Dictionary C


adv adverb parts of speech
adj adjective parts of speech
Amb Ambon an ethnic in Maluku which speak a local dialect
Arb Arabian adopted word from Arabian language
ant anatomy terminology that is usually related to anatomy
Bal Bali local dialect of Balinese
Bib Bible Mostly written in a Bible
bio biology a terminology that largely used in biology
Btk Batak an ethnic in North Sumatera which has its  local dialect
Chn Chinese a word that is adopted from Chenese
chem chemical a word that related to chemical matter
comp comparative comparative adjective (bigger, more beautiful, etc)
conj conjunction parts of speech
dtr determiner parts of speech
excl exclamation parts of speech
frm formal used for official speech, writing, science, law, etc.
impr imperative parts of speech
inf informal largely used but not considerably appropriate for formal use
intr intransitive verb that has direct object
intrj interjection parts of speech
Isl Islam terminology that is related to Moslem praying or teaching
Jv Javanese a largest ethnic in Indonesia, the local dialect of which is largely adopted into Indonesian language.
Jpn Japanese a word that is adopted from Japanese
ld local dialect a word that is used locally
ling. linguistic a terminology used in linguistic
ltr literally a word that mostly used in literature
lu largely used a word that largely understood and used in the whole country.
math mathematic a terminology that is related to mathematic
med. medical a word that is related to medical matter
Mel Melayu the root of today’s Indonesian formal language
Mdn Medan a big city in North Sumatera which a specific local dialect
Min Minang an ethnic in West Sumatera which has local dialect and some of them is largely
Mnd Menado an ethnic in North Sulawesi which has a specific local dialect
n noun parts of speech
of old fashion a largely used word in the past and and now not many people use it anymore
off offensive a word that is considered not polite to be used  and may harm the feeling of sb.
pass.v passive voice
prep. preposition parts of speech
phr phrasal two or more words that are combined to express an idea
pre prefix a group of letters that is added to the beginning of a word in order to make a new word
prn pronoun parts of speech
tr transitive a transitive verb has an object. In the sentence “She makes her own clothes,” “makes” is a transitive verb
sb somebody a person as an object or a subject
Snd Sundanese a large ethnic in West Java that has its own local dialect
spo sport a word that is related to sport activity
sth something something as a subject or and object
supr superlative adjective (the most- the less- adj + est)
syn synonym a word with the same meaning or almost the same meaning as another word
tech technical used as a technical jargon
v verb parts of speech
vern vernacular unofficial language
vul vulgar not polite or taboo for most of the people
wrt written an abbreviation that is only used in writing not in speech

C; c: t∫  |the 3rd letter of the alphabet used in Indonesian language and English – approximately sound like ch in: charge; cherish; cherry; chess; chick; chief; child; china|

C: n 1 |symbol used for Celsius or temperature degree in centigrade| 2 |the third grade given to a student performance| 3 |if written in capital letter, the Roman numeral for 100|

cabai n /lu/ pepper, chilli  -syn: /lu/ cabe
-cabe merah: n red peper
-cabe rawit: n small and very hot chilli
-cabe paprika: n bell pepper.
-sambal cabai: n chilli sauce
-/idiom/: kecil-kecd cabai rawit small but courageous/brave/determined/ smart/ intelligent

cabang: n /lu/frm/ 1 branch (of a tree) 2 |lower unit of an organization| 3 |a particular subject /field of study/ sport, etc| 4 |smaller part of road/ river| Ini adalah cabang kali Ciliwung This is a branch of Ciliwung river
-bercabang: v /intr/ 1 branch Jalan ini bercabang dua setelah pompa bensin This road branches after the gas station  2 split  Pikiran dia bercabang kemana-mana His thought split away  everywhere (not focus)
-bercabang-cabang v /intr/tr/ have many branches. Sungai ini bercabang-cabang sebelum mencapai pantai This river has many branches before reaching the coast
-cabang: adj branch Ini kantor caban,  sehingga kami tidak boleh mengambil keputusan tentang itu This is a branch office, so we can not make a decision about it.

cabe: n /lu/ variation of cabai:

cabik: v /tr/  /lu/  tear  Hati-hati jangan cabik kertas itu. Be  carefull, don’t tear the paper.
-tercabik: v /intr/ be torn Apa yang membuat baju kamu tercabik? What made your shirt torn?
-tercabik-cabik: phr v tear up  Dia-mencabik-cabik habis photo si James She tore up James’ photo.
-secabik: dtr a piece of  Saya temukan secabik kain di halaman. I found a piece of  cloth in the yard.

cabir: n /ld/ tear or rip
-bercabiran: adj completely ruined,  goes in tatters Semua rencana besarnya telah bertabiran. All his great plans lay in tatters

cabo: n /lu/ prostitute

cabul: adj /lu/frm/ 1 vulgar, very rude, offensive, and often relating to sex   kata-kata cabul vulgar language 2 sexy |sexually provocative, intending to make someone sexually excited| Dia selalu memakai pakaian cabul She always uses a sexy dress.
-mencabuli: v /tr/ commit adultery |to have illicit sexual relation|  Dia mencabuli seorang gadis muda He committed an adultery with a young girl. 2 rage, spread (epidemics). Penyakit kolera sedang mencabuli penduduk desa itu Cholera ha being spreading between the villagers
-percabulan: n /lu/ adultery  Dia telah di hukum karena percabulan He has been punished for an adultery. syn: pemerkosaan

cabut: v /lu/frm/ 1pull Mari kita cabut rumput-rumput itu Let’s pull the weed out?
2 yank out Jangan cabuti rambut saya Don’t yank my hair out 3 draw Giliran siapa mencabut kartu? Whose turn is to draw the card? 5 walk out Ada tiga siswa cabut dari sekolah tadi pagi There were three students walked out of the school this morning.
-mencabut:  v /tr/lu/ 1 to pull sth out Dia mencabut pistol dari kantungnya lalu mengarahkan pada kasir He pulled  a gun out then he pointed it to the cashier. 2 withdraw |to stop giving something or stop making something available, especially because of an official decision|  Pemerintah akan mencabut surat izin perkayuan (penebangan kayu) di hutan ini. The government will withdraw the license for lumbering in this forest. 3 take a life of so Tuhan mencabut nyawanya sepuluh tahun yang lalu. God took her life ten years ago.  4 take back  Cabut kembali perkataan kamu, kalau tidak saya akan menuntut kamu melakukan tuduhan palsu. Take back your words, otherwise I’ll sue you for false accusation 5 extract Gigi geraham saya sudah tercabut. I’m having my wisdom teeth extracted. 6 rescinder  Oposisi telah mendesak pemerintah untuk mencabut kerjasama militer dengan Negara adidaya. The opposition urged the government to rescind the military pact with the superpower country.

cacad: see: cacat:

cacah1: n /lu/frm/ number, amount cacah jiwa population census.
-cacahan: adj digi­tal. kamera cacah digital camera
-pencacah: n census taker
-pencacahan: n census taking

cacah2: n /lu/ tattoo, a picture, word etc. that is put permanently onto your skin by cutting or using a needle and ink.

cacah3: adj minced daging cacah minced meat. –syn: cincang
-mencacah: v /tr/ chop also chop up  Mereka mencacah daging untuk membuat bakso They chop up the meat to make meatball.

cacar: n /lu/frm/ 1 smallpox 2 pustular skin,  eruption 3 vaccine
-cacar air: n chicken pox.
-cacar sapi: n cowpox.
-mencacar: v vaccinate  Apa kamu sudah dilatih mecacar bayi? Have you been trained to vaccinate a baby?
-pencacaran: n vaccination Apa pencacaran untuk cacar air tersedia di Puskesmas ini? Is vaccination for smallpox available in this Public Health Center?

cacat1: adj /lu/frm/ 1 defective |used to describe that so/sth not made correctly or not working correctly| Dia cacat moral He is morally defective Barang-barang cacat harus dikeluarkan The defective goods should be taken out   Kasus itu membuat reputasinya cacat The case caused his reputation defective  2 handicap, disabled, unable,   physically abnormal Sekalipun Sharon cacat tubuh, dia sangat pintar. Though Sharon is physically defective, he is very smart Akan ada turnamen olahraga internasional untuk para atlit cacat. There will be an international sport tournament for unable athletics 3 flawed |spoiled by having mistakes, weaknesses, or damage| Skandal itu membuat seluruh peristiwa penting itu cacat. The scandal made the whole event was flawed.

cacat2: n /lu/frm/ 1 |a condition in which part of someone’s body is not the normal shape| Dia punya bakat kuat dalam musik, sayang dia mendapat cacat pendengaran sejak kecelakaan itu. She has a good talent of music, unfortunately she has impaired listening since the accident. 2 damage |a condition in which part of sth is not as good as it is expected| Mobil itu masih baru tetapi sudah ada cacat  di bagian kiri badannya. The car is new, but it has a damage on the left-side body.

caci: v /lu/frm/ taunt, jeer, insult Dia caci gadis  itu sampai menangis He jeered the girl to crying
-mencaci-maki: v to jeer/curse/threaten/ insult/ humiliate severely

caci2: caci-makian: n /lu/frm/ words that used to insult/humiliate sb Caci-maki dia telah memancing kemarahan saya Her jeer has provoke my anger.
-pencaci: n someone who jeer/taunt

cacing: n /lu/frm/ worm

cadang; cadangan: n /lu/frm/ spare, reserve, stock Cadangan air sudah rendah sampai tingkat membahayakan Water reserve is dangerously low. Kami menyimpan sejumlah uang untuk cadangan darurat We keep some money in reserve for emergencies. Cadangan militer telah bergerak kearah garis depan Military serserves has moved toward front line. Negara punya cadanagan emas dengan jumlah sangat besar. The country has a big amount of gold reserve
-suku cadang: n spare parts
-pemain cadangan: n spare player  Apa kamu punya kamar cadangan? Do you have spare room?  Ini kursi cadangan untuk orang penting. These are reserved chairs for VIP.
-cadangkan; mencadangkan: v /tr/lu/ reserve, spare Apa anda boleh cadangkan dua kamar single untuk saya? Would you please spare/reserve two single rooms for me? Kami sampai di airport dengan mencadangkan waktu 10 menit We made it to the airport with 10 minutes to spare.

cadar: n 1 /lu/frm/ veil |worn by Islam women, bride, etc.|  2 something that stops you knowing the full truth about a situation| Cadar yang menutupi rahasia kematian Ahmad A veil of mystery surrounded Ahmad’s death.

cadas: n /geol/lu/frm/ a sedimentary rock formation such as sandstone or tuff 2 rocky ground

cagak: n /lu/ 1 a long stick or pole (bamboo, wood, or metal pipe) used to support sth such as a baranch of a tree 2 source  Kami menggarap tanah ini sebagai cagak kehidupan kami We cultivate this land as the source of our life 3 junction  Pada cagak jalan selanjutnya belok kekiri. At the next junction turn to the left.
-bercagak: v stand quite long  Saya sudah bercagak disini satu jam menunggu kamu I have stood here for an hour waiting for you.

cagar: n 1 /lu/frm/ protection  cagar alam natural reservation cagar budaya cultural reservation 3 guarantee cagar pembayaran advance payment

cahari; cari; mencari: v /lu/frm/ find, get, search, make (money) Dia mencat mobil bekas untuk mencari nafkah He paints used car to make money
-pencaharian: n wage, take home pay, income, earning

cahaya: n /lu/frm/ light |the energy from the sun, a lamp etc. that allows you to see things|  Tolong buka jendelanya agar cahaya masuk kedalam ruangan Please open the window to let light come into the room Cahaya disini tidak begitu bagus (terang) The light in here isn’t very good.
-/idiom/ cahaya hati sweetheart, beloved

cailah!: excl. to express surprise

cair: adj /lu/frm/ 1liquid, fluid  2 thin, weak, diluted susu cair ­diluted milk 3 normal Hubungan diplomatic antar kedua Negara itu sudah cair kembali. The dilomatic relation between the two countries has been normal again 4 cashable Apa cek ini boleh cair hari ini? Is this check cashable today?
-cair; mencair: v /intr/lu/ melt Es mencair pada 00 C atau kurang The ice melts at 00 C or lower.
-cairkan; mencairkan: v /tr/1 melt |make a solid thing to be liquid Cairkan jus beku itu dengan mengeluarkannya dari lemari es. Melt the frozen juice by taking it out of refrigerator. 2 cash Apa saya boleh mencairkan cek ini disini? Can I cash this check here?
-cairan: n liquid substance  Ada cairan di dalam bejana itu There is some liquid substance in the container.
-dicairkan: v /pas v./ 1 be melted Es itu boleh dicairkan di mangkok besar ini The ice can be melted in this bowl. 2 be cashed Apa ceknya sudah dicairkan? Has the check been cashed?
-pencairan: n cashing (payment)   Pencairan dana proyek yang terlambat akan mengakibatkan denda 5%. Late payment of the project cost will result in 5% fine.

caisim: n /lu/ vegetable Brassica chinensis

cakalang: n /ld/ tuna fish

cakal-bakal: n /lu/ a founder of a village, a pioneer.

cakalele: n /ld/ a dance which describe a war ln the Moluccas and Minahasa

cakap1: adj /lu/frm/ 1 able, capable, clever, skilful  Dia cakap menjalankan tugas She is skilful to perform a task 2 adroit  pemanjat cakap dan berani a brave and skilled climber. 3 /ld/Mdn/ good-looking. Dia seorang gadis yang cakap She is a good looking girl.
-kecakapan: n /lu/ ability, expertise, skill (in doing sth)

cakap2; bercakap-cakap: v 1 /lu/frm/ chat, talk Dia sedang bercakap-cakap di telepon She is chatting on the phone 3 speak Arnold bisa cakap Inggris Arnold can speak English.
-percakapan: n conversation Apa isi percakapan mereka? What’s the subject of their conversation. -syn: perbincangan
-percakapkan: v converse Apa kamu sudah percakapkan hal itu kepada ayah kamu? Have you conversed that matter with your father? –syn: perbincangkan
-bahasa percakapan: n conversational language pembicaraan

cakar: n /lu/frm/ claw, pincers, talon (of birds)
-bercakar-cakaran: v 1 fight, quarrel 2 scratch each other with claws
-cakar ayam: n chicken paw
-mencakar: v /lu/ scratch with pincers or claw
-pencakar: n sb/sth that scratch
-pencakar langit: n skyscraper |a very tall building or tower in a city|
-/idiom/: tulisan cakar ayam poor hand writ­ing.

cakep: variation of cakap adj /lu/

cakeram: variant of cakram:

cakiak: variation of bakiak:

cakra: n 1 /lu/ wheel |one of the round things under a car, bicycle etc. that turns and allows it to move| 2 a round and sharp metal that used as a weapon 3 Vishnu’s mythical weapon

cakrabirawa: n /lu/ a special security to the president in Sukar­no era

cakrakbuana: n /ltr/ the wheel of the earth

cakram: n /lu/ 1 plate, disk  |optic cakram optical disk| cakram angka/nomor! the round plate with a hole to dial telephone number

cakrawala: n /lu/frm/ltr/ horizon |the place where the land or ocean seems to meet the sky|  2 |the view or scene of the outer space from the earth|
-bercakrawala: v to have and follow a guidance in doing something

cakrawati: n a female ruler or the decision maker in an organization

cakup; mencakup: v /intr/tr/lu/frm/ 1 to catch something with mouth Cicak itu sedang mencakup nyamuk The lizard is cathing mosquitos with the mouth  2 arrest so/ sth with force Jepang mencakup putrinya menjadi wanita penghibur. Japanese troop took his daughter  to be an entertainer woman 3 embrace, entail, 4 include Apa laporan itu mencakup perkembangan bulan lalu? Does the report include the last month progress?   Apa saja yang dicakup dalam asuransi ini? Whatever are included in this insurance claim? Ajaran-ajarannya mencakup segala segi hidup manusia His teachings encompass all aspects of human life
-cakupan: n /lu/ scope, inclusion, cov­erage  Cakupan tanggung jawabnya sangat luas The scope of his responsibility is very wide. Bila tulisan itu harus di persingkat, kita harus mengurangi cakupan issu  pendukung. If the writing need to be shorthen, we’ve to reduce the inclusion of peripheral issues.

calo: n /lu/frm/ temporary travel agent – passenger recruiter for public vehicel 2  ticket scalper
-percaloan: n matter related to this activities

caloisme: n an attitude that support the practice of calo

calon: n 1 /lu/frm/ candidate  Jackson adalah calon partai democrat untuk jabatan kepresidenan Jackson is the democrat party’s candidate for presidency. 2 nominee  Dia adalah calon penerima hadiah Oscar. She is an Oscar  nominee  calon ibu mother-to-be 3 prospective  calon isteri prospective wife (bride)
-mencalonkan: v nominate, run for an official position
-pencalonan: n /lu/ nomination

cam1; camkan; mencamkan: v /lu/ 1 pay attention to Camkan apa yang saya terangkan Pay attention to my explanation Dia tidak berupaya mencamkan nasehat ayahnya He/she didn’t pay much attention to his/her father advice  2 comprehend Ceramah itu tidak bisa saya camkan. I couldn’t comprehend the lecture 3 convince  Coba camkan mereka bahwa kita tidak bermaksud menyakiti. Try to convince them that we don’t intend to harm.

cam2: see kecam:

camar: n /lu/ sea gull |a common grey and white bird that lives near the sea and has a loud cry|

camat: n /lu/frm/ someone who is appointed  to lead the public administration of a sub-district
-kecamatan: n subdistrict |an  administrative area lead by a camat|

cambah; kecambah: n /lu/frm/ sprout, shoot

cambang: n /lu/ whiskers, sideburns
-bercambang: adj /lu/ bearded, whiskered

cambuk: n /lu/frm/ whip |a long thin piece of rope or leather with a handle, used for making animals move or for hitting sth|  -/idiom/: cambuk pemacu stimulus, motive |sth that makes sb or sth move or react| 2 cambuk petir thunderclap
-cambukan: n 1 the action of whipping  Cambukannya sangat cepat His whipping is very quick 2 the result of whipping Cambukan itu meninggalkan banyak luka di kulitnya. The whip leave a lot of cuts on his skin.
-mencambuk: v /lu/ lash |hit so/sth very hard with a whip, stick etc| 2 motivate, stimulate Pengalaman pahit telah mencambuk dia untuk bekerja keras. Hard experiences motivated him to work very hard.
-mencambuki: v to whip repeatedly  Dia mencambuki kudanya. She lashed his horse repeatedly
-mencambukkan: v use sth to whip

camil: camilan: n /lu/ snacks 2 refreshment |food and drinks that are provided at a meeting, party, sports event etc – usually between two meals|  Camilan akan disajikan setelah konser Refreshments will be served after the concert

campak1; mencampakkan: v /lu/frm/ throw,  throw away Jangan mencampakkan sampah ke rumput itu. Don’t throw the garbage on the grass.

campak2: n /lu/frm/ measles

campak3: n /ld/ a kind of folk dance

camping1; compang-camping: adj /lu/frm/ torn, ripped, ruptured Dia tidak peduli memakai pakaian compang-camping He doesn’t mind to wear a ripped cloth  Permadani itu sudah compang-camping, tidak bergunalagi. The rag has been rupture everywhere, it’s useless.

Camping2: v /ld/ drop into water or liquid substance –syn: /lu/ cemplung

campur1: v /lu/intr/tr/frm/ mix Dia sedang mencampur semen ke pasir He is mixing cement indo sand. Campur semua bumbu itu dan masukkan kedalan sop Mix all the spices and put it into the soup.
-bercampur: v /intr/ 1 be mixed, be mingled, be put together Mentega, gula, dan susu telah bercampur dalam adonan ini. Butter, sugar, and milk have been mixed together into this dough.
-bercampur-aduk: v /intr/ 1 be mixed up 2 be mingled Buku, majalah, dan surat kabar semua bercampur-aduk diatas meja Books, magazines, newspapers are all mixed up on the table Rasa marah bercampur-aduk dengan rasa takut dan rasa kesal. Anger mingled with fear and disappointment
-bercampur-baur: variant of bercampur-aduk:
-campuran1: n 1 mixture Film itu adalah campuran hiburan dan rasa ketakutan The movie was the mixture of amusement and scare. Beton itu adalah campuran semen, pasir dan besi The concrete is a mixture of cement, sand, and iron 2 hodgepodge |a lot of things put together with no order or arrangement| campuran buku-buku lama a hodgepodge of old books  |
-mencampurkan: v put sth together with sth else Jangan mencampurkan kain kotor itu dengan kain bersih Don’t put the dirty clothes together with the clean one.
-campuran2: adj mixed  Cin-cin itu bukan mas murni tetapi mas campuran. The ring is not pure gold but mixed gold.
-mencampur-aduk: v /tr/ mix up Jangan Jangan campur-aduk masalah  pribadi dengan tugas. Don’t mixed up your personal problem with your task.
-mencampur-baur: variant of mencampur aduk:
-mencampuri: v get involve Jangan campuri kasus itu. Don’t get involve with the case
-pencampuran: n mixing Kamu bisa melakukan pencampuran dengan blender You can do the mixing with a blender
-pencampur bauran: n mixing up |the process of a mixing – up| Pencampur bauran ini terjadi karena tidak ada petunjuk jelas The mixing up happened because there was no fixed direction

campur2; bercampur; campur-aduk: adj /lu/frm/ 1 mixed  Apa kamu suka nasi campur? Do you like mixed rice? (rice mixed with vegetable, fish, meat, egg, etc)| Ini bukan katun asli tetapi adalah bahan campuran This is not a pure cotton, but it is mixed material 2 contaminated Air ini telah bercampur bahan kimia beracun This water has been contaminated by poisonous chemical substances 2 mixed up Banyak ras telah campur-aduk di kota ini Many races have been mixed up in this town
-campur tangan: v intervene, interference Kita tidak perlu mengundang pihak ke-tiga campur tangan dalam perdebatan kita We don’t need to invite a third person to intervene our debate
-dicampuri: adj /lu/ be intervened  Apa kasus itu dicampuri oleh pemerintah? Is the case be intervened by the government?

camuk2: berkecamuk: adj /lu/frm/ violent    Ada demonstran yang berkecamuk diluar sana There are violent demonstrators out there.

canang: n /ld/ a round small piece of metal that hangs in a frame and is hit with a stick to make a loud sound as a signal of emergency or to summon people into a particular place to pay attention to a ruler’s order or publication
-mencanangkan: v /lu/frm/ 1 to make public, to popularize, to promote Presiden akan mencanangkan perang melawan penyalahgunaan narkoba dengan menyampaikan pidato melalui siaran TV dan Radio yang disiarkan secara nasional The president will promote the war against drug abuse by delivering a speech on a nation wide TV and Radio broadcasting program 2 to publicize or proclaim a ruler’s new law, plan, or policy using small gong
-pencanangan: n /lu/ acknowledgement, promotion, proclamation Pencanangan kemerdekaan Indonesia dilakukan oleh Sukarno Hatta pada 17 Augustus 1945 The proclamation of Indonesia’s independence was made by Sukarno Hatta on 17 August 1945

cancang: mencancang: v /ld/ to put something in an upright position  Kami akan mencancang pohon Natal itu di pojok We’ll stand the Christmas tree in the corner Rumah itu mencancang kosong selama 20 tahun The house has stood empty (=not been lived in) for 20 years|
-mencancangkan: v to tie sth in an upright standing position
v stand upright Sekarang ada lapangan parkir dimana dulu sebuah bioskop tercancang There’s now a parking lot where the theater once stood.

canda1: n /lu/frm/ 1 joke 2 kidding

canda2: v /lu/frm/ 1 joke  2 kid

candak: adj /lu/frm/ can be picked up/catched  easily pinjaman candak kulak credit scheme for small investors

candi: n /lu/frm/ ancient Hindu or Buddhist temple or shrine candi bentar (Bali) split gate to a Balinese temple
-mencandikan; mempercandikan: v to honor a famous Hindu or Budhist leader by establishing a temple
-percandian: n 1monumental matters 2 everything related to a temple

candra: n /ltr/1 moon 2 myth |a person that is a personification of God|

candra2; mencandrakan: v /intr/ltr/ 1 named,  symbolize, represent Borobudur dan candi lain mencandrakan kejayaan Hindu dan Budha pada jaman dulu di Indonsia Borobudur and other temples symbilize  the superiority of Hindu and Budha in the past in Indonesia
-pencandraan: n /ltr/ symbolization Pencandraan kematian dengan warna hitam kelihatannya berlaku dimana-mana didunia.Symbolization sorrow by black color seems universal.

candrabirawa: n /ltr/ mythical leader -see: aji

candradimuka: n /ltr/ a legendary crater from which infants immediately emerge as adults and where someone can be changed to be very powerful  2  /Military/ officer candidate trainees

candrasangkala: variant of candra1:

candu: n /lu/frm/ opium (ready for use)
-kecanduan: n addiction kecanduan pada obat drug addiction Kecanduan dia pada alkohol membuat dia sangat kurus.His addiction to alcohol makes him very thin
-kecanduan: adj to be addicted to  Dia telah kecanduan pada judi He has been addicted to gambling  2 lover, fan, devotee kecanduan bir beer lover kecanduan bioskop movie fan.

cangah; tercangah: adj /ld/  widely opened Dia tercangah melihat mayat abunnya He was stunned to see his mother corpse  -syn: /lu/ terperangah

canggi; canggih: adj /lu/frm/ sophisticated Ini satu mesin canggih This is a sophisticated machine  teknologi canggih sophisticated technology

canggung: adj /lu/frm/ 1 clumsy, awkward Dia canggung memakai sepeda motor itu He is really clumsy to drive a motorcycle  Dia merasa canggung ­mengendarai mobil di jalan ramai. He fells un­easy to drive a car in a crowded road| 2 ill at ease Dia canggung bercakap-cakap dgn gu­runya She is ill at ease when she talks with her teacher  3 insufficient, inade­quate kemampuan yg canggung insufficient ability  pengha­silan canggung inadequate income
-kecanggungan: n /lu/ 1 clumsiness, awkwardness  2 (physical) handicap
-mencanggungkan: v /lu/ to cause awkwardness  Sikap orang tuanya mencanggungkan dia melakukan sesuatu His parents’ attitude created difficulties to him to talk to people.

cangkir: n /lu/frm/ 1 cup, small mug Tolong berikan saya secangkir kopi Please give me a cup of coffee cangkir tinta inkwell 2 /ld/ spur (of a fowl, bird)

cangkok; mencangkok: v /lu/frm/ 1 clone |to develop a new plant or animal from the tissue, the parts of a plant, animal, or human such as muscles, skin, leaves etc. that are made up of groups of similar cells| 2 cutting the shoot |to cut the shoot of a plant and grow it to be a new plant| 3 transplant |transplanting a human or an animal organ to replace the same organ of another person or another animal|
-pecangkokan: n transplanting  satu pencangkokan ginjal a kidney transplanting
-/idiom/cangkokan: false, unqualified Rumah sakit itu dituduh mempekerjakan paramedic cangkokan The hospital was accused of hiring unqualified paramedics

cangkol: n /lu/frm/ hoe |a farmer tool with a long handle, used for making the soil loose, removing wild plants, digging or cutting the soil|
-mencangkol: v /lu/ to cut/dig/loose the soil using hoe

cangkul: variation of cangkol:

cantle; cantelkan; mencantel: v /lu/frm/ 1 hook, to fasten, hang, or connect something onto something else  Cantelkan tali itu ke paku Hook the rope over the nail
-mencanteli: v /lu/ to use sth to hook something else on it  Kami mencanteli dinding dengan segala sesuatunya We made the wall hooked by everything
-cantelan: n sth that use to be hooked

cantik: adj /lu/frm/ 1pretty, beautiful (in appearance)
-bersolek cantik: v dress up
-cantik molek: adj 1 nice looking 2 (sport) well executed (smash, goal, etc.)
-kecantikan: n charm, beauty,sweetness, attractiveness Kecantikannya tidak membuat dia terlalu bangga.Her beauty doesn’t make her very proud
-mempercantik: v beautify,  to make up (an appearance)
-salon kecantikan: n beauty parlor

cantol: v variation of cantle:

cantrik: n /ld/ the follower of Buddhist or Hindu’s priest.

cantum; bercantum: v /intr/lu/frm/ 1 connected together, joined  Kulit tersayat di kaki kamu akan bercantum kembali dalam beberapa hari The cutted skin on your leg will be connected again in a few days  2 to be fastened to Satu lencana bercantum pada bajunya A badge is fastened to his shirt  3 to be attached to Grafik ini akan bercantum pada makalah itu These graph will be attached to the paper
-dicantumkan: v /pass.v/ be added to
-mencantumkan: v /tr/lu/ 1 to write down Apa kamu telah mencantumkan tanda tangan kamu pada surat itu? Have you written down your signature on the letter?
-pencantuman: n attaching, attachment  Pencantuman lebih banyak data akan membuat makalah itu lebih informative. Attaching more data will make the paper more informative.
-tercantum: v /intr/lu/ 1 be written Apa nama saya tercantum dalam daftar? Is my name written on the list? 2  included Jadwal penyerahan barang sudah tercantum dalam dokumen contrak itu. The goods delivery schedule has been included in the contract document.

capl: n /lu/frm/ 1 stamp Tolong buat stempel organisasi kamu pada perjanjian ini Please put your organization stamp on this agreement  2 seal Pastikan bahwa cap pada surat rahasia itu tidak rusak Make sure that the seal of the confidential letter is not broken cap pemerintah government seal 3 mark Cap pada surat itu menunjukkan bahwa surat itu diposkan di Semarang The mark in the letter shows that it was posted in Semarang cap air water mark cap lak wax seal cap dagang trademark cap pos postmark 4 print cap jari finger print cap jempol thumb print
-mencap: v 1 stamp, mark, label, print  2 brand, stigmatize Kawan-kawan sekan­tor dia  mencap dia pengecut His office mates brand/stigmatize him as a coward Kerja tukang pos itu bukan cuma mecap surat The job of  the postal clerk is not merely stamping letters

cap2: adj printed batik cap printed batik.

cap3: num ten cap go fifteen.

capa1{calon perwira}: n senior military cadet’s rank.

capa2: n |a wild plant which can be used as a medicine – Blumea balsamifera|

capa3: n |a game of heads or tails|

capai1; mencapai: v /tr/lu/frm/ 1 reach Apa kamu bisa mencapai pucuk pohon itu? Can you reach the top of the tree? Saya mencapai kota itu dengan mengenderai sepeda I reached the town by riding a bicycle   2 has been Nenek saya telah mencapai umur 75 tahun. My grandma has been 75 years old. 3 achieve Dia telah mencapai semua cita-citanya. He has achieved all his dream 4 obtain Marchel mencapai gelar PhDtahun lalu. Marchel obtained his PhD degree last year.
-pencapaian: n achievement.
-tercapai1: v be reached
-tercapai2: adj reachable.

capai2; kecapaian: adj /lu/frm/ tired, exhausted, weary Saya sangat capai ketika sampai disana. I was very tired when I arrived there.

capcai: n /lu/ hodge­podge |Chinese food made of vegetable, mushroom, fish, broccoli, etc mixed together|

capeg {Calon Pegawai Negeri}: n /lu/frm/ new recruited civil workers

capek: variation of capai:

capgome: n |celebration of Chinese new year on 15th day of the first month|

caplok: n /lu/frm/ 1snatch |to take sth away from someone, especially by force| Saya melihat dua laki-laki mencaplok dompet dia I saw two men snatch her purse. 2 illegally take over the ownership of sth Saya tahu mereka berniat mencaplok tanah ini. I know that they intend to take over the ownership of this land illegally. 3 seize or annex (a country) Musuh mencaplok negeri ini bertahun-tahun lamanya The enemy annexed this country for years
-pencaplokan: n annexation

capung: n /lu/frm/ dragonfly

cara: n /lu/frm/ 1 the way to do sth Kami senang melihat cara dia kerja di kebon We like to see the way he worked in the garden 2 method Ini satu cara bagus mengajar bahasa Inggris This is a good method of teaching English 2 manner Penyakit itu biasanya diobati dengan cara seperti ini The disease is usually treated in this manner 3 character Cara berbicaranya kedengaran seperti orang Cina The character of his speech sounds like a China 4 style Dia berpakaian sama seperti cara orang Barat He dresses like the western style
-secara1: prep. /lu/ based on Mereka mengadakan pesta kawin itu secara adat mereka. They conducted the marriage party based on their custom.
-secara2: adv /lu/ |word used to modify an adjective to be an adverb; <secara + adjective> as follows;
:baik (good) secara baik (well)
:hati-hati (careful) secara hati-hati (carefully)
:serius (serious) secara serius (seriously); etc. Mari kita pikirkan hal itu secara serius Let’s think that matter seriously 2 secara jujur: honestly Secara jujur saya katakan bawa saya tidak bermaksud menyakiti kamu. Honestly, I’d tell you that I didn’t mean to hurt you.
Note: The word dengan is also used as a modifier; see: dengan

caraka: n /lu/ 1 envoy, representative  caraka Negara asing foreign diplomatic envoy 2 messenger. -syn: /lu/ utusan

carawati: n /lu/ 1 delegates that represents female concern in a meeting 2 female envoy or delegates

cari; mencari: v /tr/lu/frm/ 1 look for Dia sedang mencari rumah untuk disewa She is looking for a house to rent 2 take (a break) Mari keluar sebentat mencari angin Let’s go out to take a break 3 cause, provoke Dia selalu cari masalah dengan tetangganya He always causes a problem with his neighbour. 4 seek, hunt for Dia selalu mencar kesalahan orang lain She always seek for others mistakes cari nafkah seek for money   cari alasan seek for an excuse cari sesuap nasi to earn sb’s living  cari akal seek for the way to do something  cari tahu seeking for information cari kerja looking for job.
-bercari-carian: v a) look for each other b) play hide-and-seek.
-pencarian; pencaharian: n /lu/ revenue, take home pay, income.
-/idiom/: 1 cari muka being polite and nice to someone, usually in a higher position for a hidden purpose 2 cari gampang easygoing 3 cari penyakit looking for trouble.

carik: adj /ld/ torn, ripped (of paper, cloth) –syn: /lu/ sobek
-bercarik-carik1: deter many pieces
-bercarik-carik2: adj striped |having a pattern of stripes|
-mencarik: v /ld/ 1 tear Dia mencarik satu surat sewaktu dia menangis She torn a letter when she was crying.
deter. a piece secarik kain katun a piece of cotton textile

carik2: n /lu/ chief clerk of a village.

carter; charter; mencarter: v /lu/frm/ to charter (vehicle etc.).
-carteran: adj /lu/ chartered Apa kita sebaiknya menggunakan mobil carteran atau taxi? Shall we use a chartered car or a taxi?  pesawat terbang carteran chartered aircraft
-pencanter: n who charters sth (car, etc.)

caruk1;  mencaruk: v /ld/ 1 notch, indent. 2 tap (for rubber).

caruk2: adj ravenous, gluttonous.
-mencaruk: v be glut­tonous.

cas1; mencas: v /lu/ recharge (a bat­tery)

cas2: adj /lu/ in good condition (battery) 3 bright enough (bulb)

cas-cis-cus: adv /lu/ speak to much but it’s not clear

cat: n /lu/frm/ 1 paint 2 tint, tinge
-cat air: n paint that use water as the thinner
-cat alis: n eyebrow pen­cil
-cat batik: n color material for batik
-cat bibir: n lipstick
-cat dasar: n primer, undercoat
-cat duko: n spray paint
-cat kuku: n nail polish
-cat luar: n outer coat (of paint)
-cat minyak: n oil paint.
-cat rambut: n hair tint
-mencat: v paint Dia sedang mencat pagar He is painting the fence
-bercat: adj painted Taruh gambarnya pada dinding yang bercat Put the picture on the painted wall.
-pengecatan: n painting Pengecatan rumah itu akan makan waktu lama The painting of the house will take much time

catat; mencatat: v /lu/frm/ 1 record Kita butuh seseorang mencatat data lapangan We need some one to record the field data. 2 taking note Apa saya perlu mencatat pembicaraan ini? Do I need to take note of this conversation? 3 write down Apa kamu sudah mencatat nomer teleponnya? Did you write down his phone number? 4 chalk up |to succeed in winning or getting something Lagi-lagi, tim Merah mencatat kemenangan atas tim Biru Again, Red team chalked up another win over Blue team
-catatan: n 1 note  Apa kamu punya catatan ceramahnya? Do you have a note of his lecture? Apa kamu akan membuat catatan kaki dalam buku itu? Are you going to put a foot note in the book 2 label/tag Tidak ada catatan harga pada gaun ini There is no price label/tag on this dress. 3 quotation catatan dari Shakespeare a quotation from Shakespeare.
-catatan harian: n diary Jangan pernah membaca catatan harian saya. Don’t ever read my diary
-mencatatkan: v /tr/ register (sth) Apa kamu sudah mencatatkan nama untuk kursus musim panas? Have you registered for the summer course? -syn: mendaftar.
-pencatatan: n registration, recording   Pencatatan peserta seminar akan dilakukan melalui Email Registration for the seminar participants will be done by Email Kami punya sistim pencatatan dan pelaporan yang akurat We have an accurate recoding and reporting system. pencatatan jiwa population cen­sus
-tercatat: adj registered Surat tercatat sedikit lebih mahal dari surat biasa A registered mail costs a little higher than common mail Apa mobilmu tercatat di Negara bagian ini? Is your car registered in this state?

catu1: n /lu/frm/ share, portion, ration Apa kamu punya catu beras? Do you have ration of rice?
-catuan: n share, portion, ration.
-mencatu: v 1 ration, limit amount (i.e. of gasoline per day) Karena harga minyak melambung secara tidak masuk akal, pemerintah harus mencatu pemakaian bensin Since the price of oil raised irrationally, the government has to ration the use gasoline 2 distribute, dole out (bit by bit).
-mencatukankan: v ei dole out, ration. Pemerintah memutus­kan mencatukan  beras karena persediaan terbatas. The government decided to dole out rice because the supply was limited
-pencatuan: n 1 rationing, doling. 2 allocation.

catu2: adj /lu/frm/ ration  beras catu ration rice

catuk1; mencatuk: v /intr/tr/lu/ 1 peck at |if a bird pecks something, it quickly moves its beak to hit or pick up something, especially food| 2 rap |hit or knock something quickly and lightly| 3 tap on |gently hit your finger or foot against something especially with the sharp edge of a weapon| 4 cut into (a coconut). 5 hammer.

catuk2: n 1 spoonful. Berikan saya secatuk gula Give me a spoonful of sugar 2 contents of half a coconut shell.

catuk3: tercatuk: v sit with head bowed.

catur1: n /lu/frm/ chess.
-bercatur: v play chess
-caturangga: n chess board
-pe(n)catur: n chess player
-percaturan: n 1 matter related to chess play 2 configuration, pattern, assemblage, arrangement, 2 set percaturan politik luar negeri foreign policy set up

catur2: n /frm/ltr/ four (only in slogans and titles)
catur warga: n a family of four persons (parents and two kids)
catur tunggal/caturwangsa: n a four-function board of executive  |governor, military commander, police chief, and public prosecutor are the members of decision maker board at provincial level
(Indonesia’s political concept of the 1960s)|
-caturjalma: n a four-level caste |some people believe that each person born into one caste of  four castes that can’t not be changed|
-caturwulan: n |one of three periods into which a year consists of  three periods and a period consist of four months and the first period usually starts from January|

catur3: v (Jv) talk.
caturan: n topic of conversation.

catus: variant of cetus:

catut: n /ld/ 1 tweezers, forceps. 2 tongs, pincers 3 /lu/ black marketer, scalper, corrup­tor
catutan: n /lu/ |income from black marketing, scalping, abusing of authority, etc.| 2 the thing that is black marketed
-catut kawat: n /ld/ wire clipper
-mencatut: v /intr/tr/ 1 extract, pull (a tooth, nail, etc.) 2 operate on the black market, be a scalper. 3 swindle, cheat, misuse sb’s position for gain
-mencatutkan: v /tr/lu/ 1 sell on the black market. 2 scalp.
-pencatutut: n /lu/ 1 black marketer. 2 profiteer, scalper.
-percatutan: n /lu/ black marketing.

catutisme: n mental attitude characterized by ef­forts to make a profit from sb’s official position.

caung: adj /ld/ concave |the shape of sunken cheek from too thin or if there is no more teeth| Pipinya caung karena kekurangan gizi His cheeks are  concave from malnutrition

cawakl: n /ld/ leash.

cawak2: n 1 dent 2 dimple |by a small hollow place on your cheek or chin, especially one that forms when you smile
-bercawak: v have a dimple

cawan: n /lu/frm/ bowl
-cawan lebur: n crucible.
-cawan petri: n petri dish.
-cawan pinggan: n porcelain plate

cawangl: n /ld/ check mark.
-mencawangi: v mark sth with a check.
-tercawang: adj given a check mark.

cawang2: varian of cabang:

cawat: n /lu/ loincloth, G-string.
-bercawat1: v wear a loincloth.
-bercawat2: v have tail between its legs (of a dog). 2 be very scared.

cawe-cawe: v /Jv./ work together, work hand by hand

cawik: secawik: deter. a handful.
-cawis; memncawiskan: v prepare.
-cawisan: n 1 stock 2 materials that have been prepared. cawisan enam lusin six dozes in stock.
men­cawik: v take up (liquids or grains of sth in cupped hands)

cb {cabang}: n /wrt/ 1 branch (of a firm, organization, etc.). 2 branch (of  tree, river, etc.)

CB {Citizens’ Band}: n citizens’ band radio.

cc: deter. cubic centimeter.

cd: see kertas:

CD {Corps Diplomatik}: n 1 license plates of cars used by diplomats. 2 Compact Disc

cebak; mencebak: v dig, mine.
-cebakan: n mineral deposit.
-cebakan bijih: n 1 ore deposit. 2 mine.

ceban: quant. /spo/Jkt/Ch/ 10,000, in daily trading.

cebok: v /intr/infr/ wash |to clean genitals or anus with water after defecating or urinating|
-mencebok: v to wash sb’s  genitals or anus
-cebokan: n water and the container used for “cebok

cebol: adj dwarf.
-/saying/: sicebol merindukan bulan the dwarf is longing for the moon, means “seek for sth that is impos­sible to reach  or gain”

cebong: n /ld/ tadpole.

cebur: mencebur: v /intr/lu/frm/ 1 drop 2 jump 3 plunge. 3 fall down |usually into liquid thing|
-menceburkan: v /tr/1  to plunge David menceburkan saudaranya ke kolam David plunged his brother into the pool 2 to get involved into an affair or case  Jangan menceburkan diri kedalam jaringan pengedar narkoba Don’t get involved into a drug trafficking
-tercebur: v /pass.v/ be fallen into sth (usually into liquid thing)

cecar; mencecar: v /lu/frm/ 1 bully 2 pester 3 bombard with a lot of question

cecer; tercecer: v /intr/lu/frm/ 1 be spilled, be scattered (in small quantities). 2 lost |get lost from the mainstream, get left behind in progress made by a majority|
-berceceran; tercecer: v 1 be spilled everywhere 2 be scattered everywhere (on the ground).
-mencecerkan: v /tr/ 1 spill, scatter about. 2 sow, scatter (seed).
-tercecer: v /intr/ 1 be scattered, be spilled

cecok: v /lu/ 1 harshly argue each other  2 quarrel 3 dispute  –syn: cekcok:
-percecokan: n 1 quarrel 2 dispute

cecunguk: n /lu/ 1 cockroach 2  betrayer  3 corrupt secret police 4 thief

cedal: variant of cadel:

cedera1; percederaan: n /frm/1 disagreement 2 conflict 3 bickering 4 ­quarrel 5 dispute
-bercedera: v /intr/ 1 disagree 2 dispute 3 quarrel 4 conflict 5 dispute
-mendererai: v to be disagree

cedera2: v adj /lu/frm/ 1 damaged  2 flowed 3 tainted Hubungan mereka sudah cedera Their  relationship has been tainted.

cedera3: v /lu/frm/pass.v/ be injure, be hurt, be damaged Supir itu cedera parah pada kecelakaan itu The driver was severely injured at the accident
-dicederai: v /pass.v/ 1 be injured by 2 be damaged by  3 be broken by Seorang pejalan kaki telah dicederai seorang supir brengsek A passerby was injured by a crazy driver
-mencederai: v /tr/ 1 injure |to hurt a person or animal| Tabrakan bus itu mencederai dua penumpang The bus crash injured two passengers
mencederai: v /tr/ 1 break 2 hurt Kenapa kedua negeri itu mencederai kerjasama ekonomi mereka? Why the two countries broke their economic cooperation? 3 betray  Dia telah dituduh mencederai negeri dia sewaktu masa revolusi He’s accused of betraying his country during the revolution

cedera4: mencedera: v /tr/of/ inspect |to make an official visit to a place, organization,  etc. to check if everything is going well and that rules are being obeyed| Menejer secara berkala mencedera unit pemadam kebakaran apakah unit itu delalu siap siaga. The manager inspect the fire department regularly to see if the unit is always stand by
-dicedera: v /pass.v/ 1 be inspected  2 be controlled

cegah; mencegah: v /lu/frm/ 1 prevent |to stop something from happening, or stop someone from doing something| Saya sedang mencoba mencegah perkelahian itu ketika polisi dating I was trying to prevent a fight when the police arrived Luka lutut telah mencegah Larry bermain tennis  A knee injury has prevented Larry from playing tennis 2 stop Cegah dia jangan masuk kedalam Stop him not going inside 3 protect |to prevent someone or something from being harmed or damaged| Pakai kacamata hitam mencegah matamu dari terbakar sinar matahari Use sun glass to protect you eyes from sunburn 3 keep out Cegah binatang masuk kedalam kebun Keep the animal out of the garden
-bersifat mencegah: adj 1 preventive 2 protective
-pencegahan: n 1 prevention 2 protection

cegat; mencegat: v /lu/frm/ 1 intercept Maradona tiba-tiba mencegat bola Maradona suddenly intercepted the ball 2 block Pagar betis polisi mencegat orang banyak itu melewati gerbang istana A police cordon block the crowd passing the palace gate 3 ambush |to attack someone from a place where you have been hiding| Sejumlah pemberontak mencegat iring-iringan kenderaan polisi A number of armed rebels ambushed the police convoy   4 stop, hail, flag down (a taxi) Mari kita mencegat taxi disini Let’s stop a taxi here.
-pencegatan: n 1 interception 2 blockage

ceguk: v /lu/ 1 gulp 2 hiccup
-cegukan: n 1 hiccup 2 gulp

cek1: n /lu/frm/ 1 check 2 bank draft

cek2: v /lu/frm/ 1 examine 2 check out. 3 verify |to find out if a fact, statement etc. is correct or true|
-pengecekan: n examination 2 checking out 3 verification pengecekan kesehatan medical examination or medical check up

cek3: see encik:

cekak1: n /lu/ |the size of sth that you can hold by your forefinger and thumb or the size of the circle that you can make by putting the end of your thumb and your fore finger| secekak benang a thumb and a forefinger that can be held of thread
-mencekak: v 1 hold sth with your forefinger and your thumb
-bercekak1; bercekak pinggang: v |open the fore finger and the thumb of your arms and put it on both sides of your waist while you are standing and usually you do it to show that your are relax, you are angry, or you are ready to fight|  -syn: bertolak pinggang

cekak2: adj /lu/1 short. 2 insufficient, inadequate. 3 too narrow, tight (of clothes). 4 rude, coarse (be­havior).

cekak3: n /ld/ 1 fight. 2 dispute 3 struggle
-bercekak: v 1 fight 2 dispute 3 struggle |compare to bercekak1 which is usually followed by “pinggang” (waist)|

cekak4: v /chess/lu/ check mate |attack the opponent’s king|

cekakan: n /inf/ a smallest unit of morphine in the black drug trafficking

cekal: adj /ld/ 1 relentless 2 gallant 3 steadfast Tim itu tetap cekal menghadapi keganasan cuaca The team was relentless in facing the wildness of the weather
-cekalan: n the ability to hold tightly Cekalan pegulat itu sudah cukup kuat The ability of the wrestler to hold tightly is strong enough

cekal2: v /lu/frm/ 1 arrest, capture 2 prevent, 3 tightly hold  Kantor imigrasi mencekal sejumlah bankir untuk pergi ke luar negeri The immigration office prevent a number of bankers from going abroad
-pencekalan: n prevention Pencekalan bankir itu keluar negeri dilakukan atas perintah pengadilan The prevention of the bankers from going abroad based on the court order.

cekam1; mencekam: v /lu/frm/ 1 |give or make a condition or situation which make we don’t feel free or safe|  Tinggal di tempat terpencil ini sangat mencekam perasaan Living in this remote place make our feeling unsafe and being trapped  2 hold |keep sth tightly with pressure or with an effort to prevent it to go or release again| Donny mencekan anak kucing itu didalam sebuah kotak selama perjalanan ke tempat berkemah Donny keep the kitten in a box during the way to camp

cekatan: adj /lu/frm/ 1 adroit, deft, adept. |able to use your hands quickly and perfectly,  or to think and use words quickly|  seorang penerbang yang cekatan adroit pilot
-kecekatan: n adroitness, dex­terity.

cekcok: v /lu/ quarrel, squabble, bicker, fall out. Dia sedang cekcok dengan seorang tetangganya She is quarrelling with one of her neighbour
-percecokan: n 1 dispute, 2 quarrel 3 altercation
-mempercecokkan: v /tr/ 1 bicker (about sth)  2 dis­pute (on sth)

cekdam: n /lu/frm/ embankment |a concrete wall on the bank of the river to protect erosion|

cekek: variabt of cekik:

ceker1: 1 n /lu/ foot of birds 2 claw.
-menceker: v scratch |turn upside the ground with leg to find sth (chicken)| -syn: ais; mengais

ceker2: variant of cekel:

cekeram: see cengkeram:

ceki: n /Chn/  card game. daun ceki the thin and small cards used in this game.

cekik; mencekik: v /lu/frm/ 1 strangle, choke, throttle |to kill someone by tightly pressing his/her throat with your hands, a rope etc.| 2 tremendously harden Harga bahan-bahan pokok telah mencekik kehidupan The prices of basic need has tremendously harden the life

cekikik: n /spo/ sound of a giggle.
-cekikikan: n chuckle, giggle.

ceking: adj /lu/ 1 thin, slender Dia sangat tinggi sehingga kelihatannya ceking He is very tall that’s why he looks thin  2 frugal, economical. |careful to only buy what is necessary|
-kecekingan1: adj 1 too thin 2 too frugal
-kecekingan2: n 1 thinness 2 frugalness

Ceko: n Czech.

cekok: cekokan: n /ld/  powdery herbal medicine |medicine that is usually taken by force|
-mencekokkan: v /tr/ forcefully put medicine into a child mouth 2 intensively indoctrinate sb on a certain ideology or belief
-mencekok; mencekoki: v /tr//lu/ 1 |physically force sb (usually a child to take medicine|
Note: Both mencekokkan and mencekoki are transitive verbs. Use mencekokkan if the direct object is medicine (sth). Use mencekoki if the direct object is the kid (someone)

Cekoslowakia: n Czechoslovakia.

cekung: adj /lu/frm/ 1 concave |curved inward like a bowl| sbuah lensa cekung a concave lens 2 sunken |built or placed at a lower level than the surrounding area| kebun yang cekung a sunken garden 3 hollow |having an empty space inside| pipi cekung hollow cheeks mata cekung hollw eyes
-kecekungan: n concavity
cekungan kaki: n arch |the curved middle part of the bottom of your foot|
cekungan tangan: n palm |the inside surface of your hand between the base of your fingers and your wrist|

cela1: n /lu/frm/1 flaw, stigma 2 defect, shortcoming, fail­ing, blemish 3 disgrace, shame.
-bercela: adj 1 flawed Pertunjukan itu telah tercela The performance was flawed.2 stigmatic Dia punya latar belakang yang bercela He has stigmatic family background 3 defective Masalah itu disebabkan oleh sistim yang bercela The problems caused by defective system
-tercela; dicela: v /pass.v./ 1 be blamed 2 be condemned 3 be disapproved 4 be disgraced   .

céla2: n /ld/ |a type of cotton fabric with plaid pattern|

celah: n /lu/frm/ 1 gap celah gigi gap be­tween teeth 2 crevasse celah batu es ice crevasse 3 pass celah gunung mountain pass 4 fissure  celah pada lumpur kering fissure on dry mud 5 furrow celah di tanah furrow on soil 6 rift |a serious disagreement| celah yang berkembang diantara dua Negara a growing rift between the two countries 7 slot |a long narrow hole made in a surface|  Celah mana tempat memasukkan kartu ATM? Which slot does the ATM card go in? 8 celah paha groin 9 chance, opportunity |a time or situation that you can use to do something that you want to do| Saya sedang mencari celah untuk masuk dalam jaringan sindikat itu I’m looking for a chance to join the syndicate network
-bercelah: v to have gap

celak1: n /lu/ cosmetic used to blacken eyelid.
-bercelak: adj made-up with such a cosmetic (celak)
-mencelaki: v apply “celak” on sth

celak2: bercelak: v /lu/ sparkle, shine, glisten, gleam.

celaka: v /intr/lu/frm/ suffer |to experience something bad, such as pain, sickness, or the effects of a bad situation| Kematian ayahnya akan membuat kehidupan keluarga itu celaka The death of his father will make the family live suffer difficulties
-kecelakaan: n accident |a situation in which someone is hurt or something is damaged without anyone intending it to happen| Kecelakaan lalu lintas telah membuat satu lengannya hilang A traffic accident made him to lose one of his arm
-mencelakai: v /tr/ harm Seorang pengemudi brengsek telah mencelakai seorang pejalan kaki A crazy driver has harmed a pedestrian
-mencelakakan: v damage  Hati-hati dengan alat ini. Ini bisa mencelakakan Be careful with this tool, it can be harmful

celaka2: intrj /lu/ 1 Damn! Celaka! Saya ketinggalan kunci mobil. Damn! I left my car’s key. 2 celaka dua belas: n /spo/ big problem Celaka dua belas, polisi sedang mengepung tempat ini. Big problem, police is seizing this place

celana: n /lu/frm/ trousers, pants.
-celana berenang: n swim trunks.
-celana bunting: n cut-offs
-celana cut-bray: n bell bottoms.
-celana dalam: n underpants, panties.
-celana jengki: n dungarees.
-celana katok: n short pants, shorts.
-celana kolor: n shorts with a draw­string.
-celana monyet: n 1 children’s playsuit. 2 coveralls
-celana Napoleon: n blue jeans.
-celana pen­dek: n shorts.
-celana tanggung: n knickers.
-bercelana: v wear trou­sers.
-mencelanai: v put trousers on sb

celekit: nyelekit: v /inf/lu/ 1 annoy  2 hurt (sb’s feeling)

celemek: n /ld/ apron |a piece of cloth you wear to protect your clothes when you cook or eat|

celemot; celemotan: adj /ld/spo. |full of or covered with crumb or leftovers from eating|  Bibirnya celemotan oleh es cream Her lips full of ice cream’s dribble

celeng: n /lu/inf/ 1 wild boar. 2 wild pig. 3  jerk. –syn: /lu/frm/ babi hutan
-celengan: n /lu/ 1 money box, piggy bank 2 deposit
-mencelengi: v put money in a piggy bank (saving box)
-uang celengan: n saving money, board money.

celoteh: n /lu/frm/ 1 chatter Saudarinya banyak celoteh Her sister has a lot of chatter 2 prattle |silly or unimportant things that someone talks about continuously|
-berceloteh: v /intr/ 1 chatter |to talk a lot about things that are not important| 2 talk prattle
-mencelotehi: v /tr/ tell sb chatter or prattle continuously

Celsius: n /lu/frm/ centigrade (oC) |a temperature scale in which water freezes at 0C° and boils at 100 0C. -see Selsius:

celup; mencelupkan: v /tr/lu/frm/ 1 immerse, dip. Saya suka mencelupkan roti ke dalam susu I like to dip bread in milk. Celupkan kwas itu ke cat lalu mulai melukis. Dip the brush in the paint and then start to paint. 2 immerse |to put something completely in a liquid, usually to dye|
-celupan: n 1 dip 2 dye
-pencelupan: n 1 immersion  2 dipping
-tercelup: v /pass.v/ gotten immersed.

celurit: see clurit:

celurut: n /lu/ rat |small animal which release musk, Suncus murinus linnacus|

celus: adj loose |not firmly attached to something| Cincin saya menjadi celus My ring is coming loose. –syn: /lu/ longgar

cemar; tercemar: adj /lu/frm/ 1 contaminated |spoiled by containing a dangerous or poisonous substance| 2 polluted |dangerously dirty| 3 defiled |less pure, good, or holy|
-mencemari; mencemarkan: v /tr/ 1 contaminate 2 pollute 3 defile
-pencemaran: n 1 contamination 2 pollution 3 defilement
-pencemar: n 1 contaminator 2 polluter 3 defiler

cemara1: n /lu/frm/ casuarina tree.

cemara2: n /lu/ long switch of hair or wig twisted into chignon.

cemas: adj /lu/frm/ 1 worried Kemana saja kamu? Saya cemas tentang kamu Where were you? I was worried about you?  2  apprehensive Jangan terlalu cemas akan masa depan kamu Don’t be too much apprehensive about your future 3 frightened Dia masih terlalu cemas untuk tinggal sendiri di rumah He is still too frightened to stay home alone 4 concerned Mereka cemas tentang apa yang terjadi pada kita They were concerned about what happened to us. 5 anxious  Mary sangat cemas mengenai hasil interview itu Mary’s anxious about the results of the interview 6 edgy |nervous and easy to upset| Ben sangat cemas setelah kalah dalam pertandingan itu Ben was edgy after losing the game
-cemas: v 1 worry 2 frighten 3 concern
-kecemasan: n 1 worry 2 fright 3 concern 4 anxiety
-mencemaskan: adj 1 worrying 2 frightening

cemas2; cemas-cemas: adv /ld/ 1 almost 2 nearly 3 about Pasien itu cemas-cemat mati ketika ambulan tiba The patient almost die when the ambulance arrived

cemberut: adj /lu/ sullen, glum, morose. |silently showing anger or sadness|

cembung: adj /lu/ convex |curved outwards, like the outside edge of a circle| sebuah lensa cembung a convex lens  –ant: cekung (concave)

cemburu: adj /lu/frm/ 1 jealous. a) |feeling angry or unhappy because someone you love is paying attention to another person, or because another person is showing too much interest in someone you love| Saya cemburu ketika dia berdansa dengan saudari saya I was jealous when he danced with my sister b) |feeling angry or unhappy because someone else has a quality, thing, or ability that you wish you had|  Ray cemburu dengan promosi saya Ray was jealous of my promotion. –syn: iri, sirik 2 en­vious |want very much that you had sb else’s things or achievement|  Banyak diantara kami cemburu atas keberhasilan Dora Many of us were envious of Dora’s success. –syn: iri
-kecemburuan: n 1 jealousy 2 enviousness
-pencemburu: n jealous isteri pencemburu jealous wife

cemerlang1: adv/lu/frm/ shine brightly Matahari cemerlang sepanjang hari The sun was shining brightly all day.

cemerlang2: adj /lu/frm/ 1 bright Kamu punya masa depan yang cemerlang You have a bright future  2 smart, intelligent Dia mempunyai pemikiran cemerlang He has a very smart thought Itu satu ide yang cemerlang It’s a smart idea 4 optimistic harapan cemerlang optimistic hope
-kecemerlangan: n 1 brightness Saya senang kecemerlangan panggung itu I love the brightness of the stage 2 smartness Kecemerlangan pemikiran dia membuat dia dihargai The smartness of his though made him admirable 3 optimism Kecemerlangan harapam dia telah memotivasi dia belajar keras The optimism of his dream has motivated him to study hard
-mencemerlangkan: v brighten Kerja keras kamu akan mencemerlangkan masa depan kamu Your hard work will brighten your future.

cemeti: n /lu/frm/ whip.
-cemeti dewa: n lightning.
-mencemeti: v 1 whip 2 lash.

cemil: secemil: quant a little bit.

cemong: adj /lu/ 1 dirty, soiled. 2 scratched (face).

cemooh: see:  cemuh:

cempaka: n /lu/ 1 tropical magnolia , champaca. 2 frangipani (and other similar flowering shrubs).

cempedak: n /lu/ a tree similar to jackfruit.

cempelung: variant of cemplung:

cemplung: v /intr/lu/ plunge |to fall down, especially into liquid, or to push something down with a lot of force|  Sebuah bus menikung keluar dan cemplung ke sungai A bus ran off a curve and plunged into the river. Jam saya cemplung kedalam kolam My watch plunged into the pool
-cemplangan; cemplungan: n /lu/ cesspool |a container under the ground where waste water from a house is collected| -syn: safety tank  -mencemplungkan: v /tr/ 1 cause to sink sth 2 insert sth into sth Seorang pencopet mencemplungkan tangannya kedalam kantong seseorang lalu dia lari kabur A thief inserted his hand into sb’s pocket and he strode away

cempoa: n /lu/ abacus. –see: sempoa:

cencang1: variant of cincang:

cencang2: v /ld/ manually clear an cultivate a piece of land

cendana: n /lu/frm/ |a very hard tree and smells fragrant genus Santalum album|
-/popular saying/: Sudah gaharu cendana pula Why you ask something that you already know about?

cendawan: n /lu/frm/ 1 mushroom, toadstool. 2 fungus, mildew, mold.

cendekia: adj /lu/frm/ 1 knowledgeable 2 well-educated 3 clever 4 intellect
-kecendekiaan: n 1 knowledgeableness 2 cleverness 4 intellectuality.
-pencedekiaan: n intellectualization

cendekiawan: n /lu/frm/ 1 knowledgeable person 2 well-educated person 3 clever person 4 intellect, intellectual.
-kecendekiawanan: n intellectualism.

cendera2; cendera mata: n /lu/frm/1 souvenir 2 memento 3 token

cendera3: adv /lu/ well (sleep) tidur dengan cendera sleep well or sleep soundly

cenderawasih: n /lu/frm/ bird of paradise. |Paradisidae heimii|

cenderung1: v /lu/frm/ 1 tend |to be likely to be a particular thing|  Ini cenderung akan sangat panas hari ini It tends to be very hot today 2 cenderung (memilih/memiliki): prefer |to like someone or something more than someone or something else| Dia cenderung memilih mobil warna putih daripada yang hitam She prefer to have white car rather than black car 3 like more Kami cenderung kepada pelamar sarjana baru tamat We like more the newly-graduate applicants  4 incline |to slope at a particular angle|  Tiangnya agak cenderung ­The pole incline a little

cenderung2: adj /lu/frm/ 1 preferential 2 likely, willingly 3 inclined
-kecenderungan: n 1 tendency 2 preference 3 likeness, willingness 4 inclination

cendok: n /of/ 1 spoon  2 scoop  –syn: sendok, skop –syn: sendok

cendol: n /lu/1 droplets made of doughy rice-flour  2 syrupy beverage made mixed with such droplets.

cengar-cingir: v grin /lu/inf/ |to smile continuously with a very big smile|

cengeng: adj /lu/ 1 snivelling |behaving or speaking in a weak complaining way, especially while crying| anak cengeng dan bandal snivelling brat 2 whining  |to complain about something in a sad annoying voice|

cengenges: cengengesan: v /Jv/ jeer |to shout, speak, or laugh in order to annoy or frighten someone you dislike|

cengir-cengir: variant of cengar-cengir:

cengkal: n /ld/ unit of length (about 3.75 m.). Petani kecil itu hanya memiliki secengkal tanah That peasant farmer owns only a tiny piece of land.

cengkam; cengkaman: n /ld/ 1 grip 2 squeeze 3 hold  lapiscengkam- supporting layer of road between surface and bed.
-mencengkam: v /lu/ ­1 grip 2 squeeze 3 grasp. Burung elang itu mencengkam mangsanya The eagle griped its prey 2 squeeze |to press something firmly inwards, especially with your hand|  Dia mencengkam lengan John dengan lembut She squeezed John’s arm gently. 3 grasp |to take and hold something firmly|  Dia cengkam sejumlah jagung brondong lalu dia pergi He grasped some of the popcorn and he left

cengke; cengkeh: n /lu/ clove |any kind of plant which flower or fruit tastes hot and smell good, used for herbal medicine, spices, and for kretek cigarette genus Eugenia aromatica
-bercengkeh1: v 1 plant cengkeh
-bercengkeh2: adj spiced with clove 
-percengkehan: n matter pertaining to clove cultivation

cengkeram1; mencengkeram: v /intr/tr/lu/frm/ tightly grip, hold, grasp, seize sth by claw or fingernail
-mencengkeramkan: v use claw or fingernail to tightly grip sth Harimau itu tiba-tiba melompat dan mencengkeramkan kuku pada mangsanya The tiger suddenly jumped and use its claw to grip its prey
-cengkeraman2: n grip, grasp, hold, seizure

cengkeram3: n 1 down payment 2 deposit |money we pay in advance for sth we ordered|
Notes: “mencengkeram” can be an intransitive and transitive verb. In case it is transitive, use  mencengkram if the direct object (directly after verb) is sth to be gripped  Use mencengkeramkan if what you use to grip such as claw, fingernail, etc is the direct object after the verb

cengkerama: n /lu/frm/ chat, talk, joke
-bercengkerama: v /intr/lu/ chat, talk, joke Dia sedang bercengkerama di telepon

cengkok: adj /ld/ crooked, twisted, bent, curved

cengkung: variant of cekung:

cengkung3; bercengkung: v /lu/ squat.
-mencengkungkan: v bend down.

cengli: adj /Ch/ 1 reasonable, rational 2 honest 3 appropriate

cengut; tercengut: variant of cengung:

centang1; centang-perenang: adj /ld/ 1 totally in disarray 2 messy
kecentang-perenangan: n disarray

centang2; mencentang: v /ld/ 1 hit 2 slap.

centang3: n /lu/ 1 check mark |usually √ sign at the line or word that need to be corrected| 2 sharpness (of photo)
-pencentang: ­n /lu/ brightening agent. pencentang bibir a substance that puts a gleam on sb’s lips.
-pencentangan: n enlightenment.

centeng: n /lu/ 1 guard, watchman. 2 foreman on pri­vate land 3 hired thug, hit-man.

centil: adj /lu/ showy, flirtatious (girl) |behaving in a way that tries to attract sexual attention, but not in a serious way|

cepak1: v /lu/ smack your lips
-mencepak-cepok: v smack sb’s lips while eating sth

cepak2: adj /lu/ 1 short (hair) berambut cepak with short hair

cepat1: adj /lu/frm/ 1 fast |moving, or able to move quickly or doing something or happening in a short time| pelari cepat a fast runner  mobil cepat a fast car  Subway adalah jalan tercepat untuk pergi ke pusat kota The subway is the fastest way to get downtown. seorang pembaca cepat a fast reader 2 speedy |happening or done quickly, or in a short time| Kami berharap gangguan ini berakhir cepat. We’re hoping for a speedy end to the troubles. chip komputer yang berkemampuan cepat speedy computer chip 3 quick |quick actions or events are done or happen in a relatively short time|  Saya akan makan pagi yang cepat dulu I’ll just take a quick breakfast first Natasia cepat mengerti permasalahan Natasia is quick to understand the problem  Janganmembuat gerakan cepat, atau kamu akan membuat takut kelinci itu Don’t make any quick movements, or you’ll scare the rabbit. Saya berjanji akan cepat, beri saya waktu satu menit bicara dengan dia I promise I’ll be quick, just give me a minute to talk to her. 4 early Pukul berapa penerbangan paling cepat berangkat What time the earliest flight?

cepat2: adv /lu/frm/ 1 fast |moving or doing sth quickly| Dia berjalan dengan cepat She walked fast. Kami akan selesaikan masalah itu secara cepat We are going to settle the problem fast  2 early Dia pulang dengan cepat hari ini She went home early this morning 3 quickly Apa kamu dapat melakukannya dengan cepat? Can you do it quickly? Dia merenggutkan kunci itu dari tangan saya dan dia keluar dengan cepat She grab the key from my hand and she went out quickly
-kecepatan: n 1 speed 2 quickness 3 fastness 4 promptness 5 rapidity 6 velocity
-mempercepat: v 1 speed up 2 faster up 3 accelerate 4 quicker up
-pemercepat: n accelerator
-percepatan: n 1 acceleration

cepek: num. /Jkt/Ch/spo/ 100 (a hundred) in commercial transactions.

cepek-ceng: num /Jkt/Ch/spo/ 100,000.

cepeng: num. a half of cent. Saya tidak punya uang secepengngpun I don’t have money even a half of cent
-secepengan: adj 1 cheap 2 not worth much. cinta secengan cheap (false) love.

ceper1: adj /lu/ shallow and rimmed (of bowl, saucer). pi­ring ceper soup dish.
-/idiom/: dapat piring ceper get a soup dish (shallow bowl) means: be unfortunate, have small livelihood.

ceper2: n /lu/ tray

ceplas-ceplos: sdv /lu/inf/ 1 speak out frankly 2 speak unin­hibitedly Kebiasaan dia bicara ceplas-ceplos It’s his habit to speak out frankly

ceplok1: n /lu/ circle-shaped. kain ceplok cloth with a large polka dot pattern. telur ceplok fried egg |without stirring or mixing the white and the yolk|
-ceplok piring: n /ld/ flower.
-menceplok: v fry (of eggs).

ceplok2: n /spo/ sound of stamping feet. 2 repeated stamping sound. Sudah tahu ada orang tidur kok jalan menceplok di dalam rumah You know that sb is sleeping but you still shuffle and stamp in the house.

ceplos; menceplos: v /lu/ blurt out |to say sth suddenly and without thinking the consequence of it, usually because you are nervous or excited|  “Karena saya cinta kamu” Bob menceplos “Because I love you!”  Bob blurted.
-keceplosan1: v be blurted out
-keceplosan2: n blurt |the sate of being blurted| Wajahnya merah menyadari keceplosan itu He grew red in the face upon aware that he was blurted out

cepret: n sound of clicking (cameras, etc.), sound of squashing (an insect).
-mencepret: v squash sth flat.

cerabut: n /lu/ uproot.
-tercerabut: v 1 be uprooted 2 collapse

ceracah: n /ld/ sound of rain, brooks, etc.
-menceracah: v babble (brook)

cerah: adj /lu/frm/ 1 bright (day, sun, moon, light, color, etc) a) hari cerah bright day, matahari cerah bright sun bulan cerah bright moon, warna cerah bright color 2 clear (weather, glass, sight) cuaca cerah clear weather kaca cerah clear glass penglihatan cerah clear sight 3 prospective, hopeful (career, future) karir yang cerah prospective career masa depan yang cerah hopeful future 3 auspicious (plan, effort, endeavour, beginning, hope) rencana/upaya/perjuangan  yang cerah auspicious planning/effort/endeavour permulaan yang cerah auspicious beginning (of a career) harapan yang cerah auspicious hope 4 sharp, detailed (picture, thought/idea, proposition) foto yang cerah sharp picture pemikiran yang cerah sharp idea/thought  dasar-dasar pertimbangan yang cerah sharp proposition
-kecerahan: n 1 brightness 2 sharpness 3 prospect
-mencerahkan: v 1 brighten 2 sharpen 3 give and effort to be prospective
-pencerahan: n 1 brightening 2 sharpening 3 the state of being prospective

cerai; bercerai: v /intr/lu/frm/ 1 divorce  Orangtua saya bercerai waktu saya masih di sekolah lanjutan My parents divorced when I was at a secondary school 2 separate The litter separated from the hen when an hawk tried to attack Anak-anak ayam itu bercerai dari induknya waktu seekor elang mencoba menyerang
-cerai-berai: v /intr/ disperse |to scatter in different directions| Kerumunan itu cerai-berai setalah polisi menggunakan gas air mata The crowd dispersed after police used tear gas  2 spread out |move apart from each other to cover a wide area|  Kalau kita cerai berai kita akan mudah diserang musuh If we spread out we’ll be vulnerable to be attacked by the enemy
-menceraikan: v /tr/ divorce sb Dia menceraikan isterinnya hanya setahun setelah pernikahan He divorced his wife just a year after the marriage
-mencerai-beraikan: v /tr/ disperse Polisi mencerai-beraikan kerumunan itu dengan gas air mata The police dispersed the crowd by using tear gas
-perceraian: n 1 divorce |the legal ending of a marriage| Sebenarnya saya tidak menginginkan perceraian ini, tetapi isteri saya Actually I didn’t want this divorce but my wife 2 separation 3 disintegration 3 disassociation
-tercerai: adj 1 separated 2 remote 3 disconnected

ceramah: n /lu/frm/ 1 lecture a) |a long talk to a group of people about a particular subject|  Dia sedang memberi ceramah tentang kosmetik yang berhasiat obat She’s giving a lecture on medical cosmetics b) |a long serious talk that criticizes someone or warns him/her about something: Orang tua saya memberikan ceramah lagi tentang tugas-tugas sekolah saya. My parents gave me another lecture about my school work. 2 speech |a talk, especially a formal one about a particular subject, given to a particular audience|  Menteri memberi ceramah pada seminar tentang pemanasan global tersebut The Minister gave a speech in the seminar on the global warming  3 preach |to give a speech, usually in a church, about a religious subject|  Pendeta itu akan memberi ceramah singkat kepada pengantin The pastor will make a short preach to the bride and the bridegroom
-berceramah: v /intr/ 1 lecture 2 give speech 3 preach
menceramahi: v /tr/ 1 lecture sb 2 give speech to sb 3 preach sb

cerber {ceritera bersambung}: n /lu/ serial story.

cerbergam {cerita bergambar}: n /lu/ comical story

cerbersam: variant of cerber.

cerca; mencerca: v /lu/frm/ 1 scorn |to tell or to make a statement  that you think a person, idea, or suggestion is stupid or not worth acceptable| Dia selalu mencerca pendapat siapa saja yang tidak sependapat dengan dia He always scorns the opinions of anyone who disagreed with him 2 deride |to say that something is silly, not perfect, or not valuable|  3 revile |to express hatred of someone or something|
-cercaan: n 1 scorn 2 derision 3 disdain
-pencerca: n 1 critic 2 faultfinder

cercah; secercah: deter. /lu/ |a little bit or amount of sth| 1 shaft secercah sinar a shaft of light 2  bit secercah harapan a bit of expectation 3 bite secercah coklat a bite of chocolate 4 glance secercah pandangan a glance of look 5 pinch secercah garam pinch of salt
-mencercah: v 1 cut into small pieces 2 slice
-cercahan: n 1 small cutting 2 thin slice 3 slice 4 pinch

cerdas: adj /lu/frm/ 1 intelligent Dia seorang politisi cerdas He is an intelligent politician 2 smart Apa dia seorang siswa yang cerda? Is she a samart sudent? 3 bright Itu satu pemikiran cerdas It’s a bright thought 4 shrewd Dia seorang pebisnis wanita yang cerdas She is a shrewd business-woman 5  clever Seekor kucing yang cerdas A clever cat 6 agile Dia sudah 92 tahun tetapi secara mental masih cerdas She’s 92, but still mentally agile.
-kecerdasan: n 1smartness 2 brightness 3 intelligence 4 intellectuality 5 agility 6 shrewdness
-mencerdaskan: v 1 educate 2 smarten 3 sharpen 4 intellectualize sb’s mind 5 develop sb’s mind,
-cerdas cermat: adj smart and scrupulous
-cerdas tangkas1: adj smart and adroit
-cerdas tangkas2: n quiz contest.

cerdik: adj /lu/frm/ 1 shrewd 2 clever 3 agile 3 cunning 4 tricky
-cerdik pandai: n intellectual
-kecerdikan: n 1cleverness 2 astuteness 3 cun­ning 4 shrewdness.
Notes: In many ways cerdas and cerdik have many similarities. Both relate to the ability to think, to apply expertise, or to use skill. However, using cerdik must be a little careful. In many cases it implicitly means or it is interpretable to have negative meaning such as the ability of deceiving people.

cerecek: n /ld/ a kind of freshwater fish – Cyclocheilichthys apogon

cerek: n /lu/ 1 boiling kettle 2 watering can.

cerek2: n /ld/ any grass which leaves are used for herbal medicine – Clausena excavata

ceremai: variant of cermai:

ceret: variant of cerek:

cerewet1: adj /lu/spo/ 1 fussy |too much complain about things that are not very important| 2 finicky, hard to please |someone who is only likes a few kinds of thing that is needed and will grumble if what he/she want is not available| 2 grumbler, carp,  |complain too much in slightly angry way|

cerewet2: mencereweti: v /lu/ fussy |complain and upset| Berhenti cerewet! Kita sebentar lagi akan tiba. Stop fussing! We’ll be home soon!

ceria: adj /lu/frm/ 1 cheerful 2 pure, clean, fresh. 3 cloudless.
-menceriakan: v /intr/ 1 cheer 2 cleanse 3 purify
-keceriaan: n 1 cheerfulness 2 pu­rity 3 cleanness

ceria2: n /ltr/ 1 oaths and formulas read at the in­stallation of a king 2 protocol |the system of rules for the correct way to behave on official occasions in a kingdom|

ceringis1: n /lu/ wide grin.

ceringis2: v /lu/ grin widely

cerita: n /lu/frm/ 1 story |a description of an event that is intended to entertain people| Film itu didasarkan pada cerita sebenarnya. The movie is based on a true story. cerita tentang hantu a ghost story satu cerita percintaan a love story 2 chronology |the process of an event, occasion, or occurrence| Coba katakan bagaimana cerita kejadian itu Tell me the chronology of  the occurrence/ event/incident| 3 tale Nenek selalu menuturkan cerita sebelum tidur Grandma always tell me a tale before sleeping 4 experience Dia menuturkan pada kami ceritanya selama dalam perjalanan. He told us his experience during his tour 5 novel Saya sedang menulis sebuah buku cerita I’m writing a novel
-banyak cerita: adj story teller Dia orang yang banyak cerita He is a story teller man
-bercerita; menceritakan: v 1 tell the story 2 give the report
cerita antah berantah: n yarn
-cerita bergambar: n comic book
-cerita bersambung: n serial
-cerita dongeng: n tale
-cerita karangan: n fiction
-cerita sebenarnya: n true story
-cerpen {cerita pendek}: n short story
-pendek cerita: adv to shorten Pendek cerita, kemudian kami membawanya pulang To shorten the story, then we took him home.
-pembaca/pembawa cerita: n narrator, reporter

ceritera: variant of cerita

ceriwis: adj /ld/ talkative |liking to talk a lot|

cerlang; cemerlang: adj /lu/frm/ 1 bright 2 gleaming.
-kecemerlangan: n 1 smartness 2 brightness 3 brilliance

cerlih: n /ld/ any kind of squirrel – Callosciurus

cermai: n /ld/ 1 a small red fruit often candied 2 the tree of such fruit – Phyllantus acidus

cermat1: adj /lu/frm/ 1 accurate, precise, punctilious 2 careful, prudent, cautious, frugal 3 neat, orderly, con­scientious 4 adroit, agile Apa menurut kamu perkiraan ini cermat? Do you think that this calculation is accurate?  Dia membuat peta yang cermat He drew an accurate map Dia cermat dalam  mengambil keputusan He is agile in making a decision

cermat2: adv /lu/frm/1 accurately, precisely, punctiliously 2 carefully, prudently, cautiously, frugally 3 neatly, conscientiously Dia selalu mengatur perabotannya dengan cermat She always set her furniture neatly
-kecermatan: n 1 accurateness  2 precision 3 punctiliousness 2 carefulness, prudence, cautiousness, frugality 3 neatness, conscientiousness
-mencermati: v 1 observe 2 scrutinize

cermin: n /lu/frm/ 1 mirror 2 model |a person or thing that is a perfect example of something good and is therefore worth copying| Kartini adalah cermin kepahlawanan wanita Indonesia Kartini was a model of the Indonesian women’s heroism 3 representative Jakarta adalah cermin keragaman budaya di Indonesia Jakarta is a representative of Indonesian cultural heterogeneity 4 reflection Jajag pendapat ini bermaksud untuk melihat cermin pendapat rakyat tentang aborsi This pooling aims to see the reflection of people opinion about abortion
-bercermin: v 1 too see your reflection on a mirror 2 /idiom/ to learn sth from other people or take sth as an example  3 have a mirror (on sth)
-cerminan: n 1 reflection 2 image
-mencerminkan: v reflect Sikapnya tidak mencerminkan pendidikannya yang tinggi His attitude doesn’t reflects his high education
-tercermin: v /pass,v/ be reflected Bahwa dia punya pengalaman panjang sebagai diplomat tercermin pada cara dia bicara That he’s a long experience as a diplomat was reflected on his way to talk

ceroboh: adj /lu/frm/ 1 careless a) |not paying enough attention to what you are doing| Kamu sangat ceroboh meninggalkan kunci di dalam mobil It was very careless of you to leave your keys in the car. b) |done without much effort or attention to detail| Ini pekerjaan yang sangat ceroboh Jangan berbuat seperti itu lagi This is very careless work Don’t do it again! 2 improper Itu satu keputusan ceroboh It was an improper decision
-kecerobohan: n 1 carelessness 2 improperness

cerobong: n /lu/frm/ 1 chimney 2 smokestack |a tall chimney  at a factory or on a ship| 3 funnel |a tube with a wide top and a narrow bottom, used for pouring liquids or powders into a container|

cerocos; mencerocos: v /lu/infr/ interruptedly and unexpectedly speak in the middle of a meeting or a serious conversation

cerpen {ceritera pendek}: n /lu/ short story.

cerpenis: n /lu/ short story writer.

cerucut: n cone.
-cerucut es: n icicle.

cerutu: n cigar

cespleng: adj /lu/spo/ instant (in curing or pain relief)

cet: n /lu/ paint Saya perlu cet untuk pagar ini I need paint for this fence –syn: cat:

cetak; mencetak: v /lu/frm/ 1 print |to produce words, numbers, or pictures on paper, using a machine that puts ink onto the surface|  Mesin ini mampu mencetak 60 lembar per menit This machine can print 60 pages a minute
-barang cetakan: n printed material
-cetak biru: n blue print
-cetak percobaan: n proofs, proof sheet
-cetak roda: v cast a wheel
-cetak ulang:
v reprint
-kue cetakan: n shape cookies
-pencetak: n 1 printer (tool, machine) 2 |a person, organization, or company who manage printing process|
-percetakan: n printing house, press Apa kamu sudah mendengar dari percetakan kapan bukunya akan diserahkan? Have you heard from the printing house when the book will be delivered?
-pencetakan: n printing (the process) Pencetakan akan mulai hari ini The printing will be start today
2  mold, cast |to shape a solid substance by pressing or rolling it or by putting the liquid form of it into a mold or matrix| 3 produce |to prepare |to make something happen or develop, or have a particular result| Pusat pelatihan ini
telah berhasil mencetak beberapa juara bulu tangkis tingkat nasional, regional, dan internasional The training centre has successfully produce a number of national, regional, and international  badminton champions  4 gain |to get, win, or achieve something that is important, useful, or valuable| Saya berharap kontingen kita akan mencetak banyak prestasi pada turnamen yang akan datang I hope that our contingent will gain a lot of prestige in the next tournament.

cetek1: adj /Jkt/lu/inf/ 1 shallow (river, etc.). 2 superficial (knowledge, experiment, observation, experience) –syn: /lu/frm/ dangkal

cetek2: n /spo/ sound of a click.
-mencetekkan: v click on (a switch).

cetus: n /lu/frm/ 1 sound of sth being struck  against stone. 2 cetus api: fire spark
-cetusan: n grievance  |something that you complain about because you think it is unfair| Buruh menuliskan ungkapan hati mereka pada  spanduk besar. The labour wrote down their grievance on a big banner
-mencetuskan: v /tr/1 proclaim, declare, state |to state officially and publicly that something is happening or that something is true| Sejumlah politisi mencetuskan pendirian sebuah partai politik baru tadi pagi A number of politicians declared the establishment of a new political party this morning 2 disclose |to make something known by other people| Dalam rapat ketua partai mencetuskan niatnya mengundurkan diri akhir tahun ini At the meeting the chairman of the party disclosed his intention to resign by the end of this year 4 burst out Tiba-tiba dia mencetuskan “Saya cinta pada kamu” Sudenly he burst out to say “I love you” 4 initiate Gubernur mencetuskan program ini dua tahun yang lalu The governor initiated this program two years ago
-pencetus: n 1 declarer 3 initiator
-tercetus: v /intr/ 1 be declared 2 be disclosed 3 be stated Bahwa dia mencintaiku tercetus dari dia sendiri
That he loves me was stated by himself -pencetusan: n 1declaration 2 statement 3 disclosure 4 acknowledgement 5 initiation

cewek: n /lu/inf/ 1 common address for young woman or girl Siapa cewek itu? Who is that girl? 2 girl friend. Apa kamu punya cewek? Do you have a girlfriend?

cibir; mencibir: v /intr/lu/frm/ pout a) |to push out your lips because you are annoyed|  Berhenti mencibir dan makan makanan kamu Stop pouting and eat your food b) |in order to give a sign that you are interesting on sth especially if it’s followed by smile| Apa maksud dia? Dia selalu mencibir setiap kali kita bertemu. What does she mean? She always spout on you any time we meet c) |look down on sth| Dia selalu mencibir setiap kali dia melihat saya pakai sepatu baru She always spout any time I put a new shoes
-mencibirkan: v /tr/lu/ spout |sb’s lip|
-mencibiri: v /tr/lu/ spout (at sb or sth)

cibit; mencibit: v /lu/ pinch |to press a part of someone’s flesh very tightly, either between two hard surfaces or between your finger and thumb|  Aduh! Ibu, Natasia mencubit tangan saya Ow! Mammy, Natasia pinched my arm!

cicak: n /lu/frm/ small house lizard.
cicak terbang: flying liz­ard.

cicil1; mencicil: v /lu/ pay in instalments.
-cicilan: n instalment Boleh saya bayar dengan cicilan? Can I pay it in instalment?
-mencicilkan: v let sth to be paid by instalment Dealer mobil itu akan mencicilkan penjualan mobil itu The dealer of the car will sell the car paid by instalment
-pencicilan: n instalment Pencicilan akan berlangsung dalam dua tahun The instalment will last for two years

cicil2; mencicil: v /ld/ pay instalment

cicip1; mencicipi: v /lu/frm/ 1 taste (during preparation of food) Kepala juru masak selalu mencicipi makanan sebelum penyajian The chef always tastes the food before serving  2 sip at, eat (a bit) Dia mencicipi sop itu dan berkata; Bagus! Rasanya enak. She sip the soup and said “Good! Tastes delicious  3 enjoy |experience sth| Apa anda sudah pernah mencicipi kemewahan hotel kami? Have you ever enjoy the luxury of our hotel?
-cicipan: n sample to be tasted
-pencicip: n taster.

cicip2: n /spo/ sound of birds, chicks, etc.
-mencicip: v chirp, twitter, cheep.

cicit1: n /lu/frm/ great-grandchild, great-great-grandchild.

cicit2: n /spo/ sound of an animal squeaking.
-mencicit: v 1 squeak (of a mouse, etc.). 2 tweet (of a canary).

cidera: variant of cedera:

ciduk; menciduk: v /lu/frm/ 1 arrest. 2 seize 3 kidnap
-pencidukan: n 1 detention 2 arrest 3 seizure 4 kidnapping

cik: see encik:

cikal: n /Jv/ young coconut.
-cikal bakal: n 1 founder 2 pioneer 3 the main sources of sth 4 the basic material of making sth 5 seed

cikutan: v /ld/ hiccup |a sudden repeated stopping of the breath, usually caused by eating or drinking too fast|

cilaka: variant of celaka:

cilawagi: n /ld/ ancestor |five generation from us – the grandparents of our grandparents|

cili: n /Amb./ chilli –syn: /lu/ cabai

cilik: n /ld/ 1 little 2 small (esp. of children). seorang gadis cilik a little girl. –syn: /lu/ kecil

cilok; mencilok: v /Min/ 1 steal 2 pilfer. 3 do pick pockets. –syn: /lu/ mencopet
-pencilok: n­ 1 thief  2 pickpocket.

ciluk ba: intrj. /spo/ peekaboo.

cim: variant of encim:

Cina: n China, Chinese.
-Cina gundul: n a cheat who dishonestly takes advantage from other
-kuncir Cina: n pigtail (hair)
-pecinan: n Chinatown.
-Cina buta: n a person who married a divorced woman just for she can remarried her ex-husband |in Moslem law, a woman who has divorced twice can marry her ex-husband only after she marry other man|
-China kolong: n a Chinese who work as a labor
-mencina: v be like a Chinese

cincai: adj /Ch/spo/ not important, it does not matter. Cincailah! Bayar saja Rp: 5000,- That’s OK You may pay Rp 5,000.-

cincang; mencincang: v /lu/frm/ 1 hack,  chop,  mince |cut into small pieces -meat or other food| 2 mutilate |cutting the body into several parts after killing|
daging cincang: n chopped meat:

cincau: n /lu/ gelatin used in cool drinks. 2 drink made from this gelatin. 3  plant the leaves of which are used to produce this gelatine – Cyclea barbata

cincin: n /lu/frm/ 1 ring |a piece of  jewelry that you wear on your finger| cincin pertunangan engagement ring cincin kawin wedding ring  2 |a circular line or mark| Ada lima cincin pada Logo Olimpiade The are five rings on the Olympic Logo  3 |an object in the shape of a circle| sebuah cincin gantungan kunci a key ring 4 concrete wire |metal wire that is used to tie metal bars to enforce concrete Berapa ukuran cincin-cincin beton itu? What is the size of the concrete wire? 5 |cylinder shape tube made of concrete to build underground drainage| Kita membutuhkan 50 potong ring beton ukuran 2 meter untuk saluran air ini We need  50 pieces of  2-meter concrete rings for this drainage  4 booster (of bolt) Pasang dulu cincin sebelum memasang baut-baut itu Insert first booster before putting the bolts

cincing; mencincingkan: v rise up (of skirt arms, pants).
-/idiom/ mencincingkan lengan 1 ready to work hard 2 be prepared to help others

cincong: variant of cingcong:

cingcong: n /lu/ fuss. Jangan banyak cingcong Do not make a lot of fuss and bother.

cingur: n cartilage and meat of the nostrils and ears of cattle (often used in salads).

cinse: variant of sinse:

cinta1; mencintai: v /tr/lu/frm/ love |to care very much about someone or something that is very special to you| Saya sangat cinta pada kamu I love you very much. Dia mencintai negerinya He loves his country

cinta2: n /lu/frm/  love |a strong romantic feeling for someone| Cinta saya pada dia diatas segalanya My love with her is above all
-bercinta-cintaan: v 1 being in love (each other) 2 making love
cinta kasih: n affection |a feeling of gentle love and caring|  Anak-anak membutuhkan cinta kasih dari orangtuanya, bukan hanya kebutuhan jasmani mereka. The children need affection form their parents, not just their biological need
-cinta sejati: n honest/true love
cinta membabi buta: n emotional love
-cinta monyet: n puppy love
-cinta laut: n sea minded
-jatuh cinta: v fall in love
-kecintaan: n love  Kecintaan terhadap kampung halaman medorong saya pulang kampung setiap tahun My love with my home village always motivates me to go there every year
n 1 lover |sb whose love is very much influenced by his/her sexual drive or need| –syn: mata keranjang, bandit 2 devotee |someone who enjoys or admires someone or something very much| seorang pencinta bola a football game devotee 3 admirer |sb who respects someone or something because they think its valuable and worthy| Green Peace adalah satu gerakan yang dibentuk dan dimotori oleh para pencinta lingkungan alam Green Peace is a movement organized and motorized   by environment admirers 4 nut |someone who is extremely interested in a particular activity| seorang pencinta permainan video a video game nut
-tercinta: n be loved (sb)

cintamani: n /lu/1 diamond which by some people believe that it brings fortune to the owner 2 a snake which also by certain  people believe that it give the owner happiness particularly that one related to love

cintrong: variant of  “love”  used among youth

ciplak1; menciplak: v /lu/  drive sb’s appetite Bumbu ini akan menciplak selera makan kamu This spice will drive your appetite

ciplak2: see jiplak: (copy, imitate)

cipoa1: n /ifr/ cheat, deceive.
-mencipoa: v cheat,  trick

cipoa2: variant of sempoa: (abacus)

cipok; mencipok: v /inf/ 1 kiss (only among youngsters) 2 kiss with sound “mma” (for a baby)

ciprat: menciprat: v /intr//lu/ 1 splash |if water or liquid splashes or you make it splash, it falls or come out by a pressure and pour on something or hits against it| Air dari selang itu menciprat pakaian saya The water from the hose splashed my cloth
-kecipratan: v /pass.v/ 1 be splashed Saya kecipratan air kotor ketika sebuah mobil melewati saya di jalan. I was splashed by dirty water when a car passed me on the street 2 get unexpected share or luck  Ketika boss sedang memberi tambahan bonus pada staff senior, saya kecipratan sekalipun saya tidak termasuk diantara mereka When the boss was presenting additional bonus to the senior staff, I get share although I’m not one of them  -mencipratkan: v /tr/lu/ 1 spalsh Dia mencipratkan sedikit minyak wangi ke ketiaknya He splashed a little deodorant on his armpit 2 /tr/ spray Kita tidak punya semprotan, pakai saja tangan kamu mencipratkan air ke pakaian sebelum disetrika We don’t have sprayer, just use your finger to spay water on the cloth before ironing

cipta1; daya cipta: n /lu/frm/ creativity |the ability to create sth new| Dia punya daya cipta luar biasa He has an extraordinary creativity
-ciptaan: n creation
-ciptakarya: n the work of creation
-menciptakan: v /tr/ create Apa kamu menciptakan lagu itu atau hanya menggubahnya? Do you create the song or just you rearrange it?
-pencipta: n creator Kalau yang kita maksud mencipta adalah membuat sesuatu dari yang tidak ada, hanya Tuhanlah pencipta sebenarnya. If we mean to create is to make sth from nothing,  God is the only absolute creator.
-tercipta: v /pass.v/ be created
-berdaya cipta: adj creative
-daya cipta: n creativity power
-penciptaan: n creation

ciril: n /lu/frm/ 1 distinctiveness |sth that clearly marking a person or thing as different from others| Bilang pada saya ciri orang yang sedang kamu cari Tell me the distinctiveness of the person that you are looking for 2 uniqueness  |unusually good and special| Suara lembut menjadi ciri mesin ini Soft sound is the uniqueness of this machine  3 particularity |what makes sth special| Gerakan tiba-tiba bola mata adalah ciri tari Bali Sudden move of the eyes ball is a particularity of Balinese dance  4 feature |a part of something that you notice because it seems important, interesting, or typical| Dengan fisik yang di kecilkan tanpa mengurangi kemampuan adalah ciri komputer ini Compacted size without decreasing capacity and capability is the feature of this computer  5 character Ciri suara dia cocok jadi penyanyi tunggal The character of her voice is appropriate to be a soloist
-berciri: v to have distinctiveness
-pencirian: n making distinctiveness

ciri2: n /ltr/  words (of fidelity) read at the installa­tion of a ruler.

cirit; cirit birit: n /spo/1 diarrhea 2 dregs or grounds. cirit kopi coffee dregs
3 sediment cirit di dasar tangki air sediment on the bottom of the water tank
– cirit bintang: n meteor
-cirit tunjang; mencirit tunjang: v deliver a baby
mencirit; menciritkan: v /intr/tr/ throw watery feces  -syn: mencret

cital: n /lu/frm/ 1 taste |the feeling that is produced when your tongue touches a particular food or drink|  Saya tidak suka cita pedas bawang putih I don’t like the hot taste of garlic. 3 feeling |something that you feel such as anger, sadness, or happiness| Tidak ada alasan untuk anda punya cita bersalah There’s no reason for you to have guilt feelings | satu cita percaya diri a feeling of confidence  2 sentiment. |an opinion or feeling that you have about something| Masyarakat ini masih tetap memelihara cita kemargaan mereka This community still keep their clan sentiment –syn: rasa, sanubari 4 desire, hope |sth that we expect to happen| Cita utama saya adalah menjadi seorang politisi My main desire is to be a politician
-bercita-cita: v /intr/ 1 hope (to be)  2 dream (to be)
-mencita-citakan: v /tr/ hope sth (to be exist or to be happened)

cita2: n /lu/ colourful knitted material made of cotton

citra: n /lu/frm/ 1 image. 2 impression
-citraan: n imagery
-citra diri: n self-image
-mencitrakan: v 1 build an image 2 create an impression
-pencitraan: n image building

Citra: n an annual film festival awards.

cium; mencium: v /intr/tr/lu/frm/ 1 smell a) |to notice or recognize a particular smell|  Saya mencium ada yang terbakar I smell something burning!  Saya sedang demam dan tidak bisa mencium sama sekali I’ve got a cold and I can’t smell at all b) |to put your nose near something and breathe in, to discover what type of smell it has| Cium daging itu untuk mengetahui masih bagus atau tidak Smell the meat to find if it is still good or not. 2 kiss |to touch someone with your lips as a greeting, or to show love| Dia mencium putranya di pipi. She kissed her son on the cheek. 3 sniff (sth out) |to discover or find something by its smell| Polisi memakai anjing untuk mencium keberadaan narkoba Police use dogs to sniff out drugs 4 learn |to find out information, news etc. by hearing it from someone else| Polisi telah mencium bisnis haram mereka The police has learned about their illegal business 5 catch |identify sth by its whiff| Begitu dia berjalan melintas saya dapat mencium parfumnya As she walked past, I caught a whiff of  her perfume
-berciuman; ciuman: v kiss each other with lips
-ciuman: n kiss
-indera pencium: n sense of smelling |one of the five senses which can recognize the smell of something| Saya sedang demam berat sehingga indera penciuman saya tidak berfungsi I’ve a very bad cold so my sense of smelling doesn’t work
-penciuman: n kissing (the action of kiss)
-tercium: v smell Ikan itu tercium busuk The fish smelles stink.
Note: 1. Mencium means that someone kiss someone else. In this case, one is the subject while the other is the object. Berciuman means two persons are doing the same thing. Since using lips is the only way to kiss, so “berciuman” means kissing on lips or kissing to show love done by two lovers. It means “mencium” as well as “berciuman” are transitive. 2 tercium is a passive voice (be smelled) However we have active voice with the same meaning, they are “bau” or “berbau” (smell) and they are intransitive.   Ikan itu berbau busuk The fish smells putrid  So, don’t say  “Ikan itu mencium bau busuk”  because it means “The fish smell something putrid” So use “mencium” if you mean “smell” as a transitive verb or “to kiss” Use “berbau” or “bau” if you mean “smell” as an intransitive verb.

ciutl; menciut: v /intr/lu/frm/ 1 shrink |to become smaller or to make something smaller in size| Sweater saya menciut di pencucian My sweater shrank in the wash 2 narrow down |to become less in number, range etc., or to make something do this| Tahun lalu ada 800 peserta dan sekarang menciut menjadi hanya 600 Last year there were over 800 participants, and now it narrowed down to 600 only 3 weaken |to become less determined, or to make someone do this: Tekadnya untuk menjadi seorang politisi menciut setelah pernikahannya Her intention to become a politician weakened after her marriage 4 lighten Setelah peringatan dari kami akhirnya nyalinya memanjat tebing itu menciut After warning from us finally his courage to climb the cliff  become lighten
-menciutkan: v /tr//lu/ 1 shrink Panas akan menciutkan ukuran besar dan beratnya rumput itu Heat will shrink the volume and the weight of the grass 2 narrow down Sekaitan keterbatasan dana, perusahaan berencana menciutkan anggaran untuk kegiatan bersifat upacara Due to the lack of the fund the company plan to narrow down the total fund for ceremonial events  3 weaken Tidak akan ada yang dapat menciutkan tekad dia untuk berhasil Nothing could weaken her resolve. 4 lighten Krisis ekonomi tidak menciutkan ambisi perusahaan untuk memperluas usahanya. The economic crises didn’t  lighten the company’s ambition to expand their business
-penciutan: n 1 reduction 2 reduction 3 deduction

ciut2: n /spo/ sound of squeaking.
-berciut-ciut: v 1 squeak (of shoes, brakes, etc.). 2 whistle (of wind through trees).
-ciutan: n squeak, squeal, screech.

clurit: n /lu/ sickle (often used as weapon).

cm {centi meter}: n /lu/frm/ centimeter.

coak; mencoak: v /ld/ make narrow cuts on a tree to step on by climber of the tree

coang; mencoang: v /intr/ld/ 1 protrude 2 stick out  Apa kamu bisa melihat tonggak yang mencoang itu? Can you see that sticking out pole?
-bercoangan: v /intr/ld/ 1 protrude 2 stick out  Hati-hati, banyak potongan bambu bercoangan di dasar kolam itu Be careful, there are many cut of bamboo stick out on the bottom of the pond
-men­coangkan: v /tr/ld/ stick out upward
-tercoang: v /pass.v/ be stuck out upward.
Note: Both mencoang and bercoangan are intransitive verb. Use mencoang if the subject is singular. Use bercoangan if the subject plural  

coba; cobak; mencoba: v /lu/frm/1 try |to attempt to do something| Silahkan coba  datang lebih awal Please try to come early. Greg mencoba keras berhenti dari merokok Greg tried hard to get rid of smoking  Coba saja berbuat yang terbaik – kalah menang tidak jadi masalah Just try your best – it doesn’t matter if you win or lose. 2 test  Bisa saya coba apa suara pianonya masih bagus? May I test if the sound of the piano still good? 3 taste Boleh coba makan sedikit sebelum memutuskan membeli You may taste a little before you buy it 4 |to see if sth (usually cloth) fit you| Apa ada ruangan mencoba disini? Do you have a fitting room here?
coba-coba: v try but not in a serious way
-percobaan: n 1 trial |a test to know if something works well and safe| percobaan klinik untuk obat baru clinical trials of a new drug 2 test mengemudi percobaan test driving 3 try Apa kamu mau melakukan percobaan? Do you want to make a try 4 experiment Percobaan ini tidak boleh dilakukan pada manusia This experiment can not be applied to human being  6 please Coba tunggu sebentar saya akan segera datang Please wait a moment I’ll be back soon 7 think, look  Coba, bagaimana bisa dia pergi keluar tanpa memberitahu kita? Look! How could she went out without telling us! 8 wait a moment Coba sebentar! Kalau dipikir harganya cukup murah. Wait a moment! If we calculate, the price is fairly cheap 9 tell or show Coba! Mana buktinya bahwa kamu kenal dia! Show me! What is the evidence that you know her! 10  probation a) Pengadilan menghukum dia dengan 3 bulan hukuman percobaan The court sentenced him 3 months in probation b) Dia bekerja dengan masa percobaan selama 2 tahun He is working on probation for 2 years

cobak-cabik: adj /lu/ completely torn up.

cobek: n /ld/ plate that made of stone or mortar where spices or condiments is grinded

coblong; coblongan: n /ld/ small hole
-bercoblong: v have holes in it.
-mencoblong: v ­make a hole
-mecoblongi: v make several or many holes
-tercoblong: v gotten a small hole in it

coblos; mencoblos: v /lu/frm/ 1 poke a hole |poke sth to make a hole in it by pushing a pointed object such to make a choice on a ballot|
-hari pencoblosan: n voting day (with such election method)
-pencoblosan: n voting with poking method
-pencoblos: n voter that use such method.

cocakrawa: variant of cukcakrawa:

cocok1: adj/v /lu/frm/ 1 a) compatible |able to exist or be used together without causing problems| Kami punya suku cadang yang cocok dengan mobil kamu We have spare part that are compatible with your car b) |two people who are compatible are able to have a good relationship, because they share interests, ideas etc.| 2 match  Dasi merah cocok dengan kemeja kamu Red tie match your shirt 3 agree Hasil penelitian kamu tidak cocok dengan angka sensus Your research finding doesn’t agree with the census figure. 4 fit Saya rasa ukuran medium akan cocok dengan kamu I think medium size will fit you 5 correct Apa waktu yang ditunjuk jam ini cocok Is the time shows by this watch correct? 6 come true Apa perkiraan kamu tentang kecenderungan inflasi cocok? Did your forecasting about the inflation trend come true? 7 like Kalau cocok boleh ambil If you like you may take it. 8 suitable Lokasi ini cocok untuk hotel This location is suitable for a hotel
-kecocokan: n 1 fitness 2 compatibility 3 harmony
-mencocokkan: v 1 fit  2 adjust 3 harmonize 4 match 5 compare 6 synchronize

cocok2: n /ld/ 1 pin, needle 2 skewer. dua cocok sate two skewers of barbecued meat
-cocok keluan: n rope for a cattle’s nose
cocok kondai sanggul: n hairpin.
-bercocok tanam: v cultivate a land
-mencocok: v 1 stick (sth) 2 prick (sth) Perut saya seperti dicocok-cocok My stomach feels like it is being pricked with needles.
-tercocok: v be stuck

cocol1; mencocol: v /intr//ld/ 1 thrust out 2 protrude. Potlot­nya mencocol dari kantongnya His pencil protruding out from his pocket.

cocol2: mencocolkan: v /tr/ make sth touch something else (a dip)  2 insert sth (i.g. a stick on sth)

cocor; mencocor: v /lu/frm/ 1 hit with fist. 2 kick (a ball) with the tip of the foot.

coel; mencoel: v /lu/inf/ touch with the tip of the finger

cokelat1: n /lu/frm/ 1 chocolate 2 brown Kamu senang yang mana, merah atau cokelat? What do you like, red or brown 3 cocoa

cokelat2: adj /lu/frm/ brown sepatu cokelat brown shoes

coklat1: n /lu/frm/ variant of colelat1.

coklat2: adj /lu/frm/ variant of colelat2:
-mencoklat: v become brown.
-kecoklat-coklatan: adj brownish.

cokol; bercokol: v /lu/frm/ 1 settle, reside. Dia sudah lama bercokol di Paris She has resided in Paris for a long time  2 squat 3 be in exis­tence Tinggal beberapa lagi harimau Sumatera yang masih bercokol Only a few number of Sumatera tigers still survive
-mencokol: v /ld/ 1 occupy, be headquartered. Belanda mencokol di Indonesia lebih dari 3oo tahun Dutch occupied Indonesia for more than 300 years. –syn: /lu/ bercokol 2 domi­nate Barang import sudah mencokol pasar tradisional kita Imported goods has dominated our traditional market
-mencokolkan: v /ld/ position |to put something or someone in a particular place| Polisi mencokolkan sejumlah anggotanya disekitar bank Police positioned a number of the personnel around the bank.

Cokorda: n high caste |one of the social classes in India and Bali into which people are born, that cannot be changed based on Hinduism|

colek; colak-colek: v /lu/infr/ touch lightly with the fingertips and pinch.
-secolek: n /lu/infr/1 a pinch, a dash (of salt, etc.). 2 a dab, a pat (of butter, etc.) 3 a slice (bread) 4 a piece (paper, cloth, etc)
-mencolek: v /intr/tr/ 1 take a small piece of sth Boleh saya colek es krim kamu? May I take a pinch of your ice cream? 2 touch Evi mencolek lenga saya Evi touched my arms 3 remove, dig out (wax from ear, thorn from foot). 4 scratch, scrape.
-tercolek: v be accidentally touched and pinched.
-mencolek-colek: v take a pinch of something repeatedly
-colekan: n sth that are prepares to be pinched
-pencolek: n sb who pinched sth
-pencolekan: n the process of pinching

coleng; mencoleng: v /lu/ steal sth by force or by damaging sth
-pencoleng: n thief
-pencolengan: n theft.

colokl: n /lu/1 torch made of worn cloth that is dipped into kerosene 2 palm leaf rib that is used to light sth |i.g. by burning the rib on an active kerosene lamp and that use the flame on the top of the rib to light other lamp, etc.| 3 |white stripe or spot of a white dog|
-mencolok: v /lu/frm/ 1 light sth (singular) with torch 2 light a dark place with a torch
-mencoloki: v light sth (plural) with a torch |more than one to be lighted|

colok2: n /ld/ 1 a container into which we dip a piece of cloth for coloring  2 social status Dia telah turun dari colok dia karena mengawini wanita luar He has fallen down from his social status by marrying foreign women

colok3; mencolok1: v /lu/frm/ 1 poke sth with finger (eyes with finger) 2 poke sth with stick (billiard ball)  3 poke on a hole (ball with stick)
-mencolok: adj 1 distinctive 2 attractive 3 remarkable  (particularly that one which related to sexual drive)

colong; mencolong: variant of coleng:
-kecolongan: v /pass.v/ 1 be the victim of stealing 2 lose sth due to the lack of awareness or alert| Tim sepakbola kita kecolongan hanya 45 detik setelah tendangan pertama Our football team unconsciously lost a point only 45 seconds after first kick off.

comberan: n /lu/infr/ drainage, ditch, sewer. air comberan: sewage wa­ter. –syn: /lu/frm/ got, saluran

comblang: n /spo/ 1 matchmaker 2 go-between 3 informal arbitrator or commissioner
-mencoblangi: v in an informal way bridge the provider and the procurer of things (goods, services, etc.)

comel1; comelan: n /ld/ 1 grievance |something that you complain about because you think it is unfair| Bijaksanalah menanggapi comelan mereka Be wise in responding to their grievances  2 grumbling 3 nagging. Jangan terlalu banyak comelan Don’t too much grumbling
-mencomel: v 1 grumble 3 grouse 3 nag 4 complain Dia tidak pernah mencomel didepan bapaknya She never complain to her father .
-mencomeli: v scold, rebuke, reprimand. Dia selalu mencomeli anak tirinya She always scolds at her step child
-pencomel: n 1 grumbler 2 complainer 3 nagger

comel2: adj /ltr/ 1 dainty, exquisite. 2 winsome, pretty. 3 petite |a woman who is petite is short and thin in an attractive way|

comot1: adj /ld/ 1 grimy, dirty, filthy 2 comot-comot: adj very dirty

comot2; mencomot: v /lu/ 1 pick sth with fingers Cuci tangan kamu sebelum mencomot kue itu Wash you hand before picking the cake  2 seize and take away Polisi mencomot tiga orang pencopet dari bus The police seized and took away three pickpocket from a bus 3 fire, halted  |to make someone leave his/her job| Persiden telah mencomot sejumlah pejabat tinggi dari jabatannya karena terlibat menerima sogok The president fired a number of high officials from their position who involved in receiving bribe
-comotan: n 1 stolen goods 2 whatever sb picked up.
-pencomotan: n firing |the process and action to fire sb|

compang-camping: adj /lu/frm/ 1 tattered, ragged |old and torn| gordin compang camping tattered curtains, 2 frayed |if a cloth or rope frays, its threads become loose because it is old or torn| jaring compang camping frayed net

combro: n /lu/ fried cake made of milled cassava with potato, meat, spices inside

condong: adj /lu/frm/ askew, inclining to one side. Tonggak itu condong 50 arah ke utara. The pole is askew 50 toward the north  2 tendd |to have a particular opinion, but not have it very strongly|  Saya condong setuju dengan kamu tetapi masih perlu saya pertimbangkan lebih jauh I tend to agree with you but I need to dee it further 3 seems to be inclined  Harga-harga minyak sedang condong naik The oil prices seems to be inclined Matahari telah condong The sun has set. 4 off, insane. Pikiran dia sedikit condong He was slightly insane.
-berkecondongan: v have particular trend
-condong-mondong: adj sharply askew
-kecondongan: n 1 tendency 2 trend 3 inclination
-mencondongkan: v 1 bend, turn, or direct toward particular position  2 cause to incline.

congak; mencongak: v /lu/ 1 raise sb’s head | hold sb’s head high as an expression of being proud| 2 calculate in sb’s head/brain 3 dictate mathematics problems.
-mencongakkan: v /tr/lu/ raise or cock (sb’s) head.

congek: adj /spo/ 1 deaf  2 less-attentive to sth

conggok; menconggok: v /ld/ stand or sit erect.
-menconggokkan: v set sth into erect position

congkakl: adj /lu/frm/ 1 proud, arrogant, snooty.
congkak-bongkak: adj very arrogant.
-ke­congkakan: n pride, arrogance, haughtiness.
mencongkak: v hold up the head arrogantly

congkak2: n /ld/ 1 conch shell. 2 board game with receptacles often played with shells as tokens.

congkel: variant of cungkil:

congok: variant of conggok:

contek: variant of sontek:

conteng; menconteng: v smear, stain, blemish.
-berconteng-conteng: adj smeared stained, blemished
-mencontengkan: v /lu/ use sth to smear, stain, blemish.

contoh: n /lu/frm/ 1 specimen, sample Ini contoh buku yang sudah direvisi tersebut This is the sample of the revised book  2 model Kami sedang membangun sebuah rumah sebagai contoh We are building a house as a model sebuah contoh bangunan ramah lingkungan a model of an environment-friendly building  3 example Lihat contoh-contoh berikut; See the following examples; 4 pilot Ini satu proyek contoh pembangkit tenaga listrik dengan menggunakan biogas This is a pilot project of electricity power plant using biogas
-mencontoh: v copy |make sth like sth else| Jangan mencontoh karya orang lain Don’t copy other’s work
-mencontohkan: v give an example Ketika dia memberi ceramah tentang pertumbuhan ekonomi dia mencontohkan bagaimana hal itu terjadi di Malaysia When she gave a lecture on today’s economic growth she gave an example how it happened in Malaysia
-percontohan: n a group or an area of example (if consists of different examples) Pemerintah menggunakan kampung ini sebagai percontohan pembangunan pedesaan The government use this village as the examples of rural development program

cop1: n /lu/ 1 electric plug or socket. 2 lightbulb socket.

cop2: mencop: v /lu/ smash shortly |to hit an object or surface violently, or to make something do this – in badminton, to hit the cock and it drop not far from the net| Rudy Hartono melatih saya melakukan cop bola pada posisi seperti itu Rudy Harono coach me how to shortly smash the cock in such in such position

copet: pencopet: n /lu/frm/ pickpocket. Hati-hati sama pencopet Beware of pickpock­ets!
-mencopet: v pick pockets.
-kecopetan: v lose sth from pickpocketing
-pencopetan: n pickpocketing, pilfering.

copot: v /lu/frm/ 1 be dislodged  The nail can’t be dislodge Pakunya tidak dapat copot 2 be released Satu giginya copot dengan sendirinya One of his toot has released by itself  3 be detached Kulit luar pohon itu sudah copot The outer skin of the tree has been detached 4 break loose/free  Pencopet itu copot dari genggaman polisi The thief broke free from the grab of the police
-mencopot: v /tr 1 dislodge, pull out, extract  |to force or knock something out of its position| Leo mencopot  paku itu dengan sebuah tang Leo dislodge the nail using a tongs 2 release, free  Jangan copot label pada kotak itu Don’t release the label on the box  3 detach, untie |to remove part of something that is designed to be removed|  Lepaskan bautnya sebelum mengangkat tutup mesinnya Detached the bolt before lifting the cup of the machine 5 pull out Mari kita copot tanaman yang sudah tua Let’s pull out the old plant 6 remove Panglima telah mencopot beberapa penjabat tnggi militer The chief in commander has removed a number of high military officials
-pencopotan: n 1 removal. 2 dismissal 3 firing.

cor;  mencor: v /lu/frm/ 1 cast  2 pour liquid concrete into its final place
-pencoran: n casting

corak: n /lu/frm/ 1 design, motif, pattern. corak batik batik de­sign. 2 color. coraknya merah the color is red. 3 stripe (of flag). 4 type, form. 5 feature, characteristic, colour, orientation Apa corak partai politik kamu? What is the orientation of your political party?
-bercorak: v to have particular pattern Tutup meja itu bercorak bintik-bintik The table cloth is dotted
-corak-carik: adj 1 tattered  2  broken into pieces
-mencorak-carikkan: v tear to shreds.

corat-coret: n /lu/frm/ 1 rough (of draft, sketch). 2 first draft (of composition). 3 scrawled.
-mencorat-coret; mencorat-coretkan: v scrawl |to write something in a fast, careless, or messy way| Dia mencorat-coretkan nomer telepon itu diatas secarik kertas. She scrawled the telephone number on a piece of paper 2 make doo­dles or rough sketches on sth

coreng: n /lu/frm/1 bold and long line 2 scratch 3 streak. 4 smear.
-bercoreng: adj 1 streaked 2 striped macan bercoreng striped tiger muka bercoreng streaked face
-bercoreng-moreng: v /pass.v/ be filled with many dirty marks or streaks.
-corengan: n 1 scratch 2 streak 3 smear (of lip­stick).-coreng-moreng: adj full of streaks or scratches.
-mencoreng: v ­1 cross out Coreng nama siswa yang tidak masuk Cross out the name of the absent student  2 draw lines over Saya telah mencoreng kata-kata yang salah ketik I drew lines over the mistyped  words 3 streak Kelakuan kamu yang buruk telah mencoreng muka kami Your bad behaviour has streaked ourm reputation Keringat telah mencoreng mukanya The sweat has streaked her face
-mencorengi: v repeatedly scratch sth
-mencorengkan: v scratch (sth) on (sth)  Dia mencorengkan bolpoin ke buku saya He scratched a ballpoint on my book

coret; mencoret: v /lu/frm/ 1 scratch out |to remove a person or thing from a list|  Nama dia telah dicoret dari daftar peserta pertandingan Her name had been scratched out from/off the list of competitors 2 wipe out, erase |to completely remove written or recorded information| Coret setiap jawaban yang salah Erase any incorrect answers. Ben mencoret salah satu tape kesayangan saya Ben erased one of my favourite tapes. 3 mencoret-coret: doodle |to draw lines, shapes etc. without really thinking about what you are doing| Evan sedang mencoret-coret taplak meja Evan is doodling on the table clothe  5 write down graffiti Siapa yang mencoret-coret dinding? Who wrote the graffiti on the wall?
-bercoret: adj 1 underlined. 2 streaked 3 smeared.
-mencoret: v 1 scratch, streak 3 doodle
-mencoreti: v repeatedly scratch/streak Dia suka mencoreti buku saya He likes to scratch my book
-coretan: n 1 scratch, line, stripe. 2 pen drawing. 3 graffiti.
-pencoretan: n 1 removal 2 erad­ication 3 scratching out.

coro: n /Jv/1 cockroach 2  creep |someone you dislike a lot, especially because s/he annoys you or frightens you a little| Enyah kamu anak coro! Get lost, you little creep! 3 bum |someone who is very lazy| Bangun kamu orang coro! Get out of bed, you bum!

corongl: n /lu/frm/ 1 funnel |a tube with a wide top and a narrow bottom, used for pouring liquids or powders into a container| 2 shaft |a passage from which fresh air come into a room|  3 chimney, flue |a pipe through which smoke or heat from a fire place or from machine can pass out of a building or a ship| 3 the part of electronic from which the amplified voice go out to the air 4 speaker |broadcasting station, newspaper, magazine, etc. that speak on behalf of a particular political power| Koran ini adalah corong Partai Republika This news paper is the speaker of Republic Party

corong2; mencorong: v /lu/ 1 shine, glare. lampu corong lamp with glass tube 2 radiate.
-mencorongkan: v point the shine on sth

corps /korps/: n corps. |a group of trained people with special duties especially in the military| Corps Polisi Police Corps Corps Angkatan Laut Naval Corps

cowok: n /lu/inf/ 1 common adress of young male Siapa cowok yang sedang berjalan dengan dia itu? Who that young man walking with her? 2 boyfriend. Dia cowok kamu, kan? He’s your boyfriend, isn’t he? –ant: see: cewek:

CPM{Corps Polisi Militer}: n Military Police.

cuaca: n /lu/frm/ 1 weather |the condition that related to temperature,  sun, rain, and wind| Bagaimana cuaca pada waktu liburan kamu? Apakah kering, hujan, panas, atau dingin? What was the weather like on your vacation? Is it dry, wet, hot, or cold? Cuaca cerah setelah badai tadi malam. The weather was clear after last night’s storm.
Note: In general, Indonesia has only two seasons; They are dry or hot season and wet or rainy season. Here are the words that are used to describe the weather during the two  seasons;.

-angin bohorok: n seasonal strong wind in North Sumatera.

-cuaca sepoi-sepoi: n breeze, gentle wind
-cuaca cerah: n sunny and dry weather
-cuaca berawan: n cloudy weather
-cuaca panas: n hot weather
-cuaca buruk: n windy and rainy season

cuak1: adj /ld/ afraid, scare, fearful, terrified, frighten

cuak2: v /ld/ 1 neglect 2 look down on 3 ignore –syn: /lu/ cuek

cual: n raw silk

cuap; mencuap: v /lu/ talk
cuap-cuap; mencuap-cuap: v talk a lot

cuar; mencuar: v /intr//lu/ 1 stick up high, project upward. From a distance we can see the tower project upward high 2 remarkably emerge Belakangan ini supermarket mencuar dimana-mana Lately,  super market remarkably emerge everywhere  3 protrude,  jut out, stick out  2 bulge, swell, belly, push forward  –syn: menonjol: 4 bounce back,  bend back, spring |to jump suddenly and quickly in a particular direction | Begitu lonceng beker berdering dia mencuat dari tempat tidur As the clock’s alarm rang he sprang out of bed. –syn: melenting: meloncat
-mencuarkan: v /tr/lu/ stretch up sb’s arms Anak itu mencuarkan lengannya untuk menjangkau permen dari meja The child stretched up his arm to reach candy from the table.

cuat1; mencuat: variant of cuar:

cubit; mencubit: v /lu/ pinch |to press a part of sb’s flesh tightly, either between two hard surfaces or between your finger and thumb| Jangan cubit saya! Sakit! Don’t pinch me! It’s hurt!
-cubitan: n pinch
-mencubiti: v repeatedly pinch
-cubit-cubitan: v pinch each other. –syn: saling cubit
-secubit: a pinch

cucak rawa; cucak rowo: n |any of yellow-crowned bird, genus Trachycomus zeylanicus|

cuci; mencuci: v /tr/ 1 wash |to clean something with water|  Dia sedang mencuci pakaian She is washing clothes Pergi cuci tangan kamu Go wash your hands! Cuci lumpur itu dari kaki kamu Wash the mud off  your feet
-dicuci: v /pass.v/ be washed Apa handuknya sudah dicuci? Has the towel been washed?
-mesin cuci: n washing machine
-pencuci mulut: n dessert
-cuci darah: v 1 artificial blood dialyzing 2 natural blood purification
-cuci mata: v sight seeing
-cuci perut: v applying laxative
-cuci rambut: v shampoo
-cuci film: v develop negative film
-bak cuci: n wash basin
-tukang cuci: n laundry person.
Note: Don’t say “Pergi cuci badan” (wash your body) if you mean “Go take a bath or take a shower” Say “Pergi mandi!”.

cucimaki: variant of cacimaki:

cucu: n /lu/frm/ grandchild.
-bercucu: n have grandchildren.

cucuk1: n /Jv/ld/ 1 bill, beak. 2 /mil/  front line. 3 /Snd/ spine

cucuk2: variant of cocok

cucunda: n /lu/ dear grandchild (esp. in writing letters)

cucunguk: variant of cecunguk:

cucup; mencucup: v /ld/ 1 kiss. 2 suck in, slurp, drink through a straw.

cucur1; cucuran: n /lu/frm/ a flow, trickle, drip  cucur darah hemorrhage. cucuran air water drop/pour
-bercucuran: v /intr/lu/ flow, stream, gush. Air matanya bercucuran begitu dia mencoba menjelaskan kecelakaan itu Her tears flowed down as she tried to explain the accident
-mencucuri: v /tr/ pour or drip on sth Air dari bocoran itu mencucuri tilam The water from the leak poured the mattress
-mencucurkan: v /lu/tr/ pour, squirt |if you squirt liquid or it squirts, it is forced out of a narrow hole in a thin fast stream| Luka itu mencucurkan banyak darah The cut squirted a lot of blood
-cucuran; kucuran: n 1 pouring, flood, flow, stream, squirt |a fast thin stream of liquid| cucuran kecap a squirt of ketchup 2 kucuran uang: cash flow Kucuran uang dari Bank Pusat sedikit terlambat The cash flow from Central Bank was a little late

cucur2: n /ld/ fried cake made of rice flour and sugar.

cucurut: variant of cecurut:

cucut1: n shark – Pleurotremata
cucut biru besar: n shark with big body and blue skin – Prionace glauca
-cucut gergaji: n /ld/ any kind of fish that look like a saw – Pristis peetinatus
-cucut martil: n /ld/ shark which head shape like a hammer – Sphyrna zygaena
-cucut putih: n /ld/ white shark – Carcharodon carchacias

cucut2; mencucut: variant of cucup:

cuek: adj /inf/ ignorant, unconcerned |not anxious or worried about something| Negara-negara industri tidak bisa cuek terhadap pemanasan global Industrial countries cannot be ignorant about the global warming –syn: /frm/  mengabaikan

cuil; mencuil: v /infr/ l take sth with one of sb’s fingertip 2 chipped.
-secuil: n 1 a little bit. 2 a bit (of sth) secuil usaha a bit of effort. tanpa ada secuilpun catatan without any notes whatever.

cuilah: intrj. Lord! Gosh! Cuilah! Kamu sudah bicara seperti boss! Oh my God!  You’ve talked like a boss.

cuit: n /ld/ movement of fingers.
cuit gamit: n finger trembling |shaking move­ment of fingers of nervous or fear|
-mencuit: v tap with finger

cuka: n /lu/frm/ vinegar. cuka belanda artificial vinegar. cuka jawa vinegar made from juice of palm blossoms.
-mencukai: v put vinegar

cukai: n /lu/frm/ 1 (customs) duty, toll, tax. 2 excise duty. cukai tembakau duty on tobacco, tobacco tax. 3 tariff.
-mencukai: v impose a duty.

cuki-mai: intrj. /vul/off./ Fuck you!

cukil: variant of cungkil:

cukong: n /lu/inf/ 1 well-to-do financier, financial backer 2 capitalist (engaged in illegal practices). 3 bro­ker, wholesale distributor.
-mencukongi: v 1 finance, un­derwrite the costs 2 treat sb to do sth
-percukongan: n mat­ters regarding financiering

cukongisme: n /lu/ a practice of collusion |the act of agreeing secretly with someone else to do something dishonest or illegal especially between a business person with government official|

cukup: adv /lu/frm/ 1 enough |as big, as well, as far, as much, as many, etc. as necessary| Ruangan ini tidak cukup luas untuk menampung semua perabotan kita This room isn’t big enough to accommodate all our furniture|  Mata saya masih cukup baik membaca tanda itu My eyes are still well enough to read the sign.2 sufficient |as much as you need for a particular purpose| Mereka punya bukti yang cukup untuk mengirim kamu ke penjara They had sufficient evidence to send him to prison. 3 adequate |can fulfil what we need for a particular purpose| Apa kita punya cukup informasi tentang kasus ini? Do we have adequate information about this case? Penghasilannya hampir tidak cukup membayar tagihan itu Her income is hardly adequate to pay the bills. Apa persediaan beras cukup? Is the rice stock adequate? 4 quite, rather |not very, but in an acceptable way|  Dia cukup baik tetapi tidak berarti dia cinta pada kamu She’s  nice enough, but it doesn’t mean that she loves you.  Ini cukup untuk hari ini This is enough for today. Dia sudah cukup matang untuk menikah He is mature enough to be married 5 fit Coba apakah jas ini cukup untuk kamu Try if this jacket fit you. 6 reach Apa umur kamu sudah cukup 17 tahun untuk menonton film ini? Have your age reach 17 years so you can watch this movie?
-berkecukupan: adj well-to-do Mereka adalah keluarga berkecukupan They are well-to-do family
-cukupan: adj fairly enough “Apa kamu punya banyak uang?” “Tidak juga, hanya cukupan untuk bayar tagihan” “Do you have much money?” “Not really just fair enough to pay the bill”
-kecukupan: n 1 adequateness 2 sufficiency Kecukupan dana akan menentukan sukses tidaknya program ini The adequateness of fund is critical to the success of this program
-mencukupi1: adj enough Apa sejumlah itu cukup? Is that much enough?
-mencukupi2: v /tr/ fulfil Berapa lagi kamu butuhkan mencukupi biaya perjalanan kamu itu? How much more you need to fulfil your travelling expenses? Pengalaman-pengalamannya tidak mencukupi persyaratan itu Her experiences doesn’t meet the requirement
-mencukupkan: v 1 fulfil  2 meet |to have or do enough of what is needed, or to make sth enough to meet particular standard| Apa kamu punya penghasilan lain untuk mencukupkan gaji kamu membayar biaya bulanan Do you have another income to fulfil your salary for your monthly cost?
-pencukupan: n fulfilment |the act or state of meeting a need, demand, or condition| Persetujuan kami terhadap penawaran anda sangat tergantung pada pencukupan spesifikasi yang kami minta. Our acceptance to your offer will be very much depend on the fulfilment of the specifications required.
-secukupnya: adv 1 fairly enough 2 as much as needed Jangan bawa terlalu banyak pakaian, secukupnya saja. Don’t bring too much clothes, just as much as needed
-tercukupi: adj fulfilled.
Note: Pay attention to the difference between “mencukupi1 and mencukupkanMencukupi1 takes what to be fulfilled as the object, i.g. Gaji saya tidak mencukupi kebutuhan keluarga My salary doesn’t meet my family needs. Mencukupkan takes what you have to fulfil as the object. Saya akan mencukupkan gaji saya untuk kebutuhan keluarga I’ll make my salary to be enough for my family need

cukur: n /lu/frm/ 1 razor, shaver.
-bercukur: v /intr/ shave. Dia sedang pergi bercukur He is going to shave
-cukur batok: v to cut all hair on sb’s head
-cukur suci: n tonsure | usually as a preliminary to becoming a priest or a biksu (Hindu’s religious leader)|
-dicukur: v be shaved Besok semua rambut panjang sudah harus dicukur. Tomorrow, all long hair must have been shaved!
-mencukur: v /tr/ 1 shave. Apa saya perlu mencukur kumisnya? Shall I shave your mustache?  2 significantly defeat: Tim tamu mencukur habis tim tuan rumah dengan 3 – 0 The visiting team significantly defeated the host team by 3  to 0
-mencukurkan: v /tr/ use (sth) to shave. Aduh, sakit. Apa kamu mencukurkan pisau cukur tumpul? Ow, it’s hurt! Are you using blunt razor?
-tukang cukur: n barber. Dia sedang pergi ke tukang cukur He is going to a barber.

cula: n /lu/frm/ rhinoceros horn

culak1: n /ld/ |a kind of tree| – Callicarpa maingayi

culak2: menculak: variant of mencuat2:

culas1: adj /lu/ 1 lazy, indolent. 2 slow, plodding, poky 3 clumsy, awkward.
-keculasan1: n laziness, indolence, slowness, awkwardness
-penculas1: n lazy person, indolent person, awkward person

culas2: adj /lu/ 1 deceitful, dishonest, not straightforward.
-keculasan2: n 1 deceit 2 fraud.
-menculasi: v /tr/ deceive  Gustav mencoba menculasi kami dengan mengaku bahwa dia adalah seorang pengusaha. Gustav try to deceive us by telling that he is a business person
-penculas2: n deceiver

culik1; menculik: v 1 kidnap 2 abduct.
-penculik: n 1 kidnapper 2 ab­ductor.
-penculikan: n 1 kidnapping 2 abduction

culik2: n /ld/ |an animal which hunt its prey at night – Chalcococyx honorata |

cuma1: adj, adv /lu/inf/ 1 only |not more than a particular amount, number, etc.| Saya cuma punya sepuluh ribu rupiah di tangan I have only ten thousand rupiah in hand 2 merely |used in order to emphasize that something is exactly what you say it‘s not better or worse, more or less, etc; just|  Saya tidak bermaksud membantah pernyataan anda, apa yang saya katakan cuma fakta yang saya temukan di lapangan I don’t mean to argue your statement, what I’m saying merely the fact I found in the field 3 but Saya ingin pergi bersama kamu, cuma saya punya janji pada waktu yang bersamaan I want to go with you, but I have an appointment at the same time. 4 all Cuma itu? Is that all?  –syn: /lu/frm/ hanya

cuma2; cuma (sth): adj 1 only  Cuma informasi itu yang saya tahu tentang dia It’s the only information I know about her Cuma dia orang yang saya kenal She’s the only person I know who doesn’t like chocolate| Cuma jalan kaki olahraga yang saya lakukan Walking is the only exercise I do. 2 mere |it’s used to say that something small or unimportant has a big effect|  Cuma kemacetan lalulintas penyebab kemungkinan kita terlambat The mere cause that we might be late is a traffic jam. 3 but, on the condition Kamu boleh tinggal disini, cuma saja jangan lebih dari dua hari You may stay here, on the condition, that it will be no more than two days
-cuma-cuma: adj, adv gratis, free of charge Kamu boleh mengambil majalah ini dengan cuma-cuma You can take this magazine free
-percuma: adj 1 useless Percuma bawa peralatan masak, segala sesuatu tersedia disana It’s useless to bring cooking wares, everything is available there 2 ineffectual Percuma naik mobil kesana, jaraknya bisa ditempuh jalan kaki It’s ineffectual to drive a car there, the distance is reachable by walking

cumbu; cumbu (rayu): n /lu/ flirtation |attitude or behavior that shows you are sexually attracted to someone, though not in a serious way|
-bercumbu; bercumbu-cumbuan: v flirt /tr/ each other |reciprocal action|
-cumbuan: n 1 the action of flirting 2 the words you use to flirt sb
-mencumbu: v /tr/ flirt |sb flirt his/her sexual partner – one side action|

cumi-cumil: n /lu/ squid |any kind of boneless fish (Mullusca) family Cephalopoda and Ommastreephes  sloani pacificies

cumi-cumi2: n /lu/ 1 evildoer, criminal. 2 traitor 3 en­emy’s spy.

cumpang-camping: variant of compang-camping:

cundangl; mencundangi: v /tr/lu/ defeat.
-kecundang; terkecundang : v /pss.v./  be defeated
-pecundang1: n /lu/ 1 looser  2 sb who is defeated.

cundang2; mencundangi: v /tr/lu/ 1 incite |to deliberately make someone feel so angry or excited that s/he does something bad| 2 instigate |o make something start to happen, especially to start something that will cause trouble| 3 foment. |to make people do something that causes a lot of trouble in a society
-pecundang2: n /lu/ troublemaker, instigator, fomenter.

cundang3: n /lu/ 1 evil words 2 instigation 3 provocation 4 fomentation

cungkil: n /lu/frm/ 1 crowbar |a strong iron or wood bar used for lifting, opening, leveling things| 2 lever |a stick or handle on a machine that you move to make the machine work|
-mencungkil: v /intr/tr/lu/ 1 pry |to force something open, or to force it away from something else with a crowbar|  Saya memakai obeng mencongkil laci itu supaya terbuka I used a screwdriver to pry the drawer open. Dia cungkil tutup cat itu dengan paku supaya terbuka. She pried the lid of the paint with a nail 2 gouge Dahulu orang mencongkil mata pencuri sebagai hukuman. In the past, people gouge the eyes of a thief as a punishment 3 dig Petani itu mencungkil batu-batu dari tanah sebelum menanam tanaman muda The farmer dig stones out of the soil before planting crops  3 pick |to take out small thing from a narrow space or hole| Jangan cungkil giginya, sikat saja Don’t pick your teeth, just brush it

cuping: n /ld/ ear lobe
-cuping hidung: n nostril.
-bercuping: v to have ear (handle) on it (i.g. a bowl with handle)

cuplik; mencuplik: v /lu/frm/ 1 cite, quote |pick out or copy a small portion (of writing, play, design, etc.)
-cuplikan: n citation, quotation.

curah1: n /lu/frm/  drop, fall, shower
-curah hujan: n rainfall.
-barang curah: n bulk goods.

curah2; mencurah: v /lu/intr/frm/ fall (of rain). Hujan terus mencurah dari langit The rain kept falling from the sky.
-curahan hati: n /lu/frm/1 devote attention 2 hearty concern
-dicurahi: v /pass.v/ be showered  Anak itu dicurahi pemberian The child was showered with gifts
-mencurahi: v /tr/1 pour sth on (sb/sth). Hu­jan mencurahi daerah ini sepanjang malam Rain poured this area all night long
-mencurahkan: v /tr/lu/frm/ use (sth) to pour (sth) Helikopter mencurahkan air ke hutan yang sedang terbakar itu The helicopter pour water to the burning forest
-pencurahan: n outpouring

curam: adj /lu/frm/1 steep, sheer |a road, hill etc. that is steep, it slopes at a high angle| 2 precipitous |sudden, abrupt, and unpleasant change| kejatuhan  harga property yang curam a precipitous drop in property values
-mencuram: v steepen, become steep
-kecuraman: n steep­ness, abruptness, precipitousness.

curang: adj /lu/frm/1 dishonest 2 fraudulent 3 deceitful 2 unfair. suami yang curang dishonest husband (two-timing husband)
-permainan curang: n unfair play
-kecurangan: n 1 deceit 2 fraud 3 corruption
-mencurangi: v deceit, defraud, cheat, treat unfairly, corrupt

curi; mencuri: v /frm/ steal |to take something that belongs to someone else without his/her permission, and not give it back| Dua orang anak muda telah ditahan karena mencuri mobil. Two young men were arrested for stealing a car. Kapan kamu tahu teman kamu telah mencuri ssu dari kamu? When did you find out that your partner was stealing sth from you? 2 rob |to take money or things from a person, bank, etc. using force or threat| Sejumlah preman berhasil mencuri uang dari penukaran uang asing A number of gangs successfully robbed a money changer
-barang curian: n stolen thing
-mencuri-curi: adv do sth secretly
-pencurian: n 1 robbery 2 looting  3 stealing
-pencuri: n robber, pickpocket,  thief, bandit, burglar
-curi pandang: n hidden glance.

curiga: adj /frm/ suspicious |not willing to trust someone or something| Saya curiga terhadap maksudnya I’m suspicious of her intentions.
-mencurigakan:adj suspixius 2 |making you think that something bad or illegal is happening| Para penumpang harus melaporkan setiap kantongan yang mencurigakan. Passengers should report any bags that look suspicious.
-mencurigai: v suspect |to think that someone may be guilty of a crime| Polisi mencurigai mereka menjadi bagian dari jaringan perdagangan narkoba The police suspected them to be a part of drug trafficking
-kecurigaan: n 1 suspicion 2 distrust  Kecurigaan polisi tidak punya alas an yang cukup The police suspicion has no enough reasons

cuti: n /frm/ 1 leave  2 vacation Dia lagi cuti She is on leave/vacation. cuti tahunan annual leave/vacation.
-mencutikan: v give a leave, give a vacation

cuwek: adj /spo/lu/ 1 not surprised 2 not attentive 3 unconcerned

cuwil: variant of cuil.


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Dictionary B


adv adverb parts of speech
adj adjective parts of speech
Amb Ambon an ethnic in Maluku which speak a local dialect
Arb Arabian adopted word from Arabian language
ant anatomy terminology that is usually related to anatomy
Bal Bali local dialect of Balinese
Bib Bible Mostly written in a Bible
bio biology a terminology that largely used in biology
Btk Batak an ethnic in North Sumatera which has its  local dialect
Chn Chinese a word that is adopted from Chenese
chem chemical a word that related to chemical matter
comp comparative comparative adjective (bigger, more beautiful, etc)
conj conjunction parts of speech
dtr determiner parts of speech
excl exclamation parts of speech
frm formal used for official speech, writing, science, law, etc.
impr imperative parts of speech
inf informal largely used but not considerably appropriate for formal use
intr intransitive verb that has direct object
intrj interjection parts of speech
Isl Islam terminology that is related to Moslem praying or teaching
Jv Javanese a largest ethnic in Indonesia, the local dialect of which is largely adopted into Indonesian language.
Jpn Japanese a word that is adopted from Japanese
ld local dialect a word that is used locally
ling. linguistic a terminology used in linguistic
ltr literally a word that mostly used in literature
lu largely used a word that largely understood and used in the whole country.
math mathematic a terminology that is related to mathematic
med. medical a word that is related to medical matter
Mel Melayu the root of today’s Indonesian formal language
Mdn Medan a big city in North Sumatera which a specific local dialect
Min Minang an ethnic in West Sumatera which has local dialect and some of them is largely
Mnd Menado an ethnic in North Sulawesi which has a specific local dialect
n noun parts of speech
of old fashion a largely used word in the past and and now not many people use it anymore
off offensive a word that is considered not polite to be used  and may harm the feeling of sb.
pass.v passive voice
prep. preposition parts of speech
phr phrasal two or more words that are combined to express an idea
pre prefix a group of letters that is added to the beginning of a word in order to make a new word
prn pronoun parts of speech
tr transitive a transitive verb has an object. In the sentence “She makes her own clothes,” “makes” is a transitive verb
sb somebody a person as an object or a subject
Snd Sundanese a large ethnic in West Java that has its own local dialect
spo sport a word that is related to sport activity
sth something something as a subject or and object
supr superlative adjective (the most- the less- adj + est)
syn synonym a word with the same meaning or almost the same meaning as another word
tech technical used as a technical jargon
v verb parts of speech
vern vernacular unofficial language
vul vulgar not polite or taboo for most of the people
wrt written an abbreviation that is only used in writing not in speech

B1: b: |the second letter of alphabet used in Indonesian language and English –  approximately sounds like: b in  balloon, broad; rubbroker; cab; dab; grab; jab; lab.|

bab: n /frm/lu/1 chapter  Mari kita buka bab II Let’s open chapter II;  2 matter Bab ini tidak perlu dibahas. This matter doesn’t need to be discussed. 3 gate, main door

babak1: n /frm/lu/ 1 round (in a match)  Tyson memukul dia jatuh pada babak ke-II Tyson knocked him down at the 2nd round 2 stage (of a process) Pada babak permulaan hal itu tersembunyi It was hidden at the earlier stage.
-membabak: v plester |protect blood comes out from an injury|
-pembabakan: n the process of making sth happen periodically

babak2; babak belur: adj /frm/lu/ badly injured   Mukanya babak-belur dipukul oleh lawannya His face was a badly injured  by his opponent.

babakan: n /lu/ bark |the loose outer skin of   the trunk and branches of a tree|

babat1: membabat: v //frm/lu/ 1 cut, clear (tree, jungle) Mereka membabat hutan untuk satu jalan baru They cut down the jungle for a new road  2 mow (grass)  Dia sedang membabat rumput di halaman belakang. He is mowing the grass in the backyard. 3 to eat sth without any rest Mereka membabat habis semua makanan itu. They eat away all the food  4 absolutely defeat  Dia membabat habis semua lawannya. He absolutely defeated all his opponent.
-membabati: v cut down trees or grass  (a suffix “i” in a verb functions as an intensifier to express that the action done frequently)
-membabatkan: v use a tool (like a chopping knife) to cut sth Dia membabatkan parang baru itu memotong rumput He use the new chopping knife to cut the grass.
n clearing |an action to cut away or to clear sth|

babat2: n /lu/ tripe soto babat tripe soup |soup made of tripe, one of many kinds of  traditional food|

babat3: n /ld/ 1 peer  Dia mendapat rasa hormat dari babatnya. He  gained the respect of his peers. 2  group |of the same level or kind|
-sebabat: n colleague |friends at the same level|

babat4: v variation of  bebat:

babe: n /ld/ boss

babi: n /frm/lu/ pig, pork
-babi pejantan: n boar
-babi lu!: intrj. /off/ You pig!
-babi guling: n a pig that wholly roasted whithout ctting it to pieces.
-­babi panggang: n /Chn/ hong pork braised in a red sauce.
-babi hutan: n wild boar.
-babi jalang: n /off./ |a stigma or predicate given to a women whose sex behaviour and practice is immoral based on the community value where she belongs to|
-daging babi: n pork meat.
-daging babi asap: n bacon, smoked ham
-induk babi: n sow |adult female pig in a pig breeding farm|
-/idiom/: membabibuta: adv helter- skelter Pencuri itu lari membabi buta The thief run helter-skelter 2 madly, wildly |do sth with an uncontrolled action|  Orang-orang menyiksa pencuri itu secara membabi buta People tortured the thief madly, squabble

bablas: v /lu/ be gone |if sth such as money “bablas” it means we don’t have the money anymore because we spent it in a way that is difficult to explain what for, or it’s unexpectedly taken by a thief or deceiver|

babtis: variant of  baptis:

babon: n /Jv/ 1 laying hen 2 original copy of a document

babu: n /of/ female domestic servant. |most of the people now call them “pembantu” (helper) instead|

baca: membaca: v /frm/lu/ 1 read Dia suka membaca buku komik She likes to read comical books 2 recite or chant (holy text, prayer, magic formula, etc.) (bacamembaca doa say a prayer.
-bacaan: n literature, reading (material) Kita tidak punya banyak bahan bacaan di rumah ini We don’t have so much reading material in this house
-keterbacaan: n readability -terbaca1: adj readable |used particularly in negative form| Tulisan tangannya tidak terbaca Her hand writing is not readable.
-membacakan: v /frm/ 1 read aloud, read for sb else Pria tua itu meminta saya membacakan surat anaknya untuk dia The old man asked me to read his son’s letter to him
-pembaca: n reader, reciter Ansori adalah seorang pembaca Al Quran yang bagus. Ansori is a good Al’Quran reader.
-pembacaan: n reading (process) Pembacaan keputusan itu kurang jelas The reading of the decision wasn’t very clear.
-terbaca : v /pass.v/ accidentally be read  Secara tidak sengaja laporan itu terbaca oleh seorang reporter Accidentally the report was read by a reporter.

bacang1: n /Chn/ |food made of rice wrapped in bamboo leaves, shaped into a dia­mond, filled with meat, and steamed|

bacang2: variant of embacang:

baciluk: n /infr/ a play to keep a baby interest and happy.

bacok: membacok: v /frm/lu/ slash |to cut or try to cut something in a violent way with a sharp weapon, making a long deep cut| Dia membacok lengan lawannya dengan sebuah pisau tajam He slashed his enemy’s arm with a sharp knife.
-bacokan: n gash, slash |a long narrow wound on your body, or a long narrow cut in a piece of material|
-pembacok: n slasher, gusher |sb who slash others with a knife|
-pembacokan: n slashing, gushing  |act of gashing or slashing|
terbacok: v /pass.v./ be cut |acciden­tally wounded with a knife|

bacot: n 1 /off/ 1 mouth. 2 talk Kamu jangan banyak bacot Don’ too much talk (Shut your mouth)
-berbacot: v tell much nonsense

badai1: n /frm/lu/ 1 storm 2 hurricane, typhoon, gale 3 rage |a stormy relationship or situation in which people are very angry, excited, and unreasonable| Pertentangan politik itu akhirnya berobah menjadi badai Finally the political argument turned to be a rage
-badai salju: n blizzard.
-badai pasir: n sand storm
-ber­badai: adj stormy  cuaca berbadai  stormy weather 2 rage, storm about. Dia berbadai di kantor, sebab pegawai-pegawai dating terlambat He was in a rage in the office because the employees came late.

badai2; terbadai: v /pass,/ stretched out. Mereka terbadai di pantai They were stretched out on the beach

badak: n /frm/lu/ rhinoceros.

badan: n /frm/lu/ 1 body |the physical structure of a person or animal| 2 torso |the main part of the human physical structure without legs, arms, and head. and other organs| 3 |the main physical structure of sth such as a building, a car, a ship, etc|  Apa badan mobil ini di import atau di assembling disini? Is the body of this car imported or locally assembled? 4 board |a group of people that is considered as one part of a larger organization with particular function or responsibility| Badan Koordinasi Perencanaan Pembangunan Nasional National Development Planning Board|
-berbadan dua: adj /lu/frm/ pregnant
-bersebadan: v /lu/frm/ make love, having sex

badan hukum: n /lu/frm/ registered organization or corporation  |an organization such as foundation, business corporation, political party, etc that has been registered by the public notary and categorized as a tax payer|

badan jalan: n /lu/frm/ main part of a road |the lane where sb can drive a car normally|

badani1; badaniah; secara badani/ badaniah: adv /lu/frm/ physically  Secara badaniah mereka sehat. Physically they are healthy.

badani2; badaniah: adj /lu/frm/ physical pengalaman badaniah physical experi­ence.

badik: n /lu/ dagger |a short pointed knife used as a weapon| –syn: sangkur

badminton: n /lu/frm/ badminton.

badong: n /ld/ 1 puppet show accessories 2 n /vern. Toraja/ |funeral song|

Badui: n |an ethnic group in West Java who stll keep their very traditional social value|

badung: adj /lu/ 1 naughty (children) 2 delinquent (juvenile)

badut: n /lu/ clown.
-badutan: n jokes,  clowning stock  Dia menggunakan isu politik sebagai badutan. He takes political a issue as a joke.
kebadutan: n 1 buffoonery  2  ridiculousness
-membadut: v clown
-membaduti: v pretend (to be sb else)
-pembadutan: n clowning, buffoonery.

bagadang: variant of begadang:

bagai; bagaikan: prep. /lu/frm/ like, as if   |usually used to introduce idiom or proverb| Bagai si ponggok merindukan bulan |like a short person wanting to reach moon – to describe impossibility| 2 as if Hujan bagaikan di­curahkan dari langit The rain was as if it was being poured out from the sky
-bagaimana: conj. /question word/ how!  Bagaimana hal itu bisa terjadi? How could it happen? Bagaimana perasaan kamu? How do you feel?
-bagaimanapun: adv however Bagaimanapun caranya kamu melakukannya, saya yakin itu akan bagus However you do it, I’m sure it will be good. Dagaimanapun kamu perlu minta maaf padanya However, you need to extend your apology to her
-berbagai: adj various Ada berbagai cara untuk mencegah barang-barang itu dari kerusakan There are various way to protect the goods from damage
-dan sebagainya: adv et cetera  (etc)
-dibagaimanakan: adv what should be done to Dibagaimanakan tanaman itu? What should be done to the plant?
n variety Keberbagairagaman makanan akan menjaga kesehatan kita The variety of food will maintain our health.
adv, prep Sebagai teman kan saya lakukan yang terbaik untuk membantu. As your friend, I’ve done my best to help
-sebagaimana: prep. as it Sebagaimana telah dijelaskan sebelumnya tidak akan ada pemecatan As it was explained before, there will be no firing.

bagan1: n /lu/frm/ 1 draft, blueprint, design, plan  Ini bagan pembangkit tenaga listrik yang baru itu. This is the draft of the electricity new power plant Apa bagan penelitian itu sudah di diskusikan? Has the research plan discussed?  2 frame, skeleton. Bagan mobil terbakar itu masih ada di jalan. The frame of the burned-out vehicle is still on the road. Bagan atap itu akan dibuat dari balok-balok logam The frame of the roof will be made of metal bar.  3 chart Bagan organisasi itu sangat sederhana The organization chart is very simple. 4 map Apa kamu punya bagan daerah ini? Do you have the map of this area? 5 flow chart (electronics) Mesin ini akan diserahkan bersama bagan aliran arus listriknya The machine will come with its electronic flow chart
-membagan: v design Apa kamu tahu membagan tata letak panggung? Do you know how to design a stage lay out?
-pembagan: n designer.

bagan2: n /lu/frm/ fishing station |some fisher built their shelter on the sea. They dry up the fish there and sometimes they stay overnight there|

bagasi: n 1 baggage, luggage 2 luggage rack 3 trunk (of a car) Berat bagasi anda lewat . You have excess luggage

bagero: variant of bakero:

bagi1: prep /lu/frm/ for  Bagi mereka, yang tiketnya sudah di periksa, silahkan masuk pesawat sekarang. For them, whose ticket has been checked, please boarding now

bagi2; membagi: v /lu/frm/ 1 divide Mari kita bagi dua ruangannya dengan partisi itu Let’s divide the room in to two using that partition. 2 distribute Palang merah akan membagi selimut kepada para korban bencana alam itu The red cross will distribute the blanket to the catastrophe victims 3 separate Bagi siswa itu sesuai jenis kelaminnya. Separate the students based on their gender
-bagian: n share, portion, quota, ration, part, allotment, percentage Simpan bagian kamu Keep your portion Bagian terbesar penduduk tinggal di pedesaan The larger part of population live in rural areas.
-berbagi: v share Come on, join us. We can share the food and drink. Ayo! Kemarilah kita bisa berbagi makanan dan minuman ini.
-kebagian: v to have portion
-membagi rata: v divide equally. Bagi lingkaran itu menjadi tiga bagian yang sama Divide the circle into three equal parts  Bagaimana caranya membagi keuntungan itu secara rata? How will that benefit be equally divided?
-pembagian: n distribution, allocation, division Pembagian obat akan dilakukan oleh sukarelawan The distribution of the medicine will be done by volunteers
-perbagian: n quotient |the result of one number which is being divided by another number|
-terbagi-bagi: adj 1 divided 2 separated. Penduduk telah terbagi-bagi sesuai tujuan politik mereka. The population has been separated based on their political orientation.
-terbagi: dapat dibagi: adj 1 divisible Fifteen (15) is divisible by three (3) and five (5) 2 sharable, be shared  Apa makanan kita dapat dibagi kepada teman saya? Is our food can be shared  with my friend?
-sebagian: n part of, some of  Apa saya bisa memakai sebagian lotion kamu? Can I use some of your lotion?

bagimana: variant of bagaimana:

baginda: n /ltr./ His Majesty (for royalty) |a re­spectful term of reference for a King|  2 title of nobility.

bagong1: n /lu/ 1 pot-bellied, portly. 2 cumbersome, ponderous. 3 name of a pot-bellied clown in a puppet  play

bagong2: n /ld/ 1 wild boar 2 willing sexual partner

bagor: n coarse mat made of palm leaves

bagus: adj /lu/frm/ 1 fine, good. Bagus kalau kamu bisa lakukan sendiri It will be fine if you can do it by yourself  Cuaca kelihatan sangat bagus The weather seems very fine 2 exemplary |excellent and extremely good, and used as an example|  sikap bagus seorang siswa the students’ exemplary behavior –syn: baik, elok
-bagusi; membagusi; v /infr/lu/1 fix Ada yang salah dengan mesin ini, boleh kamu bagusi? There is sth wrong with this machine, can you fix it?  2 repair Dia punya keahlian membagusi alat elektronik He has skill to repair electronic. 3 correct  Saya butuh waktu untuk membagusi kesalahan dalam laporan ini I need time to correct the mistakes in this report –syn: memperbaiki, membenari, membetuli
-baguskan; membaguskan: v 1 improve Kamu perlu membaguskan cara berpakaian. You need to improve your way to dress 2 make up Mari kita baguskan taman ini selama liburan Let’s make up this park during vacation 3 embellish |a crown embellished with gold stars| 4 beautify Sentuhan kecil untuk membaguskan penampilan. A little touch to beautify an appearance. 5 renovate Bagunan itu masih bagus, namun demikian mereka berencana membaguskannya lagi The building is still good, however they plan to renovate it. 6  upgrade  Dia ingin membaguskan komputernya dengan menambah memory He want to upgrade his computer by adding more memory –syn: memperindah, mempercantik, memperkuat
Usage: Bagus, elok, baik, and manis, like good, pretty, nice, and beautiful have similarity. They describe positive quality. Bagus is more general but it less commonly used to describe beauty and prettiness. Use elok to describe the beauty or prettiness of an appearance. Use baik to describe the positive quality of behaviour, attitude, generosity, hospitality. Don’t say “Gadis yang bagus” if you mean “A beautiful girl” but “Gadis yang cantik” or “Gadis yang manis”  You can say “Penampilan yang bagus” if you mean “Good looking”, however the goodness here tends to mean the appropriateness rather than the beauty.

Bagus: n |title given to a Javanese and Balinese nobility|

bah1: n /lu/ frm/ flood  -syn: banjir
-membah: v flood, overflow

bah2: excl. |expressing surprise or disagreement|  Bah! Siapa yang mengundang dia kesini? Ha? Who invited him?

bah3: variant of babah:

bahaduri: adj /ld/ heroic, chivalrous

bahagia: adj /lu/frm/ 1 happy  Mereka sangat bahagia They are so happy 2 good  Kabar bahagia apa? What is the good news?
-kebahagiaan: n happiness, well-being, bliss, joy
v make happy, bring happiness  Kabar itu membahagiakan kami semua That news made us happy.

bahagian: variant of bagi:

bahak1: n /lu/ burst of laugh
-(tertawa) terbahak-bahak: v burst out laughing  Celana Judy tercecer dan kami semua terbahak-bahak Judy’s pants dropped and all of us was burst out laughing.

bahak2: n /ld/ sea eagle

bahan: n /lu/frm/ 1 substance |a type of solid or liquid that has particular qualities| Kantongan itu ditutup dengan satu bahan yang sangat lengket The bag was covered with a sticky substance. 2 material |things such as wood, plastic, paper etc. from which things can be made| bahan bangunan building materials 3 cloth |fabric used for making things like clothes, curtains etc.| Ibu membeli beberapa bahan katun untuk tutup meja Mom bought some cotton material for table cover 3 matter |a subject or situation that you have to think about or deal with, often one that causes problems|  Staknasi dibidang ekonomi akan menjadi bahan diskusi utama dalam seminar ini. The economic stagnation is going to be the main matter to discuss in this seminar.
-bahan adukan: n mortar
-bahan bakar: n fuel
-bahan bangunan: n construction material
-bahan buatan: n artificial substance
-bahan gizi: n nutrient
-bahan keras: n caustic agent.
-bahan keterangan: n information
-bahan masukan: n input
-bahan mentah: n raw material
-bahan mudah terbakar: n inflammable material
-bahan pakaian: n fabric for cloth
-bahan pangan: n food
-bahan peledak: n explosive
-bahan pelicin: n 1 lubricant 2 bribe
-bahan pelumas: n lubricant
-bahan pembicaraan: n issue, topic of discussion
-bahan pembersih: n cleanser, cleaning material
-bahan pengencer: n thinner
-bahan pengajaran: n teaching materials
-bahan pertimbangan: n consideration
-bahan perekat: n adhesive
-bahan pewarna: n pigment, colouring material
-bahan pokok: n staple supplies
-bahan tambang/galian: n extractive, mineral, ore

bahana1: n /frm/ 1 loud sound, noise, din. 2 echo
-membahana1: v ­1 sound loudly 2 echo, reverberate.

bahana2: n /frm/ extravagance, popularity, nobility
membahana2: adj well known, popular,  famous

bahana3: conj. because, due  Bahana kurang makan dia menjadi kurus Due to mal-nutrient she is very thin

bahar1: adj /ld/ huge, tremendous |usually used to describe sth that related to water such as sea, river, and lake| Danau yang bahar A large lake

bahar2: n weight measurement (about 400 lbs.)

bahar3: see akar:

bahari1: adj /ld/ antique, ancient. Itu kepercayaan bahari That is an ancient belief  2 charming.

bahari2: n /frm/ maritime, nautical.
-kebaharian: n nautical mat­ters. sejarah bahari maritime history.
-bahariwan; bahariawan: n |someone whose job or hobby related to sailing and ship|
-kebaharian: adj 1 |experiences or skill that related to sailing and ship| 2 nautical studies.
-bahariwati; bahariawati: n female sailor

bahas; membahas: v /lu/frm/ 1 discuss Apa kamu telah membahas proposal ini dengan konsultan itu? Have you discussed this proposal with the consultant  2 review Kita harus membahas laporan itu secara rinci sebelum menyerahkannya We have to review the report in detail before we submit it 3 confer Artikel itu membahas terjadinya kenaikan suku bunga pinjaman The article confers the rise in loan interest 4 talk about Apa kamu sudah membahas kasus ini dengan pengacara?  Did you talk to a lawyer about the case?
-pembahasan: n 1 discussion Pembahasan mengenai rencan undang-undang itu akan berlangsung minggu depan Discussion on the bill will take place next week  2 review Apa kita masih perlu melakukan pembahasan tentang anggaran belaja itu? Do we still need a review on the budget planning?

bahasa1: n /lu/frm/ 1 language Bahasa Indonesia Indonesian lan­guage 2 words Gunakan bahasa sopan terutama kalau bicara dengan wanita tua Use polite words especially if you talk to older women
-berbahasa: v 1 speak Apa kamu berbahasa Inggris? Do you speak English? 2 have good manner Dia tidak berbahasa baik He doesn’t have good manner
-bahasa baku: n standard language
-bahasa campuran: n mixed language
-bahasa daerah: n regional/ethnical language, vernacular
-bahasa dalam: n language used at royal court
-bahasa istilah: n jargon
-bahasa kebangsaan: n national language
-bahasa lisan: n spoken language
-bahasa pasaran: n slang
-bahasa pengantar: n common language (medium of instruction)
-bahasa Tarzan: n sign language
-bahasa prokem: n jargon used by gangs and street people
-bahasa tulisan: n written language
-membahasa Indonesiakan: v put/translate into Indone­sian language
-peri bahasa: n proverb, idiom

bahasa2: conj /frn/ that Bahasa apa yang kamu katakan benar perlu dibuktikan That what you mentioned is true need to be proved

bahasa3: adv /infr/ a little, slightly. Baju itu bahasa sempit The suit is slightly too small

bahasawan: n /lu/ltr/ linguist.

bahaya: n /lu/frm/ danger, peril, jeopardy
-berbahaya: adj dangerous, perilous
-membahayakan: v 1 jeopardize Jimmy telah membahayakan karirnya dengan menganjurkan pemogokan Jimmy has jeopardized his career by suggesting strike 2 endanger Merokok sangat membahayakan kesehatan kamu Smoking seriously endangers your health 3 imperil Jangan membahayakan dirimu sendiri dengan memakan obat itu Don’t imperil your self by taking that drug

bahela: variant of baheula:

bahenol: adj /infr/spo/ nicely shaped, sexy, attractive, nice looking, handsome

baheula: bahela: adj /ld/ old-fashioned, antiquated 2 ancient. peninggalan jaman baheula- relics of an ancient time.

bahkan: n 1 moreover Berpuluh-puluh, bahkan beratus­-ratus tahun negeri ini telah dijajah For decades, moreover, cen­turies this country had been colonized  2 even more Anak saya tahu kecanggihan teknologi digital bahkan  melebihi dari apa yang saya tahu. My son know the sophistication of digital technology even more than I do. 3 that is  Dia kaya, bahkan bisa dikatakan paling kaya di kota ini. He is rich,   that is to say the richest person in this town.

bahtera: n ship, boat
/idiom/: bahtera rumah tangga: n the life of marriage

bahu: n /lu/ shoulder
-bahu jalan: n /lu/ |the outer lane of a road where the vehicle park at an emergency stop|
bahu membahu: phr v /lu/ help/support each other, work together Masyarakat bekerja bahu membahu membangun tanggul ketika sungai itu meluap. The community work together to build an embankment when the river flowed over

bahwa: conj. /lu/frm/ that  Saya tahu bahwa kamu tidak suka sama dia. I know that you don’t like her Bahwa dia tidak salah akan dibuktikan di pengadilan That he is innocent will be proved in the court.

bahwasannya: conj. that |similar to ‘bahwa’, we add ‘sannya’ to emphasize the statement we make after the word| Bahwasannya dia cinta padamu saya rasa sudah sangat jelas dari apa yang dia lakukan untuk kamu. That she loves you, I think it’s clear from what she did for you.

baiat: n /frm/ 1 oath 2 inauguration |to have an official ceremony in order to show that someone is beginning an important job|  Baiat presiden yang baru akan dilakukan bulan Januari The inauguration of the new President will take place in January. –syn: pelantikan
-membaiat: v 1 take sb’s oath 2 install |to put someone in an important job or position, especially with a ceremony| Perguruan akan membaiat seorang dekan baru The college is installing a new Dean –syn: melantik
-pembaiatan: v 1 oath taking 2 instalment  -syn: pelantikan.

baiduri: n /lu/ a name of a jewel made of colourful stone

baik1: adj /lu/frm/ 1 okay Apa baik kalau saya menemui dia ke kantornya? Is it OK if I meet him at his office  Apa kamu baik-baik? Are you OK? 2 good, nice (in attitude) Mereka orang baik They are good people 3 good (in quality)  Angka matematikanya sangat baik. His grade on math is very good  4 appropriate Ini pakaian yang baik untuk ke pesta This is an appropriate dress for a party 5 generous Keluarga itu sangat baik mau meyumbang misi social ini The family is very generous to donate this social mission.

baik2: adv 1 well Dia bisa jalan (dengan) baik He can walk well Apa kamu bisa melihat dengan baik Can you see well? 2 politely Bicaralah dengan dia baik-baik. Talk to him politely 3 baiklah: that’s OK. Baiklah kalau kamu mau pergi sekarang! That’s OK if you want to leave now

baik3: conj as well as |used with maupun or with another baik in an inclusive sentence|  Baik Nadia maupun Abel kedua-duanya murid pintar Nadia as well as Abel are smart students  Baik ibunya maupun ayahnya mengatakan dia anak baik His mother as well as his father said that he is a good boy. Baik dia baik saya sama sekali tidak punya uang He as well as I don’t have money at all.
-berbaikan: v be in peace Kedua negara itu telah berbaikan sekarang. The two countries have been in peace now.
-kebaikan: n goodness, generosity, kindness.
-memperbaiki: v repair, fix, correct  -syn: membagusi, membetulkan
-membaik: v /pass.v/ 1 be cured Luka itu sudah membaik. The wound has been cured 2 improved Apa menurut kamu kondisi ekonomi akan membaik dalam waktu dekat? Do you think that the economic condition will be improved soon?
-perbaikan: n improvement, fixation, renovation, repairing
-sebaiknya: adv it’s better Sebaiknya kita pergi sekarang. It’s better if we go now
-sebaik-baiknya: adv 1 with the best possible Sebaik-baiknya kamu main, kamu tidak akan bisa mengalahkan dia. With the best possible you play, you’ll never defeat him 2 as well as possible Lakukanlah dengan sebaik-baiknya Do it as well as possible
-sebaik apapun: adv no matter how well Sebaik apapun kamu melakukannya, dia akan menghargainya.. No matter how well you do it, he will never appreciate it.
-sebaik: adv as good as Dia tidak sebaik yang kamu pikirkan He is not as good as you think

bait: n /lu/frm/ 1 the holy place Bait Allah a) the holy mosque in Mecca (Isl) b) the temple of Jerusalem (Bib) 2 paragraph |a group of several sentences that deal with one idea in a piece of writing, poem, song, etc|
-berbait-bait: phr consist of a number of paragraph

baja: n /lu/ 1 steel 2 armor 3 mixture of oil and charcoal of coconut shell for blackening teeth.

bajaj: n /lu/ a three wheel small passenger vehicle

bajak1: n /lu/ plow
-membajak1: v plow
-pembajakan1: n plowing

bajak2; pembajak: n /lu/ 1bandit 2 robber 3 hijacker
-bajak laut: n pirate |someone who sails on the oceans, attacking other boats and stealing things from them|
-bajak udara: n hijacker
-membajak2: v 1 pirate (a ship) 2 hijack (an air bus)
-pembajakan2: n 1 pirating (of a ship) 2 hijacking (of a plane)

bajak3; pembajak: n |someone who illegally copies and sells another person’s work|
-membajak: v copy another right for  business purposes
-pembajakan3: n 1 pirating (of  book)  2 hijacking (music composition)

baji: n /lu/ 1 wedge |a piece of wood, metal etc. that has one thick edge and one pointed edge used for keeping a door open, splitting wood etc. 2 peg |a short piece of wood or metal that fits into a hole or is fastened to a wall, used for fastening furniture together, for hanging things on etc|
-membaji: v 1 split sth with a wedge 2  hold sth tightly with a peg.

bajigur: n hot drink made of coconut milk, spice, particularly ginger

bajik: adj good, wholesome, virtuous
-kebajikan: n /lu/frm/ love, kindness, care, good deeds Semua agama mengajarkan kebajikan. All religion teaches good deeds

bajing: n /lu/ squirrel.

bajingan: n /lu/frm/ 1 scoundrel, gangster 2 thief.

baju: n /lu/frm/ 1 jacket, blouse, shirt.
-baju antakusuma: n magical cloak that enables its wearer to fly
-baju antari: n long inner vest worn by pilgrims to Mecca
-baju besi: n armor
-baju belah dada: n jacket opening in the middle
-baju blouse: n blouse
-baju bodo: n tunic
-baju bunting: n short-sleeved woman’s jacket
-baju cina: n paja­mas
-baju dalam: n undershirt
-baju dingin: n winter clothes
-baju panas: n sweater
-baju hujan: n raincoat
-baju jas: n coat
-baju jubah: n tunic, mantle, flowing robe
-baju kaos: n sports shirt
-baju kurung: n woman’s long tunic
-baju las: n weld­er’s outfit
-baju monyet: coveralls
-baju pelampung: n life jacket
-baju pengantin: n bridal gown
-baju perang: n war attire
-baju rompi: vest
-baju terusan: n full-length dress
-baju tidur: n night­shirt, nightgown, pajamas
-baju safari: n short ­sleeves four-pocket shirt (usually worn by civil officials)

bak1: prep /spo/ like |similar in some way to something else|  Semua planet bentuknya bundar bak sebuah bola. All the planet are round like a ball

bak2: n /lu/frm/  basin, vessel, large liquid container
-bak cuci piring: n sink
-bak cuci kain: n laundry tub
-bak kamar mandi: n open water container for splash or dip
-bak karter/mesin: n crankcase
-bak makan: n feeding trough
-bak pasir: n sand box
-bak persneling: n transmission, gear box
-bak sampah: n trash, garbage container, bin, trash can
-bak tinja: n septic tank

bak3: n /Chn/ ink.

bak4: n sound of a thud.

baka: adj /lu/frm/ eternal, everlasting persahabatan yang baka lasting friendship negeri yang baka world without end, world hereafter alam baka eternity, the hereafter |something that will be everlasting after the existence of the world|
-kebakaan: n 1 eternity |time without any end, especially the time after death that some people believe continues for ever|  2 du­rability |a period of time that seems long because you are annoyed, anxious etc|
-membakakan: v immortalize.

baka2: n 1 family tree descent, line 2 genetic origins Pangeran itu melepas baka kebangsawanan untuk menikah dengan orang asing The prince renounced his descent line of monarchy to marry a foreigner.

bakal1: n /lu/frm/ 1 ovule Jangan sentuh bakal buah itu Don’t touch the ovule 2 candidate Berapa orang bakal gubernur pada pemilihan mendatang? How many candidates of the governor in the next election?  3  seed Ini bakal pohon-pohon besar These are the seeds of big trees 4 prospect (seems to be new client)  Kamu dapat berapa bakal bulan ini How many prospect do you get for this month? 5 material (particularly for  cloth­ing| Ini saya belikan kamu beberapa potong bakal Here I bought you a few pieces of material (for clothing)

bakal2: v 1 will (be) Dia bakal menjadi asisten saya She will be my assistant 2 (be) going (to be) Dia bakal menjadi direktur perusahaan ini. He is going to be the director of this company
-bakalan: v going to be Negeri ini bakalan menjadi negara termakmur di Asia This country is going to be the richest country in Asia.

bakal3: adj 1 future Dia bakal presiden kita She is our future president 4 prospective Saya daftar kamu menjadi salah satu bakal pemegang polis asuransi ini. I listed you to be one of prospective policy holder of this insurance company
-bakal isteri: n fiancée
-bakal manusia: n fetus
bakal menantu: n future son or daughter-in-law

bakar; membakar: v /tr/lu/frm/ 1 burn, set on fire 2 roast
-bahan bakar: n /frm/lu/ fuel
-dibakar: v /pass.v / be burned Satu pos polisi dibakar oleh pemberontak A police post was burned by the rebel
-ikan/daging bakar: n roasted fish/meat
-kayu bakar: n firewood
-kebakaran: n burning  |a happening where something is on fire| Kebakaran kemarin terjadi akibat hubungan arus pendek listrik The yesterday burning happened as a result of an electricity short cut
-kebakaran janggut: /idiom/ be confused because suddenly be very shameful of sth  -membakar habis: v incinerate
-pembakaran: n combustion
-pembakar: n sb or sth that set fire Apa polisi sudah tahu apa atau siapa pembakarnya? Has the police known who or what set the fire?
pembakaran mayat: n /lu/ cremation
-terbakar1: adj be alighted, be burned  Restoran yang terbakar itu akan dibangun kembali dalam waktu dekat. The burned restaurant will be rebuild soon
-terbakar2: v /intr/ get burnt Ada sebuah mobil terbakar di jalan tadi pagi There was a car got burnt on the street this morning
-membakari: v burn up Musuh telah membakari desa-desa sekitar pantai The enemy has burn up the village surrounding the coast

bakat1: n /lu/frm/ 1 talent Dia punya bakat musik He has a talent of music
-berbakat: adj talented Dia seorang gadis berbakat She is a talented girl

bakat2: n /ld/ trace, print, trail Ada bakat kaki kuda di tanah itu There is horse feet print on that ground

bakat3: n /frn/ indication, indicator, omen, warning, forecast, symptom Mega mendung adalah bakat akan datang  hujan Cloudiness is an indication of rain. Apa ada bakat penyakit kanker padanya? Is there any cancer symptom on him?
-bakat alam: n born talent
-bakat seni: n art talent
-membakat: n to be like talent Pengalamannya yang panjang dalam melukis membuat keahliannya membakat. His long experiences on painting made his skill to be like a talent

bakau: n /lu/frm/ mangrove tree.

bakbu: n /Chn/ thin sliced spiced fried pork

baki1: n small tray

baki2: n /ld/ 1 balance  (financial account) 2 change (return money)
-membakikan: n set aside, reserve, earmark, allocate, designate (budget)

baki3: adj 1 eternal, lasting –syn: abadi, kekal 2 infertile, exhausted

bakiak: n /lu/ wooden sandal

BAKIN {Badan Koordinasi Inlelijen Negara}: n State Intelligence Coordinating Agency

bakmi: n /Chn/lu/ cooked noodles (mixed with meat, fish, vegetable) bakmi kuah boiled noodles bakmi goreng fried noodles bakmi­ pangsit  noodle soup with special spice

bakpao: n /lu/ steamed cake bun stuffed with meat and other ingredients.
-/idiom/: Pipinya kayak bakpao She has rounded cheeks

bakso: n /Chn/lu/ 1 meatballs 2 soup with meatballs, sliced cabbage and bean threads
-ngebakso: v /inf/  eat bakso soup.

bakteri; bakteril: n /lu/frm/ bacteria

bakteriologi: n /frm/ bacteriology.

bakti: n /lu/frm/ 1 dedication, |the hard work or effort that someone puts into a particular activity| Dia menunjukkan bakti yang kuat untuk negerinya He shows great dedication to his country| 2 service Tan memberikan baktinya yang luar biasa kepada negara dengan menghabiskan seluruh usia kerjanya sebagai polisi Tan gave great service to the nation by spending all his working age as a police
-berbakti1: v /intr/ dedicate, devote
-berbakti2: adj dedicated, devoted, loyal
-kebaktian: n sermon (used among Christians)
-membaktikan: v /tr/ dedicate, devote

baku: adj /lu/frm/ 1 standard, formal, lawful, acceptable prosedur baku standard procedure peraturan baku formal regulation tindakan baku lawful action nilai baku acceptable value 2 basic  bahan baku fibreglass basic materials for fibre glass 3 fixed harga baku fixed price

baku2: n /frm/ standard baku emas gold standard baku nilai value standard
-ke­bakuan: n standard
-membakukan: v /frm/ standardize (the language)
-pembakuan: n standardization

baku3: adj /lu/inf/ mutual, reciprocal baku hantam mutually hit each other baku tembak reciprocally shoot each other baku ganti interchange­able baku tuduh mutually accuse

baku4: variant of beku: adj frozen

bakul: n basket  bakul nasi a basket container for rice.

bakul2: n /lu/ vendor woman

bakung: n /ld/ 1 wild lily 2 onion.

bakwan: n /lu/ corn fritter (sometimes with shrimp, eggs, meat, onion) 2 soup with meatballs

bal1: n 1 ball 2 balloon

bal2: n /lu/ bale
berbal-bal: v consists of a numbers of bale

bala1: n /frm/ troops, army. bala banluan reinforcements troop ­Bala Keselamalan Salvation Army.

bala2: n disaster, catastrophe

balada: n short poetic tale |usually about a tragic story sometimes in the form of recital|

balai1: n /lu/frm/ 1 hall, building, centre, place –syn: bale or bale-bale
-balai adat: n community hall
-balai benih: n seedling house, greenhouse
-balai budaya: n cultural centre
-balai dagang: n chamber of commerce
-balai desa:
n village hall
-balai kota: n city hall
-balai lelang: n auction hall
-balai pertemuan: n public hall
-balai pengobatan: n health centre
-balai penerangan: n information centre
-balai prajurit: n army house club
-balai pustaka: n publishing house
-balai senirupa: n art gallery
-balai sidang: n convention hall
-balai wartawan: n press centre

balai2: see burung:

balai-balai: n /lu/  wooden or bamboo couch or sleeping platform

balairung: n /lu/frm/ 1 royal audience hall  2 open hall in a traditional market

balam1: n /lu/ turtledove, banded ground dove.

balam2; berbalam; membalam: adj /ld/ barely visible, unclear. Karena asap penglihatan sangat berbalam Because of the smoke the sight is barely clear

balans1: n balance |a state in which your weight is evenly spread so that you are steady and not likely to fall|

balans2: n /lu/frm/ bank balance

balantara: variant of belantara:

balap: n /lu/frm/ race, racing
-berbalap: v /intr/  race, compete
-balapan: n racing, competition.
-membalap: v /intr/tr/ race, compete.
-pembalap: n racer.

balas1; membalas: v /lu/frm/ 1 reply Tolong balas surat ini kalu tidak merepotkan anda Please reply to this letter at your earliest convenient 2 counter Kita harus siap apabila musuh membalas serangan kita. We have to be prepared in case the enemy counter our attack 3 retort. “Itu semua kesalahan kamu!” balasnya “It’s all your fault!” he retorted  4 retaliate Ketika polisi sudah bergerak masuk, orang-orang yang sedang marah itu membalas dengan pelemparan batu. When the police moved in, the angry crowd retaliated by throwing rocks. 5 avenge; also revenge: |avenge to do something to hurt or punish someone because s/he has harmed or offended you|
-balasan; pembalasan: n 1 reply  Ini balasan untuk surat anda This is a reply to your letter 2 counter; counterattack Tidak ada balasan sama sekali untuk sanggahan saya There is no counter at all to my argument 3 retort Kenapa tidak kamu berikan balasan untuk kritiknya? Why don’t you give him a retort to his critique? 4 retaliation Pria itu dibunuh sebagai balasan untuk pembunuhan yang sama di tempat yang berdekatan. The man was killed in retaliation for a similar killing in a nearby neighbourhood.
-balas membalas: v mutually avenge
-berbalas pantun: v |two persons or group interchangeably recite poetic phrases as a traditional performance particularly among youth of Melayu ethnic|

balas2: n |sth that you put at one side of a boat to balance the unbalanced position of the boat|

balatentara: v /lu/frm/ troops.

balau: adj confused, bewildered, puzzled
-berbalau: v confuse, bewilder,  puzzle
-kebalauan: n confusion, bewilderment, puzzlement

bale-bale: n variant of balai:

bales: variant of balas:

balet: n ballet.

balerong: variant of balairung:

balig; baligh: adj /frm/ mature, grown up

baliho: n mural |a big size painting that is painted on a wall or on a large board/ plate|

balik1: berbalik: v /lu/frm/ 1 return (back) |to go back to a place where you were before, or to come back from a place| Edwin baru saja balik dari Amerika Edwin just returned from United States  2 turn, turn around |to move your body so that you are looking in a different direction| Balik badanmu supaya saya bisa melihat bagian belakang pakaian kamu. Turn your body around so I can see the back of the dress. 3 turn against |to make someone stop liking or agreeing with someone or something| Pengalaman perang di Irak membuat dia balik menentang perang His war experiences in Iraq  turned him against the war. 4 turn (upside down) Balikkan kotak itu melihat labelnya Turn the box up side down to see the label. 5 go to (pages) Balik bukunya ke halaman berikut Go to the next pages of your book 6 turn (toward sth/to do sth) Tiba-tiba dia berbalik menentang kami Suddenly he turned against us
-berbalik-balik; terbalik-balik: v rolling around |to move by turning over and over, or from side to side|
-dibalik: prep 1 on the other side, behind Letakkan itu dibalik dinding Put it on the other side of the wall Dibalik itu semua dia punya tujuan terselubung Behind all of it he must have hidden motive 2 under, inside Taruh bukumu dibalik mantel hujan kamu Put your book under your rain coat
-kebalikan: n the opposite Kenyataan adalah kebalikan dari apa yang dia katakan The reality is the opposite of what he said.
-membaliknamakan: v transfer the ownership
-pembalikan: n reversion     -terbalik: adj, adv up side down, down side up, in side out, etc  Hati-hati kaos kakinya jangan terbalik. Be careful don’t put your socks inside out
-sebaliknya: adv reversely, contrarily Kami tahu bahwa kamu sangat benci kepada mereka dan sebaliknya mereka sangat sayang pada kamu We know that you hate them and reversely they love you very much

balik2: n turn Pada lampu jalan berikut kamu harus melakukan balik kanan. At the next traffic light you have to make right turn. Ada tempat disana dimana kamu bisa melakukan putar balik There is a place there where you can make back turn

baling; baling-baling: n /lu/frm/ 1 propeller
-berbaling-baling: v 1 have propeller 2  revolve like a propeller

balir: variant of balig:

Balita {Bayi Bawah Lima Tahun}: n under five years baby

balkon: n 1 balcony  2 platform.

ballpoin: n ballpoint pen

balok: n 1 wooden beam 2 block of ice 3 cross­bar, joint, girder, 4 wooden log

balon1: n balloon
-balon-balonan: n soap bubbles

balon2: n /ld/ /inf/ prostitute.

balsam; balsem: n balsam, ointment.
-membalsem: v apply balsam.
-pembalsaman: n embalming

balu: n |a man whose wife has died or divorced| -syn: duda

balut1; pembalut: n /lu/frm/ bandage, wrapper, cover  pembalut kepala headband pembalut luka bandage pembalut rokok cigarette pa­per pembalut wanita sanitary napkins –syn: bungkus, tutup
-berbalut: adj 1 bandaged Apa kamu lihat luka itu berbalut? Did you find the wound bandaged?  2 wrapped Saya tidak melihat kotak itu berbalut I don’t see the box wrapped  3 covered  Jangan biarkan anak itu berbalut, cuaca sudah semakin panas. Don’t let the child covered, the weather is getting hot
-dibalut: adj 1 be bandaged Apa luka anak itu sudah berbalut? Has the child’s wound been bandaged?  2 wrapped  Masukkan hadiah yang sudah bebalut kedalam sebuah kotak. Put all the wrapped prize into a box  3 covered Luka yang berbalut akan terlindung dari infeksi The covered wound will be protected from infection.
Note: Both berbalut and dibalut, are adjective but there is a slight difference between them.Brbalut sounds to describe that the condition of sth is being bandaged or covered without giving an emphasis to who did it, how and when it’s done.  So this word can be used to describe that sth being covered is a given situation, or happen naturally.  For example, Anak ini berbalut waktu lahir This boy was covered when he was born. In this case berbalut is a given condition. The word dibalut indicates that something, in this case ‘covering’ or ‘wrapping’ has been done by sb. It means,  this word still show the characteristic of passive voice verb.

-membalut: v 1 bandage Apa kamu tahu bagaimana membalut luka ini? Do you know how to bandage this wound? 2 wrap Apa anda perlu saya bantu membalut hadiah itu Shall I help you to wrap the prize? 3 cover Balut anak itu dengan selimut Cover the child with a blanket.
-membaluti: v 1 bandage 2 wrap 3 cover .
Note: If the bandaging, wrapping, or covering happened continuously or several times, use membaluti instead of  membalut Para perawat sedang sibuk membaluti para korban luka. The nurses are busy to bandage the injured victims

-membalutkan: v 1 use sth to bandage, wrap, or cover. Sebagai tindakan darurat kamu boleh membalutkan saputangan, syal, dsb untuk sebuah luka. As an emergency treatment you can use a clean handkerchief, shawl, etc to wrap a wound
-balutan1: n 1 bandage, dressing, wrapping, covering Biar saya periksa apakah balutannya telah benar. Let me check if the wrapping has been proper
-pembalutan: n |the process of bandaging, wrapping, covering| Pembalutan harus dilakukan secara hati-hati The wrapping must be done carefully.

balut2: adj red and swollen (eyes) Apa kamu menangis? Mata kamu balut. Are you crying? Your eyes are red and swollen

bambang1: adj /ld/ 1 vast 2 extensive  3 extended
-terbambang: v 1 extend 2 spread out (of area) 3 lay (sth) out Lapangan rumput yg luas terbambang di antara dua sungai itu A vast grassy plain extends between the two rivers 2 be displayed. Panji-panji partai politik terbambang  sepanjang jalan Banners of the political parties were displayed along the road.

bambang2: v run off with a willing girl.

bambu: n bamboo.

ban1: n /lu/ 1 tire 2 ribbon, band. 3 sash, belt  Dia  memakai ban hitam He wore a black shah.
-ban angin: n pneumatic tire
-ban bahu: n arm band, shoulder plate
-ban berjalan: n conveyor belt
-ban dalam: n inner tube
-ban hidup: n tire with inflatable inner tube
-ban kipas: n fan belt.
-ban luar: n outer tire (tire casing)
-ban mati: n solid tire with no inner tube
-ban berpinggiran putih: n whitewall tire
-ban renang: n swim­ming tube
-ban serap: n spare tire
-ban tanpa ban dalam: n tubeless tire -berban: v /spo/ use/have sash

ban2: n /spo/ 1 (tennis, badminton) court 2 train track 3 (race) track

ban3: variant of band:

banal: adj banal, trite

bancang; membancang: v /ld/ trap (with string or rope)

banci: adj /lu/ 1 effeminate, transvestite Dia bersifat banci He is an effeminate 2 coward  Banci kamu! You are coward!  3 powerless. partai politik banci powerless political parties  dgn gaya lawak banci with an effeminate style of joke
-membancikan: v render powerless
-kebancian: n ef­feminacy.

banda; n properties, belonging |any thing we own which make people think that we are rich|

band: n band {a group of music}

bandang: adj /lu/ |extremely large in size and fast in movement, use to describe the enormousness of flood| banjir bandang a sudden and enormous flood

bandar1: n /lu/frm/ 1 harbor  duane bandar harbor customs 2 port bandar udara airport
-berbandar: v have a certain harbor or port Kamu tidak perlu berbandar kalau kamu ingin memiliki kapal sendiri You don’t have to have a personal harbor if you want to have your own ship
-perbandaran: n system and rule applied in a harbor or port

bandar2; bandaran: n /ld/1 water course, channel, duct 2 ditch, drain bandar air limbah sewage ditch.
-membandarkan: v irrigate, to flow water  Pemerintah berencana membandarkan air ke daerah kering ini The government plan to flow water  to this dry land
-terbandar: adj irrigated.

bandar3: n /lu/ 1 croupier 2 sb who lead and finance illegal or underhand business. Neneknya menjadi bandar judi gelap His grandmother be­came an operator of an illegal gambling
-membandar: v 1 trade. Dia membandar untuk mencari nafkah He trades to make money   2 serve as a croupier.
-membandari: v 1 prepare financial need of a business activity 2 to be a croupier of a gambling.

bandara {bandar udara}: n airport.

bandel: adj l rebellious Saya dulu anak yang bandel I was a rebellious child 2 obstinate, stubborn Buat saya lebih baik punya staff yang kurang berpendidikan dari pada yang bandel For me is better to have less educated staff than a stubborn one 3 un­disciplined, disobedient, recalcitrant 4 resistant |not easily harmed or damaged by something – used to describe persons or things| Badannya bandel terhadap dingin His body is cold-resistant. Ini kayu yang bandel, tidak mudah patah. This is a resistant wood, not easy to break.
-kebandelan: n recalcitrance, stubbornness,  rebelliousness, |the quality of being bandel|

bandeng: n /lu/ milkfish.

banderek: n 1 drink |contains ginger and brown sugar, served hot|

banderol: n 1 strip of paper verifying taxed price on package of cigarettes 2 official price, controlled price.

bandes1{bantuan desa}: n governmental budget allocated for village development

bandes2 {pembangunan desa}: n rural development.

banding1; sebanding: adj 1 equal |the same in size, value, amount etc| Bagi adonan itu menjadi tiga bagian yang sebanding Divide the dough into three equal parts| 2 equivalent |equal in value, purpose, rank etc. to something or someone else| Bom atom ini mempunyai kekuatan sebanding dengan10,000 ton dinamit. This atomic bomb has power equivalent to 10,000 tons of dynamite. Dia sangat cerdas, tidak ada bandingnya He is very smart, he has no equal 3 proportional Komposisi anggota parlemen wanita tidak sebanding The composition of female parliament members is not proportional  4 comparative Ini satu study banding This is a comparative study 5 in accordance Intensitas cahaya di ruangan ini harus sebanding dengan kecerahan warna dinding The intensity of the light in this room has to be in accordance to the brightness of the wall
-bandingkan; membandingkan: v compare Bandingkan apa yang kamu raih dengan apa yang diraih saudara kamu Compare your achievement to your brother’s   Tidak adil membandingkan tenaga seorang wanita dengan tenaga seorang pria It’s not fair to compare the strength of a women and the strength of a man  Tidak logis membandingkan air dengan minyak dalam hal cita rasa It’s not logical to compare water and oil in terms of the taste
-berbanding: prep. in the ratio of  Wanita dan  pria berbanding 5 dan 4 Female and male are in the ratio of 5 to 4
-berbanding terbalik: adj reversely proportional
-pembanding: n comparison, example, standard Mari kita cari kasus yang sama sebagai pembanding untuk mengambil keputusan Let’s find a similar case as an example (comparison) in making decision.
-perbandingan: n ratio Berapa perbandingan antara penduduk wanita dan pria di negeri ini? What is the ratio between female dan male population of this country?
-pembandingan: n comparison Satu pembandingan perlu dilihat dari berbagai unsur A comparison needs to be seen from various aspects.
-perbandingan tetap: n constant proportion
-tidak sebanding: adj disproportional, incomparable

banding2: v appeal (for a higher judicial court) Pembela dan terdakwa sepakat untuk banding ke pengadilan tinggi untuk kasus mereka The lawyer and the accused agree to appeal to have the higher court for their case

bandit: n 1 gangster, bandit   2 womaniser

bando: n large headscarf

bandot: n 1 billy goat 2 flirtatious old man. 3 womanizer

bandrol: variant of banderol:

bandull: n pendulum  2 hanger
-membandul: v 1 swing  2 hang  Banyak sekali kelelawar sedang membandul di dahan-dahan pohon A lot of bats are hanging on the branches of the tree
-membanduli: v counterbalance, offset
-bandulan: n 1 sth that is used to increase the weight of sth else  2   swing  4 testicles.

bandung: n pair, set  sebandung permata a set of jewelry sebandung sepatu a pair of shoes
-sebandung: adj twin Mereka sebandung They are twin

bandut: pembandut: n cord, string, twine, band, belt.
-membandut: v 1 tie together, join together 2 patch up

bang1: n sound of call to prayer

bang2: variant of bank:

bang3: variant of abang:

bangat1: adj fast, quick
-membangatkan: v quicken, speed up.

bangat2: variant of banget:

bangau: n heron |a large wild bird with very long legs and a long beak, that lives on wet land|
-/prov/ Setinggi-tinggi bangau terbang, turunnya ke kuba­ngan juga No matter how high the heron flies, they always returns to crater  (Somebody cannot escape from his/her background or origins)

bangdes {pembangunan desa}: n rural development.

banget: adv very, excessively. besar banget very big. akur banget! so close! (friendship)
-kebangetan: adv, excl. excessively, terribly, overly.

bangga: adj proud |feeling pleased with your achievement, family, country etc. because you think they are very good|  Kami sangat bangga padamu atas promosi kamu We’re really proud of you for getting promotion
-kebanggaan: n pride |a feeling of satisfaction and pleasure in what you have done, or in what someone connected with you have done| Setiap orang di tim kami merasakan kebanggaan luar biasa atas keberhasilan menang pada pertandingan final Everyone on our team takes great pride in the success of the team to win the final match
-membanggakan: adj prideful kemenangan yang membanggakan prideful victory

Bangkahulu: variant of  Bengkulu:

bangkai: n 1 carcass, carrion 2 corpse 3 fuselage (of a damage or crashed plane, car, etc). 4 remains
-membangkai: v become a carcass, remains, etc tempat bis­-bis membangkai the place where old buses rot away

bangkang: v membangkang: v oppose, rebel, resist Sejumlah tentara membangkang terhadap pemerintah A number of   soldiers rebels against the government    Dia dengan sengaja membangkang terhadap ideology partai He purposely rebelled against the ideology of the party
-pembangkang: n 1 rebel, resister, dissident  2 intractable person, insubordinate person
-pembangkangan: n 1 rebellion, insubordination, disobe­dience

bangkerut: variant of bangkrut:

bangkit: v /intr/lu/ 1 rise  Thomson bangkit berdiri dan balik bicara kepada mereka Thomson rose to his feet and turned to speak to them 2 get up Dia bangkit dari posisi duduk He got up from a sitting position 3 come up Amarahnya tiba-tiba bangkit setelah saya tolak untuk pergi. His anger suddenly come up when I refused to go 4 turn Akhirnya rakyat  bangkit menentang kediktatoran presiden Finally the people turned against the dictatorship of the president 5 appear Bulan sekejap lagi akan bangkit dari balik awan itu The moon will soon appear from behind the cloud  outrage |to make someone feel very angry or shocked| Artikel itu membangkitkan amarah menteri luar negeeri The article outraged the Minister of the foreign affairs
-kebangkitan: n 1 emergence Kebangkitan partai buruh menentang pemerintah dapat dilihat dari banyaknya pemogokan The emergence of labour party against the government can be seen from so many strikes  2 rise  Akan ada kebangkitan Negara industri baru dalam beberapa decade yang akan dating. There will be rise of new industrial country in the next few decade  4 movement, resurgence |the come back of a an extreme belief or activity and becomes stronger|  kebangkitan kembali perseteruan antar  ras a resurgence of racial violence kebangkitan nasional the national movement
-membangkitkan: v /tr/lu/ 1 drive |to make someone feel sth| Aroma makanan ini membangkitkan selera makan saya. The aroma of this food drives my appetite
-pembangkit: n 1 plant Pembangkit Tenaga Listrik Electricity Power Plant Pembangkit Tenaga Nuklir Nuclear Power Plant 2 generator, initiator, motivator, instigator.  pembangkit semangat kerja working spirit generator sex drive instigator pembangkit gairah sex sex desire stimulant
-pembangkit selera makan: n appetizer
-membangkit-bangkitkan: v dig up |try to remind us of forgotten case or problem|  Jangan membangkit-bangkitkan pertengkaran masa lalu Itu bisa merusak persahabatan kita Don’t dig up that previous quarrel  It may ruin our friendship 2 provoke Tidak bagus membangkit-bangkitkan rasa marah seseorang. It’s not good to provoke sb’s anger 3 stimulate, stir sth up |to deliberately try to cause problems or make people argue|  Kalau kamu membiarkan dia tinggal bersama kita, dia akan mencoba membangkit-bangkitkan perseteruan lama kita. If you let him stay with us, he’ll try to stir our old conflict up
-pembangkitan: n generation |a process to make sth emerge, rise, stand up, stimulate, start, etc|

bangkrut: adj bankrupt
-membangkrutkan: v bankrupt
-kebangkrutan: n bankruptcy

bangku: n /lu/frm /bench, seat, rigid couch, backless chair, pew, rail

bangkuang; bangkuwang: n turnip |juicy, round, and pale yellow or white tuber|

bangsa: n 1 /lu/frm/ nation |word meaning a country and its people, used especially when considering its political and economic structures, territory, and freedom| Perserikatan Bangsa Bangsa United Nations bangsa yang merdeka independent coumtry 2 people |a large group of people who belong to the same country, states, governmental system| Bangsa Indonesia mendeklarasikan kemerdekaannya pada 17 Augustus 1945 The people of Indonesia declared their independency on 17 August 1945 3 race |a large group of people of the same race and speaking the same language| Jumlah bangsa India yang menjadi warganegara Indonesia cukup banyak.  The number of  Indian race who become Indonesian citizens is significant. 5 people |a group of people who categorized as the same profession or characteristics| bangsa bahari seafaring people /idiom/ bangsa tempe inferior class of people bangsa terbelakang back­ward people, under developed people bangsa penakut cowardly people bangsa pemberani brave people  2 family, breed (by biological category) Seekor harimau termasuk bangsa kucing A tiger belongs to family of cat  Apa ikan paus termasuk bangsa binatang menyusui? Does a whale belong to mammal category?  bangsa kerdil Pygmy 3 class, group, type pesawat terbang bangsa pelempar bom bomber-type plane
-bangsawan: n 1 royal family members 2 noble person or people, aristocrat
-sebangsa1: adj fellow |relating to people who do the same thing you do – of the same nationality| Semua mereka adalah teman sebangsa dan setanah air All of them are our fellow country  2 the same type, a species of  Padi adalah sebangsa rumput The rice plant is the type of grass
-sebangsa2: n the kind of  Dari bentuk fisiknya, ini sebangsa anggrek liar From its physical shape, it’s a kind of wild orchid
-berbangsa: v 1 have a nation Kami putera dan puteri Indonesia mengakui berbangsa satu, bangsa Indonesia We, the sons and the daughters of Indonesia acknowledge that we have the same nation, Indonesia
-kebangsaan1: n na­tionalism |related to the belief, feeling, loyalty to a particular country| semangat kebangsaan spirit of nationalism 2 nationality |the legal right of belonging to a particular country| Kamu memegang kebangsaan apa? What nationality do you have?
-kebangsaan2: adj 1 national lagu kebangsaan national anthem 2 nationalist pergerakan nasional nationalist movement  national. lagu kebangsaan na­tional anthem
-berkebangsaan: v have a particular nationality Dia berkebangsaan Jepang He has Japanese nationality
-kebangsawanan: n nobility, aristocracy
-bangsawati: n female royal family member, female noble, female aristocrat

bangsal: n shed, warehouse (particularly for building material ) bangsal pengeringan drying shed  2 public hall bangsal pertemuan meeting hall  bangsal olahraga gymnasium 3 market stalls. 4 ward (in hospi­tal) 5 emergency housing

bangsat: n /offs/lu/ 1 bastard scoundrel, rascal  2 bedbug

bangun1: v /intr/lu/frm/ 1 wake up Dia bangun cepat setiap pagi He wake up early every morning  2 get up (form the position of laid) Cepat! Bangun dan pergi mandi, Hurry! Get up and take a batch 3 to stand up Tiba-tiba dia berdiri dan berteriak dengan keras Suddenly he stood up to his feet and shouted loudly
-bangunkan: membangunkan: v /tr/ 1 wake up  Ini sudah pukul 6:00. Bangunkan anak-anak. It is 6:00 o’clock. Wake the children up. Saya membangunkan anak-anak pukul 5:30 setiap pagi I wake the children up at 5:30 every morning 2 v /tr/ awaken |to begin to understand a situation and its possible effects, or to make someone do this|  Keterbatasan bahan bakar untuk kebutuhan dalam negeri telah membangunkan ketidak sadaran pemerintah akan kurangnya perencanaan yang antisipatif dimasa lalu. The shortage of fuel for local consumption awakened the government that there was a lack of anticipative plan in the past
-membangun: v /tr/ 1 build Kami merencanakan akan membangun pusat olahraga di lingkungan ini We plan to build a sport centre in this neighbourhood 2 develop Salah satu prioritas kita adalah membangun rasa persatuan nasional One of our priority is to develop the sense of national unity 3 constitute Sel-sel dan jaringan membangun pertumbuhan makhluk hidup Cells and tissue constitute the growth of a living creature
-pembangunan: n 1 development pembangunan ekonomi economic development pembangunan sektor pertanian agricultural sector development 2 construction Pembangunan jembatan baru itu akan mulai bulan depan The construction of the new bridge will start next month
bangunnya: n 1 revival |a process in which something becomes active, strong, or popular again|  bangunnya industri rumah tangga the revival of the home industry 2 emergence bangunnya industri perbankan merupakan indikator pertumbuhan ekonomi The emergence of bank industry is an indicator of economic growth

bangun2: n /frm/ 1 structure Bangun rumah ini sangat kokoh The structure of this house is very strong  2 shape bangun segitiga sama sisi equal triangle shape 3 model, type Ini sebuah mobil bangun 70-an This is a 70’s  type car

bangus: n /ld/ snout |long nose of animal such as dog, pig, etc|

bani: n children of, descendants of. bani Adam descendants of Adam

banjar1: n 1 line, row, series. banjar pulau series of islands. 2 sequence of events
-sebanjar: prep. of the same row, in the same line, in a series
-berbanjar: v line up  Murid-murid berbanjar menurut kelas masing-masing The students line up to formed rows according to their respective classes
-membajarkan: v line up, arrange in rows
-banjaran: n line, row, file  banjar desa the line up of village houses

banjar2: n /ld.Bali/  1 hamlet association 2 neighborhood organization 3 community hall

banjir1: n /lu/frm/ 1 flood |a very large amount of water that covers an area that is usually dry|  Desa itu telah hancur oleh bajir. The village was destroyed by floods 2 deluge |a large amount of something such as letters, questions, etc that someone gets at the same time| Setelah penerbitan buku itu penulis mendapat banjir telepon dan surat setiap hari. After the publication of the book the writer gets deluge of calls and letters every day
-banjir bandang: n huge and sudden flood

banjir2: membanjiri: v 1 flood Luapan sungai telah membanjiri kota itu The overflow of the river flooded the town 2 overflow Hujan yang lama dan deras yang tidak biasa membajiri daerah perumahan itu The unusual heavy and long last rain overflowed the housing area  3 over supply Berbagai type telephone genggam membajiri pasar Different types of cellular phone over supplied the market  4 inundate |receive so much of something that you cannot deal with all of it| Kepala polisi itu telah dibanjiri pertanyaan dari para jurnalis. The chief of the police was inundated with many questions from the journalists 5 deluge Kritik, saran, dan kesan, semua membanjiri stasiun radio itu setiap hari Critique, complaints, suggestions, impression, all deluge the radio station everyday  6 submerge Air bendungan baru itu sedang mulai membanjiri lembah itu The water of the new dam is starting to submerge the valley  6 swamp Segera barang produksi kita akan membanjiri pasar. Soon our product will swamp the market

banjir3: kebanjiran: adj 1 flooding Apa rumah kamu kebanjiran? Is your home flooding? 2 be overwhelmed Seksi saya selalu kebanjiran order My section is always overwhelmed by order 3 deluged Dia kebanjiran panggilan telepon She is deluged of telephone calls

bank; bang: n bank  I’ve to go to the bank now Saya harus pergi ke bang sekarang.

banker: n 1 banker  2 money lender

Banpol {Pembantu Polisi}: n auxiliary corps to assist police

Banpres {Bantuan Presiden}: n special presidential aid.

bantah: membantah: v 1 argue |to disagree with someone, usually by talking or shouting in an angry way, or getting upset| Itu sama sekali tidak benar bantahnya dengan tegas. “That is not true” he strongly argued   2 debate |say a disagreement with sb| Saya tidak yakin apakah gagasan dia itu dapat dilakukan, sehingga saya membantahnya. I’m not sure that his idea will be applicable so I debated him  3 counter |to react to an action, criticism, argument etc. by doing or saying something that is the opposite of what sb has said| Menteri itu membantah keterangan saksi bahwa dia menerima suap The minister has countered the witness statement that he received bribe 4 remonstrate |to tell someone that you strongly disapprove of what s/he has done| Seorang professor dengan keras membantah hipotesa saya One of the professor strongly remonstrated my hypothesis
-perbantahan: n 1 debate satu perbantahan tetang gaji minimum a debate on/about minimum wage 2 arguing Ada perbantahan serius dalam rapat itu There was a serious arguing in the meeting 3 quarrel |an angry argument| Penembakan itu adalah akibat perbantahan sesama tetangga The shooting was a result of a quarrel between neighbours  4 dispute |a serious argument or disagreement| Kepemilikan tanah sedang dalam dalam perbantahan The land’s ownership is in dispute –syn: perseteruan, pertertengkaran
-bantahan: n 1 argument 2  protest, objection
-pembantah: n |sb who seems to enjoy or like to dispute or to argue|

bantai: membantai: v 1 butcher |to kill people or animal in a cruel way|  2 torture |beat up sb severely| Sejumlah anggota geng membantai dia sampai mati A number of gangster tortured him to death 3 slaughter |to kill a lot of people in a cruel or violent way| Bajak laut itu bukan hanya mengambil barang-barang berharga tetapi juga membantai awak dan penumpang kapal. The pirate didn’t only took the valuable things but also slaughtered the crews and the passengers of the ship
-pembantaian: n 1 butchering 2 torturing 3 slaughtering
-pembantai: n 1 butcher 2 torturer 3 slaughter

bantal: n pillow, cushion bantal angina air cushion bantal gul­ing bolster bantal kembung round pillow bantal ­sandar back of seat
-berbantalkan: v use sth a pillow
-bantalan: n 1 pad  |thick piece of soft material used to absorb vibration, protecting something, or making it more comfortable| bantalan lutut dan bahu yang dipakai pemain football the knee and shoulder pads that football players wear| 2 writing/drawing pad |many sheets of paper fastened together, on which people write letters, draw pictures, etc.| sebuah bantalan menulis memo a memo pad  3 stamp pad  |soft and absorbent material where we pour ink for stamp| bantalan stempel stamp pad

bantaran: n /lu/ embankment |a wide wall of earth or stones built along the river side to stop water from flooding an area, or to support a road or railroad| bantaran sungai Ciliwung the embankment of the Ciliwung river

banteng: n the wild ox of Java |which head is used as one of the five symbols of Pancasila, the ideology of the Republic of Indonseia, and the symbol of an Indonesian Nationalist Party|

banter: adv /lu/ 1 (at) the earliest  Paling banter dia akan tiba pukul 9:00 malam  At most he will arrive at 9:00 p.m. 2 (at) the worst. Paling banter kamu akan di hukum denda At the worst you have to pay fine

banteras: see berantas:

banting: membanting: v /tr/lu/ hit, beat, slam |forcefully hit sth with sth else, not with your hand| Saya membanting anjing itu dengan sepotong kayu I hit the dog with a piece of wood
-bantingan: n beating, slamming, hitting
-banting stir1: /ltr./ suddenly turn direction   Dia tiba-tiba banting stir kekanan. He suddenly turn to the right
-banting stir2: /idiom/ suddenly switch (profession)  Natasia tiba-tiba banting stir dari sekretaris professional menjadi pebisnis perempuan Natasia suddenly switch from professional secretary to be a businesswomen
-banting stir3: n 1 turning Itu satu banting stir yang berbahaya That was a dangerous turn. 2 switching  Banting stir dari seniman menjadi politisi akan penuh tantangan A switching from an artist to a politician is full of challenges
-jangan dibanting: /imper./ handle with care
-membantingkan: v 1 hold & collide |tightly hold sth and forcefully collide it to sth else such as to the floor or to the wall, etc.| Dia mengangkat kotak itu keatas lalu membantingkannya ke lantai He raised the box up and then forcefully he collided it down to the floor 2 slam |if a door, gate etc. slams, or someone slams it, it shuts loudly with a lot of force|  Dia meninggalkan ruangan lalu membanting pintu .He left the room, slamming the door.
-membanting-bantingkan: v /tr/ |repeatedly throw the same thing on the other thing|
-membanting cucian: v beat the laundry (on a stone)
-membanting harga: v drop the price
-membanting kaki: v stamp the foot
-membanting pintu: v slam the door
-membanting tulang: v work hardly
-terbanting: v /pass.v.// slashed, struck, tossed
-terbanting-banting: v /intr/lu/ 1 rattle |to shake with quick repeated knocking sounds, or to make something do this|  Ada sesuatu terbanting-banting didalam container itu There’s  something rattling around in the container 2 tossing Kapal itu terus terbanting-banting karena ombak besar The ship kept tossing from the heavy waves.

bantu: membantu: v /tr/lu/frm/ 1 help Apa saya perlu mmbantu anda? Shall I help you? 2 assist Dua perawat dan satu paramedis membantu Dr Roony melakukan operasi itu Two nurses, one paramedic assisted Dr. Ronny in performing the operation 3 support Yayasan kami membantu misi itu untuk merehabilitasi kerusakan akibat bencana tersebut. Our foundation support the mission to rehabilitate the damage by the catastrophe. 4 aid Pemerintah kami berniat membantu pemerintah anda mengatasi masalah keuangan Our government intend to aid your government to solve the financial problem 5 subsidize Pemerintah mengalokasikan sejumlah besar dana untuk membantu beberapa sekolah swasta The government allocate a lot of funds to subsidize a number of private school.

bantu: pembantu1: adj /lu/frm/ 1 helping Tim penyelamat itu membutuhkan beberapa orang tenaga pembantu. The rescue team is needing a number of helping personnel 2 auxiliary “Orang menyebut “do” kata verba bantu karena kata itu dipakai membantu mejelaskan apakah verba lain dilakukan pada masa lampu, sekarang, atau yang akan datang. People name “do” an auxiliary verb or helping verb because it’s used to indicate the tense of other verb (past, continuous, or future tense) 3 supporting  Kami hanya tim pembantu We are only supporting team  4 assisting  upaya pembantu supporting effort 3 deputy Dia adalah seorang rektor pembantu (pembantu rektor) sebuah universitas She is a deputy president of an university 4 part time The college will hire a number of part time teacher Perguruan itu akan menggaji beberapa orang guru bantu (pembantu)
-bantuan: n 1 help 2 assistance 3 support 4 aid backing 5 endorsement 6 gift
-berbantuan: adj subsidized Apa ini sekolah berbantuan? Is this a subsidized school?
-mem(per)bantukan: v 1 temporarily assign |put so at the service of, particularly if it’s done by a government, or other organization and as a temporary assignment|    Pemerintah akan memperbantukan seorang ahli ekonomi di konsulat itu. The government will assign an econo­mist as an assistance to the consulate.

pembantu2: n /lu/frm/ 1 maid |a female servant, especially in a large house|  2 helper |someone who helps another person| 3 assis­tant |sth that given or provided to help, facilitate, or support someone or other things| Perusahaan menyediakan pembantu teknis  untuk para pengguna komputer baru The company provides technical assistant to the new computer users pembantu  menejer assistant to the manager 5 supporter |someone who supports a particular person, group, plan, etc or sth that function to strengthen other function| Kita memerlukan pembantu kolom beton disini mempertkuat tiang utama We need a concrete column as a  supporter to strengthen the main pole here  6 aide Pemerintah tuan rumah menyediakan dua pembantu untuk tamu Negara yang terhormat itu. The host government provides two aides to the honourable state guest 7 deputy |someone who has the second most powerful position in an organization|  pembantu ketua dalam bidang keuangan the deputy of the chairman for financial matter

banyak1: adj /lu/frm/ 1 many Dia punya banyak teman He has many friends 2 much Kita masih punya banyak waktu We still have much time Terima kasih banyak Thank you very much.
-banyak-banyak: adv too much, too many Jangan ambil banyak-banyak, bukan hanya kita orang yang membutuhkan itu. Don’t take too much, we aren’t the only people who need it.
-banyak sekali: adv 1 very much  Mereka menghabiskan uang yang sangat banyak sekali utnuk pesta ini They spent very much money for this party  2 so many Banyak sekali orang yang datang ke pameran itu So many people came to the exhibition. Banyak sekali yang harus kita perbuat So many things that we have to do 3 a lot of  Kami punya banyak sekali masalah sekarang We have a lot of problems now
-banyaknya: n 1 number  Banyaknya penonton lebih dari 5000 orang The number of the spectators was more than 5000 persons 2 quantity Banyaknya air yang kami butuhkan sekitar 2000 liter The quantity of the water we need is about 2000 liters 3 total amount Banyaknya anggaran pendidikan akan lebih dari US $ 1000,000. The total amount of educational cost will be more than US $ 1,000,000.
-kebanyakan1: adv 1 most of Kebanyakan pekerja disini adalah orang Asia Most of the workers here are Asian people
-kebanyakan2: adj 1 too much Kebanyakan merokok akan membahayakan kesehatan kamu Too much smoking will risk your health 2 too many Sepuluh orang kebanyakan untuk melakukan ini Ten persons is too many to work with this. 3 common Orang kebanyakan tidak akan membaca Koran ini Common people will not read this newspaper.
-paling banyak: adv at most Kami perkirakan biaya proyek itu paling banyak $ 10, 000, 000. We estimate that the project cost at most will be $ 10, 000, 000.
-paling sedikit: at least adv Paling sedikit kamu harus tahu jumlah peserta. At least you have to know the total number of the participants Biaya akan bertambah paling sedikit 10% The cost will rise at least by 10 %
-perbanyak; memperbanyak: v 1 increase Kita perlu memperbanyak jumlah pekerja We need to increase the number of the workers 2 multiply Mereka berhasil memperbanyak keuntungan bisnis mereka. They are successful to multiply the benefit of their business 3 make copies Tolong perbanyak makalah ini sampai 100 kali Please copy this paper up to 100 copies
-sedikit banyak: adj more or less  Sedikit banyak dia pasti terlibat dalam kasus ini. Less or more he must be involved with this case
-sebanyak-banyaknya: adv as much/ many as possible Mari kita kumpulkan kayu baker sebanyak-banyaknya. Let’s collect firewood as much as possible
-sebanyak: prep. that much, that many Apa kamu dapat memakan apel sebanyak itu? Can you eat that much apple? Saya tidak dapat membawa orang sebanyak itu dengan mobil saya I can’t take that many persons with my car
-sebanyak mungkin: adv as much/many as possible Minum air putih sebanyak mungkin. Drink plain water as much as possible.
-terbanyak: n 1 the greatest Bagian terbanyak pendapatan negeri ini dinikmati oleh segelintir orang The greatest portion of the country’s revenue enjoyed only by a few number of persons 2 majority Bagian terbanyak anggota parlemen memilih menolak rencana undang-undang itu.The majority members of the parliament vote against the bill
-perbanyakan: n 1 multiplication |a large increase in the size, amount, or number of something| perbanyakan sel darah putih the multiplication of the white blood cells 2 copying Apa perbanyakan dibuat hitam putih atau warana asli Was the copying in black and white or original colour?
Note: Both countable and uncountable nouns can be modified by banyak It means that this word can means much or many. Example; I have much time Saya punya banyak waktu. He doesn’t have many friends Dia tidak punya banyak teman

banyol: adj /lu/ 1 funny Dia sangat berbakat membuat kelakar yang banyol He has a talent to make funny jokes 2 humorous Dia bumbui pidatonya dengan cerita-cerita banyol He spiced his speech with humorous story 3 comical Kadang-kadang lebih nikmat menonton drama TV banyolan daripada yang serius Sometimes it is more enjoyable to watch comical TV drama than a serious one. –syn: lucu, geli, jenaka
-membanyol: v 1 joke 2 tell sth in jest  3 humor 4 clown
-banyolan: n jokes 2 jest 3 humor, 4 clown

banyu: n /ld/ black liquid substance made of burnt coconut shell used to blacken teeth

bapa; bapak: n /lu/frm/ 1 father  Bapak saya bekerja sebagai a kuntan My father works as an accountant 2 God Bapak kami yang di surga Our father in heaven 3 the top leader Sukarno telah dianugerahi gelar Bapak Bangsa Sukarno was honoured with a name of the Leader of the Nation 3 you |pronoun used in order to speak politely to a man|  Apa bapak mencari seseorang? Are you looking for somebody?  4 sir |used in order to speak polite when you do not know his name or instead calling his name| Apa saya bisa membantu bapak? Can I help you, sir? 5 Mr. Bapak Bambang Mr. Bambang 6 Dear Sir |used prior to the name or position of a man in a  business letter| Yth Bpk (yangerhormat bapak);  Presiden Direktur … Dear Sir; The President Director of …..
-bapak angkat: n foster father
-bapak besar: n big shot
-bapak muda/cilik: n uncle |younger brother of father|
-bapak tua: n uncle |father’s eldest brother|
-bapak guru: n (male) teacher
-bapak mertua: n father-in-law
-bapak tiri: n step father
-sebapak: v having the same father
-bapak tani: v peasant
-kebapakan: adj 1 fatherly Ini hanyalah nasihat kebapakan. This is only a fatherly advice 2 paternal: Silsilah kami dibuat berdasarkan garis kebapaan Our family tree based on paternal line  2 paternalis­tic 3 fatherhood Sekalipun dia muda dia menunjukkan kebapakan yang matang: Although he is still young but he shows a mature fatherhood

bapakisme: n paternalism.

Bappeda {Badan Pembangunan Daerah}: n Regional Development Board.

Bappenas {Badan Perencana Pembangunan Nasio­nal}: n National Development Planning Board.

baptis1: n 1 baptism |a Christian ceremony in which someone is touched or covered with water to welcome him/her into the Christian faith|

baptis2: adj /lu/frm/ Baptist |relating to the Protestant church whose teaching says that baptism is only for people old enough to understand its meaning|
-membaptis: membaptiskan; v /tr/intr/ Pendeta akan membaptis anak saya hari minggu yang akan datang The Reverent will baptize my child next Sunday
-pembaptisan: n baptizing (the action)
-pembaptis: n the holy person who baptize people

bar: n bar, cocktail lounge

bara: n 1 ember, live coal  2 heat, warmth 3 fervor
-membara: v 1 a) glow |to produce a red light and heat without flames| Sebatang kayu yang telah terbakar masih tetap membara di perapian. A burnt log is still glowing in the fireplace 2 b) grow |a growing anger|  Hati-hati bicara dengan dia, amarahnya sedang membara. Be careful to talk to him. His anger is growing

barak: n 1 barracks 2 quarantine quarters
-membarak: v ­quarantine,  segregate Rumah Sakit itu telah membarak pengidap penyakit menular itu The hospital has quarantine all the carriers of the contagious disease

barakatuh; (wa) barakatuh: excl. /Arb/ (with) blessing of God

barangl: n /lu/frm/1 substantive things in general Pisahkan barang-barang cair dari barang-barang padat Separate liquid things from the solid things 2 goods |things that are produced in order to be sold| barang-barang produksi dalam negeri locally produced goods 3 merchandise |goods that are for sale in stores| Kami memesan barang dari Singapure We’ve ordered the merchandise from a company in Singapore 4 wares barang-barang peralatan dapur kitchen wares 5 belongings barang-barang pribadi personal belongings 6 assets barang milik perusahaan a company’s assets  7 commodities |a product that is bought and sold| barang hasil pertanian agricultural commodities 8 article |a thing, especially one of a group of things| barang import imported article 9 material barang bukti material evidence 10 item sejumlah barang mewah a number of luxury items 11 luggage, baggage Masukkan barang-barang kamu kedalam bagasi mobil Put your luggage into the trunk 12 inventory barang-barang kantor office inventory 13 product barang jadi finished product  14 stuff |a number of different things| Saya perlu tempat menyimpan barang saya untuk sementara waktu I need a place to store my stuff for a while. 14 matter a) |substantive thing| barang cetakan printed matter  b) |nonsubstantive things|  Berhutang adalah barang biasa buat dia In debt is a common matter for him.
-barang bekas: n second hand/used thing
-barang tiruan: n imitation objects
-barang purbakala: n antiquities
-barang langka: n antique
-barang galian: n mineral
-barang pusaka: n heirloom
-barang rampokan: n loot, booty
-barang tenunan: n textile
-barang modal: n stock
-barang mati: n inanimate
-barang pecah belah: n fragile thing
-barang tidak bergerak: n immoveable asset
-barangnya: n 1 his/her belongings 2 his/her genitals

barang2: adv 1 about, more or less Tolong beli dulu seutas tali barang 5 meter Please go to buy a piece of string about 5 meters  2 for Kenapa kamu tidak tinggal disini barang dua atau tiga hari? Why don’t you stay here for two or three days?  3 not even for Mereka tidak pernah menginap barang satu haripun disini They never stay here, not even for a single night.

barang3: barang-barang: adv /ld/Mdn/  together Mari kita pergi barang Let’s go together

barang4: pref. any |prefix to add an uncertainty about sth|
-barangsiapa: pron. /lu/ anyone, whoever  Barang siapa yang mengambil uang itu ada dalam masalah besar Anyone (whoever) who took the money is in a big trouble.
-barangkali: adv /lu/ perhaps “Dimana Nancy?” “Barangkali dia terjebak lalu lintas” “Where’s Nancy?” “Perhaps she’s caught in traffic.”
-(sudah) barangtentu: of course  “Boleh saya pakai teleponnya?” “Sudah barang tentu” May I use your telephone?” “Of course!”
-barangkapan: adv whenever
-barangdimana: adv wherever

barat1: n /lu/frm/ west |the direction toward which the sun goes down| Barat disebelah mana? Which way is west? Nias berada di bagian barat Indonesia. Nias  locates to the west of Indonesia
-membaratkan: v 1 bring to west 2 westernize |Europeanize or Americanize|

barat2: adj west Angin barat biasa terjadi pada bulan Maret. West wind usually happen on March Sumatera berada di  Indonesia barat Sumatera locates in  west Indonesia.

barat3: adv /lu/frm/ west Rumah itu menghadap barat The house faces west.  Putar barat setelah kamu sampai diujung jalan ini. Go west when you reach the end of this road

baratdaya: n South-West

baratlaut: n North-West
-kebarat-baratan: adj look like Westerner Wajahnya kelihatan kebarat-baratan His face looks like westerner’s face

barbar1: n barbarian

barbar2: adj barbaric

barbarisme: n barbarism

barber: n barber shop

barel: n barrel

bareng: variant of barang3: adv /ld. Jav/ with Dia pergi bareng ibunya She went with her mother 2 together. Mereka bekerja bareng They work together
-berbarengan: adv 1 simultaneously Angin barat dan hujan tersebut datang berbarengan The west wind and the rain came simultaneously 2 at the same time Dia dan saya tiba berbarengan She and I arrived at the same time. 3 coincide Ulang tahun kelahirannya berbarengan dengan hari kemerdekaan His birthday coincides with independence day
-membarengi: v 1 ac­company Dia sedang pergi membarengi tamu He is going out to accompany his guest 2 join Apa kamu akan membarengi tur itu? Are you going to join the tour?
-membarengkan: v synchro­nize Dia mampu membarengkan suaranya dengan suara saya He can synchronize his voice with mine
-sebarengan: prep. concerning Berbarengan dengan hal itu saya ingin bertanya … Concerning that matter I want to ask a question …
-pembarengan: n synchronization.

baret1: n /lu/ 1 beret |a soft round hat that is almost flat|  2  scratch,  laceration

baret2: adj /tech./ lacerated, scratched
-terbaret: v be scratched, be lacerated

barikade: n /tech./ barricade 1 |action or to barricade| 2 |something that is used to barricade|
-membarikade: v barri­cade  Militer telah membarikade semua jalan masuk ke tempat-tempat vital The military has barricaded all entrance road into vital places

baring1: berbaring: v /intr/lu/frm/ 1 lie down Aku mau berbaring sebentar I want to lay down for a moment  2 being hospitalized Dia sedang berbaring di rumah sakit He is being hospitalized
-berbaring-baring: v leisurely lie down relax, loll about in a lying position. Sambil berbaring-baring kami bercerita tentang masa lalu kami As we leisurely lay down, we talked about our past time
-berbaringan: v be lying alongside each other
-membaringkan: v /tr/ 1 lie on  2 put to bed, place on a bed. Wanita itu membaringkan anaknya di tempat tidur That woman put her child on the bed.
-dibaringkan: v /pass v./ Jenazah dibaringkankan kedalam peti mati The body was lain into a coffin.
-terbaring: v /intr/  lie on   Orang tua itu telah terbaring di lantai The old man has lain on the floor
-pembaringan: n bed, couch |a place to lie down|

baring2: baringan: n bearing |sth such as island, tower, etc that we can see from the boat which we use as a point to estimate our position on the sea|

baris: n /lu/frm/ 1 row. Tempat duduk saya dibaris pertama My seat is in the first row  2 line  Baca kembali mulai dari baris ketiga Read again starting from the third line
-barisan1: n 1 line, queue  Saya sudah dalam barisan selama limabelas menit I have been in line (queue) for fifteen minutes 2 squad barisan pemadam kebakaran fire fighter squad 3 front Barisan Nasional National Front
-barisan2: adj marching Dia memimpin musik barisan She leads a marching band
-berbaris: v 1 line up, stand in line  2 form the line
-baris-berbaris: v march Mereka sedang baris berbaris  menuju istana They are marching toward the palace
-baris depan: n front line
-barisan pengawal: n escort platoon
-membariskan: v 1 drill  Komandan itu membariskan pasukannya. The commandant drilled his troops 2 line up Wasit membariskan tim sepakbola itu The referee line up the soccer teams
-barisan kapal: n fleet of ships
-sebaris: prep. 1 at the same line 2 at the same level

baris2: n /ld. Bali/ male dance.

baritone: n baritone

barometer: n barometer

baron: n baron.

barong1: n traditional dress of Filipino

barong2: n dance with mask in Bali

barongan: n /ld Jv./ folk entertainment featuring per­former dressed as monster.

barongsai: n /Chn/ lion dance performed on Chinese New Year.

barter: n barter
-membarter: v barter, exchange.

baru1: adj /lu/frm/ 1 new, recent |recently made, built, invented, or developed| Saya pergi menonton film Robert yang baru I went to see Robert’s new movie 2 recently bought Apa kamu suka baju saya yang baru Do you like my new dress? 3 |not used or owned by anyone before| Satu mobil bekas jauh lebih murah dari yang baru. A used car costs a lot cheaper than a new one 4 |not experienced by someone before| Eve adalah penyewa baru disini Eve is a new tenant here 5 |recently discovered|  Prof. Don telah mengenali satu tipe virus baru Prof. Don has identified a new type of virus 6 |Something that had never seen it before| Kita punya buah yang sama sekali baru buat saya We had fruit there that was completely new to me 7 modern  model baru modern model  8  fresh  ikan baru fresh fish  9 just |only so much up to now|  Depositonya baru lima ratus ribu rupiah He has just got 500,000 rupiah in his deposit  10 only now, just at a certain time. Dia baru sampai He just arrived. Dia baru kemarin da­tang kesini He just came here yesterday  11 not until, only then. Sesudah surat  itu saya baca lagi baru saya mengerti maksudnya Not until I read the letter again I  understood its meaning. Dia baru pulang setelah larut malam She returned home only until late in the evening.

baru2; baru mau; baru akan; baru hendak: prep. /lu/frm/ about |at a position that very close to happen| Saya baru mau/akan/hendak pergi ketika dia datang I was about to leave when he came
-baru lalu: adj the latest Majalah edisi baru lalu memuat artikel tentang dia The latest edition of the magazine contains an article about her.
-barusan: adj recent |having happened or begun to exist only a short time ago| Pada wawancara barusan dia mengatakan bahwa hasilnya akan keluar hari senin mendatang In the recent interview, she said that the result will come out on the next Monday
-baru-baru ini: adv recently, lately  |during the recent period of days or weeks| I haven’t seen him recently. Saya tidak melihat dia baru-baru ini.
-kebaruan; barunya: n 1 newness 2 modernity
-memperbarui; membarui:
v 1 renew Kita perlu memperbarui kontrak ini renew We need to renew the contract  2 modernize Dia memperbaharui gaya hidupnya selama dia di Eropah He modernized his life style during his stay in Europe 3  renovate, remodel  Apa seharusnya kita memperbarui rumah itu? Shall we renovate (remodel) the house? 4 up date |to add the most recent information or capability to something| Sistimnya perlu diperbarui. The system need to be updated 5 refurbish |to thoroughly repair and improve a building by painting it, cleaning it etc| Dekorasi dan tataletak ruangan ini perlu diperbarui The decoration and the layout of this room needs to be refurbish  6  recast |to change the cast of a theatrical production| Sutradara meminta kami memperbarui pengambilan gambar The director asked us to recast the play 7  regenerate |to develop and grow strong again, or to make something do this|  Akan makan waktu untuk memperbarui hutan rusak itu It will take time to generate the damage forest 8 reform |to improve a system or organization by making a lot of changes to it| Ada rencana memperbarui undang-undang  perpajakan There is a plan to reform the tax laws
-pembaruan; perbaruan: n 1 renewal 2 modernization 3 reformation 4 renovation, remodelling   5 updating, 6 modification 7  refurbishment
-pembaru: n 1 |sb or sth that can make renewal, modernization, etc. happen|
-terbaru: adj 1 the newest  2 the latest 3 the most modern 4 the latest version 5 the most recent  6 the most sophisticated

baru3: n |a plant which fibre can be used to make rope| Hisbiscus Tiliaceus

Baruna: n /Hindu/  god of the sea.

barus: see kapur:

bas: n 1 boss, foreman, overseer 2 bass (voice) 2 double bass 3 bass guitar

bas2: n /tech. chem./ base

basal: n /chem../ alkali. basal cair (chem.) liquid base. asam dan basal acids and bases.
-membasalkan: v alkalize
-kebasalan: n alkalinity.

basa2: adj /tech./ alkaline

basa2: variant of bahasa:

basa-basi: n /lu/ lips service |a word or phrase to say that you support or agree with something, without doing anything to prove this, or just as a way to be looked polite| Undangan itu hanya basa basi, mereka tidak pernah sungguh-sunguh mengharapkan kita datang. The invitation was only a lips service, they never seriously want our coming
-berbasa-basi: v be courteous or polite as a formality

basah: adj /lu/frm/ 1 wet, soaked Usahakan tangan kamu tidak basah Try not to get your hands wet  2 fresh |never been dried| ikan basah fresh fish 3 damp, moist Baju kaos saya masih tetap basah My T-shirt is still damp  4 well paid, resourceful (job or position) Posisi dia basah His position is resourceful (give a lot of chance to get money or paid well)
-basah-kuyup: adj soaked, very wet Hujan itu membuat saya basah kuyup The rain made me absolutely soaked.
-membasahi: v 1 wet 2 soak  3 dampen Dia membasahi pakaian itu sebelum disetrika She dampened the clothes before ironing
-basahan: n swimming or bathing suit Kamu tidak boleh mandi tanpa basahan You can’t take a bath nude
-kebasahan: n 1 dampness 2 wetness 3 humidity
-pembasahan: n 1 moistening 2 dampening  3 watering

basi1: adj /lu/ 1 spoiled  |having bad smell at the early decaying| Jangan makan sayur itu. Sudah basi Don’t eat the vegetables. It’s starting to spoiled (It has been stale) 2  stale |out-of-date, not topical|  Kabar itu udah basi The news has been stale. peraturan yang sudah basi ­outdated, ineffective regulations.
-membasikan: v let spoil, let go to waste.

basi2: adj /ld/ 1 commission, fee. 2 overtime or extra pay. 3 reduction (in price), discount.
-membasi: v 1 get a commission 2 give discount.

basi3: n /ld/ 1 bowl, dish 2 serving dish. basi sup soup bowl

basi4: see basa-basi:

basil: n /lu/frm/ bacillus, germ

basir: adj 1 knowledgeable (particularly about the God Almighty 2 remarkable, noticeable

basis: n /lu/frm/ 1 base 2  principle 3 foundation –syn: dasar, azas
-berbasiskan: v to have as a base of, to have sth as the principle
-pembasisan: v establish a base

baskara: n /litr/ sun

basket: n 1 basket case 2 basketball

baskom: n /lu/ |shallow and open water container that you fill with water to wash dishes, your hands,  etc. instead of sink|

basmi: membasmi: v /lu/frm/ l exterminate (rodents, insects, etc.) 2 eliminate (crime, etc.). Polisi sedang bekerja keras membasmi penjualan narkoba The police is working hard to eliminated the drug trafficking 3 wipe out Pakai shampoo ini membasmi  ketombe kamu Use this shampoo to wipe out your dandruff  3 eradicate |to completely destroy something|  Penyakit cacar harus dibasmi Smallpox has to be eradicated 4 erase Praktek korupsi harus dibasmi dengan tuntas. The practice of corruption should be completely erased.
-terbasmi: adj able to be eliminated Apa hama seperti itu dapat dibasmi? Is that kind of insect able to be eliminated?
-terbasmi: v /pass v./ Pasar gelap senjata api telah terbasmi Black market of weapon has been eliminated
-pembasmian: n elimination, demolition, xtermination, eradication
-pembasmi: n terminator, exterminator, eradicator

baso: variant of baso:

basoka: see bazooka:

basuh; membasuh: v /lu/frm/ 1 wash |to clean something with water| Basuh tangan kamu sebelum pegang makanan Wash your hands before touching the food  2 clean Tolong bantu saya membasuh peralatan makan ini. Please help me to clean the dishes. –pembasuh: n 1 cleansing material 2 washer, washing machine
-air pembasuh: n washing water
-pembasuh mulut: n dessert
-pembasuh balai: n /idiom/ legal cost
-pembasuh meja: variant of pembasuh balai (legal cost)
-pembasuh tangan: n /idiom/ gratuity, reward, compensation |sth (usually money) that we give to so who has voluntary did a favor|

basuki: v /ld. Jv/ prosper, flourish

bata; (batu) bata: n /lu/ brick

bata-bata; terbata-bata: adj /lu/ unsettled, ambivalent, wavering |not sure whether you like something or not|  Saya kira Natasia terbata-bata untuk menikah I think Natasia ambivalent about getting married 2 speak haltingly, tongue-tied |unable to speak fluently because you are nervous| Dia sangat gugup sehingga dia terbata-bata menceritakan apa yang terjadi He was so nervous and he spoke haltingly to tell what had  happened.

batak: n 1 adventure |an exciting experience in which dangerous or unusual things happen, or the act of having these experiences| -syn: petualangan 2  adventurer  3 soldier of fortune –syn: petualang
-membatak: v ride (a horse)

Batak: n Batak |an ethnic whose origin is the island of Samosir, an island inside lake Toba, and surrounding areas, in the middle of high land of North Sumatera. The ethnic consists a number of clans that still keep their family trees back to more than twenty generation ago|

batako: n concrete brick |manufactured in a modern factory, not in a cottage industry using cement and sand as the materials of it|

batal: adj /lu/frm/ 1 cancelled, null and void. Rapat itu telah batal ­The meeting was cancelled 2 null and void Pengadilan menyatakan kontrak itu batal The court declared the contract to be null and void 3 invalid Puasa saya batal setelah tidak sadar saya  merokok My fasting became invalid after unintentionally I smoked  4 omit |to not include something, either deliberately or because you forgot to do it| Kami putuskan untuk membatalkan pasal ke tiga kontrak itu We decided to omit the third article of the contract
-membatalkan: v 1 cancel Saya ingin membatalkan tiket yang telah saya pesan untuk penerbangan besok sore I want to cancel my ticket which I booked for tomorrow evening flight 2 be null and void Kantor imigrasi telah membatalkan paspornya The immigration office declared his passport to be null and void 3 inval­idate Penemuan ini membatalkan teori lama This finding invalidates the old theory  4 cancel out, omit Saya tidak punya cukup uang sehingga saya batalkan pembelian sebagian pesanan itu I don’t have enough money so I have to omit some of the order  5 revoke Polisi membatalkan SIM (surat ijin mengemudi) dia karena melanggar batas kecepatan berulang-ulang The police revoked his driving license for repeated speeding ticket  6  rescind  Mahkamah Agung memiliki hak hukum membatalkan keputusan pengadilan lebih rendah The Supreme Court has a legal right to rescind the lower court decision  7 nullify |to state officially that something will have no legal effect| Pemerintah yang baru telah membatalkan perjanjian pembelian senjata dari Uni Soviet The new government has nullified the agreement of purchasing weapons from Soviet Union 8 quash Pengadilan membatalkan peraturan pemerintah daerah tentang angkutan umum karena hal itu melanggar Undang-Undang The court quashed the local government regulation on public  transportation for it is against the law 9 re­nounce |to say publicly that you no longer believe in or support an idea, religion etc.| Dia mengumumkan membatalkan kesetiaannya kepada partai He renounced his  loyalty to the party 10 withdraw Dia meminta pengacara membatalkan tuntutan itu He asked a lawyer to withdraw the charge.
-pembatalan: n 1 cancellation 2 invalidation 3 annul­ment 4 renunciation 3 abolition 4 disqualifica­tion 5 nullification 6 renouncement 7 withdrawal

battalion; batalyon: n battalion

batang: n 1 trunk |the thick central wooden stem of a tree that branches grow on| batang pohon tree trunk 2 stem |a long thin part of a plant, from which leaves or flowers grow| 3 stalk |the main part of grass from which the leaves grow| batang padi rice stalk 4 bar |a small block of solid material that its length is much longer than its width|  dua batang cokelat two bars of chocolate
-batang air: n river
-batangan1: adv |individually in the shape of bar| Apa anda menjual sabun ini batangan? Do you sell the soap individually?
-batangan2: adj |in the shape of bar| Akan seperti apa bentuk bahan itu? Apa akan menjadi butiran, tepung, atau batangan? What will be the shape of the substance? Is it going to be granular, powder, or bar?
-batangan3: n 1 barrier |solid thing that is used to prevents people from passing through or water from flowing through|  2 bar batangan emas gold bar 3 block batangan kayu wood block
-batang hari:
n noon
-batang hidung: n the bridge of your nose |upper part of sb’s nose between your eyes|
-batang kaki: n legs
-batang leher: n nape of the neck
-batang penggerak: 1 rod |a long metal bar that you use to lift something by putting one end under the object and pushing the other end down| 2 lever |a stick or handle on a machine that you move to make the machine work|
-batang penggerak: n handle |a long stick on a tool|
-batang pengungkit: n crowbar
-batang sepeda: n bicycle frame
-batang sungai: n mainstream (of a river)
-batang tangan: n arms
-batang tubuh: n /lu/frm/ 1 torso |the main part of your body, not including your arms, legs, and head| 3 trunk   |the main part of sth| batang tubuh Undang-Undang Dasar the main part of the Constitution
-berbatang: v to have a certain stem or stalk
-berbatang-batang: deter by lots of bars
-membatang: v erect, become stiff.
-sebatang: deter. a single (bar, piece, etc.) sebatang rokok a single piece of cigarette sebatang besi a bar of iron sebatang kara all alone in the world

batara: n /ltr./ 1 god  2 noble name addressed to male deity.

batari: n /ltr./ 1 goddess 2 noble name  addressed to female deity.

batas; perbatasan: n /lu/frm/ 1 limit 2 border  3 outer line
-berbatas: v |to have sth as the border line| Di sebelah utara tanah itu berbatas sebuah sungai In the north part the land has a river as a border line
-berbatasan: v |to share a border with another country, state, region, etc.| Kalimantan Barat dan Kalimantan Timur berbatasan dengan Serawak West Kalimantan and East Kalimantan border Serawak
-keterbatasan: n /lu/frm/ 1 lack Keterbatasan dukungan dana seharusnya tidak dipakai sebagai alasan menunda misi itu The lack of fund should not be used as a reason to delayed the mission 2 un-limitedness Setiap orang pasti punya keterbatasan. Everyone must have a limitedness
-ketidakterbatasan: n /lu/frm/ 1 freedom (un-limitedness) Ketidak terbatasan kebebasanbicara cenderung disalah gunakan oleh sebagian pers Un-limitedness on the freedom of speech tends to be misused by some of the press.
-membatas; membatasi: v 1 limit Kita harus membatas pengeluaran bulanan jangan sampai lebih dari $ 1000 We have to limit our monthly expenses not exciding $ 1000 2 control membatasi emosi to control emotion
-pembatas: n 1 border 2 divider  Mari kita pasang gordin sebagai pembatas ruangan ini Let’s put this curtain as the divider of these spaces 3 restriction  Biaya pekerja yang tinggi dapat menjadi pembatas pada pertumbuhan investasi High cost labour can be a restriction to investment growth
-pembatasan: n 1 limitation |the act of limiting something| Pembatasan percobaan nuklir The limitation of nuclear testing  2 control pembatasan diri self control
-sebatas: prep. to the end of, to the limit of  Banjir itu naik sebatas lutut saya. The flood rose to the limit of my knee
-takterbatas; tidak terbatas: adj 1 endless 2 borderless
-terbatas: adj limited Efisienlah, dana kita terbatas Be efficient, we have fund limited

batasan: n definition, circumscription, demarcation

batas akhir: n I ex­treme limit

batas diri: n self control

batas kecepatan: n speed limit

batas luar: n outer limit, restriction

baterai; batere: n 1 dry-cell battery |an object that provides electricity for something such as a radio, car, camera, etc.|  2 battery |military unit – each unit consists of several number of the same sub-unit|

bathin: variation of batin:

batik: n /lu/ batik
-batikan: n the end product of batik
-membatik: v |paint a piece of plain material to be a batik|
-membatiki: v apply the batik patter to the material
-membatikkan: v to change plain cloth to batik
-pembatikan: n 1 the process of making batik  2 batik workshop |the place where batik is produced|
-pembatik: n 1 the artist who design and paint the batik 2 |so whose business is to make, to sell batik|

batik cetak: n /lu/ printed batik

batik sandang: n /lu/ batik to wear, batik material for clothes

batik tulis: n /lu/ handmade batik (painted by hand)

batil1: n 1 copper bowl 2 plate 3 tray 4 |a round container that is open at the top, used for holding soup made of coconut shell|

batil2: adj /lu/ 1 invalid, null and void. 2 false, wrong, sinful  Korupsi adalah tindakan batil Corruption is a sinful deed  3 evil, bad
-kebatilan: n 1 evil 2 sin 3 crime 4 bad deeds

batin1: n /lu/frm/1 inner feeling,  spiritual mood  Maaf lahir dan batin I ask your forgiveness from the bottom of my heart and inner feeling   2 mind, heart. Dalam batin dia  membencii  kawannya itu In his heart he hates his friend
-kekuatan batin: n moral force
-kebatinan: n mysticism, spiritualism
-membatinkan: v 1 to keep sth into the inner feeling 2 to keep sth as your own secret
-tekanan batin: n psychological strain or stress

batin2: n traditional or clan leader Mereka sangat menghormati batin itu They are very respectful to the clan leader

batiniah: adj spiritual, psychological, moral

batok: n /lu/ 1 shell  batok kelapa coconut shell  2 skull  2 a mea­surement, about a litre

batu: n /lu/ 1 stone |rock, or a hard mineral substance| bangku dari batu stone benches| dinding dari batu a wall made of stone 2 seed |the hard object inside the flesh of a fruit, from which a new plant will grow| semangka tanpa batu seedless watermelon 3 a measurement equal to a kilometre or 1000 meters| Jaraknya kurang lebih tiga batu. The distance is about three kilometres
-batu api: n flint |a type of very hard, black stone that will produce a small flame when you strike it with steel or other hard substance|
-batu asahan: n grinding stone |a very hard stone to which we rub tools such as knife to make it sharper or smoother|
-batuakik: n gemstone
-batualam: n natural stone
-batuapung: n pumice
-batuarang: n coal
n crystal
-batubara: n coal
-batu baterei: n dry battery
-batu bintang: n meteorite
-batu empedu: n gallstone |small hard, pathological concretion, chiefly of cholesterol crystals, formed in gallbladder or in bile duct|
-batu endapan: n sedimentary rock
-batu ganjalan: n stumbling block |a problem that prevents you from achieving something| Masalah pendanaan masih tetap berupa batu ganjalan utama kami The question of funding is still our major stumbling block
-batugigi: n tartar
-batu ginjal: n kidney stone
-batu giling: n millstone
-batu giok: n jade
-batu kali: n river stone
-batukalung: n pendulum of earrings or necklace
-batukapur: n limestone
-batu kerikil/koral: n pebble |small, smooth stone that is usually in a river or on a beach|
-batu loncatan: n stepping stone
-batu macadam: n macadam |pavement of layer of compacted broken stone, usually bound with asphalt|
-batu merah: n brick
-batu mulia: n precious stone
-batu nilam: n sapphire
-batu nisan: n tombstone
-batu permata: n jewel
-batu pertama: n corner stone, foundation |a stone set at one of the bottom corners of a building, often as part of a special ceremony| 2 |something that is very important because everything else depends on it|  Kebebasan bicara adalah batu pertama demokrasi Freedom of speech is the cornerstone of democracy.
-batu prasasti: n stone inscription to commemorate a cor­onation
-batu puing: n rubble
-batu sandungan: n obstacle, barrier |something that makes it difficult for you to succeed|
-batu pal: n milestone, mile post
batu kawi: n manganese
-batu kecubung: n amethyst
-batu kulasing (hitam): n granite
-batu telehan: n volcanic stone
-batu tulis: n slate (for writing) word formed from “batu”
-batu ujian: n1 touchstone 2 test case |a standard used for measuring the quality of something| 2 impediment |a fact or event that makes action difficult or impossible|
-berbatu: adj contained by stone
-berbatu-batu: adj covered with stones
-membatu: v 1 harden 2 freeze 3 solidify
-membatu: adj insensitive  Perasaannya telah membatu His sense has been insensitive
-membatui: v to cover with stone
-pembatuan: n the process of putting stones on a road
-perbatuan: n |a place where people take stones|  ­

batuk1: v /lu/frm/ cough. Dia batuk dan bersin sepanjang hari He’s been coughing and sneezing all day

batuk2: n /lu/frm/ cough |an illness in which you cough a lot| Dia mengalami batuk berat dan sakit kepala. She have a terrible cough and a headache
-batuk darah: n cough that make you spit out blood
-batuk kambing: n nervous cough
-bnatuk kering: n any cough with little or no phlegm
-batuk kecil: n clear so.’s throat
-batuk lelah: n asthma. ­
-batuk rejang: n whooping cough
v to have cough
-membatukkan: v cough or spit up (blood or phlegm)
-terbatuk-batuk: v 1 cough repeatedly 2 sputter |to make several quick soft sounds| Mesin itu terbatuk-batuk lalu mati The engine sputtered and died.

bau1: n /lu/frm/ 1 scent a) |a particular smell, especially a pleasant one| baunya bunga ros the scent of roses b) |the smell left behind by an animal or person|  Anjing itu berlari kepintu ketika mencium bau tuannya. The dog ran out when he picked up his owner’s scent| 2  smell |the quality or the characteristic of sth that you recognize by using your nose|  Saya dapat menangkap bau mangga I can catch the smell of mango  3 aroma |a strong pleasant smell| Apa kamu mencium bau kopi segar? Do you smell the aroma of fresh coffee  4 stench |a strong unpleasant smell| Mari kita cari dari mana bau (menyengat) itu datang Let’s find where that stench come from. 5 odor |a smell, especially an unpleasant one| Pakai penghilang bau ini. Keringat kamu sangat bau. Use this deodorant. The odor of your sweat is too bad  6  reek    |strong smell of something that not all people  like it|  Apa kamu suka bau durian? Do you like the reek of durian? | 7 fumes |strong-smelling gas or smoke that is unpleasant to breathe in| Saya tidak tahan terhadap bau bensin I can’t stand to gasoline fumes 8 indication
-bau harum: n fragrant smell
-bau busuk: n bad smell, stench, stink
-bau menyengat: n odor reek

bau2; berbau: v /lu/ 1 smell  Durian itu berbau sangat tajam The durian smells very sharp  2 stink  |to have a very strong and unpleasant smell| Nafas anjing itu bau The dog’s breath stinks 3 reek |to smell strongly of something unpleasant|  Kamar kecil itu berbau kencing The toilet reeks of urine 4 |sounds like, sug­gest an element of|  Pidatonya berbau mendukung atheis His speech sounds like promoting atheism 5 indicate Kekayaannya berbau korupsi His richness indicates corruption
-/idiomatic/ masih bau kencur still very young

bau3: adj /lu/ 1 unpleasant Ada yang bau sekitar ini There is something unpleasant around here Kamu makan apa? Nafas kamu bau? What did you eat? Your breath is unpleasant?  2 stinking Apa itu? Bau ya? What is that? It’s stinking isn’t it?

bau4: n /ld/ |surface measurement 7096.5 square me­ters|

bauksit: n bauxite.

baung: n freshwater catfish.

baur: membaur: adj 1 mixed |Pria, wanita, anak gadis, dan anak muda semua membaur didalam kerumunan orang itu Men, women, girls, and boys are mixed together in the crowd Pakaian bekas, kertas, boneka, dll semua berbaur dalam kotak itu Used clothes, paper, toys, etc. all mixed together in the box Pakaian kotor telah membaur dengan pakaian bersih The dirty clothes has been mixed up with the clean clothes 2 integrated, assimilated  Semakin banyak orang Cina yang telah membaur dengan orang pribumi melalui kawin silang. Become more and more Chinese be integrated to indigenous citizen by intermarriage
-berbauran: v 1 be mixed Tidak mudah mencari judul tertentu untuk koleksi buku saya karenaan semuanya telah berbauran satu sama lain It’s not easy to find a particular topic for my books collection. All of them have been mixed each other 2 be assimilated Kami harap semua imigran pada akhirnya berbaur kedalam rakyat Indonesia. We hope all immigrants will finally be assimilated into Indonesian people.
-berbaur: berbauran: v /intr/lu/frm/ 1 live together Saya hidup membaur  bersama dengan orang-orang dari latar belakang yang berbeda. I live together with other people from different background 2 join Apa anda senang berbaur dengan kami? Would you like to join us?
-membaur: v /intr/ 1 integrate 2 assimilate
v /tr/ 1 integrate |to end the practice of separating people of different races in a place or institution| Banyak sekolah mengangkut siswa dari jarak jauh dengan tujuan membaurkan para siswa tersebut Many schools transported children long distances in order to integrate students 2 assimilate Sejak lama orang telah membaurkan budaya tradisi Cina kedalam budaya Indonsesiacontohya barongsai. Since long time ago, people has assimilate Chinese traditional culture into Indonesian culture, for example barongsai
-pembauran: n 1 mix |the particular combination of things or people that form a group|  Terjadi pembauran yang lain daripada yang lain pada pesta Louis itu There was a strange mix of people at Louis’ party 2 assimilation |acceptance of different things to be the part of other things|  Bahasa Indonesia adalah pembauran berbagai bahasa daerah dan berbagai bahasa asing Indonesian language is an assimilation of many different  local ethnic dialect and foreign languages 3 association |togetherness between different part,  kind, or type of things| Tidak mudah mengenali pembauran terselubung antara tujuan-tujuan ideology dan tujuan-tujuan ekonomi dalam kerjasama ini It’s not easy to identify a hidden association of  ideological objectives with economic objectives in this cooperation

baut: n /lu/ 1 bolt  2 bully |foreman, bouncer|
-membaut: v to tighten sth with bolt
-pembautan: n bolting.

bawa: membawa: v /lu/frm/ 1 bring Apa kamu bawa telepon selular kamu? Do you bring your cellular phone?   2 carry Apa kamu bisa membawa kedua tas ini? Can you carry both of these bag? 3 take Kalau kamu pergi belanja apa kamu bawa bayi kamu beserta kamu? When you go out for shopping do you take your baby with you? Siapa yang akan membawa mobil? Who is going to drive the car? 5 for Tolong bawa kami dalam doanya Please pray for us  6 behave  Dia tidak tahu bawa diri He doesn’t know how to behave 7 bawa-bawa: get sb involved Jangan bawa-bawa nama saya dalam kasus itu Don’t get me involved (mention my name) in the case.
-bawaan; pembawaan: n 1 attitude Pembawaannya tidak memperlihatkan  bahwa dia orang kaya. Her attitude  didn’t show that she is rich. -syn: sikap 2 style Dia punya pembawaan menarik She has an attractive style Pembawaan dia berpakaian sama seperti seorang selebriti Her style in dressing looks like a celebrity  –syn: gaya
-berbawaan: v match Apa dasi merah ini berbawaan dengan baju kuning? Does this red tie match the yellow shirt?
-berpembawaan: v behave |have a character (of)| Dia pria berpembawaan tenang He is a man who behave calm
-membawakan: v 1 to bring, to take Apa kamu boleh membawakan piring ini ke dapur? Can you bring this plate to the kitchen? 2 play, act Dia membawakan peran antagonis dengan baik She played antagonistic role well
pembawa: n 1 carrier |sb or sth that take, bring, or carry sb or sth| 2 messenger (sb who bring message, news, etc) 3 the cause Dia pembawa sial kepada kita. He is the cause of unlucky fate to us 3 pembawa acara: reporter Dia bekerja sebagai pembawa acar di televisi He works as a television reporter
-terbawa1: adj |able to be carried| Barang-barang ini tidak akan terbawa oleh dua orang These languages will not be to be carried by two persons
-terbawa2: v 1 /pass.v/ |be accidentally taken away| Tas itu pasti sudah terbawa oleh seseorang The bag must have been accidentally taken away by someone 2 be affected  Kenaikan ongkos transportasi terbawa oleh kenaikan bensin The raise of transportation cost is affected by the raise of gasoline .
Note: If something was taken away, or someone took away something purposely don’t say “terbawa” but “dibawa”  Tas kamu pasti sudah dibawa oleh seseorang Your bag must have been taken by someone. (passive v.) or “membawa”  Seseorang pasti telah membawa tas kamu Someone must have taken your bag away (active v)

-terbawa-bawa: v get involve Jangan terbawa-bawa dengan kegiatan para preman Don’t get involve with the gangs activities

bawah1: adv 1 un-, sub, |functions like a prefix in compound noun to indicate non of, less in position, less in completeness, less in quality, the lower part of, etc.| Semua terjadi dibawah dugaan Everything happened unexpectedly Dia lakukan hal itu  dibawah sadar He did it unconsciously 2 secretly Lakukan transaksinya dibawah tangan/meja Do the transaction secretly  3 the following . Seperti contoh dibawah ini As the following examples
-bawah sadar: adj subconscious
-bawah baku: adj substandard
-bawah laut­: n submarine, undersea
-bawah tanah: adj subterranean, under­ground gerakan bawah tanah underground movement

bawah2; dibawah: prep ./lu/ under  Taruh sandal kamu dibawah tempat tidur Put your sandals under the bed Dibawah kepemimpinan Sukarno-Hatta, Indonesia bersatu menjadi satu Negara berdaulat Under the leadership of Sukarno Hatta Indonesia has been united into a sovereign country dibawah persetujuan without agreement 2 below dibawah suhu beku below freezing temperature dibawah garis kemiskinan below poverty line 3 on the lowest part of surrounding space Jangan duduk dibawah Don’t sit on the floor
-bawahan: n 1 subordinate 2 underling. Direktur itu punya 5 bawahan terdiri dari 4 pengawas dan satu sekretaris The Director has 5 subordinates consists of 4 supervisor and a secretary
-kebawah: adv 1 down |to the lower part of surrounding space| Dia sedang pergi kebawah She is going down  Mari turun kebawah kamu bisa jatuh Come down you may fall 2 and under Pertunjukan itu tidak di suguhkan kepada orang berumur 17 tahun kebawah The show is not available to the 17 years old and under 3  the lower Semakin kebawah udara akan semakin panas. The lower the hotter the air will be.
-lebih bawah: adj /lower/comp./ Posisi saya jauh lebih bawah dari posisi dia. My position is much more lower than his
-membawahi: v 1 subordinate  Menejer itu membawahi 4 pengawas The manager subordinates 4 supervisors   2 control Kementerian Sosial membawahi penggunaan anggaran  batuan sosial The Ministry of Social Affairs control the use of the social security budget
-paling bawah; terbawah: adj /super./ the low­est Taruh buku kamu di laci paling bawah Put your books in the lowest drawer

bawal: n fish, pomfret

bawang: n /lu/ onion
-bawang acar: n pickled onion.
-bawang Bombay: n large onion.
-bawang hijau: n leeks.
-bawang merah: n red onion
-bawang perai: n green onion
-bawang putih: n garlic

bawasir: n /pl/ hemorrhoids |painfully swollen blood vessels at the anus|

bawel: adj /lu/infr/1 carping, fault seeker |always complain about something that is not very important|
-membaweli: v carp Dia selalu membaweli pembantunya. She always carp her helper
-kebawelan: n quib­bling, carping Saya tidak tahan kebawelan bos saya. I can’t stand my boss quibbling. –syn: cerewet

baya: adj /lu/frm/ old, aged. Seorang wanita baya bersujud syukur An old woman bowed in thanksgiving to God.
-sebaya: prep. 1 of the same age, a contemporary. Dia sebaya dengan gurunya She is in the same age as her teacher. 2 sebaya dan sejaman: contemporary Idriss Sardi sangat dikagumi oleh sebaya dan sejamannya Idriss Sardi  was greatly admired by his contemporaries
separuh baya: adj middle-aged seorang pria separuh baya a middle-aged man

bayam: n /lu/ spinach

bayang: bayang-bayang: n /lu/ shadow |a dark shape that an object or a person makes on a surface when it is between that surface and the light source|  Cahaya dibelakang kamu membentuk bayang-bayang aneh  di dinding The lights behind you form strange shadows on the wall  2 shade |an area that is darker because the light of the sun cannot reach it| Mari kita duduk dibawah bayang-bayang pohon itu Let’s sit in the shade of that tree –syn: naungan, keteduhan
-bayangan: n 1 image |a picture that you have in your mind| Bayangan dia selalu muncul di pikiran saya Her image always appear in my mind 2 reflection Bayangan kita pada kaca cembung akan terlihat aneh Our reflection on a concave or convex lens will look strange 4 imagination |the ability to form pictures or ideas in your mind| Apa yang kamu lihat bukan satu kenyataan. Itu hanya bayangan kamu. What you saw wasn’t a reality. It was only your imagination –syn: hallucination
-bayangkan!: v /imper./ imagine! Bayangkan! Betapa sulitnya hal itu. Imagine! How difficult it was
-berbayang: v have reflection    Pada sore hari pegunungan itu berbayang jelas dipermukaan danau At the afternoon the mountain has a reflection on the surface of the lake.
-membayangkan: v 1 imagine |to form pictures or ideas in your mind| Coba membayangkan bahwa kamu sedang berada di antara keluarga kamu sekarang Try to imagine that you’re among your family right now| 2 rationalize |to think of reasons, especially reasons that sth could be happen| Say tidak dapat membayangkan kenapa Sharon berbohong kepada dia I couldn’t rationalize why Sharon  had lied to him
-membayang-bayangkan: v recollect |try to remember the image of sth or someone|
-membayangi: v 1 shade Gedung baru itu membayangi rumah saya sampai pukul 10:00 pagi The new building shades my room until 10:00 a.m
-membayang-bayangi: v 1 shadow |to follow someone closely and secretly in order to watch what s/he is doing| Saya yakin polisi sedang membayang-bayangi dia I believe that the police is shadowing him 2 closely follow behind Greg sementara memimpin didepan dibayang-bayangi oleh Bob dari dibelakang Greg is temporarily leading the race and closely is followed by Bob
-terbayang: v /pass. v./ be imagined |if the image of sb or sth unexpectedly come to your mind|  Sudah lebih setahun sejak dia meninggal tetapi wajahnya selalu terbayang dalam pikiran saya It’s been more than a year since her death but her face always come to my mind.
-terbayangkan: adj imaginable (usually used in a negative statement) Tidak terbayangkan betapa dahsyatnya kerusakan itu It wasn’t imaginable how severe the damage was
-terbayang-bayang: v be hovered in sb’s thoughts |if the image of sth frequently  occupy your mind|  Kecalakaan itu selalu terbayang-bayang di pikiran saya The accident always be hovered in my thoughts.

bayangkara: n /ltr./ 1 guardian squad 2 policeman.

bayangkari: n 1 policewoman. 2 policemen’s wives’ association.

bayar: membayar: v /lu/frm/ 1 pay |to give someone money for something in order to buy it, or for something s/he has done for you| Bayar semua pajak kita sebelum terlambat Pay all our taxes before too late  2 to pay Siapa yang akan membayar makan siang kita? Who is going to pay our lunch? 3 pay for |to do something unpleasant for what you did| Dia telah membayar apa yang dia lakukan dengan masuk ke tahanan. He paid for what he did by being in prison
-bayaran: n pay |money that you give to pay for sth you buy, sb you hire, or sth you owe|  Bayaran yang saya terima hanya cukup untuk kebutuhan pokok keluarga The pay I get is enough only for my family’s basic needs Kalau saya lakukan tugas ini berapa bayarannya? If I do the assignment what is the pay?
-membayari: v pay Siapa yang membayari kopi kita Who paid our coffee?
-membayarkan: v pay Apa anda boleh membayarkan tagihan kita ke kasir? Can you go to pay our bill to the cashier?
-pembayaran: n payment 1 the act of paying Pembayaran yang terlambat akan didenda $5 Late payment will result in a $5  fine. 2 |an amount of money that should be paid or that has been paid| Berapa pembayaran mobil kamu itu? How much was your car payments?
-pembayar: n payer  pembayar pajak tax payer
-terbayar1: adj be paid  Sebagian hutangnya tidak terbayar Some of his debt can’t be paid  Itu satu jumlah yang tidak mungkin terbayar It is an amount that it isn’t  possible to be paid.
Notes: 1 Pembayaran means a process of paying, and also means an amount of money that should be paid or that has been paid similar to bayaran In this case bayaran is more specific to mean pay as a salary, wages, tips, etc. And pembayaran is more general and formal. 2 Both membayari and membayarkan are verb that means to pay something. However the usage is slightly different. Use membayari if you mean that someone voluntarily pay sth for his own or/and for others with his/her own money. Use membayarkan if it means that sb do a process of payment.  With other words, membayari indicates ‘whose money’ and membayarkan indicates ‘who do the payment, no matter with whose money’.

bayem: variant of bayam

bayi: n /lu/frm/ baby, infant
-bayi merah: n newborn baby
BALITA {Bayi Dibawah Lima Tahun}: n Under Five Years Baby

bayonet: n /lu/ bayonet
-berbayonet: adj be provided or equipped with a bay­onet
-membayonet: v attack with a bayonet

bayu1: n /ld/ 1 wind, breeze. 2 god of wind (Hinduism)

bayu2: adj stale |no longer fresh, the taste change from fresh to stinking because it start to decay|

bayu3: n /ld/ slave, servant.

bazar: n /lu/ charity fair,  church bazaar

bazoka: n bazooka.

BB2 {Bau Badan}: n /lu/ body odor.

BBM {Bahan Bakar Minyak}: n /lu/frm/ refined fuel oil

BBN {Bea Balik Nama}: n /lu/frm/ fee for conversion of vehicle ownership.

BD {Barat Daya}: n /lu/ South-West

be: variant of  babe:

bea: n /lu/frm/ 1 excise |the government tax on particular goods produced and used inside a country|  2 duty, tariff  |a tax you pay on something, especially on goods you bought in another country| 3 Bea Balik Nama: fee for conversion of vehicle ownership
Bea Cukai: n customs |the place where your bags are checked for illegal goods when you go into a country|  Makan waktu lama untuk melewati Bea Cukai It took too long to clear customs. (=be allowed into a country after being checked)
-bea masuk: n import duty
-bea keluar: n export duty

beasiswa: n /lu/frm/ scholarship, fellowship
-membeasiswai: v grant a scholarship
-kebeasiswaan: n matters regarding fel­lowships.

bebal: adj /lu/ 1 stupid, imbecilic, slow 2 silly, foolish, idiotic
-kebebalan: n stupidity, foolishness, silliness

beban: n /lu/frm/ 1 load |the quantity of something that is carried by a person, a vehicle etc.|  Kapal itu sedang membawa beban berat. The ship is carrying heavy load 2 work capacity |the amount of work that a machine or a person has to do| satu beban kerja yang berat a heavy work load 3 power capacity Kita perlu beban listrik setidaknya 24 KWH untuk menjalankan mesin ini We need electricity power at least 24 KWH to run this machine  4 burden, re­sponsibility |something that is difficult, or that worries you because you are responsible for it|  Saya tidak mau menjadi beban siapapun kalau sudah tua I don’t want to be a burden on whoever when I’m old
-membebani: v 1 load up |to put a load of something on or into a vehicle| Mereka membebani truk itu dengan perlengkapan berkemah They loaded up the truck with camping gear  2 burden |to make someone be responsible for sb or sth| Saya tidak mau membebani kamu dengan masalah saya I won’t burden you with my problems
-membebankan: v burden |put sth to be a burden of sb or sth| Saya tidak mau membebankan kasus ini pada kamu I don’t want to put this case become your burden
-pembebanan: n an action or a process of loading

bebandos: variant of bandos:

bebar: berbebaran: v /ld/ 1 scatter 2 spread out  Bukunya ­bebar di mana-mana His books scattered everywhere
-terbebar: adj 1 spread out 2 scattered

bebas: adj /lu/frm/ free 1 |allowed to live, exist, or happen without any control or restriction| Rakyat harus bebas memilih ideology politiknya People should be free to choose their political ideology 2 not having any of a particular substance: susu bebas kolesterol cholesterol-free milk 3 without any cost  Saya mendapat tiket bebas untuk konser malam nanti I get free tickets for tonight’s concert 4 bebas saja: feel free |used in order to tell someone that s/he don’t need to be hesitate to do something| Bebas saja mengambil makanan dan minuman yang kamu inginkan Feel free to take an food and drink you want 5 not busy doing other things  Kalau kamu bebas akhir minggu ini t apa kamu mau pergi berkemah? If you’re free this weekend do you want to go camping? 6 independent Kami menjadi negeri bebas sejak 17 Augustus 1945 We become an independent country since 17 August 1945 7
-bebas bea: adj duty free
-bebas butahuruf: adj (free of illiteracy)
-bebas pajak: adj tax free
-bebas rokok: adj no smoking
-bebas tugas:
adj be laid off, off duty
-membebaskan: v free 1 |to allow someone to leave a place where s/he has been forced to stay, such as a prison| Pemerintah Belanda akhirnya membebaskan Sukarno dari pengasingan Dutch government finally freed Sukarno from exile  2 |to help someone by removing something that is hampered, bad, unpleasant, etc|  Beasiswa telah membebaskan orang tua saya dari beban keuangan yang berat The scholarship has freed my parents from heavy financial burden 3 free up |to make sb or sth be able to do sth or to make sth be able to be used| Mekanisasi pertanian akan membebaskan para petani untuk melakukan tugas lebih banyak Mechanization of agriculture will free up the farmers time to do more tasks 4 release Akhirnya polisi membebaskan dia karena kekurangan bukti Finally the police released him for the lack of evidence
-kebebasan: n freedom
-pembebasan: n |an action or a process to make sb or sth free|
-terbebas: adj be free of
-kebebasan beragama: n freedom to choose and to practice our own religion
-kebebasan bicara: n freedom of speech
-kebebasan memilih: n freedom to choose
-kebebasan mimbar: n academic freedom
-kebebasan mutlak: n absolute freedom
-kebebasan pers: n freedom of press
-kebebasan pribadi: n personal freedom
-kebebasan terbatas: n limited freedom
-pembebasan: n 1 release |the act of releasing (release) someone| Setelah pembebasannya dari penjara dia bekerja sebagai tukang kayu After his release from prison, he worked as a carpenter 2 exemption a) |a condition that you do not have to pay tax|  satu pembebasan pajak untuk kegiatan sosial a tax exemption for gifts to charity b) |permission not to do something, or to pay something etc., that you would usually have to do| pembebasan dari wajib militer an exemption from military service 3 liberation Pembebasan negeri ini  dari penjajah telah mengambil banyak pengorbanan The liberation of this country from colonialist had taken a lot of sacrifice

bebat: n /lu/ bandage, dressing
-bebatan: n bandage, dress­ing
-membebati: v bandage, dress (a wound)
-membebatkan: v use sth to bandage (a wound) Dia membebatkan selendang pada  luka itu He used a scarf to bandage his the wound
-pembebat: n bandager, dresser.
-pembebatan: n bandag­ing, wrapping, dressing (of a wound).

bebek: n /lu/ duck
-membebek: v 1 quack (to make a sound like a duck)  2 imitate, parrot |repeat or imitate what another said or did without understanding the meaning| 3 follow sth mindlessly
-pembebek: 1 imitator, parrot |one who mindlessly follows or repeat the words or action of another|

bebek2: n bleat |the sound that a sheep, goat, or young cow makes|
-membebek: v bleat |to make a sound that a sheep, goat, or young cow makes|

bebek3: n /lu/inf/ motorcycle of less than 100 cc.

beber: membeberkan: v 1 disclose, reveal, explain a) |to make something known publicly| Direktur Jenderal berjanji akan segera membeberkan hasil pemeriksaan pembukuan itu The General Director promised to disclose details of the audit soon b) |if a story, plan etc. unfolds, it becomes clearer and you understand it|  Akhirnya sidang membeberkan siapa saja yang terlibat dalam kasus itu Finally the court unfolded who was involved with the case| -syn: mengungkapkan 2  spread, unfold, dis­play, open up, unfurl |to open something that was folded|  Kapten itu membeberkan sebuah map lalu menunjukkan posisi kapal The captain unfolded a map and pointed the position of the ship –syn: membentangkan, menggelar
-membeber bentangkan: v disclose in de­tail,  open up
-pembeberan: n disclosure, revelation, explanation, publication

beberapa: quant. some, several. beberapa buku several books. ­beberapa waktu yang lalu some time ago

bebesaran: see besaran:

bebet: n /ld/Jv/ 1 ancestor 2 bebet, bobot, bibit: lineage, rank and wealth, and origins: criteria for ranking prospective son-in-law.

bebi: n infant. 4I styde=”mso-bidi-font-style: normal”>pakaian bebi  baby clothes

bebuyutan: adj /lu/frm/ |since along time ago|  musuh bebuyutan sworn enemy

beca: see becak:

bécak1: n /lu/ spot, dot.
-berbécak-bécak: adj spotted, dotted. Citanya berbécak-bécak ­The material has a polka-dot design
-membécak-bécaki: v mark (with spot)

becak2: n /lu/ pedicab, tricycle.
-becak dayung: n manual becak |driven by man)
-becak mesin: n machinated becak
-berbeca: v ride a pedicab
-berbecak-becakak: v go here and there in a pedicab
-membeca: v 1 work as pedicab driver 2 ride a pedicab.

becak3; becek: adj muddy
-membecekkan: v cause sth to be muddy/ dirty.

becus: adj /lu/ capable, competent (mostly used in a negative statement) Dia tidak becus kerja He isn’t capable to work. Saya kira dia tidak akan becus untuk pekerjaan ini I think that she will be incompetent for this job.

beda1: berbeda: v /lu/frm/  differ |to be different| Para siswa berbeda satu sama lain dalam hal kemampuan berbahasa Inggris The students differ each other in their ability to understand English  Pandangan mereka berbeda dengan pandangan kita Their view differed from our 2 |to have different opinions| Kedua kelompok beda pendapat tentang dimana rapat diadakan The two groups differ on/ about/ over where to have the meeting.

beda2; berbeda: adj 1 different Dia beda dibandingkan dengan saudarinya She is different compare to her sister 2 distinctive Charlie mempunyai suara yang sangat beda Charlie has a very distinctive voice. 3 distinguished |very different in term of  positive value| Dia tampil beda diantara semua peserta She/he looks distinguished among all the participants
-dibedakan: adj, be differentiated, be discriminated.
-membedakan:membeda-bedakan: v 1 differ Jangan membedakan perlakuan kamu kepada dia dengan siswa lain Don’t differ your treatment to her and  to the other students  2 differentiate |to recognize or express the difference between things or people|  Umumnya orang tidak dapat membedakan ideology kedua partai politik itu Most people couldn’t differentiate the ideology of the two political parties. 3 |to make one thing different from another|  Perusahaan kami mencoba membedakan (membuat berbeda) produksinya dari pesaing lain Our company tried to differentiate its products from the competitors. 4 discriminate Tidak baik membedakan orang berdasarkan ras, agama, dan status sosialnya It’s not good to discriminate the people base on race, religion, and social status 5 distinguish |to recognize or understand the difference between two similar things, people etc.|  Anak-anak sering tidak dapat membedakan antara cerita nyata dan rekayasa Children often can’t distinguish between true story and fiction
-pembedaan: n differentiation, distinc­tion, discrimination (the process of differentiating)
-perbedaan: n 1 difference  Banyak perbedaan antara grammar bahasa Inggris dengan tata bahasa Indonesia There are many differences between English grammar and tata bahasa Indonesia 2 distinction |a clear difference between things| Sekolah tidak membuat perbedaan antara murid laki-laki dan murid wanita The school makes no distinction between male and female students. (=the school does not treat male and female students differently)

bedah: n /lu/frm/ surgery
-bedah besar: n major surgery
-bedah kecil: n minor surgery
-bedah mayat:
n autopsy
-bedah pintas: n by-pass surgery (heart)
-bedah plastik: n plastic surgery
-bedah rongga: n thoracic surgery
-dokter bedah: n surgeon
-membedah: v perform an incision
-pembedahan: n surgical incision |a cut that a doctor makes in someone’s body during a medical operation|
-pembedah: n 1 instruments to perform incision

bedak: n /lu/frm/ 1 face powder, talcum powder 2 white dusty substance
-membedaki: v /tr/ powder |to put powder on your skin|
-berbedak1: v /intr/ powder Dia selalu berbedak sebelum pergi She always powders before leaving
-berbedak2: adj powdered  Kulit berbedak akan terlindung dari sengatan sinar matahari Powdered skin will be protected from sunburn
-membedaki: v /tr/ apply the use of powder (to)

bedebah: n /lu/ bastard Kamu bedebah yang tolol! You are stupid bastard!  Si bedebah itu memukul adiknya That bastard hit his little brother.
-membedebahi: v accuse sb of being a rascal.

bedeng: n /lu/ 1 shed |a small building used especially for storing things| bedeng peralatan di pekarangan belakang a tool shed in the back yard  2 temporary small building |usually built in a big project as an temporary office, warehouse, etc| 3 barracks |a group of buildings in which soldiers live| 4 embankment of a paddy field  3 seedbed,  f1owerbed |a special area or row of ground that has been prepared for plants to grow in|

bedil: n /lufrm/ gun, rifle, weapon –syn: senapan, senjata
-bedil angin: n air rifle
-bedil api: n firearms
-bedil besar: n artillery gun
-bedil buluh:
n 1 toy gun 2 empty bluff  -syn: bedil-bedilan
-bedil mesin: n machine gun
-membedil: v shoot, fire

bedug: n /lu/ |the sound of a large drum suspended horizon­tally at mosque to summon to prayer| Ada bedug untuk panggilan sholat There is a call for prayer

begadang: v /lu/ stay up to do sth all night long

begasi: n variant of bagasi:

begawan: n /ld/ 1 title used for Hindu priest or ascetic (in shadow plays, etc.) 2 maestro or expert in a certain field Prof. Sumitro dulu adalah begawan ekonomi Prof. Sumitro was an economic expert

begini: prep. adv, pron. /lu/frm/ 1 like this |used before you show or tell sth| Ceriteranya seperti ini The story was like this Begini cara mengangkatnya Like this how to lift it.  2 well, so (often used to start a conversation). Begini pak, … Well, sir, …..  3 beginilah: this is it Beginilah akibatnya This is it the result.  4 begini saja: a) like this |used when we try to propose a way to do sth| Bagaimana kalau begini saja. How about like this  b) just like this |used to say that you think sth is so simple| Begini saja kamu tidak sanggup mengatasinya?. Just like this you couldn’t manage it?  5 that … |used to express our surprise about sth| Begini banyaknya? Bagaimana mungkin saya kerjakan sendiri That much? How can I do it my self? Begini saja kamu sudah menyerah. Bagaimana kalau ada yang lebih sulit lagi? Just like this, you’ve given up. How if there is sth that it’s more difficult? 6 beginian: this kind of thing Buat apa kamu beli yang beginian? What did you by this kind of thing for?

begitu: prep., adv, pron. /lu/frm/ 1 that |used when talking about the size, number, or amount of something| Saya tidak sangka rumah kamu begitu besar. I don’t expect that your house is that big| Taman itu sangat indah tetapi tidak begitu luas The park is very beautiful, but it’s not that large. 2 that is it Nah begitu caranya menendang bola That it is, the way to kick a ball  3  Jangan begitu kalau bicara dengan wanita Do not be like that if you talk to a lady  4 as soon as Begitu kamu sampai disana beritahu saya As soon as you arrive there, let me know 4 how much  Begitu cintanya dia pada kamu dapat dilihat dari matanya. How much she loves you can be seen from her eyes. 5 like that Begitu saja sudah bagus Just like that, it’s fine Bagaimana kita bisa meninggalkan dia begitu saja? How can we leave her/him just like that? 6 that is it about:  Begitu kira-kira apa yang terjadi That is it about what has happened. 7 so Dia sangat pintar dan begitu juga saudara dia She is very smart and so is her brother 8 begitu-begitu saja: so, so Reputasinya begitu-begitu saja, tetapi bagaimanapun dia dapat promosi His reputation just so-so, but he got promotion anyway 9 such Apa yang akan kamu lakukan dalam situasi begitu What would you do in such a situation? begitu rupa: Begitu rupa dia telah bekerja keras, namun dia gagal juga dalam testing itu He worked hard in such a way, however he failed the test 10 begitupun: even like that Kami mengerti bahwa anda memenuhi persyaratan. Biar begitupun kami tidak bisa menerima anda karena keterbatasan dana We understand that you meet the requirements. Even like that we can’t hire you for the lack of funds 11 begituan: |used to mention sth that is considerably taboo| Dia main begituan sama adik iparnya He has sex with his sister in law  12 begitukan: |do something what ever it’s possible| Jangan asal begitukan saja pintunya nanti rusak Don’t just do whatever with the door it may damage

bego; begok: adj /lu/infr/ stupid, imbecilic, idiotic

begu: n /ld/ ghost

beguk: n 1 goitre |swelling part on the lower jaw| 2 Adam apple

beha: see BH.

bejana: n /frm/ 1 container, vessel, receptacle.
-bejana pasir: n sandbox

bejat: adj /lu/frm/1 damaged, spoiled (esp. of baskets, bags, etc. with split seams)  2 depraved, wanton 3 immoral
-membejati; membejatkan: v damage, harm, spoil, depreciate, debauchery
-pembejatan: n damaging, harming. pembejatan moral damaging to mor­als, become immoral.
-kebejatan: n damage, immorality, harm

bek1: n /sport/ backfield player (football or soccer)

bek2: n head of a village –syn: lurah

bekal: n 1 stock 2 supplies 3 provisions. Kita punya bekal yang cukup We have sufficient supplies  bekal hidup sth that we need to keep us alive such as livestock, food, water, etc
-berbekal: v 1 have sth that is needed Dia datang kesini hanya berbekal semngat dan kemauan hidup He came her only having spirit and will to live. 2 have sth to eat  Mereka hanya berbekal roti, keju, dan minuman ringan saat ini They have only bread, cheese, and soft drink right now  3 be equipped  Berbekal sebuah kapal kecil yang tua mereka ingin menyeberangi selat itu Be equipped with small old boat they want to sail across the strait
-membekali: v /tr/ prepare the need for 1 with sth that useful in the future Bekali dirimu dengan ketrampilan dan keahlian Prepare yourself with skill and expertise 2 with daily need to live  Ibu saya membekali kami dengan makanan dan minuman selama berkemah itu My mother prepared us with food and drink during the camping 3 with sth that probably will be needed Jangan lupa membekali anak-anak dengan sejumlah uang untuk perjalanan mereka Don’t forget to prepare the children with some money on their tour 4 with sth that is needed to do sth Sebelum berangkat kita perlu membekali diri dengan obat Before leaving for this journey we need to be prepared with some medicine
-perbekalan: n 1 supplies |food, clothes, and things that are necessary for daily life, especially for a particular period| perbekalan perjalanan supplies for a trip 2 provisions |food supplies, especially for a period of time| Kita mempunyai bekal yang cukup untuk dua minggu We have enough provisions for two weeks 3 gear |equipment, clothing etc. that you need for a particular activity|  perbekalan berkemah camping gear

bekam1: n /ld/ 1 bruise |a mark on skin as the result of pinching|
-membekam1: v /ld/ to make a bruise on skin

bekam2: membekam2: v 1 to suck blood |a traditional healing method – you burn paper inside a cup and you turn upside down on sb’s skin. The vacuum will suck the skin and create swelling on the skin – then you cut the swelling and the blood will come out – this process is called membekam|
-pembekaman: n blood sucking

bekam3; membekam: v to hide your feeling for yourself

bekas1: n /lu/frm/ 1 a) print |a mark made on a surface by something that has been pressed or putted onto it|  Ada bekas kaki singa di tanah There were a lion’s feet print on the ground b) trace |a small sign that someone or something was present or existed| Dia menghilang begitu saja tanpa bekas He simply disappeared without a trace c) mark |a spot or small dirty area on something that spoils its appearance| Noda hitam ini adalah bekas tinta The black spot is the mark of ink.  2 rest Pakai bekas makanan itu untuk memberi makan anjing Use the rest of the food to feed the dog

bekas2: adj /lu/frm/ 1 dirty Siapa yang akan membersihkan piring-piring bekas Who is going to clean the dirty dishes 2 used, second hand  Saya tidak punya banyak uang jadi saya beli mobil bekas I don’t have much money so I bought an used car c) ex Saya bertemu dengan bekas pacar saya tadi pagi I met my ex girlfriend this morning 3 former  Rumah sakit itu adalah bekas tangsi militer The hospital is a former military barracks
-bekas-bekas: n residue
adj marked |has a mark on sth| Apa luka dikaki kamu berbekas? Is the wound on your leg marked?
-membekas: v mark Kebakaran itu membekas di kulit punggungnya The burn marked on his back skin
-membekaskan: v 1 leave mark Tsunami itu membekaskan pasir dengan jumlah luar biasa di daratan bagian dalam The tsunami leave the mark of tremendous amount of sea sand on the inside part of the land  2 memorize, to leave memory  Perang itu masih tetap membekaskan kepanikan menyaksikan aliran darah manusia pada saya The war still memorizes me the consternation of looking human blood flows

bekas3: n /ld/ container, receptacle bekas sirih betel nut holder. bekas tinta inkwell.

bekatul: n bran |the crushed outer skin of rice|

beken: adj /infr/ 1 well known  2 familiar  3 popular Namanya cukup beken His name is quite popular
-membekenkan: v to cause sb’s name to be well known
-kebekenan: n popularity 2 fame 3 the state of well known

beker: n /lu/ 1 alarm clock 2 trophy 3 cup 3 beaker.

bekicot: n /lu/ edible snail

beking: bekingan: n backing |help such as financial aid, political support, etc.| Lembaga itu menyadiakan beking keuangan untuk proyek itu. The agency has provided financial aid for the project
-membeking: v support Presiden membeking pencalonannya menjadi gubernur Bank Sentral The president support (usually collusively) his nomination to be the central bank governor
-beking-bekingan: adj collusive  Sistim beking-bekingan dalam promosi jabatan sama jeleknya dengan korupsi The collusive system in promoting officers was as bad as corruption

bekisar: n /lu/ hybrid bird from domestic chicken and jungle fowl

bekleding: n /spo/lu/ upholstery |material that is used for covering chairs and sofas, or the process of doing this|

bekles: n /lu// backless gown

beku1: adj /lu/ 1 frozen  Airnya sudah beku The water has been frozen. Uang­nya di bank beku – His bank account is frozen 2 con­gealed darah beku congealed blood 3 immobilized Rekening banknya sudah beku His bank account has been immobilized 4 beku kering: freeze-dried 4 insensitive Pengalaman pahit dia yang berkepanjangan telah membuat perasaan dia beku A long bitter experiences has made her feeling insensitive

beku2: membeku: v /intr/lu/ 1 freeze Air membeku pada 000 C kebawah The water freezes at 000 C or less  2 beku kering: freeze dry  3 congeal Suhu ini bisa membuat darah beku This temperature can make the blood congeal
-membekukan: v /tr/ 1 freeze sth Cuaca begitu dingin, hampir membekukan danau The weather was so cold, it almost freeze the lake  2 membekukan kering: freeze 3 clot Meletakkan  ditempat terbuka akan mebekukan kue itu Exposure to open air will clot the cake dry 4 coagulate Putih telur akan membeku kalau dimasak Egg white will coagulate if it’s cooked  5 deactivate, halt Sementara, kedua negara  membekukan kerjasama itu Temporarily, both of the countries deactivate the`cooperation

bekuk: v membekuk: n /lu/ 1 bend, fold   Bekuk dua kawat itu Bent the wire into two folds  2  capture, arrest. Polisi berhasil membekuk perampok itu The police successfully arrested the robber 2 swindle, trick, fool. Pompa bensin itu membekuk langganan dengan memanipulasi meteran The gas station swindled the customers by manipulating the gauge
-terbekuk: adj /pass.v./ be caught, be captured.
-pembekuk: n 1 catcher, capturer 2 swindler
-pembekukan: n 1 capture, arrest 2 swindling

bel: n /lu/ bell
-membel: v ring a bell  2 call (tele­phone)

bela1: membela: v /lu/ defend 1 |to protect someone or something from being attacked or taken away|  Kamu harus membela adik kamu You should defend your  little brother  Semua warga negara diminta untuk membela negara All citizen are required to defend the country  2 |to use arguments to protect something or someone from degradation| Demi nama baiknya dia harus membela diri terhadap tuduhan itu For his reputation he had to defend himself against the charges 3 |to protect your goal in a game, and prevent your opponents from getting points| Pemain belakang harus berjuang keras untuk membela gawang mereka The back player has to struggle hard to defend their goal gate  4 |to be a lawyer for someone who is said to be guilty of a crime| Dia berjuang lewat pengadilan untuk membela nama baik kliennya He fight through the court for his client reputation
-pembelaan: n the stand for Pembelaan Martin Luther King terhadap kesetaraan ras membuat dia dihargai secara universal The stand of Martin Luther King for racial equality made him universally admired
-pembela: n defender

bela2: v /lu/ retort  “Bukan dia!” Bela ibunya “It wasn’t him”  His mother retort!

belacan: n /lu/ shrimp or fish paste condiment.

belaco; belacu: n unbleached cotton material

belado: n /Min/ a dish with red pepper sauce belado ikan ­fish prepared in this way.

belagu: v /inf/ act inappropriately

belah1: membelah: v /lu/ plit, crack, break Bisa kamu belah kayu itu menjadi dua? Can you split the wood into two? 2 cut across Sungai Ciliwung membelah Jakarta Ciliwung river cuts across Jakarta
-belah2: n one of a pair Kamu tidak bisa bertepuk hanya dengan satu belah tangan kamu You can’t clap with only .one of your hand Angkat itu dengan kedua belah tangan kamu Lift it with both your hands
belahan: n 1 crack, gap, crevice. Ada belahan di tembok itu There is a crack in the wall 2 part, a side (of sth) Mereka tinggal di belahan utara kota ini They live in the north side of this town 3 belahan bumi: hemisphere 4 belahan hati: sweetheart -syn: 1 retakan 2 bagian
-belah ketupat: adj |pertaining to cube shape with some obtuse and some acute angle|
-bersebelahan: adj next to each other Kami tinggal bersebelahan We live side by side
-pembelah: n splitter Ini mesin pembelah batu This is a stone splitter machine Sebuah kampak pembelah kayu A wood splitter axe
-sebelah1: quant. 1 a half Sebelah buah ini cukup untuk saya A half of this fruit is enough for me 2 one of a pair Sebelah kakinya sedang luka One of his leg wounded
-sebelah2: prep. toward  Maju ke sebelah kanan Move toward right side Tolong dudukkan dia di sebelah kiri kamu Please sit him on your left side.
-sebelah3: n direction Ke sebelah mana mereka pergi? Which direction they are going?
-terbelah1: v /intr/ split  Perahu itu terbelah dua The boat split in two 2 break |if something breaks or someone breaks it, it separates into two or more pieces, especially because it has been hit or dropped| Hati-hati, kaca itu mudah terbelah Take care, the glass break easily Vas itu jatuh terbelah hancur The vase felt down and broke into pieces
-terbelah: adj broken Taruh kaca yang terbelah itu diluar jangkauan anak-anak Put  the broken glass from the reach of children Piring yang terbelah itu tidak berguna lagi The broken plate has no use anymore
-/prov/lu/ bagaikan pinang dibelah dua: very similar |used to describe a couple or a twin that are very similar|

belai; membelai: v /lu/ pat |to touch someone or something especially sb’s hair lightly again and again, with your hand flat|  Uli membelai rambut cucunya dengan lembut Uli patted her granddaughter’s hair smoothly

belajar: see ajar: v /lu/ 1 learn 2 study Dia sedang belahjar bagaimana menari She is learning how to dance

belaka: adv /lu/ 1 completely Janjinya omong kosong belaka His promise was completely empty 2 entirely Para penonton itu terdiri dari anak muda belaka The spectators consist of entirely youth  3 quite, very  Mempelai itu masih muda belaka The bride was still quite young 3 only, merely Saya tidak mengkritik, hanya saran belaka I’m not making criticisms, merely suggestions

belakang1: adj /lu/ 1 back  Saya tanam bunga itu dihalaman belakang I plant the flower in the back yard Masih ada tempat duduk di baris belakang There are seats in the back row  2 rear |relating to the back of something| Mari kita masuk dari pintu belakang Let’s go inside through the rear entrance   the rear wheels of the car | the rear entrance of the hospital 3 paling belakang: a) the latest Penerbangan paling belakang akan tinggal landas pukul 10:00 p.m The latest flight will be taking off at 10:00 p.m. b) 2 the most rear Bahkan tempat duduk paling belakang sudah terisi Even the most rear seat has been occupied 4 secret Dia selalu main belakang untuk memenangkan tender He always play secret act to win the bidding

belakang2: adv later Boleh ambil barangnya sekarang pembayaran belakang You can take it now and the payment later
-belakangan: adv 1 later on Belakangan saya tahu bahwa dia adalah tetangga saya Later on I know that she is my neighbour 2 recently Belakangan ini saya bertemu dia sekali Recently I met her once  3 the later Belakangan datang, belakangan pulang, itu adil. The later arrive the later to leave, that is fair.
-belakangan: prep. later Belakangan dia menerima tawaran itu. Later on he accepted the offer.
-dibelakang: prep. 1 behind  Dibelakang rumah ada pohon besar Behind the house there is a big tree Kami persis dibelakang kamu tetapi kamu tidak melihat kami We were exactly behind you but you didn’t see us 2 at the end Dibelakang pidatonya dia berjanji akan selalu memihak rakyat At the end of his speech he promised to be always on behalf of the people
-kebelakang1: adv 1 backward Boleh tolong melangkah (mundur) sedikit  kebelakang? Would you please step a little backward?
-kebelakang: prep. to the toilet Dia sedang pergi kebelakang She is going to the toilet
-keterbelakangan: n backwardness
-membelakangi: v |position yourself so that sth is behind you or your back face it| Tidak nyaman duduk membelakangi jendela It’s not comfortable to sit with the window behind us
-membelakangkan: v 1 put behind Mereka membelakangkan giliran saya They put my turn behind 2 less prioritize Kamu harus membelakangkan kepentingan pribadi You should less prioritize your personal interest
-terbelakang: adj backward |developing slowly and less successfully than others| Dia mengajar seorang anak terbelakang She teaches a backward child

belalai: n /lu/ 1 trunk, snout 2 proboscis. 3 tentacle, feeler.

belalak; membelalak: v stare |to look at someone or something for a long time without moving your eyes| Kenapa kamu terus membelalak kepada dia? Why you keep staring at him?
-membelalakkan: v open eyes widely to stare Dia membelalakkan matanya pada saya He widely opened his eyes at me
-terbelalak: adj widely-opened (eyes) 2 surprised

belalang1: n locust, grasshopper

belalang2; membelalang: v variant of belalak; membelalak:

belanak: n /ld/ fish, mullet |any of edible fishes, found world wide in tropical sea water| .

Belanda: n /lu/ 1 Dutch  Negeri Belanda The Netherlands Belanda hitam Indonesian with Dutch citizenship 2 Indonesian who feels and acts like a Dutchman Belanda-lndo Dutch Eurasian. Belanda totok full-blooded Dutchman

belang: n /lu/ 1 spot |a small round area on a surface| 2 band |a line of a different colour|   seekor ikan dengan belang garis hitam dipunggungnya a fish with a black band along its back 3 stripe |a long narrow line of color| sepotomg pakaian dengan garis belang merah dan biru a shirt with blue and red stripes 4 hidden dishonesty Akhirnya belang dia terbuka juga Finally her hidden dishonesty has been disclosed
-berbelang: adj spotted, striped

belanga: n /lu/ cooking pot.

belanja1: n /lu/ 1 living cost |the amount of money you must pay in order to buy, do, or produce something| Penghasilan yang kami terima hanya cukup untuk belanja sehari-hari The take home pay we get is enough only to meet our daily living cost  2 expense Berapa kamu habiskan untuk belanja keperluan pesta itu? How much did you spend for the wedding expense? 3 expenditure Mari kita perkirakan belanja untuk perjalanan itu sebelum memutuskan untuk pergi Let’s estimate the expenditure for the tour before deciding to go Berapa belanja sehari-hari? How much are the daily expenses? 4 anggaran belanja: n budget anggaran belanja tahunan annual budget –syn: biaya, keperluan, pengeluaran

belanja2; berbelanja: v /lu/ 1 shop Kemana kamu pergi berbelanja untuk keperluan kamu sehari-hari? Where do you go to shop for your daily needs? 2 go shopping  Beritahu saya kalau kamu mau pergi belanja Let me know if you want to go shopping
-bakul belanja: n shopping basket
-belanja dapur: n kitchen expenses
-belanjaan: n items purchased
-belanja Negara: n state budget
-dibelanjakan: adj be spent
-membelanjakan: v spend
-membelanjai: n finance, bear  the expense of
-perbelanjaan: n 1 shopping expenses |money you spend for shopping| 2 shopping place pusat perbelanjaan shopping center
-pembelanjaan: n shopping |function averagely similar to gerund|
-pusat perbelanjaan: n shopping centre

belantara: adj /lu/ 1 tremendous |very great in size and related characteristic – usually used to describe forest, desert, and ocean| hutan belantara huge and heavy forest   padang belantara very large desert

belantika: n /lu/ music industry |profitable organized activities using music as a commodity|

belas1: n /lu/ feeling of, empathy   belas kasihan feeling of pity, empathy of pity
-berbelas kasihan; membelaskasihaniv have feeling of pity Semua dunia berbelas kasihan kepada korban tsunami itu All the world had feeling of pity to the victims of the tsunami
-berbelas-belas kasihan: v compassion­ate toward each other Semua kita haruslah berbelas-belas kasihan satu sama lain All of us should compassionate toward each other

belas2: quant. teens, tens (used in numbers from 11th  through 19th) se-belas eleven dua-belas twelve tiga belas thirteen empat-belas fourteen lima-belas fifteen enam-belas six-teen tujuh-belas seventeen delapan-belas eighteen sembilan belas nineteen
-belasan: adj teen (be­tween 11 and 19) compare to 1 puluhan (10, 20, 30, up to 90) |a total of sth which appropriately counted by unit of 10) 2 ratusan (100, 200, 300, …up to 9000) |a total of sth which appropriately counted by unit of hundred) 3 ribuan (1000, 2000, 3000, …up to 9000), and jutaan (1,000,000., 2,000,000, 9,000,000.) belasan orang between 10 to 20 persons puluhan rumah more than 10 but exactly not excess 100 uang puluhan bill change with the value of Rp 10 puluhan ribu with the value of Rp: 10,000.ratusan ribu with the value of Rp: 100,000.

belasungkawa1: n /lu/ condolences |sympathy for someone when something very bad has happened| Dengan ini saya sampaikan belangsungkawa saya atas meninggalnya ibu kamu Herewith I extend my condolences on your mother’s death.

belangsungkawa2: v /lu/ express/feel condolences Kami juga turut belangsungkawa We also feel your condolence

belat·belit: adj /lu/ not strict |doesn’t talk or answer a question strictly or directly to the point because he/she want to hide something| Hakim menjadi marah karena terdakwa memberi jawaban yang belat-belit The judge got angry because the dependant gave un-strict answer

belati: n /lu/ broad-bladed knife

belatik; belatuk: n /ld/  woodpecker

belatung: n /ld/ maggo |larva of a fly that lives in decaying food or flesh|

belau1: n /lu/of/ powdery substance used to color washing water with blue color in order to make white laundry brighter|

belau2; berbelau-belauan: v /ld/ make sight blurred

belebas: n ruler, yardstick

beleid: n /of/ 1 tactic 2 strategy  3 policy beleid pendidikan menteri the cabi­net minister’s education policy  beleid pertahanan defence strategy

belenggu: n /lu/ handcuff, fetter, shackle |sth that prevent you from doing what you want to do| Tangannya dibelenggu polisi He was handcuffed by police. sebuah perusahaan terbelenggu hutang a company shackled by debts
-membelenggu: v shackle sth Jangan membelenggu diri kamu dengan tradisi tidak berguna. Don’t shackle yourself with useless tradition
-membelenggukan: v 1 use sth to shackle Dengan cepat polisi membelenggukan gari itu ke tangannya Quickly the police shackle the handcuff to his hands
-pembelengguan: n ­an handcuffing, shackling
-terbelenggu: v be shackled, in fetters, repressed

belengkok1: belengkokan: n /spo/ 1 turn 2 curve Ada belengkokan disebeleh sana There is a turn over there

belengkok2; membelengkok: v /spo/ 1 turn 2 curve 3 bend  Sungai ini membelengkok ke kanan This river bends to the right

belengkokkan; membelengkokkan: v /tr/spo/ 1 turn 2 curve 3 bend Tiba-tiba dia membelengkokkan mobil itu ke kanan Suddenly she turned the car to the right

belerang: n sulphur. belerang bang arsenic (for rat poison)
-membelerangi: v treat with sulphur  2 fumigate

belerong: n /ld/ 1 market stall 2 large building for public purposes

beli; membeli: membelikan; v /lu/ 1 buy Apa anda mau beli sesuatu Do you want to buy something? Saya membeli mobil ini tahun lalu. I bought this car last year  2 purchase Perusahaan ansuransi itu akan mencoba meyakinkan pelanggannya untuk membeli pertanggungan penuh The insurance company will try to convince customers to purchase the full range of insurance  3 procure |to obtain something with a certain procedure|
-pembelian: n 1 |the act of buying something|  Pembelian keperluan kantor akan menjadi tugas bagian anda The purchases of the office’s supplies will be your division’s task 2 procurement |the act of obtaining something with a certain procedure| Pembelian peralatan medis untuk rumah sakit itu dilakukan dengan tender The procurement of medical equipment for the hospitals will be done with a bidding
-pembeli: n purchaser 2 buyer
-terbeli: adj affordable Mobil semahal itu tidak akan terbeli oleh masyarakat menegah kebawah. Such expensive car won’t be affordable by middle lower community

belia: adj /lu/ 1 young Dia masih belia She is still very young 2 juvenile Saat usia belia dia harus sudah bekerja When she was juvenile she had to work
-kebeliaan: n 1 juvenility 2 youthfulness  3 puerility 4 girlishness 4 immaturity

beliak; membeliak: v /lu/ stare with wide open eyes
-membeliakkan: v open widely (eyes)

beliau: pron./lu/frm/ the honourable |a respectful form of pronoun (he or she)|  Beliau  men­dapat gelar doktor dari Universitas Indonesia He obtained his Ph.D. degree from the University of Indonesia

belibis: n /lu/ wild duck

beliku: n /lu/ 1 turn 2 curve (of a river)

belimbing1: adj /lu/ shaped like star fruit |has longitudinal lines|

belimbing2: n /lu/ star fruit

beling: n /lu/ 1 porcelain 2 shards (of glass, platter, pottery, etc.)

belinjo: see melinjo:

belintang; berbelintang: v /ld/ lay across  Ada sebatang pohon tumbang berlintang di jalan There was a falling tree laid across the road
-membelintangkan: v put sth laid across

belit: n /lu/ 1 coil |a length of wire, rope, string,  etc. that has been wound into a round shape|
-belitan: n 1 coil, tying Apa kamu yakin belitan itu cukup kuat?Are you sure the tying is strong enough? 2 pressure, burden  Dia sakit akibat belitan ekonomi He become sick of economic pressure 3 twist Belitan kesulitan hidup telah membuat dia sangat tangguh Twist of hard life has made him very tough
-belitkan: membelitkan: v /tr/ to coil wire, rope, string, etc on sth
-berbelit: v /intr/ be coiled
-berbelit-belit: adj 1 twisted a) |if a string or rope coil irregularly|  Jangan biarkan tali itu berbelit-belit, belit dengan baik pada sebatang tongkat. Don’t let the string twisted, coil it on a piece of stick  b) |if an answer or an explanation is quite long but it isn’t clear or it has no point|  Tolong langsung pada pokok masalah, kami tidak butuh jawaban berbelit-belit Please be straight to the point, we don’t need twisted answer 2 curve, winding Hati-hati mengemudi, jalannya berbelit-belit. Be careful to drive, the road is winding 3 complicated Keterkaitan antar kasus-kasus ini cukup berbelit-belit The interconnection between these cases is quite complicated.
-membelit: v 1 coil  3 tie Hutang telah membelit dia sejak dia di pecat Debt has tied him since he was fired
-membeliti: v wrap around, wind Jangan ciptakan lagi masalah yang dapat membeliti saya Don’t create more problems which can wrap me around.

Belitung1: n an island in Southern part of the Riau

belitung2: n /lu/ snail

beliung: n /lu/ carpenter’s adze 2 pickaxe

belok1: adj /ld/ 1 permeable |capable of being spread or flow like dough (a soft mixture of flour and water| 2 wet and sticky 3 big and large |eyes that bigger than normal|

belok2: n /ld/ 1 fetters |things that prevent someone from doing what s/he wants to do| 2 |chains that are put around a prisoner’s feet|  3 curve, turn Belok jalan itu terlalu tajam The turn (curve) of the road is too sharp.

belok3: v /lu/ turn (around) Pada lampu jalan berikut belok ke kanan. At the next traffic light turn right.
-berbelok-belok1: v /intr/ twist, zigzag
-berbelok-belok2: adj twisting, winding, zigzag
-belokan: n turn, curve, zigzag –syn: putaran, tikungan
-berbelok; membelok: v /intr/ turn, curve |to go in a new direction when you are walking, driving etc. or when sth like river is flowing|  Sungai ini membelok ke selatan setelah gunung itu This river turn to the south after the mountain. -syn: berputar
-dibelokkan: v /pass.v/ be turned, be twisted, be diverted, be distracted, be changed
-membelokkan: v /tr/ 1 turn Tiba-tiba dia membelokan mobil itu ke kiri Suddenly he turned the car to the left 2 twist 3 divert |to change the direction or purpose of something| Polisi membelokkan lalulintas untuk menghindari kemacetan. The police  diverted the traffic to avoid the traffic jam  -syn: memutarkan, mengalihkan 4 distract |to make someone look at or listen to something else when s/he should be giving attention to particular thing| Jangan membelokkan perhatian saya selagi saya menyetir Don’t distract my concentration while I’m driving!  5 change Sebagian peserta mencoba membelokkan issu yang akan dibahas Some participant tried to change the issue to discuss
-pembelokan: n 1 turning, shifting,  distortion |the process of how the turn, shift, curve, happened|

belon: adv /Jkt/spo/ not yet. -see: belum:

belongkang: n /ld/ barge, river freighter

beloon: adj /ld/spo/ dumb, backward,  stupid

belot; membelot; berbelot: v /lu/ 1 to be a turncoat |make yourself stop supporting a political party or group and joins the opposite group|
-pembelot: n 1 turncoat 2 apostate |sb who believes strongly in a new idea and tries to persuade other people to believe it|
-pembelotan: n |the action or movement to make yourself or others to be a turncoat or an apostate|

beludak1: adj /lu/ membeludak: adj overcrowded |filled with too many people or things| penonton yang membludak overcrowded spectators –syn: melimpah:

beludak2: n /ld/Jv/ 1 cobra  2 poisonous snake

beludru: n velvet |cloth with a soft surface on one side|

beluk: see seluk:

belukar: n /lu/ 1thicket 2 brush |small bushes and trees covering an open area of land|
-membelukar: v overgrow (weeds)  3 cover up. Rambut telah membelukar mukanya. The hair has covered his face

belulang: n /ld/ callus |an area of hard rough skin|  Bonar punya belulang di kakinya karena terlalu banyak berjalan Bonar has calluses on his feet from walking too much 3 raw hide |an animal’s skin, especially when it is removed to be used for leather|  4 /lit/lu/ (tulang) belulang bones Ketika mereka pindah mereka membawa serta tulang-belulang nenek moyang mereka When they moved they took along their ancestor’s bones
-membelulang: v to have calluses

belum: adv /lu/ not yet. Dia belum ada disini She isn’t here yet Kita belum ada niat untuk pergi We don’t have intention to go yet
-belum-belum: adv 1 |used when you comment or critique a reaction or a response  that you think it has no reason to do it| Belum-belum dia sudah marah I didn’t do anything yet that it’s possible to make him angry but he already did
belum lama ini: adv recently, not so long ago
belum pernah: adv never
-belum lagi: adv not mentioned (sth else)  Cepat! saya tidak mau terlambat, belum lagi kita harus berhenti di bank Hurry up! I don’t want to be late, not mentioned that we have to stop by at the bank.
-belum juga: adv not yet (happen) Ini sudah waktunya pergi tetapi dia belum siap juga It’s the time to go but he isn’t ready yet
-belum (termasuk): adv not included (sth) Biaya perjalanan akan mencapai $1,000. belum termasuk penginapan dan makanan The travel cost will be about $ 1,000. not including accommodation and food
kebelum-: pref.im-, un,- etc
-kebelumdewasaan: n immaturity
-kebelumpastian: n uncertainty
-kebelumsiapan: n un-readiness
-sebelum: adv 1 before Dia kalah sebelum bertanding He lose before the game 2 prematurely
-sebelumnya: adv previously Mereka menawarkan Nadia jabatan yang sebelumnya tidak ada They offered Nadia a position that had not existed previously. Sebelumnya saya sudah ingatkan kamu jangan pergi kesana I had previously warned you not to go there

beluntas: n /ld/ gardenia |any of various shrubs and trees with edible leaves used for hedges|

belur: n /lu/ welt (swell on skin)
-berbelur-belur: v |swell up to gradually increase in size, especially because of an injury| Dia mencambuk anak itu sampai betisnya berbelur-belur He whipped the child until his calf swell up

belut: n /lu/ eel.

bemo {becak bermotor}: n /lu/ small motorized vehicle used for public transportation
-membemo: v go by bemo  2 work as a driver of bemo

bemper: see bumper:

ben: variant of band:

benah1:. berbenah: v /intr/lu/ 1 straighten up, tidy up, clean up |do sth to make everything in a place OK before sth happen in the place or before leaving the place|  Dia sedang bebenah di kamarnya She is making everything OK in her room. 2 get prepared Sudah larut! Bebenahlah untuk tidur It’s late! Get prepared to slip 3 get ready Apa kamu sudah bebenah untuk berangkat? Have you got ready to go?
-membenahi: v /tr/ 1 make things OK  Kita harus membenahi rumah ini sebelum Idulfitri We have to make everything OK in this house before Idulfitri  2 rearrange, correct Apa kamu boleh membenahi yang berantakan ini? Can you rearrange this mess?

benah2: n /ld/ insect

benak1: n //lu/ 1 marrow |the soft substance in the hollow center of bones| 2  soft interior of the tooth, pulp| 2 /lu/frm/ brain, mind 3 cerebrum |the large rounded structure of the brain| Simpan hal itu di benak kamu. Keep that thing in your mind.

benak2: adj /inf/ 1 soft (sound) |low in frequencies but big in volume | 2 stupid, dull-witted

benalu: n /lu/ 1 parasite |a plant or animal that lives on or in another plant or animal and gets food from it| 2 sb who become a dependent of sb else but actually should no be

benam: berbenam: terbenam: v /intr/lu/ 1 sink down |to go down below the surface of refined material such as sand, soil, powder, etc| Sendok itu terbenam kedalam tepung susu. The spoon has sink down into the milk powder 2 hide out |go away beyond the sight| Matahari telah terbenam dibalik gunung The sun has hidden out behind the hill 3 occupied Dia telah tenggelam dalam berbagai persoalan He has been occupied by a lot of problem 4 covered Rumah itu terbenam oleh salju The house was covered by the snow –syn: tenggelam
-membenamkan: v /tr/ 1 sink down, hide out |to make sth go down the surface of refined material|  2 disappear, hide out 3 occupy 4 cover
Note: Both terbenam and tenggelam are similar in meaning, “sink” or “disappear” Use tenggelam if it is happened in a liquid thing. Used terbenam if it is happened in a dry substance in the form of very small grains: Used either one if it means somewhere.

benang: n /lu/ 1 thread, yarn
-berbenang1: berbenang-benang1: v have fibre
-berbenang2: adj fibrous
-benang arang: n carpenter’s charcoal line
-benang basah: n /idiom/lu/ sth that is unreasonable Memenangkan kasus itu seperti menegakkan benang basah To win the case is like to stand a piece of wet thread with upright position (To win this case is sth that impossible to do)
-benang bola: n wrapping string which shapes like a ball
/idiom/ benang merah: n /lu/ the flow (of idea)   Agak sulit memahami benang merah penyajian kamu It’s quite difficult to comprehend  the flow of the idea in your presentation

benar1: adj /lu/ 1 correct, right Apa perhitungan saya benar? Is my calculation correct? Apa saya benar dalam hal ini? Am I right about this matter? 2 true Apa ceritamu itu benar? Is your story true?
-kebenaran1: n truth, reality
-kebenaran2: adv coincidently, by accident  Saya sedang berusaha menemui anda dan kebenaran kita bertemu disini I am looking to meet you, and coincidently I meet you here
-pembenaran: n correction, justification Kami tidak mencari pembenaran tetapi kebenaran We’re not looking for justification but the truth.
-yang sebenarnya: n the fact, the reality Yang sebenarnya dia sendiri mengatakan hal itu pada saya The truth is that he himself told me that
-kebenarannya: n the trueness, the authenticity  Bahan ini akan membuktikan kebenaran alibi terdakwa. This exhibit will prove the trueness of  the defendant alibi
-sebenarnya: adv actually Sebenarnya saya suka mobil itu tetapi terlalu mahal buat saya Actually I like the car but it’s too expensive for me.

benar2: benar-benar: adv /lu/ really Dia benar-benar cantik She is really beautiful

benatu: variant of penatu:

bencana: n /lu/ disaster, calamity, havoc, catastrophe |a very bad, unexpected event that causes a lot of damage or suffering| Pengrusakan alam akan menciptakan bencana di kemudian hari The destruction of the nature will create disaster in the future.
-bencana alam: n natural disaster

benci: membenci: v /tr/lu/ hate |to dislike someone or something very much| Dia benci memberi makan hewan She hates to feed animal
-kebencian: n hate, hostility, dislike |an angry feeling of wanting to harm someone you dislike| satu pandangan kebencian a look of hate
-pembenci: n hater Nadia adalah pembenci narkoba Nadia is a drug hater

bencong: n /infr/ effeminate |a man or boy who is effeminate behaves like a woman or girl|

benda: n /lu/ 1 substantive thing |a type of solid or liquid that has particular qualities| Benda apa saja yang kamu lihat di ruangan itu? What are the things you saw in the room? 2 object benda angkasa celestial object  3 harta benda: property Dia mewarisi banyak harta benda dari orang tuanya She inherited a lot of properties from her parents.
-benda cair: n liquid substance
-benda gas: n gaseous substance
-benda padat: n solid substance
-benda hidup: n living matter
-benda mati: n immoveable thing
-benda semu: n unreal things
-berbenda1: v have a lot of property
-berbenda2: adj rich, wealthy

bendahara: n /lu/ 1 treasurer |esp. of clubs, organiza­tions, etc| 2 /lit/ grand vizier  3 queen.
-perbendaharaan: n 1 treasury  2 wealth, riches
perbendeharaan Negara: n state treasury
-perbendaharaan kata: n vocabulary.

bendaharawan: n 1 treasurer, esp. government officials. 2 bursar 3 office accountant

bendahari : n female treasurer

bendera: n /lu/frm/ flag
berbendera: v have flag as a sign or a symbol
-membenderai: v mark or sign sth with a flag
-bendera kebangsaan: n national flag
-bendera ­merah putih: n red and white flag (Indonesian flag)
-bendera kuning: n mourning flag (used as a sign that sb is death)
-bendera putih: n flag that sign peace
-bendera setengah tiang: n half mast flag

benderang: adj /lu/frm/ bright, brilliant
-membenderangi: v make sth bright or brilliant.
-kebenderangan: n brightness      ,

bendi: n /lu/ two-wheeled carriage.

bendo: n /ld/ large-bladed knife for cutting wood

bendung: bendungan: n dam
-bendungan: n /lu/ frm/ dam bendungan Jatiluhur Jatiluhur dam bendungan gelombang wave-breaker. -pembendung: n sb who block, stem, or checks, sth
-membendung: v 1stop ­2 barricade 3 check 4 block Mereka membendung sera­ngan musuh They stemmed the enemy attack  3 repress. Saya tidak mampu membendung air mata begitu saya mendengar berita itu I couldn’t repress my tear as I heard the news
-pembendungan: n the action or process of blocking, damming, stemming, etc
-terbendung: adj can be blocked,  can be stemmed Serangan itu tidak terbendung The attack can’t be blocked
-terbendung: v /pass. v/ be blocked  Anak sungai itu terbendung oleh daun-daun kering dan Lumpur The brook was  blocked by dry leaves and mud

bengawan: n /Jv/lu/  river. Bengawan Solo Solo River

bengek: n /lu/ 1 asthma

bengek2: adj /lu/ asthmatic

benggol: n 1 swell, bruise  2 /of/ coin
-benggolan: n chief (of gangster)

bengis: adj /lu/ 1 cruel |deliberately hurting people or animals or making them feel unhappy|  Mengurung binatang di kandang kelihatannya bengis Keeping animals in cages seems cruel. 2 harsh |unkind, cruel, or strict| kritik bengis harsh criticism 3 sadistic |very unkind action| penguasa yang bengis sadistic ruler
-kebengisan: n 1cruelty 2 harshness 3 sadism

bengkak1: membengkak: v /intr/lu/1 swell |also ‘swell up’ to gradually increase in size, especially because of an injury| Pergelangan kaki saya bengkak seperti balon My ankle swelled up like a balloon 2 inflated Keuntungannya sangat nyata membengkak His profit remarkably inflated
-membengkakkan: v /tr/ 1 inflate |to make something larger in size, amount, or importance| kebijakan yang membengkakkan harga tanah policy that inflates land prices 2 swell Jangan menangis terlalu lama, itu bisa membengkakkan mata kamu Don’t cry too long it can swell your eyes
-pembengkakan: n inflating, swelling, abscess

bengkak2: adj /lu/1 swollen Tunjukkan pada saya kakimu yang bengkak Show me your swollen foot 2 inflated |greater or larger than is reasonable| Akhir-akhir ini hutangnya menjadi bengkak Lately his debt become inflated 3 puffy |puffy eyes, cheeks, faces, etc. are swollen|  Matanya bengkak dan merah karena menangis Her eyes were red and puffy from crying

bengkalai; membengkalaikan: v /tr/lu/  neglect |to not pay enough attention to someone or something, or to not take care of him, her, or it properly| Perusahaan telah membengkalaikan proyek itu The company has neglected the project  2 leave unattended or unfinished Dia membengkalaikan pekerjaannya He leave his work unfinished 3 postpone to unlimited time Pemborong telah membengkalaikan pembangunan gedung itu sampai waktu yang tidak ditentukan The contractor postpone the construction of the building to unlimited time.
-terbengkalai1: adj neglected Ini pembangkit tenaga yang terbengkalai itu This is the neglected power plant
-terbengkalai2: v /pass.v/ be neglected Pembangunannya telah terbengkalai sejak tahun lalu The construction was neglected since last year

bengkok: adj /lu/ 1 crooked, curved  2 bent

bengkel: n /lu/ 1 workshop, garage |a place where cars are repaired|  2 studio, theatre  bengkel lukis art studio 3 shop  bengkel las welding shop
-dibengkelkan: v /pass. v/ being repaired in a workshop
-membengkel: v /intr/ operate a workshop
-membengkelkan: v /tr/ send/sth to a workshop or garage to fix
-perbengkelan: n |everything related to workshop|

bengkelai: variant of berkelahi: v /lu/ fight.

bengkok1: n /lu/ public land |land used by village staff as a compensation for their service|

bengkok2: adj /lu/ 1 crooked, bent, warped |not straight| Tiang itu bengkok ­That pole is bent. 2 dishonest, sly |having no honesty| 3 immoral Itu satu jalan bengkok untuk mendapat uang That is an immoral way to get money

bengkok3: v /intr/lu/ bend Tongkat itu bengkok setelah di jemur di sinar matahari The stick bent when it’s exposed to the sun heat
-bengkokan: n turn, bend, curve |the point or place where straight line, rope, flow, etc. is  turned, bent, or curved|
-bengkokkan: v /tr/imp./bend Bengkokkan garisnya mengarah ke sudut Bend the line towards the corner
-dibengkokkan: v /pass.v./ Jalan baru itu dibengkokkan ke arah utara untuk menghindari rawa-rawa The new road is bent toward north to avoid the swamp
-membengkokkan: v /tr/ 1 bend Evan membengkokkan kawat itu dengan tang Evan bent the wire with tongs
-pembengkokan: n the process or action of making a straight thing become curved, turned, twisted, or bent

bengkuang: variant of bangkuang:

bengkudu: n /lu/ small tree the root of which produces dyes

Bengkulu: n 1 a province of Indonesia in the Western part of Sumatera 2 the Capital city of this province|

bengong: adj /ld/ 1 confused |unable to understand something clearly| Saya benar-benar bengong I’m totally confused. | Kalau kamu bengong tentang sesuatu hubungi saya If you’re confused about anything, call me 2 stun |to surprise or shock someone so much that s/he does not react|  Setiap orang bengong mendengar jawaban Nadine Everyone was stunned by Nadine’s answer. 3 stupefied |so surprised or bored that you cannot think clearly| 4 dazed | unable to think clearly, usually because you are shocked, have been hurt etc.| korban bom yang bengong dazed victims of the bombing –syn: /lu/ bingumg:
-membengongkan1: v /intr/tr/ confuse   jawaban itu  membengongkan the instructions confused me  petunjuk itu membengongkan saya
-membengongkan2: adj confusing |make sb confused| peta yang membingungkan a confusing map penjelasan yang membingungkan confusing explanation

benih: n /lu/ 1 seed |small solid object of a plant, from which a new plant will grow| 2 germ |a very small living thing that can make you ill| 3 beginning |the beginning of an idea, fact,  etc. that may develop into something else| 4 talent |a natural ability to do something well| Dia memiliki benih musik yang sangat kuat He has a great talent of music  5 cause, origin Apa benih pertengkaran itu? What was the cause of the dispute?
6 semen, descendant |someone who is related to a person who lived a long time ago| Dia adalah benih dari Sultan He is a  descendant of Sultan| 7 bibit buatan: artificial insemination  –syn: bibit, keturunan
-membenih: v germinate the seed
-pembenihan: n 1 seedbed 2 germination

bening1: adj /lu/ 1 clear suara sangat bening a crystal­ clear voice 2 transparent gelas bening transparent glass  2 mata air bening: clear spring water
-membeningkan: v 1 purify (water)  2 clear (make sth clear)
-kebeningan: n clearness, transparency, clarity (of water, etc.).
-pembeningan: n purification pembeningan air water pu­rification.

bening2: berbening: v /ld/ heat |also heat up to become warm or hot, or to make something warm or hot, especially with the sun shine|  Kami sedang berbening di pantai ketikan saya melihat dia We were heating upon the beach when I saw her –syn:/lu/ berjemur

benjal-benjol: adj /lu/ bumpy and rocky (of road, path), lumpy (mattress).

benjol; benjolan: n /lu/ 1 lump |a hard swollen area on someone’s skin or in his/her body|  2 bump |an area of skin that is swollen because you have hit it on something|  satu benjolan di dahinya a bump on his forehead 3 protruding tumor |a group of cells which protrude on the outer skin of a body that grow too quickly and cause sickness or health problems| ada benjol di lehernya there is a tumor on her neck  2 bruise, swell
-berbenjol-benjol: adj 1 covered with bumps or bruises (skin) bumpy (road, land)

bensin: n /lu/ gasoline
-bensin campur: n mixed gasoline
-bensin murni: n pure gasoline

bentak;membentak: v /lu/ 1 yell out |to shout or say something very loudly because you are angry, excited, or scared|  Kamu tidak perlu membentak saya seperti itu You didn’t have to yell at me like that!  2 snap |to speak quickly in an angry way|  “Kurang ajar, kau!” bentaknya “You are a bastard!” he snapped.
-bentak-bentakan: v bawl out at each other |to fight in a noisy way, especially in a public place: brawling in the street|  Buat apa mereka saling bentak-bentakan? What they are brawling for?
-bentakan: n bark,  shout, yell -syn: senggakan
v /tr/ shout at sb harshly Dia selalu membentaki anak-anaknya He always harshly shout at his children.

bentang: n /lu/1 scene |a view of a place as you see it, or as it appears in a picture| Satu bentang pemandangan penuh damai A peaceful country scene| – 2 bentang alam: landscape |a view across an area of land, including hills, forests, fields etc.|
-bentangan: n reach, spread, extensity
-membentang: terbentang: v /intr/ 1 spread out |to spread out over a large area| Kebun kelapa sawit membentang sampai lebih dari 10,000. hektar The palm plantation stretch out over 10,000. hectares 2 stretch out |to open or unfolded sth to full length extend| Dia membentangkan tangannya mencoba menghambat jalan saya He stretched his arms out to try to block my way  3 unfold |to open something that was folded| Mari kita bentangkan tikarnya supaya kita duduk disitu Let’s unfold the mat so we can sit on it
-terbentang: v /intr/ extend, stretch, spread Wilayah provinsi ini terbentang mulai dari pantai Selatan ke pantai Utara The province’s area extends from the Southern coast to the Northern coast

bentangur: n /ld/ a kind of tree growing on seashore |Calophyllum|

bentar1: sebentar: n /lu/ a moment |a very short period of time| Saya akan kembali  dalam waktu sebentar I’ll be back in a moment|  Makanan anda akan siap dalam waktu sebentar Your food will be ready in a moment
-bentaran: adv very soon, momentarily Bentaran saya akan kembali bersama anda I’ll be with you momentarily.
-sebentar-sebentar: adv frequently in a short interval

bentar2: membentar: berbentar: v /ld/ run or walk around |to go around something such as a building, a round area, etc.|  Dia menunggang kudanya membentar lapangan itu He rode his horse around the field.
-membentari: v circle |to move in a circle around something|  Sebuah pesawat terbang membentari lapangan udara sebelum mendarat A plane circled the airport before landing. –syn: mengelilingi, mengitari

bentar3: adj /ld/ split |if a Buddhist temple shapes like a split mountain into two symmetrical parts it is called ‘candi bentar’ (split temple)|

bentara: n /ltr/1 a formal speaker of a kingdom 2 the kingdom personnel

benteng: n /lu/ 1 fortress |a large, strong building used for defending an important place|  2 fortification |towers, walls etc. built around a place in order to protect it|  3 castle |a very large strong building built in past times to protect the people inside from attack|
-berbenteng: v be fortified
-membentengi: v 1 fortify  2 protect |keep sb or sth out from any harmful action|

bentrok; bentrokan; berbentrokan: v /intr/lu/  clash a) |to fight or argue with someone or other group| Polisi bentrok dengan pendemo The police clashed with the demonstrators.  b) |if two colours or patterns clash, they look very bad together|  Dasi merah itu bentrok dengan jas kamu That red tie clashes with your jacket c) |if two events clash, they happen at the same time in a way that causes problems| Sayang konser itu bentrok (waktunya) dengan kelas sore sehingga saya tidak bisa pergimelihatnya. Unfortunately, the concert clashes with my evening class, so I couldn’t go to see it.
-membentrokkan: v /tr/ make sb or sth clash against the other

bentuk: n /lu/ 1 shape |the outer form of something that you can see or feel|  sebuah daun dalam bentuk hati a leaf in the shape of a heart 2 form a) |one type of something, that exists in many different kind| Nadia lebih senang balet dari tari bentuk lain Nadia likes more ballet than other forms of dance|  b) |the way in which something exists, is presented, or appears| Vitamin C tersedia dalam bentuk capsul  atau table The vitamin C is available in tablet or capsule form c) |a way of writing or saying a word that shows its number, tense etc.| Tidak ada perbedaan bentuk tunggal dan jamak nomina dalam bahasa Indonesia There is no difference between the single form and plural form of a noun in bahasa Indonesia. 3 kind Pamannya meninggal akibat kanker yang bentuknya sama seperti yang diderita ibunya His uncle died of the same kind of cancer as her mother suffered  4 type |someone or sth with particular qualities, interests, appearance etc.| Bentuk rumah kamu kelihatannya seperti perpaduan antara bentuk Eropah dan bentuk Asia The type of your house looks like a combination between European house anda Asian house 5 formation

bentuk2: v /tr/impr/lu/ 1 form Bentuk barisan tiga jajaran Form three row lines Bentuk adonan itu bulat lalu gilas tipis Form the dough into a circle, then roll it out
-berbentuk: v /intr/ shape (like) Buah itu bebbentuk seperti lonceng The fruit shapes like a bell
-bentukan: adj artificial (not naturally formed) Batu indah ini adalah bentukan This beautiful stone is an artificial shape
-membentuk: v /tr/ 1 form |to start to exist, or to make something start to exist; develop|  Berita telah membentuk kesan bahwa Akbar besalah News  has formed the impression that Akbar was guilty 2 organize, establish  Sejumlah pemerhati lingkungan telah membentuk gerakan baru A number of environmentalists has organized a new movement
-pembentuk: n founder, initiator, creator
-pembentukan: n 1 formation |an action or a process by which something develops into a particular thing or shape|  pembentukan sebuah partai politik baru the formation of a new political party  2 establishment Pembentukan organisasi itu diprakarsai oleh Dr Wahidin The establishment of the organization was sponsored by Dr Wahidin
-terbentuk: v /intr/ Sebuah batu terbentuk dari berbagai jenis mineral A stone was formed out of many kinds of minerals.

bentur; berbenturan1: v /lu/  collide |hit violently against something|  Dia membenturkan kepalanya ke dinding. He collided his head into wall 2 crash |to have an accident in which a car, plane etc. hits something and is badly damaged|  Kami berbenturan langsung dengan mobil di depan kami We crashed straight into the car ahead of us
-berbenturan2: adj simultaneous |happen or done at exactly the same time| Pertunjukan itu akan berbenturan waktu dengan kursus sore saya The show time will be simultaneous to my evening course 4 opposite Kedua kelompok itu mempunyai kepentingan yang berbenturan The two groups have opposite interests
-membentur: v /tr/ 1 crash (against sth) |to have an accident in which sth or sb hits something forcefully| Truk itu tergelincir dan membentur dinding pengaman jalan. The truck slid and crash the embankment 3 strike |come into contact with| Sebuah bola membentur kaca jendela A ball strike the window’s glasses
-terbentur: v /pass.v./lu/  1 be collided  Seorang anak laki-laki berlari tanpa terkendali lalu terbentur ke tonggak telepon A boy ran out of control and he was collided into a telephone pole 2 come to a contact with (sth)  Biduk itu terbentur karang The boat ran aground on the coral

benua: n /lu/frm/ 1 continent. 2  country.

beo: n /lu/ parrot
-membeo: v follow (what other said)
-pembeo: n sb who always follow what other said

beol:/be’ol/ v /inf/ defecate

ber-; be-; bel-: pref |used to form verb|  kata word (n) ® ber-kata tell, say (v); layar sail (n)  ® ber-layar sail (v)’ ajar ® belajar  cita-cita ® bercita-cita; isteri ® beristeri, etc

bera1: adj /ld/ 1 dark red. 2 red and swollen.
-membera: v be­come dark red. Mukanya membera karena malu Her face reddened from embarrassment.

bera2: membera: adj /ld/ unplanted, uncultivated (land)  Tanah sawahnya bera selama  musim kemarau His rice field was unplanted during dry season.

berabe: adj /inf/ full of problems or trouble Kalau mesinnya rusak semua menjadi berabe. If the machine doesn’t work it will be a lot of problem

berahi1: n /lu/1 sexual desire  masa berahi period of heat, rut. 2 passion, lust. 3 passionate, lustful.
-memberahikan: v stimulate sb’s sexual desires, titillate. Penari itu memberahikan  penontonnya The dancer enticed her audience
-keberahian: n passion, lasciviousness, lust.

berahi2: adj /lu/ lascivious, salacious.

berai; berberai: v /lu/  be spread, dispersed.
-memberaikan: v 1 spread, scatter (news, the enemy). 2 disperse –see cerai berai:

berak: adj /ld/ mired (in mud, quicksand).

berak1: n /lu/inf/ 1feces, excrement. berak air diarrhea

berak2: v /lu/ defe­cate
-memberaki: v defecate  2 disgrace, dishonor. Dia memberaki ­nama baik keluarganya He dishonored his family’s reputation
-terberak-berak: v defecate beyond a control

beranda: n /lu/ 1 veranda, porch. 2  a station plat­form 3 quarterdeck.

berandal: see brandal:

berandang1: adj /ld/ 1 conspicuous, remarkable |very easy to notice because of being significantly different | Masih ada tanda bakar berandang  pada lantai There’s still a very conspicuous burn mark on the floor 2 strik­ing  a) |unusual or interesting enough to be noticed| Ada kesamaan yang berandang dilihat pada kedua gadis itu There’s a striking similarity between the two girls. b) |very attractive, often in an unusual way| seorang pria dengan muka berandang a man with a striking face 3 transparent |clear and able to be seen through| kaca yang berandang transparent glass

berandang2: n /ld/ rice barn

berang1: adj 1 angry, furious, irate.

berang2: keberangan: n /lu/ anger, fury, wrath. Mukanya merah menahan berang His face reddened as he held back his anger
-berangasan: adj /infr/ crazy, hot-tempered, hot-headed
-berangsang; memberangsang: v be very angry
-memberang: v become angry, furious.
-memberangi: v be(come) angry at/with sb  Dia memberangi suaminya She was angry with her husband
-memberangsang: v annoy, irritate |to make someone feel slightly angry about something| Kamu mau memberangsang saya Do you want to make me mad?
-pemberang1: n hothead |sb who is getting angry or excited easily and doing things too quickly, without thinking|
-pemberang2: adj 1 hot headed 2 bad-tem­pered |easily getting angry or sad|

berangas: v /ld/ burn |to clean the hair of killed animal from its skin by burning it|

berangkat: v /intr/lu/ 1 leave Pukul berapa kamu berangkat? What time are you going to leave  2 take off  Pesawat akan berangkat beberapa menit lagi?. The craft will take off in a few minutes? 3 begin Dia sudah berangkat dewasa He begins to be mature 4 depart Kereta akan berangkat dari peron 2 The train will depart from platform 2
-keberangkatan: n 1 departure Keberangkatannya pukul berapa? What time is the departure? 2 leaving Keberangkatannya keluar negeri membuat saya kesepian. His leaving abroad makes me lonely.
-memberangkatkan: v to see the departure Saya akan pergi ke bandara untuk memberangkatkan kamu I’ll go to the airport to see your departure.

berangus: variant of brangus:

berani; pemberani: adj /lu/ 1 audacious, brave, bold, courageous Dia seorang anggota pemadam kebakaran yang berani He is a brave fire fighter 2 daring, dauntless Dia berani mengatakan itu kepada ayahnya He was daring to say it to his father
-berani-beranyinya: adv dare Berani-beraninya kamu mengatakan itu pada dia! How dare you say that to him!
-berani sumpah: adv dare to swear  Berani sumpah mati bukan saya yang mencuri uang itu I dare to swear that I didn’t steal the money
-keberanian: n courage, braveness, bravery
-memberanikan: v encourage
-pasukan berani mati: n suicide squad
-pemberani: n brave/courageous person Kami mencari pemberani-pemberni menjadi pasukan pemadam kebakaran yang baru We are looking for courageous persons to be the new fire fighter squad

berantak; memberantakkan; memberantaki: v /tr/lu/ 1 mess up | to spoil something or make it dirty and disorganized|  Siapa yang memberantaki dapur saya? Who messed up my kitchen?
-berantakan: adj messed up, disorganized, disarray
-hancur berantakan: adj smashed Gedung itu hancur berantakan The building has been smashed to smithereens

berantas; memberantas: n 1 fight (against), combat. memberantas penya­kit gigi combat tooth decay  2 wipe out, remove (corruption, smallpox, inflation) 3 eliminate |to get rid of something completely| program memberantas kemiskinan a program to eliminate poverty
-pemberantas: n abol­isher, destroyer, exterminator
-pemberantasan: n elimination, control,  abolishment, termination  pemberantas-an buta huruf the elimination of illiteracy  pemberantasan hama pest control
-terberantas: adj elimi­nated, wiped out.

berapa: adv, conj /lu/frm/ 1 how much, how many Berapa harga buku ini? How much does this book cost? ? How much? (What is the price?) berapapun juga harganya no matter how much the price is Berapa orang murid sekolah ini? 2 How many persons the students of this school?  3 how (big, little, etc.).  Berapa luasnya danau itu? What is the wideness of the lake? Berapa jauh rumah mereka dari sini? How far is their house from here? Berapa lama saya harus menunggu? 4 how long should I wait?  Berapa saja tidak masalah 5 how … so ever  Berapa pun itu tidak jadi masalah How much it so ever, it doesn’t a matter. 6 how far Seberapa jauh telah kamu  pertimbangkan hal itu? ­How far have you considered that?
-beberapa: quant. several, some, a few  beberapa buku several books. Dia berdiri di sana beberapa menit lamanya He stood there for a few minutes. beberapa waktu lalu some time ago.
-ke­ berapa: |question word asking where is the position, level, grade of sth in a numerical series| Ini ronde keberapa? What round is this?
-tidak seberapa: adv not so much. Bedanya tidak seberapa ­There difference wasn’t significant.

beras: n /lu/ hulled rice
-beras giling: n milled rice
-beras kencur: n medicinal beverage of rice and herbs
-beras kepala: n the finest quality rice
-beras ketan: n glutinous rice
-beras kuning: n stained (raw) rice scattered or offered at traditional ceremonies (funerals, weddings, etc.)
-beras menir: n rice bits (used for cakes, porridge).
-beras pulut: n glutinous rice |rice which will be a little sticky when it is boiled|
-beras recak-recak: n cracked rice

beras-beras: n /ld/ fish, drum fish.

berat: adj /lu/ 1 heavy  a) |weighing a lot| Hati-hati mengangkat kotak itu – benar-benar berat Be careful lifting that box – it’s really heavy | Koper itu terasa lebih berat dari sebelumnya The suitcase feels heavier than before b) |someone who smokes, drink, or do sth a lot| perokok berat a heavy smoker petarung berat a heavy fighter 2 difficult |not easy to do|  Itu akan menjadi tugas berat untuk kamu It’s going to be a difficult job for you Sangat berat mengatakan itu kepada dia It is difficult to tell him about it 3 heavy-duty: alat berat heavy-duty equipment 4 big makanan berat big food 5 hesitant Sangat berat mengakui bahwa saya salah It’s hesitant to admit that I was wrong 6 severe hukuman berat severe punishment 7 serious penyakit berat serious sickness
berat hati; berberat hati: adj reluctant
-berat kaki: adj lazy
-berat kepala: adj dull
-berat sebelah: adj biased, unequal, partial
-keberat sebelahan: n bias, partiality
-keberatan1: v 1 have objection Apakah anda keberatan? Do you have any objection? 2 mind Apa kamu keberata menyimpan kunci ini? Do you mind to keep this key?
-keberatan2: n objection Apa yang menjadi keberatan anda What is your objection?
-keberatan3: adj too heavy Itu keberatan buat saya It is too heavy for me
-memberat: v become heavy
-memperberat: v make sth heavier Jangan muat barang lagi yang memperberat beban truck Don’t load more things that make heavier the truck
-/prov/lu/ berat sama dipikul ringan sama dijinjing: sharing good and bad

berat2: n weight Apa kamu sudah mengukur beratnya barang itu? Have you measured the weight of the luggage?

bercak: n /lu/ spot, pockmark, stain, mark

berdikari {berdiri diatas kaki sendiri}: /phrs/ be self-reliant |stand on your own feet|

berengut1; memberengut: v /lu/ 1 sulk |to show that you are annoyed about something by being silent and looking unhappy| Berhenti berengut; kamu boleh pergi keluar main nanti. Stop sulking; you can go out and play later

berengut2: memberengut: adj sulky

berentang1; memberentang: adj /ld/ stretched

berentang2; memberentang: v /intr/ld/  stretch out
-memberentangkan: v /tr/ 1 stretch 2 make sth taut

berenti: variant of berhenti:

bereo; bereok: variant of brewok:

beres: adj 1 OK (okay) Jangan takut; semua akan beres Don’t worry, everything will be OK 2 well done, finished  Semua tugas saya sudah beres All my tasks have been well done 3 settled Apa kasus itu sudah beres? Has the case been settled?
-membereskan; memberesi: v /tr/ 1 manage Apa kamu bisa membereskan semua ini? Can you manage all of these?  2 solve Kamu harus bereskan sendiri persoalan kamu itu You have to solve your problem by yourself
-pemberesan: n 1 settlement, finishing, completion

berewok: variant of brewok:

bergajul: n scoundrel |a person that has no positive things to do rather than make people annoyed – usually addressed to street people|

bergedel: n spherical fried food made of boiled meat and potato that has been mixed together –syn: pergedel

berguk: n dress covering entire body except eyes and hands, used by Muslim women

berhala: n /lu/ mythical idol |an image or object that people pray to as a god|
-memberhalakan: v idolize, worship |make sth or sb as a god| Jaman dulu banyak orang memberhalakan patung ini In the ancient time many people idolize this statue
-pemberhalaan: n idolization

beri; memberi: v /lu/ 1 give |to provide someone with something, or let someone have or do something|  Mereka memberi saya pekerjaan yang bagus di perusahaan mereka They gave me a good job in their company 2 pay Berikan perhatian pada caranya melakukan itu Pay attention to how he do it  3 show Dia selalu memberi rasa hormat kepada abangnya He always shows respect to his elder brother 4 cause Dia selalu memberi malu pada keluarga He always cause a shame to the family  5 say Saya hello for me to your parents Beri salam saya kepada orangtua kamu
-beri ampun: v forgive –syn: mengampuni
-beri angin: v tolerate
-beri kemurahan: v facilitate –syn: membantu
-beri kuasa: v delegate –syn: menguasakan.
-beri layanan: v serve –syn: melayani
-beri malu: v humiliate –mempermalukan.
-beri muka: v show up –syn: jual tampang
-beri nasehat: v advise
-beri pinjaman:
v lend
-beri peringatan: v warn
-beri perlawanan: v fight against
-beri pilihan: v chose –syn: memilih
-beri santunan: v donate
-beri semangat: v encourage
-beri suara: v vote –syn: memilih.
-beri tanda: v signal
-beri tahu: v tell
-beri telinga: v listen –syn: mendengar
-beri tempat: v make room
-beri warna: v colour –syn: mewarnai
-diberikan: v /pass.v./ given Saya tidak pernah diberikan kesempatan menjelaskan I was never given a chance to explain
-memberikan: v /tr/ give Apa kamu memberikan uang itu kepada dia? Did you give him the money?  2  award Sebuah yayasan memberikan pada dia beasiswa A foundation awarded him scholarship 3 extend Bersama ini saya memberikan rasa ikut berduka atas kepergian ibu anda Herewith I extend my sympathy with your mother’s death
-pemberian: n gift  Mobil ini adalah pemberian paman saya This car is a gift from my uncle.
-pemberitahuan: n announcement.
-saling memberi: v take and give.

beriang: n /lu/ monitor lizard Varanus salvator -syn: biawak

beringas: adj /lu/ 1 hot-tempered seorang pria beringas a hot-tempered man 2 wild pandangan  beringas wild look
-keberingasan: n wildness, savagery

beringin: n banyan tree

beringisan: v grin |to smile continuously with a very big smile| Sandra beringisan kepada Marlon dari seberang kamar Sandra was grinning at Marlon from across the room

berisik: adj /lu/ noisy, uproarious |making a lot of noise, or full of noise| sekelompok anak berisik a group of noisy kids restoran berisik a noisy restaurant –syn: bising
-keberisikan: n noisiness

berita: n /lu/ 1 news  1 Saya sedang mendengar berita di televisi I’m listening to a news on television  2 report Ini berita tentang keadaan cuaca hari ini This is a report about weather of today
-berita bulanan: n monthly report
-berita dalam negeri: n home news
-berita dengkul: n second hand news
-berita luar negeri:
n foreign news
-berita pagi: n morning news
-memberitakan: v report, broadcast, publish, inform
-pemberitaan: n news report, publication, announcement
-terberita: adj reported, well-published

beritahu: memberitahu: v /lu/ report, inform, acknowledge
-memberitahukan: v /tr/ inform, announce, report
-pemberitahuan: n announcement, acknowledgement. publication, notification  pemberitahuan awal prior notice pemberitahuan pengiriman notice of shipment

berkah: see berkat:

berkas: n .lu/ 1 bundle |a group of things such as documents, clothes, fire wood, etc. that are fastened or tied together|  satu berkas dokumen a bundle of  documents 2 sheaf |wheat, corn etc. that is tied together after it has been cut| se-berkas kayu bakar a bundle of firewood 3 shaft  seberkas cahaya a shaft of light. 2 dossier |a set of document that contains detailed data or information about someone or something| Polisi menyimpat berkas semua tahanan The police keep dossiers on all prisoners
-memberkas: v 1 bind |put in bundles or put together in a file|  3 accumulate |to gradually increase in quantity or size, or to make something do this| Kotoran-kotoran dan debu telah memberkas di pojok ruangan Dirt and dust had accumulated in the corners of the room  4 concentrate | Semua lampu sorot memberkas kepada artis di panggung All spot light concentrated to the artist on the stage

berkat1: n /lu/ 1 blessing, favor. Dia memohon berkat dari orang tuanya She begged for her parents’ blessing. 2 |something that is good or helps you| Hujan itu sungguh menjadi berkat setelah panas The rain was a real blessing after all that heat 3 thanks to, owing to, due to. 3  small amount of food taken home after cere­monial meal.

berkat2: conj. /lu/ 1 because Berkat doa ibuku saya telah berhasil Because of  my mother’s prayers, I have been successful  2 owe berkat kerja keras dia owing to his hard work -memberkati: v 1 bless, give blessing. Saya berharap Tuhan akan memberkati kamu semua I do hope God bless all of you
-diberkati: v /pass/v/ be blessed Be blessed you are Semoga kamu
-pemberkatan: n 1 bestowal of blessing, blessing pemberkatan nikah marriage blessing

berko: n /of/ bicycle lamp.

berlian: n /lu/ polished diamond intan-berlian all sorts of dia­monds, gems of all sorts.

berondong: see brondong:

berontak; memberontak: v /lu/ 1 rebel |to oppose or fight against someone in authority or sth that is accepted by others| Eric memainkan peran orang yang berontak terhadap nilai-nilai tradisional Eric  played a character who rebels against traditional value  2 revolt |to refuse to obey a government, law etc., often using violence against it|  Rakyat memberontak terhadap pemerintahan otoriter The people revolted against the authoritarian government
-pemberontakan: n rebellion, revolt, uprising, mutiny
-pemberontak: n rebel

beroti: n /lu/ slat.

bersih: adj /lu/ 1 clean, neat. Apa piring-piring ini bersih? Are these plates clean?  2 pure |without anything harmful or unhealthy in it| air minum bersih pure drinking water 3 innocent |not guilty of a crime| Tidak seorangpun percaya bahwa saya bersih dalam perkara itu Nobody would believe that I was innocent in that case 4 net pendapatan bersih net income
-kebersihan: n 1 cleanness 2 hygiene |the practice of keeping yourself and the things around you clean in order to prevent diseases| Kebersihan sangat penting ketika mempersiapkan makanan bayi Hygiene is very important when preparing a baby’s food
-membersihkan: v 1 clean 2 purify 3 sterilize
-pembersihan: n 1 cleaning 2 mopping up 3 sweep |search or attack that moves through a particular area| Polisi melakukan pembersihan di bar untuk mencari perdagangan obat Police made a sweep of the bar to find drug trafficking

bersin: v /lu/ sneeze.

bersit; sebersit: n /lu/ 1 a burst of |a short sudden period of protrusion, appearance, increased activity, loud noise, or strong feeling|  Sebersit sinar dari petir membantu saya menemukan kunci di kegelapan itu A burst of light from the thunderbolt helped me to find the key in the dark  2 a splash of (liquid) Sebersit air jatuh ke kepala saya A splash of water dropped to my head  3 a little of   Dia tidak punya bahkan sebersitpun niat untuk minta maaf He doesn’t have even a little of will to apologize
-bersitan: n the splash, the burst Bersitan itu jatuh ke minuman saya The splash dropped to my drink
-dibersitkan: v /tr/pass.v/ Berita itu dibersitkan oleh satu majalah local The news was broken out by a local magazine
-membersit: v /intr/ 1 gush forth Air panas membersit dari ketel dan melukai tangannya Hot water burst out of the boiler and hurt his hand  2 break out (news)  Berita membersit bahwa militer mencoba melakukan kudeta The news breaks that the military troops tried to make a coup d’état 3 protrude Tunas baru akan membersit dalam beberapa hari lagi New stem will protrude in the next view days
-membersitkan: v /tr/ Panci penggorengan itu membersitkan minyak panas The frying pan burst out hot oil
-terbersit: v /intr/pass.v./ Skandal itu telah terbersit di lingkungan ini The scandal was broken out in this community.

beruang1: n 1 bear. 2 beruang-beruangan: teddy bear

beruang2: see uang:

beruas: variant of baros: n wild mangosteen

berudu: n /lu/ tadpole.

beruk: n /lu/ short-tailed macaque Macaca |in Mentawai used them to climb and pick the coconut|

berungut;: memberungut: v /intr/ld/ grumble, gripe.
-memberunguti: v /tr/ grumble about, have a gripe against.Dia sedang memberunguti kakaknya She is grumbling against her older sister.

besanz|/b> n /lu/ 1 brother or/and sister in law |the parents of your son or/and daughter in law|
-besanan; berbesan: v to be brother and sister-in-law

besar: adj /lu/ 1 big |of more than average size, amount etc.|  kaos oblong besar big baggy T-shirts  Ada perbedaan umur yang besar antara mereka There’s a big age difference between them. Anak itu semakin besar setaip saya lihat That boy gets bigger every time I see him. 2 large, huge Mereka punya perkebunan kelapa sawit yang sangat besar They have a very large palm oil plantation  3 important or serious: Ini akan menjadi pertandingan besar It’s going to be a big game Perusahaan itu kehilangan kontrak besar tahun ini The company lost an important contract this year. 4  garrulous, talkative  Dia orang bermulut besar He is a garrulous person 5 adult, grown Saya sudah besar, tidak anak kecil lagi I’m grown up, I’m not little kid anymore 6 sebesar: as big as Rumahnya sebesar yang itu His house is as big as that one 7 sebesar-besarnya: as much as possible: as big as possible Sumberdaya alam harus digunakan sebesar-besarnya untuk menutupi keperluan rakyat Natural resources should be used as much as possible to fulfil the people’s needs
-besar-besaran: adv in a great value Mereka akan merayakan kemenangan itu besar-besaran They are going to celebrate their victory extravagantly
-besarnya: n 1 the total of besarnya biaya adalah the total cost was  2 the size of  Besarnya gedung itu menakjubkan The size of the building is incredible
-besar gabuk: adj large but weak
-besar hati: adj proud,  happy, pleased, elated. Dia besar hati men­dengar anaknya lulus ujiannya He was proud to hear that his son had passed the examination
-berbesar hati: v receive sth with joy or pride
-besar kepala: adj 1 stubborn, obstinate 2 conceited, vain, stuck-up 3 arrogant
-besar kecilnya: n size, total, quantity  Besar kecilnya kerugian belum dihitung The total of lost isn’t calculated yet
-besar lambung: adj greedy, gluttonous
-besar lengan: adj strong, powerful
-besar mulut: adj proud, arrogant, insolent
-besar kemungkinan: adv to the best of possibility
-hari besar: n holiday
-kebesaran1: n nobility, highness, greatness, importance.
-kebesaran2: adj too big, too large
-membesar-besarkan: v exaggerate, magnify out, overstate
-lampu besar: n headlight (car)
-memperbesar: v 1 increase 2 enlarge 3 expand
-membesar: v become larger
-pembesaran: n 1 enlargement 2 growth 3 enhancement 4 expansion 5 magnification
-pembesar: n 1 high officials, nobleperson 2 magnifier (lens)  -maaf besar: n deep apologize
-terbesar; paling besar: adj /super./the most important, the largest, etc.

besaran: n /ld/ mulberry |any of several plant of genus Morus diba – the leaves of which are used for medicine and edible fruit|

besero: v to have a joint venture

besi: n /lu/ iron
-besi baja: n steel.
-besi belirang: n ferrous sulphide
-besi ­berani: n magnet
-besi berombak: n corrugated iron
-besi be­ton: n metal rods for reinforced concrete
-besi cor: n cast iron
-besi galbani: n galvanized iron
-besi lempeng: n iron sheet (plate)
-besi putih: n tin
-besi tua: n scraped iron
-membesi: v to be very solid (hard)
-mebesituakan: v to turn into scraped or waste iron

besit1: membesit: v /lu/ whip |to hit sb with rattan or stick|

besit2: terbesit: v /lu/ 1 pity |to feel sympathy for someone because s/he is in a bad situation| 2 to be compassionate

beskit: n /lu/ cookie.

beslah; membeslah: v /of/ 1 confiscate |officially take someone’s property as a punishment| Pengadilan membeslah hartanya sebagai pembayaran pajak tertunggak The court confiscated his property for unpaid tax 2 seize |to take hold of something quickly and forcefully| Polisi membeslah senjatanya ketika mereka menahan dia The police confiscated his gun when they arrested him. –syn: /lu/ sita; menyita:
-pembeslahan: n 1 confiscation 2 seizure –syn /lu/: penyitaan

beslit: n /of/ 1 governmental decree. beslit kenaikan gaji decree for pay raise. 2 letter of appointment. beslit pengangkatan official decree of appointment. –syn: /lu/: SK (Surat Keputusan)

besmen: n /inf/ the best man (aid to the bridegroom).

besok: n /lu/1 tomorrow. besok lusa the day after tomorrow 2 some time in the future. besok malam tomorrow night. besok pagi tomorrow morning. besok paginya the next morning. besok hari tomor­row afternoon. 3 later on, in the future. Anak ini – akan menjadi orang yg terpelajar This child will become a scholar later on. 3 the next Dia akan pergi bulan juni besok She will go in the next June. 4 com­ing. Mereka akan tiba tgl 22 Januari besok They will arrive on the coming January 22. 5 besoknya: the next day after

bestari: n /lu/1 expert, skilled. 2 bright, clever 3 know how

bestek: n /frm/ 1 specifications (of a final product) 2 detail technical plan (of construction).

bestel1: n /of/ 1 order |a request for goods from a company or for food in a restaurant, or the goods or food that you ask for| Sekolah baru itu  membuat bestel tambahan buku The new school sent an order for more books. –syn: /lu/: pesanan 2 the space in a train for goods to send

bestel2: membestel: v /frm/ order |to ask for goods or services| Apa kamu telah membestel sesuatu? Have you order something? –syn: /lu/ memesan
-pembestelan: n an act of ordering  pembestelan melalui pos mail order
-bestelan: n something that we have by order –syn: /lu/ pesanan

besuk: n /lu/ visit (to a patient in hospital) Pukul berapa jam besuk? What is the visiting time?
-membesuk: v /lu/ visit (to patient in hospital).  Kami membesuk dia di rumah sakit kemarin We visited him at the hospital yesterday

beta: pron /ld/Amb./ 1 I |first person|  2 I |the first person – polite form in classical texts| 3  I |used by Malay royalty|
-membeta: n think yourself as a king

betah: adj /lu/ like, feel at home |to be able to accept or deal with a certain condition of a particular place| Saya sudah mulai betah tinggal di tempat ini I began to like staying in this place 2 constantly enjoy |the opposite of getting bored| Bintang dapat betah tinggal di rumah seharian pada akhir minggu Bintang can enjoy stay home all day long on weekend

betapa: adv /lu/frm/ 1 how  Betapa indahnya danau ini How beautiful this lake  Betapa girangnya orang itu menjumpai anaknya lagi How happy he was to see his child again. 2 betapapun: however Saya mau mobil itu, betapapun mahalnya I want that car, however much it costs.

betara: variant of batara:

Betawi: n 1 Batavia (now Jkt)  2 the name of the ethnic group indigenous to Jakata.

betik1: n /ld/ papaya

betik2: terbetik: v /lu/1 passed on (news) |if you pass on a news or information you tell someone the information that someone else has told you| Terbetik berita bahwa pekerja akan mogok News has passed on that the workers would strike.

beting: n /ld/ shoal, reef, sandbank.
-membeting: v 1 form like a shoal 2 constitute a shoal
-terbeting: v run around on a shoal

betis: n /lu/ calf |he part at the back of your leg between your knee and foot|
-pagar betis: n cordon |a line of police, soldiers, or vehicles that are put around an area to protect or enclose it|  Sejumlah demonstran mencoba menerobos pagar betis polisi Several protesters tried to push through the police cordon.
-/prov/ Diberi betis maunya paha She gave calf, he wants the whole leg Means “greedy”

beton: n /lu/ concrete. beton bertulang reinforced concrete beton molen cement mixer
-membeton: v build with concrete. Mereka membeton rumahnya They build their house with concrete.

betonisasi: n the process of changing (paths, wall: etc.).to concrete.

betul1: adj /lu/ 1 true Apa betul kamu ada disana ketika kejadian itu? Is it true that you’re there at the accident?   2 correct |to make something right or better| Guru itu menghabiskan waktu berjam-jam membetulkan jawaban yang salah The teachers spend hours correcting the wrong answers  3 right: |correct or true|  Apa jawaban saya betul? Is my answer right?
-kebetulan: adv coincidently |situation in which two things happen together by chance, in a surprising way| Kebetulan suami saya dan saya mempunyai tanggal lahir yang sama Coincidently my husband and I have the same birthday.
-membetulkan: v /tr/ fix, correct Dia sedang membetulkan mobil yang rusak He is fixing a broken car  Kita perlu membetulkan pengaturan meubel ini We need to correct the arrangement of the furniture
-pembetulan: n correction
-sebetulnya: adv actually |used in order to emphasize an opinion or give new information| Sebetulnya saya sependapat dengan anda tetapi tidak dengan cara anda menyajikannya Actually I agree with your point but the way you presented it  Saya sebenarnya sudah berpikir bahwa segala sesuatunya sudah bertambah baik I do actually think that things have improved.

betul2: adv /lu/ 1 really Sulit betul ujian itu The test was really difficult 2 for sure Saya kenal betul orang ini I know this man for sure 3 betulan: seriously Apa kamu bermain betulan? Do you play seriously?

BF {blue film}: n pornographic movie.

bg. {bagian}: n /wrt/ division, section.

Bg. {Baginda}: pron. /wrt/ His Majesty

bh. {buah}: quant. /wrt/ pieces 12 buah 12 pcs

BH {beha}: n /spo/ bra

bhayangkara: n /frm/ltr/ lower rank in police department

bhinneka: adj diverse Bhineka Tunggal lka Diverse but United (Indonesia’s national slogan).
-membhineka­kan: v diversify
-kebhinekaan: n diversity

bhs.{bahasa}: n /wrt/ language

bhw. {bahwa}: conj. /lu/wrt/  that |used in order to introduce a clause that is the object of a sentence, shows a result, or gives information about a person, thing, time etc. that has already been mentioned| Dia mengatakan bahwa dia tidak akan datang ke pesta itu He said that he won’t come to the party

BI {Bank Indonesia}: n Bank of Indonesia |Function as the Central Bank of Indonesia|

bi {bibi}: n /lu/ |used in order to speak to your aunt, but later on is more popular to a woman who works for house works|

biadab: adj /lu/ 1 uncivilized 2 ill-mannered, impolite, barbaric, savage  suku bang­sa yg biadab savage tribe
-kebiadaban: n 1 insolence 2 brutishness 3 savageness

biak1: n /lu/ breeding |the act or process of animals producing babies|
-berkembang biak: v 1 breed with multiple result 2 flourish 3 multiplied
-membiakkan: v 1 breed |to keep animals or plants in order to produce babies, or to develop new animals or plants: Peternakan ini membiakkan kuda This farm breeds horses. 2 cultivate |to grow and multiply plant|
-pembiakan: n 1 breeding (farm – place to breed) 2 the process of breeding
-perkembangbiakan: n breeding fertility

biak2: adj /ld/ 1 wet 2 damp
-membiakkan: v 1 make sth wet, 2 dampen humid
-pemamah biak: n /lu/frm/ animal that chew the cud.

biang: n /lu/ 1 female parent ( animal) Kami punya sepuluh biang babi di peternakan ini We have ten sows in this breeding farm 2 something that is very large Ini benar-benar  biangnya mobil This is a real mother of the car 3 parent species (of plants) 3 sources Jangan buat sesuatu yang bisa menjadi biang masalah Don’t do anything that can be the source of problem 4 essence biang cuka es­sence of vinegar
-biang besi: n (iron) ore
-biang jari:
n thumb
-biang keladi: n (main root stock) /idiom/: 1 the cause of a problem 2 ringleader 3 mastermind .
-biang keringat: n prickly heat
-biang kerok: n 1 culprit 2 problem creator
-biang perselisihan: n the source of dispute
-biang roti: n leaven.

bianglala: n /ltr/ rainbow –syn: pelangi

biar: v /lu/ 1 let Biar kita pergi sekarang Let’s go now Biar saya yang melakukannya Let me do it 2 no matter Biar lambat asal selamat It’s no matter to be slow since it’s save (slow but sure) 3 so that Kamu harus istirahat biar cepat sehat kembali You have to take a rest so that you will soon recover 4 for Lepaskan garinya biar dia bisa makan siang Release his handcuff for he can take a lunch
biarpun:conj. albeit, although Biarpun saya tidak mengenal dia sebelumnya, saya mempercayai dia Although I don’t know him before but I believe him.
-biar bagaimanapun: conj. however
-biar begitu; biar demikian: adv nevertheless
-biarkan: v let (it be), forget it  “Tunggu! Saya tinggalkan pintu terbuka” “Biarkan!” “Wait, I left the door open!” “Forget it!/Let it be!”
-membiarkan: v allow  Saya membiarkan dia tinggal sementara disini I allow him to temporarily stay here.

biara: n /lu/ 1 monastery, abbey, friary 2 convent, nun­nery biara induk cloister.
-membiara: v become a member of a cloistered community
-panggilan biara: n vocation to enter convent or monastery.

biarawan: n /lu/ monk.

biarawati: n /lu/ 1 nun  2 religious sister

biar-biar: n /ld/ small intestinal worm |Filaria loa|.

bias: n /lu/ ray. sebias sinar lampu a ray of lamplight  2 re­fraction.
-berbias: v reflect, deflect.
-biasan: n refraction, reflection.
-membias: v drift off, deviate.
-membiaskan: v refract, deflect. Matahari pagi membiaskan terik­nya The morning sun poured out its heat
-pembiasan: n refraction.

biasa: adj /lu/ 1 usual |the same as what happens most of the time or in most situations| Akan saya tunggu kamu di resoran biasa. I’ll wait you at the usual restaurant. 2 common |existing in large numbers or happening often and to many people, or in many places| Penyakit jantung biasa terjadi kepada perokok Heart disease is common among smokers. 3 customary |something that is customary is normal because it is the way it is usually done| Biasa bahwa band local memimpin parade It is customary for a local band to lead the parade 4 ordinary |average, usual, or not different|  Jangan gunakan istilah-istilah teksnis yang tidak dipahami orang biasa Don’t use to many jargon that an ordinary people doesn’t understand Telepon cellular habiskan pulsa lebih banyak daripada telepon biasa A cellular phone spends more pulse than an ordinary telephone keperluan biasa seperti langganan mjalah, ongkos, makan, dll ordinary needs like magazine subscription, food, transportation, etc
-biasanya1: v used to |if something used to happen, it happened regularly in the past but now| Kami biasanya dulu pergi ke bar setiap akhir pekan We used to go to the bar every week end “Apa kamu tidak biasa minum alkohol?”  “Ya, tetapi sudah saya tinggalkan” “Didn’t you use to smoke?” “Yes, but I quit.”
-biasanya2: adv usually |used to describe what happens on most occasions or in most situations| Kami biasanya keluar makan malam pada hari Sabtu We usually go out for dinner on Saturday.
Note: Compare biasanya1 (used to)  and biasanya2 (usually) In English the different between “used to” and “usually” is described by the word itself. In bahasa Indonesia the different should be described by adding a word dulu after biasanya for ‘used to’.
-kebiasaan: n 1 habit |what you do regularly, and usually without thinking| Menjadi kebiasaan saya minum kopi di pagi hari It’s becoming my habit to drink coffee in the morning Merokok adalah kebiasaan buruk Smoking is a bad habit 2 custom  |a way of doing something that people in a particular society think is normal, and that everyone does| Satu kebiasaan disini berjabat tangan kalau baru bertemu It’s a custom here is to shake hands when you meet after sometime 3 tradition |a belief or a way of doing something that a particular group or society has followed for a very long time| Kebiasaan keluarga berkumpul setiap Idulfitri It a my family tradition to get together on Idulfitri  4 addiction |the need to have something regularly because you are addicted to it| Kebiasaan makan obat sangat bahaya untuk kesehatan anda Addiction  to drug is very dangerous to your health 5 routine |the usual or normal way in which sb does things|  Nicole tidak suka ada perobahan pada kebiasaannya sehari-hari Nicole doesn’t like any change in his daily routine |  Kita seharusnya tidak menerima adegan kekerasan di TV sebagai kebiasaan We shouldn’t accept television violence as a routine
-membiasakan: v 1 make sb or sth be accustomed to 2 membiasakan diri: adjust yourself to (sth) Kamu perlu membiasakan diri pada kondisi ini You need to adjust yourself to this condition
-sebiasa-biasanya: adv 1 as to the most be accustomed to |although you have been very accustomed to sth| Sebiasa-biasanya kamu merolok habis makan, tetapi bukan berarti tidak bisa di hentikan No matter how far you have been accustomed to smoking after meal, it doesn’t mean that you can’t get rid of it.
-terbiasa: v 1 1 be use to |if sth being or becoming more comfortable with a situation or activity, so that it does not seem strange or difficult| Apa kamu sudah terbiasa dengan makanan berbumbu? Are you used to the spiced food yet? 2 get used to Saya belum terbiasa tinggal di kota besar I don’t get used to living in a big city yet. 3 accustomed |to be used to something|  Mata saya cepat menjadi terbiasa dengan ruangan gelap My eyes quickly became accustomed to the dark room.

biawak: n /lu/ monitor lizard – Varanus dumerili -syn: /ld/ jiawang

biaya: n /lu/ 1 expense, fee, cost.
-biaya administrasi: n administra­tive fee
-biaya eksploitasi: n operating costs
-biaya derek: n tow cost
-biaya fiscal: n de­parture tax.
-biaya hidup: n living cost
-biaya pembatalan: n compensation fee
-biaya pe­rang: n war expenditure
-biaya perjalanan: n travelling expenses
-biaya sandar/pelabuhan: n dock­age, harbor fees
-dibiayai: v /pass.v/ be funded, be financed (by)
-membiayai: v finance, fund. Berat sekali untuk membiayai anaknya bersekolah It is very hard to finance his child’s schooling.
-membiayakan: v spend, payout, disburse. Dia membiayakan semua sim­panannya untnk menyekolahkan anak He spent all his savings to send his children to school.
-pembiaya: n finan­cier.
-pembiayaan: n funding, financing.
-terbiayai: adj affordable

Bibel: n Bible.

bibi; bibik: n /lu/ 1 aunt 2 form of address to older woman (often as bi) –see: bi:

bibir: n /lu/ 1 lip  a) (pro). hanya dibibir lip service b) (prov.) bibirnya seperti delima merekah full, well-shaped lips c) bibir sumbing harelip  2 genital labia. 3 edge. a) bibir hutan edge of forest. b) bibir mangkok edge of cup. bibir mata edge of eyelid. bibir sumur edge of well. – bibir tangan side of hand

bibit1: n /lu/ 1 seed (plant) |a small hard object produced by plants, from which a new plant will grow| bibit tomat tomato seed  2 germ (sickness) |a very small living thing that can make you ill| Biasaya seekor lalat adalah pembawa bibit penyakit Usually a fly is a carrier of germ 3 cause, source Siapa yang menyebar bibit pertengkaran ini? Who spread the cause of this dispute? 4 would-be (sth) Pelatih sedang mencari bibit pemain sepakbola berbakat The couch is looking for would be talented football player
-membibit: v initiate and conduct a seedling process
-membibitkan: v grow sth as a prospective things
-pembibitan: n 1 seed bed 2 the process of seedling 3 talent scouting, development (for new artist, athletic, etc.).

bibit2: variant of bimbit:

bibliograf: n bibliographer.

bibliografi: n bibliography

bibliografis: adj bibliographic.

bicara: berbicara: v /intr/tr/lu/1 speak. Dia bicara bahasa Jepang dengan lancar She speaks Japanese fluently. 2 talk  Bicara pada dia sekarang sebelum pergi Talk to him now before leaving  3 speech Kebebasan bicara adalah satu aspek demokrasi yang mendasar Freedom of speech is one of the basic democracy aspects
-dibicarakan: v /pass. v/ 1 be discussed 2 be talked about
-juru bicara: n 1 spokesman 2 speaker |presenter on behalf of (sb/sth)| Juru bicara parlemen Parliament speaker
-pembicara: n 1 speaker |presenter of his own opinion| Siapa pembicara utama seminar itu? Who was the main speaker of the seminar? 2 spokesman,  adviser 3 lawyer, attorney 4 discussant.
-pembicacaan: n 1 conversation 2 discussion

bidadara: n /ltr/ male sprite.

bidadari: n /ltr/ 1 fairy  2 beautiful woman

bidak: n /lu/ pawn (Chess)

bidan: n /lu/ 1 midwife
-membidani: v |to help women when they are having a baby|  2 initiate Dia salah seorang yang membidani gerakan reformasi He was one who initiated the reformation movement
-kebidanan: n midwifery, midwife service.

bidang: n /lu/ 1 space |the amount of a space, room, container etc. that is empty or available to be used| Bidang ini cukup luas menjadi satu lapangan tennis This space is large enough to be a tennis court |Apa masih ada bidang kosong di lantai bawah tanah? Is there any more space in the basement?  2  field Apa bidang studi kamu? What is the field of  your study?  3 sector Pemerintah sedang memusatkan upaya pada bidang pertanian. The government is focusing the effort in agricultural sector  4 surface Taruh label itu di bidang tegak kotak itu Put the label on the vertical surface of the box –syn: permukaan 5 area Apa kamu sudah memutuskan bidang penelitian kamu? Have you decided your research area?
-membidangkan: v 1 enlarge 2 unfold 3 stretch
-membidangi: v 1 specialize |to limit most of your study, business etc. to a particular subject or activity|  seorang dokter yang membidangi penyakit jantung a medical doctor who specializes heart decease 2 subordinate |to lead or manage a certain division or task|  Dalam kepemimpinan kolektif ini seorang ketua membidangi pelatihan dan penerimaan pegawai baru. In this collective chairmanship, a chairman subordinate training and recruitment
-pembidangan: n 1 segmentation,  classification (of the field) 2 enlargement

bidik: membidik: v /lu/ 1 point at |to point a weapon at the object|  Penembak membidikkan senjata ke kepala terroris itu The sniper pointed the gun at the terrorist’s head  2 aim |to plan or intend to achieve something| Satu program yang membidik penciptaan lebih banyak lapangan kerja a program aimed at creating more jobs 3 bid Apa kita akan membidik proyek besar ini? Are we going to bid this big project?
-bidikan: n 1 the target of aiming 2 the object to point at -membidikkan: v /tr/ 1 point  2 aim
-pembidikan: n aiming |the action to point the target| pembidikan tepat accurate aiming

biduan: n /lu/ male vocalist, crooner

biduanda: n /ltr/ palace servant

biduanita: n /lu/ female vocalist.

biduk: n /lu/ river craft for cargo or fishing
-berbiduk: v 1 own river canoe  2 go by river canoe  3 go boating

bier: see bir:

bigami: n /frm/ bigamy

bihara: variant of biara:

bihun: see mihun:

bijak: adj /lu/ 1 able, intelligent or skilled| seorang siswa yang bijak an able student 2 smart |capable in making good judgments or decisions| Saya kira dia  bukan seorang pemimpin yang bijak I don’t think that he is a smart leader 3 appropriate |suitable for a particular time, situation, or purpose| Apa menurut kamu itu satu tindakan yang bijak? Do you think that it is an appropriate action?  4 experienced, skilful Tim ini membutuhkan seorang pemimpin bijak This team need an experienced and skilful leader 5 witty, articulate |using words in a funny, intelligent, and interesting way| seorang jurubicara yang bijak a witty speaker satu jawaban bijak a witty response 6
bijaksana: adj wise a) |honest, dedicated, and passionate|  Dia seorang pemimpin bijaksana He is a wise leader b) |effective, fair, unbiased, acceptable, accomodative|  keputusan yang bijaksanan a wise decision c) prudent |sensible and careful, especially by avoiding risks that are not necessary| Tidak akan bijaksana mengeluarkan begitu banyak uang saat ini It would not be prudent to spend so much money now.
-kebijaksanaan; kebijakan: n 1 policy |a way of doing things that has been officially agreed and chosen by a political party or the authority|  kebijaksanaan ekonomi the economic policy kebijakan perusahaan dalam hal cuti hamil the company’s policy on maternity leave  2 wisdom |good judgment and the ability to make wise decisions| Nasib kita akan tergantung pada kebijaksanaan ketua Our fate will depend on the chairman’s wisdom  3 prudence

biji: n /lu/ 1 seed |a small hard object produced by plants, from which a new plant will grow| biji mangga mango seed 2 kernel |the center part of a nut or seed, usually the part you can eat| biji kacang peanut kernel  3 unit, piece  |classifier for small round objects| dua biji kelereng two marbles
-berbiji: v have seed
-biji-bijian: n
-biji padi: n un-husked rice
-biji polongan: n bean seed
-biji pala: n nutmeg
-biji mata: n eyeball

bijih: n ore bijih besi: iron ore

bikin: membikin: v /inf/lu/ 1 make a) |to produce something by working or doing something| Saya akan bikin makanan pencuci mulut kamu bikin makan malamnya. I’ll make the dessert  and you make dinner  b) |used before some nouns to show that someone does the action of the noun|  Mereka bikin kesalahan pada tagihan listrik They made a mistake on the electricity bill|  Apa kamu akan membikin janji dengan dokter? Do you want to make an appointment with the doctor? c)  |cause a particular situation or condition to happen|  Apa saja yang kamu lakukan, bikin dia kesal Whatever  you did made her mad. Lihat kekacauan yang kamu bikin! Look at the mess you made! Apa yang bikin kamu memutuskan menjadi polisi? What made you decide to become a police? 2 cause |to make something happen| Kepadatan lalulintas membikin perjanjian saya ditunda. Heavy traffic caused my appointment delayed| Kami masih belum tahu apa yang membikin computer rusak We still don’t know what caused the computer to crash. –syn: /lu/frm/ buat; membuat
-bikinan: adj made in Saya membeli sebuah laptop bikinan Taiwan I bought a made in Taiwan computer 2 adj made by, product of  barang bikinan tangan hand-made product –syn: buatan
-bikin besar: v enlarge –syn: membuat besar, membesarkan,
-bikin kesal: v annoy -syn: membuat kesal
-bikin kejutan: v make a surprise –syn: membuat kejutan; mengejutkan
-bikin malu: v humiliate –syn: memalukan; membuat malu
-bikin takut: v frighten, scare –syn: memuat takut; menakutkan.
-dibikin-bikin: v made up –syn: dibuatbuat
-membikin-bikin: v fabricate –syn: membuatbuat
-membikinkan: v to make sth for sb  Jonathan akan membikinkan layangan untuk kamu Jonathan will make a kite for you -syn: membuatkan
-pembikin: n maker Mereka pembikin masalah They are problem maker  -syn: pembuat; penyebab
-terbikin dari: v made of /from –syn: terbuat dari

bikini: n /lu/ bikini, bikini-style |a piece of clothing in two parts that women wear for swimming|

biksu: n /lu/ Buddhist monk.
-kebiksuan: n Buddhist monkhood.

biksuni; biksuni: n Buddhist nun

bila1: adv /lu/ when |used when asking what time something will happen|  Bila kamu tiba? When did you arrive? –syn: /lu/ kapan

bila2; bilamana; also apabila: conj. /lu/ 1 if  Bila kamu ingin, kamu boleh ikut saya! If want to, you can go with me! Apabila ada waktu akan saya temui dia If I have time I’ll meet her  2 when or if Bila kamu mau datang kesini beritahu saya dulu If (when) you want to come here, let me know before

bilah: n /lu/ 1 lath  2 wood chip  3 blade sebilah bambu a piece of bamboo blade or thin strip  4 classifier for long, narrow or thin ob­jects. tiga bilah pisau three knives  sebilah cemeti a whip  sebilah pengaduk a blade of a mixer bilah bulldozer bulldozer blade

bilang1; berbilang: v /lu/ 1 calculate, count  Apa kamu sudah berbilang biayanya? Have you calculated the expenses?  2 membilang: a) to count or mention the number Dia belum berumur dua tahun tetapi dia sudah bisa membilang dari satu sampai seratus. He is less than two years old but he can count from one to one hundred. b) to coudt the total of sth Bilang ni termasuk kecamatan Sigalingging This area includes kecamatan Sigalingging

bilang2: quant. 1 every bilang hari every day bilang waktu any time 2 berbilang: a) several berbilang hari several days b) a few, some Dia akan pergi selama berbilang hari She will be away for a few days
-bilangan: n 1 number Tulis bilangan ganjil antara sepuluh sampai duapuluh Write down odd number between ten to twenty 2 area, district Tempat ini termasuk bilangan Kodya Bekasi This place belongs to Bekasi Municipal area  3 fate, predestine time. Kalau belum bilangannya orang tidak akan mati If it’s not sb’s predestine time he/she will not be died
-bilangan: n numbers |1,2,3,4,5, …
-bilangan asli: n integers |0,1,2,3,…|
-bilangan bulat: n round number |10, 20,..100, …1000|
-bilangan ganjil: n odd number |1,3,5,7…|
-bilangan genap: n even number |2,4,6,8,…|.|
-bilangan pecahan: n fraction | 2/3 , ¾, 0,1,12,5…|
-bilangan persepuluhan: n decimal
-bilangan pokok: n cardinal number
-bilangan prima: n prime number
-bilangan tingkatan/urutan: n ordinal number
-pembilang: n numerator | 2/3 ® 2 (the number above the line is pembilang – below the line is penyebut (enumerator)|
-terbilang: adj 1 considered, regarded. Dia belum terbilang orang kaya di kota ini  He’s not considered rich yet in this town  2 take (sb/sth) into account |to consider particular facts when you make a judgment or decision about something| Pajak yang kamu bayar tidak terbilang besar buat kamu The tax you pay isn’t considered big for you 3 countable Jumlah tamu yang datang tidak terbilang jumlahnya The total number of the guests wasn’t countable 4 include Ada seratus orang tamu tidak terbilang beberapa anak-anak There are a hundred guests not including several children

bilang2: v /lu/ 1 say. Kamu bilang apa? What did you say? 2 tell Aku sudah bilang padamu jangan pergi! I’ve told you not to go! –syn: /frm/ katakan; mengatakan
-membilangi: v /tr/ keep telling Saya sudah membilangi mereka untuk pergi bersama kita I kept telling them to go with us
-membilangkan: v say, tell  Tolong membilangkan pada mereka saya tidak bisa datang Please tell the that I couldn’t come
-dibilang1: v /pass.v/ 1 be told Kita sudah dibilang supaya pergi We’ve been told to go  2 be said Boleh dibilang bahwa dia yang terbaik It can be said that he is the best

bilas; membilas: v /lu/ rinse, wash off. Ibu membilas kain dengan detergen ini Mother rinses the cloth with this detergent
-pembilasan: n 1 rinsing, flushing, washing off.

bilateral: adj /frm/ bilateral

bilik: n /lu/ 1 room, chamber, cabin, booth  bilik barang compart­ment bilik otak ventricle. bilik kemudi pilot cabin bilik suara voting booth or room  bilik dagang chamber of commerce 2 woven bamboo used as room partition, plaited screen. –syn: /lu/frm/ kamar, ruangan
-berbilik: v have a room

bilingual: adj /lu/ bilingual.

bilingualisme: n /lu/ bilingualism

billiun: n /lu/ bouillon.

bilis: adj /ld/ painful  and red (eyes)

biludak: variant of beludak:

bilur: n /ld/ welt, wound caused by whip
-berbilur-bilur: adj full of  bilur

bilyar: n /lu/ billiards

bilyet: n /lu/ 1 ticket 2  bank certificate

Bima: n Bhima, hero of the Mahabharata.

Bimas {[Bimbingan Masal}: n credit scheme offered by government to lower-income people
-membimaskan: v to include in this scheme
-pembimasan: n the process and the procedure of this scheme.

bimasakti: n /ltr/ Milky Way.

bimbang: adj /lu/ 1 worried |unhappy or nervous because you are thinking if a bad thing happen to   someone or something| Kami benar-benar bimbang tentang kamu. We were really worried about you  2 doubtful. Apa kamu bimbang mengenai ujian kamu? Are doubtful about your test?  3 afraid Jangan bimbang dia akan ada disini segera Don’t be afraid, she’ll be here soon.
-kebimbangan: n doubt, uncertainty, anxiety
-pembimbang: n 1 worrywart |sb who tend to easily worry| 2 sb or sth that made you worry

bimbing: membimbing: v /lu/ 1 lead 2 guide 3 tutor
-pembimbing: n 1 leader 2 guide 3 tutor
-bimbingan: n 1 the beneficiary of a guidance, tutorial, or leadership| 2 the activity or the process of this program|
-berbimbingan (tangan): v 1 hold hands,  go hand in hand 2 cooperate, help each other
-bimbingan massal: n government-sponsored counselling program to introduce different kinds of knowledge such as appropriate agricultural technology, public health, family planning, nutrition, etc.

bin: n /lu/1 |used in order to show the family name of a male (usually before married)| Ali bin Amar Ali, the son of Amar  –compare to: boru (br): for female 2 and |used between two similar words which the second is to emphasize the meaning of the first word| aneh bin ajaib strange and mysterious very strange and mysterious. marah bin dongkol mad and angry.

bina1: membina: v /lu/ 1 maintain |to make something continue in the same way or at the same condition so it can be improved normally or naturally| Kami selalu membina hubungan baik kami dengan para langganan We have always maintained good relations with our customers. 2 develop |to grow or improve something to a better condition, or to make someone or something do this|  Kamu harus membina nama baikmu sebagai politisi tulus You have to develop your good reputation as an honest politician

bina2: n 1 building bina raga body building bina mental character building  2 |gradual and accumulative acceleration of  sb’s emotion, voice tempo, event intensity in a theatrical play| bina klimaks climax building  3 construction, development bina marga road development
-pembina: n builder |a person in capability and responsibility to certain building process|
-pembinaan: n process and the activities related to this activity|

Bina Graha: n president’s office.

binal: adj l rebellious (of child), uncontrollable. 2 disobedient, obstinate. 3 wild, untamed (animal)
-kebinalan: n 1 disobedience, rascality, craziness  2 wild behavior.

binar: n /lu/ light, sun rays
-berbinar-binar: adj alight |someone whose face or eyes are alight is happy or excited|

binaraga: n body building |a regular and intensive activity to build sb’s body|
-binaragawan: n body builder |a male who does body building|
-binaragawati: n female body builder |a woman who does body building|

binasa: adj /lu/ destroyed, wiped out.
-membinasakan: v 1 destroy, annihilate  2 exterminate
-kebinasaan: n death, demise, damage
-pembinasa: n destroyer, annihilator,  eradicator
-pembinasaan: n destruction. 2 extermination, annihilation.

binatang: n /lu/ animal –syn: hewan
-binatang berkantung: n marsupial
-binatang buas: n wild animal.
-binatang hantu barat: n tarsier
-binatang pengerat: n rodent
-binatang melata: n reptile
-binatang lunak: n mollusc
-binatang menyusui: n mammal
-binatang perusak: n destructive animal, pest (rodents, etc.)
-binatang peliharaan: n domesticated animal
-binatang rumah: n pet
-membinatangkan: v degrade, debase
-kebinatangan: n bes­tiality, brutality, immorality
Notes: In English, animals include any living creature that can move around. It means that human is one of the animals. In Indonesian, human being is excluded to this term. It means human is not one of the binatang (animal).

binatu: n /lu/ laundry

bincang: berbincang-bincang: v /lu/ discuss, deliberate, chat, converse. Dia sedang berbincang-bincang di telepon She is chatting on the phone –syn: ngobrol, bercakap-cakap
-memperbincangkan: v /tr/ to talk about
-perbincangan: n discussion, conversation, deliberation.

binder: n /tech/ binder |a toll to bind paper, sheet, etc|

bindu: n /ld/ lathe.
-membindu: v work with a lathe

bineka: variant of bhineka:

binen: see binnen:

-berbingkah-bingkah: quant. 2 in chunks, in fragments.
-membingkah: v smash to bits, break into chunks
-bingkahan: n lump, chunk.

bingkai: n /lu/ 1 trim  meja kayu dengan bingkai ukiran wooden table with curving trim 2 fringe sebuah tutup tempat tidur putih dengan bingkai pinggir biru a white bed cover with blue fringe  3 frame bingkai ­gambar picture frame bingkai­ pintu door frame.
-berbingkaikan: v /pass.v/ be framed with sebuah gambar berbingkaikan bambu a picture framed with bamboo
-membingkai: v frame,  border, put fringe, trim
-pembingkaian: n framing, bordering, trimming, putting fringe

bingkis: membingkiskan: v /lu/ parcel out,  send gift
-bingkisan: n parcel, package 2 gift, present, souvenir

bingung: adj /lu/ 1 confused, flustered, bewildered |unable to understand sth  clearly| Saya benar-benar bingung I’m totally confused  2 dis­oriented, unsure of direction 3 per­plexed
-membingungkan1: v 1 confuse, bewilder, fluster. Peraturan tentang pajak itu membingungkan saya That regulation on tax confuses me
-membingungkan2: adj confusing, flustering, perplexing,  disconcerting
-kebingungan1: n 1 confusion, be­wilderment 3 panic 4 perplexity
-kebingungan2: adj 1 confused, bewildered, flustered Saya benar-benar kebingungan I’m really confused

bini: n /lu/inf/ wife. –syn: /lu/frm/ isteri
-bini aji: n concubine, mistress
-bini muda: n additional wife (the 2nd, 3rd), etc.)
-bini simpanan: n a woman to whom a man cohabit.
-berbini1: v have a wife
-berbini2: adj married (man)

binneka: variant of bhineka:

binnen: adj /lu/inf/ elite, established, successful, rich

bintang: n /lu/ 1 star |a very large amount of burning gases in outer-space and planet, that looks like a point of light in the sky at night| bintang Marikh Mars 2 |a shape with five or six points sticking out of it, that is sometimes used as a sign of quality or rank| hotel bintang lima five star hotel 3 |a famous performer in entertainment or sports| bintang sepak bola football star 4 |someone who is particularly good at something|  John dulu adalah bintang pemain kita John was our star player 5 |the power of the stars to affect what happens, that some people believe in| Bintang saya adalah Gemini My star is Gemini  6 |the most beautiful girl in a particular community| Nadia adalah bintang sekolah kami Nadia is the most pretty girl in our school 7 fortune, luck, fate Bintangnya lagi naik His luck is starting to rise 8 medal, decoration Negara menganugerahi dia bintang pahlawan The state awarded him a heroism decoration
-berbintang: adj starry malam berbintang a starry night
bintang babi: n Vesper, evening star
-bintang belantik/waluku: n Orion
-bintang beralih/corat-corat: n meteor, shooting star
-bintang berasap/berbuntut/berekor/ sapu/ berkotek/: n comet
-bintang beredar: n planets
-bintang Biduk/jung: n Big Bear
-bintang bulan: n crescent and moon |a symbol of Islam|
-bintang gugut: n falling star
-bintang Jadi: n Capricorn
-bintang Johar/Kejora/Zuhara/Timur: n Venus
-bintang Kala: n Scorpion
-bintang Kartika/Tujuh: n Pleiades
-bintang laut: n starfish
-bintang Marikh: n Mars
-bintang Mayang: n Virgo
-bintang Musytari: n Jupiter
-bintang ­Pari/Tohok: n Southern Cross
-bintang penganjur/pengarak siang: n morning star
-binbang utara: n North Star
-bintang waruna: n Neptune
-bintang zahai: n Saturn
v 1 to play the main character Siapa yang akan membintangi cerita itu Who is going to play the main character in the story? 2 ear mark |to put the status of a budget allocation into a certain status| Dana untuk proyek ini perlu dibintangi The budget for this project needs to be ear marked.
-perbintangan: n 1 astronomy 2 astrology 3 horoscope

bintara: n /lu/ the lower rank in military organization  bintara pelatih instructor officer bintara  tinggi senior non­-commissioned officer, petty officer.

binti: n /ld/ daughter of |similar to nee|  Salimah binti Saleh Salimah the daughter of Saleh.

binti-binti: n /ld/ daughters

bintik: n /lu/ 1 spot, stain. bintik hitam blackhead. bintik tinta. ink-­spot  2 bead (of sweat)
-berbintik: adj spotted

bio: n /Chn/ Confucian temple

biografi: n biography

biokimia: n biochemistry

biola: n violin.

biologi: n biology biologi laut(an) marine biology

biologic; biologis: adj biological.

biologiwan: n biologist.

bioskop: n /lu/ movie theatre, cinema.
-perbioskopan: n 1 cine­matic matters  masalah perbioskopan problems pertaining to movie theatres. 2 movie theatre management.

bipolar: adj /tech/ bipolar.

bipolarisasi: n /tech/ bipolarization

bir: n beer.
-bir hitam: n stout.
-bir kaleng(an): n canned beer
-bir ­tong(an): n draft beer.

birahi: varian of berahi:

biri-biri: n /lu/ sheep |a farm animal that eats grass and is kept for its wool and its meat|

biring1: n /ld/ extremely itchy skin disease. biring paluh prickly heat

biring2: adj yellowish red.

birit: n /ld/ buttocks, bottom, rear.
-terbirit-birit: adv /lu/ helter-skelter, hurriedly (scramble). Kami terbirit-birit menuruni jurang itu We hurriedly go down the steep ravine lari terbirit-birit run head over heels (run in a hurry)  2 suffer from slight diarrhea.

biro: n /lu/ 1 office Biro Pusat Statistik Central Office of Statistic 2 bureau |a government department or part of a government department| Biro Kepegawaian Kementerian Kesehatan Manpower Bureau Ministry of Health 3 agent Biro Perjananan Travel Agent 4 with large drawer |a piece of furniture especially a table with drawers that clothes can be kept in| meja biro a table with large drawers

birokrasi: n /lu/ bureaucracy.

birokrat: n /lu/ bureaucrat.

birokratis: adj /lu/ bureaucratic

birokratisasi: n /lu/ bureaucratization.

biru1: adj /lu/ blue langit biru blue sky warna biru blue mata biru blue eyes

biru2: n blue Kamu suka waran apa? Saya senang biru! What colour do you like? I like blue!
-biru laut: adj navy blue
-biru langit: adj sky blue
-biru muda: adj light blue
-biru tua: adj dark blue
-kebiruan1: n blueness
-kebiruan2: adj too blue
-kebiru-biruan: adj bluish
-membiru: v turn to blue
-membirukan: v color with blue

biruang: variant of beruang1:

bis1: n /lu/ bus
-bis antarkota: n intercity bus
-bis kilat: n express bus
-bis kota: n city bus
-bis sekolah: n school bus
-ngebus: v go by
-membuskan: v send by bus

bis2: n /lu/ 1 box bis surat mailbox 2 encore, supplement, additional ornament (decoration, show, entertainment, etc) 3 tube, pipe (especially that one used for drainage)

biss: n /lu/ trim |decoration around the edges of a car, piece of clothing etc.| sebuah taplak meja biru muda dengan biss kuning a light blue table cloth with yellow trim

bisa: v /lu/ 1 be able Apa kamu bisa datang malam ini? Will you be able to come tonight? 2 can Saya bisa memberikan uang itu pada kamu kalau kamu bisa mengembalikan bulan depan I can give you the money if you can give it back next month 3 be possible Itu bisa terjadi kepada setiap orang -syn: /lu/frm/ dapat, boleh
-bisa-bisanya: adv |to express our anxiety how dare sb do sth| Bisa-bisanya kamu bohong pada saya! How dare you lied to me
-sebisa-bisanya; sebisa mungkin: adv 1 as much as possible. 2 to the fullest extent. Lakukan saja sebisa mungkin. Just do it as much as possible

bisa2: n /lu/ 1 poison,  venom 2 provocation Pidato yang penuh dengan bisa Speech that full of venom
-berbisa: adj 1 poisonous ular berbisa poisonous snake  2 provocative pidato berbisa provocative speech
-keberbisaan: n virulence,  toxicity

bisik1; bisikan: n /lu/ 1 whisper |a very quiet sb’s voice| Apa kamu mendengar bisikan itu? Do you hear that whisper? 2 /litr/ soft sound of sth:  bisikan rumput bergoyang the whisper of shaking grasses bisikan harapan the whisper of hope 2 bisikan hati: conscience |the set of feelings that tell you whether what you are doing is morally right or wrong| Bisikan hati saya telah menuntun saya untuk tidak melakukan hal itu My conscience led me to not doing it.
-berbisik: v /lu/ whisper 1 |to speak or say something very quietly, using your breath rather than your voice| Suamiku berbisik mengatakan bahwa kami harus segera pulang My husband whispered to say that we should leave soon| Kamu berdua berbisik tentang apa? What are you two whispering about?  2 /ltr/ |to make a soft sound| Angin sedang berbisik bahwa semua mahluk memuja kebesaranmu The wind is whispering that all creatures herald your mighty   |say in whisper.
-berbisik-bisik: v /lu/ 1 chat quietly  Mereka sedang berbisik-bisik They are chatting quietly 2 talk confidentially Para pekerja berbisik-bisik untuk mogok kerja The workers talk confidentially that they want to conduct a strike

bising: adj /lu/ 1 noisy |making a lot of noise, or full of noise| restoran yang bising a noisy restaurant 2 deafening Saya tidak senang musik yang bising I don’t like deafening music 3 buzzing |to make a continuous noise like the sound of a bee| Apa yang membuat suara bising itu What’s making that buzzing noise?
-kebisingan: n noise, hullabaloo, buzz

biskit: see biscuit:

biskop: n bishop.

biskuit: n /lu/1 cracker. 2 Dutch rusk.

bismillah: intrj. /Isl/ in the name of God |recited at beginning of each prayer to say grace before meal, utter prayer before undertaking task|

bisnis: n /lu/ business

bistek; bistik: n /lu/ rump steak, roast beef, beefsteak

bisu: adj /lu/ 1 dumb, mute |unable to speak| 2 quiet, noiseless malam yang sunyi dan bisu a lonely and quiet night  3 silent film bisu silent movie
-bisu batu: adj totally mute,
bisu tuli: adj deaf and dumb
-berbisuan: v don’t talk to each other Kedua kakak adik itu berbisuan The two sisters don’t talk to each other
-kebisuan: n 1 muteness Apa kebisuan dia terbawa dari lahir? Is her muteness brought from her birth?  2 silence Bagaimana kalian menikmati kebisuan ini How do you enjoy this silence?  3 loneliness Tiba-tiba sebuah ledakan memecahkan kebisuan tengah malam Suddenly a blast broke out the midnight loneliness
-membisu: v say no words Apa yang terjadi? Sepanjang hari dia membisu seribu bahasa. What happened? She said no words all day long!
-membisukan: v muzzle Tanggapan president telah membisukan semua lawan politiknya The president’s comment has muzzled his political opponents

bisul: n /lu/ 1 boil 2 abscess 3 ulcer
-bisulan: v be suffered from ulcers or boils
-bisulan: adj ulcerated
-bisul benata: n small abscess on upper lip
-bisul jerawat: n pimple on face
-bisul perut: n gastric or stomach ulcer
-bisul sabut: n carbuncle
v 1 ulcerate 2 develop boils

bius: n /lu/ anaesthetic |a drug that stops feelings of pain or to a certain effect to make sb unconscious, used during a medical operation|
-keterbiusan: n 1 the fact that sb is anesthetized 2 the intensity of anesthetic effect
-membius: v 1 anesthetize  2 captivate |to attract and interest someone very much| Pidatonya yang mengharukan telah membius semua pendengar His passionate speech has captivated the audience
-pembiusan: n anesthetization
-pembius: n anaesthetist .

BKPM {Badan Koordinasi Penanaman Modal}: n Co­ordinative Agency for Investments.

BKR {Badan Keamanan Rakyat} People’s Security Body (forerunner of Indonesian national ar­my).

bl., bln. {bulan}: n /wrt/ month |Jan., Feb., etc|

blak-blakan: adv /lu/inf/  outspokenly, bluntly Blak-blakan dia menceritakan kasus itu kepada kami Bluntly he told us the case.

blanko: see blangko:

Blandis: adj /of/ on behalf of Dutch (esp. during revolutionary period).

blandong: n lumberjack.
-blandongan: n 1 timber  2 lumber­jacking.

blangko: n form to be filled in banko pos wesel postal money order form. 2 abstention (in voting) 3 blank paper

blangkon: n /ld.Jv/ male batik headdress.

blanko: variant of blangko:

blantika: n /lu/ world, arena, field blantika bisnis hiburan the world of entertainment business

blaster;  memblaster: v /of/ crossbreed.
-blasteran: n /lu/ 1 crossbred (of ani­mals)  2 of mixed blood (father and mother each comes from different race)

blau: n /inf/of/ 1 blue 2 laundry bluing

bledek: n /ld/ thunder.

blek: n /lu/ tin can.

blender: n /lu/ blender

blepotan: adj /inf/ 1 smeared |all over covered with dirt or unexpected spots| 2 messy |anything spread here and there and seems unpleasantly|

blockade: n /lu/ blockade
-memblokade: v blockade.

blokir: memblokir: v /lu/ 1 blockade 2 obstruct. 3 /fin/ freeze (account), stop (check)
-pemblokiran: n blocking , freezing (bank account)

bloknot: n /lu/ block note, pad.

blong: adj /ld/ 1 loose, relieved |not prop­erly pressed (brake of a car or of other mechan­ical parts)|  Remnya blong dan dia menabrak dinding jalan The brake was loose and she crashed the embankment

bloon: adj 1 /lu/inf/ stupid, idiotic, dumb. 2 wacky, crazy, loony

blujin: n /lu/ denim trousers, blue jeans.

blus: n /lu/  woman’s blouse.

BNI {Bank Negara Indonesia, 1946}: n |a government-owned bank of Indonesia|

bob: adj /lu/ bouffant  Rambutnya berpotongan bob She wears bob style hair

bobo; bobok: v /lu/ 1 sleep (children language)
-membobokan: v put to sleep

bobok: membobok: v /lu/ make a hole |cut or break sth, especially a hard thing like a concrete wall to make a hole|
-bobokan: n a made hole

bobol: v /tr/lu/ broken up, collapse |if sth can’t function well to keep its burden – e.g. a dam, defence, bank security, etc.| Dam baru dibangun itu bobol kemarin The new-build dam broken up yesterday
-dibobol: v /pass. v/  2 be penetrated  Sistim komputerisasi perbankan sudah di dibobol oleh seorang hacker The computerized banking system has been penetrated by a hacker
-kebobolan: v /intr/ lost Bank kebobolan Rp: 2,000,000,000.- akibat cek palsu The bank lost Rp: 2,000,000,000.- of false check
-membobol: v /tr/ penetrate, make a goal Hanya dalam tempo dua menit setelah tendangan pertaman team Tiger berhasil membobol gawang lawan Only two minutes after the first kick Tiger team successfully penetrated the opponent’s gate and make a goal.
-pembobolan: n penetration, foray, intrusion, invasion
-pembobol: n invader, hacker, a doer of penetration

bobot: n /lu/ 1 weight |how heavy someone or something that can be stated by particular measurement unit such as gram, pound, kilogram, ton, etc| Berapa bobotnya? How is the weight? bobot atom atomic weight  2 heaviness Bobot beban setiap alat pengangkut itu harus dibatasi secara ketat The weight of the carrier load should be strictly limited 3 quality |relative value or level of someone or something such the importance, usefulness, level of social rank, etc| Bobot kepemimpina dia sudah terbukti selama perang The quality of his leadership has been proved during the war
-berbobot1: adj /lu/1 quality Dia seorang seniman berbobot He is a quality artist 2 heavy Kotak ini cukup berbobot untuk diangkat oleh satu orang This box is heavy enough for a person to lift Mereka adalah tim yang berbobot They are a heavy team
-berbobot2: v weigh |to have a particular weight|  Bayi itu berbobot 4,5 kg The baby weighs 4,5 kg
-pembobotan: n 1 grading, weighing,  qualification, measurement, standardization, Pembobotan penampilan ini akan dinyatakan dengan nilai 1 s/d 10 Grading of this performance will be stated with rank between 1 to 10
-membobot: v 1 qualify, value 2 measure the weight (of sth) Bagaimana cara kamu  akan membobot barang-barang itu How are you going to measure the weight of the goods?
-pembobotan2: n 1 qualification 2 quantification

bobrok1: adj /lu/ 1 bad (condition) 2 rotten, dilapidated, degenerated  Semua rumah bobrok akan diruntuhkan All dilapidated houses will be torn down 3 shoddy |done or made cheaply or carelessly| Jembatan itu baru tetapi bobrok The bridge is new but it shoddy 4 ramshackle |badly built and needing to be repaired| rumah pertanian yang bobrok a ramshackle farm house –synhancur, ruining, damaging kebobrokan: n the state of being in bad condition

bocah: n /lu/ little kid, child Dia masih bocah He is still a little kid/child. –syn: anak-anak
-kebocah-bocahan: n childish. –syn: kekanak-kanakan

bocor1: adj /lu/ 1 leaky |having a hole or crack so that liquid or gas can pass through| keran bocor a leaky faucet atap bocor leaky roof

bocor2; membocorkan: v /int/tr/lu/ leak |to let a liquid or gas in or out of a hole or crack|  Minyak itu bocor daro tangki The oil leaked from the tank  Somebody
-membocorkan: v disclose |to let sth go out freely| Seseorang membocorkan rahasia itu Somebody disclosed the secret
-kebocoran1: n 1 leak |the fact that liquid or gas flow into or out of something| Kebocoran pada alas bejana itu membuat lantai basah. The leak on the bottom of the container makes the floor wet  kebocoran pada pipa air a leak in the water pipe 2 disclosure, release  Kebocoran rahasia puncak itu telah membawa sejumlah agen rahasia ke penjara. The disclosure of the top secret brought a number of secret agents to prison
-kebocoran: adj leaking  Atap rumah kami kebocoran Our house’s roof is leaking
-membocori: v to make a leak Gunakan bor membocori lantai tangki itu Use a drill to leak the bottom of the tank

bodo: see baju:

bodoh: adj /lu/ 1 stupid, dull, dumb, silly |showing a lack of good sense or judgment| Dia selalu mengatakan hal-hal bodoh dan membuat pertengkaran He’s always saying stupid things and getting into fights. Saya tidak pernah berpikir sebelumnya bahwa dia begitu bodoh. I never thought before that she is so stupid  2 not smart |showing a lack of intelligence, expertise, skill, etc| Dia sebenarnya bukan orang tertinggal mental. Dia bodoh hanya karena malas belajar Actually he isn’t a backward child. He is not smart only because he doesn’t study hard
-kebodohan: n 1 stupidity, idiocy, folly, lack of intelligence 2 mistake, fault
-kemasa bodohan: n ignorance.
-masa bodoh: adj ignorant
-memperbodoh: v make sb more stupid
-pembodohan: n duping, tricking, fooling

bodong: adj /ld/ 1 protruding (of navel) 2 bulging (stomach)

bodreks: n patent medicine for colds

bof: n /ld/ swollen thyroid glands.

bogem: n fist
-bogem mentah: n blow with fist

bogenvil: variant of bugenfil:

bohong1; berbohong: v /lu/ lie |to tell someone a lie| Saya yakin sekali dia telah bohong pada saya tentang dimana dia malam itu I was pretty sure that she was lying to me about where she’d been that night. Jangan bohong kepada dia Don’t lie to her

bohong2: adj /lu/ false |not true| Itu hanya kabar bohong It was a false news
-kebohongan: n lie, falsehood |something that you say or write that you know is not true| Jangan percaya padanya, itu hanya satu kebohongan. Don’t believe him it’s only a lie
-pembohong: n liar

bohorok: n a seasonally strong wind in East Sumatra

boikot1; memboikot: v /tr/ /lu/ boycott: |to refuse to buy or to use something, or take part in something as a way of protesting| Kami boikot semua produk yang di uji cobakan kepada hewan. We boycott all products tested on animals. 2 ostracize (play­mate, etc.) |to behave in a very unfriendly way toward a state or someone and not allow them/him/her to be part of a group| Kami sepakat memboikot Norman We all agreed not to speak to Norman

boycot2; pemboikotan: n /lu/ 1 boycott, boycotting   |the action of doing a boycott|  Boikot (pemboikotan) sering dipakai untuk tujuan politik Boycott is usually used for political purposes 2 ostracism

boké; bokek: adj 1 /inf/inf/ broke Saya sudah bokek dua hari sebelum hari gajian I’m broke two days before pay day  2 /fr/ destitute |having no money, no place to live, no food etc.: Banjir mengakibatkan ribuan orang tanpa mempunyai apa-apa. The floods left thousands of people destitute.

bokong: n /inf/ buttocks
-membokong: v 1 attack sb or sth from the rear side 2 do sth secretly 3 bring sth on your back 4 read a sentence or a word start from the right end to the left end
-membokongi: v hit sb on his/her buttock

bokor: n /lu/ 1 copper or silver bowl with wide rim. 2 cup, trophy.

boks: n 1 /lu/ box on a newspaper or magazine page 2 baby’s bed 3 booth boks telephone phone booth

bokser: n /lu/ boxer. |the player|

boksit: n /lu/ bauxite.

bola: n /lu/ 1 ball.
-bola bopeng: n golf ball
-bola huruf: n typewriter ball
-bola bumi: n globe, terrestrial globe
-bola kaki/sepak bola: n soccer
-bola ­kasti: n ball game of catch
-bola keranjang: n basketball
-bola lampu: n bulb
-bola mata: n eyeball
-bola ­langit: n fireball, meteorite.
-bola sepok: n bladder
-bola sodok/tusuk: n billiards
-bola tampel: n tennis ball
-bola tangan: n handball
-bola (bulu) tangkis: n badminton
-bola tongkat: n field hockey
-bola turut bunyi: n resonator.

bolak-balik: adv /lu/ 1 to and fro, back and forth. Bis ini pergi bolak-balik ke Semarang This bus goes to and back from  Semarang 2 two ways, round trip Berapa harga karcis bolak-balik Jakarta-Denpasar? How much is the round-trip ticket Jakarta-Denpasar? 3 back to back  Apa perlu saya fotocpy bolak-balik? Should I copy back to back? 4 again and again Dia bolak-balik mengajukan pertanyaan yang sama He ask the same question again and again  5 membolak-balik: turn back and back Dia membolak-balik buku catatannya mencari alamat itu She turn back and back her book note to find the address 6 turn over and over. Sampai jauh malam ia berputar bolak balik di tempat tidur Until late at night he turned over and over in his bed 2 twist, distort Dia pandai membolak balik kata He was clever at twisting words
-bis bolak balik: n shuttle bus
-pesawat bolak-balik: n space shuttle craft

bolang-baling: n /lu/ 1 propeller. 2 weather vane
-berbolang-baling: v be provided with propeller or weathervane.

bolang-baling: n /ld/ fried sweet roll.

boleh: v /lu/ 1 may Boleh saya duduk disini? May I sit here? 2 can Kamu boleh masuk hanya dengan undangan atau dengan perjanjian You can go in only with an invitation or appointment  3 dibolehkan; diperbolehkan: be allowed, be permitted Mereka diperbolehkan membangun toko baru disini They are allowed to build a new store here  4 can be Apa boleh buat! Semua sudah terjadi. What can be done? (What sb can do?) Everything has occurred.  5 possible  Mana boleh seperti itu? How it is possible like that?   6 boleh jadi: probable, probably 6 boleh juga: fair, not bad Saya sudah lihat pertunjukannya, boleh juga I saw his performance. It’s not bad
-kebolehan: n ability  Kebolehannya memimpin sudah tidak diragukan His ability to lead is not a doubt
-membolehkan: v allow, permit
-seboleh-bolehnya: to the extend possible

boling: n /lu/ bowling.
-peboling: bowler

bolong: adj /lu/ 1 leak 2 perforated, pierced  bolong melompong com­pletely empty 2 precisely. Mereka tiba pada tengah hari bolong They arrived precisely at noon
-berbolong: adj pierced, perforated
-membolongi: v put a hole in
-pembolongan: n per­foration

bolos1: adj /lu/  absent |not be present at an occasion or at a place which is actually should be|  Kemarin saya bolos karena demam Yesterday I was absent with cold Bolos Tanpa Ijin (AWOL)
-pembolos: n absentee, truant, deserter
-pembolosan: n absenteeism  Produksi turn karena banyak pembolosan Production decreased from so much ab­senteeism.

bolos2: see bulus:

bolpen; bolpoin: n /lu/ ballpoint pen

bolsak: variant of bulsak:

Bolsyewik: n Bolshevik.

bolu: n /lu/ sponge cake.

bom1: n /lu/ bomb
-bom atom: n atomic bomb
-bom brisan: n high explosive bomb
-bom ­kambang: n sea mine
-bom laut: n depth charge
-bom pembakar: n incendiary bomb
-bom peledak: n explosive bomb
-bom tarik: n land mine
-bom waktu: n time bomb
-bom zat air: n hydro­gen bomb
-membom: v /lu/ bomb  |to attack a place by throwing, planting,  or by dropping a bomb|  Terrosis mengancam akan membom gedung itu The terrorists threatened to bomb the building. 2 /infr/ part |used instead of  kentut which is considered as impolite|
-pembom: n bomber
pemboman: n bombardment

bom2: n /lu/ 1 boom (at a barrier), gate, bar. 2 customs. 3 wagon tongue. 4

bombardemen: n bombardment, bombing.

bombardier: membomardir: v bombard, shell, bomb. Pengacara membombardir dia dengan pertanyaan The lawyer bombarded him with questions.

bombastis: adj bombastic

bombon; bonbon: n /lu/ sugary candy

bon: n /lu/ 1 check, bill. Minta bonnya ya! The bill, please|  2 note of IOU (I Owe You) 3 the total amount in IOU Berapa bon saya? How much I owe you?

bon2: membon: v /lu/1 take and  pay later Boleh saya bon hari ini? Can I buy now and pay later?  2 take prisoner from  custody for questioning as a witness Jaksa membon satu orang tahanan untuk ditanyai sebagai saksi The prosecutor  take a prisoner from custody to question as a witness

bon2: n /tech/ alliance, league.

bonafid: adj /lu/ bona fide, reliable

bonafiditas: n /lu/ reliability, genuineness

bonar: n /ld/Btk/ 1ceasefire 2 truth

bonbon: n /lu/ candy.
-bob-bon karet: n chewing gum.

bonceng: membonceng: v /lu/1 give a ride with a two wheels vehicle Nancy membonceng saya pulang dengan sepeda motornya Nancy gave me a ride home on her motorcycle
memboncengi: v sponge off. |to get money, food etc. from someone without working for it|  Dia telah memboncengi temannya bertahun-tahun He’s been sponging off his friends for years. Dia memboncengi ayahnya He sponges on his father. 3 share in another’s fame, infiltrate |join an activity with a secret purpose| Agen rahasia asing telah memboncengi gerakan reformasi itu The foreign secret agent has infiltrated the reformation movement.
-pembonceng: n sponger, illegal passenger, infiltrator

bondo: n /ld/Jv/ goods, property, capital

bondong: n /ld/ group, crowd, throng
sebondongan orang a throng of people
-berbondong-bondong: adv in large groups. Buruh datang berbondong-bondong ­menuntut kenaikan gaji The workers  came in large groups to appeal a pay raise.

boneka: n /lu/ 1 doll. boneka pajangan mannequin. 2 puppet marionette. 3 figurehead |the government who has no real power because they are controlled by hidden power|  Negeri ini tidak demokratis karena dipimpin oleh pemerintahan boneka.  This country is not democratic because it’s led by a figurehead Negara itu dipimpin oleh pemerintahan boneka bentukan bekas penjajahnya That country is led by puppet government which is established by its former colonizer

bongak: adj /lu/1 proud, arrogant 2 stupid.
-membongak: v boast.

bonggol: n 1 hump 2 outgrowth. 3 knot on tree.
-bonggol ­jagung: n corn cob.

bonggol2: membonggol: v /inf/ strike over and over 2 hit repeat­edly.

bongkah: n /lu/ numeral classifier for lumps, chunks, etc. sebongkah batu a slab of stone sebongkah daging a hunk of meat sebongkah mas a gold nugget. sebongkah uang a wad of money
-membongkah: v dig up or cut into clumps.
-bongkahan: n hunk, chunk, nugget.

bongkak: adj /inf/ 1 proud. 2 insolent 3 arrogant.

bongkar; membongkar: v /lu/ 1 take apart 2 open by force , dig up. Dia membongkar pintu He open the by force 3 break in. 4 demolish, wreck (building). 5 disclose, uncover, expose (plot, secret) Polisi telah membongkar perdagangan gelap itu The police has disclosed that illegal trading.  5 unload, discharge (ship). 6 open up, unpack. 7 dismantle, dis­assemble, take apart (engine).
-bongkar sauh: v weigh an anchor.
-bongkar muat: v load and unload.
-bongkar pasang: v overhaul (machine)
-bongkaran: n unloaded goods. -membongkari: v take apart.
-kebongkaran: v be get broken. Rumah kami kebongkaran tadi malam Our house was get broken last night.
-pembongkar: n sb who breaks open (doors, houses, or unloaded truck, etc.) 2 house burglar 2 demolisher, wrecker. 3 sb who discloses secret or hidden activities
-pembongkaran: n 1 disclosure, expose. 2 de­molition, removal. pembongkaran bangunan clearance of buildings.
-terbongkar: v be disclosed, be bared, be uncovered. Komplo­tan gelap itu sudah terbongkar The secret plot has been uncovered.

bongkar-bangkir: adj /inf/ scattered, spread about.
-membongkar-bangkir: v ­spread, scatter |to throw or drop a lot of things over a wide area|  Dia membongkar-bangkir bukunya di sana sini dilantai He scattered his books across the floor

bongkok: see bungkuk:

bongkol: n /lu/ knob. 2 hump. 3 head (of lettuce) 4 withers
-berbongkol: v ­having a hump
-lembu berbongkol: n cattle characterized by fatty deposits above withers.

bongkrek: n /Jv/ inedible (of misshapen, diseased tubers or fruits)  tempe bongkrek fermented cake made from peanuts after the oil has been pressed out |this foodstuff is often poisonous|

bontot1: n /Jv/ rice wrapped in leaves to eat away from home
-membontot: v bring food on trip.
-bontotan: n /ld/ 1 bundle, sth wrapped (cloth, etc.)  2 food for journey.

bontot2: adj /Jv/ youngest (child).

bonus: n /lu/ bonus

bonyok; bonyor: adj /ld/ 1 flabby |having too much soft loose fat instead of strong muscles| Sejak saya berhenti berenang lengan saya menjadi bonyok Since I’ve stopped swimming my arms have gotten flabby  2 soft, mushy (of fruit) bonyok hancur really beat up, finished. 3 tainted, rank (of meat, fish)

boom /bom/: variant of bom:

booking /buking/: see buking:

boong: /spo/ variant of bohong:

boorwater /borwater/: see borwater:

bop: variant of bob:

bopeng: adj /lu/ 1 pockmarked. 2 full of pot-holes (of roads).
-membopengkan: v cause pockmarks
-kebopengan: n the state of being cov­ered with pockmarks.

bopong; membopong: v /lu/ hold sb up against your chest.
-bopongan: n sling (a piece of clothe to hold a baby against your chest|
-pembopong: n sup­porter.

bor: n /lu/ 1 drill |a tool or machine used for making holes in something hard| bor listrik an electric drill  bor gigi a dentist’s drill
-mengebor: v drill
-pengebor: n driller
-pengeboran: n drilling anjungan pengeboran: drilling platform

borak: n /Isl/ winged steed that carried Muhammad to heaven.

boraks: n borax.

bordil; border: n /lu/ embroidery.
-memborder; memborderkan: v embroider Dia memborderkan tanda silang di ba­junya He embroidered a cross on his shirt. Sutera kuning diborderkan di roknya Her dress was embroi­dered with yellow silk
-borderan: n embroidered object, embroidery.

borgol: n /lu/frm/ handcuffs.
-memborgol: v handcuff
-pemborgolan: n handcuffing

borjuasi: n bourgeoisie.

borjuis: adj bourgeois.

boro-boro: adv /inf/ do not expect even that much, less than it is even unlikely Boro-boro dia datang, menelepopun tidak Don’t even think about his coming, he didn’t even call

borok: n /lu/ 1 boil, ulcer |infected swelling on sb’s skin| 2 mange 3 evil (behaviour, attitude, treatment, intention, heart)
-borokan: adj 1 full of boil, ulcerous 2 mangy 3 evil  Jangan percaya dia, hatinya borokan Don’t believe him, his heart is evil

borong; memborong: v /lu/ 1 contract the en­tire stock |deal with the whole certain work| 2 whole buying |relating to a trading in large quantities, usually at low prices to people or stores that then sell to other people| 3 charter
-borongan: adj contract-based agreement  2 wholesale-buying 3 chartered (transport)
-pemborong: n 1 contractor. pemborong bangunan building contractor 2 wholesale buyer 3 sb who chartered the whole seat of (a bus, flight, boat, etc)

boros: adj /lu/ 1 wasteful, extravagant. Sandro sangat boros tak bisa menyimpan uang Sandro is  very wasteful and could not save any money 2 too lavish.
-memboros: v be wasteful.
-memboroskan: v waste, squander. Belanja seperti itu sangat memboroskan uang Shopping like that really wastes money.
-keborosan: n wastefulness.
-pemboros1: n 1 sb who squander money  2 big spender.
-pemboros2: adj free spending, spendthrift, frugal
-pemborosan: n 1 wasting, squandering. 2 extravagance, lavishness.

boru; br: n /Btk/ daughter |kinship term similar to nee|  Serevina boru ­Sihombing Serevina nee Sihombing (Serevina a daughter from a Sihombing family)

borwater: n boric water

bos1: n /lu/ bunch, bundle. satu bos kayu bakar a bundle of firewood. satu bos rokok a carton containing 10 packs of cigarettes.

bos3: n boss 1 employer |the person who employs you or who is in charge of your work| Bos kami membolehkan kami pulang lebih awal hari ini Our boss let us leave early today 2 superintendent |the person who is the strongest in a relationship, who controls a situation etc.| 2 Kita harus buktikan siapa bos disini We have to prove who’s the boss.

bosan: adj /lu/1 bored. Lama-lama saya bosan juga menunggu dia After a while I was bored waiting for her. 2 tired of  Mereka sudah bosan hidup They’ve get tired with their life. (weary of life)  3 fed up Mereka telah bosan mendengar nasehat itu They’ve getting  fed up with those advice 4 flag Saya tidak akan pernah bosan melakukan itu I’ll never be flagging (tiring) to do it.Kami tidak bosan-bosan berupaya menghibur dia We never be flagged in our efforts to divert her.
-membosankan: adj 1 bored, leaved cold. 2 boring, humdrum, tedious, hackneyed Dia memberikan pidato yang sudah membosankan He delivered a hackneyed speech
-kebosanan: n boredom, tediousness, weariness, doldrums
-pembosan: n who becomes bored easily.

botak: adj /lu/ 1 bald a) |having little or no hair on your head|  b) |not having enough of the substance that normally covers something| ban botak bald tires –syn: gundul
-membotak: v become bald.
-membotaki: v 1 shave off all hair 2 shave sb bald. Kepala kamp menyuruh mereka membotaki tawanan The leader of the camp ordered them to shave the heads of the detained persons bald. 2 strip completely bare. Pe­ngambilan kayu bakar tanpa kendali akan membotaki hutan The taking of fire­wood without control will strip the forest

botani: n /tech/ botany.

botol: n /lu/ l bottle. botol susu baby bottle. botol takaran graduated flask. 2 bottled (in set expressions). teh botol tea in bottles (or cartons).
-berbotol: adj bottled. bir berbotol bottled bir
-berbotol-botol: quant. a bottle after a bottle Dia minum bir berbotol-botol. He has drunk bir a bottle after a bottle
-membotolkan: v package sth in bottle
-pembotolan: n bottling |the process of  putting into bottle|

boyong: v /int/lu/ move Mereka telah boyong ke kota lain They have moved to other city
-memboyong: v /tr/ bring |to move sth from one place to another place| Dia memboyong pulang dagangan yang belum laku He take home unsold merchandise  2 capture, gain |possess and take away sth|  Tim Asian Games kita memboyong enam  medali emas Our Asian Games contingent gained six gold medals
-pemboyongan: n removal, shifting. pemboyongan benda-benda kebudayaan removal or shifting of cultural objects.

BP {Balai Pustaka}: n Public Printing and Publishing House.

BPKB {Buku Pemilik Kendaraan Bermotor}: n certifi­cate of ownership of motor vehicles.

BPS {Biro Pusat Statistik}: n Central Bureau of Statistics.

br-: pref see also entries with ber-. brahmana Brahman. brahmani Brahmin (woman).

brai: n /of/ bell bottom, flared (of trousers).

brandal1: n /lu/ 1 rascal, scoundrel. 2 gangster, bandit. street people
-membrandal: v 1 be a gangster or bandit. 2 commit an act of banditry, commit rascally act.
-kebrandalan: n rascality, villainy, wantonness.
-brandalan: n madcap, hothead. ren­cana berandalan madcap scheme.

brandal2: adj rascally Mereka brandal, kita perlu membimbing mereka They are rascally, we need to guide them

brangus; memberangus: v /lu/ 1 muzzle (of dog) 2 censor, muzzle (of speech, press)  Pemerintah Indonesia tidak ada niat untuk membrangus pers
-pembrangusan: n censorship

brankas: n /lu/ safe, strongbox.

brantam: see hantam:

branwir: variant of blangwer:

bredel: see breidel:

breg: n sound of heavy falling.

breidel; membreidel: v bridle |to put bridle on a horse| 1 curb. 3 muzzle (critics), close down (press), censor (news) Penguasa telah membreidel majalah itu The authority has closed down the magazine
-pembreidelan: n muzzling, closing down, termination

bren: n light machine gun

brendi: n brandy |any of strong alcoholic drink|

bréngsék: adj /lu/inf/ 1 useless, crazy (not sensitive), careless, lousy seorang anak muda brengsek a crazy young man  sopir yg brengsek a careless driver. 2 excl Hell! Brengsek! Semua berantakan Hell! Everything is messed up!
-keberengsekan: n lousiness, craziness, carelessness  kebrengsekan pemerintahan breakdown of  administration ­

bret: n /spo/ sound of a sheet (of sth) snatched away

bretel: n /of/ suspenders |two bands of cloth that go over your shoulders and are attached to your pants to hold them up|

brevet: n /tech/ certification of certain expertise, license, flying certificate

brevir: n breviary.

brewok: n /Jv/lu/  whiskers, sideburns.
-brewokan: adj be­ whiskered, bearded.

BRI {Bank Rakyat Indonesia}: n one of nation-wide bank, owned by government

bridge: n bridge |the card game|

briefing: n /lu/ a short oral discussion, oral summary report
-membriefing: v lead a short oral discussion, give an oral summary report

brigade: n brigade.

brigjen {brigadir jenderal}: n brigadier general

brikdan; brikdans: n /lu/ break dance.

briket: n briquet.

bril: n /ld/ eyeglasses.

brilian: adj /lu/ brilliant, highly intelligent.

brisik: see risik:

Britania Raya: n Great Britain.

brokat: n brocade.

bromfits: see brompit

bromocorah: n /ld/ 1 seasonal criminal 2 temporarily criminal 3 amateur criminal|

brompit: n /lu/ 1 moped |a vehicle like a bicycle with a small engine|

brondong: n /lu/ 1 fusillade.
-membrondong: v ­1 fire a volley of bullets. Sekelompok pemberontak memberondong pos polisi pagi tadi A group of rebels fired a volley to the police post this morning  2 shell, bombard. Mereka memberondong dia per­tanyaan-pertanyaan They bombarded her with questions.
-berondongan: n barrage, volley of gunfire, spray of bullets.
-jagung brondong: n popcorn.
-pembrondongan: n bombardment.

bronchitis: n bronchitis.

bros1: n /lu/ brooch.

bros2: adj /ld/ crisp, brittle, breakable

brosur: n /lu/ brochure.
-membrosurkan: v put or print on bro­chures.

bruder: n /lu/ religious brother, friar.
-bruderan: n 1 friary, abbey. 2 place (esp. school) operated by religious brothers.

brur: n /inf/ brother, a reference and address term, esp. in Catholic circles.

brutal: adj /lu/ 1 very violent, brutal. tindakan brutal brutal action 2 impudent, insolent.
-brutalisme: n brutalism
-kebrutalan: n bru­tality.

bruto: adj /lu/ gross |total amount before any tax or costs have been taken away| berat bruto gross weight  pendapatan bruto ­gross income. –syn: kotor -ant: net

bu!: see ibu:

buah: n /lu/ 1 fruit. |the part of a plant, tree, or bush that contains seeds and is often eaten as food|  Pepaya dan pisang adalah buah yang lazim di temui disini Papaya and bananas are common fruit here| Buah apa yang paling kamu sukai? What kind of fruit do you like most?  2 result |the good results that you have from something you have worked hard at| Senang melihat Barry menikmati buah kerja kerasnya It’s nice to see Barry enjoying the result of all his hard work.
anak buah: n subordinate |someone who has a lower position or less authority than someone else| Dia mengabaikan saran dari anak buahnya He ignored the suggestions from his subordinates.
-berbuah; berbuahkan: v yield, bear, give fruit
-buah bibir: n issue of gossip
-buah-buahan: n fruit of all kinds
-buah betis: n calf of leg
-buah baju: n button
-buah catur: n chess pieces
-buah dacing: n weights
-buah dada: n breast, bosom.
-buah dam: n checker (game)
-buah geli/buah; ginjal/pinggang: n kidneys
-buah hati/buah jantung: n sweetheart
-buah kan­dungan: n fetus.
-buah kalam/pena: n essay, writing
-buah karya: n literary work
-buah keringat: n good result of our effort
-buah lengan: n biceps
-buah pantat: n cheek (of buttocks
-buah pelajaran: n subject of study
-buah pikiran: n opinion
-buah pelir/zakar: n testicles
-buah sulung: n first fruit (of a plant)
-buah tangan: n souvenir
-buah terlarang: n sex organ
-membuahi: v impregnate, fertilize Sperma membuahi ovum pada saat senggama Sperm fertilizes the ovum at the moment of sexual union.
-pembuahan: n conception, fertilization.

buai1: membuai: v /lu/ lull 1 |to make someone feel calm or sleepy| Menyanyi dengan lembut, dia membuai anak itu tidur Singing softly, she lulled the baby to sleep. 2 |to make someone feel so safe and confident that you can easily deceive him/her| Dia membuai saya sampai percaya bahwa bisnis itu menguntungkan She lulled me into believing that the business will be fruitful
-buaian: n the effect of lulling
-terbuai: v /pass.v./ be lulled Gadis itu terbuai oleh rayuan pacarnya The girl was lulled by her boyfriend

bual: n /lu/1 bubble |if liquid substance come out from the bottom to the surface and produce bubble|  bual dari mata air the bubble of the spring water  2 boast, big talk, nonsense. Apa yang dikatakan dia hanya bual belaka What he said was only nonsense   Saya benci mendengar bual orang itu I am sick to hear that man’s big talk.
-berbual; berbual-bual: v bubble over
-membual: v 1 bubble up 2 boast, brag, talk big
-pembual: n loudmouth, braggart, boaster

buana: n /ltr/ earth, universe.

buang: membuang: v /lu/ 1 throw (away). buang angin break wind, fart  Dia membuang bola keluar lapangan He kick the ball out of the field 2 discard membuang pakaian bekas discarding old clothes 3 exile Pemerintah colonial membuang Sukarno ke tempat terasing The colonial government exiled Sukarno to a remote place 4 waste (time, energy, money). Jangan buang waktu kamu dengan melakukan itu Don’t waste your time by doing it
buang air besar/ buang hajat: v defecate
-buang air kecil: v urinate
-buang ancak: v make an offering (of food) to spirits
-buangan: n waste, residue, dreg, leavings  -syn: tersisa-sisakan
-buang bini: v divorce wife
buang dadu: v play dice
-buang diri/nyawa:
v commit suicide
-buang hamil: v abort pregnancy
-buang ingus: v blow sb’s nose
-buang jangkar: v cast anchor
-buang lambai: v wave.
-buang langkah: v 1flee, escape. 2 execute a step back in fencing, martial arts, etc.
-buang lelah/letih/penat: v take a break, rest
-buang mata/pandang: v throw a glance, look around.
-buang malu: v pretend not to be ashamed
-buang muka: v1 avert sb’s eyes. 2 dislike sb or sth
-buang mulut: v speak insincerely
-buang nafas: v exhale
-buang nama: v disgrace sb’s name
-buang peluru/tembakan: v put a shot.
-buang pukulan: v parry a blow
-buang sauh: v cast the anchor.
-buang sial: v break unlucky streak |usually by undergoing a ceremony, hair cutting, throw sth valuable thing into the ocean, etc|
-buang sikap: v get rid of a bad attitude – behave better
-buang tangan: v move hand to deliver blow (in martial arts, etc.)
-buang tenaga: v waste of energy
-buang tempo/waktu: v waste of time
-buang uang: v waste of money
-buang undi(an): v play at dice get
-pembuangan: n 1 the process of throwing, exiling, expelling, exile, banishment, elimination, removal. 2 the place where we put the waste, residue, dreg, etc. before the next necessary treatment
-terbuang; terbuang-buang: v /pass.v./ be neglected, be expelled, be wasted.

buas: adj /lu/ 1 wild (of animals, natural phenomena) 2 cruel-hearted, ruthless.
-membuas: v be cruel.
-membuaskan: v make wild, excite.

buat; membuat: v /lu/ 1 do, make. Dia selalu membuat masalah He always makes trouble 2 for. Buat apa itu kamu gunakan? What do you use it for? Buat saya itu tidak jadi masalah For me, it is not a problem. buat sementara ini for the time being. 3 in order  Dia telah pergi buat belajar She has gone in order to study.
berbuat: v do, act. Kami tidak berbuat apa-apa We didn’t do anything Jangan berbuat salah Don’t do anything wrong  3 cause. Jangan lakukan ssu yang bisa buat dia marah Don’t do something that can cause him angry
-buatan: adj 1 artificial Matanya adalah buatan His eyes are artificial 2 |to introduce the way to make sth| Ini perabotan buatan tangan This is a hand-made furniture perkawinan buatan artificial insemination
-dibuat-dibuat: v /pass.v/ be feigned, be pretended Itu keramahan yang dibuat-buat That is a pretended hospitality
-dibuat (di): v /pass.v./ Produk ini dibuat di Indonesia This product is made in Indonesia
-membuat-buat: v feign, pretend   Mereka membuat-buat seolah-olah mereka mabuk They feigned as they were drunk
-memperbuat; berbuat: v to do (sth) Kalau kita membuat sedikit kesalahan,  bisa berakibat buruk If we do just a small mistake, it can be fatal
-perbuatan: n 1 action, Tidak ada perbuatan jahat yang bebas dari hukuman There is no evil action will be free from punishment 2 good deed Perbuatan baik yang kamu lakukan akan selalu saya ingat I’ll always remember the good deed you did  3 act Perbuatan Apostel Act of the Apostle 4 performance, conduct, behaviour, deed
-pembuat: n maker, doer, producer Jangan menjadi pembuat kerusuhan Don’t be a chaos maker
-pembuatan: n production, manufacture, making
-terbuat (dari): v /pass.v/ be made (of)  Bahannya terbuat dari serat tanaman. The material was made of plant fibre.

buaya: n /lu/ 1 crocodile, alligator. 2 villain, 2 thief, scoundrel. 3 woman chaser
-membuaya: v 1 creep on the belly 2 chase woman
-membuayai: v 1 cheat, deceive 2 scare, bully.
-buaya pasar: n pickpocket.
-buaya tangsi: n bullying soldier’s son
-buaya uang: n loan shark, pawn broker

bubar1: v /intr/lu/ 1 disperse, scatter. Orang banyak itu bubar setelah polisi datang The crowd dispersed after the coming of the police 2 membubarkan: dismissed |to send someone away or allow him/her to go| Guru membubarkan kelas The teacher dismissed the class 3 break up Polisi membubarkan arak-arakan itu The police broke up the rally  3 /intr/ dis­solve |to end a marriage, business arrangement, collaboration, etc| Perkawinana saya tidak akan bubar hanya karena salah paham ini My marriage will not going to dissolve just because of this misunderstanding 4 /Mil/ dismissed Sersan itu memerintahkan kopralnya untuk membubarkan barisan The sergeant commanded his corporal to dismiss the line  5 liquidate. |to close a business or company and sell its goods in order to pay a debt| Perusahaan itu bubar akibat krisis ekonomi yang lalu The company liquidated due to the last economic crisis 6 end Until the game ended the score still at 2 – 3 Sampai permainan bubar skor tetap 2 – 3
membubarkan: v /tr/ disperse, scatter 
-pembubaran: n 1 dispersal, breaking up, liquidation, dissolution, disbandment  closing up pembubaran tentara suka­rela the disbandment of the volunteer army. 2 disso­lution

bubu: n /lu/ a plaited rattan fish trap.
-membubu: v make money for sb’s living by catching fish with such a trap.

bubuk1: n /lu/ powder (grounded material)
-bubuk beras: n rice powder
-bubuk besi: n iron dust
-bubuk kayu: n sawdust
-bubuk kopi: n coffee powder
-bubuk roti: n breadcrumbs
-bubuk sabun: n soap powder
bubuk tulang: n bone meal.

bubuk2: adj /lu/ pulverized. kopi bubuk pulverized coffee. merica bubuk ground pepper susu bubuk powdered milk
-membubuk: v 1 to turn into dust. 2 grind, pul­verize.
-pembubukan: n pulverization.

bubuk3: n /ld/ insect, wood borer.

bubul1: n /ld/ 1 sore on palm or sole 2 corns on hooves of animals.
-bubulan: adj suffer from such sores.

bubul2: membubul: v /ld/ repair, fix (net, etc.).

bubul3: membubul: v /ld/ soar, rise skyward (of fire, swarm of insects)
-membubulkan: v raise upward. Akhirnya dia membubulkan rasa keberatannya di dalam rapat Finally he raised her complain on the meeting

bubun-bubun: n /ld/ fontanel.

bubung: n /lu/ 1 top, ridge. 2 ridgepole.
-membubung: v 1 rise, go upward, soar, skyrocket  Pesawat terbang itu membubung ke angkasa The plane rose to the sky 2  increase fast, incline fast Indeks saham gabungan membubung tinggi The mixed share index rose highly. 3  soar, skyrocket Akhir-akhir ini karirnya membubung (meroket) His career has skyrocketed lately
-bubungan: n /lu/ 1 ridge (of house). 2 ridge­pole. 3 cam.

bubur: n /lu/ porridge, gruel, mush. Nasi sdh jadi bubur The rice has turned into porridge |a proverb to say that sth has happened we can’t turn it back to the initial state| bubur  kacang ijo porridge of mung beans. bubur kayu wood pulp. bubur ketan porridge of glutinous rice. bubur merah ceremonial rice por­ridge with palm sugar. bubur sumsum porridge of rice powder.
-membubur: n 1 make porridge. 2 become mush

bubut1; membubut: v /tr/lu/ 1 lathe Mesin ini dapat membubut permukaan baja dengan halus This machine can lathe a very smooth surface of metal 2 operate a lathe Dia sedang membubut ulir itu He is lathing the thread
-mesin bubut: n lathe 2  1 pull up, pluck (grass, hair, etc.). 2 extract (a tooth).
-membubuti: v /tr/ i pluck hair, fur, etc. from sth membubuti bulu ayam to pluck a chicken feather

bubut2: n /ld/ brace |something used or worn in order to support or to tie something|

bubut3: n /ld/ bird |any birds, belongs to the family of Centropus bengalensis|

Buda: variant of Budha:

budak: n /lu/1 servant, slave. budak belian bondslave. budak gem­bala herdsman, shepherd. 2 /ltr/ youngster 2 kids
-membudak: v become a slave.
-memperbudak: v treat sb as a slave. Majikan itu memperbudak karyawan The employer treated the workers as slaves.
-perbudakan: n slavery, bondage, servitude.

budaya: n /lu/ 1 culture |the art, beliefs, behavior, ideas etc. of a particular society or group of people|  Budaya Bali itu sangat unik The culture of Balinese is very unique 2 attitude, behaviour, practice Budaya seperti ini tidak diterima masyarakan disini The attitude like this is not acceptable in this community
-berbudaya: adj civilized 1 |well organized and developed socially|  Kepedulian terhadap orang cacad sangat utama dalam masyarakat berbudaya Care for the disabled is essential in a civilized society 2 |behaving in a polite and sensible way|  Itu bukan cara berbudaya kalau bicara dengan seorang wanita tua That’s not the civilized way to talk to an old lady
-kebudayaan: n culture, civilization
-membudaya: adj socialized, familiarized, internalized, en­trenched  “Assalam’mualaikum!” telah membudaya disini sebagai kata menyapa. “Assalam’mualaikum!” has been internalized here as a greeting words
-membudayakan: n socialize, familiarize, internalize Kita perlu membudayakan kebiasaan tidak merokok di tempat umum We need to internalize the habit of not smoking in a public place Apa menurut kamu korupsi telah membudaya dikalangan birokrat ini? Do you think that corruption has been socialized in this bureaucracy?
-pembudayaan: n socialization,  practice,  familiarization, internalization,

budayawan: n culturist |observer or writer about culture-related activities such as art, drama, social behaviour, etc|

budayawi: adj culturist |pertaining to the consistency in the practice of cultural values that he/she believe in|

bude: n /Jv/ aunt |older sister of our mother|

budek: n /Jv/ 1 deaf. 2 anonymous. surat budeg anonymous letter.

Budha: n Buddha.

Budhis: n Buddhist |the follower of Buddha|

Budhisme: n Buddhism.

budi: n /lu/1 moral |the ability to make a reasonable and sensible judgement about what is wrong and what is good based on existing social value| 2 behaviour, attitude 4 intelligence 5 character, manner
-akal budi: n intelligence
-berbudi; budiman: adj moral Saya kira dia seorang yang berbudi/budiman I think she is a moral person
-berbudi bahasa: adj polite (speaker)
-berbudi luhur: adj noble
-berbudi tinggi: adj highly intelligent
-budi pekerti: n sense of moral
-budi baik: n generosity, good manner

budidaya; pembudidayaan: n cultivation.
-membudidayakan: v cultivate

budiman: n wise, prudent, sensible, honourable  pendengar yang budiman honourable audience

bugar: see segar: sehat:

bugenfil: n flowering ornamental shrub |bou­gainvillaea|

bugil: adj /lu/ naked
-membugilkan: v undress
-kebugilan: n nakedness.

bui1: n jail, prison
-membuikan: v jail, lock up.
-pembuian: n jailing, incar­ceration.

bui2: n buoy.

buih: n /lu/ foam, froth. buih sabun soapsuds.
-berbuih-buih; membuih: v foam up.  Air sumur itu berbuih-buih The water of the well foams up.

bujang; bujangan: adj /lu/ 1 single, unmarried 2 bachelor 3 male servant.
-membujang: v 1 be single. Dia hidup membujang He leads a bachelor’s life 2 work as a servant. Dia membujang di keluarga ini He works as a servant for this family

bujangga: n /ld/ 1 sage, scholar, learned or wise person 2 poet, man of letters.
-kebujanggaan: n literature, poet dunia kebujanggaan literature world.

bujuk1; bujukan: n /lu/ coaxing, cajolery,  persuasion, enticement bujuk rayu gentle persua­sion,
-membujuk: v persuade  2 coax  3 cajole 4 entice
-membujuki: v repeatedly persuade, coax, cajole, entice
-pembujuk: n ­1 flatterer. 2 cajoler 3 coaxer, enticer

bujuk2: n /ld/ fish |any kind of fish belongs to family of Ohiocephalus

bujur: n /lu/ 1 length |the longest side of a rectangle-shaped space Bujur tanah itu 100 meter dan lebarnya 60 meter The length of the field is 100 meters and the width is 60 meters  2 longitude: |a position on the Earth measured in degrees east or west of an imaginary line from the top to the bottom of the Globe| Posisi kami berada di 150 busur Timur  dan 300 lintang Utara Our position is 150 East longitude and 300 North latitude
-bujur sangkar:
adj square |having four equal sides and four right angles|
-bujur telur: adj oval
-bujur panjang: adj rectangle
-dibujurkan: v be died (from) Dia dibujurkan oleh serangan jantung He died from heart
membujur: v /lu/ stretched out lengthwise
-membujurkan: v /lu/ lay sth in the direction or position of the longest side toward sth Mereka membujurkan mayat itu kearah Utara They laid the body of the death person lengthwise toward the North

buka1: terbuka: adj /lu/ open  Biarkan pintu itu terbuka Let the door open. Apa toko itu sekarang buka? Is the store now open?

buka2: membuka: v 1 open Apa saya perlu membuka jendela itu? Shall I open the window?  2 break  Ini sudah pukul 6:00 sore Mari kita buka puasa It’s 6:00 p.m. let’s break the past  3 build Kementerian Pekerjaan Umum akan membuka jalan baru ke danau itu The Ministry of Public Works is going to build a new road to the lake 4 talk Dia tidak buka mulut kepada polisi siapa memasok narkoba itu kepada mereka He didn’t talk to the police who supplied them the drug  5 run (a business) Ayahnya membuka kedai kopi untuk mencari nafkah His father runs a coffee shop to make money  6 expose Dia membuka pahanya untuk menarik gairah seks pria. She expose her thighs to attract man sexual desire 7 clear Perusahaan berencana membuka lahan ini untuk perkebunan teh The company plan to clear this land for a tea plantation 8 take off Buka sepatu kamu sebelum memasuki tempat suci ini Take off your shoes before entering this holy place 9 release Buka dulu mur baut itu sebelum mengangkat tutupnya Release the nut of the bolt before taking out the cup  10 unwrap Siapa yang membuka bungkusan ini? Who unwrapped  this package? 11 disclose Polisi masih belum bisa membuka konspirasi dibelakang pembunuhan itu The police still can’t disclose the conspiracy behind the murder  11 unfurl (sails) Sekarang waktunya untuk membuka layar This is the time to unfurl the sails  12 unfasten (rope, safety pin) Jangan membuka sabuk pengamannya sebelum pesawat berhenti dengan sempurna Please don’t unfasten your seat belt before the craft completely stop 13 unfold (a pocket knife) Jangan buka pisaunya, itu bisa melukai kamu Don’t unfold the knife, it may hurt you!
kata pembuka: n forewords
-keterbukaan: n 1 openness Saya berharap keterbukaan hatimu menerima maaf saya I expect the openness of your heart to accept my apology 2 transparency  Keterbukaan dalam pertanggungjawaban keuangan adalah satu keharusan Transparency of the financial account is a must
makanan pembuka: n appetizer
-pembuka: n 1 opener, initiator, developer
-pembukaan: n introduction, opening
-terbuka: adj 1 opened  Pintunya terbuka silahkan masuk! The door is open, please come in! 2 available Bea siswa terbuka untuk mahasiswa pasca sarjana The scholarship is available for graduate student

bukan: adv /lu/ 1 not Dia bukan pacar saya She is not my girlfriend   2 it isn’t Bukan itu maksud saya It isn’t what I mean! Ini bukan main-main, saya sungguh-sungguh! This isn’t a joking, I mean it! 3 isn’t it?, aren’t you?, do you?, right?, etc. – often contracted (‘bukan’ ® ‘kan’)  Ini mobil kamu, kan? This is your car, isn’t it? Kamu senang pada dia bukan/kan? You like her, do you?  Kita mau pergi ke pasar, kan? We were going to the market, right?
bukan main: so, very  Itu bukan main jauhnya dari sini! It’s very far from here Bukan main cantiknya gadis itu The girl is so beautiful!
bukankah: isn’t, aren’t  Bukankah pria bertopi putih itu paman kamu? Isn’t the man with the hat your uncle? Bukankah kamu yang pergi keluar bersama dia? Weren’t you who went out with her?
-(yang) bukan-bukan: nonsense Jangan pernah bicara yang bukan-bukan pada saya Don’t ever tell me a nonsense.
bukannya; bukankah: 1 isn’t (sb/sth) that Bukannya dia yang mengatakan itu pada kamu? Isn’t he that told you that? 2 don’t/doesn’t (sb/sth) that Bukankah kamu yang mengatakan itu kepada saya? Didn’t you who tell it to me?

buket: n /lu/frm/ bouquet.

buking; membuking: v /lu/ 1 book 2 reserve  Kamar hotel ini se­mua sudah dibuking All of this hotel’s rooms have been reserved
-pembukingan: n reservation
-terbuking: v been booked.

bukit: n /lu/ hill
-berbukit: adj hilly, moun­tainous.
-bukit pasir: n dune |small hill made of sand|
-membukit: v form a hill, heap, pile up. Buah kela­pa itu  membukit The coconuts piled up 2 resemble a hill
-perbukitan: n hilly area

bukti: n /lu/ proof, evidence, fact
-bukti diri: n ID card
-bukti garansi: n warranty, guarantee
-bukti penerimaan:
n receipt

-bukti pelang­garan (tilang): n traffic ticket.
-bukti saksi: n testimony. -(dapat) dibuktikan: adj provable
-membuktikan: v prove, demonstrate, es­tablish, show
-pembuktian: n 1 authen­tication 2 proving.
-terbukti: adj has been proven.

buku1: n /lu/ book
-buku alamat: n directory/address book
-buku acara: n program, agenda
-buku agenda: n date book, diary
-buku bacaan: n reading book
-buku bajakan: n pirated book
-buku catatan: n notebook
-buku cerita: n novel book
-buku harian: n diary
-buku kas: n ledger
-buku petunjuk: n directory
-buku penuntun: n manual
-buku pintar: n reference book
-buku saku: n pocket book
-buku tamu: n guest register
-buku tulis: n writing book
v note (into a book)
-pembukuan: n bookkeeping
-perbukuan: n book matters.

buku2: n /lu/ 1 knuckle, joint. 2 knot 3 |word used to quantify grain, pellet, lump (of salt, sand, etc.). dua buku garam two lumps of salt. sebuku tanah a  lump of soil sebuku sabun a bar of soap
-berbuku: adj jointed, have joints.
-buku jari: n knuckle.
-buku kaki: n ankle.
-buku leher: n vertebra
-membuku: v 1 form knots or joints. 2 be pent up (of emotions)
-perbukuan: n /anat/  joint. perbukuan kaki joint of foot. 2 foundation, cornerstone.

bulai: n /lu/ 1 albino. 2  white-skin person, Caucasian.

bulak: n /ld/ lonely place in a road. Di bulak itu sering terjadi perampokan In that lonely area there are lots of robbery –syn: /lu/ jalan lengang

bulak-balik: variant of bolak-balik:

bulan: n /lu/ 1 month |one of the 12 periods of time that a year is divided into| Bulan Mei mendatang saya akan pergi ke Jepang In the coming May, I’m going to Japan. 2 |any period of time equal to about four weeks| Saya akan bepergian selama dua bulan I’ll be away for two months. Kami akan kembali satu bulan dari sekarang We’ll be back a month from today 2 moon |the round object that can be seen shining in the sky at night| Bulan itu sedang sembunyi di balik awan. The moon is hiding behind the cloud
-berbulan-bulan: n several months.
-bulanan: adv monthly majalah bulanan a monthly jour­nal
-bulan bintang: n crescent moon and star – the symbol of Islam
-bulan kabisat: n February in which consists only 28 days
-bulan madu: n honeymoon.
-bulan muda: n the beginning of each moon, associated with pay day
-bulan puasa: n fasting month, the 9th month of Muslim year
-bulan purnama: n full moon
-bulan sabit: n crescent (moon)
-bulan tua: n the end of a month, associated with when people are waiting for pay day
-datang bulan: v menstruate
-membulan: v 1 become like a moon. Wajahnya kelihatan membulan ­Her face look like a moon  2 on the moon Apollo itu sudah membulan The Apollo has been on the moon.

bulat: adj /lu/ 1 circle Permukaan danau itu benar-benar bulat The surface of the lake is really circle  2 round, spherical Apa bentuk bintang-bintang itu bulat? Is the shape of the stars round? angka bulat non-fractional number 2 complete, final, definite tekad bulat definite intention rencana bulat definite plan 3 unanimous. Keputusan diambil dengan suara bulat The decision was made unanimously pendapat bulat unanimous opin­ion
-bulat bola: adj globular
-bulat bujur: adj elliptical
-bulat buluh: adj cylindrical.
-bulat cekung: adj concave.
-bulat cem­bung: adj convex.
-bulat gepeng: adj round and flat.
-bulat hati: adj resolute
-bulat panjang/torak:
adj cylindrical, oblong.
-bulat ­pipih: adj round and flat (as a coin).
-bulat telor: adj oval­
-kebulatan: n 1 |the state of being united, complete, overall| kebulatan tekad determination 2 roundness
-membulatkan: v /lu/ 1 round off |to change an exact figure to the nearest whole number –e.g  79,96 ® 80| 2 unite Mari kita bulatkan upaya kita untuk masa depan yang lebih baik Let’s unite our effort to a better future 3 concentrate Saya harus membulatkan ingatan saya untuk menemukan kembali namanya I have to concentrate my memory to recall her name
-membulat: v become round 4 come to agreement Mari kita membulatkan kesepakatan dalam hal ini Let’s come to an agreement on this matter

buldog: n /lu/ bulldog.

buldoser; buldozer: n /lu/ bulldozer

bule; bulek: variant of bulai:

buletin: n bulletin.

bulgur: n /lu/ grain product made of the nutritious portions of wheat

bulian: n /lu/ iron wood tree

buli-buli: n /lu/ gourd |the hard shell of a large fruit that is used as a container|

bulu: n /lu/ 1 body hair |the things like thin threads that grow on a person’s or animal’s skin| Kakinya ditumbuhi bulu yang lebat His leg are covered with heavy hair 2 fur |the thick soft hair that covers the bodies of some animals such as dogs, cats, sheep, etc.| Wol adalah bahan yang terbuat dari bulu domba Wool is material which is made of sheep’s fur 3 feather |one of the light soft things that cover a bird’s body|
-berbulu: v /lu/ wear fur, covered with fur  Harimau berbulu domba Tiger that wear sheep’s fur |A very popular saying to describe sb who covered his/her evil with excellent manner and attitude|
-bulu kuduk: n hair on nape Bulu kuduk (roma) saya berdiri waktu itu My hair on my nape erected at that time (I was so scared)
-bulu mata: n eyelash |the hair at the edge of eyelid| –syn: alis
-bulu roma: n the fine body hair
-bulu tangkis: n badminton
-membului: v remove the feathers or fur

buluh: n /lu/ bamboo. buluh perindu mythical bamboo |used to make flutes that produce melodies irresistible to women|  bagai buluh perindu very melodious (voice)
-pembuluh: n /anat./ 1 artery |one of the tubes that carries blood from your heart to the rest of your body|  2 pembuluh balik: vein  |tubes through which blood flows to your heart from other parts of your body| 3 pembuluh darah: blood vessel  ­

bulutangkis: n badminton.

bumbu: n /lu/ cooking spices, flavor.
-membumbui: v 1 flavor |to give something a particular taste or smell| Bumbui sop itu dengan sedikit jus lemon Flavor the soup with adding a little lemon juice 2 spice up |to add interest or excitement to something| Perlu beberapa lelucon membumbui pidato saya It’s needed a few jokes to spice up my speech 3 season |to add salt, sugar, vinegar, etc. to food in order to make it has better or different taste|
-bumbu-bumbuan: n different kinds of spice

bumbun1: adj /ld/ thick |growing very close together with not much space in between| Ada satu pohon berdaun sangat bumbun di pekarangan belakang The is a tree with very thick leaves in the back yard –syn: /lu/ rindang, lebat, rimbun.

bumbun2: n /lu/ 1 heap, pile.  2 shelter for hunter
-membunbun: v heap. pile
-sebumbun: n a heap, a pile

bumerang: n /lu/ boomerang.

bumi: n /lu/ 1 earth |the world that we live in, especially considered as a planet| bagai bumi dan langit like the earth compare to the sky |a popular saying to say that two things or persons are totally opposite or different|  2 country  Lakukan ssu untuk bumi tercinta ini Do something for this beloved country 3 land Peliharalah bumi tempat kamu berpijak Preserve the land where you belong to (where do you stand/stay)
-membumi: v return to earth |popular statement to describe a direct-to-the-point argument or explanation|
-membumi hanguskan: v completely destroy –syn: meluluh-lantakkan
-pembumi hangusan: n total destruction
-mengebumikan: v bury (corpse) –syn: memakamkan:

bumiawi: adj /lu/ earthly, terrestrial. benda bumiawi terrestrial object.

bumiputera: n /lu/ native people/citizen
-kebumiputraan: n aboriginality (of sb), indigenousness (of sb)

BUMN {Badan Usaha Milik Negara}: n state-owned corporation.

buncis: n /lu/ string bean

buncis merah: n /lu/ kidney bean.

buncit1: adj /lu/ 1 distended, bloated, puffed up. 2 preg­nant.
-membuncitkan: v distend, expand, puff out (ab­domen) .

buncit2: adj /lu/ 1 the least in grade   nomer buncit: the lowest grade 2 the last in a queue or in a line up

bunda: n /lu/ mother |respectful term of reference and address| Bunda Kudus Holy Mother (Mother Mary)

bundar1: adj /lu/ round, circular, spherical. Meja itu bundar ­The table is round. bundar gemuk plump bundar telur oval.
-membundar: v /intr/ 1 be rounded. 2 formed to be a circle.
-membundarkan: v /tr/ make sth round.
-bundaran: n 1 circle. 2 traffic circle. budaran semanggi highway cloverleaf. 3 hoop, disk, etc.
-pembundaran: n rounding, labialization, lip-rounding. pembundaran pinggir rounding of an edge.
Note: Words  bulat and bundar in many cases used interchangeably just like ‘round’ and ‘circle’ However bulat is more associated with the round shape like a ball, and bundar is more associated with the a circle shape like a coin. see: bulat.

bundar2: n /ld/ clothes brush.-syn: gundar

bundle1: n /lu/ 1 bundle, sheaf, wad. 2 collection. ­bundel puisi poetry collection. 3 bound volume of jour­nal.
-membundel(kan): v 1 bundle sth,  put in bundles, file. 2 bind (papers, journal issues). 3 collect, assemble, gather (poetry, etc.)
-bundelan: n bundle.
-pembundelan: n the process of placing of items in bundles.

bundel2: n /lu/ knot.
-membundel: v /intr/ become knotted (of string, thread, etc.).
-membundeli: v /tr/  tie knot on sth
-bundelan: n knot
-bunder: variant of bundar:

bung1: n /lu/ 1 fellow, buddy. Ada apa bung! What’s up, fellow! 2 brother (affectionate title for some popular leaders). Bung Hatta Brother Hatta.

bung2: n /spo/ sound of a drumbeat.

bung3: see rebung:

bunga: n /lu/ 1 flower |the colored part of a plant or tree that produces the seeds or fruit| serangkai bunga a bunch of flowers 2 |a plant that is grown for the beauty of a place| halaman yang penuh dengan bunga a yard full of flowers 3 motive |a shape, subject, color, or pattern that is regularly repeated and developed in a space like book, clothes, floor, wall, etc.| Bunga baju kamu sangat menarik The motif of your dress is very attractive 4 interest |money that you get from a bank when you keep your money there| Berapa tingkat bunga uang bulan ini?  What is the interest rate for this months? 5 nation’s future generation Kamu adalah bunga bangsa You are the  future generation whom the nation depends on 6 belle |the most attractive/beautiful girl or woman in a given place| Dia adalah bunga desa She is the belle of the village 7 tread bunga ban tire tread
-berbunga: v 1 blossom, flower 2 yield |to produce something| Kerja kerasnya berbunga dan sekarang dia di promosikan His hard works yielded and now he has been promoted
-berbunga-bunga: adj very excited |show an expression that she/he is very happy, interested, or hopeful because something good has happened or will happen| Dia berbunga-bunga ketika ayahnya berjanji membelikan dia sebuah mobil She is very excited when her father promised her to buy a new car
bunga angin: gentle breeze -bunga matahari: n sunflower
-bunga api: n 1 fireworks  2 spark
-bunga bangkai: n rafflesia |any of various parasitic leafless plant, a tropical Asia plant having very large, often malodorous flowers, genius name, Rafflesia,  given after Sir Stamford Raffles (1781 – 1826)|
-bunga-berbunga: adv compound interest (money)
-bunga-bungaan1: n artificial flower
-bunga-bungaan2: n many kinds of flower
-bunga kol: n cauliflower
-bunga sakura: n 1 cherry blossom 2 tree with pink blossom 3 heroine |female hero|
bunga tanah: humus |organic substance on the outer layer of the soil| -bunga rampai: n 1 bouquet, bunch of various kind of flowers 2 anthology
-membungai: v 1 decorate with flower 2 borrow money with certain interest 3 embellish, enhance
-membungakan: v lend at interest
-pembunga: n money lender
-pembungaan: n flowering, blossoming, budding
-perbungaan: n matter related to flower

bungalo: n /lu/ lodge, country retreat place.

bungkam: adj /lu/frm/ 1 quiet, silent. 2 speechless, struck dumb bungkam seribu bahasa completely quiet, totally silent. 3 not go off, not explode (of firecracker, etc.).
-kebungkaman: n silence, blackout, stillness
-membungkam1: v /intr/ remain silent.
-membungkam2: v /tr/ gag, apply, stifle, blackout on a news, muzzle.

bungkem: variant of bungkam:

bungkuk1; membungkuk: v /intr/lu/  bend down |to move a part of your body so that it is no longer straight or so that you are no longer standing upright| Dia (mem) bungkuk kebawah mengikat tali sepatunya He bent down/over to tie his shoelace 2 bow Biasa disini membungkuk untuk menyapa orang lebih tua It’s common here to bow to greet your elder

bungkuk2: adj /lu/ bending Apa kamu kenal wanita tua yang bungkuk disana? Do you know the bending old women over there?
-pembungkukan: n bending, stooping, bowing. Dia buat tulang punggungnya terkilir akibat pembungkukan tiba-tiba He sprain his back bone from sudden bending

bungkus1: bungkusan: n /lu/ parcel, pack, package sebungkus rokok a pack of cigarettes Apa bungkusan ini milik kamu? Does this package belong to you?

bungkus2: membungkus: v /tr/lu/  pack,  wrap, cover Tolong bungkus barang-barang itu secara terpisah Please pack that things separately  Boleh tolong saya membungkus koado ini? Would you help me to pack this gift?
-dibungkus: v /pass.v/ be wrapped Bom itu dibungkus dengan tas plastik The bomb was wrapped with plastic bag
-pembungkus: n 1 sb who pack or wrap sth 2 wrapper, wrap |the thing you use to wrap or cover|
-pembungkusan: n wrapping, packaging, covering |the process|
-terbungkus: v be wrapped  Gunung itu telah terbungkus dengan salju The mountain has been covered by snow.
Note Both dibungkus and terbungkus have the same meaning The difference is in the form of the verb.  Use dibungkus if in your mind there was a subject who did it – means it sound transitive without mentioning the subject. Use terbungkus if it was happened by itself, means it sounds intransitive.

bunglon: n /lu/1 chameleon. 2 vacillator. 3 opportu­nist. 4 tube, valve housing.
-membunglon: v practice opportunism, vacillate.

bungsu: adj /lu/ 1 youngest offspring. sibungsu the youngest kid in family. 2 the last in series. hujan ­bungsu the last rain of the season. isteri bungsu: the most recent wife.

bungur: n |any of various kind of tree of the genus Langerstroemia speciosa which has  white or purple flower

bunian: n imaginary race of invisible people of forest

bunker; bungker: n bunker.

buntal1: n swollen, bloated.
-buntalan: n swollen. 2 bun­dle.

buntal2: n a poisonous sea fish  which body will be swollen if sth touch it

bunting: adj widely opened (eyes of choking or dying person)  2 stiff (of carcass).
-terbuntang: v 1 stretched out stiffly (corpse)  2 rise, emerge (to surface). 3 wide open (eyes).
-membuntangkan: v 1 stare 2 stretch, strain. 3 raise, pull up.

buntat1: n /lu/ |accumulated calcium on the animals or plants tissue| /prov./  buntat hendak jadi gemala Someone who needs to be introspective

buntat2: adj /lu/  blocked, stopped up, clogged.

bunting: adj /lu/inf/ 1 pregnant {some people consider this word is less polite for a woman – instead they use ‘hamil’}. Kuda itu sudah bunting The horse is pregnant. 2 full, filled out (of paddy, etc.).
-bunting besar/tua: n mature pregnancy.
-­bunting gelap: n secretly pregnant.
-bunting jolong: n first pregnancy.
-bunting ­kecil: n early stage of pregnancy.
-bunting padi: n have the shape of a fully formed rice grain.
bunting sarat/tua: n ad­vanced pregnancy
-kebuntingan: n gesta­tion (of animals).
-membunting: v /intr. fill up, become full.
-membuntingi: v /tr/ 1 impregnate (of ani­mals). 2  knock up (a woman).
-pembuntingan: n insemination, im­pregnation (of animals).
-/idiom/ Betisnya bunting padi Her calves are beautifully formed.

buntu: adj /lu/ 1 blocked, stopped (up), dead ended. 2 dead­locked. 3 stumped, stymied.
-kebuntu­an: n deadlock, impasse, dead end, blind alley
-membuntukan: v 1 block (alley, road, etc.).
pikiran buntu: n stuck thought

buntung: adj /lu/inf/ 1 lopped off or amputated (arm, leg, tail etc.) 2 unlucky, unfortunate. Kita  lagi buntung We are being unlucky
-membuntungkan: v amputate, lop off.

buntut: n /lu/ 1 tail. sup buntut ox’s tail soup. 2 rear end, latter part, follower. Mereka semua mau jadi kepala, tidak mau jadi buntut All of them want to be a  leader, not to be the follower. 3 the end pada buntut bulan ini at the end of this month. 4 stern buntut kapal the stern of a ship buntut arak-arakan tail end of  a procession. 3 aftermath, consequence. |the condition or situation after something bad has happened| Bahaya kebakaran sebagai buntut gempa tersebut The danger of fire in the aftermath of the earthquake Kejadian itu pasti ada buntutnya There will be an aftermath to that incident. 4 the last three digits of a lottery judi buntut gambling of bidding three of the last digits of a lottery
-berbuntut: v 1 have a tail 2 cause an aftermath or consequence
-berbuntut-buntut: v having successive consequences
-membuntuti: v follow, trail behind |to follow a short distance behind someone|  Anak-anak itu berjalan membuntuti ibunya The kids walked trailing behind their mother
-membuntut: n imitate, follow what sb is doing, parrot
-membuntuti: v follow, trail, shadow. Dia ­selalu membuntuti ayahnya He always trail behind his father 2 follow at rear.
-paling buntut: adj the latest Mereka datang paling buntut They were the latest to come
-pembuntut: n follower.

bunuh; membunuh: v /tr/lu/ kill  |to make a living thing die| Pertama dia membunuh suaminya kemudian dia membunuh dirinya sendiri First she killed her husband, then she killed herself. Bahan kimia ini bisa membunuh. These chemicals can kill. 2  |to make something stop, end, or finish|  Tolong beri saya resep obat yang bisa membunuh rasa sakit ini.
-bunuh diri: v commit suicide
-pembunuh: n murderer, killer
-pembunuhan: n murder, homicide, assassination, manslaughter, killing
-terbunuh: adj killed, murdered, assassinated

bunyi: n /lu/1 sound |something that you hear, or something that can be heard| bunyi gelas pecah the sound of breaking glass Apa kamu mendengar bunyi satu tembakan? Do you hear the sound of a shooting? bunyi derak a creaking sound. bunyi dengung buzzing sound 2 noise |a sound or sounds that is loud, annoying, or not comfortable|  Mesin cuci itu mengeluarkan bunyi aneh The washing machine is making a weird noise. bunyi ledakan blast noise  bunyi guruh thunder noise bunyi tabrakan crash noise 3 substance Bagaimana bunyi perjanjian itu? What is the substance of the agreement? 4 contents Apa bunyi surat itu? What is the contents of the letter?
-berbunyi: v /intr/ 1 sound Biola itu berbunyi dengan merdu. The violin sound melodiously  2 ring Kalau lonceng  berbunyi setiap orang harus masuk ke dalam kelas If the bell ring, everybody should go into the class 3 work Alarm itu tidak berbunyi The alarm doesn’t work
-bunyi beradu/tepuk: n flap, tap
-bunyi-bunyian: n musical instrument
-bunyi desis: n sibilant.
-bunyi ­gelegar: n sonic boom.
-bunyi geletar/getar: n trill.
-bunyi geser: n spirant, frica­tive.
-bunyi hidup: n vowel.
-bunyi kembar/rangkap: n diphthong.
-bunyi letup: n stop, plosive.
-bunyi panjang: n dial tone.
-bunyi pepet: n the mid-central vowel.
-bunyi sampingan: n lateral. sound
-bunyi sengau: n nasal sound.
v /tr/ 1 cause sth to sound 2 play Seseorang sedang membunyikan saxophone Someone is plying saxophone 3 Ayo pergi membunyikan lonceng Go and ring the bell  4 set off  Ayo mari kita bunyikan petasan itu Let’s set the firecrackers off.
-pembunyian: n phonation, vocalization, sound making

bupati: n /lu/ regent, goverment officer in charge of a regency.

bupet: variation of bufé:

burai; berburai; memburai: v /intr/lu/ hang out in strands (of hair, etc.), spread out (rice, cement, etc.)  -syn: urai; berurai; mengurai; terurai
-terburai: v be hung out, be spread out  Beras itu terburai ke lantai The rice was spread out on the floor

buram1: n /lu/ 1 blueprint, design, plan. 2 sketch, draft, outline. buram naskah manuscript copy. 3 unregis­tered.

buram2: adj /lu/ 1 not clear, dull. 2 dark, be clouded (of face).
-keburaman: n 1 vagueness haziness,  cloudiness  2 unclearness (of light). Keburaman lampu itu akibat tekanan arus listrik turun The haziness of the lamp caused by the decrease in current voltage
-memburamkan: v darken, blur, make hazy, make cloudy.

buras1: n /lu/ chitchat, small talk, chat, talk.
-pemburas: n chat­terer, chatterbox.
-memburas: v ­1 discuss, talk about. 2 coax, soothe by making small talk.
-memburaskan: v bring sth to talk about

buras2: n /ld/ 1 rice cake made with coconut cream wrapped in banana leaves 2 unsolved problem,   undecided case by the court

buras {bukan ras}: adj non-hybrid (chicken)

buras4: adj erased, wiped out, eradicated. Duit gua udah buras sama sekali My money is all gone!

burik: adj 1 dotted, speckled (of feathers, skin). 2 pockmarked.

burit: n posterior, rear, behind.
berseburit: v commit sodomy.
-menyeburiti: v sodomize.
-seburit: n sodomy.
-seburitan: n ship’s stern. angin seburitan: wind from behind.

burjuasi: variant of borjuasi:

burjuis: variant of borjuis:

burokrasi: variant of birokrasi:

buron;  buronan: n /lu/ fugitive from justice,  wanted person

bursa: n /lu/ stock exchange. bursa efek stock exchange.
-membursakan: v place on the stock exchange.

bursuasi: variant of borjuasi:

buru1: terburu-buru: adv /lu/ hurriedly   Dia keluar dengan terburu-buru She went out hurriedly

buru2: terburu-buru: adj /lu/ hurried:  Dengan langkah terburu-buru kami sampai sebelum gelap With hurried steps we arrived before dark

buru3; buruan1: v /lu/ hurry (up) Ayo buru nanti kita terlambat Hurry up otherwise we’ll be late.
-keterburu-buruan: n hurriedness Keterburu-buruan membuat saya ketinggalan ponsel Hurriedness made me left my cellular phone
-diburu-buru: v be hurried Pelan bung, tidak ada yang perlu diburu-buru Slow down man, there is nothing to be in a hurry

buru4: v /tr/ chase Buru dia! Dia baru berangkat 10 menit lalu Chase after him! He just left ten minutes ago.
berburu: memburu: v /lu/intr/  hunt Dia berburu setiap hari He hunts every day /tr/ Mereka memburu rusa itu minggu lalu tetapi mereka tidak bisa They hunt the deer last week but they couldn’t
-binatang pemburu: n predator
-buruan2: n 1 prey 2 sth you hunt for Buruan kalian apa? What do you hunt for? -compare to buruan1 of buru3)
-pemburu: n hunter
-pemburu sergap: n interceptor fighter
-perburuan: n hunting

buruh: n /lu/ worker, laborer.
-buruh borongan: n piece worker.
-buruh ­cuci: n washerwoman.
-buruh kasar: n manuallaborer, un­skilled worker.
-buruh lepas/musiman: n seasonal worker.
-burh pelabuhan: n dockworker, longshoreman.
-buruh rendahan: n lower-paid workers.
-buruh tani: n farmhand.
-memburuh: v labor |to work very hard| Dia memburuh di sebuah peternakan untuk menghidupi keluarganya He labours in a farm to feed his family
-perburuhan: n matters concerning workers Kementerian Perburuhan Ministry of Labor Affair

buruk1: adj /lu/ 1 old, worn out, dilapidated. pakaian buruk worn out clothes  2  bad, foul, nasty. cuaca buruk bad weather. sikap buruk foul attitude penampilan buruk nasty appearance nama buruk bad reputation gizi buruk malnutrition kondisi buruk bad condition
-keburukan: n badness, worseness, the lack of (sth), negative effect, evil, wickedness

buruk2: adv 1 bad,  badly  berperilaku buruk He behave bad Dia berbicara buruk She talks badly

buruk3: perburuk; memperburuk: v /tr/lu/  worsen,  deteriorate, Cuaca buruk telah memperburuk penyelamatan Bad weather has worsen the rescue 2 degrade Jangan perburuk nama baik kamu dengan mencampuri kasus itu Don’t degrade your reputation by interfering the case
berburuk sangka: v misunderstand
-pemburukan: n deterioration, decay, decomposition, degradation

burung: n /lu/ 1 bird. |an animal with two legs, wings, and feathers that lays eggs and can usually fly| 2 /spo/inf/ male sex organ
-burung angin ribut: n albatross.
-burung babi: n stork.
-burung bangau: n heron
-burung beo/nuri: n parrots
-burung berkik (kedidi): n sandpiper
-burung-burungan: n artificial bird
-burung camar: n seagull
-burung cenderawasih: n bird of paradise |any kind of tropical bird (Papua) with colourful feathers and long tail family Paradisidae heimii
-burung cucak-rawa: n any of yellow-crowned bird, genus Trachycomus zeylanicus
-burung dara: n pigeon.
-burung elang: n hawk
-burung enggang: n hornbill. |any of tropical bird with very large bill the family Bucerotidae
-burung foniks: n phoenix
-burung garuda: n 1 mythical bird 2 official logo and seal of the Republic of Indonesia
-burung gereja: n sparrow.
-burung hantu: n owl
-burung kakatua: n cockatoo
-burung kelelawar: n bat
-burung kenari: n canary
-burung layang-layang: n wave bird
-burung merak: n peacock
-burung merpati: n dove
-burung nuri: n small bird with red eyes genus Aplonis strigatus
-burung pelican: n pelican
-burung perkutut: n turtle dove
-burung pipit: n tit |any various small birds family Pridae
-burung tutukorok: n woodpecker
-burung wallet/layang-layang: n swallow

burut: n hernia

bus: n variant of bis:

busa1: n /lu/1 foam, lather, suds  busa sabun lather. 2 sponge, spongy rubber
-berbusa: v to have foam/suds/or lather
membusa: v become foam/suds/or lather .

busa2: membusa: v 1 gasp |to quickly breathe in a lot of air to move bubbles from the surface of liquid or to move dirt from sth  membusa debu di meja blow dust on the table 2 |to quickly and abnormally breathe in a lot of air because you are breathing problem  or too tired| -syn; embus; mengembus 3 blow |put air into sth by force with your mouth such as to fill balloon and to shape glass tube|
-membusakan: v 1 blow up (balloon, etc.). 2 blow out, spray (water, etc.).
-pembusa: n blower

busana: n /lu/frm/ clothes  |used mostly related to fashion|  busana muslim traditional dress for Islam busana malam evening dress

buset: excl. /inf/ oh my God |show a little surprise and disappointment| Buset! Saya tinggal payungnya! Oh my God! I left the umbrella!    .

busi: n /lu/ sparkplug.

busuk: adj /lu/ 1 putrid, rotten, decomposed, pu­trefied. Jangan makan buah itu, sudah busuk! Don’t eat the fruit, it’s been decomposed  2 depraved, dishonest, evil, vile, immoral.  Dia berperilaku busuk He behave immorally
-kebusukan: n depravity, rottenness,  decomposition.
-membusuk: v decomposed, decay, rot,  putrefy.
-/idiom/: busuk-busuk embacang appear to be stupid, actually smart but quiet

busung1: adj /lu/ 1 bloated, distended, protruded 2 swelled |caused by excessive accumulation of serous liquid on plant or animal tissue| 3 bulged |to stick out in a rounded shape| 4
-busung kencing: n bladder disease
-busung lapar: n bloating on belly due to starvation or malnutrition
-busung muka: adj puffed-up face.
-membusung: v /intr/ swell, distend, be bloated, puff up.
-membusungkan: v /tr/ 1 pump up, inflate (a tire), puff up (o.’s chest) -/idiom/ : 1 busung dada: adj proud, con­ceited. 2 busungkan dadamu: v /imper./ 1 be proud 2 show your force or show what you can be proud of

busung2: n /ld/ 1 elevated land. 2 sandbank, shoal.
-membusung: v form sth into a shape of a mount |to accumulate such as grain, sand, powdery things on a flat space and it form a shape of a mount|

busur1: n /lu/ 1 arc |part of a circle or any curved line|  bow  a) |a tool used for shooting arrows, made of a piece of wood held in a curve by a tight string| b) |a long thin

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Dictionay A


adv adverb parts of speech
adj adjective parts of speech
Amb Ambon an ethnic in Maluku which speak a local dialect
Arb Arabian adopted word from Arabian language
ant anatomy terminology that is usually related to anatomy
Bal Bali local dialect of Balinese
Bib Bible Mostly written in a Bible
bio biology a terminology that largely used in biology
Btk Batak an ethnic in North Sumatera which has its  local dialect
Chn Chinese a word that is adopted from Chenese
chem chemical a word that related to chemical matter
comp comparative comparative adjective (bigger, more beautiful, etc)
conj conjunction parts of speech
dtr determiner parts of speech
excl exclamation parts of speech
frm formal used for official speech, writing, science, law, etc.
impr imperative parts of speech
inf informal largely used but not considerably appropriate for formal use
intr intransitive verb that has direct object
intrj interjection parts of speech
Isl Islam terminology that is related to Moslem praying or teaching
Jv Javanese a largest ethnic in Indonesia, the local dialect of which is largely adopted into Indonesian language.
Jpn Japanese a word that is adopted from Japanese
ld local dialect a word that is used locally
ling. linguistic a terminology used in linguistic
ltr literally a word that mostly used in literature
lu largely used a word that largely understood and used in the whole country.
math mathematic a terminology that is related to mathematic
med. medical a word that is related to medical matter
Mel Melayu the root of today’s Indonesian formal language
Mdn Medan a big city in North Sumatera which a specific local dialect
Min Minang an ethnic in West Sumatera which has local dialect and some of them is largely
Mnd Menado an ethnic in North Sulawesi which has a specific local dialect
n noun parts of speech
of old fashion a largely used word in the past and and now not many people use it anymore
off offensive a word that is considered not polite to be used  and may harm the feeling of sb.
pass.v passive voice
prep. preposition parts of speech
phr phrasal two or more words that are combined to express an idea
pre prefix a group of letters that is added to the beginning of a word in order to make a new word
prn pronoun parts of speech
tr transitive a transitive verb has an object. In the sentence “She makes her own clothes,” “makes” is a transitive verb
sb somebody a person as an object or a subject
Snd Sundanese a large ethnic in West Java that has its own local dialect
spo sport a word that is related to sport activity
sth something something as a subject or and object
supr superlative adjective (the most- the less- adj + est)
syn synonym a word with the same meaning or almost the same meaning as another word
tech technical used as a technical jargon
v verb parts of speech
vern vernacular unofficial language
vul vulgar not polite or taboo for most of the people
wrt written an abbreviation that is only used in writing not in speech

A: a: |the first letter of alphabet used in Indonesian language and English –  approximately sounds like:  a in: banana; barber, bar; barbecue; basket; battle  and u in: uncle; ugly; ulterior; ultimate; umbrella.|

aba; aba-aba: n / frm/lu/ 1 order 2 signal 3 command.

abad: n //frm/lu/ century 1 |to show a particular time| abad ke-15 the 15th century 2 |a period of 100 years|  enam abad six centuries berabad-abad for centuries abad pertengahan the Middle Ages

abadi: adj /frm/lu/ 1 eternal kehidupan abadi eternal life 2 lasting persahabatan yang abadi a lasting friendship  3 enduring|
-mengabadikan: v 1 take the photo  Biar saya mengabadikan kamu dengan camera ini Let me take your picture with this camera
-keabadian: n 1 eternity  3 im­mortality

abai: adj /frm/lu/ 1 ignorant  2 negligent 3 neglectful 4 unobservant 5 unmindful 6 careless syn: lupa, lalai, tidak peduli
-mengabaikan: v 1 ignore 2 |neglect Tolong jangan pernah mengabaikan tanaman saya Please don’t ever neglect my plants 2 |abandon| Mereka telah mengabaikan rumah itu selama dua tahun They have abandoned the house for two years 3 |ignore| Saya tahu kamu harus kerja keras, tetapi jangan mengabaikan kesehatan kamu I know that you have to work hard, but don’t ignore your health 4 |disregard| Pengacara itu memohon pada hakim untuk mengabaikan keterangan saksi yang terakhir The lawyer appealed the judge to disregard the statement of the last witness 5 |underes­timate| Jangan pernah mengabaikan kekuatan lawan kamu Don’t ever underestimate the strength of your opponent
-pengabaian: n 1 abandonment 2 ignorance 3 neglect 4 disregard
-terabaikan: adj 1 abandoned 2 neglected 3 ignored 4 disregarded Jangan khawatir, anak itu tidak akan pernah terabaikan. Don’t worry, the child would never be neglected
-/phrs/ abaikan saja: 1 don’t pay attention to Abaikan saja dia Don’t pay attention to him/her  2 just leave/forget Abaikan saja itu Just leave/forget it.

abang1: n /frm/lu/ 1 elder brother  2  dear brother Dia abang saya He is my elder brother.

abang2: adj /ld/ in some region only maroon, dark red-brown (color)

abangan: n /lu/frm/ |predicate given to a male Islam who doesn’t follow the Islam teaching regularly|

abdi: n /frm/1 slave 2  servant 3 maid 4 attendant 5 helper 6 house keeper
-abdi dalam: n servant of  Sultan’s palace
-abdikasi: n abdication.
-abdi Negara: n /frm/lu/ sb who dedicated himself/herself to work for public purposes.  1 public officials  2 civil servant
-mengabdikan: v /tr/ 1 dedicate 2 commit 3 devote 4 pledge  Dia mengabdikan diri masuk menjadi polisi He/she dedicates himself/ herself to be a police
-meng-abdi: v /intr/ 1 serve 2 commit 3 devote 4 pledge
-pengabdian: n 1dedication 2 devotion 3 commitment 4 pledge 5 obedience 6 servitude

aben; mengaben: v /ld/ |cremate|
-pengabenan: n 1 cremation 2 crematorium

abis: variant of habis: adj 1exhausted Saya sudah abis tenaga sama sekali I’m all exhausted 2 all gone  Tidak ada lagi susu, semua telah abis No more milk, it’s all gone 3 has done Pekerjaan rumah saya telah abis saya kerjakan All my home work has done.
-kehabisan: phr verb run out of sth Mobil saya kehabisan bensin dalam perjalanan pulang My car run out of gasoline on the way home.

abjad: n /frm/lu/ alphabet  -syn: huruf, aksara
-abdjadiah: adj alphabetical
-menurut abjad: adv alphabetically
-mengabjadkan: v put in alphabe­tical order

abnormal: adj /frm/lu/ abnormal
-keabnormalan; abnormalitas: n abnormality

abnus: n ebony

abolisi: n //frm/lu/ abolition

abon: n /lu/ side dish made of dry grated meat

abonemen: n //frm/lu/ subscription  -syn: langganan
-berabonemen: v subscribe -syn: berlangganan

aborsi: n /frm/lu/ abortion
-mengaborsi: v abort (fetus)

abortus: n /frm/lu/ premature birth

abra-kadabra: interj. /inf/ 1 abracadabra 2 sim sala bim

abreg1; also seabrek-abrek: adj /inf/ 1 huge in amount 2 a lot of 3 plenty –syn: banyak, melimpah

abreg2: adj /inf/ untidy, messy. see: ambreg

ABRI {Angkatan Bersenjata Republik Indonesia}: n Indonesia Arm Forces

abrit-abritan: adj feverish Dia melakukan itu secara abrit-abritan He did it feverishly  –syn: aprit-apritan:

abruk: v /intr/ down with a crash –syn: /lu/frm/ ambruk
-ngabrukin: v /tr/ slam or set sth down

ABS: {Asal Bapak Senang}: adj /lu/ glowing   laporan ABS glowing report

absah: adj / frm/lu/  1 valid  2 rightful 2 legal  3 legitimate 4 lawful 5 authentic
-mengabsahkan: v 1 validate 2  legitimate 3 legalize 4 approve
-pengabsahan: n 1approval 2 legalization 3 validation
-keabsahan: n 1 legitimacy 2 the state of being approved/ legitimated/ validated/ legalized

absen: adj /frm/lu/ absent |not present|
-diabsen: adj be checked whether  sb is absent or present
-mengabsen: v call the roll to find the absentee
-absensi: n the list of absentee
-absente: n absentee

abses: n //frm/lu/ abscess

absolut: adj /frm/lu/ absolute

abstain: adj /frm/ abstain

abstrak1: adj /frm/lu/ abstract 1 |existing as a general idea, or based on general ideas rather than a specific example or real event| Kecantikan adalah satu nilai yang abstrak Beauty is an abstract value: satu pendapat abstract mengenai keadilan an abstract argument about justice 2 |based on shapes and patterns that do not look like real things| satu lukisan abstrak an abstract painting

abstrak2: n /frm/lu/ summary |a short written statement of the most important ideas in a long piece of writing|
-abstraksi: n abstraction |the process of writing an abstract|
-mengabstrak: v to write an abstract

abu: n /frm/lu/ 1 ash 2 dust, -see: debu:

abu-abu, keabu-abuan: adj /lu/frm/ grey

abu-abu, keabu-abuan: n /lu/frm/ |the fact of being grey|

abu-abu: n /ld/ any kind of sea fish family Neothunnus Rarua
-air abu: n 1 alkali 2 the water of ashes
-perabuan: n ashtray
-memperabukan: v cremate
-/idiom/: 1 seperti abu di atas tanggul a) insig­nificant husband b)  petty officer c) a no­body  2 mengabui mata a) to cheat sb b) to get smart with sb  c) to pull wool over sb’s ears

abur; mengabur: v /intr/ld/ squander, waste

acak: adj /frm/lu/ 1 |random|  Apa responden survey ini akan acak? Is the respondent of the survey going to be random? or 2 acak-acakan  |precipitate| Penjualan besar-besaran telah membuat pasar saham menjadi acak-acakan Massive selling has made the stock market precipitate 3 |rash| hasil kerja acak-acakan rash work / seorang pekerja yang selalu bekerja acak-acakan dan tidak tenang a rash and reckless worker 4 |messed up|  Siapa yang membuat kamar  acak-acakan Who did the room messed up?  -syn: kacau, berantakan, terburu-buru
-mengacak acak: v 1 |mess up| Seseorang sudah mengacak-acak file saya Somebody has messed up my file  2 disorganize Jangan meng-acak acak pesta itu Don’t disorganize the party 3 disintegrate Perang telah megacak-acak kesatuan bangsa The war has disintegrated the unity of the nation.
-secara acak: adv 1 randomly 2 rush

acan: adv /ld/ not even a bit  Tidak acan gula tersedia disini Not even a bit of sugar is available here

acap1: adj /lu/frm/ |frequently| Dia acap sekali bohong He is frequently tell a lie  Guru dia khawatir tentang  bolos dia yang acap Her teacher is worried about her frequent absences.
-acapkali: adv 1 frequently Dia acapkali mempermalukan saya didepan umum He frequently humiliated me in public 2 repeatedly Saya sudah acapkali bilang sama kamu jangan berbohong I have repeatedly told you not to tell a lie. (Mostly useda as an adverb

acap2: v /intr/tr/ /ld/ 1 |move down to the lower level| Matahari acap dibalik langit The sun sank behind the horizon. 2 soak Acap-acap saja piring-piring itu satu malam Just soak the dish overnight.
-mengacapi: v /tr/ to soak sth

acar: n /lu/ pickle

acara: n /lu/frm/ 1 programme 2 schedule  2 activities 3 juris­diction 4  administra­tion of justice 5 process of an activity
-beracara: v take a legal action
-berita acara:
n |written result of an agreement/ investigation/ assessment>
-gedung acara: n 1 court hall 2 building
-hari acara: n the day when a law court taken
-mengacarakan: v 1 put on agenda 2 schedule
-hukum acara: n legal proceedings
-pengacara: n |lawyer
-pembawa acara: n 1 master of ceremony 2 announcer
– tata acara; tertib acara: n 1 program’s sequence 2 list of the schedule 3 agenda 4 list of session

acc1: n /inf/lu/1 approval Apa kamu sudah mendapat acc dia? Did you get his approval? 2 /only in North Sumatera/ |the seat besides the driver’s seat on a car |

acc2: v /inf/lu/ approve Tolong acc proposal saya ini! Please approve my proposal!

aci-acian: n /inf/ 1 supposition 2 presumption 3 guess 4 assumption|5 prediction 6 notion 7 idea 8 conception syn: perkiraan, pengandaian, pengumpamaan
-mengaci-aci: v 1 assume 2 presume 3 hypothesize 4 predict
-aci-acinya: adv 1 supposedly 2 assumingly 3 perhaps

acik: variant of aceuk: elder sister

acu1: v /lu/frm/ refer
-acuan: n 1 reference  Kerangka Acuan Term of Reference  2 pattern 3 model 4 example 5 mold acuan kue baking mold cetakan agar-agar agar-agar mold -syn: rujukan, panutan, contoh, cetakan
-/phrs/ mengacu pada: v /lu/ 1 refer to 2 in accordance with 3 aim to.

acuh1: adj /lu/frm/ 1 careful 2 attentive 3 concern 4 interest –syn: peduli, perhatian

acuh2: or mengacuhkan: v /lu/frm/ |most of the time used in negative form| 1 concern Gubernur tidak mengacuhkan himbauan para buruh The governor doesn’t concern with the labour appeal 2 pay attention to Dia tidak mengacuhkan masalah kita He didn’t pay attention to our problem.
-/phrs/ acuh tak acuh: adv /lu/ airily |in a way that shows that you are not serious or do not care very much of sth| “Lakukan saja apa mau kamu” katanya acuh-tak acuh “Just do whatever you want” she said airily.

acung; mengacung: v /intr/lu/ raise (hand)
-mengacungkan: /tr/  v /lu/ raise sb’s hand

ada: pron. /frm/lu/ 1there (be) |similar to pseudo subject| Ada orang di kamar mandi There is somebody in the bathroom Apa ada ssu untuk dimakan? Is there anything to eat? Ada banyak orang disana There are many people there 2 present Apa Susan ada dikamarnya? Is Susan in her room? 3 available  Jangan khawatir, ada minuman untuk kita Don’t worry, there is drink available for us  4 exist  Apa kamu percaya bahwa Piring Terbang yang diceritakan itu ada? Do you believe that the UFO exist?
-berada1: v /frm lu/ 1 live, stay  Dia berada dimana? Where does he live 2 to be some where Bukunya berada dimana? Where is the book?
berada2:  adj /frm/lu/ wealthy, rich Mereka orang berada They are rich people
-ada-ada saja: adv /lu/ there is always some­thing happen
-adanya: adv /lu/ |to tell what is the only thing available| Saya tidak punya uang sebanyak itu, adanya hanya $100 I don’t have money that much, what I have only $100
-seadanya: adj /lu/ 1 |having or including only the least amount of something that you need| Pengungsi itu hanya membawa keperluan seadanya The refugees took only the bare necessities  2 |to tell that what ever is available that would be appropriate|  Kami tidak perlu kamar yang bagus dan nyaman, seadanya sudah cukup baik We don’t need a comfortable room, whatever is available would be appropriate.
-mengadakan: v /lu/ 1 provide Pemerintah daerah akan mengadakan makanan pokok bersubsidi The local government will provide subsidized staple food 2 perform a program Mereka akan mengadakan pertunjukan sirkus besok They are going to organize a circus tomorrow 3  organize Partai itu akan mengadakan konvensi memilih calon presiden The party will organize a convention to elect the president candidate  4  bring about  Mereka akan mengadakan perbaikan sistim They are going to bring about system improvement 5  arrange, conduct  Panitia itu akan mengadakan kompetisi sebpakbola The committee will arrange a football competition 6 deliver, give Siapa yang akan mengadakan ceramah itu? Who is going to give the lecture?
-keadaan: n /lu/ 1 state Korban dalam keadaan sok The victim is in a state of shock 2  situation Keadaan politik sudah kondusif The political situation has been conducive   3 condition Apa yang akan kamu lakukan sendainya kamu dalam keadaan seperti saya sekarang ini? What would you do if you were in my present condition? 4  circumstance Keadaan yang diluar perhitungan berperan besar dalam keberhasilan dia mendapat pekerjaan Circumstance that wasn’t expected played a large part in her getting the job. 5  position Negara dalam keadaan keuangan ktitis pada waktu itu The state was in a dangerous financial position at that time 6  reality Harus disadari bahaya di jalan adalah satu keadaan hidup di kota besar We must aware that dangers on the street is one of the realities of living in a big city
-keadaan bahaya: n /lu/ an emergency Apa pasien masih dalam keadaan bahaya? Is the patient is still in an emergency?
-keadaan tertekan: adj /lu/ be de­pressed
-keadaan baik: n save condition  Jangan khawatir, kita dalam keadaan baik Don’t worry, we are in a save condition
-adakalanya: adv sometimes   Adakalanya saya tiba terlambat dirumah Sometimes I arrive home late
-keberadaan; adanya: n /lu/ 1 existence |the state of being existing| Apa kamu percaya tentang keberadaan Tuhan? Do you believe in the existence of God? hukum yang sudah diakui keberadaannya laws that are already in existence 2 presence Keberadaan kamu dalam rapat itu sangat membantu Your presence in the meeting was very helpful
-mengada-ada: phr v /lu/ 1 pretend Dia mengada-ada seolah dia  orang penting He pretended to be an important  person  2 make up Dia hanya mengada-ada cerita tentang gadis yang dia temui itu He just made up the story of the girl he met   3  tell nonsense Saya tidak percaya apa yang kamu katakan. Kamu hanya mengada-ada ssu yang tidak masuk akal I don’t believe what you said You tell me a nonsense 4 to be arrogant  Jangan mengada-ada kehebatan kamu kepada kami Don’t be arrogant with us.
phrasal: /frm/lu/ 1  dalam keadaan bagaimanapun: 1 ­on no account  2  in all condition

adab: also peradaban: n /lu/frm/ 1 culture  peradaban Mesir kuno the culture of ancient Egypt  2 civilization peradaban modern Negara-negara Barat the modern civilizations of the western countries 3  good manners Jason beradab dengan baik Jason has a pleasant manner 4  sophistication Negeri dengan reputasi dibidang kekayaan dan peradaban canggih A country with a reputation for wealth and sophistication. 5 cultivation perkembangan terarah dan terencana dalam peradaban mencapai keahlian dan mutu deliberate development in cultivation of skill and quality
-beradab: adj /lu/ 1 civilized Kelihatannya dia seorang pemuda yang sangat veradab It seems that he is a very civilized young man 2 polite Apa dia seorang yang beradab Is he a polite person? 3 courteous Sebagai seorang penerima tamu kamu harus beradab As a receptionist you have to be courteous
-mengadab: v 1 respect  2 honour
-peradaban bangsa: n people civilization Peradaban bangsa yang sangat maju A very advanced national civilization.

adalah: linking v /lu/frm/ am, are, is |used to make a statement  and applicable to all form of subject| Saya adalah anggota keamanan I am a security personnel Dia adalah menejer jaga She is a duty manager Mereka adalah tamu They are guests  Kamu adalah teman terbaik saya You are my best friend Itu adalah pendapat saya It was my opinion.

adang; hadang; mengadang; menghadang: v /frm/lu/ 1 /lu/ stop Dia tidak bisa menghadang saya pergi She can’t stop me from leaving! 2 block Mobil siapa yang menghadang jalan keluar itu? Whose car is it that is blocking the driveway? 3 hinder Cuaca buruk sedang menghadang upaya penyelamatan itu The bad weather is hindering rescue efforts 4 ambush Seseorang menghadang dia di tempat gelap Somebody ambushed her at a dark place  5 to set a trap
-ada-pun: conj /lu/ 1 |concerning a person or subject that is connected to what you were talking about before| Adapun soal program kesehatan, telah banyak kemajuan yang dilakukan, tetapi masih banyak yang harus dilakukan. As for health program, much progress has been made, but there is still much to do. 2 |as to the fact of it| Adapun hal itu tidak sepengetahuan saya As to the fact of it, it’s beyond my understanding.
-penghadang; penghadang: n /lu/ 1 obstacle Kita punya banyak penghadang dalam proyek ini We had so many obstacles with this project  2 barricade Polisi telah memasang penghadang di jalan menuju istana The police has put barricade on the way to the palace 3 barrier Tidak ada satu upaya mengurangi hadangan dibidan perdagangan There is not any attempt to reduce trade barriers 4 dividing wall  5 way layer
-/phrs/ adanya demikian; demikianlah adanya: it was like that or the fact is that

adat1: n /lu/frm/ 1 /|custom Umumnya suku-suku masih memelihara adat mereka Most of the ethnics still keep their own custom 2 tradition Adalah adat disini membungkuk memberi hormat kepada orang tua It’s a tradition here to bow to honour the elders 3 manners |the way in which someone talks or behaves with other people| Joel itu adatnya sangat baik Joel has a pleasant manner.
-adat huma: n |traditional arrangement on the use of land for farming among ethnic group|
-adat kebiasaan/adat istiadat: n 1 cus­tom 2 manners
-hukum adat: n custom law  Hukum adat masih diakui dinegeri ini Custom law is still acceptable in this country.
-kata adat: n traditional proverb
-kurang adat: adj ill mannered

adat2; ngadat1: v /inf/lu/ 1 be stuck |not able to continue working normally on something because it has technical problem| Boleh Bantu saya soal mobil ini? Sedang ngadat Can you help me with this car? It’s stuck.
ngadat2: adj mad  Tanya dia kenapa ngadat tidak mau makan? Ask her why she is mad and didn’t eat her food?

adati: adj /frm/ traditional.

adegan: n /frm/lu/ 1 act 2 play role

adekuat: adj /ltr/ appropriate

adem: adj /inf/lu/ 1 cool  2 calm 3 flat 4 not surprise

adenda: n /frm/ addendum

adhesi: n /frm/ adhesion

adhyaksa: n /frm/ a rank for a prosecutor

adi-: pref. /frm/lu/ 1 super 2 extraordinary
-adidaya: adj super power

adik: n /frm/lu/ younger/little brother or sister
-memperadik: v consider sb as a younger brother or sister
-adik sepupu: n younger cousin
-adik-beradik; kakak beradik: n brothers and sisters

adi-kara: n /ltr/ absolute power to rule

adi-karya: n /ltr/ extraordinary work

adi-kuasa: n /ltr/ super-authority/power

adil: adj /frm/lu/ 1fair 2 just 3 impartial 4 rightful 6 lawful 6 honest
-mengadili: v 1 judge 2 arbitrate 3 take sb into a court
-tidak adil: adj 1 unjust 2 unrighteous  3 unfair
-ketidak adilan: n 1 injustice  2 unrighteousness
-keadilan: n 2 justice| 2 fairness 3 rightfulness 4 righteousness 5 honesty
-pengadilan: n court of justice
-pengadilan negeri: n district court
-pengadilan tata usaha negara (PUTN): n civil service arbitration tribunal.
-pengadilan tentara: n martial court

adinda: n /ltr/ 1 younger brother/sister 2 sweet-heart 3 dear darling

adiningrat: n /ltr/ the member of a royal family

ad interim: n /frm/ 1 acting 2 temporarily in a post

adipati: n /ltr/ princes

adipasar: n /ltr/ supermarket

adjectiva: n /frm/lu/ part of speech “adjective”

adm {administrasi}: n /wrt/ administration

administrasi: n /frm/lu/ administration

administrasi negara: n //frm/lu/ public admi­nistration

administrasi niaga: n /frm/lu/ business admi­nistration

administrator: n /frm/lu/ administrator

admiral: n /frm/lu/ admiral |a rank in Marines|

adon, adonan: n /frm/lu/ 1 dough 2 mixture
-mengadon: v 1 mix 2 stir

adopsi: n /frm/lu/ adoption
-mengadopsi: v adopt

adpertensi: n /frm/ advertisement

adpokat: n /lu/frm/ 1 lawyer  2 advocate 3 avocado (fruit)

adres: n address

adu1; beradu: v /intr/tr/frm/lu/ 1 fight 2 bump 3 collide 4 strike 5 dash 6 butt  7 contest
-adu mulut; mengadu mulut: v 1 quarrel 2 debate
-adu domba; mengadu domba: v 1 stimulate anger or hesitation among other people 2 put sb into a fight, clash
-aduan: n 1fight 2 contest 2 match
-ayam aduan: n fighting cock
-adu tenaga: n strength contest,  competition
-beradu: v 1 slumber 2 crash

adu2: mengadu: v /intr/tr/lu/frm/ 1 report, tattle |if a child “mengadu”, s/he tells a parent or teacher that another child has done something bad to him/her|  2 give a report on sb/sth to sb in higher position|
-mengadukan: v book a charge 2 accuse, or  bring a case to the police or court of justice
-pengaduan: n 1 registration of an accusation 2 report on legal case

adu; mengadu: v /frm/lu/ try, speculate,  mengadu nasib/ untung look for luck/ profit

adu3; peraduan: n /ltr/ bed room, chamber, couch

aduh: intr |ow!|
-mengaduh: v 1 groan 2 wail  3 moan 3 cry 4 complain 5 la­ment

aduhai: intr. wow!

aduk; mengaduk; mengaduk-aduk: v /frm/lu/ 1 stir 2 beat up 3 whisk 4 mess up 5 to turn up side down repeatedly
-pengaduk: n 1stirring rod 2 mixer
-campur aduk: adj 1 mixed 2 tangled complicatedly
-adukan (kapur/semen dan pasir): n mortar

advokat1: n /of/ 1 lawyer 2 advocate –syn: /lu/frm/ pengacara

advokat2: n /lu/ avocado: variant of apokat:

adzan: n variant of azan:

afal2: v /lu/frm/ variant of hafal: comprehensively know and remember (sth)

afiat: or walafiat: adj /frm/lu/ 1 healthy  2 healthful  Terima kasih kepada Tuhan kamu dalam keadaan sehat walafiat Thanks to God that you are healthful
sehat walafiat: adj physically and psychologically healthy
-mengafiatkan: v make healthier

afkir: adj /of/ 1 imperfect 2 incomplete 3 inferior 4 disqualified

afkiran: n /lu/ seconds |goods sold cheaply because they are not perfect|

aga: n |a native ethnic in Bali|
-aga-raga; memperagakan: v 1 show up 2 flaunt with 3 show off

agak1: adv /frm/lu/ 1 somewhat Taruh kotak itu agak kesana sedikit Put the box somewhat over there 2 slightly Dia agak kurus She is slightly thin  3 a little Pakaian itu sudah agak usang The clothe has been a little worn out .
-agakan: n /lu/ 1 estimation Agakan saya pertarungan akan berlangsung seru My estimation, the fight is going to be tough 2 prediction Apa agakanmu tentang hasil pemilihan itu What is your prediction on the election result?  3 forecasting
-mengagak: or beragak-agakv /lu/ 1 estimate Boleh kamu mengagak berapa isi toples ini? Can you estimate the content of this jar?  2 predict Kami tidak mengagak bahwa ini akan hari hujan We didn’t predict if this is going to be rainy day 3 forecast
-agaknya: adv /frm/lu/ 1 apparently Agaknya dia tidak tinggal disini Apparently she doesn’t live here 2 likely Agaknya akan hujan besok It’s likely to rain tomorrow. 3 seemingly Agaknya kita bisa melakukannya. Seemingly we can do it 4 it seems that  Agaknya kamu punya masalah besar It seems that you have a big problem. 5 |rela­tively| Rumahnya agak besar His house is relatively big. 6 |not so (far/high)| Mereka tinggal agak mudik They live not so far upstream
-beragak-agak: v 1 intend Dia sudah lama beragak-agak mau pergi keluar negeri He has intended to go abroad for long time 2 consider Dia sedang beragak-agak pindah ke Jakarta She is considering of moving to Jakarta. 3 assume Sebagian ilmuan mengagak-agak tidak ada kehidupan di mars Some scientist assume that there is no life on mars 4 guess “Berapa umur anaknya si Ginny?”  Menurut saya 25, tetapi hanya mengagak-agak” “How old is Ginny’s son?” “I’d say 25, but I’m just guessing”
-mengagak-agak: v 3 suppose 4 suspect

agama: n /frm/lu/ religion
-menjalankan agama: v worship  Apa kamu terus menjalankan agama Do you constantly worship?
-beragama: v 1 worship God 2 follow a particular religion
-kaum beragama: n 1 the followers of God 2 the pious

agamawan: n /frm/lu/ 1 religious leader 2 religious person

agamawi: adj /frm/lu/ religious

agamis: adj /frm/lu/ religious

agar1: conj. /frm/lu/ 1 for, 2 in order Agar kita tidak terlambat, kita harus pergi lebih awal In order not to be late, we have to go earlier. –syn: supaya

agar2; agar-agar: n /frm/lu/ gelatine made of seaweed

agas: n /ld/ sanfly, gnat

agen: n /frm/lu/ 1 |a person or company that helps another person or company deal with business problems, finding work etc| 2 |someone who works for a government or police department in order to get secret information about another country or an organization| Dia seorang agen polisi He is a secret agent for police.

agenda: n /frm/lu/ 1 agenda 2 schedule Apa kamu punya agenda rapat? Do you have the meeting schedule?

agendaris: n /frm/lu/ the secretary of a meeting |sb who prepare or deal with a meeting agenda|

agung: adj /frm/u/ 1 great Sultan Agung the Great Sultan  2 supreme Mahkamah Agung Supreme Court  3 general Jaksa Agung Attorney General
-keagungan: n 1 greatness keagungan Maha Pencipta the greatness of the Creator  2 majesty  Kamu harus menghargai keagungan Raja. You should respect to the majesty of the King 3 honourable 4 prominent  Pangeran itu adalah tamu agung Negara The prince is a state’s  honourable guest.
-mengagungkan: v 1 glorify 2 magnify 3 praise Kami mengagungkan Kamu Tuhan sebagai juru selamat kami. We praise you the Lord as our saviour.

Agustus: n August

ah!: intrj /spo/ 1 ah! 2 no! Tidak ah! No! Thank you

aha!: intrj /spo/ |to show excitement, surprise, or likeness|

Ahad: n hari Ahad Sunday

ahir: n /frm/lu/ the end, see akhir:

ahlak: n /frm/lu/ manner, see akhlak:

ahli1: n /frm/lu/ 1 expert 2  specialist |prac­tising competent  people|
-ahli bahasa: n linguist
-ahli bedah: n surgeon
-ahli bumi: n geologist
-ahli bangunan: n architect
-ahli gigi: n dentist
-ahli hukum: n lawyer
-ahli ilmu bangsa-bangsa: n anth­ropologist
-anli kecantikan: n beauty specialist
-ahli nujum: n astrologers
-ahli obat: n apothecary| pharmacist
-keahlian: n expertise, knowledge, skill
-ahli tehnik: n technician
-ahli sejarah: n historian

ahli2: n /frm/lu/ 1 relatives 2 relative by marriage
-ahli waris: n the heirs
-ahli nikah: n relation in laws

aib: or keaiban: n /frm/lu/ 1 stigma 2 blot 3 mistake
-mengaibkan: v 1 disdain 2  scorn

aidil fitri; Idul Fitri: n /frm/lu/ Moslem’s Holiday, the day after the end of a fast.

ainul yakin: adv surely Dia bilang itu pada saya dengan ainul yakin. He surely told me that

air: n /frm/lu/ liquid

air api: n /frm/lu/ hydrochloric acid

air bah: n /frm/lu/ enormous flood

air batu, air beku: n /frm/lu/ solid ice

air belanda: n /of/ soda water –syn: /lu/ air soda

air jeruk: n /frm/lu/ orange juice

air kapur: n /frm/lu/ lime water

air kencing: n /frm/lu/ urine

air keran: n /frm/lu/ tap water

air keras: n /frm/lu/ hydrochloric/citric acid

air mas: n /frm/lu/ liquid gold

air mancur: n /frm/lu/ fountain

air mata: n /frm/lu/ 1 tear  2 spring water.

air mawar: n /frm/lu/ perfume

air minum: n /frm/lu/ drinking water.

air muka: n /frm/lu/ face expression. air muka yang ceria a cheerful expression

air pasang: n /frm/lu/ high tide  -ant: air surut: low tide

air pendingin: n /frm/lu/ cooling-water

air raksa: n /frm/lu/ mercury

air sembahyang: n /frm/lu/ holy water – water for ritual washings

air suling: n /frm/lu/ distilled water

air susu ibu (ASI): n /frm/lu/ breast milk

air tanah: n /frm/lu/ ground water, soil water

air tawar: n /frm/lu/ plain water

air tepung tawar: n /frm/lu/ magic healing water

air terjun: n /frm/lu/ water fall

air timah: n /frm/lu/ melting lead

air wangi: n /of/ perfume –syn: /frm/lu/: minyak wangi
-berair: adj 1.containing of water  2 wet –syn: basah
-buang air: v urinate
-cacar air: n chicken-pox
-kedap  air: adj waterproof
-mencair: v /intr/ melt
-mencairkan: v /tr/ melt
-mengairi: v water |to pour water on a plant or seeds in the ground to help them grow| Irigasi ini mengairi  kurang lebih 100 hektar sawah. This irrigation waters about 100 hectares rice field
-muka/permukaan air: n water surface
-perairan: n waters
-pengairan: n irrigation. –syn: irigasi
-pintu air: n water gate

ais1; mengais: v /ld/ 1 carry sth on your back |usually by a herbal medicine vendor| 2 scratch |to find sth to eat from the ground or dirt (of chicken)| 3 work hard to make money

Aisyah: n 1 movement 2 Muslim Women Organization

aja: adv only; just; –see: saja:

ajag: v invite; –see: ajak:

ajaib: adj /frm/lu/ miraculous  Kami kira dia akan meninggal, tetapi dokter membuat penyembuhan ajaib. We thought she might die, but the doctor made a miraculous recovery.

keajaiban: n /frm/lu/ miracle  Satu keajaiban kamu tidak terbunuh It’s a miracle (that) you weren’t killed!
secara ajaib: adv miraculously

ajak1; mengajak: v /frm/lu/ 1 ask, invite  Ajak dia supaya ikut makan malam diluar dengan kita Ask her to go out for dinner with us.  2  persuade  Saya mengajak dia untuk menjauhi narkoba I persuaded him to get rid with drug. 3 advocate Penjaga hutan mengajak masyarakat agar menjaga hutan dari kerusakan. The forest guards advocate the people to keep the forest from destruction.
-ajakan: n 1 invitation 2 persuasion  3 advocacy.

ajak2: n /ld/ wild dog

ajak3: adj /Mdr/ similar to

ajal: n /frm/lu/ 1 the end of the life 2 the time to death. ajalnya sudah sampai the end of his life has happened.
-memenuhi ajalnya: v die  Dia sedang menghadapi ajalnya He is dying.

ajan: n /frm/lu/a call to prayer; –see: azan

ajang: n /frm/lu/ 1 estate ajang industri industrial estate  2 field ajang pertempuran battle field 3 matter ajang perdebatan matter of dispute

ajar; ajari; mengajar: v /frm/lu/1 teach Ajari dia berperilaku baik. Teach him to behave nice 2 also mengajari: /tr/ educate Pemerintah seharusnya mengajari orang desa memjaga kesehatan. The government should educate rural people to maintain their health 3 also hajar: punish. Danny telah dihajar karena memecahkan jendela. Danny was punished for breaking a window.
-pengajaran: n 1 education  2 teaching 3 punishment. Itu satu pengajaran buat kamu. It was a bitter punishment for you.
-pelajaran: n lesson
-terpelajar: n 1 intellectual 2 civilized
-kurang ajar: adj 1 rude  2 insolent 3 uncivilized 4 sassy
-mengajar(kan): v 1 teach 2  instruct
-mata pelajaran: n 1 |subject of instruc­tion or study| 2 lesson
-mempelajari: v 1 study 2 practise 3 learn
-pelajar: n 1 student 2 pupil 3 school boy/girl
-pengajaran: n education
-tahun pelajaran: n school year
-terpelajar: adj 1 educated 2 learned 3 trained 4 skilled

aji1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 holy 2 spiritual 3 absolutely honourable or admirable
-mengaji: v recite holy words of Koran (the holy book of the Moslem)
-pengajian: n |religious recitation – an event where Moslem followers learn to read and to interpret Koran|

aji2; aji-ajian1: n /frm/lu/ magic sentence such as abracadabra, mumbo jumbo, bim sala bim, etc.

aji-ajian2: n /ld/ |any kind of sea fish family Seriola nigrafasciata|

ajimat: n /frm/lu/ talisman; -see: azimat:

ajir: n /frm/lu/ stake |thin and short stick that is used to hold up climbing plants|

ajojing: n /lu/ a type of dancing like rock and roll
-berajojing: v practice this dance

ajre: n a type of traditional drama in Bali

aju; mengajukan: v /frm/lu/ 1 propose 2 suggest 3 put for­ward 4 bring  forward 5 bring to the fore

ajudan: n adjutant: -see: ajidan

ajuk: v /frm/lu/1 guess  2 figure out 3 estimate 4 mimic 5 imitate
-ajukan: n 1 guess 2 estimation

ajun1: n /ld/ 1 objective  2 aim 3 purpose
-mengajun: v 1 intend 2 mean 3 want to

ajun2; ajung: n /ld/ adjunct

Ak: n accountant |some people put it after his/her name to show his/her profession|

AKABRI {Akademi Angkatan Bersenjata Republik Indonesia|: n Indonesia Military Academy

akad: n /frm/lu/ 1 contract  2 agreement.

akad jual beli: n /frm/lu/ trading contract.

akad nikah: n /frm/lu./ marriage agreement.

akademi: n /frm/lu/ 1 academy 2 col­lege.

akademik: adj /frm/lu/ academic |relating to teaching or studying subjects such as science, mathematics etc. in a college or university| Tahun akademik mulai pada tanggal 3 September The academic year starts September 3rd.

akademikus: n /frm/lu/ an academic

akademis: adj /frm/lu/ academic |based on a scientific judgement or finding or scientifically proved|

akal: n /frm/lu/ 1 thought 2 mind 3 intelligence 4 logic
-akal bulus: n /l.u/ 1 trick 2 deception 3 artifice.
-akal pendek: n stupidity.
-berakal: adj 1 clever  2  thoughtful.
-masuk akal: adj 1 reasonable 2 logical.
-mengakali: v 1 deceive 2 cheat
-mencari akal: v 1 find a way to do something 2 think a trick or stratagem.
-tidak masuk akal: adj illogical

akali: adj intelligent

akan1: aux. v /frm/lu/ will Saya akan melakukannya sekarang juga I will do it right away.
-akan tetapi: prep. 1 but  2. however.
-seakan-akan: conj. 1 as if  Mereka semua kelihatannya seakan-akan ketakutan. They all looked as if they were scared.

akan2: prep. /frm/lu/ about  Mereka tidak tahu akan kedatangan saya. They don’t know about my coming. –syn: tentang, perihal

akankah: aux.v /frm/lu/ shall Akankah mereka datang hari ini? Shall they come today?

akang: n /ld/ term of address to an elder brother; variant of abang:

akar: n /frm/lu/ root
akar pangkat dua: n square root
-akar gigi: n root of tooth
-akar kata: n basic word
-akar serabut: n advantageous root
-akar masalah: n the core of a problem

akasia: n /frm/lu/ acacia |any tropical tree with yellow and white flower genus Acacia auriculiformia|

akaunting: n /frm/lu/ accounting; -see: akunting:

akbar: adj /frm/lu/ 1 great 2 grand 3 general rapat akbar general assembly

akherat; dunia akherat: n /frm/lu/ 1 hereafter  2 heaven 3 paradise

akh: variant of ah:

akhbar: n /of/1 news paper 2 publication

akhir: n /frm/lu/ end  pada akhir bulan September yang akan datang. at the end of the coming September
-akhir-akhir ini: adv recently
-akhirnya: adv finally Akhirnya kita bisa melakukannya Finally we made it.
-akhiran: n 1 ending 2  suffix.
-akhirat: n hereafter |eternal life after dying|
-berakhir: v /intr/ end  Badai itu berakhir tadi pagi The storm ended this morning
-mengakhiri: v /tr/ end Kita harus mengakhiri masalah ini dalam waktu dekat We have to end this problem soon.
-terakhir: adj the last  Penerbangan terakhir akan lepas landas dua puluh menit lagi. The last flight will take off in twenty minutes.

akhlak: n /frm/lu/ 1 character  2  morals 3 manner

akhlas: adv honestly -see: ihlas:

akhli: n /frm/lu/ expert; variant of ahli:

aki1; aku: n /frm/lu/ battery
-mengisi aki: v charge a battery

aki2: n /in some area only/ grand father.

akiau: n young Chinese man

akibat: n /frm/lu/ 1 result  2 consequence 3 effect.

akibatnya: adv /lu/frm/ 1 consequently 2 ultimately 3 finally 4 as the result
-berakibat: v /intr/tr/ 1 result (in) Penyakit itu berakibat pada pernafasannya. The disease resulted in his breathing 2 affect Kematian Paul sangat dalam berakibat pada dia. Paul’s death deeply affected her.
-mengakibatkan: v /tr/ result. Kebakaran itu mengakibatkan kematian dua orang anak. The fire resulted in the death of two children.

akidah: n /frm/lu/ 1 faith 2 belief.

akik; batu akik: n /frm/lu/ agate

akilbalig; akilbaligh1: adj /frm/lu/1 adolescent  2  grown up 3 mature |considerably responsible|

akilbalig; akilbaligh2: n /frm/lu/ |male whose age has been fifteen years or above|

aklamasi: n /lu/ acclamation |an oral vote or an approval taken without formal ballot because enthusiastic response from the whole voters|

aklimasi; beraklimasi: v /tech/ acclimate |to become used to the weather, way of living etc. in a new place, or to make someone do this| Makan waktu satu hari bagi astronot untuk beraklimasi pada kondisi di angkasa It takes the astronauts a day to get acclimated to the conditions in space.

aklimatisasi: n /tech/ acclimatisation

akomodasi: n /frm/lu/ 1 accommodation also accommodations |a place to live, stay, or work in|  Akomodasi akan disediakan untuk semua peserta lokakarya Accommodation will be provided for all workshop participants 2 a way of solving a problem between two people or groups so that both are satisfied

akomodatif: adj /frm/lu/ accommodative

akomodir: v /frm/lu/ accommodate

a kontan: adv /frm/lu/ 1 cash only 2 no credit

akor; or akur1: adj /inf/lu/ 1 harmonious  Itu satu paduan empat suara yang akur. It is a harmonious quartet 2 matching Warna dinding dan dekorasi akur The wall colour and the decoration are matching 3 intimate Dia hanya mengatakan kepada beberapa teman akurnya bahwa dia hamil She only told a few intimate friends of her that she was pregnant. -syn: sesuai, pas, cocok..

akor; akur2: v /inf/lu/ 1 agree Mereka akur satu sama lain dengan harga itu They agree each other with the price. 2 match. Apa kaos kaki ini akur sama sepatu kamu? Do these socks match your shoes? 3 square Dealer mobil yang memberi langganannya harga yang akur (pantas) A car dealer that gives customers a square deal.

akrab1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 intimate Dia adalah teman akrab saya She is my intimate friend 2 close related. Apa kamu akrab dengan Hun Sen? Are you close related to Hun Sen? 3 get along Bagaimana kamubisa akrab dengan Bob? How do you get along with Bob?
-mengakrabkan: v /tr/ tighten (relationship) Usaha kerjasama ini akan mengakrabkan kedua negara. This joint venture will tighten the relation of the two countries.
-keakraban: n intimacy

akrobat: n /frm/lu/ acrobat |sb who does difficult physical actions such as a circus player|

akreditasi: n /frm/lu/ accreditation

akronim: n /frm/ acronym

aksa: adj far

aksara: n /frm/ 1 alphabet 2 letter. –syn: /lu/ huruf
-buta aksara: adj illiterate
-kebuta aksaraan: n illiteracy  Berapa angka kebuta aksaraan di negeri ini? What is the illiteracy rate in this country?
-beraksara: v have a skill to read and to write

akselerasi: n /frm/lu/ acceleration

aksen: n /frm/lu/ accent

akseptor: n /frm/lu/ acceptor (family planning contraceptive users)

aksesori: n /frm/lu/ accessory

aksi: n /frm/lu/ 1 action  2 activity
-beraksi: v /intr/ 1 act  2 perform 3 do 3 function 4 execute 6 carry out 6 operate 7 take the stand

aksioma: n /frm/ axiom

akta: n /frm/lu/ official document (certificate, licence, statement, etc)
-akta lahir: n birth certificate
-akta perkawinan: n marriage certificate
-akta guru: n teacher’s certificate
-akta jual beli: n ownership mutation certificate

akte: variant of akta:

aktip: adj /frm/lu/ 1 active  2 in­dustrious.

aktiva: n /frm/ assets

aktivis: n /frm/lu/ activist

aktivitas: n /frm/lu/ activity
-keaktifan: n 1 activeness  2 industriousness

akta: n /frm/lu/ 1 official document 2 certificate

aktor: n /frm/lu/ 1 actor 2 player

aktris: n /frm/lu/ actress

actual; aktuil: adj /frm/lu/ actual

aktualisasi: n /frm/lu/ actualization

aktualitas: n /frm/lu/ actuality

aktuil: variant of actual:

aku1: pron. /frm/lu/ 1 I  Aku adalah seorang dokter. I am a doctor. 2 my Itu rumah aku That is my house. 3 me Bicaralah padaku (pada aku). Talk to me. –syn: saya, hamba, beta, /inf/ gua
-mengaku: v 1 admit Dia salah, namun dia tidak mau mengaku. He was wrong, but he won’t admit it. 2  confess Tidak makan waktu lama supaya dia mengaku salah It didn’t take long for her to confess. 3 profess/claim  Sekalipun dia mengaku seorang vegetarian, ternyata dia memakan ikan Although he professes to be a vegetarian, in fact he eats fish.
-mengakui: v acknowledge.
-pengkuan: n 1 acknowledgement 2. confession 3 profession/claim

aku2: variant of aki:

akuarium: n /frm/lu/ aquarium

akupuntur: n /frm/lu/ acupuncture

akumulasi: n /frm/lu/ accumulation

akumulatif: adj /frm/lu/ accumulative

akuntan: n /frm/lu/ accountant

akuntansi; akonting: n /frm/lu/ accounting

akupungtur: n /frm/lu/ acupuncture

akur: variant of akor:

akurat: adj /frm/lu/ 1 accurate 2 precise 3 exact

akustik; akustika: n /frm/lu/ acoustics

akustis: adj /frm/ acoustic

akut: adj /frm/lu/ 1 acute 2 critical
-keakutan: n 1 acuteness  2 criticality

a.l. {antara lain}: prep. among others

ala1: adj /frm/lu/ in the way or style (of)    Makanan ala Amerika American food Musik ala Barat Western music.

ala2: adv /frm/lu/ ala kadarnya |to describe that sth is made available neither abundant and nor very limited|  Silahkan cicipi makanan yang ala kadarnya. Please enjoy the food that just what can be made available. Gajinya cukup umtuk kebutuhan hidup mereka ala kadarnya His take home pay is fairly enough for their need.

ala3; alah!: excl. /spo/lu/ come on |to express that we don’t fully agree with sth| Alah! Jangan begitu keras kepala dong! Come on! Don’t be such stubborn!

alah2: mengalah: v /intr/frm/lu/ give in |to agree to something you were unwilling to agree to before, especially for a good reason| Saya tidak ingin ada perpecahan diantara anggota sehingga saya mengalah tidak mencalonkan diri menjadi ketua club. I didn’t want any friction between the members, so I gave in not to run for the chairman of the club.  Saya mengalah  karena saya tahu bahwa kejuaraan ini adalah segalanya buat dia. I gave in be­cause I know that this championship is everything for him.
-mengalahi; mengalahkan: v /tr/ 1 conquer  2 over­come 3 defeat   Penampilan kamu mengalahi penampilan dia. Your performance overcome her performance. Pasukan kita mengalahi pasukan musuh di medan perang. Our troop defeated the enemy’s troop in the battle.
-kekalahan: n 1 loss 2 defeat.

alah: variant of  ala3:

alaihissalam: intrj. /Isl/ |a response to Islamic greeting “assalam alaikum”  meaning “may peace be upon you”|

alaikum salam: greeting /Isl/ peace be unto you |a response to “assalam mualaikum” |

alal bihalal: n variant of halal bihalal |a social gathering where people should forgive each other|

alam1: n /frm/lu/ 1 world 2 realm 3 nature 4 environment
-alam semesta: n universe
-alam gaib: n world of mystery
-­alam baka: n eternity
-alam khayal: n world of fantasy
-alam ­nabati: n plant kingdom
-alam pikiran: n 1view 2 philosophy 3 world of ideas 4 way of thinking
alam tumbuh-turnbuhan: n the nature of plant
-alam sekeliling: n environment
-alam terbuka: n open-air
-berpengalaman: adj experienced |has a lot of experiences that make you skilful or wise| seorang pemandu wisata berpengalaman an experienced tour guide
-mengalami: v experience |to be influenced or affected by something that happens to you or by emotions, pain| Perusahaan mengalami banyak masalah berkaitan dengan sistim komputer The company is experiencing problems with its computer system. Korban gempa itu mengalami banyak kejadian mengerikan The victims of the earthquake experienced a lot of terrible incidents.
-pengalaman: n experience |something that happens to you and has an effect on how you feel or what you think|  Bekerja sebagai tim penyelamat adalah satu pengalaman menakjubkan. Working as a rescue team was a wonderful experience.

alam2: adj /frm/lu/ natural karet alam natural rubber. bakat alam natural talent (talent by birth)

alam3: excl. /Isl/ wallahu alam: only the God knows! Apakah mereka selamat atau tidak, wallahu alam! Whether they survive or not, only the God knows

alamat: n /frm/lu/ address
-beralamat: v |have the address| Kantor dia beralamat di Jl Sudirman no: 20 His office’s address is at # 20 Jl Sudirman. Surat itu tidak beralamat That letter has no address
-mengalamatkan: v 1 |to send to a particular address| Kemana surat itu kamu alamatkan? What address the letter you sent to? 2 address |to pursue particular audience or object| Presiden mengalamatkan kritiknya kepada oposisi. The president addressed his critique to the opposition. 3 indicate, foretell  Suhu udara yang meningkat tiba-tiba mengalamatkan datangnya hujan. The sudden increase of air temperature indicates the coming of rain.

alami1: or alamiah: adj /frm/lu/ 1 natural  Aroma kue ini alami.  The scent of this cake is natural Apakah nafsu ini dorongan alami? Is sexual lure a natural drive? Apa hasrat ini merupakan dorongan alami? Is this passion a natu­ral drive?

alami2; secara alamiah: adv /frm/lu/ naturally Secara alamiah kekebalannya terhadap infeksi sangat efektif Naturally his immunity to infection is very effective. Apa nafsu berahi itu  alamiah?
-mengalami: v experience. Apa kamu pernah mengalami kesasar di hutan? Did you ever experience a lost in a jungle?

alang1: prep. /ld/ |in the middle of sth| Dia anak alang dari tiga bersaudara He is in the middle (the third) of three children.

alang2; alang kepalang; kepalang tanggung: adj /frm/lu/ 1 |to describe that sth neither be fulfilled nor be scarce or sth is done with a half-hearted way| Makanan di pesta itu alang tanggung. The food at the dinner was almost scarce 2 Kalau mau berbuat baik jangan kepalang tanggung, atau setengah hati. If you want to do something nice do it seriously, don’t be half-hearted

alang3; mengalang: v /frm/lu/ 1 block 2 bar. –see: halang:
-pengalang: n /lu/ 1 block 2 bar 3 blockage

alang-alang: n /frm/lu/ |a kind of grass with coarse, tall, and sharp leaf like blade|

alangkah: adv /frm/lu/ |averagely like very – how – if it’s used to express an impression toward sth| Alangkah indahnya danau ini. How beautiful this lake!  Alangkah baiknya kalau kamu ikut bersama kami It would be very nice if you go with us

alap1; alap-alap: n /ld/1 hawk 2 thief  3 kidnapper
-mengalap: v 1 pick (fruit from its tree) 2 abduct 3 kidnap
-pengalap: n 1 abductor 2 kidnapper
-pengalapan: n 1 abduction 2 kidnapping

alap2: adj /ld/1 attractive 2 gorgeous 3 nice Seorang pemuda yang alap dan santun A handsome and good looking young man

alaram: n /frm/lu/1 alarm 2 danger signal.

alas1: n /frm/lu/1 pedestal 2 base 3 founda­tion 4  layer 5 bottom 6 support.
-alas baju: n jacket lin­ing.
-alas kaki: n footwear
-alas kata: n forewords
-alas bangunan: n foundation |a  basic structure of a building|
-alas meja: n table cloth
-alas tidur: n sleeping mattress
-mengalasi: v |to put sth as a base of sth| Kamu perlu mengalasi vas bunga itu dengan plastik. You need to put a plastic as the base of the vase.
-mengalaskan: v |to use sth as a layer/base|  Jangan cari lagi plat itu, saya telah mengalaskan nya di dasar tonggak ini. Don’t look for that plate anymore, I’ve put it as the base of this pole.
-pengalas: n |to be used as a base or layer| Mari kita cari ssu untuk pengalas patung ini. Let’s find something as a base of this statue.

alas2: intrj /spo/lu/ setan alas! son of a bitch! |setan = ghost, evil; alas = wild forest|

alasan: n /frm/lu/ 1 reason 2 motive 3 cause
-beralasan1: adj reasonable Tidak beralasan meminta dia menunggu kita It’s not reasonable asking him to wait for us
-beralasan2: v have a reason  Dia selalu beralasan untuk pulang lebih awal. She always has a reason to go home early.

alat1: n /frm/lu/1 tool 2 device 3 equipment 4 instrument 5 gadget 6 apparatus 7 organ, applicator
-alat pemerintahan: n government apparatus. (mostly used for civilian)
-alat negara: n armed personnel such as police, soldiers, etc.
-alat tulis kantor (ATK): n office supplies
-alat pertanian: n agricultural equipment.
-alat olah raga: n sport devices and facilities.
-alat pel: n mop
-alat pertukangan: n repairing tools
-alat-alat listrik: n electricity devices
-alat-alat dapur: n kitchen wares
-alat-alat musik: n music instruments
-alat pernafasan: n respirator
-alat pencernaan: n digestive organ
-alat kelamin: n sex organ, genitals
-alat-alat rumahtangga: also perabotan: n furniture
-alat bayar luar negeri: n foreign exchange.
-memperalat: v 1 make use of sb/sth Mereka memperalat dia untuk menyelundupkan narkoba ke dalam negeri. They used her to smuggle drugs into the country 2 manipulate Dia memperalat nama baik ayahnya untuk keuntungan pribadi. He manipulated his father’s reputation for his own benefit.
-peralatan: n equipments.

alat2: n /mainly in north Sumatera/ 1 guest 2 feast or party
-memperalatkan: v 1 marry sb 2 invite guest to a marriage party
-peralatan; perhelatan: n a feast to celebrate sth

ale: n /Amb/ you |a respectful address|

alegori: n /ltr/ allegory |a story, poem, painting etc. in which the events and characters represent good and bad qualities|

alegoris: adj /ltr/ allegorical

alergi: n /frm/lu/ allergy

alergi: adj /frm/lu/ allergic

alfabet: n /frm/lu/ alphabet

alfabetis: adj /frm/lu/ alphabetical

alfatihah: n /Isl/ first versus of Al Quran recited every prayer time and before praying for a death

algoritme: n /frm/lu/ algorithm

algojo: n /frm/lu/ 1 executor 2 hangman 3 terminator 4 bully 5 butcher 6 killer

alhamdulilah: excl. /Isl/ 1 thank God (for what has done) 2 fortunately Alhamdulilah mereka selamat dari malapetaka itu Fortunately they survived the disaster.

alhasil: adv /frm/lu/1 eventually Alhasil dia pergi juga He eventually went away. 2 finally Alhasil mereka menerima proposal kita. Finally they accept our proposal. 3 in the end Setelah penantian yang lama alhasil mereka tidak muncul After a long waiting, at the end they didn’t show up.

ali-ali: n /ld/ 1 a traditional weapon |a piece of rope that is used to throw a stone| 2 slingshot
-mengali-ali: v shoot with ali-ali

aliansi: n /frm/lu/ alliance
-beraliansi: v 1 ally 2 be allied

alias: conj. /frm/lu/ 1 or  Cerita agen rahasia, Margaret Zelle, alias Mata Hari. The story of a spy, Margaret Zelle, alias Mata Hari.  2 in other words/name.  Dia menghabiskan waktu mondar-mandir di rumah dengan alais dia tidak melakukan apa-apa. He spends his days loafing around the house, in other words he does  nothing.

Ali Baba: /idiom/ |Ali sounds Indonesian name and Baba sounds Chinese name – Ali Baba used as a term to classify a cooperation or business between an Indonesia and a Chinese which sounds like an Indonesian business, but it’s secretly financed by a Chinese businessman|

alibi: n /frm/lu/ alibi.

alih1; mengalihkan; beralih; v /frm/lu/ 1 change Jangan coba mengalih pembicaraan. Don’t try to change the topic of the conversation: 2 shift Apa kamu mau mengalihkan jam kerja kamu dari pagi menjadi sore? Do you want to shift your work hours from morning to evening? 3 convert Mereka beralih agama dari Hindu ke Islam They converted from Hinduism to Moslem. 4 switch. Tiba-tiba dia mengalihkan arah senjata itu Suddenly he switched the direction of the gun. 5 upstage  Kedatangan artis itu mengalihkan perhatian orang dari pekerjaannya. The coming of the artist upstage people’s attention from their work.

alih2: n /frm/lu/ 1 transfer alih teknologi transfer of technology  2 translation alih bahasa language translation
-peralihan: n 1|the process of changing| Telah terjadi satu peralihan kekuasaan politik yang mendadak A sudden change in political power control has happened. 2 |transition| Ini adalah masa peralihan dari pemerintahan otoriter menjadi demokratis This is a transition period from a totalitarian to a democratic government.
-pengalihan: n 1 transformation 2 transfer. -alihbahasa; alihbasa: n translation
-mengalihbahasa: v translate

alim: adj /frm/lu/ 1 pious 2 religious  3 devout.

alim ulama: n /frm/lu/ religious leader

aling1; aling-aling1: n /frm/lu/1 shelter 2 barrier, block, obstruction, flaw
-tanpa tedeng aling-aling: adv flawlessly,  straightforwardly, (without argumentation or reason)  Dia menjawab pertanyaan itu tanpa tedeng aling-aling He responded the question straightforwardly. Dia membuat  pernyataan tanpa tedeng aling-aling. He gave the statement flawlessly.
-mengalingi: v 1 hamper  Uang telah mengalingi pandangan dia terhadap masa depan anaknya yang lebih baik Money has hampered his vision to a better future of his children  2 block  Gedung baru itu telah mengalingi pandangan ke pantai The new building blocks the sight to the beach.

aling-aling2: n /tech/ mechanical bearing

alir1; alirann /frm/lu/1 flow Aliran sungai itu telah menenggelamkan seorang anak kecil. The flow of the river sunk a little boy  2 orientation Aliran politik partai itu adalah extreme kanan. The party’s political orientation is extreme right 3 type Ini lukisan aliran abstark This an abstract type of painting. 4 sect Kami menganut agama yang sama tetapi aliran berbeda. We follow the same religion but with different sect. 5 current Apa aliran listrik tersedia di desa itu? Is electricity current available in the village? 6 cash flow (of money) Mari kita upah seorang akuntan untuk memeriksa aliran uang keluar masuk dana organisasi itu. Let’s hire an accountant to verify the cash flow of the organization fund. 6. circulation aliran darah blood circulation  7 aliran kebatinan spir­itualism/mysticism  8 aliran Harvard Harvard school of thought
-mengalir: v 1 flow Sebuah sungai mengalir dipinggir tanah itu A river flows on the border of the land. Sejumlah besar uang mengalir secara gelap dari bank sentral kepada sejumlah oknum politisi. A big amount of money illegally flowed from the central bank to a number of politicians 2 inherit Di tubuh Tony mengalir bakat musik dari ayahnya. Tony inherited his father’s talent of music. 3 pour Ribuan orang mengalir memasuki lapangan Thousands of people poured into the square. 4 stream down. Air rnatanya mengalir Her tears streamed down.
-mengaliri: v flow through. Air dari bendungan ini mengaliri berhektar-hektar sawah The water of this dam flows through hectares of rice field. Air mata mengaliri pipinya Tears flowed down her cheeks.
-dialiri: v be supplied (with) Semua rumah akan dialiri listrik. All houses will be supplied with electricity.
-mengalirkan: v channel. Pak tani mengalirkan sungai itu ke tambak ikannya. The farmer channels the river into his fish fond.
-pengaliran: n 1 circulation 2 distribution

alir2: n /ld/ | a trap using a live animal as a bait in a narrow tunnel to catch crocodile|

alir3: adj /lu/ smooth

alis: n /frm/lu/ eyebrow.

aljabar: n /frm/lu/ algebra.

alkisah; alkissah: n /frm/lu/ 1 the story 2 legend

Alkitab: n /frm/lu/ the Bible.

alkitabiah: adj /frm/lu/ biblical

alkohol: n /frm/lu/ alcohol

Alkuran: n /frm/lu/ Al-Qur’an

Allah: n /frm/lu/ the God.
-demi Allah: excl.  for the sake of the God
-Allah (wa) ta’ala: excl. God the Most High.
-Allahu Akbar: excl. holy exclamation God is the Greatest

alm.{almarhum}: n /wrt/ the late, the death

almahdi: n /Isl/ the Messiah

almarhum: n /frm/lu/ the late. the deceased

almarhumah: n /frm/lu/ the late (for female) almarhumah Aminah the late Aminah.

almari; lemari: n /frm/lu/ cupboard

Al-Masih: n /frm/lu/ the Messiah.

alokasi: n /frm/lu/ allocation.
-alokir: also mengalokir: v allocate
-mengalokasikan: v allocate
-pengalokasian: n allocating.

alon-alon1: adj, adv /Jv/ slow, slowly. alon-alon asal kelakon slowly but sure

alon-alon2; n /ld/ 1 city park 1 town square;
-see: alun-alun:

alot: adj /frm/lu/ 1 tough  Diskusi itu sangat alot The discussion was very tough  2 solid Daging itu sangat alot The meat is solid. 3 difficult Ujian itu sangat alot The test was so difficult

alpa1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 neglectful Dia alpa melakukan tanggung-jawabnya. He is neglectful of his responsibility. 2 forgetful

alpa2: v /frm/lu/ forget  Jangan alpa mengerjakan PR kamu Don’t forget to work with your home work. 2 neglect
-kealpaan: n 1 shortcoming 2 neglect

alpabet: variant of  alphabet:

alpukat: n /frm/lu/ avocado –see: advokat

AI-Qur’an: n /lu/ |the Koran – the holy book of Islam|

ALRI [Angkatan Laut Republik Indonesia}: n Indonesian Navy

altar: n /frm/lu/ altar.

alternatif1: n /frm/lu/ alternative. Apa alternatifnya? What is the alternative?

alternatif2: adj /frm/lu/ alternative Saya menghadapi pilihan alternatif (pilihan satu diantara dua) I faced an alternative choices.

alun: n /lu/ wave, swell
-beralun-alun: v 1 billow awan beralun diatas kepala clouds billowing overhead
-mengalun: v |move or do sth rhythmically| Penyanyi itu mengalunkan suara merdunya. The singer release his soft voice rhythmically 2 |move in steady movement|  Biar saya cek apakah darahmu mengalun Let me check if your blood  flows normally

alun-alun: n /ld/ town square.

alur1: n /frm/lu/ 1 channel, line  alur pelayaran ship’s channel. 2 plot (of a story). Alur ceritera filmitu  membosankan namun effek khususnya bagus The plot of the story of the movie was boring, but the special effects was good. Naskahnya memberi satu alur yang kuat. The play script provides a forceful plot. 3 slot Masukkan kartu ATM anda dari alur ini Insert your ATM card through this slot. 4 ditch/gully Sungai kecil ini dulunya adalah alur irigasi. This brook was an irrigation ditch 5 space. Jangan letakkan kotak-kotak itu terlalu rapat satu sama lain. Kita perlu alur untuk lewat. Don’t put the boxes too close each other. We need a space to walk through. 5 gully  Alur di tanah menunjukkan betapa lebatnya hujan itu The gully on the ground shows how heavy the rain was. 6 the way of thinking. Saya tidak mengerti alur pikir anda I just don’t understand your way of thinking. 7 chronology Buku ini menggambarkan alur terjadinya peristiwa tersebut.
-beralur1: v 1 have brainstorm   Mereka itu orang-orang beralur They are people who have brainstorm.
-beralur2: adj striped – having a pattern of stripes

alur2; mengalur: v /ld/ conduct brainstorming  |the act of meeting with a group of people in order to try to develop ideas and think of ways to solve problems| Mereka selalu menglaur dulu sebelum mengambil keputusan They always conduct a brainstorming before taking a decision

alus; halus: adj /frm/lu/ 1 smooth |having an even surface| jalan yang halus a smooth road kulit yang halus smooth skin 2 delicate |made in a way that is not solid or is weak and therefore easily damaged| Taruh barang-barang halus dalam satu kotak khusus dan di urus dengan hati-hati. Put the delicate things in a special box and handle them with care 3 soft Suaranya halus Her voice is soft
-menghaluskan: v /tr/ smooth out  Natasia duduk meghaluskan roknya Natasia sat down, smoothing her skirt.

am: adj /frm/ 1 general, ordinary, common Itu satu hal yang am It’s a common matter. 2 universal gereja yang kudus dan am the holy and universal church.
-mengamkan: v 1 publicize 2 announce 3  proclaim.

ama1: n /lu/ insect; –see: hama:

ama2: adj /Jkt/ similar -see: sama:

amal: n /frm/lu/ 1 sacrifice |something that you decide not to have in order that others need it more or something you do for the sake of others| 2 deed, work. Banyak beramal dan sedikil bicara itulah yang lebih baik Much deed and little talk, that would be better 3 good deed, charity. amal baik good deed, good works. amal bakti dedication, service.
-beramal1: v give charity |sacrifice or do something for good deed|
-beramal2: adj charitable |have done a lot of sacrifice and good deed| Mereka itu orang-orang beramal They are charitable people 2 generous. Kami mencari orang-orang beramal untuk menjadi pendukung missi ini We are looking for generous people to be the sponsor of this mission
-mengamalkan: v |put or give sth to charitable use|  Mereka meng­amalkan rumahnya untuk kepentingan umum. They give their house for public use.

amaliah: adj /lu/ charitable |related to charity and good deed| .

aman: adj /frm/lu/ 1 safe Apa makanan ini aman untuk dikonsumsi anak-anak? Is the food safe to consume by children?  Aman untuk berjalan sendiri di daerah ini. It’s safe to walk alone in this area 2 secure Kami buat pabrik ini supaya aman untuk pekerja We keep this factory secure for the workers. 3 peaceful Jangan takut pergi, ini kota yang aman Don’t worry to go, this is a peaceful city. 4 orderly Ada demonstrasi aman pagi tadi di lapangan kota. There was an orderly demonstration this morning in the town square.
-aman sejahtera: adj peaceful and tranquil.
-keamanan: n security, safety |the state of being safe and orderly| Tidak ada yang perlu diragukan dalam soal keamanan disini There is nothing to worry about related to safety in this place.
-mengamankan: v 1 protect Polisi telah mengamankan daerah ini The Police have protected this area. 2 pacify Polisi telah mengamankan orang-orang yang mengamuk itu Police have pacified the angry mob.  3 save Mereka tidak bisa mengamankan hutan itu dari penebagan liar. They couldn’t save the forest from illegal logging. Kakak saya mencoba mengamankan harta bendanya dari kobaran api My elder sister tried to save her goods from the flames. 4 keep Keep the children in a calm place. 4 detain |to officially stop someone from leaving a place|  Polisi telah mengamankan dua tersangka untuk di tanyai keterangan. The police detained two suspects for questioning.
-pengamanan: n 1 safeguard, custody |an action to safe (sth/so)| 2 preservation |protection from change, risks, or bad situations| 3 security check Pengamanan di bandara sangat ketat. The security check in the airport is very tight. 3 guardianship Keamanan hotel bertanggung jawab atas pengamanan dalam. The security of the hotel is responsible for internal guardianship.

amanah: n /frm/lu/1 mandate Yang terpenting buat saya adalah meningkatkan kemakmuran negeri ini, karena itu adalah salah satu amanah yang diberikan oleh rakyat. My main concern is to improve the country’s prosperity, because it is one of the mandate given by the people. 2 mission Amanah yang harus kami jalankan adalah membantu para tunawisma di daerah ini. The mission that we have to do is to help the homeless people in this region 3 trust Keberhasilan bank ini tergantung pada amanah dari para nasabah. The success of this bank depends on the trust given by the customers.
-mengamanahkan: v advocate, advice, propose, recommend

amanat: n /frm/lu/ 1 speech, instruction, command Presiden akan memberi amanat kepada semua polisi dan angkatan bersenjata di televisi mengenai ketertiban dalam negeri. The president will deliver his speech to the police and arm forces through television on the country order. 2 |the need to pay attention to|
-Amanat Penderitaan Rakyat: n Attention to the People’s Suffering (political slogan launched by Sukarno) –see: AMPERA
-beramanat: v instruct |issue an order,  advice, advocate, etc. . Panglima Angkatan Perang beramanat kepada semua pasukan untuk siap bertempur. The Army Chief in Command instruct all the troops to be ready to combat. Menteri kesehatan beramanat agar semua rumah sakit meningkatkan pelayananya. The minister of health advise all the hospitals to improve their services.
-mengamanatkan: v 1 warn Bank Dunia mengamanatkan akan adanya kemungkinan keterbatasan pangan dunia. The World Bank warned the possibility of world food shortage. 2 promote Satu iklan layanan social yang mengamanatkan penggunaan pupuk ramah lingkungan A social marketing advertisement that promote the use of environment-friendly fertilizer 3 dedicate, sacrifice: Mereka ingin mengamanatkan sebagian harta mereka untuk kegiatan sosial. They want to dedicate some of their properties for charity.
-pengamanatan: n |the process or action of making a speech, command, advice, etc| Pengamanatan bahwa tentara perlu siap siaga itu memang perlu The instruction of asking troop to standby was necessary

amandel: n /frm/lu/ 1 almond. 2 tonsil.

amandemen: n /lu/ amendment.

amang: mengamang-amang: v /ld/ |raise fist while shouting a threat| Dia mengangkat tangannya yang terkepal dan berteriak “Kamu akan terima balasannya” He raise his clenched fist and screamed, “You’ll pay for it” –syn: mengacung-acungkan

amang boru: n /ld/ |the husband of your father’s sister in Batak ethnic|

amar: n /frm/ 1 order, command (esp. from God) Ini satu amar yang tidak bisa ditolak This is an order that we can’t object to. 2 substance (esp. in a court decision) |sentence or phrase after word “decide, command, order, etc” in a court decision” Amar putusan itu menyatakan bahwa terdakwa bisa mengajukan banding. The substance of the court decision says that the dependant has a right to go to the higher court.
-mengamarkan: v order, command, instruct. Pengadilan mengamarkan supaya jaksa segera memasukkan terdakwa ke dalam penjara. The court order the prosecutor to directly detain the dependant in prison.
-amaran: n order, charge, injunction. Saya berharap amaran sidang tidak menghukum terdakwa. I hope the court injuction will not to punish the dependant.

amarah: n /frm/lu/ anger. Amarah tidak akan menyelesaikan persoalan Anger will not solve the problem

amat1: adv /frm/lu/ very, too. Kenapa  kamu amat  membenci dia sejak ilu? Why did you hate him very much after that time? –satu berita amat penting a very important news amat banyak sungut-sungut. very much grievance –syn: sangat, terlalu.

amat2; mengamati: v /frm/lu/ 1 observe  Menejer selalu mengamati semua pekerja orang per orang. The manager always observes the workers individually 2 monitor, supervise.  –syn: memantau, memperhatikan.
-pengamat: n observer Dia adalah seorang pengamat ekonomi yang teliti He is a very cautious economic observer. –syn: pemantau, pemerhati, pengawas
-pengamatan: n observation Bagaimana hasil pengamatannya? How was the result of the observation? -syn: pengawasan,  pemantauan,
-mengamat-amati: n 1 spy  Seorang agen rahasia mengamat-amati kegiatannya. A secret agent spies his activities. –syn:  memata-matai, mengawasi, memperhatikan.

amatir: n /frm/lu/ amateur  Apa tato kamu dibuat oleh seorang amtir? Have your tattoo done by an amateur?

amatiran: adj /frm/lu/ amateur  Saya adalah tukang foto amatiran. I’m an amateur photographer.

ambal: n /lu/ carpet  –syn: permadani

ambang1: n /frm/lu/ 1 ambang (batas): threshold |the level at which something begins to happen or have an effect on something|  Ambang batas pemilih agar dapat menjadi partai peserta pemilu berikutnya adalah 3% The threshold of the voters to have a right to joint the consecutive election is 3%  2 ambang (penyimpangan): margin of error |the degree to which a calculation can be wrong without affecting the final results| 3 sill ambang jendelan windowsill 4 ambang (pintu): door step 5 ambar (sungai):  river bank
/idiom/ di ambang pintu: imminent, near at hand. Saya yakin promosi kamu sudah diambang pintu I believe that your promotion has been near at hand

ambang2’ mengambang: v /intr/frm/lu/ float  Bahan ini mengambang di air. This material float in water.
-mengambangkan: v /tr/ float Jaket pengaman ini akan mengambangkan anda di permukaan air. This life jacket will float you on the water surface
-mengambak: adj 1 annoyed Ben mengambak kepada ibunya Ben was annoyed at his mother 2 crestfallen
n floating |the action or process to float sth|  Pengambangan nilai tukar mata uang asing adalah salah satu pilihan yang mugkin dilakukan untuk menjaga stabilitas inflasi. Floating of the foreign currency rate is a possible option to keep the inflation stability.

ambar; hambar: adj /frm/lu/ devoid

ambeg-parama-arta1: adj /frm/ |Javanese words describes a stand of giving priority to sth – which is more important than which)

ambeg-parama-arta2: n /frm/ priority

-mengambeg-parama-artakan: v /lu/ prioritize  Negara harus mengambeg-parama-artakan pembangunan wilayah Timur The state should prioritize the development of East region.

ambeien: n /frm/lu/ hemorrhoids

ambek: mengambek: v /inf/lu/  sulk  Berhenti mengambek, kamu boleh pergi keluar main nanti. Stop sulking; you can go out and play later.

ambekan: adj /ld/ easy to be sulked Biarkan dia sendiri, dia memang ambekan Let her a lone, she is easy to be sulk:

amben1: n /ld/ sash |a long piece of cloth that you wear around your waist like a belt|

amben2: n /ld/ wooden or bamboo flat form for sleeping

amberol: variant of ambrol:

amberuk: variant of ambruk:

ambet: n /ld/ 1 diaper 2 bindings, bandage.

ambia: n /ld/ the plural form of “nabi” (prophet)

ambil; mengambil: v /frm/lu/ 1 take  Kamu boleh ambil satu kue itu You may take one of the cake Siapa yang mengambil majalah itu? Who took the magazine? 2 ambilkan: take /mostly imperative/  Ambilkan satu gelas air untuk saya Take a glass of water for me. Saya akan ambilkan kamu segelas kopi. I’ll take you a cup of coffee 3 participate, join Apa kamu akan ambil bagian dalam missi itu? Are you going to participate the mission? 4 bring, obtain, get Ambil surat-surat dari kantor pos sekarang Bring/obtain/get mails from the post office right now. 5 consume, use, need. Penelitian itu akan mengambil waktu lama. The research will need/ consume/ use much time. 6 extract Kalau kita mengambil  2,5% dari jumlah keseluruhan, sisanya akan menjadi 975 If we extract 2,5% of the total the rest will be 975
-ambilan: n sth that has been taken
-ambil alih: v take over, expropriate
-ambil anak: v adopt a child
-ambil ancang-ancang: v get prepared
-ambil keputusan: v decide
-ambil kesimpulan: v conclude
-ambil perhatian: v get the attention
-ambil muka: v butter up Kelihatannya staf baru itu selalu mengambil hati menejer It seems that the new staff  always butter up the manager.
-diambil: v /pass./ 1 be taken Surat itu sudah diambil dari kotak pos The letter has been taken from the P.O. box.
-mengambili: v keep taking  Anak-anak mengambili semua buah itu. The children kept taking all the fruit 2 collect Mari kerja bersama mengambili sampah berserakan ini Let’s work together to collect the scattered garbage.
-pengambilan: n taking Pengambilan foto itu akan kita lakukan besok We’ll execute the picture taking tomorrow.
-pengambilan keputusan: n decision making
-pengambilan contoh: n sampling
-pengambilan sumpah: v |administering of an oath at an official installation|
-pengambil alihan: n expropriation, taking over, withdrawal
-pengambil keputusan: n decision maker
adj un-purposely be taken  Maaf, yang satu ini terambil dengan tidak sengaja, akan saya kembalikan. Sorry, this one is un-purposely taken, I’ll put it back.

ambisi: n /frm/lu/ ambition. Saya tidak punya ambisi untuk menjadi ketua sidang. I have no ambition to be the chairman of the meeting.

ambisius: adj /frm/lu/ ambitious  Dia sangat ambisius memenangkan pertandingan yang akan datang. She is very ambitious to win the next game
-berambisi: v have ambition  Saya tahu bahwa anda berambisi menjadi ketua partai. I know that you have ambition to be the president of the party

ambivalen: adj /frm/lu/ ambivalent. Saya kira Carla ambivalen untuk menikah. I think Carla’s ambivalent about getting married.

ambivalensi: n /frm/lu/ ambivalence. Ambivalensi dia untuk sekolah di luar negeri disebabkan dia punya pacar disini. His ambivalence to study abroad because of that he has a girl friend here.

amblas; ambles: v /frm/lu/ 1 disappear. Semua uangnya amblas di kasino All his money disappeared in casino  2 cave in Atap rumah tua itu sudah amblas The roof of the old house has caved in. 3 sweep away Semua rumah-rumah  itu  amblas oleh banjir The entire houses were swept away by the floods.

ambles: variant of amblas:

amboi: excl. /lu/ aha!  |expressing surprise and sympathy| Amboi! Betapa indah rumahnya! Aha! How beautiful the house!

ambreg: adj /lu/ 1 untidy 2 messy.

ambreng-ambrengan: adv, adj /inf/lu/ 1 pervasively Bau daging busuk itu ambreng-ambrengan  kemana-mana The smell of the decayed meat smell pervasively  2 scattered  Pakaian ambreang-ambrengan di lantai Clothes had been scattered across the floor.

ambring-ambringan: adj /inf/lu/1 indescribable  2 unheard of.

ambruk: variant of ambrol: v /frm/lu/ 1 collapse, fall down (houses, buildings) Banyak rumah ambruk selama gempa bumi itu Many buildings collapsed during the earthquake.
-keambrukan: n collapse Keambrukan Kerajaan Majapahit The collapse of  Majapahit Kingdom.

ambulan: n /frm/lu/ ambulance.

ambung: n /ld/ 1 |the quality that makes things able to bounce| Ambung bola ini sangat bagus. The bounce of this ball is good 2 a container of thins that you carry it by hanging on your back or breast
-mengambungkan: v /tr/ 1 toss |to throw something without much force| Boleh tolong ambungkan kuncinya? Could you toss me the keys?  Perahu itu diambung-ambungkan oleh ombak The boat was tossed up and down by the waves. 2 put on airs Dia suka mengambungkan diri sendiri He likes to put himself on the air
-mengambung: v /intr/ 3 floating about, bobbing up and down (in the water). Kapal rusak itu masih mengambung di sungai The broken boat still floats about on the river.

ambur; mengambur: v /lu/ jump onto water

amburadul: adj /inf/lu/1 messy 2 untidy 3  disarranged

ambyar: adj /ld/ 1 ruined 2 splattered 3 fallen apart. Rencana pembangunan yang sudah didisain bagus itu telah ambyar karena kesulitan ekonomi. The well-designed development plan fell apart of the economic stagnation.

amen: excl. /frm/lu/ 1 amen a) |said as a closing word of a prayer| b) |said as a statement uttered when sb’s begging|
-ngamen: v 1 |begging while singing, playing musical instruments, or re­citing prayers|
-pengamen: n singing beggar. rombongan pengamen traveling troupe of beggars.

amendemen: variant of amandemen:

Amerika: n America Amerika Serikat United States of America.
-keamerika-amerikaan: adj be American-like

amfibi1: n /frm/lu/  amphibian

amfibi2: adj /frm/lu/ am­phibious

amin: intr. /frm/lu/ amen.
-mengamini, mengaminkan: v 1 conclude a prayer with “Amen.” Orang mengamini  doa yang dibacakan oleh imam People said amen to the prayer recited by the imam. 2 approve of, con­cur. Semua anggota mengaminkan rencana undang-undang itu. All the members approved the bill.

amir: n /Isl/ 1 commander 2 leader.

amis: adj /frm/lu/ putrid  Saya mencium sesuatu yang amis I smell something putrid

amit-amit: excl. God forbid! Perempuan seperti dia? Nggak usah, ya? A women like her? God forbid! Forget her.

amnesty: n /lu/ amnesty

amoi: n /ld/ |in some regions only|  Chinese girl. Amoi itu sedang melirik pada kamu That Chi­nese girl is glancing at you.

amoy: n the variant of amoi:

ampas: n /frm/lu/ 1 waste 2 residue

ampat: num. /Jkt/ four. -see: empat:

ampela: n /frm/lu/ chicken gizzard

ampelas: n /frm/lu/ sandpapersee: 1 amplas 2 kertas pasir

ampelop: n /frm/lu/ envelop -see: amplop:

amphibi:see: amfibi

ampir: variant of hampir:

ampiran: n /lu/ 1 stopping by 2 shelter

ampitasi: n /frm/lu/ amputation  -see: amputasi

ampiteater: n /frm/lu/ amphitheatre

ampitir: mengamputasi: v /frm/lu/ amputate

amplas; mengampelas: v /frm/lu/ smooth the surface of wood with sandpaper or fig tree leaves

amplasemen: n /frm/lu/ 1 emplacement |space to sit mortar gun| 2 ground where the rail of railways put on. –see: emplasemen

ampli; amplifayer: n /frm/lu/ amplifier.

amplop: n /frm/lu/ 1 envelope 2 bribe  Politisi itu dituduh menerima amplop The politician was accused of taking bribes 3 paid wartawan amplop a paid-off (bribed) journalist.
-beramplop: adj |covered with envelope|

ampu1: mengampu: v /ld/ 1 support 2 prop up. Mereka sedang mengampu jembatan tua itu. They are working to pro up the old bridge
-mengampukan: v rule, reign over (a country).
-pengampu: n support, means of support
-pengampuan: n 1 guardianship 2 supporting

ampu2: variant of empu:

ampuh: adj /frm/lu/ 1 effective |producing the result that was wanted or intended| Ini obat yang sangat ampuh untuk flu This is a very effective medicine for flu -syn: mujarab, manjur 2 potent |powerful and effective|  satu sistim persenjataan yang ampuh a potent weapons system –syn: mempan, dahsyat 3 influential Pernyataan presiden itu sangat ampuh meredam huruhara itu.The president statement was very influential to calm the chaos -syn: berpengaruh
-keampuhan: n 1 effectiveness 2 potency 3 potentiality 4 influence   Apa kamu dapat membuktikan keampuhan musik mempengaruhi perilaku seseorang? Can you prove the effectiveness of music to influence someone’s behaviour?

ampun1: n /frm/lu/ forgiveness Dia minta ampun kepada gurunya He ask forgiveness from his teacher –syn: maaf
-mengampuni: 1 pardon Apa anda mau mengampuni saya Would you pardon me? 2 forgive Tolong ampuni saya atas apa yang sudah saya lakukan. Please forgive me of what I’ve done to you  Moga-moga Tuhan mengampuni kamu. May God forgive you  3 condone |to approve of behavior that most people think is wrong| Kita tidak dapat mengampuni penggunaan kekerasan We cannot condone the use of violence  -syn: (1,2) memaafkan
-pengampunan: n 1 forgiveness Ini kesempatan terakhir saya berikan kamu pengampunan This is the last time I give you forgiveness 2 amnesty Presiden menolak permintaan pengampunan hukuman matinya. The president refused his proposal on the amnesty for his death punishment 3 pengampunan dosa: a) mercy b) absolution |a Roman Catholic form of sacrament|  4 pengampunan pajak: tax clemency.
-terampunkan: also dapat diampuni/ terampuni: adj 1 forgivable 2 pardonable 3 condonable  Jangan khawatir ini satu kesalahan yang dapat di ampuni. Don’t worry, this is a forgivable fault  Itu satu dosa yang tidak terampuni. That is an unforgivable sin

ampun2: excl. /frm/lu/ 1 for mercy’s sake Ya ampun! Apa yang sedang kamu lakukan? For mercy’s sake! What are you doing? 2 what the hell  Baunya minta ampun! What the hell that bed smell!

amputasi: variant of ampitasi:

amsal: n /Bib/ l proverb  2  parable 3 Proverbs. |one of the old testament (Bible) contents|

amuk: mengamuk: v /frm/lu/ go berserk |become very angry and violent in a crazy way| Dia mengamuk memukul apa saja yang ada didekatnya. He went berserk to hit what ever close to him.  2 rage violently Badai mengamuk beberapa jam lamanya. The storm rage violently for several hours  3 run amok Orang banyak itu mengamuk merusak pagar dan gerbang bangunan. The crowd ran amok destroying the building fence and gate
-amukan: also kecamuk: n 1 rage |a strong feeling of anger that you cannot control|  Amukan dia muncul ketika kami tolak untuk membantu Her rage came out when we refused to help. 2 blaze Anggota pemadam kebakaran gagal mematikan amukan sijago merah itu The fire fighter failed to extinguish the blaze. 3 conflict Amukan antara perasaan dan pikiran telah menguasai dirinya The conflict between her feeling and thought has  occupied her.
berkecamuk: adj chaotic
-kecamuk: n 1 fight Kecamuk antara kedua negara telah terjadi sangat lama. The fight between the two countries has taken place for long. 2 ranging Kami selalu takut terhadap amukan angin topan. We always fear of the ranging of the typhoon

amunisi: n /frm/lu/ ammunition.

an1: suf. /frm/lu/ 1 |to form noun from action verb|, makan (eat) v ® makanan (food) n;   pukul (hit) v ® pukulan (hit) n; catat (note) v ® catatan (note) n,  buat (make) v ® buatan (made of/in) n, pikir (think) v ® pikiran (thought) n; ukur (size) v ® ukuran (size) n, 2 |combined with prefix “ke”,  to form noun from adjective|, cantik (beautiful) adj ® kecantikan (beauty) n;  baik (kind) adj ® kebaikan (kindness) n; salah (wrong) adj ® kesalahan (mistake) n;  jujur (honest) adj ® kejujuran (honesty) n 3 |to form noun from adjective without prefix; asin| (salty) adj ® asinan (pickle) n; manis (sweet) adj ® manisan (dessert that taste sweet) n. 4 |to form noun as a group, collective, larger/bigger; or common noun from specific things or smaller in size or less in quality|, ratus (hundred) n ® ratusan (hundreds) n, sayur (particular vegetable) n ® sayuran (vegetable in a common sense) n;  laut (sea) n ® lautan (ocean) n;  kota (city) n ® perkotaan (urban) n; desa (village) n ® pedesaan (rural) n; toko (shop) n – pertokoan (shopping center) n; house (rumah) n ® perumahan (housing area) n; kebun (garden) n ® perkebunan (plantation) n 5 |to form a word that can function noun similar to gerund that has a characteristic of verb in it. The difference is that a gerund is formed from a verb, while in this case could be from a noun or an adjective|, jual (sell) v ® jualan (selling);  pacar (boy/girl friend) n ® pacaran (being get together with boy/girl friend); lebar (great, broad, large) adj ® lebaran {celebrating holyday (great day)};  natal (Christmas) n ® natalan (celebrating Christmas Day), tawur (fracas) n ® tawuran (being involved in a fracas), syukur (thanks) n ® syukuran (getting together to say thank to God similar to Thanksgiving) 6 |to form noun from noun or verb which described as a place to do something or to describe an activities, usually combined with prefix “per” or “pe”|. ternak (cattle) n ® peternakan (farming) n ; belanja (shoppin) v ® perbelanjaan a) n shopping area b) n shopping activity; berguru (to learn from a teacher) v ® perguruan n a) n college 2) n teaching;  dukun (magician, witch, warlock) n ® perdukunan a) n a place where a witch or a warlock practices magic. b) n witchcraft, witchery

ana: pron. /ld/  I, me  |particularly used among Betawian (the origin of Jakarta)|

anai-anai: n /frm/lu/ 1 white ant which eat soft wood 2 a person or a family whose richness is growing

anak: n /frm/lu/ 1 son or daughter Saya punya dua anak satu anak laki-laki satu anak perempuan I have two children, one son and one daughter. 2 child  Dia datang kesini dengan seorang anak She came here with a child.
-anak-anak1: adj |very young, not yet fully grown| Dia masih anak-anak He is still very young
-anak-anak2: n 1 children  Anak-anak sedang bermain di halaman belakang. The children are playing in the back yard 2 pupil Berapa anak ada di kelas ini. How many pupils are in this class?
anak Adam: n 1 human being 2 a man
-anak Agung: n Balinese title of nobility
-anak alamiah: n natural (il­legitimate) child
-anak angkat: n adopted child.
-anak anjing: n puppy.
-anak asuh: n 1 foster child 2 disciple  3 protégé |a young person who is guided and helped by someone who has power, wealth, or more experience|
-anak ayam: n baby chicken, chicken offspring
-anak badung: n rascal
-anak baju: n vest, undershirt
-anak bangsawan: n the descendant of nobility
-anak balita {di bawah lima tahun}: n children under five years old
-anak bangsa: n dedicated citizen
-anak bawang: n uncounted person to give an opinion in a family.
-anak beranak: n parents and children
-anak bilik: n small room connected to a larger one.
-anak buah: n subordinate, staff, followers, adjutant, helper, subordinate, members, crew, pawn
-anak bungsu: n the youngest child in a family
-anak catur: n sixteen pieces of a chess board
-anak dara: n a virgin young girl
-anak dara sunti: n an girl who is approaching puberty
-anak durhaka: n rebellious child
-anak gadis: n unmarried young female
-anak gawang: n junior members of a football club who doesn’t yet joint the match
-anak gunung: n 1 knoll 2 someone who just came from rural area, country man
-anak haram: n illegitimate child
anak ingusan: n wet behind the ears child
-anak jalanan: n homeless child
-anak judul: n subtitle
-anak kalimat: n clause
-anak kandung: n own child.
-anak kapal: n sailor
-anak kemarin: n a new member to a group or community who know nothing
-anak kembar: n twins
-anak kembar tiga: n triples
-anak kemenakan: n nephew, niece.
-anak kolong: n soldier’s child (someone who born in a military camp)
-anak komedi: n comedian
-anak kos: n boarder – who pays to live in a dormitory or in another family
anak mas (emas): n favourite child – whom parents give more attention and love
-anak mata: n pupil
-anak manusia: n Christ
-anak menantu: n son or daughter in law
-anak meja: n table’s drawer  –syn: laci
-anak muda: n youth
-anak orok: n new born child, infant
-anak pacu: n jockey
-anak panah: n arrow
-anak peluru: n bullet
-anak panggung: n theatre crew
-anak perusahaan: n affiliated firm of a conglomeration
-anak pinak: n descendants
-anak pungut: n foster, informally adopted child –see: anak angkat
-anak pisang: n banana sprout
-anak remaja: n adolescent, teenager
-anak semang: n a child who is purposely grown up by other family.
-anak sulung: n the oldest child in a family
-anak sungai: n brook
-anak Surabaya/Medan, etc: n someone who come from Surabaya/Medan, etc
-anak tangga: n ladder’s rung, stairs’ step
-anak timbangan: n the weights of a scale
-anak tiri: n step child
-anak uang: n interest
-anak yatim-piatu: n orphan
-kekanak-kanakan: adj childish
-menganak emaskan:
v to treat a child more favourable than the others
-menganak tirikan: v to treat so/sth unfairly.
-peranakan1: adj mixed blood origins  Dia adalah peranakan Cina Melayu His is a mixed blood of Chinese and Melayu
-peranakan2: n 1 womb, uterus 2 hybrid of a plant or animal .

anakanda; ananda: n /ltrl/ 1 your truly child, son (respectful, usually used at the closing part of a personal letter) 2 familiar form of address to a young people. Anakanda hendak kemana? Where are you going, my child?

analis; penganalis; analisawan: n /frm/lu/ analyst, analyzer.

analisa: n /frm/lu/ analysis, examination.
-menganalisa: v analyze.
-penganalisaan: n analyzing, examining.

analisir: menganalisir: v /frm/lu/ analyze.

analisis: n /frm/lu/ analysis. analysis vektor vector analysis

analitis: adj /frm/lu/ analytical.

analog: adj /frm/lu/ analogous.

analogy: n /frm/lu/ analogy.

anam: n variant of enam:

ananda: n variant of  anakanda:

anarkhis; anarkis: adj /frm/lu/ anarchic

anarki: n /frm/lu/ anarchy

anarkisme: n /frm/lu/ anarchism.

anasir: n /frm/lu/ element. Angkatan bersenjata telah dimasuki oleh anasir-anasir aliran extrim kiri. Arm forces has been infiltrated by extreme left wing elements

anatomi: n /frm/lu/ anatomy.

a.n.b. |stand for atas nama beliau|: prep. /frm/ert/ 1 for  2 on behalf of  the Excellency

ancam; mengancam: v /frm/lu/ threaten Sandra mengancam mau lari dari rumah Sandra threatened to run away from home. Kamu jangan mengancam saya Don’t you threaten me! Tornado sedang mengancam The tornado is threatening
-ancaman: n threat Polusi adalah ancaman serius untuk  kehidupan mahluk laut. Pollution is a serious threat to the life of sea creatures.
-berifat ancaman: adj threatening Seseorang mengirimi saya SMS yang bersifat ancaman Someone sent me a threatening SMS
-terancam: adj threatened  Binatang yang terancam dari kepunahan seharusnya dilindungi dengan UU pelestarian Threatened animal from extinction should be protected by reservation law  Kalau kamu merasa terancam hubungi polisi di nomer ini If you feel that you are threatened call the police in this number.
-pengancam: n |who or what threat so/sth|

ancang-ancang: n /frm/lu/ 1 a preparation and position before taking an action such as leap in a race, landing of a craft, etc Pilot telah mengambil ancang-ancang untuk mendarat ketika kami mendengar suara berderak di sayap pesawat The pilot had taken a position to land when we heard a crack on the craft’s wing.  2 |spare distance from where sb stand by to where an action will take place| Ambil tiga meter ancang-ancang dari palang. Take three meters spare distance from the bar  3 the onset of the beginning of something 4 an approach to face a problem. difficulty, etc
-mengancang-ancang: v prepare  Dia sudah mengancang-ancang perjalanan itu sejak bulan lalu He has prepared his tour since last month

ancar-ancar; ancer-ancer: n /frm/lu/ 1 estimate 2 prediction 3 itinerary
-mengancar-ancar: v 1 estimate 2 predict. 3 make itinerary

anda: pron. /frm/lu/ you |use to both single of plural second person – commonly used in semi formal speech or writing instead of Saudara/ Bapak/ Ibu which are considered very formal|

andai: conj. /frm/lu/ 1 andai kata: if. Andai kata saya telepon dia lebih awal, dia seharusnya masih di rumah.  If I called her earlier, she should still be at home. 2 bagaimana seandainya: suppose, supposing. Bagaimana seandainya kita coba menyelesaikan bagian ini saja dulu. Supposing we try to finish this part first. Jangan lakukan itu. Bagaimana seandainya Ibu tahu? Don’t do it. Suppose Mom found out? 3 andaipun: supposing that 4 seandainya: suppose that
-berandai: v |to assume what something might be if something happen| Dia selalu berandai kalau sesuatu terjadi She always think if something happen
berandai-andai: v |think hypothetically – make assumption if something happen something else would happen too| Mereka berandai-andai kalau memenangkan pertandingan They were hypothesizing what would happen if they win the game.
-pengandaikataan: n assumption Pengandaikataan kalau hujan datang membuat saya ragu pestanya di luar rumah. The assumption of if it rain made me worry about the party outdoor.
-mengandaikan: v suppose, assume.
-pengandaian: adj conditional (sentence) Beritahu saya pola umum satu kalimat pengandaian Tell me a common pattern of a sentence
-perandaian: n assump­tion

andal: mengandalkan: v /frm/lu/1 rely on. Negeri ini sangat mengandalkan hasil tambang This country very much rely on mines 2 trade on. Dia mengandalkan pengalamannya untuk mencari kerja He traded on his experiences to find a job.
-andalan: n 1 mainstay. andalan kokoh firm/strong mainstay.
-andalan: adj 1 reliable  Steward adalah pelatih andalan kami Steward is our reliable coach 2 top Sekarang kita punya banyak pemusik andalan Now we have many top musician  2 security, pledge. 3 chief seat (at national or territorial level).

andalas: n /frm/ morus macrora |name of a very tall tree, very solid and  usually used for furniture|

Andalas: n Island of Sumatra.

andar: mengandarkan: v /frm/lu/ 1 exhibit 2 publish  |present in a comprehensive way|
-andaran: n 1 presentation 2 explanation.

andi: n title of nobility in South Sulawesi.

andil: n /frm/lu/ share. Berapa andil kamu di perusahaan itu? How much is your share in the company? Pasar andil sekarang lagi stabil The share market is now stable 3 contribution. Sebagai pahlawan ayahnya mempunyai andil besar di negeri ini.As a hero his father has a great contribution to this country

andong: n /lu/ four-wheeled cart drawn by two horses common in Central Java.

anduk: n /lu/ towel  syn: handuk.

andung: n /ld/ grandmother

ane: n /ld/ I, me  –see ana:

aneh: adj /frm/lu/ strange, queer, peculiar, unique satu perilaku aneh a strange attitude. Betapa anehnya penampilan dia. How strange his performance was
-anehnya: also keanehan: n strangeness, oddity, peculiarity.  Keanehan sikapnya membuat saya tidak bisa menahan tawa The strangeness of his behavior couldn’t stop me laughing
-menganehkan: adv 1 strangely 2 surprisingly Menganehkan kenapa dia tidak datang ke pesta itu Strangely why he didn’t come to the party?
-aneh-aneh: adj odd Aneh-aneh saja kamu berkata seperti itu! What so odd you said that!

aneka: adj /frm/lu/ different aneka ragam different kinds
-beraneka1: v vary Ras-ras itu beraneka sesuai kejauhan tempat The races vary over the distance Metode pengajaran sangat beraneka dari satu sekolah ke sekolah lain. Teaching methods vary greatly from school to school. anggur yang braneka harga dan mutu wines that vary in price/quality
-beraneka2: adj various
-beraneka ragam/warna/jenis1: v vary in colour  Mereka membuat dekorasi itu beraneka warna They made decoration to vary in colour
-beraneka ragam/warna/jenis2: adj multiple colour, mixed kinds/colour, different kinds/colour. Apa kamu suka tutup meja yang beraneka warna? Do you like a multiple colour table cloth? Dia telah diselimuti perasaan beraneka ragam. She was occupied with different kinds of feelings
-keanekaan: keanekaragaman: n variety, diversity, difference Keanekaan/keaneka- ragaman produk ini membuat saya bingung untuk memilih The variety of the product made me confused to choose
-menganekaragamkan: v vary (in kind) Semua boneka ini kelihatan sama tetapi beraneka dalam jenis bahan All these toys seem the same but they vary in kind of material Kamu perlu menganeka-ragamkan diet dan melakukan lebih banyak olahraga You need to vary your diet and get more exercise
-menganekakan: menganekaragamkan: v diversify, vary, differentiate, multiply Sekaitan keterbatasan sumber minyak, rakyat perlu menganekaragamkan sumber daya tenaga (bahan bakar). Due to the oil resources shortage, the people need to diversify the sources of energy. Indonesia sedang mencoba menganekakan pertunjukan-pertunjukan budaya di tujuan-tujuan wisata. Indonesia is trying to multiply the cultural performances at the tourist destinations.

anekdot; anecdote: n /frm/lu/ anecdote.

aneksasi: n /frm/lu/ annexation.
-menganeksasi: v annex, appropriate, take possession of.

anem: num. variant of enam: six

angan: n /frm/lu/ 1 thought, notion, idea, intention, aims  Angan saya, ingin bertemu dia My intention is to meet her  2 fantasy, illusion, day­dreaming. angan hati heart’s desire.
-berangan-angan: mengangan-angankan: v 1 dream 2 hope. Dia satu waktu berangan-angan menjadi selebriti Once she dreamed to be a celebrity Dia tidak berupaya, hanya berangan-angan He doesn’t make any effort, he just daydreams 2 aim, have ideals. Dia berangan-angan terlalu tinggi He has dream that is too ideal 2 recall, ponder, contemplate. Dia mengangan-angankan masa kecilnya. He recalled his childhood. 3  imagine, fantasize. Dia sedang mengangankan bahwa dia seorang permaisuri She is fantasizing being a Queen
-terangan-angan: v be thought 2 be  intended. Telah terangan-angankan untuk melihat-lihat Eropah It has been intended to visit Europe
-/prov/ Angan hati memeluk gunuung apa daya tangan tak sampai Desire to hug the mountain, unfortunately the hand is short  Angannya terlalu tinggi His aims are too high.

angel: adj /Jv/ 1 difficult 2 strange 3 unusual.

anget: variant of hangat: adj warm.

anggap; anggapan: n /frm/lu/1 opinion  Apa anggapan umum terhadap pernyataan presiden itu? What is the public opinion on the president statement?  2 expectation Apa anggapan terhadap kedatangan kita? What was the expectation from our visit? 3 suspicion |a feeling or belief that something is probably true| Carmen ditahan dengan anggapan terlibat pembunuhan. Carmen was arrested on suspicion of involvement on a murder. Mereka selalu memperlakukan kamu dengan anggapan negatif They always treated you with negative suspicion.
-beranggapan; menganggap: v /intr/ tr/ 1 regard |to think about someone or something in a particular way|  Saya telah menganggap dia sebagai saudara. I’ve regarded him as my brother. 2 deem |consider something in a particular way| Professor itu beranggapan bahwa sebagian data tidak benar. The professor deemed some of the data is not valid 3  assume  Jangan menganggap seseorang itu salah sebelum kamu punya bukti Don’t assume someone is wrong before you have enough evidence for it  4 think Jangan pernah menganggap rendah dia, dia terlalu pintar untuk ditipu. Don’t ever think down on him, he is to smart to be deceived 5 expect  Kami menganggap pengeluaran tidak akan sebesar itu. We expected that the expenses will not so much.
-dianggap: v be considered Usulan kita dianggap tidak ada. Our proposal was considered nothing
-tanggap: adj responsive tanggap darurat responsive to emergency Saya berharap pemerintah akan tanggap pada petisi kita. I hope that the government would be responsive to our petition.
-tanggapan: n 1 response Apa sudah ada tanggapan terhadap usulan kita? Has yet  any response to our proposal? 2 comment Mereka tidak memberi tanggapan terhadap pernyataan anda. The didn’t give any comment to your statement.
-anggap-anggap: menganggap-anggap: v nod the head to invite so to do sth

anggar1: anggaran: n /frm/lu/ 1 budget Kami sedang memikirkan tambahan anggaran proyek itu We are thinking about the additional budget of the project. Minggu depan pemerintah akan menyerahkan Rencana Anggaran Pendapatan dan Belanja Negara    tahunan ke pada parlemen. Next week the government will submit the Annual State Budget Plan to the parliament. 2 fiscal Tahun anggaran mulai dari 1 April setiap tahun sampai dengan 31 Maret tahun berikutnya. The fiscal year starts from April 1 every year to March 31, in the next consecutive year  3 statute Anggaran Dasar partai harus di laporkan kepada pemerintah. Fundamental Statute of the party should be reported to the government. 4 rule, regulation Anggaran Rumah Tangga satu organisasi tidak boleh bertentangan dengan Undang-Undang Dasar negara. The internal regulation of an organization should not against the state constitution 5 estimation, prediction. Anggaran kami sedikit lebih tinggi dari angka sebenarnya. Our estimation is a little higher than the actual figure.
-menganggarkan: v budget Pemerintah daerah telah menganggarkan Rp: 100 milliar  untuk program kesehatan masyarakat. The local government has budgeted Rp:100 billion for public health program.
-penganggaran: n budgeting Penganggaran secara nasional dikordinasikan oleh Bappenas. National  budgeting is coordinated by Bappenas.

anggar2: n /frm/lu/ fencing.
-main anggar: v fence. Apa kamu tahu  main anggar? Do you how to fence?
-anggar ­lidah: v debate, argue.
-anggar pena: v to carry on polemics in newspaper.
-anggar pikiran: v 1 debate  2 brain storming

anggar3; hangar: n /frm/lu/ 1 hangar 2 shed, warehouse (at harbor). 3 quay.
-anggar burung: n perch in bird cage.

anggara: adj /ld/ wild –syn: liar

anggauta: variant of anggota: member.

anggerek; anggerik: variant of anggrek: n orchid.

anggota: variant of anggauta: n /frm/lu/ 1 member. Dia anggota tim penyelamat He is a member of rescue team   anggota kehormatan hon­orary member  2 personnel Saudara dia adalah seorang anggota polisi His brother is police personnel 3 organ Salah satu anggota tubuh bagian dalamnya terganggu He has a problem with one of his internal organ ­
-beranggota: v to have member Klub itu beranggota lebih dari seratus orang The club has more than a hundred members
-beranggotakan: v include Tim itu beranggotakan berbagai ahli The team includes different kinds of experts
-keanggotaan: n membership Keanggotaan klub ini memberi kita banyak keuntungan The membership of this club gives us much benefit.

anggrek: n /frm/lu/ orchid.
-anggrekwan: n orchid grower, orchid expert
-penganggrekan: n orchid growing. Pengangrekan taman ini harus mengorbankan sebagian bunga lain Orchid growing in this park has to sacrifice some of other flowers.
-peranggrekan: n orchid matters, orchidology Dia mengetahui banyak hal tentang perangrekan. She knows much about orchid matters.

angguk: anggukan: n /frm/lu/ nodding Anggota komisi menunjukkan persetujuan mereka dengan anggukan.  The committee members showed their agreement with nodding
-mengangguk: v nod. Saya tanya apakah dia mengerti dan dia mengangguk mengatakan ya. I asked if  he understand me and he nodded to say yes!
-mengangguk-angguk: v keep nodding Ketika saya sedang menyajikan proposal itu mereka terus mengangguk-angguk. When I was presenting the proposal they kept nodding.
-pengangguk: n yes man.
-mengangguki: v assent to, agree with. Semua mereka mengangguki ide kamu itu. All of them assented to your idea.
-terangguk-angguk: v uncontrollably nod. 2 toss and pitch

anggun: adj /frm/lu/1 elegant Nadia telah tumbuh menjadi seorang wanita anggun. Nadia has grown up to be an elegant women 2 handsome. Dia adalah wanita teranggun yang pernah saya kenal. She is the most handsome women I ever know.
-keanggunan: n 1 elegance, handsomeness

anggur1: menganggur: adj /frm/lu/ 1 unemployed  Jumlah orang menganggur di kota ini lumayan tinggi The number of unemployed people in this town is quite high. Saya adalah seorang guru yang sedang menganggur. I’m an unemployed teacher  2 lie/sit   Ada satu mobil menganggur di garasi. Kamu boleh memakainya There is a sitting car in garage. You may use it 3 idle Apa kamu punya uang yang menganggur? Do you have idle money?
-pengangguran1: penganggur: n the unemployed. Para pengangur di minta untuk mengirimkan daftar riwayat pengalaman ke kantor Kementerian Tenaga Kerja. The unemployed are invited to  send their curriculum vitae to the office of Work Force Ministry Dia seorang pengangguran. He is an unemployment, joblessness person.
-pengangguran2: n |the condition of not having a job, or the number of people who do not have a job|  Angka pengangguran di negeri ini tidak terlalu tinggi.The rate of unemployment in the country is not pretty high. Apa pemerintah punya angka pengangguran terselubung? Does the government have the figure of hidden unemployment?

anggur2: n /frm/lu/ 1 grape. 2 wine.

­anggur beranak: n /frm/lu/ postpartum tonic

anggur obat: n /frm/lu/ me­dicinal wine.

anggut: menganggut: v /frm/lu/1 nod 2 move erratically 3 pitch
anggutan: n nodding, pitching.

angin: n /frm/lu/ 1 wind |the outside air when it moves| Angin sedang berhembus dari arah utara The win is blowing from the north Biasanya tidak ada angin topan di daerah ini Usually there is no typhoon in this area Angin telah menunbangkan pohon itu The win felt down the tree. 2 air |the mixture of gases that we breathe and that surrounds the Earth| Mari kita pergi keluar mencari angin segar Let’s go outside and get some fresh air. Angin di gunung itu pasti segar The air around the mountin must be fresh Tekanan angin ban kiri belakang terlalu rendah The air pressure of the rear left tire is too low Tutup jendelanya. Angin di ruangan ini terlalu dingin. Close the window, the air in this room is too cold. –syn: udara   3 chance, opportunity Ini benar-benar angin baik buat kamu untuk mendapat pekerjaan. This is a real good chance for you to get a job. 4 sign, clue, hope.  Bagaimana wawancaranya? Apa kamu dapat angin. How was the interview? Is there any good sign? 5 the cause/ motive condition Angin apa yang telah membawa kamu kesini? What cause/ /motive brought you here? Tidak ada angin tidak ada hujan dia marah. There wasn’t wind, there wasn’t rain (without any reason) he got angry. 6 matter Anggap saja kejadian itu angin lalu Just take it as a temporary matter  (something that easily to be forgotten) 7 rumor Ternyata berita dari dia itu hanya berita angin In fact the news from her is only a rumor. What the news from her was just a rumor. 8 nonsense  Apa yang dia katakan pada kamu itu hanya angin. What he told you, it was just a nonsense.
-angin-anginan: adj /lu/ inconsistent, capricious – likely to suddenly change decisions, emotions, conditions etc. without a reasonable cause or explanation|  Karena tipe dia angin-anginan, kita perlu pernyataan dukungan secara tertuls dari dia. Since he is typically capricious, we need a written commitment from him.
-angin beralih: n shifting wind.
-angin bohorok: n a strong seasonal wind on East Coast of Sumatra
angin buritan: n tail wind.
-angin buruk: v flatulence that can cause stomach ache.
-angin busuk: n fart.
-angin darat: n landward wind.
-angin duduk: n persistent cold.
-angin ekor duyung: n wind that comes from various directions
-angin gunung: n landward breeze.
-angin haluan: n the head of wind.
-anginkan: v /tr/ air |to dry sth with exposing it in an open air| Anginkan benih itu supaya kering Expose the seed to the air so it would dry up
-angin kencang: n stiff breeze, strong wind.
-angin pancaroba: n shifting wind (transitional be­tween monsoons)
-angin puting beliung: n cyclone,
-angin puyuh: n hurricane
-angin sendalu: n moderate wind.
-angin sepoi-sepoi: n light wind, soft breeze
-angin topan: n tornado, typhoon.
-angin turutan: n tail wind.
-buang angin:
v fart, break wind. lower the air pressure inside of sth
-desiran angin: n breeze.
-diangini: v /tr/pas.v/ be aired out |to make a room, clothes, blankets etc. smell fresh by letting air, especially from outdoors, go through them| Selimut ini perlu diangini This blanket needs to be aired out
-mengangini: v air Pentilasi ini akan mengangini gudang dengan cukup baik. This ventilation will air the ware house sufficiently  2 Apa saya perlu mengangini bantal-bantal dan selimut ini? Shall I air this pillow and blanket?
-penganginan: n airing Penganginan di rumah ini perlu di perbaiki. Airing of this room needs to be improved.

angka: n /frm/lu/1 figure |sign or word from 0 to 9, written as a sign rather than spelled with letters| Tulis dengan angka berapa jumlah satu lusin ditambah dua Write down with figure, what is the total of a dozen plus two.  2 point (of a match) Mereka menambah satu angka lagi pada menit terakhir pertandingan They added one more point at the very last minute of the match 3 grade Berapa angka kamu untuk Matematika? What is your grade for Math?  4 total |the amount of sth| Berapa angka pendapatan kamu sebulan? What is the total of your take home pay per month? 5 rate Angka pertumbuhan penduduk negeri ini adalah 0,5% The population rate of the country is 0,5%.
-angka biasa: n cardinal number  (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, ….11, 12,…etc)
-angka bulat: n non-fractional number (1,2,3,4, …11,12,…101, etc)
-angka ganjil: n odd number: (3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17,…etc)
-angka genap: n even number (2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 …14, … etc)
-angka kelahiran: n birth rate
-angka kematian: n mortality rate
-angka pecahan: n fractional number  (1/2, 1/3, …0, 25, 0,50, etc)
-angka pembulatan: n round number. (10, 29,…100, …1000, etc)
-angka pertumbuhan: n growth rate
-angka Romawi: n Roman nu­meral (I, II, … V, …. X, etc)
-angka statistik: n statistical figure
-angka urutan: n ordinal number (1st , 2nd , 3rd , 4th , …etc)

angkara1: n /frm/lu/ 1 anger, rage, enmity Ketua menanggapi sanggahan seorang anggota dengan ankara besar. The chairman reacted to a member’s argument with great anger. 2 angkara murka: n sadism and greed:  Bajak laut itu memperlakukan para pelancong kapal pesiar itu dengan penuh angkara murka. The pirate treated the voyagers with sadism and greed  egotism,  self-centered. 3 brutality and vio­lence Dia mengadukan suaminya telah melakukan kekerasan dan kebrutalan kepadanya. She sue her husband for practising brutality and violence with her

angkara2: adj /frm/lu/ greedy, cruel, brutal, sadistic

angkasa: n /frm/lu/ 1 sky  angkasa biru dan cerah a clear blue sky 2 space |the area outside the Earth’s air where the stars and planets are|  sebuah satelit yang meluncur di angkasa a satellite traveling through space Apollo adalah satu jenis pesawat angkasa luar Apollo is a kind of outer space craft. 3 broadcasting angkasa niaga commercial broadcasting 4 air angkasa pura air port
-syn: langit
-mengangkasa: v /intr/ 1 take off (air craft)  Pesawat akan mengangkasa dalam 15 menit The plane will take off in 15 minutes. 2 air (broadcast) Kapan program video berwarna mengangkasa untuk pertama kali? When was the colour video program for the first time broadcasted?  3 fly high Harga minyak sedang mengangkasa tinggi Oil prices is flying high.
-mengangkasakan: v /tr/ fly Dia mengangkasakan cita-citanya setinggi mungkin He flies his dream as high as possible.

angkasawan: n /frm/lu/ 1 flight crew, astronaut. 2 broadcas­ter, broadcast reporter.

angkasawati: n /frm/lu/1 female air crew, female astronaut. 2 female broadcaster, female broadcast reporter.

angkat: mengangkat: v /tr/frm/lu/ 1 lift  Boleh anda menolong saya mengangkat koper ini? Would you please help me to lift this luggage? 2 raise. Kalau kamu tahu jawabnya angkat tangan kamu! If you know the answer raise your hand! 3  increase Kejuaran Olimpiade kamu telah mengangkat keharuman bangsa. Your Olympic Championship has increased the reputation of the nation 4 take away Kapan mereka akan mengangkat sampahnya? When they are going to take away the garbage? 5 appoint |to choose someone for a job, position, etc| Presiden telah mengangkat seorang Duata Besar baru Indonesia untuk Kerajaan Inggris. The president has appointed a new Indonesian ambassador for United Kingdom. 6 adopt Mereka berniat dalam waktu dekat akan mengangkat seorang anak. They intent in the near future to adopt a child. 7 promote Saya yakin kamu akan diangkat ke jabatan lebih tinggi I believe that you are going to be promoted to a higher position
-angkatan1: n 1 batch |group of things or people that you deal with at the same time| Semua staff akan dilatih dalam lima angkatan All the staff will trained in five batches.  2 forces Angkatan Bersenjata Indonesia terdiri dari Angkatan Udara, Angkatan Laut, dan Angkatan Darat. Indonesian Arm Forces consists of Air force, Navy (Sea Force), and Land Force (Army)  Negeri ini punya jumlah angkatan kerja yang sungguh besar. This country has a great number of work force. 3 generation Angkatan muda seharusnya lebih gigih dari angkatan lebih tua The younger generation should be more enthusiastic than the older generation
-angkatan2: n |the total weight that someone or something can lift|
-berangkat: v leave  Apa kamu mau berangkat sekarang? Are you going to leave now?
-berangkat dewasa: v begin to grow up
-keberangkatan: n 1 departure, leaving.
-memberangkatkan: v dispatch, send. Kepala stasiun sudah siap memberangkatkan kereta api itu The station ­master is ready to dispatch the train.
-pengangkatan: n appointment Pengangkatan pejabat baru untuk posisi ini akan diumumkan segera. The appointment of the new official to this position will be announced soon.
-perangkat; perangkatan: n 1 set Saya mau membeli satu perangkat alat-alat band. I want to buy a set of band instrument. 2 apparatus Presiden mendorong semua perangkat negara untuk bekerja lebih keras dengan pengabdian tinggi. The president urged all the state apparatus to work harder with high dedication.
-terangkat: v /pas. v/ unintentionally lifted Mungkin bungkusan itu ikut terangkat dengan sampah Probably the package has been lifted together with the garbage.
-angkat besi: n weigh lifting.
-angkat jangkar: v pull the anchor.
-angkat telor: v |to practice sycophancy – the practice of a sycophant who attempt to win favor or advantage him/herself from the decision maker of an organization or kingdom|
-angkat kaki: n 1 walk out |to stop working or attending a meeting as a protest| Sidang umum parlemen tidak memenuhi korum karena sebagian besar pihak oposisi angkat kaki. The general assembly of the parliament wasn’t meet the quorum because most of the opposition walked out  2 move |if someone move from a place in an abnormal condition| Mereka angkat kaki  tanpa mengucapkan selamat tinggal kemarin. They moved without saying good bye yesterday 3 flee |if someone has to leave somewhere in order to escape from danger or  because she/he is forced to do so| Presiden telah dipaksa untuk angkat kaki meninggalkan negeri setelah revousi. The president was forced to flee the country after the revolution
-angkat senjata: v start war Sebagian tentara angkat senjata menentang pemerintah. Some of the soldier start war against the government.
-angkat suara: v 1 critique Selama kediktatoran tidak satupun yang punya keberanian angkat bicara. During dictatorship nobody has courage to critique. 2 comment  |to give an opinion about someone or something|  Setelah lama menjadi sasaran kritik pedas akhirnya menteri itu angkat bicara. After a long time of being the target of severe critique finally the minister gave comment. 3 to give opinion Karena begitu banyak peserta ingin angkat bicara, seminar itu harus diperpanjang waktunya. Since there were so many participants want to give opinion, the seminar had to be prolonged.
-angkat suara: v raise the voice, talk louder Apa anda boleh sedikit angakat suaranya? Would you please raise your voice a little?
-angkat bahu: v shrug |to raise and then lower your shoulders in order to show that you do not know something or do not care about something|
-angkat tangan: v 1 hands up (surrender)
-angkat alis: v |knit your brows to show you are worried, thinking hard etc. by moving your eyebrows together|
-angkat topi: v salute, respect
-angkat sumpah: v 1 take an oath.

angkerl: adj /frm/lu/1 eerie Apa kamu merasakan suasana angker gua itu? Did you feel an eerie aura around the cave?  2 haunted |a place that is haunted is one where the spirits of dead people are believed to live| Banyak orang percaya bahwa rumah tua itu angker. Many people believe that the old house is haunted 3 terrible. Apa kamu sudah melihat pelatih baru kita? Dia kelihatannya angker. Have you seen our new instructor? He looks terrible. 3 embarrassing  Celananya sobek di tempat yang paling angker. His trou­sers split in the most embarrassing place.
-keangkeran: n 1 eeriness, fearsomeness. Tragedy waktu Titanic tenggelam telah dikaitkan banyak orang dengan keangkeran laut The tragedy when Titanic sank was by many people related to the eeriness of the sea. 2 awesomeness. |an impression which something is very serious, huge, and difficult to deal with|

angker2: n /frm/lu/ 1 anchor. 2  motor/dynamo |armature. |the rotating part of a dynamo|

angket: n /frm/lu/1 inquiry, poll. 2  questionnaire 3 sampling research. Angket menunjukkan bahwa Megawati kembali popular dimata pemilih The poll shows that Megawati is popular again among the voters

angklung: n /frm/lu/ |musical instrument consisting of sus­pended bamboo tubes which sound when shaking|

angkuh1: adj /frm/lu/ arrogant, conceited, haughty. Dia orang paling angkuh yang pernah saya kenal He is the most arrogant person I ever know.
-keangkuhan: n 1 arrogance, conceit. 2 vanity

angkuh2: n /ld/ 1 form 2 appearance. Angkuh sangat penting untuk menjadi seorang pramuniaga Appearance is very important to be a sales person.

angkut: mengangkut: v /frm/lu/ 1 carry Saya perlu seseorang mengangkut sampah ini keluar I need sb to carry this garbage out. 2 transport Apa kamu akan menyewa truk untuk mengangkut semua ini? Are you going to rent a truck to transport all of these things? 3 carry away. Air hujan telah mengangkut pasir itu sungai The rain carried away the sands to the river. 3 load. Apa truk itu sedang mengangkut ssu? Is the truck is loading something?
-mengangkuti: v pick up, take. Kita menyewa bus ini untuk mengangkuti para tamu dari hotel ke bandara pulang pergi
We rent this bus to pick up and to take the guests from hotel to the airport back and forth
-angkutan: n 1 transport, transportation.
-angkutan kota: n /usually contracted to ‘angkot’/:  urban trans­portation.
-angkutan desa: n rural transportation.
-angkutan pos: n mail pickup.
-pengangkut­1: n transport, carrier.
-pesawat pengangkut: n carrier flight
-angktan barang: n longshore­man, dockhand.
-pengangkutan: n transportation, trans­port.
-angkutan antar pulau: n inter-island transportation.

angkot: n /lu/ |contracted form of angkutan kota – organized small ve­hicle transportation systems in small urban cen­ter|

anglong1: n /ld/ terrace

anglong2: v /ld/ speak confusedly

angpau: n /Chn/ |red envelope contains gift or donation|

angsa: n /frm/lu/ goose.

angsana: n /ld/ tree.

angsur: mengangsur: v /frm/lu/ to pay with instalment.
-angsuran: n instalment Berapa jadinya angsuran saya kalau saya mengambil KPR (Kredit Perumahan Rakyat)nya ? What would be my instalment if I take the mortgage?
-berangsur-angsur: adv gradually Sesudah pengobatan itu kesehatannya berangsur angsur pulih After the medication his health gradually improved. Kesedihan hatinya berangsur-angsur hilang His sadness gradually disappeared. 2 move forward a little. 3 in instalments.
-mengangsur: v 1 do gradually 2 pay in instal­ments. 3 move Siapa mengangsur meja ini? Who moved this table?
-pengangsuran: n 1 process of paying instalments. 2 process of moving gradu­ally.

angus: variation of hangus: v /lu/ burnt, scorch

ani: n /lu/ wooden device of loom where a warp fits.
-mengani: v to form warp of loom:
-anian: n warp.
pengani: n ­spool rack.

ani-ani: n /frm/lu/  small palm-held or bamboo skin reaping knife for cutting rice stalks.

aniaya: menganiaya: v /frm/lu/ 1 torture  Polisi rahasia menganiaya tahanan itu untuk menggali informasi 2 mistreat Anak malang itu telah teraniaya oleh ayah tirinya. That poor child has been mistreated by his step father  3 distressed Setelah menjatuhkan hukuman mati kepada terdakwa perasaan hakim telah selalu teraniaya. After sentencing the defendant to death the judge’s  feeling has always been distressed
-penganiayaan: n 1 torture 2 mistreatment 3 distress

animis: n /frm/lu/ animist.

animisme: n /frm/lu/ animism.

animo: n /frm/lu/ 1 zest |a feeling of eagerness, excitement, and enjoyment|  animo untuk hidup a zest for life 2 courage |the ability to be brave when you are in danger, a difficult situation| 3 gusto sebuah band yang bermain dengan animo kenikmatan a band playing with gusto 4 interest. animo ma­syarakat terhadap produk kita cukup besar Public interest in our product is quite substantial. 5 spirit Saya menghargai animo dia berjuang untuk haknya I admired his spirit to fought for her rights.

anjak: beranjak: v /frm/lu/1 move |to change from one place or position to another, or to make something do this| Dia tidak beranjak sama sekali dari tempat duduknya. He didn’t move at all from his seat  2 get up Dia belum mau beranjak He don’t want to get up yet. 3 getting grown  Dia sudah beranjak dewasa sekarang. He has getting old now 3 shift Jangan beranjak ke topik lain sebelum yang satu ini cukup jelas. Don’t shift to other topic before this one is clear enough. 4 to have Sudah saatnya beranjak makan siang It’s time to have lunch  5 go Pukul berapa kamu pergi tidur? What time do you go to sleep?  6 budge Setapakpun ia tak mau beranjak He won’t budge even a step.
-menganjakkan kaki: v to step
-menganjak tanam: v transplant
-peranjakan: n removal, shift.

anjangsana: n /frm/lu/ field supervision |a visit of a high official to the field or to another country for supervision|
-beranjangsana: v tour |to visit a place on a tour| Kami akan beranjangsana ke New Zealand musim panas ini. We’re going to travel New Zealand  this summer

anjing: n /frm/lu/ 1 dog. 2 power­less supervisor.
-anjing gila: n mad dog.
-anjing air: n otter.
-anjing geladak: n cur, mongrel.
-anjing gembala: n sheep dog.
-anjing hutan: n jackal.
-anjing kampong: n mon­grel, cur.
-anjing laut: n seal.
-anjing ras: n purebred dog.
-anjing tanah: n insect, mole cricket.

anjing-anjing: n /ld/ a tool to wind the sail of a boat

anjlog: v /frm/lu/ 1 collapse Saya berharap usaha kamu tidak anjlog menghadapi krisis ekonomi global sekarang ini. I hope your business won’t collapse facing the current global economic crises.  2 decrease rapidly  Harga minyak akan anjlok kalau OPEC tidak akan membatasi produksi. Oil price is going to decrease rapidly if OPEC will not limit the production.  2  shift out of rail.  Lokomotif kereta api itu anjlok antara Semarang dan Cirebon The train’s locomotive shifted out of the rail between Semarang and Cirebon

anjung: anjungan: n /frm/lu/ 1 a space in a large room which floor is made higher  2 open space in ship or boat where so can relax to enjoy the scene. 3 annex to a large building like a pavilion,  veranda, airport platform, coach, etc
-menganjung: variant of  menganjurkan: v protrude, jut out |to stick up or out farther than the other things in the same area|  daratan menjulur menganjung  ke laut a point of land that juts out into the ocean
-menganjungkan: v 1 to hold and raise Dia menganjungkan pialanya. She hold and raise up her trophy. 2 |raise hand to the sky like so to pray| Dia menganjungkan tangan kelangit dan mengatakan “Terima kasih Tuhan” He raise his hand to the sky and said “Thank you Lord”

anjur: menganjur: v /frm/lu/ 1 stick out, jut out, protrude. Sebuah tunas baru bamboo itu menganjur dari tanah A new shoot of the bamboo is sticking out from the soil 2 move toward. Ibu-ibu sedang menganjur kepasar seperti tentara dalam barisan. Mothers moved toward the market like a troop in line 3 lead, head (a parade). Komandan itu menganjur pasukan menuju medan perang The commandant lead the troop toward the battle field 2 pioneer |take the initiative| Dekan itu bertekad agar perguruan tinggi itu menganjur penelitian dibidang sumber daya dari air laut. The dean intent the college to lead the research on blue energy
-menganjuri: v pass Sebuah mobil menganjuri kami dengan kecepatan paling sedikit 90 mil per jam A car passed us doing at least 90 miles an hour.
-anjuran: n 1 suggestion, proposal 2 recommen­dation, advice.
-menganjurkan: v 1 suggest, propose, rec­ommend, advise. Pemerintah menganjurkan pemakaian yang bukan minyak sebagai sumber daya. The government suggested the use of non-oil energy resources. Dia menganjurkan saya supaya pulang saja. He suggested that I just go home. 2 extend, project, thrust sth out. Tidak diperbolehkan menganjurkan bangunan ini kearah pantai. It’s not allowed to extend this building  toward the beach 3 hand over, pass. Masuk kedalam kereta duluan saya akan menganjurkan tas ini ke anjungan. Go first inside the train and I’ll hand over this suitcase into the coach.
-penganjuran: n advocacy.
-penganjur: n promoter, propagandist, pioneer, ini­tiator.
-terlanjur: v be happened too advanced

anoa: anoang: n /frm/lu/ dwarf buffalo

anomali: n /frm/lu/ anomaly |something that is very distinctive because it is so different from what is usual|  Anggota pemadam kebakaran wanita masih merupakan anomali di kota ini. Women fire-fighters are still an anomaly in this city

anonym: adj /frm/lu/ anonymous |not known by name| seorang penulis tanpa nama an anonymous writer

Antara: n Indonesian News Agency.

antagonis: n /frm/lu/ antagonist.

antagonisme: n /frm/lu/ antagonism.

antagonistis: adj /frm/lu/ antagonistic.

antar: mengantar/mengantarkan: v /intr/tr/frm/lu/ 1 take  Apa perlu saya mengantar kamu ke bandara? Shall I take you to the airport? 2 deliver Dia mengantar surat kabar setiap pagi He delivers newspaper every morning. 3 carry, transmit. Air dapat mengantar arus listerik Wa­ter can transmit electric current. 3 remark  Ketua sedang mengantar dimulainya sidang The chairperson is remarking the opening of the meeting 4 introduce Siapa yang akan mengantar pembicara. Who is going to introduce the speaker 5 accompany Cathy sedang mengantar tamunya ke gerbang. Cathy is accompanying her guest to the gate. 6 take Ibu tiap hari mengantar anak-anak ke sekolah Mother takes the children to school every day 7 see off. Aku ­akan mengantar putraku ke lapangan terbang I will see my son off at the airport.
-pengantar: n 1 intrduction Baca pengantarnya terlebih dulu. Read the introduction first  2 transmitter  Tembaga adalah pengantar arus listrik yang sempurna. Copper is a perfect electric current transmitter  3  deliverer Dia bekerja sebagai pengantar barang-barang pos untuk mendapatkan uang. He works as a postage deliverer to make money  4 carrier Fibre optic adalah pengantar sinal video dan audio yang sangat efektif Fibre optic is a very effective video and audio signal carrier.

antara: prep. /frm/lu/1 between. Bogor adalah salah satu kota antara Jakarta-Bandung Bogor is one of the cities between Jakarta-Bandung. 2 among Ini hanya antara kamu dan saya This is just among you and I 3 of Kamu boleh mengambil satu dari antara apel-apel itu. You can take one out of those apple. 4 from Jarak antara Medan ke Palembang lebih dari 1000 km The distance from Medan to Palembang is more than 1000 kms;  antara lain among others.
-perantara: n 1intermediary, mediator. |someone, institution, or, states who tries to help two other people, groups, or states to agree with one another| Waktu itu Australia bertindak sebagai perantara menyelesaikan perseteruan antara Indonesia dan Malaysia. At that time Australia acted as an intermediary to solve the dispute between Indonesia and Malaysia. 2 agent |a person or company that helps another person or company deal with business, problems, finding work, etc.| Kami adalah perantara, bukan pemilik barang-barang itu. We are the agent, not the owner of the goods. perantara bidang perjalanan travel agent perantara jual beli tanah dan rumah property agent  perantara pertanggungan insurance agency 3 commissioner |similar to agent if it apply to profit taking| Apa perusahaan kamu sebagai pembuat atau pedagang perantara? Is your company a producer or a commissioner?
-perantaraan: pengantaraan: n 1 mediation Bagaimana perantaraan itu berlangsung? How did the mediation go?  2 agency  Kami beli gedung itu melalui perantaraan satu perusahaan real estate. We bought the building through the agency of  a real estate company.
/phrs/ dengan perantaraan: prep 1 via Saya kenal dia dengan perantaraan seorang teman I know her via a friend of mine. 2 with a help | Kami mendapat informasi itu hanya dengan perantaraan seorang orang dalam. We could obtain the information only with the help of a person inside. 3 through Akan lebih efektif kalau kita umumkan dengan perantaraan televisi. It would be more effective if we publicize it through television

Antara: n Indonesian News Agency.

antarabangsa: variant of antar bangsa:

antar-antar: n /ld/ 1 rotor  2 piston 3 rod.

antarbangsa: adj /frm/lu/ international.

antariksa: n /frm/lu/ 1 (outer) space, interplanetary space 2 planetary atmosphere. perjalanan antariksa outer space travel.

antariksawan: n /frm/lu/ astronaut, cosmonaut.

antariksawati: n /frm/lu/ female astronaut or cosmonaut.

Antartika: n Antarctic.

ante: prep. /frm/lu/ before dibangun ante Majapahit built before Majapahit

antek: n /frm/lu/ henchman |someone who faithfully obeys a powerful person such as a politician or a criminal|
-ngantek: v become a henchman

anten: antenna: n /lu/ antenna, aerial.
-antena parabola: n disk plate antenna.

anteng: adj /frm/lu/ 1 calm, quiet. Dia anteng sekali menghadapi orang-orang kasar He is very calm facing crazy people  2 patient |able to wait calmly for a long time or to deal with difficulties without becoming angry, anxious, or annoyed| Cobalah anteng menghadapi semua persoalan berat ini. Try to be patient with all this difficult problem.
-keantengan: n calmness, quietness

antep: adj /ld/ heavy, solid, massive.
-mengantep1: v 1 trust, believe in. Banyak orang mengantep pada apa yang dia katakan Many people believe on what he said  Pegawai itu sangat mengantep majikannya The employees trust their employer very much. 3 let, permit. Dia mengantep orang-orang mengejeknya He let people make fun of him.

antero: seantero: dtrm.  /frm/lu/ 1 the whole  |the whole of an area or space| Seantero dunia telah merasakan akibat pemanasan The whole world has experienced the effect of warming. 2 all Barang ini di jual di seantero Negara-negara Eropah This product is sold in all European Countries
-seanteronya: adv entirely Keuntungan seanteronya milik kamu The profit is entirely yours.

anteseden: n /frm/lu/ antecedent Gempa itu adalah satu anteseden letusan. The earthquake was the antecedent of the eruption

anti-: pref. /frm/lu/ 1 opposed  anti-teroris anti-terrorist 2 resistant to anti-biotik antibiotic  anti panas resistant to heat anti karat resistant to rust (stainless still),  anti-histamin: antihistamine

antik1: n /frm/lu/ 1 antique. 2 ornate, highly embellished 3 eccentric.

antik2: adj /frm/lu/ 1 lively 2 cute 3 rare

anti klimak: n /frm/lu/ anticlimax |the most disappointing because it happens after something that was very interesting|

anting: n /ld/ weight of sensitive scales for light things

anting-anting: n /frm/lu/1 pendant, earring. 2 pendulum of clock.
-menganting: v 1 dangle, sway 2 swing. Kera-kera itu sedang menganting-anting di cabang pohon The monkeys were swinging with the branch of the tree.

antipati: n /frm/lu/ antipathy |a feeling of strong dislike or opposition|

antisipasi: n /frm/lu/ anticipation.
-antisipir; mengantisipir: v anticipate.
-mengantisipasi: v anticipate.

antitesa; antitese; antitesis: n /frm/lu/ antithesis |the exact opposite of something|

antonym: n /frm/lu/ antonym.

antre: antri: v /frm/lu/ stand in line, queue Dia sedang antri didepan ATM itu. He is standing in line in the front of an ATM
-antrian: n queue the line Antriannya sangat panjang The queue is very long

antropolog: n /frm/lu/ anthropologist.

antropologi: n /frm/lu/ anthropology.

antuk; terantuk; berantuk: v /frm/lu/ bump, collide |if something accidentally collide with other thing and it’s not violently| Kaki kanan saya terantuk ke batu ketika saya melewati jalan itu. My right foot collided against a stone when I walk the road. Waktu itu sangat gelap sehingga saya terantuk ke tonggak telepon It was so dark and I bumped into a telephone pole.
-berantuk-antukan: bersiantukan: v collide or bump each other.
v intentionally collide. Dia mengantukkan tongkat itu ke seekor anjing He collided the stick against a dog.
-terantuk-antuk: v collided several time.

antul: mengantul: memantul: v /frm/lu/ bounce, rebound (of a ball).

antung-antung: n /ld/ hanging holder such as to hold jugs.

antusias: adj /frm/lu/ enthusiastic.

antusiasme: n /frm/lu/ enthusiasm.

anu: pron. /frm/lu/ 1 whatchamacallit |a word we use when sb can cannot remember the name of something or someone| Dia mendapat surat dr si-anu..saya lupa namanya. He received a letter from … whatchamacallit … I forget the name. 2 relative of sb  Kamu anu-nya Febri? What is your relation with Febri?  |asking if sb knows that you are a relative of sb else, but he/ she doesn’t know what kind of relation|   3 |something that we can’t mention because we forget or we embarrass to say it| He is sick. He showed his “anu” (for instance “sex organ”) in front of us  Dia sudah sakit. Dia tunjukkan anu-nya didepan kami.

anugerah: n /frm/lu/ 1 grace |divine love and protection bestowed freely upon mankind| Kami selalu berdoa berterima kasih kepada Tuhan atas semua anugrah yang diberikan kepada kami We always pray to thank God for all grace bestowed to us  2 decoration |an official sign of honour, such as a medal, that is given to dedicated person| Dia menerima anugerah dari universitas atas penemuannya yang cemerlang itu He received a decoration from the university for his brilliant finding 3 charity |money or gifts given to people who need help| Rumah penampungan tunawisma itu membutuhkan lebih banyak anugrah dari para dermawan. The shelter for homeless need more charity from the generous people  3 good luck, blessing in disguise Kenaikan tajam harga minyak telah merupakan satu anugerah bagi sejumlah Negara anggota OPEC. The sharp increase of the oil price has been a good luck for a number of OPEC members.
-menganugerahkan: v 1 bestow, honour. Atas nama bangsa presiden menganugerahkan kepada dia bintang penghargaan kepahlawanan On behalf of the nation the president honour him a decoration for heroism| 2 confer (a de­gree) Kapan universitas menganugerahkan gelar doctor kepada dia? When the university conferred a doctoral degree with him? 3 present a gift to s.o. Tuhan menganugerahkan sumber alam melimpah untuk negeri ini God presents abundant natural resources for this country.
penganugerahan: n /frm/lu/ 1 bestowal 2 conferral 3 presentation.

anulir; menganulir: v /frm/lu/ annul, cancel.

anumerta: adj /frm/lu/ posthumous. Almarhum Kolonel itu disemati pangkat Jenderal anumerta. The late Colonel was decorated with the rank of posthumous General.

anut; panut: adj /frm/lu/ attentive, meek, pliant, obedient. Dia anut sekali pada nasehat-nasehat orang tuanya He is very at­tentive to his parents’ advice.
-menganuti: v 1follow 2 obey 3 submit to Dia tidak menganuti nasehat gurunya She didn’t follow her teacher’s advice. 2 practice, profess (a religion). Kami mengaut  agama Kristen We professes Christianity.
-anutan: n 1 adherence 2 conviction belief  3 model, idol, fad  anutan anak muda a youth fad
-penganut: n 1 follower, adherent. Dia seorang penganut setia He is a loyal follower 2 adherent  |someone who agrees with and supports a particular idea, opinion, or political party| Mereka dikenal sebagai penganut aliran keras They are well-known as the hardliner adherent.

anyam; menganyam: v /frm/lu/1 braid menganyam rambut braid hair 2 plait menganyam tikar plait a mat.
-anyaman: n 1 cane work, plaited mats 2 plait, tress, braid. anyaman rambut hair’s braid,  tresses.
-anyam-anyaman: n plaited materials
-penganyaman: n plaiting.

anyelir: n /ld/ carnation |a sweet-smelling white, pink, or red flower|

anyir: adj /frm/lu/ rancid, rank |bad odr such as the smell of fish oil|

AP {Angkatan Perang}: n Armed Forces.

apa: dem. pron. /frm/lu/ 1 what |pronoun used as a question word|  Apa yang kamu cari? What are you looking for? Apa ­yang dapat kita lakukan? What can we do? Apapun itu jadilah Whatever it is that will be OK   Apa kabar? What is the news? (How are you?) Apa lagi? What else? Kamu mau apa lagi? What the heck do you want? /idiom/ Apa lacur! Nasi sudah jadi bubur What can we do? The rice has be come liquid soup (said if something unwanted has happen) Apa kamu yang luka? What (part of the body) is hurt? Apa saja yang kamu lakukan disana What­ever did you do there? Apa ­lagi yang dibicarakan? What else was discussed? Ada apa yqang dibicarakan  dalam rapat? What else had been discussed in the meeting? Apapun akibatnya harus kita terima. Whatever the result we have to accept it 2 this Ini dia apa yang saya cari This is it what I’m looking for  Bunga apa ini? What flower is this? Maaf! Ada apa ya? Sorry! What is this? Apa pula ini? What else the hell is this? 3 matter Tidak apa kalau itu mau kamu. It doesn’t matter if that is what you want  Sekalipun proposal itu ditolak, tidak apa. Although the proposal will be rejected, it doesn’t matter Tidak apa kalau dia mau pergi It doesn’t matter if he want to leave.  4 apa-apa: anything, nothing, something Jangan cerita apa-apa tentang kami. Don’t tell anything about us Tidak apa-apa yang akan terjadi pada kami. Nothing will happen to us Mungkin ada apa-apa dibalik itu Probably there is something behind it. Apa-apaan ini? Kamu suruh saya mengambil minuman padahal kamu lihat saya sedang sibuk. What the hell (thing) is this? You ask me to take drink, in fact you see, I am very busy.  5 purely question word (have)  Apa anda sudah makan siang? Have you had your lunch? (Have you taken your lunch?) (if) Tanya mereka apa mau kopi? Ask them if they want to have coffee? (are) Apa mereka akan datang? Are they coming?  (whether) Saya tidak tahu apa mereka dirumah I don’t know whether they are home (or) Bisa tinggal di sini apa tidak? Can we stay here or not? (do does) Apa dia kenal kamu? Does he know you? (kind) Lelaki apa dia itu? What kind of man is he?
-berapa: adv, conj. how Berapa yang kamu beri kepada dia? How much did you give him. Berapa orang tamu-tamu itu? How manypersons the guests are?  Berapa lama kamu akan tinggal disini? How long are you going to stay here?
-kenapa: mengapa: adv, conj. why Kenapa kamu lakukan itu Why did you do it? Kenapa kamu disini? Why you are here?  Kenapa dia menagis Why she is crying? Kenapa tidak? Why not? Kenapa seperti itu? Why like that?
diapakan; apakan: adv |what have been done| Kamu apakan mereka? What have you done with them?  Mereka harus diapain? What should be than with them? Mau kita apakan tomat buah ini? What are we going to do with these fruit?

apabila: conj. /frm/lu/ when, if |used in order to talk about something that might happen| Kita akan pergi apabila dia tiba sebelum tengah hari. We will leave if he arrive before noon. Ambil pakaian di jemuran apabila dating hujan. Take the clothes on the clothes line when raining

apak: adj /lu/ musty |having a wet unpleasant smell|  Bajunya bau apak His clothes smelled musty. 2 stinky |having a strong unpleasant smell| kaos kaki bau apak stinking socks
-keapakan: n mustiness

apakala: adv /ltr/ in case Apakala kedinginan, pakailah jas In case you feel cold, put on a jacket.

apal: variant of hafal:

apalagi: adv /frm/lu/ 1 especially |used in order to emphasize that something is more important, or happens more with one thing than with others| Hati-hati menyetir apalagi kalau hujan Drive carefully, especially if raining  -compare to: apa lagi pron 2 Kalau ada diantara kalian yang mau pergi, apalagi saya? If any of you want to leave, don’t mention me? 3 even less, let alone. Saya saja tidak percaya dia, palagi polisi? I myself don’t believe him, even less does the police. 4 much less Saya tidak mau mendengar lagi tentang dia, apalagi membantunya. I don’t want to hear about him anymore, much less to help him. 3 moreover Saya tidak akan mampu mebiayai  pemeliharaan satu mobil, apa lagi membelinya. I can’t afford to pay the maintenance cost of a car, moreover to buy it.

apalah: intrj. /ltr/1 would be (pleased) Sudi apalah kiranya anda datang ke pesta perkawinan kami.  Would you be pleased to come to our wedding party 2 what would Apalah artinya itu buat kamu? What would it mean to you?

apam: n /ld/ rice flour cake.
-mengapam: v make sth into apam.
/idiom/: pipi seperti apam full and firm cheeks.

aparat: aparat pemerintah: n /frm/lu/ apparatus |people who are hired by the government to works for public services including civilian, arm forces, and police)|

aparatur: aparatur negara: n /frm/lu/ apparatus. |all sate institutions including executive, legislative, and judicative|

apartemen: n apartment

apas1: adj /ld/ 1 elegant, neat, beautiful 2 /lu/ a) unlucky |be left by fortune| Ini apartemen pembawa apas. Setelah kita pindah kesini saya dipecat This is unlucky apartment. After we moved here I was fired   We are left by the fortune. b) strapped -|be jinxed, often having bad luck, or making people have bad luck| Kita pasti sedang apas, kita kalah pada setiap pertandingan We must jinxed, we’ve lost every game! c) down and out |having no luck or money| Saya betul-betul apas hari ini, saya tidak punya uang sama sekali I’m really strapped today, I have no money at all.

apas2: adj /Jkt/ bankrupt

apati: n /frm/lu/ apathy |the feeling of not being interested in something or not caring about own life| Penduduk punya apati terhadap masa depan mereka. The people have apathy on their future. apati masyarakat terhadap pemilu yang akan datang public apathy about the coming election

apatis: adj /frm/lu/ apathetic.
-keapatisan: n the reality of bein apathy Keapatisan’ itu terjadi karena sering menderita bencana alam. The apathy happened because they frequently suffered natural disaster

apatisme: n /frm/lu/ apathy. Apatisme yg demikian sangat membahaya­kan kehidupan bangsa Apathy like that is very dangerous to the nation

APBN {Anggaran Pendapatan dan Belanja Negara}: n Income and Expenditure Plan of the State (National) Budget

ape-ape: n /ld/ cake made from wheat flour.

apek: variant of  apak:

apel1: n /ld/ 1 apple 2 a lowest public administrator in rural areas

apel2: v 1 /frm/lu/  appeal, roll call  Pasukan akan apel pagi ini untuk memeriksa kesiapan. The troops will roll call this morning for readiness checking  2 /law/  |to make a request to a higher court to change the decision of a lower court| Terdakwa meminta pengacaranya untuk apel (naik banding)atas keputusan pengadilan itu. The defendant asked his lawyer to appeal against the conviction.

apem: n variant of apam:

apes: variant of apas:

api: n /frm/lu/ 1 fire |hot bright burning gas or substances| Api menghancurkan sebagian bangunan itu. Fire destroyed part of the building. Api itu masih menyala The fire is still flaming. 2 flame Awas api lilin itu. Bisa berbahaya. Watch the flame of the candle. It can be dangerous 3 current Baterei ini perlu dicas ulang. Apinya sudah tidak ada lagi. The battery needs to be recharge. It has no current anymore. 4 light Senter ini sudah tidak ada apinya lagi. This flash light has no light anymore. 5 ammunition Penduduk sipil tidak boleh memiliki senjata api A civilian is not allowed to posses ammunition gun
-berapi: adj active (volcano) Apa kawah gunung itu berapi? Is that volcano active?
-berapi-api: adj vigorous Dia diatas 70 tetapi semangatnya masih berapi-api. He is above 70 but his spirit is still vigorous
-api unggun: n camp fire
-bara api: n burning coal or charcoal
-kayu api: n firewood
-kembang api: n fireworks
-kereta api: n train
-korek api: n matches
-perapian: n fireplace, brazier, stove, furnace
/proverb/: Bagaikan api dalam sekam (ltr: like fire inside husk pile – a proverb to “a hidden dangerous”)

apik: n /lu/ neat, nice, trim. Apik benar rumah ini. How neat this house  2 delicate
-mengapik­kan: n tidy up.
-keapikan: n neatness, tidiness.

apit: apitan: n /lu/ 1 V-shape block, pie-shaped piece, chunk
-mengapit: v /tr/ 1 flank |to have one person or thing standing on one side, and one on the other side| Dua pengawal mengapit presiden melangkah ke pesawat Two bodyguards flanked the President stepping onto the plane 2 clench  Dia selalu mengapit cerutu diantara gigi-giginya. |He always clench a cigar between his teeth|  3 clamp |to fasten or hold two things together with a clamp|   Dia mengapit kedua balok itu sebelum lemnya kering He clamp the boards together until the glue dried up. 4 hold Dia mengapit payung itu di ketiaknya He held the um­brella on her armpit 5 be crowed Penonton duduk saling mengapit.  The spectators sat crowdedly
-terapit: diapit: v /intr/pas.v./ 1 be wedged 2 be hammed 1 be wedged  2 be hemmed, 3 jammed, stuck |if something sticks or is stuck, it is fixed and difficult to move| Hei, pintu ini terapit Hey, this door is stuck. –syn: terjepit.

aplikasi: n /frm/lu/ application.
-mengaplikasikan: v apply, put to use, administer.

aplos: aplosan: v /frm/lu/ relieve, take turns. |to replace someone else at a job or duty when s/he is finished for the day|  Pengawal (penjaga) aplosan pada pukul 6:00 tepat The guards are relieved at six o’clock.

aplusl: mengaplus: v /frm/lu/ applause.

aplus2: variant of aplos:

apokat: n variant of advokat2:

apotek: n /frm/lu/ dispensary

apoteker: n /frm/lu/ pharmacist.

apotik: n variant of  apotek:

appel: varian of apel:

Apr.{April}: n /wrt/ April.

apresiasi: n /frm/lu/ appreciation.
-mengapresiasi: v appreciate, enjoy, relish, admire

April: n April.

aprit-apritan: adv /inf/lu/ feverishly |done extremely quickly by people who are very excited or worried| Apa yang terjadi, saya melihat banyak orang lari aprit-apritan. What happen, I saw many people ran feverishly.

apukat: n variant of  advokat:

apung; terapung: adj /frm/lu/ floating batu apung floating stone
-mengapung: v float |to stay or move on the surface of a liquid or up in the air without moving down| Balok-balok kayu itu mengapung di permukaan sungai The logs floated on the river.  Dapat kamu lihat balon itu mengapung di udara? Can you see that balloon is floating in the sky?
-pengapung: n buoy |an object that floats on the water, used for showing boats which parts of the water are safe or dangerous 2 floater |an object or equipment that can be used to float other object such as safety jacket, rubber canoe, toy boat, etc|

apus1: mengapusi: v /ld/ deceive, trick Dia mau mengapusi kami He wants to trick us.

apus2; hapus; mengapus: v /frm/lu/ erase, eradicate, remove, delete, wipe away.

aqil-balig: variant of akilbalig: adj /frm/lu/ mature, grown up, dolescent  |considerably responsible|

ara: n /lu/ 1 tropical fig tree (several species). 2 plants similar to ara.
-/prov/ menanti ­ara tidak bergetah waiting for nothing  hutan kayu ara a debt unlikely to be paid.

arah1: n /frm/lu/ 1 direction Yang dinamai “kiblat” adalah arah ­ke Mekah The word “kiblat” means the direction toward Mecca. 2 objective Apa yang menjadi arah pembicaraan kamu? What is the purpose of your talking? 3 objective Saya yakin kita punya arah politik yang sama I believe we have the same political objective sesuai arah jarum jam clockwise. arah melintang athwart. arah pengliha­tan line of vision. arah perkembangan trend arah serat with the grain.
-mengarah: v /intr/ 1 lead Pembicaraan mengarah pada adanya persetujuan damai. The conversation lead to have an agreement of peace. 2 aim Diskusi itu mengarah pada adanya kesamaan visi dalam arah pertumbuhan ekonomi. The discussion aim to have the same vision on the economic trend 3 resemble Nadia menggarah pada perilaku neneknya. Nadia resemble her grandma behaviour  
-kearah: prep. toward  Jalan ini menuju kearah Barat (Jalan ini mengarah ke Barat) This road leads toward West
-mengarahkan: v /tr/ 1 lead, direct Pilot mengarahkan pesawat ke pantai untuk pendaratan darurat The pilot led  the craft toward the coast for emergency landing 2 point Pemburu mengarahkan bedilnya ke kijang itu The hunter pointed his gun at the deer 3 manage Po­lisi sibuk mengarahkan arus lalu lintas The police were busy to manage  the flow of traffic. 4 direct Panitia pengarah bukan hanya akan mengarahkan tujuan sidang umum tetapi juga tugas-tugas panitia penyelenggara. The  steering committee will direct not only the purpose of the assembly but also the works of organizing committee.
-mengarah: adj tendentious  Kedengarannya buat saya pidato presiden itu mengarah, tetapi saya belum bisa memastikan tujuannya apa It sounds to me that the president speech was tendentious, but I can’t judge what the aim.
-pengarahan: arahan: n 1directions Akan ada pengarahan sebelum tim berangkat. The will be a direction before the team leaving  2 guidelines Apa ada arahan tertulis untuk perjalanan ini? Is there any written guidelines on this journey?  3 instruction Sesuai arahan, tidak seorangpun diperbolehkan merokok selama latihan. Based on the instruction, nobody is allowed to smoke during the training. -syn: petunjuk, perintah
-pengarah: n 1 panitia pengarah: steering committee 2 pengarah acara: master of ceremony (MC) 3 pengarah panggung: stage director 4 pengarah jalan: escort

arah2: variant of ara:

arak1: n /frm/lu/ arrack. |A strong alcoholic drink of the Middle East and nearby  regions  of the orient usually distilled from molasses, rice, etc|

arak2: arak-arakan: n /frm/lu/ 1 parade. |a public celebration when musical bands, decorated vehicles etc. move down the street|  Selalu ada arak-arakan panjang di sekitar lapangan kota setiap hari kemerdekaan. There is always a long parade around city square every independence day. 2 procession |a line of people or vehicles moving slowly as part of a ceremony| arak-arakan pemakaman a funeral procession. arakan obor: torchlight pa­rade.
-mengarak: v parade |bring sb/sth to accompany in a procession|  Orang desa biasanya mengarak orang yang akan berangakat naik haji Rural people usually join a parade at the leaving of someone for pilgrimage.  Pada hari kampanye orang-orang mengarak logo partai mereka dimana-mana. On campaigning day people parade their party logo everywhere.
-/idiom/: mengarak tidak bergerak: (parade without moving) to do something as how it should be done

aral: n /frm/lu/ 1 hindrance Dia merasa perkawinan akan menjadi aral buat karirnya. He feels marriage would be a hindrance to his career  2 obstacle. Saya akan pergi besok dalam hal tidak ada aral. I’ll be leaving tomorrow in case there is no obstacle.  3 aral melintang: lying obstacle. obstacle ahead.  Kalau tidak ada aral melintang kita akan tiba besok If there is no obstacle ahead we will arrive tomorrow.

arang: n /frm/lu/ charcoal. arang batok charcoal from coconut shell. arang kokas coal.
-/idiom/: arang di muka: shame, stigma Perilaku dia menjadi arang dimuka buat keluarga His bad behaviour becomes a stigma to the family.
-mengarang1: v 1 to make charcoal
-mengarang2: v variant of mengkarang:  1 write an essay 2 make up a story.
-pengarangan: n 1 a place for charcoal making. 2 a process or matters pertaining to char­coal making or carbonization.

aransemen: n /frm/lu/ composition (of a music):

aranser: aransir: mengaranser: mengaransir: v /frm/lu/ compose (a music)

pengaransir: pengaransemen: n /frm/lu/ composer. Cornel Simanjuntak adalah seorang pengaransir terkenal Cornell Simanjuntak was a well-known composer.

arbab: n variant of rebab:

arbei: n /ld/ strawberry

arbitrase: n /frm/lu/ arbitration.

arca: n /frm/lu/ 1 statue 2 image.
-mengarcakan: v cast into a statue, make a likeness. Dia mengarcakan dewa yang dipu­janya He made the image of the God that he believe in into a statue.

arde: n /frm/lu/ ground wire

are: n /frm/lu/ 100 square meters

areal: n /frm/lu/ acreage.

arek: n /ld/ child, people of  arek  Suroboyo so whose home city is Surabaya.

aren: n /frm/lu/ sugar palm

arena: n /frm/lu/ arena.

ares: v /frm/ arrest.

argometer: n /frm/lu/ fare-meter (e.g. in taxis)

argumen: n /frm/lu/ argument, case, plea, reason.

argumentasi: n /frm/lu/ argumentation.

arheologi: variant of arkeologi:

ari1; ari-ari: n /frm/lu/ 1 abdomen. 2 placenta. tali ari-ari: n umbilical cord.

ari2: see ular (snake)

ari3: see kulit:

ari4: see hari:

aria1: n /ld/ solo song or music which is played with very sensible feeling

Aria2: n variant of Arya:

arif: adj /frm/lu/ 1 wise  Pria yang sangat arif A very wise man 2 learned, clever, skilful. Ibu menyam­but dengan pandangan arif Mother responded with a knowing glance. 3 capable. Apa dia cukup arif menghadapi masalah itu Is he capable enough to face the problem?
-kearifan: n 1 understanding 2 wisdom 3 capability to make fair decision.
-mengarifi: v understand (the reason for) Saya berharap anda dapat mengarifi alasan saya tidak datang ke pesta anda. I hope that you would understand my reason for not attending your party.
-mengarifkan: v to make sb understand sth.

aris: n /ld/ hem, edge, border (of sail, etc.).

arisan: n /frm/lu/ |regular gathering whose members contribute to and take turns at winning the ag­gregated sum of money|
-arisan kolling: n such a gathering in which a member can get a turn first by agreeing to con­tribute more than the others.

aristokrasi: n /frm/lu/ aristocracy.

arit: n /frm/lu/1 sickle  2 knife for tapping rubber trees. 3 grass knife.
-mengarit: v 1 cut a wooden stick with arit 2 cut grass with arit

Arjuna: n /ltr/ 1 the chief hero of the Mahabharata, known for his martial and sexual prowess 2 playboy, womanizer Tidak banyak wanita senang dengan Arjuna Not so many women like a playboy 3 handsome man. Darto adalah Arjuna alim dan perkasa Darto is a handsome, pious, and vigorous man

arkeolog: n /lu/ archaeologist.

arkeologi: n /frm/lu/ archaeology

arloji: n /frm/lu/ watch
-arloji tangan: n wristwatch.
-arloji kantung/saku: n pocket watch

armada: n /frm/lu/ fleet.
-armada niaga: n merchant (marine) fleet
-armada ternpur: n combat fleet.

arogan: adj /frm/lu/ arrogant

arogansi: n /frm/lu/ arrogance

aroma: n /frm/lu/ aroma.

aromatic: aromatis: adj /frm/lu/ aromatic.

aron: n /lu/ half-cooked rice.
-mengaron: v to cool rice half-way

arpus: n /ld/ resin |a thick sticky liquid that is taken from trees for violin bows|

arsen: n /frm/lu/ arsenic |a very poisonous chemical that is often used for killing rats|

arsip: n /frm/lu/ 1 archives 2 files.
-kearsipan: n 1 archival matters 2 records.
-pengarsipan: n filing, system for keeping archives

arsiparis: n /frm/lu/ 1 archivist 2 file clerk.

arsir: v /frm/lu/ shade in (a drawing).
-arsiran: n hatching (in sketching), shaded-in area.

arsitek: n /frm/lu/ architect.

arsitektur: n /frm/lu/ architecture. arsitektur jaman pertengahan middle age architecture.

ART {Anggaran Rumah Tangga): n /lu/ internal rules (of association or organization)

arta: n variant of harta: 1 property 2 asset 3 wealth
-artawan: variant of hartawan: a person or a family of great wealth

artesis1: n /frm/lu/ drilled well |a deep hole in the ground from which water is taken|

artesis2: adj /frm/lu/ |has a characteristic of spring up naturally|

arti: n /lu/ 1 meaning. Apa artinya isyarat ini? What is the meaning of this sign?  2 sense  dalam arti sempit in the narrow sense. 3 signif­icance, importance. Seratus dolar tak ada artinya buat dia $ lOO dollars has no significance for him.
-arti kiasan: adj figu­rative sense, idiomatic
-artinya: n the meaning
-berarti: v means Kejadian ini sangat berarti banyak buat saya This incident  means a lot to me
-berarti ganda: adjambiguous
-berarti1: v mean. Kata ini berarti apa? What does this word mean?
-berarti2: adj meaningful, valuable, useful.   Dia memberi nasehat yang sangat berarti He gave a meaningful advice
-mengartikan: v 1interpret 2 construe |to understand something in a particular way|  Apa yang kamu pahami sebagai sikap ramah bisa diartikan rayuan. What you think is friendly behaviour might be construed as flirting.
-pengertian: n 1 understanding Pengertian saya terhadap sikap dia, kita perlu memberi lebih banyak perhatian kepadanya. My understanding with her attitude is that we need to pay more attention to her 2 interpretation Bahwa bos tidak senang pada kamu itu hanyalah pengertian kamu yang keliru. That the boss dislike you it’s only your wrong interpretation
-searti: adj of the same opinion or meaning, synonymous.

artikel: n /frm/lu/ 1 article  2 clause 3 column
-artikel karet: n 1 clause that subject to various interpretations.
-artikel pasti: n definite clause

artikulasi: n /frm/lu/ articulation
-mengartikulasikan: v articulate. mengarikulasikan pendapat express or articulate an opinion

artileri: n /frm/lu/ 1 artillery 2 ordnance 3 gunners.

artis: n /frm/lu/ artist.

artistic: adj /frm/lu/ artistic

keartistikan: n /frm/lu/ artistry

aruh: pengaruh: n /frm/lu/ influence
-berpengaruh: adj influential
-mempengaruhi: v influence

arung: mengarungi: v /frm/lu/ 1 /ltr/ voyage Dia sedang pergi mengarungi lautan He is going to voyage the ocean 2 sail Apa kamu sudah pernah mengarungi danau ini? Have you ever sailed this lake? 3 cross Hati-hati mengarungi sunagi itu Be careful to cross the river Mereka akan mengarungi  padang pasir itu They are going to cross the desert
-pengarungan: n 1 voyaging 2 sailing 3 crossing

arus1: n /frm/lu/ current. 1 (electric) current 2 (river) current/ stream/flow 3 (sea) current
-arus balik: n reverse current, feedback
-arus balik bawah: n undertow |a strong current under the ocean’s surface, that pulls water away from the shore|
-arus bawah: n undercurrent
-arus bolak balik: n alternating current
-arus lemah: n low voltage current (electricity)
-arus pasang: n tidal current
-arus laut: n marine current
-arus searah: n direct current
-arus barang: n commodity flow
-arus uang keluar masuk: n cash flow.
-arus pembeli: n buying surge

arus2: see harus: v /mod. v/frm/lu/  must, have to Saya harus pergi sekarang I have to go now.

arwah: n /frm/lu/ soul, departed spirit.
-mengarwahkan: v |hold a  memorial service in honor of the deceased|

arwana: n /frm/lu/ a very vigorous and colourful fish and many people grow it as a decoration   Osteoglossum bicirrhosum arwana

aryaduta: n /ltr/ ambassador

as1: n /frm/lu/ 1 axle  2 axis.

as2: n /frm/lu/ ace (card)

as. {alaihissalam}: intrj. /Islm/ Peace be with him (uttered after mention of minor prophet).

AS {Amerika Serikat}: n the USA.

asa: n /frm/lu/ hope.
-asa sia-sia: n 1 empty hope 2 putus asa: hopeless

Asada: n /ld/ Buddhist holiday |commemorating Sid­dharta’s first sermon after being enlightened|

asah: v /frm/lu/ 1 grind |to rub two hard surfaces against each other, especially to make one of them sharper or smoother| Tukang kayu itu sedang mengasah peralatannya. The carpenter is grinding his tools 2 Kamu harus mengasah otak dengan belajar keras. You have to improve your knowledge by learning harder
-asah otak: v to sharpen brain
-batu asah: n grind stone
-pengasah: n 1 grinder 2 sharpener

asah-asih-asuh: n /frm/lu/ teach, love, care |a teacher’s slogan|

asai: adj /ld/1 be rotted, mildewed. Di daerah panas banyak macam kayu cepat asai In tropical areas many kind of wood quickly rot.

asal1: n /frm/lu/ 1 origin |the situation or place from which something comes, or where it began to exist|  Satu penelitian perlu mengungkapkan asal penyakit itu. A research need to disclose  the origin of the disease. 2 trigger, cause Apa asalnya perkelahian itu? What was the cause of  the fighting?  3 source |the thing, place, person etc. that you obtain something from|  Asal sungai ini terdiri dari beberapa mata air. The source of this river consists of a number of spring water. 4 root |the basic or main part of a problem,  idea, or something: Bahasa Melayu adalah asal bahasa Indonesia Melayu was the root of Indonesian language
-asalnya1: v originally, initially Asalnya saya tidak ingin pergi Originally I didn’t want to go. –syn: mulanya, semula
-asalnya: n 1 the origin of (sth) Asalnya darimana? Where do you come from? 2 the cause Asalnya apa kmu berkelahi? What was the reason you’re getting a fight.
-asal-mula: n the very origin Itulah asal mula sejarahnya That was the very origin of the story.
-asal-usul: n 1 the very beginning 2 initial cause Saya tidak tahu asal usul permasalahan ini. I don’t understand the initial cause of this problem.
-asal-asalan: adj 1 thoughtless 2 hasty 3 unplanned 4 disorder
-asaljadi: adj 1 bare bone |having only the most basic things, information, qualities etc. that are needed|  gaya lukisan asal jadi a bare-bones style of drawing keberadaan asal jadi a bare-bones existence –syn: seadanya 2 perfunctory |done quickly, carelessly, and without interest|  Penjaga itu melakukan pemeriksaan ruangan asaljadi lalu pergi The guard made a perfunctory check of the room and then left.
also berasal usul:  v 1 come from Mereka berasal dari mana? Where they come from? 2 made of Kue ini berasal dari apa? What this cake made of?

asal2: adv /frm/lu/ 1 hastily asal bicara hastily talk 2 simply Tata lampunya asal bisa nyala dan mati. ­ Lighting set that simply could be off or on.

asal3: conj /frm/lu/ 1 provided that, as long as. Asal kamu mau ikut pergi bersama kami As long as you want to go with us. Ini cukup, asal ada makanan pencuci mulut This will be enough provided that  there is dessert available 2 glowing |as long as the boss is happy, an attitude of chronic sycophancy| laporan asal bapak senang (ABS) a glowing report 3 asalkan: in case, with a condition, provided that. Kamu boleh ikut saya asalkan ayah kamu mengijinkan You can go with me with a condition that your father will allow you. 4 but biar lambat, asal selamat slow but sure.

asali: adj /frm/ 1 original |the earliest| Aula itu masih mempunyai panggung asali dari kayu The hall still has its original wooden stage 2 initial |the first version| Rencana yang asali terlalu mahal. Our original plan was too expensive 3 new |completely different from the previous one or not a copy of something else| Para siswa harus menemukan bentuk tulisan yang asali Students had to invent an original type of the writing.

asam1; masam: adj /frm/lu/ 1 sour. Jeruknya terasa asam The orange tastes sour. 2 furious Air mukanya masam His expression is furious 3
-kurang asam: adj rude, impolite Dia benar-benar akan kurang asam. He is a really rude boy.

asam2: n /frm/lu/ 1 lemon |a round fruit like orange that has a sour-tasting juice and a thin skin| 2 asam kandi: sour spice |spice that tastes sour made from a fruit| 3 acid |a chemical substance that can produce salts or burn holes in the things it touches|
-asaman: n 1 pickle. 2 acid 3 acidity
-asam arang: n carbon dioxide.
-asam ­arsenat: n arsenic.
-asam belerang: n sulphuric acid
-asam borat: n boric acid.
-asam cuka: n acetic acid.
-asam foli: n folic acid. ­
-asam fosfor: n phosphoric acid.
-asam garam: n hydrochloric  acid
-asam jeruk/limau: n citric acid.
-asam karbol: n carbolic acid
-asam klorida: n hydro­chloric acid.
-asam  lambung: n gastric juice |the acids in the stomach that break food into smaller parts|
-asam nitrat/sendawa: n nitric acid.
-asam nitrit: n nitrous acid.
-asam salisilat: n salicylic acid.
-asam ­samak: n tannic acid.
-asam semut: n formic acid.
-asam sulfat: n sulphuric acid.
-asam sulfida: n sul­phide acid.
-asam urat: n /med./ varicose vein |the cause of gout or a medical condition in which the veins in your leg become swollen and painful as the result of too much acid on the blood|
-keasaman1: n acidity
-keasaman2: adj 1 pickled,  all sorts of acids, (tastes) too taste 2 too much acid
-keasam-asaman: adj sour(ish), acidic. -mengasami: v 1 clean sth with acid 2 turn into acid, 3 add acid
-/idiom/ asam garam: experiences  Anak muda ini sudah banyak makan asam garam hidup This young man has a lot of  experiences.

asap1: n /frm/lu/ 1 smoke Ada asap keluar dari cerobong atap, berarti rumahnya berpenghuni. There is smoke out of the chimney, it means the house is occupied 2 vapour asap teh hangat yang harum pleasant hot tea vapour  3 fume Asap bahan bakar kenderaan bermotor adalah penyebab utama polusi di kota Gasoline fume from the vehicles is the main cause of city pollution
-berasap: v /intr/ 1 smoke  Api unggunnya masih berasap. Itu artinya mereka masih dekat. The campfire still smoke. It means they are still near  2 vaporize Kopinya masih berasap, saya tidak bisa meminum langsung The coffee is still vaporized I can’t drink it right away
-mengasapi: v /tr/ fumigate. |to kill or remove bacteria, insects, parasite,  etc. from somewhere using smoke or chemical gas|
-pengasapan: n fumigation

asap2: adj /frm/lu/ smoked bandeng asap smoked milk fish daging asap smoked meat
-asap kemenyan: n in­cense fumes
-mengasap kemenyani: v |there was an animism ceremony to praise or to honour their ancestor’s soul by burning incense which is called “mengasap kemenyani”  Nowadays these words is popularly using in some area to describe someone who is remarkably always praise or respect someone else excessively| Dia suka mengasap kemenyani mertuanya He likes to praise and pleased his father in law.
-perasapan: n 1 incense burner. 2 fumigator, fumigating agent.
-/idiom/: 1 asap dapur livelihood, earning Jangan bilang liburan, hanya untuk membutuhi asap dapur saja saya harus berjuang keras. Don’t mention to go for a vacation, just to fulfil my family livelihood I have to struggle very hard. 2 dapur berasap: the family basic need is available  Gaji saya cukup hanya untuk menjaga dapur berasap My take home pay is enough only to meet my family basic need

asar: n /frm/lu/ 1 afternoon prayer (around 4:00 p.m.). salat asar the afternoon prayer  2 period between three and four p.m.

asas: n /frm/lu/ 1 ideology |a set of beliefs or ideas, especially political beliefs| Asas Negara Republic Indonesia adalah Pancasila The ideology of the Republic of Indonesia is Pancasila Apa asas partai kamu? What is the ideology of your party?  2 principle: |a moral rule or set of ideas that makes you behave in a particular way| Kami melakukan kerjasama ini dengan asas kesetaraan antara semua pihak. We do this cooperation with a principle of equality among all sides. 3 foundation |an idea, fact, or system from which a religion, way of life, etc. developed| Keberadaan negeri ini terletak pada asas bahwa setiap bangsa mempunyai hak untuk merdeka. The existence of this country lays on a foundation that each nation has a right to have its freedom. –syn: basis, dasar, fondasi
-berasaskan: v to have sth as a base or as a principle

asasi: adj /frm/lu/  fundamental Itu satu sikap politik yang sangat asasi That is a very  fundamental political attitude. Demokrasi adalah satu cerminan hak manusia yang sangat asasi. Democracy is the reflection of a human fundamental right.

asbak: n /frm/lu/ ashtray.

asbes: n /frm/lu/ asbestos

asbun: {asal bunyi}: adv /frm/lu/ |speak about sth without thinking whether it is wrong or right, hurt or pleased someone,  rational or irrational|

ASEAN {Association of South East Asian Nations}: n ASEAN 

asem: variant of asam:

asembling: assembling: n /frm/lu/ assemblage |the act of bringing things together| Ini mobil asembling In­donesia This is a car assembled in Indonesia.

mengasembling: mengasemblir: v /frm/lu/ assemble.

asese: n /frm/lu/ 1 approval   2 agreement

asesori: n /frm/lu/ accessories.

ASI {Air Susu Ibu}: n /frm/lu/ mother’s breast milk/breast feeding  Pemberian ASI mengandung immunisasi efektif secara alamiah. Breast feeding contains a very effective natural immunisation.

asi1: n /frm/lu/ 1 care 2 attention.
-mengasi: v 1 pay attention   Orang tuanya kurang mengasi anak itu The parents pay less attention to the child. 2 agree with Jangan mengasi dia sebelum kamu tahu apa sebenarnya yang telah terjadi. Don’t agree with him without you know exactly what has happened.

asi2: adj /frm/ 1 right/true 2 valid Apa rekomendasi ini asi? Is this recommendation valid? –syn: /frm/lu/ sah

asian: adj /ld/1 lucky, fortunate 2 effective |applied particularly to medicine| Obat ini sudah terbukti asian This medicine has been proved effective

Asia: n Asia.

asik: variant of asyik:

asimetri: adj /frm/lu/ asymmetry |not symmetric|

asimetris: adj /frm/lu/ asymmetrical.

asimilasi: n /frm/lu/ assimilation
-berasimilasi: v assimilate

asimot: variant of azimuth:

asin: adj /frm/lu/ 1 salty. Supnya terlalu asin The soup is too salty
-asinan: n 1 pickle 2 salted vegetables
-mengasinkan: v salt. Mereka mengasinkan ikan itu sebelum penjualan. They salted the fish before selling
-pengasinan: n pick­ling, salting.

asing: adj /frm/lu/1 strange Saya merasa asing di sini I feel strange here 2 foreign Mereka datang dari negeri asing They come from foreign country 3 unusual  Kejadian seperti itu asing untuk orang disini Events like that are unusual for people around here  3 odd Agak asing cara pakaian pria itu The man’s way of wearing cloth is rather odd  3 remote, isolate Rumah itu asing tempatnya That house is isolated/ remote.
-asingkan: mengasingkan: v 1 put apart Asingkan pakaian-pakaian kotor itu Put apart that dirty clothes 2 isolate, exile, banish Rumah sakit mengasingkan orang pengidap penyakit menular. The hospital isolate people suffering contiguous disease  Anak itu selalu mengasingkan diri That child is always off (isolate) by himself
-keasingan: n 1 strangeness 2 oddness
-keterasingan: n |a condition of being isolated|
-pengasingan: n 1 the place where sb or sth isolated. 2 exclusion, isolation
-terasing: adj isolated Kubu adalah satu suku terasing yang tinggal di hutan lebat Sumatera Kubu is an isolated ethnic who lives in the heavy forest of Sumatera.

asisten: n /frm/lu/ 1 assistant. asisten ahli expert assistant
-keasistenan: n assis­tantship.

asli: adj /frm/lu/ 1 original Inilah surat keterangan asli This is the original certificate 2 genuine, authentic. Ini la­poran asli tentang keadaan disana This is an authentic report of the situation there. 3 indigenous, native Saya adalah penduduk asli pulau ini I am a native inhabitant of this island  4 aboriginal, primitive Komodo adalah salah satu binatang asli yang masih terus bertahan. Comodo is one of the aboriginal animal who still exist.
-keaslian: n 1 authenticity, genuineness 2 orig­inality

asma1: n /ltr/ name (esp. of God). Dalam asma Tuhan saya berkata jujur In the name of God I tell the truth.

asma2: n /frm/lu/ asthma.

asmara: n /frm/lu/ romance |the feeling of excitement that is connected with relationship between two people who love each other| asmara cinta romance of love Dia sedang di rundung gelora asmara He is being occupied with a joy of romance

asoi; asoii: adj /inf/lu/ 1 wonderful, fantastic. Dia tidak hanya cantik dan manis, menurut saya dia sangat asoi She is not only nice and pretty, I think she is fantastic. 2 interested  |being interested on sth|   Jangan menggangu kalau sso sedang asoi membaca sesuatu. Don’t disturb while sb is being interested in reading something.

asong; mengasong: v /inf/lu/ |to bring something in a basket or box and offer it to the people in the street or to the passing people|
-asongan: n |the box or the basket that a “pengasong” use to keep their goods to sell|
-pengasong: n someone whose job is “mengasong”

asosiasi: n /frm/lu/ association
-berasosiasi: v associate
-mengasosiasikan: v associate
-pengasosiasian: n the act of associating

aspal1: n /frm/lu/ asphalt
-aspalan: n asphalted pave­ment
-mengaspal: v asphalt (a road)
-pengaspalan: n asphalting (of a road)

aspal2: {asli palsu}: adj /hum/ |that looks original but is falsified| diploma aspal a falsified diploma

asparagus: n /frm/lu/ |a slightly bitter green vegetable shaped like a small stick with a point on one end|

aspek: n /frm/lu/ aspect.

aspirasi: n /frm/lu/ aspiration
-beraspirasi: v aspire |have a strong aspiration to achieve sth|

Aspri {Asisten Pribadi}: n personal assistant

asrama: n /frm/lu/ 1 dormitory 2 hostel 3 barracks 4 residence hall. asrama campuran common dorm. 2 barracks

asri: adj /frm/lu/ 1 beautiful |in the sense of harmony between natural environment combine with artificial lay out of a resort or housing area| 2 naturally harmonious
-keasrian: n 1 harmony, beauty Keasrian lingkungan perumahan membuat saya nyaman tinggal disana. The harmony of the housing area makes me comfortable stay there

assalam alaikum: greeting /Isl/ Peace be unto you! Assalam alaikum – warahmatullohi wabarakatuh Peace be to you and God’s mercy and blessing as well

assembling: variant of assembling:

asset: n /frm/lu/ assets.

assumsi: variant of asumsi:

astaga: intrj. /spo/lu/ for heaven’s sake.

astagfirullah, astagh firullah, astagh firulla­hal’azim: intrj /Isl/ May God forgive me! (uttered when sb is shocked by immoral behaviour)

Asteng {Asia Tenggara}: n South East Asia

aster: n /lu/ a plant, originally from North America – the family of Compositae

astrologi: n /frm/lu/ astrology.

astronaut: n /frm/lu/ astronaut

astronomi: n /frm/lu/ astronomy

asu: n //frm/lu/ 1 dog! 2 bastard

asuh; mengasuh: v /frm/lu/1 care for, take care of, rear Siapa yang mengasuh anakmu? Who does take care of your child?  2 grow (a child) Keluarga ini mengasuh tiga anak. This family grow three children. 3 train,  educate  Opsir itu secara terus menerus mengasuh tentara-tentaranya The officer routinely train his soldiers. 4 maintain, lend support to
pengasuhan: n upbringing, rearing
-salah asuh: adj poor up­bringing
-pengasuh: n baby sitter, nurse, guardian, nursemaid, guardian, caretaker  dalam pengasuhan panti yatim piatu in the care of the orphan’s court.

asumsi: n /frm/lu/ assumption.

asung; mengasung: v /ld/ 1 incite |deliberately make someone feel angry or excited that s/he does something wrong| Seorang pria telah dituntut atas pengasung kekacauan One man was accused for inciting a riot. 2 stir up |to make someone very angry and hate to someone else| Saya tahu dia mengasung kamu membencii saudara kamu I know that he stir you up to hate your brother.

asuransi: n /frm/lu/ 1 insurance |business agreement, which is called policy, between a person or a company as a client in one side and a company as the service provider in one side with an arrangement that the client pays the provider money each year or each month as an instalment and the provider will pay the costs if anything bad happens to the client such  as having an illness or an accident, a damage to property, the loss in business, etc| Apa kamu punya asuransi untuk mobil kamu? Do you have insurance on/for your car?  2 insurance pay­ment or instalment Apa kamu sudah membayar asuransi kesehatan kamu untuk tahun ini? Have you paid your health insurance for this year?  3 insurance payment re­ceived Berapa asuransi yang kamu terima untuk mobil kamu yang hilang? How much did you get the insurance for your lost car?
-diasruransikan: adj be isured This painting is insured for $5000.
-mengasuransikan: v insure |to buy insurance policy| Saya mengasuransikan rumahku terhadap kebakaran. I insure my house against fire.
-perasuransian: n 1 insurance system 2 insurance activity
-polis asuransi: n insurance policy.

asusila: adj /frm/lu/ immoral

asyik: adj /frm/lu/ 1 busy Dia sedang asyik melakukan pekerjaan pekerjaannya. He is busy doing his works  2 passionate. Dia sangat asyik mencintai buah hatinya. He passionately loves his sweetheart.  3 absorbed, eager. Dia sedang asyik belajar bahasa Indonesia He is absorbed in studying Indonesian 4 infatuated. |having unreasonably strong feelings of love for someone|  Dia sedang asyik jatuh cinta padanya He’s infatuated with her.
-keasyikan: n preoccupation |the state of being preoccupied| Keasyikan dia menjaga kesehatan mulai mempengaruhi pekerjaannya His growing preoccupation with his health began to affect his work.2 obsession, fascination.
-keasyik-asyikan: adj 1 deeply/heavily/ seriously absorbed, occupied, fascinated
-mengasyikkan1: adj 1 preoccupying Buat saya billiard adalah satu permainan mengasyikkan. For me billiard is a preoccupying play 2 engrossing, absorbing, fascinating |so interesting that you do not notice anything else|  Dia berbakat menceritakan dongeng-dongeng mengasyikkan She has a talent of telling engrossing tales  3 attractive  Apa kamu merasa pertunjukan itu mengasyikkan? Did you find the show attractive?
-mengasyikkan2: v making sb preoccupied, fascinated, absorbed.

AT {Asia Tenggara}: n South East Asia.

atap: n /frm/lu/ 1 roof Kamu mau pakai apa untuk atap rumah kamu? What are you going to use for your house roof?
-mengatap: v roof Pekerja sedang mengatap bangunan itu. The workers are roofing the building

atas1: n /frm/lu/ top Ada sebuah persinggahan dan teropong besar diatas pegunungan itu There is a shelter and a big telescope on the top of the hill Ada seekor burung sedang hinggap diatas atap rumah. There is a bird sitting on the top of the roof

atas2: prep /frm/lu/ 1 diatas: a) on |at the flat upper surface of sth| Taruh buku kamu diatas meja Put your book on the table b) on |in the side of|  Atas nama semua keluarga saya mengucapkan terima kasih. On behalf of all my family, I would like to say thank you very much. c) |taking something as a reason| Saya hadiri rapat ini atas undangan panitia. I attend this meeting on the committee invitation. Atas dasar kemanusiaan kami memberikan bantuan ini secara suka rela On the basis of humanism, we give this aid voluntarily. 2 above a) |in or to a higher position than something else| Ada helikopter sedang terbang diatas kita There is a flying helicopter above us| b) |at or to a higher number, amount, or level than something else| Temperatur naik diatas suhu beku hari ini Temperatures rose above freezing today Kita terbang pada posisi 21,000 kaki diatas laut. We are flying at the level 21,000 feet  above the sea Lengketkan sticker itu diatas gambar yang ada di dinding Stick the sticker above the picture on the wall 3 /frm/ above all,  most importantly  Diatas semuanya, saya ingin mengucapkan terima kasih kepada orangtua saya. Above all, I would like to thank my parents 4 dari atas: above |through a space above something| Anjing itu melompat dari atas pagar The dog jumped over the fence|

atas3: adj upper |sth near or at the top of something| lantai atas bangunan the upper floors of the building. Dia berasal dari keluarga kelas atas He comes from upper class family tinggi sisi atas sebuah kotak upper side of a box

atas4: conj. /frm/lu/ 1 for Saya mengucapkan terima kasih atas semua kebaikan kamu pada kami. I say thank you for all your kindness to us  2 because Atas bantuan dari tim penyelamatlah kami bisa selamat Because of the help given by the rescue team, we survived
-atasan: n supervisor, upper ordinate Dia adalah atasan saya He is my supervisor
-atas mengatasi: v compete each other
­-diatasi: v /pas v./  be solved Krisi itu sudah diatasi The crises has been solved  -teratas; paling atas: adj the uppermost, the highest.
-mengatasnamakan: v delegate |ask sb or other side to take a necessary action with all the consequences are still our responsibility| Presiden mengatasnamakan penandatanganan perjanjian itu kepada menteri luar negeri The president delegated the signing of the agreement to the foreign affairs minister
-mengatasnamai: v |take an action on behalf of other person or side| Walikota mengatasnamai gubernur membuka pameran itu The mayor took an act on behalf of the governor to open the exhibition.
-mengatasi: v overcome, solve Akan sulit mengatasi masalah ini. It’ll be difficult to overcome this problem
-teratasi1: v /pass. v./ can be solved Apa menurut kamu masalah itu teratasi? Do you think that the problem can be solved?
-teratasi2: adj 1 solvable 2 manageable Untuk kami itu adalah masalah yang akan teratasi For us, that is going to be a solvable problem

atase: n attaché

atau: conj. /frm/lu/  or. Pergilah main tenis atau  badminton Go out to play tennis or badminton.

ateis: n /frm/lu/ atheist
-ateisme: n atheism.
-keateisan: n |the quality or being atheist|

atensi: n /frm/lu/ attention.

atlas: n /frm/lu/ atlas

atlet: n /frm/lu/ athlete

atletik: adj /frm/lu/ athletics

atlit: n variation of atlet:

Atmil {Atase Militer}: n military attaché

atom: n /frm/lu/ atom.

atos: adj /ld/ hard, solid

atraksi: n /frm/lu/ attraction

atret: v /ld/ move backward

atribut: n /frm/lu/ 1 attribute 2 paraphernalia

atuh: intrj. /ld/ oh. hey. Atuh jang! Hey, son!

atung: see katung:

atur1; mengatur: v /frm/lu/ 1 arrange Boleh anda mengatur berkas itu sesuai alphabet? Could you please arrange the file alphabetically? 2 regulate Pemerintah mengatur pemakaian plastic untuk kemasan makanan dan minuman The government regulates the use of plastic for food and drink packaging. 3 order Kolonel telah meminta letnannya untuk mengatur pasukan dalam barisan The colonel asked his lieutenant to order the troop in line 4 discipline Sebagai seorang tentara dia diharapkan dapat mengatur sikap dan perilakunya As a soldier he is expected to discipline his attitude and behaviour 5 adjust Kamu dapat mengatur temperature ruangan dengan alat control jarak jauh ini. You can adjust the room temperature with this remote control panel.
-beraturan: adj 1 in order  2 regular  Sebagian besar bentuk kata kerja adalah beraturan Most of the action-verb form are regular.
-pengaturan: n arrangement, adjustment Siapa yang bertanggung jawab untuk pengaturan tata ruang? Who is responsible for the arrangement of the room lay out? Pengaturan sinar akan nyata mempengaruhi mutu gambar. Lighting adjustment will significantly contribute to the quality of the picture.
-peraturan: n rule, order, law, regulation, discipline, direction, instruction
-pengatur: n regulator, adjuster
-teratur: adj adjusted, arranged, in order Jamuan itu tertatur secara baik The bouquet is well arranged

atur2; menghaturkan: v /frm/lu/ 1 offer, submit |politely present or give something to a higher position| Bersama ini kami menghaturkan dengan hormat permintaan maaf kepada tamu yang mulia atas ketidak nyamanan ini. We herewith respectfully extend our apology to the honourable guest for this inconveniency.

au: excl |expressing amazement or excitement|

AU {Angkatan Udara}: n Air Force.

aubade: n /frm/lu/ solemn evening ceremony of taking down the flag.

audiensi: n /frm/lu/ audience
-beraudiensi: v courtesy call |to have a informal visiting to someone in a high position|

audio-visuil: adj /frm/lu/ audiovisual |involving the use of recorded pictures and sound|

audisi: n /frm/lu/ audition.

audit; mengaudit: v audit |to check that a company’s financial records are correct|

aula: n /frm/lu/ hall, auditorium.

aura: n /frm/lu/ aura |the quality or influence that seems to come from a person or a place| Ada aura karisma dalam kepribadian dia. There’s an aura of charisma in his personality

aurat: n 1/Isl/ |part of the body which may not be visible while performing a ritual|  2 genitals.

AURI {Angkatan Udara Republik Indonesia}: n Indo­nesian Air Force.

aus: adj /frm/lu/ 1 worn-out, threadbare 2 worn down (of a knife, etc.)
-keausan: n the quality of being worn out
-mengausi: v 1 wear sth out 2 wear, erode sth away
-mengauskan: v to make sth worn out

Australi; Australia: n Australia

aut: adj /sport/ out.

autentik: variant of otentik:

auto: variant of oto:

autobiografi: n /frm/lu/ autobiography

automatis: variant of otomatis:

autonomi: variant of otonomi:

autopsi: n /frm/lu/ autopsy
-mengautopsi: v perform an autopsy

autorisasi: variant of otorisasi:

aviasi: n /frm/lu/ aviation.

avontir: variant of avontur:

avontirir: n /frm/lu/ adventurer

avontur: n /frm/lu/ adventure

avonturir: variant of avontirir

avonturisme: n /frm/lu/ adventurism.

Avtur {Aviation Turbo Fuel}: n airplane fuel.

awa-: pref.  /frm/ non-, dis-, etc. |negating prefix| awa suara devoice

awahama: adj /frm/ disinfectant
-mengawahamakan: v disinfect
-pengawahamaan: n sterilize with disinfectant.

awakolesterol: adj /frm/ free of cholesterol

awahutan: adj /frm/ deforested.
-mengawahutankan: v deforest.
-pengawahutanan: n defores­tation.

awanama: adj /frm/ anonymous

awawarna: adj /frm/ colourless

awak1: n /frm/lu/ 1 body  Kelihatannya awak kapal itu sedang terbakar It seems that the body of the sip is burning.  Saya merasa tidak enak awak I feel that my body is not very well  2 crew Semua awak pesawat terbang itu selamat dalam kecelakaan itu All the crews of the plane survived at the crash

awak2: pron. /frm/lu/ 1 I, my, me.  Awak tidak bisa pergi sekarang I can’t go now Itu mobil awak That is my car. Mereka mengatakan hal itu pada awak They told me about it.  2 we, ourselves. Dia adalah orang awak He is our people (He is one of us) Jangan katakan pada orang lain, ini hanya sesama awak Don’t tell anybody, this is only between us. Jangan malu kiat hanya sesame awak Don’t be shy; we are among friends.
-berperawakan: v have a certain build. berperawakan gagah to have a handsome build.
-mem­perawak: v use, hire, subordinate  |recruit sb to be our crew or to do something| Kapten kapal itu memperawak saya selama dua tahun The captain of the ship subordinated me for two years
-mengawaki: v work as a crew (of a ship, etc.).
-perawakan: n 1 posture |the position you hold your body in when you sit or stand| Perawakan badan yang kurang sempurna dapat mengakibatkan sakit punggung Poor posture can lead to back trouble. 2 shape  gadis cantik dengan perawakan ramping a pretty girl with the slender figure

awal1: n /frm/lu/ beginning. awal tahun depan the beginning of the next year
-awalan: n /ling/ prefix
-awalnya: adv initially, at the beginning
-berawalan: adj prefixed, to have prefix
-diawali: v /pass. v/ precede, headed
-mengawali: v start, begin, head, be first
-pengawal: n 1 bodyguard 2 pioneer 3 the first
-pengawalan: n guardianship

awal2: adj /frm/lu/ early |near to the beginning of a day, year, someone’s life etc.| Mereka pindah kesini pada awal tahun They moved here in the early year
-paling awal: adj the earliest, the last  Mereka adalah pendatang paling awal They are the earliest comers.

awal3; lebih awal: adv, adj /frm/lu/ 1 early |before the usual, arranged, or expected time| Kamu harus tiba lebih awal kalau ingin tempat duduk yang bagus You should arrive early if you want a good seat 2 earlier, first  Dia tiba lebih awal dari saya He arrived earlier than I

awam: adj /frm/lu/ 1 common |ordinary and not special in any way|  Jangan terlalu menghawatirkan kenyamanan kami, kami hanya orang awam Don’t too worry about our convenience, we are only common people  2 lay, non-expert Artikel itu mengandung terlalu banyak istilah-istilah teknis, susah diserap oleh orang awam. The article contains too many jargons, the lay people will have difficulty to comprehend it.
-keawaman: n commonness.
-mengawamkan: v announce (a decree, etc.), socialize (new idea, policy, etc)  2 propose 3 advocate, diffuse (invention) Sebelum mengeluarkan kebijakan ini, pemerintah perlu mengawamkannya Before issuing of this policy, the government need to socialize it.
-pengawam: n 1 advocate 2 promoter 3 innovation agent

awan: n /frm/lu/ 1 cloud awan berarak moving clouds.  awan hitam dark cloud
-awan berawan: n the cluster of cloud
-berawan: adj. cloudy
-mengawan: v 1 take off, climb to the sky   Pesawat itu sudah mengawan. The plane has taken off  2 to become cloud Tidak ada lagi air di kolam semua sudah mengawan No more water in the pool, all has become cloud 3 to be joyful Hatinya mengawan mendengar berita itu His heart became joyful to hear the news

awang-awang1: n /frm/lu/ outer space Saya merasa seperti terbang di awang-awang I felt like flying in the outer space 2 high level or status Standard hidup mereka sudah di awang-awang Their living standard is at a high level

awang-awang2: adj /frm/lu/ uncertain |not known or not definite| Persetujuan itu masih di awang-awang The agreement is still un­certain
-mengawang: v 1 go up into the air 2 indulge in fancies

awangan: n /frm/ the upper side of a stage

awas1: adj /frm/lu/ 1 careful, watchful Kamu harus awas terhadap ular berbisa di daerah ini. You must be watchful toward poisonous snake in this area. 2 alert Kita harus awas dengan badai tiba-tiba. We have to be alert with sudden storm 3 perfect (sharp) Penglihatannya masih awas. His sight is still perfect

awas2: excl. /frm/lu/ 1  watch out. 2 be careful  Awas!  ada mobil berlari cepat Be careful, there is a car running fast.
-awasi: mengawasi: v control, inspect, supervise
-pengawasan: n supervision, controlling, inspection, surveillance Tersangka itu dalam pengawasan polisi The suspect is under police surveillance.
-pengawas: n supervisor, superintendent pengawas penjualan sales superintendent  pengawasan persenjataan arms control
-terawasi: adj can be controlled

awet; awit: adj /frm/lu/ durable, lasting, unchanged Ini bahan yang awet This is a durable material. awet rnuda staying young.
-diawetkan: v /pass.v./ be preserved, be stuffed Ada dua buaya purbakala yang diawetkan di museum itu The are two ancient crocodile are preserved in this museum
-keawetan: n durability.
-mengawetkan: v preserve.
-pengawetan: n preservation pengawetan makanan food preservation.

awurl: mengawur: v /frm/lu/ scatter, disperse, spread loosely, sprinkle  Wanita itu sedang mengawur benih dipembibitan The lady is spreading the seeds on the seedling bed  .

awur2: (me)ngawur: adj /frm/lu/ random, disorderly, irregular
-awur-awuran: adv 1 randomly 2 scattered at random 3 without focus  Dia bicara ngawur He talked out of focus
n recklessness, disorder.

awut: (me)ngawut: v /inf/lu/ do sth carelessly
-awut-awutan: adj 1 tan­gled (of rope, thread, etc.)  2 tousled (of hair). 3 untidy (place) 4 sloppy 5 haphazard Kerjanya awut-awutan His work is haphazard.

ayah: n /frm/lu/ father
-ayah bunda: n parents (father and mother)
-ayah tiri: n stepfather.
-berayahkan: v to have a fa­ther of. Enak sekali dia berayahkan seorang yang kaya How lucky he is to have a very rich father
-keayahan: n 1 fatherhood  2 parental.
-seayah seibu: v have the same mother and father.

ayahanda: pron /ltr/ my own father (used in letters).

ayak1; ayakan: n /frm/lu/ sieve |a kitchen tool that looks like a wire net, used for separating solids from liquids or small pieces from large pieces|

ayak2: mengayak: v /frm/lu/ waddle |to walk with short steps, swinging from one side to another like a duck|  seorang pria gemuk berjalan goyang-goyang seperti bebek sepanjang jalan a fat man waddling along/up the street

ayak-ayak: n /ld/ spider

ayal: adj, adv /ld/ 1 slow Ayo cepat! Jangan ayal Hurry up don’t be slow   2 doubtful. Tidak ayal lagi dia telah mengambil pensil saya. There is no need to be doubtful that he took my pen
-(ber)ayal-ayalan: v delay, tarry, linger. Dia masih saja berayal-ayalan di pintu itu He is still lingering by the door.

ayam: n /frm/lu/ chicken ayam aduan fighting cock. ayam alas jungle fowl ayam belanda turkey
/proverb/: 1 ayam bertelur dilumbung padi (chicken laying egg on a rice barn): born to the rich family 2 ayam tertambat disambar elang (tied cock caught by an eagle): have a very bad luck 3 ayam hitam terbang malam (black chicken flying at night): a top secret. 4 ayam itik raja pada tempatnya (a chicken is a king in its cage)  everyone is the ruler in his own place 5 ayam putih terbang siang (white chicken flying on a daylight)  everything is transparent

ayanl: n /frm/lu/ epilepsy.
-ayanan: adj 1 prone to epilepsy, epileptic

ayan2: n /ld/ 1 tin 2 tin can

ayat: n /frm/lu/ 1 verse |sentence or group of sentences in the Al Qur’an and in the Bible that have a number|  2  subsection |a set of lines that forms one part of an article of a law, agreement/written contract, etc| 3  |a set of lines that forms one part of a poem or song, and that usually has a pattern that is repeated in other parts|

aye: pron /lu/ I.-syn: saya, aku

ayem: adj /inf/lu/ calm, assured. ayam tenteram contented, quiet.

ayeng; ayeng-ayengan: adj /ld/ 1 move back and forth 2 pace up and down 3 go there and here leisurely

ayo; ayoh; ayok: v /frm/lu/spo/ 1 come on! ayo pulang Come on, go home 2 let Ayo kita laksanakan! Let’s do it! Ayo duluan! Go ahead (before the others)! 3 Come on! Ayo!, kenapa salah semua? Come on! Why everything go wrong! Ayolah katakan pada saya. Come on, tell me!

ayom; mengayomi: v /frm/lu/  protect, shelter, guard
-pengayoman: n protection, guardianship, care
-pengayom: n protector

ayu: adj /frm/lu/ pretty, beautiful
-keayuan: n beauty, prettiness

Ayub: n one of the prophets in Al-Qur’an  2  prophet Job in Bible

ayuh: variant of ayo:

ayun; mengayun; mengayunkan: v /tr/frm/lu/ 1 swing, sway, rock Angin sedang mengayun gondola itu The wind is swaying the gondola 2 step forward Dia mengayunkan kakinya lalu pergi He stepped forward and go away.
-ayunan: n baby cradle, pendulum
-berayun-ayun: v /intr/ Kera itu sedang berayun-ayun didahan pohon The monkey is swinging on the branch of the tree
-terayun-ayun: v be swinging.

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Let’s begin with spelling

A: a: |the first letter of alphabet used in Indonesian language and English – approximately sounds like: a in: banana; barber, bar; barbecue; basket; battle and u in: uncle; ugly; ulterior; ultimate; umbrella.|

B1: b: |the second letter of alphabet used in Indonesian language and English – approximately sounds like: b in balloon, broad; rub; broker; cab; dab; grab; jab; lab.|

C; c: t∫ |the 3rd letter of the alphabet used in Indonesian language and English – approximately sound like ch in: charge; cherish; cherry; chess; chick; chief; child; china|

D: d: 1 |the 4th letter of the alpbabet used in Indonesian language and English – approximately sound like d in daily; dad; drain; didactic; dud; dead; doctor| 2 the forth in value, or quality classification 3 500 in Roman Number

E; e: |the 5th letter of the alphabet used in Indonesian language and English –approximately sounds like e in dental; ethic; every; execute; exhibit; self; fed|

F, f: |the 5th letter of the alphabet used in Indonesian language and English – approximately sounds like f in half; staff; freedom; fall; fried; focus; friend.|

G; g: |the 7th alphabet used in many languages including Indonesian language and English – approximately sounds like g in gap; garden; foreleg; bygone; dig; frigate; magnet.|

H; h: |the 8th letter of the alphabet used in Indonesian language and English – approximately sounds like h in horse; home; aha!; ahead; behave; behind; aloha.|

I; i: |the 9th letter of the alphabet used in Indonesian language and English – approximately sound like i in into; idiot; indian; indicate; input; intimidate.|

J; j: |the 10th letter of the alphabet used in Indonesian language and English – approximately sounds like j in January; jealous; eject; ajar; ejaculate; majestic; majority.|

K; k: |the 11th letter of the alphabet. used in Indonesian language and English – approximately sounds like k in kilo; key; kerosene; donkey; park; mark; khaki; talk|

L;1: el |the 12th letter of the alphabet used in Indonesian langguage and English – approximately sounds like l in global; label; sailor; nail; malice; malnutrition; national.|

M; m: |the 13th letter of the alphabet used in Indonesian and English – approximately sounds like m in madam; damage; human; sample; tomato; remember.|

N; n: |the 14th letter of the alphabet used in Indonesian and English – approximately sounds like n in name; analogy; banner; enrolment; intentional, syndicate.|

O; o1: |the 15th letter of the alphabet used in Indonesian and in English – approximately sounds like o in oar; obey; boy; correct; compromise; long; colonial |

P;p: |the 16th letter of the alphabet used in Indonesian and English – approximately sounds like p in popcorn; police; map; paradise; report; public; monopoly|

Q; q the 17th letter of the alphabet used in Indonesia and English – approximately sounds like k in kilo; key;

R; r: |the 18th letter of the alphabet used in bahasa Indpnesia and English – approximately sounds like r in room; roar; ready; marry; dark; prove; paradigm; pearl.|

S; s: |the 19th letter of the alphabet used in Indonesian and English – approximately sounds like s in sales; spontaneous; scorpion; bless; pressure; skies|

T; t: n |the 20th letter of the alphabet used in Indonesian and English – approximately sounds like t in tentative; pretty; ornament; tradition; tantamount; compact.|
U; u: |the 21st letter of the alphabet used in Indonesian language and English – approximately sounds like u in tattoo; too; bamboo; root; room; soon; goose; moon.|

V1; v: |the 22nd letter of the alphabet used in Indonesian language and English – approximately sounds

W1; w: 1 |the 23rd letter of the alphabet used in Indonesian language and English – approximately sounds like w in watt; welcome; window; would; word; width

X1; x: 1 |the 24th letter of alphabet used in Indonesian langgguage and English – approximately sounds ike x in xerox; x-ray|

Y1; y: |the 25th letter of the alphabet used in Indonesian language and English – approximately sounds like y in yard; yak; year; yell; yes; young|

Z1; z: |the 26th letter of the alphabet used in Indonesian language and English – aprproximately sounds like zero; zigzag; zodiac; zone|

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English – Indonesian Translation

This page is made available to any English speaker that want to know about Bahasa Indonesia.

Send us the words, or sentences in English and we will be pleased to send you its equivalent words or sentences in Indonesia.

Indonesia has so many beautiful places to visit and unique cultural performances to see. You are going to find out friendly and generous people everywhere. Unfortunately not many of them speaks English. So it will be more convenient to  a foreign visitor if he/she  speaks a little  Indonesian because the local people will appreciate it very much.

See you!

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