/ molar |one of the large teeth at the back of the mouth, used for crushing food|

prenjak: n /ld/ any kind of small bird, an insect predator – Prinia familiaris

preparat1: n /tech/ chemical substance that can be used as an antibiotic

prepentip: adj /frm/lu/ preventive

prerogative: n /frm/lu/ prerogative |special right given to sb because of his/her importance or position|

pres: n /frm/lu/ 1 printing machine 2 air compressor (esp that one used to fulfil car’s tire)
-mempress; v press tightly (of clothing) Celana ini mempress pinggang saya This trouser presses my waist.
-mengepress: variant of mempress:
-ngepress: variant of mempress.

presdir {Presiden Direktur}: n president and director of a company.

preseden: n /frm/lu/ precedent.

presentasi: n /frm/lu/ presentation.
-mempresentasikan: v present sth

presiden: n /frm/lu/ president.
-kepresidenan: n 1 presidency |pertaining to the president|

presidensial; presidensiil: adj /frm/lu/ presidential.

presidium: n /frm/lu/ presidium.

presis: variant of persis:

presisi: n /frm/lu/ precision.

preskripsi: n /frm/ prescription. –syn: /frm/lu/ resep
-mempreskripsikan: v /tr/ prescribe (sth)

prestasi: n /frm/lu/ achievement, performance.
-memprestasikan: v 1 advance sth  2 improve performance of sth

prestise: n /frm/lu/ prestige.

pretel; mempreteli: v /frm/lu/1 dismantle, tear apart. 2 remove, take out. Perampok mempreteli arloji dan dompetnya. The thief cleaned out his watch and wallet 3 find out a secret, question thoroughly. 4 wipe out, clear away. Pemain top mereka dipreteli satu persatu Their top players were knocked out one at a time.
-pretelan: n sth that has come off (sth). Saya sedang mencari pretelan kancing ibu. I’m looking for my mother’s blouse’s lost button

pretensi: n /frm/ pretension. –syn: /frm/lu/ mengada-ada
-berpretensi: v have pretensions.

pretensius: adj /frm/ pretentious.

preventif; preventip: adj /frm/lu/ preventive. –syn: /frm/lu/ pencegahan

previu: n /frm/ preview.
-mempreviu: v preview

pri: see /frm/lu/ pribumi:

pria: n /frm/lu/ man, male.

priai: variant of priyayi:

pribadi: adj /frm/lu/ individual, personal.
-urusan pribadi: n personal business
-kepribadian: n 1 personality 2 individuality
-mempribadikan: v internalize
-mempribadikan: v personify.
-pempribadian: n 1 personification 2 embodiment.

pribahasa: variant of peribahasa:

pribumi: n /frm/lu/ indigen |one that is native or indigenous to an area|
-mempribumikan: v 1 change (a sound-foreign name into native-sound name) 2 turn over, nationalize |turn over the ownership of an enter­prise from foreigner or immigrant to indigenous people)
-kepribumian: n the quality or state of being a native.
-pribumisasi: n the process “mempribumikan”.

Pries: n Frisian.

prigel: adj /ld/ skillful.
-keprigelan: n skill.

prihal: variant of perihal:

prihatin: adj /frm/lu/ concerned , apprehensive.
-berprihatin: v worry, concern
-memprihatinkan: v make appre­hensive, make concern, make anxious
-keprihatinan: n concern, worry, anxiety

prikik: n /frm/lu/ free kick (after minor foul in football)

prilaku: n /frm/lu/ attitude, behaviour

prima: adj /frm/lu/ 1 optimum 2 very good 3 main

primadona: n /frm/lu/ 1 woman who is considered the most attractive in a certain place or group 2 female idol 3 main actress  of a play.

primata: n /frm/ primate |a member of the group of mammals that includes humans and monkeys|

primbon: n /Jv/ forecasting manual.

primer: adj /frm/lu/ primary.

primitif: adj /frm/lu/ primitive.

primordial: ad /frm/lu/ primordial

premordialism: n /frm/lu/ primordialism.

prinsip: n /frm/lu/ principle, basic, tenet.
-pada prinsipnya: adv 1 basically 2 in principle Pada prinsipnya kami setuju. Basically we agree
-prinsip perbedaan: n the main difference
-prinsip persamaan: n the main equality

prinsipiil; prinsipil: adj /frm/lu/ principal, basic.

prioritas, prioritet: n /frm/lu/ priority, preference
-memprioritaskan: v /tr/ give priority to.

prisma: n /frm/lu/ prism.

prit: n /spo/ sound of blown whistle.
-mengeprit: v blow a whistle
-prit jigo: blow the whistle get pay 25 |teasing expression to a traffic police who stop vehicle to get pay|

privat: adj /frm/lu/ 1 private 2 individual les private  individual tutoring.

prive: variant of private.

privatisasi: n /frm/lu/ privatization

privilese: n /frm/ privilege.

priwil: n /ld/ a bicycle gear that allows wheels to turn without engaging pedals.

priya: variant of pria:

priyayi: n /frm/lu/ sb that belonging to upper classes.
-kepriyayian: n status of being upper class.

pro: pref. /frm/lu/ (on behalf, in favour of) pro-rakyat. in favour of public

probabilitas: n /frm/lu/ probability.

problem; problem: n /frm/lu/ problem.

problematik: adj /frm/lu/ problematic

prodeo: adj /inf/ 1 free 2 very cheap
-hotel prodeo: n very cheap hotel 2 /humorous/ prison.

produk: n /frm/lu/ product.

produksi: n /frm/lu/ production.
-berproduksi: v be in production. Pab­rik itu sudah berproduksi The factory has been in production.
-memroduksi: v produce.

produktif: adj /frm/lu/ productive.
-keproduktifan: n productivity.

produktivitas;  produktivitet: n /frm/lu/ productivity.

produsen: n /frm/lu/ producer.

produser; produsir: n /frm/lu/ producer
-memprodusir: v /lu/ produce.

profelik: adj /frm/ pertaining to prophecy or forecasting

profesi: n /frm/lu/ profession.
-berprofessi: v has a job or profession Dia berfrofessi sebagai pengacara. He has a profession as a lawyer
-professional; adj professional

profesionalisme: n /frm/lu/ professionalism.

professor: n /frm/lu/ professor.

professi: variant of profesi:

profil: n /frm/lu/ l appearance 2 profile profil perusahaan company profile 3 building material (usually made of wood, fibreglass, cement) that has been shaped into a particular appearance and can be used as an ornament of the building such as at the corner between ceiling and wall)
-berprofil: v have a certain appearance. Dia berprofil seperti tentara He has a military appear­ance.

profisiat: n /frm/ expression uttered when offering con­gratulations.

profilaksis: n /frm/ maintenance of the health

profit: n /frm/lu/ profit  -syn: /frm/lu/ laba, untung

prognosa: n /frm/ prognosis

program; programa: n /frm/lu/ program. |a set of planned activities with a specific purpose|  Program Pasca Sarjana Universitas Indonesia University of Indonesia’s graduate student program. Program listrik pedesaan Village electrification program.
-diprogramkan: v
be a program. Kurikulum baru itu telah diprogramkan di sekolah ini. The new curriculum has been a program in this school.
-pemogram: n programmer.
-memprogramkan: v to set a work plan.
-program kerja: n work schedule.

progresif: adj /frm/lu/ progressive.
-keprogresifan: n progressiveness.

progresivitas; variant of keprogresifan.

progresivitet: variant of keprogresifan.

prohibisionis: n /frm/ prohibitionist.

prokem: n /Jkt/ jargon of youth  and street kids.

proklamasi: n /frm/lu/ proclamation.
-memproklamasikan: v proclaim, announce.

proklamator: n /frm/lu/ who proclaims. proklamator kemerdekaan the person who proclaimed the independence.

proklamir; memproklamirkan: v /frm/lu/ proclaim.

prokurasi: n /frm/law/ power of attorney.

proletar1: n /frm/lu/ proletariat. Saya bicara atas nama proletar. I speak on behalf of proletariat

proletar2: adj /frm/lu/ proletarian. Mayoritas penduduk kita adalah kaum proletar The majority of our population is proletarian people.
-keproletaran: n the quality of being pro­letariat.
-memproletarkan: v make proletarian as a political issue.

proliferasi: n /frm/ proliferation.

prolog: n /frm/lu/ prologue |the introduction to a book, movie, or play|

promes: n /frm/ promissory note.

promosi: n /frm/lu/ promotion 1 |a move to a better, more responsible position or rank| Dia mendapat promosi menjadi letnan. She received a promotion to Lieutenant. 2 |an activity intended to marketing or advertise a product or event, or the thing that is being advertised| promosi dari pintu ke pintu a door to door promotion
-mempromosikan: v promote.
-bersifat promosi: n promotional.

promotor: n /frm/lu/ 1 dissertation supervisor 2 promoter |someone whose job is to arrange large public events such as concerts or sports games|

promovendus: n /of/ a candidate for a doctorate.

prop1: n /ld/ cork, stopper, plug.
-topi prop: n topee, pith hel­met.

prop2 {Propadeus}: n /of/ preparation for entering a uni­versity course or profession.

Prop.{propinsi}: n province.

propaganda: n /frm/lu/ propaganda.
-berpropaganda: v launch a propaganda.
-mempropagandai: n subject sb to a propaganda
-mempropagandakan: v propagandize

propagandis: n /frm/ propagandist.

propeller: n /frm/lu/ propeller.

property: n /frm/lu/ property 1 |equipments, accessories, tools that are used in shooting a film, tv serial, video clips, etc.|   2 |something that someone owns|

propesi: variant of profesi:

propesor: see professor:

propil: variant of profil:

propinsi: see provinsi:

propokatip: variant of provokatif:

proporsi: n /frm/lu/ proportion.

proporsional; proporsionil: adj /frm/lu/ proportional |reasonable or accordance with in a particular relationship with another thing in size, amount, or importance|  Jumlah anggota DPR wanita tidak proporsional dengan jumlah penduduk wanita. The number of female representatives isn’t proportional to the total number of female population. 3 suitable to particular situation  Ini pakaian proporsional untuk pesta perkawinan.

prosa: n /frm/lu/ prose.
-memprosakan: v put sth in prose.

prosaik: n /frm/ 1 prose writer 2 prosaic.

prosedur: n /frm/lu/ procedure.

proseduril: adj /frm/lu/ procedural.

prosen: variant of persen:

prosentase; prosentasi: n /frm/lu/ percentage

prosentuil: adj /frm/lu/ on a percentage basis.

proses: n /frm/lu/ 1 process. 2 legal action.
-proses perbal: n verbal official report, minutes, deposition.
-memprosesperbal: v make official report
-pemroses: n 1 instrument for processing. 2 sb who process sth
-pemrosesan: n processmg.

prosesi: n /frm/lu/ procession.

prosodi: n /frm/lu/ prosody.

prospek: n /frm/lu/ prospect, future chances.

prospectus: n /frm/lu/ promotional leaftet.

prostat, prostate: n /tech/ prostate.

prostitusi: n /frm/lu/ prostitution.
-memprostitusikan: v prostitute.

protein: n /frm/lu/ protein.

proteksi: n /frm/lu/ protection.
-memproteksi: v protect (an industry).

proteksionis: n /frm/lu/ protectionist.

protektorat: n /frm/ protectorate.

protes: n /frm/lu/ protest.
-memprotes: v protest.
-pro­tes-protesan: v protest each other
-pemrotes: n protes­tor .

Protestan: n Protestant.

protokol1: n /frm/lu/  protocol 1 |the arrangement for the correct way to behave on official occasions or to treat a high official|  Bahkan menyentuh pangeran sekalipuan adalah satu pelanggaran protokol Even touching the Prince is a breach of protocol. 2 |an agreement of the rules that a number of countries have agreed to follow in dealing with a particular activities, relationship, or problem|  protokol ASEAN tentang “visa di saat tiba di tempat” the ASEAN Protocol on the on arrival visa. 3 master of ceremonies at formal func­tions
-keprotokolan: n matter that having to do with protocol

protokol2; protokoler: adj /frm/lu/ main  jalan protocol (he main streets of a city over which official visitor would pass)

protokoler: adj /frm/lu/ relating protocol matter Menjaga jarak dari presiden bukan kemauan dia, tetapi adalah aturan bersifat prorokoler. Keeping a distance from the president isn’t his/her will but it’s a protocol arrangement.

proton: n /frm/ proton.

provinsi: variant of propinsi:

provinsial: n /frm/lu/ provincial

provinsialisme: n /frm/lu/ provincialism.

provinsialistis: adj /frm/lu/ provincial.

provisi: n /frm/lu/ commission.

provokasi: n /frm/lu/ provocation.
-memprovokasi: v /tr/intr/ provoke
-terprovokasi: v be provoked.

provokatif; provokatip: adj /frm/lu/ provocative.

provokator: n /frm/lu/ provocateur.

provost: n /frm/lu/ military police in air force or navy.

proyek: n /frm/lu/ project.
-proyek pola: n pilot project.

proyeksi: n /frm/lu/ projection, forecast.
-diproyeksikan: v be projected, be forecasted. Tingkat produksi bulan Januari diproyeksikan lebih tinggi. Production level is projected higher on January.
-memproyeksikan: v 1 pro­ject. |to use the information you have now to calculate or predict what will happen in the future| Kami memproyeksikan penjualan tahun depan akan naik 2%. We projected sales for next year will increase by 2%.

proyektil: n /frm/lu/ projectile |an object that is thrown or fired from a weapon|

proyektor: n /frm/lu/ projector

pruf; prup: n /frm/lu/ printer’s proof.
-pruf halaman: n page proof.
-pruf kotor: n galley proof.

prusi: n /tech/ verdigris. |a blue or green basic copper acetate used as paint pigment, fungicide, and insecticide|

ps.1 {pasal}: n /wrt/frm/lu/ article (in legal documents, etc.).

ps.2 {Pasar}: n /wrt/frm/lu/ market.

ps.3 {pejabat sementara}: n /wrt/frm/lu/ ad interim official.

psikiater: n /frm/lu/ psychiatrist.

psikiatri: n /frm/lu/ psychiatry.

psikiatrik; psikiatris: n /frm/lu/ psychiatric.

psikis: adj /frm/lu/ psychological, mental.

psikoanalis: n /frm/lu/ psychoanalyst.

psikoanalisa: n /frm/lu/ psychoanalysis.

psikolinguistik: n /frm/ psycholinguistics.

psikolog: n /frm/lu/ psychologist.

psikologi: n /frm/lu/ psychology.

psikopat: n /frm/lu/ psychopath.

psk.{pasukan}: n /wrt/frm/lu/ troops.

Pdt. {Pendeta}: n /wrt/frm/ Rev. (Reverend – a title for a minister)

PT1 {Perseiroan Terbatas}: n Inc., Ltd.

PT2 {Panglima Tertinggi}: n The Highest Chief of Command.

PT3 {Perguruan Tinggi}: n Academy, College, University.

PTIK {Perguruan Tinggi Ilmu Kepolisian}: n Police Academy.

PTP {Pos, Telekomunikasi, dan Pariwisata}: n Post Of­fice, Telecommunications, and Tourism.

PTT {Pos, Telegrap dan Telepon}: n Postal, Telegraph, and Telephone Service.

PU {Pekerjaan Umum}: n Public Works.

puak: n /frm/lu/ group, tribe.
-berpuak-puak: n 1 in groups 2 by tribe
-kepuakan: n pertaining to group or tribe

pualam: n /frm/lu/ 1 marble 2 alabaster.
-mempualam: v become white like alabaster.

puan1: n /ld/ plate for betel.

puan2 : n /ltr./ title or deferential term of address for a woman.

puan3: see kelapa:

puas: adj /frm/lu/ satisfied, contented.
-puas lelas: adj satiated.
-berpuas (hati): v be satisfied.
-memuasi: v /tr/ satisfy (sb/sth)
-memuaskan: adj sat­isfactory, satisfying.
-kepuasan: n satisfaction.
-pemuasan: n satiation.

puasa: n /frm/lu/ fast |a period of time during which sb doesn’t eat or eats very little, usually for religious reasons|
-berpuasa: v take a certain time a fasting period

puber; puber: n /frm/lu/ puberty.

puberitas: variant of puber:

publik: n /frm/lu/ public.

publikasi: n /frm/lu/ publication.

publisir; mempublisir: v /lu/ publicize.

publisistik: n /frm/lu/ mass communications (as a field of study).

publisitas: n /frm/lu/ publicity.

pucat: adj /frm/lu/ pale due to illness or fright.
-pucat kuam/kusaml: adj very pale.
-pucat lesu: adj deathly pale
-memucat: v become pale.
-memucatkan: v make sth pale.
-kepucatan:  n paleness.
-pemucatan: n discoloration.

pucuk: n /frm/lu/ 1 tip, top |the end of something, especially something pointed or the highest part of something| 2 top |of a leaf, shoot, sprout| 2 piece (a single unit of a kind)
-berpucuk: v bud, sprout
-pucuk daun: n tip of a leaf:
-pucuk pimpinan: n the top of the management.
-pucuk pohon: n top of a tree
-pucuk gunung: n top of a mountain.
-/prov./ pucuk dicinta ulam tiba |ulam – the whole young leaves| we look only a small part but we get the whole what we need.
-sepucuk senjata: n a piece of gun
-sepucuk kertas: n a piece of paper
-sepucuk surat: n a letter.
-/prov./ pucuk dicinta ulam tiba |ulam – the whole young leaves| we look only a small part but we get the whole what we need.

pucung1: n /ld/ heron |a large wild bird with very long legs and a long beak, that lives near water|

pucung2: n /ld/ tree that produces keluak.

pudar: adj /frm/lu/ 1 pale, faded. 2 weak, dim.
-kepudaran: n paleness, weakness, dimness
-memudar: v fade, dim. Cita-cita reformasi telah memudar. The ideals of the reformation has faded away.
-memudarkan: v 1 to fade or to dim sth 2 tarnish |to make someone or something less impressive or respectable| Lebih banyak pelanggaran akan memudarkan nama abaik sekolah. More violence will tarnish the school’s reputation.

puder: n /lu/ powder |for face|

puding1: n /ld/ croton plant.

puding2: variant of podeng:

pugar; memugar: v /frm/lu/ restore.
-memugari: v restore (several things).
-pemugaran: n restoration.

puing: n /frm/lu/ ruin, debris.
-mem(p)uing: n become ruin.
-mempuingkan: v /tr/ 1 ruin 3 totally damage

puing2: variant of puyeng:

puisi: n /frm/lu/ poetry.
-perpuisian: n matter related to poetry.

puitik; puitis: adj /frm/lu/ poetic.

puja: n /frm/lu/ worship, adoration.
-memuja: v 1 worship 2 revere 3 adore
-pujaan: n 1 sb/sth that sb adores 2 idol.
-pemuja: n worship­er.
-pemujaan: n 1 place to sacrifice, temple. 2 wor­ship, veneration.

pujangga: n /frm/lu/ writer of poetry, prose, linguistic work.
-kepujanggaan: n literal aspects

puji1; memuji: v /frm/lu/ praise, commend, extol Puji  Puji Dia maha pencipta alam Praise Him the creator of universe.

puji2; pujian: n /frm/lu/ praise, eulogy  Dia mendapat pujian dari teman satu kelasny He get eulogy from his classmate
-puji-pujian: n adoration
-lagu puji-pujian: n adoration song.
-kata puji-pujian: n prayer

pukat: n /frm/lu/ net.
-pukat harimau: n trawling net. |a wide net that is pulled along the bottom of the ocean to catch fish|
-mem(p)ukat: v trawl |to catch fish using trawling net|
-pemukat: n 1 fisherman (using trawing net) 2 trawler.

pukau: n /frm/lu/ drug to make sb sleep
-memukau: v 1 drug. 2 mesmerize |to make someone become completely interested in something| Game video itu memukau anak-anak berjam-jam. The video game kept the kids mesmerized for hours.
-terpukau: adj 1 stunned. 2 mesmerized.
-pukauan: n charm.
-pemukau: n sb/sth that stuns or mesmerized

puki: n /vul./ vagina.

pukul1; pukulan: n /frm/lu/ 1 strike a) |a military attack| b)  |an action to hit (a ball, shuttlecock, etc| 2 punch, hit |a quick strong hit made with your fist (closed hand)| satu pukulan di perut a punch on the stomach 3 effect (bad impact) |a result of an occurrence or event – mostly a bad effect|  Kelesuan perekonomian global mengakibatkan pukulan berat  terhadap kondisi keuangan kita. Global economic stagnation resulted a heavy bad effect to our financial condition. 4 result, profit |sth that you get from an effort| Perusahaan mendapat pukulan berat. The company gained a big profit.  5 time Sudah pukul berapa sekarang? What time is it now? Pukul berapa kamu pulang kemarin? What time did you came back yesterday?
-pemukul: n striker

pukul2: memukul: v /frm/lu/ 1 strike, hit, punch, hammer. Pukul bolanya sekarang. Now hit the ball. Kamu jangan memukul bola sebelum pluit bunyi. Don’t hit the ball before whistle. 2 pukul mundur: defeat Pasukan kita telah memukul mundur musuh. Our troop defeated the enemy.

pukul3; pukul rata: adv /frm/lu/ averagely  Pukul rata harganya Rp 1000/ biji. Averagely it costs Rp: 1000,-/each

pula: adv /frm/lu/ 1 again  Hujan sudah datang tadi pagi, sekarang datang pula The rain came this morning, now it comes again  2 in addition to Dia kaya, terkenal pula. He is rich, in addition to it he is popular. 3 begitu pula: likewise, as well. Hidangan malamnya luarbiasa, begitu pula konsernya. The dinner was amazing; likewise, the concert. 4  (bagaimana, dimana, kenapa, siapa, dsb.) pula: (how, where, why, who, etc) else. Siapa pula yang membiarkan pintu terbuka? Who else let the door open?  Siapa pula yang datang? Who else is coming? 5 (bagaimana) pula: how (it could be)  Bagaimana pula itu bisa terjadi? How it could be happened?

pulang: v /frm/lu/ 1 go (home). Dia sudah pulang She has gone home. Sudah lima tahun baru saya pulang I came back only after five years. 2 pulang (kealam baka): pass away. die.
-berpulang: v 1 up to Itu berpulang kepada kamu. It’s up to you. 2 die, pass away Dia berpulang tiga tahun lalu She passed away three years ago.
-pulang pergi: adv 1 vice versa. 2 to and fro Busnya pulang pergi ke bandara The bus goes to and fro the airport 3 round trip: Saya mau tiket pulang pergi ke Jakarta. I want a round trip ticket to Jakarta.
-pulang hari: adv returning the same day. ­
-kepulangan: n 1 arrival 2 coming back
-pemulangan: n 1 returning back 2 restitution (tax) 3 repatriation (immigrant)
-pulang kerja: v come back from work.
-pulang pokok: v make no trip and no loss
-sepulang: prep. upon returning.

pulas1: adv /frm/lu/ fast asleep, deeply, well (sleep) Dia sedang tidur pulas She is sleeping well
-kepulasan: n deep sleep |the intensity of being fast asleep| Kepulasannya membuat dia merasa segar His deep sleep makes that she feel fresh.

pulas2; sepulas: n /lu/ a dab.
-mem(p)ulas: v paint, varnish, smear.
-dipulas: v /pass.v./ be made up Mukanya dipulas untuk menghadap penonton. Her face has been made up to face the audience.
-memulasi: v smear on (sth)  Dia memulasi roti dengan mentega She smeared the bread with butter.
-memulaskan: v use sth to smeard sth Ibu pakai minyak pelumas untuk memulaskan as roda. Mom use lubricant to smear the axis of the wheel.

pulas; memulas: v /frm/lu/ 1 turn, wring. memulas telinga tweak the cars. 2 twist, distort. 3 perut memulas: have colic.
-pulasan: n a fruit that looks like rambutan – Nephelium mutabile

pulasari: n /ld/ liana with yellow flowers – Alyxia stellata

pulau: n /frm/lu/ island.
-kepulauan: n archipelago
-mensepulaukan: v 1 isolate, insulate. 2 boycott.
-pensepulauan: n insularity
-pulau Dewata: n the island of the Gods, Bali.
-pulau Nirwana: n the island of Paradise, (another name of Bali)
-pulau karang: n atoll.
-pulau Perca: n rubber-produc­ing island (Sumatra)
-sepulau: n the entire island. Sekarang sepulau itu berpenduduk empat ratus ornag. Now the entire island has four hundreds population.
-tersepulau: v be isolated.

pulen: variant of pulan:

pules: variant of pules1:

pulih: adj /frm/lu/ 1 recovered from an illness. 2 restored, repaired.
-memulihkan: v 1 normalize 2 repair 3 restoration 4 recover.
-pemulihan: n 1 normalization 2 reparation 3 restoring 4 recovery
-pemulihan ekonomi: n 1 economy restoration 2 economy recovery
-terpulihkan: adj can be restored. Hati yang hancur susah terpulihkan. A broken heart is difficult to be restored.

pulisi: variant of polisi:

pulkanisir: variant of vulkanisir:

pulpen: n /frm/lu/ fountain pen.
-pulpen atom: n ballpoint pen.

pulsa: n /frm/lu/ 1 pulse a) |an amount of light, sound, or energy that continues for a very short time|
-pulsa telepon: n a telephone  pulse |a standard rate of telephone calls for a certain time|
-pulsa nadi: n beat |the regular beat that can be felt as your heart pumps blood around your body|  Ketika saya temukan dia tidak ada pulsanya lagi When I found him he didn’t have a pulse. –syn: denyut nadi.
-angka pulsa: n pulse rate |the number of regular beats per minute as your heart pumps blood around your body| Seorang perawat datang dan mengukur pulsa saya.  A nurse came in and took my pulse. (counted the number of beats)

puluh: n /frm/lu/ counter for a multiple of 10.
-dua puluh: num twenty (20)
-puluhan: n 1 tens 2 decades uang puluhan ten rupiah note
-perpuluhan: n donation that you give to the church as an offering to God
-persepuluhan: n decimal.
-sepuluh: n ten (1/10)
-sepersepuluh: n one tenth

pulun; berpulun-pulun: v /frm/lu/ twistingly rise (of smoke)

pulung1: n /frm/lu/ 1 pellet 2 unexpected good luck 3 a small fruit of a jackfruit tree which is considered as unexpected additional fruit that bring luck to the owner.
-ketiban pulung: v get an unexpected good luck.
-mem(p)ulung1: v roll into pellets.
-pulungan: n sth that is rolled into pellets.

pulung2; memulung2: v /frm/lu/  collect unused thing from garbage bin to be recycled
-pemulung: n sb who do this activity

pulut; sipulut: n /frm/lu/ 1 sticky rice 2 bird­lime.

pumigasi: vaiant of fumigasi:

pumpun; berpumpun: v /frm/lu/ flock together.
-mem(p)umpun: v 1 collect. 2 gather.
-pumpunan: n 1 meeting place. 2 center.
-terpumpun: v be concentrated.

pun1: suff,  adv /frm/lu/ 1 ever |used like ‘ever’ in whatever; whoever; wherever; etc| a) apapun: whatever Apapun alasan kamu saya tidak mengijinkan kamu pergi. Whatever your reasons I won’t let you go. b) bagaimanapun.however: Bagaimanapun kamu melakukannya, saya yakin hasilnya akan bagus. However you do it, I still believe that it’ll be good. c) kapanpun: whenever. Datanglah kapanpun kamu mau Come over whenever you want. d) siapapun: whoever. Dengan siapapun kamu akan pergi saya tidak keberatan. Whoever you want to go with I have no objection 2 sekalipun; biarpun: although Sekalipun mobilnya sudah tua, masih jalan lancer. Although the car’s old, it still runs well. 3 also, too. Kalau kamu pergi, sayapun akan pergi. If you go, I’ll go too. 4 even Jangan katakan berjalan, berdiripun dia tidak mampu. Don’t say to walk, even to stand he still not be able. 5 then Malam pun tiba, dan kami beranjak tidur. Then, it was night and we went to sleep.

punah: adj /frm/lu/ extinct. |no longer exists|
-kepunahan: n extinction.
-pemunahan: n extermination.

punakawan: n servants of royalty in wayang.

punca: n /frm/ 1 flap, tail, end. 2 beginning, introduction, elementary 3 initial cause.
-punca beliung: n cyclone.
-punca tali: n the end point of a rope.
-punca perselisihan: n cause of conflict.

puncak: n /frm/lu/ 1 top, summit. 2 peak, mount. 3 acme, zenith
-memuncak: v 1 culminate. 2 reach a crest
-memuncaki: v /tr/ reach the peak of sth)
-puncak gigi: n crown of tooth.
-puncak ­paru: n upper part of lung.
-puncak Tursina: n mount Sinai

pundak: n /frm/lu/ 1 shoulder. 2 neck.
-memundak: v carry on the shoulder or back
-memundaki: v carry things on the shoulder.
-pundak bukit: n ridge of a hill.

pundi; pundi-pundi: n /frm/lu/1 earthen jar to hold water. 2 crockery, piggy-bank. 2 purse, bag.
-pundi kencing: n /anat./ bladder.
-pundi udara: n air pocket.

punding: n /ld/ knot.

punggawa: n /ld/ court official in Javanese shadow play.

pungguk: n /ld/ owl. –ayn: /lu/ burung hantu

punggung: n /frm/lu/ back.
-mem(p)unggung: v turn sb’s back to.
-punggung buku: n spine of a book.
-punggung kuda: n bare-back (of a horse).

punggur: n /frm/lu/ tree trunk.

pungkas: n /ld/ the last, the end (of sth) ujian pungkas the final test –syn: /lu/ terakhir
-memungkas: v accomplish, finish, end.  –syn: /syn: /lu/ mengakhiri, menyelesaikan

pungki: variant of pengki:

pungkir: variant of mungkir: .

pungli {pungutan liar}: n /frm/lu/ toll or tariff collected with-out proper legal authority.

pungliwan: n /frm/  who extracts illegal tolls.

pungsi: variant of fungsi:

pungut1; memungut: v /frm/lu/1 adopt (a child) Mereka tidak punya anak, sehinga mereka ingin memungut satu orang. They have no child so the want to adopt one 2 pick, pick up. Mari kita pungut serpihan gelas pecah itu. Let’s pick the particles of the broken glass. 3 collect Mereka akan memungut pajak tontonan ini. They will collect the tax of this show. 4 quote Saya memungut pernyataan itu dari sebuah mejalah I quoted the statement from a magazine

pungut2: adj /frm/lu/ adopted Dia adalah seorang anak pungut. She is an adopted child

pungut3; pungutan: n /frm/lu/ sth that is collected
-pemungut: n 1 collector 2 adaptor.
-pemungutan: n 1 collection (of vote, tax, harvest, etc) 2 adoption (of a child) 3 quotation (of a phrase)

punktuasi: n /frm/lu/ punctuation.

puntal; berpuntal-puntal: v /intr/lu/ 1 wind around  2 roll or curl into the shape of a ball.
-mem(p)untali: v /tr/ wind around 2 roll
-puntalan: n 1 bobbin, spool. 2 ball of wool.

puntang-panting: variant of pontang-panting:

punten: intrj. /Snd./ excuse me.

puntianak: n /frm/lu/ female vampire or blood-sucking super­natural being. –syn: kuntilanak

puntil (susu): n /inf/lu/ nipple .

puntir; memuntir: v /frm/lu/ wind, twist firmly.
-puntiran: n 1 torsion. 2 sth twisted.
-kepuntir: v be twisted.

puntung: adj /frm/lu/ 1 blunt. 2 butt, stub, stump. 3 maimed, crippled, mutilated.
-mem(p)untung: v /intr/ become blunt.
-mem(p)untungkan: v /tr/ 1 blunt. 2 maim, mutilate.
-puntung rokok: n cigarette butt.

punya; mempunyai: v /frm/lu/ 1 have Saya punya dua saudara. I have two brothers. punya hajat hold a ceremonial meal. ­2 posses Dia punya bakat musik yang kuat She possesses a great talent of music. 3 own Mereka punya dua rumah di Bandung. They own two houses in Bandung. 2 belonging. Ini punya siapa? Who does this belong to? ltu saya punya. That belongs to me.
-kepunyaan: n 1 possession Ketika mereka pergi, mereka harus menjual sebagian besar kepunyaan mereka. 2 property. -syn: milik.
-/phrs/ -yang punya: n the owner. Dia yang punya rumah ini. He is the owner of this house.

pupa: n /frm/lu/ larva |a young insect with a soft tube-shaped body, that will become an insect with wings|

pupil: n /frm/lu/ pupil |the small black round area in the middle of your eye|

pupu: n /frm/lu/1 ancestor 2 grand parents
-sepupu: n cousin |sb with whom you have the same grandparents|

pupuk1: n /frm/lu/ manure, fertilizer.
-memupuk: v 1 fertilize 2 foster memupuk rasa cinta foster a feeling of love
-pupuk buatan: n artificial fertilizer.
-pupuk hijau: n green manure.
-pupuk kandang: n manure.
-/idiom/; pupuk bawang: n the looser |sb who is the worst in a group|

pupuk2; memupuk: v /Jv/ put traditional medicines on a wound.

pupur: n /frm/lu/ face powder.
-berpupur: v powder sb’s face.
-mem(p)upuri: v powder sth
-mem(p)upurkan: v put on sth as a powder.

pupus1: n /ld/ budding leaf. leaf that has just come out.

pupus2: adj /frm/lu/ 1 wiped out, obliterated. 2 disappeared. Pupus sudah harapan saya My expectation has been disappeared.
-mem(p)upuskan: v exterminate, obliterate, wipe out.

pura1: n /lu/ 1 bag. 2 fund.

pura2: n /Bali/ temple, shrine.

pura-pura; berpura-pura: v /frm/lu/ 1 pretend. Dia pura-pura tidak tahu kita disini She’s  pretending that she doesn’t know that we are here. 2 feign  Kami pura-pura tertarik pada koleksi perangko Mr. Dixon We feigned interest in Mr. Dixon’s stamp collection.
-kepura-puraan: n 1 pseudo 2 pretense.

purba: adj /frm/lu/ 1 old 2 ancient 3 antique. Mesir kuno ancient Egypt. kemurnian purba primeval purity.

purbakala: n /frm/lu/ olden times.
-kepurbakalaan: n archaeological matter. dinas purbakala archaeological service.

purbakalawan: n /frm/lu/ archaeologist.

purbasangka: n /frm/lu/ prejudice.
-berpurbasangka: v prejudice.

pure: n /ld/ puree |food that is boiled or crushed until it is almost a liquid: tomato puree|
-mem(p)ure: v mash, make into a puree. Kentangnya dipure The potatoes was mashed

purek {pembantu rector}: n assistant to the rector.

puri: n /frm/lu/ 1 castle, royal palace. 2 town. 3 Balinese house of worship.

purifikasi: n /frm/lu/ purification.

:

Purn. {purnawirawan, purnakaryawan}: n /lu/ retired person, emeritus.

purna-: pref. /frm/lu/ 1 after – (layanan) purna jual. after-sales (service) purna-sarana superstructure 2 post – purna-sarjana post-graduate 3 complete
-kepurnaan: n fullness, completeness.

purnakaryawan: n /frm/ retired civil servant. –syn: /lu/ pensiunan

purnakata: n /frm/ what is said in conclusion.

purnama: n /frm/lu/ full moon.

purnaswasta: n /frm/ 1 retired entrepreneur 2 retired worker from private sector.

purnawirawan: n /frm/lu/ retired armed services officer.

puruk; mem(p)urukkan: v /lu/ hide sth inside. Saya memurukkannya dalam hati I buried it in my heart.
-terpuruk: v 1 be hidden, buried. Matahari terpuruk di balik gunung The sun sank behind the mountain. 2 be decreased Bisnis saya sudah terpuruk. My business has been decreased

purut: n /frm/lu/ rough-skinned
-jeruk purut: n lime with rough skin and used as condiment.

purwa: see wayang:

purwaka: adv /ld/ in the beginning, formerly.

purwakanti: n /ling./ assonance, alliteration.

pusaka: n /frm/lu/ heirloom.
-mem(p)usakai: v inherit.
-mem(p)usakakan: v leave sth as a heritage

pusar: n /frm/lu/ navel. pusar kepala crown at top of head. 2 whorl (of hair).
-berpusar: v /intr/ revolve, whirl around.
-memusarkan: v /tr/ whirl sth around.
-pusaran: n 1 rotation. 2 han­dle, crank. 3 vortex.
-pusaran air: n eddy, whirlpool.
-pusaran angin: n cyclone, whirlwind.

pusara1: n /frm/lu/ 1 cemetery. 2 grave.

pusara2: n /frm/lu/ 1 prerogative 2 reins.
-pusara Negara: n /frm/ prerogative given to the head of state.

pusat1: n /frm/lu/ 1 navel 2 centre pusat pemerintahan seat of the government 3 plant pusat tenaga nuklir nuclear power plant 4 kantor pusat: headquarters 5 hub | the central part of a wheel| 6 core |the central or most important part of something| Kota itu adalah pusat daerah industri yang luas. The city is the core of a large industrial area.

pusat2: adj /frm/lu/ 1 central kantor pusat central office 2 middle Jakarta Pusat The middle part of Jakarta.
-berpusat: v 1 be centred 2 to have a headquarter at.
-dipusatkan: v be centralized Kampanye akan dipusatkan di Stadion Senayan. The campaign will be decentralized in Senayan Stadium
-memusatkan: v 1 center 2 concentrate 3 focus
-pemusatan: n 1 centralization 2 concentration
-terpusat: adj centralized satu pelatihan yang terpusat a centralized training

puser: n /Jv/ navel.

pusing: adj /frm/lu/ 1 dizzy |having a feeling of not being able to balance yourself, especially after spinning around or because you feel sick| 2 confused |unable to understand something clearly| Saya benar-benar pusing I’m totally confused 3 perplexed |become confused and worried because sth is difficult to understand|. 4 puzzled |confused and unable to understand something, or showing this|
-berpusing: v 1 turn over 2 whirl 3 spin around 4 rotate
-memusingkan1: v 1 puzzle |to make someone confused or unable to understand something| 2 perplex 3 bewilder 4 mystify.
-memusingkan2: adj 1 puzzling 2 confusing 3 perplexing 4 puzzling

Puskesmas {Pusat Kesehatan Masyarakat}: n Public Health Center

puso: adj /frm/lu/ 1 parched 2 dried up. sawah puso dried up  rice fields
-mempusokan: v 1 dry rice fields up. 2 fail (to pay back a debt). Semua kredit Bimas cenderung dipusokan There is a tendency to default on Bimas credits

puspa: n /ltr/ flower. puspa ragam warna colourful flower
-kepuspa ragaman: n flower colour variation.

Puspen {Pusat Penerangan}: n information center.

puspita: n /ltr/ flower.

pustaka: n /frm/lu/ 1 book. 2 divining manual 3 literature
-kepustakaan: n l liter­ature 2 documents. Pemakaian bahasa Indonesia sebagai bahasa kepustakaan adalah satu keharusan. The use of Indonesian as a language of docu­mentation is a must. 3 bibliography.
-perpustakaan: n library.

pustakawan: n librarian.

putar; memutar: v /frm/lu/ 1 turn Putar haluan 300 ke utara. Turn direction 300 toward north 2 dial Dia sedang memutar  nomer sebuah telepon She is dialling a telephone number 3 wind Putar jarum jam itu ke waktu yang tepat. Wind the leg of the watch to the right position. 4 make use (money) to have profit  Apa kamu sudah memutar uang itu? Have you make use the money for business? 5 show Kapan film itu diputar When the movie will be showed?
-berputar: v /intr/ 1 rotate 2 turn around
-putar balik: v 1 turn around. 2 swindle. 3 constantly changing opinion.
-memutar-balikkan: v twist, pervert. Dia selalu memutar-balikkan fakta. He always twist the facts
-pem­utar-balikan: n distortion, twisting.
-putaran: n whirl |a spinning movement, or the shape of a substance that is spinning: a whirl of dust|
-putaran air: n whirlpool
-putaran angin: n cyclone
-putaran mesin: n 1 rotation 2 revolution
-seputar: adv, prep. ­1 around. Itu terjadi seputar Desember tahun lalu It happened around December last year. 2 in the vicinity: |the area around a particular place| Mobil itu ditemukan seputar stasiun bis The car was found in the vicinity of the bus station. 3 concerning |about a certain subject of| Saya tidak tahu seputar persoalan itu. I don’t know concerning that prob­lem.

puter1: n /ld/ dove.

puter2: variant of putar:

putera: n /frm/lu/ 1 prince 2 son, child (of sb). Berapa orang putra kamu? How many sons do you have? 3 countryman of a certain place Dia adalah putra daerah Sumatera He is a countryman of Sumatera.
-putra mahkota: n crown prince.

puteri1: n /frm/lu/ 1 princess. 2 daughter, girl (of sb who is respected). 3 female.
-puteri duyung: n mermaid.
-puteri malu: n a shrub – Mimosa pudica.
-keputerian: n 1 women,’s affairs. 2 womanhood.

putih1: adj /frm/lu/ white 1 |having a color that is lighter than every other color, like the color of snow or clouds| cat putih white paint kain putih white cloth 2 |someone who has pale skin – European| Apa kamu kenal orang kulit putih itu? Do you know that white-skin people?  3 free Tidak ada orang yang bebas dari dosa. Nobody free of sin Tidak satupun buku-buku ini putih dari kekurangan None of these books free of all shortcomings

putih: n /frm/lu/ white 1 putih telor |the transparent part of the inside of an egg, that surrounds the yellow part and becomes white when cooked| Taruh beberapa putih telor kedalam adonan itu. Put some white of the egg into the dough.
-/idiom/ bertulang putih: adj dead.
-berputih mata: v 1 be annoyed at having to wait too long. 2 be disgraced.-keputih-putihan: adj whitish.
-memutih: v /intr/ 1 turn white Rambutnya sudah memutih. Her hair has turned to white. 2 whiten
-memutihkan: v /tr/ 1 bleach 2 whiten 3 to do whitewash 4 abolish (a punishment, debt, etc) 5 wipe out
-pemutih: n whitener, bleach
-pemutihan: n 1 the process of re-legalize sth |if sb build a house without a legal permission or certificate but later on the government gave it|  2 abolition (punishment) 3 wiping out (debt or other responsibilities) 4 whitewashing
-putih bersih: adj pure white
-putih kuning: adj cream
-putih lesih: adj very white.
-putih mangkak: adj white that has turned to greyish
-putih metah: adj snow white
-putih telor: n the white part of the egg
-/prov./ Lebih baik putih tulang daripada putih mata. It’s better to die than being disgraced.

putik: n /frm/lu/ 1 bud, pistil. 2 ovary.
-berputik: v begin  to bear fruit.

puting: n /frm/lu/ 1 handle, hilt. 2 stalk.
-puting susu: n nipple.

puting beliung: n /frm/lu/ whirlwind: water pout.

putra: variant of putera:

putri: variant of puteri:

putri malu: variant of puteri malu:

putus1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 broken off, separated   Benangnya sudah putus The thread has broken.

putus2; memutus: v /intr/tr/frm/lu/ 1 cut 2 break 3 separate 4 decide 5 interrupt
-keputusan: n 1 decision 2 verdict, sentence (law) 3 decree Keputusan Presiden Presidential Decree
-keputus-asaan: n despair.
-memutuskan: v /tr/ 1 cut 2 break 3 separate 4 decide
-putus sekolah: v drop out of school. ­
-putus arang: adj irreparable.
-putus asa/harapan: adj 1 desperate, hopeless.
-pemutusan: n 1 cutting 2 severance 3 separation 4 lay off PHK (pemutusan hubungan kerja) the action of lay off
-putus nyawa: adj dead
-putus rejeki: v lose sb’s livelihood.
-tidak putus-putus:
adj incessant.

puyeng: adj /lu/inf/ 1 whirly (of headache) 2 confused, dizzy. Dia sudah puyeng ­karena tidak bisa menjawab pertanyaan itu He was confused because he could not answer the ques­tion. –syn: /lu/frm/ pusing; bingung
-berpuyeng-puyeng: v swirl, whirl around.
-kepuyengan: n dizziness.

puyer: n /lu/ powder

puyuh1: n /lu/ quail.

puyuh2: see angin:

puyunghai: variant of fuyonghai:

PWI {Persatuan Wartawan Indonesia}: n Journalists’ Association of Indonesia.

PYM {Paduka Yang Mulia}: n Your Excellency.

Q

Q; qK the 17th letter of the alphabet used in Indonesia and English – approximately sounds like k in kilo; key; kerosene; donkey; park; mark; khaki; talk |.

q-: almost all words with q may also be written with k. For entries with q- see k-.

Qahil: n /Isl/ Cain, Abel’s brother.

qari: n /Isl/ recitation of the Koran.

qariah: n /frm/lu/ female reciter of the Koran.

qiraah: n the matter related to reading of Alquran

Qur’an: see KORAN.

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About binhom

English book writer
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