Dictionary T

T; t: n |the 20th letter of the alphabet used in Indonesian and English – approximately sounds like t in tentative; pretty; ornament; tradition; tantamount; compact.|

taat: adj /frm/lu/ obedient. Mereka orang-orang taat perintah They are obedient people.
-mentaati: v 1 obey Dia selalu mentaati nasehat ayahnya He always obey his father advice 2 adhere Semua pihak harus mentaati perjanjian ini. All sides should adhere to this agreement
-ketaatan: n obedience, adherence, fidelity.

tabah1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 persistent, determined, resolute. 2 able to endure (hardship, etc.). Dia  tabah sekali sekali menghadapi kemala­ngan itu He was very persistent in facing the sorrow.
-menabahkan: v make persistent, make determined Semoga khotbah itu dapat menabahkan dia. Hopefully the sermon will make her resistant.
-mem­pertabah: v make sb more rresistent, make sb firmer in facing difficulties
-ketabahan: n firmness, determina­tion, persistence.

tabah2: variant of tebah:

tabak: n /frm/lu/large tray.

tabal: n /frm/lu/ 1 drum used at royal installations. 2 for­mal installation ceremony.
-mentabalkan: v crown or de­clare sb a high official, king, etc.
-pentabalan: n installation or investiture (of a king).

Tabanas {Tabungan Pembangunan Nasional}: n sav­ings for national development, a government insured savings account program.
-mentabanaskan: v deposit money into such an account.

tabas1: variant of tebas:

tabas2: n /ld/ magic formula, syn; mantera, teluh

tabe: variant of tabik:

tabeat: variant of tabiat:

tabek: variant of tabik:

tabel: n /lu/ table, list.

tabiat: n /frm/lu/ character, nature 2 be­havior.
-bertabiat: v be of a certain character or behav­ior. anak bertabiat buruk a child with bad behavior.

tabib: n /frm/lu/ 1 traditional healer. 2 /ltr/ physician.
-ketabiban: n matters pertaining to such healing.

tabik: intrj. /of/ 1 greeting, salute given in greeting. 2 hello, good morning (afternoon, etc.).
-bertabik: v say hallo to greet.
-bertabikan: v greet ach other
-mentabiki: v /tr/ greet sb Dia mentabiki tamu-tamunya. He greeted his guests.

tabir: n /frm/lu/ 1 screen 2 partition.
-tabir asap: n smoke screen.
-tabir besi: n iron curtain.
-tabir mabir: n all sorts of partitions.
-bertabir: v 1 be separated by a partition 2 be in disguise.
-menabiri: v screen off  Asap menabiri gunung itu Smoke screened the mountain.

tablet: n /frm/lu/ tablet, pill.
-tablet hisap: n lozenge. |a small candy that has medicine in it|

tablig; tabligh: n /frm/lu/ 1 sermon 2 a religious meeting.
-bertablig: v preach at such meetings.
-mentabligkan: v /tr/ preach sth

tablo: n /frm/lu/ pantomime.

tabok; menabok: v /inf/lu/ slap, esp. at the head.
-menaboki: v repeatedly slap sb
-tabokan: n slap

tabrak: v /frm/lu/ 1 hit 2 collide
-tabrak lari: v hit and run.
-bertabrakan: v collide each other. Kedua mobil itu bertabrakan Both of the cars collided. Sebuah truck bertabrakan dengan dengan sebuah sedan. A truck collided with a sedan
-menabrak: v ­/tr/ strike sth Jeep itu menabrak pagar. The jeep struck the fench. Pemain bola itu menabrak pen]aga gawang The soc­cer player slammed into the goal keeper
-menabrakkan: v /tr/ make sth run against sth.
-ditabrakkan: v be made run against sth Mereka sengaja menabrakkan kapal itu ke karang. They purposely ran the ship against the reef.
-tertabrak: v be accidentally crashed by sth Pohon itu jatuh tertabrak mobil. The tree felt from being crashed by a car.
-tabrakan: n collision.
-tabrakan beruntun: n chain collision.
-penabrak: n sth or sb who collided.

tabu: adj /frm/lu/ 1 taboo. 2 be consider taboo Orang disekitar ini menganggap hal seperti itu tabu People around here consider sth like that is taboo.
-menabukan: v avoid doing sth Susan menabulan mandi terlalu malam Susan avoid taking a bath late at night.

tabuh1: n /frm/lu/ sth used to strike percussion instruments, esp. a gong.
-menabuh: v 1 strike a gong, etc. 2 play game­lan Dia menabuh gamelan He plays the gamelan.
-tabuhan: n percussion instrument.
-tabuh-tabuhan: n 1 music to accompany a dance. 2 various kind of percussion instruments.

tabuh2: n /frm/lu/ large mosque drum used to remind people of prayer time.
-menabuh: v 1 strike such a drum. 2 drum on sth with sb’s fingers.
-penabuh: n sb who strikes such a drum.

tabuhan: n /ltr./ wasp.
-/prov./ tabuhan meminang anak lebah out of proportion (litr – the hornet courts the baby bee).

tabulasi: n /frm/lu/ tabulation.
-mentabulasi: v tabulate.
-pentabulasian: n process of tabulation.

tabung: n /frm/lu/ tube used to storage sth.
-menabung: v 1 deposit (money) 2 save (money)
-menabungkan: v /tr/ deposit sth
-rekening tabungan: n saving bank account.
-tabung gambar: n TV picture tube.
-tabung kimia: n chemical test tube, retort.
-tabung madat: n opium pipe.
-tabung pemilihan: n bal­lot box.
-tabung surat: n 1 mailbox.
-tabungan: n 1 money deposit box. 2 deposit 3 savings

tabur; menabur: v /frm/lu/ 1 spread 2 scatter 3 sow
-bertaburan: v be scattered, spread. Bintang-bin­tang bertaburan di langit Stars were scattered across the sky.
-bertaburkan: v be covered with scattered things  Mahkota itu bertaburkan batu permata. The crown is covered by scattered precious stones.
-bertaburkan sari: v be strewn with flowers.
-menaburi: v /tr/ 1 sow sth  (a field, etc.). Dia menaburi tanah itu dengan benih padi He sowed his land with rice seed. 2 spread over sth, scatter all over sth.
-menaburkan: v /tr/ 1 sow sth 2 scatter, spread sth
-penabur: n sower, spreader.
-tabur bunga: n ceremony of placing flowers on a grave.
-taburan: n sowing.
-/prov./ siapa menabur angin akan menuai badai who sow the wind will harvest the storm

tabut: n 1 /Bib/ ark 2 /Isl/ effigy representing Muhammad’s steed, carried in procession on the 3rd day of Muharam. 3 /Isl./ procession on the 3rd day of Muharam.

tada: variant of tiada:

tadah; menadah: v /frm/lu/ 1 store, amass, accumulate  |to gather, collect, and keep sth in a large amount that we can  use it later| 2 illegally buy (esp. stolen things)
-bertadah: v have reservoir, use receptacle.
-menadah amin: v say amen (with hands extended and the palms upwards).
-menadahkan: v /tr/ |to use sth in order to collect or receive sth|. Dia berlutut dan menadahkan tangan keatas berdoa kepada Tuhan She knelt down and held out her hands upwards praying to God. Pengemis itu menadahkan tangan meminta ssu. The beggar open up his/her hands asking for something.
-penadah: n 1 sth that we use to gather sth 2 buyer of stolen goods.
-penadahan: n 1 the process of gathering or collecting sth using a container. 2 buying stolen goods
-(sawah) tadah hujan: n wet rice field the water of it depends on the rain.
-tadah air: n cistern, water reservoir, receptacle.

tadi: prep /frm/lu/ 1 a while ago, some time ago. Tadi dia datang kesini A while ago she came here 2 this (morn­ing, evening, etc.) Saya bertemu dengan dia tadi pagi I met him this morning Dia sudah pergi tadi pukul 10:00 pagi. He has gone at 10:00 a.m. this morning. 3 just past, this past (two, three, etc. hours) Baru tadi dia datang She came just now.  4 last (night) Saya kesana tadi malam I went there last night 5 that (refer to sth that both speaker and the listener understand what is it) Mobil tadi sangat bagus ya? That car is very nice, isn’t it? “Mobil mana maksud kamu?”  “What car do you mean?”  “Tadi  yang parkir dekat mobil kita” “The one that was parking next to our car”.
-tadinya: adv previously, formerly, initially. Tadinya saya tidak mau ikut. Previously, I didn’t want to go.

taduh: variant of teduh:

tafakur; tafakkur; tafkur: n /frm/lu/ silence or calm for a moment |a time to reminisce and respect the good deed by the nation hero|
-bertafakur: v be silent (for such objective)

tafsir: n /frm/lu/ exegesis |interpretation of passages written in holy book such as Koran or Bible based on critical explanation or analyses|
-menafsirkan: v interpret
-penafsir: n interpreter, commentator, exegete

tagih1; ketagihan: adj /frm/lu/ 1 addicted to sth ketagihan rokok addicted to smok­ing. 2 habitually accustomed to sth Dia ketagihan bekerja He has an addiction to work. 3 obsessed ketagihan  membaca koran obsessed with reading the newspaper.
-ketagihan: n addiction. 2 craving

tagih2; menagih: v /frm/lu/ 1 collect sb’s debts. 2 de­mand fulfilment of (a promise, etc.) Saya datang menagih janji kamu. I’m coming to demand the fulfilment of your promise.
-penagih (hutang): n debt collector.
-tagihan: n claim.
-tertagih1: v be collected.
-tertagih2:
n debtor.

tahadi: variant of tadi:

tahajud; tahajut: see sembahyang:

tahalil: variant of tahlil:

tahan1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 durable |staying in good condition for a long time| pakaian yang tahan durable clothing 2 invulnerable Dia kelihatan kuat dan tahan He looked so strong and invulnerable. 3 lasting 4 enduring 5 sturdy tahan di diserang sturdy to be attacked 6 strong tahan ditekan strong to be pressed, strong to have a burden 7 restrained Dia tahan mengendalikan emosi He is restrained to be emotional (restrained to control emotion)
-bertahan1: adj 1 defensive Kita perlu mengembangkan strategy bertahan We need to develop a defensive strategy 2 steady harga bertahan steady price
-bertahan2: v 1 stay defensive Saya berharap pasukan kita dapat bertahan di perbatasan I hope that our troop can stay defensive at the border. 2 can stand Berapa lama kamu akan bisa bertahan terhadap situasi buruk ini. How long would you can stand with this bad situation 3 be bearable Saya tidak tahu bagaimana dia bisa bertahan dengan kesepian itu. I don’t know how she was bearable with the loneliness.
-bertahan hidup: v survive
-ketahanan: n 1 tenacity 2 en­durance 3 resistance 4 stamina.
-menahan: v 1 restrain menahan nafsu restrain desire 2 hold on, hold back, withhold  Kawat berduri menahan penerobos The barbed wire holds on the intruder 3 detain, arrest Polisi menahan pencuri itu. The police detained the thief
-mempertahankan: v 1 defend Kamu harus belajar mempertahankan diri sendiri You should learn to defend yourself  2 maintain Kita harus mempertahankan kemajuan We have to maintain the progress.
-penahanan: n detention
-pertahanan: n 1 defense Menteri Pertahanan Minister of Defense Vitamin C adalah pertahanan saya terhadap demam. Vitamin C is my defense against colds. 2 stronghold 3 fortress.
-tahan air: adj water proof.
-tahan di cuci: adj washable.
-tahan lama: adj 1durable 2 imperishable 3 lasting.
-tahanan: n 1 detainee 2 prisoner.

tahap: n /frm/lu/ stage, phase. pada tahap awal at a preliminary stage.
-bertahap: adv 1 gradually 2 in stages,  phases. Rencana ini perlu dilaksanakan secara bertahap. This plan must be implemented gradually.
-pentahapan: n 1 staging 2 arranging in phases.

tahayul: variant of takhyul:

tahbis; men(t)ahbiskan: v /frm/lu/ consecrate, ordain. Uskup mentahbiskan sebelas pastor baru. The bishop ordained eleven new pastors. –syn: mentabalkan
-tahbisan: n ordination, consecration.
-pentahbisan: n consecration or ordination ceremony. pentahbisan uskup consecration ceremony of a bishop.

tahi: n /frm/lu/ 1 excrement, feces. Tahi kucing! Bullshit! 2 filth, dregs.
-tahi air: n scum (of water)
-tahi angin: n light drift­ing clouds.
-tahi besi: n iron rust.
-tahi bintang: n meteorite.
-tahi gergaji: n sawdust.
-tahi gigi: n tartar on teeth.
-tahi kikir: n iron filings.
-tahi kotok: n chicken droppings.
-tahi kuku: n dirt under the nails.
-tahi kuping/telinga: n ear wax.
-tahi lalat: n small moles, freckles.
-tahi mata: n mucus in the eye.
-tahi minyak: n dregs that remain after making (coconut) oil.

tahta: variant of takhta:

tahu1; tau: v /intr/tr/frm/lu/ 1 know Apa kamu tahu bahwa dia ada disini? Do you know that she is here? Siapa tahu tiba-tiba datang hujan. Who knows that it suddenly rains. 2 understand Saya tidak tahu apa maksud kamu I don’t understand what do you mean. 3 realize Apa kamu tidak tahu bahwa itu berisiko? Don’t you realize that it will be risky? 4 recognize Saya tahu dia dari suaranya. I recognize him from his voice. 4 notice Dia tidak tahu bahwa kita sedang mengikuti dia. She doesn’t notice that we are following her.
-berpengetahuan: adj 1 knowledgeable 2 well informed
-diketahui: v be understood Perseteruan itu sudah diketahui oleh umum The disagreement  has been understood by the public.
-ketahuan: v be disclosed  Rahasia itu sudah ketahuan The secret has been disclosed
-mengetahui1: v /tr/ 1 know, understand Saya sama sekali tidak mengetahui hal itu I don’t know (understand) the matter at all 2 find out
-pengetahuan: n 1 knowledge 2 understanding 3 apprehension 4 information.
-setahu: conj. 1 as far as (sb know) 2 as to sb’s knowledge Setahu saya dia sudah pergi As to my knowledge. he’s gone.
-pengetahuan: n 1 knowledge 2 ilmu pengetahuan: science 2 skill pengetahuan dagang business skill.
-tahu-tahu: adv unexpectedly, suddenly  Saya kaget, tahu-tahu semua sudah tersedia apa yang kita butuhkan. I was surprised, unexpectedly everything we need had been available.
-tahu adat: adj well-mannered.
-tahu diri: adj humble.
-tahu-menahu: v know and want to know (all)  |mostly used with a negative statement| Saya tidak tahu-menahu soal itu.  I don’t know and don’t want to know that matter.
-tahu sama tahu: v have common secret Mereka sudah tahu sama tahu soal skandal itu. They already have common secret about the scandal.

tahu2: aux.v, adv /frm/1 can Saya tahu main catur I can play chess 2 able to do or to be sth Dia tidak tahu marah. She never gets angry.

tahu3: n /frm/lu/ tofu, soybean curd.
-tahu goreng: n fried tofu.
-tahu kuning: n firm yellow tofu.
-tahu pang: n deep-fried puffy tofu.

tahual; tawa: n /Chn/ by-product of tofu, similar to yoghurt in consistency.

tahun: n /frm/lu/ year.
-bertahun-tahun: adv for years
-menahun: adj 1 chronic. Itu penyakit menahun It’s a chronic disease 2 lasting (for years)
-setahunan: n the entire year.
-tahunan: adj 1 annual Ini laporan tahunan saya. This is my annual report 2 pe­rennial
-tahun ajaran: n academic year/
-tahun anggaran: n fiscal year/
-tahun baru: n new year.
-tahun jagung: n approximately three years.
-tahun kabisat: n leap year.
-tahun hijriah: n Moslem calendar.
-tahun Masehi: n Gregorian calendar.
-tahun takwin: n calendar year.

tai: variant of tahi:

taifun: see topan:

taik1: varaiant of tahi:

taik2: varaiant of naik:

taipak: n /Chn/ 1 gambling. 2 financier in gambling.

taipun: see topan:

tais: adj /ld/ dirty.

taisen: n /Chn/ 1 the other number in a fixed pair of numbers in a numbers game or lottery. 2 the beloved.

taiso: n /Jpn/of/  group calisthenics.

tajam: adj /frm/lu/ 1 sharp  Mata pisau ini sangat tajam This blade is very sharp 2 smart  Pikiran dia sangat tajam His thought is very smart  3 incisive Senator itu melancarkan satu kritik tajam The senator launched an incisive critique  4 acute, angular satu sudut tajam an acute (angular) angle.
-menajamkan: v 1 sharpen, grind, hone (a knife, sword, blade, etc) 2 exacerbate (critical situation, disagreement)
-ketajaman: n 1 sharpness 2 smartness 3 acuteness
-penajaman: n 1 sharpening 2 exacerbation.

taji: n /frm/lu/ 1 cock’s spur. 2 metal spur attached to fight­ing cock’s leg.
-bertaji: v have a spur on.

tajin: n /frm/lu/ 1 thick water from cooked rice often fed the infants as milk substitute. 2 water with starch for ironing.
-mentajin: v /intr/tr/ 1 feed rice water (to an infant) 2 starch sb’s clothes.
-mentajini: v /tr/ starch sth
-mentajinkan: v make starch out of rice water

tajuk: n /frm/lu/ 1 crown |the top part of a hat, head, or hill| 2 tajuk rencana: editorial (of a newspaper) 3 shoot |a new part of a plant| 4 outward projection on small craft
-mentajuk1: v 1 protrude 2 become an editorial 3 become prominent, famous, well-known

tak: adv, adj /inf/lu/  short form of ‘tidak’: no, not. Saya tak punya apa-apa I don’t have   anything Saya tak peduli. I don’t care Dia acuh tak acuh belajar He doesn’t serious to study.
-ke-tak-acuhan: n apathy, inattentiveness, passiveness, indifference, inattention, unconcern
-tak akan: adv. will never, wouldn’t be, not likely to
-tak dapat tidak: v no way to say no (must, have to) Jangan ragu, dia tak dapat tidak datang Don’t be curious, there is no way that he wouldn’t come (he has to come)
-tak sengaja: adv un­intentionally

takabur: adj /frm/lu/ arrogant, haughty.
-ketakaburan: n arrogance.

takar: n /frm/lu/ 1 pottery container 2 a unit for measuring liquid, equal to 1/3 liters
-mentakar: v measure
-penakaran: n measuring.
-setakar: n one ‘takar’
-setakar: adj 1 of the same capacity 2 equal to Kerajinannya tidak setakar dengan gajinya His industriousness isn’t equal to his salary.
-takar coba: n test tube.
-takaran: n 1 measurement 2 dosage 4 measurng container.

takbir: n /Isl/ recitation of laudation, “God is great” (Allahu akbar) – at the opening of prayers. -takbir di pangkal lidah: v be on the verge of a death.
-bertakbiran: v en­gage in such recitation.
-takbiran: n 1 laudations in the form of such recitations. 2 night of last day of fasting month.

takdir: n /frm/lu/ 1 fate 2 divine decree.
-mentakdirkan: v predestine, preordain. Tuhan telah mentakdirkan kalian sebagai suami isteri God has predestined you to be wife and husband.

takhayul: variant of takhyul:

takhta: n /frm/lu/ throne.
-bertahta: v reign Dia bertahta selama sepuluh tahun. He reign for ten years.
-mentahtahkan: v 1 crown Ayahnya mentahtahkan dia pada usia enam tahun His father crowned him at the age of six 2 enthrone Raja mentahtahkan mahkota kepada pangeran. The king enthroned the crown to the prince.
-tahta suci: n pontifical authority |authority that is related to the Pope or a bishop|
-tongkat tahta: n royal scepter.

takhyul: adj /frm/lu/ supernatural |events, powers, abilities, or creatures that are impossible to explain by science or empirical fact|

takjub: v /frm/lu/ 1 be astonished 2 be surprised 3 be amazed.
-ketakjuban: n 1 astonishment 2 surprise 3 amazement.
-men(t)akjubi: v be as­tonished at. Saya menakjubi kepandaiannya I was surprised at his smartness
-menakjubkan1: v 1 astonish 2 surprise 3 amaze
-menakjubkan2: adj 1 astonishing 2 surprising 3 amazing.

takkan: variant of tak akan:

takluk: v /frm/lu/ 1 subject to Semua warganegara takluk pada hukum ini. Every citizen subject to this law 2 be obliged to Kalau kamu mau kerja disini kamu harus takluk pada persyaratan perusahaan. If you want ot work here you have to be obliged with the company’s conditions
3 surrender, give up Pasukan musuh sudah takluk pada pasukan kita The enemy’s troop has surrendered to our troop.
-menaklukkan: v 1 over power Pasukan musuh telah menaklukkan penjaga perbatasa kita. The enemy’s troop has overpowered our border guard 2 overwhelm Jangan biarkan kemarahan menaklukkan pikiran kamu. Don’t let anger overwhelm your mind 3 defeat Manchester United akhirnya menaklukkan Arsenal Manchester United finally defeated Arsenal 4 subjugate, subdue. Jepang menaklukkan sekutu pada 1942 Japan troop subjugated the alliance in 1942 5 control Kamu harus belajar menaklukkan hawa nafsu You have to learn how to control your sexual desire.
-penakluk: n conqueror, subjugator
-penaklukan: n sub­jection, submission.

takrau; takraw: n /frm/lu/ 1 rattan plaited into a rough ball (used in traditional games) 2 the game usig such ball.

taksi: n /frm/lu/ taxi.
-bertaksi: v ride a taxi.
-mentaksi: v drive a cab.
-mentaksikan: v use sth as a cab. Mereka mentaksikan mobilnya untuk mencari pendapatan tambahan He used his car as a cab to obtain additional income.
-pertaksian: n taxi matters.

taksir; menaksir: v /frm/lu/ 1 estimate, value, appraise. Saya menkasir umurnya sekitar tiga puluh tahun. I estimate that his age is about 30 years. Sebuah tim telah ditunjuk untuk menaksir nilai perusahaan itu. A team has been assigned to appraise the value of the company 2 be attracted (to) sb Dia sedang menaksir gadis cantik itu He is attracted to that beautiful girl.
-penafsir: n appraiser.
-penafsiran: n appraising, estimation Penafsiran akan dilakukan minggu depan Estimation will be conducted next week.
-penafsir: n appraiser.
-taksiran: n estimation, appraisal. taksiran kasar rough ap­praisal.
-penafsiran: n appraising, estimation Penafsiran akan dilakukan minggu depan Estimation will be conducted next week.

taksiun: variant of stasiun.

taksonomi: n taxonomy.

takt: n /tech/ stroke. motor dua takt two-stroke engine.

tak-tak: n sound of cracking, bullet shots, toy machine gun, etc.

taktik: n tactics.

taktis: adj tactical.
-dana taksis: n operating funds.

tak-umpet: variant of petak-umpet:

takut: adj /frm/lu/ 1 afraid. Jangan takut, saya ada disini. Don’t be afraid, I’m right here  2 scared Kami takut sesuatu yang mengerikan akan terjadi We were scared (that) something terrible might happen. Saya takut terbang I’’m scared of flying.
-menakutkan1: v frighten, scare
-menakutkan2: adj frightening, scaring Ada ancaman yang menakutkan There was frightening intimidation.
-ketakutan1: v be frightened, be scared Setiap orang ketakutan mendengar tembakan itu. Everybody was frightened to hear that shoot.
-ketakutan2: n fright Ketakutan berlebihan membuat dia pingsan Excessive fright made him unconscious Orang-orang menjerit dan lari ketakutan. People screamed and ran away in fright.

takut: v /frm/lu/ 1 fear |to feel afraid or worried that something bad will happen| Takut akan hujan lebat mereka tinggal dirumah sepanjang hari Fearing heavy rain, they stayed home all day long. 2 fear the worst |to think that the worst possible thing has happened or will happen|  Ketika mereka mendengar tentang gempa itu, mereka takut terjadi yang terburuk kepada keluarga mereka di desa. When they heard about the earthquake, they feared the worst happen to their relatives in the village.
-penakut: n coward

takwa1: n piety. |respect for God and religion, shown in the way you behave| Takwa kepada Tuhan membuat dia selalu bertindak hati-hati The piety for the God makes him always act carefully.

takwa2: adj obedient, pious |respectful (to God) or having strong religious beliefs, and showing this in the way sb behave and act| Sepengetahuan saya dia adalah orang yang takwa. As far as I know. she is a pious person

takwa3: variant of takua:

tala: adj /frm/lu/ in tune, harmonious.
-garpu tala: n tuning fork.
-­suam tala: n voice modulation.
-setala: adv in the same tune.
-menyetalakan: v set to the same scale.
-mentala: v tune an instrument.
-pentala: n 1 tuner (sb who tune a music instrument) pentala piano piano tuner. 2 tuning fork.
-pentalaan: n tuning.

talaah: variant of telaah:

talak1: n /Isl/ 1 divorce  2 divorce formula used by Muslim husband.
-talak tiga: n the 3rd divorce statement (after two reconciliations) and after that a remarriage is prohibited, except through tahlil (see tahlil).
-men(t)atalak: v divorce sb  Ali akan mentalak isterinya Ali want to divorce his wife

talak2: variant of talk:

talam: n /frm/lu/ tray. talam dua muka: two-faced tray.

talang: n /ld/ middleman.
-talang kuda: n horse trading commissioner
-mentalang: v lend money as a profession.
-mentalangi: v pay sth in ad­vance
-penalang: n moneylender.

talang2: n /frm/lu/ eaves through, gutter.

talas: n /frm/lu/ taro.

talen; talenan: n /of/ a 25 cents bill or coin (a quarter of a rupiah).

talenan: n /ld/ chopping block, cutting board.

tales: variant of talas:

tali: n /frm/lu/ 1 1 string, cord, rope. 2 /math. geom./ chord 3 connection
-bertalian1: adj connected
-bertalian2: v refer to Bertalian dengan perjanjian kita sebelumnya… Refer to our previous agreement….
-mempertalikan: v connect, link
-menali: v tie with rope
-pertalian: n connection, relationship  Apa pertalian kamu dengan kasus itu? What is your connection to the case?
-tali air: n man made irrigation.
-tali busur: n bowstring.
-tali gitar: n guitar string.
-tali jemuran: n clothesline.
-tali kail: n fishing line.
-tali kekang: n reins.
-tali layer: n mast rope .
-tali penduga: n sounding line.
-tali persahabatan: n friendship.
-tali persaudaraan: n brotherhood Tali persahabatan mereka sangat kuat Their friendship is very strong.
-tali pinggang: n waistband.
-tali pusar: n umbilical cord.
-tali sepatu: n shoestring.
-tali-temali: n all kind of ropes.
-tali tunda: n towrope.
-tali umban: n sling cord.

taligram: variant of telegram:

taligrap: variant of telegrap:

talk: n /frm/lu/ talcum powder.

-bertalu: v play this opening melody or gong.

talu2; bertalu-talu: adv /frm/lu/ continuously, incessantly. Beduk itu dipukul bertalu-talu The drum was beaten incessantly.

tama: n /inf/ sort form of pertama |the first|

tamah: ramah tamah: sdj /frm/lu/ courteous

tamak: adj /ld/ greedy Janganlah tamak, itu tidak baik Don’t be greedy, it’s not good
-ketamakan: n greed

taman: n /frm/lu/ garden, park.
-taman bacaan: n 1 reading room 2 library
-taman bunga: n flower garden.
-taman indria/kanak-kanak: n kindergarten.
-taman marga­satwa: n 1 wild reservation 2 zoo.
-taman makam pahlawan: n hero cemetery.
-taman pustaka: n library.
-taman sari: n pleasure park, gar­den.
-pertamanan: n 1 gardens. 2 horticulture, garden affairs.

tamasya: n /frm/lu/ 1 the activity of visiting famous or interesting places, especially as a tourist| Akan ada tamasya setelah konferensi selesai There will be sightseeing after the conference over.
-bertamasya: v 1 go on an excursion 2 go for sight-seeing. Mereka pergi bertamasya ke gunung. They went on a trip to the mountains.

tamasyawan: n /frm/lu/ tourist.

tamat: v /frm/lu/ 1 end  Ceritanya sudah tamat The story has ended 2 graduate |to obtain a degree from a college or university, or to complete your education at high school| Roy baru saja tamat dari Sekolah Menengah Atas. Roy has just graduated from Higher Intermediate School 3 die Hidupnya sudah tamat beberapa tahun lalu He died several years ago
-tamatan: n graduate. Suaminya tamatan Universitas Gajah Mada Her husband is a graduate of University of Gajah Mada.

tambah1: prep /frm/lu/ plus |used when one number or amount is added to another|  Dua tambah delapan sama dengan sepuluh. (2+8=10) Two plus eight equals ten Tagihannya Rp50.000,- tambah 10% pajak. The bill is Rp50.000,- plus 10% tax

tambah2: adj /frm/lu/ 1 additional Untuk mendapat nilai tambah, pemerintah melatih para petani dalam hal perlakuan pasca produksi hasil panen mereka. To get additional value, the government trained the farmers on post-production treatment of their harvest. 2 tambahan: additional Parkir gratis adalah servis tambahan yang di tawarkan oleh restoran itu. Free parking is another additional services the restaurant offers 3 plus Dia selalu mendapat angka plus dalam matematika. He always gets plus point in math.

tambah3: conj /frm/lu/ plus |and also| Saya harus mengantar anak-anak ke sekolah, tambah saya harus ke bank sebelum belanja. I have to take the children to school, plus I have to go to a bank before shopping.

tambah4: v /frm/lu/ 1 add  Saya tambah sedikit daun pewangi ke sop itu. I added a little aromatic leaves to the soup. 2 be, become (+ comparative form) Ekonomi negara itu sekarang sudah tambah baik The country’s economic is now better Dia sudah tambah pintar sekarang. He becomes smarter now; tambah besar become bigger; tambah luas become larger; tambah tinggi become higher.
-bertambah: v increase, expand, augment, enhance (in value, quality, quantity, size, etc.) Jumlah pencari kerja akan terus bertambah dalam beberapa tahun ke depan The total of job-seekers will continuously increase in the next few years.
-ditambah: v /intr. pass. v/ be supplemented Gaji kamu akan ditambah kalau kamu bekerja dengan memuaskan. Your salary will be supplemented if you work satisfactorily.
-menambahkan: v /tr/ add  Jangan lupa menambahkan sedikit garam ke sayur itu. Don’t forget to add a little salt to the vegetable soup.
-penambahan: n addition |the act or the process of adding sth to sth else|

tambah5: adv /frm/lu/ 1 more  Apa mau tambah kopi? Do you want more coffee? 2 tambahan (lagi): Satu disain baru mungkin tidak dapat diterima, tambahan lagi, akan menunda proyek lebih lama. A new design may not be acceptable, and, moreover, would delay the project even further.

tambah6; tambahan: n /frm/lu/ 1 addition, supplement, extra Saya perlu dua tambah I need two addition (I need two more – esp. if you talk to a waiter in a ‘Padang Resttaurant’, a specific restaurant that origin of West Sumatera) 2 more Seratus ribu tidak cukup, saya perlu tambahan One hundred thousand is not enough, I need more

tambak: n /frm/lu/ 1 dam, embankment. 2 fishpond (made by damming).
-menambak: v 1 to build a dam across a river  2 dam sth up |to stop the flow of a stream, river etc.| Pohon tumbang telah menambak anak sunagi Falling tree have dammed up the creek.
-penambak: n 1 people who plant fish in a fishpond to make money 2 material such as wood, soil that is used to dam or to stop the flow of water.
-penambakan: n the activity to make a dam.
-tambak pesisir: n coastal pond.

tambal; tambalan: n /frm/lu/ patch |a small piece of material used for covering a hole in something, especially clothes, or a hole that has been closed with such material| Celananya penuh tambalan His pants were covered with patches.
-bertambal: adj patched
-bertambal-tambal: adj patched all over.
-bertambalkan: v have (sth) as a patch.
-menambal: v to close a leak or a hole with patch.
-penambal: n 1 who patches 2 sth to patch with.
-penambalan: n act of patch­ing.
-tambal gigi: n tooth filling.
-tambal ban: n tire repair.
-tambal sulam: v repair by patching.

tambang1; pertambangan: n /frm/lu/ mine.
-menambang1: v mine, dig.
-penambangan: n 1 mining (the activity) penambangan timah tin mining 2 mining site (the place) Ini adalah lokasi penambangan timah This is a tin mining site.
-pertambangan: n mining, mine workings |mining related matter| Menteri Pertambangan Mining Minister.

tambang2: n /frm/lu/ 1 |a boat that carries people, often with their cars, across a narrow area of water such as a river|  2 fare |of this kind of transportation| Berapa tambangnya menyeberang sungai? What is the fare to cross the river?
-menambang2: v 1 ferry |to carry people or goods a short distance from one place to another especially across a narrow area of water|  2 go by a ferry Setiap hari saya menambang ke sekolah Every day I have to go to school by ferry 2 to ferry passenger. Dia menambang sebagai mata pencaharian He ferries to make money.
-menambangkan: v 1 trans­port across (of narrow water). 2 operate a vehicle. Dia menambangkan sebuah pickup mengangkut buah-buahan dari desa ke pasar. He operate a pickup to take fruits from the village to the market.
-penambang­1: n 1 ferryman. 2 ferry vehicle 3 sb engaging in trans­porting a small number of passengers (taxi drivers, pedicab drivers, etc.).
-penambangan: n ferrying, short distnace transportation.

tambang3: n /Jkt, only/ thick rope.
-lomba tarik tambang: n tug-­of-war.
-menambang3: v fasten (sth) with a thick rope. Dia menambang pera­hunya pada sebuah tiang He fastened his boat to a pole.

tambang4; menambang: v /frm/lu/ live separately but refuse to divorce sb’s wife.

tambat; tambatan: n /frm/lu/ 1 tether |a rope or chain to which something is tied| Apa ada tambatan perahu di pantai itu? Is there a tether for a boat on the beach? 2 mooring 3 post 4 tambatan (hati): sweetheart, lover
-bertambatan: v 1 have a tether 2 be connected (with).
-menambatkan: v tie (sth) on a tether.
-penambat: n sth that is used to tie sth.
-pertambatan: n relation, connection.
-tertambat: v 1 be tied on a tether 2 tied up. 3 fall in love Hatinya tertambat kepada seorang gadis His heart is tied up (He fall in love) with a girl.

tambul1: n /frm/ snacks that accompany bev­erages Restoran itu menyediakan tambul kerupuk udang The restaurant serves snack of shrimp crackers.
-bertambul: v 1 be accompanied with snacks  2 served with a light snack. 2 enjoy refreshments. Mari kita bertambul sebelum rapat dilanjutkan. Let’s have some refreshment before continuing the meeting

tamhul2; menambul: v /frm/ do theatrical stunt; (magic shows, farces, etc.).
-penambul: n theatrical per­former. artiste.

tambun: adj /frm/lu/ chubby, well fed. Mukanya kelihatan tambun Her face seems chubby.

tambung: adj /ld/ rude, impertinent.

tambur: n /frm/lu/ 1 drum, esp. of European origin. 2 mosque drum.
-menambur: v beat a drum.
-menamburi: v beat a drum repeatedly Anak-anak itu menamburi kaleng dan tong Those children were beating out a rhythm on cans and casks.

tamburin: n /frm/lu/ tambourine.

tambus: variant of timbus:

tameng: n /frm/lu/ a shield for combat.
-bertameng: v 1 use shield to shelter or protect sb 2 use sth as a pre­text.

tammat: variant of tamat:

tampa1; menampa: v /frm/ 1 understand. 2 think, suppose.

tampa2: variant of tanpa:

tampah: n /frm/lu/ winnowing tray.

tampak1: v /frm/lu/ l  be visible. Gunung itu tampak dari lantai 7 The mountain is visible from the 7th floor 2 seems, look Kamu tampaknya lelah You seems tired Apa saya kelihatan kurus? Do I look thin? 3 appear Dia tiba-tiba tampak di pesta itu. He suddenly appeared in the party.
-menampakkan: v /tr/ show up. Dia datang hanya untuk menampakkan diri He came only to show up himself.
-penampakan: n appearance Ini ada enam cara meningkatkan penampakan pribadi kamu di depan umum Here are six ways to improve your personal appearance in public. Lampu natal memberi penampakan suasana pesta di rumah The Christmas lights gave the house a festive appearance.
-tampaknya: adv seemly, apparently Tampaknya akan hujan hari ini. Apparently it’s going to rain today.

tampak2: n /frm/lu/ measles.

tampal: n l variant of tambal; see  patch 2 appendix (of a book)
-menampal: v affix |to fasten or stick something to something else|

tampan: adj /frm/lu/ 1 good looking Pacarnya adalah seorang pemuda tampan Her boyfriend is a good looking young man 2 handsome Anak kecil ini akan menjadi seorang pria tampan This boy is going to be a handsome man
-ketampanan: n handsomeness Apa kamu jatuh cinta pada dia karena ketampanannya? Do you fall in love with him because of his handsomeness?
-penampang: n sb who likes to show off.

tampang1: n /Mdn/ 1 seed, cutting for plant­ing 2 source Perdebatan itu menjadi tampang kebencian diantara mereka The debate become the seed of hate between them.
-penampang: n /tech./ profile of the level surface at a particular position of a construction.

tampang2: n /Jkt/ wad, roll. |a thick soft mass of material that has been pressed together| setampang kapas a wad of cotton.

tampang3: n /frm/lu/ 1 appearance |the appearance of someone or something| Dari tampangnya bisa kita tahu bahwa dia orang baik. From his appearance we know that he is a nice person.
-jual tampang: v show off Dia datang ke pesta itu hanya untuk jual tampang He came to the party just to show off.

tampar; menampar: v /frm/lu/ slap (to hit someone quickly with the flat part of your hand| Dia tiba-tiba menampar muka pacarnya She suddenly slapped her boyfriend’s face.
-tamparan: n slap Her slap was very hurtful

tampek: variant of tampak:

tampi: n /frm/lu/ winnow
-menampi: v winnow sth Jangan tum­pah padinya kalau kamu menampi Do not let the rice spread away while winnowing.
-penampi: n winnow basket.
-tampian: n sth winnowed. beras tampian winnowed rice.

tampik1: menampik; v /frm/lu/ reject, refuse. Mereka menampik tawaran saya They refused my offer.
-pen­ampikan: n act of refusing or rejecting.
-tampikan: n rejection.

tampik2: variant of tempik:

tampil: v /frm/lu/ l appear Dia tampil anggun She appear elegantly 2 step forward. Dia tampil kedepan menerima piala itu. She stepped forward to receive the trophy
-menampilkan: v present  Panitia penyelenggara akan menampilkan seorang penyanyi terkenal untuk menghibur khalayak. The organizing committee will present a very popular singer to entertain the audience. 2 exhibit, show |to put something in a public place so people can see it|  Pagelaran seni itu akan menampilkan beberapa lukisan Basuki. The art gallery will exhibit some of Basuki’s paintings.
-penampilan: n 1 presentation, 2 appearance, exhibition

tampin: n /frm/lu/ rough container made of plaited palm leaves, esp. for sago.

tampuk: n /frm/lu/ 1 stalk, stem |a long thin part of a plant, from which leaves or flowers grow| 2 the central point of sth Tampuk pimpinan perusahaan ini berkedudukan di Jakarta The central board of management of this company situates in Jakarta. 3 supreme authority Dia mencapai tampuk kekuasan partai saat dia baru berumur 40 tahun He gained the supreme authority of the party when he was 40 years old.
-bertampuk: v have its central, main.

tampung1;  menampung: v /frm/lu/ 1 accommodate |to give someone a place to stay, live, or work| Sebuah asrama baru telah dibangun untuk menampung mahasiswa pasca sarjana. A new dorm was built to accommodate graduate students 2 seat, hold |if a room, vehicle, theatre etc. seats a particular number of people, it has enough seats for that number| Stadion baru itu dapat menampung 50, 000 orang penonton. The new stadium seats over 50,000 spectators 3 note, record. Kami tampung usul-usul anda untuk dibahas lebih lanjut We record your petition to be discussed later on. 4 collect, intercept and retain (falling rain wa­ter, waterfall, spigot, etc.).  Pakai bejana ini menampung air hujan itu Use this container to collect the rain water. 5 absorb Sektor industri menampung 30% tenaga kerja. Industrial sector absorbs 30% of manpower.
-ditampung: v be accommodated.
-penampungan: n 1 accommodation 2 container  3 shelter  4 reservoir 5 accomodating (the process or activity)
-tertampung: v be accommodated

tampung2: n /ld/ patch |a small piece of material used for covering a hole in something, especially clothes|

tampus: adj /ld/ brownish orange to light brown

tamsil: n /frm/lu/ l parable |a short simple story that teaches a moral or religious lesson| 2 example
-men(t)amsilkan: v 1 com­pare. Kalau kita mentamsilkan dengan rumah lama, jelas ini lebih luas. If we compared with our old house, of course this one’s a lot bigger. 2 re­late in a parable or analogous manner. Cerita itu mentamsilkan berbagai cara berbuat kebaikan The story presented a number of way to do good deed
-penamsilan: n compari­son.

tamtama: n /frm/lu/ 1 lower-ranking non-commissioned officer, corporal. 2 lower.ranking commissioned officer (below Colonel).

tamu: n /frm/lu/ 1 guest 2 visitor
-bertamu: v visit sb |if you visit sb or a place and there you are considered a guest|
-menamu: v receive a visit of a guest
-tamu tidak diundang: n thief  |un-invited visitor|

tanah: n /frm/lu/ 1 land |the ground, especially when owned by someone and used for buildings or farming| Tanah ini akan digunakan untuk membangun sebuah pusat perbelanjaan. This land will be used to build a new shopping center 2 soil Apa tanah di wilayah ini subur? Is the soil in this area fertile?
-pertanahan: n land affairs.
-tanah air: n home country.
tanah garapan: n illegally cultivated land.
-tanah lapang: n a sport field (esp. for football).
-tanah milik: n privately own land.
-tanah tumpah darah: n the country where sb born.

tanahulayat: n /frm/lu/ community or clan land.

tanak; menanak: v /tr/frm/lu/ cook (of rice).  Jangan pergi sebelum menanak nasi Don’t go before cooking the rice
-bertanak: v /tr/intr/ boil, cook (rice) Ibu sedang bertanak Mother is cooking. Apa kamu tahu bagaimana bertanak nasi? Do you know how to cook rice?

tanam; menanam: v /frm/lu/ 1 plant, grow (a plant) 2 internalize |to make sth (cultural value, moral, ethic,  norm, etc become an integral part of sb’s personality| Dari masa kecil orangtua dia  sudah menanamkan sikap saling menghargai sesama mereka. Since their childhood their parents have internalized the principle of mutual respect between them. 3 invest (share, capital) Keluarga bermaksud menjual sebahagian harta kekayaan dan menanamkan uangnya dalam saham perusahaan The family want to sell some of the property and then invest the money by buying shares. 4 bury Mereka sudah menanam mayat itu They’ve buried the corpse 5 cover with soil Mari kita tanam saja sampah itu Let’s just cover the garbage with soil.
-bercocok-tanam: v cultivate a land
-menanamkan: v /tr/ 1 plant 2 implant
-musim tanam: n planting season.
-penanaman: n planting. Penanaman akan mulai besok Planting will start tomorrow
-tanamam-tanaman: n plants
-tanaman muda: n seasonal plants.
-tertanam: v be covered (with soil) Rumah mereka tertanam setelah ada longsor Their house was covered by soil when there was a landslide.

tanbiat: n prophecy.

tancap; menancap; tertancap: v /intr/frm/lu/ 1 be embedded, be stabbed |be firmly and deeply implanted into something else| Sepotong pecahan kaca menancap (tertancap) di telapak kakinya.  A piece of glass particle was embedded on the arch of her foot 2 press deeply (drive fast) |drive fast by pressing the accelerator deeply| Dia selalu tancap gas kalau bawa mobil He always drive fast. 3 be internalized |if your ideas, feelings, or attitudes are internalized, you believe them strongly and it influence your way of life and attitudes| Kesetaraan dan kesatuan dalam keberagaman telah tertancap dalam sikap pada umumnya orang Indonesia. The equality and the unity in the diversity have been internalized to most Indonesian people.
-menancapkan: v /tr/ 1 stab, embed, implant (sth) 2 internalize.

tanda: n /frm/lu/ sign, token, mark, symbol, alarm, stigma, symptom.
-bertanda1: v /intr/ 1 have mark, sign, etc 2 be signed, be marked bertanda tangan have signature (be signed)
-bertanda2: adj 1 marked 2 labelled
-menandai: v /tr/ 1 mark 2 indicate Inflasi yang meningkat menandai stagnasi ekonomi. The increasing inflation indicates economic stagnation.
-penanda: n 1 marker 2 penanda tangan: signatory.
-pertanda: n 1 signal Ini satu pertanda masa depan yang lebih baik This is a sign of the better future. 2 indication 3 omen 4 landmark
-tanda akar: n /math/ root mark
-tanda baca: n punctuation mark.
-tanda bahaya: n alarm, omen
-tanda bakti/setia: n testimonial
-tanda bunyi: n /ling./ phonetic sign
-tanda cinta: n a token
-tanda hormat: n 1 expression of respect 2 salute
-tanda jasa: n 1 decoration 2 reward
-tanda kali: n multiplication sign
-tanda kutip/ petik: n quotation mark
-tanda kurang: n minus sign
-tanda kurung: n 1 { } bracket (-buka opening bracket; -tutup closing bracket) 2 parentheses
-tanda masuk: n admission stub.
-tanda mata: n memento, souvenir.
-tanda merek: n trade mark, label.
-tanda noda: n stigma.
-tanda pangkat: n insigna.
-tanda peringatan: n warning.
-tanda pengenal; n identification card/ tag.
-tanda penghubung: n hyphen.
-tanda pisah: n dash.
-tanda sah: n letter of validation/ verification.
-tanda seru: n exclamation mark (!)
-tanda tangan: n signature
-tanda tanya: n question mark (?)
-tanda terima: n receipt
-tanda sakit: n symptom

tandan: n /frm/lu/ the stem of the banana (coconut, ete.) from which bunches grow.
-tandan ekor: n the solid part of an animal tail from which the hair grows.

tandang; bertandang: v /frm/lu/1 visit 2 make a social call. Apa kamu akan bertandang ke rumah nenek sore ini? Are you going to make a social call to your grandma this evening?
-pe(r)tandang: n visitor.

tandas1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 absolutely wiped out, demolished. Har­tanya tandas bayar hutang His property has  been wiped out to pay debt. 2 com­pletely accomplished 3 completely finished off. Makanannya sudah tandas The food has been completely finished off.
-men­andaskan1: n 1 spend everything 2 completely finish sth off 3 completely accomplish sth

tandas2: adj /frm/lu/ firm. sikap tandas a firm attitude.
-menandaskan2: v 1 state sth firmly 2 emphasize Presiden terpilih dengan tandas menyatakan bahwa korupsi harus di tumpas habis The elected president firmly stated the corruption has to be repressed.
-penandasan: n emphasizing.

tandas3: n /ld/ latrine over a stream.

tandatangan: n /frm/lu/ signature.
-menandatangani: v 1 sign 2 put signature
-penandatangan: n the signer, signatory.
-penandatanganan: n signing (process).

tanding1; bertanding: v /frm/lu/ match, fight, compete
-ditandingi: v be competed.
-menandingi: v /tr/ compete (sb/sth)
-mempertandingkan: v 1 compare sth with 2 put into competition/ match
-pertandingan: n 1 match 2 fight 3 competition 4 contest.
-setanding: adj 1 equal 2 be equal to, be comparable to.
-tandingan: n 1 counterpart 2 competitor 3 challenger.
-tertandingi: v can be defeated (in a competition).

tanding2: n /ld/ pile, heap. setanding kacang a pile of peanuts.
-men(t)anding: v pile, heap up.

tandon: n /frm/ 1 security for a loan, collateral. 2  stock, provision, goods provided. 3 reservoir.

tandu: n /frm/lu/ litter |a portable chair or a light narrow bed having poles in the front and rear carried by two or four persons used to carry a special person in the old time, a corpse, or a sick person|
-bertandu: v ride in such litter.
-menandu: v to carry in a litter.

tanduk1: n /frm/lu/ animal horns.
-menanduk: v 1 butt 2 attack with horns 3 shoot (at billiards)
-tandukan: n headshot.
-tanduk tegak: n vertical horns with points near each other­.
-tanduk telepon: n /of/ telephone receiver.
/idiom/ tandu kuda: impossibility (ltr. horns of a horse)
-/prov./ seperti telur di ujung tanduk precarious, risky (ltr. like an egg on the top of a horn)

tanduk2: variant of tindak:

tandus: adj /lu/ 1 dry and infertile (of land), not arable 2 wiped out.
-ketandusan: n barrenness.

tang1: n /frm/lu/ 1 pliers. 2 tongs, pincers.

tang2: n /mil/frm/ tank.

tang3: n /spo/ clanging sound of falling metal.

tangan: n /frm/lu/ 1 hand, arm. Mereka berjabat tangan They shook hands. dari tangan ke tangan passed from one hand to another.
-bertangan: v have hands
-bertangan besi; tangan besi: adj authoritarian, authoritative |forcing people to obey rules and laws that are often wrong or unfair| pemerintahan tangan besi authoritarian government 2 ruthless |cruel and without pity| centeng bertangan besi a ruthless foreman.
-bertangan dingin: adj successful in planting, healing, etc.
-bertangan lebar: adj open-handed, generous.
-bertangan panas: adj unlucky |most of the time fail to do sth|
-bertangan panjang: v steal Jangan pernah bertangan panjang Don’t ever steal anything.
-menangani: v handle, manage Apa kamu dapat menangani masalah itu? Can you handle the matter? Dia menangani pekerjaan itu dengan baik She handles the works well.
-penanganan: n handling.
-tangan baju: n sleeves
-tangan manis: n right hand
-tangan kanan: n /idiom/ the second person you trust to do sth.
-tangan panjang: adj long sleeves kemeja tangan panjang a long sleeves shirt
-tangan pertama: n first owner
-tangan terbuka: adj warmly welcome Kami menerima kedatangan mereka dengan tangan terbuka. We welcome their coming warmly
-tangan hampa/kosong1: n failure Mereka pulang dengan tangan hampa They came back with  failure.
-tangan hampa/ kosong2; (dengan tangan hampa): adv unsuccessfully Mereka kembali dengan tangan hampa. They came back unsuccessfully.
-tangan tangga: n stair rail, hand­rail.
-tertangani: v be handled of, be taken care of.

tangen: n /math/frm/ tangent line or plane.

tangensial: adj /math/frm/ tangential.

tangga: n /frm/lu/ 1 ladder. 2 stair­case, stairs 3 step
-bertangga-tangga: adj gradual, terraced, step by step Sawah itu bertangga-tangga The rice field is terraced.
-tangga darurat: emergency exit
-tangga lipat: n foldable ladder
-tangga nada: n musical scale
-tangga putar/ pilin: n winding stairs
-tangga sigai: n (portable) ladder
tetangga: n neighbour
-/prov./ Sudah jatuh tertimpa tangga pula: Get misfortune after the other (ltr. after sb fell  down, she/he had a ladder fell on her/him)

tanggal1: v /intr/frm/lu/  fall out, come loose. Kunci-kunci itu tanggal dari pegangannya The keys come loose from its holder. Giginya sudah tanggal satu He has a tooth fell out.
-menanggalkan1: v /tr/ strip off, take off  Tanggalkan bajunya, sudah basah. Take off your shirt, it’s wet.

tanggal2: n /frm/lu/ date. Tanggal berapa kamu berangkat? What date are you going to leave?
-bertanggal: v be dated Surat itu bertanggal 10 January 20010 The letter’s dated January 10, 2009.
-menanggalkan2: v schedule |to plan that something will happen at a particular time|
-tanggalan: n calendar, almanac.

tanggap1: adj /frm/lu/ perceptive |good at noticing and understanding what is happening or what someone is thinking or feeling| Seorang guru yang tanggap dapat membantu siswa pemalu.  A perceptive teacher can really help a shy child.
-menanggapi: v 1 give a response 2 attentively pay attention to Menanggapi surat saudara sebelumnya bersama ini kami menyatakan pendirian kami dalam kasus tersebut sbb; Responding your previous letter, here with we are stating our standpoint on the case as follows;
-tanggapan: n response, reaction, perception, argument, comment.

tanggap2: v /Jv/ 1 summon a dalang. 2 perform wayang (puppet show)
-menanggap: v hire a performer.
-tanggapan2: n perfor­mance of a wayang.

tangguh1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 strong, hard to defeat, tough, determined Dia seorang petarung yang tangguh He is a tough fighter   2 firm, sturdy
-ketangguhan: n 1 strength 2 toughness 3 determinateness

tangguh2; penangguhan: n /frm/lu/ postponement, delay.
-menangguhkan: v 1 postpone 2 put off  Saya harus menangguhkan perjalanan saya untuk beberapa hari. I have to postpone my trip for a view days.
-tangguhkan: v postpone Tolong tangguhkan rapat itu Please postpone the meeting.

tangguk: n /ld/ small fish scoop or scoop-net.
-menangguk: v to catch fish with such a net or scoop.
-penangguk: v 1 fisherman who uses such a device. 2 sb who takes unfair advan­tage.
-/idiom/ menangguk di air keruh: take advantages from sb’s loss (ltr. catch fish from muddy water)

tanggul: n /frm/lu/ dike, embankment.
-menanggul: v build a dike, embankment.

tanggulang: n /frm/lu/ sluice-gate (water gate)
-menanggulangi: v 1 cope with 2 ward off 3 settle with  Walikota tidak berhasil menanggulangi masalah sampah. The mayor wasn’t successful to cope with the garbage problem.
-penanggulangan: n tackiling |effort to tackle or to cope with a problem|

tanggung1; menanggung: v /frm/lu/ 1 bear |to be responsible for or accept something| Dalam hal ini, kamu harus menanggung sebagian kerugian In this matter, you must bear some of the loss. 2 guarantee |to promise that something will happen or be done| Saya taggung bahwa semua produksi kami akan tahan lama. I guarantee that all of our product will be durable. 3 endure |to suffer or deal with a very difficult situation or a bad result of sth| Rakyat menanggung kelaparan berat selama perang itu. People endured a severe hunger during the war. Semua kita harus menanggung malu akibat skandal ini. All of us have to endured a deep shame as the result of this scandal. 4 account, afford  Saya tidak dapat menanggung semua biaya ini. I couldn’t afford all this cost.
-bertanggung-jawab: v 1 be responsible Kamu bertanggung-jawab atas kerusakan itu. You are responsible for the damage. 2 tidak bertanggung-jawab: irresponsible
-ditanggung2: adj 1 be warranted Jangan ragu, semua ditanggung bagus. Do’t worry, everything is warranted good. 2 be paid Semua pengeluaran akan ditanggung perusahaan. All the expenses will be paid by the company.
-menanggung-jawabi: v /tr/ take responsibility Saya akan menanggung-jawabi kesalahan anak saya. I’ll take the responsibility for my son’s fault.
-pertanggung-jawaban: n responsibility.
-penanggung-jawab: n guarantor, backer, responsible person, underwriter
-pertanggungan: n guarantee, bail, security, bond, insurance.

tanggung2: adv /frm/1 barely (sufficient, adequate, enough, etc) 2 halfway 3 almost adequate but not really inadequate |i.e. sb need 5 meters rope, but it’s available only 4,8 meters| Kalau bekerja jangan tanggung. If you are going to do sth, do it completely .

tangis; tangisan: n /frm/lu/ 1 weeping Dia tidak dapat menahan tangisnya ketika dia menggambarkan pria yang memperkosanya. She couldn’t hold her weeping as she described the man who had raped her  2 wail. Saya mendengar tangisan dari dalam rumah yang terbakar itu. I heard a wail came from the burning house.
-menangis: v 1 weep  2 wail 3 cry Jangan menangis sayang, saya akan segera kembali. Don’t cry honey, I’ll back soon.
-menangiskan; menangisi: v weep for Dia sedang menangiskan kucingnya yang hilang. She is weeping for the loss of her cat.

tangkai: n /frm/lu/1 stalk, stem. tangkai bunga flower stalk. tangkai hati sweetheart, belmed. tangkai kering a miser. 2 shaft, handle, knob, hilt
-tangkai pena: n penholder

tangkal; penangkal: n /frm/lu/ talisman, amulet |an object that some people think can protect them|
-menangkal: v prevent, avoid, ward off , immunize.
-penangkal petir: n lighting rod.
-penangkal penyakit: n immunization.
-cekal (cegat & tangkal): n refusal to go abroad and to come in from foreign country.

tangkap; menangkap: v /frm/lu/ 1 catch. menangkap bola. catch a ball. 2 seize, arrest. Polisi menangkap dua orang pengedar narkoba Police arrested two drug traffickers 3 comprehend, understand, grasp. Dia mudah menangkap ceramah professor itu. He easily understand the lecture of the professor.
-penangkapan: n 1 capture, arrest. Orang mengharapkan penangkapan pembunuh itu secepat mungkin People expect the capture of the murderer as soon as possible
-penangkap: n 1 capturer 2 catcher
-penangkap ikan: n 1 fisherman 2 tool to catch fish.
-tangkapan: n 1 haul 2 prisoner 3 catch
-tertangkap: v be captured , be caught up

tangkar1; menangkar: v /frm/lu/ breed |to keep animals or plants in order to produce babies, or to develop new animals or plants|  Dia menangkar buaya. He breeds crocodile.
-penangkaran: n breeding (plant)

tangkar2: variant of tengkar:

tangkas: adj /frm/lu/ deft, adroit, agile.
-ketangkasan: n adroitness, skill, dexterity,wit
-ketangkasan fisik: n physical agility.

tangki: n /frm/lu/ liquid reservoir .

tangkis; menangkis: v /frm/lu/ 1 ward off, parry. menangkis pukulan ward off the blows. 2 repulse, repel. menangkis serangan re­pulse an attack. menangkis tuduhan reply (by denying) an accusation.
-menangkisi: v /tr/ parry or repulse several things.
-tertangkis: v be repulsed, parried.
-tangkisan: n defense, re­sistance.
-penangkis: n sth which wards off.
-penangkis serangan udara: n antiaircraft defense.
-penangkis  petir: n lightning rod.
-penangkisan: n 1 repelling. 2 fending off (blows, attack, etc.).

tangsi: n /frm/lu/ barracks.
-mengtangsikan: v confine to quarters. Komandan mentangsikan pasukannya The commandant confined the troop to quarters.

tani; petani: n /frm/lu/ farmer.
-bertani: v farm Mereka bertani sayuran They grow vegetables.
-pertanian: n agriculture pertanian rakyat small-scale farming.
-tanah pertanian: n farmland.

tanjak; menanjak: v /int/frm/lu/ 1 slant upward. Jalan itu menanjak tajam. The road sharply slaps upward
-bertanjak: v /tr/ 1 rise sth (in a sloping manner) bertanjak kaki rise up on sb’s tiptoes. Dia berjalan bertanjak. She walk on her tiptoes. 2 ascend, climb. Mereka sedang bertanjak gunung. They are climbing the mountain. 2 become Dia sudah bertanjak dewasa She has  entered adulthood, undergone puberty
-menanjakkan: v /tr/ 1 cause sth to slope upward. Dia sedang menanjakkan layar He is hoisting  the sail. Dia menanjakkan kakinya He stood on his toes. 2 bring sth upward. Dia menanjakkan bahan ke atas gunung He brings supplies up the mountain.
-penanjakan: n ascending, climb­ing.
-tanjakan: n 1 slope 2 ascent

tanji: n see tukang:

tanjung1: n /frm/lu/ cape, promontory.
-menanjung: v 1 extend to the sea like a cape. Apa nama tanah yang menanjung itu? What is the name of the area that ex­tends into the sea? 2 sail along the cape. Mereka sudah pergi berlayar menanjung They have gone sailing along the cape.
-Tanjung Harapan: n Cape of Hope.
-Tanjung Hijau: n Cape Verde.
-Tanjung Perak: n the port of Surabaya.
-Tanjung Priok: n the port of Jakarta.

tanjung2: see bunga:

tank: n army tank.

tanker: n tanker (ship).

tanki: variant of tangki:

tanpa: adv, prep /frm/lu/  without. tanpa prasangka without prejudice.
-tanpa ke­prasangkaan: adj nondiscriminatory.
-tanpa (ber)syarat: adv unconditionally.
-tanpa bobot: adj weightless

tanpanama: adj /frm/lu/ anonymous .

tanpanegara: n /frm/ stateless.

tanta: variant of tante:

tantama: variant of tamtama:

tantang; menantang: v /frm/lu/ challenge. Dia menantang saya main billiard He challenged me to paly billiard.
-penantang: n ­challenger.
-tantanagan: n challenge.

tante: n /frm/lu/ 1 aunt |form of reference and address for married European, Chn, or Westernized women|
-tante girang: n 1 middle aged, Westernized woman partial to gigolos

tantra: n the tantric sect of Buddhism.

tanya; pertanyaan: n /frm/lu/1 question. Numpang tanya bung! May I ask you a question, friend? Boleh ulang pertanyaannya? Can you repeat the question? Pertanyaannya adalah…. The question is… 2 inquiry Tolong di jawab pertanyaan berikut: Please answer the following inquiries; Kami mendapat banyak pertanyaan tentang produk baru kami. We’re getting a lot of inquiries about our new production 3 questionnaire Apa menurut kamu pertanyaan jajag pendapat ini sudah cukup jelas? Do you think that the questionnaire of this poll is clear enough? 4 query
-bertanya: v /tr/  ask question Apa ada diantara kalian yang ingin bertanya? Is there any of you want to ask a question?
-bertanya-tanya: v 1 ponder Dia bertanya-tanya sejenak ingin tahu siapa saya. She pondered for a moment wanting to know who am I 2 be quizzical 3 be curious
-menyanyai: v /tr/ 1 question Polisi sedang menyanyai tiga orang saksi mata kejadian itu. The police is questioning three eye-witness of the accident. 2 interrogate
-mempertanyakan: v 1 question Apa kamu mempertanyakan kejujuran saya Are questioning my honesty? 2 wonder Saya mempertanyakan apakah semua ceritanya itu benar. I wonder if all his story was true
-penanya: n 1 questioner 2 interviewer 3 interrogator
-tanya-jawab: n interview Tanya jawab itu berlangsung sekitar satu jam. The interview took time about an hour.
-tertanya-tanya: v wonder, be curious

taoge: variant of tauge:

taokeh: variant of tauke:

taola: variant of taula:

taosi: variant of tauci:

tapa: n /frm/lu/ asceticism |living a simple strict life, usually for religious reasons, esp, in order to acquire magical power|
-bertapa: v 1 live as an asce­tic 2 isolate sb (to meditate, to acquire magical power, etc) 3  imprison Dia sudah 5 tahun bertapa di penjara It has been five years since he imprisoned
-petapa: n hermit, ascetic
-pertapaan: n 1 hermit’s abode, retreat 2 asceticism
tapa brata: n highest form of asceticism.

tapai: n /frm/lu/ 1 sweet cake made of slightly fer­mented rice or tubers 2 alcoholic beverage made by fer­menting rice or tubers.
-air tapai: n alcoholic bev­erage made of tapai
-mentapai: v 1 be fermented. Ketela itu ­telah mentapai The cassava has been fermented. 2 ferment sth Dia mentapai ketela He let some cassava fermented
-pentapaian: n fermentation.
-pertapaian: n matters pertaining to fer­mentation.
-tapai keladi: n 1 such a cake made of taro

tapak: n /frm/lu/ 1 palm of hand, sole of foot  2 tapak kaki: footprint, track 3 a rough lineal measurement equal to a hand wide  Lebarnya dua tapak The width is two hands wide 4 site Tapak pabrik itu kurang lebih dua mil dari sini. The factory site is about two miles away. 5 plate, tray, board. square tapak catur chess square tapak mangkok cup plate
-bertapak: v 1 tread, step (on) Hati-hati kalau bertapak di rumput itu Be careful if you tread on the grass 2 have under layer or base 3 have a foot holder.
-bertapakkan: v 1 be based on 2 be supported by
-jalan setapak: n 1 path 2 narrow trail
-menapak: v 1 tread 2 step on Kami menapak tilas perjalanan pasukan itu semasa perang We step on the road that was passed by our troop during the war 3 measure with the palm of the hand or sole of the foot Biar saya ukur lebar lantai itu dengan tapak kaki saya Let me measure the width of the floor with my foot sole
-menapakkan: v set (foot) down.
-setapak demi setapak: adv step by step, gradually
-tapakan: n layer, foundation.

tapak-tapak: n /Sum./ wooden clog.

tapal: n /frm/ paste, poultice, plaster.
-mentapal: v apply a poultice or plaster.
-tapal gigi: n toothpaste.

tapal batas: n /frm/lu/ 1 frontier 2 border.

tapal kuda: n /frm/lu/ horseshoe.
-menapal kuda: v make horseshoes.

tape: variant of tapai:

tapekong: variant of tepekong:

tapelak: variant of taplak:

tapi: short form of tetapi:

tapian: n /Mdn/ water edge.

tapioca: n /frm/lu/ tapioca.

tapis; menapis: v /frm/lu/ 1 filter sth  Dia menapis air She is filtering the water. 2 sort through sth 3 censor sth  Apa berita itu sudah ditapis? Has the news been censored?
-tapisan: n 1 filter 2 screen 3 sieve.
-penapisan: n filtering.

taplak: n /frm/lu/ a sheet for a cover taplak meja tablecloth.
-bertaplak: v be covered with a sheet.
-menaplaki: v /tr/ cover sth with a sheet.

tapol {tahanan politik}: n /frm/lu/ political prisoners.

tapsir: variant of tafsir:

taptu1: n /frm/lu/ taps, retreat

tapuk3: see tepuk

tara1; setara: adj /frm/lu/ 1 matching Apa dasi ini setara dengan kemeja ini? Is this tie matching with this shirt? 2 equal Satu kilogram setara dengan 1000 gram One kilogram is equal to 1000 grams 3 equivalent |equal in value, level, standard, etc| Bom atom ini mempunyai kekuatan setara dengan 10,000 ton dinamit. This atomic bomb has power equivalent to 10,000 tons of dynamite. 3 on a par suami-isteri yang setara husband and wife on a par.
-kesetaraan: n equality, equivalence bagusnya tiada tara the beauty that has no ­equality 2 counterpart.

tara2: n /frm/1 imagination 2 dream 3 the difference between gross weight and the net weight |the weight of the container that should be deducted|

taraf: n /frm/lu/ 1 standard. taraf hidup standard of living. 2 de­gree, level. taraf pengetahuan level of knowledge. 3 status Taraf kehidupan sosial dia sudah jauh lebih tinggi dari kita The level of his social life is very much higher than ours 3 rank
-kesetarafan: n equality, sameness
-penyetarafan: n equalization.
-setaraf:
adj 1 equal, at the same level, status, position, age, etc  2 at the same age.

tarate: variant of teratai:

taraweh; tarawih: n /Isl./ non-obligatory evening prayers during fasting month.

tarbiah: n /Isl./ education.

tarekat: n /Isl./ 1 path for mystics to follow. esp. Sufism. 2 /ltr./ an order of mystics.

target: n /frm/lu/ target.
-mentargetkan: v target |plan sth and estimate the target to aim| Pemerintah mentargetkan pembangunan jalan bebas hambatan itu akan selesai dua tahun lag.i The government targeted that the new highway will be accomplish in the next two years.

tari; tarian: n /frm/lu/ dance |esp. non-western dance – western dance is called “dansa”|
-menari: v dance.
-penari: n dancer.
-tari daerah: n locally folk dance
-tari gambus: n dance to Arabian mu­sic.
-tari gebyar: n Balinese dance.
tari kejang: n break dance.
-tari lenso: n handkerchief dance, a nationally popular folk dance of East Indonesia.

tariff: variant of tarip:

tarih: variant of tarikh:

tarik1; me(n)arik1: v /frm/lu/ 1 pull, drag |to use your hands to move something toward you|  Jangan tarik rambutku, itu sakit! No, don’t pull my hair, it hurt! 2 remove |to remove something from its place, especially by using force| Tolong tarik tutup meja itu supaya dicuci Please remove the table cloth for washing. 3 draw Saya perlu menarik uang tunai dari bank. I need to draw some cash from the bank Kami pakai dua kuda menarik kereta itu. We use two horses to draw the cart 4 make, have  Saya menarik satu kesimpulan bahwa masih ada  diantara kita yang belum paham tujuan ideal organisasi ini. I make a conclusion that there are some of us doesn’t yet really perceive the ideal objective of our organization. 5 attract Penampilannya selalu menarik perhatian umum. Her appearance always attract public attention. 6 withdraw, resign Apa benar kamu akan segera menarik diri dari club? Is that true that you are going to resign from the club? 7 reverse Hakim menarik kembali hukuman dia dan menyatakan bahwa dia tidak bersalah The judge reversed the previous punishment and stated that she was innocent. 8 operate (a car) Dia menarik bus untuk mencari nafkah. He operates a bus to make money. 9 collect (payment, taxes, debt) Saya datang untuk menarik cicilan kamu I’m coming to collect your instalment 10 take, draw, charge Bank itu menarik bunga pinjaman pada tingkat 6 % pertahun The bank charge the interest rate at  6 % a year. 11 earn  Dia menarik banyak untung dari bisnisnya He earn much profit from his business. 12 involve Dia menarik teman baiknya kedalam kasus itu He involved his best friend into the case 13 stretch Tarik lengan tinggi-tinggi Stretch you hands highly.
-bertarik-tarikan: v mutually tug
-ketertarikan: n attractiveness
-menarik2: adj attractive
-penarikan: n drawing, pulling
-penarik beca: n pedicab driver
-tarik garis: v draw a line.
-tarik lotre/ undian: v gamble by buying lottery
-tarik nafas: v heave a sight
-tarik otot: /idiom/ work hard |ltr. pull the muscle|
-tarik suara: v sing
-tarik tambang: n tug-of-war
-tarik ulur: v uncertainly delay or prolong sth
-tertarik: v be interested.

tarik2: variant of tarikh:

tarikah; tarikat: variant of tarekat:

tarikh: n /frm/ 1 era. 2 in the year. 3 date. 4 /ltr/ chronicle, annals |a written record of historical events, arranged in the order in which they happened|
-mentarikhan: n arrange a date for an event
-tarikh hijriah: n the era of Muhammad’s flight to Medina
-tarikh Masehi: n the era of after the coming of Jesus

taring: n /frm/lu/ 1 tusk, fang. taring babi boar’s tusk. 2 canine tooth.

tarip: n /frm/lu/ fare, rate.
-tarif ­bea pos: n postal rates.
-tarif bis: n bus fare.
-tarif pesawat: n flight fare.

tarjemah: variant of terjemah:

taro: variant of taruh:

tarompet: variant of trompet:

tarpentin: variant of terpenten:

tart: n /lu/ European-style cake.
-tart kelapa: n coconut cake (usually frosted).

tar-tar: n /spo/ sound of repeated pistol fire.

tar·tor: n .spo/ sound of repeated gunfire .

tarub: variant of tarup:

taruh; menaruh: v /frm/lu/ 1 place sth, put sth |to move someone or something into a particular place or position|  Dimana kamu taruh suratkabar itu? Where did you put the newspaper? Taruh semuanya di bak cuci, O.K? Put everything in the dishwasher, okay? 2 keep, deposit Saya menaruh uang saya di bank I deposit my money in a bank. 3 pay (attention) Pemerintah tidak menaruh perhatian yang cukup kepada para gelandangan The government didn’t pay much attention to the homeless people. 4 taruh muka: face, meet. Dimana dia akan taruh muka setelah skandal memalukan ini? How should she face people after this disgusting scandal? 5 be interested, be fallen in love Dia sudah menaruh hati kepada gadis itu. He has been fallen in love to that girl. 6 give Kita harus menaruh hormat kepada dia. We have to give him a respect. Apa kamu menaruh kepercayaan kepada dia? Do you give him trust?
-bertaruh: v bet |to risk money on the result of a race, game, etc.|  Dia bertaruh $50 untuk kemenagan Persija. He bet $ 50 on the Persija  to win.
-menaruh sakwasangka: v suspect
-menaruh harapan: v expect (put an expectation on) sth
-mempertaruhkan: v /tr/ risk sth Dia mempertaruhkan nyawa untuk menyelamatkan anak itu dari kebakaran. He risked his life to save the child from the fire.
-taruhan: n bet, wager, ante  |the money or sth that you risk|

taruk1: n /frm/lu/ sprout, bud.
-bertaruk: v sprout.

taruk2: variant of taruh:

taruna: variant of teruna:

tarung1; bertarung: v /frm/lu/ compete |to try to win or gain something, or try to be better or more successful than someone else|  Anak-anak mulai bertarung memperebutkan tempat di di perguruan tinggi ternama. Kids start competing for reputable college.  Berapa pelari akan bertarung dalam lomba itu. How many runner will compete in the race?
-pertarungan: n 1 fight Itu akan menjadi satu pertarungan ketat. It’s going to be a tough fight 2 dispute, fight.3 competition, match, race
-petarung: n 1 fighter 2 competitor.

tarung2; tertarung: v /frm/lu/ stumble. |to almost fall down while you are walking| Dia tertarung saat keluar dari rumah. She stumbled when shecoming out of the house.

taruni: n /frm/lu/ female cadet.

tas1: n /frm/lu/ bag, handbag, briefcase.
-tas kresek: n plastic bag.

tas2: n /spo/ sound of whizzing (bullets or stones hitting a wall, a small explosion, etc.).
-tas-tus: n /spo/ sound of repeated whizzing or a small explosion.

tas3: see kayu:

tasik: n /ld/ lake.

tasiun: short form of stasiun:

tata: n /frm/lu/ order, arrangement, system.
-menata: v put in order, organize, arrange, manage
-penataan: n arrangement, planning.
-tata acara: n agenda.
-tata ­adab: n good manners, politeness, social norm.
-tata bahasa: n gram­mar.
-tata bentuk: n /bio./ morphology.
-tata boga: n food science.
-tata buku: n bookkeeping, accounting. ­
-tata bumi: n land use or utilization.
-tata bunyi: n phonetics.
-tata ­busana: n dressmaking.
-tata cara: n procedure,  customs and man­ners.
-tata graham: n homemak­ing.
-tata ibadah: n ritual |a ceremony or set of actions that is always done in the same way|
-tata istilah: n ter­minology.
-tata krama: n etiquette.
-tata laksana: n managing procedure.
-ketata-laksanaan: n management.
-tata nama: n nomenclature
-tata Negara: n civics
-tata niaga: n business administration.
-tata praja: n public administration.
-tata puspa: n flower arrangement.
-tata rambut: n hair dressing.
-tata rias: n art of cosmetics.
-tata ruang: n lay­out.
-tata surya: n solar system.
-tata susila: n 1good manners, good conduct. 2 ethics.
-tata terlib: n proceeding (of a meeting, conference, etc,)
-tata warna: n techni­color.

tatabahasa: see tata:

tataganing: n /ld/ a set of Batak’s traditional music instruments consists of a number of gong shape like tambourine.

tatakan: n /frm/lu/ 1 tray, a plate that is used as a base of sth  2 sth underneath, under-layer.
-tatakan gelas: n coaster for glasses.

tatanan: n /Jv/ arrangement, order.
-tatanan sosial masyara­kat: n the social order of society.

tatap; menatap: v /frm/lu/ 1 stare |to look at someone or something for a long time without moving your eyes|  Berhenti menatap saya seperti itu. Stop staring at me like that! 2 see, look (at) |seriously see and observe sth| Tatap mata saya! Look at my eyes! Kita dapat menatap pantai dari puncak menara itu. We can see the beach from the top of that tower. Mari kita tatap jauh ke depan, lupakan saja apa yang sudah terjadi. Let’s see far away to the future, just forget what happened in the past.
-tatapan: n sight |the act of seeing something| Tatapan matanya memperlihatkan bahwa dia sangat marah. The sight of his eyes indicated that she was so angry.
-bertatap muka: v meet face to face Presiden dan penduduk desa akan bertatap muka. The president and the villagers will meet face to face.
-tatap muka: n face to face meeting Mereka akan melakukan tatap muka They are going to have face to face meeting.

tatar; menatar: v /frm/lu/ enhance (to improve the skill, knowledge, expertise through a training, workshop, seminars, etc.| Perusahaan akan menyewa konsultan professional untuk menatar para staff dalam satu lakakarya. The company will hire a professional consultant to enhance the ability of the staff in a workshop.
-penataran: n 1 enhancing training/ workshop. 2 refresher course
-penatar: n 1 trainer, facilitator (of a training)

tatawarna: see tata:

tatih; bertatih-tatih: v /frm/lu/ 1 toddle |to walk with short unsteady steps, like a very young child|  2 limp |to walk with difficulty because one leg is hurt| Dia tertatih-tatih kesakitan menuju kursi lalu duduk He limped to the chair in pain and sat down.
-menatih: v 1 teach sb to walk by holding his/her hands. 2 give support with the hand to a walk­ing person. Saya menatih seorang wanita tua menjalani jalan terjal itu. I helped and old lady to walk the steep road.
-tertatih-tatih: adv (walk) wobbly Dia jalan tertatih-tatih ketika dia mabuk. He walk wobbly when he was drunk.

tatkala: adv, conj /frm/lu/ when, at the time. Tatkala kami tiba dirumahnya, dia sudah pergi kerja. When we arrived at his house, he has gone to work.

tato: n tattoo |a picture, word etc. that is put permanently onto your skin using a needle and ink|
-bertato: adj tattooed
-mentattoo: v tattoo

tau: short form of tahu2:

taubat: variant of tobat:

tauci; tauco; taucyo: n /Chn/ fermented bean paste used as condiment.

taufan: variant of topan:

taufik: n /Isl/ God’s guidance. Taufik dan hidayahnya. His (God) divine and guidance

tauge: n /Chn/ bean sprouts:

tauke: n /Chn/ 1 shop proprietor 2 employer, boss.

tauladan: variant of teladan:

taun: variant of tahun:

taurat: n /frm/lu/ 1 the scripture revealed to prophet Moses. 2 Old Testament 3 Hukum Taurat: Ten Commandments which directly given by God.

Taurus: n Taurus 1 |the second sign of the zodiac, represented by a bull|  2 |someone born between April 20 and May 20|

taut; bertaut: v /frm/lu/ 1 fit together. Luka itu sudah bertaut The wound has been closed. 2 be connected, related Pembunuhan itu bertaut dengan persaingan bisnis gelap. The murder was related to an illegal business competition 3 be concentrated Matanya bertaut terus ke gadis itu His eyes were continuously concentrated at the girl 4 fuse |to join together and become one thing, or to join two things together|
-mentautkan: v 1 fuse Novelnya mentautkan sejarah dan satu kisah cinta. His novel fuses historical information with a romantic story. 2 connect Jangan mentautkan masalah pribadi dengan masalah pekerjaan Don’t connect a personal matter to a business matter. 3 sew up Dokter telah mentautkan luka itu. The doctor has sewn up the wound
-tautan; pertautan: n connection, relation.

tawa: n /frm/lu/ 1 laugh |the sound you make when you laugh|  satu tawa riang a hearty laugh. 2 laughter |the action of laughing, or the sound of people laughing| tawa gemuruh dari khalayak ramai. a roar of laughter from the audience.
-bahan tertawaan: n laughingstock, mockery.
-tertawa: v /intr/ laugh |to make a sound with your voice, usually while smiling, because you think something is funny| Semua orang tertawa, apa yang lucu? Everybody laugh, what is funny? Kemudian celana John melorot dan semua kami tertawa terbahak-bahak. Then John’s pants fell down and we all burst out laughing.
-mentertawakan: v laugh at Saya minta supaya dia ikut kami tetapi dia hanya mentertawakan saya. I asked him to go with us but he just laughed at me. Bu, semua anak-anak di sekolah mentertawakan saya. Mommy, all the kids at school were laughing at me!
-tertawa terpingkal-pingkal: v laugh uproariously
-tertawaan: n the object of ridicule.

tawakal; tawakkal: adj /frm/lu/ trustful (in God who orders everything)
-bertawakal: v place sb’s trust in God.
-ketawakalan: n attitude of resignation.

tawan; menawan1: v /frm/lu/ 1 capture, subdue (in war) Mereka menawan dua orang musuhnya They captured two of their enemies 2 subdue 3 imprison
-menawan2: adj 1 attractive Gadis itu berwajah menawan The girl has an attractive face 2 captivating senyum menawan captivating smile
-penawanan: n 1 captivation 2 detention
-tawanan: n 1 prisoner 2 captive.

tawar1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 fresh, plain Tolong beri saya semangkok air tawar Please give me a cup of fresh water Apa ini ikan airtawar? Is this freshwater fish?  2 tasteless Saya suka sop tawar. I like tasteless soup  3 pure |clean, without anything harmful or unhealthy| air minum tawar pure drinking water 4 unsweetened Belikan saya roti tawar Buy me unsweetened bread 5 ineffective (of poison, magic spells, incanta­tions, etc.) Jangan takut, racun itu sudah tawar Don’t worry, the poison has been ineffective
-penawar1: n 1 fresher 2 neutralizer Ini adalah penawar racun This is a poison neutralizer 3 antidote |a substance that stops the effects of a poison|  Tidak ada penawar untuk bahan kimia berbahaya ini. There’s no antidote to these poisonous chemical substance.

tawar2; menawar: v /frm/lu/ 1 bargain |to ask the price that sb has to pay for sth|  Pembeli sedang menawar harga barang yang akan dia beli. The buyer is bargaining the price of the goods that she/he want to buy. 2 bid
-menawarkan: v offer Sales itu menawarkan produk mereka yang baru kepada saya. The salesman offered me their new product.
-penawar2: n bargainer, bidder
-penawaran; n offer Terima kasih atas tawarannya untuk membantu. Thanks for your offer of help.
-tawar menawar: v |to discuss the conditions of a sale, agreement etc.| Pemain dan pemilik club sedang tawar menawar nilai kontrak. The players and the owners of the club were bargaining for the price of the contract.
-tawaran: n bargain |the proposed price| Tawaran kamu terakhir berapa? What is your last bargain?

tawarikh: n /lu/ history.
-ahli tawarikh: n historian.

tawas: n /frm/lu/ alum.

tawes: n /frm/lu/ a kind of freshwater fish.

tawon: n /frm/lu/ bee.

tawur1; tawuran: v /lu/ engage in a gang fight.
-menawuri: v attack in a group.

tawur2: variant of tabur:

tayang; men(t)ayangkan: v /frm/lu/ 1 broadcast |to send out a radio or television program|  Metro TV  akan menayangkan pertandingan itu pada pukul 7:00  nalam. Metro TV will broadcast the game at 7:00 p.m. 2 spread out |to tell something to a lot of people| Kalau saya katakan hal itu kepada kamu, jangan tayang(kan) kepada orang-orang dikantor. If I tell you, don’t spread it out to the people in the office. 3 |bring sth on the palm of sb’s hand| 3 project |to use light to make an image appear on a screen or a surface| Kita tidak perlu layar khusus, tayangkan saja slide itu ke dinding. We don’t need a special screen, just project the slide on the wall.
-ditayangkan: v be broadcasted. Temu wicara itu akan di tayangkan di saluran 5. The talk show will be broadcasted on channel 5.
-pen((t)ayangan: n broadcasting.
-tayangan: n 1 broadcasting program Tayangan apa di TVRI saat ini? What program on TVRI at this time? Tayangan RRI lebih banyak mengenai informasi pembangunan. Most of TVRI programs are about development information. 2 sth that you carry on the palm of your hand

tbc {tebese}: n tuberculosis.

TC {tese}: n Training Center

team: n team.

teater: n /frm/lu/ drama theatre.

teaterawan: n /frm/lu/ dramatist |someone who writes or plays a drama, especially as a profession|

tebak1; menebak: v /frm/lu/ 1 guess |to try to answer a question or make a judgment without knowing all the facts|  Bisa kamu tebak berapa umurnya? Can you guess how old is she?  2 conjecture |to guess about things when you do not have enough information| Mereka tidak punya cukup data, sehingga mereka menebak saja proyeksinya. They don’t have enough data, so they just conjecture the projection.
-tebakan: n 1 guessing 2 conjecture
-teabak-tebakan: n guessing play |sb give a clue and the other guess the answer|
-tebak manggis: v 1 gamble by guessing the number of segments of a particular mangosteen. 2 riddle.

tebak2; menebak: v /ld/ chop off, cut off. tebak tanah turn over the soil with a hoe.

tebal: adj /frm/lu/ 1 thick |measuring a large distance, or a larger distance than usual, between two opposite sides or surfaces| Kamus itu terlalu tebal untuk dibawa kemana-mana. The dictionary is too thick to bring everywhere 2 dense Kabut semakin tebal mari kita masuk The fog is getting denser, let’s go inside. 3 tebal muka: shameless Dia adalah orang yang tebal muka. He is a kind of shameless person 4 strong Mereka punya keyakin tebal tentang kehidupan abadi. They have strong belief in eternal life 5 heavy sebuah selimut tebal a heavy blanket 6 boldface Dicetak dengan huruf tebal Printed in boldface letter.
-ketebalan1: adj too thick Bantal ini ketebalan untuk anak kecil This pillow is too thick for a small child.
-ketebalan2: n 1 thickness Ketebalan awan membuat pesawat sulit mendarat. The thickness of the cloud made the craft was difficult to land. 2 density
-menebal: v become thicker.
-menebalkan: v thicken
-penebalan: n thickening |the act or process of thicken|

tebang; menebang: v /frm/lu/ cut or chop down.
-penebangan: n cutting down Penebangan liar hutan tropis harus segera dihentikan The illegal cutting down of rainforest must be soon terminated.

tebar; bertebaran; menyebar: v /intr/frm/lu/ 1 spread out /intr/ |if a group of people spread out, they move apart from each other in order to cover a wide area| Kalau kita menyebar akan lebih mudah menemukannya. If we spread out, it should be easier to find her. 2 scatter |to move or be made to move in many different directions| Dia mengeluarkan senjata dan kerumunan itu betebaran kemana-mana. He pulled out a gun and the crowd scattered across.
-menyebarkan: v /tr/ 1 spread sth out |to open something so that it covers a big area, or to arrange a number of things over a big area| Tracy sedang menebarkan benih itu ke tempat pembibitan Tracy is spreading out the seeds on the seedling bed. Dia telah menebarkan berita itu kemana-mana. He has spread the news out. 2 scatter. |to throw or drop a lot of things over a wide area| Dia menebarkan pakaian dimana-mana. He scattered clothes everywhere. 3 circulate, distribute Siapa yang akan menyebarkan brosur itu? Who is going to circulate the pamphlets?
-penyebaran: n 1 spread Pemerintah harus mencegah penyebaran flu burung itu dengan serius. The government has to protect the spread of the bird flu seriously. 2 circulation 3 dispersion
-tebaran: n 1 distribution 2 circular 3 dispersal Penyebaran virus itu terutama melalui kontak langsung.

tebar2; tebar layar: n /frm/lu/ attic wall |usually shapes triangle|

tebas1; menebas: v /frm/lu/ cut down (shrubs, vegetation, etc.. but not large trees). Mereka menebas  semak-semak itu membuat jalan setapak They cleared the bush to make a path

tebas2; menebas: v /ld/ buy whole crop on the spot |if sb wholly buy the newly harvested crop or before harvest time|
-menebaskan: v sell un-harvested or  newly harvested crop o the spot.
-penebas: n 1 mid­dleman who buys crops still standing in the field and who employs his own labor to harvest. 2 wholesale buyer of a product.

tebat: n /frm/lu/ 1 dam 2 fishpond
-menebat: v dam a creek for fish pond
-pentebatan: n the process of making a fish fond

tebece; tebese: n tuberculosis.

tebeng1: n /ld/ protective temporary screen (e.g. a mat to provide shade, etc.).
-tebeng jendela: n window hang­ings.
-tebeng topi: n wide brim of sun hat.
-menebeng: v 1 put up temporary screen (mat, sail, etc.). 2 spread out cloth, mats, etc. for display.
-menebeng babut: v spread out carpets.
-menebengi: v shade or screen sth

tebeng2; menebeng: v /frm/lu/ 1 sponge |to get money, food etc. from someone without working for it| 2 ride, live with sb for free
-men­ebengkan: v 1 allow or arrange for sth to live, drive, lift for free 2 mooch, etc. Dia menebengkan anaknya ke sekolah kepada tetangga. He had his daughter get a ride with his neighbour (to school).

tebese: variant of tebece:

tebing: n /frm/lu/ steeply sloping riverbank or mountain side.

tebu: n /frm/lu/ sugar cane.
-/prov./ mendapat tebu rebah unexpected luck (litr., get sugar cane that has been cut down).
-tebu keprasan: n 1 sucker rising from the roots of a sugar cane plant which has already been cut down..
-tebu-tebuan: n 1 name for various kind of reeds 2 encircling design on hilt, bangle, etc., similar to sugar cane joints.

tebus; menebus: v /frm/lu/ 1 redeem |to exchange a piece of paper representing an amount of money for the money that it is worth| Tebus kupon ini Redeem this coupon for 20% off a jar of coffee. 2 |pay debt to a pawnbroker or pawnshop and take the valuable thing you put as a guarantee| 3 compensate for some fault or mistake 4 pay ransom Penculik melepaskan sandera itu setelah kami menebus. Kidnaper released the hostage after we paid ransom
-menebus dosa: v atone the sin
-menebus malu: v wipe out a disgrace.
-penebusan: n redemption
-Sang penebus: n redeemer
-tebusan: n 1 ransom 2 compensation

tedeng: n /ld/ protective screen (i.e. to shield from heat).
-bertedeng-aling-aling: v covered up, hide sth.
-tedeng aling-aling: n sth used to cover up a crimi­nal or secret act.

teduh: adj /frm/lu/ 1 calm (following sth noisy or violent). Suasana teduh setelah perang The calm situation after the war.  2 friendly Cuaca telah teduh kembali. The weather has been friendly  again 2 shaded Disana teduh dibawah pohon It is shaded over there under the big tree
-berteduh: v take shelter Mari berteduh dibawah pahon itu Let’s take as shelter under that  tree.
-berteduhkan: v be shaded of sth Kami berteduhkan payung yang kami bawa dari rumah We were shaded using the umbrella we took with us.
-keteduhan: n shade, calmness, quietness
-meneduhkan: v /tr/ 1 shade Pohon mangga meneduhkan teras itu The mango tree shades the veranda 2 calm Perjanjian memelihara perdamaian antara kedua Negara itu telah meneduhkan suasana di seluruh wilayah. The agreement to keep peace between the two countries has calmed the atmosphere in the whole region.
-meneduhi: v /tr/ provide shelter, shade.

tefakur: variant of tafakur:

tega: v /frm/lu/ 1 dare |to be brave enough to do something, used especially in negative sentences|  Ronald tidak akan tega memberitahukan kepada boss bahwa kita salah. Ronald wouldn’t dare to tell the boss that we are wrong. 2 do sth without worrying about the consequences Teganya kamu meninggalkan anakmu sendirian dirumah How dare  you to leave your child alone at home.

tegak1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 upright |standing straight up| buat sebuah garis tegak draw an upright line 2 erect Apa kamu melihat tonggak tegak itu? Do you see that erect pole? 3 always behaving in an honest way Dia seorang hakim yang tegak He is an honest judge

tegak2: adv /frm/lu/ 1 upright Mundur kebelakang dan berdiri tegak disana Move back and stand upright there  2 erect Sekarang ada sebuah patung berdiri tegak ditengah taman. Now there is a statue stand erect in the middle of the park..
-menegakkan: v 1 uphold |to defend or support a law, system, or principle so that it is not made weaker| Mereka ingin menegakkan hukum They want to uphold the law. 2 make sth stand upright
-penegakan: n upholding |the law, discipline, social valure, etc,| penegakan hukum law enforcement .
-setegak: adv as to the most upright Setegak apapun kamu berdiri tinggi kamu tidak lebih dari satu 1, 6 meter No matter as to the most upright you would stand, your height is not going to be more than 1, 6 meter.
-/prov/ Tegak sama tinggi duduk sama rendah Everyone has equal humanright.

tegal1: conj. /ld/ because, due to Ada beberapa orang meninggal tegal penyebab yang sama. There are a number of people die due to the same reasons.

tegal2; tegalan: n /frm/lu/ dry (not irrigated) field near the rice fields but used for vegetables and other sec­ondary crops.
-penegalan: n cultivation without irriga­tion.
-persawahan dan tegalan: n wet and dry land cultiva­tion.

tegang: n /frm/lu/ 1 taut |stretched tightly| satu tali yang tegang a taut rope 2 tense |nervous and anxious| Kamu kelihatan tegang, apa yang terjadi? You look really tense, what’s happened? suasana tegang a tense situation 3 tight |unable to relax because your muscles feel stretched and stiff|
-ber(si)tegang: v 1 be in tense condition 2 persevere |to continue trying to do something difficult in a determined way|  Jenny bersitegang dengan niatnya kawin dengan Brad Jenny persevered in her intention to marry Brad 2 insist sth uncompromisingly.
-ketegangan: n tension, worry, stress
-menegangkan: v 1 tighten 2 make sth tight  3 worrying (make sb worry) 4 tense

tegap: adj /frm/lu/ 1 well-built, sturdy  2 steady and unshakable. Seorang komandan biasanya harus tegap A commandant is usually well-built.
-ketegapan: n sturdiness Ketegapan tubuh merupakan modal dasar menjadi seorang bodyguard Physical sturdiness is a basic prerequisite to be a bodyguard.

tegar1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 invulnerable |tough in facing severe melancholy| 2 obstinate |determined not easily to change your opinions, ideas, feeling, behavior etc|
-ketegaran: n 1 invulnerableness 2 ob­stinacy.
-menegarkan: v make sb invulnerable.

tegar2: variant of tagar:

tegas: adj /frm/lu/1 strident |showing determination and a strong opinion that may be unpleasant to other people| penolakan tegas terhadap tuntutan a strident denial of the charges 2 strict Ayah memberi perintah tegas untuk tidak keluar sampai larut malam. Daddy gave a strict instructions not to let you stay up late. 3 explicit Perusahaan punya peraturan tegas The company has an explicit rule.
-ketegasan: n 1 affirmativeness 2 assertiveness 3 explicitness.
-menegaskan: v 1 affirm |to state publicly that something is true| Presiden menegaskan niatnya untuk menurunkan pajak The President affirmed his intention to reduce taxes. 2 assert |to state an opinion or belief firmly|  Prof. Ahmad menegaskan bahwa biaya masuk perguruan tinggi masih tetap tinggi. Professor Ahmad asserts that the cost of going to college is still high. 3 clarify Menejer itu menegaskan bahwa niatnya untuk mengundurkan diri benar. The manager clarify that his intention to resign is true 4 confirm Kepala polisi sudah menegaskan bahwa pembunuh itu sudah ditahan The chief of the policy confirmed that the murderer has been detained.
-penegasan: n 1 affirmation 2 assertion 3 confirmation.

tegel1: adj /Jv/ capable (of doing sth despicable) Tentara harus tegel makan ular Soldiers must be able to eat snakes.

tegel2: n /frm/lu/ floor tile.
-mentegel: v put tile |cover with floor tiles|.

tegor: variant of tegur:

teguh: adj /frm/lu/1 tenacious |very determined to do something, and unwilling to stop trying| 2 persistent |continuing to do something even though it is difficult or other people oppose it|  Mungkin anda tidak akan dapat menemui mereka tetapi teguhlah. You may not be able to find them easily, but be persistent. 3 consistent |always happening in the same way or having the same attitudes, quality etc.|  Saya sudah coba teguh melakukan ajaran agama itu. I’ve tried to be consistent in applying the teaching of the religion.
-keteguhan: n 1 consistency 2 tenaciousness 3 persistence.
-meneguhkan: v make sth tenacious, persistent, consistent.

teguk; meneguk: v /frm/lu/ gulp, swallow |also gulp down to swallow something quickly| Dia meneguk tehnya lalu lari mengejar bus.  She gulped her tea and ran to catch the bus.
-meneguki: v repeatedly gulp, swallow
-seteguk: n a gulp seteguk air a gulp of water.
-tegukan: n gulp, swallow.

tegun; tertegun: v /frm/lu/ be startled |be suddenly surprised| Langkahnya tertegun sesaat His step was startled fo a moment. 2 stupefied |so surprised or bored that you cannot think clearly|
-ketertegunan: n 1 startled amazement 2 stupefied anxiety 3 astonishment
-menegunkan: v 1 startle 2 stupefy.

tegur; menegur: v /frm/lu/ 1 greet |say hallo to sb when you meet him/her| Dia tidak membalas teguran saya tadi siang. He didn’t response to my greeting this afternoon. 2 admonish |to warn someone, or to tell him/her that s/he has done something wrong|
-berteguran: n reversely greet each other Kedua mereka berteguran tadi pagi Both of them greeted each other this morning.
-teguran1; tegur-sapa: n greeting
-teguran1: n 1 warning 2 admonition, admonishment.

teh: n /frm/lu/ tea (both beverage and leaves).
-teh botol: n bottled or packaged tea.
-teh es: n iced tea.
-teh kotak: n tea to drink in cartons.
-teh pahit: n unsweetened tea.
-teh susu: n tea with milk.
-teh tawar: n unsweetened tea.

tehnik; tehnis: variant of teknik:

tehnikus: variant of teknikus:

tehnisi: variant of teknisi:

tehnologi: variant of teknologi:

Tekab {Team Khusus Anti Bandit}: n special anti­-bandit police team.

tekad: n /frm/lu/ 1 determination 2 strong will,  resolve.
-bertekad: v 1 be determined 2 have strong will 3 be bent on

tekak: n /frm/ 1 palate |the top inside part of the mouth| 2 throat.
-mentekak: v stick to the palate. Manisnya mentekak Its      sweetness sticks to the throat.

tekan1; menekan: v /frm/lu/ 1 press 2 push down 3 give pressure 4 suppress 5 repress 6 oppress 7 compress.
-bertekan: v lean on Dia bertekan pada meja He leaned on the table bertekan pada pinggang with arms akimbo
-bertekanan: v exert pressure. bertekanan tinggi exerting high pressure or voltage.
-menekankan: v 1 emphasize 2 stress
-penekanan: n 1 pressing 2 stressing 3 compressing 4 emphasizing
-tekanan: n 1 pressure 2 tension 3tekanan darah tinggi: hypertension
-tertekan: v 1 be suppressed 2 be repressed 3 be compressed

tekan2: variant of teken:

tekat: variant of tekad:

teka-teki: n /frm/lu/ 1 riddle 2 puzzle.
-berteka-teki: v l play riddles. 2 ask a riddle.
-teka-teki jenaka: n conundrum.
-teka-teki ­silang: n crossword puzzle..

tekel; mentekel: v /inf/ 1 manage 2 handle 3 resolve Apa kamu sanggup menekel masalah itu? Can you handle the problem?

teken1: n /Jkt/ variant of tekan:

teken1; meneken: v /frm/lu/ 1 sign  2 put signature  Apa kamu sudah meneken laporan itu? Have you signed the report? 3 enlist /of/ Dia sudah teken tentara. He has enlisted an army.
-tekenan1: n signature ..

teken2; tekenan2: n /frm/lu/ 1 drawing , sketch, picture 2 signature

tekhnik; tekhnis: variant of teknik:

tekhnokrat: variant of teknokrat:

tekhnologi: variant of teknologi: .

teknik: n /frm/lu/ 1 technique. 2 engineering. ­
-teknik litrik: n electrical engineering
-teknik kelautan: n marine engineering.
-teknik perkapalan: n marine engineering

teknikus: n /frm/lu/ technician.

teknis: adj /frm/lu/ technical.

teknisi: n /frm/lu/ technician.

teknokrasi: n /frm/lu/ technocracy.

teknokrat: n /frm/lu/ technocrat.

teknokratis: n /frm/lu/ technocratic.

teknologi: n /frm/lu/ technology, engineering.

teknologis: n /frm/lu/ technological.

teko; tekoh: n /frm/lu/ teapot.

tekong: variant of teking:

tekor: v /inf/lu/ lose the capital (show a deficit)  Dia tekor $500 dari bisnisnya itu He lost $500 in his business  -syn: rugi

tekosi: n /inf/ a cozy tea pot

teks: n /frm/lu/ text.
-buku teks: n textbook (compare to writing book or blank paper book)

tekstil: n /frm/lu/ textile.
-peryekstilan: n matters pertaining to tex­tiles or textile industry.

tekstur: n /frm/lu/ texture

tek-tek: n /spo/ sound of tapping.
-bakmi tek-tek: n noodle dish sold by street vendors who tap on their woks to attract customers.

tektonis: adj /frm/lu/ 1 tectonic. |pertaining to construction or building| 2 architectural

tekuk: adj /Jkt/ crumpled, folded, bent.
-bertekuk: v be crumpled, be folded, be bent.
-bertekuk lutut: v /intr/tr/ 1 squat 2 knee 3 /idiom/ surrender, give up Akhirnya Belanda bertekuk lutut kepada Jepang Finally the Dutch surrendered to the Japanese.
-menekuk: v /intr/tr/ fold menekuk kertas fold the paper
-menekukkan: v /tr/ fold (sth)
-menekuk lututkan: v /tr/overpower, subdue.
-tekukan: n bend
-tekukan pinggang: n deep bend.

tekukur: n /frm/lu/ large turtledove |any kind of bird – Streptopelia turtur|

tekun: adj /frm/lu/ 1 diligent |someone who is diligent, always works hard, and carefully| seorang siswa yang tekun a diligent student 2 determined |having a strong desire to continue to do something even when it is difficult|  Dia seorang wanita tekun She’’s a very determined woman.
-bertekun: v be diligent Bertekunlah belajar kalau ingin dapat beasiswa. Be diligent in studying if you wish to get scholarship.
-dengan tekun: adv diligently Kamu harus belajar dengan tekun You heve to study diligently
-ditekuni: v be adhere to Pelajaran bahasa Inggris adalah seuatu yang harus ditekuni oleh seseorang. English study is one that sb need to be adhered to
-ketekunan: n diligence.
-menekuni: v /tr/ do sth diligently Dia menekuni pekerjaan itu dan akhirnya dia berhasil He did the work diligently and finally he got success.

tekur: v /frm/ bend over (of head).
-bertekur: adv with head bowed. Dia duduk bertekur He sat with bowed head.
-mentekurkan: v /tr/ 1 bend, bow. Dia mentekurkan kepala kebawah meja. He bowed his head under the table 2 meditate.
-mentekuri: v 1 stare at. Kamu mentekuri apa? What are you staring at? 2 bend, bow to  Kembali dia mentekuri catatan itu She again bent her head staring the note.
-tekuran: n soup with fish balls.

Tel. {Teluk}: n /lu/writ/  bay, gulf.

tel. {telfon}: n /lu/writ/ telephone.

telaah: n /frm/lu/ 1 study 2 research 3 evaluation 4 observation .
-men(t)elaah: v 1 analyze 2 study carefully 3 obser 4 evaluate Dia menelaah buku pela]aran itu dengan tuntas.. She carefully go over the books.
-penelaah: n 1 re­searcher 2 evaluator 3 observer .
-penelaahan: n 1 research 2 evaluation 3 observation.
-telaahan: n 1 research paper. 2 evaluation result.

teladan1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 model |a person or thing that is a perfect example of its type| Dia adalah seorang mahasiswa teladan She is a model student 2 perfect example Ibu saya adalah seorang ibu rumah tangga teladan My Mom is a perfect example of a house wife
-meneladani: v /tr/ take sb or sth as a good example Kamu harus meneladani cara belajar saudara kamu. You have to take the way of your brother to study as a good example. Dia  meneladani Sukarno sebagai pemimpin bangsa He takes Sukarno as a good example as a nation leader.
-keteladanan: n |the fact of sth as a good example| Saya menghargai perbuatan kamu sebagai satu keteladanan I admire your deed as a good example.

teladan2: n /frm/lu/ model, good example Henry adalah seorang teladan di sekolahnya Henry is a model in his school. Sikap kamu adalah satu teladan yang baik Your attitude is a good example

telaga: n /frm/lu/ 1 lake, pond. 2 stagnant pit, well.
-telaga tahi: n cesspool.

telah1: adv /frm/lu/ 1 already (marker indicating a completed action ). Dia telah pindah dari rumah ini He already moved from this house. Mereka telah pergi. 2  have/has been. |used to indicate past participle tense| Dia telah pergi tadi pagi She has gone this moning. Apa kamu telah membersihkan kamar mandi? Have you cleaned the bathroom? Mereka telah pergi jauh. They have gone away.
-setelah1: prep. after  Setelah serapan pagi kamu langsung pergi kesekolah. After breakfast, go to school immediately.
-setelah2: adv after |to describe that sth happen after another| Ayah tiba pukul 5.00: dan Ibu satu jam setelah itu. Daddy arrived at 5.00 o’clock and Mom an hour after.

telah2: mentelah: v /frm/ 1 predict. Kita belum dapat mentelah hasil pemilihan itu.We cannot predict the result of the election.
-pentelah: n prophesier, forecaster.
-pen­telahan: n prophecy, prediction.

telak: adv /frm/lu/ 1 completely, remarkably, right on target , unequivocally. Pemain tennis kita menang telak dalam pertandingan final Our tennis player completely win  the final game.

telan; menelan: v /frm/lu/ 1 swallow 2  defeat  menelan mentah-mentah utterly defeat.
-ditelan: v 1 be swallowed Empat orang melompat ke laut lalu ditelan ombak. Four people jumped into the sea and were swallowed by the waves. 2  be defeated 3  be utterly defeated ditelan mentah-mentah 3  be disappeared hilang ditelan malam disappeared in the night 4  endure Dia harus menelan pil pahit dari peristiwa itu He had to endure a bitter experience from that case. 5 take, consume, spend, cost Konperensi itu menelan biaya sampai $500,000. The conference spent the cost up to $100, 000.
-tertelan1: v 1 be swallowed (accidentally) Sebuah kelereng tertelan oleh anak kecil itu A marble was swallowed by the child 2 be hidden, disappeared (by) Pesawat itu sudah tertelan oleh awan tebal The craft has been disappeared by the thick cloud 3 /be utterly defeated  Tim kami tertelan mentah-mentah Our team was utterly be defeated.
-tertelan2: adj swallow-able (can be swallowed)

telanjang: adj /frm/lu/ bare, naked, nude |not covered by anything| Dia berjalan tadi pagi dengan kaki telanjang. He walked this morning with barefoot Jangan telanjang di pantai ini. Don’t be nude in this beach Apa telanjang dada diperkenankan? Is bear breasted allowed? Jangan melihat gerhana dengan mata telanjang. Don’t watch the eclipse with bare eyes
-ketelanjangan: n nakedness. nudeness, bareness.
-menelanjangi: v 1 make sb naked or nude 2 disclose, uncover (a secret) 3 strip (sth)

telanjur: see lanjur:

telantar: adj /frm/lu/ abandoned |not being used or taken care of any longer|  sebuah gedung yang telantar an abandoned building seorang anak telantar an abandoned child.
-menelantarkan: v abandon
-penelantaran: n abandonment.
-ketelantaran: n the state of being abandoned.

telapak; n /frm/lu/ bottom part of sth
-telapak ban: n tread of a tire.
-telapak kaki: n sole of foot.
-telapak kaki ­kuda: n hoof.
-telapak kembar: adj 1 dual tread (tire). 2 two-ply (tire)
-telapak tangan: n palm of hand.

telat1: adv /frm/lu/ late Mereka datang telat They came late

lelat2: adj /frm/lu/ late Itu adalah kedatangan yang telat It’s a late arrival.

telaten1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 scrupulous |done very carefully so that every detail is correct| Ini satu karya telaten This is a scrupulous work. Dia adalah pengetik telaten She is a scrupulous typewriter.

telaten2: adv /frm/lu/ scrupulously Dia selalu bekerja telaten. She always work scrupulously.

tele; bertele-tele1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 indirect 2  long-winded 3 excessively long and triv­ial 4 redundant  Jawaban dia itu bertele-tele His answer was long-winded
-bertele-tele2: adv 1 indirectly 2 redundantly Jangan bicara betele-tele, langsung ke permasalahan. Don’t talk excessively long, just to the point.

teledor: adj /frm/lu/ 1 negligent 2 careless.
-keteledoran: n 1 negligence  2 carelessness 3 default (of payment)
-menteledorkan: v neglect.

telefon: variant of telephone:

telephonist: n /frm/lu/ female telephone operator.

telegraf: variant of telegrap:

telegrafis: n /lu/ 1 telegraph operator. 2 telegraphic.

telegram: n /frm/lu/ telegraph
-mentelegram: v send a telegram.

telegrap; n /frm/lu/ telegraph.

telegrapis: variant of telegrafis:

telek1: /Jkt/ variant of telak:

telek2: n /ld/ bird droppings.

telekomunikasi: n /frm/lu/ telecommunications.

teleks: n telex.

telenan: variant of talenan:

teleng1: n /frm/lu/ pupil (of eye).

teleng2: adj /frm/lu/ at an angle
-mata teleng: n cross-eyed.
-mentelengi: v cause sth to slope at an angle. Kepalanya tertoleh sedikit mentelengi bahunya Her head was slightly turned causing her shoulder to slope.
-mentelengkan: v cause sth to be at an angle. mentelengkan kepala cock sb’s head at an angle. mentelengkan topi tip sb’s hat.

telengkup: v /frm/lu/ lie on sb’s stomach (with back upward).

telentang: see lentang:

telepati: n telepathy.

telepisi: variant of televisi:

telepon; telpon: n /frm/lu/ telephone.
-bertelepon: v call phone, use the phone.
-(ber)telepon-teleponan: v call each other by telephone
-meneleponkan: v call on behalf somebody else. Dia minta saya meneloponkan suaminya. She asked me  to call her husband.
-penelepon: n caller.
-perteleponan: n matter pertaining to tele­phone

telepun: variant of telepon:

teler1: n /ld/ foul discharge from an infected ear.

teler2: adj /inf/lu/ 1 over exhausted Wah, saya naik gunung sampai teller Hey, I climbed the mountain until I  was really exhausted! 2 intoxicated, drunk
-teler-teleran: v get plastered, get completely drunk.

teler3: see es:

teleskop: n telescope.

televisi: n television.
-mentelevisikan: v show sth on TV.
-pertelevisian: n matters pertaining to television.

telegram: variant of telegram:

telinga: n /frm/lu/ 1 ear | the part of your body that you hear with|  2 ear­-shaped handle
-telinga paci: n handle of a pan.

teliti: adj /frm/lu/ 1 careful |paying a lot of attention to detail| Dokter melakukan pemeriksaan yang teliti The doctor consucted a careful examination. 2 scrupulous |done very carefully so that every detail is correct| pekerjaannya yang teliti his scrupulous work.
-(dengan) teliti: adv carefully Lakukanlah dengan teliti Do it carefully.
-meneliti: v 1 scrutinize 2 search carefully  3 examine carefully.
-penelitian: n 1 research 2 study 3 careful examination.
-peneliti: n 1 researcher 2 scrutinizer 3 examiner.

Telkom {Telekomunikasi}: n Telecommunications.

telor: variant of telur:

telor: adj /inf/ having a speech defect.

telp. {telpon}: n telephone.

telpon: variant of telepon:

teluh: n magical formula.

teluk: n /frm/lu/ bay, cove, gulf. Teluk Benggala Bay or Bengal. Teluk Iran Persian Gulf. perang teluk gulf war 2 river bend.
-meneluk: v curve around, be curved.

teluk belanga: n /Mdn/ traditional tunic for men.

telungkup: v /frm/lu/ face downward on the bed weeping.
-menelungkupi: v lie face downward on sth.
-menelungkupkan: v place sth face downward. Dia menelungkupkan boneka itu di sofa She pu the toy face downward on a sofa.
-tertelungkup: v be lie on sb’s face downward.

telunjuk: n /frm/lu/ index finger.
-/idiom/ telunjuk berkait two-faced, hypocritical (lit., the index finger point sb/sth else  but the little finger is hooked toward yourself).

telur: n /frm/lu/ 1 egg, roe, etc. 2 /bio/ ovum. 3 a grade or score of zero
-ayam petelur: n layer hen
-bertelur: n lay egg.
-menelurkan (ssu): v create or produce (sth)
-menetas telur: v hatch out.
-mengeram telur: v incubates (egg)
-telur asin: n salted egg.
-telur ceplok: n fried egg.
-telur dadar: n omelette.
-telur kocok: n scrambled eggs. ­
-telur kol: n cauliflower.
-telur lo: n hard-boiled egg with soy sauce.
-telur mata sapi: n sunny-side up fried egg.
-telur pindang: n spiced egg soup (mix with chilli, tamarind, and other spices}
-telur setengah matang: n soft-boiled egg.
-/idiom/ telur di ujung tanduk critical, precarious.

telusur; menelusuri: v /frm/lu/ 1 explore, investigate, search  a) |to travel through an unfamiliar area in order to find out what it is like or to find sth|  Kami habiskan satu minggu menelusuri pantai utara. We spent a week exploring the north coastline. b) |to discuss, examine, or think about something carefully|  Kami mencoba menelusuri masalah rumit itu dalam rapat We tried to explore the complicated the problem in the meeting. 2 unravel |to discuss, examine, or think about something carefully| Kami menelusuri berbagai kemungkinan yang akan terjadi akibat perselisihan itu. We’re unravelling everything that may happen as the result of the dispute. 3 trace |to walk along a path or road to find sth lost| Kami menelusuri jalan yang kami lewati sebelumnya mencari kunci yang hilang itu We trace the path we walked on before to find the lost key.
-penelesuran: n exploration, investigation.
-penelusur: n explorer, investigator.

tem; ngetem: v /inf/ stop to wait for sufficient numbers (of pas­sengers). Bus itu sedang ngetem di halte The bus is waiting more passengers at the bus shelter.

tema: n /frm/lu/ theme, topic.
-bertema(kan): v have (sth) as a theme.

temali: see tali:

teman: n /frm/lu/ friend, companion, colleague, -mate
-berteman: v be friend to.
-menemani: v accompany.
-pertemanan: n friendship, companionship
-teman sekelas: n classmate.
-teman setanah air: country fellowship, fellow countryman.
-teman pria: n boyfriend.
teman wanita: n girlfriend.

temanten: n /Jv/ bride, bridegroom.
-pemanten baru: n newly­weds.

tembaga: n /frm/lu/ copper.
-mentembaga: v become copper-colored.
-tembaga kuning: n brass.
-tembaga ­perunggu: n bronze.
-tembaga putih: n pewter.

tembak; menembak: v /frm/lu/ 1 shoot (with gun) Polisi menembak tahanan yang lari tersebut. The police shot the escaping terrorist 2 aim at, intend. Jabatan apa yang sedang kamu tembak? What position that you are aiming at? 3 /sport/ shoot (a basket) Dia menembak kearah gawang He shot toward the goal.
-ditembak: v be shot, be fired
-ditembaki: v be repeatedly fired Satu pos polisi ditembaki pemberontak. A police station was repeatedly fired by the rebel.
-menembakkan: v fire (a gun) Pemburu itu menembakkan senapannya dua kali. The hunter fire the gun twice.
-menembaki: v repeatedly fire (sth)
-penembak: n shooter.
-penembak jitu: n sniper.
-penembakan: n shooting, firing (the action) Penembakan dilakukan dari jarak dekat The firing was made from a close distance.
-tembakan: n shooting Bagus, itu satu tembakan jitu. Good, it’s an accurate shooting.
-tertembak: v be shot. Dia tertembak di bahu. He was shot at his shoulder.

tembakau; tembako: n /frm/lu/ tobacco.
-tembako seg: n /lu/ shag tobacco.

tembam: adj /frm/lu/ puffed-up (of face).

tembang: n /frm/lu/ poetic song
-bertembang: v sing poetic song.
-menembangkan: v sing a song poetically.
-penembang: n singer of poetic song.

tembesi: n /ld/ tree yielding a very hard timber.

tembikar: n /frm/lu/ 1 glazed porcelain 2 earthenware, ceramics 3 shreds.

tembilang: n /ld/ spade (for digging).

tembilu: variant of sembilu:

tembok1: n /frm/lu/ masonry wall.
-tembok beton: n concrete wall.
-menembok: v build a concrete wall  Kami akan menembok batas perkarangan dibelakang rumah We are going to build concrete wall in the backyard border.

tembok2: menembok: v /Jv/ cover batik with wax to resist dye.

tembus1: adv /frm/lu/ through |if a hole goes through form one side to another side| Terowongan ini tembus dari sisi ini ke sisi lain gunung ini This channel goes through this side to another side of the mountain

tembus2: adj /frm/lu/ perforated  Kami menutup dinding yang tembus itu dengan adukan cement We closed the perforated wall with concrete mixture.

tembus3: v /frm/lu/ become reality Cita-citanya telah tembus His dream has become a reality.
-menembus: v 1 penetrate Sebuah peluru menembus perutnya. A bullet penetrated his stomach. 2 perforate Kamu bisa memakai jarum tajam menembus ikat pinggan kulit itu. You can use a sharp needle to perforate your leather belt. 3 break through Sinar matahari tidak dapat menembus awan tebal itu The sun shines can not break through the thick clouds. 4 reach Jalan baru itu akan tembus ke pantai selatan pulau ini. The new road will reach the south coast of this island 5 pass Angka dia telah menembus rekor nasional His point has passed the national record.
-penembusan: n 1 perforation 2 penetration.
-tembusan: n cc |“carbon copy” used at the end of a business letter to show that you are sending a copy to someone else|

temen: variant of teman:

temenan: adv /Jv/ really, truly Dia seorang ibu ayu temenan She is a really beautiful mother.

temenggung: n /ltr/Jv/ 1 title of high-ranking royal official. 2 title of regent (in colonial period).

tempa1; menempa: v /frm/lu/ forge |to make something from a piece of metal by heating and shaping it|
-menempa diri: v build yourself to a particular quality, skill, expertise, etc.
-penempa: n smith.
-penempaan: n forging penempaan mental mentality forging or character building
-tempaan: v be forged by Gong ini tempaan seorang pandai perunggu di Bali This gong is forged by a bronze smith in Bali.
-tertempa1: v be forged.
-tertempa2: adj malleable.

tempah1: adj. /frm/ advanced (sth that happened previously) uang tempah prepayment. pembayaran tempah advanced payment.

tempah2; menempahkan: v /frm/lu/ tailor |to make something be exactly what someone wants or needs| Apa kamu mau beli jas jadi atau mau menempahkan? Are you going to buy a ready made jacket or you want to tailor it?
-tempahan: adj tailor made, custom made.

tempat: n /frm/lu/ 1 place |any area, point, or position in space| Taruh paspor kamu di tempat aman 2 location |a particular place or position| Tunjukkan pada saya tempat terjadinya kecelakaan itu. Show me the location of the accident. 3 the source of sth Dimana tempat beli perangko? Where I can buy stamp? 4 a space to do sth Ini tempat kerja saya This is a place where I work Tempat tidur kamu dimana? Where is your bed? 5 position Di perusahaan itu dia mendapat tempat yang bagus He get a good position in the company. 6 country Saya sudah mengunjungi beberapa tempat di dunia ini. I’ve visited a number of countries in this world 7 memory Dia sudah mendapat tempat di hati masyarakat ini. She has been well known in this community. 8 condition, situation, occasion. Tidak pada tempatnya kita membahas hal itu sekarang. It’s not in a favourable condition to discuss that matter now. 9 seat Tidak ada tempat lagi di bus ini. There is no more seat in this bus. 10 level Saya akan berjuang untuk mendapat tempat teratas I’ll fight for the first level.
-ditempatkan: v be placed Dimana meja ini ditempatkan? Where this table be placed on?
-menempatkan: v place a) |to put something carefully in an exact place| Chris John menempatkan pialanya di rak atas. Chris John placed his trophy on the top shelf. b) |to put someone or something in a particular situation| Presiden akan menempatkan kamu menjadi konsul di Jepang. The president will place you as a consul in Japan.
-penempatan: n placement Penempatan orang yang tepat di tempat yang tepat The placement of the right people on the right place
-ketempatan: v be a host. Indonesia ketempatan penyelenggaraan konperensi ADB Indonesian will be a host of Asian Development Bank conference.
-setempat: adj local pemerintah setempat local government.
-tempat singgah: n shelter.
-tempat bertanya: n information desk.
-tempat tinggal: n 1 home 2 residence.
-tempat tampungan: n conmtainer.
-tempat tujuan: n destination.
-tempat persembunyian: n hideaway.
-tempat abu: n ashtray.
-tempat bertaut: n point of contact.
-tempat hiburan: n amusement park.
-tempat kelahiran: n birth place.
-tempat pengasingan: n 1 internment camp 2 isolation ward.

tempahan: adj /frm/lu/ forged, taylor made. .

tempe: n /frm/lu/ 1 fermented soybean cake  2 sth trivial and unimportant or low grade, in­-quality.
-menempekan: v 1 make sth into this foodstuff. 2 consider sth trivial or low grade. Dalam jaman penjajahan orang lndonesia pribumi dianggap tidak lebih baik dari tempe. During the colo­nial times the Eurasians considered the native to be no better than tempe.

tempel; menempel: v /intr/tr/frm/lu/ l adhere |to stick firmly to something| Ada poster menempel di pintu gerbang. There is a poster adhere on the gate door. Anak itu terus menempel pada ibunya. The child is always adhered to his mother. 2 stick |to attach something to something else using a sticky substance, or to become attached to a surface| Mari kita tempel dinding bernoda itu dengan kertas tembok. Let’s stick the stained wall with wall paper. Cat itu tidak menempel kuat pada dinding. The paint doesn’t stick well on the wall. (The paint wasn’t stuck well on the wall. 3 patch |to put a small piece of material over a hole, especially in a piece of clothing| Kamu bisa pakai sticker logam ini menempel lobang kecil pada panci aluminium kamu. You can use this metal sticker to patch the small hole on your aluminium pan. Biar saya temepel lobang pada celana kamu. Let me patch the hole on your pants.
-menempelkan: v /tr/ 1 adhere Kalau saya sudah dewasa saya tidak akan menempelkan karir saya kepada karir ayah When I grow up, I’ll never adhere my career to my father’s Jangan tempelkan hidup kamu kepada orang lain? Don’t adhere your life to somebody else? 2 stick  Jangan lupa menempelkan perangko di amplop itu. Don’t forget to stick a stamp on the envelope. Boleh saya menempelkan sticker ini di kaca depan mobil kamu? May I stick this sticker on your car’s windshield? 3 patch Tempelkan perekat ini menutup kebocoran itu. Patch this adhesive to block the leak. 4 add Kami mau menempelkan sebuah ruangan lagi disamping bangunan utama ini. We want to add one more room beside this main building.5 patch menempel ban patch inner tube.
-tempelan1: adj 1 patched Saya tidak mau pakai baju tempelan ini. I don’t want to wear this patched shirt. 2 additional Ada satu ruangan tempelan dibelakang rumah ini. There is an additional room behind this house.
-tempelan2: n 1 attachment 2 addition Anda boleh temukan informasi lebih lanjut pada lampiran buku ini. You may find more information in the attachment of this book.
-tempel ban: n inner tube patch­ing service.

tempelak: n /frm/ blame, reproach.
-mentempelak: v /lu/ 1 blame 2 reproach.

tempeleng; menempeleng: v /frm/lu/ slap |to hit someone quickly with the flat part of your hand|  Dia berputar lalu menempeleng putrinya.She spun around and slapped her daughter.

temperamen: n /frm/lu/ temperament.

tempias; tempiasan: n /frm/lu/ a splash, a spray (of dropping rain water) Tempias air hujan membasahi semua lantai teras. The splash of rain water wet all the veranda floor
-menempiaskan: v /tr/ splash Angin kuat telah menempiaskan air hujan membasahi semua jendela dan pintu luar. A strong wind has splashed the rain wetting all windows and doors.

tempik1: n /frm/lu/ a shout. tempik sorak all kind of  yells and cheers.
-bertempik-sorak: v yell, shout.
-penempik-sorak: n cheer leader.
-tempik-sorakan: n cry, yell, shout.

tempik2: n /Jv/ vagina.

tempo; tempoh: n /frm/lu/ 1 time |a certain period of time| Kalau ada tempo, saya akan datang. If I have time, I’ll come. Saya beri kamu tempo dua minggu memikirkan tawaran ini. I give you two weeks to think this offer. 2 particular time Tempo dulu/ hari, daerah ini adalah rawa-rawa. In the previous time (formerly) this area was a swamp area. 3 occasion, situation Ada temponya kita untung,  ada tempo harus rugi. Some time (in some occasion) we gain profit, but sometime we have to suffer loss  4 when Tempo saya datang, dia pergi When I came, he has gone. tempo:

temporer: adj /frm/lu/ temporary.

tempuh; bertempuh: v /intr/tr/frm/lu/ attack each other
-men(t)empuh: v /tr/ 1 attack, as­sail. 2 go through, endure by passing through. Mereka menempuh hutan lebat itu tanpa bawa kompas. They went through the thick jungle without bringing a compass with them. 3 join, takeon, get involve Dia akan menempuh ujian terakhir bulan depan. She is going to take the final test last month 4 face Bagaimanapun kita harus menempuh persoasalan ini, tidak peduli betapapun sulitnya. However, we have to face this problem no matter how difficult it is.  4 apply, use, try  Kami telah menempuh berbagai pendekatan untuk menyelesaikan masalah itu tetapi belum juga berhasil. We tried different kinds of approaches to deal with this problem but we still don’t get it solved yet. 5 drive, walk, travel (a certain distance)  Kami mendapat tempat persinggahan setelah kami menempuh jarak 50 mil We found a shelter to take a rest only after we drove for 50 miles

tempur; bertempur: v /frm/lu/ 1 combat   Kita harus bertempur melawan terroris. We have to combat  against terrorist. 2 fight Angkatan laut kita sedang bertempur di laut lepas Our Navy is fighting in an open ocean. Dia punya semangat tempur yang kuat. He has a strong fighting spirit
-kapal tempur: n battlesip.
-pasukan tempur: n combatants troop.
-pertempuran: n 1 war Pertempuran itu menyisakan kesan menyakitkan pada kami. The war rests a painful memory to us 2 battle Dalam satu pertempuran hanya ada dua pilihan; membunuh atau dibunuh On a battle there were only two choices; to kill or be killed.  3 combat Suaminya meninggal dalam satu pertempuran sengit Her husband died in a severe combat. 4 fight Itu adalah satu pertempuran yang menentukan. It was a decisive fight.
-pesawat tempur: n jet-fighter.
-wiayah tempur: n combat field.

tempurung: n /frm/lu/ coconut shell.
-tempurung biola: n body of a violin.
-tempurung kepala: n cranium, skull.
-tempurung lutut: n kneecap.
-/idiom/ seperti katak di bawah tempurung: narrow-­minded.

temu1: n /ltr/ wild ginger, generic term for many Cur­cuma species and similar plants.
-temu giring: n me­dicinal root.
-temu kunci: n root used for spice and medicine.
-temu kuning/ kunyit: n tumeric.
-temu lawak: n wild ginger.

temu2; bertemu: v /intr/tr/frm/lu/  1 meet. Saya bertemu dia tadi I met him just now. 2 contact Mata kami bertemu sejenak. Our eyes contacted each other for a moment. 3 see Saya ingin bertemu dokter nanti sore I want to see the doctor later this evening. 4 match, agree Pendapat kamu  dan pendapat dia tidak pernah bertemu, kenapa? Your idea never meet his idea, why? 5 talk Mereka bedua perlu bertemu muka. Both of them need to talk face to face.
-mempertemukan: v 1 confront Hakim mempertemukan saksi dengan terdakwa. The judge confronted the witness and the defendant  2 synchronize Mari kita duduk bersama dan mempertemukan pendapat kita. Let’s sit together and try to synchronize our opinion.
-menemukan: v /tr/ 1 find Apa kamu sudah menemukan kartu kredit kamu yang hilang itu? Did you find your lost credit card? 2  know Saya sudah menemukan jawaban teka-teki itu sekarang. I know the answer to that puzzle now. 3 discover Sejumlah dokter sedang bekerja untuk menemukan immunisasi terhadap HIV/Aids. A number of doctors are working to discover the vaccine against HIV/Aids.
-penemuan: n 1 finding 2 discovery.
-pertemuan: n 1 meeting 2 gathering  3 contact

temurun: see turun:

tenaga: n /frm/lu/ 1 strength |the physical power of something that can be used to handle a physical load| Saya tidak punya cukup tenaga mengangkat kotak itu. I have no enough strength to lift the box. 2 power |physical ability that can be produced by an animal, a machine, electricity, heat, etc.| Ini adalah pembangkit listrik dengn tenaga besar This is an electricity plant with great power. Mesin ini setara dengan 20 p.k This machine has a power equal to 20 H.P.  (hores power) Apa kita punya cukup tenaga listrik untuk pabrik penyulingan ini? Do we have enough electricity power for this  refinery plant? 3 resources Indonesia memiliki sumber daya tenaga alam yang melimpah Indonesia has abundant kinds of natural resources 4 energy a) |the ability to be active and do a lot of work or activities without being tired| Akhirnya saya mendapat kembali tenaga saya setelah selesai operasi. I’m finally getting my energy back after the surgery. b) |power from burning oil, coal etc. that produces heat and makes machines work| Indonesia belum benar-benar butuh tenaga nuklir untuk pembangkit tenaga listrik. Indonesia doesn’t really need yet nuclear energy to generate electricity. 5 force Apa tidak mungkin mengolah tenaga ombak untuk membangkitkan tenaga listrik? Isn’t it possible to explore the waves force to generate electricity?
-bertenaga: v 1 have strength Dia sudah cukup sehat dan bertenaga jalan sendiri? He has been well enough and have the strength to walk by himself. 2 be generated by Pemerintah berencana membangun beberapa pembangkit listrik bertenaga panas bumi.The government plan to develop a number of electricity generator plant which will be generated by natural resources.
-tenaga ahli: n experts.
-tenaga manusia: n man power.
-tenaga kasar: n labor force.
-tenaga surya: n solar power

tenang: adj /frm/lu/ 1 calm a) |relaxed and not angry or upset| Ibunya bicara kepada anak-anaknya dengan suara tenang dan sabar. Her mother talked to her children in a calm and patient voice. Tolong semua tetap tenang. Please everyone try to stay calm! b) |completely still, or not moving very much| Permukaan danau itu sangat tennang. The surface of the lake is very calm 2 composed |calm, rather than upset or angry| 3 quiet, still, silent  Malam sangat tenang ketika tiba-tiba ada sebuah ledakan The night was very silent when suddenly there was a blast.
-dengan tanang: adv 1 calmly 2 quietly 3 silently
-ketenangan: n 1 calmness 2 silence 3 quietness 4 composure
-penenang: n sedative
-tenangkan: menenangkan: v 1 soothes 2 calm Tolong tenangkan anak-anak itu. Please calm that child.

tenar: adj /frm/lu/ 1 popular 2 well known. Dia adalah seorang penulis tenar He is a popular writer.
-mentenarkan: v make sb well-­known.
-ketenaran: n popularity.

tendang; menendang: v /frm/lu/ kick (with the heel or side of the foot)  2 expel |to officially make someone leave a school, organization, or country| Wasit menendang dia keluar dari lapangan. The judge expelled him out of the field. Leon ditendang keluar kelas karena merokok. Leon was expelled from school for smoking. 3 throw |to force air, water, or gas out of something|  Pompa ini dapat menendang air sampai ketinggian 10 meter. The pump can throe water up to 10 meter height.
-ditendang: v be kicked
-tendangan: n 1 hit tendangan keras a strong hit 2 kick tendangan tiba-tiba a sudden kick tendangan pertama kick off (the first kick) tendangan sudut corner kick tendangan bebas free kick.

tendas: n /ld/ head
-menendas: v to cut the head

tendensi: n /frm/lu/ tendency.
-bertendensi: v tend (to)

tendensius: adj /frm/lu/ tendentious.

tender: n /frm/lu/ bid, offer.

tener: n /ld/ paint thinner.

teng: n /frm/lu/ tank (container). teng bensin gasoline tank.

tengadah: n /frm/lu/ a position of your head that facing upward.
-menengadah: v ;intr/ face upward Dia sedang menengadah keatas memakai kaca mata hitam untuk melihat gerhana itu.  She is facing upward using sun glass to watch the eclipse
-menengadahkan: v /tr/ position sb’s face upward.

tengah: n /frm/lu/ 1 middle, center a) |the center part of a thing, place, or position| Jangan parkir mobil kamu di tengah jalan. Don’t park your car in the middle of the road.  b) |the part that is between the beginning and the end of a story, event, period etc| Dia berjalan keluar di tengah rapat. He walked out in the middle of the meeting 2 center Taruh mejanya peris di tengah ruangan Put the table directly in the center of the room. Berapa panjangnya dari titik tengah ke sudut ini. What is the length from the center point to this corner?
-ditengah1: adj neutral Dalam persoalan ini, saya ada ditengah. In this dispute, I’m neutral.
-ditengah: adv midway, between Ada pompa bensin ditengah perjalanan. There is a gas station midway. Kami makan di tengah perjalanan Bogor-Jakarta. We have a lunch between Bogor and Jakarta.
-menengah: adj 1 average orang menengah average people 2 middle hotel kelas menengah middle class hotel
-menengahi: v 1 mediate |to try to help two groups, countries etc. to stop arguing and make an agreement| Amerika Serikat mencoba menengahi Israel dan Palestina dalam pembicaraan perdamaian itu. USA tried to mediate Israel and Palestine in the peace talk. 2 arbitrate.
-mengetengahkan: v 1 set forth Pengacara itu mengetengahkan bukti-bukti tambahan. The lawyer set forth additional evidence. 2 make sth into the fore (make sth become an important thing) Dalam konferensi itu kami mengetengahkan isu lingkungan. Dalam konferensi itu kami mencoba mengetengahkan masalah lingkugan. In the conference we try to put the issue of environment into the fore 3 summon.
-penengah: n 1 mediator 2 arbitrator, arbiter.
-pertengahan: n 1 the middle 2 center point 3 average.
-setengah: n 1 a half  setengah tiga (time) half past two (2:30).
-setengah gila: adj somewhat crazy.
-setengah hati: adj 1 doubtful (not-serious) 2 half-hearted.
-setengah matang: adj half-done (egg, steak).
-setengah-setengah: adv vaguely, slightly Saya setengah-setengah kenal dia I vaguely know her.
-setengah umur: adj middle-aged.-tengah hari: n noon Pada tengah hari yang cerah At a bright noon.
-tengah: conj. while |during the time that something is happening| Saya senang mengamati orang yang tengah bekerja I like to watch people while they are working.
-tengah: adv semi tengah bulanan semi monthly tengah tahunan semi yearly.
-tengah: adj central, inner Jawa Tengah Central Java ruang tengah inner room.
-tengah malam: n midnight Pada tengah malam yang tenang. At a silent midnight.tengak

tenggang; tenggang rasa: n /frm/lu/ consideration |the quality of thinking and caring about other people’s feelings, wants, or needs etc.|  Apa kamu tidak punya sedikit tenggang rasa kepada perasaan wanita itu? Don’t you have a little consideration for the lady’s feelings?
-bertenggang-rasa: adj considerate, thoughtful. Dia adalah pria yang bertenggang rasa He is a considerate gentlemen.  ­
-bertenggang-tenggangan: v be respectful each other
-ketenggangan: n consideration.
-menenggang: v be mutually consid­erate.
-menenggang: v restrain. Saya berusaha menenggang rasa marah saya. I tried to restrain my anger.
-mempertenggangkan: v 1 get along on, be economical. 2 consider.

tenggara: n South East.

tenggelam: v /frm/lu/ 1 sink /intr/tr/ |to go down or make something go down below the surface of water| Para penyelam mencoba mencari kapal yang tenggelam kemarin. The divers tried to find the ship which sunk yesterday 2 set Mari kita pulang sebelum matahari tenggelam Let’s go home before the sun set 3 disappear Dimana dia? Apa dia tenggelam di kerumunan orang banyak? Where is she? Is she disappeared into the crowed?
-meneggelamkan: v /tr/ 1 sink Kapal selam itu menenggelam 4 kapal musuh The submarine sank four of the enemy’s ships  2 be unremarkable Warna kuning muda akan tenggelam di tengah lapangan yang hijau Light blue will be unremarkable in the middle of green field.

tengger; bertengger: v /frm/lu/ perch 1 |sit on top of or on the edge of something | Biasanya ada seekor ayam kantan bertengger di atas pagar ini Usually there is a cock perches on the top of this fence  2 |position or to be in a top level of a ranking system| Klub kita masih tetap bertengger diantara sepuluh klub nasional terbaik. Our club still among the best ten of national club 3 settle down, stay. Mobil itu sudah bertengger disana berjam-jam. That car has settled there for hours.

tenggiling: n /frm/lu/ scaly anteater.

tenggiri: n /frm/lu/ mackerel.

tenggorok;  tenggorokan: n /ld/ throat, larynx.

tengguli: n /ld/ molasses.

tengik: adj /frm/lu/ 1 rancid, pungent 2 spiteful.
-ketengikan: n 1 rancidity 2 spitefulness.

tengkar; bertengkar: v /frm/lu/ 1 dispute 1 quarrel 3 squabble 4 harshly argue.
-pertengkaran: n 1 dispute Siapa yang memulai pertengkaran? Who started the dispute? 2 quarrel Pertengkaran mereka tidak akan pernah berhenti Their quarrel will never end 3 harsh argument 4 fracas Dia diusir setelah pertengkaran di tempat bowling She was excelled out after the fracas at the bowling alley.

tengki: n variant of tank:

tengkorak: n /frm/lu/ skull, cranium.

tengku: n /frm/ term of address and reference for certain Malay nobility.

tengkuk: n /frm/lu/ 1 nape of neck 2 bunch (of bananas).3 stalk of rice.

tengkulak: n /frm/lu/ broker, middleman.

tengkuluk: n /frm/  head cloth, turban, cap

tengkurap1: n /frm/lu/ the position of laying flat with stomach downward.

tengkurap2: menengkurap: /frm/lu/ v ­lie flat, face down on the ground.

tengok: menengok: v /frm/lu/ 1 look  Tengok ke papan tulis Look at to the blackboard. 2 see. meet  Saya mau pergi menengok paman I want to see my uncle 3 watch Tengok dulu anak itu, jangan pergi keluar. Watch the child, don’t let him go out 4 view Banyak orang datang menengok kembang api itu. Many people came to view the fireworks.
-penengok: n 1 visitor 2 observer.

tengteng1: n /inf/lu/ chewy sweet confection.
-tengteng gepuk: n sweet made with peanuts and sugar.
teg-teng jahe: n confection with ginger.
-teng-teng kacang: n peanut brit­tle.

tengteng2: variant of tenteng:

tennis;  tennis: n /frm/lu/ tennis.
-tennis meja: n ping-pong, table tennis.
-tennis lapangan: n tennis (played in a tennis court)
-petennis: n tennis player.

tenor: n /lu/ tenor.

tensi: n /frm/lu/ 1 tension 2 blood pressure.

tensimeter: n /frm/lu/ device to measure blood pressure.

tentamen: n /of/ preliminary examination.

tentamina: n /of/ preliminary examinations.

tentang1; menentang; also menantang: v /frm/lu/ 1 oppose |to disagree strongly with an idea or action| Sejumlah LSM {Lembagsa Swadaya Masayarakat} menentang rencana pemerintah membangun pembangkit listrik tenaga nuklir A number of NGO {Non-Governmental Organization} oppose the government plan to develop a nuclear-powered electricity generator. 2 compete, challenge |to invite someone to compete or fight against you| Dia menentang saya main catur. He challenged me to play chess Juara WBA akan menantang juara WBO mempereebutkan juara dunia sejati. The WBA champion will challenge the WBO champion to compete the real World championship
-bertentangan: v 1 disagree Masih ada beberapa peraturan pemerintah daerah bertentangan dengan konstitusi There are still some local government regulation that disagree with the constitution. 2 be paradoxical Banyaknya orang miskin di negeri ini bertentangan dengan kenyataan bahwa negeri ini negeri kaya. That there are so many poor people in this country is paradoxical with the fact that this is a rich country. 3 contrast Pandangan dia tentang agama bertentangan tajam dengan pandangan saya. His views on religion contrast sharply with my own.
-mempertentangkan: v /tr/ make two or more persons or things  disagree with each other
-pertentangan: n disagreement Pertentangan kedua Negara mengenai garis perbatasan akan di bahas dalam pertemuan dua menteri luar negeri kedua Negara. The disagreement between the two countries on the border line will be discussed in a meeting between the foreign ministers of the two governments.

tentang2: prep. /frm/lu/ 1 about Saya tidak ingin membicarakan tentang itu sekarang I don’t want to talk about it know. Tentang apa itu? What is that about. 2 on Akan ada seminar tentang dampak permainan komputer kepada anak-anak. There will be a seminar on the effect of computer game to the children.

tentara: n /frm/lu/ army, soldier |the part of a country’s military force that is trained to fight on land, air, and on the sea| TNI – Tentara Nasional Indonesia Indonesian Indonesian Army
-TNI-AD {Angkatan Darat}: n Indonesian Land Forces
-TNI-AU {Angkatan Udara}: n Indonesian Air Forces
-TNI-AL {Angkatan Laut}: n Indonesian Navy

tenteng1; menenteng: v /frm/lu/ carry in sb’s hand, while walking.
-tentengan: n things carried in the hand, carry-on luggage.
-barang tentengan: n hand-carried goods.

tenteng2: see petentang-petenteng:

tentera: see tentara:

tenteram: adj /frm/lu/ quiet, peaceful.
-hidup tenteram: n a peaceful life.
-menenteramkan: v 1 pacify, appease  2 reassure, calm. Dia menenteramkan anaknya dengan mendongeng She appeases  her children with telling fairy tale.
-ketenteraman: n calm, tran­quillity.
-penenteraman: n reassurance.

tentir: n /frm/lu/ 1 tutorial 2 preliminary exam.
-mententir: v give sb a tutorial or preliminary exam.

tentram; tentrem: variant of tenteram:

tentu1: adv /frm/lu/ 1 of course “Boleh saya pakai mobil kamu?” “Tentu, boleh” “Can I use your car?” “Of course you can.” 2 certainly “Apa kamu ikut bersama kami?” “Tentu” “Are you coming with us?” “Sure” 3 sure “Boleh saya tambah kopi?” “Tentu” “May I have more coffee?” “Sure”

tentu2: tertentu: adj /frm/lu/ 1 certain Hanya orang-orang tertentu yang akan diundang Only certain persons will be invited 2 definite Pada satu saat tertentu saya akan memanggil anda rapat. At a definite time I’ll summon you for a meeting.
-ketentuan: n 1 rule, arrangement Sesuai dengan ketentuan resmi, setiap pekerja harus memiliki polis asuransi. Based on the official arrangement, all workers has to obtain an insurance policy. 2 conditions Ada ketentuan-ketentuan tertulis yang perlu kamu pelajari di dalam kontrak itu. There are written conditions you need to learn in the contract 3 stipulation Apa kamu setuju dengan ketentuan bahwa kamu harus membayar uang sekolah? Do you agree with the stipulation that you have to pay tuition?
-menentukan1: v 1 determine Jumlah semua siswa baru yang masuk akan menentukan besarnya jumlah siswa dalam satu kelas. The number of incoming new students will determine the size of the classes. 2 decide Kita harus menentukan siapa pimpinan kelompok. We have to decide who is the leader of the group.
-menentukan2: adj decisive satu saat menentukan dalam karir dia a decisive moment in his career. Apa kamu pikir bahwa itu satu syarat menentukan? Do you think that it’s a decisive condition?
-penentu: n decision maker Dia adalah seorang penentu di kantor ini. He is a decision maker in this office.
-penentuan1: adj momentous Ini adalah saat penentuan untuk masa depan kamu This is a momentous time for your future.
-penentuan2: n 1 decision 2 determination Penentuan ada ditangan kamu. Determination is on your hand.
-(tidak) menentu: adj 1 uncertain satu sikap tidak menentu an uncertain attitude 2 vague satu kondisi tidak menentu a vague condition 3 swaying pemilih tidak menentu swaying voters 4 undetermined satu tujuan tidak menentu an undetermined purpose.

tenun; menenun: v /frm/lu/ weave |to make threads into cloth by crossing them under and over each other on a special machine| Mereka menenun kain yang indah di Sumatera yang dinamakan ‘ulos’ They weave beautiful cloths in North Sumatera which is called ‘ulos’
-kain tenun: n woven cloth.
-penenun: n weaver.
-pertenunan: n weaving mill.
-tenunan: n woven product.

tenung: n /frm/lu/ 1 fortune-telling. 2 horoscope. 3 en­chantment, wizardry or witchcraft.
-bertenung: v /intr/ involve in such activity (fortunes-telling, horoscope, etc)
-mentenungkan: v /tr/ tell sb’s fortunes. 2 bewitch sb
-penenung: n fortune-teller

teokrasi: n /frm/lu/ theocracy.

teolog: n /frm/lu/ theologian.

teologi; teologia: n /frm/lu/ theology.

teologis: adj /frm/lu/ theological.

teorem: n /math/ theorem.

teoretikus: n /frm/lu/ theoretician.

teoretis: adj /frm/lu/ theoretical.

teoretisi: n /frm/lu/ theoretician.

teori: n /frm/lu/ theory.
-teori himpunan: n /math/ setting theory.
-berteori: v ­theorize.
-menteorikan: n theorize sth

teoris: n /frm/lu/ theorist.

teorisasi: n /frm/lu/ theorizing.

teoritikus: variant of teoretikus:

teoritisi: variant of teoretisi:

tepak1: n /frm/lu/ a light slap.
-menepak: v 1 slap slightly 2 hit sth in order to make sound.
-tepakan: n slap.

tepak2: n /ld/ betel box.
-tepak rokok: n cigarette case.
-tepak tembakau: n tobacco pouch.

tepas: n /frm/lu/ 1 bamboo wickerwork (used as railing, wall, etc.). 2  /lu/ direction, pointer.
-bertepas: v 1 use bamboo wickerwork (as wall)  Pondok pemberhentian itu berdinding tepas The shelter uses bamboo wickerwork as its wall 2 covered by bamboo wickerwork
-empat tepas dunia: n the four points of the com­pass.
-menepasi: v screen sth with such a screen.

tepaslira: n /Jv/ understanding |a principle that we need to predict how will sb feel if we do sth, so we won’t hurt her/his feeling by what we’re doing|
-bertepaselira: v be considerable in doing sth to somebody else

tepat1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 true Tepat bahwa kita harus pergi besok, It’s true that we have to go tomorrow 2 exact Jangan terlambat, waktu keberangkatan akan tepat. Don’t be late, the departure time will be exact. 3 coincidental Pesta pernikahan mereka tepat saat saya tugas dinas keluar negeri. Their marriage party was coincidental to my business travelling abroad 4 wise Saya yakin itu adalah satu keputusan yang tepat. I‘m sure that it is a wise decision. 5 accurate Berikan saya perhitungan pengeluaran yang tepat. Give me an accurate account of the expenses. 6 precise Apa kamu yakin ini adalah ukuran yang tepat? Are you sure that this is a prices size? 7 appropriate Ini bukan buku yang tepat untuk dibaca oleh anak-anak. This book is not appropriate for a children to read 8 harmonious Kelihatannya kalian adalah pasangan yang tepat. It seems that you are harmonious couple. 9 matching Apa biru adalah warana tepat menghias dinding ini? Is blue matching color to decorate this wall?

tepat2: adv /frm/lu/ 1 exactly “Harganya $ 22.50 setelah dipotong 10%, kan?” “Tepat” “The price will be $22.50 after 10% discount, isn’t it?” “Exactly” 2 precisely 3 accurately
-ketepatan: n 1 exactness  2 preciseness, precision 3 accurateness, accuracy.

tepaut: adv /frm/lu/ be total, amount to  |the quantity or quality of difference  between two things| Beda harga di pasar tradisional dan di super market bisa terpaut 10% The price deviation between in a traditional market to a supermarket could be amount to 10%.

tepek: n /inf/lu/ numeral classifier for thin, sticky objects.
-dua tepek  tembakau: n two chunk of tobacco.
-bertepek-tepek: v be soiled with sticky smears (of mud, sap, etc.).
-mentepek: v stick, stick on.

tepekong: n /Chn/ idol.

tepekur: variant of tafakur:

tepi: n /frm/lu/ side, edge, periphery.
-bertepi: v be bordered (by sth)
-bertepikan: v have sth along the edge. Jalan itu bertepikan air irigasi The road lined with irrigation running water.
-ketepi: adv to a side (toward an edge of a space) Tolong geser meja itu ketepi kearah dindding. Please move the table toward the wall (edge of the room)
-menepi: v land |sail toward the beach|
-menepikan: v 1 put sth on the edge of sth 2 ignore, neglect (sth)
-tepi ­baju: n hem of jacket.
-tepi jalan: n sidewalk
-tepi langit: n horizon.
-tepi laut: n seashore.
-tepi sungai: n river­bank.

tepis1; menepis: v /frm/lu/ 1 flick |to make something move by hitting or pushing it quickly, especially with your hand| Benny menepis abu dari lengan jaketnya. Benny flicked the dust from his coat’s sleeve. 2 skim Burung menepis dipermukaan di laut The birds skimmed the surface of the sea. 3 deny Dia menepis semua tuduhan yang diarahkan kepadanya. He denied all accusation addressed to him.

tepok: adj /inf/ worn-out, run-down.

tepos: adj /inf/lu/ flat-bottomed.

teposliro: variant of tepaslira:

tepuk: bertepuk: v /frm/lu/ 1 clap |to hit your hands together loudly and continuously to show that you approve of something or to attract sb’s attention| Penonton bertepuk riuh begitu dia selesai bernyanyi The audience was clapping wildly as she end the song. 2 tap |gently hit or touch  sb on the back/shoulder|
-menepuk dada: v beat sb’s breast
-tepuk persahabatan: n friendly tap.
-tepuk sorak: n noisy ap­plause.
-tari tepuk: n dance accompanied by hand clap­ping.
-tepukan: n 1 clapping, ap­plause  2 tap
-/prov/ Tidak mungkin tangan bertepuk sebelah: There is no way to cooperate without partner (It’s impossible to make a clap only with a hand)

tepung: n /frm/lu/ 1 flour, esp. rice flour 2 powder
-menepung: v become flour.
-menepung tawari: v ritually purify sb/sth with a flour mixture.
-menepung(kan): v 1 pound into flour.
-tepung beras: n rice flour.
-tepung darah: n dry pulverized blood (used to feed animal)
-tepung kanji: n cornstarch.
-tepung ragi: n baking powder.
-tepung sari: n dry essence of sth.
-tepung tawar: n rice flour mixed with water and the leaves of the ‘setawar’ plant, used in ritual pu­rifications.
-tepung terigu: n wheat flour.
-tepung tulang: n bone meal.         .

ter-: see also entries with tr-.

ter1: n /frm/lu/ tar.
-menter: v tar (a street, etc.).

ter2: variant of tir:

tera: n /frm/lu/ official seal.
-mentera: v 1 seal 2 calibrate.
-mentera pipet: v 1 calibrate a pipette 2 print sth
-menterakan: v /tr/ 1 calibrate 2 stamp, seal, imprint sth
-pentera: n inspector of weights and measures.
-penteraann calibration.
-perteraan: n print office.
-teraan: n 1 seal. 2 imprint.
-terterakan: v 1 be of­ficially stamped. 2 be printed. Sesuatu yang tidak terterakan Something that indescribable. Kegembiraannya tidak terterakan. His joy was indescribable.

terali: also teralis: n /frm/lu/ latticework, bars (of window), trellis.
-teralis kapal: n ship’s railing.

terampil: variant of trampil:

terang: adj /frm/lu/ 1 clear |easy to understand, hear, read, or see| Apa penjelasana saya cukup terang? Is my explanation clear enough? Persoalannya sekarang sudah terang The problem is now clear. 2 pikiran terang: clear head |able to think quickly and well| David selalu berpikiran terang saat semuanya serba rumit. David always has a clear head when things are complex 3 bright |shining strongly or with plenty of light| cuaca terang dan cerah a bright sunny day cahaya terang bright lights.
-berterus-terang: adj straight to the point  Dia berterus-terang bahwa dialah yang mengambil buku it. He was straight to the point saying that he took the book.
-keterangan: n 1 explanation Polisi butuh tambahan keterangan dari saksi. The police need more explanation from the witness 2 reference Bawa (surat) keterangan dokter mengenai kesehatan anada. Bring with you a reference from a doctor on your health 3 statement Pemberitaan ini didasarkan pada keterangan pemerintah. This release is based on a government statement.
-menerangi: v light |to give light to something| Kita masih butuh dua lagi bola lampu menerangi aula. We need two more bulb to light the hall.
-menerangkan: v 1 explain Saya akan menerangkan hal itu lain kali. I’ll explain about it later. 2 clarify, verify Kami perlu agar kamu menerangkan apa yang terjadi. We need you to clarify what was happened. 3 acknowledge  Bersama ini kami menerangkan bahwa pernyataan diatas benar. Herewith we acknowledge that the above statement is true 4 declare Bea Cukai menerangkan bahwa barang ini adalah barang bebas pajak The customs declare that this goods is free tax article.
-penerangan: n 1 lighting Penerangan dirumah ini perlu penyempurnaan Lighting in this house need improvement. 2 information Departemen Penerangan Department of Information Biro Penerangan dan Motivasi Bureau of Information and Motivation 3 publication Papan Penerangan Publication Board.
-terang-terangan: adv openly, transparently, evidently Terang-terangan dia tidak mau bergabung dengan kita. Evidently, he refused to join us.
-terus-terang: adv clearly, fairly Terus terang, saya tidak mencintai dia lagi Fairly, I don’t love her anymore.

terap: n /frm/lu/ arranging, applying.
-menerapkan: v 1 implement, practice 2 apply 3 arrange, adjust
-penerapan: v implementation 2 application Penerapan percobaan ini tidak boleh kepada manusia The application of this experiment is not allowed to human being.
-terapan1: adj applied. ilmu bahasa terapan applied linguistics. ilmu terapan applied science.

terapeutik; terapeutis: adj /frm/lu/ therapeutic.

terapi : n /frm/lu/ therapy.

terapis: n /frm/lu/ therapist.

teras: n /tech/ 1 hard core of certain trees, xylem. 2 essence, nucleus. teras penampang reaktor atom the nucleus of the cross-section of a nuclear pile. 3 principal element, elite pejabat teras key officials, senior officials
-menteras: v take the essence only.

teras: n /frm/lu/ porch, terrace.
-berteras: v have a porch or terrace.

terasi: n /frm/lu/ condiment made from pounded and fermented shrimp or small fish.

teratai: n /frm/ lotus.

teratak: n /frm/lu/ shed, temporary hut.

terawang1: berterawang: adj /frm/lu/ 1 full of holes 2 transparent (caused by perforation).
bahan tipis terawang: n thin fleecy material.
-menterawang: v 1 make holes (in sth) 2 observe sth through a transparent thing.
-terawangan: n sth that is full of holes.

terawang2; menerawang: v /frm/lu/ 1 muse 2 be lost in thought. Mata­nya menerawang memandangi lembah. Lost in thought, he gazed at the valley.
-menerawang langit/udara: v daydream, build castles in the air.
-menerawangi: v cause sb to be lost in thought, trouble sb.

teraweh;  terawih: variant of taraweh:

terbang1: v /intr/frm/lu/ 1 fly a) |to move through the air, or to make something do this| Kami menyaksikan burung-burung terbang diatas kepala. We watched the birds flying overhead. Pesawat itu terbang persis diatas rumah kami The plane fly right over our house. b) |to travel by plane, or to make a person or thing go somewhere by plane|  Saya terbang ke Singapore minggu lalu I flew to Singapore last week. 2 fall down |to move very quickly and often unexpectedly|  Dia tiba-tiba tergelincir dan terbang jatuh ke lantai bawah He suddenly slid and flew down the stairs 3 gone away, finished  Tidak ada lagi makanan, semuanya sudah terbang. No more food. everything has gone. 4 muse, day dream Pikirannya terbang kemana-mana. His is musing (his imagination going fly everywhere)
-diterbangkan: v /pass. v/ 1 pilot Pesawat itu diterbangkan oleh seorang pilot berpengaaman. The plane piloted by an experienced pilot.
-menerbangkan: v /tr/ fly 1 |transport sb/sth by air| Palang Merah akan menerbangkan makanan dan obat-obatan akan ke daerah itu The Red Cross will fly food and medicine  into the area. 2 pilot |to make a plane fly|  Berapa lama kamu belajar menerbangkan pesawat? How long did you learn to pilot a plane?
-menerbangi: v /tr/ fly |travel over an area by air| Itulah pertama kali saya menerbangi Atlantic It’s the first time I flew Atlantic.
-penerbang: n 1 pilot 2 flyer 3 navigator
-penerbangan: n flight Saya akan berangkat dengan penerbangan pertama. I’ll fly with the first flight.

terbang2: n /Jv/ tambourine.

terbit: v /intr/frm/lu/ 1 rise Matahari terbit di Timur The sun rises in the East 2 come out, appear Majalah ini terbit setiap minggu This magazine comes out every week. 3 be published Buku ini terbit sejak 2009 This book has been published since 2009.
-menerbitkan: v /tr/ 1 publish Penerbit akan menerbitkan novel saya bulan depan. The publisher will publish my novel next month 2 issue Pemerintah akan menerbitkan satu peraturan baru tentang sekolah-sekolah negeri. The government soon will issue a new regulation on public school.
-penerbit: n 1 publisher 2 publishing house.
-terbitan: n edition. Kamus ini  adalah terbitan ketiga This dictionary is the third edition    issue.

tereak: variant of teriak:

teri: n /frm/lu/ 1 tiny sea fish. 2 of small importance. kriminal kelas teri a small-fry hoodlums.

teriak; berteriak: v /intr/lu/ howl, scream, cry out, yell Apa kamu mendengar seseorang berteriak? Do you hear sb’s howling?
-berteriak-teriak: v keep shouting.
-meneriaki: v /tr/ howl, scream, yell, cry out at (sb/sth).
-meneriakkan: v /tr/ yell sth.
-teriakan: n yell, loud shout, cry out.

terigu: n /frm/lu/ wheat.

terik1: adj /frm/ extreme, intense. ikatan terik a tight tie matahari terik extreme hot sun

terik2: adv /frm/lu/ extremely, intensely Matahari bersinar terik The sun shines intensely

terik3: n /frm/lu/ extremeness, intenseness, severity teriknya panas matahari intenseness of sun shine’s heat
-keterikan: n intensity, severity.
-menerikkan; memperterik: v intensify menerikkan ikatan tighten a tie
-panas terik: n suffocating heat.

terik3: n /ld/ fried spiced beef.

terima;  menerima: v /frm/lu/ 1 accept |to take something that someone offers you|  Rudy tidak akan menerima syarat yang kita ajukan. Rudy wouldn’t accept any condition that we proposed Perusahaan menawarkan dia jabatan baru tetapi dia tidak menerima. The company offered him a new position, but he didn’t accept. 2 agree |allow to do something or to allow a plan to happen|  Seharusnya kamu tidak menerima perubahan peraturan itu. You shouldn’t agree with  the changes in the rules? 3 admit Saya terima bahwa saya salah, tetapi saya sudah minta maaf. I admitted that I was wrong, but I had apologized for it. 4 allow Universitas Indonesia akhirnya menerima saya kuliah disana. The University of Indonesia finally allow me to study there. 5  receive a) |approve sth that is valid| Penjaga toko tidak menerima kartu kredit untuk membayar. The shop keeper didn’t receive credit card to pay. b) |to be given of sth| Dia menerima penghargaan dari perguruan tinggi. He received an award from the college c) |be reached by sth| Apa kamu sudah menerima surat saya Have you received my letter? d) |be an object of sth| Selama di penjara mereka menerima perlakuan tidak manusiawi During in the prison they were suffered inhuman treatment e) |be treated| Kunjungan Obama diterima dengan hangat. Obama’s visit was warmly welcomed
-berterima: v 1 be welcomed 2 be accepted
-berterima kasih: v be thankful.
-menerimakan: v hand over.
-penerimaan: n 1 welcoming  2 revenue  3 reception 4 acceptance.
-tanda terima: n receipt.

teripang: n /lu/ sea cucumber, sea slug.

teritip: n /lu/ barnacle.

teritis; teritisan: n /lu/ covered passageway (under eaves of house, within covered bridge, etc.).

teritor: n /frm/lu/ territory.

territorial: adj /frm/lu/ territorial.

teritorium: n /frm/lu/ territory.

terjal: adj /frm/lu/ steep, sheer. Lereng gunung itu terjal The moun­tain slope is steep.
-keterjalan: n steepness.

terjang: v /frm/lu/ thrust, lung |to push something somewhere with a sudden or violent movement especially with the bottom of your foot|
-terjangan: n lunge

terjemah; terjemahan: n /frm/lu/ translation
-menterjemahkan: v /tr/ 1 translate. Dia terjemahkan novel Pramudya kedalam beberapa bahasa asing. He translated Pramudya novel into a number of foreign language 2 interpret
-penterjemah: n 1 translator 2 interpreter.

terjun: v /frm/lu/ 1 jump |to let yourself drop from a place that is above the ground| Begitu kami sampai di danau dia langsung terju ke air. As we arrive at the lake he jumped to the water. 2 join |work or being involved in a specific field and make it as a hobby or a profession| Dia terjun ke dunia bisnis hiburan sejak tamat dari perguruan tinggi. She joined entertainment business after graduating college.
-menerjunkan: v drop sb/sth Sebuah helicopter polisi menerjunkan makanan dan obat-obatan ke korban bencana itu A police helicopter drop food and medicine to the catastrophe victims.
-penerjun payung: n parachute jumper, parachutist.
-terjun payung1: v parachute.
-terjun payung2: n para­chute jumping.

terka; menerka: v /frm/lu/ guess. conjecture, surmise. supposition Kalau kamu tidak tahu jawabannya, terka saja. If you don’t know the answer, just guess.
-terkaan: n guess Saya tidak tahu persis. hanya terkaan I don’t know exactly, just a guess
-terka-terkaan: n guessing game.

terkadang: variant of kadang:

terkam; menerkam: v /frm/lu/ pounce h |to suddenly jump on a person or animal after waiting to catch him, her, or it| Tiba-tiba seekor singa keluar dari semak-semak dan menerkam seekor kambing. Suddenly a lion jumped from the bushes and pounced a goat.
-terkaman: n pounce  Tikus itu tidak punya waktu untuk lepas dari terkaman kucing itu The mouse didn’t have time to get rid of the cat’s pounce.

terminal: n /frm/lu/ terminal, bus stop

terminologi: n /frm/lu/ terminology

termodinamika: n /frm/lu/ thermodynamics.

thermometer: n /frm/lu/ thermometer. ‘

termonuklir: n .frm/lu/ thermonuclear.

termos: n /frm/lu/ thermos bottle.

ternak: n /frm/lu/ livestock.
-beternak: v /intr/tr/ breed and/or raise livestock (i.e. chicken, cattle, pig, goat, fish, etc)
-menternakkan: v /tr/ breed and/or raise livestock.
-peternakan: n farm, poultry.
-peternak: n breeder, farmer.
-ternak unggas: n poultry.

terobos; menerobos: v /frm/lu/ 1 break through. Seorang pencuri menerobos lewat pagar. A thief broke through the fence 2 penetrate, cut in a line. Udara dingin menerobos dari celah dinding The cold air penetrated the cracks in the wall.
-terobosan: n 1 breakthrough 2 penetration.

terompah: n /frm/lu/ rough wooden or leather clog.
-terompah kuda: n horseshoe.

terompet: n /frm/lu/ 1 trumpet, saxophone, clarinet, etc. |all kind of musical instrument that you play by blowing into it| 2 bugle |a musical instrument like a trumpet, which is used in the army to call soldiers| 3 /infr/ speaker, communication channel. Suratkabar ini adalah terompet Partai Demokrat. This newspaper is the communication channel of the democrat party.
-bertrompet: v 1 play such instrument 2 be equipped with such instrument.
-menerompet: v play such instrument.

terong: variant of terung:

teropong: n /frm/lu/ 1 telescope, binoculars. 2 tube.
-meneropong: v 1 look through a telescope. Nahhoda itu meneropong sebuah pulau The captain looked at an island with his telescope 2 forecast, predict. Pengamat itu meneropong kondisi ekonomi dimasa datang The observer forecasted the economic condition in the long run.
-meneropong: v examine carefully.
-peneropongan: n 1 telescopic re­search 2 forecasting study 3 close observation.

terror; men(t)eror: v /frm/lu/ terrorize.
-penteror: n terrorist.
-pen(t)eroran: n terrorizing.

teroris: n /frm/lu/ terrorist.

terorisme: n /frm/lu/ terrorism.

terowongan: n /frm/lu/ tunnel.

terpa; menerpa: v /intr/tr/frm/lu/ 1 hit, attack |if a liquid or wind strongly hit sth| Ombak menerpa kapal itu terbalik The wave strongly hit the boat and it turned upside down. 2 blow Angin puyuh itu menerpa peternakan dan segala sesuatu roboh ketanah The tornado blew the farm and everything collapsed down 3 smash Satu kerugian besar telah menerpa perusahaan A big loss has smashed the company.
-terpaan: n attack, blow, smash

terpal: n /frm/lu/ tarpaulin, canvas.

terpaut: variant of tepaut:

torpedo: variant of torpedo:

terpekur: variant of tafakur:

terpelajar: see ajar:

terpenten: n /frm/turpentine,

tersier: n /frm/lu/ tertiary

tertawa: see tawa:

tertib1: adj /frm/lu/ orderly 1 |arranged or organized in a neat way| antrian yang tertib an orderly line 2  |peaceful or behaving well| satu pertemuan yang tertib an orderly meeting

tertib2: n /frm/lu/ arrangement |the things that you must organize for something to happen|
-ketertiban: n order |a situation in which people obey rules and respect authority| Polisi sedang bekerja keras memelihara ketertiban dan keamanan Police are working hard to maintain order and security.
-menertibkan: v order |to arrange something in a particular way| Polisi bertanggung jawab menertibkan lalu lintas The police is responsible to order the traffic line.
-penertiban: n arrangement (an effort to make thing orderly)
-tertib lalu lintas: n traffic order.
-tertib perjalanan: n itinerary

teruna: n /frm/lu/ 1youth, adolescent 2  cadet.

terung; terung: n /frm/lu/ eggplant.

terus1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 continuous |continuing to happen or exist without stopping or pausing| Tanaman ini memerlukan penyiraman terus These plants need a continuous watering. 2 terus-terusan continual |repeated often over a long period of time| Perdebatan mereka yang terus-terusan membuat saya sedih. Their continual arguing really upset me. 3 straight Ini jalan terus menuju kota. This is a straight road to the city.

terus2: adv /frm/lu/ 1 continually Pertengkaran terus terjadi diantara kedua Negara itu. Dispute continually happen between the two countries  2 terus-menerus: continuously Dia terus-menerus menelepon kamu hari ini. He continuously called you to day 3 directly Dia terus pergi keluar sehabis mandi She directly went out after taking a bath. 4 berterus-terang: openly Dia berterus terang mengatakan bahwa dia tidak ingin bergabung dengan kita. He openly told me that he didn’t want to join us. 5 seterusnya: henceforth (from now on) Seterusnya dalam buku ini, orang ini disebut “pribumi” Henceforth in this book, these people will be called “indigenous” 6 keterusan: inadvertently continue Dia keterusan bicara diluar waktu yang ditentukan. She inadvertently continue to speak beyond the time schedule.

terus3; meneruskan: v /frm/lu/ continue Mari kita meneruskan diskusi ini. Let’s continue the discussion.
-penerus: n successor |someone who takes a job or position that was held before by someone else| Siapa dulu penerus kepemimpinan Suharto sebagai presiden Indonesia? Who was the successor of  Suharto leadership as the president of Indonesia?
-generasi penerus: n the next generation (which will con­tinue s.t.).

terusi: n /frm/lu/ copper sulfate.

tes1: n /frm/lu/ 1 test |a set of questions or exercises to measure someone’s skill,ability, or knowledge| Kapan tes biologi diadakan? When will the biology test be conducted? Saya ada tes sejarah besok. I have a history test tomorrow. 2 test |examining something carefully in order to see what it is like or to find out something|  Tindakan medis termasuk beberapa tes darah. The medical treatment includes some tests on my blood.
-tes penempatan: n placement test
-tes kesehatan: n medical test.
-tes kelayakan: n competence..

tes2; mentest: n /frm/lu/ test Boleh saya tes mobilnya sebelum tawar menawar harga? Can I drive the car to test before discuss the price?

thesaurus: n /frm/ thesaurus.

tesis: n /frm/lu/ thesis. tesis sarjana master’s thesis.

testament: n /frm/lu/ testament,  will. testamen politik po­litical testament (will) .

tetabuhan: n /frm/lu/ music with percussion to accompany dancing.

tetak: v /frm/lu/ 1 chop, hack. 2 circumcise Adikku baru saja di tetak My little brother has just been circumcised.
-mentetak: v /intr/tr/ hack.
-mentetakkan: v /tr/ 1 use sth to hack Dia mentetakkan parangnya ke pohon He hack the machete onto a tree.
-tetakan: n 1 a chopping, blow 2 a notch from hacking. 3 /Jv/ circumcision
-pentetak: n sb who chops or hacks.
-pentetakan: n hacking.
-luka tetak: n wound caused by a chop (of machete, etc.).

tetamu: n /ltr/ guest.

tetanaman: n /ltr/ crops.

tetangga: n /frm/lu/ neighbor.
-bertetangga: v be neighbors. Saya se­nang sekali bertetangga dengan lbu 1 am delighted to be your neighbour, Madam.
-bertetanggakan: v have sb as a neighbor. Saya senang bertetanggakan seorang dokter anak. I’m glad to have a pediatrician as a neighbor.

tetanus: n /frm/lu/ tetanus.

tetap1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 permanent Apa kamu seorang pekerja tetap disini? Are you a permanent worker here? 2 constant Jaga supaya temperaturnya tetap Keep the temperature constant. 3 consistent Kelihatannya mereka tidak tetap dengan dukungan mereka (tidak tetap mendukung) They seem to be not consistent with their support 4 persistent |continuing to exist or happen, especially for longer than is usual|  Parlemen perlu memberi perhatikan terhadap angka pengangguran yang tetap tinggi Parliament needs to address the problem of persistently high unemployment rate. 5 remain Jaga kesehatan kamu tetap baik. Keep your health remain good 6 steadfast, firm, resolute Carlos masih tetap pada pendapatnya. Carlos still steadfast in his opinion. 7 stable Apa suhunya sudah tetap? Has the temperature stable? 8 fix Maaf, tidak ada tawar menawar, ini harga tetap. Sorry, no bargaining, this is a fix price 9 stay Tetap tenang sewaktu saya memotong rambut kamu. Stay still while I’m cutting your hair.

tetap2; menetapkan: v /frm/lu/ 1 decide Kami akan menetapkan. We will decide it tomorrow 2 issue a decree Pemerintah akan menetapkan satu keputusan mengenai hal ini dalam waktu segera. The government will issue a decree on this case soon 3 determine |to find out the facts about something| Dengan menggunakan gelombang suara mereka dapat menetapkan dimana posisi kapal tenggelam itu. Using sonar, they determined exactly where the ship had sunk. 4 stay Dia tetap dengan gagasannya yang controversial itu She stays with her controversial idea.
-ditetapkan: v be decided Ditetapkan di Jakarta 17 – Augustus – 1945 Be made to be a decree (was decided) in Jakarta – August – 1945
-menetap: v be settled Mereka menetap disini sejak tahu lalu. They are settled here since last year.
-ketetapan: n 1 decision 2 decree Kita memerlukan ketetapan presiden dalam hal ini. We need a presidential decree for this matter 3 firmness, determination, constancy, consistency, steadiness.

tetap3;  menetap: v /frm/ blot up a liquid (ink, water, et, .).
-pentetap: n absorber (blotter, dishrag).

tetapi: conj /frm/lu/ but |used before you say something that doesn’t agree with or is the opposite of what you have just said|  Saya tidak ingin pergi tetapi ibu membujuk saya.  I didn’t want to go but Mom persuaded me  Belajar bahasa Inggris membosankan, tetapi akan sangat berguna. Learning English  was boring, but it will very useful.

tetas; menetas: v /frm/lu/ 1 hatch |if an egg hatches or is hatched, it breaks and a baby bird, fish, or insect is born| 2 crack Saya menghilangkan kunci sehingga saya harus menetas pintu untuk masuk I lost the key so I crack the door to get in.
-penetasan: n 1 hatching. 2 hatchery.

tetek: n /inf/lu/ teat.
-menetek: v suckle Bayi itu sedang menetek pada susu ibunya The infant is suckling at his mother’s breast.
-meneteki: v 1 give suck to 2 breast-feed.

tetek-bengek: n /inf/lu/ every detail (of sth). Saya tidak sempat memperhatikan segala tetek bengek masalah itu. I didn’t have time to learn every details of the reports.

tetel: n /ld/ glutinous rice steamed in coconut milk.

tetelan: n /ld/ bones with a bit of adhering meat.

tetelo: n /frm/lu/ a poultry disease, Newcastle disease.

teter; menteter: v .inf/ hit repeatedly.
-keteteran: adj chaotic,  dispersed, disordered, disorganized.

tetes1; menetes: v /frm/lu/ drip |to fall in the shape of a small drop, or have something falling in small drops| Keringat menetes dari lengannya. Sweat was dripping off his arms. Jarinya meneteskan darah. Her finger was dripping blood.
-meneteskan (air mata): v burst (into tear) Begitu dia mulai menjelaskan peristiwa itu , dia meneteskan airmata. As she started to describe the accident, she burst into tear.

tetes2; tetesan: n /frm/lu/ 1 drop |a very small amount of liquid that falls in a round shape: Big drops of rain splashed on the sidewalk| setetes airmata a drop of tear 2 drop |a small amount of a liquid| Tambahkan beberapa tetes air jeruk asam ke teh itu. Add a couple drops of lemon juice into the tea. 2 drip |one of the small drops of liquid that falls from something| Tetes keran bocor itu kedengaran seperti suara jam dinding. The drip of the leaking faucet sounds like a wall watch 3 |the action or sound of a liquid falling in small drops| Apa kamu mendengar tetes air itu? Do you hear the drip of the water?
-tetesan darah: n descendant |someone who is related to a person who lived a long time ago| Dia adalah tetesan darah Sukarno. She is a descendant of Sukarno.

tetirah: n /frm/ effort to find a healer.
-bertetirah: n go for a vacation in a health resort area.
-petetirahan: n vacation resort for health.
-Panti Tetirah Anak: n Institution for Children’s Health Resorts.

tetoron: n /frm/lu/ synthetic material.

tetua1: n /Jkt/ moles, age spots.

tetua2: n /frm/lu/ elder, head, senior.

tetumbuhan: n /ltr/ flora.

Teuku; Teungku: n title of leader in Aceh.

teve: n /frm/lu/ television.

tewas: v, adj /frm/lu/ 1 die, death  Suaminya tewas dalam pertempuran. Her husband died in a battle 2  perished Ratusan tewas ketika Tampomas tenggelam Hundred perished when Tampomas sunk 3 be killed, be slain.
-menewaskan1: v /tr/lu/ 1 slay 2 kill 3 murder.
-menewaskan2: adj deadly Itu satu pertarungan menewaskan It’s a deadly fight

Tg. {Tanjung}: n /frm/lu/ cape.

Tgk. {Tengku}: n /ld/ title of certain nobility.

tgl. {tanggal}: n /lu/wrt/  calendar date.

th. {tahun}: n /lu/wrt/ calendar year.

thd., thdp. {terhadap}: prep. /lu/wrt/ toward, with regard to.

thema: variant of tema:

theology; theologia: n /frm/lu/ teologi:

theologis: adj /frm/lu/ teologis:

therapy: variant of terapi:

therapis: variant of terapis:

thn. {tahun}: n /lu/wrt/ calendar year

thp. {terhadap}: prep. /lu/wrt/ toward, to.

THR1: {Tunjangan Hari Raya}: n /lu/ bonus received near holidays.

THR2 {Taman Hiburan Rakyat|: n /lu/ public recreation and entertainment park.

THT {Telinga, Hidung, Tenggorokan}: n /lu/ ear, nose, and throat |three human organs that is grouped into one section in a medical treatment|

tiada: aux.v, adv /frm/lu/ 1 there is no |used in order to make a word, statement, or question negative| Tiada hari tanpa kerja keras There isn’t a day without working hard Tiadapun uang saya tetap akan pergi Though there isn’t money I still want to go. 2 without Dia seorang petarung tiada banding. He is an artist without a competitor 3 have no Saya tiada maksud melukai hati kamu I have no intention to hurt your feeling. 4 doesn’t Mereka tiada maksud menggangu kita They don’t mean to disturb us.
-ketiadaan: n 1 the absence of sth Ketiadaan dokter didesa membuat mereka pindah ke kota. The absence of a doctor in the village urge them to move to a city 2 nothingness 3 the lack of
-ditiadakan: v be abolished, be wiped out, be erased, be nullified.
-men(t)iadakan: v 1 abolish Pengadilan tinggi men(t)iadakan hukuman dari pengadilan sebelumnya. The higher court abolished the punishment by the previous court. 2 nullify
-pen(t)iadaan: n 1 abolition 2 abolishment 3 nullification

tiang: n 1 /frm/lu/ pole. post, mast. 2 pillar, backbone Mereka adalah tiang organisasi They the pillars of the organization.
-tiang bendera: n flagpole.
-tiang gantungan: n gallows.
-tiang pagar: n fence post.
-tiang kapal: n ship’s mast.

tiap1; setiap: pron /frm/lu/ 1 every |each one of a group of people or things| Setiap siswa akan mendapat dua buku. Every student will get two books  Tiap hari dia mengunjungi kakeknya. Everyday they visit their grandpa 2 each. |every single one of two or more things, considered separately| Setiap kali saya datang kesini saya tidak pernah melihat dia. Each time I came here I never saw her.  Saya memberi sepotong coklat kepada setiap anak. I gave a piece of chocolate to each of the children.

tiap2: n /Chn/ 1 dosage. 2 save money (the only money sb has).
-mentiap: v spent the save money.

tiarap; bertiarap: v /frm/lu/ lie face downward. prone lie Begitu mereka mendengar tembakan prajurit-prajurit itu tiarap di tanah As they heard shooting the soldiers lay face downward on the ground.

tiba: v /frm/lu/ arrive
-ketibaan: n arrival
-setiba: adv upon arrival Setiba di Jakarta dia langsung mengikuti sebuah seminar Upon the arrival in Jakarta he directly went to a seminar.

tidak1: adv /frm/lu/ 1 not. Dia tidak ada dirumah She isn’t at home. Saya tidak tahu tentang itu I do not know about it. Saya tidak bermaksud seperti itu I don’t mean like that. Tidak banyak orang mengenal kita disini. Not many people know us here. Tidak semua orang suka durian. Not everybody like durian. 2 tidak satupun Tidak satupun dari kami mengenal dia. Not any of us know her. 3 tidak sama sekali: not at all. “Apa kamu tahu tentang dimana Donny sekarang?” “Tidak sama sekali” “Do you know where Donny is?” “Not at all”

tidak2: adv /frm/lu/ no |said in order to give a negative reply to a question, offer, or request| “Apa kamu seorang siswa disini?” “Tidak, saya pengunjung” “Are you a student here”  “No, I’m a visitor” “Apa kamu mau tambah kopi?” “Tidak, terima kasih” “Do you want some more coffee?” “No, thanks.”

tidak3: adj /frm/lu/ no |not any, or not at all| Maaf, tidak ada lagi tiket. I’m sorry, there are no more tickets Kami tidak punya waktu menemui mereka. We had no time to meet them.
-ketidak-adaan: n the absence of
-ketidak-adilan: n injustice
-ketidak cocokan: n incompatibility
-ketidak cukupan: n the lack of
-ketidak jelasan: n vagueness
-ketidak jujuran: n dishonesty
-ketidak-patutan: n inappropriateness
-ketidak harmonisan: n disharmony
-ketidak pastian: n uncertainty
-menidakkan: v deny, negate
-setidak-tidaknya: adv at least

tidur1: v /frm/lu/ 1 sleep Apa kamu tidur nyenyak tadi malam? Did you sleep well last night? 2 pergi tidur: go to bed Ayo kita tidur, sudah larut malam. Let’s go to bed, it’s late light. 3 be inactive, or unused Lahan tidur ini milik siapa? Whom does this unused land belong to? 4 tidur-tiduran: lay on leisurely Dia sedang tidur-tiduran di sofa He is laying on leisurely on the sofa 5 men(t)iduri: to have a sex with Dia di tuduh meniduri sekretarisnya. He was accused to have a sex with his secretary.
-ditidurkan: v be made sleep
-ketiduran: v 1 oversleep 2 unintentionally sleep 3 doze off
-menidurkan: v 1 lay sb/sth on Kamu boleh menidurkan anakmu di tempat tidur saya.You may lay on your baby on my bed. Jangan sandarkan papan itu di dinding, lebih baik kalau kamu menidurkannya di lantai. Don’t lean the board on the wall, it’ll be better if you lay it on the floor. 2 put (sb) into sleep.
-kamar tidur: n bed room
-tempat tidur: n bed
-tidur nyenyak: v 1 sleep soundly 2 sleep well 3 sleep deeply
-tidur siang: v 1 have a nap 2 doze
-tidur sejenak: v have a nap 2 doze

tidur2: adj /frm/lu/ asleep Harap tenang, bayi itu tidur. Be quiet, the baby is asleep.

tiga: num /frm/lu/ three. tiga belas thirteen. tiga puluh thirty
-bertiga: n be three in a group, in a group of three
-pertigaan: n junction (two branches (T or V intersection)
-ketiga: num. the third.
-ketigaan: n trinity
-segi tiga: n three angle
-sepertiga: num. a third
-tiga-tiganya: adv all of the three.

tik: variant of ketik:

tikai; bertikai: v /frm/lu/ dispute, quarrel, differ in opinion.
-dipertikaikan: v be disputed by
-mempertikaian: v contradict
-pertikaian: n conflict, controversy, dis­agreement.
-pertikaian: n conflict, controversy, disagreement, dispute, quarrel, difference, contradiction.    difference.

tikam; menikam: v /frm/lu/ 1 stab |forcefully push a sharp object into someone or something| Perampok itu menikam penjaga pada perutnya. The robber stabbed the guard on the stomach| 2 stab in the back |betray or secretly do something bad to someone|  Seorang teman dia menikam dia dari belakang. A friend of him stabbed him in the back.
-ditikam: v be stabbed
-tikam-tikaman: v 1 stab each other 2 fight with sharp weapon.
-tikaman: n 1 a stab, thrust, jab. 2 stake in gambling.
-penikam: n 1 stabber (sb who stab)   2 sth that sb stabs with.
-penikaman: n n stabbing.

tikar: n /frm/lu/ plaited mat.
-bertikarkan: v use (sth) as a mat. Dia tidur hanya bertikarkan koran He sleeps using newspaper as a mat.
-tikar sembahyang: n prayer mat.
-tikar tidur: n sleeping mat. tikar koran using only a newspaper for mat.

tiket: n /frm/lu/ ticket (i.e. for transportation, show, etc.).

tikung; menikung: v /frm/lu/ 1 curve or bend. 2 make a turn. Ban radial menikung lebih cermat Radial tires takes turn better.
-tikungan: n a bend in the road.

tikus: n /frm/lu/ mouse, rat. tikus percobaan experimental mouse.
-tikus belanda: n guinea pig.
-tikus kesturi: n musk shrew.
-tikus mondok: n mole.
-tikus Negara: n corruptor
-tikus-tikusan: n toy mouse.

tilam: n /frm/lu/ mattres |sth soft to sleep on such as mat, blanket, but esp. mattress|
-bertilam: v sleep on mattres
-bertilam pasir: v have no home to sleep

tilang {bukti pelanggaran}: n /frm/lu/ traffic ticket.
-mentilang: v issue a traffic ticket.

tilas; mentilas: v /frm/lu/ trace.
-petilasan: n remains of the past. Petilasan Diponegoro sedang di pugar. The ruins of Diponegoro’s is being renovated.

tilawat: n /frm/ recitation of the Koran.

tilawatil; tilawatul: n /frm/lu/ competition on recitation of the Koran.
-mentilawatilkan: v compete the recitation of the Koran.

tilem-timbul: adv /frm/ up and down.

tilep; mentilep: v /inf/ take sth on the sly. Hati-hati, dia suka mentilep Be careful, she like to take sth on the sly.

tilgram: variant of telegram:

tilik: menilik: v /frm/lu/ 1 see |to visit, meet, or have a meeting with someone| Dia sedang pergi menilik orang sakit She is going to see a sick person 2 look Seseorang menilik kedalam dari jendela. Somebody looked at inside from the window. 3 watch Tolong tilik sekali-sekali kalau-kalau anak saya bangun Please watch once in a while if my baby wake up. 4 inspect, supervise |to be responsible for a group of workers or students and make sure that they do their work correctly| Dia terus keliling menilik sekolah-sekolah di wilayah kerja dia. She continuously go around to supervise the schools in her domain. 4 look to Menilik masa depan yang lebih baik, saya harus belajar lebih keras. Looking to the better future, I have to learn harder.
-penilik: n 1 watcher 2 observer 3 supervisor 4 inspector  Siapa penilik sekolah di wilayah ini? Who is the supervisor of the schools in this area?
-penilikan: n 1 observation 2 inspection 3 supervision

tilp. {tilpon}: n /frm/lu/ telephone.

tilpon: variant of telepon:

TIM {Taman Ismail Marzuki}: n Marzuki Cul­tural Center in Jkt.

tim1; men(ge)tim: v /frm/lu/ 1 boil (meat until it tender eough). 2 steam (rice in a certain way).
-petiman: n utensil for cooking rice in this way.

tim2: n /frm/lu/ team.

timah: n /frm/lu/ tin, lead.
-timah daun: n tin foil.
-timah hitam: n lead.
-timah putih: n tin.
-timah wurung: n bismuth.

timang1; menimang: v /frm/lu/ rock (a child) in sb’s arms or a cra­dle. Dia sedang menimang anaknya supaya tidur . She is lulling her child to sleep.
-timangan: n sb’s favorite child.
-nama timangan: n nickname, nursery name.
-tertimang-timang: adj swaying Perahu itu tertimang-timang di laut. The boat was swaying on the sea.

timang2; menimang-nimang: v /frm/lu/ 1 roughly weigh |guessing the weight of sth by shifting it with sb hand| 3 consider Saya akan menimang-nimang dulu apa saya pergi atau tidak. I’ll consider first if I would be going or not.

timba1: n /frm/lu/ 1 ail, bucket, dipper.
-timba ruang: n 1 container used to bail a boat. 2 the center (and deepest) part of a boat’s hull.
-bertimba: v use a dipper, etc. ­
bertimba karang: v start a row (ltr. scoop up coral).
-bertimba uang: v live in luxury.

timba2; menimba: v ./lu/ take sth out (particularly water) from a well or container using a scoop or smaller container
-menimba: v1 bailout (a boat) 2 draw (water) from a well.
-penimba: n 1 a container for scooping liquids. 2 sb who scoops out water, etc.
-/idiom/: menimba ilmu: learn sth for better future.

timbal1; setimbal: adj /frm/lu/ 1 balance 2 proportional 3 equivalent
-bertimbalan: v be in balance.
-timbal balik1: prep. on both sides. Kertas itu bertulis timbal-balik. The paper is written on both sides.
-timbal balik2: adj 1 two ways (communication) 2 mutual (respect) 3 reciprocal (visiting, agreement, diplomatic act)
-timbalan: n counterpart.

timbal2: variant of timbel:

timbang1; menimbang: v /frm/lu/ 1 weigh  2 consider.
-dipertimbangkan: v be considerable
-kese(t)imbangan: n equality, proportionality
-mempertimbangkan: v considerate.
-mempertimbangkan kembali: v reconsider.
-menyeimbangkan: v balance, harmonize
-menimbang terimakan: v hand over (responsibility)
-pertimbangan: n consideration, judgment, opinion
-se(t)imbang: adj balance, proportional.
-timbangan: n scale

timbang2: see ketimbang:

timbul: v l /intr/frm/lu/ rise |to appear after being hidden| Matahari timbul dari balik bukit The sun rise from behind the mountain 2 /intr/ tprotrude |to stick out from somewhere| sebuah batu timbul dari air a rock protruding from the water 3 /intr/ appear Persoalan lama timbul kembali The old problem is appearing again 4 arise, happen Pertengkaran timbul kembali diantara Negara-negara itu. A dispute happen again between those countries. 5 /intr/ emerge Bukti baru timbul di persidangan New evidence emerged during the trial. Tunas-tunas baru akan timbul dalam beberapa hari mendatang. New shoots will emerge in the next few days
-menimbulkan: v /tr/ 1 raise  Jangan coba menimbulkan masalah baru. Don’t try to raise new problem. Sikap kamu seperti itu bisa menimbulkan kesan buruk. Your attitude like that may raise a bad impression.
-huruf timbul: n engrave letter.
-timbul tenggelam: v bob up and down.

timbun1; timbunan: n /frm/lu/ 1 heap, pile |a large group of similar things collected together like papers, clothes, boxes | Mari kita cari di timbunan surat-surat dan tagihan-tagihan yang diatas meja. Let’s look it at the pile of bills and letters on the desk. 2 accumulation 3 stock

timbun2; menimbun: v /frm/lu/ 1 heap, pile |also pile up, to make a pile by collecting things together that cover a space or a hole|  Mereka menimbun pakaian bekas itu di dalam kotak besar They heap the old clothes into a big box. 2 accumulate 3 stock 4 to fill up a hole
-bertimbun-timbun: v be collected in a number of pile or in a large amount.
-penimbunan: n 1 piling 2 accumulation 3 stocking.

Timor: n the island of Timor.

timpa: v /Jkt/ punch sb
-bertimpa: v pile one on the top of another.
-menimpa: v 1 fall to strike sth Sebuah pohon tumbang menimpa sebuah mobil A tree fell on striking a car  2 happen to |use only if it is a bad thing|  Sebuah kecelakaan menimpa saudaranya. An accident happened to her brother.
-menimpakan: v to let sb be responsible for sth Polisi menimpakan kesalahan itu kepada dia. Police put the blame to him.

timpal; menimpali: v /frm/lu/ 1 equalize Kita perlu melakukan latihan serius untuk menimpali keunggulan lawan. We need to have a serious exercise to equalize the counterpart’s supremacy 2 response “Baik kalau begitu!” katanya menimpali “That’s OK!” he response my challenge. –syn: timbang; menimbangi
timpalan: n counterpart.  

timpang1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 unbalanced Pertumbuhan ekonomi di daerah perkotaan timpang dibanding dengan di pedesaan. The growth of economic in urban area is remarkably unbalanced to the growth in rural area. 2 unequal Proporsi wanita di legislative timpang dibanding proporsi penduduk wanita. The proportion of the female in legislative is unequal to the proportion of the female population  3 lopsided |having one side that is heavier, larger, or lower than the other side|  Meja ini timpang, satu kakinya lebih rendah dari yang lain-lainnya. The table is lopsided, one leg is shorter than the others. 4 unstable itu gerakan yang timpang its unstable movement

timpang2: adv /frm/lu/ unstably Dia berjalan timpang setelah kecelakaan itu She walk unstably after the accident.
-ketimpangan: n 1 unstableness 2 lopsidedness 3 imbalance 4 difference

timpe; menimpe: v /Jkt/ 1 swipe |to steal something| Seseorang menimpe dompet saya. Somebody swiped my wallet. 2 variant of timpa:

timpuk; menimpuk: v /Jkt/ throw at.
-menimpukkan: v throw sth.
-timpukan: n throw. Timpukan anak itu tepat mengenai mata temannya. Her throw made by the kid hit directly in the eyes of his friend

timpus; menimpus: v /frm/lu/ taper.

Timteng {Timur Tengah}: n Middle East.

Timtim {Timor Timur}: n East Timor.

timun: see mentimun:

timung: n /ld/ traditional herbal bath of Kalimantan.

timur: n /frm/lu/ east |the direction from which the sun rises| Mana arah timur? Which way is east?
-men(t)imur: v 1 go to the east. 2 eastward.
-ketimuran: adj eastern 1 |in or from the east part of an area, country, state etc.| Indonesia timur eastern Indonesia 2 the way thing is done in Asia gaya Timur eastern style makanan Timur eastern food
-timur dekat: n near east
-timur jauh: n far east
-timur laut: n north-east
-timur tenggara: n south east
-timur tengah: n middle east

tindak; tindakan: n /frm/lu/ act, action, execution.
-bertindak: v /intr/ 1 act 2 do sth Dia selalu bertindak semena-mena He always do sth as he wish Jangan bertindak kasar kepada wanita Don’t act cruelly with a woman Jangan bertindak sebelum memikirkan risikonya. Don’t act before thingking the risk
-menindak: v /tr/ combat, execute, stop, terminate, forbid, etc Polisi menindak para penjaja di lampu lalu lintas The police forbid  the traffic light vendors Tata kota menindak kios-kios liar disepanjang jalan-jalan utama The town swept the illegal stands along the main roads KPK (Komite Pemberantasan Korupsi) telah menindak sejumlah koruptor The Corruption Combat Committee has punished a number of corruptors.
-penindakan: n execution
-tindak balas: n reaction.
-tindal lanjut: n follow up.
-tindak pidana: n criminal act.
-tindak kekerasan: n harmful action.
-tindak tanduk: n behavior, conduct, attitude.

tindas; menindas: v /frm/lu/ 1 crush with snapping (i.e. to kill an insect). Dia menindas kala jengking itu dengan sebuah tongkat. He crush the scorpion with a stick. 2, op­press. Di Negara ini pemerinthan militer menindas kaum minoritas. In this country the military government oppress the minority 3 sup­press Selama kepresidenannya dia tidak pernah menindas lawan-lawan politiknya. During his presidency he never suppress his political opponent
-penindasan: n suppressing 2 oppressing.
-penindas: n 1 suppressor 2 oppressor, tyrant.
-tertindas: v be oppressed 2 be suppressed 3 downtrodden.
-tindasan: n 1 oppres­sion compression 3 carbon copy.

tindih; menindih: v /tr/frm/lu/ overlap
-bertindihan: v be overlapping  2 be double exposing
-bertindih-tindihan: v 1 overlap each other  2 lie on each other 3 be strewn 4 be entwined 5 be piled densely  6 be redundant 7 be overcrowded  Para pembeli bertindih-tindihan di pasar. The buyers were overcrowded in the market.
-menindih: v 1 be placed on the top of sth 2 press sth with sth heavy (place a weight on sth) 3 oppress Peraturan pajak baru itu akan menindih rakyat. The new tax regulation will oppress the people.
-menindihkan: v place sth on the top of sth. Dia menindihkan satu buku tebal diatas kertas kusut. He placed a thick book on an crumpled paper.
-penindih: n 1 oppressor 2 suppressor
-ketindihan: v 1 be crushed under sth 2 be oppressed Kaki saya ketindihan kakinya sewaktu kami tidur My  leg was oppressed by her leg when we were sleeping. Mobilnya ketindihan sebuah pohon tumbang. Her car was oppressed by a falling tree.
-tindihan: n 1 pressure 2 oppression 3 suppression.

tindik; menindik: v /frm/lu/ pierce. upacara menindik telinga ear­ piercing ceremony.

tinggal1: v /frm/lu/ 1 live, stay. Kamu tinggal di mana? Where do you live? Dia tinggal bersama ibunya di Bandung. She lives with her mother in Bandung. 2 remain, keep, stay. Jangan tinggal diam, lakukan sesuatu. Don’t stay silent, do something. 3 be left Aduh! Kunci mobilnya tinggal di meja saya! Oh my God, the car’s key is left on my table. 4 remain |to continue to exist after others have gone or been destroyed| Dari duapuluh lima patung sekarang hanya tinggal sepuluh. From the twenty five statues, it’s only ten remains. Tinggal berapa lagi uang kamu? How much of your money still remains?
-ketertinggalan: n backwardness
-ketinggalan: v be left behind Dompet saya ketinggalan My purse is left behind.
-meninggal: v die, pass away
-meninggalkan: v leave Saya akan meninggalkan kamu selama seminggu untuk urusan dinas. I’ll leave you a week for a business Kalau kamu butuh sesuatu, saya meninggalkan kartu kredit saya di laci If you need sth, I leave the credit card on my drawer.
-tertinggal1: v be left behind. Negara kami jauh tertinggal di belakang dalam hal program pendidikan. Our country is far left behind in terms of education program.
-peninggalan: n 1 inheritance Dia menerima banyak peninggalan kakeknya He received a lot of inheritance of her grandpa  2 remains (archaeological)  Apakah Borobudur salah satu peninggalan Majapahit? Is the Borobudur a remains of the Majapahit?  3 bequest
-tertinggal2: adj 1 backward 2 underdeveloped. Kami masih termasuk kelompok Negara tertinggal. We are still belongs to underdeveloped country.

tinggal2: adv, prep /frm/lu/ 1 just |all sb has to do| Kamu tinggal bernangkat, semua sudah disiapkan. All you have to do just leave, everything has been prepared. Kamu tinggal tanya dia dimana kunci saya. You just ask him where my key is. 2 except Everyone has gone, tinggal Bambang. Semua sudah berangkat, except Bambang
-ketinggalan jaman: adj out of date.
-sepeninggal: prep. 1 upon or after the departure (of) 2 after the death (of)
-tinggal kulit dan tulang: adj broke, penniless (be skin and bones)
-tinggal nadi: very ill
-tinggal tulang: adj very thin
-tinggal pakai: adj ready to use
-tinggal landas: v take off (a plane, a program, a growth of sth)

tinggi: adj /frm/lu/ 1 high, tall. menara tinggi a high tower. 2 advanced peradaban tinggi advanced civilization
-berbadan tinggi: v 1 be tall 2 have tall body
-bercakap tinggi: v brag
-berhati tinggi:
adj 1 proud, boastful 2 conceited.
-harga tinggi: adj expensive
-ketinggian1: adj too high.
-ketinggian2: n height, altitude.
-meninggi: v /intr/ raise, increase, enhance, go higher.
-meninggikan: v /tr/ raise, heighten, elevate |make sth higher|
-pegawai tinggi: n high-rank official
-petinggi: n sb who has high position Dia adalah petinggi sebuah partai  politik. He belongs to a high board of a political party.
-perguruan tinggi: n 1 college 2 university 3 academy
-tinggi rasi: adj lucky
-umur tinggi: n long life
-setinggi-tingginya: prep. as high as possible Setinggi-tinggi burung terbang, once it has to land No matter how high sb’s carrier, once he/sh has to show his/her original personality. (ltr. No matter how high a bird fly, once it has to perch on sth.

tinggung; bertinggung: v /frm/ squat.

tingkah1: n /frm/lu/ behavior |the way that a person or animal does or says things, or a particular example of this|  Tingkah kamu seperti itu tidak diterima disini Your behavior like that is not acceptable her.

tingkah2; bertingkah: v /frm/lu/ be capricious |likely to suddenly change decisions, emotions, conditions etc. without warning|  Helen selalu brtingkah seperti ibunya dulu. Helen always be capricious just as her mother was. 2 have a problem |to behave badly or not work correctly| Mobilnya bertingkah lagi. The car has aproblem again.

tingkah3: n /ld/ 1 drum 2 the sound of drum that accompany other instruments.
-bertingkah-tingkah: v alternate in a musical presentation. Mereka bertingkah-tingkah  memperdengarkan Piano dan gitar They played the piano and guitar by turns.
-meningkahi: v 1 spontaneously respond “Ya, ya!, Bu Sulastri”  dia meningkah “Yes, yes! Mrs Sulastri” she spontaneously responded. 2 strike a musical instrument to accompany other instru­ments.
-tingkahan: n musical accompaniment.

tingkat1; tingkatan: n /frm/lu/ 1 floor, story. rumah tiga tingkat a three-story house. tingkat kapal ship’s deck. 2 rung, step. tangga sepuluh tingkat a ten-rung ladder. 3 level tingkat kehidupan sosial tinggi high level social life kebudayaan yang tinggi tingkatanya a high level of civilization. 4 degree siswa dengan tingkat kemampuan berbeda students with different degrees of ability 5 phase, stage Proyek itu sekarang sudah pada tingkat penyelesaian terakhir The project now is on the last phase of accomplishment. 6 rate tingkat pertumbuhan penduduk population growth rate
-bertingkat-tingkat: adj 1 multi-storied gedung bertingkat-tingkat multi-storied building 2 multi-stratified masyarakat bertingkat-tingkat stratified society 3 multi-terraced sawah bertingkat-tingkat terraced rice field 4 with consecutive levels  Mereka mengatur penyaluran dengan cara bertingkat-tingkat. They organized distribution flow with consecutive levels.
-setingkat: prep. at the same level.

tingkat2; meningkat: v /intr/frm/lu/ 1 increase 2 up 3 step up 4 incline 5 go higher 6 rise 7 amount 8 escalate.
-ditingkatkan: v /pass.v./ be increased 2 be upped 3 be inclined 4 be gone higher.
-meningkatkan: v /tr/ 1 raise 2 amount 3 increase 4 up 5 step up 6 incline 7 upgrade 8 promote 9 escalate 10 add up.
-peningkatan: n 1 increase 2 growth 3 progress 4 promotion 5 incline 6 improvement 7 escalation.

tinja: n /frm/lu/ 1 feces, excrement. 2 sewage.
-bak tinja: n cesspool.

tinjak: v /frm/lu/ stride, step.
-bersitinjak: v /ltr/ step by step.

tinjau; meninjau: v /frm/lu/ 1 observe 2 inspect, survey 3 watch, view  (from a distance)
-ditinjau: v be be observed Ditinjau dari sudut ekonomi, kita mencapai satu kemajuan pesat. Looking for it from the economic growth we have achieved a significant progress.
-peninjauan: n 1 observation 2 inspection Peninjauan pelaksanaan proyek dari dekat adalah satu keharusan A close observation of the project implementation is a must.
-peninjau: n 1 observer 2 inspector 3 surveyor.
-peninjauan ulang: n review peninjauan ulang keputusan hukum judicial review

tinju: n /frm/lu/ 1 fist. 2 /sport/ boxing. Nanti malam ada ­tinju di TV There is a boxing match tonight onTV
-bertinju: v /intr/ be engaged in boxing match.
-meninju: v /tr/ 1 box 2 punch |hit (sb/sth) with sb’s fist|
-petinju: n 1 boxer 2 fighter
-pertinjuan: n 1 fist fight 2 matters per­taining to fist fighting. sejarah pertinjuan the history of boxing. 2 fist fight.

tinta: n /frm/lu/ ink.
-menintai: v apply ink to sth.

Tionghoa: n Chinese. Peranakan Tionghoa Chinese of mixed Indonesian descent. Tionghoa  totok Chinese with no In­donesian ancestral background.
-ketionghoaan: n 1 Chinese characteristic. 2 act characteristically Chinese

Tiongkok: n China.

tip1: n /frm/ monetary remuneration.

tip2: n /inf/ tape recorder.

tip3: n /frm/lu/ a bit of information.

tip4: n /inf/lu/ adhesive tape.

tip5: see ketik:

tipe: n /frm/lu/ type, kind.

tipes: n /frm/lu/ typhus.

tipi: see teve:

tipikal: adj /frm/lu/ typical.

tipis: adj /frm/lu/ 1 thin. secarik kertas tipis a piece of thin paper. 2 insignificant  satu kekalahan tipis an insignificant loss 3 light Pemandangan itu ditutupi awan tipis The scene is covered with a light cloud 4 sheer, light kain tipis a sheer cloth 5 slight perbedaan tipis a slight difference harapan tipis a light hope.
-menipis: v become thin
-menipiskan: v 1 thin |to make sth thinner| 2 delude |to reduce optimism, belief on sth, etc.| Cerita kamu mengenai apa yang kamu alami telah menipiskan harapan saya untuk mengikuti sarannya. Your story about what you experienced has deluded my hope to follow his advice.
-penipis: n thinner  Pakai penipis ini untuk menipiskan cat itu Use this thinner to thin the paint.

tipografi: n /frm/ typography.

tipografis: adj /frm/ typographical.

tipologi: n /lu/ /frm/ typology.

tipologis: adj /frm/ typological.

tipp-ex: n /frm/lu/ white-out substance, white correction fluid.
-mentipp-ex: v apply white-out to sth
-tipp-exan: n sth which has been corrected with white-out.

tipu; tipu muslihat: n /frm/lu/ trick, deceit, fraud, trickery, ruse, swindle.
-menipu: v trick, deceive, swindle
-penipu: n 1 deceiver 2 impostor 3 swindler
-penipuan: n 1 deception 2 tricking 3 swindling .
-tertipu: v 1 be deceived 2 be tricked  3 be swindled.

tirai: n /frm/lu/ 1 curtain, blinds.
-bertirai: v have screen or partition
-tirai bantal: n pillow fringe.
-tirai besi: n 1 iron Ccurtain. 2 prison
-tirai kelambu: n mosquito net.
-tirai mirai: n 1 blinds of all sorts. 2 partition, screen.

tiram: n /frm/lu/ oyster.
-pertiraman: n oyster field or bed.

tirani: n /frm/lu/ tyranny.

tiri: n /frm/lu/ step- |related by the remarriage of a parent and not by blood|
-ibu tiri: n stepmother.
-anak tiri: n step­child.

tiris: adj /frm/lu/ leak through. Atapnya tiris The roof is leaking.
-meniriskan: v /tr/ 1 cause to leak through. 2 drain. Tiriskan beras itu setelah dicuci Drain the rice after washing before cooking.
-ketirisan: v 1 get wet from a leak. Kamarnya basah ketirisan hujan: The room got wet from a leak of rain. 2 be leaked
-penirisan: n place for drain­ing
-tirisan:
n leak.

tirta: n /ltr/frm/lu/ water.
-tirta amerta: n elixir of life.
-tirta kencana: n golden water.

tiru; meniru: v /frm/lu/ 1 imitate, do as sb’s does 2 copy, duplicate  Dia meniru gaya Eropah He imitate Eurpean style. 2 copy Saat ujian itu beberapa siswa mencoba meniru jawaban orang lain. At the exam some students tried to copy other answers.
-peniruan: n imitating, duplicating, copying.
-peniru: n im­itator, simulator.
-tiruan: n 1 imitation, copy, duplication  2 simulation

tisik; menisik: v /frm/lu/ darn, mend. menisik sepasang kaus kaki mend a pair of shock
-menisikkan: v give sth to sb to mend. Saya menisikkan kaos oblong saya kepada Bibi. Itu gave my T-shirt to be mended by my Aunt.
-tisikan: n mend.

titah: n /ltr/frm/lu/ royal word or command.
-bertitah: v /int/tr/ speak, utter (of kings, etc.).
-menitahkan: v /tr/ command, declare Raja itu meithakan perang The king declared a war.

titel: n /frm/lu/ 1 title 2 headline 3 degree (university title)
-bertitel: n 1 have a de­gree 2 be titled. Dia bertitel dokter He has a medical degree.

titi; titian: n /frm/lu/ 1 footbridge |single wooden or bamboo foot bridge|  2 narrow path or pas­sageway
-meniti: v 1 walk on sth Kita harus meniti sebatang pohon kalau menyeberang sungai We have to walk on a single wood to across the river  2 start (working on sth) Dia meniti karir sebagai consultan bisnis sejak lama. He started work as a business consultant since long time ago.

titik: n /frm/lu/ 1 period, point 2 drop.
-bertitik: v 1 drip 2 have a period.
-bertitik-titik: v continuously drip
-bertitik tolak (pada): v based (on)
-menitikberatkan: v
-menitik: v /intr/ drip.
-menitik beratkan: v 1 focus on 2 count heavily on 3 emphasize on Kita perlu menitik beratkan pembangunan pada pertumbuhan ekonomi. We need to emphasize the development on economic growth.
-menitikkan: v /tr/ drip Saya melihat matanya menitikkan air mata. I saw her eyes dripping tears.
-menitisi: v /tr/ dip on. Bocor pada atap menitisi meja. The leak on the roof dripped on the table.
-penitik beratan: n 1 focusing, stressing Penitikberatan akan diletakkan pada ketepatan data Focussing will be put on the accurateness of the data. 2 priority Penitik beratan program seharusnya harus ditentukan secara hati-hati. Priority of the program should be carefully defined.
-titik airmata: n teardrop.
-titik api: n focus of a lens.
-titik balik: n turning point.
-titik beku: n freezing point.
-titik berat: n 1 the centre of gravity 2 heart, central point, focus, essence, core.
-titik cair: n melting point
-titik didih: n boil­ing point.
-titik dua: n colon.
-titik impas: n break-even point.
-titik jenuh: n saturation point.
-titik koma: n semicolon.
-titik pandang: n point of view.
-titik pangkal: n basic of satand. .
-titik potong: n point of in­tersection.
-titik pusat: n centre point.
-titik tengah: n centre point.
-titik tolak: n 1 point of departure 2 reason to start (sth)

titip; menitipkan: v /frm/lu/ entrust |to give someone something to be responsible for| Saya titipkan anak-anak kepasa saudari saya untuk dijaga. I entrusted the children to my sister to take care of.  2 ask |expecting sb to do sth| Boleh saya menitipkan beli beberapa kue kalau kamu pergi ke pasar? Can I ask you to buy me some cake when you go shopping? 3 deposit Titip barang-barang berharga kamu sebelum pergi. Deposit your valuable thing before leaving.
-kotak penitipan: n deposit box.
-penitip: n depositor.
-penitipan barang: n deposit counter.
-ruang penitipan: n clockroom.
-titipan: n deposit

titis1; (me)nitis: v /frm/lu/ 1 incarnate 2 descend into sb’s offspring (of traits, etc.). Sifat kebajikannya  menitis kepada anak cucunya His good char­acteristics descended into his children and grand children.
-penitisan: n reincarnation.
-titsan pena: n essay. composit­ion.

titulatur: n /ld/ system of titles.

titular: adj /frm/lu/ titular |existing as such in name only| kapten titular titular captain.

tiup; bertiup: v /intr/frm/lu/ blow |if the wind or a current of air blows, it moves| Pada musism seperti ini angin dingin bertiup dari timur In such season a cold wind blows from the east.
-ditiup: v be blown Pintu itu terbuka ditiup angin. The door was blown open by the wind.
-meniup: v /intr/tr/ blow |to send air out through your mouth| Dia meniup tehnya supaya dingin sedikit. She blew on her tea to cool it a little. Komandan itu memerintahkan seorang tentara meniup sangsakala. The commandant ordered a soldier to blow the bugle. |a musical instrument like a trumpet, which is used in the army to call soldiers|
-meniupkan: v /tr/lu/ 1 blow |to move something, or to be moved, by the force of the wind or a current of air| Angin telah meniupkan daun-daun kering itu The wind has blown the dry leaves  2 spread, disperse  Mereka pasti telah meniupkan rumor itu They must have spread that rumor
-peniup: n blower.
-peniup seruling: n flute player
-peniup terompet: n trumpet player.
-(musik tiup: n musical instrument that is blown to produce sound.
-tiupan: n 1 blow 2 balst (of wind)

tivi: variat of teve:

tiwas: variant of tewas:

tiwul: n /frm/lu/ snack made from dried cassava.

tk. {tingkat}: n 1 level. 2 floor, story.

TK {Taman Kanak-Kanak}: n kindergarten.

TKI {Tenaga Kerja Indonesia}: n Indonesian blue-collar workers and craftsmen employed overseas.

TKS {Tenaga Kerja Sukarela}: n volunteer worker.

tkt. {tingkat}: n 1 level. 2 floor 3 degree

TKW1: n trade mark of locally produced liquor.

TKW2: {Tenaga Kerja Wanita}: n female workers

tlh. {telah}: adv /wrt/frm/lu/ 1 already 2 |used to show that a verb is in form of past participle| Dia telah pergi. She has gone.

Tn. {Tuan}: n Mr. |an address to a non-Indonesian male|

TNI {Tentara Nasional Indonesia}: n Indonesian Na­tional Armed Forces.

tot: intrj. /inf/ Right? (panicle eliciting agreement). Kan maunya ke sana, to? You want to go there, . don’t you?

toilet: n /frm/lu/ toilet

toapekong: variant of tepekong:

tobat; bertobat: v /frm/lu/ 1 repent  2 be sorry 3 forswear |to stop doing something, or to promise that you will stop doing something|  4 learn sb’s lesson. |to suffer so much after doing something wrong that you will not do it again| Saya tidak menghukum dia karena saya kira dia sudah tobat. I didn’t punish him because I thought he had learned his lesson.
-mempertobatkan: v cause sb to repent Pasttor itu mengaku telah mempertobatkan sejumlah penjahat. The pastor claimed that he has repent a number of criminal.
-pertobatan: n repentance

todong; menodong: v /frm/lu/ 1 threaten sb by pointing a gun or to aim a gum at a particular direction in order to force the victim to do sth| Dia menodong seorang turis untuk menyerahkan uangnya He threatened a tourist to surrender his/her money. 2 hold up, stick up using a gun to threteaned the victim.
-di todong: v be threatened with a gun.
-menodongkan: v /tr/ pointed (a gun) Dia menodongkan sebuah pisau ke perut seorang pria tua. He pointed a knife at the belly of an old man.
-penodong: n a robber who use a gun.
-penodongan: n robbery using gun.

tofan: variant of topan:

toga: n /frm/lu/ 1 academic gown 2 judge’s robe, pastor’s robe, etc.
-bertoga: v wear an academic gown or judge’s robe.

toge: variant of tauge:

togel: {toto gelap}: n /frm/lu/ an illegal predicting numbers gambling

toh: adv /inf/lu/ 1 however Sekalipun dia tidak resmi di undang, toh dia hadiri juga rapat itu. Although he wasn’t formally invited, however, he attended the meeting 2 nevertheless, after all. |in spite of what has just been mentioned| Dia bersumpah telah mengatakan yang benar,  toh bos tidak percaya juga pada dia. He swore that he told the truth, nevertheless, the boss didn’t trust him.

tohok1: n /ld/ 1 harpoon or javelin with rope attached. 2 a downward stab.
-mentohok: v /frm/lu/ stab downward. Jangan pernah mentohok kawan seiring Don’t ever betray sb’s associates.
-mentohokkan: v use sth in a downward piercing motion. Dia metohokkan tombak­nya ke arah musuh. He cast his spear down at his enemy.

tohok2: see bintang, pari:

toilet1: n /ld/ grooming |taking care of your appearance by keeping your hair and clothes clean and neat|

toilet2: n /frm/lu/ toilet

tok1: adv, adj /inf/lu/ just, only. Berdoa tok tanpa kerja keras itu tidak masuk akal. Just prayer without hard work is a nonsense Dia hanya bisa bicara, tidak pernah berbuat apa-apa. All he can do just talk, never do something.

tokeer; tokcer: adj /inf/lu/ 1 easy to start )a car) 2 easy to light (a matches)

toke1; tokeh: variant of tauke:

toke2: tokek: n /frm/lu/ 1 house lizard with distinctive call. 2 call of such a lizard. 3 term of abuse. Tokek lu! You jerk!

tokh: variant of toh:

Tokio: n Tokyo.

toko: n /frm/lu/ shop: store.
-bertoko: v have or manage a store
-pertokoan: n 1 shop matters 2 shop­ping complex.
-toko buku: n bookstore, bookshop. ­
-toko mas: n jewelry store.
-toko kelontong: n drug store. (store selling different kinds of daily needs)
-toko loak: n thrift shop.
-toserba (toko serba ada): n department store.
-toko swalayan: n self-service supermarket..

tokoh1: n /frm/lu/ 1 prominent fig­ure Dia adalah seorang tokoh politis He is a prominent politician 2 star player Siapa tokoh pemain film itu? Who is the star player of that movie?  3 character in a story Dia memainkan tokoh antagonis She played an antagonistic character  4 /ltr./ shape, form. tokoh tubuh bodily shape
-menokohkan: v 1 idolize 2 promote sb to be a prominent figure 3 feature.
-menokohi: v run or lead (a group, a play, etc.)
-ketokohan: n prominence Banyak orang mengakui ketokohan dia dalam pembangunan karakter bangsa. A lot of people admit his prominence in nation character building.

tokoh2;  menokohi: v /frm/lu/ cheat, deceive.
-penokoh: v cheater, de­ceiver.

tokok1: n /ld/ extra, addition, supplement
-bertokok: adv 1 with an addition. 2 bertokok pula: furthermore.
-mentokok: v give or say sth as an addition or extra.

tokok2; menokok: v /frm/lu/ 1 hammer. 2 strike (sb) 3 blame (sb) 4 tap, pound at 5 knock (a door)
-menokok batu: v crush stones into gravel.
-menokok kawat: v send a tele­gram.

toksik: adj /lu/ toxic.

toksikologi: n /frm/lu/ toxicology.

toksin: n /frm/lu/ toxin.

tol: n /frm/lu/ toll, esp. on highways.
-jalan tol: n toll-road

tolak: v /frm/lu/ 1 push away, push aside Biar saya tolak kotak itu kesamping. Let me push the box aside 2 reject, refuse |don’t accept, believe in, or agree with something| Saya menolak tawaran perusahaan itu. I rejected the company’s offer. 3 repel |if two things repel each other, they push each other away with a magnetic force| 4 deny Dia menolak semua kesalahan yang dialamatkan kepada dia. He denied all blame that addressed to him
-bertolak: v 1 take off 2 leave
-bertolak-belakang: adj opposite.
-bertolak pinggang: v stand akimbo |with hands on the hips and the elbows bowed outward|
-penolak: n 1 repellent 2 rejecter.
-penolakan: n refusal.
-tolak angsur: v give and take (esp. in bargaining).
-tolak bala: v ward of misfortune.
-tolak peluru: n /sport/ shot-put (event).

toleh; menoleh: v /frm/lu/ 1 turn sb’s head to see sth or  Toleh ke kanan! Look to the right. 2 glance Dia meloleh seorang wanita muda dari dalam mobil He glanced a young lady from the car. 3 gaze Dia duduk berjam-jam menoleh keluar dari jendela. He sat for hours just gazing out the window. 4 muse Sebelum kita teruskan, marilah sejenak kita menoleh kebelakang apa yang telah kita perbuat dimasa lampau. Before we continue, let’s take a moment to muse backward what we’ve done in the past.
-menolehkan: v /tr/ see sth Mari kita menolehkan nenek sejenak. Let’s to see grandma for a moment

toleran: adj /frm/lu/ tolerable, tolerant.

toleransi; toleransi: n /frm/lu/ 1 tolerance 2 consider­ation, understanding. Saya minta toleransi anda dalam persoalan ini I beg your tolerance/ understanding in this matter.
-mentolerir: v tolerate. Saya bisa mentolerir keterlambatan hanya selama dua hari. I can tolerate the delay only for two days.

tolok: n /frm/lu/ 1 specification 2 standard 3 criteria
-tolok banding: n criteria to compare two or mor things.
-tolok ukur: n 1 indicator, measur­ing tool |tool or system used to measure, or to evaluate sth| Tolok ukur apa yang harus digunakan mengukur pencapaian pembangunan itu?. What indicator should be used to see the achievement of the development?
-setolok: adv on the same standard.
-menolok: v 1 compare 2 measure, value

tolol: adj /frm/lu/ stupid 2 simple-minded. Kamu benar-benar tolol You are really stupid.
-ketololan: n stupidity, foolishness
-men(t)ololkan: v make sb stupid.

tolong1; menolong: v /frm/lu/ 1 help Tolong dia memakai bajunya. Help him to put on her shirt. Saya akan menolong kamu melakukan itu. I’ll help you to do it. 2 save
-bertolong-tolongan; tolong-menolong: v mutually help (each other)
-penolong: n 1 helper 2 saviour 3 rescuer regu penolong rescue team
-pertolongan: n 1 help Kalau anda perlu pertolongan telepon saja saya. If you need help just call me 2 rescue Mereka dilatih untuk pertolongan di udara. They were trained for air rescues. 3 aid Mereka belajar bagaimana pertolongan pertama untuk yang luka. They learned how to conduct first aid to an injury.
-sangat menolong: adj helpful Bantuan kamu itu sangat menolong kami Your aid was very helpful for us.
-tertolong: v be saved Apa korban sempat tertolong? Is the victims can be saved?

tolong2: intrj /frm/lu/ please Tolong berikan saya segelas kopi Please give me a cup of coffee Tolong saya tuan. Please help me sir. Apa kamu mendengar seseorang minta tolong? Do you

tomat: n /frm/lu/ tomato.
-saus tomat: n ketchup.

tombak: n /frm/lu/ 1 spear, lance. tombak bercanggah forked lance. 2 a linear measure of around 3.6 meters.
-bertombak: v equip with a lance.
-menombak: v stab with a spear.
-tertombak: v be ­speared.

tombol: n /frm/lu/ 1 knob. tombol pintu door knob. 2 button for mechanical devices, push button switch.
-tombol pen­yetel: n dial knob (of TV, radio, etc.).
-tombol tekan: n push button.

tompang: variant of tumpang:

ton1: n /frm/lu/ ton.
-berton-ton: adv by tons.

ton2 {Peleton}: n platoon.

tonase: n /frm/lu/ tonnage.
-bertonase: v have a certain tonnage.

toner: n /of/ millionaire (in colonial era).

tong: n /frm/lu/ barrel, vat, cask.
-setong air: n a barrel of water.
-setong paku: n a keg of nails.
-/prov./ Tong kosong nyaring bunyinya An empty barrel resounds loudly. (a less-educated person speaks more)
-tong sampah: n trash bin, garbage can.
-tongan: adv by the barrel.
-/prov./ Tong kosong nyaring bunyinya An empty barrel resounds loudly. (a less-educated person speaks more).

tonggak1: n /frm/lu/ 1 post, pole 2 tree stump 3 pillar 4 milestone
-tonggak gantungan: n gallows .
-tonggak rumah: n house pillar.
-tonggak sejarah: n historical milestone. Peristiwa itu merupakan tonggak sejarah bangsa ini That event was a mile­stone in our nation history.
-menonggak1: v build a pillar, erect a pole.

tonggak2: menonggak2: v /inf/ drink from a container by pour­ing its contents down into sb’s throat.

tongkang: n /frm/lu/ barge |a boat with a flat bottom, used for carrying goods|

tongkat: n /frm/lu/ 1 cane 2 stick.
-bertongkat: v use a cane Pria tua itu bertongkat rotan The old man had an rattan walking stick
-bertongkat senduk: /idiom./ be far along years.
-bertongkatkan: v be rest on Rumah itu berdiri bertongkatkan batu The house stands resting on stones.
-menongkat: v raise high.
-menongkatkan: v hold up with sth Dia menongkatkan jasnya pada bantal He use his jacket to raise the pillow.
-penongkat: n assistant
-tonggak ampai: n divining rod.
-tongkat jalan: n walking stick.
-tonggak ketiak: n crutches.
-tongakt komando: n baton.
-tongkat militer: n swagger stick.

tongkol1: n /frm/lu/ tuna fish.

tongkol2: n /ld/ 1 knob (of wood). 2 stem of an ear of corn.
-setongkol mas: n a piece of gold nugget.

tongkrong; nongkrong: v /frm/lu/ 1 squat. 2 sit around doing nothing, hang out. 3 idle, not in use. Sebuah bus nongkrong di halte menunggu penumpang A bus is sitting on the bus stop waiting for passengers. Mereka nongkrong di warung membaca komik They hang around a stand, reading comic books.
-menongkrongi: v 1 wait for sth  2 stay on a certain place.
-tongkrongan: n a place where sb sits around idly. Lapangan parkir itu adalah tongkrongan preman The parking lot was where the gang hung out.

tongol: variant of nongol:

tongseng: n /ld/ dish prepared with cabbage and meat of lamb.

tonikum: n /frm/lu/ tonic (tonic).

tonil: n /frm/lu/1 theater, the stage 2 show.
-men(t)onilkan: v 1 act, perform. 2 dramatize, put into a play. Mereka mentonilkan dongeng itu They dramatized that tale.

tonjok: v /Jkt/ 1 hit with fist. 2 punch  Oke! Kalan kamu tidak mau bayar, akan saya tonjok kamu. OK! If you don’t want to pay, I will hit you with my fists.

tonjol; menonjol1: v /intr/frm/lu/ 1 protrude 2 stick out 3 bulge out 4 appear remarkably
-menonjolkan: v /tr/ 1 protrude 2 stick out 3 accentuate 4 feature 5 highlight

tonjol2; menonjol2: adj /frm/lu/ 1 remarkable 2 outstanding 3 extraordinary 4 phenomenal 5 notable 6 exceptional 7 prominent 8 distinguished 9 conspicuous 10 protruding.
-bertonjol-tonjol: adj bumpy

tonjol3;: tonjolan: n /frm/lu/ 1 protrusion 2 bump (on the skin) 3 bulge 4 prominence  4 exceptionality 5 remarkableness 6 notability 7 conspicuousness

tonton; (me)nonton: v /frm/lu/ 1 watch, see (for entertainment) Mereka sedang pergi menonton pertandingan sepakbola They are going to watch a football match  2 go (to see a movie) Mari kita menonton bioskop. Let’s go to see a movie
-mempertontonkan: v 1 show 2 exhibit 3 play 4 perform 5 demonstrate
-penonton: n 1 spectator 3 audience 3 viewer 4 onlooker
-tontonan: n 1 show 2 performance 3 entertainment 4 spectacle.

top1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 superlative sebuah lagu top a superlative song 2 the most popular bintang film top a most popular film star
-ngetop: v be on top. Dengan mendadak dia ngetop All of a sudden he was at the top.

top2: n /frm/ game of chance.
-petop: n gambling place.

topan: n /frm/lu/ typhoon, hurricane.

topang1; menopang: v /intr/frm/lu/ 1 prop, support  |to support something or keep it in a particular position| Dia menopang pagar itu dengan potongan-potongan bambu He propped the fence with pieces of bamboo. 2 shore up Dana segar dibutuhkan menopang bank yang jatuh itu. Fresh money is needed to shore up the failing bank.
-bertopang: v 1 be supported 2 lean (on) Dia bertopang pada dinding He lean on the wall
-menopangkan: v /tr/ Dia menopangkan sepedanya pada sebatang pohon. He propped his bike against a tree.
-ditopang: v be propped.  Gerbang itu di topang dengan pilar beton. The gate had been propped with concrete bars.

topang2; bertopang1: v /frm/lu/ 1 contradict against (sth) Sarannya bertopang dengan pendapat temannya His suggestion contradicted against his friend’s idea 2 conflict with (sth) Proposal itu bertopang dengan rancangan besar program. The proposal conflicts with the grand design of the program.
-pertopangan: n 1 contradiction. 2 conflict, dispute.

topas: n /frm/ topaz.

topekong: variant of tepekong:

topeng: n /frm/lu/ mask.
-bertopeng: v 1 have or wear a mask 2 pretend to be, cover up. Dengan bertopeng sebagai pengusaha berhasil. dia mengajukan pinjaman ke bank By pretending to be a successful business person, he propose a loan from the bank 3 mask, hide. disguise  Penampilan yang seram hanya bertopeng kosmetik The horrible appearance was barely masked by cosmetics
-mempertopengkan: v 1 use sth as a mask or camouflage 2 use sth as a cover mask

topi: n /frm/lu/ 1 hat 2 helmet
-bertopi: v wear a hat
-topi baja: n steel helmet.
-topi gabus: n pith helmet.
-topi jaksi: n Panama hat.
-topi  keselamatan: n safety helmet.
-topi rumput/tikar: n straw hat..

topic: n /frm/lu/ topic.
-bertopik: v take a topic

toples1: n /frm/lu/ topless, bare-breasted.

toples2: see stoples:

topografi: n topography.

toreh; toreh kayu: n /frm/lu/ woodcut.
-menoreh: v 1 make a shallow cut. 2 slit open. menoreh sampul slit open envelope.
-torehan: n 1 notch, incision. 2 slit.
-penoreh: n 1 scoring or slitting tool. 2 sb who taps rubber.
-penorehan: n process of rubber tapping.

torpedir; mentorpedir: v /frm/lu/ torpedo

torpedo; men(t)orpedo: v /frm/lu/ torpedo

tortor: n /ld/ Batak dance.

tosera; toserba {toko serba ada}: n /frm/lu/ department store.

total1: n /frm/lu/ 1 total. 2 sum amount 3 final amount.
-me(t)otal: v sum up

total2: adv /frm/lu/ 1 completely 2 totally Rumah itu hancur total The house was totally damaged  Makanan sudah habis total The food has completely gone.
-ketotalan: n totality.

totalisator: n /frm/1 sweepstakes. 2 soccer pool.

totalitas: n /frm/ totality.

totaliter: adj /frm/lu/ totalitarian |based on a political system in which people are completely controlled by the government|

totalitarisme: n /frm/lu/ totalitarianism.

toto: n /frm/lu/ lottery.

totok1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 full-blooded. Belanda totok a full-blooded Dutch  2 newcomer. Saya masih totok di sini I am a newcomer here.

totok2: variant of tutuk:

totokromo: n /frm/lu/ proper conduct, etiquette.

totol: adj /Jkt/ freckled
-mentotolkan: v cause sth to splatter Seperti pupur yang ditotolkan Like face powder splattered all over.

tour: variant of tur:

tur of duti: n /frm/lu/ tour of duty
-menturofdutikan: v transfer sb to another post.

towel: v /Jkt/ touch slightly with finger.

toyor; mentoyor: v /Jkt/ hit, punch.

t.p. {tanpa penerbit}: adv /wrt/ no indication of publisher (in bibliographies, etc.).

TPS {Tempat Pemungutan Suara}: n polling place.

tradisi: n /frm/lu/ tradition.

tradisionil; tradisional: adj /frm/lu/ traditional.

trafo: n /frm/lu/ 1 neon-light transformer. 2 voltage regulator.

tragedi: n /frm/lu/ tragedy.

tragik: n /frm/lu/ tragedy.

tragis: adj /frm/lu/ tragic.

traktat: n /frm/lu/ treaty.

traktir; mentraktir: v /frm/lu/ treat sb. Dia mentraktir saya makan siang direstoran He treated me to have lunch at a restaurant!

traktor: n /frm/lu/ tractor. traktor tangan hand-operated tractor
-mentraktor: v do work with a tractor.

traktorisasi: n /frm/lu/program to popularize the use of tractors in agricultural production.

trail; trails: variant of terali:

trampil; adj /frm/lu/ skilled, competent.
-ketrampilan: n 1 skill 2 expertise 3 competence 4 know how.
-mentrampilkan: v train sb to be competent. Perusahaan melatih dia supaya menjadi trampil dalam menangani pemasaran. The company train him to be competent in handling marketing.

transaksi: n /frm/lu/ transaction, deal.

transdisiplin, transdisipliner: n /frm/lu/ cross-disciplinary.

transenden: adj /frm/lu/ transcendent.

transcendental: adj /frm/lu/ transcendental.

transfer: n /frm/lu/ transfer.
-mentransfer: v transfer sth.

transfigurasi: n /frm/lu/ transfiguration.

transformasi: n /frm/lu/ transformation.
-mentransformasikan: v transform.

transformator: n /frm/lu/ transformer.

transfusi: n /frm/lu/ transfusion.

transisi: n /frm/lu/ transition.

transistor: n /frm/lu/ transistor.

transito: n /frm/lu/ transit. pelabuhan transit transit harbor.

transkrip: n /frm/lu/ transcript.

transkripsi: n /frm/lu/ transcription.
-mentranskripsikan: v transcribe.
-pentranskripsian: n the process of transcribing.

transliterasi: n /frm/lu/ transliteration.
-mentransiliterasikan: v trans­literate.

transmigran: n /frm/lu/ who has been resettled in another region.

transmigrasi: n /frm/lu/ a system of resettling inhabitants of overpopulated islands to less populated regions.
-transmigrasi musiman: n seasonal relocation.
-transmigrasi swakarsa: n spontane­ous relocation.
-mentransmigrasikan: v resettle sb
-ketransmigrasian: n mat­ters pertaining to organized resettlement.
-pentransmigrasian: an process of relocating sb.

transmisi: n /frm/lu/ transmission.

transmutasi: n /tech/ transmutation.
-mentransmutasikan: v transmute. |to change from one shape or form to other shape or form|

transparan: adj /frm/lu/ 1 transparent.
-ketransparanan: n transparency.

transparansi: n /frm/lu/ transparency.

transplantasi: n /frm/lu/ transplantation.

transport: n /frm/lu/ transportation.

transportasi: n /frm/lu/ transportation.

trap1: n /frm/lu/ stairs.

trap2: variant of terap:

trapezium: n /math/ trapezoid.

trapo: variant of trafo:

trase: n /frm/ 1 (ground) plan. 2 path.
-mentrase: v trace.
-pentrasean: n tracing.

trasi: variant of terasi:

trasir; mentrasir: v /frm/ trace.

tratak: variant of teratak:

trayek: n /frm/lu/ 1 designated route for public transporta­tion. 2 license to operate a public.  transportation vehicle on that route. 3 section.
-bertrayek: v 1 posses such license 2 operate on a certain route.

treak: variant of teriak:

trek1: n /frm/lu/ 1 passing a ball from a player to another player 2 movement of a group of people from a place to new place 3 race field (of car)
-mengetrek: v pass the ball toward the opponent goal gate

trek2: trek-trekan: v /frm/lu/ 1 drive a vehicle very fast 2 race in public road

treker: n /frm/lu/ trigger

trekpen: n /frm/lu/ technical design pen.

trek sando: n /sport/ arm-stretcher.

trem: n /frm/lu/ streetcar, tram.

trematoda: n /frm/lu/ tapeworm

trembesi: n /frm/lu/ tree |the wood of which is very hard – Pipturus nicanus|

tremer: n /ld/ a ship mechanic

tremor: n /frm/lu/ tremor

tremos: variant of termos:

trend: n /frm/lu/ the last style

trendi: adj /frm/lu/ stylistic

trenggiling: variant of tenggiling:

trengginas: n /frm/ swift, quick-moving.

treningspak: n /frm/lu/ athlete’s sweat-suit, tracksuit.

tri-: pref. /frm/lu/ three-, used in some compounds.

TRI2 {Tentara Rakyat Indonesia}: n Indonesian Peo­ple’s Army (1945-50).

triangulasi: n /tech./ triangulation.

trias politika: n /frm/ Montesquieu’s threefold division of political authority: the legislative, judicial, and executive powers.

tribulan: n /frm/lu/ quarterly (a three-month period)

tribunal: n /frm/lu/ court of justice

tribun; tribune: n /frm/lu/ 1 stand (part of stadium). 2 reviewing stand (for officials).
-tribun ter­buka: n bleachers, open stands.

tribut plonco: see atribut:

trica(k): n three-wheeled pedicab.

tridasawarsa: n 30th anniversary.

Tridharma: n /frm/ 1 religious sect incorporating the three streams of Chinese religion-ethical principals: Taoism, Confucianism, Buddhism. 2 the three responsibilities of institute of higher education: research, teaching, and social service.

trigarta: n /frm/ 1 three points of view 2 three reality.

trigemius: adj /ltr/ triple

trigonometri: n /math/ mathematical method related to angle measurement.

trigu: variant of terigu:

trik: n /lu/ trick.

trikembar: n /lu/ triplet.

Trikora {Tri Komando Rakyat}: n Three People’s Order (a political slogan for mobili­zation of the people in order to wrest West New Guinea from Dutch (pre-1963).

trikotomi: n /frm/ grouping into three segments

trilogi: n /frm/ trilogy.

trilyun: n /lu/ quintillion.

trima: variant of terima:

trimurti: n /lu/ the oneness of the three Hindu gods, Brahma, Vishnu, and Siva.

trinitas: n /lu/ trinity |the oneness of the Creator God, the Saviour Jesus, an the Holy Spirit|

trio: n trio.

trip: n /lu/ trip, journey.

triplek; n /lu/ plywood.

trisila: n /lu/ threefold. sumpah trisila threefold oath.

trisilabis: n /frm/ tri-syllabic.

trisula: n /frm/ trident, a three-pronged spear.

tritugas: n /frm/ three functions.      I

tritunggal: n /frm/lu/ 1 trinity 2 tripartite, triumvirate.

Tritura {Tri Tuntutan Rakyat}: n political slogan of 1960s, the People’s Three Demands: Banning the Indonesian Communist party, Purging communist elements from the cabinet, Lowering prices of basic commodities.

triunsur: n /frm/ three management functions in a single unit of a task (planning, implementation, supervision)

triwarsa: n /frm/ three years.

triwindu: /frm/ 24 years.

triwulan: see tribulan:

trm: {transmigrasi}: n resettlement program.

troll: v /frm/lu/ trawl
-kapal troll: n trawler.

trombon: n /frm/ trombone.

trombosa: n /frm/lu/ thrombosis.

tromel: n /frm/lu/ metal lunch-box.

tromol pos: n /frm/lu/ postal box. (p.o.box)

trompet: n /frm/lu/ 1 trumpet, esp. of European origin 2 automobile horn 3 speaker,  propagator Saluran TV ini adalah trompet sebuah partai politk. This TV channel is a speaker of a political party.
-men(t)rompetkan: v 1 trumpet out sth (a song, etc.) 2 propagate, publicize |to tell as many people as you can about something you think is important or are proud of|

trompetis: n /frm/lu/ trumpet player.

trotoar; trotoir: n /frm/lu/ sidewalk.

truck: n /frm/lu/ truck
-bertruck-truk: adv a number of truckload.

Ts: {teman sejawat}: n /wrt/ colleague (used in professional correspondence by doctors). Kepada: Ts Dr. Febri To: My colleague Dr. Febri

tsb: {tersebut}: adv /wrt/ mentioned-above.

TSP: n /lu/ phosphorous chemical fertilizer.

tst: {tahu sama tahu}: n /lu/ unspoken agreement between two persons participating in a mutually advanta­geous, often illegal deal.

tt1: {tertanda}: v /wrt/ signed by

tt.2: {tertanggal}: v /wrt/ dated.

tt.3: {tanpa tahun}: adj /wrt/ no year of publication (in bibli­ographies, etc.)

TT {Timur Tengah}: n /wrt/ Middle East.

ttd:. {tertanda}: v /wrt signed.

ttg:1: {tentang}: prep. /wrt/ about, concerning

ttg.2: {tertanggal}: adj /wrt/ dated.

tth: {tanpa tahun}: adj /wrt/ no year of publication (in biblio­graphies, etc.).

TTS: {Teka Teki Silang}: n crossword puzzle.

ttt. {tanpa tahun terbitan}: adj no date of publication (in bibliographies, etc.).

TU {Tata Usaha}: n /frm//lu/ administration.

tua: adj /frm/lu/ 1 old |having been used a lot| sepasang sepatu an old pair of shoes b)  |having a particular age| Saya sudah tua sekarang , tidak muda lagi. I’m old now, not young anymore. 2 older Dia saudara tua saya He is my older brother. 3  dilapidated |old, broken, and in very bad condition| rumah yang sudah sangat tua. a dilapidated old house 4 mature |fully grown or developed| Daging hewan tua biasanya keras Meat from mature animals is often tough. Buah apel ini sudah cukup tua untuk dipanen. This apple has been mature enough to be harvested Ramos sudah cukup tua untuk menikah. Ramos has been mature enough to marry. 5 ripe Apa mangga itu sudah tua? Has the mango been ripe? 6 pure Saya tidak senang mas tua untuk cincin, terlalu lembek. I don’t like pure gold for a ring, it’s too flexible. 7 dark merah tua dark red hijau tua dark green
-lebih tua: adj older Dia jauh lebih tua dari saya She is a lot older that I
-menua: v 1 become old 2 ripen 3 mature.
-menuakan: v 1 ripen 2 make sb/sth older 3 admire sb as a senior 4 make (gold) purer  5 let (the color) darker.
-mertua: n parents in law.
-penuaan: n aging
-ketua: n chairman.
-ketuaan1: adj too old.
-ketuaan2: n 1 oldness 2 maturity 3 seniority
-penetua; tetua: n 1 elders 2 seniority
-tertua; paling tua: adj the oldest Nadine adalah anak tertua Nadine is the oldest children in this family.
-setua: adj as old as Dia setua kamu She is as old as you .

tuah: n /frm/lu/ 1 good luck, good fortune 2 magic power. 3 respect, honor, prestige. Tuah seorang pahlawan datang sesudah mati A hero’s prestige increases after his death.
-bertuah: v 1 be lucky 2 be fortunate. Dia bertuah dapat isteri yang setia. He was lucky to have a loyal wife  2 bring good luck. Sebagian orang yakin bahwa pemilikan batu permata tertentu dapat bertuah. Some people believe that the ownership of particular precious stone would bring lucky.
-ketuahan: n 1 supernatural power 2 lucky fortunate.

tuai: n /frm/lu/ crescent-shaped reaping knife that fits in the palm of the hand usually used to cut rice stalk at harvesting time.
-menuai: v 1 harvest rice by cutting each stalk individually close to the ear with such a reaping knife. 2 reap. Yang membeli itu kelak  yang menuai The buyer is the one who reaps later on.
-penuai: n 1 rice harvest knife. 2 sb who reaps or gathers in a harvest. perempuan penuai lada a woman who harvests pepper.
-penuaian: n harvesting of rice.
-/prov./: Siapa menabur angin akan menuai badai Who spread negative propaganda will harvest a chaos (ltr. Who blow wind will harvest tornado)

tuak: n /frm/lu/ fermented palm wine, esp. of sugar or coconut palm.
-tuak keras: n strongly alcoholic palm wine.
-tuak manis: n slightly alcoholic palm wine.

tual: n /frm/lu/ block of wood.
-bertual-tual: v be cut up into blocks.

tuala: n /ld/ towel.

tualang; bertualang: v /int/frm/lu/ fly about (of bees, etc.) 2 keep moving without per­manent residence. 3 wander, roam around |to walk or travel for a long time with no clear purpose| 4 cruise |to move around without going to any particular place| 5 engage in an adventure
-petualang: n 1 wanderer 2 sb who roams a large place 3 adventurer 4 cruiser
-petualangan: n 1 adventure |an exciting experience, in which dangerous or unusual things happen, or the act of having these experiences| 2 wandering around 3 cruise

tuan: n /frm/lu/ 1 Mr. |term of reference and address for western and (occasionally) Westernized adult males| Tuan Ali Mr. Ali. Apa tuan panggil saya? Did you call me sir?  2 employer Tuan dan pekerjanya sedang merundingkan kenaikan upah. The employer is discussing the raise of the wage  3 master, owner Siapa tuan anjing ini? Who is the master of this dog? .4 tuan rumah: host Indonesia akan menjadi tuan rumah Konperensi Kelautan Internasional Indonesia will be the host of the International Ocean Conference 5 boss, leader, important person  Dialah tuan besar disini He is the big boss here. 6 tuan puteri: princes 7 tuan tanah: n land lord.
-bertuan: v 1 have the boss  2 be owned Tanah ini tidak bertuan This land isn’t owned by sb 3 act as a boss Semeninggal ayahnya ia bertuan di rumahnya After he death of his father he acted as boss at home. 4 have the master.
-bertuankan: v have sb as a master. Anjing itu bertuan orang buta. The dog has a blind as a master.
-dipertuan: n noble address similar to His Majesty Yang Dipertuan Agung (the ruling king in Malaysia)
-dipertuankan: 1 be respected. Dia dipertuankan oleh anak buahnya He was respected by his crew.
-pertuanan: n 1 sovereignty, suzerainty
-ketuan-tuanan1: v act like a master, make a pretence at being a tuan. Ah, kamu pelayan saja berlagak ketuan-tuanan. All you are is a waiter, why do you act like a boss.
-ketuan-tuanan2: adj bossy
-tuan ­tanah: n 1 landlord, landowner 2 ruling class, upper class. 3 ruler.

tuang; menuang: v /int/tr/frm/lu/ 1 pour. menuang kopi ke cang­kir pour coffee into a cup. 2 mold |to shape a solid substance by pressing or rolling it or by putting it into a mold| bentuk manusia dituang dari tanah liat a figure of a man molded out of clay.
-menuangkan: v /tr/ 1 pour (sth) 2 cause to pour forth. 3 include (sth in a written document)
-tertuang: v 1 be poured 2 be included or written Jadwal penyerahan telah tertuang dalam kontrak. The delivery schedule was included (written) in the contract.
-tuangan1: n cast, mold |a hollow container that you pour liquid into, so that when the liquid becomes solid, it takes the shape of the container| tuangan lilin berbentuk bintang a candle mold shaped like a star tuangan besi iron cast.
-penuangan: n 1 casting 2 molding
-tuangan2: adj 1 cast Ini patung tuangan This is cast statue (shaped by casting, not by carving.

tuan hamba: n /ltr/ you, very respectful and servile.

tuanku: n /ltr/ n 1 my master or boss 2 title of royalty Tuanku Imam Bonjol Prince Imam Bonjol.

tuas: n /lu/ lever.
-menuas: v lever sth up.

tuba: n /frm/lu/ 1 plants from which a stupefying drug is obtained. 2 stupefying drug used in fish­ing.
-tuba tikus: n arsenic.
-menuba: v spread this poison somewhere to catch fish. menuba kolam spread fish poison in a pond.
-menubai: v poison fish, etc. with such a poison .
-/prov./ Tuba dibalas dengan susu Returning good for evil. (If sb give stupefying substance give milk in return).

tubagus: n /ld/ title of a nobility in Banten, West Java.

tuberculosa: n /frm/ tuberculosis.

tubi; bertubi-tubi: adv /frm/lu/ repeatedly. Tembakan bertubi-tubi The continuous shots. Abu ditanyai secara bertubi-tubi They questioned Abu over and over again.
-mentubi: v 1 keep at sth 2 repeat. Dia mentubi per­tanyaan sama He repeated the same question.
-mempertubi-tubi: v frequent Dia mempertubi-tubi pukulannya He frequented his punches

tubruk1; tubrukan: n /frm/lu/ 1 lunge 2 slamming action 3 collision.
-bertubrukan: v collide one after the other Mobil itu bertubrukan dengan truk The car collided with a truck.
-menubruk: v /tr/ 1 lunge at sb/sth Seorang pemain penyerang sepakbola itu menubruk penjaga gawang  dengan sangat keras sehingga dia di hukum dengan kartu merah One of the football striker severely lunged a goal keeper and he get a red card 2 collide with, run into. Hati-hati, nanti kita akan menubruk orang Be careful, or we will crash into somebody. 3 run over, hit sb/sth
-penubrukan: n colliding, crashing, striking.
-tubrukan: n 1 collision 2 crash  3 lunge

tubruk2: see kopi:

tubuh: n /frm/lu/ 1 body a) |the physical structure of a person or animal| tubuh yang sehat dan kuat a strong healthy body b) |the main part of a person or animal’s body, not including the head, arms, legs or wings: a short body and long legs| c) batang tubuh: |the main, central, or most important part of something|  batang tubuh laporan the body of the report batang tubuh UUD the main part of the Constitution 2 physical part of a human Tubuh dan roh saya adalah ciptaan Tuhan My physical body and soul are created by God. 3 structure a) |a group of people who work together for a particular purpose| tubuh pengurus organisasi the governing structure of the organisation b) |the main part of a building or other construction| tubuh bangunan yang kokoh a strong structure of a building
-bertubuh: v be (…) build Dia gadis bertubuh langsing dan lincah She is a slender-built girl. Pria bertubuh bagus The man who is well built
-bersetubuh: v 1 make love 2 having intercourse.
-menyetubuhi: v copulate.
-mentubuhkan: n 1 realize 2 materialize 3 bring to physical form
-persetubuhan: n 1 intercourse 2 copulation

tuding1: adj /frm/lu/ sloping at an angle.
-menudingkan: v make sth slant.

tuding2; menuding: v /frm/lu/ 1 point (sth with index finger) 2 accuse
-menudingkan: v use (sth) to point at (sth)
-tudingan: n 1 accusation 2 blame Tudingan kamu tidak ada bukti sama sekali. Your accusation has no proof at all.

tuduh; menuduh: v /frm/lu/ accuse.
-menuduhkan: v /tr/ accuse sth Mereka menuduhkan perselingkuhan pada saya They accused me of sex scandal.
-penuduh: n 1 accuser 2 claimer 3 plaintiff
-penuduhan: n accusation
-saling tuduh: v mutually recriminate
-terduduh: n accused (person)
-tuduhan: n 1 accusation 2 blame 3 charge 4 claim

tudung: n /frm/lu/ 1 veil, cover 2 sun hat.
-bertudung: v 1 be covered. 2 use a veil.
-bertudungkan: v covered with.
-tudung daun pisang: n banana leaf cover
-menudungi: v cover sth up carefully, shade sth Keranda mayat itu ditudungi dengan payung The coffin was shaded by an umbrella.
-menudungkan: v use sth for a cover or shade. menudungkan kain putih pada meja put a white cloth over the table. Dia menudungkan tapak tangannya mena­han silau matahari He used his palms to deflect the sun’s rays.
penudung: n cover
-penudungan: n covermg.
-tudung lampu: n lampshade.
-tudung lingkup: n veil used by some moslem women.
-tudung muka: n veil.
-tudung saji: n movable cone-shaped cover for food.
-tertudung: v /pass. v/ be covered.

tugal: n /frm/lu/ dibble |a pointed gardening tool used to make a hole or to open a hard skin of fruit|
-menugal: v dibble 1 |to make a hole by stabbing this tool in order to sow seeds| 2 to make a hole on the ground with such tool.
-menugalkan: v use a dibble to sow seeds in this way. Benih-benih ini sudah dapat ditugalkan This seeds has been appropriate to be planted by preparing a place with a dibble.
-tugalan: n a hole made by dibble
-padi tugalan: n rice planted by dibbling.

tugas: n /frm/lu/ 1 duty 2 task 3 function 4 order 5 work, job 6 assignment 7 business
-bertugas: v 1 be on duty Dia sedang tugas sekarang He is on duty right now 2 do the task, business He is going for a business Dia sedang pergi tugas 3 work Saya bertugas mengawasi anak-anak itu I worked to watch the children.
-menugaskan: v 1 assign Guru menugaskan siswa menulis karangan sebanyak sepuluh halaman. The teacher assign the students to write a ten-page essay 2 order Komandan menugaskan dua tentara mempatroli kamp. The commandant ordered two soldiers to patrol the camp
-penugasan: n /lu/ 1 assignment Penugasan apa yang diberi bos kepada kamu? What kind of assignment the boss gave you?
-petugas: n 1 workers Kami adalah petugas kesehatan We are health workers 2 officer Kami adalah petugas jaga We are security officer on duty 3 functionary Siapa petugas perbekalan? Who is the functionary of the provision? 2 attendant Is she the parking attendance Apa dia petugas parkir?

tugu: n /frm/lu/ 1 post, column, pillar 2 monument.
-tugu peringatan: n memorial monument.

Tuhan: n /frm/lu/ God. Tuhan Allah God Almighty
-ber Tuhan1: v 1follow a religion 2 believe in God.
-ber Tuhan2: adj religious Mereka adalah orang-orang ber-Tuhan They are religious people
-ber Tuhankan: v be believed in Mereka ber Tuhankan tahyul They believe in mysticism
-ketuhanan: n 1 believing in God 2 divinity 3 deity

tuil: n /inf/lu/ lever.
-men(t)uil: v lever sth up.

tuju1; tujuan: n /frm/lu/ 1 objective, purpose, goal, aim, target |something that you are working hard to achieve|  Tujuan utama program adalah meningkatkan pengetahuan masyarakat tentang bahaya penyalah gunaan narkoba The program’s main objective is to increase the people’s knowledge on the danger of drug abuse. 2 journey’s end, direction destination Bali adalah salah satu tujuan wisata paling terkenal di Indonesia. Bali is one of the most popular turist destination in Indonesia.
-bertujuan: v 1 aim at |to plan or intend to achieve something|  Program itu bertujuan menciptakan lebih banyak lapangan kerja. The program aimed at creating more jobs | Kami bertujuan lulus seleksi pekerja. We aim to qualify the selection of the workers. 2 head for Pesawat ini bertujuan ke Singapore This airplane is heading for Singapore 3 mean to  Saya tidak bertujuan menyakiti perasaan kamu. I don’t mean to hurt your feeling
-ditujukan: v 1 targeted at 2 pointed at |to try to make something have an effect on a limited group or area|  Program peningkatan kesejahteraan ditujukan pada pengangguran. Welfare programs targeted at the unemployed people. 3 be directed to  Kritik itu ditujukan kepada gubernur. The critique was directed to the governor 4 address Pesan ini ditujukan kepada pemuda. This messages is addressed to the youth
-menuju: v go in direction of Dia pergi keluar negeri menuju ke Paris. They went abroad in direction of Paris
-menujukan: v direct to Saya tahu dia menujukan sindirannya pada saya. I know that she directed her jibs at me
-setujuan: adv of the same purpose

tuju2; setuju: v /frm/lu/ agree (with) Saya setuju dengan usulan kamu itu I agree with your proposal
-menyetujui: v /tr/ 1 agree (with) 2 approve Bos telah menyetujui rencana itu. The boss has approved the plan 3 ratify |to make a written agreement official by signing it| Kedua Negara telah meyetujui perjanjian itu Both nations have ratified the treaty. 3 consent Apa guru telah menyetujui pesta sekolah itu? Has the teacher consented the school party? 4 support Tidak satupun dari kami menyetujui gagasan dia itu. No one of us supported her idea.
-persetujuan: n 1 agreement, treaty 2 ratification, support 3 permission 4 approval, consent |to give your permission for something to happen| Ayah tidak akan pernah memberi persetujuan terhadap perkawinan Jenny dan Tom Father will never give consent to Jenny’s marrying Tom.

tujuh: num. 7 (seven);  tujuh belas seventeen  (17) tujuh puluh seventy (70) ketujuh seventieth (7th) sepertujuh one seventh (1/7)
-bertujuh: v be in a group of seven
-menujuh bulani: v solemnize the 7th month of pregnancy.
-menujuh hari: v commemorate the 7th day of the death of a family’s member.
-/idiom/ tujuh keliling: severe dizzy spills (lit., dizzy seven times over).

tukal: n /of/ a unit of length measurement for thread equivalent to 16 rian.

tukang: n /frm/lu/ 1 skilled worker or craftsman 2 the word that indicate the profession, character, etc of sb.
-bertukang: v work on sth that is need a skill.
-menukangi: v 1 fix |to repair something that is broken or not working| Apa kamu mengenal seseorang yang dapat menukangi mesin cuci? Do you know anyone who can fix the washing machine? 2 make sth Dia punya keahlian menukangi lemari kayu. He has a skill to make a wooden cupboard.
-pertukangan: n 1 workshop 2 craftsmanship 3 trade |a particular job, especially one in which you work with your hands| 3 handwork 4 handcraft 5 matter related to skill-needed work.
-tukang bohong: n liar.
-tukang besi: n blacksmith.
-tukang copet: n pickpocket.
-tukang catut: n ticket scalper.
-tukang gigi: n dentist.
-tukang jahit: tailor.
-tukang kayu: n carpenter.
-tukang kebun: n janitor.
-tukang leding: n plumber.
-tukang loak: n thrift shop.
-tukang mabuk: n drunk.
-tukang potong: n butcher
-tukang sayur: n vegetable vendor.
-tukang sulap: n magician, conjurer.
-tukang sunat: n circumciser.
-tukang tadah: n buyer of stolen things.

tukar; bertukar: v /int/tr/frm/lu/ 1 change |to become different, or to make someone or something become different| Pada musim gugur, daunnya bertukar dari hijau menjadi keemasan. In the fall, its leaves change from green to gold. 2 share Kita perlu bertukar pikiran We need opinion sharing.
-bertukar-tukar: v /intr/tr/ alternate Suhu terus bertukar-tukar dari panas ke dingin The temperature keeps alternate from hot to cold.
-menukar-nukar(kan): v /tr/ alternate |to do or use first one thing and then the other| Dia selalu menukar-nukar warna tasnya. She always alternate the color of her purse.
-menukar: v /tr/ 1 change Ada rencana menukar sistim pemungutan suara. There are plans to change the voting system. 2 replace |to buy something that is newer or better in order to use it instead of something that is old or broken|  VCR kami sudah tidak bagus lagi, sehingga kami ingin menukar dengan yang baru. Our VCR (Video Camera Recording) isn’t working, so we want to replace it with a new one. 3 barter |to exchange goods, work, or services for other goods or services instead of money| Sebagian suku Kubu masih menukarkan barang-barangnya dengan kebutuhannya sehari-hari.Some people of Kubu tribe still barter their goods for their daily needs. 4 substitute |to use something new or different instead of something else| Anda boleh menukar mentega dengan minyak kelapa dalam resep ini. You can substitute butter with coconut oil in this recipe. 5 switch a) |to change from doing or using one thing to doing or using something else| Dia belajar biologi sebelum menukarnya ke hukum He studied biology before switching (over) to law. Ada badai, mari kita menukar haluan There is a bad storm, let’s switch the direction. b) |to replace someone or something with a different person or object|  Kita perlu menukar beberapa staff dari bagian produksi ke bagian pemasaran. We need to switch some staff from production division to marketing division. 6 convert |to change or make something change from one form, system, or purpose to another|  Kita akan menukar garasi menjadi bengkel. We’re going to convert the garage into a workshop.
-menukarkan: v /tr/ 1 exchange |to give something to someone who gives you something else| Sepatu ini terlalu kecil, boleh saya tukarkan dengan yang lebih besar? These shoes are too small. Can I exchange it for a bigger one?
-pertukaran: n 1 substitution 2 replacement 3 alternation 4 barter 5 exchange 6 conversion
-penukaran: n 1 substituting 2 replacing 3 alternating 4 bartering 5 changing. 6 converting
-penukar: n changer penukar uang money changer
-tukar cin-cin: v exchange rings.

tukas; menukas: v /frm/lu/ 1 cast aspersion |to argue that someone is not right or sth is not good| “Dia tidak baik seperti kamu katakan” tukas Sam. “She is not a nice person as you said” Sam cast aspersion. 2 accusingly snap. “Kamu yang memecahkan piala saya, kan?” Dia berkata menukas saya.  “You were who broke my trophy, weren’t you?” He accusingly snapped at me
-tukasan: n 1 false accusation 2 slander.

tukas2; bertukas-tukas: adv /frm/lu/ repeatedly cast aspersion .
-menukas-nukas: v snap repeatedly

tukas3: menukas: v /frm/lu/ 1 interrupt |to stop someone from speaking by suddenly saying or doing something|  Maaf, saya tidak bermaksud menukas kamu, tapi saya ingin anda mengulangi lagi. I’m sorry, I didn’t mean to interrupt you, but I want you to repeat again.   Kami baru mengucapkan beberapa kata ketika Brian menukas. We’d only said a few words when Brian interrupted 2 suddenly counter, say in rejection “’Aku akan  belikan kamu boneka” “Aku tidak mau” tukas Sally “I’ll buy you a toy” “I don’t want it” Selly countered

tukas4: n /ld/ rattan.

tukik1; menukik1: v /frm/dive. Pesawat itu menukik lalu memuntahkan peluru The plane dived, then shot the gun.
-menukiki: v dive at Tiba-tiba elang itu menukiki mangsanya. Suddenly the eagle dived at its prey.

tukik2: n /ld/ 1 notch 2 nick 3 indentation.
-menukik2: v make a notch.

tukik3: n /ld/ woodpecker.

tukul; penukul: n /ld/ hammer.
-tukul kayu: n mallet.
-menukul: v hammer.

tulang: n /frm/lu/ bone |the hard parts that form the frame of a human or animal body| patah tulang pada tangannya a broken bone in his arm.
-bertulang: adj bony.
-menulang: v become bone.
-menulangi: v debone |to take out the bone of meat or fish|
-menusuk tulang: v be chilled/frozen to the bone to be extremely cold.
-tertulang: v feel to the marrow.
-tulang air mata: n lachrymal.
-tulang bahu: n shoulder blade.
-tulang baji: n sphenoid.
-tulang belakang: n spine, backbone.
-tulang beton: n metal frame inside a concrete.
-tulang belulang: n skeleton.
-tulang bercagak: n cheekbone.
-tulang buhu jari: n knuckle bone.
-tulang daun: n veins of a leaf.
-tulang halus: n lachrymal.
-tulang kerangkang: n sacrum.
-tulang kering: n shin­bone.
-tulang ketul: n cartilage.
-tulang punggung: n spinal column.
-tulang selangka: n collarbone.
-tulang senak: n clavicle, collarbone.
-tulang sendi: n joint.
-tulang sumsum: n marrow.
-tulang tungging: n coccyx.
-tulang tunjang: n leg bone of fowls.

tular; menular1: v /frm/lu/ 1 transmit Penyakit itu menular dari hewan ke manusia. That disease transmitted from animal to human 2 spread. Pemogokan itu menular ke seluruh negeri The strike spread over the entire nation. 3 infect Penyakit mata kamu menular ke saya. Your eyes disease has infected me.
-penular: n 1 infector 2 infecting agent.
-penularan: n 1 transmission 2 contagiousness 3 spread 4 infection.

tular2: menular: adj /frm/lu/ contagious Apa penyakitnya itu menular? Is her disease contagious? H1N1 atau flu babi adalah penyakit menular H1N1 or swine flue is a contagious disease

tulen: adj /frm/lu/ pure, genuine. mas tulen pure gold. Dia adalah orang Surabaya tulen He is a real Surabayan.
-ketulenan: n 1 authenticity 2 gen­uineness 3 originality.

tuli: adj /frm/lu/ deaf 1 |unable to hear|  Apa dia tuli? Is she deaf? 2 deaf to sth |unwilling to listen to someone or sth| Penjaga itu pura-pura tidak mendengar ketika saya menanya satu alamat. The guards pretended to be deaf when I asked him an address
-ketulian: n deafness

tulis1; menulis: v /int/tr/frm/lu/ 1 write Dia sedang menulis sebuah novel baru She is writing a new novel. 2 put  |to write or print something in a particular place| Tulis nama anda di atas kertas jawaban anda. Put your name at the top of your answer sheet. 3 put (down) Saya menulis alamat itu di buku catatan. I put down the address on a note book. 4 send (a letter) Saya menulis surat kepada dia sekali sebulan. I send her a letter once a month 5 memorize Saya sudah menulisnya di otak saya. I’ve memorize it. 3 inscribe Nenek moyang kami menuliskan resep itu di atas kulit kayu. Our ancestor inscribed the remedy on a wood skin 3 doodle Anak anak! Jangan menulis di dinding Kids! Don’t doodling on the wall. 4 jot (sth down) |to write something quickly| Biar saya tuliskan nomer telephone kamu Let me just jot down your phone number.
-penulis: n writer.
-penulisan: n writing.
-tertulis: v be written.

tulis2: tulisan: n /frm/lu/ 1 letter, alphabet Apa dulu kamu belajar tulisan Arab? Did you learn Arabic alphabet? 2 inscription Ada tulisan kuno pada batu itu There is ancient inscription on that stone 3 writing Saya tidak bisa membaca tulisan kamu I can’t read your writing
-penulis cepat: n stenographer.
-penulisan ulang: n rewriting
-tulisan tangan: n handwriting

tulus: adj /frm/lu/ 1 honest 2 sincere. tulus ikhlas honest and straight­ forward.
-ketulusan: n honesty, sincerity, integrity.
-setulus-tulusnya: adj as honest as possible.

tumbal: n 1 /jkt/ ) 1 protection |sth used to prevent disease or misfortune that is prepared supernaturally| Sesaji kepala kerbau itu sebagai tumbal bagi roh-roh di sekitarnya The head of the buffalo is an offering as a pacifying gift for the surrounding spirits. 2 protective agent. Rakyat dijadikan tumbal pembangu­nan The people become the protective guaran­tee of the development. Ayahnya gugur sebagai tumbal revolusi Her Daddy died as a protector of the revolution.

tumbang: v /frm/lu/ 1 collapse Dia tumbang di detik ketigapuluh ronde kedua. He collapsed at the thirtieth second of the second round  2 bankrupt Kelihatannya bank itu akan tumbang It seems that the bank is going to be bankrupt  3 fall down with a crash Sebatang pohon tumbang ke jalan A big tree fell down on the road 4 be defeated (be overpowered) Sang juara tumbang melawan seorang pendatang baru. The champion was overpowered by a new comer.
-bertumbangan: v fall down (in numbers).
-menumbangkan: v /tr/ 1 cause to fall down 2 defeat 3 overpower 4 make collapse or bankrupt
-penumbang: n record break­er.

tumben: intrj. /Jkt/ surprise! 1 |used to show that sth happen which it doesn’t usually happen|     Tumben! Tidak biasanya kamu datang kesini dengan isteri. Ada apa? Surprisingly! Such as unusually you came here with your wife. What’s up?  Tumben, kamu datang cepat, tidak seperti biasanya kamu terlambat. Strange, you come early, not as usually you came late.

tumbuh; bertumbuh: v /intr/lu/ 1 grow Tanaman ini tumbuh di mana­-mana This plant grows everywhere. 2 grow up Saya tumbuh dewasa di daerah pedesaan I grew up in a rural area. 3 sprout Kalau benih ini basah, akan tumbuh dalam tiga hari If this seed wet, it’ll sprout in three days 4 emerge Rasa cinta saya tumbuh pada saat pertama kami bertemu di satu pesta. My feeling of love emerged since the first time we met at a party.
-menumbuhkan: v /tr/ 1 grow Kita perlu menumbuhkan hubungan erat sesama anggota. We need to grow a tight relationship between the members 2 sprout Kita butuh hanya tiga hari menumbuhkan bibit jagung. We need only three days to sprout corn seeds.
-pertumbuhan: n 1 growth pertumbuhan ekonomi economic growth 2 sprout pertumbuhan gulma weed sprout 3 development Pertumbuhan kota ini sangat cepat The development of this city is very fast  4 emergence pertumbuhan rasa sayang the emergence of love.
-tumbuh-tumbuhan: n plants

tumbuk; menumbuk: v /tr/frm/lu/ 1 pound |to hit something hard many times, in order to make a loud sound or to damage something| Sebelum munculnya mesin giling, orang menumbuk padi dalam lesung untuk memisahkan kulitnya.  Before the emergence of mill machine, people pound the paddy in a wood mortar in order to crush the hull. 2 punch Dia mulai perkelahian dengan menumbuk perut saya He started the fight by punching my stomach 3 mesmerize (by hitting)
-bertumbuk: v /intr/ fight using fist.
-tertumbuk: v be accidentally hit.

tumenggung: variant of temenggung:

tumis: n /frm/lu/ food which cooked by  a culinary procedure similar to sauté but at a higher temperature.
-men(t)umis: v sauté at higher temperatures.
-ditumis pakai minyak kelapa: v sauté using coconut oil.

tumit: n /frm/lu/ heel. tumit sepatu shoe heel.

tumor: n tumor.

tumpah: v /int/tr/frm/lu/ spill  Kopinya tumpah ke meja The coffee spilled on the table
-tanah tumpah darah: n sb’s place of birth, motherland.
-tumpah ruah: v 1 poured out everywhere 2 filled to the brim.
-menumpahkan: v /tr/ 1 spill sth 2 pour sth Dia menumpahkan air ke lantai She pour water to the floor. Dia menumpahkan anggur ke baju saya She spilled wine on my new dress 3 concentrate Tumpahkan perhatian kamu pada ceramah itu Concentrate your attention to the lecture.
-pertumpahan: n 1 spillage 2 pertumpahan darah: bloodshed
-tertumpah: v 1 be spilled 2 be poured  3 be concentrated Perhatiannya tertumpah pada lagu itu His attention was concentrated to the music.
-tumpahan: n 1 spill 2 sth that was poured.

tumpak: n /frm/lu/ 1 batch 2 contribution 3 collection.
-bertumpak1: adv in groups or batch
-bertumpak2: v contribute |donation to the host of a party as sb’s participation|
-tumpak peragaan: n demonstra­tion batch. setumpak sawah a piece of rice field.

tumpang; menumpang: v /frm/lu/ join with others.
-menumpang: v 1 stay with, share sth Boleh saya menumpang tidur satu malam di rumah kamu? May I share to stay in your house for one night? 2 have a lift |to be taken somewhere in sb’s  vehicle| Apa saya boleh menumpang dari mobil kamu ke kota? May I have a lift on your car to the city?
-bertumpang tindih: v overlap.
-berpenumpang: v have passenger
-menumpang sarikan: v intercrop.
-penumpang: n passenger.
-(rumah) tumpangan: n lodge
-tumpang sari: n intercropping.
-tumpang tindih: adj overlapping.
-menumpang tindihkan: v pile up sth one on the other.
-tumpang (numpang) tanya: v ask a question
-tumpang (numpang) jalan: v excuse to pass.

tumpas; menumpas: v /frm/lu/ destroy, annihilate, exterminate, eradicate, extinguish Pemerintah bertekad menumpas penyelundup. The government insist to eradicate the smuggler.
-penumpasan: n 1 destruction 2 annihilation 3 eradication 4 extermination
-penumpas: n 1 destroyer 2 annihilater 3 exterminator 3 eradicator 4 extinguisher.

tumpeng: n /frm/lu/ ceremonial dish of yellow rice served in a cone shape.
-tumpengan: n ritual in which this dish is served.

tumplek: v /inf/lu/ 1 spilled all over. Semuanya tumplek ke lantai Everything spilled out on the floor  2 pour out, empty all at once.

tumpu; tumpuan: n /frm/lu/1 footing. 2 base, foundation, foothold, support. 3 spring­board
-bertumpu: v /intr/ 1 rest on. Patung itu bertumpu pada sebuah batu besar The statue rests on a large stone 2 based on Tuntutan saya bertumpu pada janji yang kamu ucapkan My claim based on your promise. 3 be supported by Mesin itu bertumpu pada fondasi beton The machine is supported by a concrete foundation 4 be concentrated Harapan bertumpu di tangan kamu The hope is concentrated  on your hand,

tumpuk; bertumpuk: v /int/frm/lu/ 1 be heaped |to put a lot of things on top of each other in a messy way|  majalah bertumpuk diatas meja magazines heaped on the table 2 pile |also pile up, to make a pile by collecting things together|  Banyak peralatan makan telah nertumpuk di bak cuci. A lot of dishes had piled up in the sink. 3 bertumpuk rapi: stack |stack up to form a neat pile, or put things into a neat pile| Tumpuk rapi saja buku-buku kamu di meja Just stack your books on the table| kursi-kursi ini dibuat untuk mudah di tumpuk rapi chairs that are designed to stack easily
-menumpuk: v /intr/tr/ 1 heap 2 pile 3 stack 3 accumulate
-menumpukkan: v /tr/ 1 heap sth 2 pile sth up 3 stack sth up 4 amass sth. Dia selalu menumpuk pekerjaannya She always amass her works
-penumpukan: n accumulation.

tumpuk2; setumpuk: n /frm/lu/ a heap, a pile, a stack Ada setumpuk pakaian kotor dan dua tumpuk pakaian bersih di atas tempat tidur There is a heap of dirty clothes and two heaps of clean clothes on the bed.
-tumpukan: n 1 heap, pile, stack, bunch  Mari kita buang tumpukan kertas bekas yang ada di kamar kamu. Let’s throw away the heap of the old papers on your room.

tumpul: adj /frm/lu/ l dull, stupid |not able to think quickly or understand things easily| seorang siswa berotak tumpul a student with dull brain 2 blunt |not sharp or pointed| gunting yang tumpul  blunt scissors pisau meja yang a blunt table knife
-menumpul: v 1 become blunt 2 become stupid Otaknya menumpul His thoughts became
-menumpulkan: v blunt
-ketumpulan: n 1 bluntness 2 dullness. 3 stupidity

tumpur: adj /frm/lu/1 ruined, destroyed. 2 broke, pen­niless.
-menumpurkan: v 1 destroy 2 bankrupt

tuna1: n /ld/ wound.
-tertuna: v 1 be wounded, be cut  Kakinya tertuna dalam perjalanan di hutan itu He cut his leg on the way to the jungle. 2 be hurt. Hatinya tertuna karena kata-katamu itu His feelings was hurt by your words.

tuna-2: pref /frm/lu/ without |forming literary and compound words|
-tunaaksara: adj illiterate.
-tunabusana: adj naked, without clothing.
-tunadiri: adj without personality.
-tunakarya: adj jobless, unemployed. -ketunakaryaan: n unemployment.
-tunalaras: adj unsociable.
-tunanetra: adj sightless (blind). -ketunanetraan: n blindness.
-tunarungu: adj deaf.
-tunasusila: adj immoral. -wanita tunasusila: n prostitute.
-tunawicara: adj speechless (mutely)
-tunawisma: n homeless

tunai: n /frm/lu/ cash.
-membayar tunai: v pay in cash.
-menunaikan: v 1 fulfil 2 carry out. Kamu harus menunaikan tugas dengan baik You have to carry out your tasks well Saya belum bisa menunaikan janji itu sekarang I can’t fulfil my promise now.

tunai2: adj /frm/lu/ cash. cek tunai cash check pembayaran tunai cash payment.

tunai3: adv /frm/lu/ cash Apa anda akan membayar tunai? Are you going to pay cash?

tunang; tunangan: n /frm/lu/ 1 fiancé 2 fiancée
-bertunangan: v be engaged Sudah lama mereka bertunangan They have been engaged for a long time.
-pertunanganan: n engagement.

tunas: n /frm/lu/ shoot, bud. tunas
-bertunas: v sprout, bud
-masa bertunas: n time of budding
-menunasi: v prune
-tunas melati: n jasmine bud.
-tunas ha­rapan: n ray of hope, the new generation.

tunda1: v /frm/lu/ tow
-kail tunda: n tow line (for fishing).
-menunda1: v tow. Sepanjang hari kami menunda sebuah kapal besar ke pelabuhan. All day long we towed a big ship into the harbour.
-penunda: n sth used for towing.
-kapal tunda: n tugboat.

tunda2; menunda2: v /frm/lu/ 1 postpone, delay. Mereka menunda keberangkatan kapal itu satu jam They delayed the departure of the ship for an hour. 2 adjourn Hakim menunda sidang itu 30 menit The judge adjourned the court for a few minutes 3 defer Wajib militernya ditunda sampai dia tamat dari perguruan tinggi. His military service was deferred until he finished college.
-penundaan: n 1 postponement 2 deferment 3 adjournment.
-tertunda: v 1 be postponed, be delayed 2 be adjourned Pesawatnya tertunda 30 menit The  plane was delayed for 30 minute.

tunda3: v /Mn/ push sth

tunduk: v /frm/lu/ 1 be bent down. Herman tunduk malu-malu Herman was bent over in shame 2 nod sb’s head 3 be bent in submission 3 submit to |to obey someone who has power over you, especially because you have no choice|  Kami menolak tunduk pada tuntutan penculik. We refused to submit to the kidnapper’s demands. 4 subject to |to admit that we bound to a particular regulation or law| Kedua pihak tunduk pada syarat-syarat yang tertulis dalam kontrak Both parties subject to the conditions written in the agreement. 5 surrender Akhirnya musuh tunduk kepada pasukan kita. Finally the enemy surrendered to our troop.
-menundukkan: v 1 overpower 2 defeat 3 conquer 4 overwhelm 5 overthrow.
-ketundukan: n 1 submission 2 loyalty 3 obedience
-penundukan: n 1 submis­sion 2 subjection. 3 subjugation.
-tertunduk: v 1 be bowed 2 be bent

tungau: n /frm/lu/ mite that infests fowls, mite.

tunggak1; menunggak: v /frm/lu/ 1 be in arrears |postpone the payment of the debt| Dia harus menunggak bulan ini He has to be in arrears this month.
-tunggakan: n arrears |money that is owed and should have been paid| tunggakan cicilan KPR (Kerdit Perumaha Rakyat) mortgage arrears.
-tunggakan pajak: n delinquent tax.

tunggak2: variant of tonggak:

tunggal1: adj /frm/lu/ singular |the form of a word that represents only one person or thing|

tunggal2: adj /frm/lu/ male (animal)
-anak tunggal: n the only child
-Batara tunggal: n the supreme deity of Hinduism
-menunggal:
v be alone
-penyanyi tunggal: n 1 soloist 2 solo singer
-pameran tunggal: n one man show
-tunggal panaluan: n /Btk/ Sisingamangaraja’s weapon, a long stick that looks like a spear, in which some people believe has supernatural power.
-tunggal ika: n unity Bhineka Tunggal Ika Diversity in a unity |nation motto of Indonesia which is written in the symbol of the country|

tunggal2: n /frm/lu/ banner.

tunggang1: v /frm/lu/ 1 fall upside down Truk itu tunggang kedalam sebuah jurang yang dalam The truck fell upside down into a deep ravine 2 tunggang-langgang: run helter-skelter steep. Ketika polisi datang para pedagang jalanan lari tunggang langgang. When the police came the streets vendors run helter-skelter.
-menunggangkan: v /tr/ cause sb or sth to fall upside down.
-mempertunggangkan: v /tr/ cause sb to ran helter-skelter.
-tertunggang: v be tumbled headlong |falling with your head going first| Dia tertunggang kebawah jurang He was tumbled headlong down the slope.
-tunggang balik: v roll down the slope.
-tunggang-tunggik: v roll upside down.

tunggang2: menunggang: v /frm/lu/ 1 ride Apa kamu pernah menunggang kuda? Have you ever ride a horse? 2 mount up |to go up something such as a set of stairs| Wartawan berteriak memanggil ketika menteri Haryono menunggang tangga aula Reporters shouted as minister Haryono mounted the steps of the hall.

tunggang3: v /frm/lu/ menunggangi: v /lu/ take an advantage of sb |use a situation or thing to help you do or get something you want|  Kamu seharusnya tidak menunggangi perseteruan diantara mereka yang sekarang ini. You shouldn’t take advantage of the current hesitation between them. 2 |to treat someone unfairly or to control a particular situation in order to get what you want| Kelihatannya beberapa politisi menunggangi demonstrasi mahasiswa itu It seems that some politicians took advantage from the students demonstration.
-penunggang: n rider Dia seorang penunggang kuda yang ahli He is a skilful horse rider
-tunggangan: n sth to ride on/in (horse, bicycle, motorcycle)

tunggang3: adj /ld/ steep Jalan ke bukit itu tunggang sekali The road to the hill is very steep

tunggang4; tunggang gunung: n /ld/ sunset Kamu harus sudah kembali sebelum tunggang gunung You should back home before sunset

tungging1; menungging: v /frm/lu/ 1 move with the rear end higher than the front. 2 sink bow first 3  be upside down. Topless itu menungging di meja The jar stood upside down on the table. 4 dive. Pesawat itu menungging untuk menjatuhkan bom The plane dived to drop a bomb. 5 bulge toward the bottom. Saku­nya menungging penuh berisi His pocket bulged full of sth
-menunggingkan: v /tr/ 1 overthrow (an authority) 2 overpower 3 defeat

tungging2: n /ld/ four days from now.

tunggu; menunggu: v /frm/lu/1 wait |to not do something until something else happened, someone arrived, etc.|  Cepat! Orang-orang sudah menunggu. Hurry up! Everyone’s waiting. Tunggu disini sampai saya pulang. Wait right here until I come back. Kami harus menunggu bus itu 45 menit We had to wait 45 minutes for a bus. Apa kamu sedang menunggu untuk memakai teleponnya? Are you waiting to use the phone? 2 look forward Kami menunggu jawaban anda, We’re looking forward your kind response. 3 wait for Kami menunggu kedatangan anda. We’re waiting for your coming.
-menunggui: v /tr/ 1 wait for (buyers, clients, etc) Dia bekerja menunggui restoran He works to wait restaurants’ guest (She works as a waiter in a restaurant) 2 watch over menunggui sebuah gudang watch over a warehouse 3 look after menunggui pasien look after a patient 4 guard menunggui pos jaga guard a place 5 take care of, nurse 6 inhabit Beberapa orang percaya bahwa ada hantu menunggui rumah tua itu Some people believe that there is a ghost inhabit that old house.
-menunggu-nunggu: v expecting sth Dia sedang menunggu-nunggu telepon kamu. She is expecting your call.
-penunggu: n 1 waiters (of a shop, a restaurant, etc) 2 guard 3 inhabitant Siapa penunggu rumah ini? Who is the inhabitant of this house?  4 attendant.

tungku: n /frm/lu/ fireplace.
-tungku arang: n charcoal stove. ­
-tungku listrik: n electric stove.

tungkup; telungkup: v /frm/lu/ lay face downward.
-telungkup telentang: adv every which way (downward and upward facing).
-menelungkup telentangkan: v consider sth from every an­gle.
-menelungkup: v be in a face-downward position. Dia menelungkup di tanah She lay prostrate on the ground.
-menelungkupkan: v put sb/sth face downward. Perempuan itu menelungkupkan mukanya di dada suaminya The woman put her face on her husband’s chest.
-tertelungkup: v be on a face­down position.

tunjang1; tunjangan: n /frm/lu/ 1 support 2 aid 3 subsidy 4 foundation.
-bertunjangan: v 1 be supported 2 be subsidized
-menunjang: v 1 support 2 subsidize 3 reinforce a) |to do something to make an opinion, statement, feeling etc. stronger to support it| Penurunan suku bunga bank akan menunjang sektor industry The decrease of the bank interest rate will reinforce our industrial sector. b) |to make something such as a part of a building, a piece of clothing etc. stronger| Kolom-kolom beton itu akan menunjang atap bangunan The concrete columns will reinforce the roof of the building.
-penunjang: n 1 supporter 2 foster 3 upholder 4 backer 5 helper.

tunjang2: n /frm/lu/ leg.
-menunjang: v shove with sb’s leg  Lawan tanding menunjang perutnya. His offender shoved his stomach with a leg.

tunjuk; menunjuk: v /frm/lu/ 1 point |to show someone something by holding your finger out toward it|  John menunjuk kearah seorang gadis dan berkata “Apa kamu kenal gadis itu?” John pointed to a girl and said “Do you know that girl?”  Tunujk saja mana yang kamu mau. Just point to what you like. 2 raise sb’s hand Siapa yang tahu jwabannya tunjuk tangan Who know the answer, raise your hand. 3 appoint, designate Presiden menunjuk dia menjadi duta besar Indonesia di AS The president appoint her to be an Indonesia’s ambassador for USA
-menunjukkan: v /tr/ 1 show Biar saya tunjukkan arah ke danau itu kepada kamu. Let me show you the direction to the lake Dia menunjukkan kepada kami lukisan yang dia beli di Bali She showed us a painting she bought in Bali. 2 prove |to show that something is definitely true|  Jaksa punya cukup bukti yang menjunjukkan bahwa dia bersalah. The attorney has enough evidence to prove that she is guilty 3 demonstrate Dia telah menunjukkan kemahirannya sebagai pesulap. He has demonstrated his expertise as a magician. 4 menunjukkan muka: v show up 5 indicate  Jangan takut, gejala demam yang ada pada kamu tidak menunjukkan adanya virus menular. Don’t worry the cold symptoms you have doesn’t indicate any contiguous viruses 6 inform Data ini menunjukkan adanya peningkatan angka kemiskinan The data informs the increase in poverty rate
-mempertunjukkan: v 1 show 2 exhibit 3 demonstrate.
-penunjukan: n 1 appointment 2 assignment.
-petunjuk: n 1 sign 2 clue, hint 3 direction 4 guideline 5 indication 6 instruction 7 advice 8 guidance 9 directory 10 petunjuk silang: cross reference.
-tunjuk; telunjuk: n index finger
-pertunjukan: n 1 show |a performance in a theatre or on radio or television| Akan ada pertunjukan sirkus di balai kota malam ini. There will be a circus show in the town hall this evening  2 performance 3 exhibition.

tuntas1: adj /frm/lu/ complete, total, thorough. satu pekerjaan yang tuntas a complete work.
-menuntaskan: v 1 complete 2 finish 3 solve Kamu harus menuntaskan persoalan itu sesegera mugkin You have to solve the problem as soon as possible.

tuntas2; secara tuntas: adv /frm/lu/ 1 completely 2 totally 3 thoroughly  Pemerintah bertekad akan memberantas korupsi secara tuntas. The government insist to totally wipe out the corruption.
-ketuntasan: n 1 complete­ness, thoroughness  2 exhaustiveness.
penuntasan: n 1 completion 2 finishing.
-setuntas-tuntasnya: adv as thoroughly as possible.

tuntun1; bertuntun: v /int/frm/lu/ be guided by means of sth Dia berjalan dengan bertuntun pada sebuah tonkat. He walked along, guiding himself by a cane. Dia bertuntun pada saran temannya He was guided by his friend’s advice.
-menuntun: v /tr/lu/ 1 guide Dia menuntun seorang wanita tua menyeberang jalan He guide an old lady to cross the road Polisi menuntun dua ekor anjing menelusuri jejak pencuri itu. The police guided two dogs to trace the thief foot steps  2 lead Orang tua mereka menuntun mereka supaya selalu bersikap baik kepada orang Their parents lead them to be always nice to the people 3  advise Paman selalu menuntun kami supaya selalu belajar dengan serius Uncle always advices us to study seriously.
penuntun: n 1 guide, advisor, leader, director 2 manual, direction, directory.
-tuntunan: n 1 guidance 2 direction 3 advice

tuntun2: v /Jv/ close sb’s eyes.

tuntut; menuntut: v /frm/lu/ 1 demand Ada demo besar-besaran menuntut kenaikan patokan gaji buruh There was a big rally demanding the raise of labour wage standard. 2 claim Perusahaan menuntut garansi kerusakan pada mesin mereka. The company  claimed the guarantee for the damage to their machine. 3 prosecute, sue Jaksa menuntut tiga tahun penjara untuk penebangan kayu liar yang dia lakukan. The attorney prosecuted him three years in jail for his illegal lodging 4 strive, pursue Mumpung kamu masih muda, gunakan waktu kamu menuntut ilmu dan keahlian. While you’re young, spent your time to strive knowledge and skill.
-penuntut: n 1 prosecutor 2 claimer 3 demander.
-penuntutan: n 1 prosecution 2  claim 3 demand.
-tuntuan: n 1 claim 2 demand 3 sue.

tupai: n /frm/lu/ squirrel.
-tupai belang: n striped squirrel.
-tupai terlih: n small squirrel.
-tupai kerawak: n large squirrel with reddish fur.

tupai-tupai: n /inf/ clamps on a boat.

tur: n /frm/ lu/ 1 tour (of inspection, of duty, etc.) 2 organized travel. Dia ikut tur ke Eropah He joined a tour to Europe.

turba {turun ke bawah}: v /frm/lu/ 1 field visit | a trend among political leaders to maintain channels of communication with the people| 2 en­gage in joint projects with the ordinary citizens (of students helping peasants to harvest, etc.).
-menturbakan: v cause close contacts with the people.

turbin: n /frm/lu/ turbine.

turi: n /lu/ an ornamental shrub or small tree with white or red pea-like flowers – sesbania

turis1: n /frm/lu/ tourist.

turis2: n /ld/ notch, scratch.
-menturis: v make a notch or scratch.

turisme: n /n/ tourism.

Turki: n 1 Turk 2 Turkish 3 Turkey.

turnamen: n /frm/lu/ tournament.

Tursina: n Sinai.

turun; menurun(i): v /frm/lu/ 1 step down menuruni tangga step down the stairs menuruni lembah go down the valley 2 descend |to go down or move from a higher level to a lower one| pesawat turun menuju landasan a plane descending to the airport  3 decrease |to become less in size, number, or amount, or to make something do this|  Harga-harga minyak sedang turun tajam The oil prices is sharply decreasing 4 decline |to decrease in quality, quantity, importance etc.| Begitu kesehatannya turun, dia mengundurkan diri dari pekerjaannya. As his health has declined, he resigned from his job. 5 drop |to decrease to a lower level or amount|  Penerimaan pemerintah turun 10% dibandingkan dengan tahun lalu. The state revenue dropped by 10% compared to the last year’s 6 got off  Saya lihat dia turun dari mobil lalu masuk ke restoran I saw him got off the car and then walked to a restaurant 7 turun hujan: rain  Bawa payung, kelihatannya mau turun hujan Take an umbrella, it seems that it’s going to rain  8 slump |to suddenly go down in price, value, or number|  Penjualan mobil akhir-akhir ini turun drastic. Car sales have sharply slumped recently. 9 turun-naik: fluctuate Tingkat inflasi telah turun naik dalam dua bulan terakhir The inflation rate has been fluctuated in the last two months 10 set (sun, month) Matahari sudah tutun mari kita pulang. The sun has set, let’s go home. 11 turun minum: take (a brake) Sesudah turun minum pemain kita akhirnya memenangkan pertandingan. After taking a brake our team finally won the match.
-menurunkan: v /tr/ 1 decrease |cause sth to go down| Obat ini akan menurunkan tekanan darah kamu This medicine will decrease your blood pressure Pemerintah berjanji akan menurukan PBB (pajak bumi dan bangunan) mulai tahun depan. The government promised  to decrease the property tax by the next year. 2 menurunkan penumpang: let the passenger out of the vehicle (empty out the vehicle) |to remove everything that is inside of transportation vehicle| Bus itu menurunkan penumpang di stasiun The bus was emptied out in the terminal (The bus attendant let the passengers out of the bus) 3 reduce Parlemen meminta pemerintah untuk menurunkan anggaran belanja negara. The parliament asked the government to reduce the state budget 4 lessen |to become less, or to make something become less| Diet makanan lemak rendah dapat menurunkan risiko penyakit jantung. A low-fat diet can lessen the risk of heart disease. 5 haul menurunkan bendera haul down the flag 6 lower menurunkan peti jenazah lower the casket 6 put (into play) Menejer club menurunkan pemain terbaik mereka. The club manager put into play their best players 7 publish Surat kabar itu menurunkan berita tentang skandal itu kemarin The newspaper published the scandal yesterday
-bertketurunan: v have offspring
-menurun1: v slope |if the ground or a surface slopes, it is higher at one end than the other| tanah itu menurun ke jalan fields sloping to the road.
keturunan: n 1 descendant Dia adalah keturunan Sukarrno. He is a descendant of Sukarno 2 offspring 3 descent 4 of a certain ethnic heritage Dia adalah keturunan Cina He is of a Chinese heritage 5 derivation. Sebagian bahasa Indonesia adalah keturunan bahasa Arab. Some Indonesian words are derivation of Arab language.
-menurun2: adj sloping  Hati-hati di jalan menurun itu Be careful on that sloping road.
-menurunkan muatan: v 1 unload (a truck, ship, etc.) 2 disembark
-penurunan: n 1 decline Penurunan harga minyak seharusnya mempengaruhi ongkos  transpotasi. The decline of the oil price should affect the fare 2 reduction
-turun berok: n hernia.
-turn ke darat: v go ashore.
-turun derajat/ pangkat: v be demoted
-turun ke bumi: n a ceremony for the fist time a baby walk on the earth (ground)
-turun ke kali: v bathe in the river.
-turun ke sawah: v work on the rice field.
-turun melantai: v dance
-turun mesin: n overhaul a machine.
-turun tangan: v 1 interfere 2 lend a hand
-turun-temurun: adj 1 hereditary |if a mental or physical quality, or a disease is hereditary, it is passed to a child from the genes of his/her parents| Penyakit jantung sering turun temurun Heart disease is often hereditary 2 for generations.

turut: v /frm/lu/ 1 join in |to begin to take part in an activity that other people are involved in| Saya akan turut dalam pertandingan itu I’ll join the game 2 to take part |participate an activity or event|  Saya ingin mengucapkan terima kasih kepada siapa yang turut dalam kampanye. I’d like to say thank you to everyone who took part in the campaign. 3 participate Maaf saya tidak bisa turut dalam pengumpulan dana itu. Sorry. I can’t participate the fund raising 4 share Apa boleh saya ikut dalam diskusi ini? Could I share the discussion? Saya tidak keberatan turut dalam pertanggungjawaban ini. I don’t mind to share the responsibility. 5 obey Sebagai seorang prajurit, setiap orang harus turut perintah. As a soldier, everybody has to obey an order 6 follow Kalau kamu mau, kamu boleh turut  saya pergi sekarang. If you want to, you may follow me to go now.
-berurutan: adj 1 consecutive angka berurutan a consecutive number 2 berurutan waktu: chronological satu catatan peristiwa yang berurutan waktu a record on chronological events
-berturut-turut: adv consecutively Saya tidak masuk kelas selama tiga kali berturut-turut. I didn’t attend the class for three times consecutively.
-menurut: v, prep. 1 base on Menurut ketentuan dalam perjanjian kita, pembayaran sudah harus dilakukan sekarang. Based on the conditions on our agreement, payment has to be made today. 2 according to Menurut catatan kami, anda masih berhutang $ 15,000. pada kami. According to our records, you still owe us % 15,000.
-menurut akal: adj reasonable Itu satu gagasan yang menurut akal. It’s a reasonable idea.
-menurut permintaan: adv by request  Penyerahan akan dilakukan menurut permintaan Delivery will be made by request.
-menuruti: v /tr/ 1 obey Apa kamu menuruti apa yang dia bilang? Did you obey what she said? 2 follow Kamu harus menuruti semua peraturan di asrama ini You have to follow all the regulations in this boarding house. Dia menuruti karir pamannya sebagai musisi. He follows his uncle career as a musician 3 comply |to do what you have to do or are asked to do|  Siapa yang tidak menuruti peraturan akan di denda. Those who fail to comply with the law will be fined.
-penurut: adj 1 obedient |always obeying laws, rules, or people in authority| saya punya seekor anjing penurut I have an obedient dog 2 docile hewan penurut a docile animal
-turut campur: v interfere Tolong jangan turut campur dalam perdebatan ini. Please don’t interfere this debate.
-turut pergi: v go along with.
-turut serta: v involve.
-turutan: also urutan: n 1 sequence 2 order.

tuslah: n /frm/lu/ 1 extra allowance, wage supplement, incentive 2 excess fare, extra charge on tickets.

tustel: n /frm/lu/ camera.

tusuk1: n /frm/lu/ 1 pin 2 stick, skewer. dua tusuk sate two skew­ers of barbecued meat. tusuk gigi toothpick. tusuk jarurn acupuncture tusuk konde hairpin

tusuk; menusuk: v /int/frm/lu/ 1 stab |to push a sharp object into someone or something, using a lot of force| Pemburu itu menusuk seekor rusa dengan tombak The hunter stabbed a deer with a spear. 2 betray |to do something bad to someone who likes and trusts you| Seorang teman akrabnya menusuk dia dari belakang A close friend of him betrayed him 3 prick |to make a small hole in the surface of something, using a sharp point| Tusuk daging itu dengan garpu. Prick the meat all with a fork. Dia tusuk kuping putrinya untuk memasang anting She prick her daughter’s ears to stick earrings. 4 hurt Kritiknya sangat menusuk perasaan saya. His critique hurt my feeling severely  5 vote Partai apa yang akan kamu tusuk? Which party are you going to vote? 6 penetrate Sebuah tombak menusuk perut rusa itu A spear penetrated the stomach of the deer. Angin dingin menusuk sampai ketulang sumsumku. Cold air penetrated to my marrow 7 perforate Mesin ini berfungsi menusuk kertas. This machine functions to perforate paper.
-menusukkan: v /tr/ stab |to quickly push something pointed into something else, or toward it| Perawat itu menusukkan jarum ke tangannya. The nurse jabbed a needle into his arm.
-penusukan: n 1 stabbing, jabbing. 2 perforation.

tuter: n /of/ auto horn. –syn: /lu/ klakson
-mentuter: v blow a born.

tutor: n /frm/lu/ tutor.

tutup1; tertutup: adj /frm/lu/ 1 closed  Restoran itu sudah tutup jam sekarang ini. The office has been closed at this time. 2 shut Apa botolnya tertutup rapat Is the bottle shut tight?

tutup2; penutup: n /frm/lu/ 1 cover Dimana tutup tempat tidur ini? Where is the cover of this bed? 2 lid Dimana tutup panci ini? Where is the lid of this pan?
-ketertutupan: n reticence |the sate of unwillingness to talk about what you know or how you feel| Ketertutupan dia tentang kehidupan pribadinya membuat dia tidak banyak teman Her reticence about her personal life made that she doesn’t have may friend.

tutup3: menutup(i): v /frm/lu/ 1 close Boleh tolong tutup pintunya? Would you please close the door? 2 shut Apa kamu mau saya menutup jendelanya? Do you want me to shut the window? 3 conclude Mari kita tutup diskusi ini. Let’s conclude the discussion. 4 conceal |to hide something carefully| Dia mencoba menutupi marahnya. She tried to conceal her anger. 5 seal Apa kamu sudah menutup amplopnya? Have you sealed the envelope? 6 block Pohon tumbang menutupi jalan. A falling tree blocked the road 7 pay Saya akan menutupi sebagian pengeluaran itu. I’ll pay some of the expenses 8 hide Kelihatannya dia sedang menutupi sesuatu dari kita. It seems that she is hiding something from us 9 fill in Mari kita gunakan tanah ini untuk menutupi lobang itu. Let’s use this soil to fill in that hole. 10 lock Jangan lupa menutup lemari kas itu. Don’t forget to lock the save box. 11 hamper, block Kopekan sayur kol itu menutup saluran air Cabbage peelings hamper the drain 12  clog |to block something or become blocked| Mobil yang tabrakan menutup arus lalu lintas The crashed car clogged the traffic.
-penutupan: n closing Maaf, saya tidak dapat menghadiri acara penutupan itu. Sorry, I couldn’t attend the closing ceremony.
-pertuturan: n pronunciation.
-tutup buku: v balance the  books.
-tutup kepala: n /lu/ head gear.
-tutup jendela: n /lu/ window’s shutter.

tutur1; tuturan: n /frm/lu/ speech, words, announcement.
-bertutur kata: v talk, speak. Mereka bertutur kata dalam bahasa Inggis They speak English.
-bertutur-tutur: v chat, converse
-buah tutur: n 1 topic of the talk 2 discourse 3 talk of the town.
-menuturkan: v 1 narrate 2 relate 3 inform 4 explain 5 tell (about sth) Silahkan tuturkan pada kami apa yang anda saksikan dalam peristiwa tersebut. Please tell us what you witnessed at the incident.
-penutur kata: n 1 narrator 2 teller 3 announcer 4 speaker Dia adalah penutur kata bahasa Inggris She is an English speaker  Donny adalah seorang penutur cerita yang bagus Donny  is a good story teller
-penuturan: n 1 story 2 narration 3 information 4 explanation 5 conversation 6 telling
-tutur kata: n language, phrase, sayings.
-tutur kata bayi: n infant language.
-tutur sapa: n 1 form of address. 2 greeting.

tutur2: n /ld/ 1 blood relation 2 relatives

tuyul: n /frm/lu/ spirit that obtains wealth for its human master.

TV {televisi}: n television.
-bertelevisi: v own a TV.
-pertelevisian: n television business.

TVRI {Televisi Republik Indonesia}: n Television Ser­vice of the Republic of Indonesia.

twedehan; twedehans: adj /of/ second hand, used

typis1: adj /frm/lu/ typical

typis2: n /frm/lu/ typist.

About binhom

English book writer
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One Response to Dictionary T

  1. Hello!, Very interest angle, we were talking about the same thing at work and found your site very stimulating. So felt compelled to com?ment a little thank you for all your effort. Please keep up the great work your doing!

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