Dictionary U

U: used as an abbreviation of Utara (North) esp. in a map.

ua, uak1: n /inf/ 1 |term of address for men and women of sb’s parent’s age| 2 /Snd/ term of address for sb’s parents’ elder siblings (uncle or aunt).

uak2: variant of kuak2:

uak3: n /spo/ sound of buffalo

uang: n /frm/lu/ 1 money Berapa uang yang kamu miliki? How much money do you have? Apa ini uang kamu? Is this your money?  2 cost Berapa uang pemeliharaan gedung itu? What was the maintenance cost of the building? uang administrasi administrative costs 3 expenses Uang pengeluaran kita selama liburan adalah  $ 3000. The total of our expenses during the vacation was $3000 3 payment, fee.  Berapa uang sekolah kamu? How much is your school fee (payment)?  Apa kamu perlu uang muka? Do you need advanced payment? uang pendaftaran register fee  4 fund Kami tidak punya uang untuk kegiatan tersebut. We don’t have fund for such activity. 5 donation Ini uang sebagai tanda keprihatinan kami. This is a donation to express our sympathy.
-keuangan1: n finance Menteri Keuangan Finance Minister
-keuangan2: adj financial Dia adalah penasehat keuangan She is a financial adviser.
-uangkan; menguangkan: v 1 cash Saya mau menguangkan cek ini. I want to cash this check 2 sell out Kenapa tidak kita uangkan saja perabotan ini? Why don’t we just sell out sell out this furniture?
-uang antaran: n bridegroom’s share in wedding expenses. -uang bandar: n stake (in gambling)
-uang duka/ kematian: n donation to the relatives of deceased person.
-uang jajan/ saku: n pocket money.
-uang jasa: honorarium.
-uang jerih payah: n tip.
-uang kas: n funds of an organization. ­
-uang kecil: n change (money with small value).
-uang kembalian: n change |the money that you get back when you pay for something with more money than it costs|
-uang kontan: n cash.
-uang kopi/ rokok: n 1 tip. 2 bribe.
-uang lauk-pauk: n /mil./ allowance
-uang makan: n stipend, allowance.
-uang panas: n hot money |money earned through gambling, corruption etc.|
-uang pangkal: n entrance fee in schools.
-uang panjar: n down payment.
uang pecahan: n change.
uang pelicin/ sogok: n bribe.
-setali tiga uang: /idiom/ jus the same.

uap1: n /frm/lu/ 1 steam, vapor. 2 fume.
-beruap: v 1 steam 2 car­bonated (drinks).
-menguap: v /intr/ 1 steam, evaporate, vaporize. 2 become steam.
-menguapi: v treat sth with steam Menguapi adalah salah satu cara perawatan muka Treat sb’s face with steam is a way to ensure freshness of the skin.
-menguapkan: v /tr/ steam, evaporate, vaporize.
-penguapan: n 1 evaporation 2 dehydration  Buah-buahan itu dike­ringkan dengan cara penguapan. They dried the fruits by means of dehydration.

uap2: variant of kuap:

uar: n /ld/ announcement, proclamation, shout.
-beruar: v /intr/ 1 cry out 2 shout
-menguarkan: v /tr/  proclaim, announce .

ub. {untuk beliau}: prep. /wrt/frm/ on behalf of sb (used when signing on behalf of a higher authority).
Governor of Jakarta:
for (u.b)
Mayor of North Jakarta.

uba: n /ld/ vessel for sago meal.

ubah: adj /frm/lu/ different |usually used in a negative form| Tidak ubahnya dari apa yang kita lihat semula. It’s not different from what we saw before –syn: /lu/ beda
-berubah: v /intr/ change |to become different, or to make someone or something become different| Pada musim gugur daun-daunnya berubah dari hijau menjadi kekuning-kuningan.   In the fall, its leaves change from green to gold. Jakarta banyak berubah dalam dua puluh tahun terakhir Jakarta changed a lot in the last twenty years.
-perubahan1: n change  Banyak perubahan di kota ini A lot of change in this city
-perubahan: adj transitional Ini adalah masa perubahan This is a transitional period
-mengubah; also merubah: v /tr/ 1 change  Nova mengubah rambutnya dari abu-abu menjadi kemerah-merahan. Nova changed her hair from grey to reddish Ada rencana merubah cara pemilihan. There is plan to change the voting system. Beri tahu saya kalau kamu mengubah pikiran kamu Let me know if you change your mind. 2 modify Saya ingin mengubah penampakan depan rumah ini. We want to modify the front looking of this house

ubal: variant of ubel:

uban: n /frm/lu/ gray hair (caused by natural change)
-beruban: v have grey hair.
-menguban: v become grey (of hair)
-mengubani: v 1 pull out gray hairs. Dia mengubani ayah­nya She pulled out her father’s gray hairs. 2 cause gray hair (through worry, etc.).
-ubanan: adj grey­headed. Kalau sudah ubanan  jangan melirik gadis lagi? If you have been grey-headed what for looking at young girls?

ubar1: n /ld/1 tree, the bark of which is used for dye or paint. 2 dye or paint derived from such a tree.
-mengubar: v paint or dye sth with such material.

ubar2; mengubar: v /lu/ 1 unroll sth and spread it out 2 do sth excessively Dia mengubar janji saat kampanye He promised a lot at the campaign.

ubat: variant of obat:

ubek; mengubek-ubek: v /inf/lu/ stir vigorously by hand.
-ubekan: n sth stirred or mixed up with the hands.

ubel; ubel-ubell: n /inf/ 1 anything wrapped around part of the body. 2 head-wrap, turban.

uber; menguber-uber: v /inf/lu/ go after, pursue, chase
-uber-uberan: v chase each other.
-penguberan: n pursuit.

ubi: n /frm/lu/ edible tuber.
-ubi jalar/ rambat: n sweet potato. ­
-ubi kayu/ singkong: n cassava. potato.
-ubi talas: n taro.
-ubi-ubian: n various kind tubers.
-/idiom/ ada ubi ada talas: tit for tat (lit.. if there are sweet potatoes there is taro)

ubin: n /frm/lu/ floortile.
-mengubini: v tile sth.

ublak-ublek; mengublak-ublek: v /inf/lu/ turn upside sth down (to find sth)

ubleg-ubleg; ngublek-ubleg: v /inf/lu/ pester sb

ubrak-abrik: variant pf obrak-abrik:

ubub; ububan: n /ld/ pair of bellows.

ubudiah: n /Isl/ matters pertaining to prayer ritual.

ubun; berubun: v /int/frm/ loom. Sebuah gedung besar itu berubun di muka kami A large building loomed before our eyes.

ubun-ubun1: n /frm/lu/ 1 fontanel 2 crown of head.
-mataha­ri diubun-ubun: n midday .

ubun-ubun2: n /ltr/ nun.

ubur-ubur: n /frm/lu/ a fish like a plate with transparent flesh – Scyphozoa

ucap; ucapan: n /frm/lu/ saying, word. Ucap siapa? Who said that?
-ber­ucap: v /frm/lu/ talk, say.  Dia sedang berucap He is talking
-mengucap: v pray
-menngucapkan: v /tr/ 1 say Dia mengucapkan sesuatu tetapi tidak jelas He said sth but it’s not clear 2 deliver, made Presiden mengucapkan pidato tanpa teks The president delivered a speech without a text 3 pronounce  Tolong mengucapkannya dengan jelas Please pronounce it clearly 4 recite Setiap orang harus mengucapkan puisi di sekolah hari ini Everyone had to recite a poem today at school. 5 mengucapkan selamat congratulate
-pengucapan; ucapan: n 1 pronunciation 2 enouncement 3 recitation 4 utterance 5 ucapan selamat: congratulation
-terucapkan1: v 1 be pronounced.
-terucapkan2: adj 1 mentionable. 2 pronounceable
-ucapan: intrj. greeting  1 ucapan selamat tinggal/ jalan: good bye 2 ucapan selamat ulang tahun: happy birthday 3 ucapan selamat pagi: good morning 4 ucapan selamat siang: good afternoon 5 ucapan selamat sore: good evening 6 ucapan selamat malam/ tidur: good night 7 ucapan selamat hari Natal: marry Christmas happy 8 ucapan selamat Tahun Baru: happy New Year 9 ucapan selamat Hari Raya: happy Idul Fitri.

ucek; mengucek-ucek: v /inf/lu/ rub with sb’s hands. Baju itu tidak terlalu kotor, cukup ucek-ucek saja mencucinya. The shirt isn’t too dirty, just rub it with your hands to wash  Jangan mengucek-ucek mata kamu. Don’t rub your eyes.

ucok: n /ld/ familiar name for a male baby in North Sumatera

ucus: variant of usus.

uda1: n /Mn/ 1 older brother or male cousin 2 /Btk/ uncle (younger brother of sb’s father)

uda2; udah: /Jkt/ variant of sudah:

udak; mengudak: v /inf/lu/ chase after, pursue Wartawan sedang mengudak pernyataan dari gubernur itu. The journalist is chasing a statement from the governor.

udak-udak; mengudak-udak: v /inf/ stir. Diudak-udaknya tumpukan kertas itu mencari selembar kertas penting. She stirred the old pile of the old papers to find a piece of important paper.

udal-adul; mengudal-udal: v /inf/ rumple |to make hair, clothes etc. messy or wrinkled| Jangan udak-udak rambut kamu. Don’t rumple your hair.

udan: n /ld/ batik pattern.

udang: n /frm/lu/ 1 shrimp 2 lobster
-udang batu: n rock shrimp.
-udang galah: n large prawn.
-udang gerangau: n tuny shrimp (used for shrimp paste)
-/prov./ Ada udang dibalik batu: There must be sth behind it (sth secret)
-/idiom/ otak udang: adj stupid
-/idiom/ seperti udang dalam tangguk: very worried, uneasy (lit. like  shrimp in a scoop)

udap-udapan: n /frm/lu/ salad made of various kind of vegeta­bles, often bought as a snack on the street.

udar; mengudar: v /Jv/ 1 reel, wind 2 disentangle.

udara: n /frm/lu/1 air Udara ruangan ini tidak segar The air in this room isn’t fresh. 2 atmosphcre |the mixture of gases that surrounds the Earth| Udara diluar pesawat sedang bergejolak The atmosphere outside the craft is turbulent 3 sky, air space Seekor elang sedang terbang tinggi ke udara. An eagle is flying high into sky  4 weather. Mari kedalam udara disini tidak bersahabat. Let’s go inside the weather here isn’t friendly.
-berudara: v have a certain weather. Kota ini berudara sejuk This town has a cool weather
-keudaraan: n matter pertaining to air.
-mengudara: v /intr/ 1 fly  Pesawat itu sudah mengudara tadi pagi. The plane has flown this morning 2 be broadcasted Berita tentang gempa itu telah mengudara tadi malam. The news about the earthquake was broadcasted last night.
-mengudarakan: v /tr/ 1 air, broadcast 2 fly 3 put sth in the air 4 let sth fly 5 release into the air.
-pengudaraan: n 1 airing 2 releasing sth into the air. pengudaraan pesa­wat layang releasing of a balloon ship into the air.

udeh: /Jkt/ variant of sudah:

udek: mengudek: v /Chn/Jkt/ stir.

udel: n /ld/ navel
-/idiom/ Dia bicara seenak udelnya sendiri He talked as he likes without regarding the feeling of others (ltr./ He talk just whatever comfortable to his navel)

udeng: n /Jv/Jkt/ head-cloth (for men).

udet: n /Jkt/ belt.

udi: adj /Mn/ unfortunate.

udik: n /frm/lu/ 1 upper course of a river 2 interior, inland country 3 rural area  Dia udik sekali Masak malam-malam pakai kaca hitam He is so silly How can he wear sunglasses in the middle of the night.
-mengudik: v 1 go upstream. 2 rc­turn to sb’s home village.
-udikan: adj raised in a rural area.

udu: variant of wudu:

uduh: variant of odoh:

uduk: see nasi:

udur: variant of uzur:

udut; mengudut: v /ld/ smoke sth
-udukan: n pipe to smoke.
-penguduk: n sb who smokes.

udzur: variant of uzur:

uek: variant of uak3:

ufuk: n horizon.

ugahari: adj /ltr./ moderate, frugal, temperate.

ugal; ugal-ugalan: adj naughtiness, mischief, reckless, inconsiderate, mischievous, naughty.
-keugal-ugalan: n 1 recklessness 2 inconsiderateness.

ugama: variant of agama:

ugem: n /Jv/ propeny.
-mengugem: v claim as sb’s own. Dia sedang mengugem sebidang tanah sebagai miliknya. He is claiming a piece of land as his.

ugeran: n /Jv/ rule, norm.

UGM {Universitas Gajah Mada}: n a public University in Yogvakarta.

ugut: n intimidation, threat.
-mengugut: v intimidate, threaten.

uhu: n /ld/1 sound of an owl 2 owl.

uhuk: n /spo/ sound of sb cry or sobbing.
-menguhuk: v sob.

UI {Universitas Indonesia}: n University of Indonesia in Jakarta

uih: see wih:

uik; menguik: v /spo/ squeal (of pigs).

uir-uir: n /ld/ locust.

uja: variant of oja:

ujan: variant of hujan:

ujang: n /ld/ (in some regions only) familiar term of ad­dress for boys.

ujar: n /frm/lu/ 1 statement. Ujarnya mereka akan datang nanti They said they would come later. 2 /Ling./ utterance.
-berujar: v speak.
-mengujarkan: v 1 say 2 advise 3 state 4 suggest
-ujaran: n statement, announcement, suggestion, advice.

ujat: variant of hujat:

uji; menguji: v /frm/lu/ 1 test Mari saya uji apakah cukup kuat mengikat kotak ini. Let me test if its strong enough to tie the box Guru akan menguji kamu sebelum menentukan di kelas berapa kamu diterima. The teacher is going to test you before deciding in which grade you will be registered 2 examine Ada sebuah tim yang akan menguji sejauh mana ketahanan produk kita. There is a team to examine the endurance of our product 3 menguji-coba: a)  experiment Banyak remaja pada awalnya hanya ingin menuji coba narkoba itu. Many teenagers that at first just want to experiment with the drugs. b) try-out. Kami berencana menguji coba mobil itu sebelum peluncuran. We plan to try out the car before launching
-penguji: examiner.
-pengujian: n 1 testing 2 examining 3 experimenting 4 trying, trying out.
-teruji: adj tested.
-ujian: n 1 test 2 examination 3 experiment 4 trial, trial out.
-ujian lisan: n oral examination.
-ujian masuk: n entrance examina­tion.
-ujian tertulis: n written examination.

ujud: variant of wujud:

ujung: n /frm/lu/ 1 tip ujung jari the tip of a finger 2 top ujung sebatang pohon the top of a tree 3 end ujung sebuah perundingan the end of a conference ujung sebuah perjalanan the end of a journey 4 pointed part (of sth) Ujung tombak itu sangat tajam The pointed part of the spear is very sharp.
-berujung: v 1 end  Salah pengertian diantara dua negara itu berujung pada pemutusan hubungan diplomatik.  Misunderstanding between the two countries ended in cutting  diplomatic relation 2 culminate serangkaian pertengkaran yang berujung pada satu perceraian. a series of quarrels that culminated in a divorce.
-berujung pangkal: adj coherent Jawabannya tidak berjujung pangkal His answer wasn’t coherent  /ltrl./ (His answer wan’t begun and ended clearly)
-di ujung langit: prep. at the horizon.
-di ujung lidah: prep. on the tip of your tongue |if a word, name etc. is on the tip of your tongue, you know it but cannot remember it immediately|
-di ujung tanduk: prep. 1 at a critical point 2 in danger
-mengujung: v approach the destination (the end of a tour)
-mengujungi: v finish, accomplish, conclude
-pengujung: n the last part (of sth) pengujung cerita the last part of the story.
-seujung: n a little (part of sth): seujung rambut a little part of a hair Saya tidak peduli seujung rambutpun I don’t care even a little.
-ujung-ujungnya: adv finally Ujung-ujungnya dia minta bercerai. Finally she proposed to be separated.
-ujung kata: n 1 the last word 2 the closing speech.
-ujung pangkal: n 1 the source and the result 2 the beginning and the end Saya tidak tahu ujung pangkal persolan itu I don’t know the source and the result of the problem (I don’t know anything about the problem)

ujur: variant of uzur:

ujut: variant of wujud:

ukhrowi: n /Isl/ eschatological matters.

ukhuwah: n /Isl/ 1 fraternity (of believers) 2 asso­ciation, organization.

ukir; mengukir: v /frm/lu/ carve 2 engrave 3 make Dia mengukir sejarah sebagai seorang penakluk mengesankan. He made a history as a phenomenal conqueror.
-berukir: adj 1 curved 2 engraved 3 embellished with all manner of carving. 4 pockmarked.
-mengukirkan: v carve into or on sth Dia mengukirkan namanya pada cincin itu He engraved her name on the ring.
-pengukir: n engraver, carver.
-pengukiran: n act of carving.
-seni ukir: n curving arts. -terukir: v be carved
-ukiran kayu: n wood carving.
-ukiran timbul: n bas-relief.
-ukiran-ukiran: n carved object.

ukon: n /of/ coin worth a half rupiah.

ukup; ukupan: n /ld/ 1 incense, perfume 2 scent.
-berukup: v be per­fumed or incensed.
-mengukupi: v perfume sth., incense sth. Dia sedang mengukupi pengantin wanita itu. She is perfuming the bride.

ukur1; mengukur: v /frm/lu/ 1 measure |to find the size, length, or amount of something| Biar saya mengukur kedalaman airnya. Let me measure the deep of the water Ukur panjangnya tali itu Measure the length of the string. 2 judge, value |to find out the quality of sth| Sulit mengukur kemajuan satu program kesehatan. It’s difficult to measure the progress of the health program. 3 see Kita dapat mengukur kemampuan seorang menejer dari pencapaian target yang direncanakan We can see the capability of a manager from the achievement of the planned target. 4 evaluate Mari kita mengukur apa-apa saja yang sudah diselesaikan dalam proyek ini. Let’s evaluate whatever that has been accomplished with this project
-berukuran: v have a certain size Tolong berikan saya baju berukuran sedang Please give me a medium-size shirt.
-pengukuran: n 1 measurement 2 judgement 3 valuation 4 evaluation.

ukur2; ukuran: n /frm/lu/ 1 size 2 measuring unit 2 standard 4 criterion.
-pengukur: n 1 meter |a piece of equipment that measures the amount of gas, electricity, time etc. you have used: 2 gauge |an instrument that measures the amount or size of something| ukuran bensin a car’s gas gauge pengukur kedalaman a depth gauge. 3 odometer
-terukur1: adj 1 standardized 2 measurable
-ukuran berat/bobot: n weight unit (gram, kilogram, ton, etc)
-ukuran luas: n space unit (cm2, m2, hectare, etc.)
-ukuran panjang: n length unit (cm, dm, m, km, mile, etc)
-ukuran suhu: n temperature unit (…0C, …0F)
-ukuran volume: n volume unit (cc, dm3, m3, barrel, etc)

ulah: n /frm/lu/ manner, way, act.
-mengulah: v act (a bad thing) Mobil ini mengulah lagi This car give me a problem again.

ulai: variant of kulai:

ulak: variant of uleg:

ulak-ulak: n /ld/ 1 ulak-ulak pinggang: pelvis 2 hollow above the hips.
-berulak-ulak: v whirl. bubble (water, etc.)

ulam: n /frm/ raw vegetable used as side dish with rice.
-berulak: v have a raw vegetable side dish.
-/idiom/ ulam mencari sambal: women looking for a husband (lit., raw vegetable looking for dressing). 2 concubine.

ulama; ulamak: n /Isl./ 1 scholar of Islam 2 Muslim religious teacher or leader.

ulang1; ulangi: v /frm/lu/ 1 do again Ulangi lagi dari awal Do it again from the beginning Jangan ulangi lagi seperti ini Don’t ever do again like this. 2 cetak ulang reprint
-berulang-kali: adv frequently. Berulangkali dia menelepon saya tentang hal ini She frequently called me about this matter.
-berulang-ulang:
adv 1 repeatedly. Berulang-ulang saya katakan jangan sentuh komputer saya I told you repeatedly don’t ever touch my computer. 2 again and again Berulang-ulang kamu bohong pada saya.Again and again you lie to me
-berulang-ulang: adj repetitious Ini perilaku buruk dia yang sudah berulang-ulang This is his repetitious bad behaviour.
-mengulang: v /intr/ do or repeat again. Dia mengulang di kelas dua SMA He attend again the second grade of Higher Second School
-mengulangi: v /tr/ 1 repeat 2 do (sth) again.
-pengulangan: n 1 repetition 2 recurrence 3 duplication.
-ulang-alik: v 1 go back and forth.
-ulang-alik: adj shuttle pesawat ulang alik luar angkasa shuttle outer space craft bus ulang-alik shuttle bus
-ulangan: n 1 test 2 examination 3 rehearsal 3 refrain (of a song) 4 Kitab Ulangan: /Bib./ Deuteronomy.

ulap-ulap: n /Jv/ hand gesture in traditional dances.
-mengulapkan: v perform such a gesture with (the hand).

ular: n /frm/lu/ 1 snake. 2 cheat.
-ular ari: n venomous snake.
-ular beludak/kepah: n viper.
-ular danau: n water snake.
-ular jatola: n /Amb/ python.
-ular mengiang: n rainbow.
-uar sanca: n big, long python.
-ular sendok: n cobra.
-ular-ularan: n toy snake.
-ular welang/berbisa: n poi­sonous snake.

ulas1; ulasan: n /ld/ 1 wrapper 2 covering 3 envelope.
-berulas: v 1 be wrapped 2 be covered 3 have/ has a cover, case, envelope Bantalnya tidak berulas. The pillow has no pillowcase 4 be coloured with. Bi­birnya berulas merah Her lips were coloured red.
-mengulas: v 1 wrap 2 cover  3 daub (in painting).
-mengulasi: v 1 put a cover on sth 2 cover sth with paint Dia mengulasi buku itu She put a cover on the book. 2 daub over and over.
-mengulaskan: v use sth to cover. mengulaskan kuas move the brush (in paint­ing).
-pengulasan: n 1 wrapping 2 covering 3 daubing -ulas bantal: n pillowcase.
-ulas kasur: n bed sheet.
-ulas meja: n tablecloth.

ulas2: n /ld/ 1 section of citrus (fruit). 2 clove (of garlic, shallot, etc.). seulas one section (of fruit).
-mengulaskan: v divide into sections.
-seulas senyum: n a smile.

ulas3; mengulas: n /frm/lu/ 1 review, comment on. 2 explain, analyze.
-pengulas: n reviewer.
-ulasan: n 1 review, commentary. ulasan buku a book review.

ulat: n /frm/lu/ 1 caterpillar.
-berulat: adj worm-eaten.
-ulat sutera: n 1 silkworm 2 maggot, larva.

ulayah: variant of wilayah:

uleg; ulek: v /inf/lu/ pestle.
-mengulek-ulek: v pulverize, grind. Dia sedang mengulek sambal. She is pulverizing the condi­ments.
-ulasan: n 1 pestle. 2 sth crushed with a pestle.

ulem: n /Jv/ invitation.
-mengulem: v invite.
ulekan: n invitation.

uler: n /Jv/ worm.
-uler kambang: n l leech. 2 sth that move very slow.
-nguler: v act like worm nguler kambang go or work slowly.

ulet1: adj /frm/lu/ tough, persevering Jeff ulet dalam upayanya belajar ski. Jeff was persevering in his efforts to learn how to ski.
-keuletan: n 1 toughness 2 tenacity 3 perseverance.
-mengulet: v stretch (after sleeping).
-memperulet: v 1 toughen 2 per­severe.

ulet2: variant of ulat:

uli1; menguli: v /ld/ knead (dough).

uli2: n /ld/1 glutinous rice. 2 sweetmeat made with cooked glutinous rice, sugar and coconut.

ulia: variant of aulia:

ulik1; mengulik: v /lu/ investigate.
-pengulikan: n investigation.

ulik2: variant of ulit:

ulin: n very hard wood.

ulir: n /frm/lu/ thread of a screw.
-mengulir: v put in a screw.
-uliran: n sth with a thread (screw, lightbulb, etc.)

ulit; mengulit: v /ld/ sleep with lullabies.
-mengulitkan: v put sb to sleep by singing lullabies. Dia sedang mengulitkan anaknya She is singing her child to sleep.
-pengulit: n lullaby singer.

ulos: n /ld/ weave cloth |traditional Batak cloth which especially worn during a traditional festive or party|

ultah. {ulang tahun}: n /wrt/frm/lu/ anniversary, birthday.

ultimatum: n /frm/ ultimatum.

ultra: pref. /frm/lu/ ultra-, extremely.
-ultra-moderen: adj ultramodern.

ulu: variant of hulu:             ‘

ulubalang: variant of hulubalang:

ulu; ulu hati: n /frm/lu/ pit of the stomach, solar plexus.

uluk: n /Jv/ uluk salam extended greetings.
-menguluk ­salam: v extend greetings.
-menguluk layang-layang: v fly a kite.

ulung: adj /frm/lu/ 1 prominent, advanced, excel­lent, superior Dia seorang musisi yang ulung He was a prominent musician  2 skilled, experienced Dia ulung dalam main tennis He is skilled in playing tennis.
-keulungan: n 1 superiority, excellence 2 expertise, skill.

ulur1; mengulur: v /frm/lu/ prolong |intentionally make something such as time continue longer, or a threat of a kite go farther, etc|  Dia harus mengulur waktu pembukaan pertunjukan itu sambil menanti seorang artis yang datang terlambat. He had to prolong the beginning of the opening of the show waiting for an artist who came late. Kalau angin bertiup cepat, ulur saja tali layangannya. If the wind blow fast, just prolong the string of the kite.
-mengulur-ulur: v repeatedly prolong Mereka mengulur-ulur waktu keberangkatan pesawat. They repeatedly prolonged the departure  of the flight. Kenapa kamu mengulur-ulur pembayaran hutang kamu? Why did you continuously prolonged to pay your debt?
-mengulurkan: v 1 extend Bersama ini saya mengulurkan ucapan terima kasih saya Here with I extend my thank. Dengan tulus kami ingin mengulurkan tangan untuk membantu. Honestly, we want to extend our readiness to help. 2 hand, pass Dia mengulurkan kertas itu kepada saya He handed the paper to me.
-terulur: v 1 be stretched 2 be prolonged 3 be extended.
-uluran: n 1 extension 2 uluran tangan: offer (to help)

ulur2: n /ltr/ bondsman.

ulu-ulu: n /Jv/ official responsible for irrigation.

um: see ummi2:

uma: variant of huma:

umak-umik; mengumak-umik: v /ld/ silently mouth words.

umang-umang: n /ld/1 hermit crab. 2 sb who likes to dress in fine, but borrowed, clothes.

umaro: n /Isl./ government.

umat: n /frm/lu/ the members or the followers of a particular religion. ­
-umat manusia: n human, mankind

umbai: n /frm/ tassle, fringe.
-umbai cacing: n appendix
-berumbai: adj 1 fringed. 2 swing, dangle. Layangan putus berumbai di kawat telepon A broken kite was dangling from the telephone wire.
-mengumbai-umbaikan: v swing, dangle
-terumbai-umbai: v be dangling, swinging.

umban: n /frm/ sling.
-mengumban: v 1 sling. 2 throwaway.
-pengumbai: n ­missile, sling.

umbang; mengumbang: v /frm/ float. Kayu mengumbang di air Wood floats on water.

umbang-ambing: variant of ombang-ambing:

umbar; mengumbar: v /frm/lu/1 free sth 2 let loose. Kambingnya diumbar di halaman The goat was let loose (free) in the yard. mengumbar hawa nafsu give sb’s passion free rein. mengumbar tubuh let sb’s body grow fat. mengumbar nafsu waste breath

umbi: n /frm/lu/ tuber, root.
-berumbi: v 1 be rooted 2 have tubers
-umbi-umbian: n 1 all kind of tubers. 2 belonging to the tuber group.

umbuk: n /frm/lu/ 1 swindle 2 persuasion
-mengumbuk: v 1 swindle 2 persuade 3 appease 3 talk in a friendly way to sb
pengumbuk: n 1 swindler 2 persuader

umbul1; mengumbul: v /frm/lu/ 1 bubble up 2 rise rapidly.

umbul2: n /Jv/ children’s game played with picture cards which are tossed in the air.

umbul-umbul: n /frm/lu/Bali/ 1 banner. 2 pennants or palm fronds decorating doorways on feast days. 3 tassle (of hat etc.).

umbun: variant of ubun:

umbut: n /ld/ edible topmost and innermost frond of a palm, palm-cabbage.
-mengumbut: v extract sth difficult to remove. mengumbut nyawa. take sb’s life.

ummat: variant of umat:

ummi1: adj /ld/ illiterate.

ummi2: n /ld/ term of address for mother in families of Arab descent.

umpak: n /ld/ 1 foot, step. 2 pedestal, fundament, base.
-mengumpak-umpak: v 1 extol a person to the skies.
-umpak-umpakan: n praise, flattery.

umpama1: n /frm/lu/ example, for example |someone or something that you mention to show what you mean, show that something is true, or show what something is like| Segala sesuatu semakin mahal. Harga daging sebagai umpama, telah dua kali lipat sejak April Everything is more expensive. The price of meat, for example, has doubled since April.

umpama2; mengumpamakan: v /frm/lu/ 1 take (sth) as an example Jangan mengumpamakan keberhasilan  kamu kepada setiap orang. Kamu beruntung saat itu. Don’t take your success as an example for everyone. You were lucky at that time. 2 assume. Bila kita umpamakan saja kapal itu tiba lebih awal, kita belum siap kan? If we just assume the ship is arrive earlier, we aren’t ready yet, are we?

umpama3: prep /frm/lu/ like |similar in some way to something else| Umpama katak besar di kubangan kecil Like a big frog in a small fond Lampu itu bulat umpama sebuah bola The lamp is  round like a ball. Seumpama apa rumah itu? What’s the new house like?

umpama4; seumpama; umpamanya: conj /frm/lu/1 suppose |used in order to ask what might happen| Seumpama kita pergi nanti sore, apa kita tidak terlambat sampai disana? Suppose we’ll be leaving this evening, isn’t it too late for us to arrive there?  Jangan lakukan itu. Umpamanya ibu tahu kamu akan dihukum. Don’t do it. Suppose Mom found out she will punish you.

umpama5: berumpama: v /frm/lu/ talk hypothetical­ly. Mereka berumpama menang undian They talked about what would happen if they win the lot­tery.
-prumpamaan: n poetical proverb

umpan: n /frm/lu/ 1 bait |food used for attracting fish, animals, or birds so that you can catch them| 2 lure |something you use  in order to try to make someone do something or buy something|  Mereka memberi discount sebagai umpan menarik perhatian pembeli They give discount for some goods as a lure to attract buyers. 3 a passing ball to a striker in front of the goal gate. Tiba-tiba Ronald mengirim umpan dan Mark menedang goal pertama. Suddenly Ronald gave a passing and Mark kicked the first goal.
-berumpan: v have bait (in it)
-mengumpan: v 1 entice, lure  |to persuade people to do something by offering them something nice| Penjual mengumpan pembeli dengan menyediakan permen kepada para pengunjung. The seller entice buyers by preparing candy to the visitors. 2 passing a ball to a striker.
-mengumpankan: v use sth as a bait, lure, attraction.
-pengumpan: n sb who pass the ball to a striker.

umpat: v /frm/lu/ curse, swearword.
-pengumpat: n sb who curses.
-mengumpat1: v swear, curse (in reproach).
-mengumpati: v swear at sb.
-umpatan: n curse, verbal abuse.

umpel-umpelan: adj /Jv/ crowded.

umpet: v /ld/ hide Perampok itu mengumpet dibalik pagar ketika polisi datang. The robber hided behind the fence when the police came.
-umpet-umpetan: n 1 secret, sth on the sly. 2 hide-and-seek.

umpil; mengumpil: v /ld/ 1 lift, raise. 2 row, scull.
-pengumpil: n lever, crowbar.

umpul: n /frm/lu/ 1 heap 2 pile 3 stack. seumpul batu a pile of stones.
-berumpul: adj piled, heaped
-mengumpul(kan): v heap, pile, stack

umrah; umroh: v /Isl./ perform a pilgrimage to Mecca (beyond the regular hajj season in which some of the ritual such as the visit to the fields of Arafah is omitted|
-berumroh: v make such a pilgrimage.

umuk: n /Jv/ brag, boast.

umum1: adj /frm/lu/ 1general Apa kamu mengikuti sidang umum itu? Did you attent the general assembly? 2 common. Tidak umum disini berpelukan sesama pria It’s not common here to hug each other between men. 3 public Rumah Sakit umum adalah satu-satunya rumah sakit di kota kecil ini. Public Hospital is the only hospital in this small town.

umum2; umumnya: adv /frm/lu/ usually, commonly Umumnya petani di daerah ini tidak mau menggunakan pestisida. Usually farmers around here don’t apply pesticide.

umum3: mengumumkan: v /frm/lu/ 1 publicize 2 announce 3 declare 4 notify

umum4: n /frm/lu/ 1 the public |all the ordinary people in a country or a city| Istana presiden dibuka untuk umum sekali seminggu. The president palace is open to the public once week. | This product is not for sale to the general public. 2 in public |in a place where anyone can know, see, or hear| Ada peraturan melarang merokok di tempat umum. The is a rule to disallow smoking in public places. Dia selalu bersikap manis kepada saya hanya di umum. She always nice to me only in public.
-pengumuman: n 1 publication 2 declaration 3 notification 4 announcement
-perumuman: n generalization.

umur: n /frm/lu/ age. Pada umur 17 tahun dia sudah kawin At the age of 17 she was married. Berapa umur dia? How old is s/he? (What is her/his age?)
-berumur1: v be (at a certain age) Dia berumur 26 tahun ketika pindah ke Amerika She was at the age of 26 when she moved to America.
-berumur2: adj old   Dia sudah terlalu berumur untuk main tennis. He’s been too old to play tennis.
-(di) bawah umur: adj under aged.
-cukup umur1: v come of aged.
-cukup umur: adj adult.
-terlalu berumur: adj too old.
-setengah umur: adj middle-aged.
-seumur: prep. 1 at the same age 2 all of sb’s life Saya akan tinggal seumur hidup di desa ini I’ll live at this village for all of my life.
-seumur (hidup)1: adj lifelong Uli adalah pasangan saya seumur hidup. Uli is my lifelong pair.
-seumur hidup2: n 1 life Dia dihukum seumur hidup. He was sentenced for life 2 seumur jagung: n 1 a three-to-four months period (as the same period with usually corn to harvest) 3  a very young baby. Dia baru seumur jagung She still wet behind the ears!

unam: n /ld/ sea mollusc.

uncang: n /ld/ bag (for traveling, etc.).
-uncang uang: n money bag.

uncang-uncit: adj /ld/ restless, unsettled.

unclik; mengunclik: v /Jv/Jkt/ walk without looking left or right.

uncue; uncui: variant of huncue:

undak; undakan: n /ld/ 1 step. 2 terrace 3 stairs 4 floor (of a storied building)
-berundak-undak: v 1 have stairs. Rumah itu tidak berundak The house has no stairs. 2 have stories. Gedung itu berundak delapan The building has teight floors

undanl: n /ld/ level.
-berundal: v 1 protracted, drawn out in stages. 2 in different levels (as the roof of certain houses).
-berundal-undal: adj curly (hair).

undan2: n /ld/ pelican.

undang1: mengudang: v /frm/lu/ 1 invite, summon. Apa mereka mengudang kamu? Did they invite you? 2 provoke, entice Gurauannya mengundang tawa His jokes really provoke laughter. Sikap buruknya mengundang kebencian His bad behaviour invites hesitation
-undangan: n 1 invitation (the card) 2 invited guest.
-pengundang: n inviter Dia mengundang kami makan malam He invited us for din­ner. mengundang tawa provoke laughter.
-undangan: n I invitation. 2 invited guest.

undang-undang: n /frm/lu/ 1 law, ordinance, act. 2 UUD {Undang-Umdang Dasar}: constitution
-mengundangkan: v 1 legislate. 2 proclaim
-perundang-undagan: n legislation, enactment.
-pembuat undang-undang: n legislator, legislature

undat; mengundat: v /Jv/ dig up old grievances.

unda-unda; berunda-unda: v being in tow one after the other.
-mengunda: v tow one after the other.

undi; undian: n /frm/lu/ lottery
-mengundi: v select one out of two or more in a raffle

unduh; mengunduh: v pick (fruit from tree).

unduk-unduk: n /ld/ sea horse.

undung-undung: n /frm/lu/ 1 veil over the head 2 shelter
-berundung-undung: v wear a veil over the head.
-mengundungkan: v use (sth) as a head covering. Dia mengundungkan sebuah handuh di kepalanya. She use a towel to cover her head.

undur; mundur: v /int/frm/lu/ 1 go/move back 2 resign, retire 3 be out of circulation Apa majalah ini akan mundur dari peredaran? Will the magazine be going out of circulation?
-mengundurkan: v /tr/ 1 move back Kita perlu mengundurkan mobil itu We need to move the car back  2 resign Dia berencana mengundurkan diri dari kantornya. She planned to resign from his office 4 take out of circulation Kita akan mengundurkan majalah itu dari peredaran We are going to take out the magazine from circulation. 5 postpone Panitia penyelenggara mengundurkan upacara pembukaan itu selama 30 menit. The organizing committee postponed the opening ceremony for 30 minutes.
-pengunduran: n 1 resignation 2 postponement 3 putting back

undur-undur: n /ld/ ant-lion |any insect of the family Myrmeleontidae|

uneg-uneg; unek-unek: n /inf/lu/ grudges.

ungap; mengungap: v /frm/ gasp for breath.

unggah-ungguh: n /ld/ etiquette.

unggang-unggit: v /ld/ go up and down (seesaw. rock­ing chair, etc.)

unggas: n /lu/ bird; fowl, esp. as scientific term,
-perunggasan: n poultry husbandry.

unggat-unggit: variant of unggang-unggit:

unggis; mengunggis: v nibble, gnaw at.

ungguk: variant of onggok:

unggul: adj /frm/lu/ 1 superior, excellent. kualitas unggul supe­rior quality 2 hybrid bibit unggul hybrid seed 3 lebih unggul: better Isterinya lebih unggul dari dia mencari uang His wife is better than him to make money.
-mengungguli: v 1 surpass 2 exceed 3 outdo 4 defeat Persija mengungguli Persebaya 2 – 1 The Persija surpass Persebaya 2  to 1
-keunggulan: n 1 superiority 2 excellence
-mengunggulkan: v put sb as the favorite to win.
-terunggul: adj the best

unggun: n /frm/lu/ 1 heap 2 pile. 3 api unggun: campfire. Mereka membuat api unggun ditepi sungai They made a campfire near the river.
-berungun-unggun: adv in heaps Kami punya kayu bakar berunggun-unggun. We have firewood in heaps.
-mengunggun: v 1 heap 2 pile.

unggut; mengunggut: v /ld/ ­pull at, tug.
-berunggut-unggutan: v 1 tug a rope 2 play tug war.

ungka: n gibbon – Hylobates lar (agilis)

ungkah; mengungkah: v /frm/ 1 dismantle, take apart 2 force open 3 dig up 4 overhaul

ungkai; mengungkai: v /ld/ 1 untie 2 separate 3 loosen (a knot of a rope, a tie)  4 take off (clothe) 5 disclose (a secret) Ungkai ikatan itu Untie the knot Siapa yang mengungkai ikatan itu? Who untied the rope. Dia mengungkai jasnya sebelum duduk He took off his jacket before sitting. –syn: /lu/ mengungkap, membuka.
-ungkaian: n 1 separation 2 disclosure

ungkak: n /ld/ post for fastening the hawser.

ungkang-ungkang: variant of ongkang-ongkang:

ungkang-ungkit: variant of unggang-unggit:

ungkap; mengungkap: v /int/frm/lu/ 1 express (with words, face or gestures) 2 state 3 reveal 4 disclose Police has disclose the motive of the murder. Polisi telah mengungkap motive pembunuhan itu.
-mengungkapkan: v /tr/ 1 discover 2 disclose 3 state 4 declare 5 depict 6 dig up
Lukisan itu mengungkapkan runtuhnya rezim komunis The painting depicts the fall of Communist regime.
-pengungkapan: n 1 discovering 2 disclosing 3 declaring 4 exposure
-ungkapan: n 1 expression 2 statement 3 declaration 4 disclosure 5 statement 5 description

ungkat-ungkit; mengungkat-ungkit: v /frm/lu/ bring up old sore points.

ungkil; mengungkil: v /ld/ pry up. –syn: /lu/ mengungkit
-pengungkil: n lever. –syn: /lu/ pengungkit
-pengungkilan: n lever­age. –syn: /lu/ pengungkitan

ungkir: variant of mungkir:

ungkit; mengungkit: v /frm/lu/1 bob up and down. 2 dig up, pry (into other people’s business). Buat apa mengungkit-ungkit urusan oranng What for to pry into sb’s business
-pengungkit: n lever.
-pengungkitan: n leverage.
-terungkit: v be get pried up, opened up (of secrets, problems, etc.).

ungku: variant of engku:

ungkur; berungkur-ungkuran: v 1 /Jv/ lean or stand back to back  Rurnah saya dan rumah dia berungkur-ungkuran My house and her house sit back to back  2 be somewhat poorly timed so that people fail to meet. Keberangkatan Norman berungkur-ungkuran dengan tibanya Rachel. Norman no sooner left then Rachel arrived.

ungsi; mengungsi: v /frm/lu/ flee.
-mengungsikan: v evacuate
-pengungsi: n ­refugee, evacuee.
-pengungsian: n 1 evacuation (the process) 2 asy­lum (the action)  3 refuge (the place)

ungu: n, adj /frm/lu/ purple.
ungu muda: n, adj violet
-meng’ungu: v become pur­ple.
-keungu-unguan: adj purplish.

uni1: n /ld/ older sister.

uni2: n /frm/lu/ union, esp. in names of political entities. Uni Africa Selatan. South Africa Union Uni Soviet Soviet Union.

uni3: variant of huni:

unifikasi: n /frm/lu/ unification.

uniform1: adj /frm/lu/ uniformed, standardized. pakaian yang uniform standardized clothes

uniform2: n /frm/lu/ uniform. Dimana uniform saya? Where is my uniform?
-beruniform: v wear a uniform.
-menguniformkan: v 1 standardize 2 be in uniform.
-penguniforman: n standardization.

uniformisasi: n /frm/ uniformization.

uniformitas: n /frm/ uniformity.

unik: adj /frm/lu/ 1 unique 2 distinctive .
-keunikan: n 1 uniqueness 2 distinctiveness

unit: n unit /frm/lu/ |a person or thing that is one whole part of something larger| Apartemen ini terdri dari 200 unit This apartment consists of 200 units Tim penyelamat itu dibagi kedalam dua uni. The rescue team was devided into two units.

universal; universil: adj /frm/lu/ universal.
-menguniversilkan: v make sth universal.
-keuniversalan: n universality.

universitas: n /frm/lu/ university
-keuniversitasan: n mat­ters pertaining to the university.

universiter: adj /frm/lu/ concerning universities. urusan universiter university affairs.

universitet: variant of universitas:

unjam: variant of hunjam:

unjuan: variant of unjukan:

unjuk; tunjuk: v /intr/tr/frm/lu 1 show 2 point 3 indicate
-mengunjukkan; tunjukkan: v /tr/ 1 show 2 demonstrate 3 indicate, point out 4 exhibit 5 raise (a hand) Siapa tahu jawabannya supaya tunjuk tangan. Who knows the answer raise your hand.
-pengunjuk: n sb who show sth  pengunjuk rasa demonstrators.
-pengunjukan: n 1 show 2 demonstration 3 presentation 4 indication.
-unjuk gigi: v show of force.
-unjuk kebolehan: v demonstrate ability
-unjuk periksa: v /Jv/ inform sb of high status.
-unjuk rasa: v show or demonstrate aspiration (usually by a rally)

unjukan: n /Jv/ drinks offered to a re­spected person.

unjung: variant of kunjung:

unjur; mengunjurkan: v /frm/lu/ extend (legs)
-berunjur: adj extended, stretched out (of legs).
-bersitujur: v be with sb’s legs stretched out. Apa kamu mengenal orang yang lengannya bersitunjur itu? Do you know that person with legs stretched?
-tunjuran: n foot of the bed.

unjut: n /ld/ small bag or bundle tied at the end with knots.
-mengunjut: v wrap up in a bundle, make into a bundle.

unsur: n /frm/lu/ element, substance.
-berunsur: v has as an element.
-mengunsuri: v be an element of. Rakyat kecil mengunsuri partai kami Low status people be the elements of our party.
-unsur kimia: n chemical ele­ment.
-unsur pembangun: n constituent element.

unsur; unsuriah: adj /frm/lu/ 1 elementary 2 ele­mental.

unta: n camel.
-burung unta: n ostrich.

untai: n /frm/lu/ 1 string, lace. 2 numerical classifier for stringlike objects (garlands, rosaries, etc.) lima ­untai kalung mutiara five pearl necklaces.
-beruntai-untai: v 1 hang loosely.
-menguntai: v 1 dangle, hang down. 2 string sth Dia menguntai biji-biji permata itu dengan rantai perak He strung the beads with a silver chain
-untaian: n 1 series. 2 string, chain, garland. 3 strophe.

untal1: n /ld/ 1 pellet. 2 pill, tablet.
-menguntal: v roll sth into pellet shape.
-mengutal-untal: v wad up.

untal2; menguntal: v /ld/ 1 swallow a large quantity. 2 /vul./ eat.
-menguntali: v swallow sth repeatedly.

untang-anting: v /ld/ swing to and fro.

until1; menguntil: v /ld/ dangle, hang down.

until2: variant of untal:

unting: n /ld/1 strand, skein. unting rambut strand of hair. unting benang skein of thread. 2 unting-unting: n a string with a heavy thing tied at one point |a tool to check the verticality of sth –syn: /ld/ lot
-untingan: n bunch of things tied together at one end.

untir; menguntir: v /kd/ twist.
-terpuntir: v be sprained. Lututnya terpuntir Her knee was sprained.

untuk: prep. conj. /frm/lu/ 1 for, on behalf of. Buku ini untuk kamu This book is for you 2 to, in order to. Dia pergi untuk menemui ayahnya He went to meet his father. Untuk  mudahnya, kita kelompokkan sesuai qualitasnya. To make it simple (easy), let’s group it based on its  quality.
-diperuntukkan: v be allocate (fo), be assign (for). Dana ini akan diperuntukkan bagi penduduk pedesaan This fund will be allocated for people in rural areas.
-peruntukan: n 1 allocation, allotment  Untuk apa peruntukan bantuan ini? What the allocation of this aids for?
-teruntuk: v be intended for, destined for.

untung1; beruntung: adj /frm/lu/ 1 lucky Saya beruntung mendapat bantuan kamu I was lucky to have your assistant 2 fortunate Beruntung ambulance segera dating. It was fortunate that the ambulance arrived immediately.
-menguntungkan1: adj 1 advantageous Itu satu kesempatan menguntungkan untuk memperkaya pengalaman kamu. It is an advantageous chance to you to enrich your experience. 2 profitable Apakah bisnis itu menguntungkan? Was the business profitable? -keberuntungan: n 1 luck 2 fate 3 fortune 4 chance.
-keuntungan: n 1 profit 2 advantage 3 gain 4 return.

untung2: menguntungkan: v /frm/lu/ 1 give profit 2 make benefit.

untung3; untunglah: adv /frm/lu/ fortunately, luckily Untunglah, tidak ada hujan selama perjalanan kami di hutan. Fortunately, there was no rain during our tour in the jungle.
-untung-untungan: n a fifty-fifty chance Itu hanya bisnis untung-untungan It’s only a fifty-fifty chance business.

untut: n /ld/ elephantiasis, swollen .

unyai; berunyai: adv /Min/ 1 softly, gently 2 gradually.
-mengunyai: v do sth slowly.

up. {untuk perhatian}: prep. /frm/wrt/for the attention of (used in letter).

upacara: n /lu/1 ceremony, ritual. upacara pelantikan inaugural ceremony. 2 regalia.
-mengupacarakan: v hold a ceremony for.

upah: n /frm/lu/ 1 pay, wages. upah bulanan monthly wage. 2 cost upah jahit cost for sewing sth 3 result  Itulah upahnya kalau mengabaikan nasehat baik That is the result of ignoring good advice.
-berupah: v be paid pekerjaan berupah bagus a well paid job.
-mengupah: v employ |to pay someone to work for you| Pabrik itu mengupah lebih dari 2000 orang The factory employs over 2000 people.
-upah pokok: n base pay.
-upah pokok terendah: n minimum wage.
-upahan: n paid or hired worker.

upam;  mengupam: v /ld/ polish, burnish. Dia mengupam mas dan perak She polished the gold and silver.
-upaman: n sth pol­ished, burnished.

upama: variant umpama:

upas1: n /ld/ toxin derived from the sap of certain plants.

upas2: n /of/ 1 messenger, attendant. upas pos postman. 2 policeman.

upat: variant of umpat:

upaya: n /frm/lu/ 1 efforts (to attain a certain aim). 2 means.
-berupaya: v /intr/tr/ 1 endeavour |make an effort to achieve sth| Seseorang harus berupaya melakukan yang terbaik One must always endeavour to do one’s best. 2 strive |to try very hard to get or do something| Ross selalu berupaya melakukan yang terbaik. Ross is constantly striving for perfection.
-mengupayakan: v /tr/  1 endeavour sth 2 strive for sth.
-upaya hukum: n legal action.

upet: n /Jv/ wick, fuse.

upeti: n /frm/lu/ 1 tribute paid by sth 2 bribe to higher-ranking official.

upih1: n /ld/ leaf-sheath.

upih2: upih-upih: n a big bird – Ibis-leucocephalus

upik: n /ld/ term of address for a little girl.
-siupik jalan: n tomboy.
-siupik-sibuyung: n a baby whether it is a male child or a female child. Siupik sibuyung buat kami sama saja. Whether it’s a boy or girl just the same for us.

upil: n /frm/lu/ 1 dried snot. 2 scab on a wound.
-(me)ngupil: v 1 pick sb’s nose. 2 form scab on a wound.

upleg: adj /Jv/Jkt/ be extremely busy.
-upleg-uplegan: v rush about

urah; mengurah: v /ld/ 1 demolish, tear down. Mereka mengurah gedung lama. They demolished the old building. 2 empty out 2 deliberately tell sth

urai; menguraikan: v /frm/lu/1 break (sth) down  |to make something such as a report, plan, etc. into detail or into parts| Boleh tolong anda uraikan rencana itu? Could you please break the plan down?  Kamu dapat menguraikan soal itu kedalam tiga bagian untuk lebih mudah. You can break the exam question down into three parts to make it easier. 2 disentangle |to separate different ideas or pieces of information that have become confused together|  Para penyidik harus menguraikan kasus keuangan Jody yang rumit itu Investigators had to disentangle Jody’s complicated financial affairs.
-berurai: v 1 fall down in strands |if the hair of sb fall loosely| 2 berurai air mata: drop (the tear)
-penguraian: n 1 breaking down 2 disentanglement.
-terurai: v 1 be scattered 2 dispersed 3 be divided apart  4 be disentangled
-uraian: n 1 break down 2 dispersion 3 description 4 strands 5 pieces.

urakan: adj /frm/lu/ 1 rowdy 2 unconventional.
-kaum uraikan: n literary group of the 1970s.

urang-aring: n /frm/lu/ herb used for the hair.

uranium: n /lu/ uranium.

urap1; urapan: n /frm/lu/ 1 ointment, salve. 2 /rel./ ordination, consecration. urapan imamat suci ordination to the priesthood.
-berurap-urapan: v rub ointment on each other.
-mengurapi: v rub sb with ointment. Dia mengurapi anaknya sewaktu tidur She rubbed her baby with ointment while sleeping.
-mengurapkan: v apply sth to sb as an ointment.

urap2: n /frm/lu/ grated coconut with spices, salad of mixed vegetables (cabbage, beansprouts, string­beans) with coconut.
-urapan2: n vegetables to make this salad.

urat: n /frm/lu/ 1 tendon |a thick strong string-like part of your body that connects a muscle to a bone|  2 urat saraf: nerve |one of the thin parts like threads inside your body that help control your movements, and along which your brain sends and receives feelings of heat, cold, pain etc.| 3 urat pembuluh darah: vein |one of the tubes through which blood flows to your heart from other parts of your body| 4 root a) |the part of a plant or tree that grows under the ground| Hati-hati dengan uratnya kalau menanam anggrek itu. Be careful of the roots when you plant the orchid  b) |the basic or main part of a problem or idea| Apa kamu tahu apa urat permasalahan ini? Do you know what was the root of this problem? c) |the part of a tooth, hair etc. that is fixed to the rest of the body| d) the basic part of a word that shows its main meaning| Urat kata “tidaksetuju” adalah “setuju”The root of “disagree” is “agree”
-berurat1: adj muscular. sinewy
-berurat2: v take root a) |if an idea takes root, people begin to accept or believe it| Demokrasi mulai berurat di negeri ini.The democrary start to take root in this country. b) |if a plant takes root, it grows into the ground| Berapa lama tanaman ini baru mengurat? How long this plant to grow into the soil?

urban: n /frm/lu/ urban area

urbanisasi: n /frm/lu/ urbanisation 1 |migration from the rural area to urban area|  2 |the change where an rural area become a rural area 3 the change in proportion of urban area compare to rural area where the urban area portion become larger

urea: n /frm/lu/ nitrogen-based fertilizer.

uret: n /ld/ lana, white grub.

urgen: adj /frm/lu/ urgent.

urgensi: n /frm/lu/ urgency.

uri1: n /frm/ placenta |a body organ like thick flesh inside the uterus that feeds an unborn baby| -syn: /frm/lu/ ari-ari

uri2; menguri: v /ld/ revolve rapidly

urik; mengurik: v /Jv/ pick, pluck.

urine: n /frm/lu/ urine.

uring: n /anat./frm/ groove between nose and upper lip.

uring-uringan: v /frm/lu/ grumble |to complain in a quiet but slightly angry way|  Apa yang membuat dia uring-uringan. What make him to grumble?

uris: n /frm/ dash |a mark (-) used in writing to separate thoughts in a sentence|
-uris miring: n slant dash

urolog: n /frm/lu/ urologist.

urologi: n /frm/lu/ urology.

uro-uro: n /ld/ chant |a Javanese poetry|.

uruk; menguruk: v /frm/lu/ 1 bury. 2 fill (with soil, sand, etc.). Kita perlu menguruk bagian ladang yang rendah. We need to fill in the lower part of the field.
-urukan: n mound.

urun: v /frm/lu/ share, participate.
-urun rembuk1: n brain storming |sharing or participation in decision making or discussion|
-urun rembuk: v share or participate in a decision making or discussion.
-urunan: n 1 contribution  2 share.
-urunan: v share each other.

urung: adj /frm/lu/ 1 failed, unsuccessful. Dia urung menjadi menteri He failed to be a minister. 2 not take place. Pesta itu urung dilakukan The party failed to be conducted (was cancelled).
-mengurungkan: v 1 cancel  Guru mengurungkan ujian tengah semester itu The teacher cancelled the mid-term test. 2 abandon.

urup; mengurup: v /ld/ 1 barter Mereka mengurup rotan dari hutan dengan makanan dan pakaian They barter rattan to get food and clothes 2 exchange |to give something to someone who gives you something else: Dia mengurup lap topnya dengan sebuah gitar listrik He exchange his lap top with an electronic guitar
-urupan: n the thing exchanged.
-pengurupan: n 1 the process of exchange 2 a place where you can barter or exchange sth to other else.

urus; mengurus: v /frm/lu/1 care for, take care for a) |to help someone when s/he is sick or not able to do things for himself/herself|  Angie mengurus ibunya setelah dia mengalami struk Angie cares for her mother after her stroke. b) |to do things to keep something in good condition or working correctly| Mereka mengupah seorang pengasuh anak untuk mengurus bayi itu. They hire a baby sitter to take care the baby. 2 handle |to deal with someone or something| Anthony akan mengurus barang-barang kita selama perjalanan. Anthony is going to handle our luggage during the trip 3 manage |to succeed in doing something difficult, such as dealing with a problem, living in a difficult situation| Apa kamu yakin dia akan mengurus itu dengan baik? Are sure that she is going to manage it well?
-berurusan: v /tr/ 1 |have a business or sth to do (with)| Dia sedang berurusan dengan polisi She has sth to do with the police. 2 get in touch (with) Jangan pernah berurusan dengan preman itu. Don’t ever get in touch with that gang 3 have a deal Apa kamu punya urusan denga dia? Do you have a deal with him?
-kepengurusan: n 1 management affair 2 arrangement affair Apa mereka melakukan kepengurusan itu dengan baik? Do they conduct the management affair well?
-pengurus: n manager, managing board Badan Pengurus Organisasi Managing Board of the Organisation
-pengurusan: n 1 management 2 arrangement.
-terurus: v 1 be managed 2 be cared 3 be handled Apa rumah itu terurus dengan baik? Is the house handled well?
-urusan: n 1 business Ini bukan urusan kamu This is not your business 2 concern Apa kamu punya urusan dengan kasus itu? Do you have any concern with the case? 3 responsibility Jangan menyingkir dari masalah ini, itu adalah urusan kamu Don’t get rid of this problem, it’s your responsibility.

urus-urus: n /ld/ purgative, laxative |a medicine or something that you eat that makes your bowels empty easily|

urut1; berurut: v /intr/frm/lu/ get (be) massaged.
-mengurut: v /tr/ massage Boleh urut kaki saya? Could you massage my leg?
-mengurut-urut: v rub sb  with care
-pengurut: n massager
-/idiom/ mengurut dada: be annoyed but can’t do nothing for whatever reason.

urut2; mengurut2: v /frm/lu/ 1 line serially Mereka mengurut panggilan sesuai abjad nama depan They line the call serially based on the alphabet of the fist name. 2 trace, review  Mari kita mengurut kembali apa yang sudah kita bahas. Let’s trace back what we’ve discussed.
-berurutan: adj 1 serial 2 chronological 3 in a queue.
-urutan: n 1 series 2 order 3 sequence 4 queue
-urutan kata: n word order
-urutan cerita/peristiwa: n chronology of the events
-urutan proses: n sequence of the process.

usah: adj /frm/lu/ necessary, need to, have to (usually used in negative form) Kita tidak usah pergi kesana It’s not necessary for us to go there. Tidak usah pakai mobil, mari kita jalan kaki saja. We don’t need to use a car, let’s just walk  Sebaiknya kita tidak usah makan siang dirumah, di restoran saja It’s better if we don’t eat lunch at home, let’s take it in a restaurant.

usaha: n /frm/lu/ 1 effort |the physical or mental energy needed to do something| Ayah saya menginginkan saya melakukan usaha yang lebih banyak lagi dalam belajar. My Daddy wants me  make more effort into my study  Saya sudah melakukan berbagai usaha menasehati dia I’ve taken many efforts to give him advice Ini satu usaha membantu para tunawisma. This is an effort to help the homeless. Itu semua usaha dia yang membuat pesta itu berlangsung dengan baik. It’s all her effort to make the party done well 2 endeavour |an attempt or effort to do something new or different|  Artis itu gagal dalam usahanya menciptakan gaya baru The artist fails in his endeavor to create a new style. 3 try |an attempt to do something|  Saya tahu itu sulit, tetapi kita perlu usaha. I kow it’s difficult, but we need a try  4 attempt |an act of trying to do something|  Apa kamu tidak bisa melakukan satu usaha berbuat baik kepada saudari kamu? Can’t you make an attempt to be nice to your sister? 5 business Keluarga itu punya usaha transportasi. The family has a business of transportation 6 venture |a new business activity that involves taking risks| satu usaha patungan baru a new joint venture (an agreement between two or more companies to do something together)
-berusaha: v 1 endeavour Dia selalu berusaha yang terbaik She always endeavour to do her best. 2 try Tolong berusaha datang lebih awal. Please try to come early. 3 attempt, try  Saya belum pernah berusaha memanjat gunung itu. I never try to climb that mountain!
-pengusaha: n 1 entrepreneur 2 company’s owner 3 industrialist.
-perusahaan: n 1 company Kamu bekerja untuk perusahaan apa? What company do you work for? 2 enterprise |a company, organization, or business, especially a new one| Toko itu adalah perusahaan keluarga. The store is a family enterprise. (owned by one family)

usahawan: n /frm/lu/ 1 entrepreneur 2 industrialist.

usai1: adj /frm/lu/ finished, accomplished Apa pekerjaan kamu sudah usai? Has your work been finished?

usai2: prep /frm/lu/ after  Usai sekolah dia menjajakan suratkabar. After school he peddles newspapers.

usak: adj /ld/ decrease. lessen.

usali; usalli: n /Isl./ 1 firm intention to pray. 2  word uttered upon beginning a prayer. 3 inten­tion.

usam1: n /ld/ 1 dregs. 2 waste remaining after the oil has been pressed from coconut meat.

usam2: adj /ld/ vague, dull (of color). –syn: /lu/ kusam

usang: adj /frm/lu/ 1 worn out, decrepit. kaus kaki usang worn-out stockings. 2 obsolete. pendirian usang an obsolete view. 3 dry, barren, withered.
-keusangan: n 1 decrepitude, obsolescence. 2 dryness.
-mengusang: v dry up. wither.

usap; mengusap: v /frm/lu/ 1 wipe sth off. Dia mengusap keringatnya dengan kertas tissue He wiped off his sweat with tissue  2 rub with care, stroke. Dia mengusap rambut anaknya dengan lembut He rub his child’s hair gently mengusap dada stroke sb’s chest (to express disappointment or sorrow).
-mengusapi: v 1 wipe sth  2 caress, stroke. 3 rub in.
-mengusapkan: v wipe with sth Diusapkannya saputangan ke dahinya She wiped her forehead with a handkerchief.
-usapan: n stroke, caress

usar: n /ld/ grass used to make fragrant oil.

ushuludin: variant of usuludin:

usia: n /frm/lu/ age. Usia kamu berapa tahun? How old are you? –syn: /lu/ umur
-berusia: v have been at a certain age Dia sudah berusia 5 tahun He has been 5 years old.
-usia sekolah: n school age.
-seusia: adv of the age of.

usik; mengusik: v /frm/lu/1 tease 2 touch on. Dia mengusik persoalan lama. He touched on an old problem 3 disturb
-pengusik: n 1 disturber 2 meddler

usil: adj /frm/lu/ 1 disturbing Dia seorang anak usil She is a disturbing child  2 naughty |a naughty child is a child that behaves badly and rudely or likes to bother other child| 3 mulut usil: bigmouthed
-keusilan: n 1 naughtiness 2 annoyance 3 bothering.
-mengusili: v 1 disturb 2 bother.

usir; mengusir: v /tr/frm/lu/ chase away |to make someone or something leave| Ada seekor kucing di halaman, tetapi anjing mengusirnya. There was a cat in the yard, but the dog chased it away. 2 repatriate Pemerintah mengusir dua orang asing karena bekerja secara tidak resmi. The government repatriated two foreigners for illegally working. 3 expel |to officially make someone leave a school, organization, or country| Guru mengusir dia dari kelas karena mengganggu temannya. The teacher expelled him from the class bothering his friends. 4 drive off |to force someone or something to go away from you| Polisi menggunakan gas airmata untuk mengusir para pengacau. The police used tear gas to drive off the rioting crowds. 5 evict |to legally force someone to leave the house s/he is renting from you| Carl diusir karena tidak membayar sewa. Carl was evicted when he didn’t pay the rent.
-pengusiran: n 1 chasing away 2 expatriation 3 expulsion 4 driving off 5 eviction

uskup: n /frm/lu/ bishop,
-keuskupan: n 1 diocese, bishopric. 2 of­fice or residence of a bishop.
-uskup agung: n archbishop.

usolli: variant of usali:

ustad; ustadz: n /frm/lu/ ustaz 1 term of address for Islam teacher. 2 lord, master,

ustadah; ustadzah: n /frm/lu/ term of address for a female Islam teacher.

Ustrali: variant of Australia.

Ustria: n Austria.

usuk: n /ld/ rafter

usul1: n /frm/lu/ 1 proposal, suggestion Apa proposal kamu di terima? Is your proposal accepted?  2 motion |a proposal that is made formally at a meeting and then decided on by voting|  Usul untuk menambah yuran keanggotaan club telah lolos dengan pemungutan suara 15 banding 10 The motion to increase the club’s membership charges was passed/carried by 15 votes to 10.
-DIP (daftar isian proyek): n project proposal list.
-mengusulkan: v propose, suggest /tr/ Pemerintah mengusulkan pembangunan terminal bus baru The government proposed the development of a new bus station
-usul perubahan: n amendment.

usul2: usul: n /frm/lu/1 origin 2 bases 3 beginning 4 original character
-asal-usul: n 1 the bases of originality 2 the root 3 the very beginning

usuludin: n /Isl./  one of the branches of theology per­taining to law and philosophy.

usung; mengusung: v /frm/lu/ 1 carry (together with others) on the shoulders 2 support Ada sejumlah partai politik mengusung pencalonanya untuk presiden
There are a number of political parties support her presidential candidacy.
-pengusungan: n act of carrying sth on the shoulders.
-usungan: n stretcher, lifter.

usur: variant of uzur:

usus: n /frm/lu/ intestines. appendix.
-usus dua: n small intestine.

usut; mengusut: v /frm/lu/ 1 investigate 2 examine Polisi sedang mengusut kasus itu The police is investigating the case
-pengusutan: n 1 investigation 2 examination
-pengusut: n 1 investigator 2 examiner

utak-atik; mengutak-utik: v /frm/lu/ tinker with sth
-pengutak-atik: n sb who tinker.

utama: adj /frm/lu/1 prominent, eminent. pemain pemain utama top player. 2 principal, prime. Alasan utama dia mengambil pekerjaan itu adalah untuk berjalan-jalan. Her principal reason for taking the job is to travel. Dia adalah Menteri Utama. He is the Prime Minister. 3 key Dia adalah saksi utama di persidangan itu. He was the key witness in the court
-keutamaan: n 1 priority 2 preference 3 particularity.
-mengutamakan: v 1 prioritize 2 prefer.
-paling utama: adj 1 the most important 2 the most priority 3 the most particular
-pengutamaan: n 1 prioritization 2 preference.
-terutama: adv 1 especially Berhati-hati mengemudi, terutama di jalan ramai. Drive carefully, especially on a crowded road. 2 particularly Saya tidak minum terutama kalau saya akan mengemudi. I don’t drink, particularly when I’m going to drive.

utan: variant of hutan:

utang: variant of hutang:

utara1: n /frm/lu/ the north.

utara2; mengutarakan: v /frm/lu/ present, state in public, petition Saya tidak punya waktu untuk mengutarakan pendapat saya tentang kasus itu I didn’t have time to state my opinion  on the case.
-pengutaraan: n 1 expla­nation 2 presentation 3 statement

Utarid: n /astr./ Mercury.

utar-utar: n /ld/ small round shield.

utas1: adj /ld/ skilled, capable.

utas2: n /frm/lu/1 cord, string, strand. 2 seutas: a piece |numeral classifier for long, thin, and supple things (such as ropes, string. etc.| Saya perlu seutas tali I need a piece of string

utik-utik; mengutik-ngutik: v /frm/lu/ touch with a finger, poke into sth to examine it. Dia sedang mengutik-ngutik komputer He is tinkering a computer. mengutak-ngutik persoalan look for the solution of a problem.

utilitas: n /frm/lu/ utility, usefulness.

utk.{untuk}: conj. /frm/wrt/ 1 for 2 in order to.

utopi; utopia: n /frm/lu/ utopia.

utopis: n /frm/lu/ utopian.

utuh: adj /frm/lu/ 1 complete Pastikan bahwa komputer dan kelengkapannya utuh. Make sure that the computer and its accessories are complete 2 whole Makan itu utuh masih disana The whole food is still there  3 intact Paket itu tiba dengan utuh The package arrived intact.
-keutuhan: n 1 totality 2 wholeness 3 integrity

utus; mengutus: v /frm/lu/ delegate sb
-utusan: n 1 delegation 2 messenger 3 envoy 4 mission
-Utusan Allah: n God’s messenger.

UU {Undang-undang}: n /frm/wrt/ law, decree.

UUD {Undang-Undang Dasar}: n the Constitution.

UUDS :Undang-undang Dasar Sementara}: n provisional constitution.

uwar: variant of uar:

uyel-uyel; (ber)uyel-uyelan: v jostle each other
-menguyelkan: v cause to jostle.

uyuh: n /ld/ urine

uzlah: n /ld/ meditation

uzur: adj /frm/lu/ vulnerable from illness or old ages
-keuzuran: n 1 vulnerability 2 weakness and illness. Dia tidak dapat datang karena keuzurannya He couldn’t come because his weakness 2 oldness

About binhom

English book writer
This entry was posted in Dictionary and tagged . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s